February 2015

Research report

15 Sep 2011

The 2011 Roadmap articulates the priority research infrastructure areas of a national scale (capability areas) to further develop Australia’s research capacity and improve innovation and research outcomes over the next five to ten years. The capability areas have been identified through considered analysis of input...

Research report

27 Feb 2015

The Centre for Sport and Social Impact (CSSI) at La Trobe University was commissioned by AFL Victoria to determine the social value of a 'typical' community football club; specifically its social, health and community impact.

The research design comprised two stages:

Conducting nine...

Research report

26 Feb 2015

Examines the trends and drivers of growth in Australian international tourism with a view to understanding their implications for government policy.

Overview

Tourism is a significant contributor to the Australian economy

Tourism is important to Australia’s economy — people are...

Research report

26 Feb 2015

Presents analyses on hearing health outreach services provided to Indigenous children and young people in the Northern Territory.

Summary This report presents information on ear and hearing outreach services funded by the Department of Health and delivered by the Northern Territory Department of...

Research report

26 Feb 2015

Summary: This Quick Guide contains the most recent table showing the composition of Australian parliaments by party and gender. It takes into account the results of the 2015 Queensland state election and the South Australian by-election for Davenport, both held on 31 January 2015....

Research report

25 Feb 2015

An examination of the feasibility and logistics of monitoring human trafficking and slavery, and the options available to perform this monitoring activity.

Abstract As part of its Human Trafficking and Slavery Research Program, the Australian Institute of Criminology has undertaken a technical examination...

Commentary

27 Feb 2015

The Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security (PJCIS) today released its report on the government’s proposed metadata retention laws .

The report makes a number of recommendations to revise and clarify the proposed bill, including:

offering monetary compensation for service providers to...

Audio interview

25 Feb 2015

Many disability support pensioners will be shifted to a revamped version of the Newstart allowance if the Government accepts the findings of the McClure inquiry into Australia's costly welfare system.

The wide-ranging review has recommended a dramatic streamlining of the overall number of payments...

Discussion paper

1 Dec 2014

A review of the NSRC (the Review) is currently being undertaken to ensure future collections are relevant, align with current and emerging priorities for research commercialisation in Australia, are targeted to sector priorities and comparable with international data sources. Consideration of new metrics including options...

Audio program

12 Feb 2015

Author and academic Marion Maddox argues in her latest book that the proliferation of faith-based schools, paid for often largely by the government, is undermining Australia's pioneering system of free and secular school education.

Summary

Australia's pioneering system of free...

Commentary

Article

24 Feb 2015

Elections in Victoria and Queensland have caught the pollsters wrong-footed. Are unexpected preference flows making Australian elections harder to predict?

Between now and the federal election, due late next year, dozens of polls will be thrust on us. For the next month, a...

Commentary

Article

23 Feb 2015

Campbell Newman’s premiership was an object lesson in the dangers of untrammelled power. Queensland needs an upper house to keep governments out of trouble

From polling day on 31 January until the swearing in of Annastacia Palaszczuk as Labor premier seventeen days later,...

Research report

13 Feb 2015

Assesses the degree to which the investment by the Australian aid program into research has been appropriate, effective and efficient, and provides recommendations for improving DFAT’s future management of research investment.

Foreword

Explores how research investment can be best managed to ensure...

Research report

30 Jan 2015

The report examined Australia’s support for service systems in decentralised contexts - the evaluation focussed on the health, education and infrastructure (water, sanitation and roads) sectors.

Foreword

Public services have been decentralised in most countries where Australia provides aid. This means Australia,...

Research report

25 Feb 2015

This report summarises the results of the financial audits of 87 Victorian public hospitals and 23 associated entities at 30 June 2014.

It informs Parliament about significant issues identified during our audits and complements the assurance provided through individual audit opinions included in the...

Research report

1 Aug 2014

This report evaluates how effective Australia has been in achieving gender equality outcomes in economic development programs.

Executive summary

Promoting women’s economic empowerment is ‘smart economics’. When women are fully involved in economic development, countries become more equitable and prosperous. Worldwide, there...

Research report

25 Feb 2015

This resource sheet provides estimates on the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in the general and Indigenous populations of Australia, and reviews the local and international evidence on the effectiveness of programs that aim to prevent or alleviate this group of disorders.

...

Website

26 Feb 2015

Summary

The family characteristics topic provides data about families, including couples living in de facto and registered marriages, step and blended families, one parent families and visiting arrangements of children with parents who live elsewhere. It provides information about the composition of households...

Audio podcast

5 Feb 2015

Dominic Perrottet (New South Wales Minister for Finance and Services) suggests that the biggest threat to the future prospects of young people today are governments that are too big, that are too greedy, and are stuck in the past. He suggests that a new model...

Research report

19 Feb 2015

Summary: Ties between the US and India are currently upbeat and have set the grounds for a deeper bilateral relationship. President Barack Obama was the first US head of state to attend India’s Republic Day celebrations on 26 January in New Delhi as its...

Guide

24 Feb 2015

This guide provides key internet links to information about: skilled migration, family migration, temporary migration, and multiculturalism.

Research report

25 Feb 2015

This review’s purpose was to identify how to make Australia’s welfare system fairer, more effective, coherent and sustainable and encourage people to work.

Overview

The review, which was led by Patrick McClure AO, provides a comprehensive analysis and set of recommendations on...

Journal article

23 Feb 2015

Abstract: This article examines the way in which the English language international news media has constructed the threat of cyberterrorism. Analysing 535 news items published by 31 different media outlets across 7 countries between 2008 and 2013, we show that this coverage is uneven...

Research report

25 Feb 2015

Property offences have been declining in New South Wales, but one crime which has bucked this trend is fraud.

Abstract

Aim: 1) To provide an understanding of the nature of fraud incidents recorded by NSW Police. 2) To find out which...

Journal article

24 Feb 2015

This study finds that up to two-thirds of deaths in current smokers in Australia can be attributed to smoking.

Abstract

Background

The smoking epidemic in Australia is characterised by historic levels of prolonged smoking, heavy smoking, very high levels of...

Research report

25 Feb 2015

The Amnesty International Report 2014/15 documents the state of the world’s human rights during 2014. Some key events from 2013 are also reported.

The foreword, five regional overviews and survey of 160 countries and territories bear witness to the suffering endured by many, whether...

Commentary

Article

20 Feb 2015

The creation of a single childcare subsidy which prioritises lower income families would be a welcome step forward, but more needs to be done when it comes to deregulation and childcare availability.

.

The Productivity Commission has done a relatively good job...

Discussion paper

31 Jul 2014

This HMinfo Occasional Research Paper focuses on carers, that is those who deliver informal (unpaid) care to young people with disability, and particularly those carers who share their home with the person they are caring for, as well as the housing design considerations that may...

Video

14 Feb 2015

This Wheeler centre talk discusses where will we be as a society in five years’ time.

Overview

As part of our fifth birthday celebrations, we presented a unique headline debate with two sides, just one team – and nothing less than our...

Audio program

22 Feb 2015

As part of a Background Briefing series on mental illness in the work place, Di Martin spoke to Justice Shane Marshall of the Federal Court. In an Australian first, the judge spoke candidly about his struggles with depression and the mental health issues that face...

Submission

2 Feb 2015

This submission addresses Australian corporates’ compliance with tax requirements under the current law.

Executive summary

Most corporates pay the tax they are required to under Australia’s law. Some private groups, linked to wealthy individuals with complex group structures, display more aggressive tax...

Conference paper

7 Nov 2014

Introduction: Amidst more than two decades of a discourse calling for third sector organisations to be more ‘businesslike’, there has been relatively little research about the strengths of being ‘nonprofit-like’. This paper draws on recent research which was grounded in theory-building with civil society...

Research report

24 Feb 2015

Examines the prevalence and effects of heavy drinking on families and children, and the extent to which they persisted or changed over time.

Summary

The 2015 study examined the prevalence and effects of heavy drinking on families and children, and the extent...

Research report

3 Oct 2011

The Children’s Ground project aims to develop a place-based approach to support children and their families in highly disadvantaged communities. The project approach is informed by research and evidence, recognising the multiple and multi-level influences on children’s development and the need to support the role...

Literature review

1 Dec 2010

This literature review was commissioned by the Office for Children and Early Childhood Development, Department of Education and Early Childhood Development (DEECD), as part of its Early Childhood Intervention Services (ECIS) Reform Project (Stage 2): Developing Options and Next Steps. This Project aims to significantly...

Literature review

1 Jul 2011

This paper synthesizes the conceptual and empirical literature on place-based approaches to meeting the needs of young children and their families. A specific focus of the paper is on the potential contribution of place-based approaches to service reconfiguration and coordination.

Outline

The...

Literature review

1 May 2012

Parenting young children has become a more complex and stressful business, especially for those families in our community with the least resources (Grose, 2006; Hayes et al, 2010; Poole, 2004; Richardson & Prior, 2005; Trask, 2010). A widening gap exists between families that function well...

Literature review

1 Jul 2012

Considerable work has been undertaken over several years to establish primary schools as community hubs in the City of Hume through the Hubs Strategy Group for the Hume Communities for Children Initiative and, more recently, the Supporting Parents Developing Children project. This work has highlighted...

Literature review

1 Jul 2013

The Centre for Community Child Health (CCCH) at the Murdoch Childrens Research Institute and the Royal Children’s Hospital has undertaken two literature reviews to inform the design of a sustained home visiting program for vulnerable families with young children; the program is now known as...

Research report

1 Sep 2013

Evidence indicates worsening or unacceptably high levels of problems amongst Australia’s children and young people. These problems will not improve – and could get worse – unless we are able to effectively intervene to prevent these problems from occurring in the first place or address...

Literature review

31 Oct 2013

In 2012-13 the Australian Government funded the Murdoch Childrens' Reserach Institute to implement a 12-month Let’s Read national early literacy campaign. Building on existing evidence-based programs, the Let’s Read campaign engaged families, professionals and communities to promote high quality early literacy environments for children from...

Research report

23 Feb 2015

Once an unquestioned source of economic prosperity, the damage caused by coal to people’s health, natural capital and the global climate has led to closer scrutiny of its impacts. The evidence suggests coal is becoming an unwelcome social and economic burden, and a risk to...

Working paper

18 Feb 2015

This report reviews the existing literature relating to Indigenous students and business-related studies in Australia, and provides a snapshot of Indigenous students' participation in, and completion of, business-related higher education courses.

Abstract

Substantial recent growth in the number of Indigenous businesses means...

Research report

23 Feb 2015

This report argues that it’s time for the federal cabinet to take a coordinated and strategic look at its law enforcement responsibilities, starting with a review.

Overview

Strong international, technological, political and social forces are changing the criminal challenge to Australia. These...

Research report

19 Feb 2015

This paper presents an analysis of retrospective self-reports from methamphetamine users (police detainees) on the impact that periods of reduced methamphetamine supply had on reported consumption of methamphetamine, alcohol and other illicit drugs.

Introduction

Changes in illicit drug availability have been shown...

Research report

20 Feb 2015

Explores the experiences and impacts of working in the Australian entertainment industry.

Executive summary Entertainment Assist is an Australian charity whose undertaking is to help people overcome the pitfalls of the Australian Entertainment Industry. Its mission is to champion generational change which would...

Research report

22 Feb 2015

This review analysed the events that led up to the Martin Place siege and the range of interactions the gunman had with agencies including the criminal justice system, beginning with his arrival in Australia.

Abstract

At around 8.33 am on 15 December...

Book

23 Feb 2015

The book synthesises current knowledge from the diverse branches of practice and learning relevant to protected area governance and management.

Overview

Protected Area Governance and Management presents a compendium of original text, case studies and examples from across the world, by...

Research report

23 Feb 2015

This review examined Australia's counter-terrorism arrangements and recommends adjustments.

Abstract

The Commonwealth has strong, well‑coordinated counter‑terrorism (CT) arrangements. Overall, these have been quite successful – although the Martin Place siege and the stabbing of police in Melbourne raise questions.

The threat...

Research report

19 Feb 2015

This paper on gambling research priorities is intended to assist researchers and policy makers to develop research focused on improving the short- and long-term health and wellbeing of Australians who gamble and who are affected by gambling.

Overview

The Australian Gambling Research...

Research report

1 May 2013

Executive summary

DEMOGRAPHICS The HIV Futures 7 survey was completed by 1058 HIV positive Australians from all states and territories. This represents approximately 4.3% of the estimated HIV positive population.

92.2% were male (975), 6.7% were female (70) and 0.3% were transgender...

Research report

1 Apr 2011

Executive summary

The 1st National Survey of Secondary Teachers of Sexuality Education involved nearly 300 secondary school teachers from every jurisdiction in Australia including government, Catholic and independent schools.

The key findings are arranged under the themes of teaching workforce, the content...

Research report

17 Feb 2015

This paper identifies and discusses key areas affecting Australia's long-term food security and a sustainable food system.

Introduction

Australia’s long-term food security and the sustainability of its agricultural sector require commitment and prioritisation from all levels of government and private industry. Key...

Research report

1 Aug 2011

Sexuality Education in Australian Schools

Sexuality education has been taught in Australian schools for over a century but for much of that time has been a controversial 'add on' taking its place as a result of the advocacy and intervention of outside organisations....

Commentary

Article

22 Feb 2015

Christopher Pyne’s teacher education review wants serious reform, but it may serve to protect the monopoly that produced the problems.

For the first time, the decades-old university monopoly of teacher education is threatened, not by other look-alike higher education providers but by fundamentally...

Research report

18 Nov 2010

Executive Summary

Introduction

This is the third of the Writing Themselves In national reports which have been conducted six years apart since 1998. In 2010, a total of 3134 same sex attracted and gender questioning (SSAGQ) young people participated in Writing...

Audio program

23 Feb 2015

A group of health professionals and environmentalists are calling on NSW Premier Mike Baird to ban new coal mining in the Hunter Valley.

The lobby group includes former Australians of the Year Professors Fiona Stanley and Tim Flannery, who say that the health and...

Audio program

19 Feb 2015

Accountants are unlikely revolutionaries, but according to Jane Gleeson-White, they are leading the charge in reforming the global economy for the good of us all. An international movement has begun within the finance world, and a few innovative global companies are starting to look at...

Research report

1 Jun 2004

Executive summary

In May 2003, the Prime Minister announced a commitment of $10 million under the Stronger Families and Communities Strategy to early childhood prevention and intervention initiatives. Of this, $8.8 million has been allocated to initiatives under the National Agenda for Early...

Research report

19 Feb 2015

The presence, or absence, of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) can be seen as a proxy for poverty and for the success of interventions aimed at reducing poverty. Today, coverage of the public-health interventions recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) against NTDs may be interpreted...

Literature review

1 Jun 2004

The Parenting Information Project, funded under the National Agenda for Early Childhood, has been designed to identify best practice parenting programs and information for Australian families and the most appropriate service delivery mechanisms, and to develop products and/or programs. The Parenting Information Project has two...

Research report

1 Jun 2004

This research forms part of Phase 1 of the Parenting Information Project, one of the aims of which was to develop the evidence base around early childhood and positive parenting by identifying:

the information that was available to Australian parents; the information needs of...

Research report

1 Jun 2004

Key professionals, policy makers and government representatives involved in the development and delivery of parenting information and supports in each Australian state and territory were consulted between February and April 2004. The consultations sought to determine the type of information and programs that professionals refer...

Research report

1 Jun 2004

This volume (Volume 5) details the compilation of information and program materials and resources undertaken for the Parenting Information Project.

Compilation of information and program materials

To build an overview of the various types of information available and the format in which...

Literature review

31 Jul 2008

The National Children’s Vision Screening Project has been funded by the Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing to inform future policy by determining the effectiveness of vision screening for children aged from birth to 16 years in Australia. The literature review was commissioned to evaluate...

Commentary

Article

22 Jan 2015

Is New Zealand’s Partnership School Kura Hourua scheme really a policy ‘shambles’?

The great risk in trying something new is that you will fail.

That’s a risk that affects policy programs too, where even a perception of failure can start to ring...

Conference paper

29 Sep 2014

This paper focuses on the outsourcing of public services to private organisations and the mechanisms that government puts in place to control these organisations.

Abstract

This paper examines the outsourcing of employment services in Australia in 1998 to non government entities and...

Conference paper

28 Oct 2014

Identifies a range of possible tactics that are available to church-related agencies in their engagement with government.

Abstract

United States, United Kingdom and Australian literature on the potential, and actual, impacts on not-for profit social welfare and human services agencies of contracting...

Research report

20 Feb 2015

This report looks at where we are now with early childhood education and care in Australia, what we want in the future and how we might go about achieving that in a way that better supports children's learning and development needs and the workforce participation...

Thesis

17 Oct 2014

This paper aims to identify user perceived usefulness of enterprise social networking within the public and private sector of Wellington NZ. It aims at determining the specific factors that appeal to enterprise social networking users.

Abstract

This paper first outlines the global...

Thesis

1 Jan 2014

This research analysed findings from global transport stakeholder organisations and modelled the energy consumption of electric vehicles under Samoan conditions.

Abstract

The identification of alternative transport modes is urgently required as fuel price inflation is adversely affecting Samoa’s energy security and increasingly...

Thesis

10 Feb 2015

This thesis makes an argument for global justice by exploring neglected areas of Rawlsian theory, and using New Zealand as a case study.

Summary

In giving its view of global justice, the thesis argues for a global difference principle focused on persons....

Thesis

1 Jan 2014

Investigates whether engagement with urban nature influenced the wellbeing and pro-environmental behaviour of residents of Wellington City, New Zealand.

Abstract

The challenges ahead for sustainability and biodiversity conservation require a better understanding of the relationship human beings have with the natural environment....

Literature review

1 Apr 2003

This literature review was conducted at the beginning of the Community Partnerships project. The project provides the opportunity for communities to take up the challenge of exploring new and more effective ways of working with young children and their families.

The literature review has...

Literature review

1 Mar 2004

This literature review describes the evidence base linking poor literacy to poverty and lower health and education outcomes. The literature review also outlines the evidence that has examined the impact of book reading in very early childhood in preparation for developing and acquiring language and...

Chapter

11 Oct 2013

The Sydney Food Fairness Alliance is one of a growing number of nascent food movements in Australia to have emerged out of concern for the country’s food future, as well as the deleterious effect the present food system is having on its citizens’ health and...

Research report

31 Dec 2014

This report presents findings from the third survey of the Australian component of the World Internet Project. The survey was conducted in late 2013.

This research is a project of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation at the Swinburne Institute...

Research report

13 Feb 2015

The NMC Horizon Report > 2015 Higher Education Edition is a collaborative effort between the NMC and the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI). This 12th edition describes annual findings from the NMC Horizon Project, an ongoing research project designed to identify and describe emerging technologies likely...

Research report

5 Feb 2015

Abstract

Alarming over-representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australian prisons, combined with high recidivism rates and poor health and social outcomes among those released from prison, has led many to claim that incarceration is a social policy failure. An important...

Research report

17 Feb 2015

Repeat offenders are responsible for a large proportion of crime in NSW; and those returning to prison make up more than half of the prison population. The costs of reoffending to society and the criminal justice system are therefore clear. Focusing on adult reoffending, this...

Research report

10 Feb 2015

Overview: Counterinsurgency expert and military strategist Dr David Kilcullen delivered The Centre for Independent Studies’ 2014 John Bonython Lecture with a crucial and fascinating exploration of recurring Occidentalism, why Western values are anathema to Islamists, and why we must take decisive action now to...

Commentary

Article

17 Feb 2015

Around 372,000 people drown each year, mostly children in low-income countries. So why has there been such a lack of attention paid to the problem? In journalism parlance, any story which includes the phrase ‘kids will die’ is a front-page splash. But when it comes...

Research report

13 Feb 2015

Overview: This publication from the Australian Academy of Science aims to address confusion created by contradictory information in the public domain. It sets out to explain the current situation in climate science, including where there is consensus in the scientific community and where uncertainties...

Research report

17 Feb 2015

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the establishment, implementation and operation of the Early Years Quality Fund against the requirements of the Early Years Quality Fund Special Account Act 2013 and the Commonwealth grants administration framework.

Audit objective, criteria and scope

The...

Discussion paper

30 Jun 2014

Throughout Australia the native title claims of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are resolved primarily through negotiated consent determinations, whereby the court recognises native title following the agreement of the parties, rather than through contested litigation. Negotiations leading up to a consent determination often...

Research report

17 Feb 2015

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Attorney‐General’s Department’s administration of the Indigenous Legal Assistance Programme.

Audit objectives and criteria

The objective of the audit was to assess the effectiveness of the Attorney-General’s Department’s administration of the Indigenous Legal Assistance Programme. To...

Briefing paper

1 Apr 2008

This brief focuses on what the research tells us about the nature of and pathways to school readiness. It emphasises the importance of schools, services and communities supporting children and families and providing the conditions and experiences needed to ensure that all children reach school...

Briefing paper

1 Jun 2008

Starting school is an exciting but also potentially stressful time for children and families alike. It is one of the key transition points during childhood. All such transitions are known to be times of particular vulnerability for young children, when earlier developmental and social progress...

Briefing paper

1 Aug 2008

The Australian and state and territory governments are committed to the development of a national Early Years Learning Framework, and a process of consultation with the early childhood sector about the nature and content of the Framework is currently being undertaken. This Policy Brief is...

Article

4 Jan 2015

Can we predict the academic impact of scholars and papers at early stages using quantitative tools?

Abstract

How are scholars ranked for promotion, tenure and honors? How can we improve the quantitative tools available for decision makers when making such decisions? Can...

Briefing paper

1 Sep 2008

Most children naturally develop verbal language skills by hearing others speak and by observing the communication process. However, the ability to read and write the printed text that represents spoken language – that is, to be literate (American Medical Association [AMA], 1999; Baker, 1999; Rowe...

Briefing paper

1 Jan 2009

Children are particularly vulnerable developmentally in the earliest years of their life. For children living in poverty, the probability of being exposed to developmental risk factors is considerably higher. This Policy Brief examines the impact of poverty on early childhood development. It highlights both the...

Briefing paper

1 May 2009

Caring for young children, and getting the caring right, is becoming recognised as one of the most significant challenges facing parents, communities and societies. Young children who develop secure attachments through positive caregiving are more likely to experience lower levels of stress and other associated...

Briefing paper

1 Aug 2009

Mass media play a significant role in most people’s lives, affecting family routines, social interactions, cultural norms, and leisure activities – all of which impact upon contemporary childhood. Television is particularly significant in early childhood; it is the child’s first and most enduring contact with...

Briefing paper

1 Dec 2009

In an effort to improve outcomes for young children and their families, governments in all developed nations are making efforts to integrate services more effectively. This Policy Brief explores the rationale behind these efforts, what is known about their effectiveness, and the implications for policy...

Briefing paper

1 Jun 2010

This Policy Brief explores the evidence regarding improving access to services for marginalised and vulnerable families with young children, and how families can best be engaged and supported.

Why is this issue important?

While most families of young children are well supported socially...

Briefing paper

1 Aug 2010

Recent changes in family and society have meant that the roles grandparents take on have changed. Many grandparents are playing a bigger and more responsible part of grandchild care than they may have expected, which means additional pressures on their time, their health and their...

Briefing paper

1 Nov 2010

One of the key responsibilities of parents is to help children learn to manage their emotions and behaviour. This supports children to become personally fulfilled individuals who can participate effectively in society. Parents can help children manage their emotions and behaviour through a variety of...

Briefing paper

1 Apr 2011

This policy brief outlines the complexities involved in selecting interventions for early childhood services. It advocates for a broader method of assessing outcomes of interventions through incorporating practice-based evidence into our understanding of evidence-based practice.

For services in the early childhood sector, choosing the...

Briefing paper

1 Apr 2011

It has been five years since the first edition of Policy Brief was launched (2006) with the strapline translating early childhood research evidence to inform policy and practice .

The goal was to select important issues in child and family health, review and analyse...

Briefing paper

1 Dec 2011

Families are often faced with a range of different, complex health and psychosocial problems. Place-based approaches aim to address these complex problems by focusing on the social and physical environment of a community and on better integrated and more accessible service systems, rather than focusing...

Briefing paper

1 Apr 2012

This Policy Brief documents current research findings about children’s mental health; it suggests the need for increased awareness of children’s mental health concerns and emphasises the importance of early prevention and intervention.

In Australia, there has been significantly increased awareness of mental illness and...

Briefing paper

1 Jul 2013

In December 2009 the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) agreed to a unified National Quality Framework (NQF) for Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC). The quality reforms—which include clear standards, streamlined regulatory approaches, an assessment and rating system and a national learning framework—are being implemented...

Briefing paper

1 Jul 2014

This policy brief explores four key issues pertaining to the future of early childhood education and care in Australia: the importance of early childhood, quality early childhood education and care, service integration, and the inclusion of children with disability and developmental delays.

Overview...

Commentary

Article

16 Feb 2015

As a Nobel Prize winner, I travel the world meeting all kinds of people.

Most of the policy, business and political leaders I meet immediately apologise for their lack of knowledge of science.

Except when it comes to climate science. Whenever this subject...

Research report

12 Feb 2015

This Information Paper provides Australians with a summary of the evidence on possible health effects of wind farms in humans and explains how NHMRC developed its summary based on the findings of independent reviews of the evidence. It is intended for use by any person...

Audio program

16 Feb 2015

Facing the challenges of leadership in the boardroom. There is a mismatch between community and government expectations of the role and accountability of company director. Graham Bradley explains the evolution of corporate governance principles in Australia. What are the qualities required to bring good leadership...

Research report

6 Jan 2015

This investigation into the approval process for pharmaceuticals produced findings with broader lessons for Commonwealth agencies about the importance of proper program design, sharing information necessary to ensure proper outcomes and about service recovery arrangements when things go wrong.

Video

16 Feb 2015

This Media Watch segment examines the credibility of research and media reporting on the health effects of wind turbines.

Research report

20 Oct 2014

Digital games have the potential to transform K-12 education as we know it. But what has been the real experience among teachers who use games in the classroom? In 2013, the Games and Learning Publishing Council conducted a national survey among nearly 700 K-8 teachers....

Research report

17 Feb 2015

Overview: This is the first national Australian longitudinal study investigating the economic, personal and social costs of youth homelessness over time across a broad range of locations.

Too many young Australians are without any form of safe and secure accommodation. It is estimated...

Briefing paper

4 May 2006

What happens to children in the early years has consequences right through the course of their lives.

There are many opportunities to intervene and make a difference to the lives of children and young people. The evidence shows the most effective time to intervene...

Briefing paper

3 May 2006

The quality of children’s services has a profound influence on children’s development throughout the life course. This policy brief will highlight the powerful influence that the interaction between regulation, accreditation and curricula has on the quality of children’s services.

For the purposes of this...

Briefing paper

1 Jul 2006

Balancing paid work and family responsibilities is a major issue for employers, governments and families across the western world (OECD, 2002). In light of rapid changes in the roles and responsibilities of men and women, and in the organisation and distribution of paid work, it...

Briefing paper

1 Nov 2006

Good mental health is essential for children's learning, social development, self-esteem and resilience to stress throughout the life-course. Over half a million Australian children have significant mental health problems. This Policy Brief outlines ways that services can better support families to prevent mental health problems...

Briefing paper

1 Mar 2007

This Policy brief explores what makes community-based services for children and families effective. It identifies interpersonal and structural features that characterise effective services, and shows that how services are delivered is as important as what is delivered.

Why is this issue important?

Concern...

Briefing paper

1 May 2007

Overweight/obesity during childhood is a major public health issue with more than 200,000 Australian children between 2-18 years now obese (Booth et al, 2003). It has significant health implications across the life span. This Policy brief reviews the effectiveness of prevention and intervention strategies and...

Briefing paper

1 Oct 2007

Children learn and develop through a combination of experiences, within and outside the family home. This Policy Brief explores the distinction that is often made about the role of care and education in children’s services and highlights the importance of the interwoven nature of care...

Briefing paper

1 Dec 2007

Parents have the primary role of guiding and nurturing their child, ensuring all the child’s physical, social and emotional needs are met, enabling them to develop and become an important part of the community in which they live. The challenge is to effectively support parents...

Research report

11 Feb 2015

In this Lowy Institute Analysis Rodger Shanahan examines changes in Iranian foreign policy under President Rouhani. He argues that while the Iranian President has changed the tone of Iranian foreign policy, changing the substance will prove much more difficult.

Key findings

Rouhani...

Research report

12 Feb 2015

This research reaffirms the need for intensive accommodation support services to complement criminal justice responses to crime and those who have contact with the criminal justice system.

Foreword

It is generally accepted that a person’s living situation, in particular their experience of...

Research report

12 Feb 2015

This paper finds that public confidence in the NSW Criminal Justice System has improved since 2007, but pervasive misperceptions around crime trends and justice outcomes seemingly continue to undermine confidence.

Abstract

Aim: To assess (1) the level of public confidence in...

Research report

16 Feb 2015

Examines some of the events that have affected the integrity of Australian sport between 2009–13 to describe the way in which corruption has manifested, the environment that has engendered the corrupt behaviour and the extent to which these incidents were primarily local events involving local...

Research report

12 Feb 2015

Researchers have traditionally paid little attention to the intersections between men’s mental illness and family life. Recently, however, this has been changing. This paper provides practitioners and policy-makers with a broad overview of some of the key issues identified in the growing literature on paternal...

Research report

21 Jan 2015

This report summarises the findings and recommendations from the ‘ Changing Demand: Flexibility of energy practices in households with children ’ research project funded by the Consumer Advocacy Panel. The project aimed to understand how households with children may be affected by electricity market reforms...

Research report

10 Feb 2015

Summary

Indonesia’s stable economic growth over the last decade has been primarily driven by domestic consumption and services. Underpinning that growth has been increased domestic energy consumption and demand, the drivers of which include greater numbers of people entering the middle class, with...

Research report

12 Feb 2015

The future of the Indonesian energy sector will be a priority for the Widodo Government.

Summary

Despite a preponderance of energy reserves, Indonesia is facing a number of challenges in ensuring that it has sufficient energy supplies to support its continued economic...

Research report

17 Feb 2015

As a child and family health nurse, ‘working in partnership’, ‘strengths-based working’ and ‘family-centred’ approaches are likely to be familiar in your practice. These approaches have been both popular and accepted in healthcare for many years, and have well-recognised benefits for health and children’s developmental...

Research report

12 Feb 2015

This report highlights some key financial challenges and risks for water entities in Victoria, including repaying growing debt and continuing to meet ongoing financial obligations to the state, such as taxes and levies.

Overview

This report covers the results of our financial...

Working paper

12 Feb 2015

Abstract: This paper compares the level and source of income for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians using data from the 2011 wave of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey. Three sources of income are considered: wages and salaries; government benefits; and...

Research report

29 May 2014

This report presents examples of good practice in student engagement and achievement. The examples come from a sample of secondary schools, rated decile 5 or below with rolls of 200 students or more, who had better outcomes for students than other similar schools. ERO visited...

Research report

13 Feb 2015

This report provides recommendations intended to achieve improvements in both the content and delivery of initial teacher education courses in Australia.

Executive summary

The evidence is clear: enhancing the capability of teachers is vital to raising the overall quality of Australia’s school...

Audio program

13 Feb 2015

Trainee teachers will soon be required to sit a standard, national test at the end of their studies to ensure that they are fit to teach.

The new government measures come in response to a review of teacher training, which found serious failures in...

Conference paper

10 Nov 2014

This paper explores the key components of dysfunctional, criminal and deviant behaviours within and by associational and not-for-profit organisations, and their consequences in terms of practice, application and policy.

Abstract

This short primer explores the key components of dysfunctional, criminal and deviant...

Briefing paper

11 Feb 2015

Increasingly, partnerships and collaborations are becoming more common, and they will continue to do so because they provide for a strategic approach to the development of common agendas and pooled resourcing, to improve health outcomes. The Peninsula Model for Primary Health Planning is a good...

Conference paper

18 Nov 2014

The meteoric rise of food bank use in times of prosperity leads us to argue that food banks are institutionalised within New Zealand society with texts reflecting civic, market and domestic discourses.

Abstract

The meteoric rise of food bank use in times...

Briefing paper

12 Feb 2015

Rationing healthcare in some form is inevitable, even in wealthy countries, because resources are scarce and demand for healthcare is always likely to exceed supply. This means that decision-makers must make choices about which health programs and initiatives should receive public funding and which ones...

Conference paper

29 Oct 2014

This paper presents insights into the impact on Maori of the Christchurch earthquakes, including the role of Indigenous Knowledge (Matauranga Maori) in disasters, and the role of Indigenous culture in the response phases of disasters. Drawing on experiences of two previous and one current project...

Conference paper

9 Dec 2014

This research report seeks to understand why some Australian not-for-profit organisations make voluntary financial disclosures beyond their basic statutory obligations.

Introduction

This paper surveys previous work on voluntary information disclosures in accounting reports of Australian Not-for-Profit organisations (NFPs). This is new research...

Conference paper

4 Nov 2014

This project seeks to produce a database, conceptual map, and a literal map of the diverse economic activities contributing to both coping with change and the future renewal of Christchurch.

Abstract

Post-quake Christchurch has seen a flourishing of alternative economic activities that...

Conference paper

16 Nov 2014

Introduction

Not-for-profits, community-based organisations and social enterprises have volunteerism at its roots, and for many at its heart. The 'Third Sector' is still commonly known to many as the 'Voluntary Sector'. Yet in recent years, many involved in the Third Sector have bemoaned...

Research report

12 Feb 2015

This report argues that prolonged detention of children leads to serious negative impacts on their mental and emotional health and development.

Foreword

Australia currently holds about 800 children in mandatory closed immigration detention for indefinite periods, with no pathway to protection or...

Research report

11 Feb 2015

Summary

The audit objective was to assess whether Department of Education and Training and government schools are managing parent education costs economically, efficiently and effectively and in accordance with legislation and policies. It examined funding for the delivery of free instruction, departmental oversight...

Research report

11 Feb 2015

A review of the procedures established and implemented by government and local government agencies following the introduction of the Protected Disclosure Act 2012 (the PD Act).

Executive summary

In Victoria, public bodies that can receive disclosures are required to establish and publish...

Research report

1 Nov 2013

Of the Australian children who start their first year of formal full-time school each year, the majority start with their development on track and ready to take advantage of everything that school has to offer. About four per cent of children will start school with...

Research report

1 Feb 2014

Recent years have seen the rise of probiotic supplementation in our food and the promotion of probiotics as dietary supplements. Probiotics are generally advertised as an aid to gut health and are specifically touted as being of assistance for conditions as varied as diarrhoea, infant...

Conference paper

9 Nov 2014

Given the increasing level of political, economic and social pressures, the role of third sector non-executive directors, undertaken voluntarily and unremunerated, is poised to become less attractive.

Introduction

The Australian disability sector is the current research focus due to environmental pressures on...

Research report

1 May 2014

From earaches to tonsillitis, children can suffer from a variety of issues that need prompt attention. The impact of a problem with the ear, nose and/or throat can impede everything from children’s ability to build relationships with other children and adults, get a good night’s...

Conference paper

28 Sep 2014

This paper is a case study of House with No Steps, one of the largest disability organisations in Australia.

Summary

The disability sector in Australia is experiencing a period of unprecedented, transformational change with the introduction of the National Disability Insurance Scheme....

Research report

1 Aug 2014

The relationship an infant has with their primary caregiver (in Australian society, this is usually the mother) has a profound impact on the infant’s future development. It is now well recognised that experiences in the first weeks and months of life help shape the developing...

Research report

1 Nov 2014

Transport accidents are a cause of death and disability across the developed world. In Australia, transport accidents are a leading cause of child deaths from unintentional injury (ABS, 2006) and a leading cause of hospitalisation (ABS, 2007). Most of those child hospitalisations from vehicle accidents...

Guide

10 Feb 2015

Introduction

Countering violent extremism was highlighted as an ‘essential element’ of efforts to deal with the ‘foreign fighters’ issue in a United Nations Security Council resolution adopted on 24 September 2014 (Resolution 2178 (2014)). On 11 January 2015, the White House announced it...

Journal article

9 Dec 2014

Twitter streams from the insurgencies in Syria and Iraq may give the illusion of authenticity, but to what extent is access and content controlled?

Abstract

Social media have played an essential role in the jihadists’ operational strategy in Syria and Iraq, and...

Audio program

11 Feb 2015

Professor Peter Newman from Curtin University claims that Perth is much more than a relic of the 'Wild West'. The population is growing and it is suggested that there'll be a population of about five million by 2050. The infrastructure has grown remarkably over the...

Research report

11 Feb 2015

Presents information and analysis of the network tariffs applicable to household electricity consumers in the southern and eastern states of Australia covered by the National Energy Market.

Executive summary: This report presents information and analysis of the network tariffs applicable to household electricity...

Book

9 Feb 2015

Overview: The Representation of Science and Scientists on Postage Stamps examines how the postal authorities of the world have developed their unique techniques to portray science and scientists in order to convey the message behind the stamp issue. It is a multi-disciplinary examination that...

Research report

10 Feb 2015

Summary: Provides estimates of changes in residential property prices in each of the eight capital cities of Australia and related statistics.The information is presented in the form of price indexes for established houses and attached dwellings as well as an aggregated residential property price...

Research report

11 Feb 2015

Australia will slip from 19th place in 2014 to 29th of the largest economies in the world in 2050, according to these projections.

Overview

In PwC's latest World in 2050 report we present economic growth projections for 32 of the largest economies...

Audio program

10 Feb 2015

One in four Australians are born overseas and over a third have English as their second language.

Interpreters are crucial in our justice system.

Their jobs include interpreting interviews with police suspects, sometimes they attend court and may even accompany police on drug...

Research report

10 Feb 2015

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade’s delivery of services to Australians travelling or residing abroad.

Audit objective and criteria

The objective of the audit was to assess the effectiveness of the Department of Foreign Affairs...

Research report

9 Feb 2015

This paper looks at how political power in Aceh is moving away from the old Free Aceh Movement government-in-exile.

Introduction

Political dynamics within the top ranks of the former rebel Free Aceh Movement (Gerakan Aceh Merdeka, GAM) suggest that a generational transfer...

Research report

9 Feb 2015

The number of people in Australia with a psychological disability has increased between 2009 and 2012.

Key results:

At the national level, results from the 2012 SDAC showed that:

Of all people with any type of disability, 18.5% had a psychological...

Research report

1 May 2009

As a child and family health professional, opportunities may arise in your daily interaction with families to encourage and support the promotion of early literacy. This article will provide an update on current early literacy knowledge and address the challenges professionals encounter when introducing literacy...

Research report

1 Sep 2009

The relationship an infant has with their primary caregiver (in our society, this is usually the mother) has a profound impact on the infant’s future development. It is now well recognised that experiences in the first weeks and months of life help shape the developing...

Research report

1 Dec 2009

It is well established that the vulnerable groups in our society (those who need our services the most), access services the least. This was first termed the ‘inverse care law’ (Hart, 1971) in 1971 and remains true today. It is also widely accepted that these...

Research report

1 Jul 2010

The most common illicit drug used by women of reproductive age and by pregnant women is cannabis (DrugInfo, 2005). Although there are limited national data available on illicit substance use among parents in Australia, the 2007 National Drug Strategy Household Survey estimated that 12% of...

Research report

1 Nov 2010

Feelings, moods, emotions and behaviours are all inextricably linked. They influence how we function and respond to the demands of day-to-day life. They also help us shape our sense of wellbeing, or our ‘mental health’.

The foundations for mental health are formed within the...

Research report

11 Feb 2015

This report shows that although there has been some improvement in education and health outcomes for Indigenous Australians, most Closing the Gap targets are not on track to be met.

Abstract

This is the seventh Closing the Gap Report produced since targets...

Data portal

11 Feb 2015

GDELT monitors print, broadcast, and web news media in over 100 languages from across every country in the world to keep continually updated on breaking developments anywhere on the planet. Its historical archives stretch back to January 1, 1979 and update daily (soon to be...

Research report

11 Feb 2015

Foreword: For more than a decade, Australia has witnessed a sustained reduction in property crime. Yet relatively little is known about what may have caused this decline.

This study aimed to explore plausible explanations for the property crime drop by ‘going to the...

Commentary

Article

5 Feb 2015

Relationship breakdown has economic costs: one household is split into two, and its income is also divided. The costs are disproportionately borne by women, who often lose more than half the household’s income yet retain the majority of the financial responsibility for children.

The...

Research report

1 Feb 2015

Provides an outline of the current research around medical tourism, especially its impact on Australians.

Background Medical tourism is a burgeoning industry in our region. It involves patients traveling outside of their home country for medical treatment.

Objective This article provides...

Video

31 Jan 2015

Fresh from a party, a teen posts a photo on Facebook of a friend drinking a beer. A college student repurposes an article from Wikipedia for a paper. A group of players in a multiplayer online game routinely cheat new players by selling them worthless...

Research report

1 Mar 2011

The earlier that children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) receive referral, diagnosis and intervention, the better the long-term results are for those children and their families (Barbaro & Dissanyake, 2009; Wiggins et al., 2006; Mandell et al., 2005). Primary health care professionals, such as...

Research report

1 Sep 2011

There is much received wisdom on infant sleep and new parents will find that just about everyone they speak to has an opinion – where, how much, how often. For parents, understanding infant sleep and adapting to new patterns and behaviours can be one of...

Research report

1 Dec 2011

Once upon a time, not so long ago, we believed that when we mapped the human genome we would be able to identify the kinds of people children would grow up to be. We hoped that understanding genetics would make it simple: Johnny has gene...

Research report

1 Jul 2012

While most families of young children are well supported socially and make good use of services, some do not. Children from families that have poor social supports and that make limited or no use of early child and family services are at increased risk of...

Research report

1 Nov 2012

In 2010-11, Australia accepted 13,799 refugees. However, there has been little research into the experiences that families from refugee backgrounds have with Australia’s child and family health services.

The child and family health service plays a vital role in linking refugee families to communities...

Research report

1 Mar 2013

Each child’s social and emotional development is guided by their family and by the wider community and environment in which they are raised. The culture that the child is raised in will also impact on their upbringing and the way that their family and community...

Research report

1 May 2013

The foundations of good social and emotional development are formed in early infant-parent and caregiver relationships (Centre for Community Child Health, 2009). In developing those relationships, families and caregivers ensure that their child develops on a healthy trajectory. With strong foundations, each child can go...

Research report

1 Aug 2013

In 2013, the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) released its long-awaited update of the Australian Dietary Guidelines. The Australian Dietary Guidelines draw on the latest evidence in order to provide health professionals, policymakers, educators, food manufacturers, food retailers and researchers with information about...

Research report

1 Apr 2003

Child development is a complex, non-linear process affected by multiple factors. In addition, there is a large degree of individual variation.

Developmental delay is present when a child does not reach developmental milestones at the expected age (with adequate leeway for the broad variation...

Research report

1 Jul 2003

Anxiety is an everyday term, but what do we mean by it? Anxiety involves a sense of apprehension, with accompanying physiological reactions, typically associated with worrying about the future.

How does anxiety present itself in children? There are three main ways:

physiological reactions...

Research report

1 Nov 2003

We are so used to seeing children and infants play that we tend to overlook its importance. How often do we hear the phrase 'it’s child’s play'? Any busy active baby demonstrates that it is anything but simple and straightforward. Play is the child’s daily...

Research report

1 May 2004

Reading with young children (0-5 years) needs to be promoted to families and all members of the community as a fun and integral part of a child's daily routine. In your professional role you have the opportunity to engage with families to enable this practice...

Research report

1 Aug 2004

The most common craniofacial problem today is called plagiocephaly, literally meaning oblique head. Deformational plagiocephaly, also known as positional plagiocephaly, refers to a misshapen (asymmetrical) head shape.

This skull deformity results from repeated external pressure to an infant's skull due to the head being...

Research report

1 Sep 2004

There has been much confusion in recent years regarding the terminology used to describe allergic reactions, particularly food reactions. The World Allergy Organisation Nomenclature Review Committee has proposed the following nomenclature. The term food hypersensitivity is used to describe any adverse reaction to a food...

Journal article

10 Feb 2015

This special edition presents selections of Prof Altman’s writing's on a range of issues: from further evaluation of the Northern Territory intervention, the failure of homelands policy, challenges in policy approaches to Closing the Gap and analysis of the ‘Stronger Futures’ legislation.

Introduction...

Research report

1 Feb 2005

Pneumococcal diseases are caused by a common bacterium called Streptococcus pneumoniae (the pneumococcus). The pneumococcus bacterium has approximately 90 known serotypes, only some of which commonly cause disease. Eleven serotypes are responsible for most of the disease in infants across the globe, with seven serotypes...

Research report

1 May 2005

Rickets may have been thought to be a 'thing of the past'. In fact at the beginning of the 20th century, it has been estimated that 85% of children living in northern hemisphere urban industrialised cities had rickets. Major public health initiatives were then introduced...

Research report

1 Sep 2005

Some parents are concerned about whether their child is ready to start school and they start to seek advice from a range of professionals to support them in making a decision. Often the preschool or kindergarten teacher may raise concerns with the parents, because of...

Research report

1 Nov 2005

The carefree exuberance associated with young children can make the concept of childhood depression difficult to imagine. It is not surprising then that the existence of mood disorders in children has gained acceptance only in the last few decades. While debate continues regarding conceptualisations of...

Research report

1 May 2006

Body Mass Index (BMI) has been used for many years with adults to assess overweight and obesity. However, overweight and obesity is not only a problem for adults. An estimated 20-25% of children and adolescents in Australia are overweight and a quarter of this group...

Research report

1 Jul 2006

Good dental health is essential to a child’s general health and well-being. This article addresses several aspects of child oral health from birth to around the time they enter school. More specifically this article will review the stages of normal dental development, dental decay and...

Research report

1 Sep 2006

It is widely known that an unsettled infant can be a major cause of stress for some parents. Not surprisingly infant sleep and settling is a major component for health professionals working with families. Of interest is the debate about what techniques are appropriate for...

Research report

1 Dec 2006

Constipation is defined as the infrequent passage of hard stools. Constipation is common during childhood, occurring in up to 25% of children. Low dietary fibre intake, slow transit time, coercive toilet training, and in some children abnormal contraction of the anal sphincters and pelvic floor...

Research report

1 Dec 2007

There is substantial research about the importance of identifying problems early, before they become entrenched. Intervening early in the course of a condition or problem increases the chance of there being a positive outcome; the earlier intervention is commenced, the more likely it is to...

Research report

1 Mar 2008

This article will provide the most recent research findings and practical updates on young children’s aggressive behaviour. It addresses normal development and signs of aggression, early detection and effective strategies to manage aggressive behaviours. The goals for professionals working in partnership with parents are to:...

Research report

1 Sep 2008

Parenthood is a major life transition. Although becoming a parent is a time of great joy and celebration, often the experience of motherhood is not what new mothers expected. Many women struggle with the countless changes and challenges associated with adjusting their lives to accommodate...

Research report

1 Dec 2008

Men in my antenatal classes give three common reasons why they intend to father differently than they were fathered:

Community expectations: highlight the fact that fathers are expected to be involved in the day-to-day care of their baby, not simply to be a provider...

Discussion paper

9 Feb 2012

Introduction

The aim of the presented paper is to demonstrate environmentally-induced displacement as an increasingly important category of population movement that represents a new set of challenges to the international community and to public international law as well. There are three basic objectives...

Research report

5 Feb 2015

There were 479 homicide incidents involving 511 victims and 532 identified offenders over the two year reporting period.

Abstract

In this National Homicide Monitoring Program (NHMP) report, the nature and context of homicides occurring throughout the 2010–11 and 2011–12 financial years are...

Briefing paper

9 Jan 2015

Recurrent expenditure on school education in Australia is over $44 billion each year, around $36 billion of this provided by governments. These are considerable sums, more often than not expressed as a cost rather than an investment – especially when it doesn’t always seem to...

Research report

5 Feb 2015

In this Lowy Institute Analysis, Marty Harris examines political and social activism among Jordanian youth in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings. The Analysis argues that Jordan’s young people are caught between a desire for political change and a fear of instability, and that this...

Research report

5 Feb 2015

For Australia to remain at the forefront of integrative water management, planning must be adaptive, relevant and remain a priority for all governments.

Summary

Water management in Australia is considered to be amongst the best in the world. Over the past decade,...

Research report

5 Feb 2015

This audit assessed the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service's administration of the Tariff Concession System.

Audit objective and criteria

The objective of the audit was to assess the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service's administration of the Tariff Concession System....

Research report

1 Feb 2015

This paper presents empirical findings on one aspect of the work of a transnational feminist research project, based in Canberra, Australia, whose goal was to produce a better standard or metric for measuring poverty across the world.

Introduction

This paper presents empirical...

Research report

4 Feb 2015

Construction of skyscrapers in central Melbourne should be supported because a big jump in CBD population has many benefits for residents including easy access to jobs, shops and entertainment, according to this report.

Journal article

9 Feb 2015

Examination of the sleep of Australian Indigenous children presents some unique challenges, particularly in terms of community input, study design and in the collection of relevant data.

Research report

1 Mar 1999

This article provides a guide to normal visual development and an overview of assessment when visual development is non-standard. There are some indications of non-standard visual development that can be established prior to language development, but assessment is easier once language has developed. However, waiting...

Research report

3 Feb 2015

Explores our tongue's ability to detect fat as a distinct taste similar to our ability to sense sweet, sour, bitter, acid and savory.

Abstract Taste is the chemical sense responsible for the detection of non-volatile chemicals in potential foods. For fat to be...

Journal article

29 Jan 2015

This case study describes the evolution of a remote area Aboriginal primary health- care service and analyses the key factors instrumental in bringing about effective and sustainable changes in health-care provision.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe the reorientation...

Research report

1 Jun 1999

Negotiating differences in generational parenting considers the question of helpful suggestions from parents and grandparents conflicting with new parents' recently acquired knowledge, and where a role for the health professional may be. The article considers to what extent new parents have access to grandparents; whether...

Research report

1 Sep 1999

'Aerosol therapy in asthma' is a review that focuses on the two main available methods of aerosol delivery: the nebuliser, and a combination of spacer and a pressurised metered dose inhaler. There are significant advantages and disadvantages in aerosol therapy, and the disadvantages are magnified...

Audio program

3 Feb 2015

The National Cycling Strategy aims to double, by next year, the number of cyclists in Australia. Recent figures suggest about 16% of us have ridden a bike in the past week. Cyclists come in many forms: the ‘Lycra brigade’, hipsters with their fixies (fixed gear...

Research report

1 Nov 1999

This first portion of this issue looks at normal sleep patterns in the first year of life, sleep problems, co-sleeping and ways of ameliorating sleep problems.

The second portion looks specifically at sleep problems including what parents can do, suggestions for bedtime problems and...

Commentary

Article

9 Feb 2015

The pantomime being played out in Canberra has only served to divert attention from the grim reality facing the economy and the absence of any cogent plan to restore the nation's finances.

.

Everyone loves the circus; the spectacle, the drama, the...

Research report

1 Jun 2000

The most widely recognised approach to child abuse prevention is a model that draws together the concepts surrounding primary, secondary and tertiary intervention.

Primary prevention refers to stopping abuse before it starts by targeting members of the community through broad-based programs directed at populations...

Audio program

9 Feb 2015

With another challenge of federal leadership, do people feel that it is fair to replace their Prime Minister without having a say?

Guests

Rebecca Huntley: Director of IPSOS Research

Credits

Producer: Steven Turner

Presenter: Natasha Mitchell

Research report

1 Oct 2000

Early postnatal discharge is itself not a new concept. Its first recorded use was in New Orleans, 1942, when postnatal mothers were discharged soon after birthing to relieve pressure on crowded hospital situations. Since then, the effects of early postnatal discharge on mothers and babies...

Research report

1 Feb 2001

Over the counter (OTC) medications are commonly used in the community. It is thought by many that they are safe because they are freely available and not regulated by prescription. However, many are of unproven benefit, some preparations do more harm than good, others are...

Research report

1 Apr 2001

In Western societies, about 10-15 per cent of parents seek professional help because their baby cries repeatedly, for prolonged amounts of time, without apparent reason. As well as distressing parents, this phenomenon is expensive for health services. Morris and colleagues, for instance, estimated that professional...

Research report

1 Dec 2001

A follow up from Community Paediatric Review Vol 9, No 1, which looked at nurse home visiting for the prevention of child abuse. This edition discussed children's rights and some of the indicators that cause abuse, utilising an ecological framework that considers child factors, parent...

Research report

1 Apr 2002

Health promotion has long been accepted as a mainstay of nursing practice, and indeed many community child health nurses would cite health promotion as a major activity in their daily work. However, there is a lack of clarity in the nursing literature regarding the concepts...

Research report

1 Aug 2002

The prevalence of asthma is increasing in western countries. Over two million Australians suffer with asthma, and one in every four to five children will have some asthma symptoms at some stage. The Federal Government has identified asthma as a national health priority area, and...

Research report

1 Dec 2002

At its most fundamental, loss is the experience of disruption or separation from people, places, animals, possessions, dreams or expectations. For a child a loss may be based on safety, comfort and familiarity, rather than what adults speak of as love or affection. Losses in...

Video

1 Feb 2015

The rise of the so-called Islamic State (IS) in vast swathes of territories in Syria and Iraq, and the US-led military response to it, have introduced another complex dimension to an oil-rich but already very volatile Middle East. The old correlation of forces in support...

Thesis

29 Nov 2013

This qualitative research used feminist and phenomenological methods to explore how newly arrived young women (NAYW) aged 19 – 21 years, experience young women’s programs they participated in. Understanding young women’s experiences is important because little academic literature exists about this. With significant numbers of...

Research report

1 Mar 1998

'Fever in children' discusses this common symptom of illness and when parents should be concerned, depending on the baby's age. The article outlines the normal range, measurement methods and management.

Dealing with dogs considers two major approaches to reducing dog bites among children, encouraging...

Research report

1 Jun 1998

Primary nocturnal enuresis is intermittent nighttime wetting after the age of five years. It can either be primary - the child has never had dry nights, or secondary - the child starts wetting after a 6-12 month period of dry nights.

Rickets is characterised...

Research report

1 Sep 1998

'Early detection of hearing impairment' discusses early diagnosis, fitting of hearing aids, and how enrollment in early intervention programs can improve developmental outcomes. Unfortunately, the mean age of diagnosis is two years of age in many western countries, including Australia.

Reading to infants and...

Journal article

1 Dec 1998

Reducing pain and discomfort in children undergoing immunisation is a way to reduce barriers to immunisation, one of the most important advances in child health of our time.

The challenge of teenage mothers for nurses often involves finding ways to connect so that each...

Research report

1 Dec 2014

This report is an attempt to answer questions about the extent to which the Assessment Tool can reasonably and legitimately be used to assess the literacy and numeracy of English language learners, on the basis of a descriptive study of skills (as measured by the...

Working paper

22 Jan 2015

The paper develops a model to assess the saving and consumption responses of a representative household to a range of policy interventions such as changes in taxes and pension settings.

Research report

22 Jan 2015

This note provides an elementary introduction to the measurement of welfare gains from the introduction of a new good, based on the concept of the ‘virtual price’ and standard expressions for welfare changes arising from price changes.

Introduction

Any attempt to measure...

Research report

20 Jan 2015

Highlights the lack of open and accessible data on the performance of key public services. If the political and social impacts of open data are to be realised, work to increase the supply of datasets from right across government will be needed, alongside sustained investment...

Literature review

1 Feb 2015

Provides an overview of the literature relating to e-learning in workplaces in New Zealand, Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Summary

The key findings of this annotated bibliography are:

E-learning can provide flexible learning options for employees and...

Research report

12 Jul 2012

This project described the quantity and patterns of drug and alcohol consumption among workers in the fishing and farming industries and identified strategies to reduce their risk of drug and alcohol related harm and improve workplace safety. One hundred and forty five farm and fishing...

Research report

5 Feb 2015

Presents the key findings from the 2012/13 New Zealand Health Survey about alcohol use, misuse and alcohol-related harm among New Zealand adults aged 15 years and over.

Summary

The alcohol use report presents the key findings from the 2012/13 New Zealand Health...

Research report

24 Dec 2014

This paper assesses key provisions of the ATT by first back-grounding its origins and contested formulation before assessing its transfer, prohibition and national control provisions,

Introduction

The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) was adopted by vote at the United Nations (UN) General Assembly...

Research report

15 Nov 2014

Geo-political trends point to the decline of the Post - Cold War order in the Asia Pacific region.

Introduction

For several decades Asia Pacific geopolitics has been dominated by the strategic primacy of the United States. That is changing. New economic and...

Research report

1 Mar 1997

Parents frequently consult family doctors, paediatricians or orthopaedic surgeons because of concerns about their child's lower limb alignment or gait. This article discusses the principles of management for children with a normal variation, and discusses a number of common, remediable variations.

Research report

1 Jun 1997

The first article looks at the common patterns associated with sibling rivalry and ways for families to manage it. It considers the roles of spacing, gender, temperament, parenting behaviour and disability and illness.

The second considers teething and the evolution in the way the...

Research report

1 Sep 1997

Eczema is a common, inflammatory change in the skin that may feature redness, swelling, weeping, crusting and scaling of the skin. The article considers treatment, anti-inflammatory agents, sedation, infection, occupation and some of the commonly held myths.

The second article provides guidance for health...

Research report

1 Nov 1997

Domestic violence is responsible for most of the violence that children encounter. The effect on their lives is significant. The article considers the extent of the problem, its origins and the effects on children's lives. It also incoporates a case study.

School readiness is...

Commentary

Article

3 Feb 2015

Terrorism is essentially a political and psychological strategy that relies for its enduring impact on catalysing a militaristic and utilitarian counter-terrorism response to misperceptions of a grave and imminent threat. Decisive and expedient counter-terrorism strategies post 9/11 have required significant compromises to a range of...

Research report

3 Feb 2015

This paper outlines Australia's refugee resettlement program, and the various legal and political questions surrounding it.

What is a refugee?

The 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (the 1951 Refugee Convention) is the key international legal document defining who is...

Working paper

2 Jan 2015

This paper examines the employment of individuals in the United States who lost disability insurance eligibility after the 1996 removal of drug and alcohol addictions as qualifying conditions.

Abstract

Few Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) beneficiaries return to the labor force, making...

Working paper

20 Dec 2014

This paper analyses how strongly anticipated economic circumstances might impact on individuals retirement decisions.

Abstract

We estimate hazard rates of retirement entry as a function of the option value of work. The individuals’ expectations about the future economy are incorporated in the...

Research report

29 Jan 2015

Foreign policy under the Jokowi Administration is unlikely to sacrifice Indonesia’s position in ASEAN.

Summary

While his maritime doctrine is designed primarily to boost the Indonesian economy, Widodo’s signature policy will have wider ramifications for South-East Asia, where maritime issues are particularly...

Research report

28 Jan 2015

This audit examined the effectiveness of the administration of the Ethanol Production Grants Program (EPGP).

Objective, criteria and scope

The objective of the audit was to examine the effectiveness of Industry’s administration of the EPGP, including relevant advice on policy development....

Research report

12 Jul 2013

Numeracy skills are a key driver of economic growth and yet, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2008) nearly eight million Australian adults lack the numeracy skills to cope with everyday life and work. The vocational education and training (VET) sector is one...

Research report

31 Jan 2015

This report argues that climate change and extreme weather events threaten the viability of much of Australian sport as it’s currently played, either in the back yard, at local grounds, or in professional tournaments.

Executive summary

Climate change and extreme weather events...

Journal article

6 Dec 2014

This article contends that the primary risk to the Australian Army’s operational security lies in the use of mobile telephony by senior Army leaders to enable command and control.

Abstract

Although not deliberate, a significant risk to Army’s operational security is the...

Discussion paper

30 Jan 2015

Overview: In the past 15 years, there have been five major national reviews of higher education with a primary focus on financing, so why is there still a political impasse over higher education reform?

In the latest Mitchell Institute discussion paper, Mitchell Professorial...

Research report

27 Jan 2015

This is the first of two reports funded by AHURI that set out to examine the relationship between structural factors, individual characteristics, and homelessness using Journeys Home (JH), a unique Australian longitudinal dataset on persons vulnerable to homelessness.

In our study we define structural...

Research report

25 Nov 2014

This paper summarises the evidence that confirms chronic diseases cause considerable harm to individuals and their families.

Introduction

On 25 November 2014, the Mitchell Institute for Health and Education Policy hosted a forum focused on the policy issues associated with the prevention...

Video

5 Jan 2015

Kate Richards’ bleakly beautiful, confronting and important book, Madness: A Memoir , describes her 15 years coping with psychosis and depression, and her long, hard-won journey back to sanity, with the help of a wise and compassionate psychologist.

In this video, she speaks with...

Research report

30 Jan 2015

The Family Partnership Model (FPM) is an evidence-based approach to working with families that has played a central role in the inception, design, planning and delivery of 12 integrated Child and Family Centres (CFCs) in Tasmania. The Model is founded upon a respect for an...

Research report

22 Jan 2015

This report provides a Queensland-specific perspective on network pricing trends and highlights the potential price impacts for electricity consumers in Queensland of the non-government provision of network services.

Research report

26 Nov 2014

The deaths of 446 children and young people were registered in 2013–14, representing a rate of 41.0 deaths per 100,000 population aged 0–17 years. Over the ten year period of data collection there has been a general reduction in the rates in the most recent...

Research report

1 Apr 1996

Impetigo is the most common skin infection of early childhood and is associated with warm, humid weather, crowded living conditions and close physical contact. Insect bites, cutaneous trauma to uncovered limbs, eczema, scabies and insect bites are important risk factors. This article considers features, management...

Research report

1 Jun 1996

Recurrent abdominal pain is one of the most common chronic illnesses of childhood. Yet an organic cause can be found in less than 5 per cent of cases. The lack of a clear aetiology has prompted researchers to theorise possible causes, but researchers have had...

Research report

1 Sep 1996

Fused labia is an acquired condition that generally affects otherwise normal girls in the first few years of life. It occurs when the inner surfaces of the labia minora become irritated and the 'raw' areas on each side stick together.

Undescended testis (or cryptorchidism)...

Research report

1 Dec 1996

Speech and language disorders are a common childhood problem, affecting approximately ten per cent of children. Assessments of hearing, intellectual functioning, Autism Spectrum Disorder, and emotional functioning will be needed before proceeding with a course of management and treatment.

The second article looks at...

Research report

4 Dec 2014

Suicide is a serious worldwide health concern and is the fifteenth highest cause of death across all countries (WHO, 2014). The Australian Bureau of Statistics has recently reported the highest suicide rate in the past decade, with 2,535 Australian lives lost to suicide in 2012...

Research report

1 Mar 1994

The sudden death of a child is probably the most devastating event for any family. The way a family copes with the death depends on many variables, including the care given by health professionals. This article looks at the practicalities including early contact, providing information,...

Research report

1 Jun 1994

The agony of otitis media, and the child who is hard of hearing because of middle ear fluid, are familiar to all those who work with young children. This article covers the definitions of otitis media, the epidemiology, diagnosis, management, implications and complications.

Research report

1 Sep 1994

Lead exposure in early childhood can have serious effects on development. Reducing the lead exposure of young children is thus critical.

In the wake of a 1993 NHMRC call to urgently reduce the lead load of Australians, this article sets out the common ways...

Research report

1 Dec 1994

The 'terrible twos' are never more determined than when it comes to mealtimes. This health, thriving ball of energy is suddenly eating nothing, and parents are perplexed about their source of energy. Meal times become a nightmare and food a battleground. How do we help...

Research report

1 Mar 1995

Our community holds diverse views about aggression - its desirability; where it is legitimate and where it is not; how it should be dealt with and at what point it is excessive. Few parents and professionals would disagree that a very aggressive young child causes...

Research report

1 Jun 1995

We now understand asthma to be an inflammation of the bronchioles. This can either be an acute or chronic process and is present even in patients with mild disease. The severity of the inflammation is reliant upon a complex interplay between inherited tendencies and environmental...

Research report

1 Sep 1995

This publication looks at irritable infants and gastro-oesophageal reflux in infants.

The cry of an infant is designed to stimulate a nurturing response in caregivers; babies come equipped with a cry that is a powerful means of communication. But how do parents learn to...

Research report

1 Dec 1995

Helping children to grow into responsible, well-adjusted individuals is a central concern for parents and those working with children. One crucial aspect of adjustment is the ability to solve one's problems and conflicts in an effective, appropriate and non-violent manner.

As parents grapple with...

Research report

30 Jan 2015

This issue of the G20 Monitor reflects on the state of the G20 at the end of 2014, and offers suggestions for the path forward during Turkey’s 2015 G20 Presidency.

Key findings

The G20 is still the premier forum for international economic...

Research report

29 Jan 2015

This paper recommends a government reimbursement scheme for home retrofits.

Executive summary

This is a paper about older Australians and their homes. Homes are bricks and mortar and more. What they are and what they represent is not sufficiently captured by the...

Research report

30 Jan 2015

This paper finds that while the NSW economy is currently in a relatively strong headline position, largely off the back of the housing market, other areas of the State economy need to perform over the longer run if economic growth is to be sustained once...

Research report

29 Jan 2015

An approach that puts emphasis on increased contestability and student choice can maximise the public value for the government’s investment in VET, according to this report.

Executive Summary

Background The NSW Government recognises the need for an educated, skilled workforce to drive...

Research report

30 Jan 2015

This paper argues that by identifying clear ideas about acceptable conduct in the key domains (Maritime, Space and Cyber) the US and China can avoid conflict without presuming away differences of interest or opinion.

Executive summary

To avoid talking itself into a...

Research report

1 Jun 1992

All infants cry - it is one of the few ways available for the young infant to communicate with the environment.

It is not abnormal for infants to cry. Some parents perceive the intensity, duration or amount of crying as abnormal, and seek professional...

Research report

1 Sep 1992

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is the most common community-acquired invasive bacterial infection of Australian children.

Infection usually presents as meningitis or epiglottitis but other manifestations include pneumonia, septic arthritis/osteomyelitis, cellulitis or sepsis without an identifiable focus.

Hib are part of the normal...

Discussion paper

30 Jan 2015

This paper investigates state-sponsored memorialisation and commemoration in Timor-Leste and what effect that it has on nation building efforts.

Introduction

Among policy-makers working in the field of peace-building, there is growing interest in how initiatives to memorialise or commemorate the violent past...

Research report

1 Dec 1992

Iron deficiency is one of the most common nutritional problems, and occurs in a wide range of age groups.

There have been many recent opinions about iron, particularly in the infant's diet. There are no accurate Australian figures for the prevalence of iron deficiency...

Research report

28 Jan 2015

Introduction: This monthly publication presents statistical information for the various types of labour market payments delivered by Centrelink on behalf of the Department of Social Services.

This covers Newstart Allowance and Youth Allowance (other) in some detail and to a lesser extent, payments...

Discussion paper

30 Jan 2015

The Letters Patent provided to the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse require that it ‘inquire into institutional responses to allegations and incidents of child sexual abuse and related matters’.

Under paragraph (d) of the Terms of Reference we are given...

Research report

1 Mar 1993

Most new parents have the expectation that within weeks to months of the birth of their new baby the infant will be sleeping soundly through the night and that peace will rein.

For many families however this expectation is soon shattered. Sleep problems are...

Research report

30 Jan 2015

This report presents 24 months of reception, discharge and custody population data for New South Wales, and comparisons between the current and previous quarter for age, gender, indigenous status, most serious offence and the average length of stay.

Separate figures are presented for juveniles...

Article

28 Jan 2015

The realities of policy influence are more complex than they may appear from the outside, but the rewards make it worthwhile, writes Catriona Jackson.

There are a few fully-fledged fantasies about the way academics give policy advice to government.

Let’s look at...

Commentary

Article

29 Jan 2015

While Australia has seen a steady decline in 15-year-olds’ reading literacy achievement over the past decade, Geoff Masters identifies promising signs at the primary level that this trend may soon be reversed.

It is often possible to learn more about effective educational policies by...

Video

2 Dec 2014

Reconciliation is about more than equality. It involves recognition of the possibility of continuing difference as well.

Overview

The Australian community has, to an unprecedented extent, become involved in reconciliation through Reconciliation Action Plans and other initiatives. There is acceptance that there...

Audio program

2 Feb 2015

As of 1 January 2015 residents of Indigenous towns in Queensland have the option to buy their homes and convert communal land to freehold. Many want ‘the great Australian dream’, but it will extinguish native title and may expose communities to the open real estate...

Research report

1 Jun 1993

Vitamin K has been routinely given to newborn infants in Australia for several decades. It has been administered soon after birth to prevent Haemorraghic Disease of the Newborn (HDN), a rare but potentially fatal bleeding disorder which may present in the first few months of...

Research report

1 Sep 1993

Calcium is the most common mineral in the body. This article looks at its metabolism; its promotors and inhibitors; dietary sources; and the role of calcium through the life cycle.

Research report

1 Dec 1993

Eczema is very common, but spontanenously disappears in 80% of children by school age. The use of diets in eczema management is controversial, but can relieve the symptoms in some cases. This article discusses the diagnosis, prevention and dietary management of eczema, while assessing the...