January 2012

31 Jan 2012

Indeed, the use of the word "nanny" to describe state interference in individual choices originally came from the left.

In a 1960 article in the New Statesman, the magazine set up by members of the Fabian Society, nanny was deployed to attack...

Research report

30 Jan 2012

This report details progress in the Force Posture Review to assess whether the Australian Defence Force is correctly geographically positioned to meet Australia’s current and future strategic challenges.

On 22 June 2011 Minister for Defence Stephen Smith announced a Force Posture Review to assess...

31 Jan 2012

The women’s tournament is not equal in work to the men’s, writes Mark Gottlieb for The Punch.

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But my thoughts quickly turned to why the women’s game doesn’t produce epics like that. This is not to say that the...

31 Jan 2012

We must move past the culture of blame, argues Chris Harrison for The Punch.

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The Costa Concordia disaster is the cruise ship industry’s chance to improve safety and ensure that avoidable tragedy never happens again, but that chance will...

Research report

31 Jan 2012

This report aims to promote awareness about the performance of government services and help drive improvements.

There are a number of improvements in this year's Report, including the introduction of sector summaries in all broad reporting areas (Early childhood, education and training, Justice, Emergency...

Research report

31 Jan 2012

Australia should be proactive in exploring new opportunities for cooperation with a reform minded Indonesia - it’s in our interests to draw Indonesia into a more important strategic role in regional security.

Australians have long worried about whether Indonesia is ‘special’ or ‘normal’. Instead,...

31 Jan 2012

Rejecting discrimination in the constitution empower us all, writes Patrick Dodson for the National Times .

There are examples where Aboriginal people have resisted attempts by the state and others to trample their rights without resorting to violence and the use of...

Research report

19 Jan 2012

This evaluation examines the febfast (alcohol-free month) event to understand who took part and why, and what impacts the event had on their alcohol awareness, health and subsequent drinking behaviours with the aim of increasing participation rates in the future.

febfast is an annual...

Research report

30 Jan 2012

Australia’s higher education system is entering one of its most significant years in recent history.

To meet a government goal of 40% of young Australian adults holding a bachelor’s degree or above by 2025, restrictions on undergraduate student numbers have been lifted:...

Video

27 Jan 2012

Paul Hawken is an environmentalist, entrepreneur, journalist and author.

Since the age of 20, he’s dedicated his life to sustainability and changing the relationship between business and the environment. Speaking at the Wheeler Centre with Alexandra de Blas, Hawken discusses his work, his writing...

Research report

15 Sep 2011

This report is an industry aligned technology roadmap of the TCF Nonwoven Textiles field. It provides detail to help ensure the industry has the technical capability to be globally competitive.

Enterprise Connect commissioned CSIRO through its SME Engagement Centre to develop a Technology Roadmap...

Research report

22 Dec 2011

This report reviews the current algorithm for monitoring the incidence of Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Australia, presenting a detailed analysis of hospitalisations for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and unstable angina (UA).

The term ‘acute coronary syndrome’ (ACS) refers to the spectrum of acute...

Research report

18 Jan 2012

The Indigenous Child Placement Principle was embedded in section 83 of the Child Protection Act 1999 to prescribe a process that must be followed by the Department of Communities when making out-of-home care placement decisions for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and young people,...

Research report

27 Jan 2012

The death of a child from assault or neglect is a tragic event which goes to highlight the critical issues of safeguarding children and developing effective social policy. The requirement to protect children from threats to life posed by abuse and neglect is internationally enshrined...

Research report

30 Nov 2011

This short paper focuses on understanding suicidal intent: how it is communicated and to whom, what it can mean for young people at risk of suicide, and that any threat of suicide needs to be taken seriously.

The reasons why children and young people...

Research report

27 Jan 2012

This paper canvasses opinions and issues arising from the proposed ban on political donations from third party interest groups in the Election Funding, Expenditure and Disclosures Amendment Bill 2011, currently before the NSW Parliament, with particular reference to the implied freedom of political communication under...

Research report

27 Jan 2012

This short paper discusses the constitutional issues associated with the proposed amendments in the Election Funding, Expenditure and Disclosures Amendment Bill 2011 relating to caps on electoral expenditure.

Significant issues of interpretation remain to be clarified in relation to the implied freedom...

Research report

24 Jan 2012

This consultation paper sets out the nature of each of the tasks assigned to the Commission for the Government's Clean Energy Future Package.

The Australian Parliament recently passed the Government’s Clean Energy and related legislation (referred to as the Clean Energy Future Package). The...

Research report

25 Jan 2012

This is the first comprehensive review of the Australian intelligence community since the 2004 inquiry conducted by Mr Philip Flood AO.

The Flood inquiry recommended that Australia’s intelligence agencies undergo external review every five to seven years.

The full, classified Report was considered...

Research report

26 Jan 2012

Involvement in violent campaigns against vice and religious deviance has become one pathway to terrorism in Indonesia.

This briefing from the International Crisis Group, examines the radicalisation of a group from Cirebon, West Java that was behind the 2011 suicide bombings of a mosque...

Research report

23 Jan 2012

This paper considers the implications of Taiwan's election result for China, the US, Australia and Taiwan itself.

Leaders in Washington, Beijing and Canberra breathed a quiet sigh of relief when Taiwanese President Ma Ying Jeou was elected for a second term on 14 January....

Research report

24 Jan 2012

This publication presents information about the experiences of unemployed people in seeking work, in terms of the steps they have taken to find work and the difficulties they have encountered in finding work. It is based on data collected in the Job Search Experience Survey,...

Research report

30 Aug 2011

This report examines important streamside management zone processes and illustrates them with examples from forest management operations and agriculture.

Streamside management zones (SMZs) are special landscape units that include riparian areas and adjacent lands that mitigate the movement of sediment, nutrients and other chemicals...

Audio program

25 Jan 2012

Social scientists Assoc Prof Fiona Haines and Prof Nancy Reichman discuss the myths and implications behind authorities’ implementation of regulations, particularly in the wake of a disaster. With host Jennifer Cook.

25 Jan 2012

Since its introduction in 2007, there has been much debate over the effectiveness of the Northern Territory Emergency Response (NTER) in improving the quality of life in remote indigenous communities. Public discussion on using good evidence for policymaking has so far not encouraged Indigenous Affairs...

Audio program

25 Jan 2012

Criminologist and lawyer Dr Jennifer Balint discusses how nation-states seek to use the law in support of genocidal practices and other crimes against humanity. She also examines how, conversely, the law is also called upon to bring about reconciliation after regime change. With host Jennifer...

25 Jan 2012

Like money for jam, journalists have found their demon figure, their publicity machine, in the form of anti-copyright maestro Kim Dotcom. He is a figure of capacious girth with a string of white collar crimes that would make some blush and others envious. Most just...

Research report

24 Jan 2012

This paper traces the structural factors driving anti-government mobilisation in Afghanistan in each successive phase of the country’s thirty years of conflicts.

Drawing on extensive literature from both international and Afghan sources, it analyses the social and political factors behind...

Research report

19 Jan 2012

This paper argues that current multiparty support has created a historic opportunity to recognise Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first peoples of Australia, and recommends changes to the Constitution.

The Expert Panel was tasked to report to the Government on possible...

24 Jan 2012

THIS is not the kind of comeback Margaret Thatcher would ever have wanted. There was a time, in the wake of her tearful departure from 10 Downing Street in November 1990, when she seemed to be holding on to the dream of recovering...

Journal article

29 Dec 2011

This article reports on a major action research program that experimented with the use of cross-age peer teaching in schools to assist teachers to manage conflict issues in their classrooms, and to re-engage disaffected students in learning.

The research, which was conducted in a...

Research report

20 Jan 2012

Key findings:

More than 40 per cent of students surveyed did not feel encouraged to do well in maths and science by their teachers at high school.

“That was also another influence with me with maths and biology. I did biology in year...

Research report

20 Mar 2013

The policy of mandatory detention in Australia (that is the legal requirement to detain all non-citizens without a valid visa) was introduced by the Keating (Labor) Government in 1992 in response to a wave of Indochinese boat arrivals.

Under this policy it is a...

Research report

24 Jan 2012

This guide provides information on the representation and participation of workers in health and safety matters at the workplace, as well as guidance on resolving health and safety issues

It supports one of the objects of the Work Health and Safety Act, which is...

Research report

24 Jan 2012

This statement accompanies and provides an explanation of the content of the provisions in the model Work Health and Safety Regulations.

It was agreed to on 30 November 2011 by the Strategic Issues Group on Occupational Health and Safety.

Journal article

24 Jan 2012

This journal article suggests that more effective solutions to student marginalisation may be found by engaging with the students in the margins that they occupy.

For marginalised secondary school students, mainstream education may no longer appear to be an inviting place. While proposed solutions...

Research report

20 Jan 2012

Key Points:

Asia literacy – literacy about the region – has been the dominant underlying rationale for public investment in research about Australia’s region leading to a strong focus on country based centres with a considerable area studies and humanities focus. This...
19 Jan 2012

The process has been hampered by a breakdown in trust between the Commonwealth and the states, writes Paul Kildea in Inside Story

WITH attention focused elsewhere, summer is always a good time for politically important developments to slip under the radar. Two...

Research report

20 Jan 2012

Child Protection Australia 2010–11 is the fifteenth annual comprehensive report on child protection. The report provides detailed statistical information on state and territory child protection and support services, and some of the characteristics of the children receiving these services. In Australia, child protection is a...

Journal article

20 Jan 2012

The 2010 prosecution of five white men in Alice Springs following the death of an Aboriginal man resulted in their conviction on manslaughter and subsequent sentencing to custodial terms of up to six years each. This article reviews the circumstances of the death and its...

Research report

19 Jan 2012

The study sought to examine how assertive outreach has been conceptualized and implemented in practice in Australia, and the extent to which it is achieving its policy intent. It did this by drawing on evidence from policy-makers, service providers and service users, through three case...

Research report

30 Dec 2011

Motor vehicle accidents are a major cause of mortality around the world.

With this in mind, this paper aims to examine the driving behaviours of people who inject drugs (PWID) in South Australia over a six year period, from 2006-2011.

More specifically, this...

Research report

11 Jan 2012

This paper examines US counter-radicalisation strategy and outlines specific recommendations to counter the ideology behind violent domestic terrorism.

The death of Osama bin Laden and the emergence of the Arab Spring has de-emphasised many political grievances that have driven terrorist attacks in the past....

Research report

10 Jan 2012

This paper identifies the fuels that are taxed, the forms that the taxes take and, where possible, quantifies the amounts collected.

There are various estimates of the value of government subsidies to fossil fuels in Australia. These estimates range from around $8 billion to...

Research report

11 Jan 2012

This Background Note provides an overview of the current administration of Commonwealth Government advertising, together with some historical information.

Advertising has been an activity of Australian governments ‘since their inception’, and campaign advertising (coordinated advertising activities designed to inform or influence behaviour), in one...

Research report

13 Jan 2012

This paper aims to explain how internationally accepted accounting standards are currently applied in the budget statement treatment of the national broadband network (NBN) and how future NBN related transactions are likely to be treated under those standards.

Recent media commentary and political debate...

Research report

3 Nov 2011

Large sections of the media habitually distort, misrepresent and exaggerate the facts on crime, argues this paper.

Between 2000 and 2009, the Australian national murder rate fell by 39 per cent, the national robbery rate fell by 43 per cent, the national burglary rate...

17 Jan 2012

The Summit's expansion is an underappreciated offshoot of Rudd's vision for an 'Asia Pacific community', writes Thom Woodroofe in Quarterly Access .

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Barack Obama’s first official visit to Australia in November was a short stop on the way to the main...

Audio program

16 Jan 2012

Fisheries scientists Dr Tim Dempster and Dr Reg Watson discuss the pressures on wild fish stocks and debate the role of aquaculture in feeding an increasingly populous world.

With science host Dr Dyani Lewis.

Research report

12 Jan 2012

Social media sites Twitter and Facebook played a crucial role in disseminating information during the 2011 Queensland floods.

That is the key finding of a new report by the ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation (CCI).

CCI researchers Assoc. Prof....

12 Jan 2012

Closest to the people it may be, but local government is unlikely to make it into the constitution anytime soon, writes Andrew Lynch in Inside Story

AS Australians enjoy the traditional diversions of January – the beach, cricket, festivals – it’s understandable...

Transcript

10 Jan 2012

Cindy Tarczon, a Research Officer at ACSSA, interviews Helen Kambouridis from the Royal Children's Hopsital, Gatehouse Centre.

In recent years, therapy in the sexual assault sector has expanded to include working with the perpetrators of sexual violence. The proclamation of the...

Book

10 Jan 2012

This study is principally concerned with the ethical dimensions of identity management technology – electronic surveillance, the mining of personal data, and profiling – in the context of transnational crime and global terrorism.

The ethical challenge at the heart of this study is...

Journal article

9 Jan 2012

While the often-heard complaint about time today is that of having too much to do and too little time, there are those who experience the opposite: they have difficulty filling the spare time that they have.

This spare time can for some include times...

Research report

9 Jan 2012

In 2009-10, 567 500 employees were injured while working but only 38 per cent of them received workers' compensation.

This report analyses the results of the Australian Bureau of Statistics Work-related Injuries Survey (Catalogue No. 6324.0) and identifies the groups of employees...

Research report

9 Jan 2012

In recent years the educational policy environment has emphasised data-driven change. This has increased the expectation for school personnel to use statistical information to inform their programs and to improve teaching practices. Such data include system reports of student achievement tests and socio-economic profiles provided...

Discussion paper

9 Jan 2012

Business is increasingly seen by international aid agencies as a partner in development.

Recommendation 21 of the recent Independent Review of Aid Effectiveness for the Australian Government reflects this: ‘The power of business should be harnessed and business innovation should be encouraged, including through...

Research report

9 Jan 2012

Currently, there are 35 million people worldwide living with dementia, and as the population ages this is predicted to reach over 100 million by 2050. The estimated worldwide costs of dementia in 2010 were US$604 billion, and this cost is expected to increase by 85%...

7 Jan 2012

When asked how they know their work is successful, most organizations and artists that create art in the public realm are quick to cite things like people’s positive comments, or the fact that the artwork doesn’t get covered with graffiti or cause controversy.

We...

Research report

19 Dec 2011

In June 2011, Senator the Hon Jan McLucas asked the Department to seek expert advice about evidence for early intervention in relation to the types of childhood disability and developmental delay that were ineligible for Better Start for Children with Disability (Better Start) assistance, including...

Research report

6 Jan 2012

This discussion paper looks at the forthcoming election in Queensland, including the state of the parties and the current electoral geography.

“If the Liberal National Party wins the forthcoming Queensland state election it will be a major watershed for state and national politics,” Prasser...

5 Jan 2012

As the National Broadband Network arrives in its first release sites across Australia, it brings high expectations of the world leading investment of $40 billion. It also carries heavy political baggage. If the Australian government wants to show quickly the benefits of the NBN to...

5 Jan 2012

2012 looks to be a defining year for the not-for-profit, social enterprise and philanthropic sector and Gina Anderson outlines why she is looking forward to the next 12 months.

I think it will be a defining year for the sector. I gave...

Discussion paper

22 Dec 2011

The Government 2.0 taskforce recommended that the OAIC develop a methodology for reporting to government on the value generated by the publication of public sector information (PSI).

Information is a valuable resource. The right information at the right time can expand knowledge, enable innovation,...

Research report

3 Jan 2012

This report details the findings of a research project exploring Victorian Aboriginal people’s experiences as consumers of energy and water. It examines the challenges faced by Victorian Aboriginal consumers, and, based on their insights and suggestions, proposes practical solutions to those challenges.

This report...

Research report

3 Jan 2012

This report analyses the potential for, and extent of barriers to, effective consumer participation in the Victorian energy market. It makes recommendations as to how the Victorian retail market could be improved and simplified for consumers.

Some of the key findings of the...

Discussion paper

30 Nov 2011

The current framework for improving aid effectiveness, the 'Paris' agenda of harmonisation and alignment, has been found lacking. Alternatives are needed. This paper highlights some examples of recent innovations in the management and delivery of development aid. Drawing upon Barder (2009) and Howes (2011), the...

Research report

3 Jan 2012

This paper details how the Victorian Government will implement the recommendations of the Bushfires Royal Commission.

To honour this commitment, approximately $700 million in additional investment will be made over the next decade in changes to its electricity networks, in addition to the $50...

Research report

30 Sep 2010

This report reviews all options to reduce the risk of catastrophic bushfires from the electricity supply.

The Powerline Bushfire Safety Taskforce (the Taskforce) was established to review all options to reduce the risk of catastrophic bushfires from the electricity supply. The Taskforce prepared a...