July 2014

Research report

31 Jul 2014

Alcohol causes 15 deaths and hospitalises 430 Australians every day, according to this report.

Summary

Burden of Disease (BoD) estimates based on current health and alcohol consumption data are integral in conceptualising the impact of alcohol on the Australian community. Such estimates...

Research report

28 Jul 2014

This issues paper contains a summary of the key issues for consideration in next year’s Defence White Paper.

Introduction

This Defence Issues Paper is a collaboration between the Department of Defence and the Defence White Paper 2015 Expert Panel and forms part...

Policy

30 Jul 2014

Young people leaving care or who have left care are over-represented in the statistics on homelessness, early school leaving and contact with the criminal justice system. They are also more likely to have children at an early age and are at greater risk of having...

Research report

30 Jul 2014

This paper makes recommendations regarding the welfare of refugee and asylum-seeking children.

Foreword

Unaccompanied children are some of the most vulnerable in our society and throughout the world; they have been forced, separated or orphaned from their families through reasons of violence,...

Research report

30 Jul 2014

This audit examined crime and safety issues in the Northern Territory urban communities of Darwin, Katherine and Alice Springs to help inform effective strategies to reduce the actual and perceived risk of victimisation.

Abstract

This Special Report is a research driven response...

Journal article

28 Jul 2014

Abstract: We investigate whether the profile of factors protecting psychosocial functioning of high risk exposed Australian Aboriginal youth are the same as those promoting psychosocial functioning in low risk exposed youth. Data on 1,021 youth aged 12–17 years were drawn from the Western Australian...

Audio program

29 Jul 2014

In this panel discussion Zoe Daniel from ABC Foreign Correspondent and Stan Grant from Sky News share their experiences working in the field as Australian foreign correspondents.

Research report

30 Jul 2014

Aims to improve violence intervention programme responsiveness to Māori by sharing success stories and ‘lessons learned’ from the VIP programmes that are already working well for Māori.

Introduction

This resource was born out of a desire by Violence Intervention Programme (VIP) coordinators...

Research report

30 Jul 2014

This report explores the types of youth justice supervision experienced by particular cohorts of young people.

Summary

P athways through youth justice supervision explores the types of youth justice supervision experienced by particular cohorts of young people, based on data available...

Discussion paper

30 Jul 2014

This discussion document sets out the key issues being considered as part of this review of New Zealand's Radiocommunications Act 1989, the first substantial review since the mid- 1990s.

Introduction: The last substantial review of the Radiocommunications Act 1989 (the Act) was undertaken...

Journal article

24 Jul 2014

This article argues that Australia’s military commitment to Afghanistan, while successful, suffered from a limited strategic vision that descended into restrictive campaign plans and ultimately a confusing and conflicting tactical application of the ADF’s own counterinsurgency doctrine.

Abstract

After 12 years of...

Research report

30 Jul 2014

The number of new dwellings consented to in New Zealand is at its highest level since August 2007, according to this report.

Key facts

In June 2014, building consents were issued for:

1,950 new dwellings, including apartments 197 apartments, including 61...

Journal article

24 Jul 2014

This article argues that combined excellence in education and training is critical if the Australian Army is to remain a pre-eminent warfighting organisation, particularly in the post-Afghanistan era.

Overview

This review essay argues the case for the reinvigoration of education in the...

Research report

24 Jul 2014

A collection of statistical data on population developments in New Zealand.

Introduction

At the heart of all social, political and economic debates are the people that live in our country. The policies we make are for their benefit, and their needs drive...

Discussion paper

30 Jul 2014

There are a number of factors that contribute to online copyright infringement in Australia. These factors include the availability and affordability of lawful content, the ease with which consumers can access unlawful material and consumer awareness of legitimate services. Accordingly, any response to online copyright...

Research report

15 Jul 2014

The final report has been published and is available here .

Executive Summary

1 Introduction

This report’s primary aim is to provide yield projections for the proposed Linear Fresnel Reflector (LFR) technology plant at Collinsville, Queensland, Australia. However, the techniques...

Article

29 Jul 2014

Different parts of the SROI framework can be applied to understand the effectiveness and efficiency of any investment, program or organisation – without doing a full SROI report.

In this article we outline some of the ways that the SROI framework and the principles...

Research report

15 Jul 2014

The primary aim of this report is to help negotiate a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) for the proposed hybrid gas-Linear Frensel Reflector (LFR) plant at Collinsville, Queensland, Australia. Considering The report’s wider appeal is the techniques and methods used to model the Australian National Electricity...

Research report

28 Jul 2014

This report argues that a new vision for funding health in Australia based on the Singapore model could be achieved by applying the principle of choice for those who wish for an alternative to Australia’s taxpayer-funded, universal health care system.

Abstract

Singapore’s...

Research report

5 May 2014

Drawing on census data, this report identifies the major trends in the size and distribution of Australia's towns over the twentieth century. It examines the processes of change and the long term technological and economic factors driving development.

Research report

3 Jul 2014

Outlines a vision, purpose, priorities and eight overarching objectives to help ensure the best possible health and wellbeing outcomes for people with spinal cord impairment, enhancing their quality of life and ability to participate in society.

Introduction

Spinal cord impairment (SCI) is...

Research report

28 Jul 2014

After reaching a peak of 10,822 in April this year, the number of adults in custody in NSW fell back to 10,515 in June.

Overview

This report presents 24 months of reception, discharge and custody population data and comparisons between the current...

Research report

11 Jun 2014

This paper offers examples of soft censorship in 30 countries and summarises in-depth soft censorship reports on four countries - Hungary, Malaysia, Mexico, and Serbia.

Executive summary

Soft Censorship is growing alarmingly as a global phenomenon. Official “soft censorship” (or “indirect government...

Commentary

Article

24 Jul 2014

The Coalition’s new security legislation shows that it hasn’t learnt the lessons of twelve years of terrorism law-making

When attorney-general George Brandis announced new national security legislation last week, Australia entered a new phase of anti-terrorism law-making.

As its title suggests, the...

Research report

14 Jul 2014

Examines the effectiveness of oral health promotion programs among Indigenous opiate treatment program clients and analyses dental appointment compliance in this population.

Introduction

Drug abuse is a significant issue for society with drug-related crimes continuing to be a significant social problem. Oral...

Video

24 Jul 2014

What is the future of international cross-cultural relations? And what is the value of creative diplomacy?

Overview

In a world where international political relations are often dictated by a lumbering softly-softly approach, the power of cultural initiatives to forge more immediate and...

Commentary

Article

23 Jul 2014

Has feckless Australia set itself up for a post-boom slump? Two new books see the prospects quite differently

In June 1853, Karl Marx wrote a dispatch for the New York Daily Tribune under the title “Revolution in China and Europe.” Written in the...

Commentary

Article

22 Jul 2014

The ABC’s international broadcasting to the Pacific islands is being devastated by the latest round of staffing cuts

We’re sitting on the grass in the village of Matangi on the island of Futuna. This is one of the more isolated communities in Vanuatu,...

Video

14 Jul 2014

Overview: What should an inclusive, modern Australian nation-state look like? With Australians generally disengaged from the political system and Aboriginal peoples not properly included in the first place, the Republic movement is perhaps the perfect avenue to address some of these issues.

Anthropologist...

Research report

16 Jul 2014

Provides evidence on the use of, and potential concerns with, calls to 13 numbers from mobile phones.

Introduction

The purpose of this research is to contribute to the evidence base around consumers’ use of communications services to assist the Australian Communications and...

Statistics

28 Jul 2014

This release presents information on the socioeconomic context of school achievement in Tasmania and the outcomes for Tasmanian Year 12 graduates and early school leavers, such as further study and participation in the labour market.

Research report

17 Jul 2014

Smoking rates in Australia continue to drop, according to this survey on alcohol and tobacco consumption and illicit drug use.

Introduction

The use of tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs is associated with increased risks of preventable disease, injury and mortality. Harmful use...

Commentary

Article

8 Aug 2013

Since the Second World War Western democracies have championed human rights, decrying the abuse of civil liberties in undemocratic states. A defining feature of the Cold War was trenchant Western criticism of the pervasive surveillance of citizens in authoritarian Eastern Bloc states. In stark contrast...

Research report

28 Jul 2014

This paper provides a brief overview of the size, growth and prospects for the Australian solar industry and argues that as the number of solar panels installed continues to rise, the cost of installation and maintenance will continue to fall.

Summary

The...

Research report

15 May 2014

Assesses the treatment of women at the ACT's only jail, the Alexander Maconochie Centre, against the benchmark of international human rights enshrined in the ACT Human Rights Act and related anti-discrimination legislation.

Overview

The review considered the effect and implementation of Territory...

Research report

24 Jul 2014

In this Analysis the 2014 Lowy Institute-Rio Tinto China Fellow, Lisa Williams, argues that despite China’s reputation for being a climate change laggard the country is putting real effort into reducing carbon emissions. The Analysis identifies the key drivers and domestic players in China’s evolving...

Research report

25 Jul 2014

This is the seventeenth annual comprehensive report on child protection, and for the first time includes: unique counts of children receiving child protection services in each jurisdiction; the number of substantiations per child; co-occurring types of abuse and neglect; socioeconomic status; and 'average day' measures....

Research report

24 Jul 2014

Sectarian-related security concerns in Australia are not entirely new, but the current issues surrounding Australians fighting in Syria and Iraq are qualitatively different, argues this paper.

Abstract

Neither the presence of Australian foreign fighters overseas nor sectarian-related security concerns in Australia are...

Research report

23 Jul 2014

Reviews the cost pressures that may confront the Australian economy if the Renewable Energy Target is to continue in its current form.

Introduction

Climate change presents a considerable challenge for policy makers across the globe, often requiring a trade-off between environmental and...

Journal article

24 Jul 2014

This article argues that the Australian Army must continue to learn from the experience of recent deployments and develop an awareness of cyber forensic operations.

Abstract

Threat forces are becoming increasingly familiar with the capabilities of information and communications technology devices. Given...

Research report

25 Jul 2014

A review into discrimination related to pregnancy, parental leave and return to work after parental leave.

Executive summary

In 2013, the Australian Government asked the Sex Discrimination Commissioner, on behalf of the Australian Human Rights Commission, to undertake a National Review into...

Research report

24 Jul 2014

The Australian Army should consider raising a predominantly female infantry battalion instead of relying on an incremental model, to deliver a more tangible capability in a shorter time-frame, argues this article.

Abstract

Army’s incremental approach to the ingress of women into combat...

Research report

10 Jul 2014

This audit assessed how well the risks associated with contaminated sites in New South Wales are being managed.

Executive summary

Effective management of contaminated land makes an important contribution to the government’s goal to ‘Protect our natural environment’; Goal 22 of the...

Research report

21 Jul 2014

New South Wales has performed strongly and is closing the growth gap on the mining dependent States such as Western Australia, according to this paper.

Summary

The Australian economy is continuing to show signs of recovery, underpinned by strong growth in resource...

Research report

29 May 2014

This literature review is intended to help establish a stronger forum of social housing asset managers across Australia and New Zealand.

Introduction

For some years I have been involved with a group of Australian and New Zealand social housing asset managers from...

Research report

29 May 2014

Provides an understanding of the motivators for the evolution of panels in the development assessment process in New South Wales.

Executive Summary

There has been a recognition nationally of the importance of planning to the economy in general, and particularly to housing...

Research report

17 Jul 2014

Australia needs to ensure that an appropriate level of protection exists to allow the continued operation of small and medium-sized agribusinesses and retailers, according to this report.

Summary

Supermarkets have an increasing role in the development of the Australian agricultural sector. An...

Research report

16 Jul 2014

This inquiry into Australia's childcare sector recommends that the government rescind its proposed budget changes.

Terms of Reference

On 12 December 2013, the Senate referred the following matter to the Senate Education and Employment References Committee for inquiry and report by 17...

Article

16 Jul 2014

This study provides a new perspective from Aboriginal Health Workers (AHWs) working in the area of heart health in the Aboriginal community of western Sydney.

Discussion

AHWs are well placed and keen to be a part of the team that assesses cardiovascular...

Research report

25 Jul 2014

Introduction: This research paper provides a summary of Commonwealth parliamentary superannuation benefits in place prior to the 2004 general election. It provides explanation, hyperlinks and documents pertaining to the operation of the Parliamentary Contributory Superannuation Scheme (the PCSS). A table of eligibility requirements and...

Briefing paper

22 Jul 2014

The Palmer United Party recently announced its intention to block a number of government savings measures. This paper provides an overview of the distribution of those measures. The deferral of the increase in the bottom tax threshold was included in the package of measures to...

Book

10 Jul 2014

The Chinese economy has entered a new phase of development in which sources of growth are not so much dependent upon pure increases in labour, investment and credit expansion, but from productivity improvement, structural changes, technological progress and the benefits from improvement of the social...

Discussion paper

11 Jul 2014

This information sheet reviews trends in Australian productivity with a focus on the transport sector.

Well targeted investments in transport infrastructure result in productivity increases that benefit many other industries. The paper provides for specific examples that cover trucks, freight, waterfront and rail productivity...

Research report

14 Jul 2014

Australia’s drone industry is booming. The number of certified commercial operators has risen dramatically in recent years, and the increasing capability and usability of drone technology has seen a huge rise in the number of businesses and consumers purchasing and using drones.

Drones, or...

Research report

12 Jun 2014

The internationally recognized NMC Horizon Report series and regional NMC Technology Outlooks are part of the NMC Horizon Project, a comprehensive research venture established in 2002 that identifies and describes key trends, significant challenges, and emerging technologies likely to have a large impact over the...

Research report

21 May 2014

The 2014 NMC Technology Outlook for Australian Tertiary Education: A Horizon Project Regional Report reflects a collaborative research effort between the NMC and Open Universities Australia to help inform Australian education leaders about significant developments in technologies supporting teaching, learning, and creative inquiry in tertiary...

Research report

4 Oct 2013

The context for this project is the limited connectivity between applied planning research and professional planning practice. The planning profession, by its very nature, is continually developing plans, policies and strategies to guide place-based management and development. An assumption guiding the research is that sound...

Journal article

13 May 2014

Abstract: Social media technologies are becoming a fundamental component of education. This study extends the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) to identify factors that influence the perceived advantages and relevance of Facebook as a learning tool. The proposed model is based...

Research report

12 May 2014

This report reviews the options available for upgrading existing passenger train services, drawing from local and international case studies to inform the conclusions. These case studies illustrate both the range of upgrades available and their effectiveness in increasing rail patronage and mode share.

Travellers...

Research report

22 Jul 2014

This paper presents findings from an evaluation of culturally and linguistically diverse measures identified in 43 data sets and assessment instruments, and recommendations for implementing the ‘top-10’measures in aged care data sets.

Summary

Accurate and consistent identification of those from culturally and...

Research report

22 Jul 2014

The Productivity Commission is seeking submissions on this draft report for an inquiry seeking to make childcare and early childhood learning more affordable, flexible and accessible.

Key points

Formal and informal Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) services play a vital role...

Research report

23 Jul 2014

Examines children who bully at school, and specifically on the ways in which parenting and family functioning underpin a child's bullying behaviour.

Overview

School bullying is a serious problem worldwide. There is now strong evidence to indicate that children who bully at...

Video

21 Jul 2014

In this prescient Lunchbox/Soapbox event, Mark Isaacs speaks to the heart of this divisive issue by giving an insight into what really goes on inside Australia’s asylum seeker detention centres, unfiltered by media bias.

Former asylum seeker processing centre volunteer Mark Isaacs sidesteps the...

Video

18 Jul 2014

Director-General of the World Trade Organisation, Ambassador Roberto Azevêdo delivered a public lecture on the 17th of July 2014 at ANU entitled, New momentum: can the success in Bali transform the WTO?

Ambassador Azevêdo discussed where the WTO should go next and reflected on...

Article

21 Jul 2014

As Australians use a wider range of communications services to suit their individual needs and circumstances, the use of the traditional fixed-line telephone has slowly declined. While increasing numbers of Australians are replacing their fixed-line telephone with a mobile phone (see the researchacma snapshot Australians...

Audio program

20 Jul 2014

The Abbott government and a group of investors are pinning their environmental hopes on a clean coal technology that is still in the very early stages of development. Paddy Manning tracks the quest for the clean coal holy grail and investigates the men getting unspeakably...

Article

1 Jul 2014

It’s probably no surprise that Aussie teenagers love the internet—82 per cent of Australian teenagers aged 14 to 17 see it as at least very important in their lives, while half go so far as to say it is extremely important. But what are the...

Audio program

21 Jul 2014

The Melbourne 2014 AIDS conference is discussing progress and challenges in the fight against HIV/ AIDS.

In 2012, 35 million people were estimated to be living with HIV, with over two million newly-infected in 2012.

How far have we come and do we...

Report

1 Feb 2014

The visual arts communities of practice share a common problem in their confusion about and misunderstanding of the nature of copyright law and the availability of fair use. Their work is constrained and censored, most powerfully by themselves, because of that confusion and the resulting...

Research report

23 Jul 2014

Spatial concentrations of socially and economically disadvantaged people, particularly in large cities, have been the subject of considerable policy debates in Australia over the past 30 years. A variety of terms have been used in these debates including: urban poverty, locational disadvantage, socio-economic disadvantage, social...

Research report

18 Jun 2014

One in five young Australians are likely to be experiencing mental illness, and less than 40% are comfortable seeking professional help, according to a new report released by Mission Australia in partnership with the Black Dog Institute.

The Youth Mental Health Report also found...

Commentary

Article

21 Jul 2014

A political party funded by internet tycoon Kim Dotcom has entered New Zealand's politics to help build a new movement of the left.

.

If any spies from the Labour, Green or Maori parties infiltrated yesterday's Internet Mana rally in West Auckland,...

Submission

20 Jun 2014

This paper provides an update in relation to surveillance and human rights in New Zealand since 2013.

The New Zealand Human Rights Commission is one of four National Human Rights Institutions that submitted to the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights’ report: ‘The...

Research report

14 Jul 2014

While there is a lot of work around drink-driving, it generally focuses on young men and the risk they pose to themselves and to others. There is no doubt that young men are the most concerning demographic. However, with the on-going publicity around young women...

Research report

21 Jul 2014

This report provides an overview of the development of a potential performance measurement framework for equity in higher education (MFE) to measure progress and gaps in access to and participation in higher education for under-represented groups (Indigenous Australians, those from low socioeconomic status areas, people...

Research report

20 Jul 2014

This report maps the Australian economy by the location of economic activity, defined as the dollar value of goods and services produced by workers within a particular area.

Overview

Eighty per cent of the value of all goods and services produced in...

Research report

2 Jul 2014

Introduction

Email marketing remains one of the most effective ways that arts organisations can communicate directly with their audiences.

The Optimiser online marketing benchmarking programme captures and compares sector-wide email marketing data. For the first time, the programme has enabled us to...

Research report

4 Jul 2014

Summary: This statistical indicators paper identifies the recent trends in the value, sales and acquisitions of NSW public sector assets, at a whole of government, and individual department and public sector corporation level (selected by order of asset value for the 2012-13 financial year)....

Guide

18 Jul 2014

This Quick Guide provides key internet links to websites with information on crime and law enforcement arrangements and issues.

Guide

18 Jul 2014

This Quick Guide provides key internet links to websites with information on national security arrangements and issues.

Research report

2 Jul 2014

Provides information on funding opportunities for community groups, covering: government gateways to community grants, non-government gateways to community grants, grants in selected subject areas, selected private sector/non-government funding sources, and selected local government funding sources.

Introduction

Members of Parliament regularly receive requests...

Dataset

18 Jul 2014

Presents the ABS' first experimental land account to demonstrate a method for reporting change in land use, rateable value and land cover.

Research report

4 Jul 2014

Overview: All major political parties in Australia recognise that the nation needs strong and effective climate change policies to reduce emissions. There is also bipartisan support for the globally agreed goal to limit global temperature increases to less than 2oC above pre-industrial levels. For...

Research report

30 Jun 2014

Overview

Advances in information communication technology are dramatically improving real-time communication and information-sharing. By improving access to information and facilitating global debate, they foster democratic participation. By amplifying the voices of human rights defenders and helping to expose abuses, these powerful technologies offer the...

Research report

21 Jul 2014

People with disabilities are being routinely denied the basic human right of access to justice, this report finds.

About this project

The Victorian Equal Opportunity and Human Rights Commission (the Commission) is an independent statutory body. We have functions under:

the...

Research report

16 Jul 2014

This report looks at the highly personalistic system of post-independence governance in which a tiny elite of ageing resistance leaders has dominated political life.

Overview

When Xanana Gusmão steps down as Timor-Leste’s prime minister, it will mark the beginning of a long-deferred...

Research report

4 Jun 2014

The 2014-15 Budget announced the following changes to Higher Education Loan Program (HELP):

The minimum income threshold will be reduced to $50,638 for HELP repayment and will apply to graduates commencing repayments from 1 July 2016. A two per cent repayment rate will apply...

Research report

17 Jul 2014

During the period 1901 to 2014, there have been 44 general elections for the House of Representatives and 42 Senate elections. This paper contains a brief commentary on each election along with statistical summary information and results in each state and territory for each election....

Research report

16 Jul 2014

Indigenous households were 6 times as likely as other Australian households to live in social housing, with an estimated 31% of Indigenous households living in such housing in 2013, this report finds.

Summary

A large proportion of housing assistance to Indigenous households...

Research report

31 Oct 2013

This report reviews behavioral and social research findings that inform responses to human immunodeficiency virus, viral hepatitis and other sexually transmissible infections in Australia.

Introduction

This report is the 15th in our series of annual publications reviewing behavioural and social research findings...

Research report

17 Jul 2014

This paper presents a collection of views about the definition, role, purpose and health of strategic policymaking.

Introduction

One of the liveliest debates to have taken place on ASPI’s blog, The Strategist , concerned the place of strategy in Canberra’s policymaking community....

Research report

17 Jul 2014

Introduction: This paper examines homelessness in New Zealand, particularly those people living without shelter and in temporary accommodation given they can experience severe health problems. The paper first provides a definition of homelessness and a brief history of unaffordable accommodation. It then reviews the...

Research report

17 Jul 2014

The purpose of this report is to introduce the idea of international capabilities as a learning outcome of classroom and other learning opportunities school students may have within the framework of the New Zealand Curriculum.

Summary

International capabilities are how the New...

Research report

17 Jul 2014

This report outlines the 2013 results of the TELA Laptops Scheme School Survey, which was a program funded by the New Zealand government to lease laptops to principals and teachers.

Background

During November 2013 a total sample of n=1,000 schools who are...

Research report

14 Jul 2014

A report to the United Nations about New Zealand's progress against HIV/AIDs for the period January 2012–December 2013.

Status of the epidemic

In New Zealand, the early epidemic of HIV infection and AIDS was highly concentrated among men who had sex with...

Audio program

6 Jul 2014

Overview: The Prime Minister, John Key’s recent trip to New York was focused on lobbying permanent ambassadors at the United Nations to support New Zealand's bid for a non-permanent seat on the Security Council in 2015. New Zealand has been selling itself as a...

Commentary

Article

18 Jul 2014

Freedom of the press is an issue that has been unusually prominent in Australia in recent months – taking ‘the press’ to encompass all public media. But most of the discussion has focused on the wrong questions and has failed to notice that whether Australia...

Research report

16 Jul 2014

The ageing population is changing Australia. Like any change, it is accompanied by both challenges and opportunities.

Regional Australia is ageing faster than the rest of the country. With Baby Boomers making up 39 per cent of the regional workforce, our regions are at...

Research report

15 Jul 2014

Executive summary: This exploratory study considers the feasibility of measuring New Zealand senior secondary (Years 12/13) students’ 'international capabilities'. Building on background work undertaken by the Ministry’s International Division, the methodology had three components. An analysis of New Zealand and international literature pertinent to assessment...

Research report

30 Jun 2014

This report explores the achievement of school leavers from state and state-integrated boys' schools. The analysis from 2010 to 2012 shows school leavers from state boys’ schools had higher qualifications than their male counterparts who attended state co-educational schools.

The research was carried out...

Research report

10 Jul 2014

This report investigates the practices that use energy in households with children to understand change and flexibility for demand management. The findings suggest that demand management and engagement activities need to go beyond individually motivating family households to save money, protect the environment, or make...

Commentary

Article

16 Jul 2014

The mining industry likes to consider itself special.

Tax laws that apply to other industries don’t apply to miners, as the controversy around Glencore’s tax bill shows.

Planning laws get changed when miners don’t like them, as the NSW government showed with Rio...

Research report

14 Jul 2014

There is an urgent need to comprehensively overhaul processes for assessing and developing public infrastructure projects, argues this report.

Volume 1 contains the overview, recommendations and findings, chapters 1 to 8 and volume 1 references . It covers infrastructure provision, funding and financing....

Research report

15 Jul 2014

Makes recommendations on how the financial system can most effectively help the Australian economy be productive, grow and meet the financial needs of Australians.

Executive summary

Objectives and principles

This Inquiry’s objective is to assess, and make recommendations on, how...

Guide

15 Jul 2014

This guide provides links to information about the policy and administrative framework for school education, individual school information, school funding information, statistics including student achievement statistics, indigenous education, Australian organisations, international organisations and education departments and state and territory government websites.

Research report

16 Jul 2014

An open source platform providing access to critical information on natural disasters to all Australians is needed to protect life and property.

This report:

Identifies the strengths and weaknesses of Australia's approach to natural disaster data and research Examines best-practice examples from around...

Research report

20 Jun 2013

This White Paper was produced with the aim of supporting the development of a more sustainable, coordinated national approach to making communities more resilient and Australian people safer.

The paper:

models the economics of mitigation activity in helping to inform risk reduction activities...

Audio program

16 Jul 2014

$500 million in compensation will be payed to the ten thousand people took part in a class action against the power company and State Government over the 2009 Black Saturday fires in Victoria.

Today a report calling for money and effort to be invested...

Research report

14 Jul 2014

The second edition of The State of Western Australia’s Children and Young People highlights important information to increase our understanding about the wellbeing of children and young people.

The data collected in this report shows that most Western Australian children are healthy and their...

Research report

8 Jul 2014

Overview: The Monthly Economic Review is an overview of the New Zealand economy. It includes the latest data on New Zealand’s economic growth, unemployment, inflation, merchandise trade and balance of payments figures, along with certain financial data (such as the Reserve Bank’s official cash...

Guide

15 Jul 2014

This chronology outlines key events and dates since the early 19th century relating to the Māori language. Of particular focus are events in the New Zealand Parliament.

Fact sheet

16 Jul 2014

Jobs Online measures changes in job vacancies advertised by businesses on the two main internet job boards – SEEK and Trade Me Jobs. The trend series is used as it reduces the month to month volatility.

Highlights

Online job vacancies grew...

Research report

16 Jul 2014

In 2011, Indigenous households were about half as likely as other Australian households to own their home and more than 3 times as likely to be overcrowded, finds this report.

Summary

Indigenous households about half as likely to own their own...

Research report

16 Jul 2014

This paper presents information on the prevalence of homelessness among Indigenous Australians, the characteristics of Indigenous people who are homeless, and the use of specialist homelessness services by Indigenous people who are homeless or at risk of homelessness.

Summary

The rate...

Research report

14 Jul 2014

This paper examines whether it is more expensive to own a house or to rent. The paper assesses houses as ‘overvalued’ if home buyers pay too much, in the sense that they would be better off renting than buying. This involves comparing the financial cost...

Research report

31 May 2014

An evaluation of a micro-business program for women from refugee and migrant backgrounds shows the importance of recognising existing skills while building knowledge about Australia's regulatory systems.

Stepping Stones, a micro-business program for women of refugee and migrant backgrounds, was launched by the Brotherhood...

Research report

7 Jul 2014

Abstract: This paper uses information compiled from a broad range of sources to create an accurate and holistic picture of crime and criminal justice issues in Australia. Within this volume are the patterns and trends relating to specific crimes, victims, offenders, the location of criminal...

Guide

14 May 2014

This manual highlights leading case studies and practical resources from Australian municipalities and overseas, and includes a step-by-step framework for effectively embedding climate risk into council operations.

The resource will be useful for council staff involved in climate risk assessment and planning such as...

Research report

10 Jul 2014

This report argues that there are eight highly persistent myths about the nature of housing markets in Australia, and seeks to tackle them.

Research report

9 Jul 2014

This pamphlet aims to provide detailed coverage of where Australian tax dollars are spent.

Overview

Taxation is imposed through the coercive power of the state. Politicians often speak of “asking” taxpayers to pay more of this or that tax, but in reality...

Research report

14 Jul 2014

Women can expect to wait another 75 years before they receive the same amount of pay as their male counterparts, according to this report.

Summary

In its ‘World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development’, the World Bank asserted that gender equality...

Research report

9 Jul 2014

This paper describes the development, and presents the results, of an area-based index that measures access to General Practitioners relative to the need for primary health care for both the Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations of Australia.

Summary

In recent years, the Australian...

Research report

9 Jul 2014

Indigenous children are over represented in areas where child safety and security are compromised, argues this report.

Summary

National data show that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children are over-represented in various aspects of child safety compared with their non-Indigenous counterparts. In...

Discussion paper

14 Jul 2014

Addressing the cyber safety challenge: from risk to resilience describes the cyber safety issues emerging from a range of technology trends, how different populations are using technologies and the risks they face, and how we can effectively respond to each group’s unique cyber safety...

Fact sheet

1 Jul 2014

A collection of statistics about Mäori people, covering language, well-being, education and cultural engagement.

Summary

Here is an updated collection of our statistics about Mäori and from a Mäori perspective. Browse through them for an understanding of Mäori well-being and development....

Research report

8 Jul 2014

This report examines the most frequent causes of hospitalisations due to injury sustained by Australians, aged 65 years or older, during the period 1 July 2011 to 30 June 2012.

Summary

As Australia's population gets older, increasing numbers of older people are...

Research report

11 Jul 2014

Summary: This report presents data on Australia's public sector medical indemnity claims, and public and private sector claims combined, from 2008-09 to 2012-13. The data do not include public sector claims for Western Australia, which did not report its claims data for 2010-11 to...

Research report

6 Jul 2014

This report recommends a change to the way consumers pay for the network that carries electricity from generators to homes, so that it better reflects the cost of running the network.

Overview

Australians are paying too much for power. In the five...

Research report

9 Jul 2014

This updated paper draws on recent data and research to discuss trends and issues relating to women in Australian parliaments within an international context. It includes data on women in leadership and ministry positions, on committees and as candidates in Commonwealth elections.

Executive...

Research report

15 May 2014

Overview: This paper argues that, despite being the world’s largest island, the greatest paradox of Australia’s existence is that the country lacks a maritime consciousness to guide defence policy. National development has been marked by several historical characteristics which have created an ingrained culture...

Research report

30 Jun 2014

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This paper is a ‘review of reviews’ undertaken into Australia’s welfare system between 1941 and 2013. It covers mainly those reviews most like ‘public inquiries’ i.e. time-limited policy reviews that typically involve external experts appointed by, but operating (to varying degrees) independently...

Research report

7 Jul 2014

Provides a summary of the status of water plans across Australia.

Executive Summary

This National Water Planning Report Card 2013 follows the first baseline assessment undertaken in 2011. It provides a consolidated summary of the progress of water planning across Australia against...

Guide

8 Jul 2014

This guide assists creditors, collectors, collectors and debtors to understand their rights and obligations, and ensure that debt collection activity is under taken in a way that is consistent with consumer protection laws.

Summary

Both the ACCC and the Australian Securities and...

Research report

30 Jun 2014

Indonesia is making some progress in countering violent extremism, argues this report, but more through community efforts than through government programs.

Overview

Indonesia is making some headway in countering violent extremism but not through government programs. Some prisoners have moderated their views...

Research report

2 Jul 2014

This paper reviews research around alcohol use in sexual assaults that are perpetrated in circumstances of socialising and sexual interactions.

Introduction

Alcohol is a common feature in many sexual assaults, particularly those committed in a social context. Although there is extensive research...

Research report

11 Jul 2014

This paper considers the challenges facing Indonesia's incoming president, providing a broad picture of what the country might look like in 2020.

Summary

As Indonesians prepare to welcome a new president, South-East Asia’s most populous state finds itself at a crossroads once...

Research report

10 Jul 2014

This paper is designed to demystify the Renewable Energy Target, look at what it has achieved and what it is capable of achieving, and to consider the challenges it faces in the near future.

Overview

Australians love renewable energy. A recent survey...

Research report

3 Jul 2014

Based on interviews with 94 parents in Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, and Western Australia, this report investigates parents' knowledge of and attitudes towards early childhood education.

Executive summary

This report documents the background, methodology and findings from the Access to Early Childhood...

Video

10 Jul 2014

The worlds of art and finance often make for uncomfortable bedfellows. Throughout history, artists from every discipline have depended on the financial support of the state and from private patrons, in the form of philanthropic donations. Can art survive without philanthropy, and should it? If...

Video

8 Jul 2014

Climate and energy policy is once more near the top of the US government's policy agenda, and occupies a prominent position in China's development planning and policy. Both countries strive for global leadership on clean energy technologies, and both are preparing national pledges to reduce...

Research report

5 Jun 2014

This report examines social enterprise and community economic development in New Zealand.

Executive Summary

This report is the outcome of a comprehensive research process that includes interviews with 97 social enterprise and community economic development (CED) practitioners and five focus groups. The...

Research report

17 Jun 2014

Among those enrolled in apprenticeships and traineeships, Indigenous students are more likely to be participating in courses of study leading to lower qualifications, according to this report.

Summary

What we know

Indigenous Australians, particularly females, are more likely than the...

Dataset

10 Jul 2014

Provides a statistical overview of culture in Australia. Contains information on a range of topics including employment in culture, time spent on cultural activities, attendances at cultural venues and events, expenditure on culture, and imports and exports of cultural goods and services. Also provides profiles...

Guide

12 Jun 2014

Introduction: Middle childhood and adolescence (the "tween and teen years") reflect the prime importance of parenting and positive family functioning to support young travellers on the journey to adulthood. Australia's suite of longitudinal studies, including the Australian Temperament Project (now in its 33rd year)...

Research report

7 Jul 2014

This publication makes recommendations for a collaborative, coordinated and multi-level approach to tackle the urgent, complex and worsening problem of obesity in Australia.

Introduction

Much progress has been made by all levels of government in Australia in acknowledging the obesity epidemic and...

Commentary

Article

14 Jul 2014

The Australian waded into the tobacco packaging debate with a series of blunt assertions, then responded to the counter-evidence by digging in.

On 6 June this year, the front page of Murdoch’s local flagship, the Australian , was dominated by an “exclusive” report...

Commentary

Article

6 Jul 2014

By the time the first edition of the Australian hit the streets almost fifty years ago, a vital part of Rupert Murdoch’s strategy had already run into trouble.

David Bowman’s first inkling of the tidal wave about to strike Canberra was a chance...

Commentary

Article

11 Jul 2014

Tennant Creek has developed innovative ways of dealing with social media. But the initiatives are languishing, partly for lack of funding.

Aboriginal elders and parents in Tennant Creek became disturbed during 2012 by reports that kids had been involved in cyberbullying, something they...

Research report

1 Jun 2014

In this research, skills for sustainability are broadly conceived as including skills for social, economic and environmental sustainability – a triple bottom-line approach.

Since 2009 Australian governments have been implementing an agreement that embeds skills for sustainability into vocational education and training, despite scant...

Audio presentation

10 Jul 2014

Should we shrink the public sector and give the market a greater share? With the current focus on reducing public debt, the federal Treasurer says we have unsustainable expectations about what governments can deliver and so governments need to cut spending and downsize. But does...

Research report

10 Jul 2014

Workforce exclusion is a complex and enduring problem in Australia, with some groups of job seekers more likely to be disadvantaged in the labour market than others. We identify a dominant unemployment narrative of ‘work first’ that surrounds unemployment interventions, and ignores the nature of...

Research report

7 Jul 2014

Housing reforms in remote Indigenous communities have resulted in a variety of tenancy management arrangements involving state, community and private housing sectors. This project identified different models of tenancy management, considered their housing outcomes, and shared the policy and practice lessons across jurisdictions.

Briefing paper

8 Jul 2014

Inequality between those with the most and those with the least is rising in Australia. Australia is one of the wealthiest countries in the world, but there are many people in our society who are falling behind. For instance, the minimum wage and unemployment benefits...

Research report

12 Mar 2014

This report finds that Australia’s co-operation with Sri Lanka to prevent would-be-refugees from seeking protection is riddled with human rights risks and should be stopped immediately.

Media release

The report, Can’t flee, can’t stay: Australia’s interception and return of Sri Lankan asylum...

Survey

9 Jul 2014

In the first few months of 2014 Taylor & Francis carried out a worldwide survey, with the aim of exploring journal authors’ views on open access.

Having previously conducted a survey on open access in 2013, we have been able to see how authors’...

Research report

15 May 2014

To support the development of the Engineering workforce study (31) , the Australian Workplace and Productivity Agency (AWPA) commissioned the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) to conduct focus group consultations. The aim of the consultation was to investigate the participation of women and mature-aged...

Policy

19 Oct 2009

The European Commission adopted a Communication on Copyright in the Knowledge Economy aiming to tackle the important cultural and legal challenges of mass-scale digitisation and dissemination of books, in particular of European library collections. Digital libraries such as Europeana will provide researchers and consumers across...

Research report

4 Jul 2014

This report quantifies in dollar terms the benefits to New Zealand gained through the use of census and population statistics information.

The conclusion is clear: despite significant difficulties in developing a rigorous quantification, it is reasonable to conclude that the census delivers benefits well...

Research report

30 Jun 2014

INTRODUCTION

Norma’s Project was conceived in response to the experience of Norma, the mother of one of the four researchers involved in the project. Norma was a confused and vulnerable 83 year old woman who was sexually assaulted by a male staff member during...

Research report

7 Jul 2014

Australia spends just under $1.4 billion (2012–13) on statutory Paid Parental Leave (PPL) to provide more than 130,000 parents with up to 18 weeks of parental leave paid at the full-time minimum wage.

The Abbott government proposes to pay primary carers at their pre-birth...

Commentary

Article

11 Jun 2014

Fear is a visceral human emotion with the power to overwhelm and subsume all other feelings and rational thoughts. Terrorism seeks to coerce political and social change by threatening extreme and indiscriminate violence against the community. But the real power of terrorism is not the...

Report

4 Jul 2014

In 2012–13, Australian governments spent $7.2 billion on disability support services under the National Disability Agreement. More than 312,500 people used services during this time.

Research report

1 Jul 2014

Summary: Cancer incidence in Australia is projected to rise due to an expected increase in both the underlying cancer rates and in the Australian population over the age of 65. As a result, planning for cancer treatment services must anticipate future trends and age...

Research report

2 Jul 2014

This paper aims to provide historical depth to the idea that alcoholic drinks should be made available in licensed canteens or clubs in discrete Aboriginal communities.

Abstract

The idea that alcoholic drinks should be made available in licensed canteens or clubs in...

Research report

2 Jul 2014

The re-election of a Labor Government at the 2014 South Australian state election came as a surprise to many. This paper provides an overview of the election campaigns and the results.

Executive summary

The re-election of a Labor Government at the 2014...

Research report

4 Jul 2014

This review contains the Productivity Commission's latest quantitative estimates of Australian Government assistance to industry.

draws attention to areas of government intervention that could be impeding economic growth identifies recent developments in industry assistance and international trade policy includes a chapter on the industry...

Submission

30 Jun 2014

This submission was provided to the Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence & Trade to inform them on the context of private sector engagement in the Pacific island region.

Summary of key points

Private sector growth is a key contributor to...

Journal article

14 May 2014

This article discusses the development and performance of New Zealand's emissions trading scheme since the report of the Emissions Trading Scheme Review Panel in 2011.

Introduction

The New Zealand emissions trading scheme (ETS) was introduced by legislation in 2008. The legislated objectives...

Research report

2 Jul 2014

Summary: This report focuses on the performance of general practices in Whānau Ora collectives – using results from the software package HealthStat, which collects an anonymous summary of patient health information from general practices in Whānau Ora collectives.

Although not all collectives include...

Research report

8 Apr 2002

This was one of several government reviews of the ABC carried out throughout its history.

It found that while there was no evidence to indicate that the ABC did not comply with its Charter requirements, there was significant scope for the ABC to improve...

Strategy

30 Jun 2014

This Statement of Intent outlines the strategic direction for New Zealand's Ministry of Health, work that will be undertaken to deliver key priorities and how success will be measured.

Summary

The Ministry of Health’s Statement of Intent 2014 to 2018 identifies outcomes...

Working paper

1 Feb 2014

The public interest. The public good. The common good. All these terms describe ways of thinking about our collective selves and our shared interests that transcend our memberships of such groups as families, teams, and workplaces that typically inform our understanding of who we are...

Working paper

2 Mar 2014

Although existing theories have made considerable achievements in highlighting the crucial connection between ethics and leadership, this paper proposes three key limitations of the field: an overwhelming focus on the individual at the expense of the relational; a cursory understanding of how context informs the...

Research report

6 May 2014

Leadership for the Greater Good is not easy to achieve. Many of the issues leaders face are so complex that they have been called ‘wicked problems’ – not in the sense of being evil, but because they seem almost intractable. Patience, insight and collaboration are...

Working paper

4 May 2014

This paper explores the ways in which different conceptions of leadership can contribute to the sustainability of economic productivity, social equity and, of course, the natural systems and resources upon which all social and economic development depend. It begins by briefly defining leadership and outlining...

Video

5 May 2014

Too often, our response to complex social, economic and environment problems reflects our tendency to focus on the short-term; on what ails us in the here and now. Rarely do we implement long-term, sustainable solutions. In this talk, Samuel Wilson discusses our tendency to focus...

Commentary

Article

30 Jun 2014

What explains Victoria’s stubborn tendency to vote Labor in state and federal elections?

The prolific psephologist Peter Brent recently asked why, in electoral terms, Victoria is different from the other states. He cited Labor’s dominance of the state’s two-party-preferred vote in every federal...

Guide

1 Jul 2014

Introduction: Property damage is the intentional ‘destruction or defacement of public, commercial and private property’. This covers a range of different acts, including vandalism (eg smashing windows, knocking over letterboxes) and graffiti. Graffiti is the act of marking property with writing, symbols or graphics...

Commentary

Article

1 Jul 2014

After a rocky transition to a new set of leaders, China faces an uncertain future.

Is the Chinese Communist Party guided by a utopian vision borrowed from Mao Zedong, striving to push society towards becoming a Socialist heaven on earth? Or are its...

Research report

26 Jun 2014

Executive summary : This report provides an outline of the latest employment demand and supply information available on the Canterbury rebuild and wider recovery, in order to inform decision-making and provide an update of the progress on the rebuild.

The main findings...

Fact sheet

18 Jun 2014

Skilled job vacancies in New Zealand advertised online fell by 2.7 per cent in May, although there was moderate growth in the South Island.

Introduction

Jobs Online measures changes in job vacancies advertised by businesses on the two main internet job...

Video

26 Jun 2014

2014 marks the centenary of the outbreak of World War One. To mark the anniversary of Australia’s involvement in the conflict that engulfed Europe, James Brown, Military Fellow at the Lowy Institute for International Policy examines the long-reaching effects of Australia’s military engagement.

As...

Discussion paper

2 Jul 2014

Introduction

The Solomon Islands Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was the first truth commission in the Pacific, established under the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Act 2008 (TRC Act) in an effort to ‘promote national unity and reconciliation’ following the civil conflict which troubled...

Research report

4 Jun 1981

This 1981 report provided a rare frank, detailed, comprehensive and accessible account of the major national security questions facing Australia, at a time when such discussions were often confined to closed bureaucracies. It also contributed to later decisions by the Labor Party to not close...

Research report

30 Jun 2014

This paper synthesises what is currently published on the access and participation of disadvantaged learners in higher-level vocational education and training (VET) qualifications and higher education, and their transitions from lower-level VET qualifications to higher-level VET and higher education.

Introduction:

The VET...

Research report

23 Jun 2014

This paper attempts to put a dollar figure on the value of state assistance to the mining industry.

Overview

State governments are more usually associated with the provision of health, education and law enforcement than industry assistance. So it might surprise taxpayers...

Research report

1 Jul 2014

Many religious believers are concerned that aggressive secularism is driving religion from the public sphere where it is practised, argues this report.

Overview

The campaign for what has been dubbed ‘marriage equality’ is gaining ground in many Western countries, including Australia, despite...

Research report

27 Jun 2014

Executive summary: The World Drug Report provides an annual overview of the major developments in drug markets for the various drug categories, ranging from production to trafficking, including development of new routes and modalities, as well as consumption. Chapter 1 of the World Drug...

Guide

19 Jun 2014

Summary: Provides links to Australian Government organisations responsible for the arts and culture, state and territory government websites, regional arts websites, non-government organisations websites and international organisations.

It also provides links to a range of organisations by art form:

• ballet and...

Research report

30 Jun 2014

Indigenous Australians will be hit hard by the 2014‐15 Budget, argues this paper.

Abstract

This analysis looks at the Indigenous provisions in the 2014-15 federal Budget. This is done in the light of current and past strategies, policies, programs and funding, and...

Research report

30 Jun 2014

Summary: Vocational Pathways support young people, along with their families, teachers, and other influences to be more informed about their learning choices – to avoid “dead-ends”, and understand the consequences of their decisions in terms of their future possibilities.

The VPs deliver three...

Dataset

19 Jun 2014

More than one in four Australian businesses had a social media presence as at 30 June 2013, up from one in five the previous year, according to this release.

Research report

28 Jun 2014

Summary: This report focuses on the destinations of young domestic graduates. It complements our recent publication What young graduates earn when they leave study which looks at the earnings of young graduates who remain in New Zealand. In this report, we focus on differences...

Research report

26 Jun 2014

Overview: As the national corporate, markets and financial services regulator, the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) is involved in most areas of Australia's commercial world. With the limited resources available to it, ASIC should be commended for how it performs certain functions and...

Audio program

25 Jun 2014

The Australian federal system has adapted and changed since 1901 with the balance of power and responsibilities shifting between the States and the Commonwealth. Council of Australian Governments Chair John Brumby gives his view of the strengths and weaknesses of the federal system.