December 2011

Working paper

30 Dec 2011

Countries differ considerably in terms of the price drivers pay for gasoline. Using data from a large sample of countries, this paper provides new evidence regarding the implications of these differences of the consumption of gasoline for road transport and the fuel economy of new...

Working paper

30 Dec 2011

A regional arrangement that does not include both the United States and China is more likely to disrupt than to contribute to regional trade and prosperity.

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement aims to be a high quality, 21st Century economic agreement that furthers economic...

23 Dec 2011

The weekend’s boat tragedy makes the need for regional cooperation more urgent than ever, writes Savitri Taylor in Inside Story. The good news is that real progress has already been made

DESPITE the ordeal after their boat sank off the coast...

Research report

30 Oct 2011

Gender in development has been an issue for development agencies – NGO, bilateral and multilateral – since the mid-1970s and the Mexico Women’s Conference when the first women and development (WID) approaches were agreed, with the intention of addressing women’s absence from development discourse, planning,...

22 Dec 2011

Next year could be a time for consolidation followed by tough love, writes John Spoehr in The Adelaide Review .

In a sea of global economic instability, Australia is no island, yet over the last few years we have weathered the destructive forces sweeping...

Article

21 Dec 2011

Using design principles for social service delivery has produced old fashioned innovation, writes Nicholas Gruen

Design is often described as making things not only useable but useful and desirable/delightful. We'd agree this is important - but what is even more fundamental (and rare)...

Discussion paper

18 Dec 2011

The focus of the Inquiry is on the Australian Government departments and agencies and responses are now being sought to this discussion paper.

Access and Equity is the policy that requires that all Australians have equal access to Australian Government services for which they...

Research report

19 Oct 2011

This report defines enduring principles to underpin the long-term funding of Australian higher education as well as specific recommendations and options for a reformed funding model.

Australia’s future social and economic development depends on having an educated and highly skilled community, delivering creativity, innovation...

Research report

19 Dec 2011

This policy brief explains the main outcomes of the latest UN climate negotiations in Durban, South Africa.

The talks produced significant progress and have important implications for Australia’s domestic climate change policies as we enter 2012 and head towards a legally binding agreement by...

Research report

19 Dec 2011

This report describes the prevalence and trends of neural tube defects in Australia during the past decade.

Neural tube defects (NTDs) are a group of major congenital anomalies comprising anencephaly, spina bifida and encephalocele that result from very early disruption in the development of...

Book

19 Dec 2011

This is the first in-depth study of media portrayals of well-known Indigenous women in Australia and New Zealand, including Goolagong, Te Kanawa, Oodgeroo Noonuccal and Dame Whina Cooper.

From 1950, increasing numbers of Aboriginal and Māori women became nationally or internationally renowned. Few reached...

19 Dec 2011

Rob Oakeshott still has a lot he wants to get done, he tells Peter Browne in Inside Story

AT THE end of a long parliamentary week, fifteen years after he was elected to the New South Wales parliament, eight and a...

19 Dec 2011

Must Australian politicians work “tirelessly” for their communities or face electoral oblivion? In Inside Story, James Panichi looks for the middle ground

LET’S state the obvious: no Australian running for parliament would ever pledge to cut ties with his or her electorate...

19 Dec 2011

Iain Topliss reviews David Bellos’s book, Is That a Fish in Your Ear? Translation and the Meaning of Everything , for Inside Story

ABOUT eighteen months ago a new translation of Simone de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex attracted a...

Research report

11 Sep 2011

This paper argues that physical distance affects the labour market outcomes of terrorist attacks.

Research found that the terrorist attack of 9/11 was associated with a temporary decline in US Arab and Muslim men’s weekly earnings and real wages of around 9 to 11...

Research report

19 Dec 2011

The report sets out the Convergence Review Committee's vision for fundamental change to the regulatory framework of Australia's digital economy, and identifies key areas for reform.

On the eve of 2012 we face a media content and communications landscape that is changing rapidly. Tablet...

Research report

19 Dec 2011

This publication presents a synopsis of the latest published research examining violence against women in Australia and its prevention.

This summary focuses on:

the extent of violence against women population groups at risk the health, economic and other consequences of the problem factors...

Research report

16 Dec 2011

Japan will remain an introverted strategic player during the next decade, and for Australia, the challenge is how to partner with that inward-looking Japan.

Japan has endured a difficult couple of decades, but probably confronts another. With its economy stalled, its political system still...

Research report

19 Nov 2011

There is strong evidence that intensively supervising drug court participants in the early phases reduces early-phase substance use and sanctioning rates.

This paper assesses whether intensive judicial supervision (IJS) during the early stages of drug court reduces drug use and sanctioning rates.

...

Research report

19 Dec 2011

Government-funded alcohol and other drug treatmentincreased in New South Wales in 2009-10.

In New South Wales in 2009-10, 258 government-funded alcohol and other drug treatment agencies and outlets provided 35,202 treatment episodes. This was an increase of eight treatment agencies and 309 episodes compared...

19 Dec 2011

Light on detail and raising many more questions than it answers, yesterday’s Convergence Review interim report is still bold and far-reaching writes Ben Goldsmith

, driven by a fundamentally optimistic view of the future for Australian culture, content and communication.

For the first...

19 Dec 2011

The Age could find itself at the centre of a test case for a brand new law, says Martin Hirst in The Conversation.

Victoria Police e-crime squad members yesterday raided the offices of The Age newspaper as part of their ongoing investigation into allegations...

Journal article

19 Dec 2011

After many years of being sidelined by democracy, Indonesia’s military men and their fellow travellers in the conservative civilian elite are again feeling confident enough to challenge their exclusion from the political mainstream.

Conservative members of Indonesia’s military establishment are breaking a self-imposed silence...

Research report

15 Dec 2011

The inaugural National Water Planning Report Card 2011 provides a summary of the status of water plans across Australia.

The Report Card is a response to a COAG request for an independent assessment of water planning to inform an objective discussion on...

Research report

15 Dec 2011

This report presents data on the people turned away from government-funded specialist homelessness accommodation in 2010–11, and is the final report using data sourced from the SAAP NDC.

Specialist homelessness agencies in Australia accommodate a large number of people every day. However, they cannot...

Research report

15 Dec 2011

This paper examines recent local government reform in the Northern Territory from two perspectives. The first is a quantitative perspective on population and finances, which focuses on the mixing of diverse interests in the recent changes. The second is a more observational perspective gained from...

Research report

15 Dec 2011

This topical issue is based upon a submission to the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs Inquiry into language learning in Indigenous communities, and has a specific focus on lessons the authors have learnt from working with Indigenous peoples...

Research report

16 Dec 2011

The Political Issues Analysis System (PIAS) project sought to investigate how citizens in Melbourne, Australia used the Internet to seek political information about key political issues. It also sought to understand how citizens contacted their elected representative about these issues. Through workshops, case studies, and...

Research report

16 Dec 2011

The Brotherhood's annual Sambell Oration Dinner for 2011 featured Jennifer Westacott, Chief Executive of the Business Council of Australia .

Named after former Brotherhood of St Laurence Executive Director Archbishop Geoffrey Sambell, the event reflects his vision for social justice and provides...

Briefing paper

16 Dec 2011

Investigating some of the issues pertaining to the evaluation of initiatives that seek to have a community-wide impact, this paper considers the impact of neighbourhoods and programs upon children and families.

Key messages

Area-based (or place-based) initiatives often seek to have a whole-of-community...

Research report

16 Dec 2011

Dental health has been largely excluded from the Australian Government’s health scheme Medicare. The result of this is significant suffering by those who cannot afford the cost of private dental care. The problem is concentrated among low-income and marginalised groups who identify the financial cost...

Research report

16 Dec 2011

This study of Peninsula Youth Connections, a program operated in the Frankston Mornington Peninsula region by the Brotherhood of St Laurence and TaskForce, found that not only life circumstances but also systemic education barriers made it difficult for some young people to engage in meaningful...

Discussion paper

15 Dec 2011

Australia is experiencing its largest mining boom for more than a century and a half. This paper explores, from a national perspective, important economic differences that arise when a mining boom, such as the current one, is generated by sustained export price increases (trading gains)...

Research report

15 Dec 2011

In Australia, adoption is one of a range of options used to provide permanent care for children who are unable to live with their birth families. This report presents the latest data on adoptions by Australians of Australian children and children from overseas in 2010–11....

Research report

12 Dec 2011

Presents a comprehensive review of the state and trends of the environment; the pressures on it and the drivers of those pressures; management initiatives in place to address environmental concerns and the impacts of those initiatives; its resilience and the unmitigated risks that threaten it;...

Discussion paper

13 Dec 2011

Drafts of the Australian Dietary Guidelines and the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating are now available for public comment.

The Guidelines are based on the best available scientific evidence linking diet and health. They provide information for health professionals and the general population to...

Guide

1 Nov 2011

Providing incentives for parents to pay for schooling is good public policy.

For forty years, Australian governments have supported parental choice in schooling by providing funding for non-government schools on a needs basis. Funding from the Commonwealth comprises a minimum per capita amount which...

12 Dec 2011

For APO Barney Foran reviews Urban Consumption , edited by Peter Newton, CSIRO Publishing

Following on from his book on Urban Transitions , also published by CSIRO, Peter Newton’s new collection musters eighteen data rich chapters by leading Australian and international researchers....

Policy report

23 Mar 2011

Recently, all kinds of problems and issues are being called wicked, not in the sense of evil, but complex, difficult to understand and resistant to solving.

This is in comparison to tame problems, which are simple, straightforward and lend themselves to traditional, linear approaches...

Guide

19 May 2011

School choice has been a divisive issue in education policy for a long time, often the subject of heated debate based more on ideology than evidence.

In pursuing choice policies, governments seek to raise the level of student achievement, reflect the diverse values of...

Guide

15 Apr 2011

Despite numerous reports, reviews and initiatives over many years, homelessness remains a policy issue in search of a solution.

The Commonwealth Government has set two headline targets:

• Halve homelessness by 2020 • Provide supported accommodation for all rough sleepers in need....

Guide

19 Apr 2011

In the international testing stakes, Australian school students are mostly high achievers. However, there is a significant equity problem in education.

This topic guide addresses:

• What does ‘equity’ in education mean? • Do non-government schools contribute to equity outcomes or make them...

Research report

12 Dec 2011

This paper considers the driving geopolitical, economic and strategic forces behind Russia’s current strategic fixation with the Asia – Pacific – Indian Ocean region and provides some key recommendations for Australian policymakers.

In mid-November 2011, Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard held talks with Russian...

Research report

12 Dec 2011

This audit assesses the effectiveness of the implementation of the National Partnership Agreement on Remote Indigenous Housing in the Northern Territory from the perspective of the Australian Government.

The need to improve the social and economic outcomes of Indigenous Australians was widely...

Research report

30 Aug 2011

This paper has a specific focus on lessons that the authors have learnt from working with Indigenous peoples engaged in cultural and natural resource management projects in northern Australia and New South Wales.

It is based on action research currently being undertaken under the...

Research report

12 Dec 2011

This report presents national statistics for the BreastScreen Australia program, which aims to reduce morbidity and mortality from breast cancer through organised breast cancer screening.

BreastScreen Australia operates as a joint program of the Australian and state and territory governments, targeting women aged 50–69...

Research report

12 Dec 2011

This report argues that Asia–Pacific states need to allocate greater resources to risk reduction activities and increase the speed and effectiveness of relief efforts.

Australia, Japan and the US are active in promoting disaster risk management as a key component of their Asia–Pacific relations...

Research report

12 Dec 2011

The violent border clashes between Thailand and Cambodia earlier this year have challenged the Association of South East Asian Nations to turn its rhetoric into action, but more robust diplomacy is required to end a still unresolved conflict.

Border clashes between Thailand and Cambodia...

Research report

12 Dec 2011

Single‐sex classes within coeducational environments are likely to modify students' risk‐taking attitudes in economically important ways. To test this, we designed a controlled experiment using first year college students who made choices over real‐stakes lotteries at two distinct dates. Students were randomly assigned...

Research report

12 Dec 2011

In the 24 months to September 2011, crimes such as assault and motor theft were tending downwards in New South Wales.

The offences trending downwards were:

Assault – non-domestic violence related (down 5.8%) Robbery without a weapon (down 17.9%) Break and enter dwelling...

Research report

12 Dec 2011

Measurement error in the constructed price of child care can explain why previous Australian studies have found partnered women's labour supply to be unresponsive to child care prices.

Through improved data and improved construction of the child care price variable, we find child care...

Research report

12 Dec 2011

This paper examines how and why intoxicated persons continue to be able to access more alcohol.

It is well documented that alcohol intoxication is a major contributing factor in incidents of aggression and violence. When factors such as health, policing costs and lost productivity...

Research report

12 Dec 2011

This report provides insights on the outcomes the child protection system is delivering for children and young people against 10 important wellbeing indicators.

Some key findings in the report identify that:

Against the critical ‘Safe out-of-home care’ indicator, the service system continued to...

Research report

30 Oct 2011

The aim, through collecting data, analysing it and converting it to evidence about outcomes, is to positively influence the service system, so that it is able to better meet the needs of the children and young people who depend on it.

Young people in...

Research report

12 Dec 2011

The report summarises the most up-to-date information available in Australia today on the oral health and dental visiting of the Australian population.

Data have been sourced from surveys managed by the Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health (ARCPOH) and administrative data sets managed...

Research report

9 Dec 2011

According to this report, regulatory reforms are needed for the Australian retail industry to adapt successfully to the more globally competitive market in which it now operates.

There are almost 140 000 retail businesses in Australia, accounting for 4.1 per cent of GDP and...

Research report

9 Dec 2011

After one year under the Baillieu Government, this audit assesses the delivery of their election promises on the environment and also assesses significant actions taken that were not foreshadowed prior to the election.

All in all the audit, entitled found that of the 57...

Research report

9 Dec 2011

Despite the obvious success of women in all sectors of legal practice there is wide recognition that barriers or impediments to the advancement of women in the profession continue to exist.

The number of women solicitors practising in NSW has grown by 452% since...

Research report

9 Dec 2011

As well as providing the definitive national statement of water trading activity, this report stands as a valuable information resource that describes trading arrangements and activity in each jurisdiction.

It updates market users and other interested parties on market activity, recent administrative and...

Research report

9 Dec 2011

Water markets and trading have played a key role in allocating scarce water resources. The flexibility and autonomy offered by water trading has increased agricultural production, helped farmers and communities to survive severe drought, and provided the mechanism for recovering water for the environment....

Research report

30 Apr 2010

The aim of the project was to investigate the work, skill and benefit (WSB) trajectories experienced over ten years of skilled workers who completed their initial trade and bachelor degree qualifications at RMIT between 1994 and 1996.

Understanding WSB trajectories has significance...

Transcript

8 Dec 2011

The potentially looming 'digital participation gap' in Australia requires concerted efforts to ensure that poor, remote and vulnerable communities in Australia are not actively included in the fast internet roll-out.

This paper discusses the potentially looming 'digital participation gap' in Australia, if concerted efforts...

Research report

8 Dec 2011

Leading to the development of a 20 year strategy for learning, this paper provides a practical outline of a local government partnership with higher education in the context of a geographic learning community.

The paper is to document the development of the Hume Global...

8 Dec 2011

Intensified military activity has failed, argue John Braithwaite and Ali Wardak in Inside Story. It’s time for a ceasefire

TEN years ago, a conference in the German city of Bonn agreed on a roadmap – the Bonn Agreement – for the creation...

9 Dec 2011

The attempt to measure quality of life over time and between places is still in its infancy, writes Peter Shergold for the Centre for Social Impact.

It was in May 1968 that Robert Kennedy, with characteristically brilliant oratory, identified the abject failure of governments...

Research report

5 Dec 2011

Key points:

This paper uses data from the 2008 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS) to model the links between various personal characteristics and activities, and four Indigenous labour market outcomes. As causality may run in either direction, results...

Research report

9 Dec 2011

Homelessness can affect anyone in the community. Each year many Australians either experience homelessness or find themselves in circumstances that put them at risk of becoming homeless. In response to this, Australian governments fund a range of services specifically designed to reduce the incidence or...

Video

CSI's Cheryl Kernot discusses Knowledge Connect Issue 12: Summer 2011-2012: Social Entrepreneurship - the revolution matures.

Cheryl is introduced by David Knowles, Director, JBWere Philanthropic services.

The discourse around social entrepreneurship continues at a pace: more international conferences, research interest, journals and university...

Audio program

8 Dec 2011

This program looks at number of projects aiming to improve access to communication - be it the use of telephones in East Timor or Internet access in the remote interior of Australia.

Guests

David Rowe Electronic engineer and one of the founders of...

Research report

8 Dec 2011

Australians continue to embrace multiple communication technologies, with the mobile phone, the rise of the smartphone and internet-based communications complementing traditional fixed-line telephony.

According to the report in the six months to April 2011, 84 percent of adults in fixed-line telephone households used three...

Research report

8 Dec 2011

This is the largest annual gathering of communications knowledge in Australia. It gives a springboard to serious thinking and data about the state of media, telecommunications and the Internet. One strength of the Forum is the depth of analysis, criticism and research offered by professional...

5 Dec 2011

For APO, Annie Bolitho looks at more creative ways into the Murray Darling Basin quagmire.

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Recently the e-bulletin NRM jobs , advertised new positions for Directors at the Murray Darling Basin Authority (MDBA). The first responsibility listed stated: “ Lead and...

Guide

5 Dec 2011

Introduction

Social innovation is an overarching term for a variety of practices that aim to address social problems, and provides a new lens to understand the role of the social in innovation. Social innovation takes the form of products, processes, services and models...

Literature review

5 Dec 2011

This literature review looks at community engagement and academic research with a particular emphasis on public health issues.

Community engagement is a term that has come to be associated with a broad range of activities involving the interaction of universities and researchers with communities....

Research report

6 Dec 2011

The ten most viewed research reports on APO in 2011 based on number of pageviews

1. Closing the gap - Prime Minister's report 2011

Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs

The third annual report on the Federal Government's...

Research report

6 Dec 2011

DOMESTIC violence is directly linked with performance and productivity at thousands of Australian workplaces according to this survey.

Domestic or family violence is an abuse of power by a partner, ex-partner or family member. It takes many forms including intimidation, control, isolation and emotional,...

Research report

6 Dec 2011

Domestic violence is directly linked with performance and productivity at thousands of Australian workplaces according to this survey.

Domestic or family violence is an abuse of power by a partner, ex-partner or family member. It takes many forms including intimidation, control, isolation and emotional,...

Research report

6 Dec 2011

Renewable energy provided almost 10 per cent of Australia’s electricity in the last 12 months and more than half a million household solar power systems are now installed on Australian rooftops – around 35 times the amount just three years ago at the end of...

2 Dec 2011

Medical students meet users of health services in clinical settings—the hospital or surgery—and so see them through eyes attuned to clinical and individual solutions, not to the broader social determinants of health, illness and modes of medical practice. Students are often resistant to...

Research report

2011 report
1 Dec 2011

Cancer in adolescents and young adults in Australia presents the latest available incidence, survival and mortality statistics on cancer in young Australians aged 15 to 29. The incidence of cancer in this age group has become steady since the mid-1990s while cancer mortality has fallen...

Journal article

30 Aug 2011

Faith plays a crucial role in development, yet ‘faith-based’ organisations (FBOs) continue to face ambivalence towards their religiosity and how it may impact upon the development work they do. As a result they have undergone structural changes to ameliorate the pressures arising from mainly government...

Research report

1 Dec 2011

Agreed government reforms will require early childhood education and care providers to employ a substantially larger and more highly qualified workforce, according to a report released by the Productivity Commission.

The report - Early Childhood Development Workforce - finds that many more...

Video

1 Dec 2011

Tim Lang proposes that a set of 'New Fundamentals' are now clear yet policy-makers have so far failed to get sufficient intellectual, political and economic grip on the seriousness of the situation. For a moment, in 2006-08, this looked possible. Rising oil and...

Research report

30 Nov 2011

This research synthesis provides a rigorous analysis of the key elements of effective youth mentoring programs. The report considers national and international evidence on the value for investment and identifies evidence regarding the social and economic benefits for youth of quality one-to-one relationship based mentoring....

Discussion paper

1 Dec 2011

Over the past decade, the digital economy has enabled extraordinary technological innovation and evolution. The growth of the internet as a global distribution channel has also facilitated an explosion in the range and volume of content available online - from movies to music,...

Research report

2 Dec 2011

In this paper, Andrew Davies and Edward Mortimer look at Australia's energy security. Energy is the lifeblood of modern economies. The correlation between energy consumption and prosperity is strong—and that's unlikely to change. Those simple observations have some profound implications.

Australia, like...

Video

Raimond Gaita gives The Herbert & Valmae Freilich Foundation Annual Lecture in Bigotry and Intolerance 2011 at The Australian National University on 10 November 2011.

Raimond Gaita is Professorial Fellow in the Melbourne Law School and the Faculty of Arts, University of Melbourne and...

Research report

1 Dec 2011

This report suggests that with rising Chinese influence in the region, the US appears to doubt that Australia can deliver on South Pacific issues.

The Pacific Island members of the United Nations now meet under the rubric of the Pacific Small Islands Developing States...