February 2016

Research report

29 Feb 2016

Foreword

In the 12 months since the Australian Conservation Foundation’s first report on Australia’s 10 biggest climate polluting companies, energy giant AGL has gone from #3 to #1 and miner Glencore has entered the list for the first time.

Despite what the...

Website

1 Mar 2016

Summary: An innovative non-profit European initiative co-funded by the European Commission to demonstrate how a technological tool, coupled to a broad network of leading media, research institutions, researchers, civil society organisations, and citizens, can help policy makers to make better use of all knowledge...

Research report

18 Mar 2015

This report illustrates that there are significant numbers of the Australian population, who do not have, or are at risk of not developing, the mathematical knowledge and skills needed to fully participate economically and socially.

Summary Numeracy is the capacity, confidence and disposition...

Research report

18 Feb 2016

Explores the characteristics of education systems that are successful in science through secondary analysis of data from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study 2011.

Summary This research, for the Department of Education in Northern Ireland (DENI), explores the characteristics of education...

Case study

14 Sep 2015

Assesses the Archdiocese of Melbourne’s process for responding to those who have been sexually abused by priests, religious and lay persons within the Archdiocese of Melbourne.

Summary

The report of Case Study 16 follows a public hearing into the Melbourne Response held...

Conference paper

10 Apr 2013

A two-year project funded by an Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing grant to our university aimed to: investigate the experience and perceptions of health professionals involved in providing palliative care in regional areas; identify continuing educational needs; and develop resources to enhance the...

Journal article

29 Feb 2016

Abstract Objective: To estimate the number of regular and dependent methamphetamine users in Australia.

Design : Indirect prevalence estimates were made for each year from 2002–03 to 2013–14. We applied multiplier methods to data on treatment episodes for amphetamines (eg, counselling, rehabilitation,...

Research report

29 Feb 2016

This study investigates the relationships between equity scholarships and the retention and success outcomes of recipients at three deliberately different universities, Deakin University, Queensland University of Technology and the University of Sydney, for the academic year of 2013.

Book

30 Jun 2013

Technology is transforming education as we know it. How will universities be affected by new online methods of teaching and learning? What does the virtual university mean for accounting and business education? How will global change impact Australian and New Zealand higher education institutions and...

Research report

29 Feb 2016

Overview

This survey of more than 18,000 academics by the National Centre for Universities and Business (NCUB), found that the proportion of respondents doing commercial consultancy has more than halved from 15 per cent to 7 per cent.

This report updates the...

Journal article

8 Jul 2014

Abstract

As the proportion of older workers in the labour market increases, there is a greater need to identify ways to engage and retain mature age workers. In 2011, the authors interviewed 24 older workers who had recently left full-time employment in Australia....

Discussion paper

29 Feb 2016

This project examines access to appropriate housing for Indigenous people with a disability living in stage one areas of the National Disability Insurance Scheme in South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales. The condition and location of housing and the availability and suitability of housing...

Conference paper

5 Mar 2013

In rapidly changing and dynamic environments an organisation must have dynamic capabilities to sustain its competitive advantage among rivals. Knowledge Management research has investigated these capabilities. One such a capability is absorptive capacity (AC) that can be described as the ability of an organisation to...

Conference paper

10 Dec 2010

The aim of this study was to examine innovation management practices of a large number of Australian companies in the manufacturing, services, computers, and construction sectors in order to determine the relationships between these practices and innovation performance in the mainstream (MIP) and new stream...

Commentary

25 Feb 2016

It’s not too late for Malcolm Turnbull to regain some of the ground he’s lost on tax. Labor’s plan shows why he can’t afford to dodge it

THE LAST fortnight has been a bitter one for many Australians who wanted to see Malcolm...

Research report

15 Oct 2011

Business enterprises, whether they are large or small, contribute to the growth of desert regions in Australia. This report presents case studies of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in the desert. The case studies highlight the different business models that exist in desert areas,...

Research report

30 Sep 2015

The SA Co-innovation Cluster Program, focused on premium food and wine from a clean environment, is a regional development initiative to support regional agriculture and food and wine businesses to become more collaborative, productive and globally competitive – thereby boosting economic growth, population and jobs...

Video

22 Feb 2016

In the week of 15-19 February, the National Security College hosted a major cybersecurity conference – Securing our Future in Cyberspace – bringing together our international research program partners from the United States, United Kingdom and Canada.

To launch the conference, on 15 February...

Research report

23 Feb 2016

The Amnesty International Report 2015/16 documents the state of human rights in 160 countries and territories during 2015. In many regions, large numbers of refugees were on the move against a backdrop of conflict and repression. Torture and the failure to uphold sexual and reproductive...

Journal article

26 Mar 2014

Background

Children placed in care because of abuse or neglect can display a range of challenging behaviours that can be difficult for foster carers to manage. While much is known about the prevalence of behavioural disorders among children in care, little quantitative information exists...

Research report

25 Feb 2016

Examines how health-related factors affect the health status of Australians with disability at the national population level.

Summary

This report examines how health-related factors affect the health status of Australians with disability at the national population level. In 2011–12, half (51%) of...

Journal article

15 Sep 2013

Abstract

Obtaining reliable estimates of the extent of child maltreatment in the community is a problem for researchers. Young people are highly desirable participants, albeit difficult to contact, for maltreatment research. Common methods for recruiting representative community samples of young people include classroom...

Discussion paper

Report

26 Feb 2016

Multiculturalism in Australia is unquestionably a success story.

This sentiment has been echoed by many including Race Discrimination Commissioner, Tim Soutphommasane, who in 2013 said that there was strong agreement with the notion that we should be emphatically proud of our achievements as a...

Research report

1 Apr 2015

Describes baseline levels of active transport usage in Australian cities, and thus provides a platform from which future interventions in low carbon precinct planning and design can be assessed in terms of their capability to increase the levels of active transport.

Executive Summary...

Literature review

1 Jun 2015

Describes current planning and policy interventions in place in Australia to encourage low carbon active transport forms such as walking, cycling and using public transport.

Executive Summary Project RP2015 was a scoping study designed to inform the CRC on the needs for R&D...

Research report

1 Jun 2012

Buildings present a significant amount of opportunity for climate mitigation. Since they are long-lived assets, they also present great challenges for adaptation to projected as well as unexpected climate change impacts. These impacts will have consequences for building design and fabric, as well as for...

Journal article

15 Sep 2013

Abstract

Children in out-of-home care (OOHC) experience a number of adverse educational outcomes, including lower attainment and fewer years of schooling; and they are less likely than their peers to remain in education and training after 16 years of age. Children in OOHC...

Briefing paper

23 Feb 2016

Charities are an essential part of Australian society, offering a large and diverse range of services that are of significant benefit to Australians. Charities contribute vital functions across health, education, employment and legal services and in a multitude of other areas. In doing so, they...

Research report

27 Aug 2014

Provides analysis of the costs and benefits of increased access to very high‐speed broadband, arguing that while there are net benefits to that increased access, they will only be realised by efficient investment, operation and pricing.

Overview

This report presents the results...

Policy

25 Feb 2016

Executive Summary

This Defence White Paper explains how the Government is investing in Australia’s defence capabilities to strengthen Australia’s security in the more complex strategic environment Australia will face in the years ahead.

The Government’s policy is to align Australia’s defence strategy...

Research report

15 Jun 2005

Executive Summary

From 1906 to 1911, Australia was the most prolific producer of feature films in the world. During this period, Australian producers had easy access to cinema screens as supplies of overseas films were irregular.

This success began to decline in...

Report

15 Feb 2016

This report discusses the purpose of the Counter-Terrorism Legislation Amendment Bill (No. 1) 2015, and recommends it be passed with amendments.

Technical report

31 Dec 2015

This working paper provides details of the Australian National Electricity Market (ANEM) model version 1.10 used in the research project titled: An investigation of the impacts of increased power supply to the national grid by wind generators on the Australian electricity industry. The paper provides...

Conference proceedings

2 Dec 2015

Foreword: The Architectural Science Association (ASA), formally known as the Australian and New Zealand Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA), was established in 1963 with the goal of promoting architectural science, theory, education and practice. A particular focus of ASA is the development, documentation and application of...

Research report

1 Feb 2016

In its report on TALIS 2013 the OECD describes self-efficacy as "individuals' beliefs about their capabilities to successfully accomplish a particular course of action." The OECD also reports that a number of studies have demonstrated positive associations between teachers' sense of self-efficacy and higher levels...

Fact sheet

9 Feb 2016

This fact sheet assesses common statements about bushfires and climate change caused by carbon and other greenhouse gas pollution.

Overview

The Factsheet explores the follow common facts and myths:

Bushfire risk is rising Climate change isn’t influencing bushfires Fuel is always...

Research report

24 Feb 2016

Summary

In recent times the options available to women for antenatal care and birth have expanded. This includes the provision of more midwifery-led care models. This diversification creates a need for common terminology in describing and comparing these models and the outcomes for...

Research report

23 Feb 2016

Based on customer data, this report details trends across email, social media platforms and mobile applications to reveal attacker behaviors.

Executive summary

Life imitated art in 2015 as real-world cyber criminals every day applied the mantra of the anti-hero hacker of the...

Journal article

23 Feb 2016

President Joko Widodo will not be able to achieve his ambitious development goals without foreign investment, but the measures he must take to encourage foreign investment will upset Indonesians' nationalist sensibilities.

Key findings:

The greatest success of Jokowi’s administration has been the...

Statistics

23 Feb 2016

A summary of gender-specific data in six areas of social concern for gender equality: Economic Security, Education, Health, Work and Family Balance, Safety and Justice, and Democracy, Governance and Citizenship.

In this issue Gender Indicators, Australia presents a summary of gender-specific data in...

Research report

23 Feb 2016

Executive summary

The enduring success of Australia’s democracy rests on many vital foundations including a free press, informed and diverse debate, the rule of law, free and fair elections, active civil society and the checks and balances provided by courts and other institutions....

Infographic

23 Feb 2016

There has been a lot of talk about the National Broadband Network ( NBN ) in its various guises under the Labor and now Liberal governments.

But how fast really is it in its current form? How does it compare to today’s...

Research report

24 Feb 2016

Public transport services, and in particular trains, play a significant role in the community. Passengers should feel safe as they use these services regardless of the time of day or night. The protective services officers (PSO) program was established to reduce crime and improve perceptions...

Discussion paper

16 Feb 2016

This paper was released on 16 February 2016 to assist participants in preparing a submission to the public inquiry into Marine Fisheries and Aquaculture. It outlines a range of issues about which the Commission is seeking information.

Initial submissions are due by Thursday 31...

Research report

24 Feb 2016

Running a successful state election requires staff with foresight, integrity and attention to detail. It also demands systems that produce accurate and secure results to exacting standards that are flexible enough to respond to fluctuating voter turnout. The Victorian Electoral Commission (VEC) carries enormous responsibility...

Discussion paper

22 Feb 2016

Summary

If a public media sector was designed in 2016 with an eye to the future, it would be different to Australia’s current one, with the ABC, SBS and National Indigenous Television (NITV). A system designed for the 21st century would not likely...

Research report

18 Feb 2016

Poor water governance is a significant contributor to the spread of water-borne diseases in Timor-Leste.

Due to prevailing circumstances and other priorities, the Timor-Leste Government has missed several opportunities to change that situation.

The government must hasten its decision-making...

Article

22 Feb 2016

Introduction

For a relatively distant country with no territorial claims, Australia has been a remarkably vocal presence around the East and South China Sea disputes. Canberra issued arguably the strongest rebuke of any capital when it called in the Chinese ambassador and released...

Commentary

Article

19 Feb 2016

Introduction

Forecasting is a mug’s game.

Anyone who ever sat down in front of a client and made a forecast – on the economy, markets, growth, margin, yield, or any other measure – at some point in the future knows in their...

Briefing paper

24 Feb 2016

Mobile broadband spectrum management is one area where the ACMA, for a number of years, has provided detailed public guidance on its associated strategy and work program. In September 2015, the ACMA consulted on updating its strategy and work program in the discussion paper Beyond...

Audio podcast

23 Feb 2016

In this special episode of InTransition, David Pembroke interviews Kanchan Dutt, the Senior Manager of Media and Communications for the Australian Capital Territory Community Services Directorate. This interview includes discussions on the constraints of department communications, how to improve the skills of staff to become...

Commentary

Article

22 Feb 2016

Journalism is in an existential crisis: revenue to news organisations has fallen off a cliff over the past two decades and no clear business model is emerging to sustain news in the digital era.

Some of the big news organisations are imposing...

Infographic

23 Feb 2016

There has been a lot of talk about the National Broadband Network (NBN) in its various guises under the Labor and now Liberal governments.

But how fast really is it in its current form? How does it compare to today’s ADSL and broadband internationally?...

Article

18 Feb 2016

Over the past several years , many companies have avidly pursued the promised benefits of big data and advanced analytics. In a recent McKinsey survey of executives in this field, nearly all of them said that their organizations had made significant investments, from data warehouses...

Journal article

15 Jan 2014

This paper draws on three studies conducted in Australia, Canada and Ireland which explore the factors influencing research utilisation in the child protection sector in each country. The paper recognises that research uptake is complicated by a number of factors. It also acknowledges critiques which...

Briefing paper

5 Feb 2016

This paper examines proposed changes to control order safeguards.

Background

The then Prime Minister referred the following matter to me pursuant to s 7 of the Independent National Security Legislation Monitor Act 2010 (INSLM Act):

… whether the additional safeguards...

Other text

18 Feb 2016

The United Nations Association of Australia has released its position statement on Australia's Candidacy for the Human Rights Council. The position statement reflects positively on Australia’s former contribution to human rights, noting with concern the recent and serious decline in Australia’s human rights standing. Highlighting...

Research report

18 Feb 2016

Although the percentage of children fully immunised in Australia is high, rates are not uniform across the country and there are significant variations at the local level.

Overview: The third report on child immunisation rates from the National Health Performance Authority finds that...

Research report

18 Feb 2016

It is the critical development of social and emotional skills during the early years of life that provides the foundation for life-long mental health. With support from families, communities and professionals, children can build strong skills and achieve their full potential.

Globally, the burden...

Journal article

16 Sep 2013

Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) develop when unborn children are exposed to alcohol prenatally. As a result of this exposure, children with FASD exhibit a range of social, behavioural, cognitive and even physical deficits that can impede their life-long development. These deficits can be influenced...

Statistics

18 Feb 2016

Abstract : There is an established relationship between crime and areas with a high density of licensed premises (night-time entertainment [NTE] precincts). Various initiatives have been implemented with the aim of reducing harms that arise as a result of alcohol consumption in NTE precincts....

Fact sheet

18 Feb 2016

Good Shepherd Microfinance commissioned Digital Finance Analytics (DFA) to examine how women access and use payday loans. The report found women are using payday lending more. In 2005 about 84,000 women had used payday lending, but this had grown to 177,000 in 2015, a 110%...

Research report

22 Feb 2016

Calls for changes to ensure patients are protected from out-of-pocket charges and taxpayers get to share the savings from economies of scale and efficiency gains.

Summary

The government could save up to $175 million a year by changing the way it pays...

Research report

12 Aug 2015

This report provides a valuation of the economic, social and cultural contribution to the Australian community of the Australian Live Music Industries. The valuation employs a cost-benefit analysis framework that draws on a national survey of consumers; interviews with venue owners and operators; and currently...

Journal article

16 Feb 2016

Examines the extent to which membership in social groups following retirement determines quality of life and mortality.

Abstract Objectives: Retirement constitutes a major life transition that poses significant challenges to health, with many retirees experiencing a precipitous decline in health status following retirement....

Journal article

28 Jan 2016

The ‘how to’ of scaling up public health interventions for maximum reach and outcomes is receiving greater attention; however, there remains a paucity of practical tools to guide those actively involved in scaling up processes in high-income countries.

To fill this gap, the New...

Literature review

30 Nov 2015

This review was commissioned to provide evidence on research questions pertaining to workforce planning for orthotists and/or prosthetists.

The review focussed on understanding the role that orthotists and prosthetists and technical support staff play in the health system and whether the current model of...

Commentary

Article

22 Feb 2016

New Zealanders living in Australia have been given a new way of becoming citizens. But only some of them stand to benefit

“WHAT the new policy does is penalise New Zealanders engaged in low-paid work. The ‘occupation matrix’ in the Department of Employment...

Commentary

Article

22 Feb 2016

Ipsos and Newspoll have brought bad news for the government, but both parties would be wise to stay calm

WHAT to make of today’s Newspoll, which has the parties level after preferences at 50 per cent each? It follows a closer-than-usual 52–48 Ipsos...

Commentary

Article

19 Feb 2016

Infrastructure Australia’s latest report got lost in the tax debate this week, writes Tim Colebatch. It deserves a closer look

It’s called the Australian Infrastructure Plan, but it really isn’t one. The report released on Wednesday by Infrastructure Australia, the little engine of...

Report

22 Feb 2016

This brief report, prepared by Scott Ewing for the Australian Digital Inclusion Index, includes graphs of a few of the key data points that shed light on digital inclusion in Australia from the ABS’s recently released Household Use of Information Technology in Australia, 2014-15. The...

Research report

16 Feb 2016

This study tests the hypothesis that childhood lead exposure in select Australian populations is related to subsequent aggressive criminal behaviors.

Abstract Background: Many populations have been exposed to environmental lead from paint, petrol, and mining and smelting operations. Lead is toxic to humans...

Commentary

Article

11 Feb 2016

Victorian child protection law reforms due to come into effect next month will give parents two years from when a child is removed to demonstrate that the child should be returned to their care. Failure to do so will result in parents permanently losing custody....

Guide

31 Dec 2015

As experiences in Afghanistan, Bosnia, the Central African Republic, Iraq, Rwanda, South Sudan, Syria and Timor-Leste have all too clearly demonstrated, contemporary situations of armed conflict and other situations of violence can have a devastating impact on civilians. Today, armed conflict is more often taking...

Research report

11 Feb 2016

A proposal to establish a global nuclear waste industry in South Australia would fail to secure 90% of the imported waste, leaving an expensive and risky legacy for the state, according to this report.

Summary

South Australia’s Nuclear Fuel Cycle Royal Commission...

Statistics

15 Feb 2016

The Australia Institute has released data from modelling commissioned from NATSEM together with ATO statistics which show that young Australians are receiving little benefit from three of the budget’s most expensive tax concessions.

The research shows Australians under 30 years of age receive only...

Discussion paper

11 Feb 2016

This paper argues that an estate tax would make a useful contribution to the government’s tax armoury. The aging of the population means that the tax base is likely to be expanding well into the future. In addition the estate duty is useful because it...

Transcript

19 Feb 2016

Professor Stephen Parker AO, Vice-Chancellor and President of the University of Canberra, presented the keynote address to the TJ Ryan Foundation's second anniversary event held in Brisbane on Tuesday, 16 February 2016. The TJ Ryan Foundation is a progressive think tank focussing on Queensland public...

Book

19 Feb 2016

'The Newman Years: Rise, Decline and Fall' is a collection of articles published between 2014 and 2015 on the TJ Ryan Foundation website. The TJ Ryan Foundation is a progressive think tank focussing on Queensland public policy and public administration. Edited by Dr Ann Scott,...

Discussion paper

18 Feb 2016

This short discussion paper is based on collaborative and ongoing research into crisis and disaster management and its intersection with the role of politicians in communicating with various publics before, during and after crises and disasters.

Research report

16 Feb 2016

Executive summary

According to the 2011 Census, some 44,000 children and young people in Australia are homeless. The reality is worse; many others are ‘hidden homeless’ who are not counted in the official statistics.

There is a growing body of evidence being...

Research report

24 Dec 2015

As energy prices in Australia have risen, so has concern about the impact on people’s wellbeing. This Brotherhood of St Laurence study considers how to define and measure the extent of fuel poverty in Australia, comparing results based on income and energy expenditure with results...

Research report

20 Dec 2015

How do older Australians develop the knowhow to devise lives they value in our increasingly complex society with its tsunami of information and plethora of choices? This small qualitative study found that older adults particularly valued the ‘knowhow’ that enables them to manage matters such...

Research report

1 Jun 2014

This Policy Bulletin is the second in an annual series reporting on the social inclusion/exclusion of young Australians with self-reported long term health conditions, impairments or disabilities. The first Policy Bulletin – Left Behind: 2013 reporting on the time period 2001-2011, reported that disabled Australian...

Research report

1 Jun 2013

Due to increased life expectancy, the number of older Australians with a long-term disability, such as intellectual disability is increasing. More people with disability are facing retirement. People with intellectual disability can be reluctant to leave their familiar work environment, and may find it hard...

Research report

1 Feb 2013

Disabled Australian adolescents and young adults are more likely to experience social exclusion than their non-disabled peers. The gap between the two actually widened between 2001 and 2011. Social exclusion in adolescence leads to poor outcomes. It affects not only the health and wellbeing of...

Research report

18 Feb 2016

This snapshot has been developed to provide stakeholders with an overview of some of the ACMA’s broad and diverse activities, including:

broadcasting, radiofrequency spectrum, telecommunications and unsolicited communications complaints, investigations and compliance work allocation and licencing regulatory work cybersecurity activities supporting the nbn the...

Research report

7 Dec 2015

This snapshot has been developed to provide stakeholders with an overview of some of the ACMA’s broad and diverse activities, including:

broadcasting, radiofrequency spectrum, telecommunications and unsolicited communications complaints, investigations and compliance work allocation and licencing regulatory work activities supporting the nbn and the...

Data portal

31 Dec 2012

WHAT IS DELIVERED IN THE DATA PACKAGE

Data for Download is presented as an information package compressed in Zip format. It includes spatial data in the GDA94 Geographic Coordinate System and metadata statements.

Depending upon the product, users may also find associated...

Research report

12 Feb 2016

Overview

God appears to be resurgent in 21st century societies around the world. As our awareness of the claims made by religion becomes more acute, it is ever more important to understand those claims as well as the challenges and contributions religious belief...

Literature review

30 Aug 2015

This review examined the evidence for the effectiveness of online brief interventions (BIs) to reduce youth methamphetamine use.

It found promising but inconclusive evidence that online BIs may be a useful tool in preventing initiation of illicit drug use among youth, including amphetamine-type drug...

Research report

16 Feb 2016

Overview

The building of Australia’s fleet of future submarines is likely to be the largest defence program in this country’s history. It will cost tens of billions of dollars and will run for decades. So it’s little wonder that it’s a recurring topic...

Strategy

17 Feb 2016

Presents the infrastructure challenges and opportunities Australia faces over the next 15 years and the solutions required.

Research report

13 Feb 2016

This paper seeks to lay out the evidence for and against increasing the rate and broadening the base of the GST in terms of the GST’s relative efficiency, equity and revenue raising capacity.

Overview

The Commonwealth Government has run underlying structural deficits...

Research report

16 Feb 2016

The 19th issue of the G20 Monitor focuses on the state of the G20 in the initial months of the Chinese G20 Presidency and examines policies that could contribute to the G20’s core goal of improving global economic growth.

Key findings:

There...

Research report

9 Feb 2016

Introduction

The 2015 Global Go To Think Tank Index (GGTTI) marks the ninth year of continued efforts by the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania to acknowledge the important contributions and emerging global trends of think tanks...

Research report

12 Feb 2016

Executive summary

The Victorian Veterans Council (VVC) conducted an initial review of the Victorian veteran sector and priority needs in 2008, with the results of the review published in the Victorian Veterans Study Report . Seven years on, this review seeks to refresh...

Research report

10 Feb 2016

Overview

This audit is the second in a series of performance audits examining hospital efficiency and has again clearly identified a number of opportunities for the Department of Health & Human Services (DHHS) and hospital management to collectively improve the way hospitals operate....

Research report

10 Feb 2016

Overview

The audit examined whether parole is being administered effectively to achieve its intended outcomes. In particular, it examined the parole system in the wake of the reforms arising from the review of the parole system conducted by former High Court Justice Ian...

Video

17 Feb 2016

Overview

How can we achieve a deeper understanding of Australia’s Indigenous history – not just in the abstract, but in the specific contexts of where we live, work and play? If all Australians had a relationship with Indigenous language, how would that affect...

Commentary

Article

16 Feb 2016

Tax reform is very much on the agenda, despite the PM backing away from a GST increase. Many experts point to the tax concessions enjoyed by wealthy Australians as a good place to start. Keri Phillips reports.

In Australia, the federal government raises most...

Research report

15 Feb 2016

This report represents a snapshot of how the world has tried to develop mechanisms to protect children’s rights and ensure that there are remedies for violations of children’s rights.

Summary Access to justice is a human right, but it is also what makes...

Submission

16 Feb 2016

Australia is a comparatively low taxing and low spending country, with the most tightly targeted income support system in the OECD. We are facing a medium term budget challenge, which must be addressed in a way that supports both economic growth and equity and gives...

Guide

8 Feb 2016

All Of Us is a collection of short videos and teaching activities designed by Minus18 and Safe Schools Coalition Australia in order to assist students in understanding gender diversity, sexual diversity and intersex topics. The All Of Us resource supports the Health and Physical Education...

Research report

2 Mar 2015

It has been five years since the report, Women and Mobile: A Global Opportunity , highlighted the disparity in mobile phone ownership between men and women in low- and middle-income countries and drew increased attention to the issue of women’s access to mobile phones. Since...

Research report

16 Feb 2010

Executive summary

Mobile phone ownership in low and middle-income countries has skyrocketed in the past several years. But a woman is still 21% less likely to own a mobile phone than a man. This figure increases to 23% if she lives in in...

Research report

25 Jan 2013

Executive summary

From activists in Egypt to coffee farmers in Colombia, the Internet has transformed the lives of billions of people. It functions as a gateway to ideas, resources, and opportunities that never could have been realized before, let alone fathomed. All around...

Commentary

Article

11 Feb 2016

An early intervention program targeted at children struggling to read may not be delivering the results its advocates promise. Reading Recovery has been around since the 1970s, but its effectiveness is increasingly being called into doubt.

If you have a child who develops reading...

Evaluation

Report

25 Nov 2015

This evaluation examined the impact of Reading Recovery (RR) on students' outcomes in NSW government schools. The evaluation found some evidence that RR has a modest short-term effect on reading skills among the lowest performing students. However, RR does not appear to be an effective...

Research report

14 Feb 2016

This report highlights that Sydney and Melbourne are driving the national economy.

Summary Australian cities are orphans. Responsibilities for their economic management falls between all tiers of government. Official statistics do not publish economic data at city level, and when published, are given...

Conference paper

8 Jul 2015

Introduction

Reading Recovery (RR) was developed by Marie Clay during the 1970s (Clay, 1979) while she was an academic staff member of the University of Auckland (one of New Zealand’s 8 public universities). The program was funded by the New Zealand Department of...

Research report

15 Feb 2016

About one in five young people did not submit a specimen for testing despite a GP request.

Abstract Objectives : To investigate socio-demographic and structural factors associated with not providing a specimen for chlamydia testing following a request by a general practitioner....

Commentary

12 Feb 2016

How did Australia’s love affair with Netflix begin? This book extract traces the geoblocking debate and its political fallout

OVER THE past decade Australia has become an unlikely hotspot of digital disobedience. Frustrated by the high cost and slow delivery of first-release TV...

Discussion paper

18 Jan 2016

This occasional paper provides the views of 17 ‘thought leaders’ in the Australian vocational education and training (VET) sector. Their insight and opinions were sought to inform a larger research project focused on the student entitlement reforms that were introduced into the national VET system...

Website

15 Feb 2016

The internet has transformed almost every aspect of our lives. But for the 4 million Australians who are still not online, the education, health, social and financial benefits of being connected remain out of reach. And we know that digital disadvantage coincides with other forms...

Discussion paper

21 Jan 2016

The Commonwealth Department of Education commissioned the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) to assess the value and implications of eight enhancements to the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY).

The objective of LSAY is to track young Australians as they move from...

Research report

11 Feb 2016

Summary

This report presents estimates of trends in the number and rate of persons seriously injured in Australia due to road vehicle traffic crashes. Serious injury is defined as cases where a person was admitted to hospital for an injury and was discharged...

Research report

12 Feb 2016

Summary

The aim of this report is to provide information about injuries that lead to hospitalisation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and young people aged 0 to 24 years. Injury is a significant health issue for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander...

Journal article

28 Jan 2016

On 1 July 2015, the Australian Government established 31 new Primary Health Networks (PHNs), following a review by its former Chief Medical Officer, John Horvath, of 61 Medicare Locals created under the previous Labor administration. The Horvath review recommended, among other things, that new, larger...

Research report

3 Feb 2016

B2B (business to business) companies are at risk of of losing more than two-thirds of their customer base, according to this report.

Executive summary Gallup analysis has found that only 29% of B2B customers are fully engaged — that is, emotionally and psychologically...

Research report

14 Feb 2016

This report is based on a collaborative project between RMIT and the Environment Protection Authority Victoria. It draws on qualitative research conducted in two environmental ‘hotspots’ in Melbourne - Clayton South and the Brooklyn Region - by a team of researchers at RMIT University. A...

Research report

29 Jan 2016

This report lists 290 tax expenditures and, where possible, provides an estimate of the dollar value or order of magnitude of the benefit to taxpayers.

Introduction A tax expenditure arises where the actual tax treatment of an activity or class of taxpayer differs...

Survey

8 May 2015

One in four young men believe that controlling and violent behaviours are signs of male strength, according to this survey.

Executive summary In essence, the study has shown that the social mores that continue to define youth relationships, along with the significant influence...

Audio

3 Feb 2016

This program discusses men's apprehension in relation to undertaking flexible work hours.

Summary Women are usually the ones requesting flexible work to fit around family responsibilities. While more men are expected to share the domestic load few request flexible work, fearing a negative...

Research report

11 Feb 2016

Improving access to the professions is key to promoting social mobility. Launched in September 2011, PRIME is a commitment to ensure fair and equal access to quality work experience in the legal profession for students from disadvantaged backgrounds. NFER is undertaking a robust and independent...

Briefing paper

12 Feb 2016

In our latest occasional paper 5G and mobile network developments—Emerging issues , the Australian Communications and Media Authority (the ACMA) looks at 5G mobile developments and the opportunities that this evolution in mobile technology offers to the Australian community through increased use of mobile broadband...

Journal article

31 Jul 2014

Social work educators across the world are engaged in developing a curriculum that prepares students to be effective practitioners in a range of settings that involve working with children. This paper reflects on collaborative strategies and research that have influenced the child wellbeing content of...

Reports

4 Dec 2015

Informing Policy and Practice: 2014 Student Equity in Higher Education Grants Program Projects reports on the twelve research projects the NCSEHE funded under its 2014 grants program.

The publication acts as a conduit for discussion on how the research findings may inform student...

Research report

11 Feb 2016

Many New Zealanders are taking part in projects, independently or in partnership with local or central government agencies, to conserve the environment for future generations and protect our economic, social, and cultural well-being.

Some of these projects are co-governed. Policies on, and approaches to,...

Book

13 Sep 2013

Poverty, domestic violence, marginalisation, drug and alcohol dependence are just some of the issues faced by many Australian families. Now in its second edition, Working with Vulnerable Families provides a comprehensive and evidence-based introduction to family-centred practice in Australia. It explores the ways in which...

Research report

10 Feb 2016

This 2016 Closing the Gap report shows, as in previous years, that there have been mixed levels of success in meeting the targets set by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) in 2008. It underscores the need for all Australian governments to intensify their efforts...

Research report

30 Sep 2015

Interaction design is something perhaps few people think about. Yet it is one of our most important areas of research. The world is now changed every few years by information and communication technologies, and it is interaction design that has to make these changes work...

Research report

31 Oct 2015

The nature of violence experienced by many Aboriginal women is multi-layered, complex and incorporates a history of intergenerational loss, grief, trauma and the impact of colonisation, as discussed by Atkinson, C (2008). It involves women, children, families, communities. It is a story about people, many...

Evaluation

27 Feb 2015

In 2010, the then Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (now the Department of Social Services) funded the Australian Centre for Child Protection (ACCP) to develop and deliver Protecting and Nurturing Children: Building Capacity Building Bridges (BCBB) over three years as an...

Interview

19 Jan 2016

Families Australia and the Australian Centre for Child Protection are jointly providing national leadership for the Child Aware Local Initiative. Some of the leading stakeholders in the Child Aware Local Initiative give their views on what 'child aware' means to them.

Statistics

11 Feb 2016

The Index of Wellbeing for Older Australians, commissioned by The Benevolent Society and prepared by The National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling (NATSEM), maps how older people are faring nationally across five domains, including education, health, resources and wealth, including housing. The most significant...

Video

8 Dec 2014

This presentation advocates cities that are compact, workable and diverse, the holy grail of city planning.

The Festival of Urbanism a series of talks on planning and making our cities visit www.festivalofurbanism.com

Supported by The University of Sydney, Henry Halloran Trust, Leo Port...

Video

1 Oct 2015

More roads mean less traffic right? Wrong. More infrastructure supply may result in higher travel demand, or, 'induced demand'. Building new roads could also result in more congestion. This talk looks at the importance of careful transport planning, using appropriate transport models for predicting future...

Video

8 Dec 2014

Professor Stephen Cairns reflects broadly on the principles of the 'open-city and how these might apply to urban renewal projects.

The Festival of Urbanism. A series of talks on planning and making our cities visit www.festivalofurbanism.com

Supported by The University of Sydney, Henry...

Research report

10 Feb 2016

This report presents information on young people aged 10–17 who were involved in the child protection system and under youth justice supervision in 2013–14, and demonstrates the insights that can be gained through data linkage.

Summary

Research shows that children and young...

Research report

9 Feb 2016

Australia's groundwater is a nationally significant resource which demands careful, long-term planning and management, informed by a sound understanding of the characteristics of each aquifer.

Commentary

Article

9 Feb 2016

The recent launch of the National Innovation and Science Agenda (NISA) sets out four interrelated clusters of initiatives with a collective purpose to increase productivity, support high wage jobs and the next wave of economic prosperity. But, writes Dr Craig Fowler NCVER’s Managing Director, other...

Working paper

5 Feb 2016

Abstract

This paper uses data from the Australian Census Longitudinal Data set to conduct the first representative analysis of labour force transitions for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. The main finding is that Indigenous females and males are more than 10 percentage points more...

Research report

9 Feb 2016

Foreword

The link between the use of alcohol, other drugs and crime continues to be a concern in communities throughout Australia. In regional Western Australia, little is known about the patterns of substance use and crime. In an attempt to better understand a...

Research report

10 Dec 2015

Argues that Australian policymakers need to articulate a strategy for the possibility that a large, state-owned oil company will make a bid for an Australian energy company or major energy asset.

Policy recommendations

Australia must develop and articulate a robust energy security...

Book

17 Jan 2016

In recent years, the search for innovative, locally relevant and engaging public service has become the new philosophers’ stone. Social procurement represents one approach to maximising public spending and social value through the purchase of goods and services. It has gained increasing attention in recent...

Research report

4 Feb 2016

The decision to franchise ferry services on the Sydney Ferries Network is justified, according to this report.

Executive summary Scheduled ferry services on the Sydney Ferries Network are provided under the Ferry System Contract managed by Transport for NSW (TfNSW). Harbour City Ferries...

Journal article

15 Sep 2013

It is well recognised that the population throughout the world is ageing. By 2021, an estimated 18% of the population will be aged 65 years and over, and close to four in every 10 households will be occupied by at least one older person, the...

Article

2 Feb 2016

Provides a perspective on the importance of immunisation as a unique global health concern in that it is not a time-limited issue.

Background When one speaks of global health, there are few issues that actually have a health impact globally rather than in...

Audio interview

9 Feb 2016

In this episode, Founder and CEO David Pembroke sits down with Caroline Fisher, lecturer in journalism at the University of Canberra. They discuss the new role journalism plays in the public sector and how that is changing with new content marketing initiatives. David and Caroline...

Commentary

Article

9 Feb 2016

It’s time for funds and a plan to preserve and commemorate this visitor from Ancient Australia, writes the geologist who discovered Mungo Man’s remains

FORTY-TWO years ago, on 26 February 1974, I first encountered the remains of Mungo Man eroding out of the...

Commentary

4 Feb 2016

The Australian Electoral Commission’s latest political finance figures show how closely entwined are government and the development industry

THE RELEASE of the Australian Electoral Commission’s latest political donations data provoked the usual rush to unearth hidden scandals. Clive Palmer’s $5 million donation to...

Research report

10 Feb 2016

Twenty-five years after the establishment of the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation (CAR), this report examines the state of reconciliation in Australia today. The report uses a five dimensional framework of reconciliation to measure and analyse Australia’s progress over this time and set out a roadmap...

Commentary

Article

3 Feb 2016

Why do parties have so much trouble learning from past successes and failures?

ELECTION postmortems are a ritual of grieving – a necessary safety valve to contain the damage and internal recrimination that might otherwise break out after a devastating and unexpected election...

Research report

8 Feb 2016

Access to open government data in Australia is economically important, as confirmed by multiple theoretical and empirical studies, with varying estimates of its net positive benefit. Some of these benefits include new data-driven products and services, increased operational efficiency in both the public and private...

Report

10 Feb 2016

The fossil fuel industry is causing massive environmental damage and driving climate change.

People are inadvertently supporting the fossil fuel industry through the investment decisions of their super funds, the custodians of their retirement savings.

Many super funds have recognised the dangers of...

Guide

5 Sep 2013

The SHBBV Program Planning Toolkitis for managers, service providers, clinicians and project officers in the sexual health and blood-borne virus (SHBBV) sector. The toolkit contains information, tools and quick links to assist practitioners in planning, implementing and evaluating health interventions that aim to reduce the...

Evaluation

31 May 2015

This is the final report of the independent evaluation of the Western Australian Sexual Health and Blood Borne Virus Applied Research and Evaluation Network (SiREN).

John Scougall Consulting Services conducted the evaluation under the direction and guidance of a SiREN Evaluation Reference Group. It...

Research report

8 Feb 2016

Digital technologies such as fast computers, portable devices, remote sensors, and ‘smart’ machines are key foundations for the transformation of businesses in almost all industries. They provide a platform for innovation and growth.

Earlier research at the Productivity Commission showed the accelerated use of...

Working paper

9 Feb 2016

The ACMA’s occasional papers explore prevailing and emerging themes of relevance to regulatory practice in the communications and media environment. The connected citizen—a disruptive concept informing ACMA perspectives builds on the ACMA’s body of work focusing on the citizen as a central consideration in making...

Research report

7 Dec 2015

The transition from school is an important period. All young people should be supported throughout this time to access options which allow them to meaningfully participate and contribute to our society as adults. Many young people with disability however have extremely poor post school transition...

Discussion paper

9 Feb 2016

On 10 November 2015, Victim Support Service (VSS) in partnership with Anglicare, hosted the ‘Improving Justice and Support for Child and Adolescent Victims of Crime’ Conference in Adelaide. This event involved a diverse group of almost 100 representatives from across the non-government and government sectors...

Research report

1 Feb 2016

Define's and clarifies what trauma-informed service delivery means in the context of delivering child/family welfare services in Australia.

Summary This paper aims to define and clarify what trauma-informed service delivery means in the context of delivering child/family welfare services in Australia. Exposure to...

Technical report

31 Dec 2015

This report compares the effect of increasing the number of wind turbine generators on wholesale spot prices in the Australian National Electricity Market’s (NEM) under the existing transmission grid and an augmented version of the transmission grid called NEMLink ( AEMO 2010a , 2010b ,...

Research report

31 Jul 2014

Executive summary

This technical report details the processes undertaken to estimate the prevalence of parents with intellectual disability in the Australian population, their characteristics and living circumstance based on analysis of data available from Australian national surveys conducted by the Australian Bureau of...

Research report

31 Oct 2014

Executive summary

This technical report details the processes undertaken to estimate the number of parents with intellectual disability on social security payments in Australia and their characteristics at a given time period.

Method

We conducted an investigation of national administrative...

Research report

9 Feb 2016

1. Most low- and moderate-income families have some form of Internet connection, but many are under-connected, with mobile-only access and inconsistent connectivity. Nine in ten (94%) families have some kind of Internet access, whether through a computer and Internet connection at home, or through a...

Literature review

31 Jan 2016

Since the educational experiences of Aboriginal Australians are often framed from a ‘deficit’ perspective, whereby the failures of Indigenous people to engage with the mainstream educational system are seen as the ‘problem’, an alternative approach to Indigenous early childhood education discourse is preferable. This alternative...

Literature review

30 Nov 2015

This literature review seeks to provide an overview of current understandings and discourse about culturally responsive teaching and cultural awareness in education in Australia. Although some of the literature considered within this review is from an international perspective, the purpose of this review is to...

Research report

22 Oct 2015

This paper aims to report the occurrence of preloading within a Mackay sample; collected in early February of 2015. The report is based on a sub-study of ‘Smart Start - A Preloading Project’ which ran predominantly in the Brisbane CBD between August, 2014 to late...

Research report

7 Jul 2015

This paper aims to report the occurrence of preloading within a Gold Coast sample; collected in early February of 2015. The report is based on a sub-study of ‘Smart Start - A Preloading Project’ which ran predominantly in the Brisbane CBD between August, 2014 to...

Policy

1 Feb 2016

Explanatory Statement

Issued by the Authority of the Minister for Communications.

Legislative Authority

Subsection 125AA(4) of the Telecommunications Act 1997 enables the Minister for Communications to direct the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA), in writing, to determine...

Article

8 Feb 2016

Renting a house in Sydney and Melbourne takes 37.9 per cent and 30.7 per cent of the average wage respectively, according to this report.

Summary In Sydney and Melbourne tenants are spending more than a third of their income on rent, new data...

Journal article

28 Jan 2016

Initiatives that support primary care to better enable delivery of optimal prevention services are of great importance. The purpose of this study was to examine the frequency of medical consultations by patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the six months after hospital discharge and...

Policy

28 Jan 2016

Improving education is the key to opportunity, to innovation and to the future economic and social prosperity of our nation.

No matter what their background, no matter where they live - city, suburb or in the regions – no matter what type of school...

Research report

5 Feb 2016

Examines how young people are now engaging online, the devices they use and the services and activities that draw them online.

Summary The internet is an integral part of the lives of young people in Australia, with most going online regularly to learn,...

Briefing paper

2 Apr 2015

Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse Research Brief 18 considers how policy makers develop, implement and evaluate Indigenous justice programs and services. It scopes the growing body of evidence about implementation in Australia. Examples of key polices and strategies are considered, including: policing measures introduced under the Northern...

Briefing paper

1 Jun 2015

Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse Research Brief 19 provides new insights into Indigenous women’s offending by examining previously unpublished police and court data for the period 2010-2012. While there are differences across the selected Australian jurisdictions, the authors find that the offences that most often appeared in...

Briefing paper

1 Sep 2015

Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse Research Brief 20 examines the effectiveness of measures that aim to reduce non-violent offending by Indigenous people in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the USA. Drawing on the literature available, the brief identifies examples and principles for program development and delivery that...

Research report

5 Feb 2016

The private rental sector has grown significantly and is now home to more than 1.8 million Australian households. This growth has been linked to higher demand from households who are taking longer to save for a house deposit, as well as more strictly rationed public...

Discussion paper

28 Jan 2016

This occasional paper is the first in a series on the National Quality Framework (NQF). This paper offers detailed insights into education and care service quality ratings for Quality Area 1 – Educational Program and Practice, which focuses on ensuring that educational program and practice...

Research report

1 Feb 2010

Foreword

In any effort to achieve integration of services to families where alcohol and drug use problems emerge, the recognition and response to parenting and children’s needs is required. This statement is self evident. However, the extent to which this is achieved in...

Database

1 Feb 2016

The Living Archive of Aboriginal Languages is a digital archive of endangered literature in Australian Indigenous languages of the Northern Territory.

This is a living archive, with connections to the people and communities where the books were created. This will allow for collaborative research...

Statistics

4 Feb 2016

Contains data on the numbers of schools, students, and staff involved in the provision or administration of school education in government and non-government schools.

Summary All full-time and part-time students. Between 2014 and 2015, the number of students enrolled in schools in Australia...

Briefing paper

1 Feb 2016

The radicalisation of Australian citizens, and the decision by a small number to commit acts of extremist violence, has led to considerable community concern in recent years.

In NSW, there was the tragic December 2014 Martin Place Lindt Café siege 1 and the October...

Research report

5 Feb 2016

Presents data for the 25 years from 1989-90 to 2013-14 and describes some of the key trends and explores the relationships between health expenditure and its drivers.

Summary To better understand the long-term trends in health expenditure in Australia, this report presents data...

Commentary

Article

3 Feb 2016

Non-white house hunters are being discriminated against in the rental market and face more barriers to securing a lease than Caucasians, according to Australian research.

A study by a group of Sydney academics sent testers of the same age and sex to more than...

Statistics

31 Dec 2015

CONTENTS

This report presents 24 months of reception, discharge and custody population data and comparisons between the current and previous quarter for age, gender, indigenous status, most serious offence and the average length of stay. Separate figures are presented for juveniles and adults....

Journal

30 Apr 2010

This special edition is dedicated to issues of collaboration.

Introduction

Arguments supporting interagency collaboration permeate the literature and child welfare guidelines internationally. Yet, difficulties in interagency communication and coordination have nevertheless plagued child welfare services over many years. Strong collaborative practice takes...

Discussion paper

30 Jan 2016

Summary

From an economic perspective, traffic fines serve to provide an incentive to drivers to obey road rules. But the incentives provided are different for different people. For a driver earning a million dollars per year a $150 traffic fine is of little...

Journal article

30 May 2010

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between maternal mental health problems and both caregiving time and experience of time pressure for 216 mothers of children with autism. Data describing caregiving time was obtained using 24-h time-diaries. Standard questionnaires were used to assess time...

Journal article

1 Sep 2010

Abstract

The results of various studies estimating the extent and prevalence of child maltreatment including child abuse and neglect in Australia are discussed. Four methodological issues that have a particularly strong influence on prevalence estimates are highlighted.

Research report

1 Mar 2015

This policy bulletin summarises the findings of a study which examined the work experiences of Queensland public servants living with a diagnosed anxiety disorder.

Key findings are:

Workplace accommodations tailored to individuals with anxiety disorders allow them to reach and retain their positions;...

Article

3 Feb 2016

Although population ageing is overwhelmingly a good thing, representing a healthier population overall and a longer more productive lifespan for most, it also means an increase in elder abuse. There is little public awareness of the extent and nature of elder abuse. Consequently, it is...

Research report

1 Jun 2015

Mapping of organisations in Indonesia in disaster risk reduction (MOIDRR)

Scope

This is the first Technical Report in a three part series for the two year DFAT Australian Aid funded project (2013-2015), Promoting the Inclusion of People with Disabilities in Disaster...

Fact sheet

31 Jan 2015

Key messages „„

Building a New Life in Australia (BNLA) is a groundbreaking longitudinal study of at least five years that aims to better understand the factors that aid or hinder the successful settlement of humanitarian migrants, and provide an evidence base to...

Research report

1 Jun 2015

Capacity Building for Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia

This Technical Report details the Capacity Building component of the Promoting the Inclusion of People with Disabilities in Disaster Management in Indonesia project. It is the second of three technical reports that were...

Research report

1 Jun 2015

Practitioner Guidelines for Capacity Building for Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia

Disability inclusive disaster risk reduction (DiDRR) is increasingly recognised as an important component of community resilience in the event of a natural disaster as documented in the recent outcome of...

Journal article

30 Nov 2010

Abstract

Governments across Australia are struggling to address escalating child protection notifications, increasing numbers of children in state care, decreasing numbers of foster carers and chronic child welfare workforce shortages. The complex social problem of child abuse and neglect has a high media...

Research report

1 Jun 2015

The Disability Inclusive Disaster Resilience (DiDR) Tool: Development and Field Testing

Scope

This is the third Technical Report in a three part series for the two year DFAT Australian Aid funded project (2013-2015), Promoting the Inclusion of People with Disabilities in...

Journal article

31 Aug 2010

Abstract

Increasing numbers of families arriving through Australia's humanitarian settlement scheme are coming into contact with Australian child protection systems. A large number of these families come from African and Middle Eastern countries and have common experiences of trauma, dislocation, loss and many...

Guide

31 Dec 2010

Introduction

This teaching and learning resource has been developed to support the Nurturing and Protecting Children: Nursing and Midwifery Curriculum Standards. The modules can be implemented as stand-alone sessions to form a subject within your curriculum or the resources and activities can be...

Audio

4 Feb 2016

The blockchain technology that began life via virtual currency bitcoin could yet prove as transformative as the internet. The structure of blockchain ensures that any transaction between two entities only proceeds on the basis of transparency and consensus. So could fraud be a thing of...

Briefing paper

4 Apr 2015

Indigenous Justice Clearinghouse Research Brief 17 highlights some current initiatives in operation in Australian courts which seek to make the court process more responsive to the needs of Indigenous participants, along with some examples from New Zealand and Canada. Further sources of support, for example...

Journal article

15 Aug 2015

Child protection practitioners are frequently presented with the challenges of making decisions that have considerable impact on the lives of children and their families. Research in this area has primarily focussed on intake, investigation and reunification decisions, and reflects the importance of considering the role...

Technical report

31 Dec 2015

This report compares the effect of increasing the number of wind turbine generators on transmission line congestion in the Australian National Electricity Market’s (NEM) under the existing transmission grid and an augmented version of the transmission grid called NEMLink. The comparison is made from 2014...

Journal article

15 Jan 2015

Abstract

Objective

This paper describes a six-year large scale implementation of the Signs of Safety practise framework in a complex statutory child protection context in Western Australia. The case study documents both the practitioner-led and organisational-led implementation journey as part of the State's...

Book

9 Apr 2015

Early investment in vulnerable families, both in terms of the timing of early support or at the onset of issues, is more effective and cheaper than specialist support which is offered only once problems become complex. One of the best ways to keep children safe...

Chapter

21 May 2014

Numerous inquiries into child protection services in Australia and internationally have concluded that failures in child protection service responses are in large part attributable to: rising demand on child protection services; a workforce suffering low morale who are ill-equipped for the role; families receiving too...

Journal article

1 Jul 2014

Foster carers frequently report receiving insufficient or inadequate support for the challenging behaviour of the children they look after. There is a need to understand the support that foster carers require. This study explores foster carers' perspectives in order to inform the development of more...

Research report

4 Feb 2016

Provides an overview of the child care, education and training sector (CCET), presenting both contextual information and high level performance information.

Sector scope

The child care, education and training sector services covered in this report comprise:

ECEC (chapter 3) - reports...

Research report

2 Feb 2016

Introduction

Canadians, and many people around the world, are increasingly purchasing, and using, electronic devices meant to capture and record the relative levels of a person’s fitness.

Unlike past fitness devices, such as pedometers, electronic fitness trackers are designed to display aggregate...

Journal article

15 Dec 2013

Practice guidance for child protection services emphasises the need to engage children and support them to understand what is happening and why, to provide their perspective on events and to have input into decision-making (Centre for Excellence in Child and Family Welfare, 2011; Cossar, Brandon,...

Journal article

9 Oct 2014

We report a five-nations project in comparative child protection to provide recommendations on policy and practice to inform the redevelopment of the Swiss child protection system. The Swiss Federal Government and the Optimus and Oak Foundations commissioned the project—collective title: Association Programme National pour la...

Journal article

28 Jan 2016

A continued increase in the proportion of adolescents who never smoke, as well as an understanding of factors that influence reductions in smoking among this susceptible population, is crucial. The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control provides an appropriate structure to briefly examine...

Research report

31 Jan 2016

Overview

Australia has a relatively large degree of choice between schools, a product of historical private and non-profit sector involvement in the provision of schooling after British colonisation. Analysis of school funding data in this report shows that there are more similarities in...

Research report

2 Feb 2016

Overview

This report looks at the Jakarta attack on 14 January 2016 in the context of rivalry among Indonesian ISIS leaders in Syria and different pro-ISIS groups in Indonesia.

The report examines how these rivalries emerged. The Jakarta attack appears to have...

Research report

28 Jan 2016

Summary

In 2010, 55% of 6-year-olds had experienced decay in their baby (deciduous) teeth and 48% of 12-year-olds had experienced decay in their permanent teeth. These data do not include data for New South Wales or Victoria.

In 2013, 16% of adults...

Research report

2 Feb 2016

This report argues that section 35P of the ASIO Act is not justified, and that it does not contain adequate safeguards for protecting the rights of outsiders and is not proportionate to the threat of terrorism or the threat to national security.

Purpose...

Research report

2 Feb 2016

Provides an overview of the health sector, presenting both contextual information and high level performance information.

Introduction

This sector overview provides an introduction to the Health section of this Report, comprising primary and community health (chapter 10), public hospitals (chapter 11) and...

Book

3 Feb 2016

Drawing on stories and statistics from the first national study of intersex, this book argues for a distinct framework to address intersex issues and identity, foregrounding people with intersex variations’ own goals, perspectives and experiences.

Overview

Sex is complex. Humans are simultaneously...

Research report

3 Jan 2016

Summary

The housing market has been the driving force behind the NSW economy’s recent resurgence – driving dwelling investment, generating wealth and catalysing household consumption growth.

The first half of the year saw the median house price in Sydney breach the million...

Survey

2 Feb 2016

Grandparents in Australia are being increasingly called upon to help take care of their grandchildren, according to this report.

Summary It’s said the world over that being a parent is one of the best things you’ll ever do. But being a grandparent is...

Research report

1 Feb 2016

This chronology traces the story of media ownership concentration and control since 1901 and the government policies and regulations that have responded to, or attempted to pre-empt, the trend towards concentration that has occurred since the 1920s.

Research report

3 Feb 2016

The Power of Flexibility is the fifth in a series of landmark gender parity surveys by global management consulting firm Bain & Company and Chief Executive Women, Australia’s pre-eminent organisation of 360–senior women leaders.

Over 1000 members of the Australian business, government and not-for-profit...

Book

19 Jan 2016

Presents a selection of life stories of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander ex-servicemen and women who served in the Australian Army, Navy and Air Force after World War Two.

Overview

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have been protecting country since time...

Research report

16 Dec 2015

Overview

On 13 November 2015, a closed-session roundtable was held at University of Yangon’s Department of International Relations in collaboration with The Australian National University’s Myanmar Research Centre. The session was attended by over 30 foreign and Myanmar scholars, journalists and electoral advisors...

Book

13 Jul 2015

Challenging Child Protection offers a ground-breaking new perspective which will illuminate and improve the professional understanding and practice of social workers and child protection workers.

Taking a fresh look at the principles underlying child protection, this book provides a thought-provoking analysis of the...

Journal article

29 Apr 2015

While de-institutionalisation set out with the laudable aim to improve the quality of life of people with disability, the untethering of accommodation from support services has in some cases led to less than desirable outcomes. Poor regulation of for-profit boarding houses licensed to care for...

Journal article

2 Mar 2015

Children living in families with parental substance abuse are at high risk of child maltreatment and associated adverse outcomes. A trial of methadone-maintained parents randomised to the Parents under Pressure (PuP) parenting programme reported significant improvements in family functioning relative to standard care or a...

Journal article

1 Oct 2014

Background: The impact of an evaluation is an important consideration in designing and carrying out evaluations. Evaluation influence is a way of thinking about the effect that an evaluation can have in the broadest possible terms, which its proponents argue will lead to a...

Journal article

13 May 2015

The Child Advocacy Center (CAC) model has been presented as the solution to many of the problems inherent in responses by authorities to child sexual abuse. The lack of referral to therapeutic services and support, procedurally flawed and potentially traumatic investigation practices, and conflict between...

Policy

1 Feb 2016

This policy focuses on how to improve the migration process for customers and minimise disruption to their national broadband network (NBN) services. It also identifies people who may need extra support to migrate before the disconnection date. It features a statement and framework that set...

Research report

1 Feb 2016

Victorians are waiting four years or more to see specialists in public hospitals, according to this report.

Introduction The Department of Health and Human Services has been working with health services to implement a patient level data collection for specialist clinics in Victoria....

Discussion paper

1 Dec 2015

Foreword

Australia has a proud record of good policymaking to improve population health. Similarly ground-breaking policy approaches are required now to cope with the profound shift in the nature of illness in recent decades. Infections and injuries have become less common; chronic diseases...

Research report

1 Feb 2016

This report looks at the economic effects in Australia of Uber and its uberX ridesharing platform. The impact of the launch, and subsequent growth of Uber, and particularly its UberX platform is playing out as one of Australia’s most compelling sharing economy and digital disruption...

Technical report

1 Nov 2015

Foreword

Australian governments have maintained a strong focus on health policy over many years. Much of that focus has been cast as a reform agenda, addressing pressures facing health expenditure and public funding of health care; pressures on hospitals and the health workforce,...

Blog post

28 Jan 2016

We now spend more time online each day than we do sleeping. But how does that affect our everyday lives? What effect does it have on how we communicate and interact, how we work and engage with the rest of the world?

A new...

Commentary

Article

27 Jan 2016

Over the course of the last parliament in the UK, cuts to services and closures amounted to a 16% reduction in library funding.

In this article, Mary O'Hara argues that the UK’s library service is a tangible symbol of social justice and has adapted...

Research report

20 Jan 2016

The Digital Media and Society report is a main output of The World Economic Forum’s The Shaping the Future implications of Digital Media for Society project. The report explores our changing relationship with media, entertainment, and information, due to digitization and the implications this has...