July 2015

Research report

22 Jun 2015

Urban consolidation policies in Australia presuppose apartments as the new dominant housing type, but much of what the market has delivered is criticised as over-development, and as being generic, poorly-designed, environmentally unsustainable and unaffordable. In contrast to the usual focus on planning regulation and construction...

Research report

30 Jun 2015

Tabled: 20 July 2015

The House Standing Committee on Social Policy and Legal Affairs was asked to inquire into child support by the Minister for Social Services. The terms of reference asked the Committee to inquire into:

the methods used by the...

Commentary

Article

31 Jul 2015

This year New Zealand will become the 49th country to adopt a National Action Plan (NAP) on women, peace and security.

New Zealand’s draft NAP was released in May 2015. It focuses on five areas: (1) ensuring women’s involvement in decision-making within conflict and...

Research report

18 Jun 2014

The Small Business Sector Report 2014 is a government publication that provides a factual source of information in an accessible format on the small businesses that make up a large part of the New Zealand economy.

New Zealand needs to encourage firms of all...

Fact sheet

31 Jul 2015

This factsheet brings together previously released data from a range of Statistics New Zealand business surveys and summarises the results relating to small enterprises.

Submission

27 Jul 2015

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

As has been stated in previous submissions to Government, the Associations acknowledge Government’s desire to protect telecommunications infrastructure and the information transmitted across it from unauthorised access and interference.

Indeed, Australian Carriers, Carriage Service Providers and Carriage Service Intermediaries (C/CSPs)...

Research report

31 Jul 2015

‘Greyfields’ in the Australian context have been defined as those ageing but occupied tracts of inner and middle ring suburbia that are physically, technologically and environmentally failing. The research sought to test the potential of an innovative design based approach to create coordinated precincts in...

Statistics

31 Jul 2015

This report presents data relating to all non-expiable offences and incidents recorded by police in South Australia over the time period 2011 to 2014. The report includes information on the number and rate of offences recorded by policy in 2014. It also provides a breakdown...

Statistics

31 Jul 2015

This report provides an analysis of apprehensions reports filed for offences committed in South Australia. The data presented in the profile relate to apprehension reports filed for offences committed, irrespective of where the offence was reported to the police.

Statistics

31 Jul 2015

This report provides an analysis of crime statistics for offences under the South Australian Graffiti Control Act 2001 for the period 2010-11 to 2013-14. These statistics include offences recorded by police, charges on police apprehension reports, and court outcomes and penalties for offences prosecuted under...

Conference paper

21 Jul 2015

The focus of this paper is on social media in teacher education in relation to the use of social media for building a professional online presence and learning network. This paper relates experience and insights drawn from my own work as a teacher educator experimenting...

Research report

25 Jul 2015

The proposals are approximately revenue neutral in aggregate and minimize redistribution relative to the current economic incidence. The proposed reforms include: remove current exemptions to achieve comprehensive payroll and land tax bases, and apply flat rates with individual state rights to choose the rate and...

Journal article

10 Jun 2014

Older age is often associated with asexuality. That is, older individuals are not viewed as desiring of sex, nor as sexually desirable to others. Broader social and cultural norms that downplay women's sexual desire and agency further compound these phenomena. Whether this popular image accurately...

Audio interview

30 Jul 2015

Even after a lifetime of experience, there are still questions that need to be asked about the sexual health and practices of older people.

Dr Bianca Fileborn is asking those questions.

She is an instigator of a first-of-its-kind study called Sex, Age and...

Journal article

12 Apr 2012

This research explores the initiation and progression of new late-life romantic relationships among older Australians (60 years plus). Our research found that older adult romantic relationships were meaningful, important and sexually intimate. However, few led to cohabitation or marriage, with these older adults preferring to...

Research report

13 Jul 2015

The New Zealand economy continues to grow with gross domestic product (GDP) expanding for the 17th consecutive quarter in the March quarter, according to this report.

Latest data and events

The New Zealand economy continues to grow with gross domestic product (GDP)...

Research report

17 Jun 2015

Measures changes in job vacancies advertised by businesses on three internet job boards – SEEK, Trade Me Jobs and the Education Gazette.

Highlights

Online job vacancies fell in June. Online vacancies for skilled and all vacancies both decreased in June, by 0.3...

Audio interview

30 Jul 2015

A review of Australia's welfare system by Patrick McClure proposed that we adopt the 'investment approach' to welfare that's used in New Zealand.

The policy has been championed by Australia's Minister for Social Services, Scott Morrison, as a way of both improving outcomes and...

Report

1 Jul 2015

Based on semi-structured interviews with key informants from government agencies, businesses, and other organisations including non-government organisations and community advocates. It brings these interviews together with analysis of administrative data to better understand the nature and extent of migrant vulnerability in the construction industry.

Research report

14 Jul 2015

Introduction: Nurses are the largest registered health professional workforce group in New Zealand. As at 1 March 2014 more than 51,000 nurses had a current practising certificate. Planning for the future of New Zealand’s nursing workforce is challenging, particularly because there is a lack...

Transcript

30 Jul 2015

In this speech at the Australian National University, Race Discrimination Commissioner, Tim Soutphommasane, reflects "on the state of racism in Australian society – in particular some of the emerging challenges we face in combating prejudice, bigotry and discrimination.

"For example, as made clear by...

Journal article

30 Jul 2015

Abstract: A little more than a decade after independence, the small island state of East Timor is exhibiting the hallmarks of a neo-patrimonialist state. Since 2008, utilizing its considerable oil reserves, the government has embarked on a major infrastructure development program. However, despite a...

Journal article

2 May 2015

Decentralisation continues to be well received as a strategy for improving the governance of countries and delivering more responsive and efficient services. Cheerleaders include multilateral agencies like the World Bank and developed countries, like England, which seek to reverse years of centralisation. Evaluating the effectiveness...

Research report

30 Jun 2015

Highlights National Cervical Screening Programme (NCSP) successes and identifies key areas that will further strengthen the programme.

Executive summary

The National Cervical Screening Programme (NCSP) has been highly successful in reducing the incidence of and mortality from cervical cancer. From 1991, when...

Commentary

30 Jul 2015

Based on a presentation to a Committee for Economic Development Australia (CEDA) Forum on ending entrenched disadvantage in Australia.

Capital and failure are two words we don’t often hear together in the social purpose sector.

This article addresses capital and...

Research report

16 Jul 2014

Community-level governance is a focus in much of the public sector reform occurring in the world at the moment. Interest in this topic stems from two major sources. The first is the desire to strengthen citizen engagement in local government, while the second is the...

Report

4 May 2015

Australia is one of the most digitally connected places on earth, yet our nation is lagging in terms of our digital maturity. At the same time, consumers rate their digital experience with governments as the worst across all sectors surveyed.

According to both consumers...

Research report

11 Mar 2015

Overview: Arguably, 2014 was the year digital media content went mainstream, with more than three quarters of Australians using the internet to listen to, watch or download music, podcasts, TV and film. The challenge in 2015 will be to adapt local business models to...

Research report

29 Jul 2015

From the tiniest nations of the Pacific to a giant like China, developing countries are demonstrating that reducing poverty and tackling climate change can, and indeed must, go hand in hand.

More and more countries are leapfrogging the polluting technologies of the past...

Research report

29 Jul 2015

Overview: The delivery of Australia’s new amphibious warships, HMAS Canberra and Adelaide, is an important milestone in the ADF’s quest to develop a strategically relevant amphibious warfare capability. Australia’s position in the world makes the effort a strategic imperative, but the ADF still has...

Research report

24 Jul 2015

Around 20% of those aged 10–16 when released from sentenced community-based supervision in 2012–13 returned to sentenced supervision in 6 months, and 44% returned within 12 months.

Summary

In Australia, young people who have been proven guilty of an offence may be...

Research report

20 Jul 2015

Summary: The surge in house prices was the major story to come out of the State economy this quarter and was in the headlines most recently when the Domain Group reported that Sydney's median house price had “smashed through the magic $1 million mark”...

Discussion paper

27 Jul 2016

This paper discusses the available data and statistics relating to suicide and suicidal behaviour in women, the most relevant risk factors for women, the subpopulation groups more at-risk, the impact of cultural beliefs and attitudes about gender, and the policy environment.

Research report

29 Jul 2015

Abstract: This paper is intended to fill a gap in the literature concerning the Vanuatu judiciary, as this topic is rarely addressed other than in reports by international non-government organisations, such as Transparency International and its local chapter, Transparency International (Vanuatu), or bilateral donors...

Statistics

22 Jul 2015

This publication presents national crime statistics relating to victims of a selected range of personal and household offences that have been recorded by police during a 12 month reference period. This publication provides a breakdown of the selected offences by victim characteristics (age and sex);...

Research report

14 Jul 2015

The objective of the audit was to assess the effectiveness of the Australian Communications and Media Authority’s regulation of unsolicited communications.

To form a conclusion against this audit objective, the ANAO adopted the following high-level criteria:

an appropriate framework for assessing...

Research report

29 Jul 2015

The number, type and sophistication of cyber security threats to Australia and Australians are increasing. Due to the varied nature of motivations for cyber adversaries targeting Australian organisations, organisations could be a target for malicious activities even if they do not think the information held...

Video

9 Jun 2015

Overview

As the dust settles on this year’s federal budget, the Fifth Estate turns its eye to matters economic with Ross Gittins, economics editor of the Sydney Morning Herald, and public policy experts Miriam Lyons and Ian McAuley.

While the Federal Government...

Audio

26 Jul 2015

Overview

The trend of young people travelling from Australia and other western nations to fight in conflict zones in Syria and Iraq is causing a great deal of concern for our politicians, policy makers and society at large.

However, this phenomenon is...

Commentary

Article

13 Jul 2015

On 16 November 2011 Robert Bretherton was relaxing with a few beers while his wife Jodie Jurd made dinner. The couple was in the process of separating and things were tense. She asked what they would do with the proceeds of the sale of their...

Research report

23 Jul 2015

Recent trends in school recurrent funding strongly suggest that over 40 per cent of students in Catholic schools next year will average as much, if not more, public funding than their peers in similar government schools. Two years further on an additional 40 per cent...

Discussion paper

23 Dec 2014

This issues paper examines the current arrangements put in place by governments to support our educational attainment and particularly in post-school, in vocational education and training (VET) and higher education - as Part B of a two-part paper.

More specifically and consistent with the...

Discussion paper

23 Dec 2014

This issues paper examines the current arrangements put in place by governments to support our educational attainment: specifically in child care and early learning and schooling as Part A of two-part paper.

More specifically and consistent with the White Paper’s Terms of Reference, it...

Research report

22 Jul 2015

The latest analysis of social exclusion shows that about five per cent (about 825,000) of Australians aged over 15 are deeply excluded and almost one per cent (150,000) are deeply excluded. The Social Exclusion Monitor, developed since 2008 by the Brotherhood of St Laurence and...

Evaluation

1 May 2015

BoysTown’s Expressive Therapies Intervention (BETI) is a trauma and attachment informed creative arts and play therapy intervention. The initiative is targeted at young children with emotional and behavioural problems stemming from exposure to traumatic life and family experiences, including attachment trauma. It aims to improve...

Research report

28 Jul 2015

This report identifies these opportunities and barriers for the agricultural sector in the context of complex social and political issues around rural and regional Australia.

Briefing paper

23 Jul 2015

The 2015 COAG Leaders' Retreat with the Prime Minister, First Ministers from each State and Territory, and the President of the Australian Local Government Association (ALGA) issued this communique outlining the steps agreed to by the leaders in working towards major reform of Australia's Federation....

Strategy

24 Jul 2015

Australia’s Counter-Terrorism Strategy is a Council of Australian Governments document that outlines the current terrorist threat that Australia is facing, and what our governments are doing about it. It focusses on five core elements: challenging violent extremist ideologies, stopping people from becoming terrorists, shaping the...

Discussion paper

11 Dec 2014

This issues paper is one in a series of issues papers being developed to inform the Commonwealth Government’s White Paper on the Reform of the Federation. The White Paper is seeking to clarify roles and responsibilities between levels of government, to ensure that, as far...

Discussion paper

11 Dec 2014

There is currently no single overarching ‘health system’ in Australia. Rather, health care is a complex web of services, providers and structures. All levels of government—the Commonwealth, the States and Territories, and local government—share responsibility for health. They have different roles (funders, policy developers, regulators...

Discussion paper

4 Feb 2015

This issues paper examines the arrangements and institutions underpinning Australia’s Federation, including the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) and financial arrangements between the Commonwealth and the States and Territories. It asks questions to prompt discussion on possible options for reform.

INTRODUCTION

On...

Strategy

18 Feb 2011

Released in 2011, this 12-year national plan was an COAG initiative supported by Commonwealth, state and territory governments working with the community and includeds the first three-year action plan.

Over 12 years the National Plan aims to achieve:

A significant and sustained reduction...

Strategy

27 Jun 2014

All Australian governments are strongly committed to reducing the alarming rates of violence against women and their children in this country.

Commonwealth, state and territory governments are working together, with the community to implement the National Plan to Reduce Violence against Women and their...

Research report

24 Jul 2015

The Government has released new research on the levels of online copyright infringement in Australia and why people choose to download content illegally. 22 July 2015 The research shows Australia has high levels of online copyright infringement.

TNS Australia conducted a survey for the...

Research report

21 Jul 2015

The SAS-NATSEM Household Budget Report shows Australia’s living standards continued to increase during the quarter to end-March 2015, although at a slower rate than in the previous quarter. Household incomes grew slightly while the cost of living was flat.

The living standards increase was...

Research report

17 Jul 2015

Australia’s largest retail banks – often known as the big four – have been praised as leaders in corporate sustainability reporting. Despite receiving numerous sustainability awards, a closer examination of their operations reveals a different picture.

This report looks at the social, environmental and...

Research report

1 Nov 2013

The Longitudinal Teacher Education Workforce Study (LTEWS) investigated the career progression of graduate teachers from teacher education into teaching employment in all states and territories across Australia in 2012 and the first half of 2013, and tracked their perceptions, over time, of the relevance and...

Commentary

Article

29 May 2015

There may be many disagreements amongst UK politicians in the run up to the election but the one thing that they do agree upon is the importance of making sure the UK becomes a digitally savvy nation. It is worrying in this context that the...

Commentary

24 Jul 2015

Australia’s school funding system keeps shifting resources towards non-government schools, and the argument that this saves public money is looking even shakier

For many years the debate about Australian schools has been influenced by the claim that public funding of non-government schools is...

Research report

26 Jul 2015

A huge spread of achievement levels in Australian classrooms is making it hard for teachers to implement best education practice and target their teaching to the needs of every individual student.

A range of studies show that at any given year level there is...

Research report

8 Jul 2015

In common with other industrialised countries, the radio industry in Australia is in the midst of a significant transformation. Traditional analogue radio services, broadcasting on AM and FM frequencies, remain popular and continue to attract substantial audiences and revenue. However, the analogue platform is very...

Briefing paper

23 Jun 2015

In the lead up to the 2015 State election it was reported in The Land that the Coalition Government and NSW Farmers had entered into “an unprecedented” memorandum of understanding. Among the “key commitments” entered into were the reform of biodiversity laws and consideration of...

Research report

10 Jul 2015

Executive summary: The Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (DDA) allows the Australian Government to make standards to ensure that people with disability are not discriminated against, and to provide information about these standards. The purpose of the Disability Standards for Accessible Public Transport 2002 (Transport Standards)...

Research report

10 Jul 2015

Overview

The Australian Government recognises that access to public transport is critical for people with disability in order for them to participate fully in community life and the economy. The Australian Government is committed to reducing discrimination against people with disability and to improving...

Commentary

Article

27 Jul 2015

The big four Australian banks have received international accolades for their sustainability efforts. Despite these accolades, a number of recent controversies have stimulated public debate about the social and environmental responsibilities of the banking industry. Australian banks have suffered public outrage as a result of...

Audio interview

24 Jul 2015

In Queensland there's a growing push for better understanding and support for transgender children in the education system.

Parents of children who identify as gender diverse have now formed a support group in hopes of gaining better treatment and thereby reducing bullying and mental...

Fact sheet

22 Jul 2015

This fact sheet compares historic demographic patterns and central projections from the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the Australian Treasury. It looks at trends relating to the total population, population ageing, fertility, life expectancy and migration. Treasury figures are of particular interest since they form...

Research report

6 May 2015

In the past decade, digital divide discussions have moved from discussions of use or non-use, to a more nuanced recognition of different types and levels of access, motivation, skills and Internet use in a discourse that centres around digital inclusion and inequality. However, there remain...

Guide

12 Apr 2015

The Internet has become a popular communication tool for children and young people, as well as adults, businesses and organisations. There are a range of reasons why people or organisations might wish to publish images of people online, including for recording, documenting and advertising or...

Database

22 Jul 2015

Introduction: The influence of parents or guardians in their children’s participation in sport and physical activity can be significant. ’Sporting Parents’ (i.e. those who support their child’s sport participation) can potentially offer encouragement and support (financial, practical and psychological) that helps to initiate and then...

Research report

9 Jun 2015

The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework (HPF) monitors progress in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health outcomes, health system performance and the broader determinants of health. This is the fifth biennial report in this series. The health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait...

Journal article

1 Sep 2014

This paper introduces a policy mapping framework called Public Value Process Mapping (PVPM) that is designed to be more comprehensive than existing frameworks in either the private or public sectors.

Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to add to...

Research report

1 Jul 2015

This report compares the effectiveness of formal police cautioning and family conferencing in reducing re-contact with the criminal justice system by first-time Indigenous juvenile offenders.

Introduction

The over-representation of Indigenous young people in the criminal justice system remains a significant social justice...

Commentary

Article

20 Jul 2015

If corruption does not exist in Australia's federal sector, it would make Canberra the only corruption-free place in the world, Geoffrey Watson argues. In this lecture, the former ICAC counsel calls for the creation of a strong and independent federal anti-corruption commission.

•...

Research report

22 Jul 2015

The backgrounder provides a collection of sources on brothel regulation, including research reports, journal articles, and other commentary.

Backgrounder

The question of how to effectively regulate brothels has led to considerable divergence in regulatory models used in both Australian and overseas jurisdictions....

Research report

16 Mar 2015

This project involved descriptive analysis and modelling techniques to understand the structural drivers of homelessness, using data from three Census periods (2001, 2006 and 2011). The project utilised data from the ABS Census of Population and Housing, the Specialist Homelessness Service (SHS) Collection from the...

Research report

Persistent communal disadvantage in Australia
21 Jul 2015

This report shows that complex and entrenched disadvantage is experienced by a small but persistent number of locations in each state and territory across Australia.

Audio interview

21 Jul 2015

The postcode you grew up in can say a lot about you.

Perhaps it might explain your accent or the school you went to.

But a national report released today by Jesuit Social Services and Catholic Social Services Australia, has found that your...

Discussion paper

22 Jun 2015

Abstract: This paper provides an account of the rise and fall of chiefly leadership and the apparent ebbing of a longstanding ideology of traditionalism among indigenous Fijians in the context of national politics and of the claims made in the name of indigenous nationalism....

Commentary

Article

21 Jul 2015

Speculative property developers, criticised for building dog boxes and the slums of tomorrow, are generally hated by urban planners and the public alike. But the doors of state governments are seemingly always open to developers and their lobbyists.

Politicians find it hard to say...

Research report

20 Jul 2015

Overview: This report to the Mitchell Institute presents the outcomes of modelling the potential costs of an income contingent loan (ICL) that would form a core element of a tertiary education entitlement, as proposed in the February 2015 Mitchell Institute paper Financing tertiary education...

Research report

8 Jul 2015

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the administration of procurement initiatives to support opportunities for Indigenous Australians.

Audit objective, criteria and scope

The objective of the audit was to assess the effectiveness of the administration of procurement initiatives to support opportunities for...

Research report

20 Jul 2015

In 2013-14, labour productivity growth in both the Australian economy and the 12-industry market sector (which accounts for 65 per cent of the economy) was close to the trend of the last two and half decades.

Preamble

This edition of the PC...

Research report

23 Jul 2015

Executive Summary

Training and professional development are key tools for strategically enhancing the leadership and technical competence of any workforce. Research shows that formal learning experiences that are well aligned, designed, delivered, and applied do improve individual and organisational performance. Indeed, the development...

Journal article

28 Jun 2015

The speeches of Woodrow Wilson and Sir Zelman Cowen reveal attitudes and aspirations they would take into public life, and the visions they held for universities.

Abstract

When tertiary leaders reflect on the purpose of a university they reflect not just their...

Journal article

28 Jun 2015

Changes in the conception of the Australian court system occurred in parallel with fundamental shifts in the creation, formulation and discernment of national identity.

Abstract

The history of Australian federal courts, from the creation of the Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration...

Journal article

2 Jul 2015

Through the analysis of clinical examples, the paper explores how decisions are made by a person with Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), the notions of choice and ‘competent reasoning’, and the practical and ethical ways for interviewing a person with DID.

Abstract

Dissociative...

Discussion paper

22 Jul 2015

This paper advocates for a co-ordinated cultural shift in their engagement with access to resources in order to make peer-reviewed articles available to a wider audience.

This Paper addresses two audiences: scientists, especially those who have been traditionally more resistant to the OA approach,...

Research report

15 Apr 2015

This report addresses researchers and others who are broadly interested in gaining a working understanding of concepts of citizenship to understand issues of social inequality. Citizenship is a concept with a long history and growing breadth. This means that it is a promising concept to...

Journal article

14 Jul 2015

Abstract

This paper explores the rise of ICTs as instruments of government reform and the implication of their use from the vantage point of the relations between democratic governance, the aims of Buen Vivir, and the role of civil society. We discuss some...

Research report

15 Jul 2015

Executive summary

This report presents the findings and recommendations of the Independent Review of the Role of Metrics in Research Assessment and Management. The review was chaired by Professor James Wilsdon, supported by an independent and multidisciplinary group of experts in scientometrics, research...

Commentary

Article

21 Jul 2015

The immediate effect of the 2012 carbon price was to increase the costs faced by most electricity generators, by an amount that varied between individual power stations depending on that station’s emissions intensity (the emissions per unit of electricity). These costs were then passed on...

Conference paper

21 Jul 2015

Abstract

Dairy farming is New Zealand's pre-eminent primary industry. It achieves large export earnings but is also responsible for a large proportion of the country's greenhouse gas emissions. One of those greenhouse gases is CO₂, and in order to lower New Zealand's net...

Research report

21 Jul 2015

The report shows that overall, Australian Government funded Indigenous-specific primary health-care services appear to be well positioned relative to the geographic distribution of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and to the distribution of other GP services. However, there are a number of areas where...

Commentary

Article

21 Jul 2015

Tony Abbott has argued that “Coal is good for humanity, coal is good for prosperity, coal is an essential part of our economic future, here in Australia, and right around the world.” It seems, however, that a growing majority of Australians disagree with him....

Research report

21 Jul 2015

This paper provides an overview of the methods and synthesises findings from an ARC Linkage project that explored Self Advocacy and Inclusion of People with Intellectual Disabilities and considers the implications of the findings in the context of the National Disability Strategy (Commonwealth of Australia,...

Article

31 Dec 2014

State school education is widely considered to be free, but there are many extra costs parents are asked to pay.

Research report

16 Jul 2015

In search of new approaches to aged care, the NANA Project studied 13 residential developments in Portugal, Spain, Switzerland, Germany, Denmark and Netherlands.

The traditional ‘nursing home’ and ‘retirement village’ are not only outdated, they can actually foster separation and ‘otherness’, isolating people from...

Audio

17 Jul 2015

By 2050 a quarter of our population will be over sixty-five but we'll be living longer and with different expectations of life in our latter years. We explore the options of how to live and where to live beyond the conventional choices of downsizing the...

Research report

13 Apr 2015

This study offers insight on the digital-onlys , a sub-population of Millennials who only consume media through digital platforms. Based on informal group conversations with 16 to 34 year-olds, the study provides a snapshot of their daily media consumption and preliminary answers to why they...

Research report

30 Mar 2015

In late 2014 Colmar Brunton, commissioned by NZ On Air and the Broadcasting Standards Authority, carried out a comprehensive face to face survey of more than 700 children aged 6-14 and their parents about the media consumption behaviour of children.

NZ On Air funds...

Research report

27 Mar 2015

Nearly all adult Australians now go online, and we’re getting digital in a range of ways—from social and work interactions to business transactions and shopping, according to new ACMA research. Australians’ digital lives, the first of two complementary reports in the ACMA Communications report 2013–14...

Research report

17 Jun 2015

Are you one of the more than five million adult Australians now using a voice over internet protocol (VoIP) service? The evolution of VoIP in Australia , the second complementary report in the ACMA Communications report 2013–14 series , shows that VoIP services have been...

Research report

20 Sep 2006

The Christian Church believes that every person is made in the image and likeness of God. The human person is defined in the first chapter of the Book of Genesis on the basis of a relationship with God.

This report, prepared as a resource...

Article

28 May 2015

At this time in history there is much discussion about the meaning of marriage. Some suggest that it is unjustly discriminatory not to allow people with same-sex attraction to marry someone of the same sex. Others believe that marriage is an institution uniting a man...

Database

17 Jul 2015

The aim of ROAR is to promote the development of open access by providing timely information about the growth and status of repositories throughout the world. Open access to research maximises research access and thereby also research impact, making research more productive and effective....

Database

17 Jul 2015

Open DOAR is an authoritative directory of academic open access repositories. Each Open DOAR repository has been visited by project staff to check the information that is recorded here. This in-depth approach does not rely on automated analysis and gives a quality-controlled list of...

Commentary

Article

16 Jul 2015

With the next election on the horizon, the pressure is on to give Labor’s carbon policy a name that sticks

The Labor Party is fighting a battle over terminology. At stake are the decisions political journalists, editors, sub-editors and nightly news scriptwriters will...

Commentary

16 Jul 2015

Lost in the fog of the Zaky Mallah controversy are more fundamental questions about the ABC’s role in representative democracy

In the weeks since Zaky Mallah’s Q&A appearance we’ve seen how a question of genuine interest and importance – whether our national broadcaster...

Research report

14 Jul 2015

Preface

Britain is an open, democratic and increasingly digital society. Technological innovation and the growth in global communication networks have enabled commerce, trade and the transfer of knowledge. British citizens, companies and the government have embraced the benefits of these ever-expanding national and...

Journal article

26 Jun 2015

The World Wide Web has provided unprecedented access to information; as humans and machines increasingly interact with it they provide more and more data. The challenge is how to analyse and interpret this data within the context that it was created, and to present it...

Statistics

16 Jul 2015

This release includes information of business use of cloud computing for the first time, as well as internet access, social media presence and internet commerce.

Key indicators of business use of IT include: internet access; the use of broadband; web presence; social media presence;...

Research report

1 Jul 2015

Although small scale, this study has added new knowledge to the limited understanding of the supported living arrangements for people with intellectual disability in Australia, and to the wider literature. As well as painting a detailed picture of the life circumstances of people in supported...

Research report

11 Jul 2015

The exploratory study found that participants, including those with cognitive disability, mostly supported the broad concept of supported decision making. However supporters saw this as a complex, dynamic and frequently chaotic process. Fundamental to the process were relationships and tailoring support to the individual....

Research report

8 Jul 2015

This paper reviews the research on relationship education and relationship counselling. The paper investigates the effectiveness of these strategies in working with couples who are at varying stages of their relationship - from highly satisfied at the beginning of their relationship, to highly distressed and...

Research report

13 Jul 2015

This paper reviews the past performance of Australian naval shipbuilding, describes the pros and cons of a rolling production model, and unpicks the issues that the government will have to take into account. It concludes that we’re likely to see a bigger surface navy—potentially a...

Briefing paper

16 Jul 2015

In this paper, Antony Green provides an analysis of the results of the 2015 New South Wales election. Presented are summaries of the elections for both Houses, analysis of Legislative Assembly results both before and after the distribution of preferences, as well as a summary...

Research report

10 Jun 2015

A 2014 decision by the Australian Energy Market Commission (AEMC) obliges electricity distributors in the National Electricity Market (NEM) to develop new electricity tariffs. These tariffs must be cost reflective – that is, the prices distributors charge must reflect “the efficient costs of providing network...

Guide

15 Jul 2015

Explains what income management is, who can be placed on it, what measures it involves, and where it is heading.

Introduction

Income management sets aside (or ‘quarantines’) a proportion of a recipient’s Australia Government income support payment to pay for necessities such...

Research report

5 Jun 2015

This paper argues that the driving motivation for federalism reform in Australia should be to enhance Australian federal democracy, and sets out ten principles to guide federal democratic reform.

Overview

This paper argues that the driving motivation for federalism reform in Australia...

Website

16 Jul 2015

Democracy Renewal brings together diverse opinions, analysis and statistics from academics, leaders, journalists and citizens from around the world on the state of contemporary liberal democracy.

Established Western democracies are facing many challenges.

In many of these democracies, governments seem unable to...

Research report

15 Jul 2015

This paper finds that the number of Australians aged between 14 and 17 who are binge drinking has decreased by half over the last 13 years, while the number of abstainers has more than doubled.

Executive summary

This report examines recent trends...

Research report

14 Jul 2015

Introduction

In advance of the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris this December, many publics around the world name global climate change as a top threat, according to a new Pew Research Center survey measuring perceptions of international challenges. This is particularly...

Research report

25 Jun 2015

This report addresses strategies and treatments found to help in addressing the harmful use of alcohol in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.

Foreword

The consumption of alcohol at high risk levels is a national issue, however, the focus of this inquiry...

Research report

15 Jul 2015

This investigation reveals how logging companies have paid millions of euros into the hands of rebels guilty of mass murder, kidnappings, rapes and the forced recruitment of child soldiers.

Research report

1 Jul 2015

This paper dismantles the self-described Islamic State's brand into its constituent narratives and the various target audiences into their composite parts.

Executive summary

The following report sheds light on the strategic motivations of, and implications to, Islamic State’s media operation. By analysing...

Research report

14 Jul 2015

Argues that racial discrimination by Victoria Police continues throughout Metropolitan Melbourne despite recent efforts to curb racial profiling.

Summary

Racialised policing has again made international headlines after recent multiple murders of young black men in the United States. This has led to...

Research report

9 Jul 2015

Trilateralism is on the rise across the Asia–Pacific as states seek safety in numbers, diversifying their relations in response to an increasingly uncertain regional security environment. On 8 June 2015, senior foreign affairs officials from Australia, Japan and India, including secretary-level representatives, gathered in New...

Video

11 Jul 2015

Overview: Feminism and disability rights are both about questioning social norms and removing obstacles to equal access. They look at social constructions of the body, identity and public space. What does ‘normal’ look like – and is there such a thing, or have we...

Book

7 Jul 2015

China’s new growth rate is both slower and imposing difficult structural change. This book offers both global context and domestic insight into this challenging new phase of China’s domestic economic transformation.

Overview

The phrase ‘New Normal’ captures the ongoing shift in the...

Data portal

16 Jul 2015

UK Data Service Variable and question bank contains over 450,000 variables, with over 250,000 containing question text/responses.

Coverage extends across most of the recent, major UK surveys and longitudinal studies but users should note that not all studies covered in the Discover data catalogue...

Research report

15 Jul 2015

Three overarching issues are being considered through this Multi-Year Research Project (MYRP):

How concentrations of social disadvantage have been conceptualised and how this relates to our broader understanding of the operation and impacts of housing and urban systems. The impacts of spatial disadvantage, and...

Research report

14 Jul 2015

A levy of just $2 for every $1000 of unimproved land value would raise $7 billion a year with an annual charge of $772 on the median-priced Sydney home, $560 on the median-priced Melbourne home, and lower average rates in other cities and the regions,...

Journal article

14 Jul 2015

Abstract

The rise of interest in the social economy as a sector with a significant role to play in the changing dynamic of state/private sector relations has engendered a wide range of policies and practices that seek to both clarify and amplify the...

Research report

15 Jul 2015

The Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey is a household-based panel study which began in 2001. It has the following key features:

It collects information about economic and subjective well-being, labour market dynamics and family dynamics. Special questionnaire modules are included...

Report

30 Jun 2015

Levies and charges are taxes initiated by primary industries and imposed on the producers in that industry in order to pool resources and to find solutions to priority issues. This review examines the systems by which agricultural levies are monitored and enforced in order to...

Research report

30 Jun 2015

Across Australia, city planners are focusing on urban renewal as a major driver for change both to provide additional housing for growing urban populations and to implement widely accepted principles of sustainability. The dominant model involves renewal of existing urban areas along transport corridors and...

Commentary

Article

13 Jul 2015

Why are we angered by stories of Greek hairdressers retiring at fifty on public pensions yet unmoved at the thought of bailed-out German bankers being chauffeured around town?

In October 2000, a few weeks before the US presidential election, I heard Ralph Nader...

Audio

7 Jul 2015

If a temporary migrant has a baby with an Australian, the baby is a citizen. But if the couple splits up, the foreign parent doesn't have the right to stay in Australia and stay close to their child. It's often up to the Immigration Minister...

Research report

10 Jul 2015

In partnership with the Department of Industry and Science, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is developing an enduring firm level statistical asset that will increase the capacity of the research community to undertake firm level analysis of micro-economic drivers of performance, competitiveness, productivity and...

Evaluation

14 Jul 2015

Executive summary

Background and context

In 2011, the Australian Government made a commitment to a comprehensive National Anti-Racism Strategy (the Strategy).

The Australian Human Rights Commission (the Commission) was provided with a budget of $1.7 million over four years to...

Guide

14 Jul 2015

A toolkit for workplaces to promote gender equality and respectful relationships as well as a practical guide for leaders, teams and individuals to drive change in their workplace.

Summary

We know that attitudes which support a lack of equality and respect are...

Commentary

13 Jul 2015

The 30th anniversary of the bombing of the Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior on 10 July by French secret service agents in Auckland Harbour is a timely opportunity of the need to take stock of progress towards nuclear disarmament and to consider what more New Zealand...

Commentary

Article

5 Jul 2015

In light of the 2015 Budget, Richard Denniss dissects the Coalition's economic management.

"A year ago, the Coalition government said we were “living beyond our means” and faced a “budget emergency” that, if not addressed, would lead us “into the eye of an economic...

Discussion paper

13 Jul 2015

Numerous authorities, including governments, regulators, central banks and supra-national bodies have decided that this is a question deserving formal investigation. In Australia, there has been no official examination of how climate change might affect our financial system. Yet an 0.9°C observed increase in Australian average...

Research report

1 Jul 2015

The ANZUS Alliance in an Ascending Asia

Editor’s Foreword

Welcome to a special edition of the Centre of Gravity series. This is a jointly published report with the Centre for Strategic & International Studies.

In 1942 it was said that Australia...

Briefing paper

3 Jul 2015

In Australia, deaths as a result of dementia have now taken over cerebrovascular disease as the second leading cause of death. At present, over a quarter million Australians suffer from dementia and projected estimates indicate that the figure can reach a high of nearly one...

Briefing paper

6 Jul 2015

A number of policy initiatives aimed at reform of primary health care financing are currently either being debated nationally, or trialled in different jurisdictions.

Commonwealth Government austerity and an interest from a wide range of stakeholders to mobilise capital from different parts of the...

Audio

9 Jul 2015

Have the funding cuts to Indigenous organisations impacted on the ability of those groups to be heard in the mainstream media? And is there less coverage of Aboriginal issues than in the past?

Briefing paper

5 Jun 2015

The past thirty years have seen tremendous growth in the capabilities and reach of information and communication technologies (ICTs). The Internet, especially, has become a critical enabler of social and economic change, transforming how government, business and citizens interact and offering new ways of addressing...

Website

5 Jul 2015

A list of project descriptions and videos for the GovHack competition 2015.

Now in its fifth year, GovHack has grown from a small data mashup event in 2009 to a huge international competition that brings over 1800 people together to innovate, collaborate and apply...

Research report

13 Jul 2015

An emissions reduction target of 40-60% by 2030 would be the bare minimum for Australia to keep pace with its major trading partners and do its part to tackle climate change, according to this report.

Key findings The world is stepping up action...

Audio interview

10 Jul 2015

Planting a few extra trees around your house could add years to your life, according to new research.

An Adelaide-based professor has been involved in a major Canadian study of 250,000 people which found people who live in streets with lots of trees feel...

Discussion paper

7 May 2015

The Aged Care Financing Authority (ACFA) is an independent statutory committee whose role is to provide independent, transparent advice to the Australian Government on financing and funding issues in the aged care sector. ACFA considers issues in the context of maintaining a viable, accessible and...

Research report

13 Feb 2015

Exploring trends in automation this report points to sluggish job creation caused partly by increasing automation, and argues that secular stagnation in the digital age can only be avoided by a shift towards inclusive growth.

The authors highlight the key challenges, explore some of...

Commentary

8 Jul 2015

Will automation create as many jobs as it renders obsolete? Either way, the spectre of severe societal consequences looms, and low-skilled workers will end up shouldering the greatest burden.

From ordering your food on a tablet today, to one day having your online shopping...

Report

13 Jul 2015

In 2014, the Minister for Foreign Affairs launched a new development policy that changed the way Australian aid is to be delivered. Increasing engagement with our private sector, both in Australia and in developing countries, promoting gender equity and refocusing on the Indo-Pacific region is...

Briefing paper

9 Jul 2015

Executive summary

The Australian Defence Force (ADF) regards northern Australia as strategically important, both for national defence and as a forward base for regional engagement. The ADF presence in northern Australia also directly contributes to the economic and social development of the region. A...

Transcript

3 Jul 2015

In this Parliamentary Library National Reconciliation Week Lecture on 3 July 2015 Laurie Bamblett refutes the label ‘Aboriginal Disadvantage’ as a concept that 'does more harm than good'.

Laurie Bamblett, a Wiradjuri man of New South Wales, started as a research fellow at the...

Audio presentation

6 Jul 2015

In the decades ahead, digital disruption could result, according to some predictions, in nearly half of all current jobs in Australia being displaced - unless we skill up. While technology will undoubtedly create new employment opportunities, will it create enough of them? Already, many qualified...

Commentary

Article

29 Jun 2015

Three leading thinkers in education - Professor Geoff Masters AO, Dr Michele Bruniges AM and Sir Michael Barber - gathered in Sydney last month to discuss assessment reform and innovation.

This special event was part of the Australian Council for Education Research (ACER) Rolling...

Commentary

12 Jul 2015

Prime Minister Tony Abbott seems to have brokered some kind of peace deal with the ABC over his ban on frontbenchers appearing on Q&A. But there are at least six problems with this picture.

On Friday, it was reported that Abbott would: … drop...

Research report

9 Jul 2015

Contains estimates of employed and unemployed persons classified by sex, full-time/part-time status, states and territories and some age groups; and persons not in the labour force.

Key points

Trend Estimates (Monthly Change)

Employment increased to 11,767,200. Unemployment decreased to 753,800. Unemployment...

Research report

18 Oct 2011

Single, older women in Australia have emerged as a group vulnerable to housing insecurity and as being in danger of homelessness in their old age. Wage inequality and interrupted working lives due to childcare responsibilities are contributing factors and have meant that women, especially single...

Guide

30 Jun 2014

Horizon scanning is a structured process designed to capture, make sense of and assess the importance of emerging issues, trends and developments in train – that are often not very obvious today – and that might significantly influence current policy, service delivery, and practice. This...

Research report

1 Jul 2015

This paper proposes a way forward that can marry our ambition with action and ultimately lead to the achievement of universal education for all girls defined by 12 years of primary and secondary school.

Girls have big dreams for their lives, no matter where...

Working paper

28 Apr 2015

Key Points

Social services help New Zealanders to live healthy, safe and fulfilling lives. They provide access to health services and education opportunities, and protect and supp ort the most vulnerable. The quality of these services and access to them are crucial to...

Research report

1 Jul 2015

Malala Fund Recommendations

Based on the analysis in this study, the Malala Fund has identified five key recommendations for meeting the 12–year ambition:

Governments should make phased, implementable plans aimed at achieving the ambition of access to 12 years of free, good...

Website

10 May 2015

The Industry Monitor has been developed to provide high-level macroeconomic data and a general overview of Australian industry in these key areas. International comparisons are made with selected economies at similar stages of development to Australia in order to provide some broader context and benchmark...

Submission

5 Jun 2015

Aged care policy must ensure that all people are able to access good quality residential aged care in a timely way according to their need. Benetas is of the view that the Supported Resident ratio a community service obligation that should apply to all aged...

Discussion paper

9 Jul 2015

What will the data revolution do? What will it be about? What will it count? What kinds of risks and harms might it bring? Whom and what will it serve? And who will get to decide?

This brief discussion paper is intended to advance...

Research report

6 Jul 2015

Abstract

Twenty years ago, law enforcement organizations lobbied to require data and communication services to engineer their products to guarantee law enforcement access to all data. After lengthy debate and vigorous predictions of enforcement channels “going dark,” these attempts to regulate the emerging...

Research report

8 Jul 2015

Unlike beer and spirits, which are taxed based on their alcohol content, wine is taxed on its wholesale value in Australia. As a result, cheap wine attracts far less tax than beer or spirits. Per litre of alcohol, cheap wine attracts only $3 in tax....

Research report

1 Jun 2015

In its 2014 review of the child care sector, the Productivity Commission revealed that parents of one in six children were struggling to access child care services in their area, with just over one half of parents indicating that a failure to secure child care...

Research report

1 May 2015

Today, Greece is the European Union member state where journalism and the media face their most acute crisis. This study identifies the urgent problems facing media policy in Greece and how they affect independent journalism.

Since the 1980s and ’90s, deregulation has increased the...

Research report

1 Jun 2015

This report attempts to break the current political impasse by provide a range of politically pragmatic proposals that would reform negative gearing without abolishing it outright. In each of these scenarios, existing investors are quarantined, with negative gearing only partially restricted. In addition, this report...

Research report

7 Jul 2015

Foreword

The Internet Society’s mission is the Internet for everyone. Today there are more than 3 billion people online, and mobile access to the Internet will be instrumental in bringing the next billion people online.

Mobile phone service, which is now available...

Research report

8 Jul 2015

This report presents seven “deception dossiers”—collections containing some 85 internal company and trade association documents that have either been leaked to the public, come to light through lawsuits, or been disclosed through Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests. While many of these documents have been...

Research report

18 Jun 2015

NOTE : See Related Content below for associated data tables for download.

Recorded crime statistics show that there were 458,027 offences recorded by Victoria Police in the year to March 2015, up 1.3% compared to the same period last year.

The crime...

Journal article

9 Jul 2015

Antiaging therapies show promise in model organism research. Translation to humans is needed to address the challenges of an aging global population. Interventions to slow human aging will need to be applied to still-young individuals. However, most human aging research examines older adults, many with...

Research report

2 Jul 2015

Overview: This report analyses the regional trend of key nations investing in more capable naval and air platforms. In Northeast Asia, countries include China, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan. In Southeast Asia, the paper looks at Indonesia, Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and Thailand....

Research report

3 Jul 2015

Over the period 1989 to 2010, there were 123 incidents of arson-associated homicide, involving 170 unique victims and 131 offenders.

Foreword

Arson homicides are rare, representing only two percent of all homicides in Australia each year. In this study, data was collected...

Research report

1 Jul 2015

Australia is set for more than a decade of deficits between 2008 and 2019, but the reality may be even worse than projections, argues this report.

Overview

Grattan Institute’s 2013 report, Balancing budgets: tough choices we need , concluded that without structural...

Research report

7 Jul 2015

This report, the State of Australian Cities 2014-2015 - 2015 provides evidence regarding progress in Australia’s cities – how they contribute to the nation and which cities, and parts of cities, are progressing.

Research report

2 Jul 2015

This briefing paper summarises the 2015 New South Wales freight task, and the administrative, industrial and legal framework that underpins its operations.

Overview

The NSW freight network is an extensive series of rail lines, roads, ports, airports, and intermodal terminals. In 2011,...

Research report

7 Jul 2015

Provides a dashboard of key indicators assembled with the goal of contributing to the analysis and international comparison of public sector performance. Indicators on government revenues, expenditures, and employment are provided alongside key output and outcome data in the sectors of education, health and justice....

Research report

7 Jul 2015

This paper analyses the changes in electricity demand in Australia’s National Electricity Market.

Overview

Power Down , Australia Institute Paper 14, analysed the changes in electricity demand in Australia’s National Electricity Market (NEM) between 2006 and 2013. Since 2010, electricity demand...

Book

22 Jun 2015

Overview: In the history and folklore of Australia’s Commonwealth Public Service, the idea of the ‘Seven Dwarfs’ has been remarkably persistent. Originally a witty epithet applied to a powerful group of senior public servants, the term has come to represent the professionalisation of Australian...

Video

2 Jul 2015

Investigates what a real, practical change in Australia’s relationship to family violence might look like – and grapple with questions of policy – with 2015 Australian of the Year and anti-family violence advocate Rosie Batty, Human Rights Law Centre executive director Hugh de Kretser, sex...

Research report

3 Jul 2015

A better understanding of soil microbiology is essential if agricultural production is to meet the needs of a growing world population.

Summary

Soil fertility comprises three interrelated components: physical fertility, chemical fertility and biological fertility. Biological fertility, the organisms that live in...

Research report

15 May 2015

The 2015 ICT Sector Report is the second in a series that provides in-depth analysis of New Zealand’s information and communications technology sector, and highlights New Zealand’s very strong performance in the ICT industry over the last few years. The first was published in 2013....

Research report

1 Jul 2015

This paper finds that remote and very remote communities continue to experience inequity in health care in accessibility to specialist services such as diagnostic sleep studies.

Abstract

Objectives : To identify service gaps by mapping accessibility to diagnostic sleep studies across...

Audio

8 Jul 2015

There's no question that Australia's approach to dealing with asylum seekers is a hotly debated issue in the country today.

But has it always been like this?

According to a new book on the subject being launched in Sydney today, Australia's policy on...

Research report

11 May 2015

The Adults’ media use and attitudes report gives detailed evidence on media use, attitudes and understanding among UK adults aged 16+. It covers TV, radio1, mobile phones, games, and the internet, with a particular focus on the latter.

Media literacy enables people to have...

Commentary

Article

6 Jul 2015

A Commonwealth body has called for the Northern Territory government to roll back its mandatory treatment program for “problem drinkers” .

Investigating the harmful effects of alcohol in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities, the House of Representatives Standing Committee on Indigenous Affairs' June...

Transcript

7 Jul 2015

In this speech, Malcolm Turnbull talks about balancing security and individual liberty.

Introduction

Tonight I am going to talk about balancing security and individual liberty.

It is a balance our Government has, I believe, got right.

But in order to...

Evaluation

7 Jul 2015

The impacts of the 2015-16 Budget must be assessed in light of the previous Budget, which casts a long shadow.

ACOSS estimates that, combined, the two budgets strip approximately $15 billion / 4 years from basic services and supports that affect low and middle...

Journal article

11 Mar 2015

Abstract

In response to growing demand for ecosystem-level risk assessment in biodiversity conservation, and rapid proliferation of locally tailored protocols, the IUCN recently endorsed new Red List criteria as a global standard for ecosystem risk assessment. Four qualities were sought in the design...

Briefing paper

31 May 2015

This paper suggests a process for consultation with business, consumers and various levels of government that would enhance outcomes.

Introduction

Australia has an open economy that is heavily dependent on trade for its wellbeing. Well formulated evidence based trade policy therefore matters...

Research report

7 Jul 2015

This report is a detailed analysis of two aspects of superannuation policy affecting the post-retirement phase:

What might happen if the age that individuals can access their superannuation (the 'preservation age') were raised? Is the way people draw down their superannuation, and in particular,...

Research report

7 Jul 2015

The Brotherhood of St Laurence commissioned Bruce Mountain from Carbon and Energy Markets (CME) to investigate the Victorian retail electricity market.

Electricity costs have been rising across Australia’s National Electricity Market since 2007. In most Australian states rising network costs – the poles and...

Video

4 Jul 2015

Two people worked tirelessly to bring about the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sex Abuse. Journalist, Joanne McCarthy, and former NSW police officer, Peter Fox, exposed the extent of sex abuse within the Catholic Church and spurred the Gillard Government to establish the...

Journal article

30 Mar 2015

As in other developed countries, chronic conditions in Australia are large contributors to illness, disability and premature mortality. They are estimated to contribute a significant proportion of the burden of disease and injury overall, and for particular population groups (Mathers et al. 2000; WHO 2015)....

Guide

25 Jun 2015

202020 Vision have released a ten-step guide on How to Grow an Urban Forest. The guide aims to help councils save money, time and share practical knowledge. Working with the City of Melbourne and a number of of other local governments 202020Vision have provided this...

Research report

4 Jul 2015

In this white paper the Federal Government sets out the environment needed to drive better returns for farmers, increase investment, job creation, stronger regional communities and economic growth.

Overview and summary

Agriculture is at the heart of the Australian identity. Our history...

Research report

1 Jul 2015

FOREWORD

Heatwaves are among the most dangerous of natural hazards, but rarely receive adequate attention. They often lack the spectacular and sudden violence of other hazards, such as tropical cyclones or flash floods. Even the related death tolls are not always immediately obvious....

Website

6 Jul 2015

Moondani Toombadool means ‘embracing teaching and learning’ in Woiwurrung language. This site covers the Indigenous programs, strategies and initiatives that Swinburne University undertakes across all campuses and with communities across Australia.

Research report

15 Jun 2015

Parents of one in six children were struggling to access child care services in 2014, with just over one half of parents indicating that a failure to secure child care was hindering their ability to meet work commitments, according to this report.

Summary...

Commentary

Article

3 Jul 2015

The City of Melbourne’s recent experiment asking citizens to develop a 10-year financial plan is being hailed as a success by those working in the deliberative democracy space. Now one councillor is looking to see what other issues could be addressed with the method....

Research report

1 Jul 2015

The internet and internet-enabled devices have transformed our everyday lives and relationships. We entrust them with our precious personal information including contacts and images and rely on them to connect us to a vast repository of knowledge, anytime, anywhere.

As part of its commitment...

Strategy

30 Jun 2015

On Tuesday 30 June, Council unanimously endorsed the 10-Year Financial Plan and accompanying draft Asset Management Strategy to guide how Council manages its finances and assets over the next 10 years.

Lord Mayor Robert Doyle said the plans were developed to make sure Melbourne...

Research report

22 Apr 2015

This final report presents the findings from each of the phases of the Engaging Stakeholders in Identifying Priority Evidence-Practice Gaps and Strategies for Improvement in Primary Health Care (ESP) Project.

This report is designed for people working in a range of roles including national...

Audio presentation

6 Jul 2015

The 1992 Broadcasting Services Act simplified an unwieldy existing legislative framework and reformed the broadcasting regulator, renamed the Australian Broadcasting Authority. In accordance with the Labor government's desire for a co-ordinated expansion and diversification of services it directed the new authority to initiate an integrated...

Commentary

Article

6 Jul 2015

It’s not just Labor that suffers from the inordinate influence of its NSW right wing

One of the enduring myths of Australian politics is that only the Labor Party has factions, and the unhealthy tribalism that often goes with them. Wrong: the Liberal...

Discussion paper

30 Apr 2015

Anthropologists play a significant role in the native title system in Australia, especially in undertaking connection research to demonstrate the evidentiary basis of claims. In 2010, recognising the lack of sufficiently qualified anthropologists working in native title, the Australian Government introduced a grants program to...

Strategy

6 Jul 2015

Red Cross will launched a second Reconciliation Action Plan during NAIDOC Week with an aspiration to increase the number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander staff in the organisation from the current 6.3 per cent to 9 per cent.

We currently employ more than...

Research report

1 Sep 2014

The inquiry based professional learning project, Inquiry to Implementation was developed by the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority (VCAA) as a key professional learning resource to support implementation of the Victorian Early Years Learning and Development Framework (VEYLDF) For all Children Birth to Eight Years....

Research report

1 Jul 2015

Student achievement in mathematics is related to many factors. This report looks at a range of student attributes, measured in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012, that focus on students' confidence (self-efficacy), self-beliefs (self-concept), learning approaches and motivation as well as examining how...

Discussion paper

1 Feb 2015

The Centre for Western Sydney's first platform paper, titled Work, Places and People in Western Sydney , has been prepared by Emeritus Professor Robert Fagan, and the Centre for Western Sydney's Director, Professor Phil O'Neil.

This report analyses labour market change in Western Sydney...

Briefing paper

1 Jul 2015

This brief presents the first analysis of the New Zealand Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) data and concentrates on teacher and principal demographics. We are continuing our analysis of TALIS data, and will publish further information on topics such as teacher beliefs and practices...

Strategy

30 Jun 2015

Summary:

The Ministry of Health’s Statement of Intent 2015–2019 identifies outcomes for the health system and the Ministry:

New Zealanders live longer, healthier and more independent lives. The health system is cost-effective and supports a productive economy.

The Ministry has three high-level...

Research report

15 Jun 2015

As part of its work on analysing digital productivity, the Bureau of Communications Research (BCR) has released the first part of a leading project to understand how digitisation affects Australia’s productivity and the nation’s economy.

A key tool for policy officers and decision-makers, the...

Research report

20 Mar 2015

“Building digital safety for journalism: a survey of selected issues” is the new title of the fourth edition in the UNESCO Internet freedom series. In order to improve global understanding of emerging safety threats linked to digital developments, UNESCO commissioned this research within the Organization’s...

Research report

1 Jul 2015

Summary of Investigation Report

Nature of Investigation

On 22 June 2015, Mr Zaky Mallah joined the live audience of the Q&A program produced by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). Mr Mallah asked a question and subsequently engaged in a short debate...

Database

16 Nov 2015

In view of the strong demand for cross-national indicators on the situation of families and children, the OECD Family Database was developed to provide cross-national indicators on family outcomes and family policies across the OECD countries, its enhanced engagement partners and EU member states....

Research report

28 Jun 2015

Summary

Medicines play a significant role in helping New Zealanders get well, stay well and live well. We have already made positive changes in this area, but there are substantial challenges ahead of us.

We need to buy, use and manage medicines...

Technical report

30 Jun 2015

The set of policy principles released by the Australian Climate Roundtable are extraordinary for two reasons.

First, the principles themselves offer some calm common sense in an arena that has been dominated by ferocious partisan politics and dramatic policy reversals. They could therefore offer...

Technical report

24 Jun 2015

If you're a parent of a public school student who's paying for all the extras like excursions, laptops or more books for the library you might question the idea that public schools are free. But the idea of school fees for public education has proven...

Statistics

8 Jun 2015

Overview: The Monthly Economic Review is an overview of the New Zealand economy. It includes the latest data on New Zealand’s economic growth, unemployment, inflation, merchandise trade and balance of payments figures, along with certain financial data (such as the Reserve Bank’s official cash...

Research report

1 Jul 2015

Outlines the legal status of Airbnb and Uber operations in NSW, and contains an overview of each platform and current usage in Sydney, and where applicable, more broadly in NSW.

Introduction The way in which people consume goods and services has changed dramatically...

Statistics

17 Jun 2015

Measures changes in New Zealand job vacancies advertised by businesses on three internet job boards – SEEK, Trade Me Jobs and the Education Gazette. The trend series is used as the primary indicator as it reduces the month-to-month volatility.

Highlights

Online job...

Statistics

30 Jun 2015

The 65-years-and-over age group nearly doubled in number between 1981 and 2013 – from 309,795 to 607,032 people – according to 2013 Census results.

Overview The 65-years-and-over age group nearly doubled in number between 1981 and 2013 – from 309,795 to 607,032 people...

Guide

2 Jul 2015

The National Program for Excellence in the Arts announced in the 2015-16 Budget will commence in early 2015-16. The draft guidelines for the Program have been released for public comment. Feedback is invited from the arts sector and broader community.

INTRODUCTION

The...

Strategy

29 Jun 2015

This document sets out principles to guide the development of sound long term policy to address climate change. These principles reflect extensive discussions between the diverse organisations participating in the Australian Climate Roundtable, encompassing business groups, unions, institutional investors, environmental groups, research organisations and social...

Research report

10 Jun 2015

The research sought to measure whether lower income households are able to access housing which is ‘affordable’ based on weekly rent of no more than 30 per cent of gross household income and ‘available’ referring to the extent to which affordable dwellings are in fact...

Bill

25 Jun 2015

This bill, passed by both houses on 25 June 2015, concerns bankruptcy, family law, and defining National Library material as part of the legal deposit scheme including the protection of movable cultural heritage.

Purpose of the Bill

As an omnibus Bill, the...

Research report

22 Jun 2015

This project involved secondary analysis of ABS and AIHW data, interviews with housing and community care service provider stakeholders in two sites (South Australia and Tasmania) and interviews with people with dementia and their carers about their housing.

Housing security is an important goal...

Strategy

15 Jan 2015

Encompassing over 1.58 million hectares, the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area (TWWHA) occupies almost a quarter of Tasmania and is one of the largest temperate natural areas in the southern hemisphere. The area is formally recognised as a World Heritage property through the World Heritage...

Commentary

Article

28 Jun 2015

There is no doubt at all that international free trade creates global wealth and raises living standards for all countries involved. It allows nations to benefit from the natural advantages and skills of others, and it allows consumers to enjoy a greater choice of goods...

Statistics

1 Jul 2015

The Quarterly Canterbury Job Matching Report for the March 2015 quarter was released today by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, providing employment demand and supply information on the Canterbury rebuild and wider recovery.

Some key findings for this quarter are:

Labour...

Research report

23 Jun 2015

This report summarises the findings from case studies of seven schools that are part of the Positive Behaviour for Learning School-Wide (PB4L-SW) initiative. Schools were selected for their effective practice. In this report, commonalities and differences in practice are summarised, and key themes are illustrated...

Working paper

17 Jun 2015

In 2011 the NZ government adopted from the Accident Compensation Corporation via the Welfare Working Group a programme of actuarially estimating the cost of someone staying long-term on a benefit and using that as the basis for defining the return from "investing" in action that...

Journal article

2 May 2015

New Zealand’s national parks are major attractions for tourism and recreation, while hosting other commercial activities considered compatible with that primary role, like grazing, commercial filming and renewable electricity production. Commercial activities can only be carried out according to the terms of legal documents referred...

Research report

29 May 2015

The ABCD National Research Partnership works across states and territories in Australia to improve the quality of primary health care available to Indigenous people. Using participatory action research approaches, The partnership aims to:

investigate the variation in quality of care in Indigenous primary health...

Research report

29 May 2015

This is a summary of important findings from research into the ways in which primary health care centres start and use continuous quality improvement (CQI) programs. The evidence gathered came from Aboriginal community controlled, government and non-government health centres in remote, rural and urban areas...

Technical report

30 Jun 2015

This paper examines the scope and nature of terrorism motivated by violent Islamist extremism in Australia through a comprehensive database, assesses the policy responses by the government to date, and offers recommendations.

Overview

In September 2014 the terrorism threat level was raised...

Technical report

26 Jun 2015

This report argues that Australia is currently not adequately equipped to deal with the growing problem of steroid use.

Executive summary

This report details findings from a national consultation on illicit steroid use in Australia undertaken between late 2014 and early 2015....

Technical report

29 Jun 2015

Overview: This Quick Guide provides information about Indigenous Australian federal and state parliamentarians, from the election of the first Indigenous Australian to federal Parliament - former Senator Sir Neville Bonner - until June 2015.

For the purposes of this Quick Guide, ‘Indigenous parliamentarian’...

Guide

29 Jun 2015

Overview: The recent result of the Irish referendum and the decision of the United States Supreme Court in favour of same-sex marriage has given the Australian campaign for marriage equality new momentum. The most recent same-sex marriage bill was introduced in early June 2015...

Technical report

23 Jun 2015

Presents a detailed overview of public and private hospital resources in Australia.

Numbers of hospitals

In 2013-14, there were approximately 1,359 hospitals in Australia. There were 747 public hospitals, which accounted for about 65% of hospital beds (58,600). In 2013-14, there were...

Research report

23 Jun 2015

In 2013–14, about 46 million occasions of service were provided for non-admitted patients by 558 public hospitals.

Summary

Non-admitted patient care includes emergency occasions of service for non-admitted patients, outpatient care (including specialist clinics) and other non-admitted patient care (such as the...

Report

30 Jun 2015

Examines sentencing in Victorian courts over the seven years to July 2013 for culpable driving causing death, dangerous driving causing death, negligently causing serious injury (where driving related), and dangerous driving causing serious injury.

Research report

29 Jun 2015

Provides an understanding of the multi-dimensional nature of relative advantage and disadvantage across the Australian population, and facilitates reporting on and monitoring of people's opportunities to participate fully in society.

Introduction In 2014, the fourth General Social Survey (GSS) was conducted with Australians...

Research report

29 May 2015

This is a summary of important findings from a continuous quality improvement (CQI) program for type 2 diabetes care in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary health care (PHC). The program has been in place for more than 10 years, with 175 health centres across...

Research report

29 May 2015

This is a summary of important findings from a continuous quality improvement (CQI) program for type 2 diabetes care in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary health care (PHC). The program has been in place for more than 10 years, with 175 health centres across...

Research report

22 Jun 2015

This guide lays out for the first time a framework for processing refugees fleeing persecution because of sexual orientation, gender identity or intersex grounds.

Overview

This Guide has been developed to:

provide reliable information regarding what constitutes best practice in determining...

Research report

30 Jun 2015

Discusses a range of factors that Solomon Islands villagers face when deciding whether or not to allow access to minerals buried in land over which they hold customary tenure.

Introduction

Now that Solomon Islands' timber resources are depleted there is a renewed...

Research report

25 Jun 2015

This audit assessed the effectiveness of the Australian Taxation Office’s administration of capital gains tax for individual and small business taxpayers.

To form a conclusion against this objective, the ANAO adopted the following high-level criteria:

management arrangements support the effective administration of CGT...

Commentary

Article

1 Jul 2015

Big numbers have a tendency to take on a life of their own, writes Tom Westland

Economic modelling with unstated assumptions is a bit like chicken nuggets with unstated ingredients – one swallows at one’s own risk. And yet there’s been a lot...

Research report

5 Jul 2006

The environment in which research is being conducted and disseminated is undergoing profound change, with new technologies offering new opportunities, changing research practices demanding new capabilities, and increased focus on research performance. A key question facing us today is, are there new opportunities and new...