January 2014

Working paper

8 Dec 2013

Abstract: This paper analyzes the relationship between individuals’ locus of control and their savings behavior, i.e. wealth accumulation, savings rates, and portfolio choices. Locus of control is a psychological concept that captures individuals’ beliefs about the controllability of life events and is a key...

Research report

21 Jan 2014

This paper summarises the debate about mandatory sentencing, outlines various measures adopted in New South Wales to place limits on judicial discretion in sentencing, and reviews mandatory sentencing laws in other Australian jurisdictions.

Introduction: Mandatory sentencing laws became a very controversial issue in...

Thesis

25 Jan 2014

Abstract: The aim of this study was to explore the lived experiences of gifted and talented New Zealand young people from low socioeconomic backgrounds, with an emphasis on risk and protective processes that might foster resilience. Ninety-three young people between the ages of 17...

Working paper

1 Dec 2013

Abstract: This paper provides new evidence of coordination of retirement by mature age couples in Australia. Two complementary estimation approaches are used to highlight the importance of taking the household decision-making context into account when modeling the retirement behaviour of partnered men and women....

Research report

1 Jun 2013

Executive summary: Significant research gaps remain in our understanding about what happens in side government agencies in relation to the production, commissioning, assessment and incorporation of research-based evidence into their policy advice and their program delivery and review activities. Practices and capabilities vary enormously...

Research report

30 Jan 2014

Introduction: No country can afford to be complacent about the risk of nuclear and radiological terrorism. Although they should be kept in perspective, Australia faces internal and external risks in this area. Its nuclear infrastructure is modest for a country of its size, but...

Research report

30 Jan 2014

Introduction: The conflict in Syria has captured the imagination of Indonesian extremists in a way no foreign war has before. For the first time, Indonesians are going overseas to fight, not just to train, as in Afghanistan in the late 1980s and 1990s, or...

Research report

30 Jan 2014

This report argues that the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse has a limited scope that is symptomatic of wider gaps and silences in the national conversation about child sexual abuse.

Executive summary: The Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to...

Research report

31 Jan 2014

Summary: This report presents data on the hearing health services delivered under the National Partnership Agreement on Stronger Futures in the Northern Territory (SFNT) during 2012-13. Information is provided on the children who participated in this program, the services they received, and their ear...

Research report

29 Jan 2014

This paper addresses the issue of G20 outreach and presents a collection of perspectives from non-G20 member countries on the role and performance of the G20. The contributors have been asked to identify where the G20 process can add value and how it can be...

Research report

30 Jan 2014

This January 2014 edition of Economics Indicators: NSW updates statistical information on key economic indicators, thereby presenting an updated snapshot of the NSW economy and providing relevant points of comparison with other Australian States and Territories. Statistics are updated to the end of the most...

Research report

30 Jan 2014

Aim: To assess whether the NSW Alcohol-MERIT program improves the health and wellbeing of defendants.

Method: Before their participation in the Alcohol-MERIT program, the health and wellbeing of 123 defendants was measured using the SF-36, Kessler-10 psychological distress scale and the SADQ...

Research report

30 Jan 2014

The NSW adult prison population grew by 6.9 per cent between July 2012 and December 2013, according to this report.

Contents:

This report presents 24 months of reception, discharge and custody population data and comparisons between the current and previous quarter for...

Audio

30 Jan 2014

Introduction: The NSW Parliament will sit today, having been recalled early to pass new liquor licensing laws aimed at curbing alcohol fuelled violence.

Premier Barry O'Farrell has been under pressure to act on alcohol fuelled violence in Sydney since the one-punch death of...

Research report

29 Jan 2014

Overview: With the deadline for the Education for All goals less than two years away, it is clear that, despite advances over the past decade, not a single goal will be achieved globally by 2015. This year’s EFA Global Monitoring Report vividly underlines the...

Journal article

15 Jan 2014

Background: Risky patterns of alcohol use prior to pregnancy increase the risk of alcohol-exposed pregnancies and subsequent adverse outcomes. It is important to understand how consumption changes once women become pregnant.

Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of...

Research report

11 Dec 2013

Executive summary : Of the 1,093 members who have served in the House of Representatives from 1901 to the end of the 43rd Parliament in August 2013, 300 (27.4%) have been named and/or suspended or ‘sin binned’ for disorderly behaviour in the Chamber. This...

Research report

28 Jan 2014

This year marks the nineteenth edition of the Report on Government Services. The Report is produced by a Steering Committee of senior officials from Australian, State and Territory governments for the Council of Australian Governments (COAG). The Steering Committee was chaired during 2013 by Peter...

Journal article

13 Jan 2013

Abstract

This paper presents Australian and international research on work-life interaction. We review the work-life policies and practices that are likely to have the greatest impact on work-life outcomes, specifically reducing the negative impact of work on other life domains (work-life interference), and...

Article

18 Dec 2013

This article describes approaches to the pricing of houses in communities on Aboriginal land in the Northern Territory, arguing that existing approaches are unlikely to result in the creation of a sustainable home ownership market.

Introduction: About a decade ago there was a...

Commentary

Article

23 Jan 2014

As a tiny nation battles in The Hague for oil and gas revenue, Australia's reputation as a good global citizen is questioned.

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At the international court of justice in The Hague this week, the tiny half-island nation of Timor-Leste has accused...

Audio

15 Jan 2014

Austerity is the order of the day in Europe, but Professor Mark Blyth argues that austerity is a very dangerous idea and does not work. While it makes sense for any one state to try and cut its way to growth, it simply cannot work...

Audio

5 Jan 2014

In 1965/66, Australian troops fought a covert war inside Indonesian territory in Borneo. The Australian public was not told about these cross-border operations. In fact, they were kept so secret that only a handful of Cabinet Minister knew of their existence. The soldiers themselves were...

Commentary

Article

17 Dec 2013

University ethics committees and the social sciences make awkward partners.

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A younger colleague was thrilled last year at being one of the few successful applicants for a four-year research fellowship from the Australian Research Council, or ARC. Already an experienced anthropologist,...

Research report

31 Mar 1995

This Inquiry was prompted by controversies that faced the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIS) in the early 1990s, and resulted in the legislation that guides ASIS today.

This is the first time a digitised version of the Commission of Inquiry into the Australian Secret...

Research report

3 Jan 2014

Introduction: Through the period 2 – 8 January, the country experienced seven consecutive days of area-averaged maximum temperature over 39°C. In 102 years of weather records, Australia has experienced only 21 such days, and eight of them occurred in 2013. January 2013 was Australia’s...

Guide

6 Dec 2013

Introduction: This Quick Guide provides direct links to key websites, information and documents relating to:

• Women in the Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia • Women in the State and Territory Parliaments • Women in politics • Overseas parliaments • Other resources...

Commentary

Article

29 Jan 2014

The Abbott government’s promise of a $200 ‘marriage voucher’ for newlyweds will be available for any couples in a committed relationship including same-sex couples – even if they are not permitted to legally marry. This has received criticism from lobby groups such as Australian Marriage...

Research report

18 Dec 2013

Introduction: In 2010–11, there were 132 570 workers’ compensation claims for serious work-related injuries or illnesses. This equates to an incidence rate of 13.1 serious claims per 1000 employees.

Preliminary data for 2011–12 show there were 128 050 serious workers’ compensation claims, which...

Research report

14 Jan 2014

Executive summary: This report presents the results of Australian Institute of Criminology research on issues and challenges of policing alcohol and illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in metropolitan environments. This report is a companion to the 2006 National Drug...

Research report

18 Jan 2014

The ACMA Communications report 2012–13 shows that Australia’s digital landscape continues to grow strongly with increases across the board in levels of internet access, frequency of internet use and growth in the intensity of online engagement. This increased engagement with the digital economy continues is...

Book

9 Jan 2014

Description: The People’s Republic of China is now over fifty years old. Long considered an outsider, or a club of one, in international relations, China has recently become more active in international institutions. Is China becoming a responsible power in global and regional international...

Book

9 Jan 2014

This book provides an inside look at journalism and freedom of the press throughout North Asia and Southeast Asia.

Description: ‘A free press is not a luxury. A free press is at the absolute core of equitable development’ according to World Bank President...

Research report

19 Dec 2013

The Fair Work Ombudsman (FWO) conducted an audit program in the horse racing industry in Queensland, New South Wales and Victoria.

We initiated the NSW/QLD/VIC Horse racing industry audit program (the program) in response to information we received alleging underpayments of strappers and stable...

Research report

22 Jan 2014

This report samples and analyses public perception and media representation of the National Broadband Network during the early stages of its discussion, installation, and adoption.

Executive summary

The success of the National Broadband Network (NBN) in fulfilling its ambition to connect every...

Research report

7 Nov 2013

Using panel data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics Australia Survey and fixed effects estimation, this report examines the effect of Catholic schooling on long-term wage rates in Australia, independent of effects on academic achievement.

Abstract: Previous studies have linked Catholic schooling...

Research report

15 Sep 2013

Drawing on statistics and other published and unpublished materials, this report provides up-to-date, detailed information about the health of Indigenous people in Western Australia in 2013.

Summary: This report provides comprehensive information specific to Western Australia (WA) on:

Aboriginal and Torres Strait...

Research report

24 Jan 2014

Open access publishing is on the rise and the way in which research is published is rapidly evolving. Given this changing landscape, Taylor & Francis surveyed authors’ views on open access in late 2012 and into 2013, gathering opinions from 14,700 authors across the world...

Research report

24 Jan 2014

This research aimed to understand more fully the phenomenon of downsizing in the Australian context including: the extent of downsizing amongst older Australians; who downsizes and why; and what is involved in the process.

Executive summary

Context

The context of...

Research report

20 Nov 2013

Abstract: China is rising as a major source of outward direct investment (ODI), but barriers to and protectionism against Chinese investment have been strengthened as well. This situation reflects inherent flaws in the architecture governing international investment.

This paper identifies three of China’s...

Video

17 Jan 2014

Fifth Estate host Sally Warhaft is joined by Nobel laureate Professor Peter Doherty, Greenpeace Australia CEO David Ritter and award-winning writer Chloe Hooper to discuss environmental issues, activism and writing − and how best to communicate its importance in a changing climate.

How did...

Research report

20 Dec 2013

Executive summary: For women, the life stage at which combining employment with other commitments is most challenging is when they are raising their children. This report focuses on this time, providing information about mothers’ employment from those with babies through to those with primary...

Research report

11 Dec 2013

Introduction: In recent years, most States and Territories have enacted legislation that gives authorities greater powers to tackle gang related crime. Often the stated aims of governments when introducing such laws has been to target the activities of motorcycle clubs (sometimes referred to as...

Research report

7 Dec 2013

This paper provides a variety of stakeholder perspectives on domestic gas reservation, while also discussing the costs and benefits at a theoretical and conceptual level.

Part One of this paper sets out background material to the discussion of domestic gas reservation. Australia’s gas markets...

Research report

6 Dec 2013

This paper defines drought and reviews the current situation in NSW, including the projected impact of climate change on the frequency and severity of drought.

Introduction: On 30 October 2013, the NSW Government announced $30.4 million in assistance measures for North West NSW...

Thesis

15 Jan 2014

This thesis examines the relocation process and experience of disaster of those within the Southshore red-zone, after the Canterbury earthquake sequence.

Abstract: During 2010 and 2011, a series of major earthquakes caused widespread damage in the city of Christchurch, New Zealand. The magnitude...

Research report

16 Dec 2013

Introduction: This paper describes the critical role community psychology theories played in reframing literacy research involving mainly Māori and Pacific peoples’ extended families and communities. Within a critical social constructionist paradigm, ecological systems theory and holistic, integrative theories of wellbeing brought much-needed new thinking...

Audio

21 Jan 2014

The biggest financial crisis since the Great Depression has generated a surge of interest in Marx’ work. Tonight on Big Ideas, David Harvey looks at the nature of capitalism and points out fundamental contradictions of capital. David Harvey is one of the world’s foremost Marx...

Research report

21 Jan 2014

Introduction: World Report 2014 is Human Rights Watch’s 24th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. It summarizes key human rights issues in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide, drawing on events from the end of 2012 through November 2013. The...

Research report

20 Jan 2014

Introduction: The Demographia International Housing Affordability Survey rates housing affordability using the “Median Multiple” in the analysis of Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, Ireland, New Zealand, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States. The Median Multiple is widely used for evaluating urban markets, and...

Research report

20 Dec 2013

Introduction: Global trends are driving dramatic changes in both the demand for motor vehicles and the size, scale and location of production.

• The global financial crisis significantly disrupted demand for motor vehicles in developed countries during 2008 and 2009, and demand in...

Fact sheet

23 Jan 2014

Introduction: This quick guide provides statistics on the number of asylum seekers that have arrived by boat in Australia since 1976 when the first wave of boats carrying people seeking asylum from the aftermath of the Vietnam War began to arrive.

It reproduces...

Research report

22 Jan 2014

This paper provides a week-by-week summary of the key issues and controversies of the 2013 Federal Election.

Key points:

the election of 21 September 1940, when an incumbent Menzies government survived with the support of two independents. major changes in the rules...

Research report

23 Jan 2014

Introduction: The Australian alcohol palette is changing. Beer, a long-time fixture of the Australian alcohol market, is decreasing in popularity each year as more drinkers turn to wine, spirits and, increasingly, cider. While constituting only 4% of the alcohol market in Australia in 2011,...

Research report

23 Jan 2014

Introduction: Experiencing abuse and neglect in childhood can lead to adverse outcomes in adulthood. The purpose of this resource is to indicate the potential long-term effects of child abuse and neglect that may extend into adulthood.

Child abuse and neglect refers to any...

Research report

14 Jan 2014

This paper documents the findings of a detailed study, which examined the implementation of mandatory patron ID scanning in the Victorian regional city of Geelong, and assessed its perceived effectiveness.

Foreword: Digital technologies are often considered effective methods of deterring or preventing crime....

Research report

2 Dec 2013

This paper makes the case for a participatory and learning-oriented evaluation approach for initiatives that seek to prevent violence against women before it occurs.

Introduction: In Victoria, and elsewhere in the world, there is increasing recognition that the problem of violence against women...

Research report

24 Jan 2014

Summary: This report presents information on the medical workforce, based on estimates derived from the National Health Workforce Data Set: medical practitioners 2012, the third in this series. It includes data collected as part of the national registration and accreditation process.

How...

Research report

24 Jan 2014

The NSW prison population is rising rapidly, according to this report which shows an increase of 508 prisoners between July last year (9,492) and September this year (10,000).

Contents:

This report presents 24 months of reception, discharge and custody population data and...

Research report

18 Dec 2013

Introduction: This report gives priority to the needs and interests of young people who are in detained in detention centres in Queensland, as prescribed under the Commission’s current functions including monitoring and reviewing laws, policies and practices that relate to the delivery of services...

Research report

23 Dec 2013

Introduction: Analysis of LisNZ data to date has primarily explored skilled principal migrants and their settlement and labour market outcomes. However, the settlement of family members and the labour market outcomes of partners are equally as important to understand.

The presence of family...

Commentary

21 Jan 2014

Bank lending is on the increase again and the housing market is back in boom territory. My prediction last year was that the housing market would boom and then crash. The question is how long this play will take to work itself out.

Too...

Literature review

18 Dec 2013

Introduction: This review of literature is intended to make a contribution to the Growing Great Teachers project in several ways, each of which is a normal expectation for a review of literature in research and evaluation. A review of literature is a review of...

Research report

19 Dec 2013

Purpose and key question: This report presents new statistics on the extent to which industry trainees leave and return to New Zealand. For New Zealand industry trainees who completed a qualification in either 2003 or 2004, it examines their migration patterns of the subsequent...

Research report

20 Dec 2013

Summary: This report presents national information on cases of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) associated with care provided by public hospitals for the period 1 July 2012 to 30 June 2013. This report builds on robust national and jurisdictional arrangements to monitor and reduce SAB....

Research report

19 Jan 2014

Summary: This is the twenty-first annual report on pregnancy and childbirth in Australia. In 2011, a total of 297,126 women gave birth to 301,810 babies. There was a 0.8% increase in the total number of births compared with 2010.

Mothers

The...

Research report

11 Dec 2013

Introduction: There is an emerging awareness of the climate and carbon risks to our superannuation funds but awareness about disclosure, advocacy and active ownership has been patchy. The Climate Institute is at the forefront in examining the assumptions behind such investment decisions and the...

Research report

15 Jan 2014

Summary: Access to reliable, comprehensive, timely and nationally consistent trend data is required to understand the current health workforce and for its future planning. There is particular interest in changes to the size and composition of the various health professions, and the potential impacts of...

Research report

18 Dec 2013

Introduction: Until 2010 – for well over a century, through two world wars and the Great Depression – the quantity of electricity used in Australia each year was greater than the year before. In the three years since 2010, the quantity used each year...

Research report

20 Jan 2014

Introduction: Almost half of the world’s wealth is now owned by just one percent of the population, and seven out of ten people live in countries where economic inequality has increased in the last 30 years. The World Economic Forum has identified economic inequality...

Research report

13 Jan 2013

Introduction: In this report from the USIP PeaceTech Initiative, a team of scholars from George Washington University and American University analyze the role of social media in Syria's civil war. The report focuses primarily on group dynamics, activist organizations' use of online media, and...

Research report

15 Jan 2014

This paper presents historical trends in housing prices, with a particular focus on the supply and demand factors in NSW that have contributed to the strong price growth over the past two decades.

Introduction: In the last few decades, house prices in Australia...

Guide

10 Jan 2014

This guide provides a selection of information sources about the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act, an American law developed to reduce offshore tax evasion which has implications for Australia.

Introduction: The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) is an American law developed to...

Research report

14 Jan 2014

This report presents the findings of a study that explored the experiences and support needs of male victims of violence living in New South Wales.

Abstract: While a great deal of research has been undertaken into female victims of violence, male-focused victimology research...

Guide

10 Jan 2014

This guide provides an overview of higher education student loans that are provided through the Higher Education Loan Program (HELP).

Introduction: Australia’s Higher Education Loan Program (HELP) provides loans to Commonwealth-supported tertiary students. The scheme allows students to defer the costs of tuition...

Research report

24 Dec 2013

This paper reviews and synthesises Australian and international literature on same-sex parented families.

Introduction: This research paper reviews and synthesises Australian and international literature on same-sex parented families. It includes discussion of the different modes of conception or family formation, different family structures,...

Research report

7 Jan 2014

Introduction: This workshop report comprises four papers presented at an international workshop, 'Tensions in the East China Sea', which was held at the Lowy Institute in Sydney in June 2013. The papers are written by Ms Bonnie Glaser, Ms Linda Jakobson, Prof Jin Canrong...

Research report

6 Jan 2014

Introduction : Aboriginal young people are among the most disadvantaged groups in Australia 12. In 2006, children and youth aged 0–24 years represented 57% of the total Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population in Australia. The age range for Indigenous youth includes several pivotal...

Briefing paper

23 Dec 2013

This paper reviews the thinking behind Australia's family migration program and the aspects considered when planning its size and composition each year.

Executive summary: In contrast to the United States of America, the Australian Government has steadily prioritised skilled migration within Australia’s permanent...

Research report

9 Jan 2014

This paper explores the return of Kevin Rudd to the Prime Ministership in 2013, and the issues and dynamics that animated politics prior to Rudd’s announcement of the 2013 election.

Introduction: The return of Kevin Rudd to the Labor leadership on 26 June...

Research report

14 Jan 2014

Drawing on data from a sample of 213 offenders, this study augments knowledge about sex offender typologies by identifying ten key descriptive features of parental offenders.

Foreword: Public policy initiatives to redress parental child sexual offenders have been hindered by the absence of...

Research report

15 Jan 2014

This report summarises key findings from information describing the 12,005 victims of armed robbery reported to police in Australia during the 2009 and 2010 calendar years

Abstract: The Australian Institute of Criminology’s National Armed Robbery Monitoring Program (NARMP) has been recording and reporting...

Commentary

Article

3 Jan 2014

VIVIENNE McLean is torn. “I go to every march, I come to every meeting, I sign every petition,” the silver-haired activist tells me, laying out her credentials as an advocate on behalf of the estimated 11.7 million undocumented migrants in the United States. “But I...

Commentary

Article

9 Jan 2014

IT isn’t often that Australia rates a mention in the European Union’s corridors of power. And that’s no bad thing: the long-running diplomatic stoushes with Canberra over agriculture and market access are seen here as water under the bridge. No news is definitely good news....

Research report

1 Jan 2014

This study of online retail in Australia from 2007-13, part of the World Internet Project (WIP) reveals a consistent pattern of large increases in the number of online purchases made by Australian consumers, reaching an average expenditure of $2616 a year in 2013.

Online...