August 2013

Journal article

20 Aug 2013

This article discusses the powers available to local authorities in regard to restrictions on sales and extension of smoke-free areas, the potential for any bylaws to be challenged, and the likely issues arising.

Introduction

In March 2011 the New Zealand government agreed...

Journal article

20 Aug 2013

This study uses data from a birth cohort of New Zealand-born 30-year-olds to examine gender differences in time use and satisfaction with time use.

The specific aims of the study are:

to examine gender difference in time spent in paid employment and unpaid...

Research report

25 Aug 2013

This is the second of four briefing papers the Parliamentary Research Service intends to publish on the proposed reform of the planning system in NSW. Appendix 1 presents an overview of the proposed system as set out in the Planning White Paper and the relevant...

Research report

25 Aug 2013

Summary

This paper examines how ‘sustainable development’ is conceptualised and proposed to be applied in the NSW planning system set out in a White Paper and two Exposure Bills – the Planning Bill and the Planning Administration Bill. An appendix to the paper...

Book

20 Jun 2016

This book presents the full suite of reflection profiles penetrating the whole crust carried out in Australia from 1978-2011 by Geoscience Australia and various partners. The set of reflection data comprises over 12,000 km of coverage across the whole continent, and provides an insight into...

Research report

29 Aug 2013

The purpose of this study is to contribute to the understanding of the post care experience of young people who leave care in terms of homelessness and risk of homelessness with specific reference to prevention of homelessness. The scoping study focuses on two states, namely...

Research report

27 Aug 2013

Aim: To compare reoffending rates between adults given a community service order (CSO) and those given a bond (both supervised and unsupervised) or suspended sentence (both supervised and unsupervised).

Method: Using propensity score matching, offenders who were given CSOs were matched to...

Research report

29 Aug 2013

This working paper provides an overview of the work that the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare completed to help develop reportable measures to protect Australia's children.

Summary

This working paper provides an overview of the work that AIHW completed for the...

Research report

26 Aug 2013

The survey of more than 950 people aged 17-24 asked respondents about their voting intentions, whether they vote the same way as their friends and family, and how interested they are in the federal election.

The Australia Institute conducted an online survey in August...

Policy

27 Aug 2013

This strategy outlines a vision of where Australia's relationship with China should be in 2025 and how Australia should get there.

China’s rise to the top of the global economic and political order is defining the 21st century. By 2025, China is set to...

Policy

27 Aug 2013

This strategy outlines a vision of where Australia's relationship with Japan should be in 2025 and how Australia should get there.

Australia’s partnership with Japan is our closest and most mature in the region, and is a model for Australia’s wider engagement with Asia....

Research report

27 Aug 2013

This paper argues that Australia is experiencing rapid development in aquaculture and has the potential to lead in producing future feed alternatives and systems management.

Summary

Forecasts indicate the global demand for fish production will continue to increase over the next decade,...

Research report

30 Jun 2013

Former US Director of National Intelligence, Admiral Dennis C. Blair examines the changing role of China in the international system and the challenge it poses for policy makers. He highlights in this Centre of Gravity paper how China's concerns about Taiwan are reducing, while its...

Journal article

20 Aug 2013

How should governments make effective use of research that examines the costs of a ‘less than healthy’ start to life? Are there any ‘free efficiency lunches’ to be had by improving intervention processes in early childhood health and education? On the surface at least, health...

29 Aug 2013

AGGRO blokes, fluffed lines, daggy moments, spoof videos. Asylum rows, TV jousts, spending worries, poll trends. London’s news grinder – and this goes for both broadcasting and print – processes Australia’s election into a daily blink-and-you-missed-it snapshot. By turns lurid and sober, each episode features...

Fact sheet

29 Aug 2013

This fact sheet has been compiled primarily from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) average weekly earnings data set, that calculates the average full-time weekly earnings before tax of men and women, excluding factors such as overtime and pay that is salary sacrificed. Where data...

Research report

29 Aug 2013

Energy efficiency should be a key policy response for addressing the impacts of rising energy prices, yet it is largely absent from current political debates about cost of living pressures and energy affordability.

In response to sharp rises in energy prices in...

Research report

29 Aug 2013

This study shows UK teens suffering in silence, as only a third of those suffering online abuse are currently reporting it to social networks

• 85% of nineteen year old males say they have experienced online bullying or trolling, the highest proportion of all...

Research report

26 Aug 2013

Some 70% of American adults have a high-speed broadband connection at home; an additional 10% of Americans lack home broadband but do own a smartphone. And 20% of Americans have neither a home broadband connection nor a smartphone.

As of May 2013, 70% of...

Journal article

25 Aug 2013

This guide provides an overview on information retrieval techniques for locating high-quality literature on terrorism and counter-terrorism. Starting from general considerations on conducting a literature search – taking into account the specifics of terrorism studies – instructions are provided on how to find particular literature...

Discussion paper

23 Aug 2013

As the world turns digital, many local and global news sources struggle to stay afloat in the highly competitive, fast-paced social media environment. Media companies lack the resources for extensive teams and they no longer control distribution channels. Not only are they up against themselves,...

14 Aug 2013

Is conflict always bad? Or can conflict in open systems actually be productive, leading to innovative solutions to the problems encountered? In her paper " The role of conflict in determining consensus on quality in Wikipedia articles (46) ", Kim Osman (QUT) finds that differences...

Transcript

5 Aug 2013

This paper presents research that investigated the role of conflict in the editorial process of the online encyclopedia, Wikipedia. The study used a grounded approach to analyzing 147 conversations about quality from the archived history of the Wikipedia article Australia . It found that conflict...

28 Aug 2013

ONE of my regular neighbourhood walks takes me past a fine example of Queen Anne architecture. The elegant family home has three sculptural red-brick chimney stacks towering from its multi-gabled roof, the horizontal ridge lines capped with decorative terracotta ornaments. A fretwork verandah frames the...

Working paper

28 Aug 2013

This Positioning Paper is the outcome of Stage 1 of a three-stage research project: Processes for developing affordable and sustainable medium-density housing models for greyfield precincts , which is funded by AHURI over a two-year period 2012–14.

The questions to be addressed in the...

Research report

28 Aug 2013

This report looks at natural disaster recovery in Australia. The report, which draws on case studies of four towns still recovering from flooding, cyclones and bushfires up to five years down the track, reveals there is inadequate planning for many of the short and long-term...

Discussion paper

28 Feb 2011

Some countries, including Finland and Denmark, are now conducting their population censuses using administrative data registers rather than a nationwide survey of households.

This information paper describes the main features of a register-based census, and the necessary pre-conditions for this approach. The pre-conditions are:...

Research report

28 Aug 2013

Snapshot 2013, the 11th in the Commission’s Snapshot series, draws together data from a wide range of sources to provide a contemporary representation of the health, safety and wellbeing of children and young people in Queensland. Where possible, data are supported by robust trend analyses...

Research report

28 Aug 2013

This report re-assesses the open access (OA) availability of scholarly publications during the 2004 to 2011 period, for 22 fields of knowledge, as well as for the European Research Area countries, Brazil, Canada, Japan, and the US. Using a strategy to increase the number of...

Discussion paper

28 Aug 2013

1. The main purpose of taxation is to raise revenue for the services and income supports the community needs. Public revenues should be adequate for that purpose. 2. Tax should, as far as possible, be levied equitably, according to ability to pay. The level of...

Research report

28 Aug 2013

This report presents an overview and analysis of strategies towards open access (OA) of peer- reviewed publications in the European Research Area (ERA), Brazil, Canada, Japan and the US from the year 2000 onwards. The analysis examines strategies that aim to foster OA (e.g. researcher...

Research report

30 Nov 1975

This 1975 report, commonly known as the 'Pigott Report', helped spur the creation of the National Museum of Australia in 1980 with the passing of the National Museum of Australia Act.

There had been plans to establish a national museum since Federation, but with...

Policy

26 Aug 2013

This resource is intended to support and encourage integrated service delivery across the early childhood development sector.

Integrated service delivery brings together different disciplines and services into a more comprehensive service delivery system. An integrated approach to early childhood development enables families to access...

26 Aug 2013

In March 2013, a former head of the civil service in the United Kingdom, Lord Butler of Brockwell declared:

I believe that each department should appoint a historical adviser, not to advise on the historical background to every problem which a department...

Research report

26 Aug 2013

This report examines policies and strategies towards open access (OA) of scientific data in the European Research Area (ERA), Brazil, Canada, Japan and the US from 2000 onwards. The analysis examines strategies that aim to foster OA scientific data—such as the types of incentives given...

Research report

23 Aug 2013

This report provides a detailed analysis of health expenditure for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians in 2010-11.

Summary

This report complements Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2010-11 (AIHW 2013a) by providing a more detailed analysis of health expenditure...

Research report

12 Aug 2013

This poll contributes to the ongoing debate about electoral reform by examining how the public views the act of voting, the funding and integrity of elections, minority government and political representation generally.

Key points

A majority of voters consistently support compulsory voting,...

Research report

22 Mar 2013

This report explores the ways in which access to water, sanitation and hygiene affects development outcomes, including health, education, gender equality, growth and employment, and environmental sustainability.

Research report

13 Aug 2013

The trauma experienced by Indigenous people as a result of colonisation and subsequent policies, such as the forced removal of children, has had devastating consequences. The disruption of our culture and the negative impacts on the cultural identity of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples...

Research report

26 Aug 2013

This review is intended to provide an authoritative, up-to-date review of the physical activity of Indigenous people that is a valuable overview for people working in the area and assists in the development of policies, strategies and programs.

Preface

This review of...

Research report

26 Aug 2013

This monograph brings together five contributions from writers who are recognised for their expertise and experience working with refugees who have histories of trauma, including torture, sexual violence and domestic and family violence.

Key points

Research and practice with refugee women seeking...

Research report

22 Aug 2013

This report finds that many offenders are not being held accountable for their fines, there is little deterrent for failing to pay fines, and road safety is being compromised.

Executive summary

In 2011-12, 4.79 million infringement notices and 1.518 million warrants were...

Policy

25 Aug 2013

This strategy outlines a vision of where Australia's relationship with India should be in 2025 and how Australia should get there.

Australia and India entered into a strategic partnership in 2009. By elevating the relationship to this level, both countries confirmed a strong commitment...

23 Aug 2013

WHEN Kevin Rudd called the 7 September election while Labor was still trailing in the polls, campaign historians might have assumed he was trying to do a “Hawke 1987” – build on his pre-campaign momentum, make every week a winner, and ride home over the...

Audio program

20 Aug 2013

LAST week, the ABC’s Fact Check unit joined two similar projects – Politifact, the Australian branch of the longstanding US organisation, and the Conversation’s Election FactCheck – in the election campaign fray. Late to the party, the ABC’s unit also faces pressures that its two...

23 Aug 2013

IN AN election campaign hinging on economic issues, the Coalition has to deal with the inconvenient fact that, despite Labor’s “irresponsible” fiscal policies, on most measures the Australian economy is the strongest in the developed world.

The Coalition has argued that Australia’s success under...

23 Aug 2013

SOME people saw the arrival of political blogs in the early 2000s as the beginning of a war between the bloggers and the traditional media. If that’s true, then the bloggers have won, at least when it comes to reporting about polls.

To write...

Research report

21 Aug 2013

Introduction

The purpose of this report is to identify existing Commonwealth law and policy relevant to the regulation of coal mining and unconventional gas exploration and production in Australia. Having identified the regulatory gaps, this report outlines opportunities for law reform in 10...

Research report

21 Aug 2013

Summary

This report describes trends in the occurrence of injuries requiring hospitalisation in Australia from 1 July 1999 to 30 June 2011. The annual number of cases rose from about 327,000 to 438,000 during this period.

Injuries in 2010-11

Overall,...

Audio program

19 Aug 2013

Last year was one of the hottest on record, with sea levels hitting all time highs and arctic ice at historic lows. We all know of the potential threat to the environment of climate change but did you know the 'financial risk' could be greater...

Research report

20 Aug 2013

This paper provides the technical specifications for the 31 key national indicators under the 2012-15 action plan of the National Framework for Protecting Australia's Children 2009-2020 (the 'National Framework').

These specifications will guide the reporting of these indicators in the National Framework annual report...

Journal article

22 Aug 2013

This article examines the ways in which key environmental policies have been made in the past, and reflects on the present state of play with respect to these policies. The article draws on my experience with the Environmental Defence Society (EDS) since 1978 and the...

Journal article

5 Jul 2013

Abstract

The 2013 Defence White Paper places greater emphasis than its predecessors on defence engagement, and begins to link regional security to the defence of Australia itself. It does not explain, however, what Australia has to do to achieve its objectives, or what...

Journal article

22 Aug 2013

Michael Pickford examines the changing approach of the New Zealand Transport Agency towards assessing the economic efficiency of state highway projects. He emphasises that since 2003 there has been a gradual shift away from reliance on the benefit-cost ratio (BCR) in favour of ‘strategic fit’...

Research report

15 Aug 2013

Overview

Many teens ages 12-17 report that they usually figure out how to manage content sharing and privacy settings on their own. Focus group interviews with teens suggest that for their day-to-day privacy management, teens are guided through their choices in the app...

Research report

19 Aug 2013

Introduction

Online retail trade is a current topic of discussion within the Australian community. Interest centres on the size and growth of online retail trade as well as its performance relative to traditional store-based retail trade.

This information paper explains where...

Research report

19 Aug 2013

This analytical model is intended to help researchers around the world increase collective understanding of risk/reward trade-offs imparted by specific policy approaches.

Background

The world is witnessing an unprecedented period of technological innovation being spurred by the synergistic combination of converging technologies,...

Guide

13 Aug 2013

This paper provides a single consolidated picture of the capabilities that enable Australia to achieve national security outcomes in a range of environments, including domestically, at the border, offshore and in cyberspace.

Introduction

The period since 2001 has been transformative for Australia’s...

Policy

29 Jul 2013

Australia is a highly connected country - technology and the internet are crucial to Australia's way of life.

However, while the potential of the internet and digital economy is clearly a massive opportunity for Australia, it is also quickly emerging as a key enabler...

20 Aug 2013

Jonathon Hutchinson and Axel Bruns comment on the decision by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation to close one of its audience engagement platforms, ABC Pool.

Summary

Recently, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation made the decision to close one of its audience engagement platforms, ABC...

Audio program

22 Aug 2013

This webinar - presented by Child Family Community Australia (CFCA) information exchange and the Victorian Family Law Pathways Network - features a discussion between Ms Zoe Rathus AM (Griffith University Law School) and Professor Lawrie Moloney (Australian Institute of Family Studies) about the role of...

Research report

7 Aug 2013

The Australian Centre of Excellence for Local Government (ACLEG), with input from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, has released a new report outlining how local governments can more effectively utilise demographic and other population data into planning and decision-making processes.

The report, titled Looking...

22 Aug 2013

In 1870 forty-two per cent of the population of Melbourne were under fourteen years old. Without playgrounds or organised sports they took to the streets, smashing trams and tearing down trees in public parks. Historian Simon Sleight charts this forgotten history of youth turmoil in...

Research report

21 Aug 2013

Over many years, the state has failed to deliver the transport infrastructure and services needed to support rapidly growing communities. This is adversely impacting accessibility, and risks the future liveability of metropolitan Melbourne. Urgent action is required to address this serious problem. Inadequate public transport...

Research report

21 Aug 2013

From the late 1990s, water corporations used public private partnerships (PPP) to deliver a number of water and wastewater treatment infrastructure projects. PPPs provide an opportunity to achieve value for money by contracting the private sector to deliver and operate facilities over an agreed period,...

Research report

22 Aug 2013

The annual Major Performing Arts (MPA) sector report looks at participation, paid attendance and employment trends across theatre, orchestra, opera, dance and chamber music. In 2012 the 2.6 million ticket sales across the 28 leading MPA companies in Australia resulted in a combined performance income...

Research report

22 Aug 2013

This report outlines the major policy and legal issues on mobile phone ownership for children and young people.

Research report

30 May 2013

There is worldwide interest in artist residencies, and many government agencies are involved in supporting residency programs and/or the artists that take part in them. This publication reports on survey responses from the arts councils and ministries of culture from 18 countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium,...

Journal article

15 Aug 2013

This article finds that West Papuan refugees resettled in Australia report a wide range of premigration potentially traumatic events (PTEs) including human rights violations as well as symptoms of PTSD and distress.

Abstract

Objectives: To document the extent and nature of...

Audio program

12 Aug 2013

This podcast episode discusses the characteristics of 18-34 year olds in 1976 and 2011.

Series description

Australian Social Trends (AST) podcasts bring you short, easy listening highlights from the Australian Bureau of Statistics' latest release of the AST publication. Each quarterly release...

Audio program

25 Jun 2013

This podcast discusses episode the characteristics of the average Australian.

Series description

Australian Social Trends (AST) podcasts bring you short, easy listening highlights from the Australian Bureau of Statistics' latest release of the AST publication. Each quarterly release of AST contains several...

Audio program

11 Jun 2013

This podcast episode discusses the characteristics of people identified as having dementia or Alzheimer's disease in the 2009 Survey of Disability, Ageing and Caring.

Series description

Australian Social Trends (AST) podcasts bring you short, easy listening highlights from the Australian Bureau of...

Journal article

20 Aug 2013

Behavioural economics and the related fields of cognitive and social psychology are now very much in the mainstream, as the highly visible success of the Behavioural Insights Unit in the United Kingdom attests. A robust and diverse range of findings about the limits of human...

Research report

20 Aug 2013

Description

Austerity policies have fuelled the fire of recession rather than stimulated growth. As a consequence nearly 5.5 million young people are now out of work in Europe and unemployment has reached crisis levels. This is the first of three papers that will...

Journal article

20 Aug 2013

The article explores the vital contribution of the community and voluntary sector as a voice for the voiceless and as a conduit of information about society’s unmet needs. The challenge, however, is that these roles are being severely constrained by the heavy dependence of the...

19 Aug 2013

RECENT interview meltdowns by election candidates must make some voters wonder how people like this can secure preselection – or even consider putting themselves forward for public office – and whether this kind of ineptitude is a recent or longstanding phenomenon. A case certainly exists...

Research report

19 Aug 2013

This is the first national Australian longitudinal population-based study to examine the prevalence and incidence of diabetes and its complications, as well as high blood pressure, heart disease and kidney disease.

Executive summary

Diabetes mellitus has become one of the most common...

Research report

2 Aug 2013

Executive summary: Since the launch of the Green Star rating system in 2003, hundreds of buildings around Australia have been independently certified for their sustainable design and construction using Green Star rating tools. A large amount of evidence that illustrates the transformative effect of Green...

Research report

9 May 2013

Sustainable Australia Report 2013: conversations with the future provides a picture of Australia - what we look like and who we are. It tells the story of how we have changed as a nation over the last 30 years. We have made great progress in...

Research report

19 Aug 2013

This report examines 41 clothing companies operating in Australia and assesses what efforts they are undertaking to protect the workers in their supply chain from exploitation, forced labour and child labour.

Introduction

In the wake of the tragic Rana Plaza factory collapse...

19 Aug 2013

PUBLIC debate about misogyny in Australian politics peaked in October last year after Julia Gillard let rip in parliament, and it surged again as we came to terms with the fact that our first female prime minister had been booted out of office because of...

Book

8 Aug 2013

This book explores the ways in which governments are putting citizens first in their policy-making endeavours. Making citizens the focus of policy interventions and involving them in the delivery and design is for many governments a normative ideal; it is a worthy objective and sounds...

19 Aug 2013

There is a degree of resignation in higher education circles that the system of funding undergraduate university places according to student demand may be on its last legs.

This is not new. Hand-wringing about the sustainability of the so-called demand-driven system has been fashionable...

20 Aug 2013

MIDWAY through the election campaign, the focus has yet to swing to health and healthcare. According to the ABC’s policy comparison tool, Vote Compass, health is rating well behind the economy, which is by far the most important election issue for voters. Given the challenges...

Research report

19 Aug 2013

Aim: To describe and discuss regional variation between parts of NSW in the rate at which theft and robbery offences have fallen.

Method: Percentage changes in rates of offending in robbery and various categories of theft were calculated for the period 2000...

Research report

19 Aug 2013

Executive summary

Koori women make up the fastest growing segment of the Victorian prison population. They are currently being incarcerated at a much higher rate than both non-Koori women and Koori men.

These women are generally young. Many have grown up experiencing...

Research report

13 Jul 2013

This study sought to broaden and deepen understanding of homelessness amongst families through investigating their experiences as citizens, rather than clients of services, over an 18-month period.

Executive summary

Jean McCaughey wrote the first Australian study to recognise and investigate homelessness amongst...

Policy

1 May 2013

More than 80 per cent of Australia’s population live in cities that collectively generate over 80 per cent of our economic wealth.

A bi-partisan commitment to planning and delivering better cities; to working collaboratively with the states and territories, and with industry, to prioritise...

Video

2 Jul 2013

Sam Mostyn talks politics with panelists Adam Brandt MP, Senator Simon Birmingham MP, Mara Bun and Peter Lewis, at Green Cities 2013.

In this session, What’s politics got to do with it , the role of government in making cities work is...

Discussion paper

15 Aug 2013

In recognition of the differences in understanding concepts of home and homelessness, the Australian Bureau of Statistics is undertaking further engagement to inform estimation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander homelessness. This discussion paper outlines some of the key themes identified and provides a basis...

Research report

15 Aug 2013

This report provides evidence beyond simple international rankings that the achievement levels of Australian students declined in the period 2000 to 2012.

Preface

Over the past two decades there has been an increase in the attention given to education policy, practice and...

Research report

8 Aug 2013

Could the world be facing peak water? Or has it already peaked?

Summary

Peak oil has generated headlines in recent years, but the real threat to our future is peak water. There are substitutes for oil, but not for water. We can...

Research report

12 Aug 2013

This paper examines Malaysia’s relations with Australia and India, noting some of the commonalities and opportunities they share.

Summary

Under Prime Minister Najib Razak, Malaysia has continued to build on its foreign policy credentials, albeit in a more inclusive and nuanced manner....

Research report

30 Dec 2012

This report is produced under the auspices of the Australian National Development Index (ANDI) project. The reason for generating this list is to document some of the most easily accessible population surveys concerning the measurement of wellbeing. This information may assist the preliminary qualitative phase...

Article

30 Jun 2013

It has long been obvious to many who struggle with mental and/or cognitive impairment (and their supporters) and whose lives are enmeshed with the criminal justice system that they are not well served by our public institutions. Evidence from all ‘Western’ countries, particularly the United...

Article

15 Aug 2013

Thanks in large part to the Victorian Aboriginal Justice Agreement, Victoria’s Aboriginal imprisonment rate remains lower than the national average. But, warns Professor Chris Cunneen, tougher penalties are having a disproportionate effect on Aboriginal Victorians and pushing up rates.

I am not...

Research report

15 Aug 2013

The Brotherhood of St Laurence’s longitudinal Life Chances Study started in Melbourne in 1990. The study has comprised ten stages, the most recent completed in 2012 when the children, who were born in 1990, were 21 years old.

This paper presents an overview of...

Research report

15 Aug 2013

The next government has a primary requirement to be well briefed on the challenges inherent in Australia’s strategic circumstances and the policy options available to it. ASPI is publishing this report to layout our strategic choices and to provide recommendations.

Contributors are Peter Jennings...

Research report

14 Aug 2013

This the first in a series of three papers commissioned for a project that ASPI has been jointly running with Canada’s Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). The project explores the rationale for and possible mechanisms of closer Australia–Canada defence and security cooperation...

Research report

15 Aug 2013

Aims: To evaluate offender and victim satisfaction with New South Wales (NSW) Youth Justice Conferences (YJCs) immediately after conference participation and to re-assess victim satisfaction 4 months after the conference date.

Method: A self-report survey designed to assess satisfaction with YJCs was...

Research report

15 Aug 2013

This paper outlines the results of an analysis of both the Government’s legislated policies and a range of approaches the Coalition could take to implement its policy platform.

The Coalition is yet to announce details of key elements of its policy. To capture a...

Research report

14 Aug 2013

The Climate Institute requested SKM MMA and Centre of Policy Studies (CoPS) to undertake an assessment of alternative policy options to achieve a given carbon emission target in Australia. The focus of the study was to compare outcomes under a suite of subsidy based policies...

Research report

14 Aug 2013

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the administration, by Department of Health and Ageing and the Commonwealth partners, of the 2008 and 2011 Heads of Agreement for the management, operation and funding of the Mersey Community Hospital.

Overall conclusion

In November 2007,...

Research report

24 Jun 2013

This study examined a range of evidence about the barriers to - and facilitators of - the engagement of interpreters as experienced by the health sector and its practitioners.

Executive summary

Effective communication between health practitioners and their clients is fundamental to...

Research report

16 Aug 2013

Home education, otherwise known as home schooling, appears to be a growing phenomenon in NSW and other parts of Australia. Whilst official numbers indicate that about 11,000 children are home educated in Australia each year, some believe that the true figure was closer to 50,000...

Research report

16 Aug 2013

This report presents the results of an inquiry into the impacts on health of air quality in Australia, and makes several recommendations.

Terms of reference

On 28 November 2012 the Senate referred the following matter to the Senate Community Affairs Committee for...

Research report

9 Aug 2013

Following the debate surrounding Crown Limited’s unsolicited proposal to build and operate a six-star hotel and VIP casino at Barangaroo, this paper explains NSW Government policy on unsolicited proposals.

Introduction

The NSW Government’s process for dealing with unsolicited proposals from the private...

Research report

14 Aug 2013

This paper unearths a selection of innovative design and procurement outcomes from the Social Housing Initiative and examines the factors that influenced these outcomes and allowed them to occur.

Executive summary

This Positioning Paper is the outcome of Stage 1 of a...

Research report

15 Jun 2011

This report makes up the first output of a research study entitled Homelessness prevention for women and children who have experienced domestic and family violence: Innovations in policy and practice.

Research report

5 Aug 2013

This report finds that one of the more striking stories about the social networking population has been the growth among older internet users in recent years.

Overview

The Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project has been studying online adults’ social...

Research report

7 Aug 2013

This report finds that digital banking, by both internet and cell phone, is on the rise.

Overview

Fifty-one percent of U.S. adults, or 61% of internet users, bank online. Thirty-two percent of U.S. adults, or 35% of cell phone owners, bank using...

Research report

8 Aug 2013

The Australian Centre of Excellence for Local Government (ACELG) has published a new paper that compares the various approaches in each Australian jurisdiction toward implementing local government reforms, with a particular look at requirements for strategic and corporate planning and reporting.

Each state requires...

Journal article

9 Aug 2013

The prevalence of informal publishing or grey literature in education appears to have increased as digital technologies have become main-stream, educators have become more proficient and policies have moved increasingly towards supporting its use. In addition, the take up of social networking technologies and innovative...

Research report

14 Aug 2013

This report identifies and measures the usage and activities of Australia's public library services and the services they offer.

Foreword

The National Library and the State and Territory libraries throughout Australia are represented by the peak body, National & State Libraries Australasia...

Research report

2 Aug 2013

Executive summary

Research background

The Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) regulates broadcasting, telecommunications, radio communications and the Internet in Australia. As part of its responsibilities the ACMA manages a national cybersafety education program entitled ‘Cybersmart’. The program targets children, parents,...

Research report

15 Aug 2013

CEOs and other senior executives are increasingly engaged as their companies step up efforts to build digital enterprises.

As businesses continue to embrace digital tools and technologies—especially when engaging with customers—C-level executives in a recent McKinsey survey 1 say they are...

15 Aug 2013

Learning with technology raises a range of issues not the least of which is equity of learning outcomes. Studies on the supply of technological devices to students in order to access online materials and communicate locally and globally have mainly focussed on the use of...

Guide

15 Aug 2013

Bring your own device (BYOD), or sometimes BYOT (Bring your own technology), or BYOB (Bring your own browser) refers to technology models where students and staff bring a personally-owned device to school for the purpose of learning.

The type of devices that students might...

Transcript

16 Oct 2012

Abstract: This paper investigates an initiative by a New Zealand School to integrate one-to-one ICTs into the learning process, called 'Bring your own device' (BYOD). Prior to embarking on the BYOD initiative, similar past initiatives have been studied and some persistent issues have been identified....

Research report

15 Aug 2013

With millions of scientists and scholars around the world busily pursuing their research, the accumulation of data is vast and growing. Digital technology facilitates the generation and storage of myriad forms of data generated in the course of research, even beyond anything that might necessarily...

Research report

14 Aug 2013

This report shows that most video on demand and catch up TV providers are failing to make their content accessible for Deaf and hearing impaired viewers.

“Consumers are increasingly watching TV programs and movies online, on a variety of devices,” said the author of...

Research report

14 Aug 2013

This white paper examines the transformation of public spaces through free Wi-Fi services offered by Australian cultural institutions and municipalities.

Australian public institutions have been slower to offer free Wi-Fi services compared to their counterparts in Europe and the United States. Nevertheless, public institutions...

Research report

6 Aug 2013

This report finds that the Government of New South Wales does not have a complete picture of the harm caused by alcohol in terms of its costs and effects on society.

Executive summary

Background

While most people consume alcohol responsibly,...

Research report

24 Jul 2013

This report finds that ambulances in New South Wales wait longer at hospital emergency departments today than in previous years.

Executive summary

Background

The Ambulance Service of New South Wales plays an important role in our health system. Its paramedics...

Audio program

9 Aug 2013

Reflecting the diversity of challenges that now confront us, speakers at RMIT's People and the Planet 2013 conference from 2-4 July addressed nine interconnecting research themes:

Urban Sustainability Cultural Sustainability Climate Change Adaptation Community Sustainability Globalization and Culture Human Security and Disasters Corporate Social...

Research report

12 Aug 2013

This report contains data on the value of monthly commitments for secured housing finance, other personal finance, commercial and lease finance.

Includes summary tables of personal and commercial finance commitments under fixed and revolving credit facilities, the value of goods under finance lease commitments,...

Guide

14 Aug 2013

A ground-breaking new approach to building capacity for Aboriginal child and family service delivery is emerging in New South Wales (NSW). A partnership model is supporting two-way learning between mainstream non-government organisations (NGOs) and Aboriginal communities. This model has a strong capacity building focus. It...

Literature review

14 Aug 2013

Executive summary: This report explores the relationship between climate change and liveability in remote Australia. The term ‘liveability’ here describes the state of wellbeing realised by the sum of interactions between the physical and social environment, with health and infrastructure as the primary focus....

Research report

13 Aug 2013

This publication provides a comprehensive analysis of the growth, direction and composition of Australia's goods and services trade relations with each of the countries of East Asia.

Overview of trade with East Asia

Australia’s balance of trade in goods and services with...

Research report

12 May 2013

This report looks at the immediate and long-term issues facing homeless mothers, their children and those who experienced homelessness as a child. Conducted through an in depth review of existing studies, a series of qualitative interviews with Wesley Mission clients and a policy and practice...

Website

PolitiFact Australia is a fact-checking website that rates the accuracy of claims by elected officials and other influential people in the Australian political debate.

It is the first international licensee of the Pulitzer-prize winning US site, PolitiFact.com.

PolitiFact Australia is a non-partisan, independent...

Website

Election FactCheck is an independent, non-partisan public service that will test the truthfulness of political statements during Australia’s federal election campaign.

Academics with subject expertise will check claims by politicians, interest groups and the media for accuracy. A second academic will independently review the...

Policy

30 Jul 2013

The Business Council of Australia has developed an action plan for Australia’s future with the overarching vision of securing enduring prosperity for all Australians.

We believe Australia’s future can be prosperous in every way, but this will depend on maintaining strong economic growth and...

Research report

8 Aug 2013

This report models the cost-benefits of introducing diversionary programs early in life for people with mental health disorders and cognitive impairment.

This report uses New South Wales as the example for discussion as it has the best information on mental health disorders and cognitive...

Video

12 Aug 2013

ABC broadcaster Jon Faine has led a panel discussion on the power of individuals to drive change at a forum hosted by RMIT University.

The People ' s Voice: instrument for change or just a lot of noise was the first event in...

Guide

12 Aug 2013

This booklet is intended to help Australians navigate the different phases of ageing.

Introduction

Retirement can come upon us suddenly or it can be a gradual process that is carefully planned and anticipated over the years. The choices and experiences of retirement...

Policy

7 Aug 2013

The purpose of this document is to summarise the consultation process undertaken by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) during its review of earthquake-prone building policy.

The document includes a summary of:

the regional public information seminars submissions in response to:...

Research report

11 Jul 2013

This paper argues that Australia is unlikely to reach its goal of becoming a top 5 nation in education by 2025 without a major change in education policies.

Executive summary

The Australia in the Asian Century White Paper has set the laudable...

Research report

8 Aug 2013

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the design and implementation of the Liveable Cities Program, including the assessment and approval of applications.

Overall conclusion

Through the LCP, a total of $20 million in grant funding was awarded to 26 projects located in...

Research report

30 Jul 2013

Over the last three years, the Boston Mayor's Office of New Urban Mechanics , the innovative, collaborative ethos within City Hall fostered by Mayor Menino and his current chief of staff, Mitchell Weiss, and Boston's launch of a Customer relationship management (CRM) system and its...

Research report

9 Aug 2013

This report outlines Australia’s policy framework for greenhouse gas emissions reduction, identifies areas of potential change in the near term, and attempts to evaluate the impact of current policies on Australia’s emissions trajectory to 2020. It assesses Australia’s international commitments, and the major policies of...

Research report

8 Aug 2013

This booklet argues that a rise of only a few degrees in the average global temperature risks our prosperity, security, and health.

Synopsis

Today, CO2 emissions from fossil fuels are around 50 per cent higher than they were 20 years ago, and...

Research report

12 Aug 2013

Thirteen years on from the release of the 2000 Defence white paper (D2000), we're still waiting for some of the major ADF capabilities it announced to be realised. This paper, by Andrew Davies, reviews the 31 major capability announcements made back then. It suggests its...

Research report

5 Aug 2013

This paper addresses the many barriers to including tactical nuclear weapons in disarmament talks. It considers the difficulty of bringing other emerging powers such as China into the nuclear arms control equation.

The study proposes a new arms control treaty that would ban outright...

Research report

8 Aug 2013

In the increasingly dynamic environment of mobile forensics, this paper provides an overview of the capabilities of three popular mobile forensic tools on three mobile phones based on Apple’s iOS, Google’s Android and RIM’s BlackBerry operating systems.

The paper identifies where each specific tool...

Journal article

19 Sep 2012

Abstract: Using two different measures of park area, at three buffer distances, we sought to investigate the ways in which park area and proximity to parks, are related to the frequency of walking (for all purposes) in Australian adults. Little previous research has been conducted...

Research report

7 Aug 2013

This paper explores the link between tax reform and smaller government.

Executive summary

The TARGET30 campaign by The Centre for Independent Studies advocates reducing the size of general government in Australia (defined as total federal, state and local government expenses) from 35%...

Research report

8 Aug 2013

Blogging, once a trendy new phenomenon in the early days of the World Wide Web, is now almost two decades old. But bloggers continue to fill information voids in countries where free speech is constricted or forbidden. Some bloggers play the role of citizen journalist,...

Research report

8 Aug 2013

The relationship between Australia and India is poised at an historic moment. Consciously overcoming a challenging period, leaders of the two countries have realised new levels of mutual trust and confidence that are in turn generating policy momentum. Ahead of preparations for the 2013 Australia-India...

Research report

12 Aug 2013

This paper finds that the national decline in robbery and theft offences is partly due to a reduction in heroin use and partly due to improvements in the economy, but that other factors are likely to have also played a role.

Aim: To...

Policy

7 Aug 2013

This strategy outlines a vision of where Australia's relationship with South Korea should be in 2025 and how Australia should get there.

Over the past 50 years, South Korea has successfully transformed its economic landscape. Since the devastation of the Korean War between 1950...

Research report

6 Aug 2013

This paper argues that the Commonwealth Government should reconsider any plan to end its university open access policy.

Overview

After just 18 months of operation, Australia’s radical experiment in uncapping undergraduate university enrolments is under threat. According to its critics – which...

Policy

30 Jul 2013

his paper presents the Australian Council of Social Service's (ACOSS) vision for reconciliation.

Summary

ACOSS’ commitment to reconciliation has been demonstrated over many years through mutually respectful relationships with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander organisations and people, joint campaigns and problem solving...

8 Aug 2013

WHILE we might softly applaud this week’s call by Richard Vines, a former director of the Victorian Labor Party’s fundraising arm, Progressive Business, for greater transparency in campaign donations, his proffered reforms are wholly inadequate. In fact, the United States – hardly a bastion of...

Research report

8 Aug 2013

To address the considerable challenges faced by those caring for a person with a psychiatric disability, this report follows a study into access to Carer Payment and Carer Allowance by carers of a person with a mental illness. Invisible Care provides detailed analysis of the...

Video

19 Jul 2013

On July 11, 2013 Holly Harrison, director of marketing for Paper Darts and communications and accounts manager for Lake Street Council , shared with us her insights and best practices on how nonprofits can use niche social media sites like Pinterest , Tumblr and Instagram...

Guide

8 Aug 2013

In our increasingly data-driven world, nonprofits need more than ever to be able to measure and monitor the effectiveness of their programs. It’s difficult to improve program services or reach without first measuring current effectiveness. How many meals served at a soup kitchen, the number...

8 Aug 2013

Summary:

Australia is multicultural society with one in four Australians born overseas and speaking more than 200 languages. Migrating to a new country can be stressful and research has shown that many migrants and newly arrived refugee’s face many challenges in their settlement....

Journal article

8 Aug 2013

The deliberative conception of the public sphere has proven popular in the critical evaluation of the democratic role of media and communication. However, the conception has come under sustained critique from poststructuralist- influenced theorists, amongst others, for failing to fully account for the exclusions that...

Journal article

5 Feb 2013

Abstract: Resilience and sustainability are two primary objectives for future cities. The violent consequences of extreme natural events and the environmental, social and economic burden of contemporary cities make the concepts of resilience and sustainability extremely relevant. In this paper we analyze the different...

Research report

8 Aug 2013

This fifth edition in the annual K-12 series of the NMC Horizon Project examines emerging technologies for their potential impact on and use in teaching, learning, and creative inquiry within the environment of pre-college education. Six emerging technologies are identified across three adoption horizons over...

8 Aug 2013

In June, I represented the Australian Copyright Council at the World Intellectual Property Organisation Diplomatic Conference in Marrakech to negotiate a treaty for access to published works for people who are blind, vision impaired or otherwise print disabled. The two week conference successfully concluded...

8 Aug 2013

By Terry Flew , Queensland University of Technology

“Mr Murdoch is entitled to his own view… he owns 70% of the newspapers in this country.” – Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, press conference, 6 August .

One of the more spirited discussions...

Video

1 Aug 2013

In this seminar Professor Michael Wesley of the National Security College examines the nexus between wealth, power and identity in Asia's rapidly developing societies and what it means for the future of the region.

The rapid development of Asia has revived an old...

Audio program

21 Jul 2013

The humble light-bulb has now entered the ‘smart’ technology zone. Australian inventor Phil Bosua has created a screw-in LED bulb that’s also a Wi-Fi enabled computer. His device could do for lighting what the smart-phone did for the mobile.

And he’s not alone in...

Research report

5 Aug 2013

Regular attendance at school provides children with opportunities to develop the basic skills for learning, and assists in the development of social skills including communication, self-esteem, teamwork and friendship building.

Attendance is a precursor for learning and onward skill development. Understanding how patterns of...

Research report

7 Aug 2013

Abstract: With rising sea levels, changes in precipitation patterns and an increased incidence of severe weather events being predicted as a result of global climate change, the Department of Conservation commissioned a study to determine the potential impacts of these effects on New Zealand’s archaeological...

Research report

7 Aug 2013

Abstract: Despite a long-held popular belief that nature is ‘healthy’ for people, exactly how or even whether this is true has only recently been subject to scientific scrutiny. This report reviews key literature relevant to the relationship between conservation and health and wellbeing (HWB) benefits,...

Research report

6 Aug 2013

Asking whether young people will swing the 2013 election? The Australia Institute conducted an online survey in May 2013. Respondents were sourced from a reputable independent online panel, and earn reward points to participate. Results were post weighted (n = 806) by age and gender...

Research report

30 Jul 2013

This snapshot updates statistical information on key economic indicators, thereby presenting an updated snapshot of the NSW economy and providing relevant points of comparison with other Australian States and Territories.

Statistics are updated to the end of the most recent quarter available. Most indicators...

Research report

25 Jul 2013

This resource sheet provides an overview of the existing research on women's experiences of sexual harassment and street harassment. It also considers conceptual models of sexual violence that are inclusive of these experiences.

Women's experiences of street harassment and sexual harassment are focused on...

Research report

2 Aug 2013

This report reviews Australia's freedom of information laws and the extent to which they provide an effective framework for access to government information.

Summary of findings

The Review finds that the reforms have been operating as intended and have been generally well-received....

Policy

23 Jul 2013

In 2008 Australian Governments committed to work with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people on an incredibly important task - to achieve equality in health status and life expectancy between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and non-Indigenous Australians by the year 2031. The commitment...

Research report

4 Aug 2013

This report finds that having one body responsible for compliance and monitoring is crucial to maintaining the quality of Australia’s higher education sector.

Introduction

On the 29th of May 2013, the Australian Government announced its action plan, Assuring quality while reducing regulatory...

Research report

27 Jun 2013

Overview

The earthquakes that hit the Canterbury region in 2010/11 destroyed a significant amount of rental housing and damaged many homes. This has resulted in reduced supply, increased demand and increases in rental costs. The average weekly rent in the Greater Christchurch area...

Chapter

3 Apr 2013

This book chapter sets out the scientific case for legal and technology adaptation responses in the electricity infrastructure sector in the face climate extremes and disasters.

Abstract

The threats of climate change to electricity infrastructure have been well documented and may be...

Research report

29 Jul 2013

This report presents the key findings of a project on the opportunities for investment and job growth in the Latrobe Valley.

Executive summary

1. The project aims to analyse the current economic and labour situation, as well as to consider the future...

Research report

30 Apr 2013

Anyone observing the world in which they live can see how the outputs of research improve our life, work and environment. Some people believe that if governments invest specifically in research designed to produce immediately useful outcomes, it could ensure an even higher return on...

Research report

1 Apr 2013

Universities around the world are coming under greater pressure to increase their productivity, often because of reduced funding in the context of increasing student demand. At the same time, many governments are looking to universities to produce short-term practical outcomes, commercialise their intellectual property, and...

Research report

2 Aug 2013

This paper explores the educational experiences of children and young people living in foster care in Queensland. Findings are drawn from the responses of 845 children and 1180 young people to the 2011 Views of Children and Young People in Foster Care survey, which is...

Policy

2 Aug 2013

This Strategy was prepared by the Local Government Practice Unit of Local Government Managers Australia (LGMA) on behalf of the Australian Centre of Excellence for Local Government (ACELG), Workforce Development Program.

Executive summary

This National Local Government Workforce Strategy (‘the Strategy’) is...

Video

1 Aug 2013

Politics and the media move fast. But the longer-term work of democracy and government goes on, often dealing with complex policy issues of major importance.

In this event at Crawford School of Public Policy, Michael Wesley of the National Security College, James Button...

5 Aug 2013

THE Palladium, a seventeen-storey residential tower under construction on Adelaide’s Light Square, is being marketed as the city’s “most indulgent address.” Potential residents have been invited to express their interest in acquiring one of the fifty-four “luxurious,” “sophisticated” and “exclusive” apartments.

Just metres away,...

Research report

5 Aug 2013

Aim: To determine whether changes to legislation and regulation of licensed premises have affected the willingness of staff in both Top 100 and unranked premises to report assaults on licensed premises.

Method: A random sample of 1600 assaults over the period from...

Research report

1 Aug 2013

Summary

The first annual report on the health indicators in the Indigenous Early Childhood Development National Partnership Agreement finds areas of improvement in the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and mothers including:

a 46% decline in infant mortality for...

Research report

1 Aug 2013

Summary

This report is the fourth in a series that builds the evidence base on the health of Australia's males. This report has a focus on males aged 25 and over, who comprise two-thirds of the Australian male population and encompasses diverse life...

Research report

1 Aug 2013

Summary

The years from birth to young adulthood (ages 0-24) encompass a breadth of life stages in which males undergo major developmental changes and acquire important social and health behaviours. In 2011, 3.7 million males (more than one-third of the Australian male population)...

Research report

31 Jul 2013

Summary

There are apparent inconsistencies in clinical urgency categorisation among the states and territories, so recent national reporting of comparable elective surgery waiting times data has not used the national data on clinical urgency category. Variation in the recording of waiting times for...

Research report

5 Aug 2013

Executive summary

The ADF needs to be prepared for four main tasks: defence of Australian sovereign territory; assist larger international forces; counter-insurgency; and disaster relief. With rising demand for land, resources and food, Australia is at greater risk of threats from major powers...

Research report

23 Jul 2013

This paper examines how childhood trauma experienced by Indigenous children can be overcome by appropriate interventions.

Introduction

While many Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian children grow up in safe homes and live in safe communities, there are some who do not. In the...

Research report

1 Aug 2013

Summary

Contrary to public perception, the property crime rate in Australia actually declined between 2001 and 2010. There is a reality gap between declining crime rates and the popular rhetoric of ‘tough on crime’ media stories and political policies. Campaigning in the recent...

Research report

31 Jul 2013

This publication examines what role the G20 can play in international development.

Key findings:

Development is a key component of the G20, but there are concerns over the effectiveness of the current development agenda. The criticism includes that the development agenda is...

Research report

30 Jun 2013

Executive summary

The border dispute between India and China is long and unique with disputes over length, control and third parties such as Tibet. From 1999 until 2008 India and China made fresh efforts to resolve the dispute, however these have faltered and...

Research report

1 Aug 2013

This paper provides analysis of trends over time in the availability and type of substances sold via the internet to Australia.

Key finding:

The number of retailers on the Silk Road increased (from 282 at time 1 to 374 at the last...

Research report

22 Jul 2013

This report highlights some of the ways in which Australian families with children under 18 years old have changed or remained stable.

Key messages

This fact sheet examines the extent and nature of change in household and family forms. The broad trends...

Research report

1 Aug 2013

This report outlines the results of an approach modelled on a cost-benefit analysis methodology undertaken by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment in 2012.

This report examines 18 of the 19 events that received an investment from the Major Events Development Fund (MEDF)...

Research report

22 Jul 2013

Introduction

Is cybercrime, cyber espionage, and other malicious cyber activities what some call “the greatest transfer of wealth in human history,” or is it what others say is a “rounding error in a fourteen trillion dollar economy?”

The wide range of existing...

Research report

30 Jul 2013

This report examined the extent of e-crime in the United Kingdom.

Conclusions

The Committee concluded that:

A dedicated state of the art espionage response team should be established so that British companies, media, and institutions can immediately contact it to report...

Research report

29 Jul 2013

This report finds that, in many cases, the price differences for IT products cannot be explained by the cost of doing business in Australia.

Foreword

The importance of IT products to every sector of Australian society can hardly be overstated. IT products...

Research report

23 Jul 2013

This report makes several recommendations to help achieve a public safety mobile broadband network.

On 28 May 2013, the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Law Enforcement (the committee) self-referred an inquiry into spectrum for public safety mobile broadband.

The terms of reference are as...

Research report

17 Jul 2013

Is what was dubbed “the miracle” of the South African transition from apartheid censorship to democracy and freedom of expression coming undone? Does the country now have the diverse and vibrant media culture essential to any functioning democracy? How, if at all, have U.S. and...

31 Jul 2013

The creation of Disability Care and the heightened attention for the social inclusion and needs of people with a disability within Australia will have profound long term positive impacts, but the unfortunate truth is the ‘host of problems’ in group homes described in The Age...

30 Jul 2013

IN THE same month that the Guardian began publishing Edward Snowden’s revelations of secret internet surveillance in the United States and Britain, the Australian parliament passed its first comprehensive legislative protection for government whistleblowers. The coincidence inevitably raises the question: would Australia’s new laws protect...

Transcript

1 Aug 2013

Introduction: Broadband is described as essential civic infrastructure of the twenty-first century, yet Australian local authorities have taken few initiatives to provide it as a local public good, similar to physical facilities and community services. This situation contrasts with local initiatives in many other...

Policy

25 Jul 2013

The purpose of this document is to indicate the New Zealand Arts Council’s strategic direction over the period 2013–16 and to consult with the NZ public.

The plan is intended to: • set out where we will focus our attention over the medium term...