June 2014

Research report

30 Jun 2014

Using specialised data from the 2011 Census, this paper presents a new index intended to be representative of youth at risk of social exclusion.

Abstract

Social exclusion and inclusion has been given a great deal of attention in Australia and throughout the...

Research report

24 Jun 2014

This report examines the issues affecting the competitiveness of Tasmanian business as they relate to shipping, port, road, and rail infrastructure and services. It also focuses on the effectiveness of the freight and passenger subsidy schemes and assesses the alignment of their objectives and outcomes....

Guide

26 Jun 2014

This better practice guide replaces the Australian National Audit Office’s earlier guide for public sector governance. This guide’s substantially revised content reinforces the fundamental elements required for good governance and builds on them to address contemporary governance issues and challenges.

Foreword

Effective...

Research report

26 Jun 2014

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Department of Health’s management of the National Medical Stockpile.

Audit objective, criteria and scope

The audit objective was to assess the effectiveness of the Department of Health’s management of the National Medical Stockpile.

To...

Journal article

26 Jun 2014

Improving access to primary care in remote communities for the management of diabetes results in net health benefits to patients and cost savings to government, this study finds.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the costs and health outcomes associated with primary care...

Journal article

16 Jun 2014

This study finds that obesity has increased more rapidly in Aboriginal than non-Aboriginal children in New South Wales, but that strategies to limit screen time hold promise.

Abstract

Objectives: To report 13-year trends in weight status of Australian Aboriginal children, and...

Audio program

27 Jun 2014

Overview: The rise and rise of the mining sector and the fly in fly out worker may be paying the bills for thousands of families, but there is growing understanding of the adverse impacts on relationships.

The impact of FIFO parents on a...

Commentary

Article

30 Jun 2014

Babies born in detention are taking the federal government to court. Meanwhile, being locked up is making their parents dangerously ill.

When Sister Brigid Arthur first encountered “Ana” she was “sparky,” despite being in detention. She appeared physically and mentally well, and was...

Dataset

30 Jun 2014

Overview:

The Characteristics of Recent Migrants Survey provides detailed data about migrants who have come to Australia over the past 10 years and how they have fared after their arrival. The topics covered by the survey are of strong interest to researchers and...

Research report

26 Jun 2014

New South Wales government agencies have consistently failed to negotiate the best price for their telecommunication contracts and are not getting value for money because of inadequate contract and expense management processes, according to this audit.

Audit overview

The audit examined whether...

Research report

17 Jun 2014

This paper explores New Zealand’s potential as a well-positioned partner and point-of-entry to the rest of the Asia-Pacific region.

Executive summary

The Pacific Alliance’s innovative and results-oriented approach to economic integration is the most exciting and promising opportunity in Latin America today,...

Research report

27 Jun 2014

This report argues that fundamental reform of the architecture of Australia's welfare system is needed to better capture evolving labour market and social changes, and proposes four pillars of reform.

In December 2013, the Minister for Social Services, the Hon. Kevin Andrews MP, appointed...

Research report

15 Sep 2002

This was one of several reviews of ABC funding carried out by the Howard Government. It found that the ABC's level of funding at the time was significantly lower than other international public broadcasters and its domestic peers.

Research report

25 Jun 2014

This paper describes some of the approaches that could be taken to replace Australia's Collins class submarines and outlines their pros and cons.

Executive summary

The building of a replacement for Australia's Collins class submarines will be the country's most expensive defence...

Research report

24 Jun 2014

This report examines the characteristics and service use of people who accessed both Disability Services and Home and Community Care programs in 2010–11, finding that people using both programs required higher, more complex and diverse supports, and relied on a wide range of complementary services...

Research report

25 Jun 2014

Australia’s health 2014 is the 14th biennial health report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

This edition combines analytical feature articles on highly topical health issues with short statistical snapshots in the following areas:

Understanding health and illness; The Australian health...

Research report

25 Jun 2014

This audit finds deficiencies in the Department of Environment and Primary Industries’ management of the Environmental Contribution Levy.

Overview

Since 2004–05, Victorians have been paying for the costs of sustainable water-related initiatives through their water bills. This has been in the form...

Research report

26 Jun 2014

This audit identified gaps and inconsistencies in Victoria's approach to identifying projects to be subject to High Value High Risk (HVHR) review, and the need for improved management of the process.

Overview

The Victorian government adopted the High Value High Risk (HVHR)...

Research report

25 Jun 2014

Transport Safety Victoria cannot demonstrate that it is effectively and efficiently regulating marine safety, according to this audit.

Overview

Victoria’s recreational boating industry is important to our economy and to Victorians’ quality of life. In the past five years almost all maritime...

Research report

26 Jun 2014

The pattern of coronary heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Indigenous Australians differs to that in non-Indigenous Australians. This paper shows that Indigenous Australians have higher hospitalisation and death rates for these conditions than non-Indigenous Australians, and are more likely to die from...

Fact sheet

16 Jun 2014

Introduction: Economic growth will accelerate in the coming year, according to the NZIER Consensus Forecasts . The outlook has brightened from the survey three months earlier.

Economic growth is tipped to accelerate from an estimated 3.1% in the March 2014 year to 3.8%...

Research report

27 Jun 2014

This paper analyses the reasons why President Putin decided to invade Ukraine and annex Crimea, the implications of this for Russia’s return as a major power, and the broader geopolitical policy implications.

Executive summary

This is the worst crisis in Europe since...

Research report

18 Jun 2014

Introduction : This backgrounder features two timelines; the first includes major bushfires, bushfire inquiries and related legislative reforms in NSW between 1926 and 2014. The second identifies recent bushfires and bushfire inquiries in the other States and Territories, as well as relevant Commonwealth Parliamentary...

Research report

25 Jun 2014

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the administration of the Improving School Enrolment and Attendance through Welfare Reform Measure.

Overall conclusion

Improved school engagement is seen as an important contribution to reducing areas of Indigenous disadvantage, including in literacy and numeracy levels...

Research report

24 Jun 2014

Introduction : This paper explores the relationship between two different measures of adult literacy and numeracy. The Adult Literacy and Life Skills (ALL) Survey was an international survey of literacy, numeracy and problem solving skills undertaken in New Zealand in 2006. It provided information...

Video

20 Jun 2014

Outspoken venture capitalist Mark Carnegie discusses our civic responsibilities, or current lack thereof.

Overview

The late Di Gribble was a force in Australian cultural and intellectual life. Publisher, editor, businesswoman: her impact on the world of books, writing and ideas cannot be...

Video

17 Jun 2014

Farmers and their communities are particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Farming practices and business models must adapt to climate change if Australian farming is to remain viable, says Dr Mark Howden from the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation.

Research report

24 Jun 2014

This audit assessed selected agencies’ compliance with the four mandatory information and communications technology (ICT) security strategies and related controls in the Australian Government Information Security Manual.

Overall conclusion

Modern information and communications technology (ICT) and the Internet are increasingly relied upon...

Research report

26 Jun 2014

Summary: Despite the early June military successes by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), the group will neither pose a fatal threat to the Iraqi Government nor cause the collapse of the Iraqi state. The security breakdown in Iraq and Baghdad’s...

Research report

26 Jun 2014

In the wake of the National Commission of Audit and a bleak Federal Budget for public services, CPD releases the compiled and updated False economies series, including the new final instalment Good, better, best (plus an excellent foreword by Terry Moran AC and original cartoons...

Transcript

26 Jun 2014

The lead item in the Coalition women's policy for the 2013 federal election was the return of the Office for Women to the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet. Since 2004 it had been located 20 kilometres from the heart of government, relegated to a...

Guide

24 Jun 2014

Introduction: This Quick Guide draws together information about women who have held leadership positions in Australia from Federation to May 2014. It includes vice-regal appointments , presiding officers , government, opposition and parliamentary party leaders , and parliamentary party presidents .

This Quick...

Research report

25 Jun 2014

This paper explains recent High Court decisions on the constitutional validity of a funding agreement under the Commonwealth's National School Chaplaincy Program.

Introduction

In July 2012 the NSW Parliamentary Research Service published an e-brief on the High Court’s decision in the first...

Video

23 Jun 2014

Join Fifth Estate host Sally Warhaft and guests Judith Troeth (former Liberal senator), Paula Matthewson (political blogger) and Danielle Green (Victorian Labor MP) to take a long hard look at women in the workforce – and in government – in Australia today.

.......

Research report

16 Jun 2014

This project examined older people’s homelessness in Australia, with a particular focus on the experience of becoming homeless for the first time in later life.

This research project drew on individual client case records and interviews with professionals working in the Assistance with Care...

Audio program

22 Jun 2014

With the evidence mounting that concussion is linked to long term brain injuries, contact sports right around the world are on watch. However, the AFL's expert concussion group has consistently attacked the growing evidence, accusing scientists of dodgy research and fear mongering. Wendy Carlisle investigates....

Blog post

16 May 2014

The National Water Commission (NWC) is to be dissolved, Finance Minister Mathias Cormann confirmed on Monday. Established during the millennium drought, the NWC is an independent statutory authority designed to monitor the progress of national water reform, but its role changed and expanded over the...

Book

25 Jun 2014

The National Water Initiative is an intergovernmental agreement between the Australian, state and territory governments. It aims to improve the management of the nation's water resources and provide greater certainty for future investment.

The agreement was signed at the 25 June 2004 COAG meeting...

Journal article

28 Feb 2013

Restorative justice has been enthusiastically embraced in many justice systems as an alternative to incarceration for young adult and Indigenous offenders. But how well does it work?

Journal article

5 Jun 2013

This article reviews the regulation of alcohol advertising (and its effectiveness) in Australia and three comparison countries - and finds some disappointing regulatory failures.

Journal article

20 Sep 2012

This article reviews the Australian evidence concerning interventions in early childhood aimed at promoting children’s psychological well-being and preventing social and psychological dysfunction in later life. Two kinds of research are surveyed. One is the Australian social science literature that has emerged in the last...

Journal article

18 Dec 2012

The Northern Territory National Emergency Response Intervention (the Intervention) of 2007 was a bold experiment by the Howard Government. The Intervention was developed quickly without comprehensive policy development based on evidence or consultation. During its five-year statutory life (ending August 2012), the absence of coherent...

Research report

27 Mar 2014

It’s not uncommon to hear that the cost of living in Australia – and Sydney in particular – is among the highest in the world. And in exploiting our fear of hip-pocket pain, politicians and the media have fuelled our sense that keeping up with...

Audio program

15 Jun 2014

With the military back from Afghanistan, New Zealand's latest combat mission is over, so is it now time to consider whether New Zealand still needs the same kind of Defence Force?

The Defence Force has turned its attention to issues closer to home: assistance...

Video

19 Jun 2014

The Pacific region faces a number of key transitions across range of areas including politics and democracy, development and economics, women's leadership, gender roles and relations, and the impact of technology on society.

In this video, convenors of the 2014 State of the Pacific...

Research report

19 Jun 2014

Overview: Each year, smoking kills an estimated 15,000 Australians and costs Australia $31.5 billion in social (including health) and economic costs.

Tobacco sales

Recent figures released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) show that total consumption of tobacco and cigarettes...

Research report

30 May 2014

Eighty-five percent of those surveyed view the arts as important and relevant to their daily lives. This is up five percent since 2009 and 14% since the surveys began in 1999. Virtually all Australians engage in the arts, in some way, each year—by attending performances...

Research report

17 Jun 2014

This study finds that there has been limited documentation of patient experiences within the non-GP primary health care sector.

Overview

Information about patient experience is important to guide health care quality improvement and may also be used for health performance reporting. While...

Research report

23 Jun 2014

One out of every 17 bowel cancer assessments in Australia from July 2012 to June 2013 detected an advanced adenoma (precancerous lesion), and a bowel cancer was detected in one out of every 32 assessments.

Overview

The National Bowel Cancer Screening Program...

Report

30 May 2014

Tables and technical details from an independent study commissioned by the Australia Council, which provides insight into how Australians participate in the arts today. It provides a comparison of shifting attitudes and behaviours by benchmarking the findings in 2013 against those from the original study...

Research report

23 Jun 2014

The algorithm currently in use may underestimate the incidence of acute coronary events in Australia, according to this validation study.

Overview

Monitoring the incidence of acute coronary events is critical to assess the health and economic burden of coronary heart disease (CHD)...

Research report

23 Jun 2014

Open data offers a new start for economic reform and productivity growth. Leveraging the new possibilities of the Internet to make better use of existing resources, it offers us a way of getting past the political economy of winners and losers.

This report illustrates...

Research report

19 Jun 2014

The paper considers how the United States could assist military modernisation in the Philippines while avoiding force postures that could provoke China.

Overview

The Government of the Republic of the Philippines (GRP) is engaged in a concerted effort to modernise its military...

Research report

4 Jun 2014

With the Syrian civil war entering its third year, drawing an increasing number of young Westerners into the fray, this report sought to discover how audiences respond to government-sponsored and community-generated online efforts to counter violent extremism.

Overview

Prepared by the Australian...

Strategy

20 May 2014

The Victorian Government ICT Strategy was originally released on 12 February 2013. To continue improving ICT in the Victorian Government, the Strategy has been updated for the years 2014 and 2015.

The strategy continues to provide high-level direction on the design and use of...

Research report

12 Jun 2014

Overview: In this Lowy Institute Analysis, Richard Gowan reviews Australia’s time as a non-permanent member of the Security Council. Gowan argues that while it has not changed the world, Australia has acquitted itself well, bringing extra rigour and professionalism to the Council’s debates. It...

Research report

23 Jun 2014

Overview: This issue of the G20 Monitor addresses the ‘too big to fail’ dilemma of major financial institutions, combating tax evasion and avoidance through ‘base erosion and profit shifting’ (BEPS), and a report from the ‘G20 and Development’ conference hosted by the G20 Studies...

Research report

18 Jun 2014

This report reviews the appropriateness and effectiveness of Australia's counter-terrorism legislation, focusing on ASIO's passport confiscation powers, laws relating to Australians fighting in foreign conflicts, and other issues.

Summary

Chapter II reports that Part IIIAAA of the Defence Act 1903 (Cth) is...

Guide

21 Jun 2014

This resource aims to assist councils assess the services they provide for local communities.

Service Delivery Review: A How to Manual for Local Government brings together advice, toolkits and templates to help councils regardless of size with this critical task.

The centrepiece...

Research report

22 Jun 2014

Provides an overview of the child care industry in Australia, trends through time, international comparisons and a regional perspective on child care costs and affordability.

Abstract

The 35th AMP.NATSEM Income and Wealth Report Child Care: Affordability in Australia provides unique research into...

Evaluation

1 Sep 2013

This study examined the tangible and intangible 12 month outcomes achieved by disadvantaged young people participating in an alternative learning program in regional Australia. It combined desk research, qualitative interviews and psychosocial measures to assess the program’s effectiveness. The report shares these findings along-with nine...

Research report

19 Jun 2014

Broad improvements in educational performance and school attendance among Aboriginal girls will only occur with support programs tailored to their variety of needs and interests, argues this report.

Conclusion

Higher levels of education are related to a range of social and economic...

Research report

19 Jun 2014

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Department of Human Services’ (DHS) implementation of initiatives to support the delivery of services to Indigenous Australians.

Audit objective, criteria and scope

The audit objective was to assess the effectiveness of DHS’ implementation of initiatives...

Research report

23 Jun 2014

Synopsis: Are Australians climate dinosaurs? Climate of the Nation 2014 , benchmarking Australian attitudes to climate change, finds that political leaders risk being stuck in the past as public attitudes on climate change and its solutions are on the rebound.

In mid-2014, more...

Research report

12 Jun 2014

This report argues that stopping the expansion of the Hunter Valley coal industry would be likely to improve air quality, health and environmental impacts and bring benefits for other industries.

Summary

The Hunter Valley produces and exports large volumes of coal. Supporters...

Research report

16 Jun 2014

This paper finds that for Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand, reactive types of counter-terrorism interventions, such as arrests, indictments, imprisonments, assassinations and other operational activities show the strongest association with the rate of terrorism incidents over time.

Abstract

This paper models the...

Research report

6 Jun 2014

This edited collection examines the ethical trade-offs involved in cybersecurity: between security and privacy; individual rights and the good of a society; and between the types of burdens placed on particular groups in order to protect others.

Foreword

Governments and society are...

Research report

7 Jun 2014

Summary: This report summarises cyber intrusion activity identified by or reported to the Cyber Security Operations Centre (CSOC) during 2013. It provides a broad overview of cyber threats to Australian government networks, as observed by the CSOC.

The Strategies to Mitigate Targeted Cyber...

Research report

10 May 2014

This study produces a comprehensive terrestrial ecosystem classification by subjectively constructing a heirarchy of perceived key environmental drivers.

Introduction: The ecosystem concept is at the centre of international agreements, New Zealand legislation, and modern policy and planning systems that aim to sustainably manage...

Research report

20 Jun 2014

By end-2013, 51.2 million individuals were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, generalized violence, or human rights violations, according to this report.

Summary: GENEVA, June 20 (UNHCR) – The UN refugee agency reported today on World Refugee Day that the...

Research report

30 Apr 2014

Open for Business: Removing the barriers to foreign investment is the third report released by The New Zealand Initiative on foreign direct investment.

This final report in The New Zealand Initiative’s series on global financial links has found that New Zealand has an...

Report

20 Jun 2014

The UN refugee agency annual statistics show that more than 51 million people were forcibly displaced at the end of 2013, the largest number since the end of World War II. Half of the world's refugees in 2013 were children.

UNHCR's annual Global Trends...

Working paper

28 Feb 2014

New Zealand’s KiwiSaver was introduced on 1 July 2007. New Zealand’s success with the ‘soft compulsion’ of automatic enrolment has been and is continuing to be an influence in the design of opt-out schemes in the UK and Ireland. While there have been numerous changes...

Research report

13 Jun 2014

This report looks at student loan borrowers living in New Zealand 20 to 50 years of age with pre-study incomes below the student loan repayment threshold.

Summary: The average incomes of these New Zealand student loan borrowers, and their rate of increase in...

Briefing paper

6 May 2014

A national survey of Australian high school students, conducted in 2013, identified that approximately one-quarter of Year 10, a third of Year 11 and half of Year 12 student have had sexual intercourse. While the age at which young people are likely to first engage...

Research report

29 May 2014

Millions of older Australians are joining the social media revolution for the first time, according to the fourth annual snapshot of social media.

The 2014 Yellow™ Social Media Report revealed a wave of Australians aged 50-64 and 65+ have joined the online conversation. Some...

Working paper

25 May 2014

Beliefs are one component of culture. Data from the World Values Survey is available on a subset of beliefs concerning (broadly) meritocracy and poverty that appear relevant for economics. We document how they vary as well as their distribution across countries. We then correlate these...

Fact sheet

18 Jun 2014

The number of abortions performed in New Zealand decreased in 2013, according to this report.

The number of abortions performed in New Zealand decreased in 2013, Statistics New Zealand said today. A total of 14,073 induced abortions were performed in New Zealand in 2013....

Commentary

Article

23 Jun 2014

Recent news reports about different aspects of the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (NZ ETS) have proven wrong the well-worn saying that there’s no such thing as bad publicity. The government’s First Biennial Report to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (8408) indicated that...

Commentary

Article

27 May 2013

I've long lamented the speed at which academia was embracing the internet, social channels and 2.0 approaches - with limited courses available on modern online techniques for under and post graduates, old fashioned-approaches to research and publication.

There's been hints of brilliance overseas -...

Audio program

15 Jun 2014

According to Professor Tom Cochrane from the Queensland University of Technology there's a growing contrast between the speed at which research and science are being carried out and our capacity to share this knowledge as quickly as it's gathered. This question of access has led...

Research report

16 Jun 2014

This report compares an ebooks and elending survey completed in January 2013 to the same survey completed in May 2014 and will be produced annually to show ebook and elending trends over time.

Some of the key findings of the report include:

Nearly...

Research report

18 Jun 2014

In this project, ALIA set out to investigate the big questions. Heading towards 2025: How will libraries remain relevant for users? What changes will institutions and individuals in the sector experience? Will ‘library and information professional’ continue to be a necessary and desirable occupation?...

Commentary

Article

18 Jun 2014

The outside world should be worried by the possibility that Prabowo Subianto could become Indonesian president, but the biggest losers will be Indonesia’s own people

Indonesia’s presidential election on 9 July will determine not only the future government of the country but also...

Commentary

Article

31 May 2014

The data is in, and it shows Australia now overwhelmingly thinks Prime Minister Tony Abbott is a man whose word cannot be trusted. Depending on which poll you look at, and the exact nature of the questions asked of respondents, somewhere between two-thirds and three-quarters...

Commentary

Article

18 Jun 2014

Thailand has been changing in unexpected ways, according to this analysis of a country in continuing political crisis

To understand the crisis in Thai politics, it’s important to examine the momentous changes Thai society has undergone in recent decades. If certain key institutions,...

Research report

6 Jun 2014

This report focuses on the open and sustainable Internet – what we mean by that, what benefits it brings, and how to overcome threats that prevent those of us already online from enjoying the full benefits, and what keeps non-users from going online in the...

Article

18 Jun 2014

‘Impact investing’ refers to investment with the intention to achieve both a positive social, cultural or environmental benefit and some measure of financial return. This article asks what will it take for the impact investing market to flourish in Australia?

Despite large forecasts, the...

Commentary

Article

16 Jun 2014

The Prime Minister’s recent visit to Washington, where he urged the Americans (14) to continue their ‘pivot to Asia’, occurred at a time when a range of other voices across Australia is expressing diverse thoughts on how Australia might further adjust its symbiotic relationships with...

Research report

17 Jun 2014

Introduction

This paper examines victims’ short and long-term experiences of safety and wellbeing after being supported through a six week police-led integrated response to domestic violence in Caboolture, Southeast Queensland. The overarching objective of this integrated response was to create safer home environments...

Audio program

16 Jun 2014

Tony Abbott says he doesn't want the agenda cluttered by subjects that would detract from economic growth when the leaders of the world's richest 20 countries meet in Brisbane for the G20 in November.

But Oxfam International argues that wealth inequality must be on...

Research report

16 Jun 2014

Over the past 30 years the gap between the rich and the poor has increased rapidly in a majority of the world’s countries. Oxfam has previously reported that inequality is so severe that the 85 richest people in the world own the same as half...

Research report

16 Jun 2014

Provides longitudinal data on the lives of Australian residents.

Introduction: Commenced in 2001, the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey is a nationally representative panel study of Australian households. The study is funded by the Australian Government Department of Social...

Journal article

16 May 2014

In 2012 Transparency International New Zealand (TINZ) decided that during 2013 it would conduct a National Integrity System (NIS) assessment for New Zealand. New Zealand has always rated highly on the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) published by Transparency International, and in recent years has consistently...

Research report

16 Jun 2014

Explains key trends in scam activity and highlights the impact of scams on the community.

Overall contacts levels and financial losses • In 2013 the ACCC continued to observe a high level of scams activity in Australia, with 91 927 scamrelated contacts received...

Journal article

16 May 2014

Following the reforms of the public management system in the 1980s, legislative change and programmes of work to develop and shape the system have occurred at various times. The work programmes have tended to come and go, with mixed success, each designed around maintaining the...

Research report

30 May 2014

Summary

Victoria in Future 2014 (VIF2014) is the official state government projection of population and households. Projections are used by decision makers across government and in other areas. The results are driven by assumptions concerning demographic and land use trends.

Projections are...

Journal article

16 May 2014

The fifth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, being released in sections from late 2013 through 2014, is rekindling public interest in climate change. With controversies over the previous report (2007) out of the way, advances in knowledge since then and some...

Research report

16 Jun 2014

Being a victim of violent crime has a damaging effect on mental health, particularly for women, according to this report.

The needs and experiences of victims of crime have become increasingly recognised as an important aspect of criminal justice and public policy. In Australia,...

Research report

13 Jun 2014

This document identifies and outlines the key issues currently confronting the Australian federal government: Asylum seekers, Turnbull/Palmer dinner, Minimum wage, University fees and Diesel rebate speculation

Research report

11 Jun 2014

The time taken to finalise trial cases in the District Criminal Court has increased significantly, according to this report.

Introduction: This report deals with criminal cases finalised in 2013 in the New South Wales (NSW) Local, Children’s, District and Supreme Courts. In contrast...

Audio program

6 Jun 2014

Historian Prof Mark Philip Bradley examines the origins of the concept of human rights. He also discusses the development of a language around this construct. Presented by Elisabeth Lopez.

“The Reagan people weren't particularly interested in human rights at all but they begin to...

Research report

16 Jun 2014

This report identifies a range of strategies to improve the outcomes for people with dementia.

Executive summary: Australia is facing a huge healthcare challenge with an ever increasing demand for appropriate acute care services for people with dementia. Yet, people with dementia still...

Video

16 Jun 2014

Australia's largest household survey has revealed that retirees are dependent on government benefits, men are doing dramatically less housework than women and that 'female breadwinners' are on the rise.

The Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey — produced by the University...

Collection

16 Jun 2014

The Knowledge Centre web resource aims to provide the evidence base to reduce harmful substance use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. It provides quick and free online access to a comprehensive collection of relevant, evidence-based, current and culturally appropriate alcohol and other drug...

Research report

3 Apr 2014

Almost non-existent 30 years ago, the rate of youth suicide and self-harm in Indigenous communities across Australia is now the highest in the world. Urgent action is desperately needed to address this crisis.

Current mainstream efforts by Government policy makers and health and social...

Research report

1 Apr 2014

Abstract: This article explores the tensions one research team has faced in securing appropriate governance or stewardship (which we refer to as kaitiakitanga) of research data. Whilst ethical and regulatory frameworks exist which provide a minimum standard for researchers to meet when working with...

Discussion paper

20 May 2014

This discussion paper sets out the context for the establishment of the Commonwealth Home Support Programme . It briefly discusses the current system of home support programmes for frail, older people, the challenges the system faces, and the need for reform. The paper then flags...

Literature review

12 Jun 2014

Approximately half of all apprenticeship contracts in the trades are not completed. This review draws together existing research and data to find out why apprentices do not complete their training.

Introduction: The aim of this review is to collate the existing research on...

Research report

13 Jun 2014

This report describes who is most at risk of being socially vulnerable in an emergency or disaster and what needs to be done to better protect them and improve their recovery

Executive summary: While they can be devastating for all affected individuals and...

Research report

13 Jun 2014

On a snapshot day in 2013, over 47,000 clients received pharmacotherapy treatment for their opioid dependence at 2,355 dosing points around Australia, according to this report.

Summary: Dependence on opioid drugs such as heroin and morphine is associated with a range of health...

Research report

10 Jun 2014

This paper shows how Australian businesses can get the most out of one of the biggest global innovations: information communications technology.

Overview: Innovation – the successful application of new ideas – drives Australia’s productivity. Australia’s biggest innovation opportunity lies in creatively exploiting global...

Research report

12 Jun 2014

Executive summary

This paper provides details of House of Representatives by-elections held from that for Darling Downs on 14 September 1901 to the most recent held on 8 February 2014 for Griffith:

there have been 147 by-elections, an average of 3.3 per...

Research report

11 Jun 2014

Examines how effectively, efficiently and economically prisoners have been transported throughout Victoria's criminal justice system.

Audit summary: In Victoria, there is a minimum of 58 000 prisoner movements per year for a variety of reasons. Prisoners are moved between prisons to accommodate changes...

Research report

4 Jun 2014

A lack of gender equality is consistently cited as an underlying determinant of violence against women. The United Nations General Assembly, in its 1993 Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women, noted that this violence is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between...

Discussion paper

10 Jun 2014

The Government released the Green Paper on Developing Northern Australia and announced the membership of the Northern Australia Advisory (42) Group on 10 June 2014.

The Green Paper builds on the Government’s pre-election commitment The Coalition’s 2030 Vision for Developing Northern Australia. It sets...

Research report

11 Jun 2014

This final report on the National Healthcare Agreement shows that Australians have overall good health and enjoy a high quality healthcare system. However, areas of concern such as obesity and chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes could put strain on our healthcare system and require...

Journal article

10 Jun 2014

A study has found that three quarters of Australians and New Zealanders admitted to hospital with severe heart conditions are not receiving the basic preventive care needed to reduce their chance of future heart attacks.

“It’s not good enough that the majority of patients...

Discussion paper

12 Jun 2014

The University of Melbourne in partnership with the Brotherhood of St Laurence is developing a research program that aims to critically examine ‘ prime ’ or ‘ lead ’ provider models of public service delivery. This discussion paper forms part of the initial exploration and...

Research report

21 May 2014

ACOSS' analysis of the Federal Budget for 2014-15. This paper consists of an overview of the budget; a table of who will pay for what measures; the effect of budget decisions on the bottom line, and a detailed analysis of measures in the following key...

Commentary

Article

11 Jun 2014

There’s a worrying thread running through decisionmaking in Canberra

Political attention over the past few weeks has been fixed on the drama of the Abbott government’s first budget – the winners and losers, the problem of broken promises, the prospects in the Senate....

Commentary

Article

11 Jun 2014

The fires that swept through the Las Conchas region in New Mexico in June 2011 intensified at four times the rate of any previously known outbreak, consuming almost an acre of forest each second, incinerating even the mother trees and, along with them, any prospect...

Research report

11 Jun 2014

This report on head and neck cancers in Australia presents the latest available information on incidence, mortality, survival and hospitalisations.

Overview

Head and neck cancer is a term used to describe a range of cancers that occur in the throat (pharynx and...

Research report

11 Jun 2014

This paper outlines the results of recent Australian research studies on public attitudes to sentencing.

Introduction

The former NSW Chief Justice, James Spigelman AC QC, commented that “sentencing engages the interest, and sometimes the passion, of the public at large more than...

Research report

9 Jun 2014

Cybercrime costs businesses approximately $400 billion worldwide, according to this report.

Executive summary

Cybercrime is a growth industry. The returns are great, and the risks are low. We estimate that the likely annual cost to the global economy from cybercrime is more...

Research report

4 Jun 2014

This paper reviews recent research findings into couples in long-term relationships (married and de facto) that provide insight into the couple relationship over time. This paper addresses aspects of couple relationships such as commitment, personality traits, transitioning to parenthood, health, and relationship satisfaction. The aim...

Research report

11 Jun 2014

This report provides unprecedented detail about the characteristics of not-for-profit community service organisations in NSW, and their experiences of the funding and operational environment. Based on responses from leaders of 576 organisations, survey findings provide insight into the mix of financial resources that organisations access;...

Research report

11 Jun 2014

Some of the recent changes to employment legislation in New Zealand are working as intended, this report finds.

Overview: This report provides a short-term evaluation of the 2010 amendments to the Employment Relations Act 2000 and Holidays Act 2003 .

The evaluation...

Research report

6 Jun 2014

Overview: The Monthly Economic Review is an overview of the New Zealand economy. It includes the latest data on New Zealand’s economic growth, unemployment, inflation, merchandise trade and balance of payments figures, along with certain financial data (such as the Reserve Bank’s official cash...

Research report

10 Jun 2014

Overview: The first half of this Issues Backgrounder considers the key legal issues that arise in relation to medical cannabis, in particular the relationship between Commonwealth and State laws. The second half sets out some of the key background parliamentary, scientific and legal sources....

Research report

6 Jun 2014

The costs of doing business in the retail sector are inflated by unnecessary regulations, argues this report.

Introduction

The retail industry provides a key intermediary service between producers and consumers of final goods. The sector contributes almost 5 per cent to GDP...

Research report

6 Jun 2014

Australian dairy product manufacturers face some cost disadvantages relative to their competitors, but also some relative advantages (including lower raw milk costs), argues this report.

Overview

The Commission’s preliminary assessment is that Australian dairy product manufacturers face some cost disadvantages relative to...

Journal article

2 Apr 2014

The Commonwealth Intervention of 2007 in the Northern Territory largely missed its ostensible aim of protecting sexually abused children, argues this essay which examines the relevant social, cultural and historical factors based on specific ethnographic work.

Abstract

The exposure in 2006 of...

Research report

9 Jun 2014

New Zealand’s economic recovery is translating into robust employment growth, according to this quarterly report.

Overview

This report combines the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment’s labour market monitoring programme with the latest developments in the labour market to paint a summary...

Video

6 Jun 2014

Jeffrey Sachs discusses strategies for creating a road map on deep decarbonisation to ensure the world can have the energy that it needs for prosperity while reducing CO2 emissions drastically.

Overview

Energy lies at the heart of the world's sustainability challenge. On...

Video

2 Jun 2014

Ten thousand years ago most people on the globe lived by hunting and gathering, so why did our ancestors become farmers?

Overview

The Golson Lecture was delivered at ANU by Professor Graeme Barker (Disney Professor of Archaeology and Director of the McDonald...

Journal article

10 Jun 2014

This article uses Foucauldian discourse analysis to identify two subject positions within Australia's Widening Participation higher education policy.

Purpose

The massification of higher education is a definitive feature of the late twentieth century. Widening Participation (WP) policy is a recent manifestation of...

Audio program

8 Jun 2014

This week the 2014 World Cup kicks off in Brazil. Rear Vision looks at the largest economy in Latin America and its attempt to deal with poverty and income disparity.

Brazil is Latin America’s largest country with a population of around 200 million. Although...

Research report

4 Jun 2014

Overview

Creative New Zealand is undertaking rolling reviews of each area of artform practice. Between 2011 and 2014 we have completed reviews of digital arts, Māori arts, Pacific arts, music and dance, and we are now carrying out parallel reviews of visual arts...

Research report

6 Jun 2014

China’s profession of friendship with India is suspected to be a tactical move in the wider strategic game of China’s rise as an East Asian and Pacific power, argues this paper.

Summary

Commentators have generally assumed that the Obama Administration’s wrong-footedness over...

Research report

5 Jun 2014

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Parliamentary Budget Office in conducting its role since being established in July 2012.

Audit objective, criteria and scope

The audit objective was to assess the effectiveness of the Parliamentary Budget Office in conducting its role...

Research report

27 May 2014

The NSW public university sector is in a good financial position, according to these audits of all ten NSW universities’ 2013 financial statements.

Introduction

This report sets out the results of the financial statement audits of the ten NSW universities and their...

Article

17 Mar 2014

This paper proposes a new method for organisations to measure their social impact.

Introduction

Indigenous Business Australia (IBA) with SVA Consulting have developed an affordable, transparent and objective system that measures social impact and is helping management make appropriate and timely decisions...

Commentary

Article

6 Jun 2014

To say something is "old school" has become a pejorative term. It implies out-of-date thinking. Yet, increasingly, parents want an "old school" education for their children. Old school is equated with being the best school.

Given that private schools are historically seen as holding...

Research report

5 Jun 2014

The paper examines the legal implications of the four proposed changes to the Racial Discrimination Act 1975 suggested by the Attorney-General, Senator Brandis.

Executive summary

The paper examines the legal implications of changes to the Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (the RDA )...

Research report

5 Jun 2014

This report examines outcomes for young people who complete a qualification in the New Zealand tertiary education system, looking at differences in incomes for different types of qualifications.

Overview

People take tertiary education for many reasons. They think about what they enjoy,...

Research report

6 Jun 2014

This paper presents national level projections of the number of people receiving kidney replacement therapy for end-stage kidney disease for the period 2012 to 2020.

Overview

End-stage kidney disease (ESKD), the most severe form of chronic kidney disease, results in a high...

Research report

4 Jun 2014

This publication presents an overview of the prevalence of autism in Australia and the impact the condition has on the everyday lives of those affected by the condition.

Introduction

Autism Spectrum Australia describes autism as: lifelong developmental disabilities characterised by marked difficulties...

Dataset

5 Jun 2014

The number of federal offences finalised in Australia's criminal courts increased by nine per cent in 2012-13, despite a four per cent decrease in the number of federal defendants.

Research report

6 Jun 2014

Rather than saying they pay too much tax, this report finds Australians currently claim they are paying about the right amount of tax, and their support for higher public spending has risen.

Research report

17 Feb 2014

This report presents an evaluation of the Aboriginal Girls’ Circle, an intervention targeted to increase social connection, participation and self-confidence amongst Aboriginal girls attending secondary schools.

Overview

The Aboriginal Girls’ Circle (AGC) is an intervention targeted to increase social connection, participation and...

Research report

5 Jun 2014

As climate change is mixing with natural variability to increase the risk of damage to Australian homes, this paper provides a snapshot of how the home insurance industry is responding to climate risk.

Overview

In many parts of the country, climate change...

Research report

5 Jun 2014

This survey of strategic elites in eleven Asia Pacific economies examines the implications of major power rivalries and confrontation, coinciding with increased economic cooperation and community building.

Overview

Asia stands out as the world’s most vibrant region, where rivalries and confrontation coincide...

Journal article

2 Apr 2014

There is a need for formal engagement between State government agencies that steer NSW crime prevention, and community safety policy initiatives and local government, argues this article.

Abstract

In many jurisdictions around the world, community safety and crime prevention activity is supported...

Audio interview

1 May 2014

This book is devoted to applying the data, methods, and theories of contemporary social science to the question of how political outcomes in democratic societies determine the quality of life that citizens experience. Benjamin Radcliff seeks to provide an objective answer to the perennial debate...

Data portal

6 Jun 2014

The Australian Ecological Knowledge and Observation System (AEKOS) is an online repository for Australia’s rich ecological data. The facility has partnered with a range of institutional data custodians to make ecological “plot” data (including quadrats, transects, pitfall traplines, cage trap arrays, and other systematic collection...

Research report

3 Jun 2014

This report argues that India's population growth will bring with it increased demand for water, food and energy requiring significant expansions of current infrastructure and resource availability.

Overview: By 2050 India is likely to be home to 1.6 billion people. This population growth...

Discussion paper

4 Jun 2014

This paper investigates the security of high rise high density accommodation at the Gold Coast – a premier Australian holiday destination. Surfers Paradise has one of the highest population densities in Australia at 3,279 persons per square kilometre and over 70 percent of the residential...

Research report

28 May 2014
Advanced healthcare systems are moving toward greater efficiency, transparency and accountability, and this trend is not likely to change There is no single measure that will improve service delivery and patient outcomes, ensure financial sustainability and increase accountability and transparency in a health system The...

Research report

29 May 2014
Advanced healthcare systems are moving toward greater efficiency, transparency and accountability, and this trend will continue, particularly in fiscally-constrained environments There is no single measure that will improve service delivery and patient outcomes, ensure financial sustainability and increase accountability and transparency in a health system...

Working paper

29 May 2014

Public Service Motivation (PSM) has attracted substantial academic interest. Thousands of questionnaires have been administered in many countries to examine and compare the motivation of public servants. After a brief introduction to PSM, this paper critically examines the management advice that has been offered by...

Research report

16 May 2014

How can governments, communities, businesses and individuals prepare for a total communications blackout in the 21st century?

Overview

This report presents the findings of a research project which assessed the social impact of the Warrnambool exchange fire. The fire occurred on November...

Journal article

7 Sep 2015

How did legislators vote on a number of key policy issues in the New South Wales Parliament? To address this question, this research note examines the legislative voting behaviour of MPs.

Research report

4 Jun 2014

This poll reveals Australian public opinion on a range of international issues, including climate change, espionage practices, security threats, attitudes to asylum seeker policy, and views on key countries such as the United States, China and Indonesia.

Overview

2014 marks the tenth...

Strategy

3 Jun 2014

Foreword

Victoria Police constantly strives to meet the needs and expectations of the Victorian community. As public demands for our services grow and change, Victoria Police must consider how it should adapt over the medium to long term.

Although Victoria Police has...

Research report

26 May 2014

This paper presents an analysis of the impact of tax and benefit changes under the Coalition Government, commissioned by the Opposition.

Introduction

Following the 2014-15 Budget, NATSEM undertook analysis of the impact of tax and benefit changes under the Coalition Government, commissioned...

Research report

3 Jun 2014

This report gives an overview of the literature published between 2004 and 2013 relating to government and sector-level tertiary e-learning initiatives in New Zealand, Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Key findings

The key findings of this annotated bibliography...

Commentary

Article

4 Jun 2014

Paralysed leader or bad advice? A new account of the Rudd–Gillard government looks at what it says about the party’s future

Troy Bramston’s readable quickie sets out to advise the leadership of the Labor Party on how to avoid the disasters that befell...

Commentary

Article

4 Jun 2014

Thomas Piketty’s phenomenally successful Capital confirms that Western countries are becoming less equal. He fits into a long-running debate about inequality, and there are some encouraging signs

Thomas Piketty’s Capital in the Twenty-First Century has been easily the top-selling new economics book in...

Working paper

20 Apr 2014

Introduction: The Local Government (Auckland Reorganisation) Bill (henceforth “the bill”) passed through its first and second readings, committee stage, and third reading under urgency from 13 to 16 May 2009.

The passage of the bill was fraught, with more than 30,000 amendments tabled...

Audio program

1 Jun 2014

Graeme Acton travels to the heart of the South Island High Country, where farmers and environmentalists are locked in a battle pitting farming intensification against those who want to preserve what they believe is the essence of the Mackenzie.

Overview

The dry...

Journal article

16 May 2014

Introduction: In the context of the 2013 retirement income review (CFLRI, 2013), Kathryn Maloney and Malcolm Menzies from the Commission for Financial Literacy and Retirement Income put the question to me: what does ‘a fair go’ mean in public policy? I mentioned this in a...

Commentary

Article

20 May 2014

“PISA shock” is the term that has been coined for the sense of political crisis and knee-jerk policy reaction that typically occurs when a country drops in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s international education rankings.

Almost 100 education experts, including several of...

Journal article

16 May 2014

Sebastian Edwards (2013) wrote that when it comes to the economy New Zealand appears to exhibit ‘Woody Allen syndrome’. In most of Allen’s movies, he observed, the main character is leading what appears to be a charmed life (‘interesting friends, a nice apartment, and a...

Commentary

Article

27 Feb 2014

Growth is a big issue, and getting bigger all the time, but not one that yet generates serious discussion in the community. Nor has it been the subject of mainstream political critique. That economic growth is good is a view unchallenged by any major political...

Research report

28 May 2014

This audit finds that most shared services initiatives by local government are soundly based, have appropriate governance arrangements and effective project management.

Summary

Victorian councils are required by the Local Government Act 1989 to endeavour to achieve the best outcomes for their...

Research report

28 May 2014

With continued operating surpluses and low levels of debt, this report finds that Victoria's university sector remains in a relatively healthy financial position, but that active management is required given that operating surpluses have continued their decline since 2009.

Summary

This report...

Research report

29 May 2014

This audit assessed the accessibility of mainstream services such as hospitals, maternal and child health services, schools and kindergartens, and community and public housing for Aboriginal Victorians, and found little improvement in outcomes.

Summary

The Victorian Aboriginal population was around 47 000...

Research report

29 May 2014

The processes set up to provide accessible services for migrants, refugees and asylum seekers are not resulting in informed and coordinated service planning and delivery, this audit finds.

Summary

Migrants, refugees and asylum seekers are among the most vulnerable people in our...

Research report

27 May 2014

This paper examines how a human rights approach can influence and support risk management for public authorities that have obligations under the Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006.

Introduction: The Victorian Equal Opportunity and Human Rights Commission (the Commission) engages with...

Research report

30 May 2014

This paper provides an overview of Tasmania’s parliamentary and electoral system, the state’s political landscape in the lead up to the election, issues that dominated the 2014 election, the parties, the candidates and the results.

Executive summary

Tasmanians went to the polls...

Book

30 May 2014

Summary: This book focuses on the challenges facing governments and communities in preparing for and responding to major crises — especially the hard to predict yet unavoidable natural disasters ranging from earthquakes and tsunamis to floods and bushfires, as well as pandemics and global...

Book

27 May 2014

This book brings together some of the world’s leading water researchers with an especially written collection of chapters on: water economics; transboundary water; water and development; water and energy; and water concepts.

Introduction

Freshwater governance holds a prominent position in the global...

Research report

30 May 2014

Summary: This paper provides a Pacific context for conceptualizing the Post-2015 Development Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals from the vantage point of Pacific women. It looks critically at the MDGs and the current policy agendas of Pacific Island states, discusses economic and social realities...

Research report

2 Jun 2014

Australian children living in areas with a relatively high risk of social exclusion also experience relatively poor health outcomes, argues this bulletin.

Summary

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) and the University of Canberra’s National Centre for Social and Economic...

Research report

29 May 2014

This audit assessed whether Australian Government entities were implementing effective strategies to support increased Indigenous employment.

Audit objective, scope and criteria

The audit objective was to determine whether Australian Government entities were implementing effective strategies to support increased Indigenous employment.

In...

Research report

22 May 2014

This report focuses on whether COAG’s six Closing the Gap targets have improved over five years. We found gains in primary education, Year 12 attainment and post school qualifications—but employment is not improving. In the health findings, we found that faster progress is needed to...

Research report

2 Jun 2014

In the 24 months to March 2014, domestic violence, indecent assault and fraud increased in New South Wales, while other types of major offences decreased or remained stable.

Summary

In the 24 months to March 2014, only three of the 17 major...

Research report

28 May 2014

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Department of Health’s and Australian Hearing’s administration of the Community Service Obligations program for hearing services.

Audit objective, criteria and scope

The objective of the audit was to assess the effectiveness of DoH’s and Australian...

Dataset

30 May 2014

Australia's federal, state and local governments spent just over $7 billion on cultural activities during 2012-13, according to these estimates of funding for arts and cultural activities by the three levels of government.

Video

31 May 2014

Coming of Age: Growing up Muslim in Australia is a timely new book that explores the diversity within the many Muslim communities around Australia, through the personal stories of Muslim Australians – boxers, lawyers and authors amongst them.

Tasneem Chopra is chair of...

Video

22 May 2014

Science communicators come together to explore the challenges of relaying complex and important scientific information to the wider community.

Audio program

1 Jun 2014

On Rear Vision the new geography of jobs, finding work in the global labour market. Where you live could decide if you have a good or bad job. According to Prime Minister Tony Abbott, workers who’ve lost their jobs don’t need to worry, they will...

Audio program

29 May 2014

About one in five Australians is grappling with a mental illness at some point in his life and the number is growing. Stigma is - still today - the main obstacle to progress in the field of mental health. Why is this stigma so difficult...