June 2010

30 Jun 2010

The elevation of Julia Gillard means the Australian Christian Lobby now needs to engage afresh with a new Prime Minister, writes John Warhurst in Eureka Street

ALTHOUGH Christians are an extremely diverse group, successful political lobbying depends on common priorities. But Christians,...

Research report

28 Jun 2010

This publication contains summary data on expenditure on community service activity by government and private sector organisations. Data are presented by type of community service activity, State and Territory and profit status. This publication also contains data on income, expenditure, employment and volunteers in the...

Research report

28 Jun 2010

This paper by Innovation Unit Managing Partner Valerie Hannon was first delivered to the International Congress of School Effectiveness and Improvement in Vancouver and subsequently published in Australia. It outlines the values which the Innovation Unit wishes to see infusing a humanistic...

Research report

28 Jun 2010

The history of tobacco control in Australia shows that reductions in smoking prevalence can be linked to comprehensive and collaborative action by governments and health organisations to change the culture of smoking.

Australia’s success in tobacco control is characterised by a whole of population...

Research report

28 Jun 2010

Regulatory authorities in most OECD countries have traditionally adopted a national geographic area focus when framing the geographic scope of telecommunications markets. The increase in the number, coverage and market share of “alternative” networks or operators has resulted in differences in competitive conditions between geographic...

Research report

28 Jun 2010

This report describes the outcomes from a CSIRO global foresight project. It presents five megatrends and eight megashocks (global risks) that will redefine how the world's people live.

Megatrends

A megatrend is a collection of trends, patterns of economic, social or environmental activity...

29 Jun 2010

Kevin Rudd’s downfall revealed the limits of Labor’s ability to introduce reforms opposed by powerful interests, writes Geoffrey Barker in Inside Story

MEDIA commentators hauled out their weightiest adjectives to capture the significance of Kevin Rudd’s fall and Julia Gillard’s rise to replace him...

Discussion paper

28 Jun 2010

This paper explores the issue of performance metrics in Australia’s national security. Like other countries, Australia is seeking to apply more rigorous measurements to the national security effort in order to prioritise and control expenditure. The current national security focus on building greater...

Audio program

28 Jun 2010

Mark Thirlwell, Director of the Institute's International Economy program, discusses the entanglement of international economics, geopolitics and security, and assess whether we are headed for a new age of geo-economics.

Article

28 Jun 2010

At the beginning of the 20th century, a parent might have considered themselves to have done a good job if their children were clean, housed, fed and healthy. At the beginning of the 21st, this had expanded to include the provision of advanced education in...

Article

28 Jun 2010

On 20 May 2010, the Texas Board of Education approved new standards for the history, social sciences and economics curricula in public schools. The sharply-divided Board split on party lines to approve changes which play down the separation of church and state and remove its...

Audio program

28 Jun 2010

Businesses and advertisers can already access enormous amounts of personal data on social media sites, from where you live to what you like. The next step is sentiment analysis, where online conversations are mined for words and thoughts, for a commercial advantage. Is this ethical,...

28 Jun 2010

Kevin Rudd departed the prime ministership this week much as he arrived in it: as a living, breathing, perspiring political question mark, writes David Burchell in the Australian

IN RETROSPECT, his is one of those political careers that, by their sheer unfathomableness, will enable...

Research report

25 Jun 2010

This review was prepared under contract to the Department of Defence. In essence, the review was asked a simple question: how much should the government disclose about its plans for equipping Australia's defence force? The answer, set out in the report, is that...

Audio presentation

23 Jun 2010

Senior business and technical consultant James Dellow of Headshift discusses Gov 2.0 strategies at the Parliamentary Library on 23 June 2010.

Research report

25 Jun 2010

Australian business Internet income increased by 52% in the twelve months to 2008-09 but businesses reduced their innovative activity by 11% in the same period.

This release presents key indicators on the incidence of use of information technology and innovation in Australian business, as...

Research report

25 Jun 2010

This report contains national information on persons in custodial corrective services in Australia. Quarterly information is presented for each state and territory.

Statistics are presented by open and secure custody and periodic detention, for all prisoners and for Indigenous prisoners. Information is also presented...

Research report

25 Jun 2010

At least six Australian lives are taken by suicide every day, however there continues to be a lack of public awareness about the impact of suicide on the community according to this report.

The title of the Committee's report The Hidden Toll: Suicide in...

Article

25 Jun 2010

This paper provides a brief overview of key aspects of Islamic family law as it relates to divorce. A companion piece in Family Relationships Quarterly 15 discussed the diverse application and significance of Muslim family law and focused on aspects of shariah law...

Article

25 Jun 2010

This qualitative study investigated the impact of using blogs on the clinical reasoning and meta-cognitive skills of undergraduate physiotherapy students in a fieldwork education program.

A blog is a web based document that enables individuals to enter comments and read each others’ comments in...

Research report

25 Jun 2010

This paper reports on the uses of interactive whiteboards in 'connected classrooms' in rural New South Wales, Australia. The research specifically focuses on the e2 program, a senior school initiative among five schools that seeks to extend the range of curriculum options available...

Transcript

25 Jun 2010

A growing number of educators and advocates in the online safety field are now embracing the term ‘digital citizenship’ to describe education about privacy, safety, security and responsible use of information and communication technologies (ICT). There is also a growing understanding of the importance of...

25 Jun 2010

A visit to Australia’s most remote outpost highlights the failure of the federal government to lead a rational debate, writes Klaus Neumann in Inside Story

CHRISTMAS ISLAND is a weird place to begin with: a big rock in the Indian Ocean, much of it...

Research report

24 Jun 2010

The impetus for this investigation stemmed from reports that the prevalence of depression and anxiety amongst the Afghan population in South East (SE) Melbourne is particularly high. These reports came from both Afghan community members and health and community workers. This qualitative study identified and...

Research report

24 Jun 2010

This 12th biennial health report is the nation's premier source of statistics and informed commentary on: determinants of health and keys to prevention; diseases and injury; how health varies across population groups; health across the life stages; health services, expenditure and workforce; the health sector's...

Research report

24 Jun 2010

Research has demonstrated that involvement in high-quality early childhood and parenting support programs benefits children and families, particularly children from disadvantaged backgrounds. Parents with young children can also benefit from programs, such as parenting support activities, that enable them to socialise with other families, develop...

Research report

22 Jun 2010

This review contains the Commission's latest quantitative estimates of Australian Government assistance to industry.

The Review also:

identifies recent developments in assistance to industries and sectors of the economy reports on a range of budgetary and other assistance relating to the finance sector...

Research report

25 Jun 2010

At its March 2008 meeting, the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) decided that the Productivity Commission would be requested to report to COAG on the impacts and benefits of COAG's reform agenda every two to three years. Terms of Reference for this commissioned...

Research report

25 Jun 2010

This paper is an update of a 2008 ASPI paper and provides an overview of the capability of the Royal Australian Air Force.

It is intended as a snapshot of current capability and as a primer on the structure and equipment of...

Research report

25 Jun 2010

Indigenous Australians, especially those living in remote communities, have some of the worst health outcomes in the world.1 Diets heavy in refined sugars, saturated fats, and salt mean that conditions such as obesity, Type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease are now much more...

Research report

24 Jun 2010

While the Rudd Government’s health care reform package has now been revealed, the details are missing and a response to many key issues - particularly mental health, dental health and Indigenous health - are also missing.

The approach has been evolutionary rather than revolutionary,...

Research report

24 Jun 2010

The Gender Equality Blueprint 2010 sets out recommendations in five priority areas which significantly affect both the public and private lives of women and men:

Balancing paid work and family and caring responsibilities Ensuring women’s lifetime economic security Promoting women in leadership...
24 Jun 2010

Given the chance, Julia Gillard will resurrect Labor's fortunes and will almost certainly go on to win the election writes Nikki Savva in The Drum

Gillard is a formidable politician and unlike other Labor women, she has not been parachuted into the job simply...

Research report

24 Jun 2010

Notwithstanding that this committee recommended the government abandon its NBN proposal in its current form, the committee acknowledges that the government is proceeding with its NBN proposal. This final report details the committee's recommendations.

Research report

24 Jun 2010

This study compares senators as a group of political representatives with members of the House of Representatives as another group to assess the similarities and differences between their work,

their roles and responsibilities, and their conceptions of representation. Drawing on surveys of 233 current...

Research report

25 Oct 2009

This report describes the key findings of a longitudinal study (2004—2008) investigating the experiences of settlement among a group of 120 recently arrived young people with refugee backgrounds settling in Melbourne, Australia.

Each year, less than one per cent of the world’s refugees are...

Research report

22 Jun 2010

Recent downturns in the economy have hampered state support for research institutions and reduced income from shrunken endowment accounts, encouraging universities in the United States to aim for a larger influx of research dollars

as a way to counter-balance restrictions of other revenue streams....

22 Jun 2010

Australia should swing its support behind the international campaign for a banking levy, writes Ross Buckley, and then join the push for a financial transactions tax

IN CLASSIC European fashion the French and German governments are in agreement, but what they agree about is...

Transcript

22 Jun 2010

In this paper presented at the Internet at 40 conference Axel Bruns outlines four key principles of produsage‐based content creation models.

Research report

23 Jun 2010

This report argues that, while it is not possible to be definitive about the costs and benefits of gambling, the overall net benefits of gambling range between $3.7 and $11.1 billion, but the net benefits could be much larger if governments reduced the costs through...

Research report

23 Jun 2010

This report outlines a long-term plan for the Coorong, Lower Lakes and Murray Mouth region, developed with input from community, scientists, industry and government.

Over the next 20 years, this plan will work towards keeping adequate freshwater in the CLLMM system, with the implementation...

Research report

23 Jun 2010

The payments industry, with support from the Reserve Bank, introduced major reforms to the ATM system in March 2009 designed to increase competition and efficiency in the ATM system. They have, by and large, been meeting their objectives. Cardholders have responded to clearer price signals...

Research report

23 Jun 2010

Australian home computer users and small businesses have been left to fend for themselves against the growing problem of organised cyber crime, according to this report. The committee makes 34 recommendations aimed at improving Australia’s response to the growing problem of cyber crime.

...

Discussion paper

21 Jun 2010

Violence is a longstanding, widely recognised problem that disproportionately affects Indigenous people in comparison to non-Indigenous people. State governments across the country have conducted numerous inquiries into Indigenous violence. Cumulatively, these reports suggest that Indigenous women and children experience unusually high levels of sexual violence...

Discussion paper

21 Jun 2010

Arts Queensland and the Centre for Social Impact propose the establishment of a Foundation for the Artist - the first of its kind in Australia - to bring together public, private and corporate funding for artists and the creation of new work. The...

Research report

21 Jun 2010

This report discusses the problems associated with income management and the possible implications for a large number of South Australians.

Compulsory management of a portion of the income of designated groups of welfare recipients is set to be expanded beyond the Northern Territory Emergency...

Research report

1 May 2010

The report argues that complex social, economic and environmental challenges confronting Australia requires a fundamental shift in the way we approach problem solving and innovation, one that values the contributions of all disciplines whether they be from the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) sector...

Audio program

21 Jun 2010

How well do we look after our artists? This was one of the big questions coming out of the Prime Minister's 2020 Summit in 2008, and just this week a proposal for far-reaching change in arts funding was handed to the Arts Minister.

It...

Research report

21 Jun 2010

This project investigates good practices for managing Australia's public and community housing assets. To a large extent the report concerns the identification of existing practices as an attempt to build a picture of asset management in public and community housing across Australia.

Authors: Russell...

Research report

21 Jun 2010

This report presents the evaluation of a small-scale pilot in which refugee women requiring personal and settlement support were matched with volunteer mentors in the City of Hume in Melbourne’s north.

The project showed the potential for community-based initiatives to reduce social isolation and...

Research report

21 Jun 2010

There is no doubt that computers use large amounts of energy, and through the usage of that energy they cause substantial emissions of greenhouse gases, but there has been little attempt to measure or to estimate the total energy consumption or carbon footprint caused by...

Briefing paper

21 Jun 2010

In 2009 there was an apparent increase in the number of attacks on immigrants and international students in Australia. As recently as last month there were reports of international students being the targets of assaults around the University of Tasmania. Whether these attacks were racially...

Briefing paper

21 Jun 2010

This briefing paper summarises the legislative and administrative arrangements for water management in rural NSW.

Water regulation commenced in NSW with the Water Act 1912 . Substantial water reforms have taken place within the past 20 years, with the Commonwealth...

Research report

21 Jun 2010

Bail enables a person in custody who is charged with a criminal offence to be released from custody on the condition that he or she undertakes to appear in court and observe any specified conditions. Bail laws attempt to strike the right balance between not...

Research report

21 Jun 2010

The Individual Placement and Support (IPS) approach is a well-documented, evidence-based approach to supported employment for people with severe mental illness. In deciding to examine the IPS model in more detail with an in-depth trial, the Brotherhood of St Laurence devised a qualitative project to...

Article

21 Jun 2010

The Lancet in 1999 suggested that ‘neglect of research has made primary care one of the most intellectually underdeveloped disciplines in medicine’ and later labelled general practice research ‘a lost cause’. According to the Medical Journal of Australia, this underdevelopment ‘stems from a...

22 Jun 2010

Much more money is needed for strained mental health services, writes Barbara Hocking in the Age

The spotlight on mental health has intensified with the resignation of John Mendoza as chairman of Health Minister Nicola Roxon's advisory council on mental health. This courageous step...

Research report

8 Mar 2010

There is an increasing body of evidence that suggests people with dementia can be assisted by the provision of special environments and technology aimed at improving their communication, mobility, manipulation, orientation, cognition and life style.

The Stirling University DSDC has published an audit tool...

Research report

22 Jun 2010

From 1 July 2010 major changes are due to be made to the way income support payments are paid to recipients in the Northern Territory, and potentially across Australia. This paper looks at the major aspects of the scheme.

Income management fundamentally changes the...

22 Jun 2010

The passage of paid parental leave legislation through the Senate is a long overdue milestone in Australian public policy - and a needed win for Rudd, writes Ben Eltham in New Matilda

FINALLY, the Rudd government has had a win....

Research report

22 Jun 2010

The Dual‐Sector University Collaboration Project investigates the ways that the dual‐sector universities could evolve to become more cohesive, effective and agile organisations

that build upon the connection between their Technical and Further Education (TAFE) and Higher Education (HE) sectors in a period of dynamic...

22 Jun 2010

The prime minister was angry. So what did he say? asks Jock Given in Inside Story

DAVID MARR would not have been Kevin Rudd’s first choice for a biographer when he turned up early in 2010 with a Quarterly Essay to...

20 Jun 2010

Don't bet on asylum-seekers being the hot-button issue in this election, write George Megalogenis and Rosanne Barrett in the Australian

WHATEVER happened to the Hansonites, the one million voters who made John Howard's first re-election a nightmare? The question has been troubling the main...

Audio program

21 Jun 2010

At the Wednesday Lowy Lunch Club on 16 June, distinguished international speaker Minar Pimple addressed the Club on the important question of how well the Asia-Pacific region is doing in achieving the Millennium Development Goals and what role we and broader civil society can play...

Guide

11 Jun 2010

This good practice guide is based on research that looked at how to teach adult literacy and numeracy using a social capital approach. The guide suggests ways VET practitioners can adopt a social capital approach to their teaching practice. A social capital approach refers to...

Research report

21 Jun 2010

This report looks at major trafficking flows of drugs (cocaine and heroin), firearms, counterfeit products, stolen natural resources and people, as well as smuggled migrants. It also covers maritime piracy and cybercrime.

Briefing paper

21 Jun 2010

This paper provides a chronology that draws on ministerial press statements to trace changes in Australia’s immigration policy in relation to overseas students between 1997 and May 2010. Immigration policies introduced under the Howard Coalition Government and the Rudd Labor Government in this 12 to...

Research report

21 Jun 2010

Issues and debates relating to migrants, ethnicity and migration programs are common place within the Australian political and media landscape.

The National Migrant Statistics Unit (NMSU), through the 'Perspectives on Migrants' series attempts to provide informed commentary to assist those interested in these major...

Research report

28 Jun 2010

Technology experts and stakeholders say they expect they will ‘live mostly in the cloud’ in 2020 and not on the desktop, working mostly through cyberspace-based applications accessed through networked devices. This will substantially advance mobile connectivity through smartphones and other internet appliances. Many...

Research report

28 Jun 2010

While nearly half of Americans still talk face-to-face with their neighbors, one in five now use digital tools to communicate with neighbors and monitor community developments.

Americans use a range of approaches to keep informed about what is happening in their communities and online...

Research report

28 Jun 2010

This report describes the demographic characteristics of U.S. adults that participated in the arts (such as concerts, plays, and dance performances) via electronic media (e.g., TV, radio, computers and portable media devices) in 2008, based on the Survey of Public Participation in the Arts (SPPA)....

Journal article

28 Jun 2010

Archives are using Web 2.0 applications in a context that allows for new types of interaction, new opportunities regarding institutional promotion, new ways of providing their services and making their heritage known to the community. Applications such as Facebook (online social network), Flickr (online image-sharing...

Journal article

28 Jun 2010

In November 2008, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation awarded a grant to Stichting eIFL.net to help the National Library of Mongolia (NLM) create a strategic plan in the course of 2009.

eIFL.net is an international not-for-profit organisation with a base in...

Research report

18 Jun 2010

This report documents:

the location of significant intercepting activities that fall outside the current entitlement framework the potential rate of expansion of each activity over various time periods estimates of water usage of each activity in water management areas used in the...

Research report

18 Jun 2010

The HILDA Survey aims to provide a new type of social statistics for Australia, and to investigate new methods of measuring change and social trends. Volume 5 of the Statistical Report is based on the first seven waves of data collected by the HILDA Survey...

Article

18 Jun 2010

This article is adapted from a new Australian Government report, The Current State of Chinese, Indonesian, Japanese and Korean Language Education in Australian Schools: Four Languages, Four Stories. The report summarises findings from four separate reports on each language. It also notes that education in...

Research report

18 Jun 2010

This paper is an update of a 2008 ASPI paper and provides an overview of the capability of the Australian Army. It is intended as a ‘snapshot’ of current capability and as a primer on the structure and equipment of the Army. Later...

Research report

18 Jun 2010

Fragile X is a group of associated genetic disorders (FXDs) that include:

Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) - most common cause of inherited intellectual disability, behavioural disorders and speech and language delays that manifest in early childhood; Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) - neurological disorder...

Article

18 Jun 2010

This article outlines Government investments made in Indigenous reconcilliation to date and identifies future priority areas including access to services; healing; improvments to the justice system, and education.

18 Jun 2010

It's not the internet that threatens little magazines and journals, writes Overland editor Jeff Sparrow in New Matilda, it's the waning of communities of readers

I EDIT Overland , a literary journal founded in 1954, and due to publish its two hundredth...

Article

18 Jun 2010

Articles are submitted for publication for different reasons. Research produces evidence that underpins practice and policy decisions, but can also point to the need for further studies, and may also provoke debate. Results may also be communicated to the public for health promotion purposes,...

Research report

18 Jun 2010

A review of African Australian's experiences of human rights and social inclusion documents the results of three years of consultation with African Australian communities around the country.

In our own words (8408) presents issues, solutions and best practice initiatives, identified by African Australians...

16 Jun 2010

Although he’s largely unknown outside the ACT, Jon Stanhope is one of Australia’s most intriguing political figures, writes Norman Abjorensen in Inside Story

NINE YEARS AGO the political landscape in Australia was very different. John Howard was heading into an uncertain election campaign after...

Research report

17 Jun 2010

This paper examines the changing policy rationales for income management in prescribed Indigenous communities.

The proposed welfare reforms currently before the Australian Parliament will fundamentally alter a citizenship rights-based approach to welfare, replacing it with one that is skewed towards a far higher level...

Discussion paper

17 Jun 2010

The West Asia Program is a launching a new series of occasional papers entitled ‘Afghan Voices’. The goal of this series is to inject a range of Afghan views into the discussion of issues surrounding the international community’s intervention in Afghanistan. The series is edited...

17 Jun 2010

Robert Tanton from NATSEM looks at how the cuts affect different households

WE ALL LIKE tax cuts. The sound of a tax cut suggests more money in our pockets to pay mortgages and rent, buy food, send children to school, or pay our everyday...

Discussion paper

17 Jun 2010

On 17 July 2009, the Attorney-General of Australia, the Hon Robert McClelland MP, asked the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC) to conduct an Inquiry together with the New South Wales Law Reform Commission (NSWLRC) into particular questions in relation to family violence that...

Research report

17 Jun 2010

The Commonwealth Ombudsman's office has an interest in the exercise of powers that can have an impact on the rights of the public, and the Office of the Fair Work Ombudsman has certain powers that allow it to obtain information and documents when...

Research report

17 Jun 2010

This report presents a detailed overview of Australia's 1,317 public and private hospitals.

In 2008-09, there were 8.1 million separations from Australia's hospitals including: 4.5 million same-day acute separations; 3.3 million overnight acute separations; almost 300,000 non-acute separations. There were 7.2 million presentations to...

Commentary

17 Jun 2010

The Community and Public Sector Union (Victoria) turns 125 today. Dustin Halse traces a sometimes stormy history

ONE HUNDRED and twenty five years ago to the day, a daring group of colonial public servants gathered at Melbourne’s Athenaeum Theatre for the inaugural meeting of...

Research report

17 Jun 2010

There has been increasing global interest in documenting funding flows for health, but none of that work has focused on the Pacific region.

This paper outlines external funding for two specific areas of overseas development assistance (ODA) for health in the region—HIV/AIDS and non-communicable...

17 Jun 2010

Combined with the shortcomings of the media’s reporting, the government’s weaknesses are hiding some pretty good news, writes Rodney Tiffen in Inside Story

THINK for a moment about all we have learned about Kevin Rudd over the past few weeks. An eminent author, David...

Research report

17 Jun 2010

At the crossroads of intellectual, scientific and political thinking, this 2nd UNESCO World Report aims to take stock of all that is being said, thought and done in the name of cultural diversity, and tease out the necessary conditions for diversity to become an asset...

Research report

10 Jan 2010

Findings from the 60Sox Employer Survey founds that over 80% of employers indicated that aspiring creatives only accounted for between 0% and 20% of all workers.

This report represents the second of two reports that aim to explore views about the employability of aspiring...

Audio program

17 Jun 2010

After simmering for a year in the Melbourne Age, allegations of international bribery involving Securency, the bank-note company half-owned by the Reserve Bank, have gained national coverage following a Four Corners story late last month. Age investigative journalists Richard Baker and Nick McKenzie talk to...

Research report

22 Jan 2010

Responsibility for implementing workers‘ compensation schemes and workplace health and safety in Australia has traditionally resided with state and territory governments. This paper chronicles the growing role of the Commonwealth.

Research report

15 Jun 2010

As first-home buyers make greater use of mortgages to fund purchases than do repeat buyers, a shift in the composition of turnover helps to explain the recent divergence in movements in housing prices and loan approvals.

While housing turnover varies over time, on average,...

Research report

15 Jun 2010

Substantial demographic shifts are under way in many countries which could have a sizeable impact on trend growth rates over coming decades. This article explores some of these demographic developments in a range of economies. It looks particularly at population growth and age structure and...

Research report

15 Jun 2010

In 2009 growth in fee income increased slightly from recent years though it was again slower than growth in banks’ balance sheets, according to this paper.

Growth in fee income was higher for businesses than for households. Banks reacted to the financial crisis by...

Research report

15 Jun 2010

This report provides a detailed look at current media use patterns among young Australians and young Americans, drawing on major studies in both countries.

Information covered in the report includes:

• overall media use • watching television content • mobile phone use •...

15 Jun 2010

Organisations that speak out against government policy could face action from bodies such as the Tax Office, writes Elizabeth O'Shea in the National Times

THE HIGH COURT of Australia will this week hear a case about freedom of speech and the role of public...

Research report

15 Jun 2010

An evaluation of the Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden Program has been undertaken by a joint research team from the Faculty of Health, Medicine, Nursing & Behavioural Sciences, Deakin University and The McCaughey Centre: Vichealth Centre for the Promotion of Mental Health and Community Wellbeing,...

Journal article

22 Jun 2010

Research linking sustainable development and information science has been sparse. In addition, while the United Nations early on recognized the importance of information for sustainable development, there has been very little progress in linking sustainable development with information related issues, such as information...

Research report

30 Apr 2010

Data has always been fundamental to many areas of research but in recent years it has become central to more disciplines and inter-disciplinary projects and grown substantially in scale and complexity. There is increasing awareness of its strategic importance as a resource in addressing modern...

14 Jun 2010

IT MIGHT have simply been a coincidence that twenty-two members of KNPB, the West Papua National Committee, were arrested by the Papuan police during a peaceful demonstration only eleven days after the International Crisis Group released its report on the situation in Papua on...

Briefing paper

17 Jun 2010

An anthology of recent studies and work in open access conducted by the UK's Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC).

Open Access enhances research communication by making the results of publicly funded research available to all.

Opening up the knowledge base means more researchers...

Discussion paper

11 Jun 2010

In Stanley Kubrick’s 1964 film, Dr Strangelove was the unhinged US general who risked nuclear apocalypse by ordering a first strike against the Soviet Union. The character was modelled on Dr Edward Teller, “the father of the hydrogen bomb”. In the 1990s, Teller and his...

Research report

11 Jun 2010

This paper outlines principles and recommendations to be considered by governments to protect schools from the kinds of negative consequences reported in the United States and Great Britain from national testing programs.

APPA supports the use of the National Assessment Program – Literacy and...

Video

11 Jun 2010

It's a new socio-economic "big idea" promising a revolution in the way we consume. Collaborative Consumption describes the rapid explosion in traditional sharing, bartering, lending, trading, renting, gifting, and swapping redefined through technology and the latest social media and peer-to-peer online platforms.

After several...

Audio program

11 Jun 2010

Biodiversity loss, namely a reduction in the variety of life on Earth, continues relatively unabated worldwide. Biodiversity loss represents far more than a loss to experience nature's beauty or to benefit economically from nature. The simplification of the biosphere has profound and well-known...

Audio program

11 Jun 2010

Indigenous academic Marcia Langton on who really benefits from the resources boom and what it means for those living in mining provinces -- including Indigenous people. Will a resources tax help distribute mining wealth more evenly across the nation?

Research report

4 Jun 2010

This paper by Lowy Institute Professorial Fellow Warwick McKibbin and Timo Henckel summarises a conference held in Sydney on 18-19 March 2010, which was sponsored by the Asian Development Bank, Australian National University, the Brookings Institution, the Lowy Institute for International Policy and Worley Parsons....

Transcript

11 Jun 2010

This paper explores current practices of youth self-disclosure within online social networks, and the potential risks involved, weighing these against the many values of the practice, and the ways in which the expression and disclosure these websites afford has influenced young people’s current...

Research report

11 Jun 2010

The conduct of social research into the daily lives and activities of children is important if we are to understand how children perceive themselves in relationship with the social institutions that matter most to them.

Ethically managed social research that undertakes to explore these...

Research report

11 Jun 2010

This report identifies and assesses the economic, social and environmental impacts (both positive and negative) of water trading in the southern Murray-Darling Basin from 1998-99 to 2008-09.

The purpose is to:

fulfil the National Water Commission's obligation under the National Water Initiative (NWI)...

Research report

18 Jun 2010

Background

A positive association between time spent on sedentary screen-based activities and physical complaints has been reported, but the cumulative association between different types of sedentary activities and physical complaints has not been examined thoroughly.

Methods

The cross-sectional association between...

10 Jun 2010

CHANGE, fairness and economic strength: these are the central themes of the Rudd government’s new information campaign defending the “resources super profit tax.” The campaign aims to re-establish Labor’s credibility as a sensible, principled and reform-oriented government, developing and introducing policies of national...

Research report

11 Jun 2010

This inquiry of the Senate Economics References Committee into competition and pricing in the Australian dairy industry follows a number of other investigations which the Committee has completed, which reflected on various aspects of Australian competition policy. Like those inquiries, the current examination...

Research report

11 Jun 2010

This essay analyses Canberra journalist and Costello advisor, Niki Savva's memoir.

'First we had the "Howard battlers": working and middle class Australians repelled by Keating's exotic pursuits and attracted to Howard's sound economic management. Then we had the "Howard haters", the term his supporters...

Audio program

10 Jun 2010

Distance education used to mean writing projects and posting them to a teacher hundreds of kilometres away.

But now the process is a lot more interactive with audio and video links via satellite.

Students participate in a virtual classroom where they can attend...

Research report

10 Jun 2010

This audit report examins how effectively, efficiently and economically recent Victorian irrigation-related programs have been planned and managed to achieve intended outcomes.

The audit examined the planning processes for the Foodbowl Modernisation Project and the Sugarloaf Pipeline, and the planning, project management...

Research report

7 Jun 2010

This report provides a broad understanding of the range of experiences and barriers in accessing and using ICT to communicate about health and wellbeing, and policy and practice options for future development and experimentation when working with CALD communities.

The report...

Research report

10 Jun 2010

Bushfire arson is an intractable and costly problem for Australia. This is a report from The symposium Advancing Bushfire Arson Prevention in Australia, held on 25–26 March 2010

which brought together a wide range of stakeholders to identify the gaps in current knowledge...

Discussion paper

10 Jun 2010

Despite many positive external factors, the Rann Government in early 2010 found itself to be increasingly unpopular with the electorate. This account of the 2010 election will show how the Liberal opposition, led by Isobel Redmond, made political capital out of voter disenchantment with...

Research report

10 Jun 2010

This article explores the ways in which adults cope with early experiences of sexual abuse, the kind of damage they feel and the reasons for seeking therapy.

Briefing paper

10 Jun 2010

Child abuse and neglect is a social and public health problem in Australia, as well as a children's rights issue. Abuse and neglect can lead to a wide range of adverse consequences for children and young people. The purpose of this Resource Sheet is to...

Journal article

10 Jun 2010

In April 1973, five months after Gough Whitlam was elected prime minister, a woman I admired for the talks she gave on women's liberation became his women's adviser.

Elizabeth Reid had been one of ten on the short list. The others, including Susan Ryan,...

Research report

11 Jun 2010

The purpose of this study was to examine the practices of two teachers who had chosen to use the social network site Ning to create online classrooms as supplements to their physical classrooms in order to bridge the self and school-selected literacies of adolescents....

Audio program

9 Jun 2010

What will the health reform agenda mean for mental health? This was the subject of a seminar recently convened by the Menzies Centre for Health Policy, the first in its Policy Innovations 2010 seminar series.

Dr Lesley Russell (Menzies Centre for Health Policy), Dr...

Research report

17 Jun 2010

Over the last few years, the Internet has had a profound effect on the private and professional lives of European citizens, offering them an increasing number and range of opportunities for accessing information, gaining and exchanging knowledge and realising personal learning goals....

Journal article

17 Jun 2010

The purpose of this study is to examine leadership styles highly effective in building sustainable libraries in developing countries. The author studies the leadership of three organizations: Room to Read, Central Asia Institute (CAI), and the Hester J. Hodgdon (HJH) Libraries for All Program, each...

Audio program

7 Jun 2010

Australian readers and gadget collectors have become the latest target of Apple's e-reader blitz. Sales began in Australia at the weekend and in eight other countries.

While Apple has the money to spend on marketing, the iPad is just one of a number of...

Video

7 Jun 2010

This paper was presented by Australian Senator Kate Lundy at the Gov 2.0 Expo in Washington DC on 26 May 2010.

"The Internet is driving transformation in the very roots of our democracy.

The traditional leadership model, where the singular expression of citizen...

Transcript

7 Jun 2010

There is increased attention on the first year experience at universities generally as a result of the Australian federal government’s focus on increased accountability for universities and widening participation in further education. However, these studies do not address preservice education programs specifically nor...

Research report

7 Jun 2010

This paper provides an overview of the potential of the integration of mobile Web 2.0 tools (based around smartphones) to facilitate social constructivist pedagogies and engage students in tertiary education.

Built on the foundation of four years of research and implementation of mobile learning...

Research report

7 Jun 2010

This report explores recent changes in the economic measurement of wellbeing and how the new economic measures relate to equality.

In doing so, it seeks to equip the Commission with the knowledge necessary to articulate the economic value of its work in terms of...

Research report

7 Jun 2010

Since the commencement of the Primary Health Care Research, Evaluation and Development (PHCRED) strategy in 2000, research targeted on Primary Health Care services, and on the health care system as it relates to Primary Health Care has been a focus for many academic...

Discussion paper

7 Jun 2010

Climate change politics in Australia has been defined by incendiary rhetoric and increasing public disillusionment. Debate has been slipping into the partisan arena of the “culture wars”. Social democrats can learn from the Australian experience, which underlines the need to move away from...

Research report

30 Jun 2009

Based on IBISWorld estimates, the industry gross product of the creative industries was around $31.1 billion in 2007-08.

This is a contribution to GDP of around 2.8 per cent, more than a number of traditional industries such as agriculture, communications and electricity, gas...

8 Jun 2010

Greens preferences seem to have been shifting considerably over the last six months, according to Crikey's Pollytics blog

NIELSON do two measures of the two party preferred vote – their headline result (the one reported in the Fairfax press) where poll respondents allocate...

Research report

7 Jun 2010

This report includes national data collected by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare on Indigenous community housing. Information is presented on a range of Indigenous housing indicators including overcrowding, dwelling condition, affordability, connection to services and recurrent and capital expenditure. There is...

Research report

7 Jun 2010

Water planning is a fundamental tool for achieving the sustainable use of water, and it is a key element of the National Water Initiative (NWI).

Recognising that the interception of water by mining activities has become an increasingly important issue for industry, governments, communities...

Research report

7 Jun 2010

The aim of this collection is to provide nationally comparable statistics relating to federal defendants heard in the criminal jurisdiction of the higher (supreme and intermediate), magistrates' and children's courts across Australia for the period 1 July 2008 to 30 June 2009. The statistics describe...

Research report

7 Jun 2010

Current definitions of literacy frequently refer to multimedia and multimodal texts, and there are references to such materials throughout the draft version of the new national English curriculum. It is therefore timely to consider how teachers can become familiar with and confident in their use...

Article

7 Jun 2010

A concerted analysis will find that there is a dramatic difference between a 'school library' and an information services unit, a difference that has to do with both perception and the actual situation.

There is a vital and growing need for information professionals with...

Discussion paper

7 Jun 2010

This research is investigating how social housing services are provided to Indigenous clients in urban and regional settings.

The primary aim of the study is to better understand how to deliver housing services both to meet housing needs and to contribute to 'closing the...

Video

In this Sydney Writers' Festival 2008 event, Robert Manne and the Hon. Tony Abbott debated the future of the Liberal party. Their differing outlooks are expressed as not just ideological differences, but products of vastly different readings of the legacy of the Howard years -...

Video

7 Jun 2010

At this Sydney Writers' Festival event highlight, 'Have we been conned on climate change? An emergency Town Hall meeting', four leading climate change thinkers address the devastating lack of political leadership on the issue of climate change in Australia.

Environmentalist Tim Flannery...

Video

The past 18 months has seen almost unprecedented turmoil in the world's financial markets. This Sydney Writers' Festival session brings together two of the world's foremost economic thinkers to make sense of today's global financial situation.

The past 18 months has seen almost unprecedented...

7 Jun 2010

WHEN the Rudd Government announced its Human Rights Framework in response to the National Human Rights Consultation, I described it as a welcome though incomplete addition to protection of human rights in Australia. Many human rights activists have been very despairing about the government's...

Research report

4 Jun 2010

Seemingly a paradox exists in the arts: creativity and novelty lie at the heart of all artistic endeavour, yet funders call on arts and cultural organisations to be more innovative.

Understanding this paradox is one of the reasons why NESTA embarked on the research...

Journal article

4 Jun 2010

This paper discusses the challenges faced by a group of Smart School teachers in a partnership model designed to help them develop professionally through the use of online tools.

This model known as e-CPDelT: Model 2020 is loosely based on the successful, UK based...

Research report

7 Jun 2010

This report is an assessment of the progress of the Commonwealth, State and Territory governments towards the six outcomes in the National Affordable Housing Agreement. The agreement is a framework for improving outcomes across the board—for renters and home buyers, for those receiving housing assistance...

Research report

3 Jun 2010

The health of Australia’s prisoners 2009 is the culmination of several years’ development of national indicators in relation to prisoner health in Australia. This first national report shows that prisoners in Australia have poor health compared to the general community. A week-long snapshot of prison...

Research report

3 Jun 2010

The study reported here is the third stage in a project to mainstream education for sustainability (EfS) in pre‑service teacher education.

The report on this project offers suggestions and recommendations about actions that might be taken by education systems, university policy makers, academics and...

Research report

3 Jun 2010

Education is a key determinant at both a national and individual level for health, wellbeing and access to economic resources. What’s more, education has intrinsic benefits for those who undertake it, as well as for those around them. The standard human capital model...

Research report

3 Jun 2010

Recent events in the seas off South Korea and Japan emphasise the fragility of Asia's security order and the strains the region's changing power distribution are placing on it. A new major Lowy Institute Asia Security Project report, 'Power and Choice: Asian Security Futures', analyses...

Research report

3 Jun 2010

In this report for the Asia New Zealand Foundation, the Lowy Institute's Malcolm Cook evaluates how regional and Australian foreign policy dynamics are weakening trans-Tasman bonds when it comes to engaging Asia.

For decades, the two countries shared goal of engaging Asia has brought...

Audio program

3 Jun 2010

Following the sudden disappearance in the 1960s and 1970s of the familiar coordinates of the British world, Australians were cast into the realm of the unknown. The task of remodelling the national image touched every aspect of Australian life where identifiably British ideas, habits and...

Discussion paper

3 Jun 2010

The political accord struck by world leaders at the United Nations negotiations in Copenhagen in December 2009 allows participating countries to express their greenhouse gas commitments in a variety of ways. For example, developed countries promised different percent emissions reductions relative to different base years...

Briefing paper

3 Jun 2010

The establishment of a $500 million Green Car Innovation Fund (GCIF) was one of a number of climate change policies announced by the then Opposition as part of its 2007 federal election campaign. The GCIF was envisaged to operate for five years from 2011 and...

Research report

3 Jun 2010

This publication presents national crime statistics relating to victims of a selected range of personal and household offences that have been recorded by police.

These statistics provide indicators of the level and nature of recorded crime victimisation in Australia and a basis for measuring...

Research report

4 Jun 2010

Under the National Indigenous Reform Agreement, all Australian governments have shared responsibility for Closing the Gap in Indigenous disadvantage across six key areas -- life expectancy, child mortality, access to early childhood education, literacy and numeracy, education attainment and economic participation. This report...

4 Jun 2010

IT IS NOW understood and accepted that Asia is in the midst of dynamic economic, political and military power shifts that are reshaping the regional and global strategic order. The rise of China as a potential competitor – at least – with the...

Research report

2 Jun 2010

At a time when serious crime is becoming more complex and resources are increasingly stretched, this book draws together research and practice perspectives to review fruitful approaches to uncertainties and to chart the way forward.

In this ebook edited by Gabriele Bammer, scene setting...

Briefing paper

2 Jun 2010

This report outlines the evaluation framework for the Linking Schools and Early Years Project, which is designed to ensure that all children enter the formal education system ready to engage with the many opportunities offered by their new learning environment.

The project also aims...

Research report

2 Jun 2010

This report looks at the performance of the Brighter Futures program in providing targeted support to vulnerable families with young children who are at risk of being abused or neglected.

The aim is to help families at an earlier stage of intervention, to stop...

Research report

3 Jun 2010

Cardiovascular disease is Australia's biggest killer. This report focuses on its impact on the health of Australian women - a group who may not be aware of how significant a threat this disease is to them.

The report presents the latest data on prevalence,...

3 Jun 2010

IMMIGRATION minister Chris Evans might soon have the power to force tens of thousands of international student graduates to leave Australia with just twenty-eight days’ notice. A bill quietly introduced into parliament late last month would give the minister sweeping powers to “terminate”...

3 Jun 2010

MEMBERS of Australia’s intelligence organisations are public servants. If they break the law, endanger the lives of fellow Australians or otherwise stuff-up, it should be a matter for public discussion. From this perspective, the shadow foreign minister, Julie Bishop, did the nation a service...

3 Jun 2010

I’M WORKING on a longish piece on how to pay for the global financial crisis, and it seems like a good idea to deal with some side issues separately. One of the standard post-crisis responses of governments, i has been to increase the...

Research report

3 Jun 2010

The Victorian Government will adopt the Proust Model for public sector integrity – including the establishment of a Victorian Integrity and Anti-Corruption Commission (VIACC) – as the next step in greater accountability in Government. The Public Sector Standards Commissioner was asked to consider whether any...

Article

3 Jun 2010

Marcia Langton asks are there any policies to counter the growing disparities in income, living conditions and opportunity in the mining provinces.

Karratha and Roeburne are neighbouring settlements, one a port and mining dormitory town on the coast of the southern Pilbara region of...

Article

3 Jun 2010

This is a lucky country. The challenge is to keep it lucky, and the danger is that thinking we are fortunate may make us complacent about real and ever present vulnerabilities. Avoiding the worst of the global economic crisis of 2008-09 reinforced Australia's sense of...

Research report

1 Jun 2010

This paper sets out the main issues being considered by the Commission in this new inquiry.

The federal government has directed the Commission to give consideration to and advise on:

• demand for the workforce’s services, with particular regard to the skill sets...

Research report

1 Jun 2010

This report examines the existing consumer product recalls system, the regulators involved in its oversight and the ways in which the risks associated with unsafe goods can be addressed by suppliers and regulators.

While the review did not reveal significant problems with the system,...

Research report

1 Jun 2010

This consulation document outlines five new policy outlines for the income management scheme.

The five are:

• Vulnerable Welfare Payment Recipient Measure;

• Parental Exemptions – Indicators of financial vulnerability;

• Parental Exemptions – Parents with children of compulsory school age...

Research report

1 Jun 2010

This draft senior secondary Australian curriculum material includes English, mathematics, science and history.

The draft is open for public consultation until 30 July 2010.

Research report

1 Jun 2010

The ageing of the Australian population is often portrayed as a problem rather than an opportunity. Using census data this report dispels some myths about ageing and its social and economic impacts.

From the introduction:

"For over 20 years, the popular press...

Research report

1 Jun 2010

What is the link between young people’s sense (locus) of control over their lives and their investments in education, asks this paper.

The authors find that young people with a more internal locus of control have a higher probability of finishing secondary school and,...

Research report

2 Jun 2010

Thousands of Australians, including carers and the recently bereaved, are missing out on assistance worth $623 million because the government does not actively promote awareness of such entitlements.

An analysis of just four Centrelink payments, the Parenting Payment, the Carer Allowance, the Disability Support...

Research report

1 Jun 2010

Social enterprise has developed from the need to improve the provision of socially important goods and services and from the awareness that social problems cannot be solved soley by traditional not-for-profit and philanthropic approaches.

The UK social enterprise sector is growing. On...

Journal article

7 Jun 2010

Using a case study approach, this paper considers e-learning project management from the perspective of navigating tension between faculty and instructional design/e-learning expertise, in the context of as the bridging of two distinctive cultures.

The diffusion of e-learning in an institution where, historically, faculty...

Research report

7 Jun 2010

In recent years there has been an explosion of virtual worlds intended for early childhood populations; however, because the majority of research on games and such worlds has focused on adults and adolescents, we know very little about these spaces. This article attempts to address...

Research report

30 Apr 2011

The project found that the way contracts for procurement are designed can play an important role in enhancing or creating positive social and economic outcomes (such as employment, education and community capacity building) as part of the construction process. By contrast, mainstream housing procurement contracts...

Article

31 May 2010

Principles of networked learning, constructivism, and connectivism inform the design of a test case through which secondary students construct personal learning environments for the purpose of independent inquiry.

Emerging web applications and open educational resources are integrated to support a Networked Student Model that...

Research report

31 May 2010

A joint research project of the Australia Council for the Arts and the Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA), which shows that attitudes, physical distance, training and education are among the significant barriers that prevent Indigenous artists from reaching wider audiences.

As the first research...

Research report

31 May 2010

Having a choice of transition pathways from school to work, further education or training gives young people the best chance of success. Using the 1995 cohort of the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth, this study looks at the role post-school qualifications play in the year-by-year...

Research report

31 May 2010

This publication is a preliminary release of data on the number of students, full-year training equivalents, hours of delivery and subject enrolments relating to Australia's public vocational education and training (VET) system for 2009.

As the figures are preliminary, they may be subject to...

Briefing paper

1 Jun 2010

‘Cabinet’, a key institution of the Westminster tradition of parliamentary practice, refers to a meeting of senior Ministers summoned by the Prime Minister. Cabinet also refers to a process of gaining policy coherence and political support at the apex of executive government. Yet Cabinet and...

Research report

1 Jun 2010

This research paper provides an analysis by Commonwealth electoral division of socio-demographic data from the 2006 Census of Population and Housing. The electoral boundaries used in this paper are the boundaries that will be used in the upcoming federal election expected later this year. These...

Research report

1 Jun 2010

This publication contains statistical information for 2008-09 financial year and previous financial years, obtained from an annual census of all licensed private hospitals in Australia. It contains details about the facilities, activities, staffing and finances of all private hospitals, including both private acute and/or psychiatric...

Research report

1 Jun 2010

This publication presents information about the working arrangements of employees in their main job, such as shift work, extra hours or overtime, and start and finish times.

It also presents information about the patterns of employees' work in all jobs. This information can be...

Research report

1 Jun 2010

It’s practically a given these days that philanthropy and government ought to work together. But what should the relationship look like?

How can grantmakers collaborate formally or informally with partners in government to advance the common good? And does everyone think this is such...

Research report

1 Jun 2010

As the prevalence of those seeking health information online rises, the potential for information overload and misinformation increases.

This study aims to evaluate and explore the Internet’s role as a health information source, specifically for university students.

In total, 120 university students were...

1 Jun 2010

You wouldn't think it, given recent commentary, but a look at history suggests the government has no reason to panic, writes John Watson in the Age

ANYONE who takes opinion polls and media coverage of them at face value would think the Coalition...

Research report

7 Jun 2010

This survey evaluates and illustrates how 44 UK schools used creative approaches to learning. These schools had aspirations for their pupils to ask questions independently, make connections between ideas, think creatively, challenge and participate effectively, and reflect on their learning. The report also evaluates the...