September 2014

Research report

25 Sep 2014

This report considers the interface between generalist and specialist community legal centres in Queensland, in an endeavour to identify ways to support Queensland community legal centres to work more effectively together to deliver equitable and accessible specialist legal services in the public interest.

In...

Discussion paper

1 Nov 2012

The paper argues broadly for recognition of a number of principles essential to establishing a firm basis upon which to redress health inequities for women:

It is impossible to understand women’s health outcomes without also understanding the social context of women’s lives; International human...

Audio podcast

29 Sep 2014

The charismatic and highly mobile Carnaby’s Black-Cockatoo is regarded as the ‘Rock Star’ of the Australian bird world. It now classified in WA as ‘rare or likely to become extinct’ and federally listed as Endangered. The last 50 years has seen a 50% decline in...

Research report

19 Sep 2014

Explores the experiences of menopause for professional women as part of a broader appreciation of health and well-being in later life.

Executive summary

This report presents the key findings and recommendations of a research project entitled Women, Work and the Menopause: Releasing...

Research report

28 Sep 2014

This paper recommends more public discussion, including an education campaign, about the limits of health care as death approaches and the need to focus on end-of-life care.

Overview

This report is about how, where and with whom we die. The baby boomers...

Research report

30 Sep 2014

This report examines static and dynamic risk factors in an Australian sample of parental child sex offenders and the predictive strength of those factors regarding reoffending with or without a treatment intervention.

Forward

Public policy initiatives to manage parental child sexual offending...

Research report

12 Sep 2014

Evidence from across the world is telling us that no matter where they are from, more and more children are relying on digital tools, platforms and services to learn, engage, participate, play, innovate, work or socialise.

Foreward

Some two-thirds of the world’s...

Research report

22 Sep 2014

Both the world and Australian economies have changed significantly since the Hilmer Review of the 1990s. The recommendations in this Draft Report seek to bring Australia’s competition policy up to date. The review assessed Australia’s competition policy to see if it is still ‘fit for...

Audio program

28 Sep 2014

In just over a week, Fiji’s parliament will sit for the first time since the military takeover in 2006.

Insight has been investigating what legacy nearly a decade of military rule has left behind and what challenges lie ahead.

Journal article

16 Sep 2014

This article argues that current laws are ill-equipped to deal with the multifaceted threats to individual privacy by governments, corporations and our own need to participate in the information society.

Introduction

In the era of big data, where people find themselves surveilled...

Journal article

27 Aug 2014

This study aimed to identify the influence of social support on the health outcomes of Indigenous people within a Western Australian metropolitan community.

Abstract

The factors driving the disparity in health outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians continue to be poorly understood....

Research report

25 Sep 2014

Overview: This paper looks at the possible paths for policy and development in Indonesia under the leadership of the seventh president of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, who will take office in Jakarta on 20 October. The first part is a stocktake of the challenges that...

Research report

25 Sep 2014

Introduction: This Research paper provides a snap-shot of significant developments in refugee law and policy during the period 2012 to August 2013 when the 43rd Parliament was prorogued and the House of Representatives dissolved for a general election.

The commencement of 2012 saw...

Research report

26 Sep 2014

Summary: In 2012-13, Australia's 601 private hospitals accounted for 45% of the country's 1,347 hospitals and 34% of all hospital beds. These private hospitals employed over 60,000 staff and had a total income of $11.8 billion.

The private hospitals can be grouped into...

Research report

24 Sep 2014

This report looks at the origins and development of the ISIS support network in Indonesia.

Introduction

Support for the Islamic State (IS, formerly known as ISIS) in Indonesia raises the risk of violence there even though the capacity of violent extremist groups...

Research report

23 Sep 2014

Provides the Bank's assessment of the current condition of the financial system and potential risks to financial stability.

Overview The global financial system continues to be buoyed by strong investor risk appetite. International financial markets have been remarkably stable for much of the...

Research report

25 Sep 2014

This draft report recommends a major restructure of Australian Government funding for natural disasters, and invites submissions from the public.

Key points

Australia is exposed to natural disasters on a recurring basis. Effective planning and mitigation of risks is an essential task...

Research report

25 Sep 2014

Provides quarterly statistics and trend data on the supply of major fuel types, electricity generation and its associated greenhouse gas emissions, and liquid fuel prices.

Summary

The New Zealand Energy Quarterly provides quarterly statistics and trend data on the supply of major...

Research report

23 Sep 2014

This paper discusses new legislation being considered in New South Wales, aimed at enabling prosecutions in cases where an injury to a child could only have been inflicted by one of two or more persons who were at home with the child, but where there...

Fact sheet

25 Sep 2014

Of New Zealand’s $171.2 billion total investment abroad, 58.1 percent was in Australia, the United States, and the United Kingdom.

Key facts

At 31 March 2014:

Of New Zealand’s $171.2 billion total investment abroad, 58.1 percent was in Australia, the United...

Research report

23 Sep 2014

This study finds that although suspended sentences were introduced as an alternative to prison, in New South Wales they appear to have had the opposite effect.

Abstract

Aim: To see whether the introduction of suspended sentences reduced the number of offenders...

Research report

28 Aug 2014

This toolkit is designed to help arts organisations develop or improve their risk management practice.

Purpose

Creative New Zealand commissioned this Risk Management Toolkit (Toolkit) to help managers and administrators in New Zealand arts organisations to develop or improve their risk management...

Transcript

19 Jun 2014

This paper examines the progression of concepts of indigenous ethnic identity and nationalism in New Caledonia within the context of French colonisation.

Abstract

Given that politics in New Caledonia essentially have revolved around support for independence or for staying with France, with...

Report

24 Sep 2014

This is the third in a planned series of annual reports providing a detailed picture of the national response to the palliative care needs of Australians.

Research report

23 Sep 2014

Overview: Selected findings from a national survey examining social norms, attitudes and beliefs toward alcohol and intoxication among Victorians aged 16 years and older.

To encourage a better drinking culture among young people aged 16-29, VicHealth, in partnership with the State Government, has...

Research report

24 Sep 2014

The NSE monitors labour market, immigration, and employment matters to improve our evidence base for evaluating policy and answering contemporary policy questions.

Summary The National Survey of Employers (NSE) is an annual survey of New Zealand employers. The NSE monitors labour market, immigration,...

Research report

25 Sep 2014

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet’s implementation of food security initiatives for remote Indigenous communities.

Audit objectives and criteria The objective of the audit is to assess the effectiveness of the Department of the Prime...

Video

24 Sep 2014

Narratives matter. Public policy reform proposals are unlikely to be implemented, and even less likely to prove resilient, unless accompanied by a compelling narrative. But compelling narratives can also be dangerous.

In this landmark public lecture, Dr Ken Henry AC says that the narrative...

Research report

23 Sep 2014

Excluding the cost of carbon pollution from decision-making creates market distortions and the undervaluation of emission reduction, argues this report.

Overview

Australia’s energy sector has a long history of subsidies, ranging from government-built infrastructure to favourable taxation regimes. The most significant current...

Video

27 Aug 2014

Nobel Laureate Professor Rolf Zinkernagel presented a Public Lecture at the The John Curtin School of Medical Research (JCSMR) at ANU on 25 August 2014 entitled 'Why do we not have a vaccine against HIV or TB?'

Prior to the public lecture the Curtin...

Audio interview

25 Sep 2014

Speaking with Nick Watts, Director of the The Global Climate & Health Alliance , from the UN Climate Summit in New York.

Listen in as he explains the links between climate and health, what we have to be optimistic about, and the crucial challenges...

Commentary

Article

16 Sep 2014

Bilateral discussions during the Prime Minister’s recent flying visit to Malaysia apparently centred on the two Malaysian Airlines flights—MH370 and MH17—and the ‘deeper relationship’ the two tragedies have forged between Australia and Malaysia. Mr Abbott thanked his host, Prime Minister Najib Razak, by saying ‘I...

Literature review

25 Sep 2014

Family violence is a leading cause of homelessness, poverty (FaCHSIA 2009, COAG 2010), preventable death, disability and illness for Victorian women aged 15–45 years (VicHealth 2004). Exposure to family violence is now widely recognised as a form of child abuse (Statewide Steering Committee 2005, FaCHSIA...

Research report

22 Nov 2008

This book is a celebration of The Centre for Multicultural Youth’s (CMY) 20th anniversary, as well as a celebration of human rights, diversity and the hopes of young people. CMY’s journey from its early goal to create a better community for newly arrived young people...

Research report

23 Sep 2014

This paper examines three violent Islamist groups in Africa - Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), al-Shabaab and Boko Haram - and the way they’ve evolved, especially in the linkages between them and al-Qaeda’s ideology and tactics.

Overview

Over the past decade...

Research report

23 Sep 2014

Summary: Total expenditure on health goods and services in Australia was estimated at $147.4 billion in 2012-13 (9.67% of GDP). This was 1.5% higher than in 2011-12 (after adjusting for inflation), the lowest growth the AIHW has recorded since the mid 1980's. The average...

Policy

23 Sep 2014

This Green Paper proposes policy approaches intended to ensure reliable and affordable energy that, when used productively, supports business competitiveness, lowers the cost of living, and grows exports. Submissions are invited from interested stakeholders.

Executive summary

The Energy White Paper is central...

Journal article

20 Aug 2014

Abstract: This paper reviews the current literature regarding Muslim young people’s practices with the aim of examining whether these practices open up new spaces of civic engagement and political participation. The paper focuses on the experiences of young Muslims living in western societies, where, since...

Research report

23 Sep 2014

This study of gender diverse and transgender young people reveals high rates of depression, suicidal thoughts and anxiety.

Introduction

This report is the culmination of many months of engagement across Australia with young people aged between 14 and 25 who have shared...

Research report

18 Sep 2014

This report presents early findings about the impact of the Work and Learning Centres model, which aim to create learning and employment pathways for jobseekers by providing personalised support, implemented at five sites across Victoria.

Overview

Work and Learning Centres operated by...

Research report

30 Jul 2014

This paper brings together available information to describe the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Worker / Practitioner workforce, including number and characteristics, potential data sources to measure workforce activity, and an analysis based on information presented.

Introduction

Australia’s health system is...

Journal article

15 Jun 2014

Schools in Australia and overseas are rapidly introducing and then replacing new forms of information technology as learning aids. There is a growing trend for this to include individual personalised devices which provide ‘24/7 access’ to the internet and effectively endless information, apps and virtual...

Strategy

5 Jun 2014

The proliferation of multilateral security processes and institutions in the Asia Pacific in the wake of the Cold War is a testament to the region's constructive and collegial spirit toward addressing security challenges. The formation of the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) in 1994 paved the...

Audio presentation

23 Sep 2014

What sort of latitude should we grant our security and intelligence services to engage, prevent and protect us from attack? What’s the trade off between personal privacy and national security?

Highlights of Modern Spying, Melbourne Writers festival, 29th August 2014

This session was...

Journal article

15 Jun 2014

In late 2013 an interview with Russell Brand went viral. He gained widespread attention for asserting that we should stop voting at elections as it legitimises a failing political system. Our system of democracy is not perfect, but at what point can calls for revolution...

Research report

24 Sep 2014

This analysis looks at the health and related provisions in the Australian Government’s 2014-15 Budget. This is done in the light of current and past strategies, policies, programs and funding, and is supported, where possible, by data drawn from Medicare, the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, reports...

Journal article

26 Aug 2014

Historically, New Zealand has had relatively high rates of home ownership, with widely held aspirations for mortgage-free tenure in later life. As a consequence, examination of the small but growing numbers of older renters has been limited. This article draws together local research, commissioned policy...

Commentary

Article

23 Sep 2014

Or is it more a case of the declining left? Jennifer Curtin looks at the evidence from Saturday's poll

The National government’s triumphant win on Saturday, and Labour’s corresponding loss, has broken at least three records, and the pundits are still counting. First,...

Research report

24 Sep 2014

The Australian Charities 2013 Report reveals that Australian charities employ nearly 1 million people. Additionally, charities manage around 2 million volunteers. The sector has a combined total income of more than $100 billion, growing by 2 per cent annually since 1990 Over 90 per cent...

Research report

24 Sep 2014

This paper explores some of the characteristics of traditional Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultural practices that contribute to effective family functioning, and how these practices can have positive effects on children and communities. The approach is to gather the views of Aboriginal families and...

Journal article

26 Aug 2014

While child poverty remains a critical issue, ageing is a critical factor in the demographic changes are taking place in New Zealand. It is assumed in policy circles that belief that home ownership and New Zealand Superannuation (NZS) is a protective factor., but there is...

Evaluation

1 Jul 2014

The aim of Counties Manuaku District Health Board (CMDHB) 20,000 Days Campaign was to give back to the community 20,000 healthy and well days to avoid predicted growth in hospital bed days. After tracking the difference between projected demand and actual use, at the end...

Journal article

26 Aug 2014

The overwhelming majority of New Zealand’s exports – not least agricultural and horticultural – require water, and in large quantities. Indeed, in many respects water is New Zealand’s largest export. Yet the management of our fresh water has not been ideal. We have over-allocated and...

Journal article

24 Sep 2014

Overview

The use of electronic gambling machines (EGMs) in Australia and New Zealand constitutes the largest sector of the gambling industry. The costs arising from the harms of gambling detract significantly from its benefits, and in all Australian jurisdictions various policy measures have...

Research report

3 Sep 2014

This inquiry examined the adequacy of the Australian and Queensland Governments’ efforts to stop the rapid decline of the Great Barrier Reef.

Terms of reference

On 25 March 2014, the Senate referred the following matter to the Environment and Communications References Committee...

Research report

22 Nov 2008

In early 2006 WISHIN (Women’s Information Support and Housing in the North) was approached by North East Housing Service (NEHS) who were concerned about the number of single women over 35, without dependents who were ringing their service for assistance and whom they were unable...

Journal article

15 Jun 2014

Abstract: For many of us, drinking coffee is part of our daily ritual to which we are deeply attached. As a global commodity, the coffee industry embodies inequality between producers and consumers, unsustainable agricultural practices, global transportation and production waste. Some of us relieve our...

Journal article

15 Jun 2014

Abstract: Increasing numbers of self-storage facilities on the urban landscape is illustrative of a culture of excessive consumption, underpinned by conventions such as ‘more is better’. This paper explores some key drivers of the growing phenomenon known as self-storage, contending that they are representative of...

Research report

2 Sep 2014

Introduction : This report considers three distinct aspects of the jury system in Victoria:

• the use of peremptory challenges and the Crown right to stand aside jurors in criminal trials • the identification of jurors by name or number in court •...

Research report

22 Sep 2014

Describes the development and implementation of the CP NMDS and highlights key new analyses able to be reported for the first time at the national level. It also outlines the need for ongoing development work.

Introduction

The need for national unit record...

Research report

19 Jul 2014

Summary : This paper suggests that there is a way to arrive at a proximate, dependable estimate of the number of Aboriginal frontier casualties at the hands of colonial Queensland’s Native Police Force. By using data that provides accurate information on the number and...

Research report

4 Sep 2014

Summary: This briefing paper provides an overview of wholesale and retail gas prices in New South Wales and more broadly in the eastern Australian Market. The specific causes of gas price movements over recent years are discussed, as are consumption and supply forecasts....

Research report

18 Sep 2014

Provides a comprehensive analysis of HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia and includes estimates of incidence and prevalence of HIV and viral hepatitides, by demographic and risk groups, patterns of treatment for HIV and viral hepatitis infection, and behavioural risk factors for...

Research report

22 Sep 2014

This report considered ways to increase the number of Pacific peoples in the health workforce and improve outcomes for Pacific patients. It is one of a number of forecasts commissioned by Health Workforce New Zealand (HWNZ) to build a picture of the future health and...

Research report

17 Sep 2014

Consolidates and builds on efforts to integrate a gender perspective into peace and security efforts, protect women's and girls' human rights, especially in relation to gender-based violence, and promote their participation in confict prevention, management and resolution.

Working paper

18 Jul 2014

Fixation with home ownership causing economic and social despair

New Zealand’s crippling home affordability rates cannot be fixed by a single solution such as changing immigration policy or urban planning rules, or imposing a capital gains tax or lending ratios.

This is one...

Thesis

9 Sep 2014

Abstract: Recent research in New Zealand and internationally has indicated an abundance of external providers operating in the Health and Physical Education (HPE) sector and an increasing use of programmes created by these providers during curriculum time. This is a recent phenomenon with limited...

Guide

23 Sep 2014

Sensitive data has often been excluded from discussions about data publication and sharing. It was believed that sharing sensitive data is not ethical or that it is too difficult to do safely. This opinion has changed with greater understanding and use of methods to ‘de-sensitise’...

Journal article

20 Aug 2014

Abstract : Increasingly minority youth, especially from Muslim backgrounds, have been seen in Australian public policy and the media as potentially disruptive and transgressive. In some European societies similar young people have been portrayed as living in parallel and disconnected social spaces, self-segregated from...

Research report

18 Sep 2014

Examines factors associated with early, late, and not guilty pleas in the District Court of NSW.

Introduction

There are well established practical, financial and emotional benefits of obtaining guilty pleas early in criminal proceedings. While criminal proceedings in NSW are most commonly...

Research report

17 Sep 2014

The Department of Environment and Primary Industries (DEPI) and catchment management authorities (CMA) face significant and escalating challenges if they are to meet the core objectives of the Catchment and Land Protection Act 1994 (the Act), which are to maintain and enhance long-term land productivity...

Research report

27 Aug 2014

Introduction: This publication presents estimates of apprentice and trainee activity in Australia for the March quarter 2014. The figures in this publication are derived from the National Apprentice and Trainee Collection no.80 (June 2014 estimates).

The most recent figures in this publication are...

Research report

19 Sep 2014

This paper outlines the challenges in working with satellite imagery data for crop area estimation, and presents some new approaches.

Overview

A key strategic goal for the ABS is to exploit emerging sources of data to either partially replace, supplement or validate...

Fact sheet

17 Sep 2014

The trend for online job vacancies in New Zealand fell in August, according to this paper on vacancies advertised on the two main internet job boards – SEEK and Trade Me Jobs.

Highlights

The trend for online job vacancies fell in August...

Research report

15 Sep 2014

Examines the adoption of new technology by small and medium enterprises (SMEs).

Executive summary

The research The Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) commissioned GfK Australia to carry out a program of qualitative research with Australian Small to Medium sized Enterprises...

Research report

15 Sep 2014

Explores the effect homelessness programs have on the potential to yield substantial cost savings particularly in health and justice service areas and the use of social welfare services.

Key points

Homelessness programs were generally effective in • stabilising accommodation, improving access to...

Research report

19 Sep 2014

This paper chronicles the 125 Commonwealth Members of Parliament identified as having served during the Colonial wars and/or the First World War.

Introduction

This research paper is a companion to a previous Parliamentary Library publication, Commonwealth Members of Parliament who have served...

Research report

22 Sep 2014

Drawing on best practices in strategic thinking about land power, this paper is intended to provide the Australian Army with the philosophical guidance for achieving its mission.

Introduction

War and warfare continue to plague the human race. War remains the most complex...

Audio program

14 Sep 2014

A common provision allowing foreign investors to sue host governments has become a ticking time bomb inside trade agreements like the soon to be signed Trans Pacific Partnership. Some countries are now refusing to agree to the provision and are questioning its legal legitimacy. Jess...

Audio program

16 Sep 2014

Australians are paying too much for power. Over the past five years, the average household power bill has risen 85 per cent. The prices you pay are also unfair: some people are paying too much, others too little. It’s to do with electricity networks catering...

Commentary

Article

19 Sep 2014

There’s a case for encouraging popular but defeated MPs to throw their hats back into the ring

The Rudd government lost seventeen House of Representatives seats to the opposition in 2013, and it’s mostly those electorates, now held by the Abbott government, that...

Commentary

Article

19 Sep 2014

Private secretary, chief of staff, enforcer? A look at the role of the prime minister’s most influential gatekeeper

In the wall of prime minister Bob Hawke’s office in the old Parliament House there was a tiny hole, about the size of a thumbnail....

Research report

18 Sep 2014

Rich and robust data are needed for policy makers and practitioners to facilitate the prevention, early detection, diagnosis and treatment of dementia, as well as improving support for people with dementia and those who care for them.

This paper provides an overview of the...

Research report

17 Sep 2014

This paper presents findings on the issues that need to be considered in order to produce a national perinatal mortality report that is relevant to maternity services.

It is one of several components of the National Maternity Data Development Project and is a companion...

Research report

17 Sep 2014

The report presents a data linkage methodology to ascertain the number of maternal and late maternal deaths in Australia.

It is one of several components of the National Maternity Data Development Project and is a companion report to the publication, Foundations for enhanced maternity...

Research report

18 Sep 2014

This audit assessed the appropriateness of the use and reporting of confidentiality provisions in a sample of Australian Government contracts.

Audit objective, criteria and scope

This audit is the seventeenth in a series of audits and fulfils the Senate’s request for the...

Research report

18 Sep 2014

This report provides information on the occurrence of blood borne viruses and sexually transmitted infections among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia for the purposes of stimulating and supporting discussion on ways forward in minimising the transmission risks.

Overview

Each...

Research report

15 Sep 2014

This review explains the context and past experience of public finance reform and its effects on governance in remote Indigenous communities.

Preamble

The poor development standards experienced by Indigenous Australians, especially in places remote from urban areas, are regularly characterised in public...

Video

16 Sep 2014

Australia asserts sovereignty to 42% of the Antarctic continent and has a long involvement in Antarctic exploration and science. Australia also has important economic and environmental interests in the Great Southern Ocean. We are an original signatory to the Antarctic Treaty which, among other things,...

Video

13 Sep 2014

In this panel discussion as part of Next Wave Festival 2014’s grand narrative, artists Tahjee Moar, Tony Albert, Destiny Deacon, Virginia Fraser, Clinton Nain and host Richard Bell speak frankly on what it means to be a 21st Century Indigenous art practitioner and how their...

Discussion paper

10 Sep 2014

Overview: This paper provides a detailed assessment of Australia's progress in suicide prevention. Written in response to the landmark World Health Organisation report Preventing Suicide: A global imperative, the National Coalition for Suicide Prevention, led by Suicide Prevention Australia, looks at the report findings...

Interview

10 Sep 2014

This on-demand webcast (held on 10 September 2014) was hosted by news and current affairs journalist Mike Munro and is just over an hour of expert panellist discussion in relation to Australia’s response to the first ever World Health Organisation (WHO) World Suicide Report ....

Research report

18 Sep 2014

Executive summary: This report has been prepared to assist the courts and those working in the criminal justice system to understand the operation of baseline medians as set out in the Sentencing Amendment (Baseline Sentences) Act 2014 (Vic) (‘the Act’) and some of the...

Journal article

24 Mar 2014

As mobile technology has advanced, awareness is growing that these technologies may benefit teaching and learning. However, despite this interest, the factors that will determine the acceptance of mobile technology by lecturers have been limited. This study proposed and tested a new model that extends...

Commentary

Article

4 Sep 2014

Article review

The adoption of mobile technologies for teaching and learning is an area where scarce empirical research is available. Most students and teachers in secondary schools, training colleges and universities carry a mobile device (tablet, smartphone, cell phone, ultra-portable) with them for...

Research report

17 Sep 2014

This report presents the findings of consultation on a proposed system for classifying models of maternity care in Australia. It is one of several components of the National Maternity Data Development Project and is a companion report to the publication, F oundations for enhanced maternity...

Research report

17 Sep 2014

This report presents a literature review on the development of a nomenclature for models of maternity care in Australia. It is one of several components of the National Maternity Data Development Project and is a companion report to the publication, Foundations for enhanced maternity data...

Research report

17 Sep 2014

This report argues that a high number of Australians believe that violence and rape can be excused.

Research report

17 Sep 2014

This review evaluated the operation, effectiveness and implications of Victoria’s Counter-terrorism Legislation.

Background

Terrorist incidents around the world including the attacks on the World Trade Centre and Pentagon in the United States in 2001, and the Bali bombings in 2002, led to...

Research report

16 Sep 2014

This report discusses global trends in under-five and neonatal mortality since 1990, and also analyses key interventions for mothers and their newborns, highlighting a gap between contact with the health system and the quality of care received.

Overview

Committing to Child...

Commentary

Article

17 Sep 2014

Results from the National Community Attitudes Towards Violence Against Women (NCAS) 2013 Survey have been released today by VicHealth , and there is reason to be concerned about Australians' attitudes to rape and violence. A surprising proportion of Australians endorse attitudes that minimise and trivialise...

Research report

17 Sep 2014

With the volume of digital forensic evidence rapidly increasing, this paper proposes a data reduction and data mining framework that incorporates a process of reducing data volume by focusing on a subset of information.

Foreword

The volume of digital forensic evidence is...

Commentary

Article

11 Sep 2014

The kids call it “a shit school,” shorthand for their parents’ opinion of the local secondary school. These kids will go to a private, or a “good,” public school. Anywhere but their local secondary school, the one I call Pariah College.

Pariah...

Journal article

16 Sep 2014

This article traces the role of amphibious operations in the evolution of Australian defense policy. It argues that the Australian experience with amphibious operations has been ironic, in that while Australia’s military forces conducted them in both world wars to support its interests and those...

Research report

15 Sep 2014

The Great Barrier Reef is not only one of the natural wonders of the world, it is a significant part of Australia’s national identity. It faces a number of pressures and whilst considerable progress has been made over many years to improve the management of...

Research report

16 Sep 2014

This guide provides links to selected sources of financial assistance to community groups. It does not include links to scholarships, fellowships or research grants.

Research report

17 Sep 2014

This paper suggests a modification to the Pension Loan Scheme intended to help boost the retirement incomes of a large number of current retirees.

Summary

The Australian government is currently willing to boost the retirement incomes of wealthy Australians by providing low...

Article

4 Sep 2014

Discusses parenting and parental absence after separation.

Summary

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child affirms the child’s right, in normal circumstances, to enjoy an ongoing relationship with both parents. Similarly, Australia’s Family Law Act, amended in 2006, speaks...

Research report

16 Sep 2014

This paper provides an overview of water availability in Australia, the major sources of water, and the spatial and time challenges limiting access to water resources.

Summary

Australia is recognised as the world’s driest inhabited continent; with access to just over one...

Audio program

16 Sep 2014

Summary: Over the last twelve months the total number of prisoners across Australia jumped 11% to 34,000. These are the figures released last week by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. Why is this happening? Is it a reaction to a crime wave? Are there...

Video

13 Sep 2014

Summary: Join Fifth Estate host Sally Warhaft with Gold Walkley winner Philip Chubb, author of Power Failure , as they discuss Australian leaders' successes and failures in climate policy – and the strategies they must employ for the future.

The politics of climate...

Commentary

Article

17 Sep 2014

The Chinese government has announced that it is going to limit certain coal imports from next year. The Sydney Morning Herald (148) reports:

The Chinese government is to limit the use of imported coal with more than 16 per cent ash and 3 per...

Journal article

16 Sep 2014

Evaluates the effectiveness of existing suicide prevention services and programs in reducing suicide and suicide ideation in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.

Summary

The Australian Government has recently funded the University of Western Australia (working with the Centre for Research Excellence...

Research report

16 Sep 2014

The health status of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is much poorer than the population as a whole. In order to address this disparity, the Australian Government funds Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHS) to provide a range of primary health care services to...

Commentary

Article

1 Sep 2014

Since its publication in August, Nicky Hager’s Dirty Politics: How attack politics is poisoning New Zealand’s political environment has dominated the political agenda in the lead-up to the September 20 general election.

Partly, this reflects Hager’s cast of characters. The lesser lights include a...

Commentary

Article

14 Sep 2014

In the next week there will be a referendum in Scotland to decide whether Scotland should become an independent country; polls currently show a very close race, with NO to independence slightly ahead. A general election will also be held in New Zealand, where the...

Audio presentation

24 Jul 2014

Don Eigler, winner of the 2010 Kavli prize, talks about his work using Scanning Tunnelling Microscopes for surface scanning and atomic manipulation.

Research report

12 Sep 2014

Summary

Marine debris is a global environmental issue of increasing concern. Marine ecosystems worldwide are affected by human-made refuse, much of which is plastic. The potential impacts of waste mismanagement are broad and deep. Marine debris comes from both land and sea-based sources...

Transcript

2 Sep 2014

In this speech, Mitchell Professorial Fellow Peter Noonan discusses the role of vocational education and training (VET) and calls for a sustainable investment base for VET and a more coherent funding model across the tertiary education system in Australia.

Introduction

The national...

Article

7 Aug 2014

The conflict in the Southern Philippines has cost some 60,000 lives, but political will on both sides has enabled hard choices and meaningful concessions to be made for the sake of peace.

Introduction

Despite the fanfare surrounding the October 2012 peace agreement...

Research report

15 Sep 2014

CUE is the quarterly magazine from Victoria University of Wellington's School of Government.

Introduction

Welcome to CUE 7. This issue is dedicated to the theme of ‘Revitalising Democracy’ and highlights just a few of the ways in which the School of Government...

Research report

12 Sep 2014

This is the first national report on the epidemiology of stillbirth in Australia.

Summary

Australia is considered to be one of the safest countries in which to give birth. Viewed against comparable statistics worldwide, the rate of stillbirth in Australia is among...

Research report

11 Sep 2014

This is the first study to evaluate the effectiveness of parole supervision in Australia.

Foreword

Although more than 12,000 offenders are on parole at any given time, little is known about the effectiveness of parole supervision in reducing reoffending. The few studies...

Research report

11 Sep 2014

This study finds evidence that parole is effective in reducing the risk of re-offending in Australia.

Executive summary

The current study sought to address four questions of importance to correctional policy:

1. Does unconditional release increase the risk, speed or seriousness...

Research report

11 Sep 2014

This study finds that offending on parole is less common than previous studies have suggested.

Abstract

Aim: To measure the rate of re-offending on parole and identify the predictors of both general and violent offending on parole. To describe the types...

Research report

10 Sep 2014

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults are more than three times as likely as non-Indigenous adults to have diabetes, and they experience it at much younger ages, according to the results of this health survey.

Key findings

This publication presents information from...

Fact sheet

12 Sep 2014

Summary: I n the year to August 2014, food prices increased 0.7 percent, following a 0.1 percent decrease in the year to July 2014.

Higher annual prices for restaurant meals and ready-to-eat food (up 2.4 percent) were influenced by increases for both ready-to-eat...

Research report

9 Sep 2014

Examines a range of factors that influence alcohol consumption and vulnerability to alcohol-related chronic disease in Victoria, including age, gender, residential location and social disadvantage.

Research report

5 Sep 2014

Spending by international visitors is expected to grow by 25 per cent to $8.3 billion by 2020, according to this report.

Background of the report:

Each year, the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) produces tourism forecasts to support planning and...

Book

4 Sep 2014

Provides a history of the Australian National University's Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies and the iconic building which housed it.

Overview

The Coombs Building at The Australian National University is a Canberra icon. Named after one of Australia’s greatest administrators...

Research report

11 Sep 2014

Sets out the response required in New Zealand to a case of probable and/or confirmed poliomyelitis (polio) caused by a wild-type poliovirus or by a vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV).

Key points

Poliovirus is still endemic in a number of countries. Afghanistan, Nigeria and...

Research report

27 Mar 2014

Factors influencing obesity are not confined to the health portfolio, argues this paper. Instead the factors occur across portfolios including housing, education, employment, social welfare and community development.

Executive summary

What is the problem?

Obesity rates are higher among Indigenous,...

Research report

10 Sep 2014

Outlines nine key areas the Ministry of Health will support over the next three years to maximize the health, independence and wellbeing of people with dementia.

Summary

Good health is essential for the social and economic wellbeing of New Zealanders. As the...

Research report

22 Aug 2014

Describes what could develop in the future housing market if the current rate of construction fails to increase.

Summary

Empty Nests, Crowded Houses: Building for an ageing population is our latest publication on housing affordability in New Zealand. It describes what could...

Research report

8 Sep 2014

Clear government policy measures must be taken to alleviate public concerns of foreign investment, while delivering more avenues for the production of healthy, ready-to-consume food products for Australians, argues this report.

Summary

Foreign investment has remerged as a prominent issue in Australian...

Research report

12 Sep 2014

In this Lowy Institute Policy Brief, Melanesia Program Director Jenny Hayward-Jones examines the significance of Fiji’s elections on 17 September for Australian policy towards Fiji. She argues that the election will only be the first step in Fiji’s transition to democracy after eight years of...

Research report

11 Sep 2014

This paper argues that the need for comprehensive and considered tax reform is now urgent and profound in order to keep the economy growing, and to fund a strong social safety net.

Purpose of paper

This is the first in a series...

Research report

1 Jun 2014

This report presents a framework to help organize and drive discussions about the evolving scholarly record. The framework provides a high-level view of the categories of material the scholarly record potentially encompasses, as well as the key stakeholder roles associated with the creation, management, and...

Video

11 Sep 2014

Professor Rob Fowler is one of the nation’s leading experts on environmental law. In this lunchtime address, he outlines the pitfalls of the ‘one stop shop’ initiative, in which the responsibility for the protection and preservation of Australia’s environment will fall under the purview of...

Audio presentation

9 Sep 2014

A medical researcher for almost 45 years, Professor Suzanne Cory’s and her colleagues contributed to the watershed realisation that some of our genes are time bombs that may lead to cancer.

In this first lecture Professor Cory reflects on where medical science has come...

Research report

15 Jan 2011

The aim of the study was to explore the potential for frames theory to be used as a practical tool to re-engage the UK public in global poverty.

In exploring the uses of frames theory, we have built on work by Tom Crompton at...

Research report

4 Aug 2014

Describes the frequency and characteristics of mandatory reports about the health, competence and conduct of registered health practitioners in Australia.

Summary

Health practitioners are often well placed to identify colleagues who pose risks to patients, but they have traditionally been reluctant to...

Commentary

Article

11 Sep 2014

Based on the 2014 SVA Oration, Michael Traill explores innovative ways to build an efficient capital market for social purpose – one smart and sustainable enough to solve today’s entrenched social problems.

Despite massive investment in the social sector, Australia has not made much...

Journal article

26 Aug 2014

Age discrimination is often cited as a barrier to participation in work by older people, and the workplace provides the most common grounds for complaints of this nature. Age discrimination predominantly affects older rather than younger groups (although the latter are not exempt), and is...

Guide

3 Sep 2014

In March the NZ Prime Minister announced that this year's general election will be held on Saturday 20 September.

As well as polling day itself, there are a series of other important dates that political parties must be aware of.

You may have...

Working paper

15 Aug 2014

The Canterbury earthquakes in September 2010 and February 2011 caused major upheaval to the people of the region. The second quake killed 185 people, forced many from their homes, and closed Christchurch’s central business district. This paper examines the consequential effects on business in the...

Evaluation

8 Sep 2014

Each week during the NZ election campaign, Radio New Zealand journalists check the claims made by political parties and their candidates against the facts.

It is an effort to hold politicians to account and ensure public statements they make during the election campaign are...

Working paper

15 Aug 2014

Abstract

Land is an important social and economic resource. Knowing the spatial distribution of land use and the expected location of future land-use change is important to inform decision makers. This paper documents and validates the baseline land-use maps and the algorithm for spatial...

Audio presentation

10 Sep 2014

This recording is of a Per Capita event and book lauch with Wayne Swan and George Megalogenis at the State Library of Victoria on 21 August 2014.

Research report

9 Sep 2014

Presents a range of views on the reasoning behind, and the options for, what’s almost bound to be Australia’s most expensive and complex defence project - the replacement of the Collins class submarine fleet some time next decade.

Overview

In April this...

Research report

9 Sep 2014

Overview: The Monthly Economic Review is an overview of the New Zealand economy. It includes the latest data on New Zealand’s economic growth, unemployment, inflation, merchandise trade and balance of payments figures, along with certain financial data (such as the Reserve Bank’s official cash...

Research report

11 Apr 2014

Introduction

The Beyond Waste Fund is an initiative managed by Sustainability Victoria to help businesses avoid waste sent to landfill. The fund supports innovations that focus on waste avoidance, reduction and reuse, leading to improved resource management, and better environmental outcomes.

As...

Research report

5 Jun 2014

Economic crime, including cybercrime, persists globally and is on the rise in many economies, according to this report.

Overview

There are a number of often overlooked economic crimes that occurring with increasing volume, frequency and sophistication.

The Global Economic Crime Survey...

Report

10 Sep 2014

This report draws attention to the unique challenges faced by the 800 young women per year diagnosed with breast cancer in Australia.

Research report

9 Sep 2014

Provides data on the structure, finances, and performance of education systems in the OECD’s 34 member countries, as well as a number of partner countries.

Overview

This annual publication is the authoritative source for accurate and relevant information on the state of...

Article

10 Sep 2014

The recently released Forrest Review raises the issue that current public and social housing policies trap Indigenous and other Australians in areas ‘even when there are no jobs there’. Some of the Review's proposals include charging people living in public or social housing who are...

Research report

5 Sep 2014

This paper is the outcome of Australian, state and territory governments agreeing to consult to develop a more sophisticated and consistent framework to assess and evaluate major infrastructure projects.

Introduction

A project appraisal process helps a government make good choices in terms...

Research report

9 Sep 2014

The shock that property crime can cause is underestimated by most people – burglary victims, in particular, may experience a psychological trauma in addition to the loss of the property itself.

Summary

Property crime in Australia declined by more than half between...

Research report

10 Sep 2014

What happens to democracy when the fossil fuel industry collides with global warming?

Introduction

Democracy is caught in a collision between two forces: the need to respond to global warming by cutting carbon emissions, and the demands of the fossil fuel industry...

Research report

10 Sep 2014

In this paper, four armed robbery profiles have been constructed, based on information contained in qualitative police narratives supplied as part of the AIC’s National Armed Robbery Monitoring Program.

Summary

In 2010, approximately 5,000 individuals and organisations reported being the victim of...

Research report

30 Jul 2014

The Scientific Diversity, Scientific Uncertainty and Risk Mitigation Policy and Planning (RMPP) project aims to investigate the diversity and uncertainty of bushfire and flood science, and its contribution to risk mitigation policy and planning.

Summary

This research report outlines how scenario exercises...

Research report

9 Sep 2014

Executive summary: This paper explores the relationship between security and development, with a focus on how different types of violence inhibit development in fragile and conflict-affected states.

This paper is based upon a comprehensive literature review of separate pieces of research including academic...

Research report

10 Sep 2014

This report analyses the current state of whistleblower protection rules in each of the G20 countries, applying to the identification of wrongdoing in both the public and private sectors.

Executive summary

Background

The G20 countries committed in 2010 and 2012...

Commentary

Article

10 Sep 2014

Full article

Domestic violence is arguably the hidden violence in Australia – the violence which few people want to talk about, but one which has a dramatic social and economic cost for the nation. A recent increase in domestic violence in Queensland has...

Research report

9 Sep 2014

This report is an evaluation of a demonstration coordinated by Health Workforce New Zealand. The credential aims to recognise and boost the skills and knowledge of registered nurses who work with patients with mental health and addiction needs.

This evaluation report finds credentialing:...

Research report

30 Jul 2014

In 2013, the VLGA initiated a research project to elicit the experiences of newly-elected councillors. It was prompted by anecdotal evidence which suggested that some aspects of the transition, from citizen to councillor, posed particular difficulties and challenges.

This report provides some insight into...

Journal article

26 Aug 2014

New Zealanders don’t realise that they are regularly regarded in other countries as world leaders, not just in sport. Inaugural New Zealander of the year in 2010, Ray Avery, points to the ‘never say it can’t be done’ attitude that has produced many astonishing results...

Journal article

26 Aug 2014

The population of New Zealand, along with those of other developed countries, is ageing rapidly. The rate of population ageing is unprecedented, with the number of New Zealanders aged 65 years and over projected to increase from 553,000 in 2009 to 1.07 million in 2031,...

Research report

24 Aug 2014

Using history as a policy tool, this report looks back at the binary system as well as its demise with the Dawkins reforms of the late 1980s to uncover the lessons learned.

Summary:

Australia’s education system has undergone many changes over the...

Research report

8 Sep 2014

Contains the results of the House of Representatives election held on 7 September 2013 and the half-Senate elections held on 7 September 2013 (all states and territories except Western Australia) and 5 April 2014 (Western Australia).

Executive summary

this paper provides a...

Research report

2 Sep 2014

This issue of the G20 Monitor discusses the reform of international economic institutions, financial regulation, and the trade, accountability and anti-corruption agendas at the forthcoming Brisbane G20 Summit.

It also provides a summary of the key ideas from the ‘G20 Conference: Strengthening Accountability and...

Research report

2 Sep 2014

Outlines the competing interests behind tensions in the South China Sea and makes policy recommendations for the United States.

Executive summary

The South China Sea disputes involve the interests of the United States, particularly with regard to freedom of navigation, international norms...

Research report

8 Sep 2014

Teenagers whose parents supply alcohol in early adolescence are three times as likely to be drinking full serves of alcohol at age 16 as children in families that do not supply alcohol, according to this collection of studies.

Key note

Many health...

Journal article

25 Aug 2014

This article proffers an alternative system for handling complaints about the judiciary, tailored to fit within Australia's constitutional constraints whilst promoting the institutional integrity of the judiciary.

Abstract

Judges are human. It is their humanity that allows them to pass judgement on...

Research report

5 Sep 2014

Flexible learning programs generate substantial benefits for individual young people as well as for their communities and broader Australian social and economic imperatives, according to this report.

Executive summary

The research for Putting the Jigsaw Together focused on the provision of education...

Commentary

Article

28 Aug 2014

Libraries have been one of the great wonders of the world dating back to the third century before the common era in Alexandria. They have been important for civilisations and learning institutions for many reasons not the least of which has been the diffusion of...

Book review

5 Sep 2014

Three new political biographies reveal the strengths and weaknesses of the genre.

Australian political biography can be divided into three categories: The Job Application, The Post-Career Apologia, and The Proper History. The Job Applications are about those MPs voted most likely to be...

Commentary

Article

1 Sep 2014

Christopher Pyne says there is no alternative to his deregulatory reforms. The evidence suggests otherwise.

In the late 1980s, Labor education minister John Dawkins oversaw radical reforms to Australian higher education, including institutional mergers to create a “unified national system,” the introduction of...

Audio program

1 Sep 2014

A new report argues that ‘countries that invest in strategic thinking and planning have more capacity to deliver better quality.’ Now that report is actually on foreign policy and as we’ve seen recently Australia has a role to play in world affairs and it’s important...

Research report

8 Sep 2014

Following a review of Victoria's local government electoral system, the Victorian Government is seeking feedback on 55 recommendations contained in these two reports.

The Local Government Electoral Review Panel's recommendations have the stated intention of strengthing local democracy in Victoria, addressing issues such as...

Research report

4 Sep 2014

This report presents information about the prevalence and impact of osteoporosis in Australians aged 50 and over.

Summary

Osteoporosis, a common condition among older people, causes bones to become weak. Until a minimal trauma fracture occurs, osteoporosis has no obvious symptoms and...

Research report

5 Sep 2014

This report provides an overview of current patterns and trends in mortality and life expectancy among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Summary

This report provides an overview of current patterns and trends in mortality and life expectancy among Aboriginal and Torres...

Research report

4 Sep 2014

Graduates, especially women, can expect a substantial increase in the time taken to pay off their student loans under proposed changes to Australia’s higher education sector University, according to this paper.

Abstract

This brief explores the potential impact on the time students...

Transcript

26 Aug 2014

This lecture explores China's new model of growth and the way it is affecting the chances of avoiding human-induced climate change.

Overview

China's rapid energy-intensive growth in the first eleven years of this century accelerated the world's rush towards dangerous climate change....

Research report

3 Sep 2014

This audit assessed whether landfills in Victoria are being appropriately regulated, constructed, managed and rehabilitated so as not to pose an unacceptable risk to the environment, human health and local amenity.

Overview

The objective of this audit was to determine whether landfills...

Research report

4 Sep 2014

In the 24 months to June 2014, no major crime categories in New South Wales showed a significant upward trend across the state as a whole.

Seven of the major offences showed significant downward trends:

robbery without a weapon (down 18.7%); break and...

Research report

4 Sep 2014

This report presents a medium- to long-term evaluation of the Communities for Children (CfC) initiative.

Executive summary

This report presents the results of Phase 2 of the Stronger Families in Australia (SFIA) study, an evaluation of the Communities for Children (CfC) initiative....

Research report

4 Sep 2014

The degree of uncertainty as to whether observed climate changes are due to human activity or are part of natural systems fluctuations remains a major stumbling block to effective adaptation action and risk management, according this report.

Abstract

December 2013 was the...

Book

4 Sep 2014

Overview: This edited collection includes eleven major case studies and one general review of rhetorical contest in Australian politics. The volume showcases the variety of methods available for studying political speech, including historical, theoretical, institutional, and linguistic analyses, and demonstrates the centrality of language...

Research report

28 Aug 2014

If India gains full membership of the Shanghai Co-operation Organisation, it could have a huge impact on the international order, argues this report.

Summary

At least one news report suggests that a decision was made at the Shanghai Co-operation Organisation’s (SCO) Foreign...

Research report

4 Sep 2014

This study examines a new species of dinosaur named Dendrogramma, which has been found near Bass Strait.

Abstract

A new genus, Dendrogramma, with two new species of multicellular, non-bilaterian, mesogleal animals with some bilateral aspects, D. enigmatica and D. discoides , are...

Research report

5 Sep 2014

Overview: Every 40 seconds a person dies by suicide somewhere in the world. “Preventing suicide: a global imperative” is the first WHO report of its kind. It aims to increase awareness of the public health significance of suicide and suicide attempts, to make suicide...

Research report

4 Sep 2014

The development of Northern Australia is one of the great challenges and opportunities facing the nation.

Chair's forward

The inquiry into the development of Northern Australia has been greeted with a huge amount of enthusiasm and anticipation, but also with much scepticism...

Research report

3 Sep 2014

Discusses the implications of two Bills both dealing with voting in local government elections for the City of Sydney.

Overview

On 14 August 2014 two Private Members’ Bills were introduced in the NSW Parliament, both dealing with voting in local government elections...

Research report

5 Sep 2014

This report was created to help document the true nature and extent of violence against children across the world.

Foreword

Violence against children occurs every day, everywhere: the slaps of an upset parent to control an ‘unruly’ child, the sexual victimization of...

Research report

3 Sep 2014

Helping Not Hindering explores the policies and practices of utility providers, and the legal and operational framework as it applies to victims of domestic violence with utility debts, specifically where domestic abuse leads to a breakdown of a household and victims are at a...

Research report

15 Jul 2014

The Victorian gambling study is a longitudinal study of gambling and health in Victoria conducted between 2008 and 2012. This study is the only large-scale, general population, longitudinal gambling study conducted in Australia.

Key findings

Importantly, this study suggests problem gambling may...

Research report

5 Sep 2014

This paper investigates methods for producing Australian intercensal population estimates.

Abstract

Since the 1981 Census, the ABS has been producing estimates of estimated resident population (ERP) on Census year, and updates these with vital statistics for the intercensal periods. Estimates of Aboriginal...

Interview

4 Sep 2014

Authoritarian regimes are under siege in many parts of the world. Some have already given way and others are likely to follow. Building democracies in their place will not be easy or quick, and in some cases it will not happen in the medium term....

Research report

5 Sep 2014

This paper aims to build a model aimed at analysing the factors that influence transitions from unemployment.

Abstract

What affects the probability that an individual who has just entered unemployment finds employment within a given timeframe? Does the probability of exiting unemployment...

Audio program

1 Sep 2014

Political donations, electoral funding and how they should be regulated. Reforming campaign finance rules is a difficult process in Australia and overseas. But NSW Liberal party premier Mike Baird wants to reform the electoral funding legislation before the 2015 state election.

Guests

Professor...

Research report

3 Sep 2014

Whilst methamphetamine use as a generic category may have stabilised over the last decade, there has been a significant rise in the use of crystal methamphetamine the more potent and dangerous form of the drug, particularly by young people between 20 and 29 according to...

Journal article

30 Jun 2014

This paper examines the response of a regional body, the Institute for Urban Indigenous Health (IUIH), coordinating Aboriginal community controlled health organisations (ACCHOs) in south-east Queensland, to research evidence as they prioritise and plan services in response to internal economic and organisational factors, as well...

Research report

1 Sep 2014

Abstract: This report provides an overview of the offences that an individual who sexually abuses a child in an institutional setting may be charged with in the nine Australian jurisdictions. These include contact and non-contact sexual offences, child pornography offences and offences for which...

Research report

26 Aug 2014

This paper examines the boom in business journalism in countries where the news media is otherwise restricted or controlled by governments and makes the case that reporting on markets and businesses can provide coverage of issues that otherwise might not see the light of day...

Research report

3 Sep 2014

Provides national data standards for the community services sector.

Overview

The National Community Services Data Dictionary (NCSDD) provides national data standards for the community services sector. This latest version (version 8) reflects changes to data standards between July 2012 and end-April 2014....

Research report

28 Aug 2014

This report summarises a research project on language, diversity and social inclusion in the Department of Defence.

Overview

Knowing more about a particular culture explains why an organisation is like it is, and why people behave and talk the way they do....

Research report

3 Sep 2014

Executive summary

Victoria is one of the most bushfire prone areas in the world. Victoria experiences bushfires every fire season. Many of these bushfires are catastrophic events resulting in the loss of life and property. The Latrobe Valley, like much of Victoria and...

Research report

3 Sep 2014

This report provides the legal design of a tort to deal with serious invasions of privacy in the digital era, and makes sixteen other recommendations that would strengthen people’s privacy in the digital environment.

Executive summary

Context of the inquiry...

Video

2 Sep 2014

Global hunger and malnutrition remain persistent with nearly 870 million people on the planet hungry and more than two billion suffering from micronutrient deficiencies. Moreover, over two billion adults are overweight and close to 700 million are obese. Sixty-two per cent of obese people live...

Research report

3 Sep 2014

Foreword: Once a trafficked person has exited an exploitative situation, they may require support to return and reintegrate into their chosen community. Using data contained in the International Organization for Migration Counter Trafficking Module, the recovery, return and reintegration experiences of Indonesian victims of...

Research report

3 Sep 2014

Introduction: Building activity volume showed a small increase in the June 2014 quarter, according to this report.

Key facts

For the June 2014 quarter, after price changes and seasonal variations are removed:

Residential building activity was unchanged. Non-residential building activity...

Transcript

22 May 2014

Having served for three years as Victoria University’s Vice-Chancellor, Professor Dawkins takes stock of his experience across all educational sectors and outlines the case for reconceptualising tertiary education. He goes on to comment on the recent higher education policy announcements outlined in the 2014 Australian...

Strategy

2 Sep 2014

Presents recommendations for Australia to take a strategic approach to science and its related fields, focusing on: building competitiveness, supporting high quality education and training, maximising research potential and strengthening international engagement.

Introduction

The global economy is changing. New technologies and smart...

Research report

11 Aug 2014

Illustrates how mobile broadband technologies are driving productivity in small, medium and large businesses, allowing access to new suppliers, improving product and services delivery, increasing sales and saving businesses time and money.

Summary

Mobile broadband is revolutionising the way many Australian businesses...

Audio program

29 Aug 2014

The education systems of Hong Kong, Korea, Singapore and Shanghai routinely top international rankings and their reform efforts in the last three decades are often held up as a model for the west. Dr Yong Zhao , however, argues that Asian education systems have succeeded...

Research report

2 Sep 2014

This inquiry sought to address a lack of data on the prevalence of speech, language and communication disorders in Australia.

Overview

The capacity to communicate verbally is fundamental to a person's development and wellbeing. The ability to learn effectively, to form meaningful...

Video

18 Aug 2014

The Centre for Social Impact is proud to present a lecture series on Creating Social Change: From Innovation to Impact, in parallel with the launch of its new Undergraduate course by the same title. This lecture series is generously hosted by the Australian Graduate School...

Research report

15 Jan 2014

The study was conducted by the Workplace Research Centre, University of Sydney in collaboration with fieldwork company ORC International on behalf of the Fair Work Commission. It explores findings from the Award Reliance Survey (comprising a computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI) and an online survey) with...

Research report

3 Sep 2014

This paper sets out sets out the steps for Australia to take to ensure that ageing is an asset, not a liability.

Research report

6 Dec 2013

The Commission’s Pay Equity Unit commissioned this research report to:

assist parties to equal remuneration proceedings under Part 2-7 to engage in productive discussion and work towards greater consensus in relation to the proceedings; and inform potential parties about the matters they might be...

Research report

28 Aug 2014

Provides information to businesses on the carbon tax price reduction obligation and explains the consequences of a failure to comply.

Introduction

On 17 July 2014 the Clean Energy Legislation (Carbon Tax Repeal) Act 2014 amended the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (the...

Research report

1 Sep 2014

Examines the impact of housing and labour market factors, demographics and service availability on rates of homelessness across Australia over the past decade.

Executive summary

This is the first of two reports focusing on the structural factors underlying homelessness in Australia. This...

Research report

1 Sep 2014

Abstract: The report provides an overview of the socio-political factors and events that have influenced the development of Australia’s child sexual abuse legislation from 1788-2013.

Key developments in relevant legislation during this period which are discussed in detail in the report include:...

Research report

28 Aug 2014

Introduction:

The Childcare and Early Childhood Learning inquiry terms of reference require the Commission to assess the contribution that access to affordable, quality childcare can make to child development and increased participation in the workforce. The Commission has been requested to consider new...

Discussion paper

23 Jun 2010

The Victorian Liberal senator argues for a system of quotas to be introduced to increase the representation of Liberal women in Australian parliaments.The party’s organisational wing already uses quotas, and these should be extended, she argues, to all preselections.

Audio program

24 Aug 2014

Education, health and the economy are the three big issues in any election.

But how well do the political parties' policies address the key problems in those sectors, and how effective will they be in resolving disparities between the haves and the have-nots?...

Commentary

Article

31 Aug 2014

It's Economics 101. When demand rises and supply does not, prices will rise. If demand rises at the same rate as supply, prices will stay the same. If demand is flat and supply rises, prices will fall.

So why is the Government planning to...

Research report

29 Aug 2014

To what extent can differences in labour force participation rates (LFPR) between Maori and Non-Maori be explained by demographic characteristics, compared to other factors?

Executive summary

This study seeks to answer the following question: to what extent differences in LFPR between Maori...

Working paper

11 Aug 2014

In 2010-11 three government policy initiatives aroused controversy and accusations of special treatment for "vested interests": a change in workplace relations law to meet the demand of a film company; special treatment for a company in the ultra-fast broadband roll- out; and a gambling-licences-for-convention-centre deal...

Research report

1 Sep 2014

The Victorian Coalition Government's systematic campaign against renewable energy has cost Victoria investment, employment and revenue according to this report.

Research report

29 Aug 2014

In this Lowy Institute Analysis, Jo Chandler presents a devastating picture of the endemic violence against women in Papua New Guinea. She highlights the courageous efforts of PNG civil society to change attitudes and assist the victims, and the role Australia is playing to help...

Research report

1 Sep 2014

The relationship between Australia and India has reached a new maturity, based on deepening connections between their societies, economies, education sectors and policy establishments. This positions these two democracies to work together to advance their interests in a shared Indo-Pacific region. Ahead of Australian Prime...

Research report

1 Sep 2014

This is the final report of the Royal Commission into the Home Insulation Program, which found that the program was poorly planned and poorly implemented.

Overview

The Royal Commission into the Home Insulation Program was established on 12 December 2013 by the...

Research report

29 Aug 2014

Examines the outcomes for the 87,000 people who received care under the Transition Care Program from 2005–06 to 2012–13.

Summary

For many older people, a hospital stay can be accompanied by a decline in functioning. The Transition Care Program (TCP) provides short-term...

Research report

30 Jul 2014

Executive summary: The Sexual Health and Relationships Survey is the first national survey of young Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in relation to sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and blood borne viruses (BBVs) undertaken in Australia. The survey involved collection of data comprising four...

Commentary

Article

1 Sep 2014

There is an old joke about one fish asking another about the state of the water and the other answering “what’s water?” When you’re immersed in something and that is your daily experience, you are not able to step outside it – all you see...

Research report

1 Sep 2014

Abstract: With US leadership unable to guarantee peace and security in the Indo-Pacific this century, the region will need to transition to a balance of power system divided between China, the United States, India and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). To mitigate...

Video

28 Aug 2014

What does it mean to be a whistleblower in the 21st century?

When Edward Snowden released thousands of classified documents in June last year, information he acquired while working as an NSA contractor, he could not have foreseen it would be the biggest intelligence...

Audio program

28 Aug 2014

Professor Brian Schmidt, a Nobel Prize winning astronomer and physicist, addresses a number of key issues confronting Australian scientists and researchers.

To what extent should science be directed and the outcomes tailored to meet the commercial needs of industry and business or are there...

Commentary

Article

27 Aug 2014

With one-in-two people dying within days of becoming ill, it’s little wonder that Ebola causes panic. But the real threat can only be assessed if we understand the history of the virus and how it is transmitted

In 1980, the year I started...

Book review

27 Aug 2014

Susan Lever welcomes Helen Garner’s perceptive account of the courtroom dramas unleashed one Father’s Day near Geelong

Many of us prefer not to think too much about the deaths of three little brothers on Father’s Day 2005 after their father drove them into...