November 2010

Journal article

29 Jul 2009

Ethnic precincts are one example of the way that cultural diversity shapes public spaces in the postmodern metropolis.

Ethnic precincts are essentially clusters of ethnic or immigrant entrepreneurs in areas that are designated as ethnic precincts by place marketers and government officials and display...

Research report

29 Nov 2010

The Commonwealth Ombudsman's office remains a key part of the accountability framework for the Australian Government, and this report covers the diverse range of complaints fielded by the office.

Nearly 38,000 approaches and complaints were received by the office of the Commonwealth Ombudsman for...

Research report

29 Nov 2010

This research established the link between land use planning policies and mechanisms and the form of housing supplied. It examined details of both planning policy and housing supply in the state of Victoria over a time period covering two significant policy regime shifts. The research...

Research report

29 Nov 2010

This study aims to bring the role of population mobility into contemporary academic understandings of socio-spatial polarisation. The term, ‘socio-spatial polarisation’ refers broadly to the growing gap between rich and poor households in both socio-economic position (‘socio’) and geographic location (‘spatial’). While an extensive literature...

Research report

30 Sep 2010

Submarine telecommunications cables link Australia to global communication networks and are vital to the national economy. This report reviews, and recommends changes to, the current regulatory regime.

Due to their size and location on the seabed, submarine telecommunications cables are vulnerable to damage from...

Research report

29 Nov 2010

With hardline Islamists and Christian evangelicals competing for the same ground, this paper argues that the Indonesian government needs a strategy to address growing religious intolerance.

Islamists use “Christianisation” – a term that generally refers both to Christian efforts to convert Muslims and the...

Research report

29 Nov 2010

This paper provides an overview of the economics of a sustainable population and addresses some key policy issues in an Australian context. It is argued that a sustainable population is one that is consistent with sustainable economic development.

The population age distribution is...

Discussion paper

29 Nov 2010

The transition from analogue to digital TV is seen by many as long overdue in a broadcast industry which has often failed to keep pace with revolutionary changes in the telecommunications and information services industries.

• Television has been an important political and cultural...

Research report

29 Nov 2010

Challenges facing the health system in Papua New Guinea result not just from low expenditure; this paper argues that performance is also constrained by its structure and by cultural factors, and recommends trialling a new approach.

If expectations for improved health outcomes, heightened by...

30 Nov 2010

E-diplomacy is disrupting old ways of achieving foreign policy goals, writes Fergus Hanson for the Australian, and DFAT needs to catch up.

Last week Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd set out his vision for the future of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. He...

Research report

30 Nov 2010

This report measures and ranks the digital competence of 100 organisations in the US across four dimensions: effectiveness of an organisation's site, digital marketing, social media, and mobile.

NASA, The White House, and PETA garnered the top spots in the first annual Digital IQ...

Research report

30 Nov 2010

The Australian Government has made substantial progress in reforming its use of information and communication technology, this report finds.

In April 2008, the Minister for Finance and Deregulation, Lindsay Tanner, engaged Sir Peter Gershon to lead an independent Review of the Australian Government's Use...

Policy

25 Nov 2010

Australians are now sharing more personal information online with friends, family and the broader community. This paper presents the Government's response to the potential safety and security issues raised by this development.

This the Australian Government's official response to the report of the House...

Research report

29 Nov 2010

This paper was commissioned by Alzheimer's Australia to promote an informed discussion about the issues affecting lesbians or gay men with dementia or caring for someone with dementia.

It addresses the issues associated with the interaction between service providers and lesbian and gay men...

Research report

15 May 2010

With the demographic ageing of Australia’s population, a suite of emerging innovative technologies offers the prospect of enhanced security, safety, diagnosis, treatment and physical assistance to improve the quality of life for elderly people, to help them remain at home, and to provide financial savings...

Research report

29 Nov 2010

The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) provided support for this feasibility study, which outlines one possible approach to measuring the impacts of the proposed US Federal Research Public Access Act (FRPAA) on returns to public investment in R&D.

The aim...

Video

Adjunct Professor Steven Lewis presented this public lecture entitled 'Value for money in health care: Why it's so hard to achieve and what to do about it' at The Australian National University on 11 November 2010. There is abundant evidence that in conventional economic terms,...

Research report

29 Nov 2010

Australia has been slow to advance its national e-health system in comparison with other nations, giving us the opportunity to learn from other systems before developing a national distributed shared electronic health record.

Abstract

Electronic referrals and discharge summaries can improve the quality...

Working paper

29 Nov 2010

The evidence that basic broadband contributed to economic growth is decidedly mixed, and some of the studies reporting greater benefits have significant flaws argue the authors of this UK working paper.

Governments around the world are investing multiple billions to support the roll-out of...

Research report

26 Nov 2010

There is considerable variation in the type and extent of health services used and actions taken to manage the three conditions associated with arthritis and osteoporosis.

While the management of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis is primarily focused on reducing pain and slowing down disease...

Research report

26 Nov 2010

All services offered by the Family Support Program (FSP)—managed by the Australian Government Department of Families and Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA)—are required to be accessible, equitable and responsive. This includes engaging groups that may have barriers to access, such as families from...

Research report

26 Nov 2010

Using data from the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY), this briefing paper explores the impact of literacy and numeracy levels on the educational gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous youth.

The paper focuses on the early post-school outcomes of Indigenous and non-Indigenous young people...

Research report

26 Nov 2010

This discussion paper has been prepared to assist public consultation on an update of the state's infrastructure plan, released in 2005.

South Australia’s first infrastructure plan, released in 2005, has guided significant progress in tackling the challenges identified at that time. More than...

Research report

26 Nov 2010

Determining the size of the Commonwealth public sector is complex. There are three major sources of statistics - Australian Public Service Commission, Treasury and Australian Bureau of Statistics - producing four different staffing counts, each using different definitions resulting in data that are not comparable....

25 Nov 2010

While many in China are embracing the notion of creativity, planning and managing it is another issue writes Michael Keane for APO

In 2009, Li Wuwei, an industrial economist from the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences, published Creativity is changing China . In this...

Research report

25 Nov 2010

This bulletin is the first in a series about health of Australians with disability. It examines how health problems affect health status of people with disability in Australia with a focus on prevalence and age at onset of some significant long term health conditions and...

Research report

25 Nov 2010

The secondary victimisation suffered by women in sexual assault court cases is well documented and is a factor in women's reluctance to report sexual assault. Over recent years, state, territory and national governments have attempted to minimise the negative impacts of the law. Tasmania, for...

Research report

25 Nov 2010

The potential impact of open access is understood in many communities but requires a greater volume of open access content to be available for the full potential to be realised.

The Open Access movement has encouraged the availability of publicly-funded research papers, data and...

Research report

25 Nov 2010

Driving this Security4Women project is a commitment to inform government and the actions and interventions of agencies, like the Queensland Working Women’s Service, and on how to best serve Indigenous women in the workplace.

Though the project focuses on Indigenous women, the authors wish...

Research report

14 Oct 2010

In the 2010 edition, special attention is given to the potential impact of ICTs in enterprises for reducing poverty and improving livelihoods.

As one of few annual reports that monitor global trends related to information and communication technologies (ICTs) from a development perspective, the...

Research report

25 Nov 2010

In 2008, 292,156 women gave birth to 296,925 babies in Australia. The increase in births continued, with 2,720 more births (0.9%) than reported in 2007.

This is the second year that the rate of caesarean section has not significantly increased with a 0.2% rise...

Conference proceedings

This conference, organized by professors Matt Ratto and Megan Boler, incorporated papers by new media scholars to discuss how citizens have created their own forms of self-expression through e-government, remix culture, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and participatory media campaigns.

Sessions and plenaries now available....

25 Nov 2010

THE HIGH COURT recently handed down a judgment that may have significant implications for offshore processing of asylum seekers, a key policy of both Labor and the Coalition.

In the case – Plaintiff M61/2010E v Commonwealth of Australia ( Plaintiff M61 )...

Research report

25 Nov 2010

December 2010 marks the tenth anniversary of the Final Report of the Council of Aboriginal Reconciliation and the culmination of the formal reconciliation process. It is timely therefore to reflect on how far we have come on the reconciliation journey.

The report, Are We...

Research report

26 Nov 2010

Australia cannot risk allowing any of its military diplomacy to be on autopilot, especially given how strained its diplomatic resources are across the board.

Australia’s military forces have often acted as effective agents of international policy. But while defence diplomacy has complemented Department of...

Research report

26 Nov 2010

Drawing upon the lessons of region-building efforts elsewhere, this paper calls for a greater emphasis in Australian foreign policy on community building in Asia.

Authored by Philomena Murray, it explores the challenges of building a stronger ‘community’ in the Asia-Pacific, using a ‘comparative regionalism’...

Research report

24 Nov 2010

Against the background of declining support for in Australia for greenhouse gas emissions trading, this paper surveys recent emissions trading developments worldwide.

The former Rudd Government deferred the proposed emissions trading scheme, the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme to at least 2013 due to the...

Research report

24 Nov 2010

This report examines the impact that social media has had on government policy, as well as how to manage the associated risk and leverage the benefits of social media.

On 19 August 2010 the Victorian Managed Insurance Authority (VMIA) convened a roundtable, to discuss...

Research report

24 Nov 2010

Despite Australia’s overall economic recovery, this report finds that young people continue to feel the negative impacts of the global financial crisis.

How Young People are Faring 2010 (HYPAF), is an annual report on the learning-and-earning situation of young Australians.

The 2010 report...

Transcript

24 Nov 2010

Two fundamental information policy principles, stewardship and usefulness, can help guide and evaluate efforts to achieve information-based transparency.

This paper, produced by the United States based Center for Technology in Government, is a conceptual and empirical exploration of the tensions inherent in the drive...

Research report

24 Nov 2010

The communications revolution has fashioned new security frontiers, with cyber espionage and the increasing technological sophistication of adversaries emerging as key concerns.

This is an unclassified version of a highly classified report which ASIO presents to the Attorney-General each year.

The report details...

Research report

24 Nov 2010

With the incidence of blood borne viruses being far higher in Australian prisons than in the community, this report calls for a trial of a controlled needle and syringe exchange program for inmates.

The steady use of illicit drugs in Australia combined with a...

Discussion paper

24 Nov 2010

The Australian Government is considering possible reforms to ensure there are appropriate measures in place to address the practices of forced and servile marriage that occur within Australia, or that affect Australian citizens and residents overseas.

The practices of forced and servile marriage are...

23 Nov 2010

Nick Minchin's views on climate change conform with a conservative strategy of sowing doubt, writes Mike Steketee in the Australian

LAST YEAR, it was Nick Minchin who captured best how the climate change debate transformed from a political and policy question in the Liberal...

Journal article

24 Nov 2010

Regulation for media diversity continues to be a precondition of democratic and/or pluralistic polities argues this paper.

Since the 20th century introduction of laws to regulate diversity in control of influential media, the concept of ‘voice’ has become significant, referencing several discourses and industry...

Journal article

24 Nov 2010

The empirical research literature on technology-based addictions, particularly addiction to the Internet and online video games, has grown dramatically in both the Western and Eastern contexts.

Research report

22 Nov 2010

The Government announced its intention to review the operation of the anti-avoidance provisions in the income tax law in the 2009‑10 Budget.

"Tax avoidance poses a threat to the integrity of the tax system. It involves the exploitation of structural loopholes in...

22 Nov 2010

Typefaces must combine the banal and the beautiful, according to one designer. In Inside Story, Richard Johnstone reviews a lively account of their vast and ever-increasing variety

THE FONT GAME, which first appeared in a web version at I Love Typography and is also...

Discussion paper

22 Nov 2010

In the 2010-11 Budget, the Government announced changes to improve the accountability of public ancillary funds and give Australians more certainty that their donations are being used wisely.

The changes will provide trustees of public ancillary funds with greater certainty as to their philanthropic...

Research report

22 Nov 2010

Against the background of increasingly strained relations between Turkey and the West, a new Lowy Institute Perspective examines the reasons for the recent, dramatic shifts in Turkey's foreign policy. 'Losing Turkey? Why Turkey’s Foreign Policy is Changing and What it Means for the West' by...

Research report

22 Nov 2010

Art-Youth-Culture: FYI was an Irish Arts Council initiative which brought together more than 60 young people between the ages of 15 and 23 to discuss their participation in cultural life and the arts with their peers and key policy-makers during three days of arts-based workshops,...

23 Nov 2010

Public–private partnerships have turned out to be an expensive way of plugging gaps, writes Nicholas Gruen in Inside Story

ECONOMIC reform in Australia has been a triumphant success. From the mid 1980s on, it pulled our relative economic fortunes out of their decades-long decline...

Discussion paper

22 Nov 2010

The bulletin briefly summarises the case for legally coerced drug treatment, describes the different approaches that have been used to implement it, discusses the ethical issues raised by different types of legally coerced drug treatment, and summarises the evidence on the effectiveness of community-based drug...

Research report

22 Nov 2010

Botnets – networks of machines infected with malicious software – are widely regarded as a critical security threat. Measures that directly address the end users who own the infected machines are useful, but have proven insufficient to reduce the overall problem. Recent studies...

Research report

22 Nov 2010

Young Australians face the risk of social exclusion if they don’t drink the way their peers are drinking.

According to this study, funded by DrinkWise Australia and the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, young people who choose to stay sober...

Research report

22 Nov 2010

Partnerships between literacy teachers and community service workers have the potential to engage people with low literacy levels in learning. Through interviews and surveys with these two groups, this paper explores their views on literacy, how it impacts on their work, and their ideas about...

Audio

22 Nov 2010

In Switzerland voters not only elect the government, they also directly vote on policy issues and legislation passed by the parliament. What can Australia learn from Switzerland?

Guests

Hanspeter Kriersi Professor of Comparative Politics at the University of Zurich

Bruno...

Research report

22 Nov 2010

Patient-centred care is health care that is respectful of, and responsive to, the preferences, needs and values of patients and consumers. The widely accepted dimensions of patient-centred care are respect, emotional support, physical comfort, information and communication, continuity and transition, care coordination, involvement of family...

Research report

21 Nov 2010

This report examines emerging technologies for their potential impact on and use in teaching, learning, and creative enquiry within higher education in Australia and New Zealand over a five-year time period.

The internationally recognised series of Horizon Reports is part of the New Media...

Research report

21 Nov 2010

Emerging markets' cyclical growth prospects remain tied to developments in the rich world, but there are signs that their trend growth rates may have decoupled.

Image: Trains decoupling, richardluyy / flickr

Research report

21 Nov 2010

The debate about the Australian Government’s funding for schools has been reinvigorated by its school funding review—the first comprehensive government appraisal of school funding since the early 1970s. In 2009, the Australian Government restructured its funding for schools, particularly for government schools, as a result...

Research report

19 Nov 2010

This report deals with criminal cases finalised in 2009 by the New South Wales (NSW) Local, Children’s, District and Supreme Courts.

In 2009 there have been significant changes to the way court data is both collected and counted which have affected the continuity of...

Research report

19 Nov 2010

Tasmania is facing a crisis in the affordability of electricity. Prices have risen by nearly 30% since January 2008, and a further increase of nearly 9% will occur in December 2010. In the long term, prices are expected to rise even further, with more than...

Research report

19 Nov 2010

Austrade's comparison of Australia's performance and position across key economic and financial related indicators.

The (International Data Comparison) IDC has been updated to include data effective to 15 November 2010.

Research report

19 Nov 2010

Work practices, skill use and the nature of the workforce in the Australian red-meat-processing sector have undergone significant change over the last few decades. This report shows that training in the meat-processing sector is now oriented towards on-the-job induction and the learning of single tasks...

Research report

19 Nov 2010

Recent research in the Kimberley region suggests that the prevalence rates of dementia among remote and rural Indigenous people could be 4-5 times higher than those in the Australian community more generally.

Research is needed in respect of those Indigenous people living in urban...

Research report

19 Nov 2010

As the evidence mounts that efforts to ‘close the gap’ on Indigenous disadvantage are faltering, and with the recognition that much more is needed to address the health care needs across all Indigenous communities, we are confronted with a situation where a key...

Research report

19 Nov 2010

This report examines the design of New South Wales laws and other models for addressing organised vehicle theft activity in Australia and other countries.

The criminal law of most Australian jurisdictions does not contain specific offences dealing with profit-motivated vehicle theft. In 2006, New...

19 Nov 2010

The Australian euthanasia debate is inviting us to conclude that lives lived with disability are often not worth living, while actual disability experience points to a contrary reality.

Euthanasia legislation is currently being pursued in many State jurisdictions and a Federal Parliamentary debate on...

Research report

18 Nov 2010

This report surveys internationally accepted standards and norms pertaining to the detention of stateless persons and then explores practices of detention in the contexts of immigration, national security and criminal law. It then identifies some of the positive developments and better practices adopted by the...

Research report

18 Oct 2007

This 2007 research aimed to document the transport experiences, and suggested improvements to the transport system, for one potentially transport disadvantaged group – young mothers and their children.

Focus group interviews and surveys were conducted with 45 young mums from around Melbourne, Albury-Wodonga and...

Research report

19 Nov 2010

This report shows that there was a substantial increase in weight loss surgery in Australia, from approximately 500 separations in 1998-99 to 17,000 in 2007-08.

In 2007-08, 90% of separations for weight loss surgery were in private hospitals, with private health insurance funding 82%...

Research report

19 Nov 2010

According to new projections, 99 countries will need at least 1.9 million more teachers in classrooms by 2015 than in 2008 to provide quality primary education for all.

More than one-half of the additional teachers are needed in sub-Saharan Africa.

This paper argues...

Research report

19 Nov 2010

Europe, Japan and the USA may still dominate research and development, but this paper argues they are increasingly being challenged by the emerging economies and above all by China.

The UNESCO Science Report 2010 analyses the trends and developments that have shaped scientific research,...

Research report

19 Nov 2010

With the overwhelming majority of consumers now using of multiple communications technologies - most commonly a fixed-line telephone, a mobile phone and the internet - this report keeps track of Australia's rapidly changing communications environment.

These changes are a reflection of continuing technological developments,...

Research report

19 Nov 2010

Australian businesses are continuing to be shackled by costly red tape, argues this report.

The 2010 Scorecard of Red Tape Reform provides an assessment of the regulation-making processes of federal, state and territory governments.

The scorecard shows that in general more needs to...

Research report

19 Nov 2010

Afghanistan's justice system is in a catastrophic state of disrepair argues this report, finding that the majority of Afghans still have little or no access to judicial institutions.

This report authored by the International Crisis Group urges the Afghan government and the...

Research report

19 Nov 2010

88 per cent of household internet users have performed one or more e-commerce activity in the last six months, reveals this report on Australian consumer participation in the digital economy.

Banking transactions, purchasing goods or services and paying bills online were the most popular...

Research report

18 Nov 2010

Mission Australia's ninth consecutive annual youth survey report is the largest of its kind in Australia and in 2010 received over 50,000 responses from young people across the country.

The survey asks young Australians aged 11 to 24 about what they value, their...

Research report

18 Nov 2010

This project aims to explore how the asset poor status of older Australians helps to determine their demand for housing assistance, the coping strategies used by the asset poor as they strive to secure satisfactory housing outcomes and the importance of these outcomes to ontological...

Research report

18 Nov 2010

This paper makes an in-depth comparison of the PISA (OECD) and TIMSS (IEA) mathematics assessments conducted in 2003.

First, a comparison of survey methodologies is presented, followed by an examination of the mathematics frameworks in the two studies. The methodologies and the frameworks in...

Research report

18 Nov 2010

Online communication and mobile phone technologies represent areas of emerging trends in social interaction, particularly for young people. Taken at their broadest, social networking services are web-based interactive communication media such as email, chat rooms, blogging and instant messaging. Social networking sites such as Facebook...

Research report

18 Nov 2010

This paper uses a range of analyses of health survey data from Australia, Canada, England and Korea to explore the relationship between education and obesity.

An epidemic of obesity has been developing in virtually all OECD countries over the last 30 years. Existing evidence...

Article

18 Nov 2010

Officials will resume negotiations for a trans-Pacific free trade agreement next month. In Inside Story, Jock Given looks at the potential impact on culture and information industries.

THE FREE TRADE agreement Australia signed in 2004 seemed like the last one that would ever matter...

Research report

18 Nov 2010

This paper argues that 'social' housing has failed and private home ownership must be an immediate priority on Indigenous lands; to help kick start home ownership tenants should be offered ownership of their homes at no cost.

Almost 20% of Australia and almost 50%...

18 Nov 2010

In Australia, university study is more popular than ever before. More than 700,000 Australians are enrolled in higher education courses, and 2011 applications suggest numbers will continue to grow.

If a test of esteem is the desire to join, universities have never...

Video

Last year there were over 600,000 international students in Australia, but the sector is now in crisis due to the series of incidents of violence against Indian students as well as the major changes to Australia's migration laws and the growing strength of the Australian...

Video

The ideas of Left and Right have long dominated politics. This Festival of Dangerous Ideas panel discusses whether these notions are still relevant in modern society.

Luke Malpass (chair), Waleed Aly, Tom Switzer and David Hetherington each mount convincing arguments that many of the...

Audio

17 Nov 2010

Welcome to the new era of transparency. In 1982 Australia led the world in introducing Freedom of Information laws, but FOI never quite delivered on its promise. Now the laws have been revamped and reformed in a bid to inject a stronger "pro-disclosure" philosophy....

Research report

15 Nov 2010

Improving teacher effectiveness would have a greater impact on economic growth than any other reform before Australian governments, this paper argues.

The improvement in student learning could lift Australian students to the top of international performance tables.

An increase in teacher effectiveness of...

Research report

14 Nov 2010

With big increases in the volume of data downloaded, time spent online and activities undertaken online, this report shows how Australians are embracing the digital economy.

Over the past five years, the frequency of internet use in Australia has steadily increased to the point...

Chapter

15 Oct 2010

In this book chapter Terry Flew looks at key texts mapping the economical and policy context of managing media companies and the organization of labor and production across the creative industries.

Managing Media Work, edited by Mark Deuze, is now out. Information about the...

Discussion paper

15 Nov 2010

The Consultation Paper outlines a number of changes that aim to increase support for early-career researchers, reduce the overlap of fellowships within the Discovery Program and streamline the Discovery Projects scheme.

The ARC has released the Consultation Paper to seek feedback to the proposed...

Research report

15 Nov 2010

Open markets play a pivotal role in supporting growth and job creation, says a new joint report by the OECD, the International Labor Organization, the World Bank and the World Trade Organization. But, it adds, trade opening must be complemented by properly designed domestic policies,...

Book

15 Nov 2010

To help examine the role of natural forests and woodlands in storing carbon, this report presents a landscape-wide green carbon account of the 'Great Western Woodlands.'

Understanding the role of natural ecosystems in carbon storage is an important part of solving the climate change...

15 Nov 2010

John Hewson looks at what can realistically be done to "restore" real competition to banking.

Understandably, there is a lot of emotion and populism in the current "bank bashing", and so there should be given the arrogance and insensitivity of the likes of...

Research report

15 Nov 2010

The impacts of long-term climate change on agriculture could include more weeds, pests and diseases; changes in pasture growth and livestock carrying capacity; an increase in extreme weather events; and changes in rainfall patterns combined with higher temperatures.

The extent of the...

16 Nov 2010

Electing judges would totally undermine our legal system, writes Andrew Lynch in The Punch

EARLIER this year Tony Abbott warned us that we should be wary of taking seriously those comments he makes about policy when speaking off the cuff. Presumably, his suggestion in...

16 Nov 2010

Whatever the outcome, Australians should be able to say that they cast an informed vote, writes Paul Kildea in the Australian Financial Review

IIN THE SPACE of a few days, Julia Gillard has committed to referendums on constitutional recognition of Aboriginal and Torres...

Research report

16 Nov 2010

This paper argues that an emissions trading scheme has many drawbacks and needs to be carefully designed to meet its goals.

Economists and energy experts agree that a “price on carbon” is the most effective way to remove excessive fossil carbon from our energy...

Discussion paper

15 Nov 2010

This paper considers the latest New Zealand Defence White Paper, released on 2 November. Like all such White Papers, it signals New Zealand declaratory policy to audiences at home and abroad. And, like all White Papers, it has been...

Audio

15 Nov 2010

The right to health includes the right to mental health. Mental ill health is a subject which features more in the media today than it did some years ago. This should be a good thing. But in the case of mental ill health, the major...

Research report

15 Nov 2010

With the deadly conflict in Thailand’s predominantly Malay Muslim South at a stalemate, this report argues that dialogue with insurgents and reform of governance structures remain two missing components of a comprehensive political solution.

Although military operations might have contributed to the reduction in...

Research report

15 Nov 2010

Exploring the perceived impact of medicolegal concerns on the ways Australian doctors practise medicine, this study compares doctors who have experienced a medicolegal matter with those who have not.

Abstract

Objectives:

To explore the perceived impact of medicolegal concerns...

Research report

15 Nov 2010

Drawing on incidences of both reported and unreported crimes, this paper examines what is known about labour trafficking in Australia.

In 2007, the Australian Government provided $26.3m over four years to extend and expand the government’s strategy to combat people trafficking, enabling the relevant...

Working paper

15 Nov 2010

By examining the characteristics of migration in southeast Asia, this paper explores the ways in which people trafficking occurs within this process and the implications for Australia's anti-trafficking response nationally and regionally.

Although the number of identified cases of trafficking into Australia is relatively...

Research report

15 Nov 2010

While government investments have increased the availability of fundamental services such as police and schools, this report highlights the gaps that exist for Indigenous Australians in being able to make use of these services needed for community safety.

The disadvantages faced by...

Video

Presented by Dr Joo-Cheong Tham, with commentary from Sam McLean of GetUp!, this lecture discusses regulation, political financing and transparency and how these issues affect democracy and human rights reform.

Part 1: 14:37

Watch the next four episodes at the CastanCentre's...

Research report

15 Nov 2010

This Practice Sheet provides information on how to assess and respond to the needs of parents who are seeking support in their parenting role, by summarising the key elements of three parenting education programs. It is designed for practitioners who work directly with parents who...

Research report

15 Nov 2010

Government subsidies for residential solar photovoltaic (PV) energy systems are ineffective, costly and unfair, argues this research paper.

The research, by Andrew Macintosh, Associate Director of the ANU Centre for Climate Law and Policy, and Deb Wilkinson, evaluated the outcomes from the Australian Government's...

Research report

15 Nov 2010

A key dimension of sexual assault prevention is stopping perpetrators from re-offending (often referred to as tertiary prevention). Treatment programs that aim to stop re-offending are available for adult and juvenile sex offenders throughout Australia (MacGregor, 2008). There are also numerous monitoring and surveillance mechanisms...

Discussion paper

14 Oct 2010

Many children in Australia are able to fully enjoy their human rights. However, the rights of some children are vulnerable.

An independent national Children’s Commissioner with the power and mandate to listen to, understand and advocate for children could play an important...

Research report

14 Nov 2010

Highlighting the socioeconomic benefits of cultural land management, this paper discusses two NSW Aboriginal groups that are engaging Aboriginal people in looking after their country.

Banbai Business Enterprises manages the first Indigenous Protected Area (IPA) in New South Wales, ‘Wattleridge’, on the New England...

Research report

14 Nov 2010

This report provides results of a preliminary analysis of the direct and indirect employment and economic impact of the South Australian Budget 2010-11.

An input-output model developed by EconSearch Pty Ltd has been utilised to identify the employment and economic output impacts of stated...

Research report

12 Nov 2010

High quality health information systems are essential for the provision of high quality population health services. The Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) health survey is an example of a practical and efficient method to collect health information. To conduct effective CATI surveys it...

Research report

12 Nov 2010

Land transport accidents accounted for 20% of fatal injury cases and 8% of all injury hospitalisations for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Based on age-standardised rates, there were 2.7 times more fatalities and 20% more serious injury among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people...

Research report

11 Nov 2010

ACCAN believes it's time to get smart about regulation in the communications sector by putting consumers first in the regulatory equation. ACCAN has published a report by the Communications Law Centre, University of Technology Sydney titled Consumers First: Smart Regulation for Digital Australia...

Research report

11 Nov 2010

One in four telecommunications consumers in Australia is from a Non English Speaking Background (NESB). While this group of consumers is large, there is very little policy development and research on what barriers are faced by these consumers and what mix of services...

Research report

11 Nov 2010

Time, as they say, is money. In fact, one of the most important aspects of our lives - what we do for a living - involves exchanging our time, in the form of labour, for money. Yet, millions of Australians 'donate' unpaid overtime to their...

Research report

11 Nov 2010

The Securing the Future update is an annual report which tracks Australia’s major performing arts' (MPA) companies’ progress in the areas of artistic vibrancy, access and financial viability.

Securing the Future 2002 –2009 demonstrates that the implementation of the government-agreed recommendations of the Major...

Audio

11 Nov 2010

Will the explosion of multimedia entertainment options and devices spell the end of TV? Not according to recent survey results from the UK.

British communications regulator Ofcam found that people still watch around four hours of TV a day, holding a steady share of...

Audio

11 Nov 2010

Cultural competence training aims to educate Australians to better identify and challenge their cultural assumptions, values and beliefs.

It's been in the news recently following the story of what happened to Tarren Betteridge, a young Aboriginal woman who'd missed out on a job with...

Transcript

Annabel Crabb looks at the changing media landscape from her perspective as an online journalist and political correspondent.

Media companies are desperately looking for new and viable ways to distribute their content - via the internet, the iPad, and a host of mobile devices....

Research report

12 Nov 2010

This report contains 187 recommendations for reform spread across eight parts. The recommendations reflect, on the one hand, objectives with respect to the reduction of violence, particularly in relation to women and children, and, on the other hand, a framework of key principles for the...

12 Nov 2010

Amanda Scardamaglia discusses the intellectual property rights case brought against Pepscio Australia for the use of a bottle resembing Coke's classic contours.

The Coca Cola Company (‘Coca Cola’) has recently brought proceedings against Pepsico Inc, its Australian holding company Pepscio Australia Holdings Pty...

10 Nov 2010

Norway has taken the lead in peacemaking and other international initiatives, writes John Langmore in Inside Story. Australia can learn from its example

SPEAKING at the opening of the sixty-fifth session of the UN General Assembly in late September, foreign minister Kevin Rudd called...

Article

11 Nov 2010

Australia should be able to show the way in reducing the prison population, writes Andrew Leigh in the Australian Financial Review.

Briefing paper

9 Nov 2010

This paper gathers together Australian reports and developments that advance the creation of Australian Government Information Policy.

Information is a valuable and powerful resource and is at the heart of government.

Good government, sound policy and just decision-making demand that information is collected,...

Research report

9 Nov 2010

Recent commentaries have highlighted growing concerns that Australia will be unable to meet future demand for suitably skilled scientists. A number of different factors are behind such concerns. First is the trend in developed countries towards decreasing number of students opting to study science at...

Research report

9 Nov 2010

Potential legislative or procedural changes needed to be made to address the criminal liability of drivers who fall asleep and cause motor vehicle crashes are examined in this report.

It follows from an Issues Paper released by the Tasmania Law Reform Institute (TLRI) in...

Discussion paper

10 Nov 2010

This paper looks at what incentives might help policymakers to address the unbalanced supply of doctors across specialties.

A number of studies suggest there is an over-supply of specialists and an under-supply of GPs in many developed countries. Previous econometric studies of specialty choice...

10 Nov 2010

John Fenton describes an innovative and proven experiment in ecological farming, writes Cameron Muir in Inside Story

“THE INVADERS hated trees,” wrote historian W.K. Hancock in 1930. This blunt sentence summed up settlers’ attitudes to the Australian environment across the continent. Landholders paid...

Research report

9 Nov 2010

This report extends Becta’s enquiries into the ways in which digital technologies are supporting learning. It looks in detail at the learning practices mediated by ICT in nine secondary schools in which ICT for learning is well embedded.

The project proposes a broader perspective...

Research report

9 Nov 2010

The principal aim of the project was to record the state of tertiary teaching of philosophy in Australia and to provide benchmarking data on philosophy at the following levels: the teaching academics, the structure and composition of the philosophy major, and the teaching...

Research report

8 Nov 2010

Measuring life expectancy and literacy, as well as national income, the Human Development Index emphasizes the primacy of people in any measure of development.

A central objective of the HDR for the past 20 years has been to emphasize that development is primarily and...

Research report

9 Nov 2010

Australia needs people to have more skills and to use them productively in the workplace. We also need higher rates of workforce participation. To help achieve these goals we need to increase demand from employers to take on and use these skills. This comes hand...

Research report

30 Jul 2010

This study examines leadership in Australia’s vocational education and training (VET) sector. VET leaders make a vital and growing contribution to learners, industry and society, yet research on their work is limited. This has direct implications for ensuring leadership is most effective, and for framing...

Research report

8 Nov 2010

This project improves our understanding of why and how public housing tenants (and in particular sole parents and women with unemployed partners) are able to (re-)enter paid work despite the many barriers.

Improving rates of participation in paid work is a key...

Research report

8 Nov 2010

Ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) “represent a range of conditions for which hospitalisation should be able to be avoided because the disease or condition has been prevented from occurring, or because individuals have had access to timely and effective primary care”.1 This RESEARCH ROUNDup investigates...

Discussion paper

8 Nov 2010

The Australian Government has committed to establishing a national network of primary health care organisations, known as Medicare Locals. This paper specifically addresses the following areas:

What will Medicare Locals do? What will Medicare Locals look like? How will Medicare Locals interact...

Article

8 Nov 2010

Human rights discourse has become increasingly prominent in national and international politics, signified, for instance, through the introduction of the Victorian Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act (2006) and debate regarding the merits of introducing a national Human Rights Act (Australian Human Rights Commission...

9 Nov 2010

Almost a year later, it’s easier to judge what was achieved and what it means for this month’s climate talks in Cancun, writes Michael Jacobs in Inside Story

LIVING as we do in a time in which arguments about climate change are being...

Audio

8 Nov 2010

There's a good news story which hasn't made the headlines: compared to 20 years ago, the world is a better place.

Life expectancy is up, GDP has doubled and more children are going to school. And if you're looking for a domestic angle...

Research report

3 Nov 2010

International investment agreements in bilateral treaties or free trade agreements allow investors to bring compensation claims when their investments are hurt by new regulations addressing environmental or other social concerns. Compensation rules such as expropriation clauses in international treaties help solve post-investment moral...

5 Nov 2010

My mother and father were born in the desert. They lived their childhood out of contact with whitefellas. They were terrified when they first saw a whitefella. They taught me the Old Law that our people lived by. That Law worked when we...

Video

Emeritus Professor Paul Dibb, Professor William Maley and David Templeman take part in this panel discussion entitled 'National security: Suggested priorities for the incoming government' at The Australian National University on 6 October 2010. The event was moderated by Director of the National Security College...

Research report

5 Nov 2010

This survey collects information about the destinations of apprentices and trainees approximately nine months after leaving their training.

Information was collected on employment outcomes, reasons for non-completion, satisfaction with the apprenticeship or traineeship, and further study destinations.

Briefing paper

5 Nov 2010

This resource sheet provides a brief history of developments in child protection services in Australia and internationally.

Social and political interest in the protection of children from abuse or neglect at the hands of caregivers is a relatively recent phenomenon. Since the early colonial...

Research report

5 Nov 2010

The Australian Government is not doing enough to ensure that Australian imports of forestry products are consistent with the goals of Australian aid programs and stated commitments to reduce greenhouse gases.

Australian aid includes programs and projects to help Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and...

Strategy

4 Nov 2010

This strategy outlines 12 initiatives to address the four key areas: international student wellbeing, quality of international education, consumer protection and availability of better information for international students.

COAG has now endorsed the International Students Strategy for Australia. The Strategy aims to support a...

4 Nov 2010

Buybacks aren’t the only way to reduce the amount of water being taken out of the system, argues Brian Toohey in Inside Story

THERE is a strange disconnect in the way Australian government treat water and other natural resources. With few exceptions, state and...

Research report

2 Nov 2010

This paper analyses Russian blogs to discover networks of discussion around politics and public affairs.

With funding from the MacArthur Foundation, the Berkman Center is undertaking a two-year research project to investigate the role of the Internet in Russian society. The study will include...

Research report

4 Nov 2010

This briefing paper assesses the effect VET in Schools programs have on school retention, post-school vocational education and training (VET) and employment, and on young people's school and post-school aspirations.

VET in Schools programs are seen as a way to increase Year 12 retention...

Research report

4 Nov 2010

Governments are interested in the relative efficiency of institutions, and in addition, information on efficiency can be used by individual institutions to benchmark themselves against their peers.

The main factor that was found to affect efficiency, as defined in this paper, was degree of...

Briefing paper

5 Nov 2010

This briefing paper summarises the legislative and administrative bushfire management arrangements in NSW and examines the key findings from the 2009 Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission.

Bushfires are an intrinsic part of the NSW landscape. They are a natural hazard to which both rural and...

Research report

5 Nov 2010

Just as the arts lend constant support to community life, the debate about the appropriate level of arts funding is ongoing. While this debate may not occupy the centre stage of political life, it is nonetheless a debate that is deeply felt in many and...

Article

5 Nov 2010

The 2010 federal election was the first in Australia in which a woman prime minister was campaigning for the re-election of her government. Paradoxically her party had no women’s policy, or at least did not launch one publicly, and when her new ministry was announced...

Research report

4 Nov 2010

In a context of tight housing affordability, increasing numbers of Victorians are turning to public housing to meet their housing needs.

In Victorian social housing, public housing continues to provide the largest number of long-term tenancies for people in housing need. And...

5 Nov 2010

Union influence on ALP policy is too weak to prevent spending cuts like those in Europe, write Rick Kuhn and Tom Bramble in the Public Sector Informant

CONSERVATIVE governments around the world are taking aim at their employees. They are shifting the costs...

Research report

4 Nov 2010

Cloud computing is now firmly established in the information technology landscape and its security risks need to be mapped and addressed at this critical stage in its development.

Cloud computing can be defined as a pool of virtualised computing resources that allows users to...

Journal article

4 Nov 2010

Investigating regional Australian students' aspirations and expectations for their future, this paper examines dominant discourses of further education and training which rural students perceive to be away from their current locations.

This paper investigates regional Australian students’ aspirations and expectations for their future and,...

Research report

4 Nov 2010

Evidence for the impact of media-based social marketing campaigns related to child protection, parenting and child abuse prevention is examined in this paper.

Social marketing campaigns are a common strategy for raising awareness about social problems such as child abuse and neglect.

However,...

Research report

1 Aug 2010

There are many challenges and uncertainties regarding the future of Education as a scholarly and professional field, as well as the future shape and influence of educational work wherever it occurs. These uncertainties range from broader social, economic, political and environmental issues to the more...

Research report

4 Nov 2010

This report combines key results from two investigative efforts - an online, national survey of outdoor arts festivals and seven case studies - to examine the range and variety of arts festivals in the U.S., the artists they employ, the communities they serve,...

Video

4 Nov 2010

At this Melbourne Conversations event, Australian and international guests consider the capacity and success of museums and collections to tell the stories of a modern and diverse society.

The speakers are:

Professor Adrian Franklin,­ Presenter on Collectors ABC TV and Professor...

4 Nov 2010

When the Federal Court handed down its much-anticipated decision on copyright in newspaper headlines ( Fairfax Media Publications Pty Ltd v Reed International Books Australia Pty Ltd ) in September, the finding was in line with long-accepted principles that discrete items like titles, names and...

Discussion paper

4 Nov 2010

Embedded computer chip identification systems, such as those used in smartcards and ePassports, have significant implications for crimes such as identify theft and identity fraud.

This paper identifies social, policy and legal issues associated with the use of cumputer chip identification systems, particularly as...

Working paper

3 Nov 2010

The Australian Employment Covenant (AEC) was launched on 30 October 2008 with the bold goal of creating 50,000 new jobs for Indigenous Australians within two years. At the end of this ambitious timeframe, the scheme has succeeded in securing more than 20,000 job...

Research report

1 Nov 2010

Within the major Australian cities - where the majority of people live - the immediacy and potentially catastrophic nature of climate risk (i.e. storm surge, fire, drought) pose considerable challenges to contemporary models of governance. In response to climate change conditions that Spratt...

Research report

1 Nov 2010

Australians are ready for a debate about updating Australia's Constitution, but it is only likely to lead to change if people are engaged with the process.

The results focus on the prospects for successful referenda on Indigenous recognition and local government recognition in the...

Research report

1 Nov 2010

The major public policy reforms of the last 30 years have largely bypassed the disability sector and the current welfare and charity model that underpins support for people with disabilities, their families and carers is in crisis, argues the chair of Yooralla. There are strong...

2 Nov 2010

The policy has failed, writes Lesley Russell . Here's what needs to be done to fix it

AS THE EVIDENCE mounts that efforts to “Close the Gap” in Indigenous disadvantage are faltering, and with the recognition that much more is needed to tackle...

Audio

2 Nov 2010

The Internet is about to run out of the supply of addresses that are crucial to the way it works.

The current system runs on a protocol called IPv4 but a new system called IPv6 is due to replace that.

So what is...

Research report

1 Nov 2010

This release provides a comprehensive statistical overview, largely at the national level, of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and welfare. Focussing on topics considered important for the health of Australia's Indigenous population this release presents the latest analysis and results from key national statistical...

1 Nov 2010

In this Age article Maria Tumarkin finds that altruism is a very personal affair with numerous pitfalls.

IN Please Give , the latest film from the independent American filmmaker Nicole Holofcener, Kate and her husband Alex run a successful mid-century furniture store in New...

Briefing paper

1 Nov 2010

This modeling paper was commissioned by a non-government member of parliament before the 2010 Federal election to ascertain the cost to tax payers of a subsidy for employing workers over 50 years of age.

The following briefing was commissioned on behalf of a non-Government...

Research report

1 Nov 2010

The delivery of services to people with a mental illness has long been acknowledged as a challenge by both government agencies and non-government organisations (NGOs). This is especially relevant to the social security system, which delivers payments and services to more than six million Australians...

Journal article

1 Nov 2010

Globally, teaching has become more complex and more challenging over recent years, with new and increased demands being placed on teachers by students, their families, governments and wider society. Teachers work with more diverse communities in times characterised by volatility, uncertainty and moral ambiguity. Societal,...