April 2014

Research report

30 Apr 2014

This report analyses school funding growth trends and proposes eight ideas for reducing spending and improving productivity.

Summary

Government expenditure on schools has more than doubled in real terms in the last 25 years, while student numbers have only grown by 18%....

Research report

29 Apr 2014

Australia's rate of incidence of insulin-treated diabetes has remained stable over the last decade, with between 10 and 12 new cases per 100,000 population per year.

Summary

Diabetes results in a large health and economic burden for individuals, families and communities. There...

Research report

29 Apr 2014

This report argues that future power prices will be lower with the Renewable Energy Target in place than they would be if it was removed.

Executive Summary

ROAM Consulting has conducted industry consultation, modelling, and detailed analysis to investigate the impact of...

Commentary

Article

29 Apr 2014

The federal government pulled $1.05m for the construction of a new library in Tarneit – a move that seems downright petty and callous.

If you wish to glimpse the heart of the outer-west suburbs of Melbourne, step into a local library. This is what...

Journal article

18 Apr 2014

This article argues that direct cross-examination of vulnerable witnesses should be removed from Australian trials, to reduce any illegitimate advantage to the defendant.

Abstract

Cross-examination is fundamental to the adversarial criminal trial. However, when children and witnesses with an intellectual disability are...

Research report

30 Apr 2014

This study aims to provide an understanding of the Australian Defence Force's special operations capability and what it offers to government in both peace and wartime.

Summary

Over the past decade, the demands of the ADF’s global and regional operations saw an...

Audio program

30 Apr 2014

One in six Australian children are at risk of neglect and abuse, and one in four are not ready to start school because of poor living and developmental environments.

This means that 22 per cent of Australian children are now considered 'vulnerable.'

Opportunity...

Research report

29 Apr 2014

Evaluating an intensive intervention designed to end long-term homelessness, this report covers the 36 months outcomes of the Journey to Social Inclusion pilot program and follows on from two previous reports which examined outcomes after 12 and 24 months. The evaluation combined a traditional Randomised...

Research report

30 Apr 2014

Summary: This guide provides a brief overview of youth unemployment, an introduction to the key concepts and terminology used, and lists relevant data sources. This is one in a series of Quick Guides related to labour statistics, designed to provide a basic understanding of...

Research report

29 Apr 2014

Summary: This publication was released on 29 April 2014 and in this edition the Commission analyses the latest ABS productivity statistics and comments on new developments underlying Australia's recent productivity performance.

Features in this edition are:

2013 Australian productivity the effect of...

Research report

11 Apr 2014

Summary: The New England-North West region (also known as the Northern Inland) has experienced substantial changes. During the nineteenth century the driving forces in production and employment were primary production and mining. During the twentieth century the predominant area of employment became the services...

Journal article

17 Apr 2014

This review of 112 papers from 1979-2014 suggests that smaller class sizes in the first four years of school can have an important and lasting impact on student achievement, especially for children from culturally, linguistically and economically disenfranchised communities.

Dataset

30 Apr 2014

Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population is projected to increase by over a third to reach between 907,800 and 945,600 people by 2026, according to this release.

Book review

4 Mar 2013

Review Details Date: 4 March 2013 Author: Christine Agius Publisher: ForMHub Owning Institution(s): Swinburne University of Technology

Book Details Title: Contesting citizenship. Irregular migrants and new frontiers of the political Publisher: Columbia University Press: New York Date Published: 2011 Author/s: Anne McNevin

In...

Book review

18 Mar 2013

Review Details Date: 18 March 2013 Author: Dennis Phillips Publisher: Australian Review of Public Affairs Owning Institution(s): The University of Sydney

Book Details Title: The Candidate: What It Takes To Win—And Hold—The White House Publisher: Oxford University Press Date Published: 2012 Author/s: Samuel L....

Book review

18 Mar 2013

Review Details Date: 18 March 2013 Author: Wendy Li Publisher: ForMHub Owning Institution(s): Swinburne University of Technology

Book Details Title: Displaced: The Human Cost of Development and Resettlement Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan: New York Date Published: 2012 Author/s: Olivia BennettChrisopher McDowell

Over the...

Book review

18 Mar 2013

Review Details Date: 18 March 2013 Author: Jacqueline Parry Publisher: ForMHub Owning Institution(s): Swinburne University of Technology

Book Details Title: The Perfect Business? Anti-trafficking and the Sex Trade along the Mekong Publisher: University of Hawaii Press: Honolulu Date Published: 2012 Author/s: Sverre Molland...

Book review

18 Mar 2013

Review Details Date: 18 March 2013 Author: Sverre Molland Publisher: ForMHub Owning Institution(s): Swinburne University of Technology

Book Details Title: The Least of All Possible Evils: Humanitarian Violence From Arendt to Gaza Publisher: Verso: London Date Published: 2012 Author/s: Eyal Weizman

Current asylum...

Book review

8 Feb 2013

Review Details Date: 8 February 2013 Author: Julie Stephens Publisher: Australian Review of Public Affairs (ARPA) Owning Institution(s): The University of Sydney

Book Details Title: Women Who Opt Out: The Debate Over Working Mothers and Work-Family Balance Publisher: New York University Press: New York...

Book review

20 May 2013

Review Details Date: 20 May 2013 Author: Andrew Leigh Publisher: Australian Policy Online Owning Institution(s): Swinburne University of Technology

Book Details Title: Quarterly Essay 49 - Not Dead Yet: Labor's Post-Left Future Publisher: Black Inc. Date Published: 2013 Author/s: Mark Latham

It's occasionally...

Book review

11 Jun 2013

Review Details Date: 11 June 2013 Author: Dan Thompson Publisher: Createquity

Book Details Title: Good & Plenty: The Creative Success of American Arts Funding Publisher: Princeton University Press Date Published: 2010 Author/s: Tyler Cowen

Tyler Cowen presents a powerful idea in his 2006...

Book review

16 Jun 2013

Review Details Date: 16 June 2013 Author: Ann-Mari Jordens

Book Details Title: Reluctant Rescuers Publisher: http://reluctantrescuers.com Date Published: 2012 Author/s: Tony Kevin

THIS book, a sequel to his 2004 analysis of the sinking of the SIEV X, A Certain Maritime Incident, is one...

Book review

5 Jul 2013

Review Details Date: 5 July 2013 Author: D.N. Byrne Publisher: Australian Review of Public Affairs (ARPA) Owning Institution(s): University of Sydney

Book Details Title: American Vertigo: On the Road from Newport to Guantánamo (in the Footsteps of Alexis de Tocqueville) Publisher: Gibson Square Date...

Book review

12 Jul 2013

Review Details Date: 12 July 2013 Author: Frank Bongiorno Publisher: Australian Review of Public Affairs (ARPA) Owning Institution(s): University of Sydney

Book Details Title: Norman Haire and the Study of Sex Publisher: Sydney University Press Date Published: 2012 Author/s: Diana Wyndham

His...

Book review

26 Jul 2013

Review Details Date: 26 July 2013 Author: Stefanie Scherr Publisher: Australian Policy Online Owning Institution(s): Swinburne University of Technology

Book Details Title: Hope: Refugees and their Supporters in Australia since 1947 Publisher: Halstead Press, Sydney Date Published: 2013 Author/s: Ann-Marie Jordens

Australia has...

Book review

16 Aug 2013

Review Details Date: 16 August 2013 Author: Ariadne Vromen Publisher: Australian Review of Public Affairs (ARPA) Owning Institution(s): University of Sydney

Book Details Title: Young People and Politics: Political Engagement in the Anglo-American Democracies Publisher: Routledge Date Published: 2013 Author/s: Aaron Martin

What...

Book review

9 Sep 2013

Review Details Date: 9 September 2013 Author: Michael Keane Publisher: Asian Creative Transformations Owning Institution(s): Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

Book Details Title: Online@AsiaPacific Publisher: Routledge Date Published: 2013 Author/s: Larissa Hjorth Michael Arnold

Recently I took some visitors from mainland China for...

Book review

2 Oct 2013

Review Details Date: 2 October 2013 Author: Annabelle Sheehan Publisher: Inside Story Owning Institution(s): Swinburne University

Book Details Title: Screen Distribution and the New King Kongs of the Online World Publisher: Palgrave Date Published: 2013 Author/s: Stuart CunninghamJon Silver

From Thomas Edison’s short...

Book review

18 Oct 2013

Deliberative democrats sometimes assume that existing political organisations, including NGOs or social movement organisations, are too bound up with pre-given interests or ideological frames to provide a public sphere where such deliberation can occur.

Book review

18 Oct 2013

Review Details Date: 18 October 2013 Author: Graeme Gill Publisher: Australian Review of Public Affairs (ARPA) Owning Institution(s): The University of Sydney

Book Details Title: Can Russia Modernise? Sistema, Power Networks and Informal Governance Publisher: Cambridge University Press Date Published: 2013 Author/s: Alena V....

Book review

8 Nov 2013

Review Details Date: 8 November 2013 Author: David Hansen Publisher: Australian Review of Public Affairs (ARPA) Owning Institution(s): The University of Sydney

Book Details Title: Forgotten War Publisher: NewSouth Publishing Date Published: 2013 Author/s: Henry Reynolds

In 1885, a volunteer military expedition...

Book review

6 Dec 2013

Review Details Date: 6 December 2013 Author: Robert Aldrich Publisher: Australian Review of Public Affairs (ARPA) Owning Institution(s): The University of Sydney

Book Details Title: A Little Gay History: Desire and Diversity across the World Publisher: British Museum Press Date Published: 2013 Author/s: R.B....

Book review

5 Feb 2014

Review Details Date: 5 February 2014 Author: Caroline Fleay

Book Details Title: Alternatives to Offshore Processing: Submissions to the Expert Panel on Asylum Seekers 2012 Publisher: Labor for Refugees Date Published: 2013 Author/s: Robin Rothfield, ed.

Like many others, I was stunned when...

Book review

7 Feb 2014

Review Details

Date: 7 February 2014 Author: Dennis Phillips Publisher: Australian Review of Public Affairs (ARPA) Owning Institution(s): The University of Sydney

Book Details Title: The Road to War: Presidential Commitments Honored and Betrayed Publisher: Brookings Institution Press Date Published: 2013 Author/s: Marvin...

Book review

14 Mar 2014

Not since the radical reforms to divorce enacted in the heady 1970s has there been so much huffing and puffing and anxiety about the whole institution of marriage being blown down. At the centre of this anxiety is the relationship of marriage and sexuality:...

Audio program

5 Mar 2014

This seminar looks at the problems of researching gangs, but also the problems encountered when research findings clash with popular and official understandings.

Research report

24 Apr 2014

Australia’s labour force participation rate, and ratio of dependents to workforce, are at record highs according to this report, despite an increase in Australia’s median age.

Introduction

Many people are anxious about Australia’s ageing population. Others are optimistic. So is demographic ageing...

Commentary

Article

24 Apr 2014

A team of scientists from the UK, the US, Australia and New Zealand have modelled the fate of a huge floating raft of volcanic rocks that formed in 2012 during a submarine eruption of a Pacific volcano.

Described in this month’s edition of Nature...

Video

25 Mar 2014

Marian Hobbs, former Labour MP, in conversation with Professor Kevin Clements about her life and times growing up through the 1960’s. She talks about education, teaching, life in communes and her experiences as an MP.

Policy

24 Apr 2014

This White Paper sets out the Government’s final positions on the design, implementation and ongoing development of the Emissions Reduction Fund.

Executive summary A healthy environment and a healthy economy are two essential elements of the Government’s vision for a strong...

Research report

27 Apr 2014

Australians are paying up to three times more than they should for superannuation, argues this report.

Overview

Australians pay far too much for superannuation. They pay about $20 billion in fees and expenses in total. Fund customers pay $1300 on average, every...

Research report

16 Apr 2014

This release updates statistical information on key economic indicators, thereby presenting an updated snapshot of the New South Wales economy and providing relevant points of comparison with other Australian States and Territories.

Summary

According to the RBA Statement on Monetary Policy, growth...

Journal article

28 Apr 2014

For many, particularly in the Anglophone world and Western Europe, it may be obvious that Google has a monopoly over online search and advertising and that this is an undesirable state of affairs, due to Google's ability to mediate information flows online. The baffling question...

Research report

22 Apr 2014

Preface: Many scholars and practitioners in the fields of democracy and media freedom would support the proposition that the two are intimately connected, but the exact relationship between them and the degree of causality between changes in one with changes in the other has...

Research report

28 Apr 2014

This report provides human rights perspectives on issues such as asylum seekers, LGBTI rights, Indigenous rights and the federal government's hot-button issue of "freedom".

Foreword

In this report, which is a first for the Castan Centre, you will find fresh perspectives on...

Transcript

7 Apr 2014

My subject today concerns a balance sheet—a balance sheet for disarmament to be precise. I am told that the British scientist, Dame Mary Archer, once said, “It sounds extraordinary but it's a fact that balance sheets can make fascinating reading.”

Well, the balance sheet...

Research report

31 Mar 2014

Asylum seekers living in the community are at serious risk of disadvantage, isolation and marginalisation, argues this report, which outlines the emergency relief services and other related support to asylum seekers provided by UnitingCare agencies.

Summary

Recent research conducted by UnitingCare Victoria...

Video

22 Apr 2014

Where there are cities, there are artists. They are often the first human developers on the fringes of urban areas, and no city is complete without its galleries, its music venues and its literature. The great metropolises of the world lean heavily on their arts...

Research report

17 Apr 2014

Summary: This information paper presents findings from engagement conducted over the past 12 months with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and homelessness service providers in relation to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples perspectives on homelessness. The paper presents different perspectives of homelessness...

Research report

25 Apr 2014

Introduction: This resource sheet reviews the available literature on the key factors that have underpinned successful Indigenous entrepreneurs and community-based enterprises. It also explores the different characteristics of Indigenous entrepreneurs and community-based enterprises. Where possible, it also looks at the outcomes of government programs...

Research report

23 Apr 2014

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Department of Human Services’ management of Medicare compliance audits.

Audit objective, criteria and scope

The objective of the audit was to assess the effectiveness of the Department of Human Services’ management of Medicare compliance audits....

Research report

24 Apr 2014

This audit examined the effectiveness of the Department of Human Services’ management of Medicare customer data and the integrity of this data.

Audit objective, criteria and scope

The objective of the audit was to examine the effectiveness of the Department of Human...

Commentary

Article

26 Apr 2014

Andrew Dodd reviews Bob Carr’s absorbing and occasionally disturbing account of eighteen months as foreign minister

BOB CARR is touring St Petersburg on his last day as Australia’s foreign minister. There’s a six-hour time difference between Sydney and this part of Russia so...

Research report

23 Apr 2014

The East Coast Regional Economic Potential Study provides an overview of economic development issues and opportunities facing the East Coast study area - which covers Gisborne, Wairoa, Napier and Hastings.

It is divided into two parts:

Stage 1 draws on existing data and...

Journal article

28 Feb 2014

Emphsizing more effective law rather than more law, this paper provides a perpective from within government that argues for a better appreciation of what is required to ensure that regulation is effective in a New Zealand context.

Using building controls, financial markets regulation and...

Video

24 Apr 2014

ACARA has released four new videos to support the Australian Curriculum. They are available in the F-10 Australian Curriculum playlist on the ACARA You Tube channel.

The technologies videos introduce the two strands of the Australian Curriculum: Technologies – digital technologies and design and...

Research report

15 Apr 2014

In 2012, the Australian Government lifted previously imposed limits on the funding of bachelor-degree students at public universities. This new system was called ‘demand driven’ because it allowed universities to respond to student demand and allowed more students to benefit from higher education.

On...

Research report

19 Nov 2013

There is little information in Aotearoa New Zealand about how women are represented across the Community and Voluntary Sector (CVS), despite the fact that the sector’s voluntary and paid workforce is heavily dominated by women. The representation of women in leadership and governance roles, and...

Research report

15 Apr 2014

Along with students from over 60 countries, New Zealand’s Year 9 students took part in the 2010/11 cycle of the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS 2010/11). This study measures trends in mathematics and science achievement in Years 5 and 9 and identifies...

Discussion paper

26 Mar 2014

The aim of this paper is to identify the main future requirements for longitudinal data for research and policy purposes, and to discuss how well existing data sources could meet these requirements, as well as options for addressing the gaps. Our focus is on longitudinal...

Research report

15 Mar 2014

This Policy Issue Review investigates claims that Fly-in Fly-out/ Drive-in Drive-out groups are placing a burden on Australian rural health care services. Based on a rapid review of current literature, and including mining and seasonal workers, as well as grey nomads, the size and health...

Journal article

5 Jan 2014

Abstract: It is acknowledged that health outcomes for Australian Indigenous peoples are lower than those of non-Indigenous Australians. Research suggests negative media in relation to Indigenous Australians perpetuates racist stereotypes among the wider population and impacts on the health of Indigenous Australians. This study examined...

Journal article

20 Mar 2014

Abstract: This article presents a case study of an exercise in Aboriginal community governance in Australia. It sets out the background events that led the Yawuru Native Title Holders Aboriginal Corporation in the town of Broome on Australia’s northwest coast to secure information for its...

Guide

24 Apr 2014

In increasing numbers, agency personnel, interest groups, and residents of at-risk communities are coming together to consider wildfire problems and taking steps to solve them. Particularly with regard to fire management, trust among parties is an essential element to successful local programs. Despite a growing...

Research report

14 Mar 2014

Summary : Carbon dioxide is being released into the atmosphere nearly twice as fast as it is removed by Earth's carbon sinks, like forests and oceans. Think of it as a bath tub overflowing.

To get atmospheric carbon levels back to manageable levels...

Research report

23 Apr 2014

Summary: In this Analysis, University of Leeds professor Duncan McCargo argues that the recent Malaysian-backed Southern Thai peace initiative has now run into some serious problems. He argues that despite its various shortcomings the initiative is still worthy of support, since it has gained...

Research report

22 Apr 2014

This paper proposes that Australia abolishes tax concessions for superannuation and create a universal (non-means-tested) age pension.

Summary

As Australia’s population ages, government policies that assist retirement will become even more essential. Superannuation tax concessions and the age pension are the two...

Article

9 Apr 2014

The recently released ‘My City: the people’s verdict 2013’ survey from the Property Council of Australia reveals that only 36 per cent of people think Australian cities have affordable housing —the worst performing aspect of the 17 measurement categories of our cities that were assessed....

Research report

3 Mar 2014

In 2010, the Property Council of Australia approached Auspoll with a desire to better understand the attitudes that Australians have towards the cities in which they live. In particular, the Property Council was interested in measuring the “liveability” of Australia's capital cities from the perspective...

Audio program

17 Apr 2014

The evolving use of large datasets is prompting intense debates on privacy and security. From medical records through to GPS signals, the ability to collect large amounts of data holds great potential for innovation and productivity. But governments are grappling with the problems of how...

Audio program

21 Apr 2014

How free from a religious or sacred dimension is our political system? The West has prided itself for years on having shaped strong, secular and democratic institutions of government, devoid of a sacred element, but Philosopher Simon Critchley argues that political or civil theology is...

Research report

16 Apr 2014

This report examines the impact of the Whānau Advisory Group, an initiative that aspires to foster quality engagement between schools and their Māori communities in order to improve Māori student achievement.

Executive summary

The success of the Whānau Advisory group initiative across...

Research report

22 Apr 2014

Whānau Ora is an inclusive interagency approach to providing health and social services to build the capacity of all New Zealand families in need. This report examines the performance of general practices in Whānau Ora collectives.

Summary

Whānau Ora is an inclusive...

Research report

23 Apr 2014

Summary: This study set out to explore how accessible health and disability organisations are for Māori living with a disability and their whānau in Southland / Murihiku identifying both the barriers and the facilitators to accessibility, and, based on our findings, to make recommendations...

Commentary

Article

22 Apr 2014

The timing of Barry O’Farrell’s departure, and its aftermath, reveal much about the heavily factionalised NSW Liberal Party

POLITICS these days is not only big business, but also smart business. The age of the street-corner soapbox, town hall meeting and leaflet...

Research report

16 Apr 2014

The Abbott government can provide national leadership and take adoption out of the ‘too-hard’ basket by setting national child protection performance targets, argues this report, including by boosting the number of local adoptions from care to the equivalent of more adoption-friendly countries within the next...

Research report

15 Apr 2014

Indigenous rights and agrarian reform may be on a collision course in Indonesia, adding to the complexity of resolving land conflicts there.

Overview: A longstanding land conflict in Jambi province, Sumatra, highlights the tension between two strands of civil society: the movement to...

Research report

16 Apr 2014

This audit assessed the administrative effectiveness of Defence’s procedures to provide emergency assistance to the civil community.

Introduction

An emergency situation can be a natural occurrence, such as a bushfire, flood or cyclone, or result from human activities. Emergencies occur frequently in...

Book

9 Apr 2014

This book examines questions such as: does economic growth contribute to wellbeing? How different is income to wellbeing? How do we measure societal wellbeing and take its distribution into account?

Summary

Australia continues to be at the forefront of international work on...

Research report

15 Apr 2014

To help place developments in revenue in perspective, and identify trends that can be obscured by short-term fluctuations, this report examines trends in Australian Government receipts over three decades.

Overview

Australian Government receipts have averaged around 24.1 per cent of Gross domestic...

Research report

17 Apr 2014

This paper describes the process and methodology of the LivingStandardsNZ workshop which brought together 28 young people in December 2013 to discuss complex and long-term issues for the future of New Zealand.

This initiative was a collaboration between the Treasury and the McGuinness Institute...

Guide

2 Feb 2014

The Growing Green Guide has been developed with advice from industry experts and knowledge from academic research, to explain how to create high quality green roofs, walls and facades.

The Growing Green Guide was the result of three years' collaborative work between the Cities...

Discussion paper

11 Apr 2014

This paper introduces a study into the costs of doing business in the dairy product manufacturing industry, and invites submissions from the public.

Summary

The Australian Government has asked the Commission to undertake a study into the costs of doing business in...

Research report

2 Apr 2014

Summary: This report provides evidence that Aboriginal health services run by Aboriginal people:

Provide jobs for more than 3,200 Aboriginal people (over 5,000 in total) and are the main source of Aboriginal employment in many communities; Boost education levels of Aboriginal people with...

Discussion paper

11 Apr 2014

This paper introduces a study into the cost structures of the retail trade industry, and invites the public to make submissions.

Summary

Within the broader context of the relative costs of doing business in Australia, the Australian Government has asked the Productivity...

Research report

17 Apr 2014

This report presents information on young people under youth justice supervision, both in the community and in detention, during 2012–13. It explores the characteristics of their supervision and recent trends. Data are reported for all states and territories except WA and the NT. National totals...

Journal article

25 Mar 2014

This article describes the current demographic and employment characteristics of Australian nurses working in general practice, and explores trends in their role over time.

Abstract:

Background

Nursing in Australian general practice has grown rapidly over the last decade in response...

Guide

16 Apr 2014

Corporal punishment is a contentious and much debated issue within the community. This resource provides a brief overview of research literature on the use of corporal punishment towards children and the legal landscape regarding corporal punishment as a means of disciplining children in Australia. We...

Commentary

Article

17 Apr 2014

If the rumours are correct, the federal government is considering a complex but far-reaching change to pension payments

WITH THE federal budget looming, Joe Hockey has flagged two possible changes to pensions. The first, raising the age at which individuals become eligible for...

Journal article

15 Apr 2014

This article provides insight into the compromises prison administrators take to gain inmate compliance in New Bilibid Prison, the largest maximum security facility in the Philippines, and one of the largest in the world.

Abstract

In the large, overcrowded, out-dated and under-funded...

Submission

18 Mar 2014

Over the last 12 months the MHCA’s collaborative work with the mental health sector has highlighted the significant concerns consistently raised by mental health consumers, carers and service providers about the design and implementation of the NDIS, and the implications these may have for service...

Research report

16 Apr 2014

Growth in early childhood education (ECE) services in New Zealand is still high, but is well down on where it was between 2007 and 2010, according to these statistics on annual ECE growth.

Summary

There were 4,292 licensed early childhood education (ECE)...

Video

14 Apr 2014

Summary

The plucky bravery of the Anzacs is one of our great national stories – it plays into our idea of who we are. But why is one of the touchstones of our identity based on a historic defeat?

Some are sick...

Video

14 Apr 2014

Summary: In this video, New Mandala's Dr Ross Tapsell interviews Associate Professor Greg Fealy and political analyst Usman Hamid about the results of the Indonesian parliamentary elections. The three discuss why the 'Jokowi effect' was over-estimated by pollsters and pundits alike, why the favourites,...

Research report

15 Apr 2014

This audit found that the NSW State Emergency Service cannot be assured that it has sufficient volunteers to respond to future demands.

Introduction

The NSW State Emergency Service (SES) is the lead agency responsible for preparing the community for and responding to...

Journal article

15 Feb 2014

As learning technologies are now integral to most higher education student learning experiences, universities need to make strategic choices about what technologies to adopt and how to best support and develop the use of these technologies, particularly in a climate of limited resources. Information from...

Journal article

10 May 2013

The pace of technological change accompanied by an evolution in social, work-based and study behaviours and norms poses particular challenges for universities as they strive to develop high quality and sustainable technology-rich learning environments. Maintaining currency with the latest advances is resource intensive, hence the...

Commentary

Article

17 Apr 2014

The issues involved in teaching and learning with ICT in universities are complex and can vary considerably between the differing contexts and traditions of a range of separate disciplines. Students have clear expectations about their capacity to access technology flexibility during their time studying at...

Research report

16 Apr 2014

This release measures changes in job vacancies in New Zealand advertised by businesses on the two main internet job boards – SEEK and Trade Me Jobs.

Summary

Jobs Online shows, in seasonally adjusted terms, that skilled job vacancies increased by 0.7...

Research report

17 Apr 2014

The performance of mainstream services provided to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians is a particular focus of the annual Report on Government Services. This Indigenous Compendium contains all the Indigenous data to be found in the most recent Report , published in January 2014....

Journal article

28 Feb 2014

New Zealand’s natural resources are under increasing pressure from competing uses and are, in some areas, approaching limits. Management of our natural resources has been and will continue to be a complex and contentious intergenerational issue. This complexity arises because of the many interrelationships and...

Journal article

28 Feb 2014

This article describes the design during 2013 of a model and implementation principles of a leadership and capability development and deployment (LCDD) model for the state services system. In this process, an initial prototype model was developed to describe a desired future state. It was...

Research report

14 Apr 2014

Summary: To make considered, evidence-based cyber policy judgements in the Asia-Pacific there’s a need for better tools to assess the existing ‘cyber maturity’ of nations in the region. Over the past twelve months the Australian Strategic Policy Institute’s International Cyber Policy Centre has developed...

Research report

13 Apr 2014

Summary: The Working Group III contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (WGIII AR5) provides a comprehensive assessment of all relevant options for mitigating climate change through limiting or preventing greenhouse gas emissions, as well as activities that remove them from the atmosphere....

Research report

14 Apr 2014

The Australian Workplace Innovation and Social Research Centre (WISeR) commissioned a study by the National Institute of Economic and Industry Research (NIEIR) to assess the impact of the closure of the motor vehicle industry in Australia following announcements by General Motors Holden (GMH), Ford and...

Research report

1 Feb 2014

Seeking to gain a better understanding of the benefits associated with financial counselling service provision and its net impact on the lives of people assisted, The Wyatt Trust commissioned The Australian Workplace Innovation and Social Research Centre (WISeR) at The University of Adelaide to undertake...

Audio program

16 Apr 2014

A new study has found that Australian children are struggling with managing and saving money, and understanding financial risk.

Commentary

Article

16 Apr 2014

New Zealand has reacted to proposed changes to Australian social security law by raising discrimination concerns with Canberra

DURING the last two federal election campaigns the Coalition promised new measures to tackle long-term unemployment. That pledge has found its way into...

Commentary

Article

15 Apr 2014

Australia faces a fall in living standards unless policy action is taken. This is due to de-industrialisation and loss of economic complexity .

The higher the economic complexity, the stronger the economy’s value-creation prospects. Australia languishes at 79 in global rankings of economic complexity...

Research report

2 Feb 2014

This report describes the methodology for evaluating the Integrated Services Program, which establishes cross-agency responses for adult clients who have multiple and complex needs such as mental illness, intellectual disability and acquired brain injury and who exhibit behaviours that might cause significant harm. The evaluation...

Fact sheet

20 Mar 2014

New Zealand's gross domestic product was up 0.9 percent in the December 2013 quarter, following a revised 1.2 percent rise in the September quarter.

Key facts

Gross domestic product (GDP):

Economic activity increased 0.9 percent in the December 2013 quarter. Manufacturing...

Research report

1 Apr 2014

New Zealand has an international reputation for being an early adopter of new technology. To confirm that this was the case, we conducted our first New Zealand Mobile Electronic Device Use Survey in 2013. We updated this survey early this year, to keep abreast of...

Research report

13 Apr 2014

The number of young Australians who are unemployed for longer than a year has more than tripled since 2008, according to this report.

Introduction

Youth unemployment has been marching upward in Australia in the aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis in 2008....

Commentary

Article

8 Apr 2014

When long-time Kiwi expat John Clarke was asked why he left New Zealand, he said: “Because it was there.” Clarke at least knew what being “there” meant, in contrast to most of his new compatriots, whose interest in and knowledge of their ANZAC cobbers (or...

Article

28 Feb 2014

The income gap between rich and poor, which is now much larger in most developed countries than it was 30 years ago, has become one of the more pressing problems facing both the public and policy makers. One approach to this problem of (in)equality is...

Journal article

28 Feb 2014

The publicity of the government, the press, and a host of private organisations constantly assures the public that New Zealand leads the world in this, that, and the other. So often is the point repeated and asserted about so many features of the Dominion’s life...

Journal article

28 Feb 2014

This article is an abridged version of an IGPS working paper of the same title published October 2013. The working paper was commenced earlier in the year, but completion became timely after the government put out a discussion document outlining the Flexi-Super concept and invited...

Audio program

13 Apr 2014

New Zealand has set ambitious new targets for its trade relationship with China.

But is this achievable given the fallout from last year's Fonterra botulism scare?

The dairy cooperative is adamant there's been no residual damage to this nation’s brand, but other dairy...

Guide

11 Apr 2014

The Well Child / Tamariki Ora programme is a package of health services offered to all New Zealand families and whānau for children from birth to years years. The Handbook helps and supports all providers who deliver Well Child / Tamariki Ora services in accordance...

Research report

14 Apr 2014

Foreword: Online communities are increasingly being recognised as a way of sharing ideas and knowledge among different practitioner communities, particularly when practitioners are not able to meet face to face. This paper explores the considerations associated with establishing online communities for crime prevention practitioners,...

Research report

14 Apr 2014

Enabling less highly-trained hospital workers to play a bigger role could improve jobs for doctors and nurses, save public hospitals nearly $430 million a year and fund treatment for more than 85,000 extra people, argues this report.

Overview

Hospitals are under pressure....

Research report

8 Apr 2014

This fourth and final review into the Collins Class submarine sustainment program argues that submarine maintenance and availability has significantly improved.

Summary

This report revisits the sustainment environment 15 months on from our November 2012 Report to gauge progress along the transformation...

Research report

3 Apr 2014

This publication provides a broad picture of the interactions of the environment with the economy and society of Australia.

Introduction

The Australian Environmental–Economic Accounts represents the culmination of efforts by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) to develop, implement and regularly produce...

Discussion paper

10 Apr 2014

This paper outlines the development of a new science and technology (S&T) policy for national security, and invites submissions.

Book

9 Apr 2014

Summary: A Yorta Yorta man’s seventy-three-year search for the story of his Aboriginal and Indian ancestors including his Indian Grampa who, as a real mystery man, came to Yorta Yorta country in Australia, from Mauritius, in 1881 and went on to leave an incredible...

Book

20 Mar 2014

This book presents a study of empowerment through a qualitative grounded theory analysis of the stories of people who participated in Family Wellbeing, an empowerment programme developed by Aboriginal Australians.

Preface

The concept of empowerment is highly relevant for promoting the health...

Dataset

8 Apr 2014

There were over 2 million Australian internet subscribers accessing download speeds of 24Mbps or greater as at 31 December 2013, according to this release.

Research report

11 Apr 2014

Summary : Fires have long been a critical factor governing the soils, plants and animals of the Australian landscape. So, too, were a range of factors that controlled these bio-systems, such as the level of soil moisture and the rate of fuel bio-degradation. These...

Research report

9 Apr 2014

Examining the origins, conduct, conclusions of, and reactions to, previous budget reviews provides some indications about how the current National Commission of Audit might unfold.

Introduction

On 22 October 2013 the Abbott Government announced the appointment of a National Commission of Audit....

Research report

11 Apr 2014

This report argues that taxi fares in Victoria must increase by an average of 12.5 per cent (with some variation between different tariffs).

Introduction

On 2 February 2014, the Minister for Public Transport issued us a terms of reference, under the Transport...

Research report

10 Apr 2014

This paper contains a wide range of information on Anzac Day, including on ceremonial activities for Anzac Day 2014.

Introduction

On 25 April, the anniversary of the landing at Gallipoli in 1915, Australians and New Zealanders honour those of our men and...

Research report

9 Apr 2014

Leading analysts from influential think tanks from 11 countries across the world provide their interim assessment of the Australian G20 presidency in this report. They all participated in last year’s Think20 meeting in Sydney, organised by the Lowy Institute, and are now discussing whether Australia...

Research report

10 Apr 2014

This paper analyses the trends in the rates of annual recorded incidents of 10 categories of property and violent crime for the period 1990 to 2013 in New South Wales (NSW).

Method: Offence rates were calculated using criminal incident data from the NSW...

Research report

10 Apr 2014

Introduction: This report presents data on crime reported to, or detected by, the NSW Police Force from January 1995 to December 2013, with a focus on the statistical trends for the 24 months ending December 2013. The data were extracted from the Computerised Operational...

Research report

10 Apr 2014

This report provides a statistical overview of recent crime trends in New South Wales.

It finds that while most offences have decreased, indecent assault and fraud have increased.

Video

7 Apr 2014

Contemporary New Zealand is undergoing a period of profound change. Migration from across the Asia Pacific region is reshaping the country, with Auckland now said to be the most multicultural city in Australasia.

To celebrate this Kiwi renaissance, author Lloyd Jones, whose Commonwealth Prize-winning...

Research report

9 Apr 2014

This report provides an overview of the purpose, scope and reporting status of 6 national frameworks, 4 National Agreements and 5 National Partnership Agreements that are relevant to children and/or youth.

Summary

Infants, children and young people make up about a third...

Research report

4 Apr 2014

Child neglect is one of the most common forms of maltreatment. Neglect is a topic that encompasses complex issues, many of which are also emerging research areas. This paper aims to provide a broad overview of these issues in relation to current thinking and to...

Research report

9 Apr 2014

Summary: Despite being subject to much criticism, international university rankings are attracting more coverage, are proliferating, and appear to be here to stay. Most countries and universities at the very least monitor the results of the rankings when they are published. Many universities strive...

Research report

6 Apr 2014

Summary: This paper presents cultural diversity data from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing for the 39 NSW State Electoral Districts (SEDs) located in regional NSW, as redistributed in 2013. Data from the 2006 Census is also included for several census indicators. A...

Research report

6 Apr 2014

Summary: This paper presents cultural diversity data from the 2011 Census of Population and Housing for the 54 NSW State Electoral Districts (SEDs) located in Greater Sydney, as redistributed in 2013. Data from the 2006 Census is also included for several census indicators. A...

Research report

3 Apr 2014

Summary: The report provides information to assist private enterprise and governments to better understand and plan for emergencies in Victoria. It also sets out what is being done about those risks, and sources of further information, in order to better support strategic priority-setting....

Video

25 Mar 2014

One of the core purposes of central banks, either explicitly or implicitly in recent times, has been the preservation of financial stability. Yet throughout the last two centuries, when there have been central banks, financial crises (financial instability) have been present. This lecture considers the...

Commentary

Article

10 Apr 2014

Lachlan and James Murdoch’s appointments to senior positions could help sow the seeds of unrest in the Murdoch empire

WHEN prime minister Tony Abbott reintroduced knights and dames to Australian public life, the decision was met with amusement and derision. But...

Commentary

Article

10 Apr 2014

The collateral damage is too great for policy-by-slogan to be sustainable. The alternative can bring benefits for asylum seekers and for Australia

WRITING in the Guardian last month, Robert Manne saw the drop-off in boat arrivals as an opportunity for a...

Research report

9 Apr 2014

Action on preventative health could lower the risk of dementia for future generations, argues this report.

Executive summary

The world-wide projections of the prevalence of dementia in the coming decades have been a source of great concern to health systems and societies...

Research report

4 Apr 2014

This paper summarises the current crisis in the new nation of South Sudan, the historical background, and Australia's role.

Executive summary

In mid-December 2013, the newly formed country of South Sudan erupted into violence, creating a significant humanitarian crisis. Violence spread rapidly...

Discussion paper

9 Apr 2014

This report summarises an assessment of homeopathy undertaken by the National Health and Medical Research Council, including an overview of published systematic reviews, evaluation of information provided by interest groups and the public, and consideration of clinical practice guidelines and government reports on homeopathy published...

Audio program

5 Apr 2014

Archaeologists have revised the dates for when humans first settled in New Zealand. It is now thought humans settled just 750 years ago. This makes New Zealand the last major land mass settled by humans. They came from central east Polynesia. It is thought the...

Discussion paper

8 Apr 2014

A number of barriers that prevent people from resolving civil disputes in a timely and affordable way should be removed, according to this draft report, which invites submissions from the public.

Key points:

There are widespread concerns that Australia's civil justice system...

Research report

7 Apr 2014

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: As home ownership rates decline across all age cohorts, the suboptimal quantity, allocation, and security of housing opportunities in the rental market has received increasing policy attention. To date, fiscal strategies for attracting investment towards rental housing have had limited success, especially...

Article

9 Apr 2014

Australia’s corporate strategists and national economic planners are mesmerised by what they believe will be rich pickings from the growth of Asia’s middle class. But while the population estimates of Asia’s emerging middle class are impressively large, their disposable incomes are not.

Asia’s increasing...

Discussion paper

3 Apr 2014

Victoria would do well to make the most of its human resources and embrace newcomers who want to work no matter where they have been educated and gained their skills and experience. Recent research shows that the most productive, profitable and innovative organisations are those...

Strategy

9 Apr 2014

The strategy outlined in this document provides a road map for improving care across Australia for people with arthritis and aims to reduce the costs to society of arthritis related diseases. The strategy is supported by three additional documents which respectively address the care of...

Research report

27 Mar 2014

This report presents the findings of an investigation into the processes, the data, the key issues, the pathways, the enablers, the constraints and the opportunities regarding the transition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students into higher education. Through an examination of qualitative and quantitative...

Research report

7 Apr 2014

This survey provides baseline data on discrimination in the workplace related to pregnancy, parental leave and return to work following parental leave.

Introduction: This survey provides baseline data on the extent, nature and consequences of discrimination in Australian workplaces related to pregnancy, parental...

Research report

3 Apr 2014

This Research Paper provides a brief overview of the rules for determining the next Commonwealth, state, territory and local government elections.

The paper lists the date of the next election where this is fixed, or where applicable, the earliest and latest possible dates on...

Research report

1 Apr 2014

This short paper explains Feed-in Tariffs (FiTs), which are payments for electricity fed into the supply grid from a renewable energy source. FiTs can be mandated by the government or offered voluntarily by an electricity retailer.

The primary aim of FiTs is to encourage...

Research report

6 Apr 2014

Regional live music contributes $276.2 million to the state economy but needs a co-ordinated state wide strategy and dedicated ‘one-stop shop’ office to help stimulate the regional touring circuit, according to this report.

The report, compiled over the last six months by Music Victoria...

Research report

1 Apr 2014

This paper presents a timeline of all key policy positions of Federal and State Governments and Oppositions with respect to a second Sydney airport since the end of 2007, and includes brief summaries and links to all of the key reports.

Introduction...

Research report

6 Apr 2014

The Commonwealth Government could save more than $800 million a year by 2017, according to this report, if it recovers outstanding student loans from deceased estates and people living overseas.

Overview: Student loans have helped millions of Australians finance their higher education since...

Research report

25 Mar 2014

This paper explores statistics about the prevalence of female sex offending and outlines the impacts on victims of sex offences by women, as well as issues related to disclosing the abuse.

Introduction

National and international victimisation data demonstrate that intimate forms of...

Journal article

7 Apr 2014

Fast foods have become lower in salt at the rate of about two to three percent per year, according to this four-year study of six Australian fast food chains.

Introduction: The burden of ill health attributable to obesity, type 2 diabetes and other...

Research report

31 Mar 2014

This paper examines who in Australia is currently growing their own food, their motivations, and barriers in relation to home and community gardening.

Summary

Australia’s high rate of urbanisation means that most people experience a significant disconnect between their food production and...

Discussion paper

2 Apr 2014

This is a critical assessment of political governance and service delivery at the subnational level. It examines the strengths and weaknesses of a particular province in order to make some broad statements about politics and governance in Papua New Guinea. With insights gained from rural...

Fact sheet

2 Apr 2014

Businesses in New Zealand are finding it easier to fill vacancies in 2013, according to this survey of information from businesses with six or more employees.

Key facts

In 2013:

31 percent of businesses had hard-to-fill vacancies in 2013, compared with...

Research report

28 Mar 2014

This report examines the outcomes of a health literacy proof-of-concept trial, which looked at the potential for improving health literacy standards in the community via the integration of two existing broadband technologies.

Executive summary

This report examines the outcomes of a health...

Audio interview

4 Apr 2014

The Regional Live Music Census 2013 has valued Victoria's live music industry at more than $270 million. Co-director of the National Live Music Office, John Wardle, says the report is strong evidence the live music industry provides genuine economic benefit to regional areas.

Total...

Dataset

27 Mar 2014

Over a third of court cases finalised during 2012-13 were for traffic offences, finds this report on the characteristics and outcomes of finalised defendants and the sentence outcomes associated with those proven guilty.

Video

3 Apr 2014

By the late 19th century, all Australian colonies had decreed that education must be compulsory, free and secular. By the middle of the twentieth century, ‘secular’ had gone out of fashion, seeing special religious instruction in all states. Today most primary schools in Australia must...

Video

24 Mar 2014

Indonesian Finance Minister Dr Muhamad Chatib Basri, and other distinguished academic experts from ANU including Professor Hugh White, Professor Virginia Hooker and Professor Andrew MacIntyre, take part in this public forum to launch the issue of the East Asia Forum Quarterly, ' Indonesia's Choices '....

Research report

29 Mar 2014

This paper evaluates the Healthy Sporting Environments Demonstration Project, which was a $2 million program to support grassroots sports clubs in Victoria to become healthier and more welcoming and inclusive.

Summary

The evaluation of VicHealth’s pioneering Healthy Sporting Environments Demonstration Project has...

Research report

5 Mar 2014

This paper presents the results of a project that considered how research might best contribute to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and wellbeing in the year 2030.

Executive summary

In late 2012, the Lowitja Institute embarked on a project using ‘futures...

Journal article

7 Feb 2014

Abstract: This paper aims to analyse the gambling activities and problem gambling risk factors for Indigenous Australian men, a topic which has previously drawn very little research attention. Using quantitative methods, we obtained a convenience sample of 1,259 women and men at Indigenous festivals,...

Research report

3 Apr 2014

This audit found that the Victorian Department of Education and Early Childhood Development has not provided access to high-quality education for all students.

Summary

Students in rural Victoria make up 30 per cent of the student population. In rural Victoria levels of...

Research report

1 Apr 2014

The Monthly Economic Review is an overview of the New Zealand economy. It includes the latest data on New Zealand’s economic growth, unemployment, inflation, merchandise trade and balance of payments figures, along with certain financial data (such as the Reserve Bank’s official cash rate). The...

Commentary

Article

4 Apr 2014

There are two groups that want the charities regulator and its oversights scuppered: the financial services industry and the Catholic Church. They have a friend in the government.

DEAD PEOPLE are very important to Australian charities. From beyond the grave, through the trustees...

Commentary

Article

4 Apr 2014

The federal government’s plan to abolish the permanent security oversight body is based on a flawed reading of its role, argue Jessie Blackbourn and Nicola McGarrity.

WHEN Tony Abbott outlined the content of the government’s first “repeal day” – “the biggest...

Research report

16 Feb 2014

This research report presents the details and findings of a research project commissioned by Adult and Community Education (ACE) Aotearoa, entitled Pasifika Success as Pasifika in Aotearoa New Zealand (PSAPiA) . Intended to be the first of a series providing Pasifika participants in Aotearoa New...

Research report

2 Apr 2014

The report provides updates on progress against the areas of strategic priority and targets and measures to close the gaps between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Victorians, as set out in the Victorian Aboriginal Affairs Framework 2013 - 2018.

As well as providing an important update...

Commentary

Article

3 Apr 2014

Improving school education in Australia has been a topic of public discussion for some time. In the period 1982-2012 there was roughly one state or national inquiry every year into the teaching profession in Australia.[1] These discussion continue today. In New South Wales requirements (to...

Guide

12 Mar 2014

This project aims to contribute to a discussion on how New Zealand might move towards a talent-based economy by exploring ways to grow, attract, retain and connect talent.

The TalentNZ Journal, and in particular the 30 interviewees, showed us that cities and towns have...

Article

2 Apr 2014

Comparing 2006 Census data with 2013 data, this article discusses the impact of the Christchurch earthquakes on where people are living, how many people are staying or living in non-private dwellings and the labour force statistics not hindered by any increase in people living in...

Research report

2 Apr 2014

The authors examine factors that influence young people's plans to complete Year 12, their aspirations to commence university study in the first year after leaving school and their expected occupation at age 30. They also examine the extent to which the occupational aspirations of teenagers...

Research report

2 Apr 2014

This eighth annual report provides a detailed account of the performance of 81 urban water utilities servicing 18.7 million Australians.

Under the National Water Initiative (NWI), governments have agreed to prepare an annual independent, public report on urban water utilities to benchmark pricing and...

Commentary

Article

31 Mar 2014

Science and innovation policy are too often the afterthoughts of Australian Governments, writes Nobel Laureate Professor Brian Schmidt .

Every year in the 19 since I emigrated here, like a skipping record Australia’s science and technology policy turns in an endless circle....

Journal article

26 Mar 2014

Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a school-based health promotion and education program in improving knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy and behaviours of urban Indigenous young people regarding chronic disease and associated risk factors. A mixed methods approach was adopted...

Discussion paper

31 Mar 2014

This paper discusses proposals for reform of Australian privacy law, including for a new Commonwealth Act that would provide for a statutory cause of action for serious invasions of privacy, and invites the public to make submissions.

Introduction

This Inquiry comes at...

Research report

27 Mar 2014

This review examined the National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN), its effectiveness, its unintended consequences, and potential improvements.

Referral

On 15 May 2013 the Senate referred to the Senate Standing References Committee on Education, Employment and Workplace Relations the matter...

Video

27 Mar 2014

One of the most hotly debated and pressing moral issues in contemporary Australia surrounds the fate of asylum seekers. A new anthology of work from 27 of the nation’s finest writers examines all aspects of this complex topic. A Country Too Far features fiction, memoir,...

Research report

2 Apr 2014

Provides an overview of Australia's community media sector, looking at its origins and composition and the problems it faces in light of the tasks it performs and the lack of resources available to it to deliver a media which is ‘of the people’ in terms...

Research report

2 Apr 2014

Abstract: Reforms have been underway over the last three decades to address the disadvantages that victim/survivors of sexual assault face within the criminal justice system in Australia. Such reforms include expansion of advocate services, specialisation of police, alternative provisions for giving evidence at trial,...

Research report

15 Feb 2014

The integration of different forms of knowledge of the relationships between climate, people and natural resources is an important issue in adapting to climate change. With some of the longest continuing cultures on earth, the indigenous communities of Australia hold valuable knowledge that has not...

Research report

2 Apr 2014

With the Victorian social housing system is under severe stress, this report calls for a broad strategy that addresses social housing shortages, and looks at ways to expand the supply and quality of low cost private housing.

Commentary

2 Apr 2014

With the release of the IPCC's Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability this week, many Australian academics have contributed to the debate at The Conversation.