May 2014

Journal article

21 Apr 2014

Why were the majority of MPs in the UK and New Zealand, but not Australia, willing to support law reform on marriage equality?

Abstract

This article analyses MPs' voting behaviour, during free voting on landmark legislation, which sought to allow equal marriage...

Research report

29 May 2014

Defending Australia costs $80,281,391.78 per day, finds this report which about the complex workings of the Defence Budget.

Executive summary

This year’s federal budget was dominated by budget repair. Yet amid the spending cuts and tax increases, Defence did very well. Nominal...

Research report

30 May 2014

This report outlines the main drivers impacting on the Council of Australian Governments target to halve the gap in child mortality within a decade.

Summary

In 2008, one of the 6 Closing the Gap targets agreed by the Council of Australian Governments...

Research report

28 May 2014

Overview: New Zealand’s Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) electoral system incorporates 71 electorate seats whose members (electorate MPs) are elected by the first-past-the-post election method, and 49 list seats whose members (list MPs) are elected in proportion to the share of the party vote parties...

Research report

29 May 2014

There are expected to be four redistributions occurring prior to the expiration of the 44th Parliament. This paper outlines the reasons why.

Key points:

The periodic redrawing of electoral boundaries is required by law to maintain electoral divisions of roughly equal enrolment...

Research report

30 May 2014

As at June 2013 there were an estimated 640,770 New Zealand citizens present in Australia.

Summary

Under various arrangements since the 1920s, there has been a free flow of people between Australia and New Zealand. Historically, migration flows across the Tasman have...

Research report

30 May 2014

Aim: To investigate characteristics and trends from 2003/04 to 2012/13 in female persons of interest (POIs) recorded by NSW Police.

Method: The number of female and male POIs were informed by data on POIs proceeded against by police from the NSW Police...

Research report

29 May 2014

Summary: The Imposition and Enforcement of Court Fines and Infringement Penalties in Victoria is the Council's response to a government request for advice on aspects of the imposition and enforcement of court fines and infringement penalties.

The report presents comprehensive data on the...

Research report

30 May 2014

Australian businesses that involve banking, communications, energy, resources, transport and water have good cyber security measures in place, argues this report, but with some shortcomings such as a reluctance to report cyber security incidents.

Executive summary

The 2013 CERT Australia Cyber Crime...

Journal article

30 May 2014

There has been significant activity on voluntary euthanasia, with bills seeking to reform the law on the practice introduced in all of the Australian state parliaments except Queensland. This article examines the present legislative attempts to legalise voluntary euthanasia in two Australian state parliaments: South...

Research report

29 May 2014

Learned societies are “a critical part of the research environment ”, and many rely largely on subscription income from their journals publishing programme to support the other services they offer to their members in the promotion of their academic dis c ipline. As a result,...

Discussion paper

29 May 2014

Throughout the 2000s, agency running costs grew 23% in real terms (adjusted for inflation) despite an efficiency dividend of at least 1% throughout the decade. The dividend has also failed to curb costly changes in the size and makeup of the public service.

Since...

Research report

29 May 2014

Introduction: The Commission for Children and Young People and Child Guardian (the Commission) is responsible for the independent monitoring of the child protection system in Queensland. The Queensland Child Guardian Key Outcome Indicators Update: Queensland Child Protection System 2010–13 (the Update) represents the Commission’s latest...

Working paper

29 May 2014

Australian adults are above the OECD average in literacy but only average in numeracy, according to a staff paper released by the Productivity Commission.

The paper analyses the profile of adult literacy and numeracy skills in Australia, and how important those skills are for...

Journal article

27 May 2014

Twenty years ago an editorial by Doug Altman in the BMJ [1] , “The Scandal of Poor Medical Research”, decried the poor design and reporting of research, stating that “huge sums of money are spent annually on research that is seriously flawed through the use...

Research report

27 May 2014

Summary: Internationally, a number of emerging technologies and associated developments are becoming available that could have far‐reaching effects on the delivery of tertiary education. One of these developments is Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs).

The opportunities MOOCs present include the ability for institutions...

Commentary

Article

27 May 2014

Are local schools the beating heart of our communities? Or are they underutilised public assets, closed out of school hours and off limits to local residents?

A new discussion paper on the extended use of schools released by New South Wales Labor...

Discussion paper

26 May 2014

Schools are very special places in our community. They are where our children commence their formal education and are often visited by family and friends marking events such as school fetes, junior sport, assemblies and parent-teacher nights.

As one of the few pieces of...

Commentary

Article

19 May 2014

The crushing victory of the Bharatiya Janata Party, or BJP, and its anointed prime minister Narendra Modi brought joy to India’s stock markets, satisfaction to many millions of exasperated voters and apprehension to religious minorities and others who don’t subscribe to “Hindu values” as defined...

Audio program

27 May 2014

'Greater freedom’ is the new buzz word in Australian politics. The federal government plans to repeal the “hate speech” provisions of the Racial Discrimination Act – effectively removing the restriction to offend, insult or humiliate people because of their race. So what does freedom mean...

Research report

15 May 2014

Knowledge is central to development. The World Bank invests about one-quarter of its budget for country services in knowledge products. Still, there is little research about the demand for these knowledge products and how internal knowledge flows affect their demand. About 49 percent of the...

Discussion paper

28 May 2014

It has been the practice for over thirty years for Federal Governments to produce a Women’s Budget Statement as one element of the official Budget Papers. In 2014 this practice ceased without explanation from the Government.

The National Foundation for Australian Women, a non-politically...

Working paper

28 May 2014

This research project will provide policy-makers and housing practitioners with new knowledge into the future housing and support needs of people with dementia. It will advance strategies to support tenants, extend their capacity to age-in-place and improve service coordination in this area.

• In...

Article

28 May 2014

In October 2007, my organisation (the Conflict Prevention and Peace Forum at the SSRC) paid for two British consultants to go to Dili to help the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT) plan its security sector review (0) . This was part of a project...

Research report

17 Nov 2013

The challenge of ensuring long-term preservation of and access to the outputs of scientific research, especially data sets produced by publicly funded research projects, has become a prominent topic in the United States. In 2011, the two-year DataRes Project was initiated at the University of...

Research report

23 May 2014

No single party was directly to blame for the two nights of violence that led to the death of the Iranian asylum seeker Reza Barati at Manus detention centre, according to a long-awaited government-commissioned review.

The Cornall review, which places significant emphasis on the...

Research report

6 Apr 2014

With Māori over-represented in family violence statistics as both victims and perpetrators, this paper identifies some key considerations for implementing violence prevention and intervention initiatives.

Key messages:

Māori are over-represented in family violence statistics as both victims and perpetrators. The causes of...

Research report

4 May 2014

This paper tells stories of the Christchurch earthquakes and the aftermath, involving community action, health, housing, insurance woes, families, children and many other themes.

Summary

How did this project come to be? Well, without the earthquakes there would be no project, so...

Fact sheet

13 May 2014

This article takes a closer look at people working in the screen industry, and their jobs. It builds on an experimental series published in 2012 that uses Linked Employer-Employee Data (LEED) to supplement the Screen Industry Survey.

The Screen Industry Survey is an annual...

Commentary

Article

21 May 2014

New Zealand's growth is due for a slump in the not-too-distant future, writes Greg Jericho.

.

Last week the Australian and New Zealand governments announced two very different budget outcomes . You almost have to feel sad for Joe Hockey: he puts...

Working paper

29 Apr 2014

Abstract: New Zealand’s per capita greenhouse gas emissions are usually calculated by taking total emissions as reported under the Kyoto Protocol or the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and simply dividing by population. However this focuses on emissions associated with production within New...

Video

20 May 2014

In this conversation two leading public theologians, one from Sri Lanka, Dr Vinoth Ramachandra (Secretary for Dialogue and Social Engagement with the International Fellowship of Evangelical Students), and one from Cambridge, Dr Jonathan Chaplin (Director of the Kirby Laing Institute for Christian Ethics) discuss this...

Research report

16 Jan 2014

This report details the bicultural approach of the He Kākano evaluation, methodology, data analysis, key findings, strengths and weaknesses and recommendations for future school leadership professional learning programmes intending to promote educational outcomes for Māori student success as Māori.

Executive Summary

This evaluation...

Audio program

18 May 2014

Leigh McLachlan asks whether only allowing men to speak on the Marae is sexism or upholding ancestral teachings?

In most tribes, it's the man's job to speak on the marae during a formal Maori powhiri, while the women lead the karanga or welcome call....

Journal article

16 May 2014

This article discusses the history of restorative justice globally as well as elements particular to current restorative justice practices in New Zealand.

Introduction: In the opening pages of his recent book Crime, Punishment, and Restorative Justice, American author Ross London tells of what prompted...

Research report

26 May 2014

Summary: The issue of ballistic missile defence (BMD) was a controversial one when US President Reagan first advocated a strategic-level system in the early 1980s. It remains so today.

What’s Australia’s interest? We live a long way away from most current ballistic missile...

Video

22 May 2014

As Indonesia's economy grows, it is increasingly being referred to as a rising middle power and there is mounting speculation that Indonesia might eventually join the ranks of Asia's great powers. Regardless of just how far Indonesia will rise, its government and the will of...

Video

22 May 2014

What is body-based art? Surgically grafting an ear onto an arm? Exploring human rights or gender identity through performance? Contemporary dance interwoven with light and sound? Challenging preconceived notions about sexuality? In all of these cases, the body is a powerful site – and instrument...

Book

21 May 2014

These collected essays explore the complexities that confront those who frame social policy and those involved in the social services and legal systems that intersect with child and family issues.

Introduction

There are few areas of policy that carry greater complexity than...

Research report

20 May 2014

Abstract: In this report, what is known about human trafficking involving marriage and partner migration to Australia is described, drawing on primary information obtained from victim/survivor testimonies, stakeholder knowledge and expertise, and reported cases that progressed through the Australian justice system. It confirms what...

Research report

21 May 2014

Findings from a project aimed at building a more comprehensive and consistent national data collection for maternal and perinatal health are presented in this report.

Summary

Investment in more comprehensive and consistent national data collection for maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality...

Research report

22 May 2014

This report assesses the potential for existing data sources to improve our understanding of arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions and highlights future opportunities for improving data for monitoring these conditions.

Summary

Within the Australian population, arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions are highly...

Research report

22 May 2014

This issue of the Monitor focuses on the role of the G20 in infrastructure, tax and energy governance. The Monitor opens with a reflection on a conference jointly hosted by the Reserve Bank of Australia, the Productivity Commission and the Lowy Institute, titled ‘Financial Flows...

Research report

22 May 2014

Existing analysis of the Closing the Gap outcomes is limited by the lack of adequate wage data for Indigenous Australians. This paper attempts to redress this situation by using a geography recently developed by the ABS - Significant Urban Areas - to document the crucial...

Research report

22 May 2014

This Discussion Paper is the second consultation document in the ALRC's Inquiry into Commonwealth laws and legal frameworks that deny or diminish the equal recognition of people with disability before the law, and their ability to exercise legal capacity. The public are invited to make...

Research report

23 May 2014

Drawing on the grassroots professional experiences of financial counsellors as well as focus group interviews with consumers, this report outlines how the telecommunications industry's hardship policies and practices compare with those of the banking, energy and water industries.

Summary

In 2012, Financial...

Research report

23 May 2014

Summary: This survey of more than 21,000 people in 21 countries across every continent reveals that nearly half of respondents fear torture if taken into custody. The findings detailed in this document also show, for example, that the vast majority of respondents believe there...

Working paper

23 May 2014

This paper examines changes in Indigenous employment, income and housing costs to identify any localised ‘resource curse’ for Indigenous communities and the Australian population at large.

Research report

22 May 2014

Based on an analysis of more than 1.2 million tweets in English, French and German, this report finds mixed sentiment toward the European Union and a general lack of passion about the candidates seeking the European Commission presidency.

Summary

A new Pew...

Research report

16 May 2014

This series of papers summarises key features of the new Federal Budget.

Overview

The 2014–15 Budget was introduced into Parliament on 13 May 2014. It is the first Budget of the Coalition Government. This overview provides a summary of the headline numbers,...

Research report

15 May 2014

Summary: This is the first ever comprehensive overview of the economic performance of all the sectors that make up New Zealand’s economy.

The defining theme of this report is change. New Zealand, like many developed countries, is witnessing a transformation in our economy...

Research report

22 May 2014

This paper reports on a field trial, supported by Google, that used teledentistry to deliver specialist consultation to children in Victoria and pave the way for the application of teledentistry for paediatric patients.

Executive summary

Many rural, remote and outer suburban areas...

Research report

22 May 2014

Summary : Nearly a year of tumult and violence has drained Egyptians of their optimism and battered the images of key players in the post-Mubarak era, according to a new survey by the Pew Research Center. As a controversial presidential election approaches, 72% of...

Research report

20 May 2014

Summary: India is often identified as one of Australia’s key new strategic partners in Asia. While they have many shared strategic interests, both countries still have a lot to learn about how to get along with each other. Some might even see them as...

Transcript

21 May 2014

This inaugural Jean Blackburn Oration was given by Mr David Gonski AC, Chair of the 2011 Review of School Funding , and includes Mr Gonski's first comments on proposed changes to school funding in the most recent Federal Government budget.

JEAN BLACKBURN...

Research report

21 May 2014

Despite strict legislation, illegal wildlife trade continues on Australian online ecommerce stores creating further demand and endangering species.

The internet can be a great thing, bringing us closer, exchanging info; it’s letting me share my thoughts with you now. But it also...

Research report

22 May 2014

Foreword: Online fraud occurs when an individual or a business responds in some manner to an unsolicited invitation received via the internet and suffers financial or other detrimental effects as a result. In 2010–11, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (2012) found that over 1.2...

Commentary

Article

22 May 2014

Neither Labor nor the Coalition are rising to the challenge posed by Gonski

David Gonski is a famously cool customer, but surely even his sangfroid was tested as he rose to speak on Wednesday evening at Melbourne University’s Wilson Hall. This was his...

Dataset

20 May 2014

This release presents information on expenditure and human resources devoted to research and experimental development (R&D) carried out by higher education organisations in Australia, classified by socioeconomic objective, field of research, type of expenditure, type of activity, source of funds, type of employee and location...

Guide

20 May 2014

Provides links to key resources for Indigenous affairs in Australia, including information on 'Closing the Gap' agreements, funding, geography, and government agencies.

Summary

This Quick Guide provides links to:

the Council of Australian Government (COAG) key agreements under ‘Closing the Gap’...

Working paper

1 Mar 2014

This paper analyses the latest (2005) data available from the World Bank’s InternationalComparison Program (ICP). It assesses the extent to which the prices of goods and services in New Zealand (NZ) differ from those observed in other OECD countries, and Australia in particular.

The...

Research report

21 May 2014

Based on a nationwide survey of around 2,500 Salvation Army welfare clients, this report argues that the lives of those living on the margins are about to get even harder in light of the recent Federal budget.

Executive summary

This Economic and...

Dataset

16 May 2014

This release contains data on the value of monthly commitments for secured housing finance, other personal finance, commercial and lease finance.

Research report

20 May 2014

Based on a Canadian initiative, this annual report provides information on the physical activity and sedentary behaviours of Australia's children and young people.

Introduction :

Australia is a sporting nation and sport is an integral part of our national identity, which is...

Research report

21 May 2014

735 people drowned in Australian rivers, creeks and streams between 2002 and 2012. Rivers claimed more lives than any other aquatic location across the same period.

Executive Summary

This report details the number of drowning deaths in Australian rivers, creeks...

Audio program

20 May 2014

In this special feature The Law Report travels to the Kimberley region in northwest West Australia to visit a unique prison.

Opened in late 2012, the West Kimberley Regional Prison is specifically designed to house indigenous offenders.

It's a very different place from...

Research report

20 May 2014

This report outlines the technical background to the return on investment (ROI) analysis for creating a mentally healthy workplace. The aim of this analysis is to estimate the ROI for employers investing in a mentally healthy workplace. Accordingly, the analysis: estimates the cost to employers...

Research report

12 May 2014

Abstract: There appears to have been little or no effort by the Australian and Papua New Guinean governments to address the recommendations in Amnesty International’s December 2013 report, This is Breaking People . The primary concerns around arbitrary and indefinite detention and lack of...

Video

8 May 2014

Summary: Professor Fred Henry George Gruen AO, who had a strong influence on the study of economics in Australia.

Professor Fred Henry George Gruen AO (1921 --1997) was an early and influential voice in favour of free trade and Australian tariff reductions in...

Video

16 May 2014

Summary: The broadcaster, former Monthly editor and indomitable host of our Fifth Estate events series takes her distinctive brand of political and cultural savvy to the new Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka. In this superbly suitable setting, Sally talks about her edited collection,...

Research report

16 May 2014

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Therapeutic Goods Administration’s application of the Code of Good Manufacturing Practice for prescription medicines.

Overall conclusion

The Department of Health, through the TGA, administers the Australian regulatory framework for therapeutic goods, providing assurance to the...

Journal article

31 Mar 2014

Abstract: This paper outlines three areas in which communication researchers can offer insights on the ongoing development of a digital society: infrastructure development, the role of mobile connectivity, and the need for better data through which to understand access to, and engagement in, digital...

Journal article

31 Mar 2014

Abstract: While most critiques of the Coalition Government’s National Broadband Network (NBN) policy have focussed on the wisdom of its Fibre to the Node technology choice, a more fundamental weakness in its NBN election policy promises to make it a financial debacle if not...

Book

1 May 2014

The book is intended for staff and students and all health practitioners working in areas that support Indigenous mental health and wellbeing. Working Together offers a high quality, comprehensive examination of issues and strategies influencing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health and social and...

Article

19 May 2014

The spectre of an ageing population has led to the government’s exhortation to repair the national economy to avert ‘intergenerational inequity’, writes Associate Professor Elizabeth Brooke from Swinburne University's Centre for Social Impact.

The case for extending working lives is contained in the National...

Research report

19 May 2014

Suumary: The Ministry of Health, in partnership with sector expert advisors, developed the Well Child/Tamariki Ora (WCTO) Quality Improvement Framework , drawing on New Zealand and international research.

The Framework has three high-level aims, focusing on family/whānau experience, population health and best value...

Audio program

18 May 2014

More than half the people in prison will re-offend and return, creating a huge cost burden on the public purse. But governments driven by law and order politics are unwilling to invest in reducing recidivism and in NSW a respected service that’s worked with prisoners...

Audio program

2 Apr 2014

This symposium was an in-depth exploration of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation's (CCI) influence, impact and contributions since 2005, as well as its ongoing agenda.

CCI engaged with academic colleagues and industry, government and community partners to reflect on...

Commentary

Article

17 May 2014

In the online age, every national broadcaster is an international broadcaster. So it’s strange to find that the government wants to restrict the ABC’s focus

DESPITE what the treasurer and the foreign affairs minister might have tried to do on budget night, every...

Commentary

17 May 2014

This week’s budget raises the question of whom the Liberal Party now represents

WE LEARN a lot from a new government’s first budget. Strategic priorities, previously existing only in verbal form, are given concrete expression; promises are sorted into the various categories of...

Research report

16 May 2014

Arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions affect an estimated 6.1 million Australians across all ages, this report finds.

Summary

Arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions are common, affecting an estimated 6.1 million Australians (28% of the total population) in 2011-12. Due to their diverse...

Research report

14 May 2014

This paper provides a summary of some of the key statistics on permanent and temporary migration to Australia.

Overview

Australia is considered to be one of the world’s major ‘immigration nations‘ (together with New Zealand, Canada and the United States of America...

Research report

14 May 2014

This quick guide provides a brief background to the Commonwealth’s Renewable Energy Target – what it is, what it costs, how it operates, and whether it is achieving its aims.

What is the Renewable Energy Target?

The Renewable Energy Target is a...

Research report

8 May 2014

This paper brings together research findings on poverty, social exclusion, childhood development, and health and wellbeing to create a picture of child disadvantage in New South Wales over the last five to ten years.

Introduction

Children born into disadvantage are more likely...

Research report

15 May 2014

This paper provides a preliminary analysis of the rapid rise in the NSW prison population from January 2013 to March 2014.

Method: Descriptive analysis of court, crime, arrest and correctional data, and ARIMA modelling of prison trends.

Results: The key factors...

Research report

15 May 2014

New South Wales' adult prison population reached a record high in March this year of 10,741.

Summary

This report presents 24 months of reception, discharge and custody population data and comparisons between the current and previous quarter for age, gender, indigenous status,...

Data portal

16 May 2014

This website provides data on housing and housing affordability indicators in Victoria at four geographical levels: Major areas, regions, local government areas and suburbs.

The purpose of the website is to provide useful and accessible data to inform the identification of affordable housing needs...

Working paper

22 Apr 2014

This working paper takes a historical look at Australia's Pacific policy, and makes suggestions for change.

Journal article

8 May 2014

Presenting a case study comparison of the China policies of US Presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush, this paper provides insight into how the relationship can be managed in the 21st century.

Abstract

Case study comparison of the China policies of...

Research report

5 May 2014

This project aimed to determine whether comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography is suitable for routine use in a forensic laboratory for profiling illicit substances.

Abstract

Analytical gas chromatographic methods usually rely upon a single dimension (ie single column) high-resolution capillary GC column to...

Research report

15 May 2014

Myanmar’s controversial census has inflamed ethnic tensions at a critical moment in the peace process, argues this report.

Overview

Myanmar’s first census in over 30 years, an ambitious project conducted in April 2014 with technical advice from the UN and significant funding...

Research report

16 May 2014

Summary: To help identify and understand air quality issues at the national level, this paper presents information on changes in New Zealand’s air quality over time, and the associated pressures and impacts.

The report includes data to 2012. Data for 2013 was not...

Research report

14 May 2014

This report presents the results of an inquiry into the affordability, accessibility, sustainability, and effectiveness of technical and further education in Australia.

Terms of reference

On 11 December 2013, the Senate referred the inquiry into technical and further education in Australia to...

Research report

30 Mar 2014

The Abbott government should abandon its pledge to spend 2 percent of Australia’s GDP on Defence, argues this report.

Executive summary

• In 2012-13 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was used to measure and define the debate over Australia’s Defence spending.

•...

Audio interview

16 May 2014

Senate voting needs to be simpler and more transparent. Brian Costar talks to Peter Clarke about a plan to fix the system, and looks at the politics of the federal budget

The parliamentary inquiry into the 2013 election is under way, and its...

Policy

13 May 2014

This is the first of a series of Budget Papers that provide information to supplement the Budget Speech.

Budget overview

The 2014-15 Budget marks a major step by the Government to transform the role of government in people’s lives.

This Budget...

Policy

13 May 2014

This Budget Paper is intended to provide comprehensive information on all Government decisions that involve changes to its revenue, expense and investing activities since the Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook 2013-14.

Foreword

Budget Paper No. 2 comprises three parts:

•...

Policy

13 May 2014

This Budget Paper presents information on the Commonwealth’s financial relations with State, Territory and local governments. This includes an overview of major Australian Government reforms and new developments, as well as information on payments to the States and analysis of fiscal developments in the public...

Commentary

Article

14 May 2014

Neoclassical economists control the curriculum, but a global wave of protest might change that soon.

It is widely understood across society that all is not well in the house of economics. In particular, there has been much criticism of the discipline’s inability...

Research report

12 May 2014

Summary : This Pew Research Center report examines public opinion in the European Union. It is based on face-to-face and telephone surveys in seven EU countries: France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom. Interviews were conducted March 17 to April 9,...

Policy

13 May 2014

Introduction: The purpose of Budget Paper No. 4 is to provide a whole-of-government view of appropriations required by entities in the Budget year and their estimated staffing, expenses and net capital investment. The Paper contains three parts with tables of information as follows:...

Article

14 May 2014

Academics from Australia's universities examine the impacts of the Abbott Government's first budget.

Commentary

Article

14 May 2014

It's right to get the budget back into surplus, but some of Joe Hockey's measure are plain nasty, says Ross Gittins.

.

This budget isn't as bad as Labor will claim and the Liberal heartland will privately think. It's undoubtedly the toughest...

Commentary

Article

12 May 2014

Joe Hockey has unveiled the Abbott government's first Budget, one designed to reduce government debt and set us on the path to surplus. Going back to the early '70s, governments have managed debt, deficits and spending blow-outs in different ways.

.

Budgets...

Discussion paper

31 Mar 2014

This paper discusses the impacts of energy hardship, before outlining the inconsistencies and inadequacies of the energy concession frameworks in Australia. It outlines recommendations for reform, and potential policy solutions to be pursued so that energy is affordable for everyone in Australia.

Audio program

11 May 2014

As the Abbott government prepares to unveil its first budget, Rear Vision looks at past Australian budgets, government surpluses and debts and the idea of balancing the budget.

What exactly is a balanced budget? What are the arguments for and against balanced budgets? How...

Audio program

14 May 2014

Treasurer Joe Hockey joins RN Breakfast to discuss the 2014-15 Federal Budget, which he says will build a 'nation of lifters, not leaners.'

The Treasurer has also declared that the days of borrowing and spending are over.

Critics of the Budget have described...

Research report

A report to the Department of Community Services on programs for immigrants and their children
30 May 1987

This controversial report from 1987 identified major problems with the Commonwealth Government's provision of services to immigrants.

The report had been commissioned by the Commonwealth Department of Community Services, but was disowned by it. This is the first time a digitised version of this...

Research report

12 May 2014

The Monthly Economic Review is an overview of the New Zealand economy. It includes the latest data on New Zealand’s economic growth, unemployment, inflation, merchandise trade and balance of payments figures, along with certain financial data (such as the Reserve Bank’s official cash rate). The...

Research report

14 May 2014

Measures changes in job vacancies advertised by businesses on the two main internet job boards – SEEK and Trade Me Jobs.

Changes to Jobs Online reporting

This month's report focuses on the trend series rather than the seasonally adjusted series, which will...

Audio program

11 May 2014

The number of people voluntarily referring themselves for therapy to try to prevent them from sexually abusing children is rising.

But there are fears some people who pose a risk to children, and have asked for help, may have to be turned away because...

Commentary

Article

8 May 2014

The recent visit to New Zealand by the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge has ignited the debate about whether New Zealand should become a republic or remain governed by the Monarch. During the tour, many opinions were put forth including one by Prime Minister John...

Video

9 Apr 2014

Griffith Review editors Lloyd Jones and Julianne Schultz invited a wild mix of New Zealanders to write about that place over the ditch. Join four writers and editors for a conversation about the complexities of the contemporary Kiwi.

Audio program

2 Apr 2014

In this talk Malcolm McKinnon discusses ways in which a trans-Tasman frame of reference expands our understanding of the economic depression in 1930s New Zealand.

Commentary

Article

7 Apr 2014

Asia's rise has been Australia's economic gain. If current GDP trends were to continue, even at a moderated pace, Asia will soon become the world's most important economic region and China the world's largest economy. Emerging market and developing economies have overtaken the advanced economies...

Research report

10 May 2014

This study was undertaken to better understand the volume, degree and type of misogynistic language used on Twitter.

Journal article

6 Mar 2014

Abstract: This article critically examines the New South Wales State Government’s latest policy response to the problem of alcohol-related violence and anxiety about ‘one punch’ killings: the recently enacted Crimes and Other Legislation Amendment (Assault and Intoxication) Act 2014 (NSW). Based on an analysis...

Research report

12 May 2014

This report summarises information Australia provided in 2013 to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s Health Care Quality Indicators 2012–13 data collection.

Summary

This report:

summarises information Australia provided in 2013 to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's (OECD)...

Journal article

6 Mar 2014

Abstract: There is growing recognition in criminology and social work of the importance of Indigenous knowledges and methodologies. Yet to date there have been limited attempts (particularly in criminology and criminal justice social work) to consider the theoretical and practice implications of Indigenous understandings...

Website

12 May 2014

This website hosts government information about the 2014-15 Federal Budget, and all preceding Federal Budgets back to 1996.

Information about the 2014-15 Federal Budget will be added to site following the budget's official release by the Treasurer, at 7.30PM Tuesday on 13 May 2014.

Research report

8 May 2014

This audit assessed the adequacy and effectiveness of the Australian Electoral Commission’s implementation of a previous recommendation relating to the transport and storage of completed ballot papers.

Overall conclusion

The integrity of the processes for conducting Federal Elections is central to the...

Dataset

12 May 2014

Using data from the 2001 and 2011 Censuses of Population and Housing, this release looks at the change in the rate of attainment of higher level qualifications in regions in the population aged 20-64 years old.

Discussion paper

9 May 2014

This paper introduces an inquiry into the effectiveness and sustainability of Australia’s natural disaster funding arrangements, and invites submissions from the public.

Summary

This inquiry is about the effectiveness and sustainability of Australia’s natural disaster funding arrangements. The Commission has been asked...

Research report

29 Mar 2014

Executive summary: An estimated 226,700 people in Australia are living with chronic hepatitis C. While the numbers of people estimated to have been infected with hepatitis C has reduced over the past 15 years, the number of people with hepatitis C-related liver disease is increasing....

Research report

10 May 2014

People who have been sexually abused as children are two to three times more likely to be sexually revictimised in adolescence and/or adulthood. This paper explores the complex array of variables related to sexual revictimisation.

Abstract

There is a complex array of...

Article

16 Apr 2014

Introduction: Throughout the legal profession and law schools of Australia, people are exploring how to increase the number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander members of the legal profession. I recently visited universities in Canada, the USA and New Zealand (‘CANZUS’) to learn about the...

Journal article

8 May 2014

With revolutionary changes in communications technology and the growing complexity of national security, Australia’s intelligence community faces a relentless growth of the information it collects and analyses. This article explores the impact of this challenge on the foreign intelligence assessment process. In particular, three risks—the...

Research report

8 May 2014

Summary

In this Analysis Lowy Institute Melanesia Program Director, Jenny Hayward-Jones, argues that Australia’s massive expenditure of $2.6 billion on the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) was a high price to pay for restoring stability in a small country. She argues...

Research report

8 May 2014

Summary: This report examines how trends in the decline of coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality differ among age groups, and by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, geographic location and socioeconomic status (SES).

A l l Australians

Although the CHD death...

Research report

8 May 2014

Through the Australian Defence Force Gap Year program and the preceding Ready Reserve scheme, Australian school-leavers have had the opportunity to experience full-time military training without the obligations of longer-term initial periods of service. This paper analyses these programs, assessing their respective characteristics, identifying both...

Journal article

8 May 2014

Abstract: The Australian state is not normally considered in the context of fragility. We challenge the assumption of Australian robustness by examining the way in which two potential vulnerabilities are framed and the way these issues are incorporated in to the political and institutional...

Journal article

8 May 2014

Abstract: In coming years, India is likely to become one of Australia’s most important partners in the region. This article explores how the security and defence relationship has developed in recent times. It discusses challenges in the relationship before exploring potential areas for enhanced...

Research report

5 May 2014

This report argues that a greater number of future online attackers - anyone from disgruntled employees to organised cybercriminals and nation-states - could cause widespread disruption and financial losses by hacking into Australia's digital services and infrastructure, including public services like patient health records and...

Research report

6 May 2014

This report assesses geographic labour mobility within Australia and its role in a well-functioning labour market.

Key points:

Geographic labour mobility is an important element of a well-functioning labour market. By improving matches between employers and workers, geographic labour mobility can contribute...

Research report

8 May 2014

Abstract: Child Aware Approaches is a grassroots initiative that engages civil society to develop local approaches, actions and initiatives to keep children safe and well, recognising that protecting children is a shared responsibility. This paper defines Child Aware Approaches , outlines the philosophies and...

Research report

8 May 2014

Summary: The emergence of the Indo-Pacific as a key geostrategic construct has given Indonesia increased importance, because of its geographic location and growing profile in the international arena. With that increased profile, Indonesia has gained an important place in the United States’ forward policy...

Video

8 May 2014

What are the foreign policies and relationships that will matter the most to Australia in 2014? And how might the new Foreign Affairs Minister Julie Bishop make her mark at home and abroad? This year we’ll once again take stock, looking at the challenges, relationships...

Research report

8 May 2014

This report argues that the strength of the Commission of Audit’s conclusions is not supported by the depth of its evidence.

Overview

Governments are not like businesses. They provide services because the citizens demand them, not because delivering them is profitable. They...

Research report

7 May 2014

This paper summarises policies, and public debates, about end-of-life care in New South Wales.

Introduction

End-of-life care has been a topic of debate in Australia for several years and, with a rising aged population, is an issue that will only increase in...

Research report

7 May 2014

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency's management of the regulation of Commonwealth nuclear, radiation facilities and sources, including its compliance with its legislative requirements.

Overall conclusion

Radiation and nuclear technologies have diverse applications in...

Research report

7 May 2014

This report illustrates the breadth and depth of the social sector in New Zealand and how organisations are increasingly interconnected.

Every Day sets out how we are doing and includes practical examples of what is changing.

It is designed to illustrate the work...

Research report

14 Apr 2014

This report presents the aggregate results from my audits of central government agencies for 2012/13. It also sets out my observations on those results for government departments, tertiary education institutions, and Crown entities. I will publish separate reports on the health sector, schools, and State-owned...

Policy

29 Nov 2004

Despite a fine environment and a high overall standard of living, Tasmanians experience a significant burden of preventable diet-related chronic disease and food borne illnesses. Tasmania has rates of heart disease, obesity, diabetes, hypertension and some cancers as high as, and in some instances higher...

Discussion paper

5 Apr 2014

This paper introduces a review examining the operation, costs and benefits of the Renewable Energy Target (RET) scheme including the economic, environmental and social impacts, and invites the public to make submissions.

Summary

On 17 February 2014, the review of the Renewable...

Policy

16 Feb 2011

Aiming to realise the statement: "All Tasmanians experience and enjoy the many benefits of regular physical activity", this policy has four goals. While each has its own distinct focus, they are all connected.

GOAL 1: Become a community that values and supports physical activity...

Policy

13 Aug 2013

These documents provide important details of the first stage of drug and alcohol treatment reform implementation in Victoria, including the recommissioning of adult non-residential alcohol and drug services.

The Framework for reform (August 2013) sets out the plan to progressively reform the alcohol and...

Fact sheet

5 May 2014

Statistics NZ is responsible for releasing marriage and civil union registration data. Data refers to marriages and civil unions that have occurred and been registered with Births, Deaths, and Marriages. Provisional civil union and marriage quarterly data will be available from Statistics NZ within five...

Discussion paper

8 May 2014

Priming Auckland for ambitious future growth requires change on many policy fronts.

Auckland is starting to swell. Rapid population and income growth are occurring, but Auckland’s narrow geography – with harbours on both sides of the city – limits land availability.

Without change...

Commentary

Article

22 Apr 2014

Last week Prime Minister Tony Abbott announced that Sydney would get a second airport at Badgerys Creek. It's estimated that the new airport will cost somewhere around $2.5 billion, the majority of which is to come from the private sector.

Mr Abbott wants to...

Commentary

Article

7 May 2014

A conversation with federal parliament’s newest independent MP

WHEN the politicians are in town, the public areas of Parliament House are thronged with even more visitors than usual. The marble foyer echoes with the sounds of dignitaries and delegations clamouring for security passes....

Commentary

Article

7 May 2014

Would increasing the pension age be fair and effective?

AT AN ANNUAL cost of around $40 billion, the age pension is the federal government’s largest single social security program, and age pensioners account for around half of all Australians receiving social security benefits....

Commentary

Article

7 May 2014

A new study finds social status rippling across the centuries

IF YOU WANT to know who made up Australia’s elite in the nineteenth century, a useful place to look is the Australian Dictionary of Biography. In its many volumes, you’ll find business leaders,...

Article

1 May 2014

The National Commission of Audit has made 86 recommendations with a focus on the federal government’s 15 biggest and fastest-growing areas of spending. The result is proposals for sweeping spending cuts for the government to consider for its May 13 budget, ranging from the politically...

Research report

4 Apr 2014

Results of the fifth National Survey of Australian Secondary Students and Sexual Health provide a picture of teenagers demonstrating similar sexual behaviours to those in previous surveys, with individuals generally acting responsibly and being mostly happy about the choices they make.

The survey has...

Research report

7 Jun 2013

Child obesity represents a significant health issue in New Zealand today, particularly amongst Māori and Pacific families. The Office of the Auditor-General (OAG) is conducting a performance audit on child obesity, to see how effective the public service is in its efforts to prevent and...

Research report

4 May 2014

Unprecedented infrastructure spending by states and territories is largely responsible for a $106 billion decline in their finances since 2006, argues this report.

Overview

Australian government budgets are under pressure. Without tough decisions, they risk posting deficits of around 4½ per cent...

Research report

5 May 2014

This report presents data for 19 ‘process of care’ and ‘health outcomes’ indicators which focus on the prevention and management of chronic disease, and maternal and child health, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Summary

This is the first national report on...

Research report

30 Apr 2014

Summary: This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Department of Human Services’ administration of the child support objection review process.

To assist in evaluating the department’s performance in terms of the audit objective, the ANAO developed the following high level criteria:

the...

Research report

2 May 2014

This study examined the risk of re-offending of those who received an intensive correction order, relative to those who received periodic detention and suspended sentences with supervision.

Method: Details of offenders’ demographic and offence characteristics, prior convictions and penalties received, and re-offences were...

Research report

3 May 2014

This briefing paper analyses, at a theoretical level, the potential economic benefits of secondary airport competition in the Sydney context.

Introduction

On the 3rd April 2014, the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) published their latest airport monitoring report which found that...

Video

5 May 2014

Summary: In this lecture at ANU, Professor Stephen Walt explains why China's rise will lead to increased security competition in Asia and explores the implications of this trend for United States alliance relations in this region.

Sino-American competition is inevitable because the world's...

Research report

22 Apr 2014

To advance stable reform, Myanmar's military needs to continue withdrawing from civilian life, argues this report.

Overview

Myanmar’s military, the Tatmadaw, has been the dominant institution in the country for most of its post-independence history. After decades of military rule, it began...

Research report

5 May 2014

This paper examines the nature of the intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance challenge confronting Australia and how that challenge is currently being met.

Introduction

Understanding the environment in which a conflict is being or will be conducted has always been a central element...

Audio program

27 Apr 2014

With Australian electricity prices amongst the highest in the world, more and more households are going solar. The big power companies say the Renewable Energy Target is undermining their businesses and they want it wound back. The federal government agrees, so who is to blame...

Research report

5 May 2014

Abstract: Identity crime and misuse of personal information affect all sectors in Australia and cost individuals, business and government many millions of dollars annually. In May 2013, in order to explore the nature and scope of identity crime and misuse in Australia, the Australian...

Research report

1 May 2014

Summary: This guide provides a brief overview of the youth unemployment data available for small geographic areas. This is one in a series of Quick Guides related to labour statistics, designed to provide a basic understanding of Australian labour market data.

The Australian...

Research report

1 May 2014

An international collaboration of scientists has reported serious deficiencies in the data and analysis used to justify the controversial 13-year Tasmanian fox eradication program (FEP).

Introduction

There are few large island habitats in Australia now free of fox (...

Audio program

4 May 2014

A discredited story about fox cubs being released in Tasmania triggered a decade-long hunt for the predators. It was described as the greatest wildlife extinction threat since the last ice age but despite millions of public funds spent on an eradication program, an independent review...

Research report

30 Oct 2013

This report presents data on the lifestyles, habits, attitudes and demographics of New Zealanders who play computer and video games, as well as how New Zealanders are consuming interactive games in conjunction with other digital technologies.

The report was commissioned from Bond University by...

Policy

2 May 2014

This resource provides general practice with practical suggestions to support the process of ensuring newborns in NZ are enrolled with general practice as close to birth as possible and no later than two weeks after birth.

It is important that newborns are enrolled close...

Research report

23 Apr 2014

The Food and Nutrition Guidelines Series includes five population-specific documents that provide evidence based technical information on food, nutrition and physical activity for health practitioners.

This report describes the independent evaluation of the Guidelines undertaken in 2011. The evaluation mainly involved key informant and...

Research report

30 Apr 2014

Acehnese voters registered clear displeasure with the ruling Partai Aceh in national legislative elections, argues this report.

Overview

The 9 April 2014 legislative elections in Aceh produced three surprises. First, voters sent a strong message of displeasure to the ruling Partai Aceh...

Research report

1 May 2014

This report presents the latest national statistics monitoring the National Cervical Screening Program, which aims to reduce incidence, morbidity and mortality from cervical cancer.

Summary

The National Cervical Screening Program (NCSP) aims to reduce cervical cancer cases, as well as illness and...

Research report

10 Apr 2014

As population ageing means more people will require care and support, this research brief looks at demand and funding of formal and informal care.

Research report

10 Apr 2014

With population ageing likely to result in more people requiring care, this research brief looks at aged care on the ground by describing care recipients, providers, the workforce, and access and quality issues.

Research report

2 May 2014

This report presents four propositions to accelerate transformation in Australia’s schools.

Summary

In November 2013, the Mitchell Institute hosted a policy forum titled New approaches to persistent problems attended by approximately 100 of Australia’s leading educators, researchers, policy makers and leaders. The...

Research report

30 Apr 2014

There were 1,338 hospitals in Australia in 2012-13, according to this detailed overview of Australia’s public and private hospitals.

Summary

There were 1,338 hospitals in Australia in 2012-13. The 746 public hospitals accounted for about 68% of hospital beds (58,300) and the...

Research report

1 May 2014

This paper provides an overview of the national policy framework for the provision of universal access to early childhood education in Australia.

Introduction

The imperative to provide universal access to early childhood education (ECE) is supported by a significant body of research...

Research report

30 Apr 2014

This policy brief presents a number of scenarios to illustrate the impact on the budget from the Emissions Reduction Fund and removing the carbon price.

Summary

The Government proposes to remove the current legislated carbon price and replace it with its taxpayer-funded...

Research report

15 Mar 2014

This paper argues that the heroin trade had an effect analogous to ‘resource curse’, and has been a major source of continuing disadvantage and social harm to the Vietnamese Australian community.

Summary

Australia has a substantial Vietnamese community, a consequence of the...

Research report

10 Apr 2014

This case study focuses on gender responsive budgeting at the federal level of government in Australia. Gender responsive budgeting is an analysis of the impact of the budget on gender equality and a process of changing budgetary decision-making and priorities.

The annual publication of...

Journal article

16 Apr 2014

This study aimed to develop a culturally acceptable and valid scale to assess depressive symptoms in older Indigenous Australians, to determine the prevalence of depressive disorders in the older Kimberley community, and to investigate the sociodemographic, lifestyle and clinical factors associated with depression in this...

Research report

17 Apr 2014

The micro-island states of the Indian Ocean Region face an uncertain future due to climate change. This paper examines four possible solutions to their existential problems.

Summary

While the major powers quibble over the fine print of climate change agreements, small island...

Research report

10 Apr 2014

Mobile technology can advance literacy and learning in underserved communities around the world.

Summary

Millions of people do not read for one reason: they do not have access to text. But today mobile phones and cellular networks are transforming a scarce resource...

Research report

24 Apr 2014

Executive summary: This report provides an outline of the latest employment demand and supply information available on the Canterbury rebuild and wider recovery, in order to inform decision-making and provide an update of the progress on the rebuild.

The main findings are:...

Journal article

9 Apr 2014

This article tests claims about the legal significance of possessing Australian citizenship against the legal reality.

Abstract

The Preamble to the Australian Citizenship Act 2007 (Cth) makes three broad claims about Australian statutory citizenship: that it signifies ‘full and formal membership of...

Article

10 Apr 2014

This essay evaluates the new statistical definition of homelessness adopted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) for the purposes of counting the homeless population.

The ABS defines a person as homeless if they lack any one of three elements: adequacy of the dwelling;...

Video

3 Jul 2013

Public policy can be hard, both technically (what to do?) and politically (how to get it done?). Australian governments have often made use of public inquiries or reviews to assist them in these respects. The results, however, have been mixed. Based on theory and evidence,...

Research report

1 May 2014

The National Commission of Audit was announced by the Treasurer, the Hon Joe Hockey MP, and the Minister for Finance, Senator the Hon Mathias Cormann, on 22 October 2013.

The Australian Government has released the Phase One and Phase Two Reports of the National...