April 2010

Commentary

30 Apr 2010

Fears that such a rights charter would infringe our liberties ignore the voices of the vulnerable and dispossessed, writes Caroline Fleay

WHILE the Rudd government announced last week that it supports calls for human rights education and greater scrutiny of legislation that might breach...

Report

30 Apr 2010

Wired provides housing estate residents an opportunity to obtain a network-ready computer at no cost, along with the establishment of an ICT training hub, estate-wide intranet and communications network, email and affordable internet access for residents. This executive summary presents Isoquant Consulting's findings from an...

Report

30 Apr 2010

The term ‘Information Age’ has been applied to the current era we now live in, based on the fact that technology and Internet are continuously changing the way people work, learn, spend their leisure time and interact with one another. At the same...

30 Apr 2010

Many people will work without pay in the arts. But are they being exploited? asks Marcus Westbury in The Age.

There's no lack of people lining up to take on unpaid or poorly paid roles volunteering their time for arts organisations. With the possible...

Journal article

30 Apr 2010

This paper discusses some of the opportunities and tensions emerging around Archives 2.0, crowd-sourcing, and archival authority.

In March 2009, the ESRC Centre for Research on Socio-Cultural Change (CRESC) based at the University of Manchester collaborated with the Archives Hub to host a small...

Audio

30 Apr 2010

This lecture examines commonalities in the learning of art and science, the role of language in such learning, and the extent to which focused observation has been central to understanding and engaging in both art and science and language learning across cultures.

Anthropologists who...

Video

Bronwyn Winter has better part of two decades thinking and writing about the politics of the hijab, and here in conversation with Shakira Hussein at Gleebooks they explore the issues surrounding this highly politicised garment, which are very far from simple.

An...

Article

29 Apr 2010

The rise of Gen Y changes the maths, and Abbott needs to change with it, argues John Watson in The Age

THIS YEAR'S federal election marks a significant generational shift. For the first time, eligible voters born before 1945 are likely to be outnumbered...

Report

29 Apr 2010

Remittance dealers facilitate the transfer of funds within and between countries, often outside the formal financial and banking system.This discussion paper looks at options for future regulation.

People use remittance services because they see them as cheaper, faster and more reliable than other options...

Report

29 Apr 2010

This paper addresses the role of regulation in protecting the interests of tenants, funders and housing providers and the need to strengthen the provision of Indigenous community housing.

Key messages in the discussion paper include:

• Addressing the shortage of housing supply through...

Report

29 Apr 2010

This report examines the program's governance, design and administration, risk management processes, audit and compliance mechanisms and capacity issues.

Rapid roll out, wide access to the program for both householders and entrants to the installation industry, and ease of transactions were key...

Report

29 Apr 2010

In this fifth annual study of Australians' use and satisfaction with e-government services, the internet is established as the way most people last contacted government.

For the last three years, more people would prefer to contact government by internet than any other way. Four...

Report

29 Apr 2010

This report provides a systematic analysis of health system expenditures associated with specific disease and injury groups in Australia in 2004-05. Expenditure on cardiovascular disease is compared with expenditure on cancer, injuries, nervous system disorders and other diseases. Health expenditure for each age group ranges...

Report

29 Apr 2010

In the current policy and service environment respite care is a key service designed to provide support for carers and those they care for. Linked aged care program data for the Pathways in Aged Care (PIAC) cohort study allows analysis of the take-up of residential...

Report

29 Apr 2010

This report, produced annually since 2003, provides a comprehensive picture of what happens to young people after they leave school.

Findings presented in this report are based on the On Track telephone survey of 36,022 Year 12 or equivalent completers and 4,676 early...

Discussion paper

29 Apr 2010

This paper discusses recent trends in public funding for VET and TAFE and the implications for future funding of government targets to improve the skills of the Australian population.

The paper is motivated by the apparent increase in VET provision implied by government educational...

Transcript

29 Apr 2010

Full papers from ACE09, held at the University of Adelaide, 28-30 September 2009, are available to download.

The Conference was organised by the South Australian Branch of the Economic Society of Australia. The Program Chair was Professor Jonathan Pincus, Visiting Professor in...

Report

29 Apr 2010

Large scale forest plantations in the Murray-Darling Basin may be embraced as a carbon sequestration mechanism under a Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme. This paper looks at their impact.

Increased tree plantations will be associated with reduced inflows to river systems because of increased transpiration,...

Report

29 Apr 2010

Conventional wisdom suggests that subsidising biofuel production will reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This paper shows that in many cases, and for a wide range of parameter values, this is not true.

Biofuel subsidies can generate supply-side response by fossil fuel producers that accelerates...

Report

29 Apr 2010

This report proposes major reform of the system of social security payments for people of working age (18 to 64 years), including Newstart Allowance, Disability Support Pension and Parenting Payment.

Instead of applying more band aids to a broken system, the report proposes that...

Journal article

29 Apr 2010

Emissions trading has the potential to have undesirable financial, ethical and psychological impacts and to crowd out voluntary actions according to this journal article.

Human induced climate change has become a prominent political issue, at both national and international levels, leading to the search...

Report

29 Apr 2010

Executive Summary

The 2009 NAPLAN results for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students again show high rates of failure to meet the national minimum standards. Failure rates of 40 to 50% are common in Indigenous schools and rise to more than 70% in...

Report

29 Apr 2010

Gary Banks, Chairman, Productivity Commission, gave the fourth Ian Little Lecture in Melbourne on 13 April 2010.

Contents

Introduction

What is 'human capital' and why is it important?

How is Australia performing? A mixed international report card...

Report

29 Apr 2010

A key element of the cost-benefit analysis framework is the use of a discount rate to compare costs and benefits received at different points in time. Yet there is little agreement about the appropriate discount rate

Cost-benefit analysis is used to improve decision making...

Audio

29 Apr 2010

Anthony Bubalo critically examines what has changed and what is changing in the world's most economically and strategically vital region.

In 2006, at the height of the Israel-Lebanon war, former US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice famously remarked that the world was witnessing the...

Audio

29 Apr 2010

Anzac Memories explores the threads and fissures between the lived experience of those ex-servicemen, and the story of war embodied in the Anzac legend. Oral historian Alistair Thomson discusses the creation of the Anzac legend

, its relationship to Australian politics and society across...

27 Apr 2010

Australian politics will benefit when the Greens are better integrated into the system rather than frozen out, argues John Warhurst in Eureka Street

THE NEW Tasmanian Labor government now includes one Green minister and one Green cabinet secretary. The discussion of this development has...

28 Apr 2010

The teaching profession should be a full and genuine partner in the National Partnership on Improving Teacher Quality, argues Lawrence Ingvarson of the Australian Council for Educational Research

JULIA GILLARD, the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Education, recently announced the establishment of...

Journal article

27 Apr 2010

News media in Malaysia and Singapore are often said to be constrained in covering political and public issues, in comparison with plural democratic states such as Australia. However, commentary also suggests that online communications are allowing more independent speech. This article investigates whether such restrictions...

Audio

24 Apr 2010

Social media like Facebook and Twitter mean you can live your life as an open book. This conversation covers generational changes in notions of privacy.

We've seen a rash of school suspensions and expulsions because of damage to reputations perpetrated online but on the...

Video

With a way to go on the equal pay and opportunity fronts, how do women today define the word feminism, and do they relate to it?

We've come a long way since the Suffragettes, with women like Hillary Clinton, Sarah Palin and Julia Gillard...

Report

16 Apr 2010

The annual Horizon Report seeks to identify and describe emerging technologies likely to have considerable impact on teaching, learning, and creative expression within higher education.

The seventh edition in this annual series is again a collaboration between the NMC and ELI. Each year, the...

Report

22 Apr 2010

This booklet provides standards P–10 and protocols for Aboriginal Languages as part of the Victorian Essential Learning Standards.

Standards for Aboriginal Languages have been developed as part of the Victorian Essential Learning Standards (VELS), after extensive consultation and collaboration with Victorian Aboriginal communities. Teaching...

Report

22 Apr 2010

The purpose of this Resource Sheet is to summarise the state of our knowledge about the prevalence of child abuse and neglect.

It provides an overview of Australian studies that have estimated the prevalence of the different forms of child maltreatment (i.e., physical abuse,...

Report

22 Apr 2010

This UK report sets out a vision that all children, no matter where they live or what their background, should have the opportunity to enjoy high-quality cultural experiences in and out of school.

Findings from Find Your Talent (0) pathfinders have shown us what...

Report

23 Apr 2010

This report provides an overall assessment of Australian defence policy. In three separate essays, the report analyses Australian declaratory policy, the force structure that emerges from the paper, and defence finances.

Image: ♪_Lisa_♪ / Flickr

Report

23 Apr 2010

This paper discusses the evolving Southeast Asian security architecture by focusing on the role of a “mini-lateral” defence coalition, the Five Power Defence Arrangements (FPDA). Examined from the Singaporean and Malaysian points of view, the paper investigates whether the FPDA complements or is being gradually...

Report

23 Apr 2010

A heightened awareness of how terrorist activities are financed has led governments in developed countries to include alternative remittance systems within the regulatory controls that apply to conventional financial institutions. This report provides a review of the operation of alternative remittance systems in Australia and...

Report

23 Apr 2010

Based on the perception that 'individual bonds to one another is the essence of society', this paper examines contemporary networks of friends: friendworks, of adult women in an Australian sea change community.

Communication patterns are examined drawing on findings from a case study of...

Report

23 Apr 2010

Australia currently lacks a mechanism to gather evidence on the formation of public attitudes to the introduction of new technologies, particularly the formation of attitudes to nuclear energy technology.

This is a limiting factor in achieving informed debate in the development of a national...

Video

Take a look at how cross dressing features in Australia's past in this fascinating talk at the State Library of New South Wales. Dress historian Margot Riley has combed the library vaults and uncovered photographs and artefacts chronicling colourful tales of cross dressing men...

23 Apr 2010

The virtues of governmental diversity got lost in the debate about Kevin Rudd’s hospital policy, writes Graeme Orr in Inside Story

MR RUDD launched a health plan, focused on public hospitals. Then he demanded that the owners of those hospitals, the states, all...

Report

21 Apr 2010

This report outlines a range of measures to further protect and promote human rights in Australia.

It acts on the key recommendations of the National Human Rights Consultation Committee and complements a number of actions the government is already taking to encourage greater inclusion...

Report

16 Apr 2010

The Productivity Commission's annual Report on Government Services devotes particular attention to mainstream services delivered to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. This Compendium makes these data readily accessible in one publication.

This edition of the Compendium, like the 2010 Report, contains additional reporting...

Report

22 Apr 2010

The Australian debate on carbon pricing has been dominated by concerns that Australia might lose industry and jobs offshore if it has a carbon price when competitor countries do not. If Australian production moves to countries with higher emissions, this would defeat the purpose of...

Report

22 Apr 2010

This report analyses the targets, performance to date and key issues associated with the Younger People in Residential Aged Care Program.

The program is a joint initiative of Commonwealth, state and territory governments to provide accommodation and support to younger people with disability living...

Report

22 Apr 2010

Twelve months ago Australia was facing one of the most turbulent times for our economy in many decades; today, the threat of high unemployment and recession has receded. With this more positive outlook, argues David Gruen, we have an opportunity to think about some of...

Report

22 Apr 2010

This article looks at Australia’s current account deficits in light of concerns about the role of external imbalances in the global financial crisis and the difficulties now facing a number of countries that have run large current account deficits in recent years. Australia is clearly...

Article

22 Apr 2010

This paper summarises new evidence from two Treasury working papers on the responsiveness of female labour supply to child care costs, availability, and quality.

In one study, we drew on lessons from the literature and new detailed data to provide new estimates of the...

Report

22 Apr 2010

This is the first of a new annual series of reports on the performance of Australia’s national innovation system.

The report outlines:

• metrics and baseline indicators which compare Australia’s innovation performance to other OECD countries and tracks progress against the Government’s innovation...

Report

22 Apr 2010

An economic recovery is already ongoing in a number of OECD countries, but the short-term prospects for youth unemployment in the OECD countries remain rather gloomy.

The recovery is expected to be rather shallow in 2010 and to strengthen only in 2011. And given...

22 Apr 2010

THE FEDERAL government's formal response to the National Human Rights Consultation Committee's report contains welcome initiatives focused on reaffirmation, education, engagement, protection, and respect for human rights. However, a key word is missing from that list: accountability.

In that regard, it is regrettable that...

Report

22 Apr 2010

This paper describes the the range of factors shaping patterns of choice, from brain to society, and the spectrum of policy tools for establishing the conditions for good choices

“Promoting good choices” first brings to mind government advertising: billboards telling us to be better...

Journal article

17 Apr 2010

This paper focuses on changing reading characteristics and presents a study among a group of expert readers. Considering technological bases of reading and applying corporeal and material perspectives, this study examines manners in which proficient readers handle printed and digital texts, attempting to explain differences...

21 Apr 2010

There might be only three sitting weeks for the Senate before the election, writes Bernard Keane in Crikey

OKAY, let’s nail the furphy that the failure to obtain agreement with the West Australians could yet derail the health deal. Wrong, wrong...

Report

22 Apr 2010

Dr. Wyld examines the entry of the cloud computing phenomena into the government. He avoids the technical language and focuses on the business and societal impacts of cloud computing. He examines how this concept has changed the expectations of both the public and of government...

Report

22 Apr 2010

This paper provides a general overview of pollution in video sharing systems, the negative impact to users and system and possible strategies to minimize the problem.

Videos have become a predominant part of users’ daily lives on the Web, especially with the emergence of...

Report

30 Apr 2010

Although reliable figures are not available, in the decades prior to the mid-1970s, it was common for babies of unwed mothers to be adopted. Estimates of the number of women, children and families affected by the relinquishment of babies by unwed mothers are...

Report

19 Apr 2010

This paper provides estimates of the effects of divorce on a number of aspects of wellbeing of older Australians (aged 55–74 years).

Divorce has a long-lasting, negative impact on wellbeing and the effects appear to persist into later life for both men and women....

Report

19 Apr 2010

Despite a dramatic reduction since the late 1960s, cardiovascular disease remains the largest cause of death in Australia. Cardiovascular disease mortality: trends at different ages examines recent data to determine if the observed decrease in cardiovascular disease deaths since the 1960s is shared across disease...

Report

19 Apr 2010

Men in rural regions of Australia may face distinct health issues because of their location, work and lifestyle. This report provides a snapshot of some of these issues and compares the illness and mortality of men in rural and urban areas.

Overall, men in...

Report

19 Apr 2010

Air pollution can trigger asthma and, in severe cases, has been associated with hospitalisation and death. How much of a problem is air pollution though? What proportion of asthma exacerbations are due to air pollution each year? How much does this vary with extreme events...

Report

19 Mar 2010

This paper examines whether the expansion of higher education has reduced inequality by providing more opportunities for students from less privileged backgrounds to attend university or further entrenched existing inequalities.

Drawing on Maximally Maintained Inequality theory and Relative Risk Aversion theory, the author uses...

Report

19 Apr 2010

The SPRC's Making a Difference project explores the perceptions of economically disadvantaged young Australians (aged 11 to 17 years), how they experience economic adversity and may experience exclusion in family, school, neighbourhood and peer domains. Preliminary findings show that many young Australians on low income...

Report

19 Apr 2010

Over two thirds of Australian voters are against population growth according to new data from the 2009 - 2010 Australian Survey of Social Attitudes.

Immigration-fuelled population growth has accelerated under the Rudd Government. Recent projections suggest that Australia may grow from its current 22...

Report

19 Apr 2010

The Climate Institute and the Australian Institute of Superannuation Trustees (AIST) have named Australia's leading super funds in a second survey of fund management of climate change risk and opportunity.

The Climate Institute, in partnership with the Australian Institute of Superannuation Trustees, has established...

Report

19 Apr 2010

As part of the Australian Government's response to climate change the Prime Minister has identified energy efficiency as one important way to help reduce emissions and place Australia on the path to a low carbon economy.

This paper sets out some of the key...

Discussion paper

19 Apr 2010

The international resource boom has spurred a hunt for new mineral and hydrocarbon reserves, and an important new frontier in this search is Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Australian resource companies are now spending tens of billions of dollars on exploration and development, and engineering...

Report

19 Apr 2010

The National Health and Hospital Reform Commission (NHHRC) was charged with developing a long term reform plan for the Australian health care system. One area where the funding and regulation is complex and which gives rise to a number of medical and financial problems and...

Report

19 Apr 2010

This research is to undertake a comparative analysis of Indigenous homelessness in the contrasting settings of major cities and regional country town centres.

The research sought to compare the understandings of Indigenous homelessness held by Indigenous homeless people, and those of the providers of...

19 Apr 2010

Australia can deal with far more people, as long as we get the infrastructure right, writes Mike Steketee in the Australian

AUSTRALIA is the 18th most urbanised of the world's 204 countries, according to UN statistics. Those ahead of us in this league table...

Report

23 Apr 2010

This document provides a blueprint for England's public library service, to help ensure it is fit for purpose in the 21st century.

It aims to help libraries adapt to the Internet revolution; grasp the opportunities of digital technology; and respond to the decline in...

Report

23 Apr 2010

Organisations need to be efficient and innovative but, in today’s social and economic conditions, they also need to be able to respond creatively to external challenges while staying true to their core purpose. This report looks at one organisation's journey towards achieving this....

Report

19 Apr 2010

The Australian Government has announced reforms to improve consumer focus and protection in aged care, including an enhanced Aged Care Complaints Investigation Scheme.

These reforms mean that allegations of poor quality care or abuse will be investigated and acted upon quickly.

The report...

Audio

19 Apr 2010

Peter Mares interviews the author of the long awaited independent review of the complaints system for nursing homes and services to the elderly

Report

19 Apr 2010

This report examines the implications of the lack of timely dental treatment for people on low incomes.

Based on the state of dental services available to low-income Australians, the costs of not providing timely treatment, and the findings of the Teeth First trial, the...

Report

19 Apr 2010

In 1997, there was a peak in the number of suicides in Australia, when 2720 deaths were classified as suicide. This study looks at some of the reasons why.

In 1997, there was a peak in the number of suicides in Australia, when...

Report

19 Apr 2010

This report outlines the difficulties and concerns of Australians caring for someone with a mental illness and is Australia's first ever comprehensive national survey of mental health carers.

More than 1,500 mental health carers from across the nation came together in small groups from...

Report

19 Apr 2010

This publication is an up to date guide to the Sex Discrimination Act 1984 which aims to ensure that women and men across Australia are treated equally and have the same opportunities.

Report

19 Apr 2010

This document outlines the secon stage in the Rudd Government's health reforms, to deliver substantial improvements in the quality and availability of health care for Australians.

Report

17 Apr 2010

Digital information is a vital resource in our knowledge economy, valuable for research and education, science and the humanities, creative and cultural activities, and public policy. But digital information is inherently fragile and often at risk of loss. Access to valuable digital materials tomorrow depends...

Report

17 Apr 2010

This report identifies and describes six emerging technologies that will likely have a significant impact on K-12 education in the next one to five years.

The K-12 Report springs from the renowned Horizon Project, the research effort that each year produces the Horizon Report...

Report

15 Apr 2010

Despite widespread use of Internet search engines, the online catalogue is still the main pathway to the collection of a particular library. The use of Internet search engines does, however, have implications for user expectations around the online catalogue, and search strategies when using the...

15 Apr 2010

Brickies used to vote Labour, bankers voted Liberal and the Greens were but a twinkle in Mother Earth’s eye. Have things really changed? Pollytics looks at the data

ONE OF THE most historically accurate predictors of the way people vote in Australian elections has...

Report

16 Apr 2010

This bulletin presents 71 key national indicators, along with brief justifications explaining the relevance and importance of the indicators to young people's health and wellbeing.

This bulletin previews the reporting framework and key national indicators that will be the basis of the report Young...

Report

16 Apr 2010

Exploring the driving experiences and practices of young Victorian drivers, this study draws upon data collected as part of the Australian Temperament Project.

This is the second report from the collaborative partnership between the Australian Institute of Family Studies, the Transport Accident Commission of...

Report

16 Apr 2010

Summary of key facts, based on analysis of national statistics and reports.

The creative industries are: advertising and marketing; architecture, design and visual arts; film, TV and radio; music and performing arts; publishing; software and digital content.

Report

16 Apr 2010

New OECD figures show continuing growth in development aid in 2009, despite the financial crisis.

Total net official development assistance (ODA) from the donors in the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) rose 0.7% in real terms, but the rise was 6.8% once debt relief,...

Video

In his lecture at Sydney Ideas, Peter Katzenstein, one of America’s leading political scientists, offers a critique of the Samuel Huntington’s Clash of Civilization theory (the theory that conflict between distinct groups based on religion and cultural identities (eg Western, Islamic, Sinic) is inevitable, and...

16 Apr 2010

Technological innovation is an important part of supporting the health and wellbeing of communities writes Ben O'Mara in Eureka Street.

The Rudd Government has recognised the positive impact that new and emerging digital technology can have in creating better health outcomes by its...

Report

16 Apr 2010

As the Internet has grown to permeate all aspects of the economy and society, so too has the role of Internet intermediaries that give access to, host, transmit and index content originated by third parties or provide Internet-based services to third parties. They enable a...

Journal article

16 Apr 2010

The increasing prevalence of new media technologies and the rise of citizen journalism have coincided with a crisis in industrial journalism.

As the figure of the ‘journalist as hero’ is fading, new media forms have facilitated the production of news content ‘from below’ by...

14 Apr 2010

In Overland, Margaret Simons discusses text in the electronic world

LIKE MOST seasons, this summer has been a time of books in my household, a place that, for the holiday period, has spanned the generations. Knowing I was going to write this piece, I...

Article

15 Apr 2010

Each part of the media sector has an important role to play, writes Michelle Bawden in the National Times

COMMUNITY broadcasting – radio and television – was created to develop and reflect a sense of Australian identity, character and cultural diversity. Community radio stations...

15 Apr 2010

It’s likely that last week’s decision is based on an overly optimistic assessment of conditions in source countries, writes Savitri Taylor in Inside Story

ON 9 APRIL the immigration minister, Chris Evans, and his colleagues Stephen Smith and Brendan O’Connor issued a joint media...

Report

12 Apr 2010

Controversies over how the law should regulate the presentation of expert testimony on DNA forensic science were explored in an experimental study comparing traditional verbal with audiovisual modes of delivery.

The study found pre-trial DNA knowledge, as assessed in 3,611 jury-eligible Australians, was limited....

Audio

12 Apr 2010

When Prime Minister Kevin Rudd launched a review of government administration last year, he said he wanted to build the best public service in the world.

The report is now out, released prior to Easter, and its ambitions are more modest. It wants to...

Guide

5 Feb 2010

Provides practical information and tools to support the efforts of scholars and other small teams producing independent Open Access journals.

This guide focuses on Open Access scholarly journals publishing. By “Open Access journals” we refer to the publication of peer reviewed scientific manuscripts under...

13 Apr 2010

Robert Tanton reports on new research looking at the spatial implications of population growth

THERE HAS been a lot of talk recently about how many Australians there will be in the future, and how we should prepare for this. A new population minister,...

13 Apr 2010

If the situation was reversed, who among us could accept that as victims we should then be treated as criminals, asks Damien Kingsbury in the National Times

IMAGINE, if you can, that you have spent the past 30 or more years in an environment...

Report

13 Apr 2010

In this extract from his new pamphlet, Paul Smyth argues the case for policies to foster social inclusion

IN LATE 2009, I participated in a panel discussion at Macquarie University to mark the opening of Australia’s first Social Inclusion Week. The leading spirit behind...

Report

9 Apr 2010

This report describes current and future biotechnology techniques, applications and products that can contribute to preventing or minimising the impact of pests and diseases on Australian agriculture.

Image: hellofish / flickr

Report

12 Apr 2010

New research has found that the vocational education and training (VET) system is actively adopting e-assessment while maintaining quality assessment practices.

This report examines key e-assessment issues for practitioners and auditors and makes recommendations to promote better understanding and improved practices in e-assessment....

Journal article

12 Apr 2010

In 2009, New South Wales (NSW) Health launched its most intensive public health surveillance, investigation and containment effort in living memory. This unprecedented effort was in response to something that had been planned for and feared for many years: an outbreak of a...

Report

12 Apr 2010

Do subjective responses to survey questions about child care availability, quality, and cost, aggregated at the local geographical level, have any explanatory power in models of workforce participation and labour supply, ask the authors of this report.

They find that married women who live...

Report

12 Apr 2010

The Australian Institute of Music is in a challenging phase of development. With the resolution of a dispute over the ownership, the organisation is in a process of settling and consolidating. It is with this background that the Australian Universities Quality Agency's Audit Panel has...

Report

12 Apr 2010

This paper examines the impact of macroeconomic conditions on the education and employment outcomes of youths in school-to-work transition.

The dataset is based on five different cohorts from the Youth in Transition surveys (YIT) and the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) and covers...

Discussion paper

12 Apr 2010

This paper identifies the determinants of firm profitability and quantifies their relative importance. Using a panel of large Australian firms for the period 1995 to 2005, the analysis estimates a dynamic profit model that, unlike most existing research, directly includes measures of productivity and productivity...

Report

12 Apr 2010

New research showing the GFC had little impact on Australian perceptions of job security was released in March by the Melbourne Institute in its Annual Report of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey.

The analysis, which comes from the latest...

Discussion paper

12 Apr 2010

The paper provides an overview of a research project funded by the Australian Learning and Teaching Council (ALTC) under its 2010 Priority Projects Program. Commencing in November 2009, the project will be undertaken over a period of approximately 12...

Report

12 Apr 2010

A key issue identified in the Universities Australia Ten-Point Action Plan on Student Safety was the absence of suitable transport concessions provided to international students - particularly so in NSW and Victoria. Both Governments have remained strongly opposed to issuing such concessions even in the...

Report

1 Jan 2010

Despite the increase in open access publishing peer-reviewed journals still hold sway in many academic disciplines according to this US study.

While many studies have addressed specific issues like the costs of launching academic journals and the finances of university presses, there has not...

Report

12 Apr 2010

This report finds that International students in USA universities have higher levels of engagement with their institution when compared to international students enrolled in Australasian universities.

International students are learning through their cross-national educational experiences, but clearly they also influence the academic, professional and...

Journal article

12 Apr 2010

As there is bipartisan agreement on the advantages of increased migration to Australia, it is time for a debate on how 'super sizing' will affect the health system.

Australia faces a federally instigated migration drive aimed at increasing its population to 35 million by...

Report

12 Apr 2010

The total number of people killed on Australian roads in 2006 was 1601, with a further 31 204 people suffering serious injuries. Many factors are believed to contribute to traffic accidents, including drug and alcohol use, fatigue and speed. This paper examines the impact of...

Discussion paper

12 Apr 2010

President Obama’s long-awaited Nuclear Posture Review contains elements of both continuity and change in US nuclear policy.

A recrafted Negative Security Assurance, constraining US nuclear use in specific circumstances, lies at the core of the document but, overall, changes are not as grand as...

Report

12 Apr 2010

Data indicate that Indigenous people are 15 to 20 times more likely than non-Indigenous people to commit violent offences. This report presents results of research into victimisation of, and offending by, Indigenous people.

Designed to inform and complement the work of the National Indigenous...

Report

9 Apr 2010

This report argues that Australia should develop a comprehensive policy approach to our Indian Ocean neighbourhood.

Australia is a three ocean country with the largest area of marine jurisdiction in the Indian Ocean, yet we have neglected the Indian Ocean, compared to the Pacific...

Report

9 Apr 2010

This paper examines the ongoing violence in the majority Muslim Malay provinces of Thailand's south.

Through unprecedented fieldwork, the authors provide the deepest and most up-to-date analysis of the insurgency and problems the Thai Government faces in dealing with it. Joseph Chinyong Liow is...

Report

31 Mar 2010

This report makes recommendations on how the Australian Government's buyback of water entitlements in the Murray Darling Basin could be improved. {C}

The buyback and a larger irrigation infrastructure program are being used to recover water for the environment, and ease the transition to...

Report

9 Apr 2010

This report found international mobile roaming services (IMRS) prices to be unreasonably high, considering the underlying costs, and identified some of the causes for this price level.

This report aims to examine and suggest possible solutions and policy options that may address the problem...

Report

9 Apr 2010

This report provides information on the preliminary outcomes of environmental watering during 2008-09, involving ten wetlands and floodplains in three Murray-Darling Basin states.

Some 10.9 gigalitres of Commonwealth environmental water was used at these sites. Approximately 4 gigalitres was also contributed to these sites...

Report

9 Apr 2010

This report has been developed to provide a resource to support collaborative maternity care in Australia. The Guidance defines collaborative maternity care, outlines principles for collaboration, and suggests tools and processes for facilitating collaboration.

It aims to assist maternity care providers to establish and...

Journal article

9 Apr 2010

This article presents the results of the analysis of innovation in the context of the lifelong learning supported by the use of ICT, as well as a number of learning-related areas that need specific attention in terms of innovation and creativity.

The result...

Video

The way we read is changing more profoundly now than at any time since the invention of movable type. E-books, electronic ink, digital readers; the book is reinventing itself at a dizzying rate. But what does the future hold for readers, for publishers and for...

Report

9 Apr 2010

This report find that compared to Year 12 completers, there is little benefit from obtaining certificate level qualifications, but there are positive employment and earnings outcomes associated with obtaining diploma level qualifications.

Compared to non-completers of Year 12, however, there are benefits from...

Report

9 Apr 2010

This paper is based on evidence from the countries which have seen their health systems reviewed by the OECD in recent years, and on a selected review of the literature. It considers four issues in particular, these being the ones used across all the different...

Discussion paper

9 Apr 2010

This paper discusses the inappropriateness of using census data as a measure of social advantage/disadvantage as used on the My School website.

Briefing paper

8 Apr 2010

This paper outlines the AEU's plan to improve My School and stop the creation and publication of damaging league tables.

Report

8 Apr 2010

There is a growing interest in and support for education for sustainability in Australian schools. Australian Government schemes recognise the need and offer support for education for sustainability in Australian schools and the number of schools that have engaged with such programs indicates that this...

Discussion paper

8 Apr 2010

This paper aims to explore the social drivers underlying the emergence of the social partnership as an organisational form and to suggest a framework against which their success can be assessed.

Social partnerships refer to a wide range of inter-organisational, cross-sector mechanisms designed to...

Report

8 Apr 2010

The last two decades have seen significant declines in the proportions of high school students choosing senior physics, chemistry and biology courses in Australia. Concern has been expressed in many quarters about the implications of these declines for the supply of future scientists, the quality...

Report

8 Apr 2010

When the skills workers have do not match the skills that jobs require, a number of negative labour market outcomes can occur, including productivity and efficiency losses, lowered earnings and reduced job satisfaction. Using data from the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA)...

Report

8 Apr 2010

This background note considers the government’s power to declare war and deploy troops overseas from a legal and parliamentary perspective.

Report

8 Apr 2010

The primary purpose of this paper is to present debt data from state and territory balance sheets beyond what is published by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) in their publication, Government Finance Statistics (GFS), cat. no. 5512.0, 2007–08. These measures, taken from state and...

Report

8 Apr 2010

The Australian unemployment rate remained steady at 5.3 per cent in March. These summary results of the monthly Labour Force Survey contain estimates of employed and unemployed persons classified by sex, full-time/part-time status, states and territories and some age groups; and persons not...

Report

8 Apr 2010

This report highlights the objectives, findings and recommendations of the assessment by the Office of Evaluation and Audit (Indigenous programs) of residential aged care services provided to older Indigenous Australians under the Australian government’s flexible and mainstream programs.

The audit found that the flexible...

Audio

8 Apr 2010

After Copenhagen, attention is moving away from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and towards a new climate multilateralism, one that more actively engages other global forums such as the G20, WTO and the Major Economies Forum alongside the UNFCCC.

This...

Report

8 Apr 2010

The Five-year Spectrum Outlook outlines and provides transparency about the ACMA's assessment of the demand for different parts of the radiofrequency spectrum.

It also facilitates discussion with stakeholders about emerging pressure for changes to the approach used to manage spectrum; and the ACMA’s proposed...

Report

17 Aug 2009

This report presents the papers from a roundtable which discussed the principles of the evidence-based policy movement and reviewed how well Australian use of evidence conforms to best practice.

The roundtable considered how to improve the availability of quality evidence, and reviewed possible institutional...

Report

6 Apr 2010

While OHS regulation plays an important role in promoting safe work practices, excessive regulation can have adverse consequences for productivity and costs for consumers, according to the Commission.

This report identifies significant differences in regulation and in the actions of regulators across the jurisdictions....

Website

20 Nov 2009

This publication focuses on the business and law of public collecting organisations in Australia. It is intended as a reference guide for public museums, libraries, archives and galleries in Australia.There are two options available to read this book: it can be viewed online, where the...

Book

9 Mar 2009

Significance defines the meanings and values of a cultural heritage item or collection through research and analysis, and by assessment against a standard set of criteria.

Significance 2.0 outlines the theory, practice and many applications of the concept of significance in collection management....

Report

15 Apr 2010

The internet, our relationship with it, and our culture is about to undergo a change as profound and unsettling as the development of Web 2.0 in the last decade, which saw Google and YouTube, Facebook and Twitter become mass, world-wide phenomena. Over the...

Report

7 Apr 2010

Australia’s top earners have increased their share of income more than three fold over the last three decades, according to updated research based on a 2006 paper.

The study, conducted by ANU economist Professor Andrew Leigh from the Research School of Economics, in conjunction...

8 Apr 2010

In the Monthly Comment, Waleed Aly examines the Rudd government's proposed national curriculum and explores the way it expresses the current ideology of the Labor party.

Recognising that discussions over education inevitably feed into wider cultural debates, Aly is concerned that this policy marks...

Report

8 Apr 2010

All clients of health services should be asked if they are of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander origin in the process of routine data collection. Despite improvements in recent years, there have been continuing problems in establishing and maintaining standard practice in the collection of...

Report

16 Apr 2010

The scope of this literature review is to map out what is currently understood about the intersections of youth, reputation, and privacy online, focusing on youth attitudes and practices. The authors summarize both key empirical studies from quantitative and qualitative perspectives and the legal issues...

Report

16 Apr 2010

By an overwhelming margin, technology experts and stakeholders participating in a survey fielded by the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project and Elon University's Imagining the Internet Center believe that innovative forms of online cooperation could result in more efficient and responsive for-profit...

6 Apr 2010

Tasmanians have entrusted the Greens with the balance of power. So what happens next and how will this work, asks Kate Crowley in On Line Opinion

THE TASMANIAN Premier David Bartlett has conceded defeat in the March 20th state election now that the final...

7 Apr 2010

You cannot tell Ali to go home and join the queue: there ain't one, writes Frank Brennan in Eureka Street{C}

ON MONDAY night's Q&A, Tony Abbott was asked about the recent wave of boat people, including Hazaras fleeing the Taliban in Afghanistan. My ears...

Report

7 Apr 2010

Research and development and ‘extension’ programs play a key role in enhancing the competitiveness and productivity of Australia’s agricultural, fishing and forestry industries.This paper details the main issues to be examined in the commission's current inquiry.

These include:

• the rationale for Australian...

3 Apr 2010

As a teenage exchange student, when I wanted to let my family know how the Germans were treating me, I usually wrote a letter. The letters were written on a special sort of blue tissue paper that was almost weightless, and wrapped...

Report

2 Apr 2010

Copyright for Librarians is a joint project of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society and Electronic Information for Libraries (eIFL) , a consortium of libraries from 50 countries in Africa, Asia and Europe. The goal of the project is to provide librarians in developing...

Submission

1 Apr 2010

This submission supports the framework for spectrum re-allocation advanced in the Digital Dividend Green Paper .

In particular, we support

• ‘re-stacking’ to achieve a contiguous block of freed spectrum

• harmonization of Australia’s spectrum use with major developed countries

•...

Report

1 Apr 2010

Adolescence is an important period of growth in which healthy transition from dependence on family ideally occurs, particularly in Western societies. This may be perceived, however, as meaning that young people are increasingly less likely to need family involvement and support in their lives. As...

1 Apr 2010

Rationalising federal–state relations could make governments less not more accountable, argues Anthony Sibillin in Inside Story

KEVIN RUDD and Tony Abbott have locked horns over healthcare reform. But for all the fuss over the detail, the prime minister and opposition leader pretty much agree...