March 2014

Research report

28 Mar 2014

International arrivals to New Zealand in 2013 grew at the fastest pace in a decade, according to this report to Tourism New Zealand.

Key points

There has been stellar growth in visitors from Western markets

New Zealand experienced strong growth in...

Research report

20 Feb 2014

This study used a life story interview approach to find out about women’s experiences of the Christchurch earthquakes.

Preface

After the devastating 6.3 magnitude quake in Christchurch on 22 February 2011, the media gave much attention to heroic stories of rescue, the...

Research report

19 Mar 2014

This report presents findings, mainly from the 2012 Survey of Working Life, on non-standard employment, job security, and job flexibility in New Zealand’s labour market.

Summary of key points

Key findings in the report are:

A third of employed New Zealanders...

Research report

31 Mar 2014

Current turmoil in the Middle East is incubating a new generation of jihadists, and represents a serious threat to Australia’s security, argues this report.

Executive summary

The current turmoil in the Middle East is incubating a new generation of jihadists. Syria has...

Research report

14 Mar 2014

This report outlines a plan to secure the survival of New Zealand's native frogs.

Abstract

Native frogs were formerly widespread and common throughout New Zealand. However, they are now much reduced in range, with remnant populations only occurring on the mainland of...

Research report

17 Mar 2014

Introduction: The New Zealand economy will grow strongly over the next couple of years, according to the latest NZIER Consensus Forecasts. Economic growth will pick up from 2.9% in the March 2014 year to 3.6% the following year.

Exports this year were depressed...

Research report

25 Mar 2014

Introduction: The Government introduced the G20 (Safety and Security) Complementary Bill 2014 (the Commonwealth Bill) into the House of Representatives on 20 March 2014. The links to the Bill, its Explanatory Memorandum and second reading speech can be found on the Bill’s home page....

Research report

28 Mar 2014

Introduction: On 9 April, Indonesians will vote in legislative elections at the national, provincial, and district levels. There are 12 parties contesting the national parliamentary elections. On 9 July, Indonesians will again go to the polls to choose their next president. This quick guide...

Article

28 Feb 2014

This article considers several issues associated with the concept of the green economy. What is the green economy? Where did it come from? Why do some embrace it while others disdain it?

Introduction

The conflicts among ecological and economic goals have been...

Research report

31 Mar 2014

The Working Group II contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report considers the vulnerability and exposure of human and natural systems, the observed impacts and future risks of climate change, and the potential for and limits to adaptation. The chapters of the report assess risks and...

Research report

14 Feb 2014

With a focus on improving understanding, this paper is intended to support efforts to prevent and respond to sexual violence in conflict zones.

Executive summary:

Sexual violence—often examined under the umbrella term ‘sexual and gender-based violence’—is widespread in conflict and post-conflict environments....

Audio program

31 Mar 2014

Extreme weather events, like bushfires and droughts in Australia, can awaken us to the impact of climate change, even if a direct link is hard to establish. The UK has just experienced the most devastating storms and floods in many years. Some wonder if this...

Research report

26 Mar 2014

Provides an update of the Australian Defence Force Academy's progress in implementing the recommendations from the Review into the Treatment of Woman at ADFA.

Introduction:

The ADF Audit began at the end of August 2013, one year from the tabling of the...

Research report

25 Mar 2014

This Ombudsman's report provides an overview of common issues within Victorian prisons, and how these can lead to deaths and harm in custody.

Executive summary

The State owes a duty of care to every person detained in custody to ensure their safety...

Research report

28 Mar 2014

This Research Paper provides an introduction and overview of issues relevant to the development of unconventional gas – coal seam, shale and tight gas – in the Australian and specifically Victorian context.

Research report

27 Mar 2014

The purpose of this research was to identify the amount, and classify the nature of, alcohol and junk food advertising and promotion through sport on broadcast television in Victoria.

Introduction

It is widely recognised that alcohol and obesity are major risk factors...

Research report

25 Mar 2014

This paper provides information about online safety and relevant resources available for parents.

Introduction: Young people are increasingly exposed to an open and collaborative online culture, which allows them to access information, maintain friendships and relationships with family, and engage in creative content...

Discussion paper

11 Dec 2013

Although there is growing awareness about the needs and difficulties faced by young carers, it isn’t always clear how policy directions should respond to these needs.

For example:

Should young carers be supported in their caring role or be prevented from becoming a...

Research report

25 Mar 2014

This Special Report presents a strategy for the future relationship between Indonesia’s National Police—known as POLRI—and the Australian Federal Police (AFP). It draws on 60 interviews with current and retired police officers, officials from other Australian and Indonesian agencies, and academic experts in related fields....

Commentary

Article

20 Mar 2014

As part of the Arts for all Queenslanders Strategy development, Stuart Cunningham proposes a working concept of innovation for arts and cultural sector.

Innovation is an overworked buzzword, a cliché which any serious thinking person can see through immediately. If that is...

Commentary

Article

26 Mar 2014

Screening for cervical cancer saves lives every day, so surely men should be screened for prostate cancer? Unfortunately it’s a bit more complicated than that .

IN 2010 the Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia produced a television advertisement called “It Could Happen to...

Research report

30 Nov 2013

Background: Consideration of the development of the Arts for all Queenslanders strategy commenced in 2012 with Arts Queensland’s analysis of evaluation, research and progress reports of previous arts and cultural plans and strategies including: the Arts and Cultural Sector Plan (2010–2013), the Regional Arts and...

Commentary

Article

13 Mar 2014

Improvements in the capabilities of digital devices have also seen improvements in the variety and realistic nature of video and digital games. The video games industry grossed almost double the box-office takings of the movie industry in 2010 in the US, where most children between...

Commentary

Article

26 Mar 2014

Nothing has happened since the election to challenge the view that the Coalition’s Direct Action plan for carbon reduction is vastly inferior to carbon pricing .

DIRECT ACTION is often perceived as an exercise in keeping up appearances: a fig-leaf policy from a...

Research report

28 Feb 2014
INTRODUCTION

The Australia Council for the Arts commissioned this literature review in response to the decline in children’s reading measured by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). The review aimed to summarise current knowledge on Australian children’s leisure reading, and identifies gaps in knowledge and...

Research report

10 Dec 2013

The Australia Council longitudinal study of early career artists aimed to better understand the career development of artists and the impact of receiving an Australia Council grant.

The research explores these areas by measuring direct grant impacts, career perceptions and development, and time spent...

Research report

26 Mar 2014

Victoria's residential care system has insufficient capacity and capability to respond to the level of demand and growing complexity of children’s needs, this audit finds.

Summary

On any given day around 500 children are in residential care in Victoria. These children are...

Guide

19 Mar 2014

A new guide for local governments will support the development of communities that are liveable, prosperous and sustainable.

The Green Star – Communities Guide for Local Government has been launched today by the Green Building Council of Australia (GBCA) and AECOM at the Green...

Collection

The Australian Government Web Archive (AGWA) is a web archiving initiative of the National Library of Australia and it complements the Library's long established PANDORA Archive. The AGWA is a collection of Commonwealth Government websites with the earliest content collected in June 2011. Selected older...

Research report

25 Mar 2014

This report examines the human rights compatibility of bills recently introduced into Parliament.

Executive summary

This report provides the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Human Rights' view on the compatibility with human rights as defined in the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011...

Audio program

26 Mar 2014

In the annual Manning Clark lecture, former West Australian Premier and academic, Geoff Gallop, looks at the history of Australian republicanism. He argues that a republic will only emerge from the grassroots, a deliberative democracy, rather than from top-down conventional politics.

Research report

19 Mar 2014

Summary : The framework set out in this paper provides guidance for auditing the performance of regulators in regard to the compliance costs they impose on business and other regulated entities. It complements other frameworks that are used to assess the performance of regulators...

Research report

20 Mar 2014

Summary: This report presents the results of measurements of exposures to radiofrequency (RF) fields from WiFi in two New Zealand schools, both from the access points and devices themselves. The results are compared and supplemented with information from overseas studies.

All exposures were...

Research report

20 Mar 2014

Housing stress is only weakly linked with indicators of wellbeing such as health and financial stress. Alternative, narrower measures of housing affordability are needed to better quantify household affordability problems and thus better inform policy formulation in Australia.

Key points:

A household...

Research report

31 Dec 2013

This report aimed to identify ways in which New Zealand’s system of retirement income can remain socially, economically and politically sustainable for many decades to come.

Summary

This report to the Government arises from a triennial Review of retirement income policies, held...

Research report

19 Feb 2014

This report provides an evaluation of Victoria’s approach to closing the health gap, and includes comprehensive case studies.

Research report

20 Mar 2014

This report reviews the available international and New Zealand research on temporary migrants’ vulnerability and exploitation in the workplace, highlighting research gaps and whether there are effective interventions.

Introduction

Although New Zealand has long depended on immigrant settlers to supplement the national...

Research report

19 Mar 2014

This paper measures changes in job vacancies in New Zealand advertised by businesses on the two main internet job boards – SEEK and Trade Me Jobs.

In seasonally adjusted terms, that skilled job vacancies fell by 2.0% in February, following a 7.4% increase in...

Book

24 Mar 2014

Although there are many books on project management, few address the issues associated with scientific research. This work is based on extensive scientific research and management experiences and is designed to provide an introduction to planning and managing scientific research for the beginning researcher. The...

Research report

24 Mar 2014

Recently arrived migrants arrivals report relatively high levels of discrimination, finds this survey on social cohesion in Australia.

Summary:

The Recent Arrivals survey was conducted in 2013 as an extension to the Scanlon Foundation Social Cohesion Research Program, with additional funding from...

Research report

24 Mar 2014

Summary:

The government is about to make a decision on whether to spend between $8 and 10 billion of taxpayer’s money on the new F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. It’s also an important call because it will cement the F-35 as the main instrument...

Video

11 Mar 2014

Mark McMillan is a senior lecturer at Melbourne Law School, the 2013 NAIDOC scholar of the year, and a board member of the National Congress of Australia’s First Peoples. Here, he brings his vast experience to bear in examining Indigenous identity and the law....

Research report

27 Feb 2013

An output from the ANZSOG-funded project 'Diagnosing readiness: Testing organisational capabilities'.

This paper outlines the development of a new diagnostic tool to enable organisations to gauge their preparedness for complex change.

Abstract

Much is made of the best way to manage...

Audio program

23 Mar 2014

Megan Whelan explores access to mental health services in the face of a suicide rate that is resistant to change.

New Zealand is still struggling to reduce one of the highest youth suicide rates in the developed world. In addition, the overall suicide rate...

Research report

21 Mar 2014

Focusing on how frequently Indigenous status changes across Tasmanian government school enrolment records, this paper investigates the most appropriate decision rules or 'algorithm' to determine Indigenous status for use in analysis and reporting.

Summary

The purpose of this feasibility study is to...

Research report

19 Mar 2014

This study uses data on patterns of drug user consumption and purchasing to evaluate Australian legal threshold quantities to see whether Australian drug users are at risk of exceeding the thresholds for personal use alone.

Introduction

Drug trafficking in Australia is deemed...

Research report

21 Mar 2014

This study uses data from the National Homicide Monitoring Program within a context of national and international research to describe what is known about the trends and key characteristics of same-sex intimate partner homicide in Australia.

Foreword

While there is a sizable...

Research report

21 Mar 2014

This paper brings together policy contributions from a wide cross-section of society interested in feeding into the G20 process.

Summary

G20 engagement partners from Business (B20), Civil Society (C20), Labour (L20), Think Tanks (T20) and Youth (Y20) have each provided a contribution...

Video

17 Mar 2014

Australians are living through a period of exceptional prosperity – but commodity prices are dropping and the boom is set to end. Are we ready for the reforms and challenges that lie ahead?

In the first Fifth Estate of 2014, host Sally Warhaft is...

Research report

18 Mar 2014

With New Zealand facing poorer water quality, and shortages, this paper examines the water situation and the policy challenges it presents.

Introduction

Better water management will benefit all New Zealanders. The focus on water policy has been driven by poorer water quality,...

Research report

15 Feb 2014

This report outlines progress across the health and aged care sectors to create a more productive, sustainable and consumer-centred system.

Introduction

Health Workforce Australia’s (HWA) national workforce innovation and reform program is driving change across the health and aged care sectors to...

Research report

13 Mar 2014

This concept paper explores the potential and practical options for regenerating the resilience of bio-systems in Australia.

Introduction

The United Nations, the World Bank, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the United States Department of Agriculture and the vast majority of senior...

Article

17 Mar 2014

Using the example of South Australia’s homelessness sector, this article argues that developing a shared measurement framework for social ventures can lead to better outcomes for clients.

Introduction

Outcomes-based measurement – if you say it fast it doesn’t sound so bad. So...

Research report

20 Mar 2014

Executive summary: While Commonwealth government debt has been the focus of attention recently, this report takes a broader view by bringing state debt into the picture.

Much has been made of the fact that Commonwealth government debt is projected (under current expenditure and...

Research report

21 Mar 2014

This report explores expenditure on particular categories of health goods and services, including hospitals, primary health care, other recurrent health expenditure and capital expenditure.

Summary

This report extends the analysis presented in Health expenditure Australia 2011-12 to further explore expenditure on particular...

Research report

21 Mar 2014

This paper identifies how Australia fits into Japan–South Korea cooperation, the merits and pitfalls of trilateral security cooperation, and whether it’s in Australia’s interests to pursue such an initiative.

Summary

In Asia, Australia has no closer strategic and ideological partners than Japan...

Research report

15 Feb 2014

This paper examines criticisms of Australia’s strategic shift towards an outgoing defence posture within Asia.

Summary

Australia’s two recent Defence White Papers have continued the country’s strategic shift towards an outgoing defence posture within Asia, and a further shift away from its...

Research report

18 Mar 2014

Introduction: The issue of alcohol-related violence, and in particular violence occurring in and around licensed premises, has been at the forefront of debate in NSW for several years. A range of measures have been introduced to tackle this problem, including those announced by Premier...

Research report

17 Mar 2014

This paper argues that there is little for Australia to gain by rushing into an expansion of CSG operations.

Summary

The purpose of this paper is to bust the gas industry’s myths about coal seam gas (CSG). The gas industry has been...

Research report

12 Mar 2014

Despite the plethora of rental research, a significant gap remains in understanding the relationship between rental housing and 'transport disadvantage'. This project analyses the changing spatial concentration of lower-income renter households in Melbourne and Sydney and connects this with changes in transport opportunity.

Research report

16 Dec 2013

Introduction : Even though a wide range of health services exist in most urban and regional centres, they are not necessarily accessible. Accessible health services are physically accessible, affordable, appropriate and acceptable (that is, culturally competent and non-discriminatory).

This paper draws on approximately...

Research report

18 Mar 2014

More than five years on from the financial crisis, high rates of joblessness and income losses are worsening social conditions in many OECD countries. The capacity of governments to meet these challenges is constrained by fiscal consolidation. However, cuts in social spending risk adding to...

Journal article

4 Feb 2014

Objective: To determine trends in health status over a 10-year interval in a high-risk remote Australian Aboriginal community.

Methods: Two health surveys were performed, one between 1992 and 1997 and the other between 2004 and 2006, on people aged five years or...

Journal article

25 Jul 2013

This article draws from recent work by the authors on high-speed broadband and Australia’s National Broadband Network (NBN) to critically engage with and extend theories of media ecologies. The argument of this paper is that the media ecology approach is a valuable framework for making...

Audio program

17 Mar 2014

Many say that continuous growth unsustainable. But if ‘de-growth’ is unstable, what are we to do? This panel discussion from the recent Sustainable Living Festival looks not at the problem, but at possible solutions. How do we transition to a more sustainable system?

Guests...

Research report

30 Jan 2014

This paper presents estimates for economic freedom rankings of the six Australian states.

Introduction

Economic freedom, or the ability of individuals to justly and non-coercively acquire, use and dispose of property as they each see fit, has long represented an animating principle...

Commentary

18 Mar 2014

Things to remember if you are a federal minister for the arts:

In arts policy, as in the arts, how you do things matters as much as what you do. Good ideas become bad ideas if your tone is wrong or you aim at...

Commentary

Article

17 Mar 2014

What does Joko Widodo’s presidential candidacy mean for the future of Indonesian democracy?

.

The announcement that Joko Widodo had been given his party’s presidential candidacy was cathartic and oddly anticlimactic. More than a year of speculation about whether PDI-P party...

Commentary

17 Mar 2014

The accountability of the ABC and SBS should be a two-way street.

ACCOUNTABILITY is the price of statutory independence, and the price is considerable, especially for the kind of editorial and creative independence exercised by the ABC and SBS. As the Australian National...

Journal article

12 Mar 2014

This article argues that Beijing is using its fishing and paramilitary fleets for geopolitical purposes by pursuing a strategy of “fish, protect, contest, and occupy”, designed to reinforce its sovereignty and resource claims over contested islands in the Western Pacific and coerce other claimants into...

Research report

5 Mar 2014

These four papers present data from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing for the 93 NSW State Electoral Districts (SEDs) as redistributed in 2013.

This publication is arranged by selected census characteristics. For each characteristic, three numbers from the 2011 Census are provided...

Video

14 Mar 2014

Alan Finkel is an engineer, entrepreneur, philanthropist and Chancellor of Monash University.

Finkel’s pitch is a vision he calls ‘the electric planet,’ a plan for clean electricity and generating enough of it to replace fossil fuels. He’s an electric car man and...

Research report

13 Mar 2014

This is the second of two reports from the Government as a Social Machine project. The first report gave an overview of the evolution of electronic/digital government, and explored the concept of 21st century government as a 'social machine'.

This report identifies seven social...

Journal article

3 Mar 2014

Abstract: The growing popularity of online hospitality exchange networks like Couchsurfing and Airbnb point toward a new paradigm of sociality for a mobile and networked society as hospitable encounters among friends and strangers become entangled with social media and networking technologies. Inspired by Andreas Wittel’s...

Research report

13 Mar 2014

The objective of the audit was to assess the Australian Federal Police's (AFP’s) management of policing services at Australian international airports. In order to form a conclusion against this audit objective, the Australian National Audit Office (ANAO) examined if:

the transition to the 'All...

Research report

14 Mar 2014

This document provides guidance on engaging with the national processes responsible for health information and data standards. It has been developed to ensure data collected are consistent, accurate and useful for policy, planning and program management.

Summary

In a health system dispersed...

Research report

12 Mar 2014

While more people are undertaking multiple qualifications, leading to an increase in the total qualifications being completed, this audit found that the number of individuals completing apprenticeships and traineeships in Victoria has remained stagnant.

Summary

Apprenticeships and traineeships combine formal training with...

Submission

12 Mar 2014

Summary: This submission urges the state government to keep investing in programs that have a proven track record of improving Victorian lives.

This year’s submission focuses on five key areas:

Reducing family violence and its effects Improving measures to tackle crime and...

Audio program

12 Mar 2014

Before WW2, New Zealand was among the most egalitarian nations on earth, but recent OECD stats suggest that its once narrow gap is widening so fast, it’s now ranked second from the bottom. But in contrast to its early years as a largely white, Anglo-centric...

Dataset

13 Mar 2014

In the December quarter 2013, the average daily number of full-time prisoners in Australia was 32,240 persons.

Research report

17 Mar 2014

This report calls on the Australian government to take action for improving outcomes for rare and less common cancer patients.

Executive summary: Cancer is the leading cause of the total burden of disease and injury in Australia, accounting for approximately 19 per cent...

Dataset

12 Mar 2014

This release contains time series data for secured and unsecured housing finance commitments for owner occupation, commitments for construction or purchase of dwellings for rent or resale, and loan outstandings to individuals/households for housing.

Research report

13 Mar 2014

Employment prospects over the 3 years to March 2016 are presented in this report. These employment forecasts will be used to inform the Ministry’s advice relating to immigration priorities, and priority setting for tertiary education and industry training over the next 2-3 years. The forecasts...

Research report

15 Mar 2014

The Protection of the Environment Operations (General) Regulation 2009 prohibits the combustion of native forest biomaterials for electricity generation with several exemptions. On 7 March 2014, the Protection of the Environment Operations (General) Amendment (Native Forest Bio-material) Regulation 2013 amended the original Regulation to permit...

Research report

14 Mar 2014

This backgrounder sets out the regulatory framework for government procurement in New South Wales and lists key sources including NSW and Commonwealth government policies, parliamentary committee reports, and journal articles.

Introduction

The O’Farrell Government has introduced a number of legislative and policy...

Research report

6 Mar 2014

The objective of the audit was to report on the progress of the current phase of the AWD Program, which is known as SEA 4000 Phase 3–Build. This phase commenced in June 2007, and covers the finalisation of the detailed design, the signing of the...

Research report

14 Mar 2014

The report examines the timetables and budgets of six diverse schools across the country to identify ways they can change their practices in order to free up time for teacher development.

Overview

School education in Australia is slipping. We are falling down...

Research report

17 Mar 2014

This study examined informal practices of hard rubbish reuse (or ‘gleaning’) by households.

Research report

11 Mar 2014

Summary: Every five years, Statistics New Zealand conducts the Census of Population and Dwellings. The most recent Census was scheduled to be held in 2011, but was not held until Tuesday 5 March 2013 due to the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. This is a full...

Website

This population pyramid shows New Zealand's changing age-sex distribution over time. It delivers insight into NZ population history and what the future may look like.

Transcript

5 Mar 2014

Evidence-based policymaking needs to be counter-balanced with intelligence-based policymaking, the Executive Director of the HC Coombs Policy Forum told an audience of senior public servants today.

Dr Mark Matthews used an address to the inaugural Policy Reflections Forum at the Department of Communications to...

Research report

4 Mar 2014

Abstract: This paper provides a snapshot of the ways in which gender bias affects women and men throughout their lives. Although there are inequities for both genders, it is fair to say that women face greater long-term disadvantage than men as a result of...

Research report

4 Mar 2014

This paper reviews the factors that contribute to women's poor economic security upon retirement and offers a number of suggestions on how employers can improve women's economic security.

Summary

Experiences in paid and unpaid work determine economic security in later life. Over...

Research report

14 Mar 2014

While law enforcement has traditionally been separate from national security, this report argues that the emergence of new threats and risks for the national interest has changed that.

Introduction

ASPI is pleased to introduce its new Strategic Policing and Law Enforcement Program....

Research report

14 Mar 2014

With inventive foreign policy needed to reassure the Indo-Pacific’s established powers and accommodate Chinese ambitions, this report proposes three complementary strategies: prolong US leadership; protect the territorial status quo; and pursue a policy of ‘strategic ambiguity’ vis-à-vis territorial disputes.

Executive summary

With...

Research report

6 Mar 2014

The Monthly Economic Review is an overview of the New Zealand economy. It includes the latest data on New Zealand’s economic growth, unemployment, inflation, merchandise trade and balance of payments figures, along with certain financial data (such as the Reserve Bank’s official cash rate). The...

Research report

28 Feb 2014

This report gives insights into employment trends in New Zealand by industry and region, summarises data on labour supply factors and participation, and presents information on indicators of labour supply and demand matching.

Summary

This report combines the Ministry of Business, Innovation...

Research report

24 Feb 2014

Headline exchange rate measures don’t capture New Zealand's burgeoning emerging market trade, particularly the China-driven export boom, argues this short paper.

Introduction

People are worried about the damage the strengthening exchange rate might be doing to the export sector. It's only a...

Research report

24 Feb 2014

The ageing of New Zealand’s academic workforce requires careful management, however, universities now have a larger pool of ‘other’ academic staff from which rejuvenation of the senior academic workforce could occur.

Key findings

In 2013, the age structure of the academic staff...

Research report

13 Mar 2014

The overriding message of this draft report is the need for a comprehensive overhaul of processes in the assessment and development of public infrastructure projects.

There are numerous examples of poor value for money arising from inadequate project selection. Without reform, more spending will...

Journal article

6 Nov 2013

Abstract: Seasonal and temporary migration programs are widely used around the world, yet there is scant evidence as to their development impacts. Absent such evidence, it is difficult to evaluate whether the proliferation of temporary worker programs in recent years is a useful development. This...

Research report

12 Mar 2014

In Australia there are 5.4 million cases of food-borne illness annually which costs the community $1.2 billion per annum. As a co-regulator in food safety, local government has a significant interest in ensuring adherence to good food safety practices. In 2012-3 ACELG, in partnership with...

Report

30 Oct 1977

Tabled in 1977, this was the first comprehensive government report on drugs in Australia.

In the 1960s illicit drug use in Australia was raplidly increasing, leading to stricter legal penalties. By the 1970s it became clear that the legal penalties were having a limited...

Journal article

4 Mar 2014

This article argues that native title has the potential to be an empowering process, but that achieving this requires a clear and economically valuable property right that supports Indigenous governance and traditions and long term prosperity.

Introduction

The 20th anniversary of the...

Research report

16 Dec 2013

One of Australia’s greatest challenges is the elimination of the gap between the developmental outcomes of Indigenous and non-Indigenous children in the early years of life. This paper reviews existing research and presents strategies to improve early childhood development among Indigenous Australians.

Aims...

Video

8 Mar 2014

On 17 April 1993, Indigenous AFL player Nicky Winmar raised his St Kilda jersey and pointed out the colour of his skin to the Collingwood fans that had taunted him throughout the match. That photograph, and his accompanying statement, ‘I’m black and I’m proud to...

Audio program

10 Mar 2014

The library was once a temple of books. But much of what filled library shelves is now available online, without you having to leave your computer or mobile. What are libraries doing to ensure they don’t become extinct? Well, it appears the library of the...

Research report

10 Mar 2014

Australia's mental health system will face an additional cost to the taxpayer of $9 billion if the structure and emphasis of the current system is maintained, argues this report.

Executive summary

One in two Australians will experience a mental health disorder during...

Research report

6 Mar 2014

This study explores men's weight loss stories published in the popular magazine Men's Health and considers the appropriateness of the proposed strategies in light of clinical practice guidelines and current evidence for overweight and obesity management.

Abstract: We explore weight loss stories from...

Research report

24 Feb 2014

This research suggests the sensible use of debt by local councils can address infrastructure backlogs and positively support sustainable local communities and organisation performance.

The aim of the project has been to support the Australian local government sector contend with the increasingly complex financial...

Research report

9 Dec 2013

ACELG with consortium partner the University of Canberra has published a new resource called 'Public Participation in an Era of Governance: Lessons From Europe for Australian Local Government'. Written by Professor Mark Evans (with Richard Reid), the report aims to provide an academically informed and...

Working paper

17 Feb 2014
Abstract

Objectives

In Forecasting mortality in New Zealand: A new approach for population projections using a coherent functional demographic model, we summarise the investigation of a new method for formulating mortality assumptions (ie forecasting mortality) that was implemented in official New Zealand population projections...

Research report

15 Dec 2013

Preface

Youthworx is a successful model of a practical, community-based, cross-sector response to the problem of youth marginalisation and social exclusion. It combines professional expertise, networks and material resources across social service delivery agencies (Salvation Army and Youth Development Australia (YDA)), youth-run community...

Research report

18 Feb 2014

While newer forms of online media platforms have yet to replace traditional mass-media in Indonesian politics, aspects of new media are steadily gaining currency as a legitimate mainstream indicator of candidature electability.

Abstract

The itinerant rise of the professionalised class of political...

Research report

5 Mar 2014

This is the third report released by The New Zealand Initiative on education and teaching quality.

This report makes further recommendations for how New Zealand can attract, retain, and develop the best teachers. These policies will help to transform teaching into a profession of...

Website

The Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health (CADTH) provides Canada’s federal, provincial, and territorial health care decision makers with credible, impartial advice and evidence-based information about the effectiveness and efficiency of drugs and other health technologies. To achieve its mandate, CADTH produces a...

Research report

11 Mar 2014

This paper measures the attitudes of Australians towards the relative merits of public versus private education, and evaluates those findings according to the established literature and data available about actual strengths and weaknesses of the two different systems.

Introduction

Children’s education has...

Research report

10 Feb 2014

This study sought to identify the disruptive effect of proceeds of crime action on criminal activity, and to identify factors associated with successful proceeds of crime action.

Executive summary

Illicit drug trafficking is a source of funds for further trafficking and for...

Research report

7 Mar 2014

Introduction: This report aims to facilitate improved outcomes for Victorian women and their babies by providing a focus for multidisciplinary performance improvement meeasures and quality activities for hospitals, program managers and clinicians.

The development of the report was overseen by the Victorian Perinatel...

Research report

5 Mar 2014

Investments in coal, oil, and gas increase financial risk without increasing returns, according to this report, which includes the first simulation comparing performance of an Australian fossil fuel free investment portfolio with an indexed ASX portfolio.

Introduction

Debates about climate change have...

Research report

14 Jan 2014

This paper explores differences in the experience of legal problems by Indigenous status.

Abstract: The Legal Australia-Wide (LAW) Survey found that Indigenous people who experience legal problems had an increased likelihood of experiencing multiple legal problems. New analyses using the LAW Survey national...

Research report

7 Mar 2014

This publication provides quarterly data and analysis on New Zealand's housing market, construction and social housing.

Key issues

Loan-Value Ratios: Early Days Yet: We explore the effects that the recent Loan-Value Ratio restrictions have had since implementation. Pressure on Christchurch Construction:...

Dataset

7 Mar 2014

There were 288,052 children aged 4 or 5 years old enrolled in a preschool program in 2013, according to these results from the 2013 National Early Childhood Education and Care Collection.

Research report

6 Mar 2014

With China's rise offering opportunities as much as it presents challenges, this paper puts forward recommendations for managing the relationship between Australia and China.

Summary

Sino-Australian diplomatic, economic and security ties have experienced significant growth over the past four decades. The general...

Commentary

Article

7 Mar 2014

THREE new books about schooling, the first a polemic, the second a polemic disguised as a guide for parents, and the third a scholarly history – all dwell on that uniquely Australian mistake, the three-sector system of government, Catholic and independent schools. In doing...

Research report

4 Mar 2014

This paper explores the relationship between parenting, work and the gender pay gap, and provides insights into the ways organisations can help address the gender pay gap by supporting parents in the workforce to manage work and family commitments.

Introduction

The gender...

Research report

4 Mar 2014

This paper explores the differences between mentoring and sponsorship for women in the workforce and outlines the benefits and the drawbacks for both.

Introduction

Mentoring has traditionally been understood to be the relationship between a more experienced mentor and a younger, less...

Research report

28 Feb 2014

Abstract: Stress-related illness, physical ill health, relationship breakdown, moving home, and loss of income or financial strain, were all adverse consequences attributed to the legal problems reported by respondents to the Legal Australia-Wide (LAW) Survey. This paper draws on the LAW Survey data to...

Research report

4 Mar 2014

A better pricing system for public hospital treatment would show where costs are too high, and free up $1 billion for more and better health care, argues this report.

Overview

Public hospital spending is the fastest-growing area of government expenditure, but its...

Research report

15 Feb 2014

This short paper examines the impact of demand driven funding on university enrolments, by low socio-economic standard and regional/remote students, two years into full implementation.

Key messages

Demand-driven funding was implemented in conjunction with a national target to have 20% of undergraduate...

Research report

7 Feb 2014

This is the fourth in a series of publications examining Australians’ responses to climate change.

Introduction

This report presents the basic findings of a survey undertaken in July and August of 2013 with 5219 Australians. The survey forms part of a longitudinal...

Research report

31 May 2012

Introduction: IP Australia and the Office for the Arts (Cth) brochure, Finding the Way: a conversation with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People seeks feedback from Indigenous people to share stories and insights on future directions about Indigenous knowledge and intellectual property.

The...

Research report

27 Feb 2014

Description: This discussion paper documents the socio-economic status of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville and the extent of rebound in investment and access to services since the cessation of conflict there in 1997. Data on the level of income, the age profile of the...

Research report

4 Mar 2014

As the Indian Ocean Region continues to grow in strategic significance, the need for a region-wide multilateral organisation capable of contributing effectively to regional issues will only become more pressing.

Key points

Despite its failings, the time for replacing IORA has passed...

Dataset

27 Feb 2014

Introduction:

This collection provides statistics relating to the number and characteristics of alleged offenders (hereafter referred to as "offenders") who have been proceeded against by police during the 12 month reference period. This includes their age, sex, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status,...

Dataset

5 Mar 2014

This publication presents quarterly national accounts showing both current price estimates and chain volume measures in original, seasonally adjusted and trend terms. State details for components of state final demand are also included.

Research report

5 Mar 2014

Introduction: The debate over the development of coal seam gas (CSG) in Australia has frequently visited the issue of whether landholders can (or should) control the access of resource developers to the CSG that sits under their land. In Australia, CSG resources of commercial...

Research report

5 Mar 2014

Introduction: This research paper is designed to answer some of those frequently asked questions about who was the first, youngest, oldest, most often, etc. in Australian federal politics. The focus is on records for the Commonwealth Parliament although a few significant records relate to...

Research report

5 Mar 2014

This Quick Guide provides Parliamentarians with a list of key resources and commentary about the ongoing crisis in Ukraine.

Authored by Nicole Brangwin (with assistance from Toby Bellwood, Cameron Hill, Sue Johnson, Nina Markovic and Janet Phillips).

Research report

4 Mar 2014

Introduction: This is a quick guide to basic information about the G20, as well as links to useful summary resources. The G20 background section includes the G20’s history, its members, the hosting system and G20 meeting processes, as well as a brief discussion of...

Research report

5 Mar 2014

Introduction: This report provides a description of resource exploration, the role of governments, and examines the exploration licencing process.

It summarises the regulatory approvals that explorers are required to obtain in order to undertake mineral and energy resource exploration, specifically in relation to...

Research report

2 Feb 2014

Executive summary: Behavioural taxes are taxes that are designed to influence behaviour against consumption. The application of behavioural taxes is fundamentally illiberal. They interfere with the rights and freedoms of individuals to make choices about their own consumption.

Behavioural taxes generally take the...

Research report

18 Feb 2014

Introduction: The purpose of this resource sheet is to assess and summarise evidence on the effectiveness of programs relevant to increasing employment rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with a disability. A total of 265 papers were reviewed—sourced from peer-reviewed journals published...

Research report

18 Feb 2014

This paper uses the 2011 Census data to quantify the impact of educational disadvantage among Indigenous Australians for labour market participation, employment and occupational destinations.

Introduction

Economic participation is one of the fundamental building blocks identified in the Closing the Gap initiative...

Research report

4 Mar 2014

Examining the current extent of trade between South Korea and Australia (specifically New South Wales), this paper argues that there is likely to be significant value from the Korea-Australia Free Trade Agreement (KAFTA), particularly for agricultural exporters.

Introduction

The Republic of Korea...

Research report

13 Feb 2014

Abstract: This study investigates changes to the workplace that are leading to ‘anywhere working’. It explores the potential demand for smart work centres in the local government areas of Liverpool, Blacktown and Penrith in Western Sydney and the public and private benefits that would...

Research report

16 Dec 2013

This review primarily explores the links between housing quality and health outcomes, the mechanisms by which housing influences health outcomes, and a range of practices that can improve the condition of Indigenous housing.

Video

28 Feb 2014

Is it time to reimagine how we learn? Should we be moving from lecture halls to e-spaces -- from books to tablets?

Technology is opening up new ways to teach and learn.

It is also opening up new ways to understand...

Commentary

Article

4 Mar 2014

Are new rules needed to stop multiple voters from undermining Australian elections? Not according to the local and international evidence.

FOR ONE Australian voter, 7 September 2013 was a very busy day. While most of us were savouring our Election Day sausages in...

Commentary

Article

4 Mar 2014

It’s five years since Canberra’s innovative Alexander Maconochie Centre admitted its first group of prisoners. Is the facility living up to its aim of being Australia’s first “human rights compliant” prison?

MEMBERS of the visiting media pack are lined up in the reception...

Research report

21 Jan 2014

Given their significant impact on the economy, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) stand to play a pivotal role as both consumers of communications services and facilitators of the digital economy.

Summary: Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are big players in the Australian economy,...

Audio program

5 Mar 2014

Crime statistician Dr Don Weatherburn speaks with Fran Kelly about his new book Arresting Incarceration, which examines the growing trend in Aboriginal incarceration rates.

Between 1992 and 2012, the rate of Indigenous imprisonment per head of population soared by more than 50 per cent.

Research report

25 Feb 2014

This project worked with Aboriginal youth under the age of 25 – an age group that forms the majority of the Aboriginal population in Victoria and is among the highest users of mobile phones, actively engaging in social media and other online platforms. With the...

Research report

28 Feb 2014

Aim: To compare estimates of re-offending obtained from two sources, police data on persons of interest proceeded against and court finalisation data.

Method: Offenders who were convicted in a NSW Local or Higher Court in 2009 and received a non-custodial penalty were...

Guide

28 Feb 2014

It is almost four decades since the first boats carrying Indochinese asylum seekers arrived on Australia’s shores. Since then a widespread perception in the community that Australia is being swamped by waves of asylum seekers arriving unauthorised by boat continues to strongly influence government policy...

Research report

4 Mar 2014

This issue of the Monitor contains reflections on Think20 2014. The Think20 involves think tanks and academics from G20 countries, and aims to feed policy ideas into the G20 process. The Monitor contains papers covering the four policy areas discussed at Think20 2014: The G20’s...

Research report

4 Mar 2014

Air and ocean temperatures across Australia are now, on average, almost a degree Celsius warmer than they were in 1910, with most of the warming occurring since 1950, according to this report. This warming has seen Australia experiencing more warm weather and extreme heat, and...

Commentary

Article

3 Mar 2014

So much has been written about the adoption of Free Schools in the UK (a close equivalent of Charter Schools proposed for Australia) but so far there are only 170 with 86,000 students across a nation serving 8.2 million school children, with a further 125...