May 2015

Literature review

27 May 2015

Many Indigenous organisations in urban, rural and remote areas are successfully managing a broad range of programs and services for their communities. This paper reviews available literature on Indigenous community-managed programs and organisations and summarises what is working in successful community-managed programs. It also considers...

Research report

1 Sep 2014

The report includes identification of important issues which cross the three Community Visitor Program streams: Disability Services, Residential Services, and, Mental Health.

Introduction

Community Visitors are independent volunteers who safeguard the interests of people with a disability. The findings have been drawn...

Journal article

27 May 2015

This article adds to the emerging empirical literature on citizen co-production. Based on a telephone survey of 1000 Australian adults, it replicates a five-country European study focusing on three policy domains: neighbourhood safety, environment, and health (Loeffler et al. 2008). It shows that individually performed...

Journal article

15 Jun 2016

This paper explores the features of public budgeting that make it resistant to efforts to balance central oversight and situational flexibility. Its aim is to help explain why systemic efforts at budget modernisation in the name of ‘devolution’ may have failed to deliver expanded budget...

Briefing paper

29 May 2015

In 2012 around 27 per cent (27.1%) of all children and young people lived in regional and remote areas of WA. Around 60 per cent (61.6%) of Aboriginal children and young people 0 to 19 years live in regional and remote areas.

In a...

Research report

28 May 2015

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the consumer protection framework for domestic building construction.

Summary

The audit examined the performance of Victorian Building Authority, Building Practitioners Board, Consumer Affairs Victoria and Victorian Managed Insurance Authority as they provide functions key to building...

Research report

28 May 2015

This report comments on the financial results, trends and risks arising from audits of TAFE financial and performance statements, and the financial statements of the 16 entities they control.

Summary

This report comments on the outcomes of the 2014 financial audits of...

Research report

27 May 2015

This report sets out the key outcomes from financial audits of the eight universities and their 51 controlled entities for the year ending 31 December 2014.

Summary

Parliament, and the citizens of Victoria, can have confidence in the 2014 financial reports of...

Research report

27 May 2015

This audit focused on early intervention services provided through the Child and Family Information, Referral and Support Teams and Integrated Family Services system. It examined whether families can readily access these services and whether services are leading to positive outcomes for vulnerable families.

...

Research report

29 May 2015

The Couch Surfing Secondary Students (CSSS): Yarra Ranges Youth Homelessness Prevention Project has developed out of a research partnership between Anchor Youth Services, the Outer Eastern Local Learning and Employment Network (OELLEN), Swinburne University and the University of Western Australia Centre for Social Impact....

Research report

25 May 2015

This project sets our the preconditions and best practice principles for establishing social licence to operate.

Introduction

The main objective of the research was to identify the preconditions necessary for utility-scale solar installations to have a social licence to operate in Australia....

Briefing paper

5 May 2015

The Climate Institute's May update on the most recent developmentson new targets and other policies.

Overview

In the lead-up to the Paris climate talks in November, countries are advancing their domestic climate and clean energy efforts and developing their post-2020 emission reduction targets....

Working paper

25 May 2015

This study explores the subjective wellbeing of Indigenous Australians.

Abstract

Report focusses on mean levels of self-reported life satisfaction, inequality in life satisfaction within the Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian populations, and the prevalence and severity of dissatisfaction with one’s life. Evidence on...

Working paper

25 May 2015

Using a range of data—including the newly released Australian Census Longitudinal Dataset—this report presents a profile of Indigenous tertiary students and higher educational outcomes.

Abstract

This report shows that substantially more people who identified as being Indigenous were undertaking tertiary studies, or...

Research report

22 May 2015

From 2011 to 2014 a set of five national priorities directed research into selected aspects of Australia’s tertiary education and training sector. The body of work published by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) over this period has explored many of the challenges...

Research report

24 Mar 2015

This project explores the important relationship between the United States and Australia.

Summary

The United States and Australia share historical ties from the 19th century. The two countries fought alongside each other in the First World War and have been formal allies...

Research report

5 Nov 2013

The quest for gender equality in the workplace is an ongoing struggle in a “Good Society”. In most countries around the world women remain in the minority when it comes to senior positions in both the public and private sectors (e.g. OECD 2009; McKinsey and...

Working paper

26 Nov 2014

Executive Summary

Recent experience shows that action to improve the efficiency and outcomes of city transport systems, linked to well-planned urban development, can deliver substantial economic, social and environmental benefits to the community and to government.

The Australian Capital Territory Government is...

Conference paper

20 May 2015

A day-long stakeholder dialogue was held on 5 March, 2015 to consider the factors which influence the uptake of self-managed funding by people with a long-term disability, and identify barriers and facilitators to the implementation and uptake of self-managed funding. Sixteen people participated. Discussions noted...

Discussion paper

26 May 2015

PHN Discussion Paper #2 – Mental Health notes a key role for Primary Health Networks in realising effective and lasting improvement in mental health outcomes, through adopting a person-centred approach in service design and enabling integration across service providers in local health systems. The...

Journal article

27 May 2015

This paper examines how Foucault's (1979) concept of the panopticon coexists in a dyadic relationship of social control with the system of the contemporary mass media – the “synopticon” (Mathiesen, 1997), and the relevance and significance of this dyad of social control to public health....

Thesis

1 Nov 2006

Australia has experienced high growth in internet usage and online dating (OD) in recent years. OD is used for seeking romantic and sexual partners. Australia has also recently experienced increases in the incidence and prevalence of some sexually transmissible infections (STIs). Risk factors for STIs...

Data portal

20 May 2015

The cybercrime repository is a central data repository of cybercrime laws and lessons learned for the purposes of facilitating the continued assessment of needs and criminal justice capabilities and the delivery and coordination of technical assistance.

During a side event at the 24th Commission...

Research report

26 May 2015

The demand for synthetic drugs in East and Southeast Asia and Oceania continues to rise, while rapid economic integration is creating new opportunities for transnational criminal groups to expand the illicit drug trade, warns the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in this...

Briefing paper

28 May 2015

Education is a key influence on a child’s life. It can assist them to realise their full potential and make positive, informed choices.

While there have been improvements in some educational outcomes, Aboriginal students continue to be the most educationally disadvantaged student group in...

Research report

27 May 2015

The results from the study reveal a bleak picture of entrenched and persistent poverty and disadvantage for a significant proportion of people who access Salvation Army ER and support services.

Executive Summary

This Economic and Social Impact Survey (ESIS) 2015 is the...

Research report

8 Apr 2015

Examines the potential of listening to conversations taking place about immigration on Twitter.

Summary

Over the last fifteen years, immigration has become an increasingly important political issue in the United Kingdom – with growing concern among the settled population about its economic...

Discussion paper

26 May 2015

Citizenship is a cornerstone of Australia’s inclusive and pluralist democracy. Together we have built a modern nation on the idea that people can get ahead if they are prepared to ‘have a go’. Still, in a world in which terrorists are reaching out to our...

Research report

26 May 2015

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare developed a national data standards strategy and implementation plan to enhance the comparability, quality and coherence of information across the Australian education and training sectors, including early childhood education, school education, vocational education and training (VET) and higher...

Discussion paper

5 May 2015

Australian governments are the primary investors, infrastructure owners and operators in the Australian water sector. Population growth, historic underinvestment in water infrastructure, water security, climate change and increasing environmental and public health regulation mean that considerable investment in the sector is needed in the future....

Research report

27 May 2015

Overview: This e-brief offers an overview of the legal position in respect to e-cigarettes, along with a summary of research findings and viewpoints in the contemporary debate. It starts with a descriptive comment on e-cigarettes, making the point that e-cigarettes come in many forms,...

Strategy

27 May 2015

Disability-inclusive development is a priority for Australia’s international engagement. This strategy – Development for All 2015-2020: Strategy for strengthening disability-inclusive development in Australia’s aid program – responds to the agenda set out in DFAT’s development policy, and aims to promote improved quality of life of...

Audio program

27 May 2015

There are an estimated 100 Australians fighting in the Middle East with terror groups like Islamic State. About 50 of them are believed to be dual nationals.

Within weeks, the Federal Government will present legislation to Parliament to strip dual citizens involved in terrorist...

Research report

25 May 2015

The Indonesian military appears to be taking advantage of a weak president and unpopular police to try and regain some of the internal security functions that it lost as part of the country’s democratisation process.

Introduction

Since Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo (Jokowi)...

Research report

21 May 2015

Overview: The First Principles Review of Defence is arguably the most significant review of the defence establishment since the 1973 re-organisation led by Sir Arthur Tange. This Strategic Insights brings together a series of contributions to ASPI’s blog The Strategist written by ten experts...

Guide

22 May 2015

This guide shows how to carry out a health literacy review and build a health-literate organisation.

Summary

Individuals and whānau face a series of demands on their health literacy when navigating their way through the health system. These demands impact on consumers’...

Journal article

21 May 2015

This article examines the scope and application of the statutory construction assessment that underlies the consistency evaluation of native title rights.

Introduction

Native title jurisprudence is derived from the common law. The concept of native title and its re-institutionalisation into the underlying...

Briefing paper

25 Feb 2015

People with long-term disabilities have become increasingly frustrated with the inadequate support services provided by the disability sector. In particular, people with long-term disabilities want to have support services which met their needs as well as greater choice and control in the decisions around them....

Research report

26 May 2015

This report provides interim modelling results of the distributional modelling which estimates the impact on families from government policy decisions taken since the last Federal election in 2013.

Introduction

This paper provides the distributional household impact of the main ‘hip‐pocket’ Budget measures...

Commentary

Article

12 May 2015

Amidst the fluster regarding the rise of the so-called Islamic State, observers would be forgiven for thinking that Middle East instability and transnational Islamic radicalisation represent the most daunting threats to New Zealand’s national security interests. Yet, as production of the 2015 Defence White Paper...

Audio interview

22 May 2015

Dementia is the term used to describe all sorts of conditions that damage our brains, including Alzheimer's disease.

It's a large, and growing, public health issue that governments and health systems all over the world will struggle to manage. For example, here in New...

Research report

17 Apr 2015

The National Listener Survey is a survey of the community radio listening habits of Australians though a hybrid telephone and online survey of a representative sample of 10,000 Australians over the age of 15, across all Australian states and territories.

It is conducted on...

Discussion paper

26 May 2015

The Primary Health Network (PHN) program has the potential to make a significant positive difference in health outcomes for all Australians. PHN Discussion Paper #1 - Primary Health Network Critical Success Factors reflects on the lessons learnt from previous organised primary health care models in...

Research report

14 May 2015

The Telecommunications (Interception and Access) Amendment (Data Retention) Bill 2014 was tabled in the Australian Parliament on 30 October 2014. The Bill immediately engendered criticism and controversy that continued through its passage through Parliamentary Committees and debates. Notwithstanding those criticisms and a number of critical...

Research report

24 May 2015

The journey to a new model of electricity delivery in Australia has begun, but has so far seen mistakes and much waste. If the transformation is managed poorly, consumers will pay again.

Overview

An energy revolution is at hand in Australia, as...

Research report

21 May 2015

This special Centre of Gravity paper features three contributions on Indonesia and its changing relationship with Australia and the world. Evelyn Goh, Greg Fealy and Ristian Atriandi Supriyanto examine the changes in Indonesian foreign policy under President Joko Widodo and pressing challenges such as terrorism...

Audio program

24 May 2015

Rear Vision explores why the world of scholarly communication has become so divided over the control, access and cost of knowledge.

The outsourcing of the production of the Medical journal of Australia has divided medical researchers because of the sacking of the editor...

Commentary

Article

19 May 2015

Indonesia’s Papua, covering its two easternmost provinces, simmers with the highest levels of deadly violence — inter-ethnic, electoral, land-related and domestic — in the country. Home to a Melanesian and largely Christian indigenous population, it became part of Indonesia in 1969 after a highly contested...

Research report

25 May 2015

Under the National Partnership Agreement on Remote Indigenous Housing (NPARIH), the Australian Government provides resources to state and territory governments to improve housing conditions and expand housing options in remote Indigenous communities. This paper lays the foundation for an empirical investigation of the effectiveness of...

Research report

10 Apr 2015

Overview: In this occasional paper, the ACMA reflects on its regulatory practice over the past 10 years; specifically, the role of research in evidence-informed decision-making and regulation. It looks at how the ACMA has used research in an environment of ongoing change to document...

Research report

23 May 2015

Summary: The impacts of this Budget must be assessed in light of the previous Budget, which casts a long shadow.

While the 2015-16 Budget delivered welcome new investment in early childhood education and care and charted a fairer path on pension reform, the combined...

Discussion paper

30 Apr 2015

One of the main challenges for the post-2015 agenda is to reach universal primary education for all children. The last decade experienced a boom of social protection programs aimed at increasing school enrollment, mostly in the form of Conditional Cash Transfers. These programs are mostly...

Research report

7 May 2015

Held in November 2014, the Inaugural CURF Annual Forum brought over 100 participants representing government, industry, academia and the community from the ACT and the Australian Capital Region to the University of Canberra.

The Forum was officially opened by the ACT Deputy Chief Minister...

Working paper

30 Nov 2014

Climate change poses major challenges for all countries, regions and cities. Canberra is no exception, and the imperative to both reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to unavoidable climate changes is becoming stronger.

Climate change adaptation is a relatively new area of policy, practice...

Research report

22 May 2015

Examines the drivers of future infrastructure demand, particularly population and economic growth.

Summary The Australian Infrastructure Audit takes a strategic approach to assessing our nation's infrastructure needs. It examines the drivers of future infrastructure demand, particularly population and economic growth.

The Audit...

Research report

18 May 2015

This Positioning Paper is the first output of a project that aims to forecast future housing subsidies that will accompany projected demographic changes and the challenges these trends may pose for the fiscal sustainability of housing policy. Population ageing is a key demographic trend that...

Fact sheet

22 May 2015

Presents information about the types of child care used by children in Australia, highlighting how arrangements change as children grow, and how they vary for families of different characteristics.

Summary Child care and early childhood education hold a key place in the wellbeing...

Commentary

Article

22 May 2015

Largely overlooked in the federal budget was a measure that will push more people into the black economy

SOMETIMES you wonder how an idea came about.

A barney is already brewing over the working holiday visa program, and it could get a...

Audio program

20 May 2015

Some of Australia's brightest thinkers and industry figures on energy will meet today for a symposium on 'the Intelligent Grid'.

While many households have been eager to get off the electricity grid by producing their own energy requirements largely through solar power, today's discussion...

Research report

6 May 2015

An assessment of the effectiveness of the Department of Human Services’ administration of the Assistance for Isolated Children Scheme.

Summary

The audit objective was to assess the effectiveness of Human Services’ administration of Assistance for Isolated Children Scheme. The purpose of the...

Fact sheet

15 May 2015

This fact sheet summarises information from the AIHW's online musculoskeletal compendium.

Summary

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease marked by inflammation of the joints, most often affecting the hand joints and both sides of the body at the same time. It can...

Fact sheet

15 May 2015

This fact sheet summarises information from the AIHW's online musculoskeletal compendium.

Summary

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition mostly affecting the joints such as hips, knees and ankles. The main symptoms include pain, stiffness and limited joint movement which get worse over time....

Journal article

25 Feb 2015

Findings from the research clarify aspects of the form, nature and circumstances of appropriate judicial humour and its positive functions.

Summary

The use of humour by judicial officers is subject to formal and informal regulation. Inappropriate judicial humour may undermine core judicial...

Research report

1 May 2015

This qualitative study from the Brotherhood of St Laurence illustrates the challenges faced by jobseekers navigating today’s labour market. Drawing on insights from service users in four focus groups with 39 clients from the Carlton, Moe and Shepparton, the report outlines the contrasting approaches taken...

Research report

21 May 2015

The report deals with the key drivers of business set-ups, transfers and closures. It considers innovative new business models and entrepreneurial activity.

It also examines a wide range of regulatory, institutional and financial factors that influence primarily set-ups, but ultimately can also impact on...

Research report

19 May 2015

This audit assessed the effectiveness and efficiency of the Department of Human Servicesʹ management of Smart Centresʹ Centrelink telephone services.

Introduction

In 2013–14 the Department of Human Services (Human Services) delivered $159.2 billion payments to customers and providers. The department delivers these...

Research report

19 May 2015

The US appears to be losing the trust it once enjoyed in Saudi Arabia, as a result of the nuclear deal with Iran.

Summary

Prince Turki bin Faisal, the head of the King Faisal Centre for Research and Islamic Studies and ex-director...

Infographic

21 May 2015

Rates of mental illness do not vary much across the country - this infographic shows that about 20 per cent of Australians had a mental health problem in the past 12 months. However Medicare expenditure per person is much lower in rural and remote areas....

Research report

22 Apr 2015

A collection of reconciliation stories by staff of the Department of Health and Human Services.

Foreword

Dhumba-nganjin means ‘talk, all of us together’ in the Woiwurrung and Boonwurrung languages.

It is a very apt title for the Wirrigirri Sharing Stories...

Research report

21 May 2015

Victoria’s community sector organisations make a significant contribution to strengthening the state’s economy and society. They generate high levels of economic activity, employment and volunteer support. They deliver positive service and advocacy programs that help people overcome disadvantage and build brighter futures. Through doing this,...

Research report

18 May 2015

The AIHW collects data against a set of national Key Performance Indicators (nKPIs) from primary health care organisations that provide health care to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. The nKPI data are collected every 6 months, reported back to organisations at the individual service...

Research report

7 May 2015

This annual statistical publication presents suicide information received from the New Zealand Mortality Collection, and admissions to hospital for intentional self-harm sourced from the New Zealand National Minimum Dataset.

Introduction

Suicide and suicidal behaviours continue to be a major public health issue...

Journal article

4 May 2015

Abstract: This article reviews the decision of the Federal Court in Eatock v Bolt and then turns to its aftermath — the campaign to amend of the Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth). The campaign to amend s 18C, like any public debate of a...

Research report

21 May 2015

Men in antenatal classes give three common reasons why they intend to father differently than they were fathered: community expectations, partner pressure, and their own wish for connection with their child.

1. Community expectations: highlight the fact that fathers are expected to be...

Journal article

10 May 2015

Abstract: Academic law at the mid-20th century was a fledgling, uncertain of its place in relation to the profession and still finding its research legs. The institutional and political milieu of postwar Melbourne provided a fertile seed-bed for those willing and able to shape...

Commentary

Article

21 May 2015

What might television look like in a year’s time, in a few years’ time, in a decade? Jock Given , Michael Brealey and Cathy Gray asked twenty-five people from across the industry and beyond.

.

The last quarter of 2014 and the...

Discussion paper

18 May 2015

This issues paper examines the adequacy of current legal frameworks in Tasmania that are potentially able to address bullying behaviours, including cyberbullying. It considers reform options including the creation of a criminal offence of bullying, the extension of the functions of the Anti-Discrimination Commissioner and...

Research report

20 May 2015

Provides the context in which organised crime operates in Australia and gives an overview of each of the key illicit markets and the activities which fundamentally enable serious and organised crime.

Summary

The Organised Crime in Australia 2015 report provides the most...

Chapter

14 May 2015

This report explores ways the local councils in Victoria are contributing to reconciliation in their communities by using the arts as a vehicle. It focusses on the policies that underpin Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander arts activities of 79 councils, and finds that local governments...

Research report

18 May 2015

Foreign policy is typically a blandly bipartisan affair in liberal democracies like Australia and the United States. Although different slogans are employed by left and right, major political parties support broadly liberal foreign policy goals. Both sides of politics want to preserve peace and national...

Briefing paper

15 May 2015

Background

The Renewable Energy Target (RET) requires electricity retailers to purchase a specified amount of renewable energy (the target) from certified generators of renewable energy. Certified renewable energy generators, such as wind and solar farms, are issued with Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) for...

Research report

21 May 2015

What might television and video look like in a year’s time, in a few years’ time, in a decade? We came up with 20 questions and put them to 25 people. Between November 2014 and April 2015, we interviewed those 25 people from free-to-air and...

Fact sheet

15 May 2015

Osteoporosis (meaning ‘porous bones’) is a condition that causes bones to become thin, weak and fragile. This occurs when bones lose minerals, such as calcium, faster than the body can replace them.

Decreases in bone mineral density and changes in bone quality make bones...

Video

15 May 2015

The Emerging Writers’ Festival launches its 2015 program with a game that puts you in the editor’s chair. How are written pieces deemed publishable? Do editors know what they’re doing? Is quality in the eye of the beholder?

As four guest writers - Jessica...

Research report

24 Apr 2015

In this final installment in the Maritime Strategy Series of working papers, “Indirect Cost Imposition Strategies in the South China Sea: U.S. Leadership and ASEAN Centrality,” Dr. Carlyle A. Thayer assesses the implications of China’s assertions of control over the South China Sea for the...

Transcript

14 May 2015

On Thursday Thursday 14 May, the Hon Peter O’Neill, MP CMG, Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea, delivered an address to the Lowy Institute.

In his address, Prime Minister O’Neill reflected on Papua New Guinea’s place in the world as it celebrates 40 years...

Briefing paper

18 May 2015

Prison population forecasting is fraught with difficulty. Many factors affect the size of the prison population, including levels of crime, the number of arrests, the proportion of arrestees convicted, the proportion refused bail, the proportion given a prison sentence, the average length of prison sentences,...

Statistics

18 May 2015

This report presents 24 months of reception, discharge and custody population data and comparisons between the current and previous quarter for age, gender, indigenous status, most serious offence and the average length of stay. Separate figures are presented for juveniles and adults. The counting unit...

Research report

10 Mar 2015

This report analyses the proposed Safety, Rehabilitation and Compensation Bill 2014 (Cth) (SRC Bill), and, for a number of key reasons, argues that the bill should be rejected.

Overview

The Bill will clearly disadvantage working Australians, small business and taxpayers. Workers will...

Discussion paper

1 Jun 2014

Australia’s superannuation system has transformed the way Australians think about their retirement. But as the size of the funds increase there is additional scrutiny surrounding the governance structures in place to administer the savings of members. The new Federal Government has kick-started the debate with...

Fact sheet

15 May 2015

Back problems are a range of conditions related to the bones, joints, connective tissue, muscles and nerves of the back. These conditions can affect the neck (cervical spine),upper back (thoracic spine) and lower back (lumbar spine) as well as the sacrum and tailbone (coccyx). Back...

Research report

11 May 2015

The Monthly Economic Review is an overview of the New Zealand economy. It includes the latest data on New Zealand’s economic growth, unemployment, inflation, merchandise trade and balance of payments figures, along with certain financial data (such as the Reserve Bank’s official cash rate). The...

Article

11 May 2015

The recent unexpected succession architecture decreed by King Salman bin Abdulaziz al-Saud transfers the leadership of the country from the children of the country’s founder to a new generation of grandchildren, in particular Muhammad bin Salman and Muhammad bin Nayef.

Summary

In...

Research report

30 Apr 2015

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Attorney-General’s Department’s administration of the terms of the Natural Disaster Relief and Recovery Arrangements Ministerial determination.

Introduction

Australia is exposed to natural disasters on a recurring basis. Prime responsibility for the response to a disaster...

Research report

24 Mar 2015

Have you ever wondered how your workspace management is measuring up?

Determining workspace density is the first step towards more effective and efficient office accommodation management. And yet so many businesses are having trouble measuring workspace density correctly!

This benchmark report is the...

Research report

13 May 2015

The Papua New Guinea economy will record the highest GDP growth rate in the world in 2015 but will also formally fail to meet any of the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals in their deadline year.

Overview

This paper represents conclusions reached...

Research report

15 May 2015

This paper presents the findings from a national survey of local government to develop a national picture of the prevalence and characteristics of open-street CCTV systems in Australia managed by local councils.

Introduction

There has been considerable growth in the use of...

Research report

14 May 2015

This paper finds that detainees do perceive a risk related to drink and drug driving, in terms of impairment in driving ability and potential detection by police. These conditions are likely to result in deterrence from drink and drug driving for some detainees.

...

Journal article

14 May 2015

The harassment of politicians in New Zealand is common and concerning. Many of those responsible were thought to be mentally ill by their victims. This harassment has significant psychosocial costs for both the victim and the perpetrator and represents an opportunity for mental health intervention....

Research report

18 May 2015

Explains key trends in scam activity and highlights the impact of scams on the community.

Snapshot of 2014

Overall contacts levels and financial losses

In 2014 the ACCC continued to observe a high level of scams activity in Australia, with 91...

Research report

11 May 2015

This report lays out three steps for a smooth transition to a zero-carbon future and provides data, examples and policy advice to help countries makes the shift.

Overview

Getting to zero net emissions and stabilizing climate change starts with planning for the...

Research report

18 May 2015

Presents the latest available national data on new cases of type 1 diabetes from Australia’s National (insulin-treated) Diabetes Register. In 2013, there were 2,323 new cases of type 1 diabetes in Australia, equating to 11 cases per 100,000 population. This rate has remained relatively stable...

Research report

14 May 2015

This report argues that leaving the momentum of educational improvement to the status quo will result in widening inequality and stagnation in Australia.

Key findings:

Overall, student performance in Australia is not improving. But some schools in Australia, serving highly disadvantaged students...

Research report

18 May 2015

Introduction

The Australian commercial free-to-air television industry plays a critical role in the Australian media ecosystem.

The industry generates $3.2bn per annum of economic surplus, due in large part to the fact that it is delivered to viewers for free, but also...

Research report

27 Feb 2015

The prison health system presents an opportunity to improve Aboriginal prisoners’ health and wellbeing, diagnose and treat health and mental health problems, and mitigate the effects of harmful behaviours.

Executive summary

The prison health system presents an opportunity to improve Aboriginal prisoners’...

Research report

6 May 2015

This audit found that Victoria has not yet secured full value for money from the Melbourne Metropolitan Bus Franchise arrangements, despite achieving almost $33 million in cost savings in 2013–14.

Overview

In 2013, the Melbourne Metropolitan Bus Franchise (MMBF) was established to...

Guide

11 May 2015

Volunteering Australia’s new national standards for volunteer involvement update standards produced in 1998 and 2001 and provide a sound framework for supporting the volunteer sector in Australia.

Introduction

Volunteer involvement is a critical part of Australian society. It contributes to civil society...

Research report

15 May 2015

Presents a proposal for making the pension universal (free of means test) and abolishing the tax concessions.

Overview

The Abbott Government, as part of its ‘budget repair’ efforts, wanted in the 2014 Budget to increase the pension age to 70 and to...

Research report

15 May 2015

This report argues that the current arrangements for taxation of asset incomes are flawed and recommends changes.

Overview

Prior to the 2014 Budget the Government asked the Shepherd Commission of Audit to report on public spending. They did not include in its...

Research report

14 May 2015

The Illicit Drug Data Report is produced by the Australian Crime Commission and is recognised as one of the most valuable tools for law enforcement agencies, policy and decision makers, research bodies and other stakeholders in developing strategies to combat the threat posed by illicit...

Interview

21 Apr 2015

African-Australians can face prejudice in their everyday lives, whether it’s increased likelihood of harassment by police or lazy assumptions that they come from backgrounds of poverty or violence. But identifying as African-Australian is also a source of strength, providing community ties and connecting to a...

Audio program

15 May 2015

A mea culpa for last year, and a platform for the next election - that's the report card on this week's 2015 federal budget.

Last night, Opposition Leader Bill Shorten gave his budget reply speech, promising new spending and directly targeting Tony Abbott....

Commentary

Article

18 May 2015

There's an old saying that as a nation we handle economic adversity far better than prosperity. And a credit downgrade may be just the catalyst required to spark Canberra into action, writes Ian Verrender .

Could do better. It's the phrase that's ruined...

Guide

30 Mar 2015

Abstract

The use of cloud storage in digital preservation is a rapidly evolving field and this guidance explores how it is developing, emerging options and good practice, together with requirements and standards that archives should consider. Five detailed case studies of UK archives that...

Journal article

11 May 2015

The ACER Centre for Global Education Monitoring supports the monitoring of educational outcomes worldwide. Ray Adams explains how the Centre’s systematic and strategic collection of data on educational outcomes, and factors related to those outcomes, can be used to inform policy aimed at improving educational...

Research report

1 May 2015

Key Points

This report examines the impact of tertiary entry scores, socio-economic status and other factors on the first year performance of higher education students at Victoria University in Melbourne. Victoria University has diverse entry paths and substantial numbers of students from low socio-economic...

Commentary

Article

22 Apr 2015

In a well-coordinated and well-resourced child protection system, health staff, child protection workers and forensic specialists should already be collaborating to share information about children and families at risk of harm.

These teams should be responding to the warnings some parents give prior to...

Policy

12 May 2015

Outlines the Federal Government's aims for the 2015 Budget.

Introduction

We are building on our strong foundations with a responsible Budget focused on small business, better child care and measures that improve fairness.

Growing jobs and small business - $5.5 billion...

Guide

11 May 2015

The Budget is an opportunity for the Government to inform the Parliament, and therefore the broader public, about matters including:

the expected performance of the international and Australian economy the Government’s economic and fiscal strategy specific policy decisions the Government has made.

Budget Night...

Research report

3 Mar 2015

This report reviews the National Rental Affordability Scheme experience and other emerging developments around the institutional financing of rental housing. Drawing on interviews with finance experts and senior policymakers, as well as a review of recent Australian and UK publications, the report details 10 recommendations...

Research report

13 May 2015

This report combines homelessness and public housing data in order to better understand the clients of both. It shows that specialist homelessness agencies were very successful in assisting clients to sustain their public housing tenancies.

Summary

Public housing policy in Australia has...

Research report

12 May 2015

Summary: This report describes trends in the occurrence of injury deaths in Australia from 1 July 1999 to 30 June 2010 and provides a summary of injury deaths in 2009-10. The information is based on all causes of death recorded on death certificates -...

Research report

12 May 2015

Overview: Malcolm Fraser, Australia’s 22nd Prime Minister, died on 20 March 2015 aged 84. This Strategic Insights , drawn from posts on ASPI’s blog The Strategist , examines Fraser’s foreign policy record as well as his approach to defence policy making and his evolving...

Research report

11 May 2015

Summarises some key human rights issues facing Australia and the world in 2015.

Foreword

Since our inaugural Castan Centre Human Rights Report last April, it has felt as if the number of human rights issues facing people around the world is overwhelming....

Briefing paper

11 May 2015

Underemployment is defined as working less than 35 hours in a given week and preferring to work more paid hours. In Australia, underemployment is well above the OECD average (OECD Employment Outlook 2010), is more widespread than unemployment and is prevalent amongst women, the young...

Audio program

10 May 2015

Homophobia is rife in Australian sport. Whether playing at the local park or representing their country, gay and lesbian athletes routinely hide their sexuality to avoid abuse while pursuing the sport they love. Sarah Dingle investigates how difficult it is to come out on the...

Research report

26 Feb 2015

Overview: Footprints in Time is the name given to the Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children, an initiative of the Australian Government. It is the most comprehensive source of longitudinal information on early childhood development for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It shows how...

Working paper

13 May 2015

This paper examines a new way of detecting and measuring social action, especially that which takes place below the radar.

Abstract

People try to help others in a wide number of ways. Taken together this is social action - the heart of...

Research report

10 May 2015

Out on the Fields is the largest and the first international study on homophobia in sport. Nearly 9500 people took part, primarily from English speaking countries. Participants included around 25% heterosexual men and women.

Data collection, analysis and the final results were reviewed by...

Research report

30 Apr 2015

Overview: Place-based initiatives are programs designed and delivered with the intention of targeting a specific geographical location and particular population group in order to respond to complex social problems. Typically, they focus on areas and communities with entrenched disadvantage or deprivation.

This report...

Interview

8 Apr 2015

Barry Jones is a living treasure. Literally: he’s one of Australia’s 100 Living National Treasures, as voted by over 10,000 Australians.

He led the campaign for scrapping the death penalty, and in 1984, as Minister for Science, was the first Australian politician to raise...

Research report

30 Jul 2014

Introduction: This report summarises the key South Australian findings from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Personal Safety, Australia, 2012 (cat. no. 4906.0) in which Australia-wide and very limited state-specific information was released on 11 December 2013 with additional state-specific information released on 7...

Commentary

Article

11 May 2015

Russian engagement with Southeast Asia is certainly not a new phenomenon, with Presidents Putin and Medvedev clearly pursuing Asia-oriented foreign policies since the late 1990s. Recent efforts to expand relations with China have been teamed with attempts to expand links with Southeast Asia and promote...

Commentary

Article

12 May 2015

High quality grey literature too often gets lost in the large volume of reports that are produced. But there are ways of improving policy impact and bringing important research to the fore.

In the butterfly effect theory, a single insect flapping its wings could...

Research report

28 Feb 2015

What was our aim?

In 2014 the National Sorry Day Committee sought feedback from its federal government partners as to the feasibility of a fourth Stolen Generations Working Partnership Scorecard. Due to the profound changes in the machinery of government, however, we found...

Book

4 May 2015

Provides insights both into how sorcery and witchcraft practices and beliefs are playing out in contemporary Melanesia, and also the types of interventions that are being trialled or debated to address the problems associated with them.

Introduction

This volume originates from two...

Discussion paper

4 May 2015

This paper provides an overview of Australia as a newly emerging ‘nation-state’ and the evolution of the federal Parliament by tracing the seven elections held from 1901 to 1918.

Executive summary

• The Commonwealth Parliament of Australia was just 13 years old...

Research report

8 May 2015

Contains comprehensive information on state and territory child protection and support services in 2013-14, and the characteristics of Australian children within the child protection system.

Introduction

In Australia, statutory child protection is the responsibility of state and territory governments. Each state and...

Website

29 Apr 2015

Many sports have now made it unacceptable to discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation or for spectators to vilify people with homophobic abuse at games, just as they have done for racial, gender and disability-based vilification and discrimination.

But the fact is, homophobia...

Research report

7 May 2015

Overview: With preparations for the Defence White Paper 2015 well underway, both government and the public are probably more interested than usual in the esoteric topic of Australia’s strategic policy. In this paper, the author unpacks some thoughts about that by talking most about...

Discussion paper

9 Apr 2015

The public don’t like monopolies. And they are suspicious of them in the public sector as well as the private sector. Sometimes there is no other way of organising the production and delivery of goods and services, but we all know from experience that monopolies...

Research report

7 May 2015

Overview: New polling commissioned by the Lowy Institute following the executions in Indonesia of Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran last week suggests that Australians have a strong preference for a restrained diplomatic response from the Australian Government.

‘Private diplomatic protests’ are the course...

Research report

4 May 2015

Overview: Super tax concessions are increasingly being used by high income earners as a way of minimising their tax. This is not their original purpose. They were designed to encourage people to save for their retirement so they would be more self-reliant and less...

Research report

3 May 2015

Overview: The government has claimed there are no alternatives to its budget vision and called on the senate crossbenchers to stop blocking its budget measures or find alternatives that stack up. This paper aims to do just that.

In order to help the...

Research report

1 May 2015

Provides current evidence regarding the differing diets in diabetes prevention and management once type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) arises, including the role in management of complications such as = hypoglycaemia.

Background Guidelines for the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...

Research report

5 May 2015

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet’s management of initiatives to supply low aromatic fuel to Indigenous communities.

Overall conclusion

Through the Petrol Sniffing Strategy (PSS), the Australian Government has supported initiatives to reduce the...

Research report

8 May 2015

This report argues that Australia's housing market is not meeting the needs of all Australians, which is reflected in declining home ownership rates, and recommends extensive reforms.

Executive summary

In this report, the committee underscores the importance of affordable, secure and suitable...

Commentary

Article

11 May 2015

As with any language or dialect, Australian English has its share of idiomatic expressions in which simple-seeming words come together to produce a meaning inexplicable without cultural translation and therefore destined to mystify newcomers to the language. It might even be the reason such expressions...

Journal article

30 Oct 2008

Bangladesh is one of the signatories to the Millennium Declaration 2000, of which, improving maternal health is one of eight goals. Along with the global targets of reducing maternal mortality rate by three quarters between 1990 and 2015, Bangladesh has set some additional targets for...

Discussion paper

1 Feb 2015

Overview: For many Papua New Guineans, the dominant accounts of ‘the economy’ – contained within development reports, government documents and the media – do not adequately reflect their experiences of making a living. Large-scale resource extraction, the private sector, export cash cropping and wage...

Research report

1 May 2015

Overview: This Wesley report sheds new light on the impact financial stress is having on individuals and families in New South Wales. While Australia has benefited from a strong economy since the Global Financial Crisis (GFC), it seems the afterglow of the resources boom...

Research report

20 Apr 2015

Overview: How are Australia's states and territories performing? Each quarter CommSec assesses the overall economic performance of each jurisdiction on eight key indicators: economic growth; retail spending; equipment investment; unemployment; construction work done; population growth; housing finance; and dwelling commencements.

Just as the...

Research report

6 May 2015

Overview: This audit assessed whether the Department of Health & Human Services (DHHS), WorkSafe, Ambulance Victoria (AV) and health services are adequately protecting healthcare workers from the risks and incidence of occupational violence.

All audited agencies have implemented improvements aimed at preventing and...

Audio interview

3 May 2015

Alcohol damage to unborn children has been described as one of New Zealand's biggest preventable health problems but it appears nobody knows the size of the problem or is actively trying to find out.

Eighteen months ago, the New Zealand government committed itself to...

Article

29 Apr 2015

For decades New Zealand’s trade diplomacy outlook was decidedly gloomy. Yet, soon, the country could have preferential trade deals with 5 out of the top 5 export destinations and 17 out of the top 20.

Bilateral deals like the 2008 one with China (New...

Journal article

29 Apr 2015

The Audit of Disability Research in Australia (hereafter the Audit) identified research about people with disabilities, including psychosocial disability, and their families and carers living in Australia. The Audit covered both scientific and grey literature published in Australia between the years 2000–2013.

Because the...

Research report

19 Sep 2014

Executive summary

This report is part of the global Deep Decarbonization Pathways Project (DDPP), which aims to understand and show how countries can transition to a very low carbon economy. The project comprises 15 countries representing more than 70% of global greenhouse gas...

Commentary

Article

8 May 2015

The different legal and moral justifications for state-sanctioned killing between citizen/criminal/internal/law enforcement and alien/armed conflict/overseas/military contexts have become increasingly blurred as the state has struggled to respond in a measured and effective way to the threat of extreme and indiscriminate ideologically-motivated violence against members of...

Research report

5 May 2015

Updates Mouzos and Rushforth’s (2003) findings describing characteristics of domestic/family homicides in Australia from 1 July 2002 to 30 June 2012.

Introduction

In 2003, the Australian Institute of Criminology published a report that drew attention to the characteristics of domestic/family homicide based...

Research report

5 May 2015

Abstract: Describes selected characteristics of Indigenous and non-Indigenous homicides as recorded within the Australian Institute of Criminology’s National Homicide Monitoring Program from 1 July 1989 to 30 June 2012.

Research report

5 May 2015

This report describes patterns of dispensing of respiratory medications in Australia through detailed analyses of Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme data, as well as other sources, to draw inferences about respiratory medication use among patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Summary

This...

Transcript

5 May 2015

Abstract

This paper sets out the topics and themes to be examined at the second and final workshop (hosted by the National Security Council) which discussed the challenges to Australian research and development in cyber security.

The three main topics are:...

Discussion paper

5 May 2015

Summary

In revisiting the Modi Government’s domestic and international agenda, this paper canvasses opportunities for Australia to build Indian confidence and trust, and benefit by pursuing substantive ties that also necessitates setting aside Australian concerns about doing business in India. Modi’s round of...

Report

30 Apr 2015

This report surveys private rental housing available across Australia; and tests its suitability – the cost and size – for different low income household types: couples, single parents and children, young people, pensioners, job seekers and people on the minimum wage.

This time members...

Research report

6 May 2015

This report provides a thorough analysis of compliance activity that has taken place by the Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission from December 2012 until December 2014.

Foreword

This report uses aggregated data and de-identified information to give readers an insight into the...

Guide

5 May 2015

This Quick Guide provides a brief background to Australia’s preferential trade agreements (PTAs; often referred to as free trade agreements), in particular what they are, what they cover and commentary on whether they have been effective in increasing Australia’s wider economic welfare.

What...

Evaluation

7 May 2015

Intervention Orders and the Intervention Response Model: Evaluation Report 1

This report outlines the findings from a process evaluation of the first year of operation of Intervention Orders and the Intervention Response Model, conducted in 2012. The report is the first of three...

Briefing paper

15 Apr 2015

A majority of the High Court has dismissed appeal from the decision of the NSWCA relating to the powers of the Independent Commission against Corruption under the Independent Commission against Corruption Act 1988 (NSW).

Introduction

Since its establishment in 1988, the Independent...

Briefing paper

5 May 2015

This briefing paper defines domestic and family violence, outlines NSW Government strategies, and, provides a snapshot of recent developments federally and in Queensland and Victoria.

Executive summary

Domestic and family violence is an all too common crime in NSW, as it is...

Website

4 May 2015

Summary

An interactive word cloud, drawn together based on conversations taking place on Twitter right now.

Research report

17 Apr 2015

Summary

The Swinburne Leadership Survey is the flagship research program of the Swinburne Leadership Institute that examines Australian’s beliefs about the nation’s leaders and citizens. Conducted in late 2014, the Swinburne Leadership Survey is a benchmark study and underpins our goal of contributing...

Audio program

11 Nov 2014

Summary

Americans have a long history of predicting the demise of their nation, only to be proven wrong. However, with a gridlocked government and the rise of China, some observers believe the United States may actually be entering a period of long-term decline....

Website

6 May 2015

Abstract

This publication provides estimates of apparent consumption of alcohol based on the availability of alcoholic beverages in Australia. It provides estimates of the quantity of pure alcohol available for consumption from beer, wine, spirits, Ready to Drink (pre-mixed) beverages (RTDs) and cider,...

Audio interview

7 May 2015

Over the next 20 years, the global economic impact of mental illness will exceed the impact of cancer, diabetes and respiratory disease combined.

That's the stark forecast of the World Economic Forum.

In Australia, we face both rising costs in treating mental illness,...

Research report

7 May 2015

The challenge

By the numbers

45% of all Australians will experience a mental health problem over the course of their lives; 1 in 5 will do so in any given year. 75% of mental health problems first appear before the age of...

Research report

12 Mar 2015

Providing enough new serviced land in our cities and towns is the key to successfully accommodating our growing population, and is a major challenge for policy makers at all levels of government.

This is the seventh edition of the annual State of the Land...

Research report

30 Apr 2015

Several degraded soil conditions are currently causing environmental and economic concern in Australia, including acidification, erosion, salinity, depletion, structural decline and compaction.

Summary

A detailed knowledge of the state of Australian soils is currently difficult, if not impossible, to ascertain. The vast...

Research report

1 May 2015

This report addresses concerns over Protective Services Officers on Victorian public transport exceeding their powers and using excessive force.

Executive summary

Our report reflects the following themes and trends we observed throughout our three year project (‘Your Rights on Track’) which has...

Research report

30 Apr 2015

While technology and innovation are transforming Australia's economy, they are also the solution to the country's workforce and growth challenge, argues this report.

Overview

After a sustained period of economic prosperity, Australia is facing some tough challenges. Slowing growth, declining real wages,...

Journal article

16 Apr 2015

Abstract: This article analyses Japan-China maritime relations with reference to economic, geopolitical and identity-politics factors, seeking to account for the shift from the high-point of cooperation in the East China Sea, around 2008, to the current, tense competitive bilateral dynamic centred there. A bitterly...

Thesis

1 Dec 2014

Abstract: Drawing on in-depth interviews with 35 Vietnamese women imprisoned for drug crimes in Melbourne, Australia, this thesis explored questions concerning why and how individuals become involved in drug trafficking in the first place. It was found that more than half of the women...

Audio program

3 May 2015

What do we really know about men who abuse their partners and how they do it?

Overview

There’s no such thing as a typical perpetrator.

There are the family men who don’t even realise they’re abusive, the master manipulators who terrorise...

Website

16 Apr 2015

beyondblue has launched a guide to help parents and other family members reach out to young people at risk of suicide and to reduce Australia’s tragic youth suicide rate.

The Family Guide for Youth Suicide Prevention, funded by security software makers Norton, offers...

Research report

4 May 2015

Supportive housing is a package of assistance for tenants to address health and other needs as well as sustaining affordable tenancies, mostly in social housing. Some supportive housing is provided in a congregate (single) site context, but some providers use housing scattered across multiple locations...

Research report

1 Oct 2014

The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) was passed into law in early 2013. The arrangements for financing the NDIS are complex and are not brought together in the 2013-14 Commonwealth Budget papers.1 This Bulletin briefly collects and connects available information on NDIS financing arrangements....

Research report

20 Apr 2015

This consultation paper explores what legislative reforms, and other changes, would be needed if New Zealand were to become a party to the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products.

Overview

Since 2005 New Zealand has been a party to an...

Research report

20 Apr 2015

This report provides demographic information about the disabled people allocated support services funded by New Zealand's Ministry of Health.

Overview

This report provides demographic information about the disabled people allocated the majority of disability support services funded by the Ministry of Health’s...

Book

30 Apr 2015

Overview: This is the first book whose subject is the music, sounds and silences of Antarctica.

From 2011 until 2014, Australia marked its long-standing connection with Antarctica by celebrating the centenary of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition.

The icy continent, with its extremes...

Thesis

26 Aug 2011

The introduction of virtual reality media into engineering or technology-based organizations is investigated and a taxonomy for identifying determinants for successful introduction of such media, is developed in the form of a taxonometric planning framework. The research addresses the continuing convergence and integration of digital...

Research report

30 Nov 2014

This recent research project investigated the safety of students with cognitive disability in and around school.

Evidence shows that children and young people with cognitive disability experience violence, abuse, and neglect at rates considerably higher than their peers. Despite this, little is known about...

Research report

1 May 2015

Presents the latest national statistics monitoring the National Cervical Screening Program, which aims to reduce incidence, morbidity and mortality from cervical cancer.

Summary

The National Cervical Screening Program (NCSP) aims to reduce cervical cancer cases, as well as illness and death from...

Research report

29 Apr 2015

This paper finds that net rental loss, which is effectively the value of negative gearing, is not spread equally across electorates.

Summary

This report attempts to break the current political impasse by provide a range of politically pragmatic proposals that would reform...