March 2012

Research report

23 Mar 2012

This report examines the health and welfare outcomes of legislative reforms affecting the NSW sex industry.

Key findings:

Sydney has a diverse and open sex industry. Compared to other Australian cities Sydney’s sex industry is commensurate with the size of its population. NSW...

Research report

25 Mar 2012

This paper examines public opinion and support for restorative justice initiatives for theft/vandalism and assault offences across NSW in 2011.

Method: An independent market research company completed 2,530 telephone interviews with NSW residents over a 4-week period.

Results: There was widespread...

Research report

29 Mar 2012

This paper examines the regions of Murrumbidgee and Murray and asseses the implications of the Murray-Darling Basin Plan.

The Murrumbidgee and Murray regions are one of Australia's recognised food bowls, growing and processing a significant proportion of all fruit and vegetables in NSW. For...

Research report

2 Mar 2012

This paper examines attitudes to pay equity of smaller employers to identify what would encourage or discourage them in ensuring pay equity within their firm.

To achieve this, semi-structured interviews with owner-managers of eight smaller firms (employing 100 or less employees) were held to...

Research report

15 Feb 2012

This report examines progress towards closing the gap between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and other Australians in areas such as health, employment and education.

The closing the gap health and health related-programs have continued to be rolled out in the past year...

Research report

29 Mar 2012

This paper examines the differences between the impacts of fiscal policy in advanced versus emerging economies.

The emergence of substantial fiscal deficits and a large build-up of government debt in major advanced economies will inevitably lead to a period of fiscal consolidation in coming...

Research report

30 Jan 2012

This report contains descriptions of Australia's rainfall and temperature patterns during 2011, and documents significant weather and climate events.

2011, like 2010, was a La Niña year with well-above-average rainfall. Flooding was a persistent feature of the year, affecting large areas of the north...

Research report

27 Mar 2012

The report provides both a comparative overview and national descriptions of entrepneurship education in European schools.

The short comparative overview, covering EU Member States, plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Turkey, shows that the great majority of European countries address entrepreneurship education through national strategies...

Research report

29 Mar 2012

People have consumed the plant Catha edulis, known more commonly as 'khat', for centuries for its stimulatory effects.

Khat is cultivated as a shrub or tree and is large, slow growing and evergreen. It usually reaches a height of between one and six metres,...

Audio program

28 Mar 2012

It's one of the great unseen drivers of our world -- silently altering and shaping our social lives, the way we communicate, our access to information, our economies, our culture, the very future itself.

Ladies and gentlemen, we give you—the algorithm! OK, It’s not...

Audio program

28 Mar 2012

Facebook has more than 845 million active users per month and the number is growing steadily. But is Facebook really your friend?

Critics say it destroys the notion of privacy and devalues friendship. But Facebook fans see the social networking site as a tool...

Audio program

28 Mar 2012

This first Australian Social Trends (AST) podcast discusses the 'Disability and Work' article from the latest AST publication. Are many people with disability engaged in work? If so, in what sort of jobs and how do their labour force characteristics differ from those without disability?...

29 Mar 2012

If we want to engage or compete with universities in Asia, we need to be clear about the aims of our own education system, writes Antonia Finnane in Inside Story

THE closing date for submissions to the Australia in the Asian Century...

Research report

27 Mar 2012

This report maps the US State Department's rapidly growing ediplomacy effort.

It reveals State now employs over 150 full-time ediplomacy personnel working in 25 different nodes at Headquarters. More than 900 people use ediplomacy at US missions abroad.

The report – the result...

Research report

29 Mar 2012

This policy brief argues that the Australian Defence Force requires re-evaluation of its goals, strategy, structure, and resources as it transitions from the Afghanistan conflict.

In this brief, Alan Dupont warns against repeating the mistakes of the post-Vietnam era when Australia was left with...

Research report

28 Mar 2012

This report describes and analyzes the profound media shift occuring in the Arab region.

The year following the start of the Arab revolutions - in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and violent uprisings in Syria, Yemen, and Bahrain - was followed by continued repression and threats...

Research report

29 Mar 2012

This report examines negative health determinants, known as risk factors, and provides insights into their prevalence.

It examines the most common combinations of risk factors in the community, and highlights the potential for lifestyle behaviour changes that may lead to health gains for individuals...

Research report

28 Mar 2012

This report presents information on the medical practitioner workforce, based primarily on estimates a data set containing information on the demographic and employment characteristics of medical practitioners who were registered in Australia in 2010.

Data are collected via registration forms and a survey instrument...

Research report

26 Mar 2012

This issues paper was produced to assist people with making submissions to the Productivity Commission's inquiry into the efficiency and quality of Commonwealth, state and territory regulatory impact analysis processes.

The Australian Government, with the agreement of Council of Australian Governments (COAG)'s Business Regulation...

27 Mar 2012

Cultural organisations should simply make their case for funding in economic terms, economist Hasan Bakhshi has told arts professionals in Sydney.

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Bakhshi, from British think tank the National Endowment for Science, Technology and the Arts, says culture matters too...

Research report

28 Mar 2012

Community Land Trusts (CLTs) are a model of community-based, perpetually affordable housing that has been operating in the United States for the past 30 years and has more recently been established in the United Kingdom.

This study found that Community Land Trust...

28 Mar 2012

A new consignment regime seems to have taken many by surprise.

Artists risk losing work they have consigned to commercial galleries if the galleries go bust, thanks to a new federal government law that few in the art world know about....

28 Mar 2012

David Scott digests the newly proposed National Classification Scheme and compares similar plans already in place around the world.

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The Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC), an independent statutory body established for law reform and review in Australia, has released its...

26 Mar 2012

The use of social media for teaching and learning in university courses is rare even though university staff and students are prolific users of social media.

Social media is used by staff and students for personal, research or entertainment purposes in their own time...

Audio program

26 Mar 2012

Professor of Management Mara Olekalns discusses the complicated effects of gender in negotiations, how women can be disadvantaged when negotiating on their own behalf, and what they can do about it.

Mara Olekalns' expertise is within the fields of negotiation and conflict...

26 Mar 2012

Wendy Bacon of the New Matilda, has more media knowledge than most - but it didn't help when she was recently savaged by News Ltd. Do errors of fact mark the limits of free speech?

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On Saturday 10 March,...

Research report

20 Mar 2012

While it is easy for proponents to talk up the benefits of individual mines, when they are considered together, the overall impact is not as positive as the Australian public has been led to believe.

On the back of record high commodity prices the...

Research report

19 Mar 2012

This paper gives an overview of each state or territory political financing regime, followed by an account of the monitoring and disclosure provisions for political expenditure and donations.

The funding of elections and other formally structured political activity is a crucial consideration for modern...

Research report

20 Mar 2012

This paper provides information on the relationship between income management and the Racial Discrimination Act and the issues that are likely to arise if this question comes before the Australian Human Rights Commission for determination.

Income management refers to a policy under which a...

Research report

15 Mar 2012

This report provides a profile of the occupational and demographic characteristics of workers who reported dermal exposure to chemicals at work, as well as the types of controls with which respondents reported they were provided in the workplace.

These analyses enable the identification of...

Research report

15 Mar 2012

This report provides a preliminary description of the working population and substances associated with occupational skin disease in Australia.

It consists of an analysis of 18 years of patch testing data from a Victorian tertiary referral clinic that specialises in occupational skin disease. The...

Research report

22 Mar 2012

The role of social networking (including online websites and text messaging) and related cyber bullying in influencing the lives of young people is an emerging issue in Australia. Social networking provides an unprecedented form of communication access for young people. It is a largely unregulated...

Book

22 Mar 2012

This edited volume describes the dynamic intercultural context of land and water management on Indigenous lands.

Indigenous people’s relationships with country are discussed from various speaking positions, including identity and knowledge, the homelands debate, water planning, climate change and market environmentalism. The inter-disciplinary chapters...

Article

22 Mar 2012

Highly effective schools have high levels of parent and community engagement. "Community" here includes parents, business and philanthropic organisations, and various services and not-for-profit groups. How "engagement" is defined and what it looks like in practice will vary from school to school. But,...

Research report

19 Mar 2012

This report positions Australian climate policy in a global context and elaborates on the implications of global climate diplomacy and domestic actions for Australia.

The overarching theme is leadership. The Global Climate Leadership Review identifies which nations are currently leading the low carbon...

21 Mar 2012

There’s this gene that about half of all people carry, writes Rob Brooks , of the Conversation.

It’s a pretty nasty gene – it massively increases the risk of the carrier being a murderer or a murder victim, going to jail or dying in...

Research report

19 Mar 2012

This paper assesses the use of Commonwealth counter-terrorism laws, with regards to Australia's human rights obligations, counter‑terrorism obligations and international security obligations.

The report sets out:

Matters of principle and general policy considered fundamental to the continuing scrutiny of Australia’s counter-terrorism and national...

Research report

20 Mar 2012

Heavy drug use, of either amphetamines or opioids in the 30 days prior to arrest, is associated with frequency of property offending.

Aim: The primary objective of the current study was to examine whether the frequency of recent illicit drug use is related...

Research report

20 Mar 2012

This brief describes the experience of attending a Youth Justice Conference, with regard to how long conferences take, who attends, what kinds of outcomes are agreed on, and whether these factors change in respect to the age, Indigenous status or gender of the young offender,...

Research report

20 Mar 2012

The Lowy Institute Indonesia Poll reports the results of the Institute’s second opinion poll in Indonesia. The findings challenge many assumptions about Indonesia on issues like attitudes towards Australia and the United States, openness to foreign investment, democracy, trust in other countries, and China’s rise....

22 Mar 2012

Modern politicians forget that equality was once a shared national ideal espoused across party lines as the nation's founders struggled to define Australian values, writes Marylin Lake for The Age .

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''Whatever may be the case in other parts of the...

Discussion paper

22 Mar 2012

This paper's purpose is to stimulate discussion among business, consumers, legal practitioners, academics and other stakeholders about the successes and shortcomings of Australian contract law, including in the digital economy.

The paper considers whether Australian contact law could be reformed to:

enhance accessibility,...

Research report

21 Mar 2012

Aboriginal Health Workers receive the lowest pay among community service and health occupations but are assumed to be able to deal with some of the country’s most intractable health problems, argues this report.

Aboriginal Health Workers (AHWs) have been short changed. They have not...

20 Mar 2012

You would have to be blind and living in a cave not to realise that change is in the wind with regards to China and Australia's place in Asia.

From a Chinese food festival in town to the young Chinese couple you...

20 Mar 2012

50 years after US president Kennedy called for 4 basic consumer rights, the issue that deserves our attention is privacy, writes Jim Guest for Huffington Post .

Today marks the 50th anniversary of a watershed moment in the consumer movement -- the recognition by...

20 Mar 2012

Gender differences in the use of digital devices and the development of digital proficiencies have not been often reported in educational research, writes Gerry White in his newest research review published on DERN .

Gender differences have not been significant in many of the...

Research report

19 Mar 2012

In January 2012 the Australian Bicycle Council released the results of Local Government and Cycling Survey undertaken in July 2011.

The survey is an initiative of the Australian National Cycling Strategy 2011-16, which aims to double the number of Australians cycling by 2016....

Research report

19 Mar 2012

The aim of the 2011 researchers forum was to bring researchers together from across Australia to share current knowledge and research, and to identify research needs for local government policy formulation into the future.

This report documents the processes, outcomes and recommendations...

Research report

30 Dec 2011

The independent Expert Panel on Constitutional Recognition of Local Government was appointed in August 2011 by the Australian Government.

The Panel was tasked with consulting the community on whether Australia's Constitution should be changed to include local government.

The Panel consulted...

20 Mar 2012

The contrast between past and present arrived quickly and starkly in Parliament yesterday, writes Malcolm Farr for the Punch.

Just before Question Time there were moving speeches of condolence following the death on Saturday of Margaret Whitlam.

From the Labor side of the...

Research report

19 Jan 2012

This NFER survey forms part of a Royal Society project looking at how Computing is taught in schools. The overall project was supported by 24 organisations from across the computing community including learned societies, professional bodies, universities, and industry. School teachers, academics and other members...

Research report

19 Mar 2012

This report provides an analysis of the responses to questions from a bespoke NFER online teacher survey, using NFER's Techer Voice Panel, for the DfE's Vital Programme (delivered by the Open University).

Covering the topics of e-safety, cyberbullying, pupil use of mobile phones and...

Research report

19 Mar 2012

The UK Local Government Association (LGA) commissioned the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) to carry out a review of early intervention approaches to inform the practice of local authorities (LAs). This study complements three other studies funded or supported by the LGA to help...

Audio program

19 Mar 2012

Epidemiologist Prof John Hopper explains the unique advantages of medical research focusing on twins, and how findings from twins studies enormously benefit the rest of humanity. With science host Dr Shane Huntington.

Audio program

19 Mar 2012

International criminal law expert Dr Kevin Heller discusses the role of the International Criminal Court (ICC) and argues why even the worst of war criminals are entitled to the best defense. With host Jacky Angus.

Working paper

19 Mar 2012

The Technologies learning area focuses on the purposeful use of technologies knowledge, understanding, and skills including the creative processes that assist people to select and utilise materials, information, systems, tools and equipment to design and realise solutions.

The draft Shape...

Research report

30 Jan 2012

Regional organisations of councils (ROCs) have been a part of the Australian local government landscape for over seventy years and were once a prominent feature in all states. They have evolved into a wide range of forms, but their structure generally involves several common characteristics...

Research report

16 Mar 2012

The low employment rate of Indigenous Australians contributes to economic deprivation and a range of social problems. Increasing employment rates is key to reducing Indigenous disadvantage (e.g., COAG 2009). Employment is central to the Closing the Gap targets that directly refer to engagement with the...

Research report

16 Mar 2012

Employment is an important element of successful integration within one’s community. Across Australia, nearly two-thirds of prisoners were unemployed when they committed the crimes for which they were incarcerated. For Indigenous and non-Indigenous ex-prisoners alike, there are numerous benefits associated with employment. They include benefits...

Research report

16 Mar 2012

This US research identifies core elements common to 180 human service non-profits using technology to successfully innovate effective program delivery.People often think of innovation as futuristic, cutting-edge technology, but this research found that it doesn’t have to be—in fact, many Minnesota nonprofits successfully use existing...

Research report

16 Mar 2012

The report provides an overview of hospital admissions in the five NT public hospitals for the period from 1976 to 2008. Information is provided on trends in hospital separation rates and length of stay for both NT Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations. Information on total admissions...

Research report

13 Mar 2012

This report provides a summary of observations of Australia’s climate and analysis of the factors that influence it.

It notes that the long-term warming trend has not changed, with each decade having been warmer than the previous decade since the 1950s. The warming trends...

Research report

30 Jan 2012

This study assesses how best to deliver a submarine capable of meeting a unique requirement for range, endurance and stealth, able to operate over the vast distances inherent in Australia’s strategic geography and to exploit the depth that it affords.

Since the Second World...

Video

On March 6 the Centre for Public Policy re-launched its programme of public forums, appropriately enough in the Brain Institute of the University of Melbourne.

These forums are a key part of the Centre’s commitment to engaging with and learning from the...

Research report

13 Mar 2012

In 2009–10, 337 people died in Australia from a work-related traumatic injury.

This report is the seventh in a series that estimates the number of workers and bystanders killed each year due to work-related injury. Because there is no single national data collection system...

Research report

14 Mar 2012

Poor project implementation and stakeholder management has resulted in significant delays, cost overruns and has damaged the government’s reputation.

The Melbourne Wholesale Fruit and Vegetable Market is being relocated from its current site in Footscray to a new site in Epping. The new market...

Research report

14 Mar 2012

This audit found that agricultural food safety in Victoria - encompassing farming, transporting, handling and processing raw agricultural products - is being effectively managed.

This is supported by the Department of Primary Industries (DPI), Dairy Food Safety Victoria (DFSV) and PrimeSafe actively monitoring and...

Research report

14 Mar 2012

Australia could get more out of its carbon pricing scheme by focusing its emissions trading efforts on its neighbours rather than Europe.

Carbon markets are the forefront of domestic climate policy in Australia. They are now also becoming a core question of diplomacy, as...

Research report

4 Mar 2012

This paper offers four broad objections to the Henry Tax Review from a classical liberal perspective.

The public release of Australia’s Future Tax System—known as the Henry review—in May 2010 sparked an ongoing debate in Australia about the structure and efficiency of the country’s...

Research report

9 Mar 2012

Anti-discrimination protection could provide the missing link in Australia’s regulatory response to domestic violence, playing a normative role in discouraging negative stereotyping, and in doing so, empower victims to seek support.

Financial security is a key enabler for victims of family violence to leave...

Research report

13 Mar 2012

NAB's Microenterprise Loan program is part of a commitment by NAB to address financial exclusion in Australia.

These unsecured business loans are for small enterprises that do not have access to mainstream business finance. The loans are not provided as a band-aid or short-term...

16 Mar 2012

Anti-discrimination laws will empower victims of family violence? asks Tashina Orchiston and Belinda Smith for the Australian Review of Public Affairs (85) .

Women who are victims of family violence have more disrupted work histories, on average have lower personal incomes, have...

Audio program

16 Mar 2012

On 11 March 2011 a magnitude 9 earthquake in the northern Pacific triggered a 40 metre-high tsunami that struck Japan’s Pacific coast, causing 16,000 deaths, the destruction of 125,000 buildings, and meltdowns in three reactors in the Fukushima Nuclear Power complex. The scale of this...

Research report

16 Mar 2012

This paper provides policy makers with key findings about what works, and assesses the gaps in the evidence for the following three of the seven COAG building blocks that were the focus of the Clearinghouse in Year 2:

• Early childhood • Healthy homes...

Article

14 Mar 2012

David Dawson of the Swinburne Institute looks at the current levels of computer illiteracy amongst students and their educators.

Research report

5 Mar 2012

This paper assesses whether the Local Court Process Reforms (LCPR) are associated with shorter police time preparing Briefs of Evidence, longer hearing times for defended cases, more court adjournments and longer court delay/ finalisation times.

Method: A quasi-experiment where Manly Local Court returned...

Research report

5 Mar 2012

This paper describes the key operating characteristics of the Court Referral of Eligible Defendants into Treatment program and assesses the satisfaction of participants and key stakeholders.

Methods: Descriptive analyses were conducted on data held in the CREDIT database, and interviews were conducted with...

Research report

6 Mar 2012

The Domestic Violence Intervention Court Model was successful in achieving some but not all of its aims.

This study examines whether domestic violence police and court outcomes have changed since the commencement of the Domestic Violence Intervention Court Model (DVICM).

...

Research report

13 Mar 2012

This study assesses the extent to which the probability of arrest, the probability of imprisonment and imprisonment duration impact on property and violent crime rates in New South Wales.

Method: A dynamic panel data model with fixed Local Government Area and time effects...

15 Mar 2012

Margin Call , which starts screening this week, is a reminder that finance is both necessary and dangerous, writes John Quiggin in Inside Story

THE plot of Margin Call is simple, in fact minimal. A large investment bank discovers that its...

15 Mar 2012

A major constitutional crisis was narrowly avoided in Victoria, write Alistair Harkness and Brian Costar in Inside Story, but its cause hasn't gone away

WHILE Julia Gillard has been running a closely watched minority government in Canberra, the Victorian government’s wafer-thin majority...

Research report

13 Mar 2012

This report estimates the total cost of workplace injury and illness to the Australian economy.

Work-related injuries, illnesses and deaths impose costs on employers, workers and the community. These include both direct costs and indirect costs. Direct costs include items such as workers' compensation...

Research report

22 Feb 2012

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders are currently six times more likely to go blind than the general population and 94 percent of the vision loss is unnecessary, preventable, or treatable.

"The Roadmap to Close the Gap for Vision" project has been conducted by the...

Research report

15 Mar 2012

The concept of social inclusion entered Australian policy discourse and practice following an extended period of conceptual, practice and empirical policy-oriented work internationally, most notably in France initially, the UK and within the ongoing activities of the European Union. Housing is one dimension of disadvantage/advantage...

Research report

1 Mar 2012

This report examines allegations of mistreatment and underpayment of foreign crews on certain Foreign Charter Vessels that fish in the Exclusive Economic Zone under charter to New Zealand companies.

Widespread concern about the use of foreign charter vessels (FCVs)1 to fish in New Zealand’s...

13 Mar 2012

The use of the internet among young people is almost ubiquitous in modern society for personal, social, career and academic purposes. Gerry White reviews the latest research for DERN.

An increasing number of studies have indicated that online spaces help learners to develop language,...

14 Mar 2012

The educational debate about the use of technology to improve learning performance, strangely, continues among policy makers even today, writes Gerry White on DERN.

For example, a recent report that compared educational success in several countries, as measured by international tests, omitted the necessity...

11 Mar 2012

In Inside Story, Mary Leahy reviews Rebecca Asher’s investigation of how parenthood is shaped by society

REBECCA Asher expected that having a baby would be hard, but she didn’t anticipate the disparity between her experience and that of her husband. As she...

Research report

8 Mar 2012

This paper provides summary results of the monthly Labour Force Survey containing estimates of employed and unemployed persons classified by sex, full-time/part-time status, states and territories and some age groups; and persons not in the labour force.

Australia's seasonally adjusted unemployment rate increased 0.1...

Research report

9 Mar 2012

The draft report is a culmination of a series of investigations by the study team and aims to provide the most comprehensive understanding and in-depth analysis undertaken into building a rail line to Rowville.

This report summarises the work of the first stage of...

Research report

1 Mar 2012

The aim of this report is to showcase a selection of evidence-based programs from Western Australia and across Australia that demonstrate best or promising practice in strengthening the wellbeing of children and young people.

Building Blocks is one of three reports which comprise the...

Research report

1 Mar 2012

This paper argues that the federal government’s plans to establish a Clean Energy Finance Corporation should be scrapped.

As a commercially oriented company, it competes with private investors. As a company with a public mandate, it nevertheless aims to serve a public policy goal....

9 Mar 2012

Whether or not to provide financial assistance to GMH (Holden) and other manufacturers in Australia is the wrong question to ask. The industry is just too strategically important to lose.

What would happen if government withdrew financial assistance to industry as the ‘free marketeers’...

Journal article

9 Mar 2012

This paper shows how producers of Al-Qaeda inspired propaganda have shifted their operations in recent years from closed membership online forums to mainstream social networking platforms.

Using social network analysis, we show that behind the apparent proliferation of such sources, YouTube account holders associated...

Research report

9 Mar 2012

This information sheet discusses the ALRC Commonwealth Family Violence Inquiry and briefly outlines some of the ALRC’s key recommendations aimed at better protecting the safety of Indigenous peoples who are experiencing family violence. Further detail about these recommendations can be found in the Final Report,...

9 Mar 2012

No ads on the ABC? Don’t believe it for a minute. Last Sunday’s Insiders was chockers with ads, writes Dennis Atkins for the Punch .

The political interview guy, Graig Emerson, was plugging his book, Vital Signs, Vibrant Society , even offering to sign...

Journal article

9 Mar 2012

This paper presents the results of a conference focused on identifying good practices in using the Internet to undermine the appeal of terrorism, to expose its lack of legitimacy and its negative impact, and to undermine the credibility of its messengers.

The conference was...

Research report

9 Mar 2012

The Stronger Futures consultation process was conducted on a large scale in over 100 Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory between June and August 2011, culminating in the Stronger Futures Bills currently before the Australian Parliament.

This report reviews the consultation process in the...

9 Mar 2012

The massive YouTube viewing of Invisible Children’s film “Kony 2012 ” is nothing short of phenomenal, describes Stuart Robert of the Punch .

People are engaged, outraged and quite rightly calling on the International community to do something - in this case, arrest, charge...

9 Mar 2012

Women’s rights to work and to economic security have always been central tenets in the fight for gender equality.

These rights are won through feminist politics that focus on the individual rights of women as equal with men. But also important is a more...

Research report

8 Mar 2012

The Noxious Weeds Act 1993 regulates noxious weeds in NSW. These weeds have significant economic, environmental and social impacts for the State. Noxious weed control activities are undertaken by the NSW Government, local governments, industry and the community.

In February this year,...

Research report

8 Mar 2012

This paper analyses the use of science in recent public issues: climate change, the state of the Murray River, nuclear power and genetic engineering.

Just as truth is traditionally the first casualty of war, public debates encourage selective perception of complex issues. While many...

Journal article

8 Mar 2012

Australia’s recent resources boom has promoted much popular discussion and debate about the economic, social and environmental consequences for those regions in which mining occurs. Perhaps nowhere are the outcomes of the resources boom more evident than in Western Australia, where the diversity and scale...

Research report

8 Mar 2012

On 11 April 2011, the Minister for Defence Stephen Smith announced that an external law firm would be engaged by the Secretary of Defence to review allegations of sexual or other forms of abuse that have been drawn to the attention of the Minister’s office,...

Research report

8 Mar 2012

In the light of ongoing allegations of sexual and other abuse within the Australian Defence Force, these links include several associated reviews, as well as Defence's strategy for reform.

On 7 March 2012, the Minister for Defence, Secretary of Defence and the...

Research report

8 Mar 2012

Many Australians with mental illness are enthusiastic users of information and communication technology – actively utilising the Internet and mobile technology to manage their lives, to help overcome isolation, and to seek information and online self-help treatments. Some also need support to take advantage of...

Audio program

8 Mar 2012

The NTI Nuclear Materials Security Index is a ground-breaking project to publicly benchmark nuclear materials security conditions on a country-by-country basis.

The Index, prepared with the Economist Intelligence Unit with guidance from international experts, was created to spark an international discussion about priorities required...

Research report

7 Mar 2012

This paper presents a range of data illustrating the level of women's representation at the Commonwealth, state and territory, and local government levels, with a particular focus on the Commonwealth Parliament.

A key measure of women’s empowerment in society at large is their participation...

Research report

2 Mar 2012

The number of underemployed workers is an important component of underutilised labour resources in the economy, along with the number of unemployed and some people with marginal attachment to the labour force.

This publication presents information about underemployed workers. The number of underemployed workers...

Article

9 Mar 2012

This essay critically analysed how the Housing First approach could be successfully applied to the system of supported housing in Australia.

Housing First approaches are based on the concept that a homeless individual’s first and primary need is to obtain stable housing,...

Research report

20 Feb 2012

This is the final report of a project intended to evaluate, and where possible develop and demonstrate effective and transferable chronic condition management strategies, and to generate research evidence about their processes, impacts and health outcomes.

Clinical data from the health service records of...

Research report

5 Mar 2012

Australia’s work health and safety legislation aims to protect the health and safety of researchers and workers developing, manufacturing or using engineered nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes.

The potential risks from exposure to carbon nanotubes have been identified and examined in research studies. To...

Research report

9 Mar 2012

Recent studies have highlighted significantly lower survival among Indigenous patients with cancer compared with non-Indigenous patients and this paper examines some of the reasons for the differential.

Objective: To examine the differential in cancer survival between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Queensland in...

Research report

10 Feb 2012

This paper combines statistical data and qualitative information to describe the organisation and functioning of education systems in Europe.

The report is organised into seven subject-based chapters entitled Context, Structures, Participation, Resources, Teachers and Management Staff, Educational Processes and Qualification Levels and Transition to...

Working paper

9 Mar 2012

In the context of the World Health Organisation identifying the commercialisation of hospitals as a key challenge for health systems, this paper summarises the results of studies of the non-state hospital sector in Vietnam.

Some commentators have linked the growth of the private sector...

Video

23 Feb 2012

Since the end of the Cold War, much international attention has been devoted to building democracies to replace authoritarian regimes. East Timor, Afghanistan, Iraq and last year’s Arab Spring are examples of this movement. But women seem to be the consistent losers in the new...

Research report

6 Mar 2012

This paper provides an overview of the main features of the lead-up to the 2010 federal election, the issues that animated the election campaign itself, and the emergence of a hung parliament.

Key findings:

The 2010 Federal election occurred in the wake of...
7 Mar 2012

Just like rock music in the 1950s, videogaming has been demonised by parent groups writes Michael Kasumovic of the Conversation .

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For decades, gamers were portrayed as obese social outcasts that spent hours in a dark basement hunched over a flashing...

Research report

8 Dec 2011

This strategy sets out the Government’s approach to boosting business investment in innovation and ensuring UK success in the global economy. Universities and research, entrepreneurship and risk taking, greater connections between people and organisations, and a more open environment will all be at the heart...

Research report

8 Dec 2011

The strategy centres on supporting business R&D in areas in which the UK excels, within the context of developing the wider UK innovation eco-system including universities and other organisations. The Economics paper provides supporting evidence for this policy.

The Government is putting innovation and...

Discussion paper

7 Mar 2012

The collection of legal deposit material forms a national record of Australia’s intellectual and creative endeavours and this discussion paper considers the potential benefits of extending the types of material collected.

Legal deposit has a long history in common law countries and has been...

8 Mar 2012

Despite the reaction of the press, the Finkelstein inquiry’s key recommendation deserves support, writes Graeme Orr in Inside Story

“LABOR Plan to Control the Media.” Or so ran the lead headline in Saturday’s Australian Financial Review . The trigger was the release...

Research report

2 Mar 2012

This paper explains that there are many possible prices for the future submarine, and the actual cost will be determined by choices that are made about the boat's capability and size.

The cost of the future submarine project has been much discussed in the...

Research report

3 Mar 2012

This paper is an up-to-date snapshot of crime patterns and trends in Australia.

It contains information on specific crimes, victims, offenders, the location of criminal acts and the operation of criminal justice systems—focusing on the work of police, courts and prisons.

Every year,...

Briefing paper

8 Mar 2012

The issue of asylum seekers has proven a fraught policy area for successive governments in Australia. While asylum seeker policy falls under the jurisdiction of the Commonwealth, recent changes to Federal policy in relation to asylum seekers who arrive by boat could potentially...

Research report

8 Mar 2012

This statistical report examines data on the operation of sentence appeals in Victoria.

In particular, the report addresses the absence of data available on sentence appeals brought by offenders and the Crown and on patterns of decision-making in sentence appeal cases heard by the...

Audio program

6 Mar 2012

Interest in natural gas vehicles soared in the 1990s and then faded. Twenty years later, the cost of gasoline is going up while the cost of natural gas is going down. And that difference in price explains the resurgent interest in natural gas vehicles....

6 Mar 2012

With water levee's on the brink of breaking point Anthony Sharwood of the Punch discusses the fate of flood ravaged NSW town Wagga Wagga.

The phone isn’t answering this afternoon at The Bridge Tavern and Steakhouse in Wagga Wagga. The line also rings out...

5 Mar 2012

Boys and girls behave differently, and parenting practices vary depending on the gender of the child, writes Gehan Roberts of the Conversation.

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New evidence is emerging that confirms what parents and children have reported for generations: Boys seem to have more...

5 Mar 2012

The transition from state to federal politics is rarely smooth, writes Norman Abjorense n in Inside Story. But Bob Carr could be one of the exceptions

EVEN though the same parties contend for office in state and national elections, the evolution of...

Commentary

5 Mar 2012

THIS was always going to be a big year in education and it doesn’t get much bigger than the release of the report of the Review of Funding for Schooling, known as the Gonski review. We’ve had reviews and reports before but this one has...

Research report

5 Mar 2012

This study reports encouraging trends for WA children, overall, but also confirms the ongoing disadvantage of Aboriginal children and young people across a range of wellbeing measures.

The inaugural The State of Western Australia’s Children and Young People report demonstrates that the...

Research report

5 Mar 2012

More than half of the world’s 7 billion people now live in urban areas. What does this mean for children? UNICEF has dedicated the 2012 edition of its flagship report, The State of the World’s Children , to the situation of children growing up in...

5 Mar 2012

For APO, Debbie Kirkwood reflects on the inexplicable reasons parents kill their children during or after separation from their partner.

Few of us can forget the tragic death of Darcey Freeman, who was thrown from the Westgate Bridge in Melbourne by her father in...

6 Mar 2012

A new version of a peer-to-peer sharing application claims that its app is impervious to attack, by Mark Gregory of the Conversation .

In a recent interview with TorrentFreak, Dr Johan Pouwelse from the Delft University of Technology, said “the only way to take...

6 Mar 2012

Sleep matters – and yet many of us know how difficult it can be to get enough unbroken slumber, writes David Glance for the Conversation .

Research has shown that getting less than seven to eight hours' sleep daily is associated with increased risk...

Audio program

6 Mar 2012

The Pirate Bay is the biggest site on the Internet to find illegally downloaded movies, music, games and software, and it has just changed its file-sharing system. Pirates are constantly improving their technology. When Napster's central server was shut down more than 10 years ago,...

Research report

6 Mar 2012

To mark International Women’s Day, UNESCO and the UIS have jointly released the World Atlas of Gender Equality in Education , which includes over 120 maps, charts and tables featuring a wide range of sex-disaggregated indicators.

The vivid presentation of information and...

Journal article

5 Mar 2012

The creation of a new ministry of population by the Federal Government is most opportune.Australia stands at a turning point in its demographic development and it is crucial that a vision of our future population is developed which takes full account of the best scientific...

Research report

5 Mar 2012

There were times during the drought when I caught myself trading a couple of extra minutes in the shower against the water tank out the window. There was no material connection – the tank was not connected to the shower – but there was a...

Research report

5 Mar 2012

This paper offers a fresh insight into the performance and reform opportunities of the formal health system of Papua New Guinea. A central tenant of this paper is that the historically imposed and continuing top-down nature of the formal health system in PNG is not...

5 Mar 2012

It’s not often in Australian politics when a Prime Minister can go beyond Parliament, and select the best possible candidate in Australia for a Ministerial position, writes Sassoon Grigorian for the Punch.

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Not so in the United States, where the President...

Research report

5 Mar 2012

Primary Industry plays a vital role in Australian’s economy and society, but the gap between rural and urban communities is growing, contributing to a lack of understanding of where food and other basic necessities of life come from. The recent television advertisement in which the...

Research report

5 Mar 2012

Principals’ Australia, estimates that as many as 70% of Australia’s 10,000 school principals will reach retirement age within the next five years. They will be replaced with much younger, less experienced individuals, potentially more at risk of adverse health outcomes from undertaking the role. However,...

Research report

2 Mar 2012

This paper traces the evolution of Australia's apprenticeship system from European settlement in 1788 to the present day.

It complements an earlier NCVER paper by Ray (2001), which concentrated on the second half of the 20th century.

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Research report

2 Mar 2012

This is the first comprehensive review of censorship and classification since the ALRC report, Censorship Procedure , published in 1991 (ALRC Report 55). That report recommended a legislative framework that would enable the Commonwealth, states and territories to take a national approach to...

Research report

2 Mar 2012

This report presents statistics on the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program for Australians invited to take part between July 2008 and June 2011. Just over 800,000 people were screened in that time, with about 60,000 found to require further assessment. One out of every 11...

Research report

2 Mar 2012

As a good oral health foundation in childhood is the key determinant of oral health throughout life, the Council commends the importance of a universal option for children. However, given the existing fiscal environment, the Council has included scaled down options for children, and adult...

Research report

2 Mar 2012

This is the second Annual Progress report and highlights the significant progress being made to improve the health care system to provide better prevention, detection and management of chronic disease through the Commonwealth’s contribution to the National Partnership Agreement on Closing The Gap in Indigenous...

Research report

1 Mar 2012

This inquiry investigated systemic problems in Victoria's child protection system and, in this report, has now made recommendations to strengthen and improve the protection and support of vulnerable young Victorians.

The Panel delivered the Report to the Minister for Community Services on...

Research report

1 Mar 2012

This report identifies a number of negative aspects of police culture - insularity, a resistance to change, and a disinclination to accept external review - among other findings.

On 9 May 2011, the Premier announced a special inquiry into the command, management and functions...

Research report

1 Nov 2011

This national survey of teachers and school leaders gathered information from over 17,000 secondary and primary school teachers and leaders across the country in the latter half of 2010.

It aimed to address key gaps in the data available to characterise the teaching...

Research report

1 Mar 2012

The Business/Higher Education Roundtable commissioned the Allen Consulting Group to conduct a scoping study that reviews the effectiveness of current interventions designed to increase the number of people with higher education qualifications in the agricultural workforce.

Although employment levels in on-farm agriculture have not...

1 Mar 2012

The Greens wield more power than ever, but can they survive their own success? asks Sally Neighbour in The Monthly.

The Australian Greens wield more power than ever, but face amplified divisions within the party – leadership versus grassroots, pragmatism versus principle, moderates versus...

Research report

1 Mar 2012

The Lobbying Code of Conduct (the Code) was tabled in the Senate on 13 May 2008 by the then Special Minister of State and Cabinet Secretary, Senator the Hon John Faulkner. In addition, the Minister announced the establishment of the Register of Lobbyists (the Register)....

Research report

2 Mar 2012

Australia’s engagement with Afghanistan and Pakistan has been energised by the idea that their fates are ‘inextricably linked’. But a clear articulation of the hierarchy of Australian strategic interests in those two countries has been missing. In public debate, the Australian Government has...

Research report

2 Mar 2012
In this paper, the authors examine the links between human resource management, including learning and development practices, and building innovation capacity.

The survey component of the research found only limited evidence for the links between human resource management and innovation capacity, although some management practices...