August 2009

Research report

31 Aug 2009

This document builds on the Australian Privacy Foundation's submissions over the last two decades, and particularly during the last three years, in order to consolidate APF's policy position. It presents a concise statement of general Principles and specific Criteria to support the assessment of proposals...

Research report

31 Aug 2009

The Anti-Human Trafficking Manual for Criminal Justice Practitioners is the result of a global cooperative process in which expert representatives from academia, NGOs, international organizations, law enforcement officers, prosecutors and judges from all over the world contributed their expertise and experiences.

In line with...

Audio

31 Aug 2009

As well as being central to cultural life, art is also important to the economic life of Indigenous people. It's estimated that about 10 per cent of remote Indigenous Australians receive payment for making art or craft. However, this commercial relationship has not been without...

Research report

31 Aug 2009

In the last few years, shared equity arrangements – where the consumer shares the capital cost of purchasing a home with an equity partner in return for a share of any home price appreciation that occurs – have seen significant growth in Australia. Most states...

Research report

31 Aug 2009

In 2002-2003, concerns were raised by representatives from NSW Department of Ageing, Disability and Home Care (DADHC), the NSW Department of Housing, local councils, community health nurses, and other organisations which provide support to older people in their homes, about an increasing number of people...

Research report

31 Aug 2009

The recent announcement by the Federal Government that the mandatory blacklist will explicitly target computer and video games has caused much alarm. This page by Electronic Frontiers Australia aims to cover the issue quickly and will be updated as matters progress.

31 Aug 2009

MEN AND WOMEN do have different life and work experiences: we can surely agree that without getting into inter-planetary explanations. Moreover, the world in which we all co-exist has changed dramatically in my life-time, let alone over the past 100 years. That is important for...

Research report

30 Aug 2009

On average, students in online learning conditions performed better than those receiving face-to-face instruction according to this US report examining the comparative research on online versus traditional classroom teaching from 1996 to 2008.

Abstract

A systematic search of the research literature from...

Journal article

30 Aug 2009

This paper traces how the concept of globalisation has been understood in media and communications, and the ongoing tension as to whether we can claim to be in an era of 'global media’.

A problem with this discussion is that it continues to...

Transcript

28 Aug 2009

This brief paper draws on the author's experience in working alongside emerging artists with a disability and as an advocate for access to the arts for people with a disability. The presentation bypasses any examination of art and wellbeing within the heath setting, a context...

Research report

28 Aug 2009

For many children in the United States, arts education, if offered at all, is uninspired and infrequent. So what do arts educators and others think are the key attributes of 'quality' in arts learning in K-12?

Researchers at Harvard's Project Zero explore this question...

Discussion paper

28 Aug 2009

Patrick Walsh, Senior Adviser to the Post-CAVR Technical Secretariat, writes of the re-emergence of calls for an international tribunal for past crimes in Timor-Leste.

Walsh notes that “for many this is not fundamentally about Indonesia”, but is about the “destiny of humanity” and is...

Discussion paper

28 Aug 2009

Right now the main focus of the Australian Defence Force (ADF) mission in Afghanistan is to raise the effectiveness of an Afghan National Army brigade so it can assume primary responsibility for security in Oruzgan Province, thereby creating the conditions for a withdrawal...

Research report

28 Aug 2009

This paper examines the strategic challenges posed by Burma's increasing cooperation with North Korea, including recent claims of a secret nuclear weapons program.

Literature review

28 Aug 2009

This report examines the idea of culture as it has permeated policy-making, public debate, practices in schools and academic writing in the UK.

This review focuses on debates that have occurred in and around English education since 1944. It tracks a sequence of intense...

Article

28 Aug 2009

It seems to many historians that Australia was an exception within the story of British colonisation in the extent to which the native presence here was denied, dismissed and, subsequently, degraded.

And for many, terra nullius has become the doctrinal summation of Australia's exceptional,...

Research report

28 Aug 2009

Societal concerns as they pertain to farming activities play an important role today in the development of national policies. How such concerns are perceived varies from one society to another as do the policy responses (economic instruments and regulations) that governments put in place. These...

Discussion paper

26 Aug 2009

This issues paper looks at alternative market-based mechanisms that could be used to diversify the federal government's water purchase program and secure access to the suite of entitlements necessary to restore balance to the use of the resource.

The Restoring the Balance in the...

Research report

27 Apr 2009

This four year follow-up study assesses outcomes from post-separation family dispute resolution. It compares outcomes for two groups of separated parents who attended mediation over parenting disputes and engaged either in Child Focused mediation or in Child Inclusive mediation.

The Children Beyond Dispute study...

Discussion paper

27 Aug 2009

At the time of writing this discussion paper Australia was in uncharted waters caused by the Global Economic Crisis (GFC) with unemployment on the rise and retirement incomes adversely impacted by stock market losses.

This discussion paper, prepared by the Older Persons'...

Research report

28 Aug 2009

Indigenous Australians experience a significant, disproportionate burden of ill-health when compared with non-Indigenous Australians. This is evidenced in the higher rates of disease and injury in the Indigenous population and their substantially lower life expectancy. The factors contributing to the poor health status of Indigenous...

Research report

28 Aug 2009

Police proceeded against 295,600 alleged offenders during 2007-08, according to the first release of recorded crime offender statistics from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS).

This publication is the first release of statistics relating to the number of alleged offenders aged 10 years and...

Dataset

28 Aug 2009

This publication contains estimates of Australian public funding for arts and cultural activities, facilities and services across the three levels of government for 2007-08.

Audio

27 Aug 2009

Tim O'Reilly coined the term 'Web 2.0', now he has a new concept called 'Web Squared'. This program looks at what it entails and how it differs from the idea of the internet of things (0)

which was covered in an earlier program....

Audio

27 Aug 2009

The 21st century will see ever increasing levels of urbanisation. In this program we look at the way we engage with the city. What do we need to take into account to ensure greater harmony between our future needs as individuals and the needs of...

Research report

27 Aug 2009

A decade after Timor-Leste voted for independence, a culture of impunity continues to haunt the country's people.

The U. N. Security Council should establish an International Criminal tribunal with jurisdiction over all grave human rights violations surrounding Timor-Leste's 1999 independence referendum and in the...

Research report

27 Aug 2009

Forty percent of households who said that they received the payment reported having spent it.

Forty percent of households who said that they received the payment reported having spent it - approximately twice the spending rate recorded in surveys assessing the 2001 and 2008...

27 Aug 2009

THE GLOBAL financial crisis has been good for health in the sense that it has provoked the state and territory governments to inject capital into health infrastructure. But this major investment needs to be balanced with provisions to ensure that needed health services are there...

Research report

27 Aug 2009

Breast cancer is the second most common cause of death from cancer in Australian women. The BreastScreen Australia Program aims to reduce mortality and morbidity from breast cancer through detecting cancers early, with over 1.5 million women (56.9%) aged 50-69 years participating in the Program...

27 Aug 2009

TAMPA VIEW is a short, quiet street on Christmas Island. Less than two hundred metres long, it ends at a sharp cliff descending into the Indian Ocean. When you stand at the end of the street you can see peaceful Flying Fish Cove, one or...

Research report

25 Aug 2009

This paper provides an overview of the types of alternative technologies under investigation to provide for the vehicles of the future.

A panacea for the environmental problems of modern motor vehicles – especially their use of non-renewable oil and their emissions – has long...

26 Aug 2009

THE LISTS of political lobbyists published by the various Australian governments that have lobbyist registers are full of familiar political names. In NSW, former Premier Bob Carr, former federal Labor senator Graham Richardson and former state Liberal leader Kerry Chikarovski all lobby. In Queensland former...

Research report

26 Aug 2009

The standard of the accommodation and facilities provided at many immigration detention centres is of a serious concern, according to this report

, which recommends that detention in immigration residential housing should be used in lieu of detention in immigration detention centres. To ensure...

Research report

20 Aug 2009

Public transport and active transport create community benefits which justify supporting them with public subsidies, according to this report which makes a series of recommendations for encouraging a shift away from private cars.

Significant increases in urban public transport use in recent years have...

Video

Truman Packard presents the findings of the 2009 World Bank Development Report which he co-authored. Speaking at Sydney University, he looks at the geography of economic development and how spatial factors affect development potential.

Related link: World Bank development report 2009: reshaping economic geography...

Research report

24 Aug 2009

This report is designed to evaluate the concept of ‘housing submarkets’ in terms of its relevance for social housing analysis and to assess its usefulness in informing management and administrative practices in the social housing sector.

The submarket concept has not been employed in...

Video

Former Prime Minister John Howard has had a long and often complicated relationship with the Australian media. Here, addressing the newly opened Centre for Advanced Journalism at the University of Melbourne, he talks about how the reporting of politics changed over the course of...

Research report

24 Aug 2009

This research explored the question "Can restorative justice better heal bereaved families and workplace grief after a work-related death, and contribute to improved workplace safety?"

The research looked in depth at alternatives to the current method of handling deaths in the workplace which often...

24 Aug 2009

A DECADE AGO, in response to the Asian and Russian economic crises, the finance ministers of the seven biggest economies created a new organisation, the G20. For the next nine years the influence of the G20 grew but slowly. Then, last year, the G7 handed...

Transcript

24 Aug 2009

In this speech delivered by Maxine McKew at the NSW Fabians Forum as part of the ALP National Conference fringe events on 31 July 2009, she says:

"I’m aware that gender roles in Labor politics is a galvanising topic. It has been over the...

Database

Women with Disabilities Victoria seeks opportunities for innovative approaches to achieving our mission and goals. We value taking measured risks in exploring new strategies and we are committed to being innovative in the way we do our work in research, community education, leadership and advocacy....

Research report

24 Aug 2009

The Republic of Fiji Islands (Fiji) held its last legislative elections in May 2006. Commodore Voreque (Frank) Bainimarama came to power in a military coup on 5 December 2006 by deposing the elected government of Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase. This was Fiji’s fourth coup since...

Video

If the Chinese government had not attempted to censor her public appearances, it would be unlikely that many Australians would know who Rebiya Kadeer is. As leader of the Islamic Uighur minority in the Chinese-controlled East Turkistan, Ms. Kadeer's vocal criticisms of the Chinese repression...

22 Aug 2009

As more countries adopt modern spin techniques to justify their wars, journalists are cropping up as highly paid propagandists, writes Phillip Knightley in New Matilda .

Lots of people and organisations make money out of war. But I learnt this week of a comparatively...

Research report

21 Aug 2009

This report presents the latest available data from Australia's National Diabetes Register (NDR). It shows that the incidence of Type 1 and other insulin-treated diabetes in Australia is increasing and people with insulin-treated diabetes have significantly higher death rates than other Australians.

The information...

Research report

21 Aug 2009

The Department of Health and Ageing (DoHA) commissioned AIHW to undertake this study to investigate and document the scope, feasibility and utility of setting up a Carers National Data Repository (CNDR).

The CNDR is conceived as a way of improving the evidence available about...

Journal article

21 Aug 2009

In 2007 the federal government commenced a review into the feasibility of extending the legal deposit scheme to include audiovisual and electronic material. This paper examines the history and significance of legal deposit as well as the relationship between legal deposit and cultural and technological...

Submission

21 Aug 2009

This submission discusses the most appropriate way to protect human rights in Australia.

Should such protection rely essentially on Australian Parliaments, or should protection be supplemented by judicial involvement in human rights protection under a federal Bill of Rights?

Research report

20 Jul 2009

Between 1958 and 1961, China experienced one of the worse famines in her history. Birth rates fell during these years and recovered immediately afterwards. The famine also adversely affected the health of these cohorts. This paper provides non-parametric estimates of the total effects of the...

20 Aug 2009

Note full resource has been lost.

Steps toward the middle ground could compromise the emissions trading scheme, writes John Warhurst in the Canberra Times

THE FAILURE so far of the Rudd government's emissions trading scheme legislation is a political case...

Discussion paper

20 Jul 2009

Bob Gregory contrasts ‘the presuppositions of Royal Parade’ of 1950 Melbourne with the present outlook of himself and Australia at large. He outlines the evolution of his methodological position from the University of Melbourne student to the Canberra policy advisor, and defends that position from...

19 Aug 2009

The release of the government’s security law proposals reveals that the Coalition’s approach still casts a long shadow, writes Andrew Leigh.

20 Aug 2009

New polling confirms that being in charge has a powerful influence on voter perceptions, writes Peter Brent.

Journal article

21 Aug 2009

Private health insurance has been a major focus of Commonwealth government health policy for the last decade. Over this period, the Howard government introduced a number of policy changes which impacted on the take up of private health insurance. The most expensive of these was...

Journal article

21 Aug 2009

Background

This paper presents Part 1 of a two-part literature review examining medication safety in the Australian acute care setting. This review was undertaken for the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care to update a previous national report on medication safety...

21 Aug 2009

THOSE WHO support publishing “league tables” that rank schools by results often take the high moral ground by arguing that to do so is in the interests of the disadvantaged students and that teachers only oppose them so they can hide their failures.

For...

Research report

21 Aug 2009

This paper is intended to stimulate public debate about the anti‑siphoning scheme and inform the federal government's considerations of the effectiveness and appropriateness of the scheme in the current environment.

The anti-siphoning scheme was introduced in 1994 to ensure that events of national importance...

Research report

21 Aug 2009

This report highlights flaws in obtaining consent in the Australian communications industry.

The report found that inconsistent and unsatisfactory consent requirements are scattered throughout a mix of telecommunication laws and industry codes of conduct. In many key cases consent requirements are absent entirely. Regulators,...

Research report

21 Aug 2009

In this paper the authors present an analysis of census data as it relates to Indigenous temporary mobility and analyse the spatial and demographic complexities that underwrite them.

Discussion paper

21 Aug 2009

The literacy debate rarely addresses the critical social and historical factors that also account for why literacy levels among remote Indigenous youth are lower than their mainstream counterparts. The focus on schooling obscures the less obvious fact that we must also be cognisant of the...

Submission

8 May 2009

This paper focuses on proposed changes to the Social Security Act 1991 that would facilitate changes to the Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) scheme, and examines the serious potential consequences of abolishing CDEP as currently formulated in non-remote areas by July 2009 and remote areas...

Briefing paper

21 Aug 2009

In this new Lowy Institute Policy Brief, Executive Director Michael Wesley analyses the multi-faceted international student debate. It canvasses the dynamics of the international student industry and the social, economic and criminal issues faced by international students during their time in Australia. Wesley scutinises the...

Audio

21 Aug 2009

The aftermath of Iran's Presidential election last July has plunged that country into internal turmoil. Mass popular protests not seen since the revolution in 1979, large-scale arrests and deep fissures within the Iranian regime have all brought into question the certainties of Iranian politics....

Research report

21 Aug 2009

Using data collected in the Survey of Income and Housing, this publication provides indicators of the level and distribution of after-tax (or disposable) household income, after adjusting for household size and composition.

The estimates of disposable income in this publication are derived by...

Research report

26 Aug 2006

The program dispensed more than $13 million from 1994 to 2004, a critical period for orchestras. After decades of growth, the field was experiencing financial crises that appeared to be symptomatic of larger problems. Knight’s program attempted to tackle those problems head-on.

This history...

Research report

20 Aug 2009

Demand for emergency relief and financial assistance has risen sharply in the last 12 months as more Australian families face increased financial pressure, according to this report.

The report found that not-for-profit organisations are experiencing a reduction in investment income, corporate funding and...

Article

20 Aug 2009

New opportunities may well emerge for commercially viable free news services suggests Terry Flew.

Guide

2 Sep 2009

Compiled by Harriet Spinks of the Parliamentary Library, this guide provides web links to statistics and information about the world’s refugees, asylum seekers and others “of concern”. It focuses on key agencies and materials that track recent developments and explore current issues. It aims to...

Research report

18 Aug 2009

Drawing on focus group discussions this report document stories and descriptions of what it means to belong, to be accepted and to feel socially included and connected.

Social policy researchers have taken an increasing interest in moving beyond traditional measurements of poverty and disadvantage...

Research report

18 Aug 2009

This document reports on how children and young people aged 0 up to 18 years are faring against the whole-of-government government outcomes framework, focusing on their health, wellbeing, learning, safety and development.

This framework comprises 35 outcomes of children’s health, learning, development, wellbeing...

Research report

18 Aug 2009

This study aims to draw a picture of the type of people who visit NSW galleries and this year’s results shatter some of the myths associated with gallery goers.

According to this report, if you put five people in front of a painting, photograph...

Blog post

12 Aug 2009

SO FAR DURING the current recession, the drop in employment hours has been much greater than the drop in employment. Some have described this as evidence that firms are seeking to hang onto their skilled workforce by reducing work hours rather than laying people off....

Research report

19 Aug 2009

An inquiry headed by former cabinet minister Alan Milburn concludes that professions in Britain are drawing talent from an ever narrower and richer segment of society.

The UK Panel on Fair Access to the professions (0) has published its final report. Lead by the...

Research report

18 Aug 2009

This issues paper is intended as a guide to those interested in making a submission to the Government 2.0 taskforce currently underway.

The Taskforce is charged with finding ways of accelerating the development of Government 2.0 to help government consult, and where possible actively...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) training was developed in Australia to teach members of the public how to give initial help to someone developing a mental health problem or in a mental health crisis situation. However, this type of training requires adaptation for specific cultural...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

The report incorporates statistics on the Australian ICT sector including higher and vocational education, trade, employment and skills, immigration, with breakdowns of the statistical data on a national and state/territory basis.

It provides a 'snapshop' of statistical data on the ICT workforce derived from...

Discussion paper

17 Aug 2009

The Rudd Government is at odds with a majority of Australians in prioritising the needs of business in its climate-change policy, according to this paper by The Australia Institute.

In order to address climate change adequately, what is needed is an approach that incorporates...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

The OECD Communications Outlook 2009 presents the most recent comparable data on the performance of the communication sector in OECD countries and on their policy frameworks.

The 2009 edition analyses the communications sector over the years following the "dot com bubble" crisis and explores...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

This report examines how transport services in Australia should be charged for, how such charges can contribute to economic efficiency and how capital works in the transport sector should be funded.

The transport sector is a significant component of the Australian economy with transport...

Video

In this lively presentation to the State of Design Festival in Melbourne, design expert David Berman discusses the power and effectiveness of good design, and therefore the need to incorporate notions of social responsibility into design principles.

Berman is a Canadian...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

This document reports student progress for students participating in the Accelerated Literacy program during 2008 in NT DET schools.

It compares the students assessed reading levels during 2008 with those received in previous years.

Audio

17 Aug 2009

In 1993 the Security Council of the United Nations established the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and in so doing gave birth to a new system of international justice. It was followed by the Rwanda Tribunal, mixed tribunals for East Timor,...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

This Interim Report makes 51 recommendations and is the culmination of six months' work, including four weeks of community consultations; examination of more than 1,260 submissions and eight weeks of public hearings involving a total of 87 witnesses.

In late January 2009 heatwave conditions...

Research report

28 Aug 2009

This study looks at the extent to which charitable foundations are aware of and have begun to use open licenses such as Creative Commons or the GPL for the works they create and that they support with their funding.

The authors surveyed foundation staff...

Research report

16 Aug 2009

Australia’s school children are in danger of not getting what they need to support development of critical skills in information and reading literacy according to this survey.

The survey aims to build an accurate snapshot of all school libraries in Australia by gathering useable...

Research report

16 Aug 2009

This survey asks participants about their qualifications, their role ( what they do); and professional development activities.

It is part of the The Australian School Libraries Research Project. The purpose of this study is two-fold: to gain a snapshot of the state of school...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

This publication provides an analysis of the dental visiting patterns of children aged 5 to 17 years during the period 1994 to 2005.

From 1994 to 2005 approximately 80 per cent of children aged 5-11 years and 75% of children aged 12-17 years visited...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

In its final report to government the National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission outlined three options for reforming the structure of the Australian health system. The third option, discussed in this paper, proposed a fundamental restructure of the Australian health system.

The proposal, called...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

This background note provides an overview of rises in private health insurance premiums in recent years, outlines possible reasons for these increases and for variations among individual funds, and outlines recent changes to the regulation of private health insurance.

Each year the Health Minister...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

This document reports on the student attendance rate for NT DEET schools during 2005 to 2007. It compares the student attendance rate and the average weekly enrolment for all NT DEET students.

On average, students from NT government schools attend for just over 4...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

This updated analysis details changes over the first six months’ operation of the new child support formula.

A key objective of the child support reforms is to improve compliance with child support obligations. This includes not only ensuring that parents pay their full...

Audio

17 Aug 2009

Westerners have presumed that China's rise will take a familiar trajectory incorporating first economic, then political and social development in a broadly liberal democratic, market-driven direction.

The recent tensions with Australia underline the failure of that perspective to explain modern China and its rise....

17 Aug 2009

In the Australian Review of Public Affairs, Stephen Jones looks at how local government is tackling climate change.

Will climate change policies developed by city governments be worthwhile? Or will they be negated by the actions – or inactions – of the other...

Video

In response to John Howard's recent lecture about the media and politics, some of Australia's leading political journalists and commentators come together to give their perspective on this relationship.

Hosted by Michael Gawenda at the Centre for Advanced Journalism, the speakers (Alan Kohler, Leigh...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

The Pacific Islands and the World: The Global Economic Crisis, held in Brisbane on 2 and 3 August, brought together Pacific Island leaders, ministers, officials from international and regional organisations, private sector and civil society representatives, in advance of the annual Pacific Islands Forum leaders...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

This paper outlines proposed legislative reforms to Australia's counter-terrorism and national security legislation.

It contains amendments that respond to the following reviews of Australia’s counter-terrorism and national security legislation:

• Inquiry by the Hon John Clarke QC into the case of Dr Mohamed...

Discussion paper

17 Aug 2009

This paper describes and seeks comment on legislative proposals to support the establishment and implementation of national healthcare identifiers and enhanced arrangements for the privacy of health information.

E-Health

All Australian governments recognise the potential benefits of changing how information is accessed...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

Since 1998 opium production in Southeast Asia has declined by some 67% from 1,437 tons in 1998 to 469 tons in 2007. The area under cultivation has also declined by over 80% from 158,230 hectares to 29,200 hectares during the same period. These significant results...

Research report

20 Aug 2009

The demand for educationally-targeted video archives and services is high according to this US report.

In interviews with 57 faculty and librarians from 20 institutions and across 18 academic departments and schools, the Video and Higher Education Project found data to support the following:...

Research report

21 Aug 2009

This report provides a detailed overview of the online presences of the 869 arts organisations that receive regular funding from Arts Council England (hereafter, RFOs). The research was commissioned by Arts Council England and is the first project in a major three-year programme of research...

Research report

21 Aug 2009

The aim of this study was to assess understanding of, engagement with and aspirations for art in the digital space amongst the general public.

Most people are happy to consider anything as ‘art’, provided they believe it to be intended as art by its...

Research report

21 Aug 2009

In the midst of hard economic times, it is clearly more challenging for arts organisations to take the long view and continue to devote time and effort to building new audiences. But this report on a gathering of representatives from more than 50 Wallace-funded arts...

Research report

21 Aug 2009

This paper presents 170 recommendations for how Australian galleries, libraries, museums and archives (GLAM) can better integrate and work with Wikipedia.

This document lists the recommendations from the " GLAM-WIKI: Finding the common ground " conference held at the Australian War Memorial , Canberra,...

Video

Does the private sector have a social responsibility to donate to the arts? Michael Lynch certainly thinks so.

He's run some of the most important arts organisations in Australia and the UK, including the Sydney Opera House and the Sydney Theatre Company....

Research report

22 Aug 2009

Teenagers have previously lagged behind adults in their ownership of cell phones, but several years of survey data show that those ages 12-17 are closing the gap in cell phone ownership.

The Project first began surveying teenagers about their mobile phones in its 2004...

Research report

14 Aug 2009

This briefing paper provides an outline of key technical challenges for utilising new ways of technology-enabled collaboration and learning in Australian schools.

Emerging web 2.0 functionality and tools including wikis, blogs and other collaborative online environments offer many potential benefits for learners, however there...

Research report

14 Aug 2009

This study examines where and how NCVER's research has influenced vocational education and training (VET) policy and practice.

A model for assessing research impact was developed and case studies of impact across three research projects and one research theme were undertaken. While not a...

Transcript

23 Aug 2009

At the first web 2.0 conference in 2004, Tim O'Reilly and John Battelle argued that "the network as platform" means building applications that literally get better the more people use them. Five years on they survey the changes and make some predictions for the future....

Transcript

13 Aug 2009

While the attention of many arts organisations is faced on the global economic crisis, the issues facing the arts are far more than financial ones.

In this keynote presentation to the 2009 Australia Council Arts Marketing Summit, Ben Cameron speaks about critical issues facing...

Research report

14 Aug 2009

The hurdle for those who seek educational resources on the Internet is not a lack of materials, but the difficulty of discovery of appropriate and desired materials.

Users of search tools who seek educational materials on the Internet are typically presented with either a...

12 Aug 2009

Quietly at first and then more vocally, concern has been expressed about the discipline of economics and its possible role in generating the economic crisis, writes Timothy J. Sinclair.

Research report

12 Aug 2009

Parliamentary salaries, allowances and entitlements generate public discussion and attract media opinion. This background note provides relevant data, hyperlinks and documents on the remuneration of Australian federal parliamentarians.

It explains the legislative basis, fixing and linking mechanisms for salaries and allowances, and those entitlements...

Research report

12 Aug 2009

In this report young people provide a perspective on how our youth justice and other human services are functioning.

This ongoing research project investigates the views and experiences of young people in Queensland’s detention centres, looking at the circumstances surrounding their entry to...

Research report

12 Aug 2009

This report makes a number of recommendations to the Australian Health Workforce Ministerial Council in relation to the the proposed national registration and accreditation scheme.

It includes a minority report by the Coalition senators and additional comments by the Greens senator.

Research report

11 Aug 2009

This report commissioned by the coalition and Senator Xenophon examines the opportunities to improve the CPRS in terms of lowering the economic costs and, consequently, potentially tightening the emissions target.

Lowering the economic costs of the CPRS will not only aid Australia’s economy, but...

Research report

11 Aug 2009

This report warns that as a result of climate change, disasters are likely to become larger, more complex, occur simultaneously and in regions that have either not experienced the natural hazard previously or at the same intensity or frequency.

The report recommends that emergency...

Video

Interview with Dick Estens, Chairman of the Aboriginal Employment Strategy.

"Dick Estens from the Aboriginal Employment Service established in Moree enthralled the audience with his story of challenge and change in getting Aborigines into mainstream work in the latest instalment of our dinner series...

Literature review

11 Aug 2009

Increased choice in aged care services is an international trend, driven by demographic changes and consumer advocacy.

This review of the literature on consumer-directed, flexible care points to better outcomes for consumers and to cost efficiencies. The authors signal several key issues that need...

Research report

11 Aug 2009

Well coordinated and integrated home based care is an efficient and cost effective model for providing long term care. There is, however, emerging evidence to suggest that family members pay a price for taking on long term care responsibilities at home.

Research report

12 Aug 2009

A large majority of people surveyed across eight countries say there should be limits to what combatants are allowed to do in the course of fighting, and that civilians should be left alone.

However, less than half of those surveyed were aware of the...

Research report

12 Aug 2009

A good deal of copy has been written about the Australia-US alliance over the past decade, but almost all of it, naturally enough, described the alliance as it developed under the stewardship of conservative leaders in Washington and Canberra. Now the alliance is...

Research report

12 Aug 2009

Warwick McKibbin outlines the key features that are needed in a new climate change framework beyond Kyoto, drawing on lessons from monetary history.

Using the analogy of the way modern central banks run monetary policy, it outlines an alternative to the Kyoto protocol which...

12 Aug 2009

The High Court passed up the opportunity to clarify important issues in its judgement on the NT Intervention, writes Tessa Meyrick

in High Court Watch, the second in a series of reports on significant policy-related cases

IN FEBRUARY of this year,...

12 Aug 2009

Now is not the time to abandon Afghanistan argue Anthony Bubalo and Michael Fullilove.

The death of Private Benjamin Ranaudo north of Tarin Kowt recently led to a rash of stories about the ‘unwinnable’ war in Afghanistan.

Our colleague at the...

Discussion paper

12 Aug 2009

Based on research carried out by the Workplace and Corporate Law Research Group, this paper examines how the new regulatory institutions created by the Fair Work Act can assist workplace relations parties to develop best practice employment relationships and increase productivity.

The...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

This report shows how the carbon emissions from 5-star rated homes can be reduced to zero, with the savings averaging eleven tonnes per house each year.

Australia’s housing sector, comprising over 7 million dwellings and their occupants (as well as associated industries), currently has...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

Resource boom towns in the Pilbara and Goldfield regions of Western Australia and the Bowen Basin region of Queensland have experienced recurring housing shortages and crises. The housing situation has had a negative impact upon these communities in a variety of ways, and in the...

Guide

10 Aug 2009

The Climate Action Network Australia has prepared seven summary sheets to provide a clear track through the climate negotiations of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

These are designed for all people who would like to or are planning to attend the...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

It has long been recognised that child complainants find the court experience very difficult, particularly if they have to give evidence against a family member in a sexual offence matter. This paper outlines the major factors that contribute to making processes harrowing for children and...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

The expansion of share ownership amongst employees advances a number of important economic priorities identified by the Federal Government, and has the potential to give Australia a stronger and fairer economy.

Rewarding employees with increased ownership in the companies in which they...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

Australia, along with the entire world, faces the tremendous challenge of climate change over the coming decades. Along with its impacts on a wide variety of global ecosystems, climate change has the potential to have long-term impacts on Australia’s Great Barrier Reef (GBR)....

Audio

10 Aug 2009

Peter Clarke talks to four journalists and researchers about alternative futures for journalism on Inside Story.

Conferences on “the future of journalism” have become a growth industry. In many ways, the news media’s own digital evolution has become one of its biggest stories. The...

Discussion paper

11 Aug 2009

Once shut in, many people with disabilities now find themselves shut out. People with disabilities may be present in our community, but too few are actually part of it.

This discussion paper asked people with disabilities and their families, friends and carers to identify...

11 Aug 2009

A candid report into a broken system is the first step to fixing it writes Rhonda Galbally in The Age.

T HE trouble with disabilities is that most Australians think they happen to someone else. Recently I was talking to...

Website

An interesting data visualisation of the history of the Australian web.

Video

Social media has exploded over the last 3 years, the scale of this phenomenon means no one can ignore it anymore. For example by mid 2008 there were over 113 million blogs, 200 million active Facebook users and over 1.1 billion twitter messages. Today over...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

This guide has been developed to meet a need of the Victorian public sector, including Local Councils.

Data matching is an activity which creates special risks and considerations for privacy. Privacy Victoria’s 2005 audit of data matching activities found that most of the organisations...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

Utilising Pierre Bourdieu's formula for studying social practice, this study explored the construction of technological expertise amongst a heterogenous group of New Zealand teenagers.

The qualitative study employed observations and interviews with five boys and three girls aged 13 – 17, who considered themselves...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

There is a global shortage of nursing professionals. It is particularly tight for remote places like the Northern Territory, Australia. This report looks at the demographic profile of the Territory’s nurses and midwives, how that has changed in the last few decades and explores...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

The Early Years Learning Framework describes the principles, practice and outcomes essential to support and enhance young children’s learning from birth to five years of age, as well as their transition to school.

The Framework has a strong emphasis on play-based learning as...

Chapter

10 Aug 2009

In this book chapter Rob Atkinson shows how the ICT revolution, not globalization, is at the heart of the social and economic transformations of the last quarter-century.

In his chapter, “Globalisation, New Technology and Transformation” (192) , published in Social Justice in the Global...

Video

Freedom of the press is held up as one of the most fundamental values of a functioning Western Democracy. But can you actually believe everything that's reported in the media?

In this spirited, entertaining and thoughtful debate some of the heavy-hitters of the...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

New Zealand research shows that almost three quarters of those surveyed think that culture and cultural activities are very, extremely or critically important to our sense of national identity.

The Cultural Statistics programme is based on the New Zealand Framework for Cultural Statistics Te...

Video

At the Adelaide Festival of Ideas, this panel of international experts looks at the real-world fallout from the GFC and discuss the extent to which economists are responsible for this, and what they need to do to correct and temper their models.

Is the...

Audio

10 Aug 2009

The Rudd Government has announced major reforms to our university system in order to ensure that Australia can meet challenges of the next century.

At the Wednesday Lunch at Lowy on 29th July, Professor Ian Chubb argued that it is imperative for Australia that...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

In this paper non-proliferation scholar, Emma Belcher, urges practical steps for WMD non-proliferation at sea.

Australia and other countries should redouble their efforts to fix serious gaps in an international arrangement to stop maritime shipments of materials destined for weapons of mass destruction...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

As the Federal Government prepares to develop the successor document to its inaugural 2008 National Security Statement, this paper considers what needs to be done to improve the oft-quoted whole-of-government approach to national security, and where Government can draw inspiration for crafting that approach. Against...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

Electricity generation across Australia’s four eastern states produced one per cent or 1.9 million tonnes more greenhouse gas pollution in 2008, according to this report by The Climate Group.

Total electricity generation across Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland and South Australia was 195...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

There are notable differences in the Local Court data on crime rates between different Aboriginal communities in NSW.

Despite this, there has been a lack of qualitative research on the factors affecting crime rates in Aboriginal communities. With support from the NSW Bureau...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

Significant interest in Australia's uranium export industry has re-emerged in the face of increased energy demand, fears of eventual reduced supplies of traditional energy sources, further evidence of global climate change and prospective higher electricity prices.

This paper examines how Australia will respond...

Article

10 Aug 2009

The Miles Franklin Literary Award, Australia's oldest and one of its richest, only recognises works that 'portray Australian life'. But two literary prizes inaugurated in 2008 have begun to reshape our nationalliterary culture. Both the Prime Minister’s Literary Awards and the Western Australian Premier’s Australia–Asia...

Research report

14 Aug 2009

As the audience for online video continues to grow, a leading edge of internet users are migrating their viewing from their computer screens to their TV screens. At the same time, more cell phone users are opting for the convenience of watching video on smaller...

Article

14 Aug 2009

Although Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) has developed a number of services specifically for use by the UK Higher Education (HE) sector, people within the sector are increasingly using services developed outside the sector, either in addition to - or in some cases instead of...

Research report

17 Aug 2009

Pool is a collaborative space created by the ABC where audiences can share and talk about creative work - music, photos, videos, documentaries, interviews, animations and more. The site is being redesigned by ACID and RMIT University. This report looks at:

what Pool...

Article

14 Aug 2009

This paper chronicles the inevitable limits of what can only be called a feudal academic knowledge exchange system, with trends like exclusivity, slowness, narrowness, conservatism, self-involvement and inaccessibility.

It predicts an upcoming social upheaval in academic publishing as it shifts from to a more...

Guide

17 Aug 2009

JISC’s new guide to Second Life is written by lecturers for lecturers, to help others to use virtual worlds for teaching.

The guide has been written by representatives from several projects from within the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) in the UK. JISC's recent...

Article

14 Aug 2009

South Korea is poised to become the world leader in green technology, through a wide array of government policies supporting green technology, strong national leadership and a substantial commitment of public funding for this effort.

Other nations should look to the South Korean...

Research report

7 Aug 2009

What challenges will society and museums face in the next quarter-century? How will the demographic profile of America change between now and 2034? How will energy and infrastructure costs affect the sustainability of museums? What will Web 3.0 -- or 5.0 or 6.0 -- look...

Transcript

5 Aug 2009

This paper explores the potential use of environmental taxes in Australia in addition to the broad based and larger revenue raising taxes on income, consumption and assets.

Environmental taxes are one of the available policy intervention instruments for correcting market failures with the allocation...

Research report

5 Aug 2009

This report examines the key factors that have caused and sustained extremism, as well as the main doctrinal tenets of extremism.

It is the outcome of exploratory research to form the basis for the next phase of the project, engagement with at-risk Muslim youth...

Research report

5 Aug 2009

This paper gives background information on the scheme, which provides a means for raising concerns about a service or the care being provided to elderly people receiving Australian government-subsidised aged care.

The Australian Government has engaged Associate Professor Merrilyn Walton to conduct a...

Research report

5 Aug 2009

This report evaluates a number of potential vehicle fuel efficiency measures, following consideration of public comment on a discussion paper released in September 2008.

The report was prepared in response to the Council of Australian Governments' request for a package of vehicle fuel efficiency...

Research report

5 Aug 2009

This review looks at factors that may influence organic soil carbon and issues facing its inclusion in a carbon trading scheme in the future.

Research report

5 Aug 2009

In light of recent developments in educational policy and the positioning of vocational education and training (VET) across the European Union, it was timely to explore these new directions and the lessons for Australian VET.

A striking feature both in the European...

5 Aug 2009

What is wrong with the way America runs elections? Lots of things, but the two main ones are that it is infested with party interference and it is extremely decentralised writes Peter Brent.

Peter Brent reviews the The Democracy Index: Why Our Election...

Research report

5 Aug 2009

Large scale gay and lesbian events such as the Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras are major international festivals with considerable tourist attendance. Good order and goodwill are emphasised as positive aspects of the events, but an internet survey of participants shows that there is...

Research report

5 Aug 2009

Health is wealth, goes the adage. The message is clear: those who are healthy are likely to earn more. Is this old adage still applicable in Australia today?

Are people with better health able to earn more than their peers with poorer health? How...

Research report

5 Aug 2009

In his address at the Adelaide Ideas Festival John Daley argues that the first thing we must get right is to put a value on the long-term. And to make sure the important things happen, we may need to select fewer priorities for change....

5 Aug 2009

Is Kevin Rudd a supporter or a critic of neo-liberal policymaking? It’s hard to know, writes Brian Toohey.

5 Aug 2009

THERE ARE long-established laws in place to prevent foreign investments that are against the Australia national interest. Why then should we continue to allow foreign individuals and organisations to have an unrestricted ability to influence one of the country's most important institutions – our democratic...

Research report

3 Aug 2009

On average, every $100,000 increase in housing wealth results in an increase in consumption of between $1000 and $1500 per annum in Australia, according to this bulletin.

Increased housing wealth helps to relax borrowing constraints on home owners thus facilitating increased consumption.

Research report

3 Aug 2009

This is the position paper for a study examining the prevalence, nature and impact of intergenerational homelessness in Australia.

It looks at the patterns and determinants of intergenerational homelessness and homelessness service-use in Australia, and the role and impact of service delivery and policy...

Research report

3 Aug 2009

Community policing can provide strategies and reassurances to support newly arrived refugee communities to Australia particularly with respect to their understanding of rights and responsibilities under Australian law, according to this report.

These understandings can profoundly affect whether the settlement of individuals and families...

Research report

3 Aug 2009

This report critically reviews the literature on older care recipient‐directed care arrangements in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia and highlights the importance to distinguish between Cash‐for‐Care and Self‐Directed Care schemes.

Cash‐for‐ Care schemes typically involve the handing out of cash payments...

Research report

3 Aug 2009

In 2007-08, there were over 36,000 dwellings specifically targeted to providing housing assistance to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples - an increase of almost 1,000 dwellings since 2005-06. A further 58,000 Indigenous households were receiving assistance through mainstream housing programs in the same period....

Research report

3 Aug 2009

This publication is a detailed report on the statistical processes used to track national suicide rates. Suicide is a matter of considerable public interest and policy significance so reliable statistical information on suicide occurrence is important. This report examines in detail the current methodologies used...

Research report

3 Aug 2009

The discussion and recommendations in this document aim to present Anangu leaders, schools and the enabling policy community that supports schools, with key points for debate and consideration, as the platform to develop an ambitious charter for education reform.

The review advocates the need...

Research report

3 Aug 2009

This document reports on student movements for all NT DET schools in 2007 and 2008. It focuses on defining, analysing and providing summary statistics relating to student movements between schools. It highlights that student movements are particularly prevalent for Indigenous students from remote communities.

Article

3 Aug 2009

This article argues that public education needs to be reclaimed to fulfill its role as a 'democratising force' to address social and economic inequality and to respect and recognise diversity and difference.

By analysing historical developments in federal policy, funding and economic contexts a...

Research report

3 Aug 2009

The move to a market model of schooling has seen a radical restructuring of the ways schooling is 'done' in recent times in Western countries. Although there has been a great deal of work to examine the effects of a market model on local school...

Research report

4 Jul 2009

Results of the 4th National Survey of Australian Secondary Students, HIV/AIDS and Sexual Health.

The Fourth National Survey of Secondary Students and Sexual Health involved nearly 3,000 Year 10 and Year 12 students from more than 100 secondary schools from the Government, Catholic and...

Research report

4 Aug 2009

Family homelessness is increasing in Australia, and this report details how homelessness affects the everyday experiences of women with children. It examines how homelessness affects citizenship: the ways in which women understand and negotiate rights and responsibilities, belonging and participation.

The research was undertaken...

29 Jul 2009

A CENTURY AGO the bright new Commonwealth of Australia was regarded as a social laboratory of democracy, leading the way for universal suffrage, a fair, equal and just society and civil rights. But how democratic is Australia now?

This is what we at the...

Research report

3 Aug 2009

In this edition of Macroeconomics’ Health Bulletin the Budget is examined in the context of the recently released National Health and Hospital Reform Commission’s Report.

The Bulletin finds that while the NHHRC report provides the Rudd Government with a reform blueprint, the time is...

Research report

3 Aug 2009

The aim of the plan is to summarise how the Northern Territory Department of Health and Families' resources, present and future, can best be harnessed in order to deliver sound outcomes across an increasingly diverse field of activities.

Research report

3 Aug 2009

While the links between ICT and environmental outcomes are becoming clearer, there is no separate statistical field that links the two. Nevertheless, some data are available from official statistical sources, from analytical work and from product life cycle studies.

This paper suggests a conceptual...

Research report

8 Aug 2009

This US report documents how your location information is collected by various popular electronic devices and services, and argues for concrete technological solutions that would allow you to enjoy these systems' benefits without sacrificing your privacy in your everyday life.

Over the next decade,...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

This report shows that Europe's digital sector has made strong progress since 2005.

56% of Europeans now regularly use the internet, 80% of them via a high-speed connection, making Europe the world leader in broadband internet. Europe also has more mobile subscribers than citizens...

Video

Larry Lessig, Professor of Law and founder of the Stanford Center for Internet and Society speaks at the Berkman Center workshop "Alternative Approaches to Open Digital Libraries in the Shadow of the Google Book Search Settlement".

Research report

10 Aug 2009

The degree of independence that governments afford arts support is a universal concern. Debate has often centred on the choice between arts council or ministry, but such a dichotomy enormously oversimplifies the issues, particularly as so many countries have a mixture of the two institutional...

Research report

10 Aug 2009

Tim McDonald and Ted Kolderie discuss why the existing school reform movement has stalled and how information technology (including computers, software and communications) can enable the emergence of fundamentally new kinds of schools.

The United States has been focused on K-12 education reform for...

Briefing paper

31 Jul 2009

The Australian Health Ministers' Conference tasked the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care with developing a national safety and quality framework. The proposed framework is based on a vision for safe and high quality care for Australia and describes what making safety...