December 2014

Research report

18 Dec 2014

This is the final report of the independent evaluation of the “New Income Management” program which was introduced in the Northern Territory in late 2010 and involved restrictions on how people can spend their income support payments. There is a large (380 page) detailed full...

Guide

4 Apr 2014

Preface

A joint guide to government records about Aboriginal people held in Victoria was first published by the National Archives of Australia and Public Record Office Victoria in 1993, during the International Year of the World’s Indigenous People. This guide, called My Heart...

Research report

19 Dec 2014

This paper explores the opportunities for both Australia and Japan jointly to promote their shared interest in strengthening the rule of law in the Asia–Pacific.

Overview

The rule of law is an essential condition if cooperation and orderly behaviour are to be...

Research report

18 Dec 2014

Presents competing views about Australia’s place in the world and the role it should have on the international stage.

Overview

Nothing fans the flames of a debate on The Strategist quite like a post that makes assertions about Australia’s place in the...

Research report

18 Dec 2014

In this Lowy Institute Analysis, Danielle Rajendram examines India’s Look East Policy, and argues that the Modi Government will prioritise even closer engagement with the Asia-Pacific.

Key findings

India’s Look East Policy has shaped its engagement with the Asia-Pacific for over two...

Research report

14 Dec 2014

Australia should not interpret the likelihood of continuity in Indonesia’s international standing and orientation as justifying a status quo approach to bilateral ties.

Abstract

Joko Widodo’s election in 2014 as Indonesia’s seventh president reflects a mood of change from Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s...

Research report

18 Dec 2014

Presents the latest available information on national population screening programs, cancer incidence, hospitalisations, survival, prevalence and mortality.

Summary

Cancer in Australia: an overview 2014 was prepared by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare with support from state and territory members of...

Research report

19 Dec 2014

In 2012–13, $55.9 billion was spent on hospitals in Australia, $52.9 billion on primary health care and $29.9 billion on other areas of health spending.

Summary

This report extends the analysis presented in Health expenditure Australia 2012-13 to further explore expenditure on...

Book

19 Dec 2014

This edited book explores the transformation of cultural materials through the Australian landscape.

Overview

Circulating Cultures is an edited book about the transformation of cultural materials through the Australian landscape. The book explores cultural circulation, exchange and transit, through events such...

Research report

18 Dec 2014

Presents key points and trends from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare’s latest biennial report about cancer in Australia.

Introduction

Cancer is a major cause of illness in Australia and has a substantial social and economic impact on individuals, families and...

Video

2 Dec 2014

Why do people create and innovate? And how does intellectual property law encourage, or discourage, the process?

In this talk Jessica Silbey -- Professor at Suffolk University Law School -- discusses her recent book The Eureka Myth: Creators, Innovators, and Everyday Intellectual Property, which...

Research report

17 Dec 2014

Summary

People in prison have a higher incidence of mental illness than the general population. The prevalence of mental health issues is higher again for women prisoners. Although evidence suggests that some improvement can be achieved during imprisonment, new research reported in this...

Research report

17 Dec 2014

This publication highlights the key elements from the first edition of the LSAY annual report. Using LSAY data and research findings, it demonstrates how transitions for young Australians continue to change, underscoring the importance of longitudinal surveys in shaping youth policy.

The LSAY...

Research report

17 Dec 2014

The purpose of LSAY

LSAY is designed to examine major transition points in young people’s lives, including completing school and transitioning to work or further training and education, as well as other aspects of their lives.

LSAY follows nationally representative cohorts of...

Research report

17 Dec 2014

Executive Summary

Introduction

This report sets out the results of the financial statement audits of the Department of Trade and Investment, Regional Infrastructure and Services (DTIRIS) cluster agencies for the year ended 30 June 2014. Unqualified audit opinions were issued on...

Research report

17 Dec 2014

Executive Summary

America’s Youngest Outcasts reports on child homelessness in the United States based on the most recent federal data that comprehensively counts homeless children, using more than 30 variables from over a dozen established data sets.

A staggering 2.5 million children...

Research report

15 Dec 2014

FOREWORD

The Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook 2014-15 (MYEFO) has been prepared in accordance with the Charter of Budget Honesty Act 1998. The Charter requires that the Government provide a mid-year budget report which provides updated information on the Government’s fiscal position....

Research report

15 Dec 2014

Abstract

This publication is the second annual report of the Internet Monitor project at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. As with the inaugural report, this year’s edition is a collaborative effort of the extended Berkman community. Internet Monitor...

Discussion paper

30 Nov 2014

In the latest issues paper from AIATSIS Research Publications, David Ritter explores the contemporary intersection of Indigenous and environmental interests, both internationally and in the Australian context. As CEO of Greenpeace Australia Pacific, Ritter is uniquely placed to examine Greenpeace’s successful alliances with indigenous peoples...

Research report

16 Dec 2014

Executive summary

The early childhood flexibility practices and patterns report highlights recommendations and future directions for early childhood education and care (ECEC) services in providing flexible arrangements for families and local communities.

The Report was informed through sector surveys, interviews with early...

Research report

17 Dec 2014

Overview: This report is the first publication from a continuing, open-source study of the coalition campaign against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). With Australian blood and treasure committed to the efforts of the coalition, it is important for ASPI to...

Research report

17 Dec 2014

Summary: A ustralia's mothers and babies 2012 is the twenty-second annual report on pregnancy and childbirth in Australia. In 2012, a total of 307,474 women gave birth to 312,153 babies. This is a 3.4% increase in the total number of births compared with that...

Guide

16 Dec 2014

This Quick Guide provides a brief background to Australia’s preferential trade agreements (PTAs; often referred to as free trade agreements), in particular what they are, what they cover and commentary on whether they have been effective in increasing Australia’s wider economic welfare.

What...

Interview

16 Dec 2014

Join host Sally Warhaft for this Fifth Estate spotlight interview with Greg Combet, where they discuss the Australian labour movement, the state of our democracy and parliament, the future of the ALP and life after politics for a man many thought a good chance as...

Audio

13 Dec 2014

In a recent address to his cabinet, President Joko Widodo, said that infrastructure plans should not to be limited to the short term, but should be thought out 50 to 100 years ahead. He has other ambitious plans, including health care for all citizens, improving...

Audio

14 Dec 2014

Takes a look back on the past 12 months of Australian and global politics.

Overview

We take a look back on the past 12 months and discover;

There's a booming protest culture in Australia with almost as many people taking to...

Research report

23 Apr 2014

When The Global Information Technology Report (GITR) and the Networked Readiness Index (NRI) were created more than 13 years ago, the attention of decision makers was focused on how to develop strategies that would allow them to benefit from what Time Magazine had described as...

Article

5 Dec 2014

Introduction

Along with many other sectors – including disability, health and housing – the funding of mental health services is undergoing significant reform from a block funded model to ‘client directed’ or ‘individualised’ funding. This shift promises to give individual clients greater choice...

Research report

25 Nov 2014

Public discussion about ‘closing the gap’ between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians tends to focus on measures such as life expectancy, child mortality, early childhood education, literacy and numeracy, and employment. These are, rightly, essential markers of health and well-being for all people, and for decades...

Research report

30 Sep 2014

Executive summary

Over recent years, there has been popular concern about an apparent decrease in lawyers working in regional, rural and remote (RRR) areas throughout Australia. Attention has centred on perceived problems in the recruitment and retention of lawyers.

This research is...

Research report

30 Sep 2010

Executive summary

Public legal services for disadvantaged people in NSW have reported difficulties in recruiting and retaining solicitors in regional, rural and remote (RRR) areas. Difficulties are also reported in attracting sufficient private solicitors to undertake legal aid work.

Within a broader...

Research report

15 Dec 2014

Contains a detailed analysis of the Australian coastal safety context for the period of 1 July 2013 to 30 June 2014.

Introduction

Australians have an affinity with our coastlines. We are drawn to them to participate in an ever-growing array of activities,...

Research report

10 Dec 2014

Introduction

The history of Australia over the last 200 years is one of immigration, the story of millions of people leaving their homes to build a new life in another part of the world. Through waves of immigration over 200 years, Australia has...

Research report

10 Dec 2014

Introduction

Trust

Many things we hold to be true, we can neither discover nor prove ourselves. Claims about the world often rely on specialised or esoteric knowledge, on information that we cannot access, or on experiences that we have not had. We...

Fact sheet

11 Dec 2014

Australia's seasonally adjusted unemployment rate increased by less than 0.1 percentage points to 6.3 per cent in November 2014, according to this report.

Summary Australia's seasonally adjusted unemployment rate increased by less than 0.1 percentage points to 6.3 per cent in November 2014,...

Research report

10 Dec 2014

Introduction

The new government of Indonesian President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) could make a major contribution to better governance in Papua province by making an extra effort to actually count how many people live there and then to insist that all elections there be...

Research report

11 Dec 2014

Executive summary

In recent years China’s good-neighbourly pledges of increased trade and investment have stood in stark contrast with its provocative actions in its near seas. In part this reflects contradictions in China’s core interests. On the one hand, economic growth — vital...

Research report

15 Dec 2014

Summary

This report is the third annual report on the clients of specialist homelessness services across Australia. In that time, specialist homelessness services agencies have supported more than half a million Australians who have been homeless or at imminent risk of losing their...

Research report

4 Dec 2014

Presents an overview of scientific evidence on the effectiveness of TNR programs, including field studies, literature reviews and mathematical modelling.

It is difficult to conceive of cats as constituting a problem. They are, after all, wonderful companions for an estimated 23% of Australian households....

Audio interview

6 Dec 2014

Stephen Munro from the Australian National University was studying a collection of fossilised bones of Homo erectus and mussel shells held by a museum in the Netherlands and collected from Java in the late 19th century.

Closer examination of his photographs revealed man-made engravings...

Interview

14 Dec 2014

A great speech captures the power and passion of its ideas; it’s an attempt to influence thought, or to commemorate a moment in time. On the publication of her updated anthology, Well May We Say , Sally Warhaft responds to some of Australia’s most significant...

Research report

12 Dec 2014

Presents data for 19 ‘process-of-care’ and ‘health outcomes’ indicators, which focus on the prevention and management of chronic disease and maternal and child health.

Summary The New Directions: Mothers and Babies Services program, funded by the Australian Government, aims to increas access to,...

Research report

20 Nov 2014

Creative Commons is the global standard for open content. There are active CC communities on every continent on earth.

When open licenses become a requirement on publicly funded resources, they have the potential to massively reduce costs and increase access to use and reuse...

Research report

3 Dec 2014

KEY FINDINGS

The evidence before the committee is that income inequality—as gauged by various measures across a range of studies—has increased in Australia since the mid-1980s (see chapter 2).

The evidence shows that the likely impact of the Budget measures will be...

Research report

12 Dec 2014

Captures data from over 200 primary health care organisations that receive funding from the Australian Government Department of Health to provide services primarily to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Summary

This is the second national report on the Indigenous primary health...

Research report

12 Dec 2014

Executive summary

Financial and performance reporting

Financial and performance reporting is an important dimension of good governance. Confidence in public sector decision making, financial management and transparency is enhanced when financial and performance reporting is accurate, timely and clear.

The audit...

Research report

8 Dec 2014

Introduction

NDS is pleased to present the first State of the Disability Sector report.

Far-reaching reforms are under way – or on the horizon – in the disability sector. Organisations face large planning and investment decisions.

This report is designed to...

Research report

5 Dec 2014

The work that universities do to widen the participation of people from equity backgrounds involves activities in the pre-tertiary domain with both school-age and adult people – to encourage interest in tertiary study and offer practical assistance with access; and activities with enrolled tertiary students...

Research report

12 Dec 2014

Provides estimates of government expenditure on services provided to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians by the Australian Government, and State and Territory governments.

Key points

This Report provides estimates of government expenditure across 159 expenditure categories, mapped to the COAG National...

Research report

30 Nov 2014

Executive summary

Data is crucial to most research, and, increasingly, research is data-intensive. New discoveries are being made by looking for data patterns from colliders and telescopes. A huge number of researchers have shared genetic data in an unprecedented way to map the...

Research report

11 Dec 2014

Poor social connectedness is a significant issue for many men in their middle years.

Journal article

10 Dec 2014

Reports an estimate of the total number of plastic particles and their weight floating in the world’s oceans from 24 expeditions (2007–2013) across all five sub-tropical gyres, coastal Australia, Bay of Bengal and the Mediterranean Sea conducting surface net tows and visual survey transects of...

Research report

9 Dec 2014

Illustrates the practical application of technology in community-based patient care through an overview of a project that the RDNS has trialled to provide remote medicines management.

Summary

Background Given the socioeconomic demands of the Australian society, both now and in the...

Research report

8 Dec 2014

Designed to help franchisors to understand their rights and responsibilities under the new Franchising Code of Conduct, which commences on 1 January 2015.

Introduction The Franchising Code of Conduct is a mandatory industry code that applies to all of the parties to a...

Research report

9 Dec 2014

This report finds that older Australians are capturing a growing share of Australia’s wealth, while the wealth of younger Australians has stagnated.

Research report

8 Dec 2014

Key developments: on the way to Paris, what has changed since Copenhagen?

This year, the Climate Change Performance Index shows a new “record” in global energy related CO2 emissions. Similar records have been reported almost every year since the Index was started ten...

Research report

8 Dec 2014

Evaluation of the CCPI

Since 2005, the Climate Change Performance Index has been contributing to a clearer understanding of national and international climate policy. It is an important tool towards the various initial positions and interests as well as kept and broken promises...

Research report

8 Dec 2014

This report argues that mainstreaming revolution in Indigenous policy should be extended to Indigenous child protection policy, and that Aboriginal exceptionalism—typified by the operation of Aboriginal Child Placement Principle (ACPP)—must cease. To help ‘Close the Gap’ in social outcomes between Indigenous and other Australians, Indigenous...

Research report

9 Dec 2014

In most OECD countries, the gap between rich and poor is at its highest level since 30 years, according to this report.

Abstract In most OECD countries, the gap between rich and poor is at its highest level since 30 years. Today, the...

Research report

18 Nov 2013

About the CCPI

The Climate Change Performance Index is an instrument designed to enhance transparency in international climate politics. Its aim is to put political and social pressure on those countries which have, up until now, failed to take ambitious action on climate...

Research report

3 Dec 2012

Our world is characterized by fast moving geopolitical and natural changes and the scenarios drawn by climate change specialists are alarming: If we want to avoid dangerous climate change, and its ample consequences for creatures all over the world, it is necessary to take action...

Research report

10 Dec 2014

Presents the latest data on adoptions of Australian children and children from overseas, and highlights important trends in the number of adoptions back to 1989–90.

Summary

Adoption numbers remained low

The 317 adoptions considered to have been finalised in 2013-14...

Research report

6 Dec 2011

Key findings

This year's Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) shows some interesting and worrying results.

As in the years before, we still cannot reward any country with the rankings 1-3, as no country is doing enough to prevent dangerous climate change....

Research report

6 Dec 2010

Post Copenhagen - where do we stand?

Last year’s climate negotiations in Copenhagen failed to produce an international binding agreement to lower global CO2 emissions. It is unclear what the two summits in Mexico (Cancún) and South Africa will deliver. Generally, the index...

Research report

8 Dec 2014

The Monthly Economic Review is an overview of the New Zealand economy. It includes the latest data on New Zealand’s economic growth, unemployment, inflation, merchandise trade and balance of payments figures, along with certain financial data (such as the Reserve Bank’s official cash rate). The...

Research report

9 Dec 2014

Provides parents, schools, governments and the non-government school sectors with information about whether young Australians are reaching important educational goals.

Introduction

About ACARA The Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) is an independent authority focused on improving the learning of...

Research report

10 Dec 2008

Nobody on the winners' desk

The Climate Change Performance Index 2009 shows: Policy must get in gear for the two degrees limit.

Be they located top or bottom, the Climate Change Performance Index 2009, presented by Germanwatch and CAN-Europe, shows that not...

Research report

7 Dec 2007

What is the purpose of the CCPI?

According to Article 2 of the UN Convention on Climate Change, all of the countries considered in the CCPI are obliged to prevent highly dangerous climate change.

This goal should be achieved in compliance with...

Research report

13 Nov 2006

Overview

Europe is still at the forefront of climate protection although by now also emerging nations such as Mexico, Brazil and India belong to the top flight.

However, it is clearly illustrated that effective climate protection is not exercised yet in large...

Video

9 Dec 2014

Travel writer, journalist and author of Blood and Guts: Dispatches from the Whale Wars , Sam Vincent takes an objective eyewitness look at the whale wars.

What motivates the war against whaling in the Southern Ocean – for both sides? Why does Sea Shepherd...

Book

10 Dec 2014

Overview: This collection of essays arose from a workshop held in Canberra in 2013 under the auspices of the Academy of Social Sciences in Australia to consider the impact of the encroachment of the market on public universities. While the UK tripled fees in...

Research report

7 Dec 2014

Examines the supply of, and demand for, private rental dwellings affordable to lower income households in 2011 and compared this with the situation in 2006.

Research report

9 Dec 2014

This report argues that Australia is not realising its wind energy potential and is currently generating far less energy from wind power than many European countries.

Summary

Wind power is one of the least greenhouse gas intensive energy sources available and Australia...

Research report

20 Feb 2006

What is the purpose of the CCPI?

Climate scientists, meanwhile, have agreed that human-induced activities are the main cause for rising global temperatures, which are now 0.7 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

The consequences are serious already today: Extreme weather events are...

Research report

9 Dec 2014

This paper considers various advantages and disadvantages of harnessing energy from the sun, arguing that the health and environmental impacts of solar are minimal in comparison to fossil fuels.

Summary

Australia has some of the best conditions in the world for producing...

Strategy

9 Dec 2014

Executive summary

Data is central to all research. Data, in its raw or processed form, from its original source (such as an ocean sensor) or via an analytical processor (such as the cores of a supercomputer), depends invariably on research infrastructure for its...

Research report

30 Nov 2014

This study aims to provide the background, language and context necessary for an informed understanding of the challenges and dilemmas faced by those responsible for the efficacy of Australia’s maritime domain awareness system.

Abstract

Against a rapidly changing region dominated by the...

Research report

14 Nov 2014

This report argues that Australia’s system for funding new therapies that treat rare diseases is in need of reform.

Overview

In the last 4 years only two new therapies have been approved under Australia’s current program for rare disease therapies. Aside from...

Research report

8 Dec 2014

Aims: To determine: 1) whether providing legal advice to defendants in Apprehended Domestic Violence Order (ADVO) proceedings reduces the frequency with which ADVOs are breached; 2) what defendants and stakeholders think about the pilot legal advice service provided to defendants by Legal Aid NSW....

Research report

8 Dec 2014

This survey of almost 1,000 community service workers from around the country shows that 43% of services are simply unable to meet the needs of people coming to them for help.

Overview

The Australian Community Sector Survey (ACSS) was conducted at a...

Research report

7 Dec 2014

Executive summary

This report responds to the objective in the Inquiry’s Terms of Reference to best position Australia’s financial system to meet Australia’s evolving needs and support economic growth. It offers a blueprint for an efficient and resilient financial system over the next...

Research report

3 Apr 2014

Executive summary

The Australian Communications and Media Authority (the ACMA) has commissioned the CIE and Analysys Mason to investigate the economic impacts arising from mobile broadband in Australia. Mobile broadband means the variety of ways an internet service is delivered via a mobile...

Website

7 Dec 2014

The EMC Data Protection Global Indx surveyed more than 3000 IT decision makers in 24 countries to create a ranking of protection readiness. The results underscore what every country must do to be confident their data is safe.

Across the world, China, the Netherlands...

Research report

9 Dec 2014

Raises awareness of the potential benefits of using digital technologies for improving practice efficiencies and patient health outcomes.

Background Digital technologies will become a major part of our healthcare system, with particular impact in primary care. However, many healthcare professionals are not sufficiently...

Research report

1 Sep 2014

Our Vision and Goals

COMMUNITY VISION

Our aim

To achieve the community’s vision of Melbourne as a bold, inspirational and sustainable city.

Our goals

Our Council Plan 2013–2017 includes eight goals to guide us. The first six...

Research report

5 Dec 2014

Contains detailed adult and child physical activity results collected in the 2012-13 Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey, derived from self-reported and pedometer collection methods.

Key findings Physical activity is an important aspect of maintaining good overall health. Low levels of...

Research report

9 Dec 2014

Executive Summary

This report sets out the results of the financial statement audits of entities in the Health Cluster for the year ended 30 June 2014. Unqualified audit opinions were issued on all financial statements for the year.

The report also provides...

Discussion paper

23 May 2012

Macro outcomes

A simple projection of current trends is that in ten years Australia’s population will reach 26.3 million, GDP in nominal dollars will be just short of $2.5 trillion (and in today’s dollars a round $1.8 trillion), and GDP per head in...

Research report

9 Nov 2011

Introduction

In the following policy perspective CEDA examines the environmental and economic issues associated with nuclear power and sets out a real options approach to enabling its future development.

Australia's energy options

Australia is at a critical moment in determining...

Research report

3 Sep 2012

Introduction

The growth in global demand for energy and efforts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions are encouraging innovation, price and government policy action to change the energy supply mix. Recent and on-going innovations have dramatically expanded the technologically and economically feasible global resources...

Research report

14 Nov 2012

Executive summary

A reliable and affordable supply of energy is a fundamental component to a vibrant economy. As a major source of commodities, including significant known reserves of low carbon emission energy sources, Australia is well positioned to supply the world’s future energy...

Research report

8 Dec 2014

Firefighters, emergency services and communities need to prepare for much greater bushfire risk from climate change, argues this report.

Key findings 1. Climate change is increasing the risk of bushfires in Victoria and lengthening the fire season.

Extreme fire weather has increased...

Discussion paper

18 Mar 2013

Background

Since the mid-1980s, Australian tax reforms have been aimed mainly at increasing tax neutrality through base broadening and rate reductions. In addition, improved operational efficiency and system integrity were sought through improve ments in tax legislation, administration and compliance.

Reform did...

Discussion paper

18 Mar 2013

General observations

The case for reform of the taxation and social security systems, together with reform blueprints, were provided in the Henry Review released in May 2010. To the Henry Review reform proposals should be added a more comprehensive and higher rate GST,...

Audio

30 Nov 2014

Is the National-led government's desire to step away from state housing just ideological, or will it work and give the thousands of people on housing waiting lists a place to call home?

As the government moves to sell off more than twenty thousand state...

Commentary

Article

5 Dec 2014

The budget’s shortcomings don’t end with the fairness problem

THE ABBOTT government’s problems began long before the 2014–15 budget, but now the budget is at the heart of them. It has failed to win support from the voters, and failed to win support...

Commentary

Article

5 Dec 2014

Labor’s campaigning in Victoria had a lineage stretching back to community activist Saul Alinsky via Barack Obama

AS THE VICTORIAN Liberals begin the dispiriting task of working out why they lost last month’s winnable election campaign, they could do worse than to ferret...

Research report

3 Dec 2014

Executive summary

Key trends

Mobile services are now at saturation levels with 2013–14 seeing the first, albeit small, decline in the number of mobile services in operation to 31.01 million mobile services—a 0.3 per cent decline on the previous year....

Research report

8 Dec 2014

This briefing outlines New Zealand's health and disability system as at October 2014, describing the major organisations and structures in the system, along with their roles, functions and responsibilities.

Summary

Every New Zealander will, at some point in their lives, rely on...

Research report

8 Dec 2014

Presents findings on Victorian community attitudes towards racism, race, ethnicity and culture.

Executive summary

Victoria has a strong track record of nurturing cultural diversity and working towards equality for all. However, prejudice, racebased discrimination and intolerance remain common, resulting in negative health,...

Research report

1 Jun 2013

This report provides insights into the current practices of multicultural education and the opinions and understandings of New South Wales (NSW) public school teachers around increasing cultural and linguistic diversity in schools and the broader Australian community. The report is the outcome of the first...

Research report

1 Oct 2012

Executive summary

ICT has profoundly changed almost all aspects of society. It is now central to how people communicate, interact, make decisions and do business. This includes the way governments operate and deliver services.

ICT plays a key role in social and...

Research report

8 Dec 2014

Rethinking Multiculturalism/Reassessing Multicultural Education Project Report Number 2: Perspectives on Multiculturalism is the second report of Rethinking Multiculturalism/Reassessing Multicultural Education (RMRME), an Australian Research Council (ARC) Linkage Project between the University of Western Sydney (UWS), the NSW Department of Education and Communities (DEC) and the...

Research report

8 Dec 2014

Rethinking Multiculturalism/Reassessing Multicultural Education Project Report Number 3: Knowledge Translation and Action Research is the outcome of the final stage of Rethinking Multiculturalism/Reassessing Multicultural Education (RMRME), an Australian Research Council (ARC) Linkage Project between the University of Western Sydney (UWS), the NSW Department of Education...

Research report

15 May 2012

The world is wrestling with the challenge of ensuring an ongoing supply of energy that does not damage the environment while enabling billions of people to appreciate the benefits of modern life. Global interest in renewable technologies is accelerating the maturity of many of these...

Research report

6 Nov 2013

The recommendations form the basis of a National Productivity Policy (NPP) to drive a sustained improvement to Australia’s productivity so that the nation can realise ongoing economic growth.

Reform agenda for an open economy

To remain competitive and economically strong, Australia will...

Research report

16 Aug 2013

Australia’s two-decade economic expansion has not been simply a function of chance or benefiting from the nation’s rich natural endowments. This historic growth period has occurred despite the Asian Financial Crisis; the Russian and Long Term Capital Management (LTCM) crises; the 2001 bursting of the...

Research report

22 May 2014

The IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook compares and ranks 60 countries on business competitiveness criteria and is the world's most renowned and comprehensive annual report on the competitiveness of nations.

The rankings are part of Switzerland based IMD's 2014 World Competitiveness Yearbook, compiled from statistical...

Research report

8 Dec 2014

Empirical research examining the proposed privatisation of the NSW electricity transmission and distribution businesses has found the asset recycling strategy is likely to negatively impact the state’s credit rating over the medium to long term.

The analysis also examined the relative efficiency of public...

Research report

20 Nov 2014

One of the key challenges facing policymakers is the question of how to fund new transport infrastructure in an increasingly fiscally restrained environment.

Infrastructure expenditure is already failing to keep up with community expectations, and population growth is driving demand for new services. Meanwhile,...

Research report

4 Dec 2014

Australia, the US and other regional allies today face a rapidly changing strategic environment in the Indo-Pacific.

Overview

The US–Australia alliance is the bedrock of Australia’s defence policy. Successive governments have looked to the alliance for access to military technology, intelligence and...

Research report

3 Dec 2014

In the 24 months to September 2014, none of the major offence categories showed a significant upward trend across New South Wales as a whole.

Ten of the major offences showed significant downward trends:

non-domestic assault (down 8.1%); robbery without a weapon (down...

Research report

5 Dec 2014

Examines the legislative history of travelling stock routes, starting with an overview of the current arrangements and then presenting a chronological account of the many relevant regulatory developments in this field.

Introduction

The ownership and future management of travelling stock routes (TSRs)...

Research report

4 Dec 2014

Some of the most important assets that the New Zealand government develops and maintains are not recorded on the Crown's balance street. They are the regulatory arrangements that have been developed, introduced and refined over many years to protect the rights, safety, property and other...

Fact sheet

4 Dec 2014

This paper, a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin published by the Parliamentary Library, provides tables and charts for a broad range of social, demographic and economic indicators across all Australian states and territories, and compares these to Australian averages.

Each table presents data...

Discussion paper

11 Nov 2014

The purpose of this review is to ensure Australia's spectrum policy and management framework framework will serve the country well into the future, and to examine what policy and regulatory changes are needed to meet current challenges.

Introduction

On 23 May 2014...

Research report

4 Dec 2014

Discusses the emergence through trade and investment agreements of a changed approach to the objectives of intellectual property protection, and the challenges that approach presents for knowledge-based and innovation development of New Zealand interests.

Summary Intellectual property includes several areas of regulation which...

Research report

4 Dec 2014

This report argues that existing gender inequality is being further entrenched as Australian women are receiving less benefit from tax cuts and shouldering more of the costs of service cuts.

Summary

Successive governments have made large changes in taxation and spending measures...

Interview

28 Nov 2014

Today’s jobs have changed far beyond yesteryear’s projections. And instead of planning for one career, we plan for three or four. In this rapidly changing landscape, how can our education institutions meet new demands?

And in a world where old professions are disappearing, tertiary...

Research report

4 Dec 2014

Nepal, endowed with perennial rivers and mountainous topography, has enormous scope to generate hydroelectricity, but only one per cent of that potential has been realised.

Summary

The Himalayan river basins in the Tibetan Plateau Region provide a key source of water to...

Research report

4 Dec 2014

This model grants to legislatures ultimate responsibility for the resolution of controversial rights issues while at the same time seeking to improve the rights sensitivity of the legislative process and increasing the rights protective powers of courts as compared with the traditional institutional form of...

Audio interview

1 Dec 2014

Some people argue that right now Australian manufacturing is in decline. That Australian manufacturers have been plagued by high labour costs plus bad work and management practices. That employers are moving off shore and employment numbers are dwindling.

Might better business practises help boost...

Research report

10 Sep 2014

Abstract: The Australian Government Department of Industry commissioned the Centre for Workplace Leadership, at The University of Melbourne to conduct a study that investigates the use of management practices that increase performance and innovation in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in the manufacturing sector....

Research report

5 Dec 2014

Presents information and statistics that serve as barometers of quality for New Zealand's mental health services.

Objectives

The objectives of this report are to:

provide information about specific clinical activities that must be reported to the Director of Mental Health under...

Research report

3 Dec 2014

Provides a summary of the evidence for internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy, and looks at the three RACGP Handbook of Non-Drug Intervention (HANDI) recommendations for non-drug treatments for depression and arranged for the developers to comment.

Background Gotzsche, in Lancet Psychiatry, argued that antidepressants...

Research report

5 Dec 2014

Executive summary: This report demonstrates that a serious problem exists with respect to fundamental legal rights in Australian law. Our research has focussed on the extent to which four such fundamental legal rights are abrogated in current acts of the federal parliament:

1....

Research report

5 Dec 2014

Designed to help people who are currently dealing with debt problems, or being contacted by debt collectors.

Summary This booklet helps you understand:

What your legal rights and responsibilities are if you owe a debt Where you can get help to work...

Research report

3 Dec 2014

This report argues that, when comparing 'like for like' taxation burdens, Australia is among the top bracket of highest taxing countries in the world.

Executive summary

Australia has become one of the highest taxed countries in the world. With the imposition of...

Research report

1 Dec 2014

Provides a historical overview of Australia's aid efforts.

Overview

Australia has been providing assistance to developing countries for many decades but it was in 1974 that the government established a single body to manage the aid program.

While the size and...

Research report

27 Nov 2014

In New Zealand, tobacco use is the single largest cause of preventable death, and a major factor contributing to health inequality. Half of all long-term smokers die from a smoking-related illness and the average lifespan of long-term smokers who die prematurely from smoking is 15...

Research report

26 Nov 2014

This report explores the health issues and contexts of New Zealand secondary school students who use substances at very high levels. Young people who use substances more than their peers are likely to have high rates of absenteeism from school and may be early school...

Commentary

Article

2 Dec 2014

Full article

Smoking is Victoria's leading preventable cause of death and continues to kill 4,000 Victorians every year. 1 In a demonstration of public health leadership, all Victorian universities have recently joined forces in the implementation of the Victorian Universities Tobacco-Free Initiative to...

Research report

4 Dec 2014

Presents a comparison of the mortality outcomes and cancer characteristics for two populations: those invited to screen in the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) in 2006–2008, and those of a similar age who had not been invited to screen in that time period....

Audio

4 Dec 2014

A new study into the health and safety of Australia's school principals has found that they are seven times more likely to experience violence on the job compared to the rest of the working population.

The Australian Principal Occupational Health, Safety, & Wellbeing Survey,...

Research report

5 Dec 2014

This report is a collaboration between Volunteering Tasmania and the Institute of Project Management (IPM). It uses IPM's Model of Value Creation to locate the discrete values of volunteering activity and, for the first time, illustrate the dynamic ways in which they interact.

The...

Discussion paper

3 Dec 2014

This paper reviews the research and current policy surrounding prenatal alcohol exposure and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Alcohol use during pregnancy is linked to a spectrum of adverse fetal outcomes. This spectrum of abnormalities is collectively termed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders and may include...

Discussion paper

4 Dec 2014

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is a non-diagnostic umbrella term that is used to cover the full range of possible birth defects and developmental issues that can be caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol. This paper describes some of these consequences for children's development and...

Research report

4 Dec 2014

This research project conducts a longitudinal study monitoring school principals and deputy/assistant principals’ and deputy/assistant principals and deputy/assistant principals’ health and wellbeing annually. Principals and deputy/assistant principals’ health and wellbeing in differing school types, levels and size will be monitored along with lifestyle choices such...

Journal article

4 Dec 2014

This issue of Policy Quarterly features two symposia, the first dealing with New Zealand’s regulatory system and the second that discussed the NZ Constitutional Advisory Panel report’s recommendations including amending the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990.

The system for assuring high quality...

Research report

3 Dec 2014

Introduction

Alcohol is more affordable, more available and more heavily promoted than ever before. It is available around the clock, seven days a week, is promoted relentlessly and is as cheap as 35 cents per standard drink. This is concerning because the sale,...

Journal article

4 Dec 2014

Regulation is a fact of life. It affects the food we eat, the safety of our workplace, the goods and services we buy and sell and the quality of our natural environment. It plays an important role in guarding New Zealanders from harm, protecting our...

Journal article

4 Dec 2014

The importance of an ‘efficient and effective regulatory environment’ (Offices of the Ministers of Finance and Regulatory Reform, 2013) has never been more prominent in New Zealand than it is at the present time. The New Zealand Productivity Commission’s Regulatory Institutions and Practices report, which...

Journal article

4 Dec 2014

Regulatory coherence has over the past four years become a term of art for domestic regulatory systems which interface seamlessly with the systems of other countries. And yet a precise or at least agreed definition remains elusive and descriptions often confuse ends and means. This...

Research report

3 Nov 2014

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This report provides data on some of the major changes in, and major issues around, the Australian public housing system over recent decades. The public housing sector has gone through major transformations in recent decades. Its original broad roles encompassing working family...

Research report

2 Dec 2014

Is an alliance conceived as a bulwark against a resurgence of Japanese militarism and which cut its military and intelligence teeth in the Cold War is still relevant to today’s strategic concerns?

Overview

The alliance between Australia and the US, underpinned by...

Research report

3 Dec 2014

Male rates of suicide by hanging have more than doubled since the early 1980s. Female rates show a similar pattern, although at lower levels.

Summary

Trends in suicide rates

Suicide death rates for males, adjusted for age, fluctuated around 20...

Research report

2 Dec 2014

Aim: To describe and discuss trends in age-specific rates of offending for property crime, robbery and serious assault.

Method: Descriptive statistics and graphical displays.

Results: The number of people apprehended by police for property crime and robbery has fallen sharply...

Dataset

1 Dec 2014

Compares the prevalence of disability among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and non-Indigenous people, using data from the 2012 Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers.

Introduction

Over the last decade there has been an increased awareness of the disparity that exists...

Research report

25 Nov 2014

The majority of the Aboriginal population in Victoria is aged 25 and under and among the highest users of mobile phones: actively engaging in social media and using digital technologies, especially mobile devices and the internet, to produce and tell their stories in ways determined...

Research report

2 Dec 2014

This report argues that the Commonwealth has failed to work with the Northern Territory to provide accommodation and other support services, other than accommodation in a maximum security prison, for people with intellectual disabilities who are unfit to plead to criminal charges.

Overview...

Video

3 Dec 2014

This exhibition came about because we all have a story about discrimination, and we wanted you to tell us yours in creative form.

We have a very diverse range of works in the exhibition, including videos, a radio play, songs, paintings and more. Everything...

Book

3 Dec 2014

Making the Connection is an e-book collection of essays commissioned by the Telstra Foundation to explore the issues surrounding access to the digital world for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Five thought provoking essays are included in the collection, authored by a range of...

Research report

3 Dec 2014

Repeated declarations by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi of the need to reinvigorate ties with neighbouring states have created a renewed interest in the possibilities of multilateral co-operation under the South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation.

Summary

Since its inception in 1985,...

Research report

3 Dec 2014

Familiarises general practitioners (GPs) with the range of online programs in Australia that have demonstrated efficacy and are currently available for use by patients with mental health problems.

Background Australia is a world leader in the development of internetdelivered programs for the prevention...

Research report

3 Dec 2014

Volume 1 looks at the accessibility of the justice system, the use of alternative forms of dispute resolution, the regulation of the legal profession and the structure and operations of ombudsmen, tribunals and courts.

Volume 2 discusses private funding of litigation; and the provision...

Audio

1 Dec 2014

Andrew Scott, Associate Professor in Politics and Policy at Deakin University, is the guest on this episode of Life Matters.

The Nordic countries have both economic prosperity and social equality and Scott believes that Australian governments should adopt similar policies on work life balance,...

Dataset

3 Dec 2014

One in five Australian households use solar energy, two in three have a smart phone, and three in four have air conditioning, according to this release.

Overview

Presents data on the use of solar energy and other energy sources used in Australian...

Research report

27 Nov 2014

The objective of the audit was to assess the effectiveness of the design and conduct of the third and fourth funding rounds of the Regional Development Australia Fund.

The scope of the audit included the processes by which proposals were sought and assessed and...

Research report

26 Nov 2014

The objective of the audit was to assess how effectively and efficiently the ATO managed contact centres as part of its overall service delivery strategy. To form an opinion against the audit objective, the ANAO adopted the following high-level criteria:

contact centres are effectively...

Strategy

28 Nov 2014

The peak body representing Australia’s Development industry recommends actions that governments should take to resolve Australia’s housing affordability and supply problems.

The Urban Development Institute of Australia’s (UDIA) new National Policy Agenda identifies four key areas for reform – taxation, red tape, infrastructure, and...

Research report

27 Nov 2014

Residential housing has been, and will always be, an issue that is at the forefront of community debate and discussion.

Owning your own home is part of the great Australian Dream. For many it represents the opportunity to build a future, it represents connection...

Fact sheet

4 Sep 2014

This snapshot about the harms of alcohol shows Aucklanders perform substantially worse than other New Zealanders, particularly:

• The rate of alcohol-related crashes for Auckland drivers is 28% above the national rate

• Eight per cent of adult Auckland drinkers consume more than...

Research report

2 Dec 2014

Presents data on the Stronger Futures in the Northern Territory Oral Health Program. From July 2012 to December 2013 approximately 3,700 Indigenous children received full-mouth fluoride varnish applications; 2,100 received fissure sealants; and 4,700 were provided with clinical services.

Introduction This report presents...

Survey

24 Nov 2014

The CIGI-Ipsos Global Survey on Internet Security and Trust, undertaken by the Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) and conducted by global research company Ipsos, reached 23,376 Internet users in 24 countries, and was carried out between October 7, 2014 and November 12, 2014....

Research report

12 Nov 2014

Executive summary

This series of reports explores new forms of teaching, learning and assessment for an interactive world, to guide teachers and policy makers in productive innovation. This third report proposes ten innovations that are already in currency but have not yet had...

Research report

11 Nov 2014

About this plan

NBN Co’s Corporate Plan is an important tool to guide the organisation towards achieving the goals identified as being critical to its success in the context of a changing Strategic Direction and a new set of policies and objectives since...

Research report

20 Nov 2014

Weekly summary

This weekly report by NBN Co of network rollout progress reflects the Government’s requirements for greater transparency as set out in the Statement of Expectations to NBN Co. This shows rollout progress as of last Thursday 20 November 2014.

A...

Commentary

Article

1 Dec 2014

The polls are showing how far the Coalition has drifted from the mainstream, and the electoral damage could easily outlive this government

IN A FEW days’ time, a full year will have passed since the federal Coalition was ahead of Labor in the...

Research report

1 Dec 2014

This survey finds that young Australians are struggling to cope with stress as they strive to achieve their goals in life.

Overview

This year, 13,600 young Australians aged 15-19 took part in Mission Australia's 13th annual youth survey.

The 2014 survey...

Research report

1 Dec 2014

When compared with 11 Western European countries, the United States and Canada, Australia performs well in the share of the world’s top 1 per cent of cited research papers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM).

Introduction

In March 2014 the Office...

Journal article

20 Nov 2014

Examines the consequences of penalty rates for employment, productivity, profitability and consumer welfare.

Abstract

As a result of decisions by numerous state and federal commissions and tribunals, most recently the Fair Work Commission, penalty rates have become an important influence on the...

Video

1 Dec 2014

Broad-scale immunisation has saved millions of lives worldwide, making it the most effective form of disease prevention we have. Meanwhile, new vaccines and delivery methods continue to be discovered. Why, then, are vaccination rates at dangerously low levels in parts of Australia and overseas? What...

Audio interview

1 Dec 2014

Outgoing Victorian Attorney General Robert Clarke joins RN Breakfast to discuss the weekend's election result, which saw the Liberal-National Coalition tossed out of office after just one term.

The Napthine Government faced a number of problems during its four years in power, many of...

Audio presentation

26 Nov 2014

Tony Abbott wants a conversation about Federal-State relations. If the current arrangements are to be reformed what alternatives are there? How might they work and is there the political leadership to bring these ideas to life?

Highlights of the Swinburne leadership dialogue series Reimaging...

Research report

1 Dec 2014

The Government commissioned the ABC and SBS Efficiency Study to identify potential savings from the many "back of house" functions of the public broadcasters' operations. This included administration, use of equipment, property and technologies.

The Study was undertaken by the Department of Communications with...

Research report

1 Dec 2014

Describes the nature of malicious damage to property offences in Bourke Local Government Area, considering the characteristics of both the offence and known offenders.

Summary

In the 12 months to March 2014, the rate of malicious damage to property offences in Bourke...

Journal article

1 Dec 2014

This paper aims to identify and analyse several predominant issues and discourses as they relate to the burgeoning interrelationship between social media, crime and victim.

Abstract

In this paper we analyse the kidnapping, rape and murder of Jill Meagher as a case...

Journal article

1 Dec 2014

The rights afforded to Indigenous Australians under the Native Title Act 1993 are very limited and allow for undue coercion by corporate interests, argues this paper.

Abstract

The rights afforded to Indigenous Australians under the Native Title Act 1993 (NTA) are very...