January 2015

Research report

29 Jan 2015

A new report has found the Liberal National Party (LNP) has little appetite for evidence-based measures to reduce alcohol harms; with the Newman Government (LNP) indicating full support for only one in ten alcohol policy measures proposed by a group of leading public health experts....

Research report

28 Jan 2015

This annual report promotes awareness about the performance of government services and helps drive improvements in policy and service design and delivery.

Research report

30 Jan 2015

This is the first report in the Australian Burden of Disease Study series. It provides estimates of fatal burden for 2010 showing the contribution of each disease group by age and sex. The three leading disease groups were Cancer (35%), Cardiovascular diseases (23%) and Injuries...

Research report

30 Jan 2015

Australian Writers' Guild presents its first quantitative analysis of new works that are commissioned, developed and produced by the Australian Theatre sector.

Introduction (adapted)

The Australian Writers’ Guild looks to Australia’s major theatre companies to lead the way in developing and producing...

Article

19 Jan 2015

Outlines which OECD countries include or exclude food, health, education and financial services from their respective consumption taxes, along with various countries’ general consumption tax rate.

Introduction

At the time the Goods and Services Tax was introduced, health, education and financial services...

Book

1 Jan 2001

Introduction

This booklet aims to present a 'picture' about parent-professional partnerships in a practical and relevant way that can support continuous improvement in family day care and centre based child care.

Included in this booklet is a brief discussion of areas to...

Book

1 Jan 2001

Introduction

Family day care as a professional service focuses on providing an excellent experience for children. More people now are appreciating that to give children an excellent experience, carers need to have a good relationship with parents that involves lots of two-way communication....

Research report

1 Jan 1992

In this first Community Paediatrics newsletter, produced in 1992 by the Department of Ambulatory Paediatrics, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, infant colic and breastmilk jaundice is discussed.

Infant colic is a common and stressful problem for parents, and a major management challenge for health professionals....

Research report

1 Mar 1992

Deafness is often described as a 'hidden handicap'. Even children who are profoundly deaf may not be diagnosed until the second year of life, or later. By this stage, children have already "missed out" on the early sound input so necessary for their normal speech...

Research report

23 Jan 2015

The Commonwealth Government will establish a Digital Transformation Office (DTO) within the Department of Communications so that government services can be delivered digitally from start to finish and better serve the needs of citizens and businesses.

The DTO will comprise a small team of...

Literature review

4 Nov 2014

The evidence summary begins by considering the importance of place. This leads to a discussion of why different approaches to services and service delivery are required, including a brief description of recent changes in the conditions in which families are raising young children and the...

Research report

4 Nov 2014

This publication provides a snapshot of who is driving, doing and supporting place-based approaches to improve children’s outcomes. The snapshot is made up of two parts:

Table 1:

Australian child-focused place-based policies, leading practice in communities, research, and organisations and initiatives offering strategic...

Research report

4 Nov 2014

Executive summary

Increasingly, governments in Australia have recognised place-based approaches as a means to tackle disadvantage and address the complex problems faced by children and families in today’s society. While many place-based initiatives have generated rich learning experiences and positive results, too often...

Research report

4 Nov 2014

Executive summary

Overview

Increasingly, governments, philanthropy, practitioners and communities in Australia have recognised place-based approaches as a means to tackle disadvantage and address the complex problems faced by children and families in today’s society. However, there is a perceived lack of...

Conference paper

25 Jul 2014

INTRODUCTION

This paper is based on a presentation at a Centre for Community Child Health seminar devoted to a consideration of the Productivity Commission’s Draft Report on Child Care and Early Childhood Learning. The aim of the paper was to present a succinct summary...

Article

23 Dec 2014

Growing Up in Australia : The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) has now produced five waves of data, capturing information on young children growing up and now entering adolescence. This article explains the design and methodology of the study, and how it has...

Research report

28 Jan 2015

Not everyone is going to be better off at the back end of the current oil price cycle.

Introduction

The fall in oil prices in the second half of 2014 was both dramatic and unexpected, bringing to an end a four-year period...

Research report

27 Jan 2015

This paper disputes claims that the development of coal mines in Queensland’s Galilee Basin will create 27,000 jobs.

Overview

In recent media statements senior Queensland Government members have claimed that development of coal mines in Queensland’s Galilee Basin will create 27,000 jobs....

Book

22 Jan 2015

Overview: Japan is quintessentially by geography a maritime country. Maritime surveillance capabilities – underwater, shore-based and airborne – are critical to its national defence posture. This book describes and assesses these capabilities, with particular respect to the underwater segment, about which there is little...

Research report

26 Jan 2015

Focuses on the lessons to be learned from the US experience in Afghanistan to date, and the problems Afghanistan faces now that most US and allied combat forces have left.

Summary The report focuses on the lessons that need to be learned from...

Book

22 Jan 2015

Overview: This book provides a truly comprehensive analysis of the 2013 federal election in Australia, which brought the conservative Abbott government to power, consigned the fractious Labor Party to the Opposition benches and ended the ‘hung parliament’ experiment of 2010–13 in which the Greens...

Research report

21 Jan 2015

Overview: This volume brings together two presentations and the introductions from an event hosted by the Centre for Independent Studies and exploring the frames of reference from which to view the colonisation of Australia by the First Fleet.

Andrew Tink AM ,...

Research report

23 Jan 2015

This is the second of 2 reports presenting measures of returns to sentenced youth justice supervision using data from the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set.

Summary

In Australia, youth justice departments are responsible for providing services to young people sentenced to...

Discussion paper

23 Jan 2015

Primary health care (PHC) research requires dedicated policies and funding, specific research infrastructure and a workforce trained and skilled in this area. Currently PHC research is supported by the Primary Health Care Research, Evaluation and Development (PHCRED) strategy which was developed by the Commonwealth government...

Research report

28 Oct 2014

Research conducted in June and July 2014 found strong community support for the services provided by Victoria Legal Aid.

More than 1500 people were consulted as part of the research, with 92 per cent of respondents agreeing that it was important or very important...

Research report

28 Jan 2015

This paper argues that gas demand in New South Wales could fall to as much as half within ten years, meaning that gas investments being made now might never pay off.

Overview

Network costs often make up the largest part of a...

Research report

21 Jan 2015

Examines whether the systems used to operate and manage critical infrastructure in the Sydney metropolitan water supply system and the NSW traffic signal network are secure and, if systems go down, whether there are sound recovery arrangements in place.

Video

19 Jan 2015

Every second young person in detention in Australia is Indigenous. The human impact of this confronting statistic is the destruction of families, the weakening of communities and the inadvertent creation of a training ground for young criminals.

This forum looks at the work of...

Research report

27 Jan 2015

This report argues that Australia is lagging behind the rest of the developed world in empowering rural women.

Summary

Globally, women are not sufficiently recognised for their contributions to farming. Women play a key role in the global rural workforce, comprising nearly...

Audio program

28 Jan 2015

If you experienced heart palpitations or shortness of breath, would you see your doctor? Despite the awareness campaigns for breast cancer and stroke, heart disease is still the biggest cause of death. Conditions like atrial fibrillation are on the rise, and set to increase exponentially...

Journal article

14 Jan 2015

This paper reviews and examines historical literature around Noongar songs from south-west Western Australia and attempts to position song composition and performance as a primary means by which Noongar dealt with change while maintaining cultural heritage and identity.

Introduction

Noongar ,...

Commentary

Article

27 Jan 2015

The fairness of Australia’s refugee policies looks different at the Al Zaatari camp.

I am sitting on a mattress on the floor of a demountable building in the Al Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan. After meeting me at a neighbour’s, Fatema brought me...

Article

28 Jan 2015

One of the long standing debates in tax policy is that between advocates of income and consumption taxes. As the Government prepares for its Tax White Paper, we're about to go once more round the mulberry bush! The argument has already been made by former...

Research report

28 Jan 2015

This project sought to address three areas of policy concern in relation to dispersed and ageing public housing properties in inner and middle ring suburbs: how to find new ways to accommodate population increases; how to create affordable and diverse housing options; how to manage...

Audio interview

27 Jan 2015

The CSIRO has released new research saying that Australia is getting hotter than the rest of the world, and that extreme weather events will be more common.

The report is the organisation's most detailed and comprehensive climate projection to date, and shows a doubling...

Research report

27 Jan 2015

CSIRO and the Bureau of Meteorology have released climate change projections for Australia that provide updated national and regional information on how the climate may change to the end of the 21st century.

The projections are the most comprehensive ever released for Australia and...

Discussion paper

22 Jan 2015

The Australian Government's objectives in commissioning this Inquiry are to examine the current operation of the Fair Work Laws and identify future options to improve the laws bearing in mind the need to ensure workers are protected and the need for business to be able...

Literature review

12 Dec 2014

Introduction

This document has been developed as part of the MDB futures research project ‘Towards Place Based Education in the Murray Darling Basin.’ The project explores the ways in which sustainability is understood in Murray Darling Basin (MDB) communities (including Indigenous, rural, small towns...

Commentary

Article

22 Jan 2015

Australia’s job market has failed badly since the global financial crisis

IN A LITTLE over three years from early 2005 to May 2008, Australia’s working age population, as officially defined, grew by just under a million people. The number of us with jobs...

Audio program

22 Jan 2015

The US government is warning its citizens that the next wave of terrorism could likely be digital, and if left unchecked, may result in a 'cyber Pearl Harbour'. President Barack Obama has promised a hardline approach to cybersecurity, but as digital security expert Ralph Echemendia...

Guide

24 Oct 2014

This manual from the Australian Centre of Excellence for Local Government (ACELG) provides practical assistance to all rural-remote and Indigenous (RRI) councils in Australia looking to adopt integrated long-term planning processes.

The publication, Integrated Long-Term Planning: An Information and Resource Manual for Rural-Remote and...

Research report

30 May 2003

ALRC Report 96 (tabled May 2003) was the product of a two-year inquiry by the ALRC and the Australian Health Ethics Committee (AHEC) of the NHMRC, involving extensive research and widespread public consultation.The inquiry was the most comprehensive ever undertaken into these issues in Australia...

Research report

16 Dec 2014

The Early childhood flexibility practices and patterns report highlights recommendations and future directions for early childhood education and care (ECEC) services in providing flexible arrangements for families and local communities.

The Report was informed through sector surveys, interviews with early childhood services and a...

Working paper

1 Aug 2014

The economic and political shifts that together constitute contemporary globalisation are opening up new spaces for non-Western modes of heritage governance in the international arena. Perhaps most notable here is the so-called rise of Asia, wherein a growing number of countries are investing heavily in...

Discussion paper

15 Jan 2015

Growing out-of-pocket health care costs are creating barriers to essential care for many Australians and arguably leading to increased hospital costs. Over time they will undermine the universality of Medicare and widen health disparities in our community. Despite this, the Abbott Government is intent on...

Reports

7 Jan 2014

An index of community engagement toolkits, guides, manuals, templates and training courses assessed for their suitability for rural-remote and Indigenous councils.

Improved community engagement is one of the key priorities identified in ACELG’s Capacity Building Strategy for Rural-remote and Indigenous Local Government. Research by...

Discussion paper

12 Jan 2015

The Department of Immigration and Border Protection and the Ministry for the Arts are undertaking a review of the Temporary Work (Entertainment) visa (Subclass 420). The review is in support of the Australian Government's commitment to reducing the burden and cost of unnecessary or inefficient...

Video

11 Sep 2014

This presentation by Fiona Arney, Director of the Australian Centre for Child Protection, introduces the centre and outlines the nature of the work they have undertaken for 10 years.

Research report

12 Dec 2014

Examines trends in Australian students’ performances over the past decade and considers implications for Australian schools policies.

Abstract Reforming schools and improving student achievement levels are priorities for governments around the world. In Australia over the past decade, State, Territory and Commonwealth governments...

Research report

20 Jan 2015

The casualisation of the Australian workforce proceeded at a more or less steady pace from 1992 to 2004.

Introduction

There is no formal definition of casual employment in the sense that it has a meaning set down in law or specified in...

Research report

20 Jan 2015

This paper reviews the reforms introduced over the life of the 55th NSW Parliament, from 2011 to 2015, intended to address concerns about integrity in government

Overview

When the Coalition came to government in 2011 they did so with a Five Point...

Report

21 Jan 2015

This report summarises the outcomes of the second annual Australia-Papua New Guinea Emerging Leaders Dialogue. This Dialogue set a new standard for frank and broad-ranging discussion between young leaders from diverse fields in both countries. Food security, access to services and justice, the growing importance...

Guide

26 Aug 2014

Local governments across Australia make a vital contribution in strengthening the economy and securing the well-being of children and families. Ensuring existing and future communities have access to adequate child care is an ongoing challenge. To address this challenge, the Commonwealth Department of Education engaged...

Research report

21 Jan 2015

This paper considers the design and build of Australia’s future submarine.

Overview

Submarines are a critical strategic capability for the uncertain times ahead.

This paper considers the design and build of Australia’s future submarine including the possible acquisition of Japanese submarines...

Research report

22 Dec 2014

This report presents the results of Phase 2 of the National Outcome Measures for Early Childhood Development project. It identifies potential indicators for 5 indicator topic areas (child behavioural problems, peer relationships, racism, school engagement and parenting quality/capacity).

Summary

This report constitutes...

Discussion paper

19 Dec 2014

This paper presents four case studies that highlight how Indonesia and Timor-Leste remain intricately entwined at the social, political, cultural and personal levels.

Abstract

Since 1999, when a United Nations (UN) transitional administration was established in the wake of the East Timorese...

Research report

14 Jan 2015

This Quick Guide provides direct links to key websites, information and documents relating to: women in the Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia; women in the State and Territory Parliaments; women in politics; overseas parliaments; and other resources on women in parliament and politics.

Discussion paper

19 Dec 2014

In the course of Tonga's political reform, the devolution of executive powers was incomplete due to the retention by the Monarch of several specific powers that have remained defined in the Constitution ever since its promulgation in 1875. Why did this occur?

Abstract...

Research report

8 Jan 2015

This paper looks at the potential gains and impacts involved from extending the GST to private schools and private health insurance.

Overview

The Coalition Government's proposed amendments to the GST have been attacked for disproportionately impacting low-income households. But the GST doesn't...

Briefing paper

15 Jan 2015

This briefing note argues that, despite the Queensland Treasurer calling for cost benefit analysis to be done for all major government projects, there has been no economic assessment for the Abbot Point expansion proposals.

Key points

Environmental risks of Abbot Point port...

Research report

10 Nov 2014

This report identifies the need to establish a clear and credible baseline of key trends and issues affecting nature and society in Australia and around the world, on the assumption that a healthy Australian society relies on healthy nature for our prosperity and our wellbeing....

Interview

12 Jan 2015

In the age of fast news, few resources and global technology, are foreign correspondents becoming redundant – or are they a vital investment in properly bearing witness? Three esteemed former foreign correspondents reveal experiences from the front, sharing on-the-job tales, stories of the long-term effects...

Interview

5 Jan 2015

As our cities get more crowded, our transport infrastructure ages, and climate change brings new challenges, transport looms large as a knotty policy issue. What is happening at the cutting edge of public transport, and clean car technology? What’s the state of Australia’s public transport...

Research report

19 Jan 2015

This report examines how alliances for and against the "Islamic State" developed among inmates in Indonesian prisons.

Introduction

A study of networks in Indonesian prisons that support the Islamic State (IS) suggests that relatively simple interventions by prison officials may be able...

Research report

7 Jan 2015

Includes humanitarian entrant estimates between 1947–48 and 1976–77 and Humanitarian Program visa grants since 1977–78.

Summary

Australia has a long history of accepting refugees and other humanitarian entrants from all parts of the globe, including those in need of assistance during and...

Research report

7 Jan 2015

The paper provides an overview of the expenditure of high cost drugs in Australia and examines the average annual growth of these programs. The outlook for expenditure on high cost medicines and possible policy responses is also considered.

Executive summary

• Despite...

Journal article

5 Nov 2014

Report attempts to understand midwives’ perceptions of their practice in addressing alcohol consumption during pregnancy.

Background Alcohol is a teratogenic substance and, when consumed during pregnancy, is associated with a range of adverse effects in the developing fetus, including spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, low...

Research report

19 Dec 2014

The Senate Economics References Committee examined proposals to lift the professional, ethical and education standards in the financial services industry.

Terms of Inquiry

Following a recommendation by the Senate Economics References Committee inquiry into the performance of ASIC, the committee resolved on...

Research report

11 Dec 2014

An investigation by the Senate Legal and Constitutional Affairs References Committee into the criminal assaults perpetrated against individuals detained at the Manus Island Regional Processing Centre during the events of 16 to 18 February 2014.

Referral of the inquiry

On 5 March...

Research report

30 Nov 2014

This paper explores how the Australian health sector might improve opportunities for career development for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander workers. It considers the current evidence surrounding career development in the health sector, along with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander worker experiences, to develop a...

Commentary

7 Dec 2014

With the National Rental Affordability Scheme (NRAS) cut, many Community Housing Providers (CHPs) are considering whether developing affordable housing is a viable business option. This article explores the economics and identifies what CHPs need to consider in making this decision.

The problem

Access...

Research report

15 Sep 2014

Early childhood is acknowledged as the most crucial developmental period in a person’s life; it creates a foundation for the later years and offers a critical opportunity to establish good health and learning outcomes for a lifetime.

As part of our broader focus on...

Discussion paper

9 Jan 2015

The competing principles framework for analysing Australian Indigenous affairs is revisited, starting with Rowse on 'the Coombs experiment'. Rowse rehabilitates this term from pejorative critics, arguing that all government policy in Indigenous affairs is experimental. The task becomes one of characterising changing patterns of government...

Journal article

1 Jul 2014

This article systematically reviews 91 smoking cessation and tobacco prevention studies tailored for Indigenous populations around the world, with a particular focus on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations in Australia. We identified several components of effective interventions, including the use of multifaceted programs that...

Discussion paper

31 Aug 2014

In the native title 'hot tub' outlines the history and development of expert conferencing and expert concurrent evidence in Australia, including in the Federal Court. These approaches to expert evidence are a major development of the last decade, greatly reducing the hearing time of...

Infographic

23 Oct 2014

by Emil Jeyaratnam, Multimedia Editor, The Conversation

This article was originally published on The Conversation . Read the original article .

Video

11 Sep 2014

This presentation discusses a study examining the existing literature on interviews for children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FASD). Importantly to the child protection context, FASD is likely to be over-represented and can have important implications for family support. This study identified a number of behavioural...

Commentary

Article

23 Oct 2014

The tragic death of four-year old Chloe Valentine in South Australia has raised concerns that the state’s child protection system is in crisis. Following a history of abuse and neglect, Chloe’s mother and her partner repeatedly put Chloe on a 50-kilogram motorbike and filmed her...

Commentary

Article

30 Oct 2014

In some jurisdictions of Australia, the rate of Indigenous children in foster, kinship and residential care on any one night has reached almost one in ten. This rate is almost ten times higher than non-Aboriginal children and has steadily increased over the past decade. Contrast...

Article

29 Dec 2014

Going into 2014, there were high hopes for advancing privacy protections and to finally have the debate around surveillance we've been clamoring for. In 2013, the right to privacy was “the right whose time has come”. Privacy was even Dictionary.com's word of the year....

Book

15 Dec 2012

An examination of the identity of young Muslims in America

This book presents a journey into the ideas, outlooks and identity of young Muslims in America today. Based on around 400 in-depth interviews with young Muslims from Florida, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York...

Research report

8 Nov 2014

Australian cities are some of the lowest density and most car-dependent on the planet: intensified urban development and improved public transport to meet the imperatives of population growth and a low-carbon future is a major challenge. Despite decades of compact city policy there has been...

Journal article

5 Jan 2015

This article proposes that “systems thinking” offers a way of (a) diagnosing the potential effectiveness of social policy and (b) of creating more impactful social policy. In particular, Donella Meadows’ “twelve places to intervene” (Meadows 1999) have been used as the basis of creating a...

Research report

22 Dec 2014

This report presents up-to-date statistics on cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease in Australia, as well as trends on hospitalisations from these chronic diseases.

Summary

This report is the third in a series by the National Centre for Monitoring Vascular Diseases...

Research report

6 Jan 2015

This report finds that the transition to digital broadcasting, which has the power to bring new views and voices to the television airwaves, has yet to deliver those benefits in many developing countries.

Introduction

A technology transition that has the power to...

Research report

23 Dec 2014

In 2013–14, 1,621 cases of hospital-associated Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) were reported in Australian public hospitals.

Overview

SAB is a serious bloodstream infection that may be associated with hospital care. Hospitals aim to have as few cases as possible.

The nationally...

Research report

17 Dec 2014

Introduction: The issue of parliamentary salaries, allowances and entitlements continues to generate interest and comment. This research paper sets out major changes to the parliamentary remuneration and entitlements regime, including the authority and governing legislation and explains how different aspects of parliamentary remuneration and...

Book

7 Jan 2015

The book raises and addresses a number of contemporary questions about legal institutions, principles and practices.

Overview

Law and Democracy: Contemporary Questions provides a fresh understanding of law’s regulation of Australian democracy. The book enriches public law scholarship, deepening and challenging...

Research report

19 Dec 2014

This paper outlines key issues for an inquiry into the barriers to setting up, transferring and closing a business, and invites submissions from the public.

Overview

In undertaking this inquiry, the Commission has been asked by the Australian Government to conduct a...

Commentary

Article

2 Jan 2015

New research shows an increasing level of discontent among western democracies, with a diminishing number of people in Australia who believe voting makes a difference. Matt O'Neil and Tim Roxburgh investigate what this growing disenchantment will mean for world politics in 2015.

•...

Briefing paper

10 Dec 2014

Papua New Guinea (PNG) must adjust to lower liquefied natural gas (LNG) and oil prices to avoid a crisis. The PNG LNG project is still extremely important for the country, but because of lower prices many of the benefits of the production phase of the...

Research report

22 Dec 2014

SUMMARY

This is the Climate Change Authority's second review of the Renewable Energy Target (RET). The RET targets reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from the electricity sector and thereby contributes significantly to reducing Australia's overall emissions.

In its 2012 review of the...

Submission

1 Oct 2004

Australians are currently served by two public broadcasting networks. While both the ABC and the SBS have charters that require them to broadcast programs that, in the case of the ABC, “reflect the cultural diversity of the Australian community”, and, in the case of SBS,...

Research report

1 Apr 2000

Compliance with government regulations represents a cost to business operations. Of all compliance activities, compliance with taxation regulations and legislation constitutes a significant proportion of business expense.

Estimates obtained in this study by Phillip O'Neill and Grahame O'Leary suggest that compliance with licensing and...

Research report

22 Dec 2014

SUMMARY

The Authority is required by legislation to review the Carbon Farming Initiative (CFI) every three years; this is its first review. The review has benefited from consultations with stakeholders from a range of sectors and the Authority thanks those who contributed.

When...