April 2015

Discussion paper

28 Apr 2015

Australian government recently passed a bill on a new data retention plan that obliges telecommunications providers to keep customers' communications metadata for two years in order to provide national law enforcement and security agencies with resources necessary for fighting cyber crime. In this white paper,...

Research report

30 Apr 2015

Summary

Australia’s signature on 22 January 1954 brought into force the 1951 UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. It is now time for Australia again to take the lead, by pressing for a review of the 1951 Convention and the international...

Research report

29 Apr 2015

Examines the results of the latest ANUpoll on Australian attitudes towards 'what it means to be Australian'.

Introduction

National identity and what it means to be ‘Australian’ regularly influence the political and public debate in Australia, but they are not always clearly...

Research report

30 Apr 2015

This sixth national report provides an overview of 269 Australian Government-funded organisations that aim to improve the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It presents findings from the 2013-14 Online Services Report data collection, including the health services and activities provided by these...

Book

29 Apr 2015

Overview: This collection represents a serious re-examination of existing work on the Aboriginal history of nineteenth-century Victoria, deploying the insights of postcolonial thought to wrench open the inner workings of territorial expropriation and its historically tenacious variability. Colonial historians have frequently asserted that the...

Research report

29 Apr 2015

This report summarises the discussions and recommendations of researchers to consider climate challenges in relation to health in Australia.

Executive summary

By the end of the century, global temperatures are likely to have risen by at least 2°C compared with pre-industrial times....

Research report

8 Apr 2015

Overview: The issue of alcohol-related violence, and in particular violence occurring in and around licensed premises, has been at the forefront of debate in NSW for several years. A range of measures have been introduced to tackle this problem, including those announced by Premier...

Research report

30 Apr 2015

While the NSW economy is currently in a relatively strong headline position, largely off the back of the housing market, other areas of the State economy will need to perform over the longer run if economic growth and improved labour market outcomes are to be...

Research report

29 Apr 2015

An analysis of the factors that contributed to economic growth in China in the past three decades.

Abstract

With the reduction of the working-age population and the increase of the population dependency ratio as the main characteristics of the demographic dividend having...

Research report

30 Apr 2015

This report examines how effective Australia's anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing (AML/CFT) system is.

Overview

This report recognises that Australia has a good understanding of its money laundering risks, coordinates domestically to address these risks, and has highly effective mechanisms for international...

Research report

30 Apr 2015

This poll assesses Australians’ attitudes towards alcohol, alcohol consumption behaviours, awareness and experiences of alcohol harms and perspectives on various alcohol policies.

Overview

The Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education’s (FARE) Annual Alcohol Poll (the Poll) assesses Australians’ attitudes towards alcohol, alcohol...

Research report

30 Apr 2015

Some public hospitals spend nearly twice as much money as others to provide similar services to similar groups of patients.

Overview

Hospitals account for a large share of the funds Australia spends on the health sector each year. In 2011–12, about 30%...

Book

24 Apr 2015

Overview: There are probably no other people on earth to whom the image of the ‘stone-age’ is so persistently attached than the inhabitants of the island of New Guinea, which is divided into independent Papua New Guinea and the western part of the island,...

Research report

30 Apr 2015

This paper examines the two key policy levers the Government has at its disposal to influence International Education Services (IES): the visa system and regulation aimed at providing quality assurance in the delivery of education to international students.

Key points

International students...

Research report

15 Apr 2015

The study of a pilot program to support people with younger onset dementia in the Frankston area of outer Melbourne has found that the participants valued being involved in initiating and organising activities that they find meaningful and enjoyable, and having the chance to share...

Research report

16 Apr 2015

Based on interviews with eleven clergy from seven denominations, Dr Lisa Jacobson in this research examines their role during the Black Saturday bushfire emergency of 2009 and the impact on them personally. She makes many recommendations about how church and comunity groups, with government and...

Guide

15 Dec 2012

Opportunities for play must be nurtured if children are to develop physically, emotionally and socially. While playground designs have recently become more complex, they do so against a background of increased community expectations of safer environments. Fortunately, research has shown that a substantial number of...

Research report

29 Apr 2015

Presents information on all young people who were under youth justice supervision in Australia during 2013–14, both in the community and in detention. It also explores key aspects of their supervision, and recent trends.

Introduction

The youth justice system is the set...

Research report

28 Apr 2015

Summary: The combination of negative gearing and the capital gains tax (CGT) discount is distorting the Australian residential property market, encouraging speculative behaviour and being used by predominately high income households as a tax shelter.

Modelling commissioned by The Australia Institute shows that...

Research report

28 Apr 2015

Presents information on children aged 0-12 years and their families. Information presented includes: use of formal and informal care; cost and duration of care; working arrangements used by parents to care for their children; attendance at preschool programs; requirements for additional formal care or preschool;...

Research report

29 Apr 2015

Overview and key findings

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) has identified four classes of copyright industries:

Core – industries that exist only because of copyright and are primarily involved in the creation, manufacture, production, broadcast and distribution of copyrighted works. Partial...

Research report

30 Apr 2015

Population, participation and productivity. These are the ‘three Ps’ which feature in Australia’s intergenerational reports as the means to ameliorate the negative economic implications of an ageing society.

The 2015 Intergenerational Report (IGR) invoked the three Ps as a means to resolve the government’s...

Transcript

25 Apr 2015

A series of papers given by the various speakers at the Australian Human Rights Commission’s War and Peace: The Anzac spirit and human rights 2014 seminar.

Summary

Every year around Anzac Day, Australians and New Zealanders remember those who fought in all...

Research report

27 Apr 2015

Bringing together human rights and economic policymaking, this report calls for far-reaching changes to the global policy agenda that will transform economies and make women’s rights, and equality, a reality.

Audio interview

24 Apr 2015

From the early 1990s till the end of the mining boom in 2010, Australia had a dream run of economic prosperity.

Inflation was low, unemployment remained below six per cent, and the economy kept out of recession, even during the Global Financial Crisis....

Research report

29 Apr 2015

This Overview of Australian Indigenous health status provides information about: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations; the context of Indigenous health; various measures of population health status; selected health conditions; and health risk and protective factors.

This Overview of Australian Indigenous health status provides...

Commentary

28 Apr 2015

Negative gearing is a means of avoiding tax. No one begrudges anyone the right to buy an investment property and to make money out of it. Britain, Canada, the United States, France, Germany, Japan and most of the nations with which we compare ourselves are...

Research report

29 Apr 2015

The Social Progress Index, first released in 2014 building on a beta version previewed in 2013, measures a comprehensive array of components of social and environmental performance and aggregates them into an overall framework. The Index was developed based on extensive discussions with stakeholders around...

Research report

26 Apr 2015

Foreword

Bernard Salt, KPMG partner and social researcher

There is one feature that has galvanised Australians across every generation since WWII and possibly longer and that is the irrepressible pursuit of lifestyle.

To most Australians the idea of lifestyle involves...

Article

1 Aug 2014

Organizational adaptation and transformative change management in technology-based organizations is explored in the context of collaborative alliances. A Re-reengineering approach is outlined in which a new Competitive Adaptability Five-Influences Analysis approach under conditions of collaborative alliance, is described as an alternative to Porter’s Five-Forces Competitive...

Research report

23 Apr 2015

Overview: The recently released report of the First Principles Review of Defence, Creating One Defence, is set to reshape the Defence enterprise over the next few years.

This ASPI special report explains the review’s recommendations and analyses the consequences for Defence.

It...

Research report

27 Apr 2015

This report argues that reforming the pension could deliver income gains of more than $5,900 a year to almost 98% of pensioners. These reforms would also reduce the cost of the pension by $14.5 billion a year.

Executive summary

At $42 billion...

Research report

16 Apr 2015

This study finds that the January 2014 reforms appear to have reduced the incidence of assault in the Kings Cross and CBD entertainment precincts.

Abstract

Aims: To determine (1) whether the January 2014 reforms to the NSW Liquor Act reduced the...

Research report

27 Apr 2015

Executive Summary: As house prices in Australia have increased, concern has been expressed about the ability of young Australians to attain home ownership. In August 2014, for example, the proportion of all mortgage financed dwelling transactions that were purchased by first home buyers was...

Research report

23 Apr 2015

Overview: India’s trade deficit with China amounted to US$37.8 billion in 2014, a year on year increase of 7.9% and is likely to double to $60 billion in the next two years. Since China has emerged as India’s largest trading partner and increased India’s...

Research report

16 Apr 2015

In the period since 1990, assault and sexual assault rates recorded significant long term upward trends whilst the other eight offences analysed in this report were trending down or stable.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this paper is to analyse the...

Research report

15 Apr 2015

This audit assessed whether Victorians with a terminal illness have access to high‑quality palliative care that is timely, coordinated, and responsive to their needs and wishes.

Summary Palliative care aims to improve the quality of life of people with terminal illnesses by managing...

Research report

15 Apr 2015

This audit found that Victorian agencies and entities are currently not in a position to assure Parliament and the Victorian community that their information and communications technology (ICT) investments have resulted in sufficient public value to justify the significant expenditure of taxpayers' money.

...

Research report

27 Apr 2015

MTEG is a service that involves ACER staff working closely with each country to develop an assessment program that meets the country’s monitoring needs while being based as closely as possible on a set of defined design principles and quality standards.

Abstract...

Research report

19 Mar 2015

Abstract: This paper describes the nature of digital intelligence and provides context for the material published as a result of the actions of National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden. It looks at the dynamic interaction between demands from government and law enforcement for digital...

Video

15 Apr 2015

The South China Sea is a major strategic waterway for trade and energy shipments to Asia’s major economies. It has been the focus of maritime disputes which have continued for more than six decades, with competing claims from China, Vietnam, the Philippines and others. In...

Audio program

26 Apr 2015

The financial links between audiologists and hearing aid manufacturers are so common in Australia, there’s a good chance the audiologist testing your hearing is on a bonus to sell you a hearing aid. So why has a practice that’s not acceptable in other parts of...

Journal article

10 Apr 2015

This article gives an overview of recent developments in the Australia-India security and defence relationship, then considers how the relationship will likely develop in coming years.

Introduction

Narendra Modi’s visit to Australia in November 2014 and his fanfare address to the Australian...

Research report

23 Apr 2015

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the (former) Department of Industry’s administration of the Australian Apprenticeships Incentives Program.

Audit objectives, criteria and scope

The audit objective was to assess the effectiveness of Industry’s administration of the AAIP. To form a conclusion against...

Research report

22 Apr 2015

This project engage a range of stakeholders across different levels of the primary health care system, including service providers, management, policy-makers and researchers and capture their knowledge on the barriers and enablers to addressing the identified priority-evidence practice gaps and their suggestions on strategies for...

Research report

21 Apr 2015

Explores what has driven rising wages growth, why the gains were more fairly distributed, why it’s come to a halt, and what we can do about it.

Research report

16 Apr 2015

Presents data on crime reported to, or detected by, the NSW Police Force from January 1995 to December 2014, with a focus on the statistical trends for the 24 months ending December 2014.

Summary

The report includes an overview of trends in...

Research report

7 Apr 2015

Describes the Comprehensive Aged Residents Emergency and Partners in Assessment, Care and Treatment (CARE-PACT) program: a hospital substitutive care and demand management project that aims to improve, in a fiscally efficient manner, the quality of care received by residents of aged care facilities.

...

Research report

31 Mar 2015

Introduction

This toolkit provides the first comprehensive set of guidelines for tailoring mood-disorder e-therapies to the needs of same-sex attracted people. It gives developers of e-therapies a set of practical recommendations for adjusting e-therapies to more effectively accommodate lesbians and gay men. These...

Research report

22 Apr 2015

Highlights the problems facing the Yarra River and calls for a Yarra River Protection Act to address them.

Summary The report, Let’s Act for the Yarra, co-produced by Environmental Justice Australia and the Yarra Riverkeepers Association, finds that the key problems faced by...

Research report

1 Mar 2015

ATSE believes that realising the benefits of Australia’s world-class research system requires translation of its outputs into economic and societal benefits.The effective translation of research will be at the core of Australia’s future competitiveness and prosperity.

Background

The Australian Academy of Technological...

Journal article

1 Dec 2014

The current issue of the Journal of Indigenous Policy, no16, follows an earlier issue (no 13) in collating and annotating material that is useful for understanding and addressing current issues of policy and service delivery. These journal issues are intended for use by communities, government...

Discussion paper

23 Apr 2015

A Productivity Commission research paper — based on views offered at a roundtable held with health policy experts in November 2014 — has found that there are significant opportunities to improve the efficiency of Australia's health care system through reforms that can be delivered without...

Commentary

Article

23 Apr 2015

In contemporary Australian society there are regular calls for worthwhile and informed discussions regarding issues of public interest. Entering into thoughtful talk in a group requires that participants are able to bring themselves forward in ways that enhance the exchange, beyond over-used stances where one...

Research report

5 Mar 2015

This paper describes an investigation into apprenticeship-type training programmes offered by tertiary education institutions.

Summary

Most people who qualify for a trade do so via the industry training system, in an in-work and off-job training arrangement organised through an industry training organisation...

Research report

17 Apr 2015

The Sudan conflict has been one of the longest running in contemporary African history. This paper provides an update on the current crisis in South Sudan.

Executive summary

In mid-December 2013, the newly formed country of South Sudan erupted into violence, creating...

Research report

16 Apr 2015

This resource is produced by the Parliamentary Library to assist Members and Senators with their representational and ceremonial duties on Anzac Day.

Introduction

On 25 April, the anniversary of the landing at Gallipoli in 1915, Australians and New Zealanders honour those of...

Research report

22 Apr 2015

Overview: The main purpose of this Briefing Book is to provide Members of Parliament, new Members in particular, with a brief but authoritative account of key issues in NSW politics, providing relevant context and legislative history.

State issues are ones that affect people...

Research report

22 Apr 2015

Presents the Climate Change Authority's recommendations on Australia's future emissions reduction targets, and constitutes the first part of the Authority's response to the Special Review requested by the Minister for the Environment in December 2014.

Background

This report builds on the work...

Research report

20 Mar 2015

This publication contains nutrition data collected in the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. It presents results from a 24-hour dietary recall of food, beverages and dietary supplements, as well as some general information on dietary behaviours.

Overview...

Website

1 Apr 2015

There were 12,691,000 internet subscribers in Australia at the end of December 2014. This is an increase of 2% from the end of December 2013.

Overview

This release contains details of internet activity supplied by Internet Service Providers (ISPs) in Australia with...

Research report

22 Apr 2015

This IMF report projects global economic growth to be 3.5 percent in 2015.

Overview

Global growth remains moderate, with uneven prospects across the main countries and regions. It is projected to be 3.5 percent in 2015, in line with forecasts in the...

Research report

14 Apr 2015

This report looks at the life transition period between childhood and adolescence, and the critical windows of opportunity to influence healthy behaviour.

Overview

With almost one in four Australian children overweight or obese and one in three expected to be by 2025,...

Journal article

10 Apr 2015

This paper compares and contrasts the Australian Defence Force’s dealings with the media with those of two of Australia’s coalition allies in Afghanistan, the Dutch and the Canadian militaries who recast their relations with their media during the conflict and benefitted from the new arrangements....

Video

13 Apr 2015

His Excellency Kay Rala Xanana Gusmão is the Minister of Planning and Strategic Investment for the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste. He has served as President of his country for five years, Prime Minister for seven and a half years and was a central figure in...

Briefing paper

21 Apr 2015

Overview: Franking credits are worth about $30 billion per year in Australia. About $10 billion go to households and another $10 billion go to superannuation funds, trusts and charities. The remaining $10 billion go to other Australian companies.

The international evidence shows that...

Commentary

Article

22 Apr 2015

More French soldiers died at Gallipoli than Australians, writes Nic Maclellan , and many of the allied troops were African and Indian.

Australia’s “baptism of fire” has become a potent blend of memory and mythology. And for a few weeks recently, retailing also...

Audio program

20 Apr 2015

The impact of rising temperatures on human health is a little discussed aspect of climate change. If climate change is making the planet sick, then what does this mean for the human beings who inhabit it? Mosquito borne diseases are predicted to rise, along with...

Audio interview

18 Apr 2015

Harper Review of Competition policy panel member Su McCluskey explains how a new approach to competition and choice in government services could be a win-win for taxpayers and for those who need health, housing and other community services.

Canberra's successful National Health Co-op is...

Research report

15 Feb 2014

Background: This report, Battling with Words , takes a distinctive sociolinguistic approach to current efforts by Defence leadership to bring about cultural change in the Department of Defence and establish a more heterogeneous workforce. The report describes the role language plays in maintaining and...

Briefing paper

9 Apr 2015

Growing youth employment: why is entrepreneurship an attractive strategy? Today, the job market in Australia is relatively buoyant – but not for young people. Australia is facing some of the highest youth unemployment and underemployment rates in recent times, particularly in regional centres. Structural changes...

Submission

20 Apr 2015

Introduction

The Australian Communications Consumer Action Network (ACCAN) is supportive of effective and proportionate efforts to prevent online piracy. Consumers stand to benefit from a vibrant creative industry which is adequately compensated for its intellectual effort. Blocking access to online locations which infringe...

Research report

21 Apr 2015

An estimated four to six per cent of Australia's population experiences chronic or persistent poverty or deprivation.

Executive Summary

Entrenched disadvantage is a wicked problem for any society. Disadvantage of one form or another will always be with us, but when disadvantage...

Research report

20 Apr 2015

Introduction

This report documents research into the experiences of international students studying in Australia. The survey sought responses from international students studying onshore in the higher ducation, vocational education and training (VET) and English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas (ELICOS) Students sectors, using...

Commentary

Article

8 Apr 2015

Brendan Ferguson explores the Martu people’s deep connection to country through a Social Return on Investment analysis.

Eleven people were crammed into the living room of a house in Parnngurr, Western Australia – a Martu community on the edge of Karlamilyi National Park, 370...

Commentary

Article

1 Apr 2015

The uptake of alternative energy technologies by Australian electricity consumers (e.g. solar PV, demand solutions, energy efficiency, eventually energy storage, etc.) often in creative business models, such as Alternative Energy Sellers, is already impacting the conventional major energy players in terms of declining market shares,...

Research report

20 Apr 2015

This paper explores contemporary official and scholarly thinking on aid, development, conflict prevention and strategic shaping to try to identify promising avenues to promote regional growth and stability in a tight budget environment.

Overview

As Australia focuses on its global interests in...

Research report

19 Apr 2015

Overview: The Government must act to prevent excessive fees taking at least $40,000 from the superannuation accounts of millions of Australians at retirement.

Too many account holders pay too much in both administration and investment management fees, and that the system could be...

Journal article

15 Apr 2015

Under President Joko Widodo, Indonesia's foreign policy is likely to become less clear, less conciliatory and less cooperative, with negative consequences for Indonesian leadership in the region.

Key findings

Joko Widodo is new to foreign affairs and seemingly has little interest in...

Research report

20 Apr 2015

Overview: On 12 September last year, the national terrorism advisory was raised by Prime Minister Abbott from medium to high on the advice of outgoing ASIO Director-General, David Irvine. Since September 12, 2001, we’d been on a medium level alert.

This paper suggests...

Research report

15 Apr 2015

Aim: To investigate whether the NSW Higher and Local Courts have become more lenient across a range of offence categories.

Method: Examination of trends from 1994 to 2013 in bail outcomes, the use of imprisonment as a sanction for convicted offenders, and...

Research report

16 Apr 2015

Summary: This report synthesises the inputs, outputs and outcomes of the Government’s tertiary education expenditure over the period 2004-2013 in the five largest tertiary education funds. In total, these funds distributed over $4 billion to providers and students in 2013.

Student Achievement...

Research report

27 May 2014

Commissioned by Inspiring Australia, designed and directed by CPAS Research Fellow Dr Suzette Searle, and conducted by IPSOS Public Affairs, this report provides the results of a 20 minute telephone survey of over1000 Australians about their general knowledge of Australian scientific and technological discoveries as...

Book

20 Apr 2015

In April 1965, on the fiftieth anniversary of the landing at Gallipoli, Ken Inglis travelled to Anzac Cove with a boatload of diggers making a pilgrimage to the scene of Australia’s best-known battle. As they travelled from Australia to Turkey via Egypt and Greece, he...

Research report

7 Apr 2015

This paper is the first in a series of policy proposals intended reduce Australia’s budget deficit in a fairer and more equitable way than the measures rejected by the Senate.

Overview

With large parts of the 2014 budget not passed by the...

Evaluation

20 Apr 2015

Background

Grosvenor Management Consulting (Grosvenor) was engaged by the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) to conduct an evaluation of the Living Well Dying Well (LWDW) pilot program and the Cradle Coast Connected Care Electronic Health Record (4CEHR) system.

The aim...

Commentary

Article

20 Apr 2015

The Canberra lobbying world has a dirty little secret: business just doesn't get politics, and the industry is built on that ignorance.

More often than not, the disconnect between business and political reality isn't much of an issue. Lobbyists wheel their naïve clients through...

Audio interview

17 Apr 2015

What is the real cost of your three dollar t-shirt?

If you're a fashion lover you might recognise a designer label, but can you tell where the fabric came from? Or who dyed the cotton?

A new report is being released today scrutinises...

Research report

16 Apr 2015

Examines the increased risk of child and forced labour in the fashion industry, as many local companies are unable to trace or fail to monitor their supply chains.

Introduction

It’s been two years since the fatal Rana Plaza factory collapse in Bangladesh,...

Research report

15 Apr 2015

Executive summary

The Global Commission on Internet Governance (GCIG) was established in January 2014 to articulate and advance a strategic vision for the future of Internet governance. In recent deliberations, the Commission discussed the potential for a damaging erosion of trust in the...

Research report

19 Mar 2015

Summary

The Centre for International Economics has modelled the impact of the following reforms on the Norfolk Island economy: ■ Core Reform — at the core of the proposed reforms is inclusion of Norfolk Island in the mainland’s welfare and Medicare systems. This...

Research report

20 Oct 2014

Examines the prospects for economic development in the wake of a marked decline in tourist visitors, a serious budget deficit, and ongoing financial management concerns.

Introduction

An Inquiry into the economic development of Norfolk Island with particular reference to:

- redressing...

Research report

8 Nov 2014

The purpose of this report is for Future Melbourne (Finance and Governance) Committee to formally receive the People’s Panel Report on the Melbourne City Council’s 10 Year Financial Plan.

Introduction

Melbourne is growing and changing and the next decade will bring increased...

Commentary

Article

13 Apr 2015

Business and Government have argued that we should rely less on personal income taxes and more on the GST because this would be good for the economy. Senior journalist Paul Kelly recently said this idea was 'pivotal' to the tax reform debate. In my blog...

Discussion paper

16 Apr 2015

In this analysis, Andrew Zammit argues that Australians fighting in Iraq and Syria pose a threat to Australia’s security and examines the options for responding to that threat, including through non-coercive means.

Key Findings

Australian foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq pose...

Audio interview

9 Apr 2015

John Kenneth Galbraith agreed with the Keynesian view that one day society would be in a financial position where we could work fewer hours, devote more time to leisure and where inequality would diminish. That was a view from the 1950s when he wrote his...

Working paper

13 Mar 2015

Presents new research on the objectives, motivations, and challenges of ‘innovation spaces’ in humanitarian and development work.

Introduction

The use of the term ‘lab’, more commonly seen in the physical and natural sciences, conjures a sense of a safe haven for experimentation,...

Submission

9 Feb 2015

As always, the state budget provides the Victorian Government an opportunity to increase investment to support the most vulnerable and marginalised members of our community – not just because it’s the right thing to do, but because it makes both economic and social sense. This...

Research report

15 Apr 2015

This set of resources aims to support practitioners in the child, family and community sectors working with teenagers from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds, in particular refugees and newly arrived migrants.

Summary

In addition to navigating the typical developmental tasks of adolescence,...

Research report

10 Apr 2015

The financial year 2013-14 has been seen as a turning point for Australia Post. Over the period January to June 2014, Australia Post booked its first ever half-year loss since becoming a government owned enterprise in 1989. This was a direct result of heavy losses...

Research report

13 Apr 2015

This Resource Sheet provides information about safety and good practice when images of children and young people are displayed. It outlines the legal obligations for Internet users and discusses some of the emerging issues associated with online images produced by children and young people, such...

Transcript

28 Jan 2015

A presentation to the Australia India Youth Dialogue discussing the role of think-tanks and other non-government bodies in public policy development.

Introduction

Looks at the importance of a body like the Australian Law Reform Commission—and other institutional law reform bodies—in public policy...

Audio podcast

13 Apr 2015

A panel discussion which looked at the shared challenges facing the press in Australia and Indonesia.

Summary

Aaron Connelly moderated a panel discussion with Andini Effendi, Senior International Correspondent of Metro TV, based in Jakarta, and ABC Senior reporter and former Jakarta correspondent...

Research report

16 Apr 2015

Calls for action to restrict tax deductions for negatively geared property investments and the 50% discount on Capital Gains Tax, that are together costing the Budget $7 billion a year and fuelling housing price booms.

Summary A vital goal for tax reform is...

Research report

16 Apr 2015

Explores the increase in obesity over a 36 year period to 2013 and investigates the impact of obesity on different birth cohorts.

Summary

Obesity is New Zealand’s leading modifiable risk factor for health loss. A number of diseases, including type 2 diabetes,...

Book

16 Apr 2014

The Gavin Mooney Memorial Essay Competition honours the work and memory of the late Professor Gavin Mooney, a health economist who was a tireless advocate for social justice in local, national and international arenas.

Launched in 2013, the competition seeks to draw public attention...

Research report

15 Apr 2015

A focus on women who gave birth, and the babies who were born, in New Zealand in 2012.

Summary

In 2012, 62,321 women were recorded as giving birth. This equates to a birth rate (the proportion of females aged 15–44 years in...

Research report

16 Apr 2015

Presents key findings about the sources of income for Māori (aged 80 to 90 years) and non-Māori (aged 85 years) and their attitudes towards their money situation.

Introduction

This report describes the prevalence of different sources of income, the main sources of...

Research report

14 Apr 2015

The report shows a broad overview of cancer survival in New Zealand, and provides information for 24 cancers.

Summary

The cancer registration data analysed in this report is from the years 1994 to 2011, with follow-up (mortality) information to 31 December 2013....

Research report

13 Apr 2015

Introduction: This handbook outlines the Ministry of Health's requirements of designated auditing agencies for auditing and audit reporting for the certification of health care services under the Health and Disability Services (Safety) Act 2001. The handbook also gives providers of health care services a...

Working paper

15 Apr 2015

In recent years, a series of studies have been undertaken in Australia that use static general equilibrium models with a representative household to compare the relative efficiency of different Australian taxes. This paper aims to complement these earlier studies and contribute to a broader discussion...

Research report

15 Apr 2015

To assist in the development of the National Diabetes Strategy, the Federal Government has released this consultation paper and invites submissions from the public.

Purpose

This document has been written by the National Diabetes Strategy Advisory Group (NDSAG) to assist in the...

Research report

15 Apr 2015

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The Scientific Diversity, Scientific Uncertainty and Risk Mitigation Policy and Planning (RMPP) project aims to investigate the diversity and uncertainty of bushfire and flood science, and its contribution to risk mitigation policy and planning. The project investigates how policy makers, practitioners,...

Research report

15 Apr 2015

A network of extremists in East Java illustrates how support for a local jihadi struggle in Poso, Central Sulawesi is linked to support for the Islamic State of Iraq and Greater Syria (ISIS), now called Islamic State. Understanding that network could lead to more effective...

Research report

13 Apr 2015

This report aims to give insight into the wealth of cyber perspectives across the Asia–Pacific and amplify the regional voice on the key themes and questions of the Global Conference on CyberSpace 2015 in April 2015.

Overview

The Asia-Pacific region incorporates some...

Guide

15 Apr 2015

This guide sets out the definition of earnings, and provides responses to frequently asked questions relating to earnings data in Australia.

What are earnings?

According to the International Labour Organisation, earnings are remuneration (either in cash or in kind) paid [to] employees...

Commentary

Article

14 Apr 2015

The idea of a currency union with New Zealand is a perennial talking point, and with the kiwi dollar drawing close to parity with the Australian dollar it might seem like there’s never been a better time. However, as Sheryle Bagwell discovers, there’s not...

Discussion paper

30 Mar 2015

While gender and age are often noted as being important dimensions of Indigenous leadership and governance, they have rarely been examined in detail. This paper focuses specifically on the gender and age of directors on the boards of prescribed bodies corporate (PBCs), the corporations established...

Briefing paper

23 Mar 2015

Blue whale populations were devastated in the last century by commercial whaling, which reduced blue whales from a quarter of a million to just a few hundred animals. Australian waters are home to both the Antarctic blue whale and a smaller sub- species, the pygmy...

Research report

30 Mar 2015

Rights & Responsibilities 2014 was a national consultation conducted by the Human Rights Commissioner between August and December 2014. The consultation examined how well people think their human rights and freedoms are protected in Australia.

Altogether the Human Rights Commissioner consulted with over...

Research report

2 Apr 2015

Based on a national survey of almost 4000 people, the report reveals strong links between psychological distress and drug use among LGBT Australians.

Executive Summary

A Closer Look at Private Lives 2 is a companion to the second Private Lives report released...

Commentary

Article

8 Apr 2015

Payday lending is booming in Australia. The industry has around one million customers and over 1,100 loan providers. ASIC estimates the number of loans more than doubled between 2008 and 2014. But when a small loan of A$1,000 can come at an annualised cost of...

Journal article

17 Dec 2014

Abstract : Voice has become an important yet ambivalent tool for the recognition of disability. The transformative potential of voice is dependent on a political commitment to listening to disabled people. To focus on listening redirects accountability for social change from disabled people to...

Research report

1 Jan 2015

This paper explains why imputing missing income data is of benefit to Longitudinal Study of Australian Children and shows how two techniques have been used in combination to impute this income data.

Introduction

Income is one of the most important pieces of...

Research report

17 Mar 2015

Examines sentences from 2008-09 to 2012-13 for cultivating a commercial quantity of narcotic plants, trafficking in a drug of dependence in a commercial quantity, and trafficking in a drug of dependence in a large commercial quantity.

Introduction

This report examines current sentencing...

Research report

1 Dec 2014

This paper explores issues and concerns related to the 2014 alcohol and other drug sector recommissioning process in Victoria.

Overview

In mid-2014, the Victorian Alcohol and Drug Association approached the Drug Policy Modelling Program, at the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre,...

Research report

13 Apr 2015

The project sought to understand what would be required to develop a model of CLTs for Indigenous communities in New South Wales (NSW), and also identify issues in considering a model for the Northern Territory.

Overview

Community Land Trusts (CLTs) are a...

Research report

14 Apr 2015

Describes trends in charges for driving while disqualified (DWD), to examine characteristics of DWD offenders and the penalties imposed on them.

Aim

To describe trends in charges for driving while disqualified (DWD), to examine characteristics of DWD offenders and the penalties imposed...

Research report

14 Apr 2015

Reviews aged care directives (ACDs), considering, in particular, aspects of their use for patients in residential aged care.

Background

Although most people have clear preferences with regard to end-of-life care, there is a disconnect between these preferences and what happens in practice....

Research report

9 Apr 2015

This issue of the G20 Monitor examines the three priority ‘i’s of the 2015 Turkish Presidency: inclusiveness, implementation, and investment. It explores the basis for the ‘i’s, assesses progress made on the priorities to date, and suggests policies the G20 can pursue for each priority....

Research report

10 Apr 2015

This report presents estimates of fatal burden for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians for 2010. Estimates of the 'gap' in fatal burden between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians are also reported, together with selected sub-national estimates (selected states and territories, remoteness and socioeconomic disadvantage)....

Commentary

Article

9 Mar 2015

The McClure review of Australia’s welfare system, whose final report (0) the federal government recently released, proposed an “investment approach” to welfare. This approach was taken explicitly from reforms in New Zealand that were introduced in 2012 and 2013.

The aim of the investment...

Journal article

10 Apr 2015

Introduction: Over the last decade there has emerged in Australia a small but fertile and occasionally influential group of blogs devoted to international security and foreign policy. This is not the romantic grass-roots story that beguiled US media watchers in the mid-2000s, in which...

Journal article

10 Apr 2015

Analysing the Australian Defence Organisation’s information disclosure policy with regard to an operational incident that took place in Afghanistan nearly two years ago, this article argues that a particularly toxic combination of deliberate opaqueness, stalled process, and capacity constraints have served to create a roadblock...

Research report

7 Apr 2015

Aims: To describe the characteristics of those found guilty of breaching an Apprehended Domestic Violence Order (ADVO) in NSW in 2013 and the principal penalties they received.

Method: BOCSAR’s Criminal Courts database provided information regarding the demographic characteristics of, and penalties imposed...

Research report

8 Apr 2015

This paper argues that criticism of tax concessions has lost sight of the legitimate reasons for many of them.

Overview

While action is needed to correct structural budget deficits, the criticism of tax concessions has lost sight of the legitimate reasons for...

Strategy

20 Mar 2015

Science is vital to our conservation management. Our ecologists work hand-in-hand with land managers to plan and deliver effective conservation management for Australia’s species. We use science to inform, monitor and adapt our conservation strategies and actions, as well as to advance solutions to key...

Journal article

13 Apr 2015

Examines the documentation of measures recommended in the National Health and Medical Research Council clinical practice guidelines for managing overweight and obesity in adults, adolescents and children in Australia.

Summary

Primary health care, generally the first point of contact for people seeking...

Article

13 Apr 2015

Abstract

Ten million Australians are members of their local public library, and one million are enrolled at university [1] , [2] , [3] . However, in 2015, public libraries and universities are sharing a challenge – adapt or decline. In particular, physical resources,...

Research report

28 Mar 2015

The Australian Government will announce Australia’s post-2020 emissions reduction target in mid-2015. This paper presents the factors that will be considered when deciding the target, and invites submissions from the public.

Abstract

Climate change is a global problem that requires a global...

Journal article

30 Mar 2014

This review presents a summary of evidence on outcomes from active labour market programs. Active labour market programs aim to increase the likelihood of employment for individuals who are unemployed or at risk of unemployment. The focus of this review is on studies of active...

Research report

2 Apr 2015

Presents key findings about the hospital visits of people in advanced age, including hospitalisations, re-admissions, visits to hospital-based doctors and after-hours medical clinics.

Key findings

Hospitalisations were frequent (42%) in advanced age and fewer women than men were admitted in the last...

Fact sheet

8 Apr 2015

New Zealand screen industry revenue was $3.155 billion, up $7 million from 2013.

Key facts

New Zealand screen industry revenue was $3.155 billion, up $7 million from 2013. 91 percent of businesses in the screen industry are small businesses, earning less than...

Audio interview

10 Apr 2015

The loss of endangered species and poorly protected regional ecosystems is a national crisis, but it's not time to adopt what's been called 'triage' - giving up on some species while trying to pick conservation 'winners' with others.

That's the view of Dr Jim...

Research report

9 Apr 2015

Examines gun laws and gun related violence in Australia.

Clarification of the purpose of this inquiry

In response to this inquiry, the committee received over 400 submissions, many of which were concerned about the impact the inquiry might have on the ownership...

Research report

8 Apr 2015

Provides a complete assessment of progress towards the Education for All goals established in 2000 at the World Education Forum in Dakar, Senegal.

Executive Summary

The 2015 EFA Global Monitoring Report provides a complete assessment of progress towards the Education for All...

Research report

10 Mar 2015

'What works best' brings together seven themes from the growing bank of evidence we have for what works to improve student educational outcomes. The seven themes addressed here are:

1. High expectations

2. Explicit teaching

3. Effective feedback

4. Use of...

Research report

9 Apr 2015

This report examines the effect on young adult offenders of recent changes to sentencing options in Victoria. In particular, the analysis shows an increase in the use of the community correction order, a sentencing option introduced in Victoria in 2012.

Introduction

1.1...

Guide

16 Feb 2015

Outlines how Victorian courts (judges and magistrates) decide which sentence to impose on offenders. When sentencing offenders, a court decides what consequences offenders will face for what they have done. The focus of this guide is on Victorian courts. While some of what is described...

Research report

25 Mar 2015

Examines the benefits of the Australia-China trading relationship at a household level and looks beyond the resources boom and exploring the growth other Australian industries are seeing with China. It also provides practical advice on how to do business in China from Australian businesses already...

Research report

9 Apr 2015

Introduction

Opioid Maintenance Therapy (OMT) is an effective treatment for opioid addiction. In Australia the main forms of OMT are methadone and buprenorphine. OMT provides a regular, consistent and long-acting opioid dose that allows people the opportunity to regain control of their lives....

Research report

31 Mar 2015

Presents five possible future scenarios for livelihoods, whose positive or negative outcomes depend on how several emerging challenges are dealt with.

Summary

The world has made good progress in improving global livelihoods. More than two billion people have emerged from extreme poverty...

Research report

29 Mar 2015

The Parliamentary Handbook provides detailed information about Parliament including the parliamentary service and political careers of Senators and Members, and details of parliamentary committees and elections.

Preface

This 33rd edition of the Parliamentary Handbook sets out detailed information about the 44th Commonwealth...

Submission

11 Mar 2015

An outline of the measures advocated by Victorian Council of Social Service in the lead up to the May 2015 budget.

Executive summary

The government has already outlined commitments and policies aimed at supporting people to overcome disadvantage and become part of...

Research report

1 Nov 2014

The Victorian Council of Social Service outlines out the key strategies for help to Victorians people already facing disadvantage get back to work.

Executive summary

With our unemployment rate rising, it is time todevelop a workforce participation plan that includes all Victorians,...

Evaluation

18 Dec 2014

The Magistrates’ Court of Victoria considered how the Drug Court of Victoria may deliver its services to the wider community, including a proposal for expansion to additional locations.

Executive summary

KPMG was engaged by the Magistrates’ Court of Victoria to undertake an...

Discussion paper

31 Mar 2015

The purpose of this issues paper is to provide general guidance to individuals and organisations in making written submissions to the Royal Commission into Family Violence.

Commentary

Article

7 Apr 2015

With a dramatically rising population and falling infrastructure spending, the pressure for action is growing.

Australia, we have a problem. The faster our population grows, the worse our governments are performing in choosing and building the infrastructure we need to cope with that...

Audio program

5 Apr 2015

A safety star rating system for quad bikes will be recommended to two coroners—one in Queensland, and one in New South Wales—as a means of overcoming a standoff between the quad bike industry and safety proponents.

The proposal does not please the industry, however....

Strategy

8 Apr 2015

This White Paper’s focus is on increasing competition, energy productivity and investment to deliver reliable and cost competitive energy to households and business.

Overview

The Government released the Energy White Paper on 8 April 2015.

The White Paper’s focus is on...

Commentary

Article

7 Apr 2015

As a small state New Zealand benefits from a strong rules-based order which, through negotiated agreements and a growing body of law, limits what the strong can extract from the weak.

.

New Zealanders, and their governments, like foreign policy to be...

Audio program

5 Apr 2015

More than 165 thousand New Zealanders had non-urgent or elective surgery last year - 60 per cent more than in 2003.

They were the ones who got through the complex and poorly understood system for choosing which patients are most in need of non-acute...

Research report

8 Apr 2015

This forecast finds strong employment demand in New Zealand in the near term in response to domestic-focused growth supported by strong activities in the construction, business services and hospitality industries.

Background

This report presents employment forecasts over the 3 years to March...

Research report

7 Apr 2015

Describes different models for general practice care for patients in residential aged care facilities.

Background Provision of timely and high-quality general practitioner (GP) services to patients in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) is essential for this group of patients as they have high...

Research report

31 Mar 2015

The growth of collaborative research practices in a connected era, and latterly a rise in funder mandates, have fuelled a rapid increase in interest in sharing research data.

Research data is recognised as being central to research and disseminating, sharing and enabling access to...

Research report

10 Dec 2014

The Australian Industry Report is a new initiative of the Department of Industry’s Office of the Chief Economist. The report provides an overview and analysis of the major economic factors affecting Australia’s industries.

The Australian economy is home to some 2 million actively trading...

Research report

4 Nov 2014

Is gas still a cheap energy to use at home? Under what circumstances should you consider switching from gas to efficient electric appliances? These are some of the questions posed and answered in this new report on the use of gas for Australian households....

Research report

1 Dec 2008

This report explores the complementary roles of music therapy and community music for people with disabilities. It compares two existing music programs through The Salvation Army Brunswick and Able Australia, in order to identify overlap and points of distinction. The adult participants in these programs...

Strategy

1 Apr 2015

This review argues that a holistic, fully integrated 'One Defence' system is essential if Defence is to deliver on its mission in the most effective and efficient way.

Key recommendations

In order to create One Defence and give effect to our first...

Research report

25 Mar 2015

This report argues that climate change is likely making drought worse in the southeast and southwest of Australia, which are some of our most populous regions.

Introduction

Drought has deeply affected Australia throughout its history. The Millennium Drought from 1996-2010 serves as...

Research report

31 Mar 2015

This report is about global public goods, particularly those related to the environment, in the context of the global development process.

Summary

This report contends that global sustainability depends (indeed, consists of) the provision of certain global public goods, and that the...

Fact sheet

1 Apr 2015

Analysis of the latest figures from the National Pollutant Inventory (NPI), and new mapping of trends in the preceding five years of NPI data, shows an increase in particle pollution (PM10) from the nation’s coal mines, coal fired power-stations and coal terminals.

Highlights...

Research report

12 Mar 2015

Foreword

This report aims to integrate recent findings on the psychological and social underpinnings of behavior to make them available for more systematic use by both researchers and practitioners in development communities. The report draws on findings from many disciplines, including neuroscience, cognitive...

Research report

26 Mar 2015

Presents a detailed regional profile of the City of Brimbank, covering a range of health, education and other social and demographic characteristics.

Overview

This atlas, prepared by the Public Health Information Development Unit at The University of Adelaide for the Mitchell Institute,...

Research report

26 Mar 2015

Looks at asylum claims lodged in 38 European and six non-European countries.

Summary

This report summarizes patterns and trends in the number of individual asylum claims submitted in Europe and selected non-European countries during 2014. The report covers the 38 European and...

Journal article

1 Jun 2014

During most of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Australian governments developed a number of practices that ensured they and their agencies controlled the wages, savings and benefits of Indigenous people. Today, these practices are known as the stolen wages practices. They have substantially impacted upon...

Research report

1 Apr 2015

The Travis Review was commissioned by the Minister for Health to conduct an independent statewide census of bed and theatre capacity, and to provide recommendations on how to increase the capacity of Victorian hospitals.

Terms of reference

The terms of reference for...

Research report

26 Mar 2015

Provides a summary of key indicators of participation in physical activity and sport, together with potentially related key demographic characteristics and indicators of health and education, for the City of Brimbank in Melbourne.

Journal article

27 Jan 2015

Constitutional recognition and change for the benefit of Australia’s First Peoples has recently emerged as the focus of Indigenous politics.

This article critiques the ‘top-down’ nature of the constitutional recognition movement, specifically the Recognise campaign. It highlights the campaign’s contribution to the‘politics of distraction’...

Research report

30 Mar 2015

Overview: A new research paper from The Australia Institute reveals that home ownership rates in Australia are falling across all age groups, most significantly for people in their 50’s. Middle income earners are experiencing the sharpest decline in ownership rates.

Housing affordability issues...

Research report

31 Mar 2015

ASEAN's member states are a long way from achieving the ambitious goal of an 'ASEAN Community' and 2015 is likely to be a key milestone in the development of the project.

Summary

The Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) plays an integral...

Journal article

18 Mar 2015

The purpose of this paper is to conceptualise a decolonising prison quality research method that is respectful of and culturally sensitive to Australian First Peoples.

Abstract

Australian First Peoples hyperincarceration is concomitant with the trauma of historical and contemporary colonisation in perpetuating...

Research report

20 Mar 2015

The latest figures from a report by the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) on the National Assessment Program in Civics and Citizenship (NAP-CC), released by the Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) reveal that half of the Year 6 and Year 10 students...

Research report

19 Mar 2015

This inquiry examined incentives to privatise state or territory assets and recycle the proceeds into new infrastructure.

Introduction

The Economics References Committee examined:

Incentives to privatise state or territory assets and recycle the proceeds into new infrastructure, with particular reference to:...

Audio presentation

26 Mar 2015

We live in an information rich age, our education levels have increased dramatically over the last few decades, so why hasn’t this led to a similar improvement in the quality of public debate?

Barry Jones considers this paradox and offers his thoughts on how...