October 2010

Research report

1 Nov 2010

This release provides a comprehensive statistical overview, largely at the national level, of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and welfare. Focussing on topics considered important for the health of Australia's Indigenous population this release presents the latest analysis and results from key national statistical...

1 Nov 2010

In this Age article Maria Tumarkin finds that altruism is a very personal affair with numerous pitfalls.

IN Please Give , the latest film from the independent American filmmaker Nicole Holofcener, Kate and her husband Alex run a successful mid-century furniture store in New...

Briefing paper

1 Nov 2010

This modeling paper was commissioned by a non-government member of parliament before the 2010 Federal election to ascertain the cost to tax payers of a subsidy for employing workers over 50 years of age.

The following briefing was commissioned on behalf of a non-Government...

Research report

1 Nov 2010

The delivery of services to people with a mental illness has long been acknowledged as a challenge by both government agencies and non-government organisations (NGOs). This is especially relevant to the social security system, which delivers payments and services to more than six million Australians...

Journal article

1 Nov 2010

Globally, teaching has become more complex and more challenging over recent years, with new and increased demands being placed on teachers by students, their families, governments and wider society. Teachers work with more diverse communities in times characterised by volatility, uncertainty and moral ambiguity. Societal,...

Briefing paper

30 Oct 2010

This brief considers recent patterns and trends in Australian aid. How much aid does Australia give? Where is it spent? What is it spent on? How does Australia compare to other donors?

29 Oct 2010

Broadband won’t drive regional business growth, despite claims to the contrary, writes John Daley.

Expectations for the NBN are high. But will it drive a boom in regional employment? Or are better coffee shops more important?

There is a widespread belief that...

Audio interview

29 Oct 2010

Interviews with three key participants in the Gov 2.0 changes occuring in Australia and the UK - Andrew Stott, Mia Garlick and Belinda Hayes

Andrew Stott

Director for Transparency and Digital Engagement, Cabinet Office UK Government

Please briefly describe your role and...
29 Oct 2010

In the Australian Review of Public Affairs Rodney Tiffen reviews Ben Hills' new biography of Graham Perkin, editor of The Age between 1966-1975.

THE GREAT American journalist and media critic Ben Bagdikian said that trying to be a good journalist on the average American...

Research report

2 Sep 2010

Assaults in public places have become an increasing problem in Victoria over the last few years. This report provides a comprehensive survey of the current situation and community and government activities in this area.

On 29 July 2009 the Drugs and Crime Prevention Committee...

Research report

29 Oct 2010

The effects of unemployment are particularly likely to affect children, because of both the negative financial impact and the impact on parental mental health and parenting. This study examines the potential impact of an increase in the unemployment rate on children’s behavioural and emotional problems....

29 Oct 2010

Joe Hockey is right – the banks are doing very well indeed. But reducing their power isn’t simple, writes Milind Sathye in Inside Story

JOE HOCKEY’s suggestion that the treasurer should use punitive measures to rein in banks has stirred up a hornet’s nest....

Article

29 Oct 2010

Australia's theatre sector is described as alive, various, glorious, messy, idiosyncratic and even world class. But is it vibrant? Chris Mead from Playwrighting Australia says yes, and no…

Australia does not yet have a vibrant theatre culture, certainly not when measuring it against the...

Discussion paper

29 Oct 2010

It is unwise to make assumptions about the liberating potential of the Internet in China or in other repressive regimes, argues this discussion paper.

In late January 2010, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton – who two months before had stood at the Berlin Gate...

Video

News got cheap on the internet – some would say free, but not Crikey editor Sophie Black.

In this Lunchbox/Soapbox she doesn’t shy away from the worst of the web but looks to those moments when online journalists broke stories that would have been...

Research report

14 Sep 2010

Both major parties have committed to continuing the deployment of Australian troops in Afghanistan's Uruzgan province. This research paper examines the factors behind the Taliban's resurgence in Uruzgan and the neighbouring province of Zabul.

The relatively early resurgence of the Taliban in Afghanistan’s Uruzgan...

Research report

29 Oct 2010

Calling for an end to mandatory detention on Christmas Island, this report contains a summary of observations made by the Australian Human Rights Commission during its 2010 visit to the immigration detention facilities there.

This report contains a summary of observations made by the...

Research report

28 Oct 2010

This inquiry assessed the operation of the current wheat export marketing arrangements, including the costs and benefits, and now informs the Australian Government on the effectiveness of the arrangements.

These key points were released with the Wheat Export Marketing Arrangements inquiry report on 28...

28 Oct 2010

Yesterday I spoke to the PM program on Radio National for a follow up (38) on Google's WiFi privacy debacle (159) , and have spoken to a few other media outlets as well. No doubt there's a lot of interest in Google's WiFi...

Research report

28 Oct 2010

Since its inception in 1973, the Literature Board has been providing subsidies to Australian-based publishers to assist with the publication of books by Australian authors – books of fiction, non-fiction, poetry, playscripts and anthologies of Australian literature.

The research project sought to...

Audio program

28 Oct 2010

Modern tracking technology is being used to promote transparency, empowerment and interactivity. This program takes a look at several interesting initiatives.

Guests

Erik Hersman Director of Operations at Ushahidi.

Leo Bonanni Founder of Sourcemap.

Rebekah Heacock Co-Director of...

Briefing paper

28 Oct 2010

Recent strong population growth in Australian cities has drawn attention to a range of national transport, and transport-related, sustainability issues.

Key areas of national sustainability concern in relation to urban land transport include traffic congestion, greenhouse gas emissions, road fatalities and serious injury accidents,...

Research report

28 Oct 2010

This background note provides a snap-shot of significant developments in Australian refugee law and policy under Labor’s first term in office.

It begins by providing a chronology of key events from November 2007, when the ALP won the 2007 federal election to July 2010,...

Briefing paper

28 Oct 2010

The purpose of this chronology of key events is to provide a historical context in which to understand the continuing evolution of the Australian Public Service (APS).

More specifically, the chronology is intended to:

provide a quick reference guide to what happened, and...
29 Oct 2010

We need to mobilise a positive alternative to the fear, anger and tribalism on offer from the right, argues John Quiggin

on johnquiggin.com

ANGELA MERKEL’s recent denunciation of German multiculturalism marks another step in the tightening of ties between the market-liberal right...

Research report

29 Oct 2010

The increasing use of mobiles, the impact of VoIP and the very wide utilisation of capped plans and bundling marketing practices are posing important questions for the way traditional telephone numbers are managed, according to the first of a series of issues papers...

Research report

29 Oct 2010

The pivotal events of the 21st century Asia-Pacific will depend on factors that are only dimly perceived today. This paper outlines two possible strategic futures for the region.

Today’s Asia-Pacific is, by consensus, in a state of flux. At the start of the second...

Research report

29 Oct 2010

While most people are satisfied with mobile premium services, many have a strong interest in being able to more easily limit how much they spend according to this survey.

Over two-thirds of parents think it is either very or extremely important to limit their...

Research report

29 Oct 2010

Does Australia understand the leaders of our region? This paper presents the results of a major empirical study of nearly 100 senior leaders in Timor-Leste and Samoa, from the President and Prime Minister down.

There is good reason to believe that leaders...

Research report

29 Oct 2010

Many people with disability live outside the major urban centres and may live in small towns, isolated communities or in remote locations. To support the development of inclusive practices and opportunities for all people with a disability living in NSW, Accessible Arts has developed a...

Research report

29 Oct 2010

A more comprehensive strategic relationship between South Korea and Australia may be of increasing value given the tectonic shifts in our region, argues this report.

Authored by Carl Ungerer and Simon Smith, this report provides a clear-eyed assessment of the small but productive role...

Research report

29 Oct 2010

In order to avoid detection, criminals often retain the proceeds of their crimes in cash or use bearer negotiable instruments in connection with their money laundering activities.

As part of global regulatory measures designed to minimise risks of money laundering and financing of terrorism,...

Research report

28 Oct 2010

The study emanated from a concern that popular and political support for home ownership is such that critical questions about the degree to which all home owners realise the projected financial and non-financial benefits of home ownership are rarely asked. In particular, do low-moderate income...

Research report

28 Oct 2010

With life expectancy increasing, and changes to public policy aimed at encouraging older workers to stay in the workforce, the conditions under which people decide to retire have changed in recent years.

This report describes the characteristics of those who continue to work beyond...

Article

26 Oct 2010

A new report finds a kind of social chemistry that encourages success, writes Tony Vinson in Eureka Street

THE NEW Jesuit Social Services study Moving from the Edge is not a welfare tale of woe. It is a celebration of lives that have 'come...

Discussion paper

25 Oct 2010

Comparing the labour market returns to numeracy and cognitive ability in Indonesia and the United States, this paper argues that different economic characteristics between developing and developed countries may require workers with different skills.

Different economic characteristics between developing and developed countries may require...

Research report

25 Oct 2010

The supply of employed medical practitioners increased between 2004 and 2008, from 283 to 304 full-time equivalent practitioners per 100,000 population.

The increase reflected a 20.5% rise in practitioner numbers. The gender balance continued to shift, with women making up 35% of practitioners in...

Research report

25 Oct 2010

This report is the annual update of the Skills for Jobs Five Year Plan . The update reflects the changing priorities of industry in South Australia and what is required to meet those priorities over the next five years.

Priorities identified in the Commission's...

Journal article

25 Oct 2010

Encouraging private investment in affordable housing Australia has been recognised as a major challenge by researchers and policy-makers for some time and this has generated considerable work on possible models.

One successful model of private investment in the large scale provision of rental housing...

Research report

25 Oct 2010

Since the 1960s, violence between intimate partners, between family members and towards children has been increasingly recognised as a significant problem. Seminal work on male violence towards women within families was conducted in Britain (Pizzey, 1973), Australia (Scutt, 1983) and the United States (Walker,...

Guide

22 Oct 2010

This volume reflects the content of the overview and the regional guides, but at a more detailed level, with more of the technical background identified and explained.

The Murray–Darling Basin Authority (MDBA) was established by the Water Act 2007 (Cwlth) and charged with preparing...

Research report

25 Oct 2010

There have been a variety of innovative court models introduced, piloted and implemented across Australia to improve the effectiveness of the criminal justice system in dealing with specific offender populations. Indigenous sentencing courts have been established in most Australian jurisdictions in order to...

26 Oct 2010

Climate change efforts are becoming more decentralised, writes Stephen Howes in Inside Story

THE CONTRAST between the hype in the lead up to last year’s Copenhagen climate change conference and the subdued silence which precedes this year’s conference in Cancun in December could not...

Audio program

25 Oct 2010

With the introduction of a national curriculum - that includes the arts - for the first time, all Australian kids from Kindergarten through to Year 8 will all learn 5 art forms: music, drama, dance, visual arts and media arts.

And in...

Research report

24 Oct 2010

These reports provide the results of qualitative and quantitative research into community attitudes about superannuation. Issues that have been considered in the research include:

• structure and regulation,

• contributions,

• tax treatment,

• rates of return, and

• related...

Research report

25 Oct 2010

Following the Copenhagen climate Accord, developed and developing countries have pledged to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, emissions intensity or emissions relative to baseline. This paper puts the targets for the major countries on a common footing, and compares them across different metrics.

Targeted...

Audio program

25 Oct 2010

A new report by The Grattan Institute titled Cities: who decides? looks closely at eight successful OS cities and asks - is there something in the way they make decisions - that has impacted on their success?

Jane-Frances Kelly, author of the report and...

25 Oct 2010

Kevin Rudd might prove to be a much better foreign minister than prime minister, writes Mike Steketee in the Australian

THERE is no truth in the rumour that Kevin Rudd has forgotten to tell overseas leaders he is no longer prime minister. Rather, says...

Audio program

25 Oct 2010

As more and more refugees arrive in Australian waters by boat, Rear Vision takes a look at the history of Australia's policies on asylum seekers, from the first boatload of Vietnamese back in 1976 through to today.

First broadcast 7/4/2010

...

25 Oct 2010

Barnaby Joyce praising Canberra? It’s a reminder of the mixed feelings evoked by the national capital, writes Norman Abjorensen in Inside Story

BARNABY JOYCE is always interesting. He will say things other politicians merely think, which is refreshing; and sometimes he will also rush...

Research report

25 Oct 2010

To what extent do local governments use vocational education and training as a staff retention strategy?

Human resources personnel from a selection of councils around Australia believed that a lack of career development or training opportunities might cause an employee to leave their organisation....

Research report

25 Oct 2010

The National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) is committed to building researcher capacity in the vocational education and training (VET) sector by encouraging early- career researchers, VET professionals and experienced researchers from outside the sector to undertake research in vocational education and...

Research report

25 Oct 2010

Three significant difficulties in the study of privacy are minimising the priming of enhanced privacy sensitive responses; studying privacy sensitive groups and topics; and studying privacy behaviours rather than attitudes.

This article analyses these challenges ethnographically using two empirical studies on technology...

Discussion paper

29 Oct 2010

The Australian Communications and Media Authority has released a discussion paper that addresses its forthcoming allocation of digital dividend spectrum (the ‘700 MHz band’). This paper highlights key issues that the ACMA will be considering as it plans for this allocation.

These issues will...

Research report

24 Oct 2010

This survey of over 11,000 Australian public school principals and teachers which shows:

Teachers overwhelmingly believe the best way to lift student outcomes is to cut class sizes and increase the individual attention every child receives. The under-funding of public schools has...

Research report

23 Oct 2010

This paper measures the evolution of the gender differences in numeracy among school age children using a longitudinal dataset from Indonesia.

A unique feature of the dataset is that it uses an identical test for two survey rounds, which implies that any changes in...

Research report

22 Oct 2010

The COAG Reform Council's Water Management Partnerships: Report on Performance 2009 is the council's first report on the progress of the Commonwealth and the Basin States against the Water Management Partnerships for the reporting period of 2009. The report provides an assessment of governments' performance...

Video

In a country where Question Time is a blood sport and a strong current of anti-intellectualism runs through public life, it can be dangerous to have ideas in politics.

Although we blame politicians for their inability to translate ideas into policy, perhaps the difficulties...

Book

22 Oct 2010

Reestablishing local hospital boards is wrongly described as a quick fix for the problems in the Australian public hospital system. The trilogy of essays in this collection describes the negative impact the bureaucratisation of the system has had on staff and patients in the last...

Research report

22 Oct 2010

New Roy Morgan Research being released by The Salvation Army shows 9.5 million Australians feel that taking action to reduce poverty should be a “very high priority” as The Salvation Army releases a new report on poverty.

The report - “Perceptions of Poverty” -...

Research report

21 Oct 2010

The Government of New South Wales is not able to provide assurance that it is safeguarding its holdings of sensitive personal information because its policy has not been properly implemented, concludes this audit.

The public sector legitimately gathers and uses personal information about citizens,...

Guide

15 Oct 2010

This guide was compiled by Australia's Commonwealth Parliamentary Library to assist Members and Senators as they prepared for the 20 October 2010 debate on Australia's involvement in Afghanistan. It provides indisensable background information and statistics on the Aghanistan conflict and Australia's role in it....

Audio program

21 Oct 2010

A welcome trend has seen designers, manufacturers and consumers becoming increasingly aware of what is wasted, whether that be the left-over materials in producing a product for sale, or once sold, the product itself when we are tired of it.

Just think of all...

Discussion paper

21 Oct 2010

Marshall McGuire takes the artistic pulse of the Australian orchestral sector by reflecting on five keystones of what can make this art vibrant.

Marshall recommends the following in his paper.

Classical music needs to increase its profile in the national discussion about arts...

Book

21 Oct 2010

The emotional engagements of both Indigenous and Non-Indigenous people with Indigenous history are examined in this book.

The contributors are a mix of Indigenous and Non-Indigenous scholars, who in different ways examine how the past lives on in the present, as myth, memory, and...

Research report

22 Oct 2010

There in an increasing emphasis within Australia on using good statistical information in policy-making. This guide provides an overview of how data can be used to make well informed policy decisions

· This Australian Bureau of Statistics guide includes the following information:

·...

Research report

22 Oct 2010

The Snapshot 2010 statistical report, the eighth in the series, is a collation of relevant information on the key domains of health and wellbeing, and the key issues affecting children and young people, particularly the most vulnerable in our society.

Snapshot continues to evolve...

Research report

22 Oct 2010

The Australian tax-transfer system targets those in need and, as a consequence, is prone to poverty traps, where higher private income leads to very little gain in disposable income. This paper examines available evidence on this problem, and looks at both incremental and radical solutions....

22 Oct 2010

As the ALP begins its official investigation into the causes of its recent near catastrophe, political advisers will be singled out for blame. Denis Glover argues in The Australian that this is unjust and wrong.

Disparagement of advisers has been going on for years...

Transcript

21 Aug 2010

While acknowledging the importance of fairness and the need to avoid creating disincentives in the design of tax reform, the Henry Review recommends a simplified Personal Income Tax and child payments withdrawn on a single family income test. This paper shows that the...

Research report

21 Oct 2010

Key points

The weight of Australian children has increased markedly in recent decades, to the point where around 8 per cent are defined as obese (based on Body Mass Index), and 17 per cent as overweight. While the prevalence of obesity may...

Research report

20 Oct 2010

The number of women imprisoned in Victoria has increased by 25% over the past year, with a disproportionate number of the women imprisoned coming from Calturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) backgrounds.

The number of women born in Vietnam who are imprisoned in Victoria has...

Research report

21 Oct 2010

Deficiencies in the recognition and management of conflict of interest in Victoria Police are identified in this OPI report.

This report uses case studies to assist police and the community to better understand how and when conflict of interest occurs for police and why...

Discussion paper

21 Oct 2010

A national fax marketing industry standard is intended to provide the community with greater certainty regarding the minimum level of behaviour they can expect from fax marketers. To develop a national industry standard, ACMA is seeking public comment on this discussion paper .

The...

Research report

21 Oct 2010

Issues raised during OPI's review of the investigation of deaths associated with police contact are identified in this paper.

When a citizen dies following action or inaction by the State, it is imperative that such action be subject to rigorous scrutiny and public accountability....

Research report

21 Oct 2010

Covering topics including employment in culture, time spent on cultural activities, attendances at cultural venues and events, expenditure on culture, and imports and exports of cultural goods and services, this report provides a comprehensive statistical overview of culture in Australia.

This report also provides...

21 Oct 2010

Understanding James Packer's $300 million plunge back into free-to-air television requires insights into the workings of casino regulation in Australia, argues Stephen Mayne in the Drum Unleashed.

Whilst his late father Kerry loved both television and casinos, James decided to put most of his...

Research report

19 Oct 2010

A focus on prevention, collaboration, greater Aboriginal involvement and control of service delivery, and strengthening families and systems are at the heart of recommendations by the Inquiry into the Child Protection System in the Northern Territory.

In addressing what it described as the...

19 Oct 2010

It's still worth going down this emissions-cutting route, writes Mike Steketee in the Australian

IT HAS seemed like a good idea for a long time. Hop on a train in the middle of Sydney and get out in the centre of Melbourne or Brisbane...

Research report

19 Oct 2010

The profile of people living with HIV in Australia is set to change significantly over the next decade. Among these changes are increases in new HIV infections; increases in the number of older men and women living with HIV; and a greater proportion of people...

Research report

19 Oct 2010

Australia’s major trading partners have higher direct and indirect carbon pricing in their electricity sectors in order to drive cleaner energy investments.

This report considers policies to promote low-carbon electricity generation in six major economies: Australia, China, Japan, South Korea, the UK and the...

19 Oct 2010

How have the regions weathered the GFC? Robert Tanton looks at the data

THE INCREASING FOCUS on remote and regional Australia since the federal election raises a series of interesting questions. How have these areas fared over the past few years? How much...

Article

20 Oct 2010

EDR schemes cannot adequately service Indigenous Australians under their current modes of operation according to this article.

External Dispute Resolution (EDR) schemes play an important role in resolving consumer disputes about telecommunication, financial and utility (energy, gas and water) services. Disputes with providers of...

Research report

18 Oct 2010

This report proposes an evidence-based, holistic response to sexual assault in Queensland. It advocates a system designed to enable Queensland to move toward the reduction, and ultimate elimination, of sexual violence. This requires viewing sexual assault as primarily a social, rather than an individual or...

Article

18 Oct 2010

Objective:

To document diabetes health services use and indices of glycaemic management of young people with type 1 diabetes from the time of their first contact with adult services, for those living in regional areas compared with those using city and state...

Research report

18 Oct 2010

Environmental crime is the perpetration of harms against the environment that violate current law. The term environmental harm is often interchanged with environmental crime and, for some, any activity that has a deleterious effect on the environment is considered an environmental crime. At...

Research report

18 Oct 2010

Grattan Institute's second Cities program investigates decision making in eight of the world’s most successful cities, and asks what governance arrangements accompanied their broad-based improvement.

Every city has a different story, but among these differences a number of common themes emerged. These included...

Research report

19 Oct 2010

Apprentices with a learning disability can face significant barriers to completing their training. This paper explores what these apprentices, their lecturers and disability support staff see as the most effective strategies for helping them to overcome these difficulties. Instructional approaches which accommodate students' learning styles,...

Research report

18 Oct 2010

This briefing paper draws on findings from several LSAY Research Reports (5, 27, 31, 33 and 41) which report on how student attitudes and engagement in the formative school years influence subsequent participation in post-compulsory education and training. Data is used from two LSAY cohorts:...

Book

18 Oct 2010

Following a bloody civil war, peace consolidated slowly and sequentially in Bougainville, and there is much to learn from this distinctively indigenous peace architecture.

Following a bloody civil war, peace consolidated slowly and sequentially in Bougainville. That sequence was of both a top-down architecture...

Research report

18 Oct 2010
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are a key enabler of “green growth” in all sectors of the economy. They are a key part of government strategies for a sustainable economic recovery. “Greener and smarter” ICTs include ICTs with better environmental performance than previous generations (direct...

Research report

19 Oct 2010

In 2010, Melbourne is a thriving, cosmopolitan city that will only continue to grow. Our ongoing challenge, therefore, is to ensure that we get better as we get bigger.

In volumes one and two of this Melbourne Beyond 5 Million series,...

Discussion paper

17 Oct 2010

The contentious issue of indigenous land ownership has played a role in Fiji's political instability, including the 2006 coup, argues this working paper.

This coup was partially carried out as a response by the military commander, Commodore Frank Bainimarama to three pieces of legislation...

17 Oct 2010

Australia's political leaders have not been frank about our mission in Afghanistan, writes Jason Thomas in Quarterly Access.

Jason Thomas, who spent eight months in Afghanistan as an international development specialist, discusses the slow progress of the war, and what 'winning' in Afghanistan would...

Strategy

18 Oct 2010

The former Prime Minister, Kevin Rudd established a Task Group on Energy Efficiency (0) to advise the Australian Government, by mid-2010, on options to improve Australia’s energy efficiency by 2020.

What did the Task Group recommend?

The Task Group’s terms...

Research report

18 Oct 2010

Statistics about Indigenous Australians and their families are often presented as stand-alone demographic descriptions and interpreted in the context of non-Indigenous family life. This article presents key demographic data on Indigenous and non-Indigenous mothers, derived from the 2006 Australian Census. The data describe the family...

Research report

18 Oct 2010

This report advocates for a long-term model of care for survivors of sexual violence.

The Australian Government has shown a strong commitment to the prevention of violence against women.

The recommendations presented in this paper seek to address a gap in the national...

Book

17 Oct 2010

Ethics is a vigorously contested field. There are many competing moral frameworks, and different views about how normative considerations should inform the art and craft of governmental policy making. What is not in dispute, however, is that ethics matters. The ethical framework adopted by policy...

Article

15 Oct 2010

Social capital is good economics too, writes Andrew Leigh in the Australian Financial Review.

Research report

15 Aug 2010

Two new measures of offence seriousness in NSW are assessed in this Crime and Justice Bulletin.

The first measure of offence seriousness, Median Sentence Ranking (MSR), was constructed by identifying the median sentence actually imposed in each Australian Standard Offence Classification group. The data...

Briefing paper

15 Aug 2010

Levels of psycho-stimulant (e.g. amphetamine or cocaine) use are comparatively low amongst the general population of drinkers, reports this recent Crime and Justice Bureau Brief.

Following reports that some of the violence on licensed premises might be attributable to the use of drugs such...

Briefing paper

15 Aug 2010

New figures indicate that use of narcotics (e.g. heroin) and cocaine is increasing, according to this Crime and Justice Statistics Bureau Brief.

The NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research examined trends in arrests for narcotics and cocaine possession and overdoses on narcotics and...

Research report

15 Oct 2010

Governments, development organisations and donors are failing to engage with a crucial component of development by ignoring culture. As 2015, the date for achieving the Millennium Development Goals, approaches, we are still far from satisfying the immediate human development needs of citizens across the Commonwealth....

Research report

14 Oct 2010

'Job strain', where workers have little control over their job, but who are under high pressure to perform, accounts for 17 per cent of depression in working women and 13 per cent in working men.

Workplace psychosocial stressors have been linked to poor mental...

Audio program

14 Oct 2010

In this episode - the intriguingly named Decision Tree, self tracking tools, Second Life and the use of video games in aged care facilities? They're all part of a growing trend around personalised health and the way technology can be used to improve our health...

Research report

14 Oct 2010

Using data on self-assessed quality of life available from the expanded Indigenous sample of the 2001 National Health Survey this paper compares the subjective wellbeing of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

Assuming cross-cultural comparability of responses to the quality of life scale, Indigenous Australians are...

Research report

15 Oct 2010

The purpose of the snapshot is to provide the latest statistical information and data on arthritis in Australia.

15 Oct 2010

Staying on the sofa, climbing on a bike or getting in the car? In Croakey, Chris Rissel looks at a recent study

DUTCH RESEARCHERS have done an interesting analysis of the likely benefits and harms – for individuals and society more broadly –...

Research report

15 Oct 2010

Benefitting from almost 20 years of sustained economic growth, Australia has become the third largest high net worth individuals (HNWIs) market in the Asia-Pacific region, this Austrade Data Alert states.

Asia-Pacific’s HNWIs rose 26 per cent to 3 million in 2009, catching up with...

Research report

14 Oct 2010

This final report dentifies ways to reduce the regulatory burdens on businesses in the finance and insurance, accommodation and food services, professional, scientific and technical services, and arts and recreational services sectors.

Despite long established (and reviewed) consultation processes used in developing...

Discussion paper

13 Oct 2010

Urban renewal is on the agenda for the State and Australian Governments. But what is urban renewal and how does it work?

In this paper, Anglicare is seeking to start a discussion about urban renewal and what it might mean, especially for Tasmania. The...

Research report

20 Sep 2010

While recognising that the current compliance system is still evolving, this report identifies among its strengths the greater flexibility it gives providers, the improved structure of sanctions and the value of the Contact Request option.

As a background to its conclusions and recommendations, the...

Strategy

14 Oct 2010

The place of the arts in the new Australian K–12 national curriculum is now available for national public consultation until 17 December 2010. Feedback will be used to further revise the draft shape paper, which will then be published as The Shape of...

Research report

14 Oct 2010

e-learning is now an integral part of training both for Australian businesses and the vocational education and training (VET) system.

Conducted annually by the Australian Flexible Learning Framework (Framework), the 2010 E-learning Benchmarking Survey measures the uptake, use and demand for e-learning by employers,...

13 Oct 2010

Talk about health policy reform often loses sight of the people in the system and their stories. For Inside Story, Melissa Sweet watches two GPs in action

ZARA HAS BEEN waiting a while for her turn, but she’s grinning as she hobbles through the...

Research report

13 Oct 2010

The structural budget position is a mess, according to this paper, with modelling suggesting a structural cash deficit of $58 billion dollars in 2010-11 (around 4.0 per cent of GDP).

The deficit will barely fall in dollar terms by the end of the forward...

Journal article

8 Sep 2010

The mass media has enormous potential to influence health-related behaviours and perceptions. Much research has focused on how the media frames health issues. This study sought to explore how journalists in Australia select and shape news on health issues.

Methods

The...

12 Oct 2010

Have we finally got it right, asks John Quiggin

THE PROBLEMS of the Murray Darling Basin have been developing for more than a century. I’ve been working on this issue for 30 years, during which, despite a series of policy initiatives too...

Research report

11 Oct 2010

Presented in a pocket-book format, this publication, summarises information from NCVER's current vocational education and training (VET) statistical publications.

It presents statistics about: Australia's public VET system (which includes activity undertaken at TAFE institutes, other government providers, community education providers and publicly funded delivery...

Research report

11 Oct 2010

The Electoral Commissioner, Ed Killesteyn today released a report into the irregular handling of pre-poll votes by electoral officials in the Division of Boothby and the Division of Flynn leading to the exclusion of these votes in final election counting in the 2010 election....

Research report

11 Oct 2010

Complaints investigated by the Ombudsman identified concerns with the Australian Taxation Office’s (ATO) response when Tax File Numbers (TFNs) are compromised or TFN records are incorrectly linked. Three key areas of concern are the ATO’s:

failure to respond appropriately to problems arising from compromised...

Research report

11 Oct 2010

Multiculturalism has been a contested policy and concept since its introduction in Australia in the 1970s. While maintaining some core principles, in the three decades since its introduction, federal multicultural policy statements have evolved in response to changing government priorities and responses to the challenges...

Research report

11 Oct 2010

The periodic redrawing of electoral boundaries is required by law to maintain electoral divisions of roughly equal enrolment size within a state or territory. Redrawing of boundaries is known as a redistribution.

During the expected life of the 43rd Parliament there will be redistributions...

Research report

11 Oct 2010

Education News keeps teachers and students up to date with ABS resources and data that is relevant to the school sector.

This newsletter highlights the latest curriculum related teaching resources, student activities and statistical tools that have been developed by ABS Education Services as...

Blog post

30 Sep 2010

The Dramatic Growth of Open Access Series is a quarterly series (end of March, June, September, and December) of key data illustrating the growth of open access, with additional comments and analysis. The series is available in open data and blogpost (commentary) editions. The quarterly...

Research report

14 Oct 2010

The aim of this white paper is to help universities and libraries implement policies and procedures in relation to e-journal archiving and the move towards e-only provision of scholarly journals across the Higher Education sector. The white paper is also contributing to complementary work JISC...

10 Oct 2010

The Wikileaks' 'Afghan War Diary' scandal ultimately demonstrates the strengths of established media, reports Craig Butt in Quarterly Access.

Wikileaks’ most recent leak is its biggest yet - over 75,000 secret U.S. military reports from between 2004 and 2009 which serve as...

Audio program

11 Oct 2010

The Murray Darling Basin Authority released its much anticipated plan and, as expected, the plan calls for drastic cuts in water allocation to farmers.

The Murray Darling Basin Authority released its much anticipated plan. The authority was set up in 2008 to take responsibility...

Research report

11 Oct 2010

The Guardian’s office has released A Community Visitor Program for Children in State Care reporting on the feasibility of introducing a community visitor program for children and young people in state care in South Australia to promote the rights and monitor the wellbeing of young...

Research report

11 Oct 2010

The Lowitja Institute and the Australian National University have launched a new publication with recommendations on how GPs can help Close the Gap. Better identification of Indigenous patients in general practices would improve their access to Medicare benefits such as health checks that could help...

Research report

10 Oct 2010

Describing research that aimed to understand the water and energy use and waste reduction attitudes and practices of Australian households, this report also explains how these practices have changed over time.

Although there is a growing body of research investigating the determinants of household...

Journal article

11 Oct 2010

Ethnic media, defined by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (for the ethnic program specifically) as “one, in any language, that is specifically directed to any culturally or racially distinct group other than one that is Aboriginal Canadian or from France or the...

Journal article

11 Oct 2010

The Olympic Games in London in 2012 is being built online as well as off through official and unofficial photographs which serve to position '2012' within a discourse of legacy and participation.

This paper looks at how network protocols can be addressed as what...

Research report

14 Oct 2010

The two critical needs that underlie this study are "the need to recognize the risk to a literal and metaphorical recording of our society, culture, and heritage, and the need to fashion a coordinated response to save and preserve sound recordings,"

according to...

Research report

8 Oct 2010

On 20 August 2009 the Senate instructed the Standing Committee on Environment and Communications to inquire and report on the ability of the Commonwealth, across state borders, to sustainably manage water resources in the national interest, with particular reference to:

a) the issuing, and...

Research report

8 Oct 2010

Using 2006 Census and Community Housing and Infrastructure Needs Survey statistics this paper critiques Working Future, a policy initiative of the Northern Territory Government announced in May 2009.

It shows that the 20 proposed Territory Growth Towns (TGTs) in Working Future are geographically skewed...

Discussion paper

8 Oct 2010

Australia-New Zealand and South Africa have been shortlisted as two possible locations to host the Square Kilometre Array, one of the largest and most ambitious international science projects ever devised.

This discussion paper canvasses regulatory measures to provide enhanced protection for the...

8 Oct 2010

The expanded Education Tax Refund should be on the list of election promises up for reappraisal, writes Daniel Nethery in Inside Story

WHEN Kevin Rudd announced the Education Tax Refund back in 2007 he held a laptop in his hand and proclaimed...

Video

In the September Quarterly Essay , Hugh White considers Australia’s place between Beijing and Washington.

As the power balance shifts, and China’s influence grows, what might this mean for the nation? In conversation with journalist Rafael Epstein, Hugh White considers the shape of the...

8 Oct 2010

European governments are considering a plan to cut carbon emissions irrespective of what other countries decide, writes Michael Jacobs in Inside Story

AS NEGOTIATORS meet in the Chinese port of Tianjin for the final preparatory talks before next month’s UN Climate Change Conference in...

8 Oct 2010

Martine Hawkes reports on the discussion of transcultural mental health at the TheMHS 2010 Conference

THIS YEAR the TheMHS Annual Conference celebrated its twentieth year. Held at the Sydney Convention Centre, Darling Harbour last month, the event attracted over one thousand...

Guide

9 Oct 2010

This Guide to the proposed Basin Plan (the Guide) is the first part of a three-stage process consisting of the Guide, the proposed Basin Plan and the Basin Plan. The Guide will give stakeholders key content of the proposed Basin Plan and an additional opportunity...

Research report

8 Oct 2010

The purpose of this paper is to look at and raise awareness of the issues of ageism and unlawful age discrimination against mature age workers within the workplace. It is a form of discrimination that appears to sit quietly – it can go...

Briefing paper

8 Oct 2010

The Medically Supervised Injecting Centre (MSIC) opened in Kings Cross in May 2001. This paper examines whether there have been (a) increases in the volume of robbery, property crime and drug offences in Kings Cross Local Area Command, or (b) increases in the proportion of...

Briefing paper

8 Oct 2010

This background note is designed to answer some of those frequently asked questions about who was the first, youngest, oldest, most often, etc. in Australian federal politics.

The focus is on records for the Federal Parliament although a few significant records relate to members...

7 Oct 2010

In Salon.com Laura Miller discusses the importance of metadata and how rampant errors threaten the scholarly mission of the vast digital library.

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Depending on who you ask, Google Books -- the pioneering tech company's ambitious plan to "digitally scan every book...

Research report

8 Oct 2010

This report investigates the Melbourne Youth Justice Centre and the Melbourne Youth Residential Centre at Parkville that draws conclusions about:

unacceptable conditions improper conduct inadequate quality of care non‐compliance with operational and legislative provisions, including human rights responsibilities and working with children checks...

Research report

8 Oct 2010

Health expenditure patterns, and the ratios between Indigenous and non-indigenous expenditure, vary by remoteness and by the type of health expenditure.

For example, Medicare Benefits Schedule expenditure was lower for Indigenous Australians and decreased with remoteness, but the level of disparity actually decreased with...

Briefing paper

8 Oct 2010

The risks and background of possible terrorism at the October 2010 Commonwealth Games in New Delhi are examined in this Lowy Institute Perspective.

Even before they begin, the 3-14 October 2010 Commonwealth Games look set to be something of a humiliation for India in...

Research report

8 Oct 2010

This publication provides information on how public vocational education and training (VET) in Australia is financed and where the money is spent.

The publication is based on 2009 data provided by the Australian state and territory departments responsible for administering public funds for Australia's...

Research report

8 Oct 2010

Australia's Migration Program has steadily evolved since 1945 when the first federal immigration portfolio was created. The change in focus from increasing the population to meeting the labour needs of the economy is examined in this Background Note.

As part of its planned Migration...

Research report

8 Oct 2010

The International Court of Justice recently released its report to the General Assembly for 2009-2010. This report covers contentious proceedings over the past year, including the dispute between Australia and Japan over whaling in the Antarctic.

The International Court of Justice is the principal...

Research report

11 Oct 2010

An ageing population, population growth, technological advances and increasing expectations of the health system will continue to sharpen our focus on a system that delivers value for money.

Pressure to deliver more with Australian health budgets will continue to grow.

Ensuring our scarce...

Journal article

7 Oct 2010

Key choices and behaviours in private life and work life influence long term happiness, despite the effects of fixed genetic and personality traits, this study finds.

Associate Professor Bruce Headey, Principal Fellow at the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, and colleagues...

Research report

7 Oct 2010

Should Australia’s population grow to more than 35 million people by the middle of the 21st century? The 2010 Intergenerational Report sparked a controversy over its suggestion that we are heading for a ‘Big Australia’ in the coming decades. This report looks behind the headline...

Journal article

7 Oct 2010

Online social networks provide opportunities for users to engage in activities with social and environmental purpose.

Global focus on combating climate change has positioned the role of the citizen as a significant component in reducing environmental harm. This paper explores the ways in which...

Journal article

7 Oct 2010

Working together to produce socio-technological objects, based on emergent platforms of economic production, is of great importance in the task of political transformation and the creation of new subjectivities. Increasingly, “collaboration” has become a veritable buzzword used to describe the human associations that create such...

Research report

7 Sep 2010

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission today issued a final report which varies the Domestic Transmission Capacity Service (DTCS) Declaration to clarify which network interfaces are covered by that declaration.

The DTCS provides connectivity for both fixed and wireless access networks, upstream...

Research report

1 Sep 2010

Major social, demographic and economic changes in Australia over the last 50 years have dramatically altered the conditions in which families are raising children. There is evidence that a significant number of children are facing worsening developmental and social outcomes as a result of this...

Journal article

2 Oct 2010

This paper looks at the role of Australian Policy Online (APO) as a collection of ‘grey’ public policy research and considers how this fits within the broader context of open access publishing and policy development. The amount of grey literature now being produced...

Research report

4 Oct 2010

The Canadian college system is more attractive to high achieving school graduates than is the somewhat comparable Australian VET sector according to this study.

This study provides a comparison of the post-school education systems of Australia and Canada using data from the Longitudinal Surveys...

Research report

4 Oct 2010

Insight into the barriers to collecting data on students and their enrolments and ways of encouraging private training organisations to participate in official statistical data collections is provided in this report.

4 Oct 2010

The AFL’s premier position amongst the sporting codes of Australia is not disputed. In economic, strategic, governance and competitive terms, it is numero uno.

The AFL has had another stellar year, and is this week enjoying the luxury of double-dipping with the...

Research report

2 Oct 2010

Papers in this issue are: Parental divorce or death during childhood; Holidays abroad; New Zealanders in Australia; Indigenous wellbeing across remoteness areas and Older people and the labour market.

One in four young adults experienced parental separation or divorce when they were a child,...

Dataset

29 Sep 2010

Net overseas migration continued to decline to the end of March 2010, according to preliminary figures released recently by the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Audio program

4 Oct 2010

Australia's manufacturing sector is trying to recalibrate, to move into new cutting-edge industries, but innovation is only part of the equation.

Guests Dr John Kapeleris Deputy CEO, Australian Institute for Commercialisation Professor Xungai Wang Director, Centre for Material and Fibre Innovation, Deakin University Professor...

Audio program

4 Oct 2010

Imagine if the future stretched on forever. Why do we need to die? Can we use science to extend our lives? And what about immortality? The social impacts, and the biological realities, of ageing - that's this week's program.

Guests Jonathan Weiner Maxwell M....

Audio program

4 Oct 2010

Loretta Napoleoni traces the link between the finances of the war on terror and the global economic crisis, finding connections from Dubai to London to Las Vegas that politicians and the media have at best ignored.

Terrorists, she says, spend their days searching for...

Video

In The Centre for Independent Studies' Annual Acton Lecture on Religion and Freedom, Dr Peter Berkowitz, Hoover Institution scholar and author of Virtue: The Making of Modern Liberalism, and Nietzsche: The Ethics of an Immoralist, will examine the grounds for a reconciliation between social conservatives...

5 Oct 2010

Could Australian doctors be doing more to tackle health inequities? Crikey's Croakey blog canvasses opinion...

AT THE Public Health Association conference in Adelaide this week, Professor Fran Baum from Flinders University presented this broad overview of the international evidence on the relationships between sustainability...

Article

4 Oct 2010

A well coordinated health system provides a comprehensive and continuous experience for the patient, promotes teamwork between practitioners, and the coordination of service delivery organisations. Improving teamwork between General Practitioners (GPs) and Allied Health Providers (AHPs) has been an ongoing challenge for Australia due to...

Video

It's no-one's idea of news that the internet is changing the way we live. But could it actually be fostering ignorance? Nicholas Carr ( The Big Switch, The Shallows ) is one of the world’s most ground-breaking thinkers on technology and its impacts. In this...

4 Oct 2010

To truly understand work, we need to see it as both a social and an individual activity, writes Debra King

in the Australian Review of Public Affairs

WE ARE OFTEN characterised by the work we do. When introduced to someone, we...

Article

4 Oct 2010

“Communications tools don’t get socially interesting until they get technologically boring.”

So wrote Clay Shirky (0) in his 2008 book, Here Comes Everybody . He goes on to say that, “It’s when a technology becomes normal, then ubiquitous, and...

Policy

4 Oct 2010

In order to support the arts sector in developing its thinking and practice as well as to inform its own work over the coming years, The Irish Arts Council has developed this policy and strategy for cultural diversity in the arts.

The policy...

Reports

2 Oct 2010

The Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) program studies the progress of several groups of young Australians as they move from school into post-secondary education and work. This series of documents provides supporting information for the LSAY data set of the 2003 cohort at wave...

Research report

2 Oct 2010

It is undeniable that minerals and energy resource development is a key contributor to the Australian economy, and in particular to the state of Western Australia. The recent ‘mining boom’ has been much discussed in the last seven years or so and has brought considerable...

2 Oct 2010

Votes of conscience may seem like democracy in action, but issues can be hijacked, leading to unpredictable results, writes Jewel Topsfield in The Age

THE 2006 conscience vote on the Therapeutic Goods Amendment bill was supposed to be as dry as it sounds. We...

Article

2 Oct 2010

The Connected Classrooms Program in NSW is providing staff and students in the state's public schools with new opportunities for collaborative learning. Using state-of-the-art technology available through the CCP, staff and students are gaining opportunities to obtain, create, collaborate and share knowledge in...

Briefing paper

1 Oct 2010

As there are more independent members with a party background, it could be argued that the influence of the major parties continues to be very strong, even when non-aligned candidates are successful.

The dominance of the major parties in Australian politics has lead to...

Discussion paper

30 Sep 2010

School attendance and retention of Indigenous Australian students examines the different approaches that have been used to improve attendance and/or retention, including programs that directly or indirectly address the issues.

This report is a useful resource for policymakers, researchers and others interested...

Research report

1 Oct 2010

The Queensland State Government has repeatedly claimed that the wild rivers legislation does not impede sustainable development. There are two aspects to the Social Responsibility Committee‘s (SRC) and the affected communities‘ objections to the wild rivers legislation.

The first relates to how it has...

Discussion paper

1 Oct 2010

This Positioning paper is the first output of an AHURI Project on Housing, Public Policy and Social Inclusion. The project will explore the ways in which housing processes can affect economic and social disadvantage, and whether, and to what extent, housing and related policies and...

Research report

1 Oct 2010

Women are still significantly underrepresented and misrepresented in news media coverage, according to Global Media Monitoring Project research in 108 countries coordinated by the World Association for Christian Communication (WACC) despite significant change since the project began 15 years ago.

24% of people in...

Discussion paper

1 Oct 2010

Reviewing the institutional processes and problems of a Korea-Japan nuclear weapon free zone, this paper considers its feasibility, appropriate legal forms, compliance mechanisms, UN role and portential benefits.

Michael Hamel-Green of Victoria University examines "the feasibility of the proposal in the light of precedents...

Research report

1 Oct 2010

In the present era of evidence-based policy making in Indigenous affairs, where the monitoring and closure of socioeconomic gaps dominates the federal agenda, data have become paramount. Yet with regard to one of the cornerstones of the Labor government's 'Closing the Gaps' initiative-Indigenous...

Research report

1 Oct 2010

Strategically, Southeast Asia sits at the intersection of the wider world and Australia’s local neighbourhood; what happens there matters to Australia. But the broader Asian security environment is in flux, and an era of strategic quiescence in Southeast Asia may be drawing to...

Research report

1 Oct 2010

Illicit drug seizures have increased over the last decade and are almost 70 per cent higher than in 1999–2000 according to this statistical overview of recent illicit drug arrests and seizures.

The report also profiles the current situation, national impact and the...

Article

1 Oct 2010

Aboriginal people in many communities in New South Wales have, until now, not enjoyed the same access to water and sewerage services as the rest of the NSW population. Evidence from international studies shows that lack of these services leads to poorer health....

Article

1 Oct 2010

In an equitable system, the health needs of communities are matched by the services provided. This RESEARCH ROUNDup investigates the concept of equity in health, endeavours to describe those who are most likely to be ‘unreached’ by primary health care services, and how they may...

Article

30 Sep 2011

Since the early decades of the 20th century, an element of international relations has been the notion that democratic ideals are universal and that their spread across the globe can be encouraged by governments. One of the more recent expressions of the idea has been...

Working paper

30 Sep 2011

Payments for environmental services (PES) schemes have been implemented in several developed and developing countries. Bilateral and international donor organizations are interested in them because of their perceived potential to change environmentally harmful behaviour and for the benefits they may bring to rural livelihoods in...