December 2012

Research report

19 Dec 2012

This report presents NAPLAN results by gender, Indigenous status, language background other than English status, parental occupation, parental education, and location (metropolitan, provincial, remote and very remote) at each year level and for each domain of the test.

The National Assessment Program—Literacy and Numeracy...

Research report

18 Dec 2012

Key findings:

The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the Trends in International Maths and Science Study (TIMSS) are driving education policy in Australia. The implication of analyses of international assessments that compare school systems is that Australia could achieve equivalent performance...

Research report

14 Dec 2012

This report contains comprehensive information relating to adoptions in Australia, including characteristics of adopted children, adoptive families and birth mothers.

Key findings:

Falling intercountry adoption numbers contribute to overall decline

The 333 finalised adoptions in 2011-12 was the lowest annual...

Research report

17 Dec 2012

This report provides summary data on hospitalised injury of children and young people (aged 0-17 years) in New South Wales from 1 July 2009 to 30 June 2010.

This report provides summary data on hospitalised injury in New South Wales (NSW) resident children and...

Research report

18 Dec 2012

This report describes the clients of specialist homelessness agencies, the assistance they sought and were provided, and outcomes achieved for clients.

Keyfindings:

Almost 230,000 Australians accessed specialist homelessness services in 2011–12

Of these clients, 44% were already homeless...

Research report

19 Dec 2012

This report reviews the limited information available in Australia on how many people with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have the vaccination, and finds that the uptake rate is not as high as would be expected if recommendations were being followed.

Research has...

Research report

17 Dec 2012

How the G20 responds to the challenges it faces will have an important bearing on future global economic prospects, argues this report.

Key findings:

Many are worried that the G20 ‘s agenda is expanding too widely and covering too many unrelated issues...

Video

In 1974, the Arecibo Message was broadcast into space. Composed by the finest scientific minds of a generation, its mission was to give intelligent alien civilisations knowledge of the people of Earth. It was, quite frankly, embarrassing. Today a new intellectual explorer Dr Percival Bantam...

17 Dec 2012

A new book reviewed by Debra King in the Australian Review of Public Affairs makes a confronting comparison between industrial slaughterhouses and other ‘zones of confinement’.

In these zones—such as nursing homes, work that deals with death, decay and bodily fluids is physically hidden...

17 Dec 2012

Does collaboration result in higher quality creative works than individuals working alone? Asks Andrés Monroy-Hernández on Social Media Collective .

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Is working in groups better for functional works like code than for creative works like art? Although these questions lie at...

Literature review

12 Dec 2012

Richard Tanter examines Ball’s writings on these facilities, setting them in the wider context of Ball’s work on nuclear targeting, the transnational UKUSA intelligence and security community, and the possibilities and limits of self reliance in Australian defence. Reviewing developments in US-Australian “joint facilities” in...

Research report

12 Dec 2012

This paper reports on the 316,500 people who experienced severe incontinence in 2009, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers.

Key findings:

Incontinence affects many people in Australia

An estimated 316,500 people experienced...

Research report

13 Dec 2012

This paper presents key statistics about transition care services provided to older people directly after discharge from hospital.

The Transition Care Program aims to improve recipients' independence and functioning, and has assisted nearly 52,000 people since it started in 2005-06, including 18,000 individuals who...

Research report

11 Dec 2012

This report presents the latest available information on incidence, mortality, survival, prevalence, burden of cancer, hospitalisations and national cancer screening programs.

It is estimated that the most commonly diagnosed cancers in 2012 will be prostate cancer, bowel cancer and breast cancer. For all cancers...

Research report

11 Dec 2012

This report argues that proposed Bills for a new integrity framework for Victoria will significantly diminish the State's integrity system in a number of ways, including by reducing the effectiveness and independence of the Office of the Ombudsman.

Following the 2010 election the Victorian...

Research report

11 Dec 2012

This paper provides a contemporary overview of the changing size and composition of Australia's Indigenous population.

The paper is structured around six key demographic and geographic features of the Indigenous population:

Age structure: The Indigenous population is relatively young; Population change: The Indigenous...

Research report

21 Nov 2012

This paper provides information on the level and type of unpaid care work undertaken by Indigenous Australians.

The care economy includes activities such as providing unpaid child care; unpaid assistance for someone with a disability, a long-term illness, or problems related to old age;...

14 Dec 2012

A study of students’ ability to evaluate digital texts has revealed that teenagers find it particularly difficult to determine the credibility and trustworthiness of material on the internet, writes Gerry White in DERN .

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There is sometimes an assumption that young...

13 Dec 2012

In late November ACCAN’s Indigenous policy officer, Michael Charlton, took part in a fieldtrip to central Australia as part of the ongoing Home Internet for Remote Indigenous Communities project.

The project aims to assess the reasons for low internet take-up and use...

Research report

10 Dec 2012

The Australian banking industry is the most concentrated in the world and also the most profitable. In fact the ‘big four’ Australian banks make up four of the eight most profitable banks in the world.

The big banks have conceded that they are not...

Research report

12 Dec 2012

This paper reports findings from statistical analyses of Indigeneity and lower court sentencing in New South Wales and South Australia from 1998 to 2008. The aim was to explore the probability of Indigenous versus non-Indigenous defendants receiving a prison sentence over time, while controlling for...

Research report

13 Dec 2012

The report provides national information on the pregnancy and childbirth of mothers, and the characteristics and outcomes of their babies.

Key findings:

Mothers

The average maternal age in 2010 was 30.0 years compared with 29.2 years in 2001. About 42.1% of...

Research report

12 Dec 2012

This report describes episodes of hospitalised interpersonal violence in the 3 years after the introduction of perpetrator coding in Australia in 2002.

It also provides a technical demonstration of the type of analysis that is possible using perpetrator codes. During 2002-03 to 2004-05, 60,926...

Research report

30 Nov 2012

This study provides an insight into past lessons learnt and solutions provided to ensure the Collins Class fleet of submarines are better sustained and more readily available to be deployed at sea when required.

The study provides an insight into past lessons learnt and...

13 Dec 2012

Mark Gregory discusses in The Conversation the importance of wi-fi on international and domestic aircrafts during travel.

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The trial of in-flight Wi-Fi (70) on six Qantas Airbus A380s flying between Melbourne, Los Angeles and London has ended, following an announcement...

Research report

12 Dec 2012

This report identifies problems in the governance and administration of the Victorian Building Commission and the manner in which it expends monies generated from its regulation.

In March 2012 the Ombudsman's Office received information from several sources in relation to concerns about the Victorian...

Research report

12 Dec 2012

This audit reviewed the effectiveness of learning technologies in government schools. In particular, the audit focused on two key Department of Education and Early Childhood Development (DEECD) learning technology initiatives: VicSmart and the Ultranet.

The government's current policy for ICT in school education, t...

Research report

28 Sep 2012

This report addresses serious and systemic problems in the taxi industry and recommends reforms that are expected to take three to five years to implement in full.

It is now nearly 18 months since the Victorian Government announced its intention to establish an inquiry...

13 Dec 2012

Inside Story contributors nominate the books from 2012 (or, in a few cases cases, late 2011) that didn’t get the attention they deserved

Nicholas Gruen ’s nomination:

Jonathan Haidt is an American academic psychologist whose research has focused on...

13 Dec 2012

Australia’s largest cities still rely heavily on massive investments in rail before the second world war. With renewed interest in rail as a way of dealing with congestion, Peter Mares looks at what history can tell us about the value of reinvesting in...

Research report

6 Dec 2012

This paper provides an overview of both permanent and temporary skilled migration to Australia and outlines some of the recent changes that have been made specifically to address labour market concerns and encourage more 'demand-driven' sponsored skilled migrants.

The establishment in 1945 of Australia’s...

Research report

10 Dec 2012

This paper provides a contextual account of the issues and dynamics of the 2012 election for the ACT Legislative Assembly, along with an account of its outcomes.

The 2012 election proved to be the closest in the history of ACT self-government and produced yet...

Research report

6 Dec 2012

This report on crime in New South Wales finds that fraud is up, drive-by shooting incidents have stabilised and there have been significant reductions in the recorded incidence of non-domestic assault, unarmed robbery, theft offences and malicious damage to property.

These are the key...

Book

30 Jan 2012

This paper discusses the pressures and drivers of land use change, community values ascribed to land use and the policy tools that can be used to maximise the total value to the community.

Land use pressures are particularly acute in Victoria - a small...

Research report

7 Feb 2012

This paper reports a use of a real-options valuation methodology to analyse wine grape farm investment under price and yield uncertainty.

Revenue levels to incentivise entry and exit were calculated for three different sizes of wine grape farms in north west Victoria. The modelling...

Research report

7 Feb 2012

This paper examines the possible sources of total factor productivity change in the dairy sector between 2007–08 and 2010–11.

Analysis is conducted over the components of total factor productivity (TFP) growth for a subset of dairy enterprises in Victoria. Specifically, the research considers the...

Research report

5 Dec 2012

This paper argues that the concept of an 'Indo-Pacific' best captures the strategic environment Australia finds itself in.

This concept better recognises the major economic, security and identity challenges faced by Australia. It also places Australia in a prime position to involve itself in...

Research report

5 Dec 2012

This paper highlights the growing Defence engagement occurring within Southeast Asia and what it means for Australia.

Indonesia is starting to loom large in the thinking of the Defence Department and Huxley discusses the opportunities as well as challenges for building defence ties between...

Research report

11 Dec 2012

This paper explores the potential and risks of an alliance between Japan and Australia.

Japan is one of Australia's most important economic partners, a close ally of the US and might be prepared to sell Australia a highly advanced submarine fleet. Yet, for all...

Research report

10 Dec 2012

This paper examines the principal policy issues, both military and non-military, surrounding the decisions to be made about Australia's future submarine capability.

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The paper starts with a description of Australia's strategic outlook and its implications for our future force structure and then...

11 Dec 2012

Peter Miller discusses reducing alcohol-related harm in Geelong, Victoria, in The Conversation .

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What we found was that despite the best of intentions, none of the interventions reduced emergency department attendances and one was associated with an increase.

Geelong...

Audio program

11 Dec 2012

This talk by Thomas Petzold looks into the idea of crossing borders on a worldwide digital scale.

Research report

30 May 2012

Master planned estates are a common feature of modern cities. This paper explores residents’ social practices to reveal connections between spatial and social features, daily routines and health and wellbeing.

Abstract Master planned communities (MPCs) are designed to give residents a ‘complete living...

Research report

30 Jul 2012

This review discusses options for improving licensing processes in the digital era.

Following a recommendation from Professor Ian Hargreaves to establish a cross sectoral Digital Copyright Exchange, the Government appointed Richard Hooper CBE in November 2011 to lead an independent review. The review was...

Research report

6 Dec 2012

According to a new research report released on International Volunteer Day (5 December), the economic value of volunteering to Victoria grew by over 130 per cent in 15 years (between 1992 and 2006).

The Economic Value of Volunteering in Victoria report...

Research report

6 Dec 2012

Journey to Social Inclusion (J2SI) is a pilot project designed to break the cycle of long-term homelessness. The project provides intensive support for up to three years to assist people who are long-term homeless receive the range of services they need.

This is the...

Research report

1 Nov 2012

In the context of rising global demand, resource scarcity, and environmental pressures, this report considers the future of Australian agriculture.

Global populations are growing and food prices are skyrocketing. This creates new market opportunities for Australian agriculture. But Australia has fragile and vulnerable soils,...

Research report

28 Nov 2012

In light of sweeping changes to vocational education and training (VET) provision in Victoria, and dramatic proposed cuts in Queensland, this new CPD paper studies the sector’s social and economic significance and asks what lessons can be gleaned for NSW.

The paper presents definitive...

7 Dec 2012

Reading in online environments is the topic of this Gerry White research review in DERN .

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In 2009 the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) through the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) examined 15-year-old students’ ability to read, understand...

Report

1 Dec 2012

This project examined two models of public engagement in planning approval processes—Third Party Objection and Appeal Rights (TPOAR) and fast tracked planning (e.g. used as part of approving developments funded under the Nation Building Stimulus Package)—to see how they impact on housing supply (especially higher-density...

Research report

30 Nov 2012

This report evaluates how effectively New Income Management was rolled out in the Northern Territory.

In May 2010, the Australian Government Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA) commissioned a consortium consisting of the Social Policy Research Centre (University of New...

Research report

30 Nov 2012

This report provides a practical frame of reference to carry the conversation about the ways all Australians can play a role to lift the standard of national politics; to protect and promote, rather than destroy, important community values of respect, accountability, fairness and tolerance; to...

Research report

26 Oct 2012

This report finds that the media, trade unions and political parties top the list of institutions the public perceives to be the most corrupt.

The report presents the results of the latest ANUpoll, which measured public confidence in government and institutions, perceptions and experiences...

Research report

26 Oct 2012

This report examines the enjoyment and exercise of human rights by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, and includes recommendations to help ensure their exercise and enjoyment of human rights.

This report looks at governance as a tool for achieving the goals of Aboriginal...

5 Dec 2012

Argentina is locked in battle with international investors, writes Alexis Sergio Esposto from Swinburne University of Technology .

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Tensions between the country and institutional bondholders reached new highs on October 2, when the Ghanaian government seized the Argentine tall...

Research report

26 Oct 2012

This report reviews developments in native title law and policy from 1 July 2011 to 30 June 2012.

Chapter 1 examines the enjoyment and exercise of human rights by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in light of changes to policy and legislation made...

Research report

5 Dec 2012

This report examines housing assistance in the government, not-for-profit and private sector segments in Australia in 2011-12.

It examines allocation and waiting lists for social housing, overcrowding and housing affordability, and demonstrates that while the number of social housing dwellings has increased...

5 Dec 2012

Gerry White discusses the latest NAPLAN results and the idea of digital natives and learning information communication technologies in DERN .

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The third cycle of the National Assessment Program – Information and Communications Technologies (NAP – ICT) Literacy was conducted...

Audio program

5 Dec 2012

ZDNet's Stilgherrian latest podcast looks at Australia's newly-announced internet "filtering" plan relies on an unprecedented interpretation of the law and will do little to prevent the spread of child abuse material.

Research report

6 Dec 2012

This paper summarises scholarly approaches to the concept of organised crime, noting that such perspectives reflect the dominant sociohistorical discourses pertaining to each proposed model.

The paper then examines current Australian legislative initiatives on thwarting organized crime – in particular, outlaw motorcycle gangs –...

Research report

6 Dec 2012

This is the first report from the National Centre for Monitoring Diabetes to examine the management and impact of diabetes in youth in Australia.

Diabetes affects a considerable number of young people: in 2010, about 31,300 Australians aged 0-30 years with diabetes were registered...

Research report

6 Dec 2012

This report argues that Victorian local councils are rushing unfairly to legal action to recover unpaid rates, despite legal protections guaranteeing rates revenue, the existence of effective alternative payment strategies, and the severe impact of legal action on disadvantaged ratepayers.

Rates constitute the majority...

Research report

6 Dec 2012

This report presents a comprehensive assessment, by discipline, of the quality of research activity conducted in Australia's higher education institutions.

This report provides information on the discipline-specific research activity of each eligible Australian highereducation institution (see Appendix 1: Eligible Institutions), and the...

Research report

6 Dec 2012

Since the Labor Government replaced WorkChoices with the Fair Work Act , many business leaders have complained that the new legislation has made the labour market inflexible and unworkable. Conversely, some union leaders have voiced their disappointment that the Fair Work Act did not go...

Research report

3 Dec 2012

This report examines the experiences of women in the legal profession – focusing on discrimination, sexual harassment and the accommodation of parental and carer responsibilities.

"Women are an intrinsic part of the legal profession in Australia. They make up 46 per cent of lawyers...

Research report

5 Dec 2012

The next round of talks between the Philippines' largest Muslim insurgent group and the government is a crucial step towards implementing a sweeping peace agreement signed in October.

This report from the International Crisis Group, examines how the pact signed by the Moro Islamic...

Research report

1 Dec 2012

The purpose of this report is to equip policy makers with a better understanding of how the Internet facilitates violent radicalization.

The Internet has revolutionized the way all of us communicate and do business. Its benefits to people everywhere have been enormous and will...

Audio program

4 Dec 2012

Episode nine of the Australian Bureau of Statistics Social Trends podcast series. This episode looks at household energy consumption, uses and costs.

Research report

4 Dec 2012

This paper argues that Australia needs a national policy framework on environmental migration, as climate change and natural disasters could displace potentially thousands of people in coming years.

In the Pacific Islands region, climate change and natural disasters could displace potentially thousands of people...

Research report

4 Dec 2012

The summary report of the PNG New Voices conference highlights the enthusiasm of Papua New Guinea's young people to participate in debate about PNG's economy and international outlook in the Asian century.

Conference participants called for higher-quality leadership and the creation of opportunities for...

Journal article

1 Dec 2012

The conclusion of the UN peacekeeping mission means that Australia is now the largest international presence in Timor-Leste.

With the departure of United Nations peacekeepers, Australia becomes the largest international presence in Timor-Leste. It does so at not necessarily an easy time: despite the...

Research report

4 Dec 2012

This paper is a reference tool for those needing to locate specific changes in Australian social security and place them in their chronological context.

This chronology is one of several produced by the Parliamentary Library dealing with the history of social security payments....

Research report

26 Nov 2012

This report highlights the inequity experienced by people with disability when it comes to electricity use and pricing.

It finds that people with physical disability face four layers of disadvantage:

Low incomes mean people with disability struggle to afford electricity Disability brings additional...
3 Dec 2012

The Age’s history shows why Fairfax’s strategy is putting the paper’s identity at risk, writes Sybil Nolan for Inside Story.

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In May, when journalists at Fairfax newspapers wrote a petition to their chairman, Roger Corbett, against plans to cut...

Audio program

3 Dec 2012

A discussion about Gough Whitlam's high-stakes 1971 visit to China. As Leader of the Opposition, with an Australian population that feared China and communism, Whitlam took the gamble of trying to establish formal diplomatic relations with the People's Republic.

Listen in full