April 2013

Research report

29 Apr 2013

This report presents an overview of progress in international action on climate change since August 2012, with a particular focus on China and the US.

Key findings:

1. The energy giants China and the United States are accelerating action.

China...

Strategy

16 Apr 2013

The NSW Government is building a planning system focused on sustainable growth to deliver the jobs and houses we need to support our growing cities and regions and released this paper on 16 April for public feedback.

The new planning system will make NSW...

Research report

23 Apr 2013

This bulletin argues that a more responsive social housing system requires improved access to and greater choice of housing allocations, with improved mobility within the system.

Key findings:

Difficulty in entering and sustaining private rental are key drivers of housing crisis. However,...

Research report

16 Apr 2013

This is the first of two Final Reports from the present AHURI Cost of Homelessness study. It outlined the methodological framework for the study, described the homelessness support environment and reported on the Baseline Client Survey, including a preliminary analysis of the cost-effectiveness of the...

Research report

25 Apr 2013

This study examines online and offline political engagement in the United States and pays special attention to the role of social networking sites in people's political activities.

Social networking sites have grown more important in recent years as a venue for political involvement, learning,...

Research report

29 Apr 2013

For families with children, the employment of parents is vital to address the wellbeing of family members. Increasingly, when we consider parental employment, it is not only fathers' employment that is of concern, but also mothers'. How parents work out work applies both to those...

Research report

29 Apr 2013

In this report Gerry McGoven argues against separate strategies for offline and online business. He argues that the online world (the Web, the Internet) must seep into every aspect of every organisation's strategic thinking.

Organizations that have no relevant strategy for the...

Article

29 Apr 2013

In 2011, one in seven people in Australia was aged 65 years or over.

This paper looks at a range of characteristics of older people including where they lived and the activities they participated in, including paid and voluntary work, unpaid child care and...

Research report

15 Mar 2013

This report captures the lessons and challenges learnt in increasing participation of Victorians in community sport and recreation.

It is a snapshot of the outcomes of the Participation in Community Sport and Active Recreation (PICSAR) program which funded 61 Victorian projects from 2007 to...

Research report

30 Apr 2013

This paper provides an overviewyoung people that were under juvenile justice supervision in 2011-12, breaking down the number who were supervised in the community and those in detention. It also provides Indigenous rates.

Key findings:

Almost 7,000 young people are under...

Research report

29 Apr 2013

This report argues that investments in Australian coal resources rest on a speculative bubble that ignore their impact on global carbon budgets and their exposure to rapid devaluation.

The 51 gigatonnes of carbon pollution (GtCO2) in Australian coal reserves that companies already have on...

Research report

28 Feb 2013

This paper provides information on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations, the context of Indigenous health, various measures of population health status, selected health conditions, and health risk factors.

The main purpose of this report is to provide a comprehensive summary of the most...

Guide

14 Jan 2013

These guidelines are designed to support service providers who may be working with same-sex couples, same-sex attracted single parents and/or their children.

They are in part educative, providing some information about terminologies, myths and facts about same-sex couples and parenting.

But they are...

Research report

30 Apr 2013

While most young Victorians do well, many face challenges as they move from childhood to adulthood, including homelessness, mental health issues, family violence, abuse and neglect, drug and alcohol issues and involvement in the criminal justice system. One in five young people do not have...

Video

28 Apr 2013

What is the role of the modern ambassador? How much influence do they really have? While the days of Argo are probably long gone, so too is a life of garden parties, cups of tea and private clubs. In a new era of security threats,...

Research report

30 Apr 2013

High growth in health spending is the area of public expenditure that will unsustainably increase the size of government in coming decades.

This report, part of the Centre for Independent Studies' TARGET30 campaign, outlines some practical policies that can help cut Medicare down to...

Research report

22 Apr 2013

It is now eight years since the Howard Government first committed funds to expanding the Central Office of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO) in anticipation of an increase in staff numbers, and seven years since it was decided instead that an entirely new building...

Research report

24 Apr 2013

In the Australian Senate on 23 June 2003, the South Australian Senator Stott Despoja, also on behalf of Senator Bolkus, moved:

(1) That the following matters be referred to the Legal and Constitutional References Committee for inquiry and report:

(a) the...

Journal article

28 Apr 2013

Uranium mining and export have always been deeply divisive issues within Australia. Of primary concern among the Australian public has been the reconciliation of uranium export with nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament . To that end, few decisions were as comprehensively unpopular with the Australian electorate...

Audio program

22 Apr 2013

Counterpoint has been asking its listeners to send in some suggestions on what they think would make Australia an even better place than it is now. One of the popular responses has been innovation. One of the leading fields of innovation has been the creative...

Journal article

28 Apr 2013

Though other accounts have critiqued Australia’s efforts to secure a peacekeeping force in East Timor—or have alleged that Australia attempted to prevent this outcome—this article explains why Australia was forced into a reactive policymaking posture, where the need to prioritise the most critical objectives limited...

Research report

29 Apr 2013

The conduct of fiscal policy as part of overall macroeconomic management is essential to underpinning growth and stability in the Australian economy.

The sustainability of fiscal settings and the efficiency of individual budget measures help to support consumer and investor confidence, to ensure governments...

Research report

18 Apr 2013

Over the past 25 years, Burma has been variously described as a pawn of China, an important strategic pivot in the region, and a pariah state allied with North Korea. These perceptions prompted different approaches from the international community, ranging from the hard line taken...

Audio program

28 Apr 2013

The 1970s was a time of social and cultural transformation in Australia. The rise of women’s liberation, gay liberation, and the so-called ‘permissive society’ meant that the line between private behaviour and public life was...

Research report

23 Apr 2013

The report has been produced by the Select Committee on the Partial Defence of Provocation, which was established in June 2012 following the high profile Singh case. The motion establishing the Committee received support from across the political spectrum, demonstrating the significance and urgency with...

Research report

23 Apr 2013

This report presents the results of a key perfomance indicator (KPI) audit pilot project, which was designed to assess the status of the Australian Government performance measurement and reporting framework.

The report concludes that it is time for greater attention, investment and resourcing to...

Research report

29 Apr 2013

Electricity prices are a major contributor to cost of living pressures and a major cause of concern for Australian consumers. While the carbon tax has recently been depicted as the main culprit in electricity price increases, electricity prices have been increasing rapidly for the past...

Research report

29 Apr 2013

According to the Australian Statistical Geography Standard which came into effect from July 2011 onwards, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has divided NSW into 28 Statistical Areas Level 4. Fifteen of these areas fall within Sydney and the Central Coast, and these will be...

Research report

20 Apr 2013

This paper provides updated statistical information on key economic indicators for New South Wales, thereby presenting an updated snapshot of the NSW economy and providing relevant points of comparison with other Australian States and Territories.

Statistics are updated to the end of the most...

Research report

20 Apr 2013

Two main types of 'single use' plastic bags are used in Australia:

'Singlet' bags , or lightweight plastic bags, made of high density polyethylene (HDPE) – used mainly in supermarkets, fresh produce, convenience stores and take-away food outlets, and other non - branded applications;...

Research report

16 Apr 2013

Various measures of offline political activism appear to be falling, but this paper shows that young people in particular remain interested in politics, and use social media to stay politically engaged.

This paper analyses political support on social media, and finds that each of...

Research report

22 Apr 2013

The 13 Australian Privacy Principles (APPs) replace the Information Privacy Principles (IPPs) for agencies from 12 March 2014. The APPs are found in the Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) Act 2012 (Cth).

Part 1 of this Guide summarises the key differences between the two...

Research report

22 Apr 2013

The 13 Australian Privacy Principles (APPs) replace the National Privacy Principles (NPPs) for organisations from 12 March 2014. The APPs are found in the Privacy Amendment (Enhancing Privacy Protection) Act 2012 (Cth).

Part 1 of this Guide summarises the key differences between the two...

Guide

24 Apr 2013

These guidelines are to help New Zealand arts organisations to responsibly access and manage their customer data so it can be used for audience development. They encourage best practice by bringing together and interpreting all the various pieces of legislation affecting personal data. We thank...

Audio program

18 Apr 2013

How can technology tackle the wicked problems of the coming decades? New technology and innovation is expected to erode 2 billion jobs by 2030 - and that's a reason to embrace new opportunities. These are two selected talks from the conference Creative Innovation 2012 Asia...

Research report

24 Apr 2013

The contribution that a dynamic local information technology (IT) industry makes to national economic development - as a productive sector in itself and, more importantly, as an enabler of productive use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) throughout the economy and society -...

Guide

22 Apr 2013

An agency’s information is one of its most valuable assets. The Freedom of Information Act 1982 declares that government information is a national resource that should be managed for public purposes.

Releasing agency information and data (information assets) for reuse by the public can:...

Guide

22 Apr 2013

Many businesses and researchers collect and retain personal information and data. De-identifying that information in an information asset may enable the business or researcher to share or publish it without compromising individual privacy. This can be important, as organisations face strong pressures in a data...

Research report

24 Apr 2013

Accurate assessments of the number of people who access goods or services in a particular location are crucial to the equitable allocation of resources and the delivery of services. In particular, Indigenous Australians are an important subpopulation for whom such estimates would be useful, given...

Journal article

24 Apr 2013

This paper deploys a media archaeology perspective to analyse the discursive and material practices framing contemporary understandings of 'public privacy'.

In his 1958 poem 'Dedication to my Wife' TS Eliot proclaims "these are private words addressed to you in public". Simultaneously written...

Research report

23 Apr 2013

This study aimed to determine whether higher levels of personal and financial stress and/or lower levels of social support at one point in time are associated with a higher risk of experiencing physical violence at a later point in time.

Method: Logistic generalized...

Policy

2 Feb 2011

This information provides specific guidelines to schools for implementation of policy, programs and practice to meet local and system performance goals and targets, including those set by the NT and Australian Governments. School improvement requires a professional commitment to problem solving, innovation, critical...

Guide

16 Jul 2012

Beginning in 2006 all schools were required to start reporting to the Australian Government on the National safe Schools Framework(NSSF) via their education sector. This is submitted to the Australian Government as part of the Annual National report.

There are several key elements of...

Discussion paper

23 Apr 2013

This publication presents an overview of the Victorian Essential Services Commission's approach and assessment of water businesses' proposals.

In October 2012, Melbourne Water, City West Water, South East Water, Yarra Valley Water and Western Water submitted their Water Plans to the Essential Services Commission...

Research report

23 Apr 2013

In early 2012, the National Tertiary Education Union (NTEU) undertook research into the effects of the ERA upon university staff involved in research. This was an exploratory, multi-method study conducted between April and September 2012 that included a national survey of 39 senior research administrators,...

23 Apr 2013

Earlier this month, the federal government announced that high-income earners' superannuation contributions would no longer be tax-free . Rear Vision dives into the murky waters of superannuation to see just how Australia came up with its unusual system of retirement funding.

•...

Guide

1 Jul 2010

This document has been designed as a resource to outline the roles and responsibilities of school staff, relevant government departments and regional management to foster the provision of high quality mental health support.

This framework is based on the evidence that children and young...

Research report

31 Mar 2013

Cyber technology has developed dramatically in the last 20 years and the internet and other new communications technologies have infiltrated lives in ways which would not have been imagined only a few years ago. Australians are now communicating with government, business, family and friends, as...

22 Apr 2013

There’s growing unease in public health circles about Queensland’s management of communicable diseases, as cuts to health services in the state continue.

The state’s largest sexual health HIV clinic—Biala House—is the latest target, as the Newman government seeks to shift costs from the state...

Research report

17 Apr 2013

This report argues that thousands of low income Australians are one step closer to financial inclusion and less likely to borrow from fringe lenders after they’ve received a StepUP Loan.

Based on a survey of 500 StepUP loan recipients, the report shows 73.6 per...

Research report

9 Apr 2013

This survey was designed to provide a reference point for how the out-of-home care system is faring in 2013 from the point of view of the children and young people living in it.

It covers all the life domains identified under the Looking After...

Research report

1 Mar 2011

The overall purpose of Service Delivery Standards is to maximise child and student learning. Support Services staff working in partnership with sites staff in the development and implementation of effective strategies to improve child and student outcomes. The standards aim to:support the provision of consistently...

Research report

22 Apr 2013

Abstract

Food security is increasingly recognised as a problem in developed countries like Australia as well as in developing countries of the global south, and as a problem facing cities and urban populations in these countries. Despite producing more food than is consumed...

8 Apr 2013

There has been some progress (0) towards achieving due process for Australia’s “ legal black hole ” refugees. These are 60-odd people who the Department of Immigration and Citizenship has certified as genuine refugees, but then kept detained because ASIO gave them adverse security assessments....

Research report

22 Apr 2013

This project aimed to explore the suitability of Agent Based Modelling and Simulation (ABMS) technology in assisting planners and policy makers to better understand complex situations with multiple interacting aspects. The technology supports exploration of the impact of different factors on potential outcomes of a...

Research report

18 Apr 2013

This report provides a collation of data and information about the intellectual property (IP) system in Australia, where Australia sits in the global IP system, and how it measures up against other countries. It is the first in a regular series of publications about the...

Research report

22 Apr 2013

Australia’s geopolitical distance from the South China Sea and the East China Sea and China’s limited naval capabilities in distant waters allows Australia to distance itself from the region’s territorial conflicts without jeopardising its national security or alliance cooperation with the United States. The conflicts...

Research report

30 Jul 1979

This was the first report to set out the principles that underpin public servants' and politicians' obligations to disclose and manage conflicts of interest.

Tabled in 1979, this is the first time a digitised version of this report, known as the 'Bowen report', has...

Research report

19 Apr 2013

This reports outlines new policy perspectives from ANU academics on the strategic implications of Australia’s growing economic austerity, Australia’s Asia and the Pacific neighbourhood, and the use of the military and force structure issues to contribute towards the formulations of Australia’s next Defence White Paper....

Policy

1 Jul 2012

This policy discussion paper has been developed in response to extensive social research indicating that education, employment, healthy living conditions and social support networks all have a very strong influence on families’ ability to provide the best environment for their developing children. It is now...

Policy

29 Feb 2012

Societal changes are closely reflected in the changing nature of education and learning. Globalisation, technological advances and environmental challenges will continue to directly impact on educational delivery. However, three major purposes remain the hallmark of a robust and vibrant public education system. These three purposes...

Research report

22 Apr 2013

Healthcare: Reform or ration considers:

The contribution of the biotechnology sector to the Australian economy, export challenges and opportunities and policies that would support sector innovation and advance Australia's comparative advantage; How education in STEM skills underpins an innovative economy and policies that...

Research report

19 Apr 2013

During 2011-12, Australia's 753 public hospitals accounted for about 68% of hospital beds, according to this detailed overview of Australia's public and private hospitals.

Expenditure and funding

Public hospitals spent over $40 billion in 2011-12. Adjusted for inflation, expenditure increased by an...

Research report

17 Apr 2013

This report finds that in New South Wales, the surge in incidents involving the discharge of a firearm into premises which began in February 2010 has been reversed.

In February 2010, incidents of discharge firearm into premises were running at an average...

Research report

18 Apr 2013

An evaluation of the six demonstration projects funded by the Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health over three years aimed at improving the sexual health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people

Publication table of contents

Preliminary material Title...

Research report

17 Apr 2013

This report provides a statistical overview of recent crime trends in New South Wales.

It finds that over the last 24 months, fraud has increased while motor vehicle theft, break and enter (non-dwelling) and assault (non-domestic violence related) has decreased. Other crime trends remain...

Policy

27 Feb 2013

This declaration is our commitment to that goal. It comes from a far reaching process of consultationinvolving staff, parents, community groups, government agencies, business, industry and tertiaryinstitutions. Most importantly it reflects the voices of the many students who took part in futuresforum discussions throughout the...

Guide

22 Apr 2013

There is a growing impetus for a more comprehensive approach to understanding and addressing family and domestic violence (FDV) across the broader welfare system. This includes an increased focus on prevention and the interrelationship between sectors such as alcohol and other drugs (AOD), child and...

Research report

28 Feb 2013

This report follows the Higher classification/professional employee award reliance qualitative research: Interim report and consolidates the findings from data collected over a 12 month period. This report examines the nature of employment arrangements and conditions of award-reliant employees at higher classifications and the persistence...

Policy

1 Jan 2013

This document is intended as a set of guidelines reflected in 12 Principles for school drug education. These 12 principles provide a broad conceptual tool to inform the planning, implementation and review of school drug education programs, policies and practices.

It is noted that...

Research report

19 Apr 2013

This report, produced by the Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (SCRGSP) contains all Indigenous data reported in the Report on Government Services 2013. This Compendium of Indigenous data is drawn entirely from information contained in the Report on Government Services 2013...

Research report

18 Apr 2013

At the tenth anniversary of the decision to commit Australian troops to the Iraq war, this paper reconstructs the previously unknown, and remarkably casual, process by which the Menzies government committed Australian troops to Vietnam.

The paper argues that the dismaying similarities between the...

Research report

28 Feb 2013

The paper provides an overview of economic theory on labour supply and discusses factors that can affect the labour supply decision including financial and non-financial benefits or disincentives, individual or household characteristics and labour demand.

This review found relatively few research papers on the...

Research report

17 Apr 2013

This report presents AIFS research undertaken to identify gaps in access to and participation in preschool programs by Australian children in the year before full-time school

review how "access" to preschool services is conceptualised and defined; identify the issues and factors that affect access...

Research report

15 Apr 2013

On 25 April, the anniversary of t he landing at Gallipoli in 1915, Australians and New Zealanders honour those of our men and women who have served and died in wars, peacekeeping and other operations. It is now 98 years since the landing, and 97...

Research report

21 Apr 2013

Australian government budgets are under pressure. In the next 10 years, they are at significant risk of posting deficits of around 4 per cent of GDP. That means finding savings and tax increases of $60 billion a year. This alarming task is not impossible, but...

Policy

1 Jan 2013

The DECS Improvement and Accountability Framework, working within the context of the SA Strategic Plan and DECS Statement of Directions supports our organisation to achieve and sustain high performance. It integrates processes of improvement and accountability to achieve effectiveness. It articulates the way...

Audio program

11 Apr 2013

The arts in Australia, according to many closely involved in the sector, are too often marginalised and undervalued. So did the long awaited National Cultural Policy; the document that lays out the framework for the Australian Government support for the arts, culture and creativity over...

Website

Art Facts is the new home for statistics about Australian arts. Here you will find a range of facts about visual arts and craft in Australia and the latest trends to watch out for.

Find out more about visual arts and craft: from how...

Research report

14 Mar 2013

The research reveals that if you have 10 people standing in front of an artwork in a Queensland regional gallery, it is likely that:

Four of them will be tourists to the region. Half of them will have been to that gallery...

Research report

18 Apr 2013

Coastal Urban Climate Futures in South East Australia from Wollongong to Lakes Entrance is an investigation into possible coastal urban futures to 2030 and beyond. The study focus is on coastal adaptation in the context of climate change. It is broad in its scope by...

Website

The Digital Public Library of America which launched today brings together the riches of America’s libraries, archives, and museums, and makes them freely available to the world.

It strives to contain the full breadth of human expression, from the written word, to works of...

Research report

15 Apr 2013

Australian school students are immersed in a rapidl y changing world. Their learning experiences and outcomes are influenced by an array of internat ional and national trends. As stated above, in the cited second goal of the Melbourne Declaration (MCEETYA, 2008, p.8), they need an...

Research report

17 Apr 2013

Abstract

Inherent in every adaptation measure are risks, costs and benefits. A challenge for decision makers is...

Research report

17 Apr 2013

This paper analyses the pattern of non-fatal shootings in NSW, covering trends, spatial distribution and other characteristics.

Method: This study considers the incidence of non-fatal shooting incidents recorded by NSW Police, in particular shoot with intent, discharge firearm into premises and unlawfully discharge...

Research report

17 Apr 2013

Consumer Affairs Victoria (CAV) is undertaking compliance activities designed to identify and deter noncompliance, encourage voluntary compliance and protect consumers. These activities are supported by a compliance framework to guide CAV’s compliance and enforcement officers in their activities, and to inform those it regulates....

Research report

17 Apr 2013

Valuer-General Victoria (VGV) has been a branch of the former Department of Sustainability and Environment but has now transferred to the Department of Transport, Planning and Local Government under recent machinery of government changes. VGV provides independent valuations to public sector agencies. It is not...

Research report

17 Apr 2013

This paper analyses the trends in the rates of annual recorded incidents of ten major categories of property and violent crime for the period 1990 to 2012 in New South Wales.

Method: Offence rates were calculated using criminal incident data from the NSW...

Research report

17 Oct 2012

The Balanced Value Impact Model (BVI Model) draws evidence from a wide range of sources to provide a compelling account of the means of measuring the impact of digital resources and using evidence to advocate how change benefits people. The aim is to provide key...

Website

An open source tool helping researchers document, manage, and archive their tabular data, DataUp operates within the scientist's workflow and integrates with Microsoft® Excel.

There is a significant gap between the data management skills needed by modern researchers and their current abilities; the gap...

Research report

17 Oct 2010

This report is the product of a JISC funded project to investigate the values, benefits and impacts of digitised resources. It performs the task of synthesising information relating to the benefits of digitisation and helps to provide a compelling argument for future digitisation work....

Discussion paper

18 Apr 2013

Creative New Zealand is seeking feedback and advice on how to can best support and develop New Zealand music and musicians for the next five years (2013-2017).

INTRODUCTION

Creative New Zealand consults regularly with the arts sector to ensure funding priorities, programmes and...

Journal article

18 Apr 2013

This paper documents the outcomes of a study that focused on identifying what motivates students to use mobile devices for learning and to engage in m-learning. An outcome of this study was to provide a better understanding of what educators should consider when adapting their...

Journal article

1 Apr 2013

The advent of the Internet has allowed consumers more opportunities to communicate than ever before. The emergence of the Internet has decreased the gate–keeping role of the media in that Internet users can interact with media outlets and other users in real time. This study...

Journal article

1 Apr 2013

The emergence of information and communication technology (ICT) has been influencing our society, including the educational sector. In this paper we explore students’ information literacy at the completion of lower secondary school in Norway. Our aim is to measure students’ information literacy at the end...

17 Apr 2013
Selling MP3s? You should have stuck with CDs

By Anne Fitzgerald , Queensland University of Technology and Tim Seidenspinner , Queensland University of Technology

What’s the difference between selling a secondhand music CD and transferring ownership of the same songs bought from iTunes?...

17 Apr 2013

FROM the day of its launch in 2010 the My School website confronted us with the close link between student achievement and the socio-educational status of their parents and their school population. While the website itself is of mixed benefit, its data continues to throw...

17 Apr 2013

IN THE first week of March, Julia Gillard promised “to stop foreign workers being put at the front of the queue with Australian workers at the back.” Her speech in Western Sydney provoked a testy and at times unsavoury national debate about whether temporary migrants...

Research report

17 Apr 2013

The economic costs of congestion are significant and rising. While the state each year invests in initiatives to relieve congestion, it currently does so in the absence of a statewide plan with clearly defined objectives, strategies and associated agency responsibilities for congestion and travel demand...

Research report

17 Apr 2013

This survey of Indian public attitudes towards Australia presents some surprising results. It reveals broadly positive views towards Australia, but lingering concerns about student safety.

Key issues covered in the poll include: Indian perceptions of Australian governance and society, education in Australia, the Indian...

Research report

17 Apr 2013

Many older Australians report a desire to age in place. This bulletin explores the relationship between this desire and the housing circumstances of older Australians of different tenure types; that is, those who own their home outright, those paying a mortgage and those who rent...

Research report

4 Apr 2013

This report aims to provide the general public, industry and policy makers with unique and unbiased information about congestion levels in urban areas.

The methodology that is used in this report compares travel times during non-congested periods (free flow) with travel times in peak...

Research report

4 Apr 2013

This publication rovides the number and value of dwelling units approved by sector (public/private) and by state, number and value of new other residential dwelling units approved by type of building, and the number and value of non-residential building jobs approved by type of...

Video

4 Apr 2013

Whether to lower the voting age in Australia has long been debated. A new study based on Australian Election Study results, compiled by ANU Political Science Professor Ian McAllister, has found that the main arguments to support lowering the voting age do not stack up....

Research report

15 Apr 2013

When extreme weather events occur the Climate Commission is consistently asked questions about the link to climate change. This report unpacks our current knowledge about different types of extreme weather events: extreme temperatures, rainfall, drought, bushfires, storm surges, cyclones and storms.

...

Research report

9 Apr 2013

Australian Social Trends (AST) is an Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) flagship publication presenting a picture of Australian society through a selection of articles. The articles aim to address current and on-going social concerns, and focus on population groups of interest and changes over...

Research report

15 Apr 2013

This paper argues that Australia does not have an interest in officially signing up to AirSea Battle at this point.

As part of America’s ‘rebalance’ towards the Asia–Pacific region, Australia’s most important ally is reconsidering its military posture to deal with China’s growing ‘anti‑access/area‑denial’...

Research report

14 Apr 2013

This paper analyses the circumstances that led to people being disconnected from utilities, the impacts of disconnection, and how people manage to finance reconnection. It is based on 171 surveys and four interviews with consumers disconnected in the second half of 2012. Findings are compared...

Research report

15 Apr 2013

Australia's native forest sector has experienced a significant contraction over the past five years. This is reflected in log production from native forests: roundwood removals over the period 2009-2011 were 30 per cent below the average from the previous 18 years. Similarly, woodchip exports, a...

Working paper

15 Apr 2013

Disability support has historically been organised and financially managed through government and service provider agencies (agency funding). Increasingly it is offered through individualised, person - centred packages of support (individual or self directed funding), which allow people to manage how their own funds are spent....

Research report

20 Mar 2013

This report aims to build knowledge about what issues Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people may need to consider in remote tourism by reviewing, compiling and drawing insights from comparable tourism initiatives around the world.

The report is based on information from a range...

Research report

20 Mar 2013

This report provides an overview of various visitor markets relevant to remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people involved in tourism. The report accumulates this information for CRC-REP stakeholders to update existing market knowledge and stimulate remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to consider...

Research report

15 Apr 2013

The availability of timely, comprehensive and good quality data specifically relevant to remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander notions of health and wellbeing has been a significant obstacle to understanding and addressing related disadvantage in a meaningful way. This literature review for the CRC-REP Interplay...

Book

5 Apr 2013

The chapters in this volume canvass political change and development across the Pacific Islands from a variety of perspectives, each contributing to the analysis of a region growing in complexity and in confidence.

They fall neatly into three sections:

Oceania and its Inheritance;...

Research report

8 Apr 2013

This report examines some of the physical impacts of climate change on the infrastructure sector and the resulting cascade of consequences for the broader economy.

The report summarises findings from a workshop conducted in December 2012 by The Climate Institute, Manidis Roberts (a part...

Research report

11 Apr 2013

The report identifies a potential route for high speed rail (HSR) between Melbourne, Canberra, Sydney and Brisbane, estimates the costs and benefits, and investigates issues such as construction, patronage, environmental, and urban and regional development.

Key findings:

The HSR network would comprise approximately...

Research report

11 Apr 2013

Immunisation helps protect individuals and the community generally against potentially serious diseases such as measles, polio, tetanus and whooping cough (pertussis).

Although the great majority of children in Australia are immunised, it is important to maintain high immunisation rates to reduce the risk of...

Research report

9 Apr 2013

This release contains details of internet activity supplied by Internet Service Providers in Australia with more than 1,000 active subscribers. It includes information on internet subscribers and their type of access connection, the type of user (i.e. business/household), the volume of data downloaded, the...

Research report

8 Apr 2013

In order to achieve current climate change goals, Australia needs to use a long-term carbon budget approach to properly assess the risks, responsibilities and realities of doing its fair share.

Australia’s carbon laws and international negotiations are based on avoiding more than two...

Research report

7 Mar 2013

The National Health Performance Authority began operations in 2012 as an independent body to provide locally relevant and nationally consistent information on the performance of hospitals and other health care organisations.

This report, the Authority’s second, allows for the first time the public, clinicians...

Research report

11 Apr 2013
Abstract People experiencing poverty and inequality will be affected first and worst by the impacts of climate change to infrastructure and human settlements, including those caused by increasingly frequent and intense extreme weather events and natural disasters. They have the least capacity to cope, to...
11 Apr 2013

The overall health of a population is directly linked to the strength of its primary care system; a strong primary care system delivers higher quality of care and better health for less cost. Placing primary care, as delivered through general practice and supported by Medicare,...

Research report

20 Mar 2013

On 28 November 2012 the Hon. Nicola Roxon MP, Attorney General, introduced the Native Title Amendment Bill 2012 (hereafter referred to as the Bill). The Bill proposes amendments to the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth).

On 29 November 2012 the Selection Committee asked the...

Research report

5 Apr 2013

The purpose of health and medical research (HMR) is to achieve better health for all Australians. Better health encompasses increased life expectancy, as well as social goals such as equity, affordability and quality of life. HMR investment supports innovation in Australia's $135bn p.a. health sector...

9 Apr 2013
Don't bury the benefits of research to improve the health system

By Stephen Leeder , Director, Menzies Centre for Health Policy at University of Sydney

If you missed the release of the McKeon review on Friday you’re not alone. The Commonwealth government released...

Website

Refugee Facts has been designed to provide quick facts and comprehensive background information on asylum seekers in Australia, in the interest of ethical and accurate reporting. This is a rigorously fact-checked resource, which provides key information and statistics for journalists, editors and advocates on asylum...

Strategy

27 Mar 2013

This position paper proposes a strategic approach to Information and Communications Technologies across the South Australian Government. It proposes an agenda to help ensure that South Australia is connected and ready for the future.

The paper is being released for consultation in partnership with...

Research report

9 Apr 2013

Previous analysis and industry focus has missed the point: access networks, not data centres, are the biggest threat to the sustainability of cloud services. This is because more people are accessing cloud services via wireless networks. These networks are inherently energy inefficient and a disproportionate...

Strategy

9 Apr 2013

The Coalition believes all Australians should have access to fast and affordable broadband. We recognise the benefits that fast broadband provides to households and businesses and its value (along with other information and communication technologies) in fostering productivity and innovation.

Broadband and the...

Research report

19 Mar 2013

The National Broadband Network will potentially provide the opportunity for all Australians to access the same level of information and online services regardless of their location, age and level of mobility. But this opportunity can only be grasped by those who have the technical skills...

Policy

9 Apr 2013

Finding a strategy to upgrade telecommunications in Australia has been a challenge for both Labor and the Coalition over the past decade. Between 2004 and 2008 governments from both sides of politics were were unable to reach a deal with Telstra for an upgrade that...

Research report

28 Mar 2013

Scholarship is readily seen as a requirement in higher education and is not commonly associated with vocational education and training (VET) institutions. However, the increasing prevalence of VET institutions delivering higher education qualifications has raised questions as to the place of scholarship in these institutions....

Research report

18 Feb 2013

A recent VMWare and Forrester Research annual survey published in November 20121 indicated that cloud computing adoption had increased for Australian business to about 58 per cent, up from 42 percent the previous year. A further 20% of businesses planned to implement cloud solutions within...

Research report

4 Apr 2013

This report uses Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) data to look at the impact of schools on a student’s tertiary entrance rank (TER) and the probability of them going to university (controlling for TER). It shows that the characteristics of schools do matter: although...

2 Apr 2013

One of the major markers of globalisation since the 1970s has been the incredible expansion of the financial sector - a phenomenon known as financialisation. The financial sector expanded in virtually every country in the world. Since this time the process of financialisation (defined as...

Research report

27 Mar 2013

Violent extremist groups are currently making intensive use of Internet fora for recruitment to terrorism. These fora are under constant scrutiny by security agencies, private vigilante groups, and hackers, who sometimes shut them down with cybernetic attacks. However, there is a lack of experimental and...

Research report

10 Apr 2013

To be the premier forum for international economic cooperation, the G20 will need to strengthen such core features as clarity of objectives, communication, transparency and accountability. This paper outlines what Australia can do in all these areas when it chairs the G20 in 2014....

Research report

11 Apr 2013

There are many causes of over-representation of Koori people in Victoria’s prisons. The findings of this report show that it is influenced by Koori people being more likely to be sent to prison. This difference may be influenced by Koori people being more likely to...

Working paper

28 Feb 2013

The Doha climate talks in December 2012, wrapped up lines of negotiation that were begun years before in Bali. Negotiators resolved contentious questions about the future of the Kyoto Protocol and finally put the constraints of the Bali agenda behind them. Now they need turn...

Working paper

28 Feb 2013

This paper investigates the macroeconomic effects of fiscal policy in New Zealand using a structural Vector Autoregression (SVAR) model. The model is the five-variable structural vector autoregression (SVAR) framework proposed by Blanchard and Perotti (2005), further augmented to allow for the possibility that taxes, spending...

Research report

27 Mar 2013

The Australian Technology Network of Universities asked RAND Europe to review the Excellence in Innovation for Australia (EIA) Impact Assessment Trial ('the EIA Trial'), in order to assess how well universities identified and demonstrated impact, as well as how the process could be further improved....

Research report

11 Apr 2013

In March 2012, Nesta published Here and now , the first landscape review of hyperlocal media in the UK. Since then, they have continued our programme of practical experimentation and research, called Destination Local , to develop a strong evidence base. One area of...

Audio program

9 Apr 2013

In this podcast, J.M. Berger is interviewed about his new report: " Who matters online: measuring influence, evaluating content, and countering violent extremism in online social media networks ."

This podcast provides insight into using big data sets and social media to evaluate extremist...

Audio program

11 Apr 2013

I’ve just returned home from the Social Media in Times of Crisis conference at the State Library of Queensland, which we organised together with our ARC Linkage partners at the Eidos Institute , and I’m pleased to report that it was a very stimulating...

Audio program

9 Apr 2013

We talk a lot about engagement with Asia and to date the discussion has largely focussed on our economic ties but what about arts and culture? Is creative mateship possible ?

The panel discuss some of the major issues shaping cultural and political policy...

Research report

11 Apr 2013

The Young People and Sexting in Australia report presents the findings of a qualitative study of young people’s understandings of, and responses to, current Australian laws, media and educational resources that address sexting.

The project, led by Dr Kath Albury involved a review of...

Strategy

9 Apr 2013

The transformation of Asia into the world’s most dynamic economic region is the defining development of our time. What individuals, businesses and governments do to build Australia’s capabilities and its connections with Asia will determine how Australia fares in the Asian Century.

To this...

Discussion paper

Occasional paper no.47
1 Apr 2013

This project aims to provide a better understanding of the circumstances of young people who receive transfer payments to support them in providing ‘informal’ care to people with disabilities and the frail aged. The main focus is on the 20,363 young people who were aged...

10 Apr 2013

A young man is shot in a liquor store robbery that goes wrong. “I know a life of crime has led me to this sorry fate,” he says, as he lies dying on the floor, “and yet, I blame society.”

His friend Matt leans...

Working paper

10 Apr 2013

This Positioning Paper introduces a research project that aims to provide an Australia-wide analysis of the consequences of underemployment for housing security. It explores the connection between an increasingly important but problematic feature of contemporary labour markets (underemployment) and a crucial dimension of housing research...

Research report

5 Apr 2013

In the midst of heightened territorial tensions in Asia and lack of transparency within Beijing’s policymaking machine, analysts draw conclusions from China’s response to the US ‘pivot’ at their peril. The volume of Western supposition regarding China’s response to the US pivot vastly overshadows analyses...

Research report

8 Apr 2013

This report argues that China and Japan must begin talks on crisis prevention and mitigation regarding the disputed waters of the East China Sea to avoid an accidental clash that could lead to a larger conflict.

The report examines the dangerous standoff between the...

Research report

10 Apr 2013

The growing importance of logistics in increasingly globalised production and consumption systems strengthens the case for explicit consideration of the climate risks that may impact on the operation of ports in the future, as well as the formulation of adaptation responses that act to enhance...

Research report

4 Apr 2013

This report is the sixth in a series of reports on hospitalisations due to falls by older people in Australia. It focuses on hospitalised falls that occurred in the financial year 2009-10.

Falls in 2009-10

The estimated number of hospitalised injury cases...

Research report

5 Feb 2013

This report argues that fraud has continued to rise in both Australia and New Zealand despite enhanced risk mitigation procedures.

Key findings:

$373 million stolen over the past two years. The average value of fraud loss is now more than $3 million...

Research report

10 Apr 2013

In November 2012, the Minister for Family and Community Services, Pru Goward MP, released a discussion paper containing child protection legislative reform proposals. The reform proposals are in three parts: (1) promoting good parenting; (2) providing a safe and stable home for children and...

Research report

5 Apr 2013

Can insights from the field of community capacity-building improve child welfare practice and policy in Australia? This paper explores this question by outlining the concept of community capacity, and uses real-life examples to illustrate the ways in which service providers might apply community capacity-building approaches...

Briefing paper

10 Apr 2013

This RAI policy brief explores current approaches involving local communities in resource development processes. It argues that effective local action is the most important driver of success in capturing local benefits from resource projects. The brief advocates for a revision of current processes, suggesting that...

Research report

28 Feb 2013

Background to the final report

In 2005, the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) examined international mobile roaming (IMR) services and concluded that the prices paid by Australian consumers appeared high 1 . Subsequently, in 2009, the Australian House of Representatives’ Standing Committee...

Discussion paper

28 Feb 2013

This report outlines offending and justice issues in Western Australia, and recommends a policy shift to 'justice reinvestment', an approach that aims to address the risk factors of crime, crime prevention, and adequate rehabilitation of offenders.

This report provides details on:

current levels...

Research report

30 Mar 2013

Over the last 30 years or so the Australian economy has been subject to wide-ranging reforms. These reforms include reducing high protective tariffs on imported goods and removing some non-tariff barriers, floating the Australian dollar, deregulating the financial services sector, deregulating the labour market, increasing...

Research report

2 Apr 2013

This publication presents national statistics on prisoners who were in adult corrective services custody on 30 June 2012. These statistics describe the characteristics of prisoners, their sentence length, the most serious offence/charge for which offenders are imprisoned, and provide a basis for measuring change over...

Research report

5 Apr 2013

This report looks at the pathways Indigenous students in the Northern Territory take between VET and higher education. The study explores the perspectives of students studying at higher-level VET and higher education qualifications, and aims to gain an understanding of the pathways adopted by Indigenous...

Research report

9 Apr 2013

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Department of Industry, Innovation, Climate Change, Science, Research and Tertiary Education administration of the Research Block Grant schemes.

The department's performance was assessed against the following criteria:

the schemes are effectively planned and administered; the processes...

Research report

10 Apr 2013

The objective of the present study is to answer the question whether the corporate organized retail outlets (ORO) have exerted any harmful effects on the small unorganized retail outlets (URO) in India. Answer to this question will facilitate us to gauge the impact of corporate...

Journal article

28 Jan 2013

House prices in many industrial countries increased dramatically in the years prior to 2007. Countries with the largest increases in household debt relative to income experienced the fastest run-ups in house prices over the same period. During the run-up, many economists and policymakers maintained that...

Article

3 Apr 2013

In a previous post I introduced work we have been doing here at the CCI to contribute to an understanding of the way in which social media are portrayed as political tools in traditional media outlets. In this post I provided a broad overview...

Article

4 Apr 2013

In previous posts I outlined the details of a preliminary study we conducted on how social media are used as political tools and how this activity is portrayed in traditional media outlets. I provide an overview of the study and insights into the way in...

Audio program

3 Apr 2013

It all started fifty years ago this week when a couple of uni students who simply wanted to shake things up launched an audacious and highly influential magazine called OZ.

The magazine was a sensation from the first day it hit the streets. 6,000...

Audio program

4 Apr 2013

How are everyday life and culture expressed through art forms such as performance, film and design? How has the cultural make-up of contemporary Australia, Asia and the Pacific changed? Join TV presenter and actor Annette Shun Wah, Aboriginal designer Alison Page and musician John Willsteed...

Research report

4 Apr 2013

The Delphi methodology involved survey questions and qualitative interviews with a panel of CEOs from 14 not-for-profit housing organisations.

Expansion in the not-for-profit housing sector over the last three years was due mainly to Government programs, such as the Social Housing Initiative (SHI)...

Strategy

1 Apr 2013

The draft Metropolitan Strategy for Sydney is a new plan to guide the city’s growth.

With around 1.3 million more people expected by 2031, Sydney will need around 545,000 new homes and 625,000 new jobs right across the metropolitan area.

Planning for this...

Discussion paper

1 Mar 2013

The Australian Communications and Media Authority is undertaking a review of the Telecommunications Service Provider (Premium Services) Determination 2004 (No. 1) (Premium Services Determination).

The Premium Services Determination requires that all carriage service providers who provide access to premium services on numbers with the...

Discussion paper

15 Mar 2013

The data held by Australian Government agencies is both a national and government asset. It is also a potential source of opportunity. In this context, Australian Government agencies, like many other organisations, are aware of the challenges and opportunities that big data represents to the...

Discussion paper

3 Apr 2013

This monograph explores the safety and security risks associated with the massive expansion of offshore oil and gas exploration and exploitation activity in the Asia-Pacific region. The pursuit of national and commercial objectives is generating the convergence of wider interests and uncertainties, and therefore significant...

Discussion paper

22 Mar 2013

Good Shepherd Microfinance plays a significant role in promoting and maintaining the economic wellbeing of Australians through ensuring appropriate, affordable financial products are readily accessible to all, advocacy and research. This goes beyond social justice and dignity. The security and flexibility offered by savings, credit...

Research report

15 Mar 2013

Online community management is becoming a increasingly important profession as organisations expand into online social channels and the public increasingly uses social media to talk about, and with, companies and governments.

However limited research has been done on this profession, the key skills and...

Research report

28 Mar 2013

Through the analysis of thousands of Twitter accounts following prominent white nationalists and anarchists, this report offers new quantitative tools to identify highly engaged extremists in large social networks and to evaluate tactics for combating violent extremism (CVE) online.

The findings of this highly...

Discussion paper

3 Apr 2013

Technologies enrich and impact on the lives of people and societies globally. Australia needs enterprising individuals who can make discerning decisions about the development and use of technologies. It needs people who can independently and collaboratively develop innovative solutions to complex problems and contribute to...

Article

2 Apr 2013

One of the research projects some of us here at the CCI are currently involved in, in cooperation with researchers from California State University, Uppsala University, and the Universities of Oslo and Bergen, aims to apply a cross-media and cross-national approach to exploring The Impact...

4 Apr 2013

What makes a great city? This is the question that the construction of world city or global city indexes has sought to answer.

The CCI Creative City Index (CCI-CCI) is a new approach to the measurement and ranking of creative global cities . It...

4 Apr 2013

China’s growing economic, political, and military capacity is the most geopolitically significant development of the 21 st century, one which is already being branded the ‘ Asian century .’ Certainly the recent economic decline of the US and Europe plays directly into the hands of...

Video

25 Mar 2013

Once, personal technology and the Internet meant that we didn't need permission to compute, communicate and innovate. Now, governments and tech companies are systematically restricting our liberties, and creating an online surveillance state. In many cases, however, we're letting it happen, by trading freedom for...

4 Apr 2013

Podcasts are patented – or so say the patent trolls

By Harry Blutstein , RMIT University

Can podcasting be patented? If you are an instigator of what’s being referred to as the SHIELD Act – introduced into US Congress last month –...

Journal article

4 Feb 2013

Most children talk to their parents about what they learned at school. Parents hear about books read, pictures drawn, stories written and games played. But how often do parents hear of children using ICT to make multimedia stories with a mathematical focus? In this paper...

Research report

13 Mar 2013

Smartphone adoption among American teens has increased substantially and mobile access to the internet is pervasive. One in four teens are “cell-mostly” internet users, who say they mostly go online using their phone and not using some other device such as a desktop or laptop...

Discussion paper

3 Apr 2013

NB The full compilation of this series was launched on 26 June 2014, called "False economies: unpacking public service efficiency" and available here >

Every Australian needs to understand what politicians mean when they talk about the ‘efficiency’ of government ....

Research report

2 Apr 2013

It is well documented that alcohol-related problems compromise individual and social health, and wellbeing. The individual harms are numerous, including premature death, loss of enjoyment and loss of social utility through fear of crime and victimisation. The misuse of alcohol, particularly among those most at...

Briefing paper

2 Apr 2013

Servile marriage involves a person being sold, transferred or inherited into marriage.

New offences in the Criminal Code 1995 recently passed by Parliament are designed to protect adults as well as children who are forced into marriage by either the person they are marrying,...

Research report

28 Mar 2013

Regional Victoria accounts for around a quarter of the State's population and economic output. In March 2013 Deputy Premier and Minister for Regional and Rural Development Peter Ryan released the Reinventing the Regions report which documents the findings from a series of events held in...

Research report

28 Mar 2013

As an emerging power in the Indo-Pacific region, India is looking to expand its strategic priorities. Accordingly, there is a growing understanding among India's wider strategic community – including the armed forces – that situations requiring Indian intervention will emerge, especially in the troubled atolls...

Book

3 Apr 2013

Deforestation of Scotland began millennia ago and by the early 20th century woodland cover was down to about 6 per cent of the total land area. A century later woodland cover had tripled. Most of the newly established forestry plantations were created on...

Book

26 Mar 2013

Edward M. Curr (1820-89) was a pastoralist, horse trader, stock inspector, Aboriginal administrator, author and ethnologist. A prominent figure in the history of the Colony of Victoria, he rose to a senior position in the public service and authored several influential books and...

Research report

3 Mar 2013

The Crawford School of Public Policy’s Centre for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament (CNND) this week launched in Geneva a major book-length report (55) authoritatively documenting the unhappily diminishing global enthusiasm for nuclear disarmament, and the growing risks of nuclear proliferation. Co-edited by Centre Director Ramesh...

Journal article

18 Feb 2013

Citizens can be resistant to environmental changes which may be disruptive to their ideology, affections, and rootedness to place. Changes may be even more disruptive if citizens perceive them to occur too rapidly. How communities assess these changes in their neighborhoods is linked to their...

Thesis

30 Aug 2012

This PhD is a reflection upon an architectural practice developed over twelve years, incorporating architectural design, teaching and writing. The practice consists of a variety of projects ranging from full-scale architectural interventions to speculative urban proposals, and includes individually authored work alongside collaborations with an...

Research report

2 Apr 2013

DEEWR , in collaboration with JBWere, has developed a report that establishes a foundation for understanding impact investing in the Australian context: what it is, why it matters, what is happening here and what could or should happen.

The report showcases examples in...