September 2011

Research report

30 Sep 2011

Summary

Australians with severe or profound disability are extensive users of professional health services. This high use is associated with a high prevalence of multiple long-term health conditions, and comorbidity of mental disorders and physical conditions (AIHW 2010). Severe or profound disability is...

Research report

30 Sep 2011

This publication provides information on how public vocational education and training (VET) in Australia is financed and where the money is spent.

The publication is based on 2010 data provided by the Australian state and territory departments responsible for administering public funds for Australia's...

Research report

30 Sep 2011

In recent years, the internet has become an essential tool for living. More people are using internet-based communications to stay in touch with friends and family, conduct business and access information.

Older people with low internet skills are unable to conduct business...

Research report

30 Sep 2011

On September the 8th, the Australian government announced changes to its Pacific Seasonal Worker Pilot Scheme (PSWPS). In broadening and deepening Australia’s primary development-orientated migration scheme, this move demonstrated a commitment to improving the development impact of Australian migration policy. As such, it is in...

Research report

30 Sep 2011

The field of Australian higher education has changed, is changing and is about to change, repositioned in relation to other 'fields of power'. It is a sector now well defined by its institutional groupings and by their relative claims to selectivity and exclusivity,...

Research report

30 Sep 2011

The Pacific island governments view climate change as a priority issue, especially in terms of its potential impacts on food security, and need clear directions in addressing both issues.

This ADB report describes the present state of food security and its contributing factors in...

Discussion paper

30 Sep 2011

The World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business reports have been ranking countries since 2006. However, do improvements in rankings generate greater foreign direct investment inflows? This study is the first to test such a proposition empirically with Arellano-Bond dynamic panel estimators using the official rankings...

Working paper

30 Sep 2011

This paper recommends specific actions that need to be taken internationally as well as domestically in order to effectively control the embedded CO2 emissions in China’s trade.

China’s capital-intensive, export-oriented, spectacular economic growth since launching its open-door policy and economic reforms in late 1978...

Working paper

30 Sep 2011

This paper examines an innovative proposal in the form of mortgage contingent loans which could minimise government involvement in protecting beachfront property, and therefore the risk to taxpayers.

Climate projections suggest increased inundation and erosion of beachfront property on the east coast of Australia...

Working paper

30 Sep 2011

This paper draws on innovative theorising in the deliberative democracy tradition to map possibilities for global democratic governance of climate technologies.

Technologies for mitigating and adapting to climate change are inherently political. Their development, diffusion, and deployment will have uneven impacts within and across...

29 Sep 2011

Attention-seeking technologies are increasingly blurring the line between home and work, writes Melissa Gregg in Inside Story

• WHEN Susan became pregnant with twins, she saw it as an opportune moment to invest in a wireless broadband connection. As the head of a small...

29 Sep 2011

The Henry Report spelt out a series of tax reforms that would increase environmental and social sustainability, writes Josh Dowse in Inside Story. It’s great ammunition for a debate that needs a fresh start

BACK in December 2009, Ken Henry presented the...

29 Sep 2011

The federal government’s new rules designed to increase student numbers could boost the number of migrants who are permanently temporary, writes Peter Mares in Inside Story

UNIVERSITIES are jubilant about the federal government’s response to the Knight Review of the...

29 Sep 2011

Wealth seems to be more equally distributed than income in Australia, writes Peter Whiteford in Inside Story, but interpreting the data can be complex

AUSTRALIANS like to think of themselves as egalitarian, and for much of our history we believed our income...

Video

In this public lecture at Swinburne University, Gary Banks, Chairman of the Productivity Commission, discusses the Productivity Commission's independence which underpins its operations, integrity and, ultimately, its contribution to better policy outcomes.

Duration: 1:08:45

Download the video 527.13Mb Quicktime format

...

Video

Asia has never been of greater global significance and as global economic and strategic weight shifts from west to east, global institutional frameworks reflect this in turn.

White paper to plot Australia's role in Asia from Asialink Video on...

Transcript

29 Sep 2011

Prime Minister Julia Gillard has announced the commissioning of a White Paper on Australia in the Asian Century, at a luncheon hosted by Asialink and the Asia Society AustralAsia Centre.


"Asia has never been of greater global significance and as global economic and...

Video

The quality of patent filings has fallen dramatically over the past two decades. The rush to protect even minor improvements is overburdening patent offices and reduces the potential for breakthrough inventions, according to the Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2011.

Research report

28 Sep 2011

This Issues Paper presents a preliminary framework for a 10-year health and medical research strategy for NSW. It identifies a series of options to address the issues facing health and medical research in NSW.

The purpose of presenting options at this early stage in...

Transcript

27 Sep 2011

In this lecture to the Australian Senate Peter Mares argues that our thinking about migration has not caught up with recent changes in policy, particularly the rise in temporary migration.

With 6 million people or 27% of the population born overseas Australia has –...

Audio program

26 Sep 2011

In a lecture at the Sydney Institute, Katharine Birbalsingh establishes an irrefutable link between Britain's failing state school system and the recent London riots.

Audio program

26 Sep 2011

Sara Phillips the ABC's Online Environment Editor takes us to a major international conference on energy. And why Germany's decision to ditch nuclear could be bad news for the environment's immediate future.

Article

26 Sep 2011

This short essay takes four big developments that have marked business politics in the Anglo-American world in recent decades, and asks how they apply to Australia.

Research report

23 Sep 2011

Peter Hayes, Professor, RMIT University and Executive Director of the Nautilus Institute and Scott Bruce, Director of the Nautilus Institute, San Francisco assess that North Korea's options for a nuclear strike are severely constrained—so much so that the only credible use of the...

Research report

23 Sep 2011

This paper provides an analysis of the results of the 2011 New South Wales election. It provides summaries of the elections for both chambers, analysis of Legislative Assembly results both before and after the distribution of preferences, as well as a summary of...

Research report

23 Sep 2011

The Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children (LSIC) or Footprints in Time is the first large-scale longitudinal survey in Australia to focus on the development of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) children.

The analysis presented in this paper is structured around six...

Video

Senator John Faulkner gives the annual Archives lecture reflecting on the history of the labour movement in Australia. This talk was recorded at The Australian National University on 15 September 2011.

His talk also opened the 'labour history and its people' conference hosted by...

Journal article

23 Sep 2011

There is a widespread concern amongst librarians that Google Search and Wikipedia are making library reference services and even library collections redundant. There is however, little research on the types of subjects that people look up on Google, Wikipedia and library catalogues. This exploratory analysis...

Research report

23 Sep 2011

Despite 30 years of significant change to the way the criminal justice system responds to sexual violence, conviction rates have gone down in Australia, Canada, and England and Wales.

Victim/survivors continue to express dissatisfaction with how the police and courts handle their cases and...

Research report

23 Sep 2011

This report presents information on public and private sector medical indemnity claims for 2008-09. There were 9,173 medical indemnity claims open at some point during the year, including 5,072 from the public sector and 4,101 from the private sector. The main clinician specialties allegedly involved...

Research report

23 Sep 2011

This report describes the current situation of health leadership and management capacity at the sub-divisional level in Fiji. Fiji has a good standard of health with about 70–80% of the population having access to Primary Health Care, but now faces significant challenges with increasing rates...

Research report

2 Jan 2009

Education.au was a shared company of the Ministries of Education and Training from each of the States, Territories and the Commonwealth. It provided innovative technology solutions for education and training, primarily for use by educators in the key sectors of the education system. Education.au...

Research report

2 Jan 2009

education.au was a shared company of the Ministries of Education and Training from each of the States, Territories and the Commonwealth. It provided innovative technology solutions for education and training, primarily for use by educators in the key sectors of the education system....

Research report

23 Sep 2011

The ADF's current force posture is the result of a series of decisions made when the world was quite different from today. It's therefore appropriate to have another look at the match of resources to strategic need.

But ultimately, any future decision to...

Video

Ultimately, any future decision to move sizeable ADF force elements - especially to remote locations - would have to be based on a strong business case for improved operational effectiveness, explains Andrew Davies.

6:55 mins

Research report

23 Sep 2011

The final report of the Knight Review into student visas has been released with many of its recommendations accepted by the government.

The international education sector is one of Australia's largest export industries and is important to Australia in supporting bilateral ties with key...

21 Sep 2011

Sixty years ago, H.V. Evatt successfully resisted strong public support for draconian anti-communist legislation, writes Frank Bongiorno in Inside Story. Is there a lesson for Labor in 2011?

THE six-to-one High Court verdict was devastating to the government. At a time of...

21 Sep 2011

In Inside Story, Rodney Tiffen looks at what the phone-hacking scandal has revealed so far about media, politics and the police – and what’s likely to happen next

ON 4 JULY this year the Guardian reported that a private investigator working for...

Research report

22 Sep 2011

This paper provides policy makers with key findings about what works to overcome Indigenous disadvantage and assesses the gaps in the evidence.

What works:

• Community involvement and engagement. For example, key success factors in Indigenous community-based alcohol and...

Research report

22 Aug 2011

This study explores the association between financial stress, personal stress, social support and violence against women.

Method: The study used data from the General Social Survey, a large nationally representative sample survey conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in 2006. Logistic regression...

Research report

22 Sep 2011

315 people drowned in Australian waterways between 1st July 2010 and 30th June 2011. Drowning deaths across Australia have increased for the third year in a row and have jumped 11% on the 5 year average.

Key facts:

315 people drowned in...

Research report

22 Sep 2011

This report examines the Government Advertising (Accountability) Bill 2011, introduced by Senator Xenaphon.

The Government Advertising (Accountability) Bill 2011 (the bill) was introduced into the Senate by Senator Xenophon on 21 June 2011. On 7 July 2011, the Senate, on the recommendation of the...

Working paper

22 Sep 2011

This working paper examines in depth the responses of over 700 city residents who were asked about their housing and location priorities.

22 Sep 2011

The koala is an iconic Australian native marsupial that has a very limited diet. It can only eat certain trees – predominantly eucalypts – that contain particular leaf chemistry (such as high levels of nitrogen) and moisture. The koala’s habitat and food trees have...

Audio program

22 Sep 2011

Dr. Toby Carroll discusses the evolution of development programs by institutions such as the World Bank and its subsidiary the International Finance Corporation, and scrutinises the outcomes of recent strategies involving public-private partnerships and explicitly pro-market approaches. With host Elizabeth Lopez.

Duration 33 min...

Video

In this Lunchbox/Soapbox, journalist Paul Cleary expands on his polemic on the insidious effects of Australia’s mining boom. He takes on our dependence on digging stuff out of the ground and sending it overseas, labelling it “generational theft”.

Research report

21 Sep 2011

Families Matter focuses on two complementary studies that document how families with young children are integrating digital media into the rhythm of daily life.

Results from a survey of more than 800 parents of children ages 3 through 10 reveal how parents nationwide...

Research report

21 Sep 2011

This UK report looks at how communities can lead meaningful change in their neighbourhoods? What approaches to stimulating and supporting community-led action work best in different areas? How can government and funders catalyse locally-led innovation in a way that achieves impact at any kind of...

Audio program

21 Sep 2011

Remember a time before the internet? Some of you might... But in Papunya, a remote Aboriginal community in the central Australian desert, people are just getting connected.

The small town has a chequered past, it was the birthplace for the iconic Western Desert Art...

Audio program

19 Sep 2011

The internet is awash with misinformation, manipulated identities, fake reviews, and dishonest comments. Politicians use astroturfing. So do businesses and marketing firms. Beware—it's infecting everyone.

Video

Renowned essayist and public intellectual Robert Manne discusses his new Quarterly Essay 43 on the Australian newspaper with Eric Beecher (Crikey).

Entitled 'Bad News: Murdoch's Australian and the Shaping of the Nation', the essay investigates what happens when one newspaper becomes a central political...

Research report

19 Sep 2011

Feed-in Tariffs (FiT) for residential photovoltaic solar technologies are available in most Australian jurisdictions. Financial incentives under FiT are in addition to those provided by the Small-Scale Renewable Energy Scheme which forms part of the national 20% Renewable Energy Target. Little attention has...

Audio program

19 Sep 2011

New research into quantum communications at the University of New South Wales could provide an ultra secure way of sending information between particular locations.

Research report

19 Sep 2011

The United States, its allies and the Iraqi Government will need to make some difficult decisions if they are to maintain hard won security gains in Iraq. In the wake of coordinated and deadly al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) attacks in and around Baghdad,...

Briefing paper

19 Sep 2011

Most Australians with a mental illness receive little support or understanding at work – yet having a ‘mentally healthy workplace’ with positive, supportive attitudes to mental illness is the most important factor in successfully keeping a job and contributing to the workforce....

16 Sep 2011

The social sciences produce a kind of knowledge that has become vital, writes Raewyn Connell in this edited extract from her new book, Confronting Equality .

LATE IN 2009, the United Nations convened a great meeting in Copenhagen on an issue being...

Article

16 Sep 2011

Australian governments of both political stripes have responded pragmatically and effectively to the rise of China, the relative decline of the United States and the increased assertiveness of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). When they have made mistakes, the Howard, Rudd and Gillard...

Research report

16 Sep 2011

The Commissioner of Children and Young People has released a new online resource that provides a socio-demographic profile of Western Australia’s 500,000 children and young people. It describes the State’s population of under 18 year-olds through current data on population distribution, diversity and family characteristics,...

16 Sep 2011

Technology enhanced learning has failed but there is still a role for technology to create personal learning spaces writes Gerry White in this research review on DERN.

Learning using technology has been fraught with controversy and debate since personal computers became widely available in...

Research report

15 Sep 2011

The future of Australian migration depends on not repeating the policy of Europe and its welfare model.

Australia is one of the most multicultural countries in the world. Almost a quarter of the population was born abroad; almost half have at least one parent...

Research report

15 Aug 2011

The rate of offending on both NSW trains and at stations is very low, however relative risk varies considerably depending upon location, day of week and time of day.

The rail transport system is an integral part of the State’s urban infrastructure. Residents in...

Research report

15 Sep 2011

This wide-ranging survey examines public opinion in Fiji about the performance of Fiji's military-led government and Fiji’s relations with the world.

Questions focused on the implementation of government promises, the role of Fiji’s military, and democracy. Foreign policy questions addressed Fiji’s relationships with traditional...

Research report

15 Sep 2011

This report is the third biennial assessment of the National Water Initiative (NWI) undertaken by the National Water Commission.

It reviews the extent to which the initiative has improved the sustainable management of Australia's water resources and contributed to the national interest....

Research report

15 Sep 2011

The meaning of human rights in a Victorian context and the most appropriate way to protect and enhance those rights are matters of significant public interest and debate.

The four year review and inquiry is pursuant to section 44 of the Charter of Human...

Research report

15 Sep 2011

This paper examines public opinion polling in Australia and in other jurisdictions, and functions as a guide to interpreting polling results.

Research report

15 Sep 2011

The audit found evidence of good outcomes for recipients and that all stakeholders are enthusiastic about the results of ISPs and their ongoing potential. However, benefits are not consistently delivered.

Disability services in Victoria have been undergoing major reform since the early 1990s. A...

15 Sep 2011

The ownership issue must to be addressed, argues Tim Dunlop in The Drum Unleashed .

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Can't say I'm a big fan of the proposed inquiry into Australia's print media, though aspects of it are better than I thought they would be....

15 Sep 2011

We begin with three typical stories about sexual assault. Two intellectually disabled girls complain that a 17-year-old boy with autism has indecently assaulted them. The parents of one girl are angry and want the boy to be prosecuted, but the police tell them it is...

14 Sep 2011

In his article from The Conversation website, Bruce Littleboy writes about economic forecasts, their effects and their accuracy.

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Does the finance industry rely too heavily on contestable economic data? AAP

People who work in business and finance are obsessed with economic...

14 Sep 2011
Asks Richard Mulgin in The Conversation.

As Federal Parliament has begun debating the creation of the Parliamentary Budget Office, a unit designed to independently cost the election promises and policies for all parties and independents, Richard Mulgin details the proposal in his article...

Video

14 Sep 2011

Scientists at the CSIRO are investigating how different wheat traits perform under projected climate conditions using tunnel houses specially designed to mimic the environment of 2050.

Duration: 4:34

Audio program

14 Sep 2011

Evidence of coastal ecosystem degradation in the Great Barrier Reef has been linked with increased land-based runoff of suspended solids, nutrients and pesticides resulting from clearing and agricultural land use.

The long term survival of Australia’s world heritage listed Great Barrier Reef is under...

Audio program

12 Sep 2011

Explores the past and future of the relationship between the United States and Australia.

Research report

12 Sep 2011

"The future is in our hands, and it will be defined by the way we handle the current minerals boom. Get it wrong, and we falter. Get it right, and we set the nation up for decades to come." Prime Minister, the Hon. Julia Gillard...

Research report

12 Sep 2011

Australia has the highest average solar radiation per square meter of any continent in the world yet we are failing to capitalise on the potential benefits of large-scale solar.

As we move towards and beyond the 20% by 2020 Renewable Energy Target...

Audio program

12 Sep 2011

It's what Australia's famous for. But while it's true we have oodles of sunshine, we haven't managed to capitalise on our competitive advantage when it comes to solar power.

We're among the world-leaders in research, but the Europeans have moved faster in harvesting solar...

Audio program

12 Sep 2011

The federal Government recently announced that it will go ahead with a National Disability Insurance Scheme. But what will this scheme really mean for people with disability and their carers throughout Australia?

To answer those and other questions, Disability and Race Discrimination Commissioner,...

Research report

9 Sep 2011

Until recently, the usual measure of disadvantage in Australia has been the level of income poverty. The Henderson poverty line has traditionally been the most widely used indicator, measuring the disposable income required to support the needs of a family comprising two adults and two...

Journal article

9 Sep 2011

Changes to the remuneration of medical practitioners are currently being considered in Australia and this paper discusses financial incentives in healthcare markets and their effects on health professionals' behaviour.

After defining incentives, the paper focuses on the design of incentive schemes for the health...

Research report

7 Sep 2011

Examining the barriers to the provision of adequate care and support to people with disabilities in Australia, this paper proposes a high-level outline for a National Disability Insurance Scheme and improved coverage within existing accident insurance programs.

The paper identifies four explanations for...

Research report

7 Sep 2011

This report by Dr Augustine Asante and John Hall describes the current situation of health leadership and management capacity in Papua New Guinea. PNG has some of the worst health indicators in the Asia-Pacific region and unless health delivery is drastically scaled up,...

Research report

7 Sep 2011

Before people can access key aged care programs, they need to obtain approval for program eligibility from an Aged Care Assessment Team (ACAT). The assessment teams also make recommendations on the preferred setting for receiving care; that is, in the person’s home or...

Research report

6 Sep 2011

The wellbeing of many children had deteriorated in the past 10 to 15 years.

For very good reasons, Australians of all ages, backgrounds and political persuasions are concerned about the environment. What we do now in terms of looking after the environment...

Research report

7 Sep 2011

Giving young people the opportunity to share their views and experiences of detention and the youth justice system, this survey considers matters that affect their safety and wellbeing.

The Commission’s latest survey shows that young people in Queensland’s youth detention centres are positive about...

Discussion paper

6 Sep 2011

This review provides the opportunity to benchmark the performance of local government regulatory activities and how they impact on businesses.

There are 560 local government areas in Australia. They play an important role in delivering policies of all governments at the grass roots and...

Research report

6 Sep 2011

The rate of deaths due to mesothelioma has remained relatively stable over the 10 years for which data are available.

Data on the number of new cases of mesothelioma are collected nationally by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) in the National...

Report

7 Sep 2011

The Census is the largest survey of workers that Australian unions have ever conducted and is around thirty times larger than the standard national opinion polls used by the media and political parties.

The aim of the Working Australia Census 2011 was to be...

6 Sep 2011

Despite a raft of studies showing income management isn’t significantly improving people’s life chances, the Commonwealth is determined to press on with expanding the policy writes Eva Cox

Another disappointing Productivity Commission biennial report (61) on Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage shows limited improvement and, like...

Audio program

5 Sep 2011

A presentation on convergence and its impact on the world economy.

In today's world economy, the line between developed and emerging markets is growing ever more blurred. At the Food for Thought event in Melbourne on 18 August 2011, Mark Thirlwell, Director of the...

Audio program

5 Sep 2011

D-I-Y home renovations have led to higher asbestos exposure and a subsequent rise in malignant mesothelioma.

Researchers from the University of Western Australia have found a steady rise in the number of cases of malignant mesothelioma since the mid 1980s in people who've renovated...

31 Aug 2011

In this edited extract from her new book, Diane Austin-Broos looks at the debate about the role of Community Development Employment Projects in remote Aboriginal communities

REMOTE Aboriginal Australia is a place where great beauty can be juxtaposed with seemingly endless...

Article

1 Sep 2011

The post-career autobiography seems to have become an essential tool in enhancing, or restoring, the reputation of former political leaders writes Matthew Ricketson.

"When George W Bush began looking for a running mate for his Republican Party ticket before the 2000 election, he chose...

1 Sep 2011

Has the entire offshore processing system seen its last days asks Binoy Kampmark ?

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Activists, pro-refugee advocates and a few politicians were puzzled when the Federal Government decided to affect the ‘Malaysian Solution’, a refugee policy resembling the Howard Government’s Pacific...

Video

Amidst the heated debate around the introduction of a carbon tax in Australia, leading environmentalist Tim Flannery shares with Prof Robert Manne his views on the global warming debate.

They discuss the political environment in Australia, global emissions reduction efforts and the issues around...