April 2011

Research report

30 Apr 2011

This paper investigates the value society attaches to changes in ecosystem resilience.

The concept of ecosystem resilience is being increasingly discussed as a driver of biodiversity values. It implies that marginal deteriorations in ecosystem conditions can abruptly result in non-marginal and irreversible changes in...

Working paper

30 Apr 2011

This paper shows that the decision for the introduction of internet banking depends on the profit level for the bank rather than the asset size and/or operation costs.

E-finance in Korea has evolved since the late 1980s, when developments in information and telecommunication technology...

Research report

31 Aug 2011

Australia's urban water sector needs major changes to meet the challenges of providing services that minimise costs and maximise benefits to the community, according to a draft report released by the Productivity Commission.

The draft report - Australia's Urban Water Sector - reports that...

Research report

28 Apr 2011

This report presents data on crime reported to, or detected by, the NSW Police Force from January 1995 to December 2010, with a focus on the statistical trends for the 24 months ending December 2010.

The data were extracted from the Computerised Operational Policing...

28 Apr 2011

Failure to invest in infrastructure hurts society, economy and environment, writes John Wilson in The Sydney Morning Herald.

Infrastructure underpins the society of a developed nation. It provides the basis for a productive economy, improved liveability for its citizens and, if planned optimally, can...

Commentary

29 Apr 2011

It’s time for international leadership in better coordination of programs and efforts and increased capacity building in the Pacific Island nations, writes Lesley Russell

THE impact of the environment on health and the health consequences of global warming...

Research report

29 Apr 2011

Australian hospital statistics 2009-10 presents a detailed overview of Australia's 1,326 public and private hospitals. In 2009-10, there were 8.5 million separations from Australia's hospitals including: 4.8 million same-day acute separations; 3.5 million overnight acute separations; almost 337,000 non-acute separations. There were 7.4...

Discussion paper

29 Apr 2011

This paper sets out the research and conceptual parameters for a study examining re-entry into permanent housing following various conditions of forced exit from the private rental market.

In order to investigate this process of transition and movement through housing, the study adopts a...

Research report

28 Apr 2011

This paper examines current definitions of child trafficking, the forms that it is known to take in Asia and the Pacific, the factors which increase vulnerability to trafficking and the mechanisms for the protection of children from this crime.

Children are vulnerable to many...

Research report

28 Apr 2011

Violent extremism in Indonesia is increasingly taking the form of small groups acting independently of large jihadi organisations.

This report by the International Crisis Group looks at how ideological shifts originating in the Middle East have combined with local circumstances to produce a trend...

Research report

28 Apr 2011

Cost of living pressures are front of mind for many Australians, particularly due to rising electricity prices. The following policy brief highlights and discusses the key factors behind rising electricity costs in Australia.

How the transition to a modern, clean energy power sector will...

Research report

28 Apr 2011

This paper argues that many of the claims being made about the likely impact of a carbon price are exaggerated.

The introduction of a carbon price in Australia in July 2012 will raise more than $10 billion per year, help influence industrial and household...

Research report

28 Apr 2011

This compendium contains all Indigenous data contained in the Report on Government Services 2011.

It was compiled by the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision, for which the Productivity Commission supplies the Secretariat.

For a number of years, the Report...

28 Apr 2011

Tasmania’s feel-good mood has given way to a bittersweet fight over versions of the future, writes Natasha Cica in Inside Story

IN Aleksei Popogrebsky’s film How I Ended This Summer , screening at Hobart’s State Cinema at the moment, the lone inhabitants...

28 Apr 2011

There is little evidence that population ageing will hurt the budget, writes Ben Spies-Butcher in The Conversation

So far there have been three Intergenerational Reports by Treasury examining the challenges of an ageing population which have consistently been used to justify new policies to...

Research report

28 Apr 2011

This paper explores the relationship between dental attendance patterns and oral health status. The findings are sourced from the 2004–2006 National Survey of Adult Oral Health (NSAOH). In this survey a random sample of Australian adults was interviewed by telephone to collect information...

Research report

28 Apr 2011

This report examines the case for adopting pricing approaches for the efficient management of externalities within the urban water sector.

It provides a valuable source of analysis for the parties to the National Water Initiative to deliver on their commitment to implement pricing that...

Article

28 Apr 2011

China's huge appetite for resources is reshaping the Australian economy.

This Lowy Institute International Economy Comment argues that the China-led rise in the terms of trade is reshaping the Australian economy in a wide range of ways, contributing to an increase in national income...

Research report

28 Apr 2011

This report on the final stages of the conflict in Sri Lanka has found credible accounts of war crimes committed by both the Government and Tamil rebels and calls for genuine investigations into the allegations.

Government forces declared victory over the rebel...

27 Apr 2011

Note full resource has been lost.

Chris Bowen is sending a message to News Ltd that the media giant can call the shots, at least until ABC listeners complain, writes Jack Waterford in the Canberra Times

WE ARE back in the...

Research report

22 Apr 2011

Recognising that a major constraint on service delivery was a lack of sufficient and predictable funding, Papua New Guinea’s National Economic and Fiscal Commission (NEFC) led a process that has reformed the way provinces are funded to deliver essential services such as health...

Briefing paper

22 Apr 2011

Aid transparency is increasingly seen as key to achieving effective aid and development results. Transparency increases government accountability for aid spending and results, and supports other areas of the aid effectiveness agenda: ownership, alignment with partner systems and priorities, harmonisation with other donors, mutual accountability,...

Research report

28 Apr 2011

This annual global survey finds intellectual property laws continue to penalise consumers

The Consumers International (CI) IP Watchlist, now in its third year, assesses the fairness of the world's intellectual property (IP) laws and enforcement practices from an important yet under-represented perspective: that of...

Research report

20 Apr 2011

Indigenous Australians have poorer oral health than other Australians. Indigenous people suffer from more caries, periodontal diseases, and tooth loss than non-Indigenous people. Tooth decay among the Indigenous population more commonly goes untreated, leading to more extractions.

This discrepancy is attributed in part to...

Research report

20 Apr 2011

This review provides an overview of health issues facing the Indigenous offender population, including some of the social and historical factors relevant to Indigenous health and incarceration.

In doing so, it is important to first understand how Indigenous people conceptualise health. Health as it...

Research report

20 Apr 2011

This study explores financial vulnerability during four key life transitions: moving from school to work, being out of work, becoming a single mother, and retiring and ageing.

It found that material and emotional support are essential to reduce the risk that such transitions lead...

20 Apr 2011

As scrutiny of the defence forces recedes, it’s starting to look like business as usual, writes Geoffrey Barker in Inside Story

PROSPECTS are vanishing for serious reform of the Australian Defence Force culture of bullying, brutality and degradation. Little, if anything, seems...

Article

19 Apr 2011

The ability to hide true identity is critical to the successful operation of organised crime groups. Identity theft is one of the fastest growing crimes in Australia.

This fact sheet is part of the Crime Profile Series; a suite of fact sheets...

Research report

19 Apr 2011

This paper analyses the factors that hold back the remaining refugees who might otherwise be attracted to return to Timor-Leste as a result of the country' s increased political stability and growing prosperity.

The unresolved status of thousands of former refugees who fled across...

Research report

20 Apr 2011

This Investigative Panel found that social housing neighbourhoods are stigmatised because government policies have worked to congregate socially disadvantaged people in social housing neighbourhoods while under-investing in the tenure. At the same time, the media has portrayed these neighbourhoods as a haven for...

Video

After the extraordinary outcomes of the 2010 Federal Election, Australian voters, pundits and politicians alike are asking the same questions: what happened? Where does this apparent disillusionment come from? What’s wrong with our political system and what kind of constitutional change...

Video

In this frank and insightful discussion held subsequent to the NSW state election, Mark Latham talks to host Robert Manne about the state of the Labor party, in both its state and federal incarnations. Latham demonstrates again that he's one of the country's most perceptive...

Research report

20 Apr 2011

In early October 2009, a blackface parody of the Jackson Five performed on the Hey Hey It’s Saturday reunion reached not only an audience of over 2.5 million people in Australia, but also millions of people around the world after guest judge Harry Connick Jr...

Research report

20 Apr 2011

This article examines the broadcast and press media’s role in promoting a new “xeno-racism” and the re-emergence of an exclusivist “white” identity which, it is argued, came to the fore in the period leading up to the 2010 general election in the UK....

Audio program

20 Apr 2011

Everything to do with communications in Australia has always been highly political; the National Broadband Network provides the latest evidence. Rear Vision looks at the story of communication in Australia and compares the evolution of the internet here with the rest of the world....

20 Apr 2011

"The mediation of racism via mass media of all kinds is not the only source of its devastating impact, but it also operates in a molecular and penetrative fashion throughout the capillaries and pores of today's world… Likewise, the endless routines of media...

Research report

15 Apr 2011

In 2010, Catalyst set out to create a better understanding about the nature of the impact of corporate power in our society.

Recognising that our biggest and most profitable public companies draw their wealth from local resources, consumers and workers, we saw...

Research report

15 Apr 2011

Despite strong evidence that respect for worker rights is favourable to company profits and productivity, most Australian firms are poor performers in applying international standards in the workplace. This paper looks at the findings of a pioneering report on labour standards reporting in...

Research report

14 Apr 2011

Presents information on young people under community-based supervision and in detention and the type and length of their supervision.

For the first time, detailed information on all community-based orders supervised by juvenile justice agencies is presented, as well as new analyses...

14 Apr 2011

Fostering fear and prejudice has become a political art-form in Australia, writes John Spoehr in the Adelaide Review .

.

Great big taxes, great big lies and video tape – the politics of fear are showing on a screen near...

Research report

13 Apr 2011

This brief report summarises the results of a targeted workshop aimed at supporting the creative use of new and extant data on Indigenous Australians to improve both research and policy-making.

The specific objectives of the Workshop were to:

>> identify the...

13 Apr 2011

AUSTRALIA’s media is changing. The old order of television, print and radio remains important and familiar, but what is exciting is the emergence of a new world of social and mobile media. So the government’s decision to hold a public review of media policy in...

Submission

12 Apr 2011

There is an historic opportunity to reform our school funding arrangements and a school funding system which is one of the most complex, opaque and confusing in the developed world, argues this submission.

This submission provides further evidence to the Review of Funding for...

Research report

12 Apr 2011

This community guide gives a brief overview of some of the key issues consider in the 2010 Native Title and Social Justice reports.

The Social Justice Report identifies how the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (the Declaration) will provide a...

Research report

12 Apr 2011

This resource sheet provides information about children in out-of-home care in Australia who are on care and protection orders.

Out-of-home care refers to the care of children and young people up to 18 years who are unable to live with their families (often due...

Research report

12 Apr 2011

This paper reviews the evidence on policies and programs that reduce offending by Indigenous juveniles in Australia.

Indigenous juveniles (those aged 10 to 16 years in Queensland and 10 to 17 years in all other jurisdictions) are over-represented at all stages of the criminal...

Working paper

12 Apr 2011

This paper is the first to develop a theoretical model of multi-period contracts that combine short-, mid-, and long-term contracts.

Labour contracts tend to be more complicated than one simple short or long-term contract which is the basis of previous studies. Combinations of different...

Research report

12 Apr 2011

This report provides a detailed description of Australian workers who were exposed to high levels of wet work, and the risks involved.

Occupational exposure of the hands to liquids, either through frequent hand-washing or through immersion of the hands in liquids is known as...

Research report

23 Mar 2011

Key findings include:

> In 2009–10 there were 124 notified work-related fatalities — 111 workers and 13 bystanders.

> Most fatalities were of men — 115 in total. There were 9 fatalities of women (including 4 bystanders).

> Five industries accounted for...

Research report

12 Apr 2011

This addendum to an earlier report has been prepared to provide information specifically related to workers’ compensation arrangements covering asbestos-related diseases.

The commentary and tables contained in this document have been compiled to provide an overview of the way in which the...

Research report

12 Apr 2011

This resource sheet gathers together the findings from a wide range of research into the impacts of sexual assault on adult women.

Sexual assault can include a diverse range of experiences and, as such, the effects of sexual assault on the victim/survivor and the...

10 Apr 2011

The main beneficiaries of tax cuts are those who don’t really need the additional money, writes Robert Tanton

WE ALL like more money in our pockets – it helps to pay the bills, get the things we need or want,...

8 Apr 2011

Integrated models are the icons of a new welfare policy and practice in Australia, writes Paul Smyth

TONY ABBOTT’s call for “firm but fair” welfare reforms should make us all stop and think about the state of welfare in Australia...

Book

7 Apr 2011

Predictable and unpredictable challenges continually confront the policy settings and policy frameworks of governments.

They provide a constantly changing dynamic within which policy-making operates. Governments at all levels are asking their public services to identify innovative and workable reforms to anticipate and address these...

Research report

7 Apr 2011

This paper reports recent changes in Australia’s foreign investment policy as released by the Foreign Investment Review Board in January 2011.

It also explores trends in global foreign direct investment as covered in the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development 2010 World Investment...

Research report

7 Apr 2011

This study engaged with a group of owner-managers with Arabic ancestry in the Auburn-Bankstown corridor within Sydney’s West Central planning sub-region. It sought to examine the barriers and impediments to employment generation and growth faced by these owner managers and whether or not such impediments...

Research report

24 Jun 2011

Early evaluations of Māori designed, developed and delivered initiatives to reduce crime have shown promising results.

This report covers the proceedings of the wānanga hosted by Te Puni Kōkiri 24 June 2010 Brentwood Hotel Wellington.

The purpose of the wānanga was primarily an...

Research report

7 Apr 2011

The National Water Commission's 2007 and 2009 biennial assessments of progress in the implementation of the Intergovernmental Agreement on the National Water Initiative raised concerns about the performance of the urban water sector and declared that the National Water Initiative did not give...

6 Apr 2011

The explosion of online content creation is one of the contemporary wonders of the world but where is the Australian content? asks Stuart Cunningham .

User-generated content (UGC) and their applications are by far the largest type of online content, both now and in...

Audio program

6 Apr 2011

The use of social media has proven to be critical in disaster management.

From the Queensland floods and cyclone, to the Christchurch earthquake, and the tsunami in Japan, social media is revolutionising responses to disaster and emergency managers are urgently assessing the way social...

Research report

7 Apr 2011

This report assesses improvements in service delivery for remote indigenous communities in Australia.

This is the third report under s15 of the Coordinator-General for Remote Indigenous Services Act 2009. This report is primarily focussed on implementation at the community level, while the September report...

Research report

7 Apr 2011

This report summarises the different ways in which Australian aid agencies - both government and non-government - have performed in Afghanistan, assesses their outcomes and comments on the effectiveness of the Australian led aid programs.

This study was commissioned by the Australian Council for...

Research report

7 Apr 2011

This report estimates the levels and patterns of government expenditure on services relating to Indigenous Australians to contribute to a better understanding of its adequacy, effectiveness and efficiency of government.

This first Indigenous Expenditure Report was released on 28 February 2011. It contains estimates...

Research report

7 Apr 2011

In light of the continued diplomatic truce with Taiwan, this paper reassesses the drivers of China’s engagement in the Pacific, examines trends in China’s aid giving and associated concerns, as well as survey results of China’s follow-through on aid delivery since 2005.

This is...

Research report

6 Apr 2011

The purpose of this paper is two-fold. It is designed to accompany the mentoring program and workshops being offered by Universities Australia Executive Women (UAEW) and is intended as a scholarly resource to inform the practice of mentoring within the Australian Higher Education...

Audio program

4 Apr 2011

The recent spate of floods, earthquakes, tsunamis and the nuclear accident in Japan are a reminder of how interconnected our energy, transport, water and communications systems have become.

Which is why future infrastructure investment needs to take climate change into account.

Guest

...

Research report

4 Apr 2011

The Australian urban water industry faces significant challenges in meeting growing demands on urban water resources under a shifting climate.

Through this project, National Water Commission, in partnership with Water Services Association of Australia (WSAA), identified several important areas where nationally coordinated...

Research report

4 Apr 2011

Voice of Arthritis 2011 was a community based survey which recruited a representative sample of over 1000 people with arthritis across Australia. The purpose was to find out how arthritis affected people at home and at work and what factors were associated with good or...

4 Apr 2011

A new Department of Employment, Education and Workplace Relations (DEEWR) report (0) shows that in 2009 the Australian Government provided $6.3 billion to non-government schools. Of this funding, $5.8 billion was made available as recurrent per capita grants under the SES system of...

Audio program

4 Apr 2011

How best to deal with the three Ps: productivity, population, participation?

Productivity is about the efficiency of our economy; lifting productivity helps maintain international competitiveness and generate wealth. Population in this context refers in particular to Australia's changing demographics, as the baby boomers exit...

5 Apr 2011

Hospitals, as much as relatives and friends, can find it very hard to let go, writes intensive care specialist Ken Hillman in Inside Story

ABOUT six months ago, June Henley was admitted to the emergency ward at the hospital where I work...

Discussion paper

4 Apr 2011

In the 2010 federal elections, the debate over Australia's population surfaced once again. Groups concerned with the impacts of a growing population have focused on the life source of any settlement: water. However, despite the myths and reignited fears, Australia has the water...

Research report

4 Apr 2011

The latest major report from the ongoing Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health has been released, focussing on the health of older women.

This report focuses on the health of older women from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women‘s Health (ALSWH). The report...

Literature review

4 Apr 2011

This review was commissioned by Arts Access Australia to examine evidence for the value of visual arts programs in Australian prisons and their impact on adult inmates. It considers current philosophies behind art programs, how they are implemented and how ‘success’ is measured, and includes...

Research report

4 Apr 2011

Supporting the international activities of artists and arts organisations is a key function for many national arts funding agencies. In order to investigate this area of arts policy and identify key issues that affect the programs and priorities of such agencies, the International...

Guide

4 Apr 2011

This guide has been issued to help designers, architects, builders and clients to better understand the Disability (Access to Premises - buildings) Standards 2010 which will commence on 1 May 2011.

The Disability (Access to Premises - buildings) Standards 2010 (the Premises Standards) commence...

Research report

24 Mar 2011

This report, completed in April 2010 and released on 24 March 2011, proposes a number of changes to improve the parliamentary entitlements framework.

The report concluded that the existing arrangements are an extraordinarily complex plethora of entitlements containing myriad ambiguities. The current framework comprises:...

Research report

1 Apr 2011

China’s already large influence on the world economy continues to grow, and to change.

China is the economy at the leading edge of the Great Convergence. According to Angus Maddison’s estimates, for example, its economy accounted for almost one third of...

Other text

1 Apr 2011

The purpose of this Resource Sheet is to outline the different approaches used to assess whether children are at risk of maltreatment, as well as to explore some of the issues and criticisms surrounding the use of standardised risk assessment instruments in child protection.

1 Apr 2011

In this opinion piece, first published in Campus Review, Tom Karmel of the National Centre for Vocational Education Research refutes Service Skills Australia's methodology regarding their assessment of retail trainees completion rates.

"NCVER takes its role as the national statistical agency for...

Audio program

1 Apr 2011

What does the concept of sustainability mean? And why is it becoming more important in modern cities?

Researchers at RMIT University, in partnership with the UN Global Cities Program, are currently working on a new toolkit to improve future sustainable urban development.

...

Video

In this presentation, prize-winning novelist, Professor of Law and 2009 NAIDOC Person of the Year Larissa Behrendt addresses the lack of progress on Indigenous issues in Australia.

Behrendt argues for a closer examination of the claim that Aboriginal self-determination is a “failed experiment”. She...

Report

1 Apr 2011

There are cultural costs and benefits associated with where one chooses to live in Australia.

City living, for example, offers proximity to a greater range of cultural opportunities but carries higher costs of living than in a smaller town. Better access and variety is...

Research report

1 Apr 2011

Almost 3 years after publishing the report of the Accessible Transport Watch Project - which included 27 recommendations to improve the accessibility of public transport for members of the travelling public, and particularly for passengers with disabilities - and in light of continuing...

1 Apr 2011

What are we looking for as we wander through IKEA, asks Richard Johnstone in Inside Story

IN Getting Rich First: Life in a Changing China , the journalist and China specialist Duncan Hewitt describes a visit he made to IKEA’s new Beijing...

Research report

1 Apr 2011

Temporary migrant labour is increasing in significance in many industrialised countries, including Australia. More than a decade ago, a commentator observed that there was a ‘quiet revolution’ occurring in relation to the admission of temporary migrant workers to Australia. Eight years later, a leading demographer...

Research report

1 Apr 2011

This report highlights the many problems involved in efforts to achieve effective governance and security in Uruzgan, a crucial issue in light of the continuing deployment of Australian soldiers in this province of Afghanistan.

After the expulsion of the Taliban in 2001...