May 2010

30 May 2010

WHAT'S a state election without a full-blooded law-and-order auction? Voters in NSW, who go to the polls in 10 months, may be about to find out.

Liberal shadow attorney-general Greg Smith has called a halt to the ritual of parties bidding against...

30 May 2010

SOMETHING happened in British politics in the days after the general election of 6 May 2010 that will generate books, theses, conferences and public argument for years to come. By any routine standards of democratic procedure, its narrative heart was as banal as...

Research report

31 May 2010

This report presents a range of views on the future of Australia’s naval shipbuilding and repair industry.

ASPI asked a range of government and industry players for their views, and their responses form the first section of this report. Papers are by Andrew Davies,...

Research report

31 May 2010

This report gives interested readers greater access to the complex workings of the Defence Budget and promotes informed debate on Defence budget issues.

This year’s federal budget contained few surprises for Defence. Consistent with the government’s overarching theme of fiscal discipline, there were no...

Video

On Monday 17 May at the Lowy Institute, an audience heard five important voices in Australian cultural life examine the role of music in promoting understanding between nations and communities. Joining Principal Conductor and Artistic Advisor, Sydney Symphony, Mr Vladimir Ashkenazy (pictured), in this unique...

Research report

31 May 2010

The sixth annual Lowy Institute poll surveys Australian public opinion on a range of foreign policy issues. New questions this year cover the Rudd Government’s handling of foreign policy issues during its first term in office, whether Australia should develop nuclear weapons, attitudes towards...

Article

31 May 2010

Australia is the only Western democracy without some form of a bill of rights. Some deplore this state of affairs as a fundamental weakness in our polity, while others regard it as proof of the genius of Australian democracy.

This debate has waxed and...

Video

The world wide web has evolved into a sprawling, massive and untamed collection of billions of ideas, images, opinions and videos. Many people regard the fact it's largely anarchic and without state boundaries as one of the internet's great strengths. But many see this...

Article

31 May 2010

This Canadian paper reports on changes in teaching practice influenced by the re-design of an existing introductory teacher education course to include an online component. The purpose of the study was to explore the degree to which integrating technology affected the author's professional relationship with...

Research report

31 May 2010

This report finds that while an amended renewable energy target will begin to restructure our polluting power sector and drive billions of dollars of investment in new technologies and skills, Australia's carbon pollution will continue to soar without price signals and other policies to make...

Article

31 May 2010

Wikis are widely promoted as collaborative writing tools and are gaining in popularity in educational settings. However, while wikis include features that are designed to facilitate collaboration, it does not necessarily follow that their use will ensure or even encourage collaborative learning behaviour.

The...

Research report

28 May 2010

Australia's anti-dumping and countervailing system seeks to remedy material injurious effects of dumped or subsidised imports on Australian industries. This inquiry report makes recommendations to address a number of deficiencies in the current arrangements which can add to the costs for the community....

Research report

28 May 2010

Aboriginal people in Victoria have a history of enterprise and trade long before European settlement. But today, there are few Aboriginal people who own and operate businesses, too many Aboriginal people who are unable to find a job, and too many young Aboriginal...

Research report

28 May 2010

This report provides information on key questions relating to the number of clients receiving pharmacotherapy treatment, the type of treatment they receive, who prescribes the treatment, where the treatment is received (dosed) and how pharmacotherapy fits more generally with treatment in Australia.

Briefing paper

1 Apr 2010

This is the first of a two part series on spectator violence at sporting events. Part one covers spectator violence at professional sporting events. The second will focus on issues of violence at amateur sporting events, particularly parents as spectators and the behaviours they exhibit....

Research report

28 May 2010

The purpose of this report is to quantify the potential contribution of the Government’s participation and productivity reform agenda in education, employment and workplace relations (the Productivity Agenda) to labour productivity, the labour force participation rate and the Australian economy. It is a quantitative analysis...

Research report

28 May 2010

This paper argues that Government should measure the regulatory costs on the Australian economy and consider a ‘cap and trade’ scheme to manage red tape.

For many years now, trading schemes have been used as mechanisms to reduce environmental pollution. The principal idea behind...

Research report

29 May 2010

This study shows the majority of Australians would be willing to see a nurse practitioner for a wide range of services now commonly provided by doctors.

This paper presents the first data collected for the Measuring what Matters indicators; access to primary health care....

Research report

29 May 2010

If a binding agreement can be reached on a post-2012 international climate regime, it is likely to include a market-based instrument for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) and enhancing forest sinks in developing countries (collectively known as 'REDD-plus'). Under such a scheme,...

Research report

28 May 2010

This report presents teachers' views about the evaluation of their work, the development of their teaching and how this impacts upon school education.

Having been through school education, most of us can remember the teacher who inspired us and who was fundamental to our...

27 May 2010

I’M RENOVATING. So many decisions.

When it’s furniture, it’s less permanent. Get it wrong, you can shift it somewhere else, give it away, leave it on the street.

Renovation is for keeps. The future. Decisions that can’t be turned back, choices requiring assessments...

27 May 2010

FEDERAL finance minister Lindsay Tanner is not a team player. We saw this on ABC1’s Q&A last week when he flagrantly and selfishly ignored the Kevin Rudd communication rulebook.

The Rudd manual has been in operation since day one of this government and is...

Research report

27 May 2010

In his recent investigation into Victoria’s Child Protection Program, the Victorian Ombudsman examined the role of the Department of Human Services (the department) in responding to reports from the community regarding children perceived to be at risk of harm. Broadly, this role involves...

Research report

28 May 2010

This report includes information from the 2008-09 younger People with Disability in Residential Aged Care Minimum Data Set (YPIRAC MDS). It summarises the characteristics of people who were 'on the books' during 2008-09 and the YPIRAC services they received.

Research report

26 May 2010

These four reports indicate a decline in the number of students studying an Asian language in Australian schools, particularly at the secondary level.

In 2008, the proportion of Australian students studying one of the four Asian languages from Kindergarten to Year 12 was 18.6...

25 May 2010

Why did most of the media run dead on the Securency bribery story, asks Peter Browne in Inside Story

THE classic political scandal, Rodney Tiffen writes in Scandals: Media, Politics and Corruption in Contemporary Australia , involves the media and the...

Research report

25 May 2010

Between January and June 2009 the North Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency (NAAJA) and the Central Australian Aboriginal Legal Aid Services (CAALAS) auspiced research into policing under the NTER (‘the Intervention’), in particular the establishment of 18 new police stations in Aboriginal communities. The...

Research report

25 May 2010

This data report uses the previous definition of performance indicators, and supplies up-to-date data, but with no commentary. A full report using the new definitions of the performance indicators (for 2008-2009) will follow.

Research report

26 May 2010

People who are homeless are portrayed to be a distinct type of ‘homeless person’. Within scholarly research literature, their state of homelessness has been presented as informative of who they are. On both an individual and collective level, people without homes are ascribed with identities...

26 May 2010

The High Court has rejected the view that a state-appointed decision maker’s conduct can be immune from review, writes David Hume

in this article for APO's High Court Watch series

ON 3 FEBRUARY this year the High Court ruled that state parliaments...

Research report

26 May 2010

Drawing on two small case studies, this paper argues that the implementation of two distinctive strategies currently used to recruit and retain paid care workers - salary sacrificing and traineeships - can produce unexpected and negative consequences for care workers.

The analysis illuminates the...

Research report

26 May 2010

This Joint Memorandum of Advice from three barristers examines the lawfulness of the suspension of the processing of asylum claims made by Sri Lankan and Afghan nationals.

The detailed opinion concludes that the Australian government’s policy is unlawful under international and Australian law. The...

Research report

26 May 2010

Indigenous students are performing well below the Australian average in international tests and student attitudes, behaviours and backgrounds could provide some of the keys to understanding this, according to this report.

The report is based on findings from all three completed cycles of the...

Discussion paper

25 May 2010

This research project aims to inform the development of policies, institutions and financing instruments that could promote reliable levels of investment at sufficient volume to address the need for affordable housing in Australia by examining a variety of models that have been used successfully by...

Research report

25 May 2010

This 2006 paper describes an approach to community work informed by narrative ideas that aims to be of relevance to practitioners in a wide-range of contexts.

The story of this work began in the Aboriginal community of Port Augusta when a group of community...

Research report

25 May 2010

Sexual behaviour among children can be perplexing for adults as they negotiate a spectrum of ideas relating to abuse and natural curiosity.

In the search for understandings, adults can act in ways that close opportunities for children to explore and describe meanings for the...

Research report

25 May 2010

Simply by being Kiwi males, young men in New Zealand are discursively positioned as drinkers. This study investigates how young men make choices along a spectrum of possibilities between accommodation and resistance towards drinking alcohol.

This article focuses in particular on how those who...

Discussion paper

25 May 2010

This is the draft version of a long-term strategy to increase the participation of Indigenous Australians in the economy.



The strategy will be used to guide and inform future policy decisions in Indigenous economic development.

The draft strategy focuses on five key areas...

Research report

24 May 2010

This report highlights the economic challenges associated with diversifying and developing sustainable economies in the Indian Ocean Territories with a focus on facilitating business development and service delivery in five main areas.

These areas are tourism, information communication technology, transport, housing and environmental management....

Conference paper

24 May 2010

This paper focuses on the actual and potential economic implications of native title for Indigenous Australians.

Generally speaking, the procedural rights under the Act that could enable some groups to obtain economic opportunities and benefits are only enjoyed by those who have been legally...

Research report

24 May 2010

This report compares hospital performance in terms of standardised mortality ratios - as a measure of the effectiveness and 'quality' of hospital care - and efficiency, measured by the extent to which hospitals made best use of their resources to provide services.

The Commission...

Research report

21 May 2010

This issues paper is part of an inquiry developing detailed options for restructuring Australia's aged care system to ensure it can meet the challenges facing it in coming decades.

Specifically, the Commission has been asked by the federal government to:

• systematically examine...

Research report

24 May 2010

This paper canvasses the issues affecting home ownership among Indigenous Australians across Australia, including those factors particular to Indigenous land ownership.

It also outlines existing supports and services in place to assist with home ownership and raises questions to stimulate discussion on this important...

Transcript

24 May 2010

In this speech the 
Secretary of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet outlines the implementation of the twenty-eight recommendations of the Blueprint for the Reform of Australian Government Administration.

The Blueprint itself can be found here .

Research report

24 May 2010

Even adjusting for inflation, housing prices have risen by roughly 12 per cent over the past year in the major cities, and by not much less in regional areas. This paper looks at the implications.

The paper concludes that the recent data suggest that...

Research report

24 May 2010

Fisheries co-management is of increasing interest to governments, the fishing industry, fisheries managers and scientists because of its potential to improve the sustainability and efficiency of fisheries management.

This report investigates appropriate program evaluation for fisheries co-management in Australia.

Image: `◄ccdoh1► (Cain...

Research report

24 May 2010

This report provides information on the factors affecting participation of regional students in Australian universities, and particularly the relative importance of socioeconomic status and access to university in influencing higher education participation across regions.

Key findings include the increase of regional participation in university...

Research report

1 Jun 2010

This UK report on the future of digital content sets out a series of provocative and exciting ideas that will help creative businesses and technology developers understand the radical transformation that developments in digital technology will have on creative businesses over the next five to...

Research report

22 May 2010

The Internet has become a popular communication tool for, and about, children and young people. Many children and young people participate in social networking websites and blogs, and develop their own web pages. Community organisations and businesses, such as sporting groups, involved with children and...

Research report

22 May 2010

Despite extensive changes in social attitudes to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) Australians over the last decade, research shows they still experience significant levels of discrimination and abuse.

There is very little direct empirical research on the sport experience of LGBT Australians. Whilst...

Research report

28 May 2010

This report was issued 25 years to the day in 1985 when symbolics.com was registered as the first .com in the world. The report quantifies the dazzling growth and economic benefits of e-commerce, especially in the last decade since bubble collapse, and recommends...

Research report

28 May 2010

The Internet is changing. In a few short years, Internet use will come predominately from mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets rather than traditional PCs using fixed broadband. A fully mobile broadband Internet offers exciting opportunities for innovation in networks, devices,...

Research report

21 May 2010

This report brings together the latest data to highlight the impact of caring.

Family members known as 'primary carers' provide significant assistance to people with disability associated with arthritis and osteoporosis to help them cope with their restrictions and continue independent living. The demand...

Research report

21 May 2010

Asthma in older Australians is distinct in many ways. The presence of comorbid conditions makes the management of asthma in older people more complex. The disease itself is also more persistent and severe than in the younger ages. Over 92% of the 402...

Research report

21 May 2010

The “ration days” have returned to NT Aboriginal communities. People involved in the recently reformed Community Development Employment Program (CDEP) are working up to 40 hours a week, but only being paid the equivalent of their Newstart allowance through Centrelink. 50 per cent of this...

Briefing paper

20 May 2010

The purpose of this study was to investigate existing learner information verification services and systems to determine their relevance to the Australian vocational education and training (VET) sector.

The purpose of this study was to investigate existing learner information verification services and systems to...

Research report

20 May 2010

The aims of the second stage of the Australian ePortfolio Project were to focus on building the Australian community of practice through an online forum and through further ePortfolio symposium activities. Published in December 2009, this report documents the different stages of the research project,...

Research report

20 May 2010

This publication presents summary data on how people choose to spend their time, with a focus on activities conducted during free time, that is, the time allocated to social and community interaction and recreation and leisure activities.

Research report

20 May 2010

This report makes 28 recommendations in relation to the federal government's National Broadband Network.

21 May 2010

AUSTRALIA’s longest serving immigration detainee is a fifty-six-year-old Chinese woman in frail and failing health who is living alone and in fear in a suburban Sydney flat. The woman – we will call her Mrs Bao – was held in detention at Villawood immigration detention...

Research report

21 May 2010

Technology experts and stakeholders who participated in a recent US survey believe online information will continue to be organized and made accessible in smarter and more useful ways in coming years, but there is stark dispute about whether the improvements will match the...

Research report

21 May 2010

This research was undertaken in response to ongoing complaints received by Indigenous Consumer Assistance Network (ICAN) about traders behaving unfairly and unconscionably in their dealings with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people throughout Northern Queensland.

In particular, it was apparent that certain...

Research report

21 May 2010

This paper aims to serve two purposes: to establish a more widespread understanding of the significance of open government, and to provide a clear pathway towards its delivery in the UK.

In this report open government means the commitment to ensure that all aspects...

Article

21 May 2010

Mobile computing devices are increasingly finding a place in universities, putting the pressure on teacher education to consider how best to incorporate the use of these technologies.

At the same time there is pressure from the requirement for teacher education students to develop skills...

19 May 2010

ALTHOUGH the controversy about NAPLAN testing has aired the pros and cons of public data on student and school performance, the tests’ potential to reveal differences among state education systems hasn’t appeared on the radar. In Inside Story, Chris Bonnor has highlighted the value of...

Research report

19 May 2010

Young people experiencing a range of difficulties in their lives rarely get to speak directly to government about their problems. The youTHINK: Your Say event provided a platform for young people to talk about unemployment, homelessness, financial difficulties, access to government services and to provide...

Research report

19 May 2010

This transition program was designed to assist consumers from Secure Extended Care Units and Community Care Units who need a higher level of combined clinical and community treatment and support than is usually available to become reintegrated into the community.

Pilot programs in three...

Research report

19 May 2010

Despite the wide international commitment to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity and the legislation, policy and programs addressing biodiversity at both a Commonwealth and NSW level in Australia, biodiversity continues to be in serious decline at a State, national and international level according to...

Research report

20 May 2010

The Commission has prepared a supplement to its December 2009 report Public and Private Hospitals . The supplement was released on 18 May 2010.

The Commission recently completed a Research Report for the Government on the performance of public and private hospitals. The report...

Research report

20 May 2010

Australia has to date been relatively quarantined from large-scale, organised terrorist activities, but as a well-resourced country we are also at risk of being a location from which funds for terrorist activities may be drawn. This paper presents information on the environments in...

Research report

20 May 2010

Of all the great-power relationships of Asia, none is so difficult for Australia to influence as the relationship between India and China.

Both are concerned primarily about their respective positions in a changing Asia. Our best strategy is to encourage both powers to temper...

Research report

20 May 2010

Children's early experiences are moulded by their family environments - by their relationships with parents, siblings, other family members or friends (and how they spend time with them), and by the characteristics of their home environment and neighbourhood. As children grow, their lives are increasingly...

Research report

15 Dec 2009

The aims of this project were to gain an overview of the extent and nature of sociology teaching in Australian universities and some understanding of the most pressing issues faced by teachers.

Collecting accurate data on the numbers of students proved impossible, but mapping...

Research report

18 May 2010

This consultation paper discusses the interaction between the income tax system and native title and sets out three possible approaches to reform. It discusses how existing deductible gift recipient categories could be better adapted to reflect the needs of Indigenous communities, and looks at whether...

Research report

18 May 2010

This report examines how improve policing services and extend these services to more communities.

The review makes recommendations around consistent service standards; recruitment, training and development; and resource planning and funding considerations for extending policing to remote communities in the Northern Territory.

...

Research report

18 May 2010

This report documents the experiences of 80 parents on income support regarding their needs, level of formal and informal support and interactions with services.

The research was designed to gain a deeper understanding of the experiences of families with complex needs in order to...

Research report

19 May 2010

Australians shop till they drop online

Australians may be the world's most avid online shoppers, bargain hunters and browsers according to the latest Digital Futures Report. Fifty-seven per cent of Australians search the internet for something to buy at least once a week...

Briefing paper

17 May 2010

This background note provides a general overview of: the double dissolution process, including some unsettled issues; 'triggers’ for double dissolutions and legislation in the 42nd Parliament that could potentially constitute a trigger for a double dissolution election; double dissolutions and elections; the possible composition of...

Research report

17 May 2010

A low level of interaction between higher education students and their teachers is holding back learning outcomes, according to this report.

The 2009 Australasian Survey of Student Engagement (AUSSE) involved over 30,000 students from 35 higher education institutions. The survey reports on the time...

Research report

17 May 2010

Victoria's high-polluting Hazelwood power station can be replaced as soon as the end of 2012 while maintaining energy security, cutting Victoria's greenhouse emissions by 12 percent and creating more jobs, according to this report.

The analysis finds that Victoria is in a fortunate position...

Research report

17 Jan 2010

This report sets out the issues and challenges facing Grey Nomad Volunteer projects but also the successes. There is clearly untapped potential for the development of mutually beneficial relationships between Grey Nomads and isolated rural communities through voluntary programs.

Theoretically the research for this...

Journal article

17 May 2010

Jane Harrison is this year's winner of the Medical Journal of Australia, Ross Ingram Memorial Essay Competition.

"On my first day as an Aboriginal Research Officer, researching the social and emotional wellbeing of Aboriginal children, I was given a report to read as background...

Research report

17 May 2010

This research reports several findings: First, the results of this study show that corporate responsibility is on the whole well integrated into the way that leading companies in Australia and New Zealand are doing business. This is evidenced by the companies’ approach to leadership and...

Research report

17 May 2010

As the ideas of evidence-based practice and accountability frameworks permeate the community services sector, so does the need for improved documentation. The sector is taking on more research functions and more research staff to be able to provide evidence for results for both government and...

Research report

17 May 2010

One in six Australians suffers from some degree of hearing loss. By 2050 this is forecast to grow to one Australian in four. Hearing health is a mainstream health issue which touches the lives of most Australians in one way or another, yet as a...

Research report

17 May 2010

For most Indigenous people in central and northern Australia the encounter with the western world has been relatively recent. Yet even in the most remote Indigenous communities, global influences pervade everyday life and new forms of media and communications are reshaping youth culture....

Discussion paper

17 May 2010

In remote Indigenous Australia the typical mainstream youth transition from school to employment does not match the reality of community life, where traditional cultural schemas underpin the practice of everyday life and the construction of social identity. Although the developmental trajectory of the current generation...

Research report

17 May 2010

This essay makes the case for Australia's candidacy for the UN Security Council, and refutes the various arguments that have been made against the bid.

Griffith Review, Edition 28, April 2010.

Image: Riacale / Flickr

Video

When we think of foreign policy we tend to envisage diplomats meeting behind closed doors. But public opinion has long played an important part in shaping it.

Polls are proliferating in number and increasing in sophistication. How is this affecting the way foreign...

Research report

17 May 2010

The select committee was established in March 2008 to report to the Senate twice yearly until the end of the current parliament on four broad issues, including the impact of state and territory government policies on the wellbeing of regional and remote Indigenous communities, the...

Audio program

17 May 2010

Generational change and the power of social media has dramatically altered notions of privacy and as personal data files expand, our lives are going public by default. Will our data footprints strip us bare, or set us free?

Journal article

18 May 2010

The East Asian region generally and Southeast Asia in particular have long been associated with authoritarian rule. Mark Beeson argues that the intensification of a range of environmental problems means that authoritarian rule is likely to become even more commonplace there in the future....

18 May 2010

Robin Prior admires Marilyn Lake and Henry Reynold’s What’s Wrong With Anzac? , but finds its redressing of Australia’s military history to be overly reactionary.

WHAT’S WRONG WITH ANZAC? THE MILITARISATION OF AUSTRALIAN HISTORY by Marilyn Lake and Henry Reynolds (with...

Research report

17 May 2010

This study examined the impact of the Northern Territory Intervention income management program on store sales and food choices among Aboriginal people since 2007.

Main outcome measures:

Trends in (i) total store sales; (ii) total food and beverage sales; (iii) fruit and vegetables...

16 May 2010

What does $25 million worth of consultancy conclude about the national broadband network, asks Jock Given in Inside Story

FIBRE-TO-THE-HOME is supposed to let you do pretty much anything. Anything except look into it. Side-on is okay, but peering down a live optical...

Journal article

17 May 2010

This paper discusses an initial analysis of the form of Australian postgraduate scholarship over the last four decades in relation to curriculum inquiry.

The study forms part of an ARC funded project on the shifts and emphases of Australian curriculum policy from 1975 to...

Journal article

17 May 2010

This paper is concerned with the definition of the field of educational research and the changing and developing role of the Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) in representing and constituting this field.

The evidence for the argument is derived from AARE Presidential...

Research report

17 May 2010

Pooling data for 1905 to 2000, this paper finds no systematic relationship between top income shares and economic growth in a panel of 12 developed nations observed for between 22 and 85 years.

After 1960, however, a one percentage point rise in the top...

Research report

17 May 2010

This paper compares the tax systems of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK and the US, and summarizes the evidence about top income shares.

Taxation data have been used to create long-run series for the distribution of top incomes in quite a number of...

Research report

13 May 2010

This special edition of the OECD Journal General Papers explores the social, economic and environmental forces which, in OECD countries, may combine to attract migrants of various types and backgrounds, and which, primarily in the developing world, may persuade people to leave or stay at...

Video

Held on 10 May 2010 at the Museum of Sydney, this public forum discussed issues in the review of the commercial radio standards and key issues in the review. Penelists: Angela Clark, Peter FitzSimons, Steve Ahern, Gawen Rudder, Andrew Condon, Jane Caro, Catharine Lumby,...

Research report

14 May 2010

The Australian Government recognises that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has emerged as an increasingly major factor contributing to innovation, economic growth and increased productivity in the last 50 years.

The labour market for ICT workers is dynamic, which makes assessing imbalances...

Research report

14 May 2010

This report identifies trends and forecasts in ICT labour market supply and demand in the Australian Public Service.

The Australian Public Service (APS) will need to adopt a range of strategies to ensure it attracts and retains people with the right ICT skills, in...

Research report

14 May 2010

This progress report considers US government web and new media strategies to collaborate across government to deliver quality online information and services to the American public.

This report notes that the Open Government Directive (OGD) had not yet been issued since their White Paper...

Research report

14 May 2010

The publication shows how investing in culture and heritage can help Britain's social and economic recovery from recession.

It demonstrates with facts and figures that a fifteen-year period of investment has created a public appetite for culture that continues to grow, and that the...

Discussion paper

14 May 2010

The objective of this consultation is to gather views on various issues impacting the cultural and creative industries in Europe, from business environment to the need to open up a common European space for culture, from capacity building to skills development and promotion of European...

Book

14 May 2010

This booklet is intended to provide to all who are concerned with the creation, circulation and transfer of knowledge replies to certain questions they may have on the subject of copyright.

It has no other objective than to clarify a complicated subject by translating...

Research report

14 May 2010

This report measures the extent to which 133 economies from both the developed and developing worlds leverage ICT advances for increased growth and development through the methodological framework of the Networked Readiness Index. A number of essays and case studies on sustainability and best practices...

14 May 2010

Senator Kate Lundy looks at the ICT skills underpinning the 4 core topics of English, mathematics, science and history.

"Technology is an area of continual growth and change, and today technology underpins the foundations of government, education, commerce, personal relations and every other aspect...

Research report

13 May 2010

Among other things, the Audit Office found that, "After the election, the enrolment rate has deteriorated. By December 2009 it was estimated that just under 1.4 million eligible electors were not enrolled to vote."

It went on: "In addition, the number of enrolment forms...

Audio program

13 May 2010

Cloud computing promises a huge liberation of human creativity and communication; but can this precious space for our collaboration be kept open and free? Charles Leadbeater, leading thinker on creativity and innovation talks about the issues he addresses in his recent pamphlet - Cloud Culture:...

Research report

12 May 2010

Links to all the budget documents - including the budget speech, budgets papers, mid-year economic and fiscal outlook and ministerial statements - are available from this webpage.

12 May 2010

WHILE I entered the Budget lock-up with a little excitement, my emotions quickly switched to disappointment as I began to read the approximately 25cm high stack of Budget papers. No bringing along the battler or the underdog here. No promises to end child poverty. No...

Research report

12 May 2010

This document outlines a further $2.2 billion in funds for the National Health and Hospitals Network over four years, announced in the 2010–11 budget.

Are funded include hospitals, primary health care, training and support for nurses, mental health and aged care.

12 May 2010

TUCKED AWAY in Budget Paper Number 1 is a fascinating little chart that is arguably the most politically important piece of data in the entire budget, as it justifies not just the very existence of the stimulus program and the political baggage that is coming...

Research report

10 May 2010

In this project upper primary school students were surveyed about their general liking for school, and reasons for going to school. Their parents were asked to respond on a questionnaire indicating their restrictiveness and also support for their child’s autonomy.

Data were...

Audio program

10 May 2010

Three leading economists discussed the evidence for how education quality drives economic growth.

They also reviewed the evidence that the most important policy interventions are to improve teacher quality rather than school building improvements or class size reductions.

The panel consisted of Colm...

Video

10 May 2010

The Grattan Institute released its public report "Restructuring the Australian Economy to Emit Less Carbon" on Thursday 22 April 2010. Using a detailed analysis of Australian industries' own data, the report concludes the proposed free permits being offered by the Federal Government under...

10 May 2010

EARLY in the British election TV coverage on Thursday evening there was a cross to the BBC’s glamorous election party. We heard “expert” analysis from Joan Collins, Piers Morgan, Ben Kingsley and Bruce Forsyth. I tried recalling whether Kerry O’Brien and Antony Green had ever...

Working paper

10 May 2010

Indigenous Australians have often been described as highly mobile people--particularly in historical and remote ‘wilderness’ contexts. The literature paints a picture of regular, short-term population movement within and between desert, hinterland, and tropic regions of Australia, with significant implications for targeting and delivering a range...

Research report

10 May 2010

This publication presents a range of statistics for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) population of Australia using results of the 2006 Census of Population and Housing. It covers Indigenous population structure and distribution; mobility; household composition; language and religious affiliation; education;...

Research report

10 May 2010

If reverse mortgage products are to be accessed to enable ageing in place by supplementing the housing and care support needs of older homeowners, greater guidance and support is required for the most frail and vulnerable.

This report argues that there is a need...

Audio program

10 May 2010

The number of Australians aged over 65 is set to double in the next 40 years, but are our cities set up and designed to deal with greater numbers of older people?

As we hear in this discussion, it's not just practical improvements like...

Discussion paper

10 May 2010

Immigration is once again a topic of current controversy yet five central questions endure over time. These are:

• How big a population for Australia? • How many migrants? • How many refugees? • What should we do about the boats? • What about...

Research report

10 May 2010

To substantially improve the sustainability of Australia’s land transport systems, national land transport policy for at least the next decade needs to be framed around congestion management, environmental improvement, social inclusion, health and safety, and energy security, according to this report.

The key policy...

Discussion paper

10 May 2010

Australia’s Productivity Commission will release a draft review in June 2010 of the impact of bilateral and regional trade agreements. In March, officials from eight Pacific Rim countries met in Melbourne to begin talks on a Trans-Pacific trade agreement. This follows the signing of a...

Research report

10 May 2010

This document provides information on the projected incidence of gynaecological cancers for the calendar years 2010 to 2015, by state and territory and at the national level. The purpose of the data is to help inform the national gynaecological cancers service delivery and resource framework....

9 May 2010

In the jargon of the trade, political spin doctors speak of putting out the trash – releasing bad news at a time and in a manner designed to minimise the damaging impact. In the two weeks leading up to the release of the Henry review...

Briefing paper

7 May 2010

On the whole, the Henry Review’s proposals regarding working age payments are disappointing, according to this ACOSS paper.

Although the review identifies the key flaws in the present payment structure – that people in similar circumstances are paid at different rates, that these gaps...

7 May 2010

Last year I wrote an article for Anthill magazin e where I discussed the rise in crowdsourced design. For those of you who are new to this space, crowdsourcing is a way of garnering feedback and support for products, services and experiences by going out...

Briefing paper

7 May 2010

The Henry report provides a robust framework for future reform of the tax system, according to this paper.

It is clear from that many of ACOSS's proposals were adopted by the Review, though it is not yet clear whether they will be adopted by...

Research report

7 May 2010

This paper argues that the belief that China will be content to rise as a 'responsible stakeholder' in a US-led regional and global order is out of date.

Instead, a new framework needs to explicitly recognise that China is both an economic partner and...

Article

6 May 2010

In March, Google launched its Public Data Explorer, expanding upon its public data search feature that's been around since last spring. Earlier this month, Columbia's Graduate School of Journalism announced a joint degree program to train tech-savvy journalists. It looks like computer assisted reporting is...

Research report

6 May 2010

In the space of two years, the “2.0” meme has risen from obscurity to mainstream in Government policy, as the comparison between the EU Ministerial Declaration of 2007 and 2009 shows. Yet much of the debate is still on the potential opportunities and risks of...

Research report

7 May 2010

This study examines the Government's coverage, commercial and competition objectives as well as the detailed operating arrangements of NBN Co Limited, its ownership and structure, ways to attract private sector investment and longer term privatisation.

The report was prepared by McKinsey & Company and...

Research report

7 May 2010

The report is based on the principles of comparability, accuracy and consistency. It spans all critical performance areas of water resources - health, customer service, asset management, environmental, finance and pricing.

It includes information from 73 water utilities who supply around 17.2 million Australians...

Research report

7 May 2010

This is the third annual performance report and publishes comprehensive data for 12 rural water service providers across Australia.

The data covers up to 54 indicators of performance across key areas spanning characteristics, service, environment and finance. Building on the baseline established in the...

Research report

7 May 2010

Reforms in the tertiary education sector place student transitions between vocational education and training (VET) and university at the fore. Informed by existing structures between Deakin University and three Victorian TAFE institutes, this project explores the notion of credit transfer in practice, as well as...

Research report

7 May 2010

This discussion paper represents the third public step in the review of the 400 MHz band, which began with the release of the Spectrum Options: 403–520 MHz discussion paper in April 2008

, followed by the release of Spectrum Proposals: 403-520 MHz - Proposals...

Audio program

7 May 2010

The power of the media is often discussed looking at the proprietors but rarely do we look at those who have the editorial control.

Graham Perkin was the editor of The Age during the 1960s and early 70s, when Australia was navigating considerable social...

Audio program

7 May 2010

Thomas Malone questions the wisdom of the crowd. Collective Intelligence he says is not magic, it needs to be managed.

Research report

7 May 2010

This report argues that progress has been made on FoI and whistleblower protection, but more work is needed.

It features a digest of press freedom issues as well as the views of some of our top journalists, academics and legal experts.

Image: 'Yet...

Book

7 May 2010

This book steers schools towards a deeper understanding of the nature of their communities as a microcosm of Australian multicultural society.

It aims to develop an understanding of diversity both within the boundaries of the school, and beyond, in the broader community. This will...

6 May 2010

AS ROSS GITTINS observed recently, the Henry Review will set the agenda for taxation reform for a long time to come and most of its recommendations will probably be implemented sooner or later. It’s important therefore, to give it some close and critical scrutiny now,...

Research report

5 May 2010

This report calls on the government in the next parliament to conduct a national productivity forum with governments, business, unions and non-government organisations.

The report nots that Australia experienced a productivity growth surge in the mid-1990s, averaging 2.3 per cent multifactor productivity growth...

Research report

5 May 2010

There are legitimate concerns about the impact of the current native vegetation laws upon a small group of Australians, namely landholders in rural and regional Australia, according to this report.

The report concludes that is unreasonable that the burden of broad environmental objectives is...

Research report

5 May 2010

These two reports examine the impact of the federal government's child support reforms using two methods, actual transfers modelling and distributional impact modelling.

Discussion paper

5 May 2010

This paper proposes new management structures for the Medicare Benefits Schedule and invites feedback from a wide range of stakeholders.

In the 2009-10 Budget, the federal government announced that it would provide $9.3 million over two years to develop and implement a new evidence-based...

Research report

5 May 2010

Five new national strategies for blood borne viruses (BBVs) and sexually transmissible infections (STIs) have been endorsed by the Australian Health Ministers’ Conference. For the next three years, these documents will guide policies in relation to the prevention, testing, treatment and more in relation to...

Research report

5 May 2010

This report outlines a strategy to overcome the barriers to information-sharing within the federal national security community.

Research report

6 May 2010

The audit objective was to examine the effectiveness of the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations' establishment of the Primary Schools for the 21st Century (P21) element of the Building the Education Revolution (BER) program. The focus of the audit was on: the establishment...

Research report

5 May 2010

There are numerous user studies published in the literature and available on the web. There are studies that specifically address the behaviours of scholars while others identify the behaviours of the general public. Some studies address the information-seeking behaviours of scholars within specific disciplines while...

Research report

5 May 2010

This report provides a statistical analysis of the Australian child care market over the last five years.

It shows:

• The number of long day care centres increased from 4,751 to 5,758 between 2005 and 2009. This is an increase of more than...

5 May 2010

SHOULD Australia increase its population to 36 million? It is much easier to manage population in Australia than in some other countries as the main source of population growth is immigration rather than a high birth rate. But when pressed on this issue recently, the...

Commentary

5 May 2010

HOORAY Henry! The tax review headed by Treasury secretary Ken Henry has "told it like it is" in several key areas of tax reform, such as housing, superannuation and fringe benefits. It acknowledges that huge perks in these areas, especially for wealthy people, cause economic,...

Briefing paper

3 May 2010

This paper provides a brief overview of key aspects of Islamic family law as it relates to marriage. A companion piece in the next edition of Family Relationships Quarterly will focus on aspects of Shariah law as it relates to divorce. Both aim to provide...

Article

3 May 2010

Separating couples who require assistance with disputes over property or arrangements for their children now have a range of different dispute resolution services to choose from according to this artlcie.

To contrast the work of family dispute resolution services with collaborative law and family...

Article

3 May 2010

Improving access to services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) individuals, families and communities is a key aim for service providers, as is ensuring services and programs are sensitive to their needs. Relationships Australia has created a national network of employees that actively engages...

Research report

3 May 2010

This report argues that Australia’s role as a stable, low-cost supplier of key commodities to the emerging great powers of Asia, China and India, gives Canberra a greater diplomatic bargaining tool than previous governments have been willing to acknowledge.

The report makes four key...

Discussion paper

3 May 2010

Following recent reports that China has embarked upon a 'far sea defence', this paper explores the central tenets of China's maritime security agenda.

Rahman argues that bluewater capabilities are not the main focus for China’s naval development; rather the semi-enclosed and other narrow seas...

Research report

3 May 2010

In this paper, Justin Vaïsse argues that neoconservatism remains an important school of thought in American foreign policy debates, and predicts that neoconservatives will play a meaningful role in shaping U.S. foreign policy in the future. After offering a definition of this complex movement, and...

Audio program

3 May 2010

Microsoft lawyer Jeff Bullwinkel outlines the issues that will affect all users of the internet as information is located more often on third party servers.

Briefing paper

3 May 2010

On 27 April 2010, the Australian Human Rights Commission and Internet Industry Association hosted a one day Summit to start a conversation about the issue of cyber-racism and to work together to develop effective solutions.

More than 50 people from a wide range of...

Research report

3 May 2010

This report indicates that the economic recovery will likely gather pace in Australia during 2010-11, albeit with ongoing uncertainty surrounding global financial markets. While the Commonwealth budget will be in deficit to the tune of $37 billion in 201011, deficits will be falling to around...

Discussion paper

3 May 2010

Were the Wild Rivers Bill passed into law we would see a fundamental change in the current workings of land rights and native title laws in Australia.

The Wild Rivers Bill advocates providing Aboriginal land owners with rights in commercially valuable resources on their...

Briefing paper

4 May 2010

In this paper the federal government responds, mostly favourably, to the report's 13 recommendations.

Some key points from the Taskforce's report include:

• Government 2.0 or the use of the new collaborative tools and approaches of Web 2.0 offers an unprecedented opportunity to...

Journal article

4 May 2010

The current arrangement for pricing statins places a considerable burden on the Australian community, according to this article. Alternative pricing arrangements that provide incentives to lower statin prices and increase the proportion of generic prescriptions could be highly advantageous.

From January 2005 to October...

4 May 2010

WHEN visiting journalists first encountered the bewildering complexities of Northern Ireland’s politics at the height of the “troubles,” a kindly piece of advice was on hand from local informants: “If you’re not confused here, you don’t really know what’s going on.” The same pithy wisdom...

3 May 2010

Is the government's delay in providing a comprehensive response to the Henry Report a sign of lost momentum, aska Susan Helyar in Eureka Street

THE FINAL piece in the government's current ambitious reform agenda was put in place yesterday with the release of the...

Research report

3 May 2010

The Review took a 'root and branch' approach and examined Australian and State government taxes, and interactions with the transfer system in order to make recommendations to position Australia to deal with the demographic, social, economic and environmental challenges that lie ahead.

Since being...

Research report

3 May 2010

The Government's initial response to the Australia's future tax system (Henry review) addresses some of the recommendations made by Treasury Secretary Ken Henry.

A series of fact sheets and media releases on particular issues include:

STRONGER.FAIRER.SIMPLER - A tax plan for our future...

Audio program

3 May 2010

The Prime Minister promised the Henry report into tax would deliver 'root and branch reform'. But just a day after the release of the response to the review many commentators agree it hasn't delivered the promised fairer, simpler and stronger tax system.

This discussion...

Audio program

3 May 2010

There were several ironies in the global economic crisis for the not-for-profit sector.

On the downside, the collapse of Wall Street investment banks Lehman Brothers and Bear Stearns robbed the sector of two philanthropic champions that had been pin-ups for corporate social responsibility (CSR)....

Article

3 May 2010

This article examines corporate social responsibility in light of the global financial crisis and features an interview with Professor Peter Shergold, Macquarie Group Foundation Chair in Social Impact at the Centre for Social Impact.

“[The financial crisis] showed that some of the companies which...

Audio program

3 May 2010

A quiet revolution is occurring in Australia's not-for-profit sector.

Growing numbers of highly motivated people are ignoring the old charity model and creating a new model of social entrepreneurship, setting up new types of organisations that not only deliver social good but also are...

Article

3 May 2010

A quiet revolution is occurring in Australia’s not-for-profit sector. Growing numbers of highly motivated people are ignoring the old charity model and creating a new model of social entrepreneurship, setting up new types of organisations that not only deliver social good but also are financially...

Research report

3 May 2010

This project focuses on the housing experiences and outcomes of young people leaving state care. It is the first Australian study to specifically examine the connection between accommodation and young people's transition to independent living. The project aims to inform policy and service practice to...

Discussion paper

3 May 2010

This study is concerned with questions about the purpose of regulatory frameworks; the impact of regulation, especially impacts on service outcomes and organisational culture; and the development of effective regulation.

The objective of this positioning paper is to review the potential strengths...

Research report

30 Apr 2010

Education is generally seen as enhancing people's lives. However, previous research has reported an inverse relationship between education and happiness or satisfaction with life: as education level goes up, happiness goes down.

Using data from the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY), this report...

Discussion paper

30 Apr 2010

Yochai Benkler's research suggests left-leaning blogs feature more in-depth analysis, use more complex platforms, and raise more money.

Discussions of the political effects of the Internet and networked discourse tend to presume consistent patterns of technological adoption and use within a given society. Consistent...

Discussion paper

24 May 2010

This discussion paper provides information about how schools are currently funded, issues that may influence future funding and questions that could inform the scope of the federal government's inquiry into school funding.