March 2010

Article

31 Mar 2010

Buying water is much more cost-effective, in most cases, than public engineering projects aimed at saving water, argues John Quiggin

THERE'S BEEN a lot happening in water policy lately, and for once, most of the news is good. Most importantly, it’s been raining, a...

Working paper

31 Mar 2010

This paper presents the results of examining the influence of some key determinants of employment and hours worked for both single and coupled males and females in Australia.

The Australian economy has experienced long-run structural changes in both the supply and demand for labour...

Report

31 Mar 2010

The Review looks at the operation and administration of the Act, particularly in relation to the Medicare Teen Dental Plan.

The Committee found that the Act achieves its aim of providing a legislative framework for the payment of dental benefits, and supports the administration...

Report

31 Mar 2010

This speech looks at the history of the mortgage market to provide a context for the current state of the market and a basis for thinking about how the market might evolve.

Discussion paper

31 Mar 2010

If the field of labour law is not yet dead, it now seems widely accepted that it is in dire need of a reconceptualisation, argues the author.

"Perhaps in the past we might have spoken about the need for new protections for workers, or...

Report

29 Mar 2010

This report is the result of a 15-month inquiry which identified 506 secrecy provisions in 176 pieces of Commonwealth legislation, including 358 criminal secrecy offences.

Attorney-General Robert McClelland ordered the review in August 2008 after retired customs officer Allan Kessing was charged with disclosing...

Video

Dawkins and Williams discuss the intricacies, the fascinating patterns and the anomalies produced by the process of evolution on earth.

At the Melbourne Town Hall, presented by the Melbourne Writers Festival, outspoken and influential author and scientist Richard Dawkins speaks to Robyn Williams (ABC...

Report

30 Mar 2010

This report calls for a wide-ranging overhaul of income support, housing and employment services to create a system that can make the transition to work pay for some of the most disadvantaged members of our community.

With the Henry Tax Review in mind, this...

Report

30 Mar 2010

The Blueprint outlines an ambitious agenda to equip the Australian public service and the nation for the challenges of the future. It identifies four broad areas where performance can be improved. Nine interdependent reforms, supported by twenty-eight specific recommendations.

The Government is currently considering...

Report

29 Mar 2010

This publication presents information on persons in custody and community-based corrections.

The statistics are derived from information provided to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) from administrative records held by corrective services agencies in each state and territory, and from the Australian Government Attorney-General's...

Report

29 Mar 2010

Almost nine in ten Australians said they took steps to limit their personal energy use in 2007–08.

The type and amount of energy used in the home has considerable implications for the environment. Home energy consumption is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions...

Report

29 Mar 2010

Most Australian parents are concerned about the safety of their children online. But new research shows that parents don't back up their concerns with meaningful actions, and that in any event they might well be concerned about the wrong risks.

Research by "For Safety's...

Audio

29 Mar 2010

In Patch Monday this week, Stilgherrian discusses the "For safety's sake" research results

with Microsoft's chief security advisor in Australia, Stuart Strathdee, as well as with child protection expert Karen Flanagan from Save the Children Australia. Both point out that the risks are not...

Report

1 Mar 2010

In an effort to better understand the ways in which young people’s learning and expression are being shaped by mobile and digital technologies, the Pearson Foundation released “The Digital World of Young Children: Emergent Literacy,” a research white paper on the effects of digital media...

Report

29 Mar 2010

This UK guide is intended as best practice advice for the cultural sector to develop new ways of using emerging technologies to share digital content and find new ways to engage with wider audiences.

Report

29 Mar 2010

This is the second and final report on the problem of mortgage default in Australia. An earlier positioning paper (Berry et al., 2009) presented, in detail, a range of issues, views, evidence and potential policy directions concerning this subject. Both reports are to be read...

Discussion paper

29 Mar 2010

After 13 years of Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) representation, Prime Minister John Key has said it is time to ‘kick the tyres’ and see how much support the system enjoys. New Zealand will hold a referendum on the electoral system coinciding with the...

Report

29 Mar 2010

This report is the fourth national study undertaken on the student perspective into the first year experience.

The principal purpose of this research is to provide information and insights for the Australian higher education sector that can assist in enhancing the academic and social...

Report

29 Mar 2010

The role of the National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility is to facilitate generation of the information needed by policy and decision-makers in governments and in vulnerable sectors and communities to manage the risks of climate change. Development of National Climate Change Adaptation...

Report

29 Mar 2010

At the time that ACWA initiated this piece of research it was felt that there was a dearth of Australian specific material available on which coherent policy could be based. Since that time there has been growing academic interest in the area. The...

Report

29 Mar 2010

Social Procurement involves organisations and individuals choosing to purchase a social outcome when they buy a good or service. Social Procurement is a key plank in the development of social enterprise because it recognises and places value on the benefits that social enterprises provide, in...

Commentary

29 Mar 2010

Most coverage of the home insulation controversy ignored history and avoided simple mathematics, writes Rodney Tiffen.

Discussion paper

26 Mar 2010

Given that law enforcement activities against illegal logging appear not to have had a significant deterrent effect to date, the paper examines the possibility of using anti-money laundering approaches that already exist in Indonesia and neighbouring countries (Hong Kong, Singapore and Malaysia) to target both...

Report

26 Mar 2010

This report summarises major findings from the second stage of a project to test the feasibility of a model performance measurement framework for Australian drug law enforcement (DLE) agencies and to provide advice on its national implementation.

The first project stage involved development and...

Discussion paper

26 Mar 2010

Every 5 seconds someone somewhere in the world is diagnosed with diabetes, and every 10 seconds someone dies of it. As a result of technical and clinical advances, and public health successes such as the lowering of national smoking rates, there has been a dramatic...

Guide

1 Mar 2010

This new guide provides researchers with an understanding of how peer review works and highlights some of the issues surround the current debates about the peer review process.

The growth in the size of the research community and of the volumes of research...

Report

26 Mar 2010

While the idea of happiness at work has been recognised in other fields, there has been relatively little research into the relationship between labour law and happiness in leading law reviews.

Since the 1960s there has been a noticeable increase in the study of...

Report

26 Mar 2010

Parental time with children contributes to children's development and is positively associated with children's wellbeing. However, the amount of parent-child shared time does not necessarily capture its "quality".

Parents, in their time with children, might be teaching them, encouraging and nurturing them and physically...

Report

26 Mar 2010

Australia is an increasingly diverse country, with a robust history of migration which has a strong impact upon Australian values, culture and composition, particularly with respect to the contribution that has been made by of a growing proportion of Australians with non English...

Transcript

26 Mar 2010

This paper draws upon experiences in the emerging field of impact investing.

The term impact investing was first coined by investors at a meeting convened by the Rockefeller Foundation in 2007 and refers to “profit seeking investing to generate social and environmental good”. Until...

Report

26 Mar 2010

This study of an offender cohort in Queensland addressed three research questions: the proportion of Indigenous and non-Indigenous young people who had contact with the juvenile justice system and the extent of this contact; the processes used to respond to offending by Indigenous and non-Indigenous...

Discussion paper

26 Mar 2010

This week marks the second anniversary of Ma Ying-jeou’s victory in the 2008 Taiwanese presidential election. In the period since Ma’s inauguration relations between Taiwan and China have improved markedly. There are clear signs that the two parties are taking small but vital...

Report

26 Mar 2010

This report builds on the previous AIHW report Chronic disease and participation in work by showing the association between risk factors and participation in work. In 2004-05, nearly all (96%) working-age people in Australia reported one health risk factor, and three-quarters reported more than one....

Video

In the Lowy Institute's first Food for Thought lecture in Melbourne, on 23 May, International Security Program Director Rory Medcalf explored how the dangers of nuclear-armed confrontation between states might be minimised in the Asian century. He focused on relations among the United States, China,...

Report

24 Mar 2010

On 20 November 2007 then members of the Liberal Party were involved in the distribution of unauthorised election material. This report proposes changes to electoral law to strengthen the prohibition on such activity.

Section 328 of the Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 (CEA) provides guidelines...

Report

24 Mar 2010

This report details the committee’s inquiry activities in relation to cross-border health issues including tuberculosis, malaria, and sexually transmitted diseases.

It also examines other regional health issues including the rise of non-communicable diseases such as Type 2 diabetes; the health impacts of climate change;...

Report

18 Mar 2010

Human capital theory supports the view that people with higher levels of education and lower incidences of chronic illness should have higher labour productivity. This paper examines the Australian evidence.

Hourly wages can be used as an indicator of labour productivity. While wages are...

Report

24 Mar 2010

This report is part of a project exploring the potential for new industries and enterprises to fill land-use opportunities in areas where current agricultural industries may be strongly challenged by future climates.

The specific aims were to identify the regions and industries where climate...

Report

24 Mar 2010

This paper seeks the views of local communities and others interested in the international repatriation of Indigenous remains.

For more than 150 years Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander remains were unlawfully removed from burials grounds, hospitals and morgues to be sent to...

Report

24 Mar 2010

This report examines the nation's identified and potential energy resources ranging from fossil fuels and uranium to renewables. {C}

The assessment reviews the factors likely to influence the use of Australia's energy resources to 2030, including the technologies being developed to extract energy more...

24 Mar 2010

Pressure is growing for a small but potentially very effective global financial transactions tax. But where is Australia in the debate, asks Ross Buckley in Inside Story

IN LATE 2008 the global financial system suffered a massive coronary. This is hardly surprising. It was...

Report

24 Dec 2009

Modest reductions in the rate at which offenders are re-imprisoned would result in substantial savings in prisoner numbers and correctional outlays, according to this report.

At present 58 per cent of all persons given a prison sentence are re-imprisoned at some later point in...

Journal article

24 Mar 2010

Looking at the patchy attention paid to the 'Standard Indigenous Question' by police around Australia, this article discusses the practical difficulties in developing appropriate policy responses to ensure that Indigenous victims of sexual violence are properly protected by the mainstream criminal justice system.

Report

25 Mar 2010

The position of cable operators within the pay TV market has changed drastically in recent years.

Although video service remains core to the cable industry’s business model, cable TV’s market share has been dropping significantly with intense competition from direct broadcast satellite services (DBS),...

Report

26 Mar 2010

Librarians expect significant growth in e-book acquisitions, according to this survey of 138 librarians from 13 countries.

The survey data was analysed by Michael Newman, Stanford University’s head biology librarian. He also concluded that: simplicity and ease of use seem more important than sophisticated...

Journal article

3 May 2010

Key arguments of the recent proposal for health reforms are questionable, writes Jeff Richardson in the Medical Journal of Australia.

Report

26 Mar 2010

This US study finds that with technology allowing nearly 24-hour media access as children and teens go about their daily lives, the amount of time young people spend with entertainment media has risen dramatically, especially among minority youth.

Today, 8-18 year-olds devote an average...

Commentary

22 Mar 2010

Tasmanian Greens leader Nick McKim is pushing for a written agreement in return for party support. In Inside Story, Brian Costar and Jennifer Curtin look at the precedents

FROM THE mid-1980s, with the growing number and influence of independent and small-party MPs...

Article

22 Mar 2010

It’s all the rage for ministries and agencies to have a Facebook or even MySpace page these days. Governments are going where their citizens are. So why bother having a web site at all?

The idea may seem far fetched. But as officials from...

Report

22 Mar 2010

The Australian Government has endorsed the Data Centre Strategy as the whole-of-government approach to future data centre requirements. It contains initiatives and actions to achieve the recommendations of the ICT Review. For example, longer term leasing will provide surety for the data centre industry....

Report

22 Mar 2010

The World Internet Project has released its second annual global findings on the impact of online technology - a five-continent collaboration creating an international picture of change produced by the Internet.

The World Internet Project Report includes new findings about how the Internet is...

Report

22 Mar 2010

Over the last decade, more and more public and private stakeholders, in developed and developing countries, have been supporting 1:1 initiatives in education (that is, every child receives her/his own personal computing device). This paper assesses the evidence about their impact.

1:1 initiatives represent...

Report

22 Mar 2010

Despite numerous improvements in women’s employment outcomes, there are still many gender gaps that need to be addressed. This report provides an overview of gender differences in OECD countries.

On average, across OECD countries, the proportion of women in paid work is high (62%)....

Report

22 Mar 2010

This policy brief provides new insights on recent migration trends for doctors and nurses up to 2008, and discusses the main causes and consequences for destination and origin countries, and presents possible policy responses.

In 2006, the World Health Organization estimated that there was...

Report

22 Mar 2010

Information Communication technologies, including social networking and games, provide new opportunities for education, according to this review of research. But the 'off the shelf' mentality which currently underpins the provision of computers in Australian schools may be stifling rather than enhancing innovation.

The review...

Audio

22 Mar 2010

This conversation with political analyist and 2010 Parlimentary Fellow, Dr Peter Brent, discusses the changing relationship with Federal politicians and the media.

Audio

22 Mar 2010

Liu Xiaobo, one of the most celebrated public intellectuals in China, was recently sentenced to 11 years in prison for incitement to subversion. Diplomats and human rights activists have joined in condemning the sentence on grounds both of its lack of legal validity and its...

Audio

22 Mar 2010

At the Wednesday Lunch at Lowy on 17 March, the Lowy Institute was pleased to present a panel of three of France’s leading security thinkers, Camille Grand, François Heisbourg and Bruno Tertrais, each offering an individual view on the major strategic challenges facing France today....

Report

22 Mar 2010

Culture and Recreation News is the half-yearly newsletter of the National Centre for Culture and Recreation Statistics (NCCRS). The newsletter highlights developments in arts and cultural heritage and sports and recreation statistics and provides relevant information for researchers, policy makers, service providers and...

Report

22 Mar 2010

Over the last ten years, the number of students in non-government schools rose eightfold compared to the number of students in government schools, according to these ABS findings.

The Australian Capital Territory had the highest proportion of non-government full-time students (43%) while Northern...

Report

22 Mar 2010

Growth in part-time work helped offset full-time job losses during the global financial crisis, but younger workers were more affected than the rest of Australia's workforce according to the latest Australian Social Trends .

Released quarterly, Australian Social Trends presents analysis and commentary on...

Report

22 Mar 2010

The preference of students to choose a career in events management over hospitality despite low demand for skills is the focus of this paper.

The need for greater involvement of external stakeholders is identified as important in ensuring that students make an informed decision...

Report

22 Mar 2010

This paper finds that poor working conditions or non-sympathetic bosses or workmates have an immediate effect for many trainees.

The NCVER Apprentice and Destination Survey collected, among other things, data on reasons for not completing an apprenticeship or traineeship. This paper finds that poor...

Report

22 Mar 2010

Increasing the number of people with vocational qualifications at the certificate III level or higher was one of the targets set by the Council of Australian Governments in late 2008 as a way of increasing the skill levels of the Australian population. But why enrol...

Report

20 Mar 2010

Broadband networks only create value to consumers and businesses when they are used in conjunction with broadband-capable devices to deliver useful applications and content. The plan seeks to ensure that the entire broadband ecosystem - networks, devices, content and applications - is healthy.

...

Discussion paper

19 Mar 2010

Since the start of the Pacific war in 1942, Australia has relied on the military capacity of the United States to underwrite its security.

Our alliance with the US is our key strategic partnership and the central pillar of our national security...

Discussion paper

19 Mar 2010

The February 2010 release of the Rudd government's Counter-Terrorism White Paper: Securing Australia - Protecting our Community, is an important milestone in Australia's evolving national security policy framework. This Policy Analysis offers some ideas on the elements of a more comprehensive counter-terrorism strategy....

Report

19 Mar 2010

This quick reference guide summarises trends in crime and criminal justice in Australia.

It includes information on different categories of crime, location, victim and offender details and the response of the criminal justice system to help enhance understanding of the trends and patterns influencing...

Report

19 Mar 2010

Using data from the International Violence Against Women Survey, this paper examines predictors of help-seeking by intimate partner violence victims and considers whether such responses are influenced by the severity of abuse experienced.

It found that victims are more likely to explore formal avenues...

Report

19 Mar 2010

Confiscation of illegally obtained proceeds of crime is a key strategy for disrupting criminal activity, especially serious and organised crime by reducing its profitability and diminishing offenders' ability to finance further criminal activity. Confiscation schemes aim to redress imbalances by compensating society for the adverse...

Report

19 Mar 2010

While the Compendium is restricted to the analysis of accepted workers’ compensation claims, it nevertheless provides a good indicator of Australia’s Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) performance in 2007–08 and allows trends in OHS performance over time to be analysed. Data are presented by key...

Report

19 Mar 2010

For several years now, Australia, the driest inhabited continent, has been suffering perhaps the worst drought in its recorded history. Amidst disappearing rivers and empty dams, farmers have watched their fields go barren and their livestock perish, while urban dwellers face greater and...

Report

19 Mar 2010

This comparison provides background to the evolution of workers' compensation arrangements in two jurisdictions and discusses the way that each scheme deals with coverage, benefits, return to work provisions, self-insurance, common law, dispute resolution and cross-border arrangements.

This edition of the Comparison has been...

Report

18 Mar 2010

People living in Australia’s regional areas access cardiovascular disease (CVD) medicines at higher rates than people in major cities or remote areas

The report looks at the supply of medicines through the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme and Repatriation Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS/RPBS) to different Australian...

Report

18 Mar 2010

There is a growing recognition of the incidence of abuse of older people by people in a relationship of trust with them such as family, friends or others on whom they depend. Community care workers are in a unique position to support older people who...

Report

29 Apr 2010

On 19 March 2010, the Rudd Government announced that it would rationalise the current tariff concession regime as part of the Government’s better regulation and micro-economic reform agenda.

To implement the tariff concession rationalisation a Better Regulation Ministerial Partnership has been established between the...

Discussion paper

17 Mar 2010

Policymakers increasingly recognise that many of the solutions to major social challenges – from tackling climate change to improving public health – need to be much more local. Local solutions are frequently very effective, as they reflect the needs of specific communities and...

Journal article

17 Mar 2010

It has now been over a decade since the concept of creative industries was first put into the public domain by the Blair Labour government's Creative Industries Mapping Documents in Britain. The concept has gained traction globally, but it has also been understood and developed...

Commentary

17 Mar 2010

Keith Windschuttle brings the temperament of a barrister to his latest subject, the stolen generations, writes Dean Ashenden.

Report

17 Mar 2010

Government should invest research funding in high priority areas such as soil carbon sequestration, according to this report.

The report also wants the Government to develop a strategy to capture, evaluate and disseminate farmer driven innovations such as the use of perennial grasses, holistic...

Report

18 Mar 2010

This report raises serious concerns about the continued future wellbeing of Indigenous children and families under the Northern Territory Intervention. The report assesses the potential health impacts of the Intervention on all aspects of Indigenous health and wellbeing, not just physical health.

Using...

Report

16 Mar 2010

E-portfolios are becoming increasingly popular in the vocational education and training (VET) sector as a tool to collate and demonstrate evidence of skills and achievements and assist in the RPL (recognition of prior learning) process.

In this context, e-portfolios can contribute to personal career...

Report

16 Mar 2010

The report identifies reasons for the gender pay gap and measured the impact of the gap on economic growth. It finds that 'being a woman' was the single largest reason for the gender pay gap (60%). This includes complicated factors such as women's choices of...

Report

16 Mar 2010

This report provides an economy-wide blueprint for how Australia can achieve an ambitious reduction in greenhouse gas emissions while building a growing low-carbon economy.

The report identifies 54 separate opportunities - across all sectors - that together can achieve a reduction in emissions of...

Article

17 Mar 2010

Why would any Australian government want another trade deal with the US, ask Ruth Townsend and Thomas Faunce in On Line Opinion

WHEN PRESIDENT Obama meets Prime Minister Kevin Rudd next week, near the top of their agenda will be the expanded Trans Pacific...

Report

17 Mar 2010

International comparisons of intergenerational mobility must take into account differences in politico-economic institutions, according to this study.

The intergenerational elasticity of income is considered one of the best measures of the degree to which a society gives equal opportunity to its members. While much...

Report

17 Mar 2010

A substantive dialogue between the Indonesian government and Papuan leaders could help stem political radicalisation in the country’s easternmost province, according to this report.

This report charts the radicalisation of activists from the central highlands, the province’s mountainous spine, and links a small...

Report

17 Mar 2010

This paper investigates both the added worker effect (the labour supply responses of women to their partners’ job losses) and the discouraged worker effect (workers withdrawing from the labour market because of failed searches) for married women in Australia, with the emphasis on the former....

Literature review

17 Mar 2010

This report highlights the entrepreneurial spirit and a strong commitment to education and volunteerism brought to Australia by the 740,000 refugee and humanitarian migrants settled since Federation.

Researched and compiled by RCOA for the Department of Immigration and Citizenship, the report examines the findings...

Commentary

17 Mar 2010

The National Pain Summit took up the challenge of improving the way the system deals with pain, writes Maiy Azize

LAST WEEK, over 130 representatives of the health sector came together at Parliament House to discuss the treatment and management of pain in Australia....

Report

17 Mar 2010

This qualitative study interviewed refugees in Melbourne and explored how they perceived family, the impact of separation and the impact of the Australian government’s policy regarding family reunion on refugees living in Australia.

Introduction

The family is indisputably the central element and...

Discussion paper

15 Mar 2010

A key movement concerned with reforming business that has grown in influence and acceptance over the last two decades is Corporate Responsibility (CR). While it has attracted criticism from across the political spectrum, it is fair to say that it has also achieved much in...

Report

15 Mar 2010

Indigenous children aged 0-4 years die at 3 times the rate of non-Indigenous children. This analysis provides direction to achieve the Government’s commitment to halve the gap in mortality rates for Indigenous children by 2018.

The analysis includes statistics on key drivers; trends and...

Report

15 Mar 2010

This report uses the record of the US president's speeches and remarks to explore what might be called the 'Obama doctrine' —a set of interconnected views about US leadership, the use of military force, and the future of US primacy in the 21st...

Report

15 Mar 2010

The nuclear arms control agenda currently enjoys a prominence that it has not had since the first half of the 1990s.

This report explores a range of issues, including President Obama's Prague commitments, the looming Global Nuclear Security Summit, and the scheduled Nonproliferation Treaty...

Report

15 Mar 2010

In October 2009 the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia (ASSA) and the Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research (CAEPR) convened a workshop at the Australian National University in Canberra on Homelands/Outstations. Invited to the workshop were homeland/outstation residents, their resource agencies, peak...

Report

15 Mar 2010

Sustainable wildlife enterprises in remote Indigenous communities are an important source of economic development and employment whilst providing people with opportunities to continue their close connection with country and to maintain customary wildlife harvesting practices. Critical to the success of wildlife enterprises is recognition of...

Website

24 Feb 2010

The purpose of this resource is to provide a simple summary of NCVER's statistics and research on Indigenous Australians and vocational education and training (VET).

For the purposes of this resource Indigenous Australians includes both Torres Strait Islanders and Aboriginal people.

Report

15 Mar 2010

Estimates of apprentice and trainee activity in Australia for the September quarter, 2009 are presented in this publication.

The figures are derived from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection no.62 (December 2009 estimates).

Report

15 Mar 2010

This monograph considers a number of possible consequences of ecstasy use and identifies the research needed to more definitively answer questions about whether ecstasy has adverse effects on health of type reviewed.

This work arose out of the increasing perception that there needed to...

Report

15 Mar 2010

This publication presents nationally comparable statistics relating to the criminal jurisdiction of the Higher (Supreme and Intermediate), Magistrates' and Children's Courts across Australia for the period 1 July 2008 to 30 June 2009.

Some time series data are also included where available. The statistics...

Report

15 Mar 2010

In order to gain a better understanding of the extent of Indigenous identification in mortality data, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) linked 2006 Census data to death registrations to compare the reported Indigenous status from each dataset. Data linking was conducted by authorised ABS...

Article

16 Mar 2010

We are still very far from resolving the complex relationship between children, parents and work, writes Sarah Kanowski in Eureka Street

TONY ABBOTT surprised almost everybody on International Women's Day by announcing a parental leave policy of six months at full pay, up to...

Report

16 Mar 2010

Australia’s two lead climate science agencies – the CSIRO and Bureau of Meteorology - have produced a snapshot of the state of the climate to update Australians about how their climate has changed and what it means. (6 pages)

Changes observed include:

Highly...

Report

15 Mar 2010

This research responds to a research question in the Housing and Ageing research area of the 2007 AHURI Research Agenda which asks the following questions: ‘What are the types, sizes and locations of dwellings occupied by older home owners? How do these patterns...

Discussion paper

15 Feb 2010

This paper presents evidence on a national-level electricity ladder which sees countries transition toward coal and natural gas, and finally nuclear power and modern renewables such as wind power, for their electricity needs as they develop.

The extent to which countries climb the electricity...

Discussion paper

15 Feb 2010

Following the increasing impact of globalising economic forces world wide Australia, like many other liberal democracies, moved to adopt neoliberal economic policies with an emphasis on increasing deregulation of economic markets. The economic changes instituted since the 1980s have fundamentally restructured the economy and created...

Discussion paper

15 Mar 2010

This paper develops a model to estimate the value of returning to a university degree and the causal effect of a university education on earnings in China.

Estimating the rate of return to a university degree has always been difficult due to the problem...

Audio

15 Mar 2010

On the occasion of the publication of his political memoirs, the Lowy Institute hosted former Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser for a conversation on Australian foreign policy.

From the Vietnam War to the Afghanistan War, from international law to the treatment of refugees, Mr Fraser...

Discussion paper

12 Mar 2010

The digital dividend is the Australian Government's opportunity to ensure that the benefits to individuals and the community outweigh the costs associated with the switchover to digital television.

This submission by the Australian Communications Consumer Action Network to the Department of Broadband, Communications and...

Report

12 Mar 2010

The federal government’s pledge for increased access to computers for students has been held up as "groundbreaking reform" as "digital schools" become a reality for more students. However, access to technology remains uneven across schools, student competency levels differ and teacher expertise varies considerably. Incorporating...

Report

12 Mar 2010

The traineeship model is currently targeted at a broader group of people compared with the original target group of young unemployed persons as envisaged by the Kirby Enquiry.

This report aims to assess the effectiveness of the model for young people, particularly young early...

Report

29 Jan 2010

Heads of government (now the Council of Australian Governments or COAG) established the Review of Government Service Provision (the Review) to provide information on the effectiveness and efficiency of government services in Australia. A Steering Committee, comprising senior representatives from the central agencies...

Report

12 Mar 2010

This article reports on research into the potential of interactive multimedia to develop K-1 students' understanding of fractions.

Children participating in the research used three different types of interactive multimedia designed to further their understanding of mathematics. Students who had participated in the intervention...

Audio

12 Mar 2010

Following on from the conversation last week on 'open government' this program hosts the head of the newly created Office of the Information Commissioner.

He discusses how the office will ensure greater disclosure of information within the public sector and the complexities involved in...

Report

12 Mar 2010

The NZ Government's review of Creative New Zealand’s governance structure aims to improve efficiency and make the best investment of resources for the benefit of New Zealand artists and arts organisations.

A review of Creative New Zealand’s governing legislation was promised in the National...

Commentary

10 Mar 2010

The Coalition’s focus on debt could easily backfire, argues Peter Brent.

Journal article

10 Mar 2010

The issue of appropriate legal and social supports is critical to the question of Indigenous overrepresentation in the criminal justice system. This article discusses this relationship, arguing that the overwhelming emphasis on communities' criminal law needs distracts from other equally important, though perhaps less urgent,...

Report

12 Mar 2010

In the US, over 100 million individuals representing over 40 million households do not use broadband because they cannot access it, cannot afford it, do not know how to use it, or are not aware of its benefits. This “digital divide” is costly...

Briefing paper

15 Nov 2009

This concise brochure offers an overview of the various studies on journal business models.

Over the past few years many studies have been published on the costs and economic benefits of journal business models. Early studies considered only the costs incurred in publishing traditional...

Book

17 Mar 2010

This volume describes the hundreds of methods and tools for innovation being used across the world, as a first step to developing a knowledge base.The Open Book presents a varied, vibrant picture of social innovation in practice and demonstrates the vitality of this rapidly emerging...

Report

9 Mar 2010

The fourth Social Barometer examines the extent of disadvantage among older Australians through indicators of people’s capabilities covering eight key dimensions of life, including employment, income, health, housing, safety and social participation.

The barometer concentrates on national data, and draws attention to the different...

Report

9 Mar 2010

This report on research undertaken by the Brotherhood and Community Foresters Finance draws on the literature and stakeholder consultation to explore microfinance in Australia, highlighting the need to achieve sustainability, scale up successful pilot programs and measure impact on financial exclusion.

The recommendations point...

Commentary

9 Mar 2010

Referendums promised by Kevin Rudd and Tony Abbott are fraught with political risk, writes Norman Abjorensen.

Report

9 Mar 2010

This final report of the Baird review of the legislation that governs international education in Australia makes a series of recommendations for reform.

The recommendations include: • more support for international students and improved information • stronger consumer protection mechanisms to ensure students...

Report

12 Mar 2010

Microsoft recently added a new layer of complexity to the ongoing debate regarding the filtering and censorship practices of U.S. search engines via its own search engine, Bing. ONI testing reveals liberal filtering by Bing in one of the most censored regions in...

Report

12 Mar 2010

This report provides practical and realistic recommendations to ensure literature in Scotland is able to thrive and is supported in the most appropriate way.

One of the report's key recommendations is the establishment of a Scottish academy for literature designed to acknowledge and celebrate...

Report

9 Mar 2010

The Rudd Government’s proposed Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS) would not significantly impact most Australian businesses, according to this research report.

The Swinburne University-based centre recently completed an industry study to model the potential financial impact a carbon price would have on businesses with...

Report

9 Mar 2010

The longitudinal Life Chances Study has followed some 140 young people from diverse backgrounds since they were infants. This report documents the altest stage of the project.

In 2008 the Life Chances group turned 18: many finished school, while others were already launched into...

Report

7 Mar 2010

This paper looks at the human security of students who cross national borders for the purposes of formal study.

Report

8 Mar 2010

This report recommends a fundamental overhaul in the way the nation approaches and supports workforce development at a national, industry and enterprise level.

Australia risks missing out on the full benefits of future global economic growth and the dividends from its investment in education...

Report

8 Mar 2010

This report draws together existing data and information across a range of economic, social and environmental parameters to provide a national snapshot of the 17 Australian cities with populations over 100,000 at the 2006 Census.

Report

8 Mar 2010

The aim of Energy Efficiency Opportunities is to encourage Australia’s large energy-using businesses to identify and implement projects that will save energy, lower their business costs and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Introduced in July 2006, participation in the program is mandatory for corporations using more...

Report

8 Mar 2010

More than 20,000 scam reports were made to the ACCC in 2009, an approximate increase of 16 per cent compared with 2008. This report explains key trends in scam activity and highlights the impact of scams on the community. It highlights the cooperative work of...

Report

8 Mar 2010

Various reviews of the food regulation system suggest that food labelling has been an ongoing issue of concern for the food industry, consumers and government. This paper summarises issues raised in the current review of labelling.

In recent years industry, consumers and government agencies...

Report

8 Mar 2010

This report contains up-to-date facts and figures about Australian forests and their management.

It shows at a glance the key features of Australia’s forest industries, including their size, location, contribution to the economy and export markets.

Report

8 Mar 2010

This report includes a blueprint for reform, covering: a more robust disclosure scheme; election spending limits; contribution limits (with an exemption for membership fees); stricter regulation of fund-raisers; a Party and Candidate Support Fund; and enhanced accountability of government advertising.

Report

8 Mar 2010

Over the past two decades there have been at least ten examples of this political phenomenon in the Australian states and territories. This paper looks at those instances in which a minority government has been based on an agreement, charter or accord between major parties...

Report

8 Mar 2010

The relationship with Indonesia is one of Australia’s most important but it is still not on a firm footing, argues Fergus Hanson.

Government-to-government ties have been strengthening but relations are focused around a mostly negative set of security-related issues. Business-to-business links are underdone and...

Journal article

6 Mar 2010

The lives of knowledge economy professionals look pretty much the same, whether they live and work in New York, Sydney, London, New Delhi or Beijing. It’s a whirlpool of constantly intersecting activities in which they multi-task their way through every minute of the day, feeling...

Audio

6 Mar 2010

A conversation about 'open government' in light of the recent report of the Government 2.0 Taskforce.

The report says that by using the collaborative tools of the internet (Web 2.0) government will be more democratic, participatory and informed, government policy more relevant and public...

Briefing paper

6 Mar 2010

This paper contends that the hype surrounding the steep rise of social media networking website use has tended to mask the reality of a corresponding growth in online fraud and crime.

New Web 2.0 technologies may enable inventive interactivity online, but they also foster...

Report

5 Mar 2010

This paper reviews the current state of play in NSW with respect to the public and private funding of political parties and examines the possibility of instituting bans or caps on political donations and/or campaign expenditure.

The paper also builds on the issues considered...

Audio

5 Mar 2010

Disability and Race Discrimination Commissioner, Graeme Innes, looks at three areas of human rights in which the involvement of the Australian Human Rights Commission has played a part in changing the human rights landscape

- the case of Scott v Telstra, Teoh's case,...

Article

5 Mar 2010

The Pirate Party believes the state and big business are in the process of protecting stale and inefficient models of business for their own monetary benefit by limiting our right to share information. The Pirate Party suggests that they are achieving this goal...

Article

5 Mar 2010

This essay is based on a study that explores the relationships among multilingualism, technological change and the generation of novelty.

It discusses the development of a dominant paradigm in language governance within digital culture and goes on to introduce the notion of ‘generative multilingualism.’...

Video

David Marr hosts a discussion with Margaret Simons and Michael Gawenda about the current state of the media, in particular the print media, and the challenges presented by new online media outlets.

Part one

Part two

...

Report

5 Mar 2010

Hip fractures are serious and may lead to disability, reduced quality of life, loss of independence and even premature death. Every day in 2006-07, more than 40 Australians - most of them aged 65 or over - broke their hip. But the incidence rate is...

Discussion paper

5 Mar 2010

This paper argues that food price rises under an ETS would be modest, while extreme weather events from climate change will pose a much larger risk on food price stability.

Drought and other extreme weather events are already making life more difficult for many...

Report

5 Jan 2010

Does faster economic growth increase pressure for democratic change, or reduce it? Using data for 154 countries for the period 1963-2007, the authors examine the short-run relationship between economic growth and moves toward and away from greater democracy. To address the potential endogeneity of economic...

Report

5 Jan 2010

This paper tests for gender discrimination by sending fake CVs to apply for entry-level jobs. Female candidates are more likely to receive a callback, with the difference being largest in occupations that are more female-dominated.

Discussion paper

5 Mar 2010

Recent Commonwealth Treasury intergenerational reports have failed to consider the very different challenges that arise for the Indigenous population as a consequence of demographic ageing.

Almost universally across the country, Indigenous populations are moving into a phase of demographic transition that will see the...

Discussion paper

5 Mar 2010

This is an opportune time to strategically develop Indigenous land and sea management in Australia. Climate change and associated land degradation is a high priority component of the Government’s environment agenda. At the same time, the Indigenous estate—which includes some of the most biodiverse lands...

Commentary

5 Mar 2010

The process of extending NSW's Mt Piper power station seems to be driven by a pro-coal mindset, argues Ilan Salbe

THIS WEEK the NSW government approved the Mt Piper Extension Concept Plan, which clears the way for the construction of a new 2000 Megawatt...

Article

5 Mar 2010

It is easy to sympathise with those who despair at the current state of global politics. Twenty years ago a peaceful end to the Cold War appeared to herald a new and more progressive era. At last nations could move away from confrontation and redirect...

Audio

5 Mar 2010

The world faces two creeping threats to its food supplies. On the one hand, expanding populations and the changing diets that accompany growing wealth have put greater strain on lagging gains in food production. On the other hand, climate change and environmental degradation are slowly...

Audio

5 Mar 2010

At the Wednesday Lunch at Lowy on 3 March, Dr Malcolm Cook, Program Director East Asia, spoke on how Asia's continental and horizontal dimensions are reasserting themselves - in ways that question Australia's place in Asia.

Briefing paper

5 Mar 2010

On 16 December 2009, the Government released its aviation white paper. This is the most comprehensive statement of the Government’s aviation policy. The white paper followed the release of the aviation green paper on 2 December 2008, and an earlier issues paper titled Towards a...

Report

5 Mar 2010

This paper lists all wind farms currently operating in Australia.

Where available each of the following records has the following data—project name; company name; location; number of turbines; output per turbine in kilowatts (one kilowatt is one thousand watts); capacity in megawatts (one megawatt...

Report

5 Mar 2010

Issues and debates relating to migrants, ethnicity and migration programs are common place within the Australian political and media landscape.

The National Migrant Statistics Unit, through the 'Perspectives on Migrants' series attempts to provide informed commentary to assist those interested in these major issues....

Report

5 Mar 2010

This publication describes a framework to map statistical information about Indigenous people, in the context of the interrelationships with their social and physical environments.

Not only does it provide a means to present existing data, the framework also provides the means to identify potential...

Commentary

5 Mar 2010

Kevin Rudd’s hospital plan kicks off what looks like being a long battle, writes James Gillespie.

Report

4 Mar 2010

This paper has been prepared by the Australian Indigenous Psychologists Association (AIPA) to generate discussion around the determinants of Indigenous social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB), and to provide a range of recommendations for addressing the current gap in social and emotional wellbeing between...

Video

Key speakers at this two-day conference held in December 2009 included NBN Co. CEO, Mike Quigley and Jeff Cole, Director USC Annenberg School, who outlined the potential of the NBN for Australia's digital economy. The forum was co-chaired by Dr Paul Twomey and participants...

Article

5 Mar 2010

Following the failure of the Copenhagen Conference to reach a consensus on the realities of climate change, the current crop of commentators hold starkly different views on our ability to grapple with our own potential extinction. In the Monthly Comment, Robert Manne weighs up the...

Audio

5 Mar 2010

Key speakers at this two-day conference held in December 2009 included NBN Co. CEO, Mike Quigley and Jeff Cole, Director USC Annenberg School, who outlined the potential of the NBN for Australia's digital economy. The forum was co-chaired by Dr Paul Twomey and participants included...

Report

5 Mar 2010

Banks were portrayed as the villains of the global financial crisis; many of the big international banks and their executives were associated with greed and excessive risk-taking. Regulators were obliged to step in with unprecedented rescue packages to save the financial systems in the US,...

Journal article

5 Mar 2010

While there is considerable research on medical workforce supply trends, there is little research examining the determinants of labour supply decisions for the medical workforce. The "Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL)" study investigates workforce participation patterns and their determinants using a longitudinal...

Report

3 Mar 2010

This research identifies the key factors which will impact Australians’ future participation in the arts. It also identifies barriers and incentives which impact our participation.

Summary of results - download summary PDF (5)

We found levels of engagement with the arts were...

Report

3 Mar 2010

This paper outlines the federal government's plan for a national hospital network, funded nationally and run locally.

The National Health and Hospitals Network will:

• create a single national network of hospitals, instead of eight separate systems,

• be funded nationally, with...

Audio

4 Mar 2010

Is it morally permissible to impose strong patent protections where doing so prices important new medicines out of the reach of many poor people?

This week on The Philosopher's Zone , Thomas Pogge, professor of philosophy at Yale University, talks about the morality of...

Report

4 Mar 2010

This methodological study assesses the impact of available street time and mortality on the estimation of recidivism. Using survival analysis techniques to derive estimates of reoffending, the study compares adjusted and unadjusted rates and assesses how these rates vary for different offender populations...

Report

4 Mar 2010

Tax reform is once again squarely on the Australian policy agenda, with the review of Australia’s Future Tax System (the Henry Review or the review) now under consideration. Although personal income tax has been reshaped over many years and undoubtedly lightened over the past 10...

Report

5 Mar 2010

The Creative City Network of Canada commissioned a series of reports on developing and revitalizing rural communities through arts and creativity.

The summary overview of these reports sets the context: “As rural communities re-envision and reposition themselves, they are seeking to revitalize, diversity their...

Report

2 Mar 2010

This report argues that it's time for Defence to more fully incorporate domestic disaster assistance tasks as part of its core business.

Defence is likely to be used more frequently in the future to assist in domestic disaster management. There will be larger and...

Report

3 Mar 2010

This report recommends improvements in the way new health technologies, procedures and services are assessed for public and private funding in Australia.

Commentary

3 Mar 2010

It’s not so much the size of government spending that counts - it’s the quality, writes Brian Toohey in Inside Story

FOLLOWING the brief excitement of the global financial crisis, Australian politics is back in a familiar groove. A Labor government is trying to...

Report

4 Mar 2010

Writing is an important issue in the UK today. While children’s and young people’s writing standards steadily improved until 2006, levels have not increased in recent years. Writing is much more than just an educational issue – it is an essential skill that allows people...

Book

18 Sep 2009

Online communities offer a wide range of opportunities today, whether you're supporting a cause, marketing a product or service, or developing open source software.

The Art of Community will help you develop the broad range of talents you need to recruit members to...

Report

1 Mar 2010

Advocates of online child protection and freedom of expression share a deep-seated belief in the importance of protecting basic human rights. Yet these beliefs are often clouded by perceived (and real) opposition in the actual practice of law, policy, and regulation. This has restricted the...

Report

4 Mar 2010

The social function of the Internet has changed dramatically in recent years. What was, until recently, a supplement to other channels of information and communication has become increasingly a basic requirement of social and economic inclusion. Educational systems, employers, and government agencies at all levels...

Discussion paper

4 Mar 2010

The paper outlines a suggestion for a profitable, post-Gutenberg publishing model, one that puts bloggers at its centre. It avoids the chief risk of implementing pay-for-content plans, which is reducing site traffic, thereby reducing publishers' attractiveness to advertisers.

Communication by printed media has reached...

Report

1 Mar 2010

Drawing on reponses from 9504 women, this report looks at the experiences of women in the workplace, including hours worked, flexible arrangements and superannuation.

The results of this survey, carried out for the Community and Public Sector Union, provide evidence that many...

Report

1 Mar 2010

This report recommends that the Commonwealth adopts a system of automatic enrolment of voters similar to the proposed New South Wales system.

Report

1 Mar 2010

The Australian arts should be funded to carry out research and to innovate in exactly the same ways as the technological sciences.

This will enable them to deliver even greater value to the public, innovate more, collaborate more widely and engage more deeply with...

Discussion paper

1 Mar 2010

Documents proposing the broad shape of the curriculum in each of these subjects were published in draft form in 2008 and, after extensive consultation, revised and published in early 2009. They have guided the work that is now provided as a detailed draft...

Report

2 Mar 2010

The supply of private rental housing has become more prominent in the debates around affordable housing as house prices have increasingly gotten out of the reach of prospective home owners, and rents have spiralled in rental housing. There is a concern that private rental markets...

Report

2 Mar 2010

This paper argues that Australia needs greater clarity on how good faith bargaining should be approached and that we need an Australian model of good faith bargaining that meets our current needs and imperatives.

It is the second in the series of BCA discussion...

Book

2 Mar 2010

Research over the past decade in health, employment, life expectancy, child mortality, and household income has confirmed that Indigenous Australians are still Australia's most disadvantaged group. Those residing in communities in regional and remote Australia are further disadvantaged because of the limited formal economic opportunities...

Discussion paper

1 Mar 2010

This discussion paper is part of consultations to develop a national quality framework (NQF) that will maximise the outcomes and life opportunities for those experiencing or at risk of homelessness.

A national quality framework (NQF) aims to deliver ongoing improvement and better integration...

Discussion paper

1 Mar 2010

Good relations with Japan are critical for Australia. On by far the majority of issues, our two countries tend to agree, but on whaling we have hit an impasse.

Australians are strongly opposed and - says Trevor Wilson - the Japanese have adopted international...

Report

1 Mar 2010

SUMMARY

DOCUMENTARY AS A PROPORTION OF AUDIOVISUAL PRODUCTION Documentary makes up 2-3 per cent of audiovisual production in Australia, compared to 11 per cent inNew Zealand and 21 per cent in Canada.

HOURS PRODUCED AND PRODUCTION BUDGETS Documentary production...