March 2013

Research report

30 Mar 2013

This publication describes the part that community non-government organisations (NGOs) take in New Zealand’s Mental Health and Addictions (MH&A) service system. It describes some of the activities of these essential services and offers some key facts.

The purpose of this publication is to provide...

Working paper

29 Mar 2013

ABSTRACT: Using the Miles and Snow (1978) strategy typology, this study investigates whether business strategy is associated with the quality of reported earnings. In a sample of U.S. listed firms, we predict and find that defender strategy firms are associated with higher levels of earnings...

Strategy

30 Mar 2013

A draft Christchurch City Three Year Plan was adopted by Councillors on 26 February. Click here to view the media release (13) .

Public hearings before the Councillors will be held in May. After the hearings, the Hearings Panel will hold workshops...

Research report

27 Mar 2013

Consistent with the objectives of its formation in April this year, Public Transport Victoria (PTV) has completed a detailed examination of how Melbourne’s train system needs to evolve to meet the needs of the city and of train passengers in the short, medium and long...

Research report

27 Mar 2013

Global financial conditions have improved significantly since the previous Financial Stability Review , despite the new uncertainty created by the proposed sovereign bailout for Cyprus in the past few weeks. Some earlier European policy initiatives had been seen as demonstrating a strong commitment to deal...

Research report

27 Mar 2013

In 2010–11, Australia’s welfare state, which includes health, education and income support payments, accounted for approximately $316 billion in government expenditure and 65% of total government expenditure.

By way of comparison, Australia’s three levels of government received $358 billion in tax revenue in 2010–11,...

Research report

28 Mar 2013

This report presents estimates of health expenditure for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and their non-Indigenous counterparts for 2010-11. The reports are produced every 2 years. This is the seventh report in the series.

In 2010-11, health expenditure for Aboriginal and Torres Strait...

Research report

26 Mar 2013

This paper examines patterns of risky driving from the late teens to the late twenties and identifies factors associated with persistence and change in risky driving tendencies.

Key findings:

Rates of risky driving remained fairly stable between the ages of 19-20 and...

Research report

27 Mar 2013

How students experience university plays a major role in their academic, personal and professional success. Over the last decade Australian universities and governments have placed considerable emphasis on key facets of the student experience such as skills development, student engagement, quality teaching, student support, and...

Research report

28 Mar 2013

This research provides an in-depth understanding of issues facing migrant sex workers in New Zealand, with a particular focus on occupational health and safety, and sexual reproductive health.

It was intended that the research would provide an evidence base from which NZPC could develop...

Research report

27 Mar 2013

The paper examines the recent trends in Australia's individual and household income distributions.

Research report

22 Mar 2013

This report presents the results of a project investigating forced exits from private rental accommodation in Queensland. It sought to understand practitioner responses and systems of service integration to assist these people be reintegrated back into suitable accommodation.

Research report

27 Mar 2013

Fraud can take many forms in the public service. It can be as simple as false entries on an employee’s timesheet or it can be as elaborate as a falsely valued property or lease deal. The major fraud control survey released in 2012 showed that...

Research report

15 Aug 2012

Data from the 2005 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) indicate suburbanites, compared with city dwellers, have on average higher per-capita residential energy consumption. However, it is not clear why suburbanites tend to consume more energy at home. Using a two-group structural equation modeling, I analyzed...

Research report

26 Mar 2013

This report argues that the ageing New Zealand population will see fewer productive workers in proportion to the number of retirees which will drive up wages, and that firms need to prepare.

Key findings:

Ageing will impact on firms’ costs of...

21 Mar 2013

Today in the Great Hall of Parliament House, prime minister Julia Gillard will apologise to those affected by past forced adoption practices. This is the third national apology delivered in recent years.

It follows on the historic first apology to the Indigenous Stolen Generations...

21 Mar 2013

Uncivil and unbalanced: the Australian media can't be trusted to report on industry reform

By Alexandra Wake , RMIT University

Anyone who has picked up the country’s biggest newspapers in the past week (and that of course includes the nation’s poll-fearing political powerbrokers)...

27 Mar 2013

The 457 visa system is a short-term temporary visa for skills shortages. If it’s being used for any other purpose by anyone, then it’s being used wrongly and we should stamp that out. – Julia Gillard, Age, 18 March 2013

IF THE prime...

Research report

26 Feb 2013

This report finds that universities are well regarded by the Australian public and business community.

During 2012 Universities Australia reached out to the public and stakeholders to elicit their views and understanding of universities to assist in formulating its first ever policy statement. This...

Research report

25 Mar 2013

The widespread adoption of social media is changing the way we communicate, and in turn changing the nature of criminal activity and crime prevention.

Platforms like Twitter and Facebook allow the police to include the public in law enforcement in new, potentially transformative ways....

Journal article

28 Mar 2013

Digital culture and the remix culture it has generated have changed the way in which knowledge and learning are constructed.‬ The last decade since the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) launched the Open Courseware initiative (OCW) in 2002 has seen a significant increase in the...

Journal article

15 Jan 2012

The purpose of this study was to field-test several conferencing technologies in regional schools in Victoria to determine whether the technologies are appropriate for the needs of the university supervisor, trainee teachers and supervising teachers with regard to practicum placements. The study also explored the...

Research report

18 Mar 2013

On 13 March 2013, the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Infrastructure and Communications met and resolved to adopt the inquiry into the Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Digital Dividend) Bill 2013, which was referred to it by the Hon Anthony Albanese MP, Minister for Infrastructure and...

Journal article

15 Jan 2013

This paper explores two different schools’ approaches to implementing an iPad program and a Netbook program to a year level of students. The aim of the study was to determine how these mobile devices were being used in the classroom and whether they enhanced teaching...

Research report

30 Nov 2012

The Victorian Ombudsman has developed guidelines to assist Victorian public sector bodies in developing policies and procedures for their management of Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) in public places.

These guidelines were developed following consultation and enquiries with a range of public sector bodies, including...

Research report

28 Mar 2013

This report provides an outline of major upcoming battles in the debate about how the internet is governed, and aims to feed into existing civil society efforts to engage in this debate. The forums, bodies and conferences are prioritised and grouped depending on their decision-making...

Website

Many arts organisations are looking at how to archive their artworks and content for the future. This resource gives an overview of the key issues and steps in digital archiving.

About digital archiving

Digital Archiving is the process of preserving and managing...

Book

28 Feb 2013

What, exactly, is “National Cyber Security”? The rise of cyberspace as a field of human endeavour is probably nothing less than one of the most significant developments in world history. Cyberspace already directly impacts every facet of human existence including economic, social, cultural and political...

Audio

20 Mar 2013

Kate Evans and guests reflect on cultural memory, history and place in contemporary society. As story tellers and artists they consider and untangle meaning and memory, loss and belonging, from big stories to more intimate ones - they’re all part of the Events that shape...

19 Mar 2013

In the public policy literature, a distinction is sometimes made between the protective state and the enabling state (Flew 2007: 174-81). In media policy, the protective state is concerned in some instances with protection of morals, children, social harmony, the integrity of...

Research report

26 Mar 2013

This report shows how asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) hospitalisations vary across Australia. It also examines the association between these hospitalisation rates and socioeconomic status (SES), remoteness and the proportion of Indigenous Australians in different locations across Australia.

Maps presented in this...

Research report

26 Mar 2013

Australians are travelling more than ever. In 2012, they took more than eight million trips overseas, more than double the number a decade ago. Public expectations of the assistance government can provide when travellers encounter trouble are rapidly rising, fuelled by intense media and political...

Research report

25 Mar 2013

This report argues that the downstream implications of climate change are forcing Defence to become involved in mitigation and response tasks. Defence’s workload here will increase, so we need a new approach.

Heavy Weather makes a number of recommendations including:

Defence should work...

Research report

27 Jan 2013

An external evaluation of the Queensland Government’s Early Years Centre (EYC) initiative found the provision of integrated early childhood development services is delivering positive developmental, social and behaviour outcomes for children aged from birth to eight years, strengthening parenting skills and improving outcomes for vulnerable...

Research report

26 Mar 2013

This report puts Australian climate policy in the context of ongoing international action to address climate change.

Key findings:

Megatrends towards greater international action on climate change continue but at an insufficient pace. For example, weighted average effective carbon prices on energy...

Research report

25 Mar 2013

This report provides the latest information on how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in New South Wales are faring according to a range of indicators on health status, determinants of health and health system performance. Indicators are based on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait...

Research report

25 Mar 2013

This report provides the latest information on how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in South Australia are faring according to a range of indicators on health status, determinants of health and health system performance. Indicators are based on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander...

Research report

25 Mar 2013

This report provides the latest information on how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Victoria are faring according to a range of indicators on health status, determinants of health and health system performance. Indicators are based on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health...

Research report

25 Mar 2013

This report provides the latest information on how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Queensland are faring according to a range of indicators on health status, determinants of health and health system performance. Indicators are based on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health...

Research report

25 Mar 2013

This report provides the latest information on how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Western Australia are faring according to a range of indicators on health status, determinants of health and health system performance. Indicators are based on the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander...

Research report

25 Mar 2013

ACELG has released a new scoping study that explores the relationship between social enterprises and local governments.

Entitled Social Enterprises and Local Government: A Scoping Study the paper outlines current knowledge about local governments in Australia and overseas working with social enterprises to achieve...

Database

1 Mar 2013

Improved community engagement is one of the key priorities identified in ACELG’s Capacity Building Strategy for Rural-remote and Indigenous Local Government. Research by ACELG has identified that Rural-Remote and Indigenous councils want more practical support and assistance to build their skills and capacity for community...

Research report

25 Mar 2013

Risky drinking causes considerable community concern in Australia and internationally, particularly when it involves young people consuming alcohol in the night-time economy or NTE (Miller, et al., 2012). In Australia, one in four young people (aged between 15 and 24 years) reported that in the...

Research report

25 Mar 2013

Australians’ attitudes towards tax and public spending are getting tougher. Increasingly, we see ourselves as paying too much tax in a system that is less fair. Our support for public spending is falling.

Objectively, this does not make sense. The tax take in Australia,...

Thesis

24 Mar 2012

As part of a Master of Indigenous Studies from the University of Otago, Trade Aid staff member, Michelia Ward, conducted research throughout 2011 and 2012 on whether fair trade is able to contribute to the aspirations of indigenous producers. The research focused on fair trade...

Research report

28 Feb 2013

As part of its fourth review report of the Joint Committee of the National Broadband Network, the committee examined and provided comment on:

The NBN rollout through the fibre, satellite and fixed wireless networks and associated issues such as service delivery, community consultation, public...

Research report

13 Mar 2013

The information revolution is permanently changing the face of international relations. Wired, networked protestors help power and publicize the Arab Spring, leading to the downfall of authoritarian regimes long believed unshakable. Secret cables published by Wikileaks expose the mechanics of U.S. foreign policy decisionmaking to...

Research report

20 Mar 2013

On 27 November 2012 the Senate referred the matter of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's (ABC) commitment to reflecting and representing regional diversity in Australia to the Environment and Communications References Committee (the committee) for inquiry and report. The committee resolved to report to the Senate...

Journal article

11 Sep 2012

Social media complicate the very nature of public life. In this article, we consider how technology reconfigures publicness, blurs 'audiences' and publics, and alters what it means to engage in public life. The nature of publicness online is shaped by the architecture and affordances of...

21 Mar 2013

OVERSHADOWED by the debate about the government’s media legislation, the final report of the review of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001, published last week, received comparatively little attention. Like the government’s response to the report, the sparse media coverage focused on measures to prevent problem...

Research report

18 Mar 2013

This report reviews research into assessment, especially in schools, analyses the pivotal role of assessment in learning and argues for its reconceptualisation by practitioners and policy makers to better support learning.

Section 1 outlines some current pressures for assessment reform, introduces the concept of...

Research report

19 Dec 2012

Evidence of the prevalence of a history of past and/or current family violence among separated parents, and the presence of ongoing safety concerns for themselves and their children as a result of ongoing contact with the other parent, has created an impetus for the family...

Research report

22 Mar 2013

This paper summarises the current state of knowledge about the prevalence of child abuse and neglect in Australia.

It provides an overview of Australian studies that have estimated the prevalence of the different forms of child maltreatment (i.e., physical abuse, neglect, emotional maltreatment, the...

Research report

20 Mar 2013

This report found that the Department of Primary Industries is not discharging its legislative responsibilities to deliver balanced and sustainable outcomes for freshwater recreational fisheries.

While it is demonstrably delivering improved recreational freshwater fishing outcomes, it is not paying sufficient attention to the protection...

Research report

21 Mar 2013

On 22 November 2012, the Victorian Aboriginal Affairs Framework 2013 – 2018 (VAAF) was released, strengthening the Government’s commitments to Aboriginal Victorians. The VAAF builds on the previous frameworks, setting clear priorities for building opportunities and responding to the needs of Aboriginal people over the...

Commentary

22 Mar 2013

Eminent Indian psychoanalyst and social commentator Dr Ashis Nandy found himself in the middle of a controversy recently after he made a few remarks on corruption at a session entitled ‘The Republic of Ideas’ at the Jaipur literary festival, 24– 28 January 2013. Author and...

20 Mar 2013

IT HAS to be the English-speaking world’s most distinctive and unsettling contribution to election campaigns: the political family happy-snap. The candidate stands awkwardly alongside loved ones – more often than not a wife and two-point-something kids in their Sunday best. The backdrop is serene and...

Research report

21 Mar 2013

Publicly funded alcohol and other drug treatment services are available to people seeking treatment for their own drug use and people seeking assistance for someone else's drug use. Three-quarters (76%) of these services are in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland. This report provides information...

Research report

20 Mar 2013

This report calls for an inclusive approach to a region which is now home to the world’s most important and sensitive trade routes.

Approaches that seek to exclude China are unlikely to guarantee long-term regional stability, according to the report, commissioned by the Australia...

Research report

21 Mar 2013

This Investigative Panel considered private financing models that can deliver additional supplies of quality, well located rental housing in areas of need that is affordable to low- and moderate-income households. This included provision initiated by both for–profit and not–for–profit providers, as well as cross sector...

Research report

14 Mar 2013

This Sentencing Snapshot describes sentencing outcomes for the offence of handling stolen goods and details the age and gender of people sentenced for this offence in the County Court of Victoria between 2007–08 and 2011–12. Except where noted otherwise, the data represent sentences imposed at...

Research report

14 Mar 2013

This Sentencing Snapshot describes sentencing outcomes for the offence of obtaining a financial advantage by deception and details the age and gender of people sentenced for this offence in the County and Supreme Courts of Victoria between 2007–08 and 2011–12. Except where otherwise noted, the...

Research report

14 Mar 2013

This Sentencing Snapshot describes sentencing outcomes for the offence of obtaining property by deception and details the age and gender of people sentenced for this offence in the County and Supreme Courts of Victoria between 2007–08 and 2011–12. Except where otherwise noted, the data represent...

Research report

14 Mar 2013

This Sentencing Snapshot describes sentencing outcomes for the offence of theft and details the age and gender of people sentenced for this offence in the County and Supreme Courts of Victoria between 2007–08 and 2011–12. Except where otherwise noted, the data represent sentences imposed at...

Research report

21 Mar 2013

Skills shortages in STEM sectors represent a real threat to the UK’s capacity for growth. Even in the current recessionary period, employers cannot find enough future employees suitably qualified in STEM to meet demand. Although young people value mathematics and science education, many do not...

Research report

20 Mar 2013

The policy of mandatory detention in Australia (that is the legal requirement to detain all non-citizens without a valid visa) was introduced by the Keating (Labor) Government in 1992 in response to a wave of Indochinese boat arrivals.

Under this policy it is a...

Research report

21 Mar 2013

This report investigates the degree to which participation in the labour force may increase with the rollout of the National Broadband Network (NBN) and the increased telework opportunities it will provide. This study involved qualitative and quantitative research, leading to economic modelling...

Research report

15 Mar 2013

This paper highlights the growing discussion of the concept of the “Indo-Pacific”, a strategic arc that aims to bind the Indian Ocean to the western Pacific Ocean as one single entity. This would provide an effective structure for a security system, which could protect the...

Research report

11 Feb 2013

This research report takes a close look at pre-paid calling cards, a product which many consumers rely on - particularly people from non-English speaking backgrounds. Our research findings show that consumers looking to buy a pre-paid calling card are participating in what is essentially a...

Research report

17 Mar 2013

Australians are paying too much for prescription drugs. The cost of this overpayment is at least $1.3 billion a year, or $3.5 million a day. This equates to 14 per cent of the entire Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) budget. In a time of escalating health...

Research report

20 Mar 2013

This survey examines changing patterns of workforce participation, changing patterns of rural land use, income and expenditure flows and cross-sectoral influences between mining and agriculture. It makes a contribution to the wider literature concerning the socio-economic implications of mining.

Briefing paper

20 Mar 2013

Recent government approaches to childcare funding have been simple rather than innovative. Improvements in affordability have been short lived, with benefits quickly absorbed through higher costs charged to families. The result is an ongoing game of catch up between government and service providers with families...

Research report

20 Mar 2013

Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) is rare in most developed countries, but rates among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are among the highest in the world based on available data. Rheumatic heart disease (RHD), which can be prevented by adequate treatment of ARF, also occurs...

Research report

20 Mar 2013

This report synthesises the research findings from the ‘Climate Resilient Seaports’ project funded by NCCARF and conducted between 2011 and 2012.

The intention of the project was to contribute to an emerging knowledge base relating to climate change and seaports, to test and refine...

Research report

19 Mar 2013

In February 2012, a report by the Senate Community Affairs References Committee recommended that the federal parliament issue a formal statement of apology for the role the Commonwealth played in the routine adoption of the babies of unwed (mostly teenage) mothers by childless married couples...

Research report

14 Mar 2013

Australia's Parliament House turns 25 in this, Canberra’s centenary year. This chronology celebrates milestones in the Parliament, as well as significant events in the evolution of the building and its landscape setting.

Since 1988, Parliament House has been the meeting place of the...

Research report

27 Feb 2013

Australia’s world class international education, research and training sector makes a significant economic and cultural contribution to Australia nationally, to its influence in Asia and around the world and to individual communities. In particular, international students in Australia create jobs and help provide a diverse...

Guide

15 Mar 2012

Chemicals are ubiquitous in everyday life. Environmental health practitioners rely on a complex web of regulators and policy bodies to ensure the protection of public health, yet few understand the full extent of this web. A lack of understanding can hamper public health response and...

17 Mar 2013

Some time back in the 1990s, I wrote an article that began: “The newspaper you are holding in your hands is an endangered species.”

The risk to newspapers that worried me then had to do with media freedom. That remains a matter...

Research report

18 Mar 2013

The research projects under Mediated City explore questions that traverse through various disciplines to create new knowledge. Here, design catalyses changes in people’s practices to cross boundary domains, such as art, business, geospatial science, interaction design and creative writing.

Common themes under Mediated City...

Research report

14 Mar 2013

This report presents summary results of the monthly Labour Force Survey containing estimates of employed and unemployed persons classified by sex, full-time/part-time status, states and territories and some age groups; and persons not in the labour force.

Key findings:

Australia's seasonally adjusted...

Research report

12 Mar 2013

This report summarises the findings of a review of selected aspects of the 2010 and 2011 regional plans of the 55 Regional Development Australia (RDA) committees. The Indian Ocean territories of Christmas Island and Cocos Keeling Island are also included in the summary, because although...

Research report

6 Mar 2013

This paper provides an overview of the risk and protective factors for child abuse and neglect. It is important that practitioners and policy-makers working with children and families operate from a broad understanding of these risk and protective factors and the ways in which they...

Research report

26 Feb 2013

This paper aims to provide an overview of the process of ethical review and how it may apply to those outside of a "research organisation" who wish to conduct research, or evaluate their own programs, concerning family studies.

Conducting research that meets high ethical...

Audio

13 Mar 2013

Leadership by definition offenses against fundamental principles of democracy – John Kane and Haig Patapan discuss the unique character and always fragile legitimacy of democratic leadership in order to explain why we so frequently suspect our political leaders of being less than honest with us....

Research report

31 Jan 2013

The audit objective was to assess the effectiveness of FaHCSIA and DHS’ administration of New Income Management in the Northern Territory. The departments’ performance was assessed against the following criteria:

New Income Management was effectively planned and implemented; DHS has developed effective processes for...

Research report

14 Mar 2013

This inquiry has concluded. The final report was sent to Government on 20 September 2012 and released on 14 March 2013.

The Productivity Commission invited interested parties to register their interest in an inquiry into regulatory and policy barriers to effective climate change adaptation....

Research report

21 Feb 2013

This publication presents early estimates of apprentice and trainee commencements on a seasonally adjusted basis for the December 2012 quarter.

Indicative information about this quarter is presented here; the most recent figures are estimated, taking into account reporting lags that occur due to the...

Research report

7 Mar 2013

This publication presents estimates of apprentice and trainee activity in Australia for the September quarter 2012.

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Research report

5 Mar 2013

The Committee was asked to consider the access and interactions that people with an intellectual disability or cognitive impairment have with the justice system.

Committee Chair, Mr Clem Newton-Brown MP said, “Compared to people without a disability, people with an intellectual disability or cognitive...

Research report

28 Feb 2013

This report presents the findings of a project funded by Victim Support ACT and ACT Policing to examine the experiences of victims referred by police to support services and the operation of the referral process in the ACT. Since the completion of the report in...

Journal article

14 Mar 2013

With the internal disputes within the Yindjibarndi native title claim group in the Pilbara and the Goolarabooloo Jabirr Jabirr in the Kimberley – regarding, respectively, a proposed land access and mining agreement with the Fortescue Metals Group and the construction of an offshore gas processing...

Journal article

14 Mar 2013

Clearly written communication aids the understanding of construction contracts, resulting in less disputation. Past research, using opinion surveys rather than objective criteria, shows that construction contracts lack clarity and standard forms have become complex over time. The study outlined in this paper uses three objective...

Journal article

14 Mar 2013

One of the features of contemporary society is the increasing global mobility of professionals. While the education industry is a key site of the demand for contemporary global professional migration, little attention has been given to the global circulation of education professionals. Over past decades,...

Discussion paper

14 Mar 2013

This is the third and final installment of Maxim’s series of Research Notes on charter schools. Research Note 3: Are for-profit schools a good idea? interrogates whether for-profit operators should be allowed to operate schools under the Government’s proposed partnership school programme.

•...

Research report

1 Mar 2013

This statistical indicators publication sets out NSW regional labour force trends on an annual basis for the period January 2008 to January 2013. It uses data from the ABS publication, Labour Force, Australia, Detailed – Electronic Delivery, Jan 2013 , which starts in November 2007....

Research report

13 Mar 2013

In November 2012 the Fair Trading Minister Anthony Roberts released an issues paper, Making NSW Number 1 Again: Reducing Regulatory Burden (the "2012 Issues Paper"). That paper proposes to repeal six pieces of legislation in the portfolio of Fair Trading, including the Landlord and Tenant...

Video

8 Mar 2013

Sarah Marland is a human rights campaigner, researcher and author. Since 2006, she has worked as Amnesty International’s Campaign Coordinator and Researcher on Indigenous Rights.

Using participatory methodologies and working in partnership with an Aboriginal community in the Central Desert of Australia, Sarah co-authored...

Guide

1 Jan 2013

Urban Planning for City Leaders is a valuable source of information, inspiration and ideas on urban planning that is designed for city leaders and decision makers at a critical moment in human history. Predicted human population growth over the next 50 years will have immense...

Policy

13 Mar 2013

Creative Australia celebrates Australia’s strong, diverse and inclusive culture. It describes the essential role arts and culture play in the life of every Australian and how creativity is central to Australia’s economic and social success: a creative nation is a productive nation.

...

Website

A new international website to support the work of people who commission and evaluate development projects has been created, with leadership from RMIT University's Centre for Applied Social Research.

The site aims to share the experiences and ideas of people who conduct and commission...

Research report

8 Mar 2013

n 2015 Australia will host the Asian Football Confederation’s Asian Cup, bringing together the top 16 national teams in Asia. The tournament will provide opportunities for government, business and community groups to strengthen their engagement with Asia. In order to understand and leverage those opportunities,...

Submission

14 Mar 2013

In this submission to the Australian Parliament's review of the Defence Annual Report, Lowy Military Fellow James Brown argues for greater parliamentary oversight of defence by outlining just how little reporting defence makes to the parliament and public.

Key findings:

Defence policy...

Book

12 Mar 2013

By analysing various conflicts, this book discusses the social, political, economic and legal attributes that are attached to the practice of traditional (communal) marine tenure. Selling the Sea pushes the discourse beyond the conventional approach which looks at marine tenure only as a means of...

Research report

8 Mar 2013

When one considers the range of services and regulatory functions performed by local government, it is not surprising that issues concerned with this third tier of government are never far from the political agenda. These include concerns about governance and accountability, the delivery of infrastructure,...

Research report

13 Mar 2013

Australians spend more money each week on superannuation fees than they do on electricity, yet only a small portion of those with superannuation pay close, if any, attention to the decisions made on their behalf by their superannuation ‘trustees’.

Similarly, while Australian households now...

Thesis

19 Feb 2013

This study of Digital Identity investigates how particular groups of adults over the age of 30 use Facebook and Twitter to share personal information online. The research explores whether individuals construct their identity in the same way in a digital context as they do in...

Research report

14 Mar 2013

This report estimates the cost of dementia care in New South Wales public hospitals using a subset of data from the Hospital Dementia Services (HDS) Project conducted by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare in conjunction with the University of New South Wales and...

Research report

28 Feb 2013

Detectives have an important role in policing. The investigations they conduct are relied on to identify and convict those guilty of serious crimes. The stakes are high. Poor investigation may result in dangerous offenders remaining free to commit more crime or even the wrongful conviction...

13 Mar 2013

By Terry Flew , Queensland University of Technology

Yesterday, communications minister Senator Stephen Conroy finally presented the government response (0) to the Convergence Review and Finkelstein review .

It is hard to know how many drafts of this long-awaited response have been generated...

Briefing paper

28 Feb 2013

The world is changing and the nature of detective work is changing with it. For instance, the rapid rise of technology has arguably changed how crimes are committed and investigated. Globalisation may mean that crime is more likely to cross international and domestic borders. An...

Research report

14 Mar 2013

This 2012 update of a 2009 study provides an overview of current methods for measuring the contribution of cultural industries in today’s economy.

Cultural industries are becoming important components of today’s economy, propelling innovation and development. Evidence suggests that cultural industries, which can encompass...

Video

14 Feb 2013

Novelist, journalist and political commentator Ahdaf Soueif was in Cairo’s Tahrir Square during the 18 days of the 2011 Egyptian revolution. Reporting on the ground for the Guardian and other media as the dramatic events unfolded in her city, Soueif witnessed the impact of the...

Strategy

25 Sep 2012

This plan, developed by the industry-led Taskforce on behalf of the State Government of NSW, outlines a vision and strategy for the NSW digital economy over the next decade. The plan, while supporting the overall development and competitiveness of the sector, has a particular focus...

Research report

26 Feb 2013

The report is the result of twelve months research by Jesuit Social Services that was funded by a grant from the Legal Services Board Grants Program. Along with conventional social research methods, the approach was influenced by Jesuit Social Services’ long record of engagement in...

Research report

13 Mar 2013

This publication contains statistics of children's enrolment and attendance at preschool programs across Australia in 2012.

Key findings:

In 2012, there were 7,594 service providers delivering a preschool program in Australia. Delivery models of preschool in Australia were comprised of 'Preschool' service...

Research report

1 Mar 2013

Healthy for Life (HfL) Program was established with a set of key objectives to improve the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It focuses on mothers, babies and children; early detection and management of chronic disease; and long-term health outcomes. About 100 primary...

Research report

8 Mar 2013

This is the sixteenth annual comprehensive report on child protection. It provides detailed statistical information on state and territory child protection and support services, and some of the characteristics of the children receiving these services. Key findings are outlined below.

Substantiated child abuse...

Research report

8 Mar 2013

There is much anticipation about the future of school funding with proposed new arrangements for school funding scheduled to be presented to the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) meeting in April this year. The meeting will be the culmination of the latest iteration of the...

Research report

8 Mar 2013

The 2013 strategy details how Australia can position itself for growth in the Asian century, in a competitive global environment, where technology and patterns of work are rapidly changing.

To underpin the 2013 strategy AWPA developed scenarios to create plausible future worlds for Australia...

Research report

13 Mar 2013

The Index of Community Socio-Educational Advantage (ICSEA) is a scale that represents levels of educational advantage. A value on the scale assigned to a school is the average level for all students in the particular school. ICSEA is calculated by the Australian Curriculum, Assessment and...

Discussion paper

29 Apr 2013

The NSW Creative Industries Industry Action Plan (IAP) is one of six IAPs commissioned by the NSW Government to help re-build the NSW economy.

Research report

30 Oct 2012

This report presents an assessment of future infrastructure and resource requirements and associated costs for Victoria’s 10 largest regional centres over the period 2011 to 2031.

Key findings:

Investing in critical infrastructure to support moderately higher populations in established Regional Cities is likely...

Research report

1 Mar 2013

This study has two aims. The first is to investigate whether there has been any change in the characteristics of intimidation in recent years that might inform which types of offences are becoming more common. The second aim is to investigate whether the characteristics of...

Research report

30 Dec 2012

The Institute’s Managing for Performance Project considered how the performance information system in the New Zealand state sector could be better aligned with the needs of key users and achieve a greater focus on outcomes. Underpinning this question was a perception that the information produced...

Working paper

30 Jun 2012

Knowing whether an organization will fail is useful information for investors and other stakeholders. Looking to 36 New Zealand corporate failures (2001-2010), we find that anticipation of their demise was not clearly signalled in the public media. The question then emerges as to whether better...

Research report

8 Mar 2013

This study finds that Australians in their 70s and 80s have higher levels of subjective wellbeing than those in their 50s and 60s.

Greater proportions of respondents aged 70 and older had high levels of life satisfaction, were comfortable with their standard of living...

Research report

13 Mar 2013

Disability services in Australia are undergoing large-scale, systemic reform. In recent years, to improve outcomes for people with disabilities and the efficiency of services, Commonwealth, State and Territory agencies have developed and trialled a range of market-based funding models within which ‘choice’ and ‘control’ are...

Research report

26 Feb 2013

The ANAO is undertaking three audits of key aspects of the National Partnership Agreements (NPAs) signed with Queensland and Victoria in relation to natural disasters over the 2010–11 Australian spring and summer seasons.

The objective of this audit was to assess the extent to...

7 Mar 2013

Mining a different type of boom: the growth of Australia's creative services

By Stuart Cunningham , Queensland University of Technology

There is much gnashing of teeth about Australia’s two speed economy and warnings about the so-called “Dutch disease” – a resources-driven boom that...

Research report

6 Mar 2013

This report urges comprehensive national reform of Australia’s coronial system.

Drawing lessons from deaths through family violence, placement in care or custody, petrol sniffing, and the strangulation of children by cords on curtains and blinds, the report makes 11 key recommendations for national coronial...

Research report

30 Oct 2012

Alcohol and illicit drugs not only create headaches for those who over-indulge in these substances. They also create many political headaches for the three tiers of Australian government who attempt to manage the social, economic, health, legal and moral dilemmas that these substances present. Indeed,...

4 Mar 2013

The Maori Council’s claim over the ownership of New Zealand’s fresh water is a blatant attempt by a powerful political group to seize control of a public good natural resource. New Zealanders are angry about it and so they should be.

The opportunistic endeavours...

Research report

30 Jan 2013

The objective of the audit was to assess the effectiveness of Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs' (FaHCSIA) administration of Communities for Children under the Family Support Program.

The audit focuses on the period from 1 July 2009. This period encompasses...

Research report

30 Jan 2013

The Closing the Gap in the Northern Territory National Partnership Agreement ceased on the 30 June 2012. Under this Agreement FaHCSIA ha d responsibility for the compilation and publication of the six monthly Closing the Gap in the Northern Territory monitoring reports. This will be...

Journal article

30 Nov 2012

"As a public servant I live with the tension captured in Richard Mulgan’s question: ‘How much responsiveness is too much or too little?’ (Mulgan, 2008). On the one hand, my job is to be responsive to portfolio ministers and to the prime minister and Cabinet....

Research report

31 Jan 2013

This report outlines the findings and recommendations from our audit of the implementation of the NSW Interagency Plan to Tackle Child Sexual Assault in Aboriginal Communities.

The Interagency Plan was released in January 2007 and operated for five years. Approximately $60 million was earmarked...

7 Mar 2013

Baillieu: Victorian uncertainty may lead to constitutional confusion

By Dustin Halse , Swinburne University of Technology and Ben Rankin , Swinburne University of Technology

The dramatic resignation of Victorian Premier Ted Baillieu may have surprised many but cannot be considered altogether unexpected....

Research report

30 Jan 2013

Indigenous Australians make up just over one-quarter (26 per cent) of Australia’s prison population (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2011), despite the fact that Indigenous Australians comprise around 2.5 per cent of Australia’s entire adult population (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2011c). Over the past...

Journal article

28 Feb 2013

"There appears to be a widespread assumption that there is a ‘silent majority’ of people who support proposals but do not make submissions, and that those who do make submissions tend to be opposed and therefore do not reflect the true state of public opinion....

Journal article

7 Mar 2013

In this lecture I will:

• comment on some of the complex challenges of the 21st century which cry out for effective global governance reflecting today’s geopolitical and other realities; and

• examine whether global governance institutions – particularly in the areas of...

7 Mar 2013

AS RESEARCH projects go, it probably didn’t sound too earth-shattering for the volunteers who offered to help. Apart from demonstrating their good health, they simply had to give blood, stool and saliva samples, as well as have swabs taken from various locations on their bodies....

Audio

5 Mar 2013

Australian playwright David Williamson says that short-sighted assault by both sides of the political divide threatens creative arts education in Australia. His 2012 National Tertiary Education Union lecture reflects on his own career, traverses what is happening to the creative arts within higher education in...

Video

1 Mar 2013

Once upon a time, older generations could berate young people for not realising their relative good fortune. But these days, it seems that opportunities for young people are dwindling … along with government funds for education and employment.

There’s been a huge shift in...

Video

22 Feb 2013

As the Communist Party of China’s 18th National Congress oversees the biggest leadership transition in decades, Sally Warhaft catches up with China watcher and correspondent John Garnaut to examine the world’s largest, and perhaps most complex and intriguing, political system — plus the country that...

Commentary

6 Mar 2013

Welcome to the CBD. Take a look at all the glass masonry and asphalt. The streets are canyons. Apart from a tree in the footpath, or a Peregrine Falcon way overhead, there’s little nature to be seen.

Nature is absent in these landscapes, or...

Research report

6 Mar 2013

This report presents the outcomes of a conference intended to examine the economic and social impacts of the resources boom and establish a planning process for standards of practice in this field.

This Conference was the second of its kind held by the Eidos...

6 Mar 2013

ONE of the deepest and most heavily defended myths of education talk, research and policy is that small classes are good, and therefore smaller classes are better still. The argument is as simple, appealing and popular as it is facile, wrong and damaging. It has...

6 Mar 2013

ROB OAKESHOTT, one of the independent MPs who have kept Julia Gillard’s minority Labor government in power, is standing on the town hall stage in Wingham, a Manning River farming town on the mid-north coast of New South Wales. It is a Saturday morning in...

Transcript

26 Feb 2013

This presentation explains a new complexity in the Asia-Pacific region which portends a greater range of strategic choices, and suggests measures Australia could take to respond to future challenges.

Outline:

Strategic outlook for the region in the framework of the assessments made in...

Research report

21 Feb 2013

This paper contains a summary of recent G20 developments and four 'rebuttal' articles that counter ­common misconceptions about the forum.

Key findings:

Russia has announced a busy and ambitious agenda for its G20 Presidency in 2013 – they plan to prioritise growth...

Research report

4 Mar 2013

The reaction on Twitter to major political events and policy decisions often differs a great deal from public opinion as measured by surveys. This is the conclusion of a year-long Pew Research Center study that compared the results of national polls to the tone of...

Working paper

1 Feb 2013

Two of the great stylized predictions of development theory, and two of the great expectations of policy makers as indicators of progress in development, are inexorable urbanization and inexorable formalization. Urbanization is indeed happening, beyond the "tipping point" where half the world's population is now...

Report

High-speed broadband and household media ecologies: a report on household take-up and adoption of the National Broadband Network in a First Release Site
1 Mar 2013

New research from the University of Melbourne and Swinburne University has found that 82% of households in the NBN first release site of Brunswick, Victoria, think the NBN is a good idea.

The study, Broadbanding Brunswick: High-speed Broadband and Household Media Ecologies, examines the...

Research report

26 Feb 2013

The 2012 Cyber Crime and Security Survey: Systems of National Interest was designed and conducted to obtain a better understanding of how cyber incidents are affecting the Australian businesses that form part of Australia’s systems of national interest, including critical infrastructure.

These businesses and...

Article

28 Feb 2013

Training in post-Qaddafi Libya presented a unique set of problems in addition to the usual ones encountered by media development professionals around the world. This first-person essay by Carolyn Robinson, a veteran journalist and media trainer, outlines some of the unusual obstacles and challenges she...

Research report

30 Jan 2013

Provides a statistical overview of culture in Australia. Contains information on a range of topics including employment in culture, time spent on cultural activities, attendances at cultural venues and events, expenditure on culture, and imports and exports of cultural goods and services. Also provides profiles...

Research report

4 Feb 2013

More than 11 years after the attacks of 9/11 and nearly a decade since the rise of popular online jihadi Internet forums, there is strikingly little empirical research on the manner in which jihadi activists use the Web to propagate their cause. Whereas researchers and...

Journal article

4 Mar 2013

Twitter is an important and influential social media platform, but much research into its uses remains centred around isolated cases – e.g. of events in political communication, crisis communication, or popular culture, often coordinated by shared hashtags (brief keywords, prefixed with the symbol ‘#’). In...

Infographic

18 Feb 2013

In a majority of western countries, women have a huge web presence, using it, on average, 17% more than men. In western Europe and most of North America, women tend to use social media more, they tend to shop online more, and most of them...

Research report

28 Feb 2013

While discussions continue on how best to go about breaking the people smugglers’ business model, those participating in the debate have not publicly articulated the business model to which they refer. This has significant policy implications, given that the first step in developing a response...

Research report

4 Mar 2013

The Federal Treasurer Wayne Swan wrote in The Monthly in March 2012 that : Australia’s fair go is today under threat from a new source.

"To be blunt, the rising power of vested interests is undermining our equality and threatening our democracy."

But...

Research report

28 Feb 2013

On 18 March 2012, Mr Roberto Laudisio-Curti died after being pursued and restrained by up to eleven NSW police officers. The NSW Police conducted an investigation into the matter, which the Ombudsman monitored.

This report details how police investigated the death of Mr Roberto...

Briefing paper

6 Mar 2013

This research into work-family balance in project-based construction work aims to:

determine the effect of a consultative approach to the identification and evaluation of work- family balance strategies on the work-family experiences of project-based construction workers; examine the relationship between workload fluctuations...

Research report

28 Feb 2013

In the lead up to the March 2011 State election, the NSW Liberals and Nationals Fisheries Policy Statement, "Securing Sustainable, Viable and Healthy Fisheries", stated that their policy was "to ensure we have a strong and viable commercial fishing industry". Following on from this commitment,...

Research report

28 Feb 2013

On February 6, 2011, in Cikeusik, a village in western Java, around 1,500 Islamist militants attacked two dozen members of the Ahmadiyah religious community with stones, sticks, and machetes. The mob shouted, “You are infidels! You are heretics!” As captured on video, local police were...

Research report

6 Mar 2013

This study involved undertaking quantitative analysis of a range of established longitudinal data sets, primarily from the Longitudinal Survey of Australian Children (LSAC).

The research findings are consistent with a large overseas literature that has found associations between housing circumstances and a range...

Research report

20 Feb 2013

The objective of the audit was to examine the effectiveness of the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry’s administration of the Tasmanian Forests Intergovernmental Agreement Contractors Voluntary Exit Grants Program. The audit assessed whether the department had:

effectively designed the program; appropriate processes for...

Research report

26 Feb 2013

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Australian Government Reconstruction Inspectorate, supported by the National Disaster Recovery Taskforce, in providing assurance that value for money is being achieved in flood recovery and reconstruction expenditure in Victoria.

Key findings:

The flooding that occurred...

Research report

6 Mar 2013

This report introduces a campaign for reducing government spending to 30% of GDP.

Key points:

The size of government in Australia (federal, state and local) has been steadily expanding over the last 40 years, reaching into areas far beyond the core government...

Discussion paper

19 Feb 2013

An economic gender lens on responses in disaster affected areas in Queensland and Victoria.

The needs of women are often overlooked in disaster affected areas. Women often shoulder a disproportionate burden of the effects of disasters, playing a key community rebuilding role as the...

Article

4 Mar 2013

To close the gap, businesses need to create sustainable opportunities that provide meaningful careers, says Ganbina CEO Adrian Appo. Drawing on the experiences of Reconciliation Australia and Generation One, this article in the SVA Consulting Quarterly outlines three key ways that this can be achieve....

Working paper

2 Mar 2013

In 2009, the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) agreed to include an Urban and Regional Strategy as part of the Indigenous Reform Agreement aimed at coordinating the delivery of services to Indigenous Australians. The main purpose of this strategy was to ensure that government agencies...

Research report

4 Mar 2013

The rate of disability in the Indigenous population is substantially higher than the rate for the Australian population as a whole. Despite the relatively high rates of disability experienced by the Indigenous population there has been surprisingly little research in this area to date....

Transcript

21 Jan 2013

This paper explores the critical role that data can play in development scenarios when Aboriginal people are in control of collecting, managing and interpreting data. It was first presented as a pleniary paper at the conference Social Science Perspectives on the 2008 National Aboriginal and...

Commentary

4 Mar 2013

Designer Suburbs: Architects and Affordable Homes in Australia (0) By Judith O’Callaghan and Charles Pickett NewSouth | $49.99

DESPITE the growing popularity of what we used to call “home units,” over three quarters of the population still lives in detached houses in the...