February 2011

Article

28 Feb 2011

This essay asks whether housing, loneliness and health are connected in contemporary Australia, and if they are, is it a nexus that can be addressed positively through housing policy.

Since loneliness has only recently emerged as a generalised and disturbing feature of...

Research report

28 Feb 2011

This comprehensive report analyses current Australian and international trends in evidence-based prison policy in Australia and overseas. This includes a review of remand and its place within the criminal justice system. The report includes a statistical analysis of more than eleven thousand Victorian remandees incarcerated...

Research report

28 Feb 2011

Australia’s student visa system is more complex, more costly and more prescriptive than its international competitors, threatening to permanently derail the nation’s 3rd largest export industry unless urgent action is taken by Government to simplify the current system.

Research released by the...

Working paper

28 Feb 2011

As water availability and cumulative effects of water use reached sustainability limits, traditional NZ governance models of representative democracy and RMA processes led to a high level of adversarial conflict, long drawn out decision processes and suboptimal outcomes. Canterbury has shifted to introduce a collaborative...

Audio program

28 Feb 2011

The Cancer Council of Queensland says cancer patients living in rural or disadvantaged areas have consistently lower survival rates compared to the Queensland average.

Audio program

28 Feb 2011

For the last week, the Labor Party has been reflecting on a major review of the state of the party.

The review finds Labor dying from the inside: its membership base collapsed and decision-making centralised like never before. But it also tentatively sets a...

Research report

28 Feb 2011

An understanding of spatial patterns of cancer helps health planners, service providers, other health professionals and the general public to assess current needs and understand the relative health burdens caused by each type of cancer. While there were many advances in health...

Working paper

28 Feb 2011

Taking an evolutionary economics perspective this paper makes the case as to why price mechanisms alone are insufficient to support new energy technologies coming to market.

Much academic attention has been paid to the role of carbon pricing in developing a market-led response to...

Research report

28 Feb 2011

Responding to juvenile offending is a unique policy and practice challenge. While a substantial proportion of crime is perpetuated by juveniles, most juveniles will ‘grow out’ of offending and adopt law-abiding lifestyles as they mature. This paper outlines the factors (biological, psychological and...

Journal article

28 Feb 2011

This paper considers how ways of talking about New Zealand national identity still privilege a settler-centric perspective.

The paper begins from the premise that settler colonialism is an ongoing project that must continually code, decode and recode social norms and social spaces so as...

Research report

28 Feb 2011

What is the impact of the increased importance of risk management on people and agencies working in the Community services sector? A group of researchers at La Trobe, led by David Green and Judith Brett, have undertaken an extensive study of the way in which...

28 Feb 2011

Primaries might work in the United States, but that doesn’t mean they’ll translate easily to Australia, argues Graeme Orr in Inside Story

PARTY membership has been in decline in liberal democracies for some time, and this trend is no more apparent than...

Research report

28 Feb 2011

One of the most expensive ways for Australians to access their own money is by using an automatic teller machine (ATM) that is not provided by their own bank. In most cases, third-party ATMs charge $2 for every transaction, including checking one's account balance. In...

25 Feb 2011

With the date for a carbon price mechanism now set, in Inside Story Fergus Green goes in search of the missing philosophy behind Australian climate policy

AFTER only four meetings of the Multi-Party Climate Change Committee, and well before most industry groups...

25 Feb 2011

Concern about crime in Alice Springs came to a head at a public meeting this week. In Inside Story, Kieran Finnane reports on a debate that took some unexpected turns

“I KNOW we got big problems.” It was an understatement that might...

Journal article

26 Feb 2011

Weak electoral registration requirements are commonly thought to encourage electoral participation, but may also promote electoral fraud.

For one, candidates and their supporters can more easily mobilize voters outside the district to register and vote for the candidates, even though these voters do not...

26 Feb 2011

For the millions of Australians living with a disability or caring for someone who is, Monday at 2pm will be a watershed moment. But the rest of us should be no less interested when the Productivity Commission releases its draft report on Disability Care and...

25 Feb 2011

Salesforce helped pioneer the concept of putting confidential organizational data in a "public cloud" system. Other key vendors offering public cloud data services include Microsoft Azure and Amazon S3 services. "Cloud" has come to mean many things to many people as far as putting internal...

Research report

25 Feb 2011

Each year, the Horizon Report describes six areas of emerging technology that will have significant impact on higher education and creative expression over the next one to five years.

The annual Horizon Report seeks to identify and describe emerging technologies likely to have considerable...

Research report

25 Feb 2011

Since the first public health expenditure report in 1999-00, expenditure on public health activities by health departments has grown, in real terms, by 88%.

Total expenditure on public health activities in Australia in 2008-09 was $2,300.2 million. This was an increase of $120.5 million,...

Strategy

24 Feb 2011

The National Disability Strategy sets out a ten year national plan for improving life for Australians with disability, their families and carers.

The Strategy draws on the findings of extensive consultation conducted in 2008-09...

Research report

24 Feb 2011

As indicated in the 2005 Metropolitan Strategy and subsequent 2007 Draft Sub-regional Strategies, comprehensive data on Sydney’s agricultural lands are key to effective planning on Sydney’s urban fringe. With the five year review of the Metropolitan Strategy in 2010, the need for relevant data is...

Research report

23 Feb 2011

Malaysia's four decade old affirmative action social and economic experiment has failed, argues this report. {C}

In Malaysian Dilemma: The Enduring Cancer of Affirmative Action , CIS Foreign Policy Research Fellow Dr John Lee argues that the New Economic Model (NEM) announced by Prime...

Journal article

22 Feb 2011

Adolescents and young adults frequently experience mental disorders, yet tend not to seek help. This systematic review aims to summarise reported barriers and facilitators of help-seeking in young people.

This review uses both qualitative research from surveys, focus groups, and interviews and quantitative data...

Research report

22 Feb 2011

This Review, commissioned by the Chief Minister of the Australian Capital Territory examines the effectiveness, capacity and structure of the ACT Public Service.

The Terms of Reference canvassed were:

the capacity of existing public-sector structures to support the government of the day with...

Research report

22 Feb 2011

Domestic violence and sexual assault are the most pervasive forms of violence experienced by women in Australia, and require an immediate and focused response.

Reducing all violence in our community is a priority. All forms of violence against women are unacceptable, in any community...

21 Feb 2011

It seems paradoxical, but electoral success might not be good for party membership figures, writes Peter Brent in Mumble

“IT’S TRUE that Labor’s membership levels have been shrinking for years and are currently very low. A neat graph shows it dropping sharply...

Research report

21 Feb 2011

Objective: To understand the options available to general practitioners (GPs) to help patients experiencing economic hardship to manage their illnesses and the implications of these findings for policy.

Method: Cross-sectional survey of 134 GPs practising within the WentWest Division of General Practice and Blue...

Audio program

21 Feb 2011

Football, meat pies, kangaroos and a universal health care system: it's the Australian way. Of course, when visiting a doctor of checking in to a hospital there might be some up-front costs; but a comprehensive safety net means no-one gets left behind. That, at least,...

Audio program

21 Feb 2011

Locking up law-breakers doesn't come cheap. In Western Australia, the Auditor General estimates that it costs the state up to $100 million dollars to deal with just 250 young offenders over the course of their lives as juveniles, from 10 to 17 years...

Research report

21 Feb 2011

The promotion and development of a Penrith Valley economic corridor has the potential to play an important role in facilitating income generation and employment growth in the Penrith area, and so contribute significantly in addressing NSW government job targets as outlined in the NSW Government’s...

Research report

22 Feb 2011

Opportunities for criminals to engage in transnational activities have expanded with globalisation and advancements in information and communications technologies. This paper contributes to a better understanding of the threat landscape.

Cyber criminal activities will increasingly affect the financial security of online business. It is...

Research report

22 Feb 2011

Drawing on ancient texts, modern official documents and accounts of Beijing's decision-making during crises, this paper raises important questions about the potentially risky relationship between Chinese strategic culture, misperception and miscalculation in Asia's uncertain security future.

To cope with a rising China, other powers...

Research report

22 Feb 2011

The triangular dynamic among the United States, India and China will be critical to Asia's strategic future.

In this contribution to the Lowy Institute's Strategic Snapshot series, leading Indian analyst C. Raja Mohan examines the complex pattern of power balancing and diplomatic engagement that...

Research report

22 Dec 2010

This paper examines whether the reduction in the percentage of cases where bail is dispensed with (unconditional release) is due to a change in the profile of cases coming before the criminal courts or a general increase in the threshold for dispensing with bail....

Research report

22 Feb 2011

Based on an ongoing study involving 10,000 families across Australia, this annual report paper addresses a range of research questions about parenting, family relationships, childhood education, non-parental child care and health.

Growing Up in Australia: the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) began...

Policy

16 Feb 2011

The People of Australia – Australia's Multicultural Policy was launched on 16 February 2011 by the Minister for Immigration and Citizenship, the Hon Chris Bowen MP, and reaffirms the importance of a culturally diverse and socially cohesive nation.

Research report

21 Feb 2011

This report provides a comparison of how the higher education (HE) and vocational education and training (VET) sectors are using e-portfolios.

ePortfolio use by university students in Australia: Informing excellence in policy and practice (Supplementary Report) is now available and provides a valuable comparison...

Audio program

18 Feb 2011

It's known as the annual 'political donations data dump', when the Australian Electoral Commission reveals who gave what to whom last financial year.

For the Australian voter, of course, this horse has bolted: when we cast our ballots at the federal election in August,...

Video

With the International Day of the Imprisoned Writer tying in with International PEN's 50th anniversary of its Writers in Prison Committee, Julian Burnside and Panel came together to discuss the complex elements that permit and hinder freedom of expression.

These scholarly humanists "tell...
18 Feb 2011

Julia Gillard's claims of a fired-up economy are a cruel mirage for older workers sacked during "'the recession we never had", writes Elisabeth Wynhausen in the National Times

THE Prime Minister has made it official. "On any measure," Julia Gillard said, "we...

18 Feb 2011

Going into deficit was necessary: the real question is whether the federal budget should have been in better shape to begin with, writes Tom Conley in Big P Political Economy

THE flood levy has caused most of the usual suspects on debts...

17 Feb 2011

Markets and demand are transforming the health system but the policy debate isn't catching up, writes James Gillespie in Inside Story

• WHATEVER it lacks in concrete achievements, the current round of health reforms has set new records in hyperbole. Launching “the biggest health...

17 Feb 2011

Barry O’Farrell reached the NSW Liberal leadership by an unconventional route, writes Brett Evans in Inside Story

THE FORMER premier of Queensland, Wayne Goss, once declared that the voters of his state were “sitting on their verandas with baseball bats” waiting for...

Research report

15 Feb 2011

This report presents findings of the nineteenth year of homicide data collection (2007–08) and provides an overview of key characteristics.

Through the National Homicide Monitoring Program (NHMP), the Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC) monitors trends and patterns in homicide across Australian jurisdictions. The NHMP...

Research report

15 Feb 2011

This report notes that the AFP's timeliness in resolving complaints across all categories, from the minor to the most serious, is deteriorating.

Under Part V of the Australian Federal Police Act 1979 (the Act) the Ombudsman has oversight responsibilities in respect of the way...

Book

15 Feb 2011

This edited volume honours the work of Professor Nicolas Peterson, a central figure in the anthropology of Aboriginal Australia.

His commitment to ethnographic fieldwork as a source of knowledge, his exemplary mentorship of generations of younger scholars and his generosity in facilitating the progress...

Research report

15 Feb 2011

Peace talks beginning in Oslo may be the best hope in years for halting an insurgency that has prevented development in large parts of the Philippines.

The Philippine government is unable to control and develop large parts of the country because of the longstanding...

Research report

15 Feb 2011

Portrayals of a punitive public are misleading, argues this study on sentencing.

This seminal study, which was funded by the Criminology Research Council, is the first reported study to use jurors in real trials to gauge public opinion about sentences and sentencing. Using jurors...

15 Feb 2011

Lesley Russell looks at the latest Closing the Gap report

LAST YEAR my colleague Sarah Wenham and I produced a report (324) that looked at progress made towards meeting the Australian government’s commitment to closing the gap on Indigenous disadvantage. We...

Research report

14 Feb 2011

In response to the global financial crisis, the Labour Government announced in February 2009 the Building the Education Revolution (BER) Program which would invest $16.2 billion in building and refurbishing primary and secondary school infrastructure by the time the program is completed...

Research report

14 Feb 2011

Comparing water security issues in Kalgoorlie and Broken Hill, this report argues that the challenges of balancing water supply and growth are ongoing in both places and likely to become more severe with climate change.

This report compares water security issues in two Australian...

Journal article

14 Feb 2011

Relationships between the pharmaceutical industry and medical schools have recently been increasingly drawn into the media spotlight because of their ability to create conflicts of interest. Much of this attention is due to evidence that industry relationships can influence the attitudes and behaviours of medical...

Briefing paper

14 Feb 2011

The NSW imprisonment rate is about twice that of Victoria: this bulletin examines the influence of sentencing practice and other factors on the difference between NSW and Victoria in their imprisonment rates.

The NSW imprisonment rate is about twice that of Victoria (204 per...

Research report

3 Feb 2011

Research by the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research has shown that the observed rate of re-offending among juvenile offenders convicted in 2006/7 was significantly higher than the predicted rate of re-offending....

Research report

14 Feb 2011

Museums, libraries and archives carry collections of photographs, sound-recordings, films and manuscripts that document indigenous peoples’ and traditional communities’ lives, cultural expressions and knowledge systems.

A new awareness has emerged of indigenous peoples’ and traditional communities’ interests in owning, controlling and accessing...

Research report

14 Feb 2011

The author takes two Year 9 science classes, composed entirely of Torres Strait Islander students, at a school in Far North Queensland. In 2007 and 2008 he introduced elements of Indigenous language and culture into the classes, and conducted a study measuring their impact on...

14 Feb 2011

With more than 800,000 residential and nearly 40,000 business customers, the scheme is good value, writes Paddy Manning in The Age

THERE wouldn't be too many green things that hundreds of thousands of people cough up extra for, year in, year out....

Research report

11 Feb 2011

This paper argues that it’s time to start thinking strategically about how we can reduce future losses from natural disasters and aid victims in their recovery efforts. We should be asking fundamental questions about how private insurance and government assistance can be better leveraged to...

10 Feb 2011

Accurately calculating greenhouse emissions is essential for good policy, argures Ilan Salbe

IN THE current political climate the prospects of significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions might seem bleak. Only last year the US Senate jettisoned its emission cap-and-trade...

Research report

9 Feb 2011

This evaluation of a free, one-on-one, financial information and guidance service for financially vulnerable people, piloted by the Brotherhood of St Laurence, indicates that clients considered good communication and trust as key qualities of such a service, and preferred face-to-face consultation over channels such as...

Research report

10 Feb 2011

The past decade has seen the emergence of partnership formations between government, private and not-for-profit sectors in the delivery of services and infrastructure in Australia.

A diverse range of models and frameworks are being developed which encourage collaboration in long-term partnerships on...

Research report

10 Feb 2011

The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the prevalence of substance use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, as well as the use of services for substance abuse. The report focuses on three main categories of substance that have major...

Briefing paper

10 Feb 2011

This document is an analysis of how policy has interacted with vocational education and training (VET) in Australia, with a particular focus on the period since the 1980s.

It is accompanied by a timeline which sets out key policy documents that shaped the development...

Book

10 Feb 2011

In the early decades of the 19th century, Indigenous Australians suffered devastating losses at the hands of British colonists, who largely ignored their sovereignty and even their humanity. At the same time, however, a new wave of Christian humanitarians were arriving in the colonies, troubled...

Website

10 Feb 2011

The aim of this suite of products is to extend historical coverage of vocational education and training (VET) in Australia beyond the period covered by Gillian Goozee 1995 revised edition of Development of TAFE in Australia: an historical perspective (167) and to produce timelines covering...

Research report

8 Oct 2010

This report aims to show that culture is integral to achieving all objectives across the four pillars of the Pacific Plan.

Culture is fundamental to sustainable development, and in the current climate of global economic recession it has the potential to contribute to economic...

Research report

8 Feb 2011

This report is a systematic review of existing published and unpublished literature relating to assistive technology for frail older people in the community care context.

The population of Australia is ageing, and as the population ages, the occurrence of disability also increases. Around 67.5...

Research report

8 Feb 2011

A unified Melanesian Spearhead Group, backed by China, could provide a counterweight to the strong influences exerted by Australia and New Zealand through the Pacific Islands Forum.

The year 2010 saw a series of complex and sometimes contradictory shifts in relations...

Video

The Institute for Human Security at LaTrobe University asked Andrew Hewett (Oxfam), Professor Joseph Camilleri (LaTrobe) and Professor Robyn Eckersley (Melbourne) to discuss the changing structure of global power.

Chaired by Dennis Altman, the panel discuss the potential for alternative models of...

9 Feb 2011

Plenty of people are waiting for a chance to replace Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, writes Matthew Gray in Inside Story

EGYPTIANS are renowned for having a strong and cutting sense of humour – perhaps a comic approach to life is an...

Research report

8 Feb 2011

This report presents the results of a project worked in Queensland, South Australia and the Northern Territory to develop and trial 'water planning tools' that can be adapted to suit a range of conditions and that will enable better planning and management of Australia's water...

Discussion paper

8 Jan 2011

As part of the scoping study for a national not-for-profit regulator, this paper seeks comment from stakeholders on the goals of national regulation, the scope of national regulation and the functions and form of a national regulator.

This paper seeks initial views in relation...

Research report

8 Feb 2011

The performance of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) regarding transparency is not currently meeting its potential.

In August 2010, selected faculty and researchers at the Berkman Center for Internet; Society Harvard University (referred to as the “Berkman team”) initiated an...

Research report

8 Feb 2011

This report describes the operation of the Act during 2009-10 and examines the adequacy of Australia's aged care programs and policies.

It is delivered to Parliament and the Australian community by the Minister in accordance with section 63-2 of the Act, which requires that...

Discussion paper

8 Feb 2011

On average, four people are killed and 80 are seriously injured every day on Australia's roads. Almost everyone has, at some stage, been affected by a road crash.

Australian Transport Ministers have asked the heads of transport and roads agencies around the country to...

Research report

8 Feb 2011

The Copenhagen and Cancun meetings have led us into a messy world in relation to the setting of each country‘s ambitions on emissions reductions, but this paper argues they may have laid a basis for the comprehensive and binding international agreement that is still necessary....

Research report

7 Feb 2011

Statistics drawn from police data do not show the crime and victimisation that is never disclosed to police. This paper explores reasons for the high rates of non-disclosure of violence in Indigenous communities.

It begins by examining reasons for non-disclosure in the broader Australian...

Research report

5 Jul 2011

Should we expect the current pattern of older voter support for the Coalition to continue undisturbed or might we see a movement away from the Coalition as the bulge of ‘baby boomers’ move into the ranks of older Australians and moderate this conservatism?

This...

Research report

4 Feb 2011

In this first update paper since the 2008 Garnaut Climate Change Review, five issues that have been the subject of criticism are addressed and largely refuted.

Summary of key points

The 2008 Garnaut Climate Change Review argued that it is neither rational...

Research report

4 Feb 2011

Despite the bursting of the global housing bubble, the ratio of incomes to housing prices has shown a steady increase in many of the world's cities, particularly in in Australia as this report notes.

This international report rates housing affordability for metropolitan markets in...

Book

5 Feb 2011

As the first in a series of books by the young people in Ashley Youth Detention Centre, this publication aims to provide insight into the circumstances of their lives inside and their hopes for the future.

In a letter at beginning of Views: life...

Research report

3 Feb 2011

High levels of alcohol and other drug use-related harm among Indigenous Australians are both a consequence of, and contribute to, the health and social gap between them and non-Indigenous Australians. This resource sheet summarises current evidence on the issue.

Reduction of harmful alcohol and...

Research report

3 Feb 2011

Provides a statistical overview of child deaths from child abuse and neglect in Australia and internationally.

Child deaths from abuse and neglect are deaths resulting from acts of physical violence or neglect of a child, that are perpetrated by a family member or caregiver....

Research report

3 Feb 2011

More than 1.1 million or 76% of 15 to 19 year olds nationally attended school, vocational education and training (VET) or university in August 2009, according to this statistical report.

Developed by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), this report provides a...

Research report

3 Feb 2011

This report finds that use of mephedrone, a synthetic stimulant, has increased in recent years, particularly in the UK, Europe and Australia.

The report also finds that:

• One-fifth (21%) of the 2010 national regular ecstasy user sample reported lifetime use of mephedrone...

Research report

3 Feb 2011

People who regularly inject drugs also experience a range of other health problems, which may be secondary to drug use. This bulletin provides an overview of the general health and wellbeing of regular injecting drug users participating in a 2010 study.

It also examines...

Research report

3 Feb 2011

This report contains information on both the number of young people under supervision on an average day and the number of young people under supervision during the year.

In Australia, responsibility for juvenile justice lies with the states and territories and involves both juvenile...

Research report

3 Feb 2011

This report sets out principles for aligning water allocation and catchment plans that can be applied, with some local variations, in any Australian jurisdiction.

This report is the final output of the Integration of Water Planning and Catchment Planning (NSW) project. A framework was...

3 Feb 2011

The next casualties of Britain’s phone-hacking controversy could come from the media, politics or the police, writes Frank Bongiorno in Inside Story

THEY still call him “the Digger” here in London, more often the “Dirty Digger,” so it just wouldn’t ring true...

3 Feb 2011

Compulsion robs employees of control over thier own income, writes Brian Toohey in Inside Story

IT IS now clear that the union movement made a bad mistake when it backed the introduction of the compulsory superannuation scheme devised by Labor’s Paul Keating,...

Research report

3 Feb 2011

This paper summarises policy options analysis and recommendations consistent with the National Water Initiative for the separation of water rights to harvesting, recharge and extraction of stormwater into and out of aquifers.

CSIRO workshopped the main findings and recommendations with targeted agencies and water...

Research report

3 Feb 2011

The value of Australian-produced merchandise exports fell by 13.4 per cent in 2009-2010 to $192.9 billion as a result of the global economic downturn, according to this report.

Primary Products, Simply Transformed Manufactures (STM) and Elaborately Transform Manufactures (ETM) were all lower.

Australian...

Research report

3 Feb 2011

APEC accounts for more than two-thirds of Australia’s exports and imports, according to this report highlighting the economic importance of the Asia-Pacific region to Australia.

The report shows 71 per cent of Australia’s exports in 2009 – valued at $178 billion – were destined...

Research report

3 Feb 2011

China is undermining its own security interests by downplaying North Korea’s deadly provocations in the Yellow Sea, argues this report.

This report examines Beijing’s ambivalent responses to the Ch’ŏnan sinking and Yŏnp’yŏng Island shelling and its deepened political, economic and military relationship with North...

Article

3 Feb 2011

Exploring the triangular strategic dynamic between the United States, China and the Philippines, this paper argues that Manila's efforts to balance between the two great powers are being gradually undermined.

In the Lowy Institute's latest Strategic Snapshot, Professor Renato Cruz De...

Journal article

8 Feb 2011

This paper examines the Web sites of 10 international broadcasters targeting Arabic speaking audiences in the Middle East.

Data from 2006 and 2009 are used to compare the formal features of the sites, mainly domain names, hyperlinks and type of news stories presented on...