September 2013

Report

27 Sep 2013

This report presents results from an initial analysis of the 2012 SPPA. It contains statistics with demographic insights about U.S. adults' participation across five modes of art activity: attending; reading books and literature; consuming through electronic media; making and sharing; and learning. Findings are discussed...

Report

30 Sep 2013

The National Water Account is an annual publication delivered by the Bureau of Meteorology. It contains standardised information about the management of Australia's water resources.

What is in the National Water Account?

The National Water Account is Australia’s most comprehensive water information report....

Discussion paper

30 Sep 2013

In this paper presented to the NZ Treasury, Jonathan Boston asks how governments can build good societies—specifically, what kind of public and economic policies should be pursued to reach this goal.

Introduction : Public policy is an inherently ethical undertaking. It poses fundamental...

Report

18 Sep 2013

Introduction

This Resource Sheet examines evidence for the effectiveness of mentoring programs in helping to set Indigenous young people at risk of engaging in antisocial and risky behaviours on healthier life pathways.

Mentoring is a relationship intervention strategy that research is showing...

Transcript

30 Apr 2013

This paper looks back at a 1963 United Nations seminar on police and human rights to consider the hopes that were held for the event, the course of its deliberations, and observe the scope of debate around its outcomes at that time.

Introduction...

Report

25 Sep 2013

Temporary migrants represent a growing source of employment in some sectors of the New Zealand labour market, particularly in agriculture and hospitality related industries. This research finds that temporary migration had a positive impact on the labour market outcomes of New Zealanders overall and was...

26 Sep 2013

The use of the internet by younger children, from 0 to 8 years, may have both benefits and risks. Research into how the Internet is used by young children and the effects on children’s development is relatively uncommon compared to research about older learners. However,...

Dataset

19 Sep 2013

This first issue publication presents output and statistical results from the 2011 Migrants Census Data Enhancement (CDE) Project, one of the several projects undertaken following the 2011 Census. It involves linking data from the 2011 Census to data from the Department of Immigration and Citizenship's...

Report

25 Sep 2013

This report finds that expenditure on health in Australia was estimated to be $140.2 billion in 2011-12, up from $82.9 billion in 2001-02.

Summary

This report provides estimates of health expenditure in Australia between 2001-02 and 2011-12. Expenditure was estimated to be...

Report

13 Aug 2013

ASPI hosted a conference on Maritime Confidence Building Measures (MCBMs) in the South China Sea, 12-13 August 2013 in Sydney. The objective of the conference was to develop proposals for prospective MCBMs for the South China Sea.

This report includes speeches by Senator Bob...

Guide

29 Sep 2011

Twitter is a form of free micro-blogging which allows users to send and receive short public messages called tweets. Tweets are limited to no more than 140 characters, and can include links to blogs, web pages, images, videos and all other material online. You can...

Report

26 Sep 2013

The European Union (EU) was founded on the principles of liberty, democracy, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. The accession process for new EU member states ensures that new countries adhere to these basic principles of democracy. But there...

Discussion paper

26 Sep 2013

This report is intended to assist people making a submission to the Productivity Commission's inquiry into the import of processed fruit products.

About the inquiry

On 21 June 2013, the Australian Government asked the Commission to inquire into whether safeguard action under...

Discussion paper

26 Sep 2013

This report is intended to assist people making a submission to the Productivity Commission's inquiry into the import of processed tomato products.

About the inquiry

On 21 June 2013, the Australian Government asked the Commission to inquire into whether safeguard action under...

Report

26 Sep 2013

This report documents the scale of the Melbourne’s recent inner-city high rise apartment boom and the scale of its likely further expansion.

It shows that it is an investor led boom, which is disconnected from any underlying increased preference for apartment living. It is...

Report

26 Sep 2013

This report presents a summary of the key themes emerging from the public submissions received by the Australian Bureau of Statistics on the proposed content and procedures for the 2016 Census of Population and Housing.

Public consultation on the content for the 2016 Census...

Report

26 Sep 2013

This paper presents quarterly estimates of total population for states, territories and Australia. It includes numbers (and some rates) of births, deaths, infant deaths, interstate and overseas movements.

Quarterly and/or annual time series tables throughout. Also includes projected resident populations, projected population in households,...

Report

26 Sep 2013

This audit is the fifteenth in a series of audits and fulfils the Senate’s request for the Auditor‐General to provide an annual report on the use of confidentiality provisions in Australian Government contracts.

The audit objective was to assess the appropriateness of the use...

Journal article

2 Sep 2013

This article presents a quantitative study of how the gender composition of conversing Twitter users influences the linguistic style apparent in the messages.

Abstract

We examine the connection between language, gender, and social relationships, as manifested through communication patterns in social media....

Journal article

2 Sep 2013

This article argues that social network diversity affords both benefits and burdens to users in terms of online political engagement.

Abstract

Previous research suggests that network diversity is associated with higher levels of political engagement due to enhanced political interest. However, network...

Report

11 Jul 2013

One in approximately eight Australian IPs are exposed to one or more web threats on any typical day, finds this report released by an Australian Research Council (ARC) Linkage Project (31) involving Trend Micro and Deakin University. The researchers’ analysed malicious activity from over 200,000,000...

25 Sep 2013

THE recent election in Australia demonstrated, yet again, the urgent need for research and debate to inform, inspire and challenge public policy. Improving our understanding of the great problems facing society is an ongoing imperative for academics.

While the call for policy relevant research...

Report

20 Sep 2013

This paper seeks to highlight, for the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD), the possibilities offered by Big Data, to warn of some of the associated risks and implications of using it, and to recommend some of the work that should now be set in motion....

Journal article

2 Sep 2013

Abstract

This paper is a reflection on the process of engaging with Twitter from the perspective of a researcher and a user. It includes the author’s experiences as a content producer on Twitter during wildfires in Colorado, followed by the experience of researching...

Discussion paper

30 Jul 2013

This paper explores the importance of evidentiary references to song and ceremony in land claims and analyses judges' reports to show how references to song and ceremony have figured in them.

The first section of the paper looks at how song and ceremony sit...

Video

24 Sep 2013

In this session, Jo Chandler, Journalist and Honorary Fellow, Alfred Deakin Research Institute, discusses violence and the media in PNG. This session is part of the gender-based violence panel.

This lecture is part of the 2013 Pacific and PNG Update. The updates are...

Report

3 Sep 2013

The UK Government’s commitment to increasing access to published research findings, and its desire to achieve full open access, are welcome however, whilst Gold open access is a desirable ultimate goal, focusing on it during the transition to a fully open access world is a...

Discussion paper

26 Sep 2013

The paper is about the sources of growth in income in Australia and the effects of structural change on the distribution of income between labour and capital. The main objective is to find an explanation for the fall in the labour share of income in...

Report

19 Sep 2013

This report overviews the purpose, scope, design and administration of the Commission’s fourth Views of Young People in Residential Care Survey, conducted across Queensland in 2012. It also presents findings about the characteristics, circumstances and self-identified needs of young people who participated in the survey...

Commentary

18 Sep 2013

In Australia’s middle and outer suburbs, rooftop solar technology provides a clear way to reduce the emissions from the energy our houses use. But higher density housing types (apartments and medium density housing) do not lend themselves to rooftop solar at the scale needed to...

Report

19 Sep 2013

This survey found that businesses that pursued innovation were more than twice as likely to have improved their productivity than those that didn't.

This release contains summary business characteristics data, as collected by the 2011-12 Business Characteristics Survey (BCS). It presents data on a...

Report

30 May 2013

Executive summary

This is the final report following a series of five research reports prepared for the Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs over the last two years on Indigenous homelessness in regional Australia.

The overall aim of this...

Report

18 Sep 2013

This report uses 42 distinct variables to create an index ranking of countries around the world based on policies that encourage economic freedom, and places Australia at number 10.

Executive summary

The index published in Economic Freedom of the World measures the...

Article

19 Sep 2013

This article argues that immigration detention leads to unnecessary suffering and illness.

Since 2004 Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has provided medical and psychosocial support for asylum seekers and migrants held in different immigration detention facilities across Europe (in Greece, Malta, Italy and Belgium) where...

Article

19 Sep 2013

This article argues that community detention, when underpinned by appropriate opportunities and support, comprises a far more humane and effective model for asylum seekers than closed detention.

Moved by the plight of vulnerable asylum-seeking minors being held in detention centres, a group of Australian...

Briefing paper

25 Sep 2013

The Royal Commission has released its fourth Issues Paper Preventing Sexual Abuse of Children in Out-of-Home Care and is seeking submissions from interested individuals and government and non-government organisations about preventing sexual abuse of children in out-of-home care. Submissions due by 8 November 2013....

Report

29 Aug 2013

This report considers Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander participation in child protection decision-making. The report analyses current legal, policy and systems effectiveness in enabling the voice of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in decisions made for their children.

The Bringing them Home report...

Report

24 Sep 2013

This report examines sentencing outcomes for contravention of family violence intervention orders in Victoria over two periods: 2004–05 to 2006–07 and 2009–10 to 2011–12.

Summary

This report examines sentencing outcomes for contravention of family violence intervention orders over two periods: 2004–05 to...

Report

25 Sep 2013

This research investigated the causal roots of local opposition to affordable housing projects in Australia. It shows that planning concerns (traffic and built form) can mask prejudice against low-income residents. However community opposition can be exacerbated by dismissive attitudes by government. Developers and government both...

Video

22 Sep 2013

Sylvia Nasar’s Grand Pursuit traces the birth and progress of modern economics, which grew from the idea that humans are not, after all, powerless in the face of an all-determining god – that we can determine our own lives, on a society-sized scale. This idea,...

Website

This is a site for anyone wanting an introduction to the rich history and contemporary culture of Indigenous Australia and is the online gateway to The Little Red Yellow Black Book: An introduction to Indigenous Australia .

Discussion paper

16 Sep 2013

This issues paper is intended to assist people preparing a submission to the Productivity Commission's new inquiry examining the current costs of accessing justice services and securing legal representation, and the impact of these costs on access to, and quality of justice.

Background...

Reports

23 Sep 2013

These three reports, published in September 2013, provide a summary of recorded crime in South Australia from 2007 to 2011.

Description

The Office of Crime Statistics and Research have published Crime Mapper annually in recent years. Crime Mapper is an online application...

Report

10 Sep 2013

This review examines whether new laws in New South Wales allow police to verify identification with appropriate regard to issues such as religious sensitivities.

Journal article

11 Sep 2013

This study estimates trajectories of receptive vocabulary development in relation to a wide range of candidate child, maternal and family level influences on receptive vocabulary development from 4–8 years.

Report

23 Sep 2013

This briefing paper explores how the failure to tackle climate change threatens all aspects of food security – availability, access, utilisation, and stability. The changing climate is already jeopardising gains in the fight against hunger, and it looks set to worsen. It threatens the production...

Briefing paper

24 Sep 2013

Key Points: Indo-Pacific offshore oil and gas exploration and exploitation activity is expanding massively in economically and strategically important, environmentally sensitive areas. The risks of offshore oil and gas safety and security incidents that could have regional economic, environmental, human, food, and energy consequences...

Report

9 Sep 2013

This guide curates scores of innovative, high impact policies that US city governments have put in place to help citizens share resources, co-produce, and create their own jobs. It focuses on sharing policy innovations in food, housing, transportation, and jobs -- key pocket book issues...

Report

31 Jul 2013

This research shows Australia has made significant progress towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions and building a low carbon economy.

Tracking Progress is the first whole-of-economy report on Australia’s progress in reducing emissions. It covers key sectors – Power, Industry, Buildings, Land-use and Waste,...

Report

24 Sep 2013

By 2030, 5 billion people—60 percent of the world’s population—will live in cities, compared with 3.6 billion today, turbocharging the world’s economic growth. Leaders in developing nations must cope with urbanization on an unprecedented scale, while those in developed ones wrestle with aging infrastructures and...

Report

20 Sep 2013

This is the second in a series of three papers commissioned for a project that ASPI has been jointly running with Canada’s Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). The project explores the rationale for and possible mechanisms of closer Australia–Canada defence and security cooperation in...

Report

20 Sep 2013

This is the third and final paper in a series commissioned for a project that ASPI has been jointly running with Canada’s Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI). The project explores the rationale for and possible mechanisms of closer Australia–Canada defence and security cooperation in...

Report

20 Sep 2013

Two years after the start of the Arab uprisings, the Middle East remains as tumultuous as ever. Despite the uncertainty and flux, a number of emerging trends will influence the region in the post-revolutionary period and well into the future.The first trend is a marked...

Report

13 Sep 2013

This publication reports on the oral health, dental visiting and dental treatment needs of Australian adults as self-reported in the National Dental Telephone Interview Survey (NDTIS) 2010. Time series data across all NDTISs conducted since 1994 are also presented to provide a picture of how...

Report

20 Sep 2013

This report examines movements between hospital and residential aged care by people aged 65 and over in 2008-09.

Summary

The use of hospitals by people living in residential care and the admission of people into residential care following a period in hospital...

Report

18 Sep 2013

This paper explores how internet voting could offer potential improvements in the way elections are managed and delivered in Australia.

Aims

The issue of internet voting is one of the more testing ones currently faced by election administrators, not least because of...

23 Sep 2013

OVER the past forty years the economic fortunes of Australian households have fallen into two fairly distinct periods. In the “disappointing decades” of the 1970s and 1980s, to use economist Bob Gregory’s label, real wages stagnated, unemployment increased fourfold and male full-time employment as a...

23 Sep 2013

ALTHOUGH healthcare didn’t feature strongly in the election campaign, attention is now turning to how Tony Abbott and his cabinet – and specifically his health minister, Peter Dutton – will manage this key portfolio, which consumes 16.2 per cent of the federal budget.

In...

Report

18 Sep 2013

The audit finds that the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development (DEECD) lacks a functional overarching information strategy and as a result, its approach to managing information systems varies.

Summary

Performance reporting plays a critical role in organisations’ ability to monitor...

Report

18 Sep 2013

This audit assessed the effectiveness of telecommunications management and expenditure control practices of Victoria Police, the Department of Human Services and the Department of Justice.

Summary

The agencies examined cannot be confident that they are effectively managing all aspects of their telecommunications...

Report

23 Sep 2013

This audit reviews two advertising campaigns by government agencies in New South Wales and finds that they complied with the relevant laws.

Conclusion

We assessed the activities of the two agencies in relation to their government advertising campaigns in 2012-13 and tested...

Report

7 Jun 2007

Media companies have high hopes that hyperlocal news online will bolster their newspapers' futures. But early returns suggest the financial outlook for such ventures is not bright.

Report

19 Sep 2013

This report explores the role of citizens' committees in Australian local government decision-making processes. The report will be a useful resource for councils looking to enhance the effectiveness of community committees.

Committee types include both council-appointed committees, and incorporated non-for-profit organisations.

The study...

Discussion paper

19 Sep 2013

Introduction: Growth in the manufacture, military use, and transfer of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs or drones) and their associated systems proceeds apace. UAVs were initially employed on an intermittent basis for search and reconnaissance purposes, but it took the New York attacks of September 11...

Website

The Library Publishing Toolkit is a book and a website that looks at the broad and varied landscape of library publishing through discussions, case studies, and shared resources. From supporting writers and authors in the public library setting to hosting open access journals and books,...

Working paper

30 Mar 2013

Building on previous work for Acas, this research project considers how and why employers use social media tools for recruitment, the risks and opportunities and the implications for provision of advice to managers, workers and employer and employee representative bodies. It also looks at the...

Thesis

30 Jun 2012

Abstract: Online deceptive advertisements engender distrust among cyber-consumers, leaving many negative physical and emotional effects and financial losses; we find that such incidents occur in every country in the world. This research addressed issues with online fraud and deceptive advertising related to cyber-consumer transactions (CCT)...

Journal article

19 Sep 2013

Introduction: The research from which this piece derives explores political remix video (PRV), a genre in which remixers critique dominant discourses and power structures through guerrilla remixing of copyrighted footage (“What Is Political Remix Video?”). Specifically, I examined the works of political video remixer...

Audio

19 Sep 2013

Jonathan Harris discusses how he combines elements of computer science, anthropology, visual art, statistics and storytelling to create works of art. His recent projects include; Building the world’s largest time capsule, documenting an Eskimo whale hunt and co creating we feel fine - a data...

Audio interview

16 Sep 2013

In January of 2012 a British mathematician posted a humble invitation on his blog for fellow academics and researchers to join him in boycotting the prestigious research publisher Elsevier. Citing high prices, exploitative bundling practices, and lobbying efforts to prevent open access to research, the...

Journal article

2 Sep 2013

This study explored gender differences in urban adolescent Internet access, usage and motives. Data were collected from 914 urban school students in Malaysia. Factor analysis revealed that eroticism, entertainment, social-interaction, shopping and information/ surveillance are the key drivers for adolescence Internet usage. No differences between...

Report

19 Sep 2013

Executive Summary: Grandparents have long played a major role in the lives of their children and grandchildren, with some providing extensive emotional, material and practical support. Since the last quarter of the 20th century in Australia as in many other countries, grandparent carers -...

Audio

18 Jun 2013

As we hurtle through the second decade of the 21st century, the pressure for radical change in mainstream education is becoming ever more urgent. Redesigning Education captures the journeys of cities and countries around the world as they travel from the education systems they have...

Report

18 Sep 2013

Green schools are healthier, more productive places to learn.

Across Australia, most of our 9,500 schools and many of our tertiary institutions have been built to meet only minimum building code requirements. The result is facilities that are not necessarily designed to provide comfortable,...

Journal article

9 Aug 2013

Abstract

The use of software is ubiquitous in the creation of many copyright works, yet the requirement in copyright law that every work have a human author who engages in independent intellectual effort means that its use may prevent copyright subsistence. Several recent...

Discussion paper

30 Jul 2013

Covering the essentials (1265.1 Kb PDF) is a report published by Good Shepherd Microfinance aimed at increasing access and affordability of insurance for people on low incomes.

The report shows a high level of latent interest in improving access to insurance for people on...

Journal article

16 Sep 2013

This article examines and evaluates three possible reform options to ensure copyright protection for computer-generated works.

Abstract

This article builds on the author’s recent article ‘The Vanishing Author in Computer- Generated Works: A Critical Analysis of Recent Australian Case Law’. That article...

Report

13 Sep 2013

This short paper argues that the Coalition’s Climate policy remains unclear, and no independent analysis has shown that it can achieve substantial, absolute reductions in national emissions.

The new Coalition Government has said that it will seek to:

Remove a price and limit...

Report

30 Jan 2013

This report uses data on teaching-only appointments in Australian universities to describe their growth, their distribution by institution, and in those universities with significant numbers, their distribution by discipline and level.

Executive summary

Since 2009 there has been a consistent upward trend...

Report

10 Sep 2013

This review finds that the police and emergency services portfolio of agencies in Queensland is not operating efficiently and has some endemic challenges particularly in the areas of information and communication technology and human resources, as well as demand management and service delivery.

...

Report

12 Sep 2013

This paper examines the proposed reforms to building regulation and certification in the NSW planning system. Commentary from selected stakeholders provides some analysis of the proposed system. While a broad cross-section of stakeholders was selected, this paper does not purport to represent all stakeholder positions...

Website

This website and project proposal sets out a policy which links the immigration level with local development. Our growing population causes many arguments, which tend to boil down to advocacy for either more or less migration. The We Will Decide policy is different. It proposes...

Report

10 Sep 2013

This paper looks at the emergence of the canned fruit and vegetable industry in New South Wales, and at its progress in recent years.

Introduction

In March 2013 Windsor Farm closed its canning operations at Cowra, with the loss of 70 jobs....

Report

9 Sep 2013

This paper examines recent cases of political corruption in New South Wales, in light of corruption offences and law reform in other Australian states and the United Kingdom.

Introduction

In recent years a number of high profile inquiries by the Independent Commission...

Report

12 Sep 2013

Summary

The Non–observed economy (NOE) refers to economic transactions that are missing from the national accounts because the transactions are "underground, illegal, informal, contribute to production for own use or are missed". This information paper reviews the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) methodologies...

Journal article

6 Sep 2013

Abstract

Organisations remain relevant and competitive through their ability to harness and deploy knowledge in order to promote future success through adaptation. To this end, an organisation’s capacity to generate cultures which promote learning at individual, team and organisational levels is paramount. This...

Report

13 Sep 2013

This report is a summary of international fieldwork examining different property markets and systems of local government. Using Switzerland, Germany, Britain and Texas as comparisons to New Zealand, the report examines how they interact with local regulators, how the incentives at local government level affect...

Journal article

16 Sep 2013

This paper queries which method of interpreting Chapter III of Australia's Constitution can best achieve the independence and impartiality of the federal judicature.

Abstract

The interpretation of the separation of federal judicial power derived from Chapter III of the Constitution is as...

Journal article

3 Jan 2012

Recently released as open access, this 2012 article examines gentrification processes in the context of a policy-induced housing crisis. It describes the effects of the crisis on Melbourne's inner western suburbs and documents the consequences for low-income residents.

Report

16 Sep 2013

This report presents the results of two projects examining Indigenous Children's language development.

Abstract

This report presents the results of administration of the Who Am I ? and the Renfrew Word Finding Vocabulary Test for the LSIC Wave 2 data collection in...

Article

30 May 2013

This study provides the initial results of a survey of foresight activities undertaken by a select group of governments around the world.

The study was begun following the recent initiative by European Union (EU) in- stitutions to build a joint foresight capacity (European Strategy...

Journal article

22 Aug 2013

This paper covers the field of information and communication technology (ICT) as well as e-learning in higher education; and explicates how a change from the traditional teaching methods to a modified digital schooling might benefit the learning outcome for students. During the spring semester of...

Report

30 Apr 2013

Abstract

This publication highlights ACER’s contributions to Indigenous Educational research over the past decade. This contribution has included research, policy analysis, program evaluation, professional development, and the development of assessment tools and other resources.

Report

12 Sep 2013

Overview

The role of location in digital life is changing as growing numbers of internet users are adding a new layer of location information to their posts, and a majority of smartphone owners use their phones’ location-based services.

A new survey by...

10 Sep 2013

LIKE many people around Australia, a group of Indi locals watched the past three years of politics – one of the ugliest and most negative in the country’s history – in despair. Feeling alienated from what they saw in Canberra, and from their own MP’s...

Report

11 Sep 2013

This report covers trends in crime across 154 Local Government Areas (LGAs) in New South Wales over the 24 months to June 2013.

Regional trends

The Northern, North Western, Murray and Far Western Statistical Divisions (SDs) did not exhibit any upward trends...

Report

9 Sep 2013

Summary

In recent years, India-China relations have maintained a good momentum in their development, with co-operation the key factor. The two sides have sought to continue raising the level of mutual political trust and promote the in-depth development of bilateral co-operation. The current...

Report

2 Sep 2013

Summary

The new administration of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif will be seeking to keep Pakistan’s bilateral relations with the US on a firm footing, particularly in the lead up to 2014 and beyond. Sharif will make it a priority to improve relations with...

Report

10 Sep 2013

In this report, experts in several fields such as economics, psychology, survey analysis, and national statistics, describe how measurements of well-being can be used effectively to assess the progress of nations.

The report delves in detail into the analysis of the global happiness data,...

Book

11 Sep 2013

This book is a unique window into a dynamic time in the politics and history of Australia. The two decades from 1970 to the Bicentennial in 1988 saw the emergence of a new landscape in Australian Indigenous politics. There were struggles, triumphs and defeats around...

Journal article

30 Aug 2013

Abstract: Scholarship parameters, in relation to postgraduate coursework studies, are developed against the expectations of the Boyer classifications of scholarship (Boyer, 1990) with particular emphasis on the role of minor thesis development. An example is presented in which postgraduate coursework students are required to undertake...

Journal article

30 Aug 2013

Abstract: Students returning from an international business study tour program were interviewed about their experiences and perceptions of the professional and personal impact of the program. When interviews were conducted within 3-4 months of the students’ return, mixed responses were received, with some students highly...

Working paper

12 Jan 2013

Abstract: The electoral enrolment of immigrants is important for effective democracy. Electoral rolls also provide useful administrative data on the age, regional distribution, and intercensal movements of the eligible voting population. An understanding of the enrolment patterns of recent immigrants provides information on the political...

Report

10 Sep 2013

Executive summary

Australia faces both challenges and opportunities on the international stage. Changes to the global economic and strategic order are forcing Australia to rethink many of the assumptions that have traditionally underpinned its security and prosperity. At the same time Australia’s elevation...

Report

4 Sep 2013

Asset confiscation is a tool that Victoria's law enforcement and public prosecution agencies use in response to criminal activity. It enables the state to confiscate property to deprive people of the proceeds of certain offences, to disrupt further criminal activity by preventing the use...

Journal article

6 Sep 2013

Introduction

Over the last decade Army has seen an increasing emphasis on diversity, including strategies for the recruitment and retention of women and indigenous personnel. There is no doubt that these are necessary and important from a variety of perspectives ranging from maximising...

Journal article

6 Sep 2013

Abstract

Hazing, or bastardisation, has been the subject of repeated scandal in the Australian Defence Force (ADF) for at least 40 years. At its most serious, as documented in the 2011 Piper Report, hazing is clearly criminal behaviour. This article uses the techniques...

Report

12 Sep 2013

This research paper summarises the performance of the economy during each Government from Fraser through to Rudd/Gillard (up to March 2013) by providing period averages across a range of economic indicators. Though this approach has its limitations, it provides a useful overview and means of...

Report

12 Sep 2013

Senators and members receive an annual allowance by way of basic salary—$195,130 from 1 July 2013. This background note explains the legislative basis, fixing and linking mechanisms for the allowance. Adjustments to the base salary since 1968 are provided in Table 1 and Graph 1....

Report

12 Sep 2013

This report outlines a proposed approach to monitoring asthma during pregnancy by capitalising on existing data sources as well as identifying data development opportunities.

Summary

Pregnant women with poorly controlled asthma are at increased risk of experiencing pregnancy-induced hypertension and pre-eclampsia. They...

Report

11 Sep 2013

This report provides an overview of asthma hospitalisation patterns over time and across population groups.

Summary

Asthma is a common chronic condition of the airways, associated with episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and cough. Hospitalisation for asthma is rarely required as...

Report

10 Sep 2013

This report outlines the workforce characteristics of 11 allied health practitioners for 2011 and 2012.

Summary

Registered allied health practitioners

This report presents information on the allied health workforce, based on estimates derived from the National Health Workforce Data Set:...

Report

10 Sep 2013

Executive summary

This report is intended to be a practical, useful guide for stakeholders in national and local governments, the media, civil society, and business to making freedom of information laws work. The authors’ particular emphasis is on the role public officials and...

Report

5 Sep 2013

Summary of findings

Most internet users would like to be anonymous online at least occasionally, but many think it is not possible to be completely anonymous online. New findings in a United States survey show:

86% of internet users have taken steps...

Discussion paper

11 Sep 2013

This project is positioned in the context of reforms that have seen the Australian government providing resources to state and territory governments for property and tenancy management in remote Indigenous housing. These reforms form part of the National Partnership Agreement on Remote Indigenous Housing (NPARIH)...

Journal article

4 Sep 2013

Abstract

New technology has changed the face of global reporting. Digital technology has given citizens the capacity to report from restricted frontlines that professional journalists cannot access. This study investigates the role of citizen journalists reporting on the Cyclone Nargis disaster in 2008...

Journal article

4 Sep 2013

Abstract : This paper examines the discursive aspects of Twitter communication during the floods in the summer of 2010–2011 in Queensland, Australia. Using a representative sample of communication associated with the #qldfloods hashtag on Twitter, we coded and analysed the patterns of communication. We...

9 Sep 2013

In the early 90s, we couldn't grasp the revolutionary potential of the World Wide Web. Two decades later, the Coalition is brushing off the need for faster download speeds, writes Emma Alberici.

Before refrigeration, people died in the summer from eating spoiled food. In...

Video

22 Aug 2013

The cyber domain presents a number of challenges. Recent worldwide acts of cyber crime stand side to side with ongoing commercial and military espionage and theft of industrial and state secrets, all of which threaten the security and welfare of individuals and nations. As indicated...

Policy

1 Jul 2013

Over the course of the 2013–16 Statement of Intent Creative New Zealand will systematically overhaul how it does its business of granting to minimise compliance and modernise how users interact with it. This includes streamlining application systems and processes, so our day-to-day business is less...

Audio

11 Sep 2013

Never before has it been easier for Australian artists to record and distribute their music. The digital age has lead to a plethora of easily available music. But in a vast sea of music, how do you get your songs heard? At this year’s Big...

11 Sep 2013

Silicon Valley’s latest start-up trend is to invent technology to save lives and defeat global poverty. But Charles Kenny, former World Bank economist, says that many tech entrepreneurs are creating overly complex and impractical solutions. So how do we crack the code on digital do-gooding?...

Journal article

12 Jun 2013

Abstract: Peer feedback and critique is integral to the creative practice of studio-based textile designers. In a creative learning context, how do students perceive the role of peer feedback and critique? What conditions do students identify as being important to stimulating creativity in a...

Journal article

13 Jun 2013

Artists and designers are positioned at the centre of the twenty-first century creative economy. In order to recognise and make the most of the opportunities afforded by this new era, artists and designers still require the creativity, disciplinary depth of knowledge and technical skills traditionally...

Report

10 Sep 2013

This research synthesis provides policy-makers and practitioners with an understanding of the building blocks for effective adaptation decision-making, as evidenced through the NCCARF research program. It synthesised a portfolio of adaptation research for each Australian state and territory and addressing the complex relationships between research...

Report

10 Sep 2013

This research synthesis provides policy-makers and practitioners with an understanding of the building blocks for effective adaptation decision-making, as evidenced through the NCCARF research program. It synthesised a portfolio of adaptation research for each Australian state and territory and addressing the complex relationships between research...

Report

10 Sep 2013

This research synthesis provides policy-makers and practitioners with an understanding of the building blocks for effective adaptation decision-making, as evidenced through the NCCARF research program. It synthesised a portfolio of adaptation research for each Australian state and territory and addressing the complex relationships between research...

10 Sep 2013

Despite its limited resources, the anti-vaccination movement has scored significant successes, if contributing to disease and death can be described as a success. Following Wakefield’s spurious claims, vaccination rates fell sharply in parts of Britain, and epidemics of measles and other preventable illnesses...

Report

9 Sep 2013

This report presents the findings of an inquiry commissioned to inform policy makers and the community about the true costs of problem gambling and where they fall.

Key messages:

There are a number of obstacles to quantifying the true social and economic...

Report

29 Aug 2013

This survey finds that young Australian men are aware that prostate cancer is the most important health issue facing men, but know little about the disease or what testing actually involves.

The survey marks the first time in eleven years that Prostate Cancer Foundation...

Report

4 Sep 2013

State and Federal governments are exploring the use and implementation of outcomes measures in the human services sector in Australia, and pilot studies are being conducted at a number of sites using the Outcomes Star, one such system for measuring outcomes.

Outcomes Star is...

Policy

26 Aug 2013

While we are calling on all political parties to outline their policies to deliver better buildings, communities and cities, we recognise that there must be a coordinated approach from all levels of government, industry and the community if we are to achieve the best outcomes....

Report

27 Aug 2013

This report argues that young Australian job seekers are losing out in the competition for scarce jobs.

Executive summary

During the 2013 election campaign, the major parties professed to be concerned about employment opportunity. The mantra was jobs, jobs, jobs.

This...

Report

6 Aug 2013

Sufficient access to needles, syringes and opioid replacement therapies (ORTs) across the western suburbs of Melbourne is an important health issue for the people who require these services, the organisations that support their health and welfare and the communities they live in.

This document...

Journal article

14 Aug 2013

This review finds that there are relatively few papers describing interventions that target environmental determinants of Indigenous health.

Abstract:

Objective: Effective interventions to improve population and individual health require environmental change as well as strategies that target individual behaviours and clinical...

Audio

6 Sep 2013

How are cinemas and cinema audiences changing in an era of piracy, videogames and time-rich baby boomers? No longer a one-size-fits-all proposition, cinemas are creating events and new experiences to engage in new ways.

Guest

Professor Jock Given, researcher in the faculty of...

Audio

27 Aug 2013

With governments failing to address the rising expectations of the educated middle class, and a complex world giving rise to democratic Caesarism and Putinism across Europe, Professor Francis Fukuyama and Professor John Keane joined RN look at what the future holds. Can middle class social...

Report

25 Feb 2013

This report examines the influence of the Fair Work Commission (FWC) - formally Fair Work Australia - through its supervisory role in the enterprise bargaining process, and the consequences of FWC's involvement for the way that employers, employees and unions manage industrial relations at the...

Journal article

9 Aug 2013

Abstract : This study explores students’ choices of verbal and text interaction in a synchronous Live Virtual Classroom (LVC) environment that mixed onsite and online learners. Data were collected from analysis of recorded LVC sessions and post-course interviews with students in two different offerings...

5 Sep 2013

The use of backchannel communication is increasingly becoming popular. Take for example, television discussions and current affairs interviews where Twitter messages are shown at the bottom of the screen. In education, backchannel communication may also have a place by enabling immediate feedback during lessons and...

Report

10 Sep 2013

This research synthesis provides policy-makers and practitioners with an understanding of the building blocks for effective adaptation decision-making, as evidenced through the NCCARF research program. It synthesised a portfolio of adaptation research for each Australian state and territory and addressing the complex relationships between research...

Report

10 Sep 2013

This research synthesis provides policy-makers and practitioners with an understanding of the building blocks for effective adaptation decision-making, as evidenced through the NCCARF research program. It synthesised a portfolio of adaptation research for each Australian state and territory and addressing the complex relationships between research...

Report

10 Sep 2013

This research synthesis provides policy-makers and practitioners with an understanding of the building blocks for effective adaptation decision-making, as evidenced through the NCCARF research program. It synthesised a portfolio of adaptation research for each Australian state and territory and addressing the complex relationships between research...

Report

10 Sep 2013

This research synthesis provides policy-makers and practitioners with an understanding of the building blocks for effective adaptation decision-making, as evidenced through the NCCARF research program. It synthesised a portfolio of adaptation research for each Australian state and territory and addressing the complex relationships between research...

Report

10 Sep 2013

This research synthesis provides policy-makers and practitioners with an understanding of the building blocks for effective adaptation decision-making, as evidenced through the NCCARF research program. It synthesised a portfolio of adaptation research for each Australian state and territory and addressing the complex relationships between research...

Report

22 May 2013

Under Section 64E of the Parliamentary Service Act 1999 (the Act) the Parliamentary Budget Officer is required to conduct, on his or her own initiative, research on and analysis of the budget and fiscal policy settings.

The initial work plan of the Parliamentary Budget...

Report

29 Aug 2013

This paper identifies broad patterns, or pathways, in labour market and education activities associated with different life stages.

Key points:

This paper uses longitudinal information from the calendar in the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey to track monthly...

Report

6 Sep 2013

This publication finds that Australian business spending on research and experimental development (R&D) reached $18.3 billion in 2011-12.

By state, the largest increase in expenditure on R&D from 2010-11 was reported in Western Australia (up $320 million), followed by South Australia (up $215 million)....

Report

8 Sep 2013

This poll indicates that concern over the economy and jobs overshadowed the 'carbon tax' and other issues, voters were split on repeal and there was more support for the Coalition honouring their promised pollution reduction targets than repealing carbon pricing.

The findings come from...

Journal article

6 Sep 2013

The war against online copyright infringement has been fought on a number of different fronts – via litigation against the P2P software providers who enabled it, the end users who engaged in it, and, most recently, against the ISPs who provide the infrastructure that permits...

Report

5 Sep 2013

Summary

In the last 65 years, India and Pakistan have been unable to resolve their differences and develop a normal good neighbourly relationship, which could have benefitted people on both sides of the border. There have been several attempts to initiate a sustainable...

Report

3 Sep 2013

Summary

Decades of exploration in East Africa, have produced few large discoveries of oil and gas. Past exploration has also been hampered by political uncertainty and regional conflict. Things look set to change, however. Attention is now focusing on East Africa’s offshore natural...

5 Sep 2013

In the '70s and '80s, the University of Sydney was split in a fierce battle over attempts to teach students a new kind of neo-classical economic theory. At the heart of the battle were Tony Abbott, Anthony Albanese and Malcolm Turnbull—and their actions explain much...

Report

4 Sep 2013

In 2012 new arrangements regarding the remuneration of Commonwealth departmental secretaries came into effect. This paper sets out the new system and notes the previous arrangements.

Conclusion

The 2011 amendments to the Remuneration Tribunal Act 1973 changed longstanding arrangements for the setting...

Report

4 Sep 2013

There has been much discussion in both the media and political debate in recent times about the substantial and rising costs to the Australian Government of intercepting, detaining and processing asylum seekers arriving by boat. Criticism of these costs has come from many quarters, including...

Report

28 Aug 2013

Indonesia is an important regional partner for Australia. It is a democracy and a rich, diverse and moderate Islamic country, with a rapidly developing economy. Our trade and cultural links with Indonesia need to be profound and strong as the Asian Century progresses.

In...

Reports

28 Aug 2013

This document provides a summary of current crime trends in Victoria.

Journal article

20 Feb 2013

This study tests the feasibility of using nationally representative General Social Surveys for examining trends and patterns in gambling problems and other life stressors amongst the Australian Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) population.

Abstract

There have been mixed research results when studying...

Journal article

13 Aug 2013

This article reports on the Australian arm of a large-scale study of the patterns and prevalence of co-occurrence of family violence and problem gambling in Australia, New Zealand and Hong Kong.

Abstract

There exists only a small number of empirical studies investigating...

Journal article

4 Apr 2013

This article finds that some culturally distinctive positive and negative gambling impacts are being experienced across different Aboriginal communities.

Abstract

Gambling affects communities in many ways, yet relatively little research has investigated community level impacts of gambling in the context of Indigenous...

Journal article

6 Sep 2013

Abstract

Throughout the history of the Australian Army, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men and women have served with distinction. During the first half of the twentieth century they served despite regulations prohibiting the enlistment of persons ‘not substantially of European origin or...

Journal article

6 Sep 2013

Abstract

The role of women in the Australian Army has undergone enormous change since the 1980s, resulting in a significant increase in employment opportunities for women. This article describes the changing nature of female employment in the Australian Army and the Australian government...

Journal article

6 Sep 2013

Abstract

Sex, gender and sexuality have always been the subject of lively debates within and around the military — from the age-old problem of the on and off-duty sexual behaviour of servicemen to the more recent process of creating a place for women...

Report

5 Sep 2013

Aim: The Medically Supervised Injecting Centre (MSIC) opened in Kings Cross in May 2001. This paper examines whether there have been: (i) increases in the volume of robbery, theft and illicit drug offences in Kings Cross Local Area Command (LAC) up until December 2012...

Report

4 Sep 2013

This study investigated the impact of energy audits and retrofits for households that took part in the Warm Home Cool Home (WHCH) and Concession Assist (CA) programs in several northern suburbs of Melbourne. The two programs aimed to address cost, information and trust barriers faced...

Transcript

28 Aug 2013

This paper helps clarify the internal mechanisms of the Chinese censorship apparatus and show that local social media sites have far more flexibility than was previously understood in how (but not what) they censor.

Abstract

Chinese government censorship of social media constitutes...

Report

26 Jul 2013

The Alternatives to Secure Youth Detention in Tasmania Inquiry originated from a request by the Minister for Children to the Commissioner for Children for advice in relation to the role of secure detention within Tasmania’s youth justice system.

This Inquiry is part of a...

Transcript

3 May 2013

This paper combines survey and large-scale log data to examine how well users’ perceptions of their audience match their actual audience on Facebook.

Abstract

When you share content in an online social network, who is listening? Users have scarce information about who...

Report

30 May 2013

This report summarises the present state-of-the-art of Self-Quantification in health and fitness applications.

Executive summary

With advances in Self-Quantification applications and systems, it is now possible to capture and record data about nearly all aspects of human health and fitness, including mental,...

Report

26 Aug 2013

Over the last six years there has been a major increase in online activity by children up to eight years old, a leading international internet survey has found.

The trend has prompted growing concern for children’s safety – and especially the risks they may...

Transcript

22 Aug 2013

The context in which intellectual property (IP) operates in the contemporary world is vastly different from the one in which IP was born. The new context has changed the position of IP both in the economy and in society. It calls equally for a change...

Transcript

7 Aug 2013

This paper finds that Australian Government agencies are embracing open access and a proactive disclosure culture, and that open licensing under Creative Commons licences is increasingly prevalent, but that shortcomings need to be addressed.

Abstract

As support grows for greater access to...

Video

22 Aug 2013

Calling equally for a change in the way in which we think about IP and its role, this speech by the Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) was delivered at the University of Melbourne on 22 August.

http://apo.org.au/research/re-thinking-role-intellectual-property

...

3 Sep 2013

Most people think of Fiji as one of the world’s most pristine vacation destination – beautiful beaches, dense tropical rain forests and value for money.

These same attributes that throngs of tourists have come to enjoy at locations throughout the republic’s 300 islands are...

Audio

3 Sep 2013

We were always told that if we didn’t have anything nice to say, we shouldn’t say anything at all. But should politeness come before constructive criticism?

In the Australian political domain it’s frequently the case that he or she who insults first, wins....

Website

The UWA Future Farm 2050's vision is to imagine the best-practice farm of 2050 and build and manage it now.

The population of the world is tipped to reach 9.5 billion by 2050 and the world will have to feed and clothe 50 percent...

Audio

4 Sep 2013

The world’s population is on the rise.

It’s expected that we will have to feed and clothe 50% more people by 2050 without destroying the planet in the process (what, that can’t be right!)

The UWA Institute of Agriculture is thinking ahead, aiming...

Report

4 Sep 2013

This report from Deloitte Access Economics examines the benefits to households of high speed broadband in 2020 when the use of digital tools will be widespread across the economy. Deloitte assessed potential household benefits in the areas of communications; e-commerce; e-health; online education; e-government services;...

Report

28 Aug 2013

This research is an example of the collaboration ANZSOG strives to achieve with its partners and stakeholders, involving researchers from The Open University, RMIT and ANZSOG, and supported by the UK Chartered Management Institute. It is a three-country comparative study investigating politics and political skills...

Briefing paper

4 Sep 2013

This paper highlights that men want more flexibility at all stages of their career and they perform better when they have it. We also know a large number of men have considered leaving their current employer due to a lack of flexibility. The problem is...

Audio

4 Sep 2013

Steampunk is a burgeoning subculture. Part Victorian gothic, part sci-fi fantasy, it’s growing in popularity and ambition. At first glance, Steampunk represents an alternative technological vision of the future—one powered by steam rather than modern forms of energy.

But at its heart, it’s not...

Report

22 Aug 2013

This release presents detailed indicators, as collected by the 2011-12 Business Characteristics Survey (BCS), on the incidence of business use of information technology and associated activities, such as internet commerce, in Australia.

There are two components to this release: web based information and data...

2 Sep 2013

This week Michaela Banerji, a Canberra civil servant who wrote critical tweets about Australia's asylum seeker policy, lodged an appeal with the Federal Court after losing her right to post her private opinions under an anonymous name. Her dispute is likely to become a test...

Video

23 Aug 2013

In this talk, Chris Sarra conveys the importance of having a strong and positive sense of what it means to be Aboriginal in today’s Australian society, and argues that indigenous students can achieve outcomes comparable to other students – but only when negative perceptions are...

Report

31 May 2013

Abstract

This paper aims to provide an updated description of the migration patterns of Indigenous Australians over the last intercensal period and to compare these with previous patterns, as well as those from the non-Indigenous population. Indigenous Australians are a highly mobile population....

2 Sep 2013

READING Australian newspapers, watching TV, listening to the radio or browsing news sites online, the message is the same. Elections are decided by voters’ feelings about the leaders of the big parties. “Preferred prime minister” is the poll result to watch; voters’ liking for a...

2 Sep 2013

GONSKI’s survival to this point and its reluctant endorsement by the federal opposition represent a considerable political achievement on the part of the government, and of Julia Gillard in particular, against many expectations and predictions, including mine.

There is much to be grateful for...

Report

2 Sep 2013

This report identifies the enormous, but largely underutilised, potential for solar generation in the world’s sunniest continent.

This report provides an overview of the rapidly changing solar industry, including international developments and opportunities for Australia to better utilise and benefit from solar resources in...

Report

28 Aug 2013

This report presents information on treatment episodes provided by publicly funded treatment services for alcohol and other drug use.

Summary

Publicly funded alcohol and other drug treatment services are available to people seeking treatment for their own drug use and people seeking...

Literature review

23 Aug 2013

Currently in Australia the costs and benefits of refugee settlement are poorly understood among the general population, leaving public opinion to be easily influenced by myth and misinformation. This paper reviews existing literature on the economic contribution of refugees to Australia, and identifies how this...

Report

31 Jul 2013

Abstract

This paper uses data from the 2006 and 2011 Censuses to analyse the distribution of income within the Indigenous population and to make comparisons with the non-Indigenous population. The results from the analysis are mixed. On the one hand, after taking into...

Report

28 Aug 2013

These fact sheets provide overviews of youth justice supervision during 2011–12 by state and territory.

Differences in youth justice supervision between the states and territories may reflect variations in legislation, policy and practice.

Report

6 Aug 2013

The Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006 (the Charter) sets out the basic rights, freedoms and responsibilities of all Victorians.

All public authorities in Victoria are obliged to consider human rights when they provide services, develop policies and make laws.

Under...

Report

30 Aug 2013

This report examines the legal and social risks faced by minors engaging in sexting and the options to address them.

On 27 June 2013, the Senate appointed the Select Committee on Cyber Safety to inquire into and report, by 30 August 2013, on options...

Report

2 Sep 2013

Aim: To determine whether the NSW Forum Sentencing program is more effective than the conventional sentencing process in reducing recidivism.

Method: Offenders referred to Forum Sentencing in 2011 were matched with offenders who were ‘eligible’ for Forum Sentencing but who were sentenced...

Report

2 Sep 2013

This report examines the number of Indonesian extremist prisoners due for parole, the recidivism rate, and the dynamics in prison between the “pragmatists” and the “rejectionists” among extremist inmates.

Introduction

Many convicted Indonesian terrorists will be released over the next several years...