June 2012

Research report

30 Jun 2012

This resource sheet examines expenditure related to child abuse and neglect that is made by departments responsible for child protection services in Australia.

It finds that the direct economic costs of child abuse and neglect are substantial. The additional costs associated with long-term effects...

29 Jun 2012

Helen Hughes and Mark Hughes are to be commended for their latest foray into the vexing and difficult arena of Indigenous education in Australia. Any work that shines a spotlight on the appalling state of education outcomes for Indigenous Australians is to be welcomed....

28 Jun 2012

In a number of countries, efforts are being made to provide a common school curriculum, writes Gerry White in DERN .

For example, in the USA, a partnership between states has developed the Common Core Standards which has been adopted by a large number...

Research report

28 Jun 2012

UK government departments are already implementing substantial change programmes; but the scale of the challenges and persistent weaknesses require a reform plan that applies right across the Civil Service.

The Civil Service plays a crucial role in modern British life, supporting the wellbeing, security...

Research report

28 Jun 2012

UNESCO issued this publication to demystify the concept of open access (OA) and to provide concrete steps on putting relevant policies in place. Its focus is on scientific research from peer-reviewed journal articles.

Building capacities in Member States for Open Access...

Research report

28 Jun 2008

The South Asia sub-region is now in the forefront of the open access movement within developing countries, with India being the most prominent partner in terms of its successful open access and digital library initiatives.

This book, which has its genesis in the recommendations...

26 Jun 2012

Caught between the threat of a new owner and the demands of a skittish sharemarket, Fairfax needs to reconstitute itself to survive, writes Peter Browne in Inside Story

FEARS about the future of newspapers, intensified by the advertising downturn during the global...

26 Jun 2012

Despite first impressions, the High Court’s decision in the chaplaincy case was far from a clear victory for federalism, writes Graeme Orr In Inside Story

• VISITORS to the valleys and downs west of Brisbane often note the region’s religiosity, reflected in billboards, makeshift...

Research report

26 Jun 2012

This report describes a demonstration project involving consumers in research that contributes towards developing services.

In 2010 Anglicare Tasmania began a process to build on current consumer participation activities by developing an organisation-wide consumer engagement strategy led by its Social Action and Research Centre...

Commentary

26 Jun 2012

Anticipating media coverage is now a key element in the development of Indigenous policy, report Kerry McCallum and Lisa Waller in Inside Story

FIVE years ago, on 21 June 2007, Australian armed forces descended on remote Indigenous communities with the national news...

Discussion paper

27 Jun 2012

This paper charts recent changes in personal and household income by combining the first release census data for 2011 with community profiles for Indigenous and other households from the 2001 and 2006 Censuses.

Changes in household size and housing cost are also explored in...

Research report

27 Jun 2012

We provided a group of older people and their care managers with touch tablet devices (iPads), and a new iPad application (‘Enmesh’ – Engagement through Media Sharing), which was purpose-built for this study. Participants used the Enmesh application to exchange photographs and messages. By creating...

Strategy

27 Jun 2012

Access to water resources for cultural and economic purposes can make a significant contribution to the aspirations and wellbeing of Indigenous Australians. Until recently this has been largely overlooked in our water planning and management decisions. The National Water Initiative (NWI) recognises Indigenous people as...

Research report

27 Jun 2012

The paper sets out a policy position on the role local government can play in moves towards a low carbon future, with findings reflecting a consensus view developed across a range of local government organisations.

This discussion paper considers the questions:

What are...

Working paper

27 Jun 2012

The paper starts with a brief overview of a number of current approaches to climate justice, noting concerns about each. Next, two conceptions of justice currently unaddressed by these approaches, recognition and capabilities, are discussed. A broad capabilities-based approach to climate justice is then laid...

Research report

27 Jun 2012

How can we do things differently in Aboriginal health? The same challenges seen through new eyes

Editorial by Carmen Parter and Kim Browne .

Full Text | PDF (172 KB)

There are currently about 156 000 Aboriginal...

Research report

22 Sep 2011

The purpose of this report is to provide an evidence-based context for understanding the importance of entrepreneurship to Australia’s economic prosperity, its link to innovation and how Australia compares with its competitors in fostering an entrepreneurial culture and mindset, particularly through immigration and education....

Research report

21 Jan 2012

This report provides an overview of how companies and individuals which make up the commercial publishing sector in the South West of England are using digital innovations to create profit from literature.

Literature itself encompasses many forms (fiction, nonfiction, poetry, blogs, apps, interactive gaming,...

21 Jun 2012

The Fairfax Media board is considering giving up on printed Monday to Friday editions in favour of a digital-only strategy, writes Martin Hirst for The Conversation .

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But will it matter to most of us? Avid readers will miss the pleasure...

Research report

19 Jun 2012

The report recommends that the U.K. embrace the transition to open access, and accelerate the process in a measured way which promotes innovation but also what is most valuable in the research communication ecosystem.

Report of the Working Group on Expanding Access to Published...

22 Jun 2012

China's decision to cut interest rates by 0.25% seemed to attract a lot of attention in Australia, writes James Laurenceson in The Conversation .

The regulated benchmark lending and deposit rates in China now stand at 6.31% and 3.25%, respectively. So enthusiastic...

Research report

22 Jun 2012

This report commissioned by the UK Publishers' Association finds that providing open access to research publications after 6 months rather than 12 might have a material effect on libraries’ subscriptions; and that the impact on publishers’ revenues would be considerable.

Higher Education Institutions’ libraries...

21 Jun 2012

The idea of a personal robot assistant, has always been a staple of science fiction, writes Srikumar Venugopal for The Conversation .

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The 1940s had Zolo to scare away officious mailmen and refresh bouquets, while the Jetsons had Rosie to deal...

21 Jun 2012

The future of retirement is that we're going to have to work harder for longer, argues Tom Conley on Big P Political Economy .

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With the recent exception of France under new Socialist President Francois Hollande, the trend towards lower...

Research report

21 Jun 2012

We have all heard the statistics about China's stellar growth and the large market for UK creative industries. But the trade numbers paint a different picture, suggesting that the UK is punching below its weight.

This is not altogether surprising. Doing business in emerging...

Research report

18 Jun 2012

Over the 9-year period from 2000-01 to 2008-09, age-standardised rates for persons seriously injured due to a road traffic crash saw an average annual increase of 1.6%.

This report presents estimates of trends in the number and rate of persons injured in Australia due...

Research report

19 Jun 2012

This report presents data from the 2011 National Opioid Pharmacotherapy Statistics Annual Data collection, highlighting the prescribed drugs that clients in Australia took to help manage opioid dependence.

Characteristics of the clients, prescribers and dosing point sites where the pharmacotherapy drugs were dispensed are...

Research report

19 Jun 2012

These statistics describe the characteristics of Federal defendants with finalised offences, including information about their offences and sentence outcomes.

Provides comparable data showing the number of defendants with Federal offences dealt with by the Higher (Supreme and Intermediate), Magistrates' and Children's criminal courts for...

Research report

18 Jun 2012

This report presents information on cases of serious injury resulting in hospitalisation due to transport accidents involving a train for the five year period 2004-05 to 2008-09.

Serious injury due to transport accidents involving a railway train

Over the 5-year period, 868 persons were...

Research report

15 Jun 2012

It has become clear that the Department has recalibrated the instrument using historic subsidy data from the Aged Care Funding Instrument (ACFI) and the predecessor system, the Resident Classification System (RCS) without consulting those responsible for actually delivering care.

This results in several critical...

19 Jun 2012

The use and experience of digital technologies by teachers, educational administrators and librarians may shape how digital technologies are used in the classroom, states Gerry White in DERN .

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Today, there are a multitude of choices for technology tools, online content...

Research report

14 Jun 2012

Based on first day of the month averages, for the March quarter 2012 there were 29,226 persons in full-time custody and 53,763 persons in community-based corrections.

This comprises an increase of 822 persons (3%) in full-time custody from the March quarter 2011, and a...

Research report

21 May 2012

This paper presents the results of a conference and workshop on legal aspects of the power to detain, processes for transferring a detainee to either another armed force or the local law enforcement authorities, and the legal regimes applicable to this category of noninternational armed...

Research report

20 Jun 2012

Using data from the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics American Time Use Survey (ATUS), this note examines state-level arts participation on an average day.

Although the ATUS methodology generally bars the patent ranking of states by arts participation rates, certain state...

Research report

19 Jun 2012

The Australian Government has a broad reform agenda for the not for profit (NFP) sector. In its 2011-12 Budget, the Government announced a number of measures as part of its commitment to drive major reforms in the NFP sector to:

deliver smarter regulation; reduce...

Report

18 Jun 2012

This is the first full review of the administration and expenditure of Australia's six intelligence agencies carried out by the Committee of the 43rd Parliament.

Under Section 29 of the Intelligence Services Act 2001 (the Act), the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security...

Research report

19 Jun 2012

This report outlines core areas of Labor's Fair Work Act (2009) to identify the implications of key changes, particularly for women workers.

It provides an analysis of the Act's potential to bring about a shift in the structure of gender relations, or the 'gender...

Research report

15 Jun 2012

This paper highlights findings from interviews with adolescents from separated families.

At a general level, the study emphasised the importance of listening to the perspectives of young people on their experiences of parental separation, including what is important to them in adjusting to their...

Research report

30 Apr 2012

This report demonstrates the hidden costs of public sector job losses.

Key findings:

Rapid loss of public sector workers, especially those with more experience and skill, will result in the loss of corporate knowledge and hinder the transfer of skills within the South...

Research report

15 Jun 2012

Mental illness in young men costs the Australian economy A$387,000 per hour and over nine million working days lost per annum – figures which this report argues cannot be ignored by the business sector.

The human and economic costs of mental illness in Australia...

Research report

29 May 2012

This audit examined the effectiveness of the Department of Health and Ageing’s administration of New Directions, a program aimed at improving child health and education in Indigenous communities.

The audit considered whether:

planning processes were developed to support the program’s objectives and rationale;...

Research report

18 May 2012

This paper is an up-to-date, evidence-based national resource created to help all health professionals delivering primary health care to Indigenous people.

The use of this guide may help to prevent disease, detect early and unrecognised disease, and promote health. This guide contains Indigenous-specific information...

Research report

30 Oct 1993

This report, commonly known as the 'Burdekin Report', exposed the devastating personal consequences of inadequate mental health and welfare services.It was published in 2 volumes both of which are available to download in PDF here.

In 1992 all Australian Governments initiated the National Mental...

14 Jun 2012

Restless innovation saved Australian schools from their structural problems, writes Dean Ashenden in Inside Story. But now the strains are well and truly showing

IF RECENT and widely publicised comparisons of Australian schools’ performance are the canary, then something is seriously wrong...

14 Jun 2012

The system needs attitudinal change as much as it needs Nicola Roxon’s proposed legislative reforms, writes Sean Brennan in Inside Story

IN TOWNSVILLE last week for the twentieth anniversary of the High Court’s Mabo decision, Attorney-General Nicola Roxon outlined four proposed amendments...

14 Jun 2012

Amid tumbling international carbon markets and calls to weaken the carbon pricing scheme, Inside Story's Fergus Green makes the case for retaining an Australian carbon price floor

IT’s tempting to liken Australia’s climate change debate to an episode of Fawlty Towers: just...

Research report

15 Nov 2011

By 2050, humanity could devour an estimated 140 billion tons of minerals, ores, fossil fuels and biomass per year – three times its current appetite – unless the economic growth rate is “decoupled” from the rate of natural resource consumption.

Developed countries citizens consume...

Research report

15 Jun 2012

Provides a non-exhaustive review of policies and initiatives that are promoting the shift towards sustainable consumption and production (SCP) patterns.

This report identifies examples of effective policies and initiatives being implemented worldwide. It reviews 56 case studies ranging from global multilateral agreements and regional...

Research report

22 May 2012

This audit assessed the effectiveness of DFAT's implementation of biometric technology in meeting international requirements for enhanced passport security.

In particular, the audit examined whether:

Australian ePassports meet international requirements, and coordination with Australian stakeholders is effective; Australian biometric passport technology is fit...
15 Jun 2012

The final report of the convergence review recommends fundamental changes to the regulation of media enterprises in Australia, writes Jock Given for RealTime Arts .

Instead of directing most of the regulation at tv and radio licensees, the review proposes to regulate ‘content service...

Research report

30 Mar 2012

This report details specific attack vectors on mobile devices over the past year, defines new and emerging mobile threats, and gives mobile users practical advice to protect themselves from malicious attacks.

Mobile malware attacks and other exploits are no longer just theoretical occurrences discussed...

Research report

31 May 2012

Online media, global TV and social networks played a significant role in the Arab Spring and will be important factors in determining its future direction, argues this report.

A positive contribution of the media to the consolidation of democratic systems requires a dismantling of...

Research report

13 Jun 2012

This report presents the results of an inquiry into bail law in NSW.

In undertaking this inquiry the NSW Law Reform Commission was asked to develop a legislative framework that provides access to bail in appropriate cases having regard to:

1. whether the...

Research report

14 Jun 2012

This paper considers the positions of US and Israeli leaders, the current negotiations, and the possible drivers for a military strike against Iran.

Over the last six months, the prospects of an Israeli preemptive strike against the Iranian nuclear weapons program have been much...

Research report

14 Jun 2012

This paper presents findings from the 2009 national dental labour force data collection and explores trends since 2000.

The collection includes all dentists (general dental practitioners and specialists), dental hygienists, dental therapists, oral health therapists and dental prosthetists across Australia. There was an overall...

Research report

15 Jun 2012

This report examines the distinct health profiles of five male population groups, characterised by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, remoteness, socioeconomic disadvantage, region of birth, and age.

Key findings

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males generally experience poorer health than the overall...

15 Jun 2012

An agreed definition of e-learning has proved to be elusive, until now, writes Gerry White in DERN .

Prior to the term e-learning becoming common in education, terms such as computer-assisted learning/training, computer-based learning/training and many more were used.

At the beginning of...

Research report

14 Jun 2012

This audit assessed how effectively the National Partnership Agreement on Literacy and Numeracy has been administered.

The three high-level audit criteria used to form a conclusion examined the extent to which the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations:

established sound administrative and...

Strategy

31 Jan 2012

This communiqué identifies ten global meta-trends likely to affect classrooms and teaching this decade.

In a world where libraries are completely reinventing themselves, where universities and schools are moving away from labs to BYOD, and where the focus of everything seems to be on...

Strategy

13 Jun 2012

The draft shape paper for Civics and Citizenship is now available for national public consultation until Friday, 10 August 2012.

ACARA encourages all members of the Australian community to view and comment on this very important curriculum document. The Melbourne Declaration on...

Research report

13 Jun 2012

Tokyo is the world's most expensive city for expatriates; Karachi is the cheapest, most European cities drop in the ranking and Australian and New Zealand cities surge according to this survey used by companies to determine salary and benefits for overseas employees.

Editor's...

Book

12 Jun 2012

When a group of brilliant young scientists arrived in Australia’s national capital after World War II to take up leading roles in the establishment of national research institutions, they commissioned Australia’s leading architects to design their private houses. The houses that resulted from these unique...

Literature review

12 Jun 2012

This review of current research examines the current state-of-play of Indigenous adolescent primary mental health care in Australia. The differences between Indigenous and non-Indigenous concepts of mental health are presented. Indigenous Australians are more likely to be hospitalised for mental health disorders than the general...

Research report

12 Jun 2012

World Health Statistics 2012 contains WHO’s annual compilation of health-related data for its 194 Member States, and includes a summary of the progress made towards achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and associated targets.

This year, it also includes...

Research report

30 May 2012

This report presents an overview of Australia's science system, outlining both strengths and vulnerabilities.

There are some challenges in the short to medium term. Science participation in the senior years of school has fallen. Although the rate of this decline has slowed, participation rates...

Research report

7 Jun 2012

This background note provides a detailed account of the issues and dynamics of the 2012 election for the Queensland Legislative Assembly, along with a summary of its outcomes.

Elections for the Queensland Legislative Assembly are regulated by the Electoral Act 1992 and managed by...

Research report

6 Jun 2012

This evaluation of the Women's Development Project finds that significant progress had been made towards its goal for increased self-determination; and that the communities have the capacity to further strengthen their goals.

The Women’s Development Project began in 2008. The goal of the WDP...

Research report

23 May 2012

This report examines the 2010 election in Victoria, considering issues such as electronic voting, the integrity of the electoral roll, optional preferential voting and the effectiveness of automatic electoral enrolment.

The 2010 Victorian state election was the second general election to occur following major...

Video

In this Intelligence Squared Debate, held at Melbourne Town Hall, the panellists argue for and against the proposition that ‘Freedom of Speech is Over-Rated’.

Arguing for the proposition are Marcia Langton, Catherine Deveny and Michael Gawenda. Speaking for the opposing side are Arnold Zable,...

Audio program

7 Jun 2012

The latest podcast from the Australian Bureau of Statistics looks at trends in marriage, de facto relationships and divorce between 1990 and 2010, as well as the effect of these trends on the family.

Families are the building blocks of society, facilitating generational renewal,...

Audio program

7 Jun 2012

Apple may be adding to their already extensive repertoire of helpful applications with new plans to complete with the already popular Google Maps.

There's been speculation for months that Apple will try to elbow Google's popular Maps app aside on the iPhone...

Research report

7 Jun 2012

Two critical strategies are central to the Review’s final report: fostering innovation and translation of evidence; and building our capacity to conduct research that’s globally relevant. Both of these strategies have national relevance.

In 2011, the NSW Government established the Health and Medical Research...

Research report

7 Jun 2012

Income management (IM) has applied in the Northern Territory (NT) since 2007. IM is designed to ensure that income support payments are used to pay for necessary goods and services rather than discretionary items and activities. Initially targeting Indigenous Australians living in remote and very...

Research report

30 May 2012

This report aims to improve the collective understanding of civil-military stakeholders responding to international natural disasters and complex emergencies and to create greater opportunity for constructive engagement amongst them.

In response to overseas natural or man-made disasters and complex emergencies, the Australian Defence Force,...

Research report

5 Jun 2012

This report examines some of the primary features of Australian peacekeeping and peacebuilding contributions in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea, in Solomon Islands and in Timor-Leste and identifies a number of lessons that emerge from these experiences.

Australia is a...

Research report

8 Jun 2012

If Australian governments want to increase rates of economic growth they must reform the tax mix, and increase the workforce participation rates of women and older people, argues this report.

Together these game-changing reforms could contribute more than $70 billion to the Australian economy....

Research report

30 Apr 2012

This paper discusses the current implementation models for domestic public diplomacy by ministries of foreign affairs around the world.

It is hoped that the information presented in this paper will be used as a resource to observe and analyse the ways in which other...

Research report

8 Jun 2012

Slow, meandering bus routes are costing Melburnians time and money, argues this report.

Buses are a vital but underutilised component of Melbourne’s public transport system and are generally the only means of public transport within regional cities. Only one third of Melbourne residents live...

Dataset

7 Jun 2012

This publication presents national crime statistics relating to victims of a selected range of offences that have been recorded by state and territory police agencies.

Research report

30 May 1973

This is the first time a digitised version of this review on school education, known as the ‘Karmel Report’, has been made available. Tabled in 1973, the report greatly influenced how schools in Australia were funded.

On 12 December 1972 the newly elected Whitlam...

Research report

1 Jun 2012

Shooting incidents have stabilised, assaults on licensed premises and muggings are down, but indecent assault, act of indecency and other sexual offences are up, as are theft offences, according to this quarterly report on crime in NSW.

The report covers trends in recorded crime...

Research report

6 Jun 2012

This paper examines specialist family violence courts, discussing overseas developments and various Australian innovations.

Several jurisdictions have recognised that family violence is an issue that needs to be addressed by the court system in a direct and particular way. Different models of specialised family...

Research report

6 Jun 2012

The Central Coast region's economic future will be dependent on many factors, not least its proximity to Sydney, the impact of which is complex and varied.

Until recently the Central Coast was not officially a region. While local inhabitants of the Gosford and Wyong...

Dataset

31 May 2012

This monthly compendium contains economic statistics, presenting comprehensive tables, graphs, commentaries, feature articles and technical notes.

6 Jun 2012

Digital Disruption is a lively and highly informative collection of essays about online film distribution and consumption, writes Karina Aveyard in her review for Policy Online .

Bringing together perspectives from within academia as well as industry commentators and professionals, this volume offers...

Research report

1 Jun 2012

This paper examines the development and implementation of policy and legislation that provides for the pre-employment screening of adults who work or volunteer in child-related organisation.

There is no single national framework setting out the requirements for obtaining Working With Children Checks or Police...

Audio program

7 Jun 2012

The book The Shadowcatchers is an entirely volunteer project from the members of the Australian Cinematographers Society. It shows the history of Australian cinematography from the silent films of pre-WWI to the present day. The book is full of profiles of some of the...

Research report

5 Jun 2012

This document contains information on the state of conservation of properties inscribed on the World Heritage List, including the Great Barrier Reef, for discussion by the World Heritage Committee at their meeting in June-July 2012.

The World Heritage Committee is requested to review the...

5 Jun 2012

In Inside Story, Scott Ewing goes to the source of a baffling statistic

“ONE in ten Australians believes the world will end this year in line with ancient Mayan prophecies,” began a story by journalist Barney Zwartz in the Age last week....

5 Jun 2012

The principles behind an American campaign to reduce unnecessary and often expensive medical interventions are gaining support in Australia, writes Melissa Sweet in Inside Story

ON A WET, miserable evening in Sydney not so long ago, a panel of academics came together...

5 Jun 2012

In Inside Story, Brett Evans looks at a timeless guide for politicians with a sting in the tail

EARLY one morning in 64 BC a political candidate left his palatial home and set off through the streets of the most powerful city...

Policy

30 Oct 1994

Released in 1994 by then Prime Minister Paul Keating, Creative Nation was the first time an Australian federal government formally developed a cultural policy. $250 million in additional funding was promised to cultural institutions.

The report emphasised culture's importance to national identity,and defined culture...

Research report

5 Jun 2012

This Resource Sheet aims to provide current information to those working in health care settings about how to approach the discussion of intimate partner sexual violence with their female clients and patients.

Why discuss intimate partner sexual violence? Forty to forty-five per cent of...

Research report

1 Jun 2012

The Australian and Northern Territory (NT) governments are undertaking large scale reforms to public housing in remote Indigenous communities in the NT. In addition to substantial investment in housing and related infrastructure, these changes include reforms to land tenure designed to underpin investment in housing...

Research report

6 Jun 2012

This publication presents findings on dental visiting and receipt of dental services by dental insurance status.

It uses information from the National Dental Telephone Interview Survey, 2010.

Key findings: Dental insurance associated with proportion visiting

‘Dental insurance’ means private health insurance extras cover...

4 Jun 2012

Profits from the Western Australian mining boom won't last forever, writes Tom Conley for Big P Political Economy.

Western Australia might actually need the rest of Australia in the future to cover its shortcomings if the mining sector falters. Whilst a boom in mining...

Research report

31 May 2012

This article investigates whether female political representation affects economic growth. Panel estimates for 119 democracies using fixed effects specifications and a system generalized method of moments approach suggest that, over recent decades, countries with higher shares of women in parliament have had faster growing economies....

31 May 2012

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Twitter #auspol is driven by hardline conservatives, evangelical Christians don’t talk to outsiders, and the South Australian tourism, food and wine fraternity have formed their own little enclave on Planet Adelaide.

The map is the most recent visualisation from...

Research report

31 May 2012

As a group, Indigenous Australians experience poorer health outcomes than other Australians, including in the area of sexual health.

Indigenous Australians have substantially higher rates of STIs, BBVs and teen pregnancy than non-Indigenous Australians, particularly for chlamydia, gonorrhoea, infectious syphilis, hepatitis B and hepatitis...

Briefing paper

31 May 2012

This resource sheet is about the construction and maintenance of Indigenous housing. It does not cover broader questions such as the total amount of housing required or the best housing management systems, although it touches on these issues. It describes the best approaches to the...

Research report

31 May 2012

Health education strategies and practices are critical to improving the health and wellbeing of Indigenous Australians. The Australian Government has recognised the health-promoting potential of schools through its advocacy of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Health Promoting Schools framework (NHMRC 1996). This framework uses a...

1 Jun 2012

Deep in cyberspace is a web of private networks hosting sites that Google will never find and videos that YouTube will never play, writes Eileen Ormsby for the Age .

It's called the Dark Web and once you are in you can buy people,...