January 2016

Report

Statistics

29 Jan 2016

Emissions grew 1.3 per cent over FY15 – the first increase in fiscal year emissions since 2005-06, ten years ago, when Australian emissions reached their historic peak, according to this report.

Summary The government’s latest emissions projections were released in late December, along...

Submission

1 Feb 2016

Every year the State Budget gives the Victorian Government an opportunity to envision the kind of society we might want to live in and lead us towards that reality. The Salvation Army’s 2016-17 Victorian State Budget submission is based upon a series of consultations with...

Audio podcast

7 Jan 2016

The Department of Communicatios sand the Arts has released the first podcast episode in a new series called CommsCast.

You can subscribe and listen to CommsCast on iTunes.

The podcast explores the latest issues across the Department’s portfolio– from emerging technologies, key policy...

Blog post

14 Jan 2016

2015 was an exciting year for broadband access across the world, and one which saw many of our predictions for the year play out — from increased debate around net neutrality and zero-rated services, to the spread of high-tech innovations to connect the unconnected. What...

Blog post

2 Dec 2015

The ACMA Communications report 2014–15 confirms that Australians are engaging more deeply online with multiple devices, performing a greater number of activities and going online more often.

The communications industry’s ongoing infrastructure investment continues to build and support internet-enabled communications in Australia. Over-the-top (OTT)...

Video

1 Dec 2015

The ACMA's annual Communications report provides valuable insights into Australia's media and communications environment. How do we like to communicate? What's changing? How are we embracing new technology? Get the facts from the researchacma team.

Research report

27 Jan 2016

The annual Report on Government Services (RoGS) provides information on the equity, effectiveness and efficiency of government services in Australia. This report was progressively released between 27 January and 4 February 2016. This year marks the twenty-first edition of the Report on Government Services. The...

Research report

28 Jan 2016

This report assesses the performance of public hospitals year on year, and their capacity to meet the community’s need for hospital services. It uses data published by the Commonwealth. It also reflects the experiences of the AMA doctors who work in public hospitals every day....

Research report

29 Jan 2016

Geoblocking and Global Video Culture explores the cultural implications of access control and circumvention in an age of VPNs. Featuring seventeen chapters from diverse critical positions and locations – including China, Iran, Malaysia, Turkey, Cuba, Brazil, USA, Sweden and Australia.

Contributors: Ramon Lobato,...

Research report

6 Oct 2015

The Victorian Ombudsman exists to ensure fairness for all Victorians in their dealings with the public sector and to improve public administration.

Ombudsman's foreword

The work of the Ombudsman can and does make a difference, and this report sets out some of...

Research report

12 Dec 2015

Examines the importance of routine, positive attention, praise, reward, selective ignoring, and use of consequences in behaviour management.

Background Concerns about their children’s development and behaviour are among the most common reasons parents bring children to doctors. These concerns often arise from normal...

Research report

25 Nov 2015

Foreword

It is remarkable that, as the Victorian Parliament Electoral Matters Committee said in April 2009, ‘Victoria, along with the Commonwealth, is amongst the least regulated jurisdictions in the western world in terms of political finance law.’ One of the consequences of this...

Research report

29 Jan 2016

This project used a social action research approach with two groups of Victorian children and young people with intellectual disability aged 9-22 and their parents. The groups conducted research and provided peer support about their experiences with self-directed disability support. The intentions were to build...

Commentary

Article

28 Jan 2016

Clinical trials of the potent new anti-cancer drug venetoclax showed it was effective in killing cancer cells in people with advanced forms of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) when conventional treatment options had been exhausted.

Seventy-nine per cent of those involved in the trial had...

Discussion paper

26 Nov 2015

China’s growing assertiveness, particularly in the South China Sea, has resulted in greater scrutiny of Chinese intentions and led to a more intense debate about how the United States and its allies should respond. For some, the motives for China’s international behaviour are simply those...

Research report

27 Jan 2016

Following on from the McKell Institute’s report on the economic impact of penalty rate cuts in Australia’s retail and hospitality industries, this report looks at the economic and health impacts of cutting penalty rates for nurses, midwives and aged care workers.

This report highlights...

Research report

24 May 2014

Auckland Council commissioned innovate change to lead a social innovation process to develop a new education programme for graffiti vandalism prevention in 2014. This work supports Auckland Council’s vision of a city free of graffiti vandalism.

Graffiti vandalism refers to writing, drawing, painting, spraying...

Research report

10 Aug 2015

The insights in this document were produced as part of a project to design a social marketing programme that would support people with long term conditions to positively manage their health. The project was led by innovate change for Counties Manukau Health and East Health...

Technical report

24 Dec 2015

This report investigates the effect of increasing the number of wind turbine generators on energy generation in the Australian National Electricity Market’s (NEM) existing transmission grid from 2014 to 2025. This report answers urgent questions concerning the capability of the existing transmission grid to cope...

Research report

18 Jan 2016

The past two decades have seen some evolution towards a more nationally consistent vocational education and training (VET) system. One of the challenges is to find the right balance between national consistency and appropriate flexibility, to accommodate the regional and local industry requirements and learner...

Blog post

21 Jan 2016

A look at cutting edge technologies that could radically improve the daily lives of people living with disabilities.

Technology has long been making advances to help improve the lives of those living with disabilities - from the electric wheelchair to cochlear implants. But the...

Research report

27 Jan 2016

Each quarter CommSec attempts to find out by analysing eight key indicators: economic growth; retail spending; equipment investment; unemployment; construction work done; population growth; housing finance and dwelling commencements.

Just as the Reserve Bank uses long-term averages to determine the level of “normal” interest...

Research report

26 Jan 2016

This report analyses the New Zealand Standard Classification of Education field of study of domestic graduates from the New Zealand tertiary education system between 2011 and 2014.

Summary

Our analysis shows that:

the distribution of graduates at Level 1 and 2...

Book

27 Jan 2016

World Report 2016 summarizes key human rights issues in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide.

It reflects investigative work that Human Rights Watch staff undertook in 2015, usually in close partnership with human rights activists in the country in focus. In his keynote...

Website

28 Jan 2016

Australia and New Zealand have both slipped two places in the last year on this league table of 168 countries, Australia to 13th place while New Zealand is now ranked the 4th cleanest country in the world.

Policy

31 Oct 2015

The Digital Continuity 2020 policy plays a key role in supporting the Australian Government's digital transformation initiatives and driving e-government. Agencies that understand and fully realise the benefits of their assets – information, technology, people and processes – will deliver better and more efficient services...

Research report

14 Jan 2016

Digital technologies have spread rapidly in much of the world. Digital dividends—that is, the broader development benefits from using these technologies—have lagged behind. In many instances, digital technologies have boosted growth, expanded opportunities, and improved service delivery. Yet their aggregate impact has fallen short and...

Research report

25 Jan 2016

The TLRI has released Final Report No 22, Bullying . The Report considers what role the law should play in responding to all types of bullying behaviours, including cyber-bullying, and questions whether the current legal regime in Tasmania can provide appropriate redress for victims. The...

Research report

17 Nov 2015

This research was conducted by Hart Research Associates and included an online survey of 589 parents of kids ages 6 to 17, as well as 3 focus groups in suburban Philadelphia. The project explored how parents view the role that technology plays in their kids'...

Journal article

4 Jan 2016

Abstract

Public institutions are increasingly reliant on data from social media sites to measure public attitude and provide timely public engagement. Such reliance includes the exploration of public views on important social issues such as gender-based violence (GBV). In this study, we examine...

Working paper

15 Dec 2015

Overview

Australia has begun to address climate change. The Commonwealth Government has committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 26–28 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030. But we do not have a comprehensive, credible domestic policy framework to achieve this target. We...

Article

19 Jan 2016

This essay contends that the rejection of Indigenous Australians' right to self-determination does not attract the scrutiny it should.

Introduction

Aboriginal affairs – once the subject of Australian innovation in policy and law reform attended to by the routine scrutiny of an...

Discussion paper

1 Dec 2015

Abstract

This Discussion Paper anticipates the potential impacts and impoverishment risks of the Suai Supply Base Project in Timor-Leste, paying particular attention to the project’s likely gendered impacts and the evolving tensions between the state’s powers to expropriate land and customary land access....

Book

22 Jan 2016

Overview

Outstations, which dramatically increased in numbers in the 1970s, are small, decentralised and relatively permanent communities of kin established by Aboriginal people on land that has social, cultural or economic significance to them. In 2015 they yet again came under attack, this...

Research report

18 Jan 2016

This paper reviews the history of multiculturalism in Australia and NSW, and sets out the debate on the subject.

Introduction

This paper has been prepared against the background of recent disturbing events around the world, including in Australia and NSW that have...

Video

28 Nov 2015

Overview

'What does it mean to be conservative? Is it voting Liberal, is it thinking John Howard did a good job, or is it the day you stop changing your hairstyle and it just stays the way it is?'

As we age,...

Research report

4 Dec 2015

Overview

The Asian Perspectives on Civil-Military-Police Relations and Coordination in Disaster Management study explores the historical evolution of civil-military-police relations in Asia and the role that the military plays in Asian societies today in relation to disaster response. It focuses on how military...

Blog post

27 Jan 2016

Another year, another crisis in traditional media. Most recently, it has been The Guardian announcing it needs to cut costs by 20%, as the revenues from online advertising cannot compensate for the losses of revenue from its print editions.

The situation with online advertising...

Research report

15 Sep 2015

Overview

The 2015 State of the Family report is framed by Living Standard Trends in Australia , and incorporates the key findings of Anglicare Sydney’s Profile of deep and persistent disadvantage , which takes a closer look at who constitutes those most at...

Journal article

20 Jan 2016

The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) believes that there is an ethical obligation to responsibly share data generated by interventional clinical trials because participants have put themselves at risk. In a growing consensus, many funders around the world—foundations, government agencies, and industry—now mandate...

Dataset

12 Jan 2016

The dataset presents estimates of international migrant by age, sex and origin. Estimates are presented for 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010 and 2015 and are available for all countries and areas of the world. The estimates are based on official statistics on the foreign-born or...

Research report

18 Jan 2016

Prolific offenders are found to make a disproportionate contribution to the total volume of offending and recidivism, according to this report.

Aim: To examine the frequency of contacts (police cautions, youth justice conferences, or finalised court appearances at which one or more offences...

Research report

9 Nov 2015

In this policy perspective, CEDA examines:

Australia’s role in the Asia-Pacific region and the broader world; The benefits of well-structured bilateral trade agreements and how to realise them; How Australia can encourage the free movement of ideas and people; and How technology can shorten...

Research report

22 Jan 2016

This report aims to aid policy making and public discussion based on rigorous estimates of the current contribution of the core sciences.

The Office of the Australian Chief Scientist commissioned the Australian Academy of Science to develop two complementary reports on the importance of...

Research report

22 Jan 2016

The Office of the Chief Scientist (OCS) and the Australian Academy of Science (AAS) commissioned the Centre for International Economics (the CIE) to investigate and measure the importance of recent advances in the biological sciences to the Australian economy. This work followed an earlier similar...

Article

Report

23 Sep 2013

The past four decades have seen increasing public and professional awareness of child sexual abuse. Congruent with public health approaches to prevention, efforts to eliminate child sexual abuse have inspired the emergence of prevention initiatives which can be provided to all children as part of...

Research report

21 Jan 2016

2015 was the hottest year on record globally. Climate change was a major factor in driving the record-breaking heat in 2015 world wide, according to this report.

Key Findings 1. 2015 was the hottest year on record globally. Climate change was a major...

Journal article

20 Sep 2012

This paper presents an evaluation of an instrument to measure teachers’ attitudes toward reporting child sexual abuse and discusses the instrument’s merit for research into reporting practice. Based on responses from 444 Australian teachers, the Teachers’ Reporting Attitude Scale for Child Sexual Abuse was evaluated...

Guide

20 Jan 2016

This guide aims to help teachers and students access over 250 science, technology, engineering and mathematics programmes.

Foreword

It takes fourteen years, or thereabouts, for young people to progress from pre-school to Year 12 in Australia. What happens to them in that...

Journal article

16 Jun 2008

By reporting suspected child abuse and neglect, teachers can make an important contribution to the early detection and prevention of abuse. However, teachers are sometimes reluctant to report their suspicions. This study investigated the determinants of teachers’ reporting behaviour using concepts from the Integrated Change...

Audio

22 Jan 2016

Under his five year reign as Chief Scientist, Professor Ian Chubb saw funding for science research fall to a 30 year low.

But under Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, there's some good news for the sector. The Prime Minister says he is keen to see...

Journal article

15 Jun 2012

The present study considered factors influencing teachers' reporting of child sexual abuse (CSA). Conducted in three Australian jurisdictions with different reporting laws and policies, the study focused on teachers' actual past and anticipated future reporting of CSA. A sample of 470 teachers within randomly selected...

Briefing paper

31 Dec 2015

Rates of domestic and family violence are higher in regional, rural and remote areas. Geographical and social structures in these communities, as well as unique social values and norms, result in specific experiences of domestic and family violence. These issues also affect responses to domestic...

Briefing paper

22 Jan 2016

This study confirmed that existing official performance measures of Australia’s social housing services are inadequate to measure efficiency and effectiveness. Working closely with six larger community housing providers and two public housing providers, the research team developed and trialled a new performance framework. This involved...

Journal article

28 Sep 2015

Abstract

Quantitative social science (QSS) has the potential to make an important contribution to public policy. However it also has a number of limitations. The aim of this paper is to explain these limitations to a non-specialist audience and to identify a number...

Blog post

7 Dec 2015

John Jerrim and Robert de Vries argue a radical overhaul is needed of how social science is published and produced for it to provide a helpful basis for public policy. More progress is needed in particular over the lack of transparency of the research process,...

Journal article

30 Dec 2013

Abstract

This study examined elementary school teachers’ knowledge of their legislative and policy-based reporting duties with respect to child sexual abuse. Data were collected from 470 elementary school teachers from urban and rural government and nongovernment schools in 3 Australian states, which at...

Research report

21 Jan 2016

Presents the current state of knowledge, practice and responses to violence against women in Australian Indigenous communities.

Summary

This paper is a comprehensive review of published literature to present the current state of knowledge, practice and responses to violence against women in...

Evaluation

31 Dec 2015

In Australia, violence against women is a serious public health and social problem with substantial numbers of women and children affected (Australian Bureau of Statistics [ABS], 2013). Many instances of violence go unreported and it is therefore not possible to measure the true extent of...

Policy

7 Dec 2015

As part of the National Innovation and Science Agenda, the Australian Government has today released its Public Data Policy Statement. This formalises the Government’s commitment to open data and data-driven innovation.

Access to and use of the data that is collected by Commonwealth Government...

Briefing paper

31 Dec 2015

Intimate partner violence within LGBTIQ relationships was largely unacknowledged until recently and as such has been absent from governmental, policy and service/practice responses to intimate partner violence (Ball & Hayes, 2009). Research in the area has also been scarce (Calton et al., 2015). Government, policy,...

Journal article

21 Jan 2016

As patients strive to manage their own health and illnesses, many wonder how to get a copy of their health data to share with their physicians, load into apps, donate to researchers, link to their genomic data, or have on hand just in case. To...

Commentary

Article

6 Jan 2016

Sexual harassment at work is extremely common. In fact some studies suggest that most women will experience some type of sexual harassment during their working lives.

A range of behaviours may constitute sexual harassment at work, and these same behaviours can be construed differently...

Commentary

20 Jan 2016

Malcolm Turnbull has directly lobbied US legislators to pass the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement, which he describes as “a very critical part of America’s continued presence in the Asia-Pacific”.

Turnbull stressed the TPP’s importance in his talks with politicians on Capitol Hill, who included...

Discussion paper

20 Jan 2016

As Internet-driven innovation revolutionizes the U.S. economy, many have wondered: Why isn’t there an Uber of health care? Why can’t we deploy, in health care, the same forces that are improving quality and lowering costs in virtually every other sector of the economy? Health care...

Research report

17 Dec 2015

The purpose of this study is to shed light on the problem of medical data loss—how it is disclosed, who is causing it and what can be done to combat it. This is a far-reaching problem that impacts not only organizations that are victims of...

Research report

20 Jan 2016

Over the past several years, crowdfunding via the internet has become a popular way to engage public support – and financial backing – for all kinds of projects, from the Coolest Cooler to a virtual reality gaming headset to a prototype of a sailing spacecraft...

Research report

19 Jan 2016

This report explores the current use and potential of Internet of Things (IoT) technologies in tackling global development challenges, highlighting a number of specific instances where IoT interventions are helping to solve some of the world’s most pressing issues.

It presents summary conclusions on...

Research report

20 Jan 2016

Summary

Alcohol harms in Australia are extensive and well acknowledged: resulting in 5,500 deaths every year and a further 157,000 hospitalisations. Faced with the evidence of those harms, the alcohol industry’s oft-cited defence is to reference official per capita consumption data which shows...

Research report

Asia-Pacific report on school bullying, violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity
20 Jan 2016

Executive summary

Education is a fundamental human right and essential for the exercise of all other human rights. Governments of Asia and the Pacific have, by and large, signed on to international legal obligations that promote and develop the right of every person...

Research report

13 Jan 2016

Welcome to the fifteenth edition of Predictions for the Technology, Media and Telecommunications (TMT) sectors. The last 15 years have been a golden era for innovation: multiple TMT products and services that we now take for granted were niche or non-existent back then.

In...

Research report

15 Mar 2003

Containing 206 recommendations in 699 pages, this comprehensive review of child protection services in South Australia sets out a plan, based on best practice and evidence, that will assist the South Australian Government address more effectively the prevention of child abuse and neglect in the...

Video

11 Sep 2014

The Hon. Dr Robyn Layton AO QC, former Justice of the Supreme Court of South Australia, delivers the Opening Address for the 2014 National Child Protection Annual Forum, discussing the Centre's 10th anniversary and national and international impact as a leading research centre.

Layton...

Research report

11 Jan 2016

This year’s key developments will centre on online video, mobile apps and further moves towards distributed content. Mounting problems around online display advertising will lead to a burst of innovation around journalism business models.

More specifically ...

Facebook/Google/Apple battle intensifies over the future...

Research report

21 Dec 2015

A fundamental goal of the NDIS is to maximise participants’ choice and control over which support services they receive, who they receive it from and where it is delivered. The increase in overall funding for disability services, alongside the individualisation of funding—no longer tied to...

Guide

19 Jan 2016

Introduction

This Quick Guide presents information about the backgrounds and service of Australia’s 29 prime ministers, from Edmund Barton to Malcolm Turnbull. It includes information about of their backgrounds (age, place of birth, gender and occupational background), period in office, experience in other...

Research report

14 Jan 2016

Aim: To determine whether the inclusion of child protection data improves the ability to predict re-offending in young persons with few prior formal contacts with the criminal justice system.

Method: A cohort of young persons who had their first, second or third...

Briefing paper

20 Jan 2016

The ICPS Research to Practice Series links the findings of research undertaken by ICPS, to the development of policy and practice in the area of child, youth and family welfare.

Issue 11 explores children and young people's conceptualisations of interpersonal safety, and what gives...

Research report

10 Dec 2015

This report provides comparative international data on the communications sector. The aim of the report is to benchmark the UK communications sector against a range of comparator countries in order to assess how the UK is performing in an international context. The report compares the...

Research report

18 Jan 2016

Foreword

“This is a century of ideas, this is a time when Australia’s growth, when our living standards, when our incomes will be determined by the human capital, the intellectual capital that all of us have. By unleashing our innovation, unleashing our imagination,...

Website

18 Jan 2016

The Public Sector Innovation Toolkit has been developed to assist individual public servants, public sector teams and agencies who want to increase the extent and effectiveness of their innovation efforts.

On this website are tools that have been developed to give practical advice on...

Briefing paper

3 Dec 2015

The financial arrangements for the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) are crucial to the successful implementation of the Scheme. The NDIS is jointly funded by the Commonwealth and the States and Territories. The DisabilityCare Australia (DCA) levy (0.5% of income) was introduced on 1 July...

Research report

19 Jan 2016

Brings together the views of young people from around the world to the global debate about the importance of skills and education.

Introduction

The advent of the Fourth Industrial Revolution is leading us into a period of great transformation.

Infosys believes...

Discussion paper

1 Nov 2013

Social sustainability is about ensuring the sustenance of the diverse social relations that exist in healthy communities. Creating the physical, cultural and social places that support wellbeing and a sense of community involves a process of engagement with the people who inhabit those places. There...

Statistics

14 Jan 2016

The Times Higher Education World University Rankings data reveal the top 200 most outward-looking institutions.

The international outlook indicator considers each institution’s proportion of international staff, proportion of international students and proportion of research papers published with at least one co-author from another country....

Research report

8 Jan 2016

Summary

Graduation rates for bachelor’s and master’s degrees have dramatically increased over the past two decades, with 6 million bachelor’s degrees and 3 million master’s degrees awarded in OECD countries in 2013. Although women represent over half of the graduates at the bachelor’s...

Blog post

5 Jan 2016

The vast availability of digital traces of unprecedented form and scale has led many to believe that we are entering a new data revolution. Will these new data sources and tools allow us to improve business processes in transformative ways? Vyacheslav Polonski argues that the...

Research report

18 Jan 2016

The gap between the richest and the rest has widened dramatically in the past year with 62 people now owning as much wealth as 3.6 billion of the world’s poorest, according to this report.

Summary The gap between rich and poor is reaching...

Dataset

15 Jan 2016

The file set is a freely downloadable aggregation of information about Australian schools. The individual files represent a series of tables which, when considered together, form a relational database. The records cover the years 2008-2014 and include information on approximately 9500 primary and secondary school...

Policy

5 Nov 2015

Provides the legislative framework for the regulatory, funding and quality foundation of Australia’s aged care system.

Introduction

The Australian Government funds and regulates the provision of residential care, home care, home support and flexible care to those approved to receive it, and...

Database

30 Dec 2015

The open data impact map is a searchable, centralized database of open data use cases from around the world.

It is a collaborative effort that draws on previous studies, examples from an international network of Regional Supporters, an online survey, and thorough research. By...

Commentary

Article

18 Jan 2016

The paperless arrests regime is just another brick in the wall of the Northern Territory’s obsession with mass incarceration, argues North Australian Aboriginal Justice Agency’s Jonathon Hunyor in the latest edition of the Indigenous Law Bulletin .

Infographic

31 Jan 2017

The Media Interests snapshot and associated maps (the infographics) are provided for indicative purposes only. They are not intended to be a comprehensive account of media interests in Australia.

The Media Interests snapshot provides an overview only of the main interests in major commercial...

Data portal

7 Jan 2016

The Bureau of Communications Research is helping to make communications sector research easier to digest through its collection of visualisations in the new Data Lab.

The Data Lab brings together facts and figures on the communications sector. Users can find, compare and share the...

Research report

17 Dec 2015

Adoptions Australia 2014–15, the 25th report in the series, presents the latest data on adoptions of Australian children and children from overseas, and highlights important trends in the number of adoptions back to 1990–91.

Summary

Adoption numbers continued to decline...

Research report

14 Jan 2016

Most Americans see privacy issues in commercial settings as contingent and context-dependent. A new Pew Research Center study based on a survey of 461 U.S. adults and nine online focus groups of 80 people finds that there are a variety of circumstances under which many...

Research report

12 Dec 2015

Examines children’s use of general practice services and the problems managed in 2000–03 and 2012–15 to determine whether their service use has been influenced by the demands associated with the management of older Australians.

Summary The ageing of Australia’s population has led to...

Discussion paper

1 Jan 2016

Australia, like all nations, has an over-riding national interest in the development and enforcement of robust international regimes that restrict the creation, deployment and export of weapons of mass destruction.

For decades, Australia has been a strong, dedicated contributor to the evolution of control...

Journal article

16 Nov 2015

Abstract

As a consequence of its membership of a US-centred global alliance network, Australia’s regional obligations in the South Pacific are as pertinent to Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands’s drawdown as they were to its inception. Canberra’s imperatives in the Pacific have...

Journal article

9 Sep 2015

Invasive species eradication programs can fail by applying management strategies that are not robust to potentially large but non-quantified risks. A more robust strategy can succeed over a larger range of possible values for non-quantified risk. This form of robustness analysis is often not undertaken...

Journal article

9 Sep 2015

This article discusses the poor performance of women candidates in Solomon Islands elections and potential aid policy responses.

Journal article

9 Sep 2015

Abstract

There is a shortage of empirical studies on the relationship between Chinese hydropower dams and social sustainability. Comparative research on Chinese-funded and Chinese-built hydropower projects is rare. This article aims to fill parts of this gap by discussing these issues in relation...

Journal article

28 Dec 2015

Abstract

The remembered history of the Second World War continues to infect contemporary relations between China and its Northeast Asian neighbours. This article argues that a ‘history spiral’ has taken hold in Northeast Asia as a result of the region’s changing strategic order...

Journal article

16 Nov 2015

Abstract

Three foreign policy initiatives under President Xi Jinping over the past three years have considerably enhanced China’s global influence: partnership diplomacy, the Silk Road economic diplomacy, and the new financial diplomacy. Partnership diplomacy seeks to forge a global network of partnership countries...

Audio podcast

13 Jan 2016

In this episode Amanda Murdie of the University of Missouri discusses the methods she uses to look at when and how NGOs and INGOs are most effective.

0.00-5.20 mins

the types of organisations Amanda researches and why what an NGO is, the sorts...

Research report

7 Jan 2016

GLAM peak bodies and institutions in Australia have put together case studies of ways in which digital access to collections have made a positive impact on people's lives.

Providing valuable resources for researchers Fuelling innovation Keeping indigenous languages and customs alive Retelling the Anzac...

Blog post

4 Jan 2016

Guest contributor Anne Collier discusses youth and digital citizenship, and shares ten key insights for parents.

Commentary

Article

24 Dec 2015

From robots to the most popular course, academics share their predictions about what universities will be like in 2030.

Recently the media had fun comparing the vision of life in 2015 depicted in the 1989 film Back to the Future Part II with the...

Research report

7 Jan 2016

On October 4, 2015, 12 Pacific Rim countries concluded negotiations on the Trans-Pacific Partnership. If ratified by all, the agreement could raise GDP in member countries by an average of 1.1 percent by 2030. It could also increase member countries’ trade by 11 percent by...

Video

11 Sep 2014

This presentation is about a study exploring child protection practitioner decision-making about the placement of children in out-of-home care. A brief measure, 'the child placement questionnaire' was developed. Following evaluation by experts in child protection research, policy and practice, it was piloted with 53 child...

Briefing paper

14 Jan 2016

The $7 billion needed for the Federal Government to fund the last two years of the Gonski plan can be easily financed. The Government has a potential revenue pool of at least $34 billion a year by reducing several tax concessions to high income earners...

Research report

10 Dec 2015

The 13th Digital Future Report includes findings that explore the views and behavior of users, and compare Internet users to non-users. The survey is organized into five general subject areas:

Internet Users And Non-Users: Who Is Online? Who Is Not? What Are Users Doing...

Research report

21 Dec 2015

This report represents the sixth published results of the World Internet Project, collaboratively produced by the Center for the Digital Future in the USC Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism in the USA and partner countries worldwide. This work on the impact of the Internet...

Research report

12 Jan 2016

This report was released on 12 January 2016 and considers the relative costs, benefits and risks of a range of options for delivering a public safety mobile broadband capability, including deploying a dedicated network, relying on commercial networks, or pursuing some combination (or hybrid) of...

Research report

13 Jan 2016

Muslims in Australia are an ethnically and culturally diverse group. Muslims are currently the third largest religious group in Australia and their numbers are predicted to grow significantly in the coming decades. Previous research has shown that, even though Australian Muslims tend to be well...

Research report

10 Jan 2016

On 27 November 2015, the MnM Centre partnered with Welcome to Australia to hold an Older Migrants Forum. The forum was chaired by Mohammad Al-Khafaji, Chief Executive Officer: Welcome to Australia, with group discussions facilitated by Dr Amrita Malhi, MnM Centre Research Fellow, and Leah...

Working paper

13 Jan 2016

This project explores the dynamic trajectories that ‘Hazara Afghan Australian Muslims’ take as they negotiate through their multiple sense of identities in each of these categories. The investigation into the lives of Hazara Australians raises important questions and provides some interesting results. More than anything...

Research report

7 Jan 2016

The widespread adoption of various digital technologies by today’s teenagers has added a modern wrinkle to a universal challenge of parenthood – specifically, striking a balance between allowing independent exploration and providing an appropriate level of parental oversight. Digital connectivity offers many potential benefits from...

Commentary

Article

11 Jan 2016

Australia as a nation is failing to retain the best people in the teaching profession. Attrition rates are worryingly high with researchers estimating around 30% to 50% of teachers leaving in the first five years.

It is difficult to get a clear idea of...

Literature review

30 Jun 2015

This review presents a summary of the evidence on safely managing expressed breast milk (EBM) in hospital, home and community settings. It found that, regarding risks of pathogen transmission from mother to child, benefits for the infant must be considered against the possible severity of...

Discussion paper

22 Dec 2015

The Australian Government has asked the Productivity Commission (the Commission) to undertake an inquiry into the regulatory burden on farm businesses, with a focus on regulations that have a material impact on the competitiveness and productivity of Australian agriculture.

The Commission has released this...

Book

30 Apr 2015

Foreword

A few days ago, we were speaking with an ecologist from Simon Fraser University here in Vancouver about an unsolicited job offer he’d recently received. The offer included an astonishing inducement: Anyone from his to-be-created lab who could wangle a first or...

Research report

11 Jan 2016

Summary: The largest tax concession in Australia is the capital gains tax (CGT) exemption for the main residence. Last year it cost the budget $46 billion and is predicted to cost the budget $189 billion over the next four years. Each year the cost...

Research report

16 Dec 2015

Executive Summary

Australia has a long history of migration and a highly diverse population. ABS data shows that at 30 June 2014, 28.1% of the population was born overseas (ABS, 2015). Australia’s current immigration policy includes a strong focus on bringing skilled migrants...

Discussion paper

11 Jan 2016

This paper examines the current state of knowledge on the impact of domestic and family violence (DFV) on parenting. It considers how often DFV occurs among parents; the impact of DFV on parenting; the methods and behaviours used by perpetrators to disrupt the mother-child relationship;...

Chapter

5 Feb 2015

Grounded in the Australian child welfare context, this chapter posits that modern approaches to child protection reflect a residual approach to social welfare. It charts the broadening of the scope of child protection and discusses both differential response and public health approaches as instrumental reforms....

Video

12 Sep 2014

This video clip outlines the grave need for child protection research and the essential work that the Centre does for Australian children and families.

Research report

1 Dec 2015

Highlights the pension reforms undertaken by OECD and G20 countries over the last two years.

Summary The 10-year anniversary edition of Pensions at a Glance highlights the pension reforms undertaken by OECD and G20 countries over the last two years. Two special chapters...

Survey

18 Dec 2015

Key Liberal and National party electorates back a switch to 100% renewables by 2030 and a global moratorium on new coal mines, according to ReachTEL polling commissioned by The Australia Institute.

A moratorium on new coal mines received between 50-57% support with opposition to...

Article

1 Jan 2016

Platform-based talent markets help put the emphasis in human-capital management back where it belongs—on humans.

The best way to organize corporations—it’s a perennial debate. But the discussion is becoming more urgent as digital technology begins to penetrate the labor force. Although consumers have largely...

Survey

8 Jan 2016

Consumers frustrated by the confusion and uncertainty of choosing the right health insurance policy will gain real buying power under a reform plan proposed by the Consumers Health Forum.

Introduction

Australia has a public-private health system. Private health insurance (PHI) is a...

Evaluation

Report

30 Sep 2015

This is edition 17 in an annual series on the tertiary education sector. Profile and Trends 2014: New Zealand's Tertiary Education Research is the second of five new annual reports that, together, constitute Ministry of Education's annual publication Profile and Trends: New Zealand's Tertiary Education...

Evaluation

Report

31 Oct 2015

This is edition 17 in an annual series on the tertiary education sector. Profile & Trends 2014: New Zealand's Workplace-based Learners is the third of five new annual reports that, together, constitute the Ministry of Education's annual publication Profile & Trends: New Zealand's Tertiary Education...

Evaluation

Report

31 Dec 2015

This is edition 17 in an annual series on the tertiary education sector. Profile & Trends 2014: Tertiary Education Outcomes and Qualification Completions is the fourth of five new annual reports that, together, constitute the Ministry of Education's annual publication Profile & Trends: New Zealand's...

Research report

31 Dec 2015

This report presents the employment forecasts by industries, broad occupational and skill groups to 2024, and is an update of the medium to long-term outlook released in December 2014.

The employment projections finalised in November 2015 are guided by the macroeconomic outlook from the...

Briefing paper

9 Dec 2015

By world standards, Indonesia has a very large installed pulp and paper processing capacity, and further plans for expansion. The value to Indonesia is more than US$4.2B per year. There is a rapid transition in the industry away from natural forest as the main feedstock...

Evaluation

3 Dec 2015

Audit objectives and criteria

The audit objective was to assess the effectiveness of the Department of Health’s and the Department of Human Services’ management and administration of the Child Dental Benefits Schedule.

To form a conclusion against the audit objective, the ANAO...

Discussion paper

8 Jan 2016

For military organisations, the aftermath of a war represents an opportunity to rest and refit, to think about the lessons so painfully learned and to preserve those of enduring value in education, training and doctrine.

Arguably of even more importance, it is a time...

Research report

20 Feb 1837

In 1837 a British Parliamentary Select Committee published a report on the situation of Aboriginal peoples across its colonies around the world including Australia, Canada and New Zealand. A second version of this report was subsequently produced in the same year with additional comments by...

Research report

31 Dec 2015

Key findings

This report uses data from Te Kupenga 2013 to explore the relationship between attending wānanga and Māori language revitalisation and culture, identity and wellbeing.

Wānanga students, past and present, are drawn from two somewhat different population groups. One is those...

Journal article

7 Dec 2015

Abstract

This paper attempts to define Wikipedia in an information literacy context by providing an analysis of learning knowledge and Wikipedia’s structure. The distribution of learning in the digital information age is a core topic for scholarly communication. It is highly relevant to...

Book

17 Dec 2015

The past few years have seen a quiet, relatively well behaved, and entirely legal revolution in Aotearoa: the growth of a thriving Commons of works made available under Creative Commons open copyright licences.

A Quiet Revolution tells Kiwi stories as diverse as open...

Research report

15 Dec 2015

This Toolkit provides a general overview of social media, supported by specific guidance for particular types of user and scenario for use in the higher education sector.

Social media is a general term for a range of internet-based applications that allow people to create,...

Journal article

27 Apr 2015

This paper proposes an analysis of digital convergence through the concepts of French philosopher Gilbert Simondon, who develops a theory of technicity as a mode of existence of humanity on par with religion, science and art, and describes an evolution of technicity that culminates in...

Journal article

27 Apr 2015

Abstract

In light of cultural discourses that position femininity at odds with technology, I was inspired by the work of Donna Haraway to examine how women amputees experience and negotiate feminine embodiment with prosthetic limbs. In her germinal Manifesto for Cyborgs, Haraway theorised...

Journal article

22 Dec 2015

Abstract

The concepts of smart city and sharing economy are at the centre of a number of current debates, which touch upon, among others, issues like the current urbanisation trends, the particular economic situation we are facing in the last years, the spread...

Research report

29 Jul 2015

PREFACE

The Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) of the United Nations Secretariat is responsible for providing the international community with up-to-date and scientifically objective information on population and development. The Population Division provides guidance on population and...

Research report

7 Jan 2016

The Tasmania Law Reform Institute releases Final Report No 21, Problem Trees and Hedges: Access to Sunlight and Views , which examines the law as it relates to disputes between neighbours about trees and hedges on one property that obstruct the access of sunlight to,...

Research report

20 Oct 2015

Fertility patterns in the world have changed dramatically over the last few decades. Global fertility has reached unprecedented low levels, yet stark differences persist in childbearing patterns across countries and regions. The population and development implications of these diverse fertility patterns are directly relevant for...

Commentary

Article

4 Jan 2016

Amid all the debate about what the West should or shouldn’t do about the Syrian civil war, few if any commentators acknowledge the reality that the political outcome in Syria matters more to regional states than it does to the West

....

Briefing paper

6 Jan 2016

Recent reforms in the disability sector through the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) will allocate funding to individuals who will be able to exercise greater control over its use. More people with disabilities will be able to access support to move from congregate care, group...

Dataset

4 Jan 2016

This CSV file contains details of records held by the National Archives of Australia that were examined for release but withheld from public access in 2015. These files have an access status of 'Closed' in the NAA's online database.

The data of all files...

Strategy

10 Dec 2015

The Internet and other information technologies have transformed the way New Zealanders live. Connectivity is an integral part of New Zealand’s economic growth and international competitiveness.

Ninety percent of New Zealand households and 96 percent of businesses now have an Internet connection. New Zealanders...

Research report

6 Nov 2015

Executive Summary

This review was established to examine the purpose of the internship in today’s health system and its effectiveness in equipping medical graduates to practise in a complex and changing healthcare environment. It also sought to examine the role of the internship...

Research report

30 Oct 2015

This publication is a compendium of three papers commissioned as part of the Stewardship Dialogues for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health, a project of the Lowitja Institute.

The first two were written to inform the discussion during the Stewardship Dialogues and the third...

Commentary

Article

Audio podcast

14 Dec 2015

Te Whānau O Waipareira is working with SVA Consulting to build an outcomes management culture and strategy to measure what really matters for Māori families in West Auckland.

Research report

28 Dec 2015

Royal Commissioner John Dyson Heydon AC QC delivered his Final Report to the Governor General on 28 December 2015.

The Final Report has been tabled in Parliament.

The report concludes the Commission's national inquiry into trade union governance and corruption which began on...

Briefing paper

4 Jan 2016

This project examined residential investment vehicles introduced overseas to encourage investment in rental properties. It explored the opportunity to develop an effective residential investment vehicle in Australia oriented to enhance the supply of affordable rental properties.

The project analysed potential options for an effective...

Bill

23 Dec 2015

Proposed changes to Australia’s copyright laws, designed to modernise and improve their workability, have been released for public comment.

The draft amendments to the Copyright Act 1968 will reduce the regulatory burden on the disability sector, libraries, archives and educational and cultural institutions. The...

Research report

23 Dec 2015

The private rental sector has grown significantly and is now home to more than 1.8 million Australian households.

Briefing paper

17 Dec 2015

This state of knowledge paper investigates the enforcement and information sharing of domestic and family violence protection orders (DVPOs) in Australia. It examines current knowledge on the enforcement of DVPOs in Australia; including underpinning legislation and the perspectives of victims and their advocates, police and...

Research report

4 Dec 2015

Preventing Homelessness in Older Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) Communities is collaboration between Ethnic Communities’ Council of Victoria (ECCV) and Housing for the Aged Action Group (HAAG). The project is a response to an increasing awareness of housing issues for older migrant and refugee...

Research report

21 Dec 2015

The share of Americans with broadband at home has plateaued, and more rely only on their smartphones for online access.

Three notable changes relating to digital access and digital divides are occurring in the realm of personal connectivity, according to new findings from Pew...

Research report

4 Jan 2016

This small-scale study, undertaken by NFER and NESTA, revealed both benefits and challenges of implementing a flipped learning approach to mathematics teaching. Flipped learning involves the use of digital technology, such as video, to provide direct instruction on new concepts outside of the classroom. Students...

Conference proceedings

18 Dec 2015

The proceedings of the 8th year of the grey literature and repositories conference, held on 21st October 2015, in the National Library of Technology in Prague.

Research report

24 Dec 2015

The Quarterly Update of Australia’s National Greenhouse Gas Inventory provides estimates of Australia’s national inventory up to the June quarter of 2015. The ‘Quarterly Update’ is a publication series that reports on the latest estimates of Australia’s national greenhouse gas inventory.

Over the year...

Research report

31 Dec 2015

Australia’s second Biennial Report is a summary of Australia’s progress towards meeting its commitments under the United National Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Countries such as Australia are required to submit these reports to the UNFCCC every two years. This report contains Australian...

Research report

31 Jul 2015

The Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report is the U.S. Government’s principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking.

The U.S. Government uses the TIP Report to engage foreign governments in dialogues to advance anti-trafficking reforms and to combat trafficking and to target...

Report

14 Oct 2015

On October 14, 2015, Secretary Kerry submitted the 2014 International Religious Freedom Report to the United States Congress.

Now in its 17th year, this congressionally-mandated Report comprises almost 200 distinct reports on countries and territories worldwide and continues to reflect the United States’ commitment...

Research report

21 Dec 2015

Debates over the federal budget often refer to the level of ‘welfare’ spending. However the term welfare is often poorly defined and can lead to confusion.

Introduction Debates over the federal budget often refer to the level of ‘welfare’ spending. However the term...

Research report

30 Nov 2015

Through native title and other mechanisms, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are again becoming custodians of their traditional land and water estates. A common aspiration for Indigenous peoples in regaining rights, access and title to country is to create livelihoods and prosperous, resilient communities...

Commentary

Article

24 Dec 2015

AUSTRALIA has left 300 refugees in limbo in Nauru and Papua New Guinea rather than allowing them to build new lives in New Zealand under a standing resettlement offer from the Key government. Yet immigration minister Peter Dutton continues to pursue resettlement options in poor...

Commentary

Article

4 Jan 2016

WHEN Camilla Pivato walked around Melbourne on her first day in Australia she felt she was finally in the right place. “I just fell in love with Australia and the Australian way of life,” she tells me by Skype from Rimini, on the Adriatic Coast....

Working paper

30 Nov 2015

Introduction

Over the period 2002 to 2010, Statistics New Zealand carried out a longitudinal survey known as the Survey of Family, Income and Employment (SoFIE). Some eight waves of data were collected. Every second wave (2003/2004, 2005/2006, 2007/2008, and 2009/2010), respondents were asked...