July 2016

Audio podcast

20 Jul 2016

In this podcast episode Kate interviews Trish Cameron, Legal Aid Coordinator at Suaka , an Indonesia-based network that works for refugee rights protection in the country.

While global focus has been on the refugee crisis in Europe, it is important to remember that Indonesia...

Working paper

30 Apr 2016

Financial regulators in Australia and overseas are requiring banks to raise additional capital. The benefits of this are understood in terms of reducing the risk of incurring the significant costs of another financial crisis. But there are potential costs from securing these benefits, in the...

Working paper

31 Mar 2014

This study analyzes systematic and non-systematic credit risk in mortgage portfolios given US loan-level information by controlling for time-varying observable information in relation to the borrower, the collateral and the macro economy. The total risk in relation to rating class default rates is decomposed into...

Working paper

31 Jul 2015

We combine survey data from retirement plan members with information from interviews with plan executives to get both perspectives on who accepts the default plan and default investment option and why. We use a natural experiment in default construction where a new regulatory framework required...

Research report

18 Jul 2016

Australia’s multiculturalism is self-evident. About 28% of our population was born overseas, with another 20% having an overseas-born parent. According to one estimate, 32% of the Australian population have a non-Anglo-Celtic background. However, such cultural diversity is not proportionately represented within the senior leadership of...

Article

29 Jul 2016

Launched by the Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull in December 2015, the Indigenous Investment Principles (the ‘Principles’) are a community guide to thinking about the purpose, governance and investment of financial resources to enhance and protect community interests, particularly culture and heritage. It is hoped, the...

Working paper

31 Oct 2014

We address how investment management organizations might be built to successfully pursue long-term investing. A variety of recommendations and suggestions are put forward that address four building blocks: organizational; incentives; investment approach; and discretion over trading. A key message is the need to manage the...

Commentary

Article

29 Jul 2016

Since the introduction of the Family Law Act and the establishment of the Family Court of Australia in 1976, there have been many parliamentary inquiries and numerous reforms. However, sad stories of parents who’ve had a tough time of the law continue to shape public...

Evaluation

10 May 2016

‘Gearing up for Trade’ evaluation commissioned by the Office of Development Effectiveness in the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, assessed the effectiveness of Australia’s support for trade facilitation in Asia and the Pacific, and examined whether the investments have assisted partner countries to better...

Commentary

29 Jul 2016

The harrowing image of a child, partially clad, hooded and shackled to a chair in a prison cell, has provoked public outrage and the prime minister’s resolve that a royal commission “get to the bottom of it.”

This swift commitment to a royal commission...

Report

Strategy

26 Jul 2016

The Victorian suicide prevention framework is a whole-of-government commitment to reducing suicide and suicidal behaviour, and a coordinated strategy that will help to save lives. It delivers new investment towards the goal of Victoria’s 10-year mental health plan that all Victorians experience their best possible...

Discussion paper

Submission

24 Jun 2016

We urge a broad and inclusive definition of 'engagement' and support a selective use of case studies chosen to demonstrate patterns of direct and indirect impact on end-user benefits. We caution about the limits of metrics to adequately represent the quality of our research and...

Audio interview

Audio program

28 Jul 2016

Based on data from 142 countries in 2013, physical inactivity is said to have cost the world the equivalent of nearly $90 billion in healthcare expenditure and lost productivity - that's according to a report published today in the medical journal, The Lancet.

Audio interview

Audio program

29 Jul 2016

The Prime Minister's plan to tighten superannuation rules for wealthy Australians is continuing to cause him internal grief. Before he puts it to Parliament, New South Wales Labor Senator Jenny McAllister wants him to show how it will address the gap between men's and women's...

Commentary

Article

27 Jul 2016

Cape York Institute senior policy adviser, Shireen Morris, told the ABC’s ‘Q&A’ program recently that the incarceration rate of Indigenous people has doubled since the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody twenty-five years ago.

That statement is true, but gaps in the data...

Commentary

Article

25 Jul 2016

Four years after its announcement, the Queensland government last week cancelled the central plank in the Logan Renewal Initiative: the overhaul of Logan’s 4,900 public housing dwellings by a community-housing-provider-led consortium.

The initiative is a planned 20-year strategy to reshape Logan, an outer-suburban centre...

Audio interview

Audio program

27 Jul 2016

One of Australia's most prominent privatisation advocates has been the head of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission Rod Sims. In the Financial Review recently, he says he's 'almost at the point of opposing privatisation.'

Sims told a conference in Melbourne, hosted in part...

Working paper

17 Jun 2016

An amendment to legislation in 2009 enabled New Zealand firms with fewer than 20 employees to hire new workers on trial periods. The scheme was subsequently extended to employers of all sizes. The policy was intended to encourage firms to take on more employees, and...

Audio interview

Audio program

26 Jul 2016

Age and Disability Discrimination Commissioner, Susan Ryan, steps down this week after five years in the job. Ryan is frustrated at the slowness of workplaces in adjusting to the reality of an ageing population.

A new report by accountancy giant, Price Waterhouse Coopers, calculates...

Evaluation

Report

14 Jul 2016

The National Standards School Sample Monitoring and Evaluation Project describes and evaluates the implementation of National Standards in New Zealand schools from 2010 to 2014. This is the final report from the project, which has been operating since the standards were first introduced. This report...

Research report

25 Jul 2016

A new PwC global report has found that harnessing the power of an older workforce could deliver gains of up to $78 billion for the Australian economy.

The report finds that if Australia’s employment rates for older workers aged 55+ was increased to those...

Data portal

Website

28 Jul 2016

RADAR - The Regional Australia Database for Ageing Research – has been developed by the ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR) using the most recent national data from the ABS 2011 Census of Population and Housing.

It is a user-friendly interactive...

Journal article

1 Jun 2016

Accessible transportation is a key aspect of independent living. As the impact of population ageing on future transport systems is expected to be increasingly felt over the next few decades in a number of countries, including Australia and Japan, it is logical to recognise the...

Research report

27 Jul 2016

The aim of this paper is to summarise and provide analyses of the considerable body of research that investigates the costs and benefits of vocational education and training (VET). It does so from three different perspectives; the government, business and the individual.

This paper...

Journal article

1 Jul 2016

Residential group-care workers have a critical role to play in recognizing mental health problems amongst children in their care. However, little is known about the extent to which workers recognize and respond to mental health and behavioral concerns.

A sample of 124 residential group...

Research report

21 Jun 2016

Research is changing. New technology brings increased computational power and virtual representation of physical objects, allowing us to pose and answer previously unimaginable research questions. Big data can be mixed, linked and mined to reveal new unsuspected connections. Enhanced connectivity allows us to collaborate beyond...

Conference paper

9 Dec 2015

The older population in Australia (65+) is expected to double in coming decades, creating many multi-faceted implications for Australian society. The sociology of ageing suggests that older people experience their social world in a distinct way that is uniquely shaped by their memories, historical life...

Research report

14 Apr 2015

One of the major structural changes facing Australia over coming decades is the ageing of the population. A challenge for government is how to meet the transport requirements of Australia’s senior population as their mobility declines. Transport can provide seniors with an essential link to...

Research report

28 Jul 2016

This paper provides a summary of some of the issues that arise from the operation of the Cape York Aboriginal Australian Academy (CYAAA), an initiative of controversial Aboriginal activist, Noel Pearson. The paper concludes that the recent turmoil in the Aurukun community tells us little...

Report

28 Jul 2016

This study reviews the media discussion of tertiary education during and after the 2016 federal election. It identifies a series of key questions which went largely unanswered by politicians. Supported by comments from fellow Research Associates of the TJ Ryan Foundation, Scott argues that there...

Conference paper

18 Feb 2016

Transport mobility is important in defining the population’s accessibility to services and facilities. Few studies have investigated the relationship between geographical accessibility of urban services for the population living in residential areas and socio-economic parameters. In this paper, the distribution of residential parcels is analysed...

Working paper

1 Jul 2011

Three broad aims were identified for the study:

to identify structural impediments limiting regional transport in desert Australia and between regional centres and outlying communities to examine the approaches available to achieve better local mobility to identify the significant research issues requiring further consideration...

Research report

11 Jun 2010

With so many tourist activities in Australia, consideration must be given to the impact of the tourist on the environments in which they are located. Sustainable practices and in particular those associated with water use and wastewater production are important in planning for current tourist...

Discussion paper

3 Jun 2016

This paper discusses a proposal for a new pathway towards enabling greater participation in our democracy. The pathway provides for an expanded role for the Australian Electoral Commission, funded (at least in part) by the re-direction of public funding away from political parties and candidates...

Research report

27 Jul 2016

The objective of the research presented in this report is to identify the nature and magnitude of the relationship between house prices, household debt and the labour market decisions of Australian households. It is well known that there is a positive relationship among house prices,...

Working paper

30 Nov 2015

The Australian Government initiated two major reviews in 2014: the Financial System Inquiry and the Competition Policy Review. These have highlighted policy trade-off between competition and financial stability. Since the global financial crisis, policymakers and economic researchers internationally have highlighted the need for prudential regulation...

Working paper

30 Apr 2014

Depositary institutions over the last 15 years have increased the share of non-traditional revenue in total income.While the change in business models is a global phenomenon, it is more pronounced in countries such as the U.S., France and the U.K. In this study, we examine...

Working paper

31 Oct 2014

Three key advantages held by long-term investors include: the capacity to adopt positions where payoff timing is uncertain; the ability to exploit opportunities generated by the actions of short-term investors; and latitude to invest in unlisted and/or illiquid assets. These advantages provide access to a...

Working paper

31 Aug 2014

Digital Financial Services (DFS) are held out as key financial solutions for improving financial inclusion. However, targeted end-users often offer little in the way of obvious profitable opportunities and so market forces alone are not enough to ensure the supply of services and products which...

Working paper

30 Nov 2013

It is clear that China has emerged as a key investment actor in the current global milieu. What is not so clear is why this is so. This paper adds an historical perspective to the state capital story by examining China’s trade and investment patterns...

Working paper

31 Oct 2014

Following previous research which established that liquidity commonality exists within one stock market over a short period of time, this paper finds that liquidity commonality also exists globally. Utilising a large number of stock exchanges and a twelve year research timeframe, this paper observes that...

Working paper

30 Nov 2015

In a retail banking sector characterised by both high concentration and low consumer switching, questions arise for Australian policy makers and regulators as to the effectiveness of competition as one important means by which economic outcomes are engendered, including innovation beneficial to consumers and consumer...

Working paper

31 Jan 2015

This paper connects variance-covariance estimation methods, Gaussian graphical models, and the growing literature on economic and nancial networks. We construct the network using the concept of partial correlations which captures direct linear dependence between any two entities, conditional on dependence between all other entities. We...

Journal article

20 Jul 2016

This article by University of Southern California professor Mike Ananny and USC Ph.D. candidate Leila Bighash examines the reasons behind online news organisations eliminating or temporarily reconfiguring their paywalls, including in response to national emergencies and natural disasters.

The study categorizes publishers' publicly stated...

Research report

25 Jul 2016

The Trade and Assistance review 2014-15 contains the commission's latest quantitative estimates of Australian Government assistance to industry.

This year's review also explores how the size and nature of the assistance estimates might be influenced by recent developments such as the Agricultural Competitiveness White...

Research report

20 Jul 2016

An increasing amount of news traffic is coming from smartphones and tablets, as opposed to laptop and desktop computers. As news habits change, it is important to understand what is available for news audiences across various platforms.

The following pages report on the results...

Commentary

26 Jul 2016

Australia has a poor report card when it comes to university-business collaboration. It ranks last among OECD countries when comparing the proportion of businesses working with universities.

But this is not all. Australia ranks only 72nd in the world on the Innovation Efficiency Ratio,...

Research report

3 Jun 2016

The Catchment Management Investment Standard has been prepared to assist water utilities make the case for catchment management as a water quality treatment asset.

Operating in an economically regulated environment where consumer affordability is paramount and where the regulator puts the burden of proof...

Research report

15 Mar 2016

Adaptation to the extreme climate and weather events experienced in Australia and New Zealand has already cost the urban water industry millions of dollars.

To address the changing climate effectively, it is essential that the water industry build climate resilience into their long term...

Discussion paper

27 Jul 2016

Water utilities provide services that are essential for a liveable city. Utility activities and operations are crucial in safeguarding the health of the community and environment by providing safe drinking water, swimmable water bodies and healthy waterways. Utilities provide water that enables cooler, greener cities...

Discussion paper

20 Jul 2016

The paper presents a range of issues relating to national research infrastructure capability areas and is the first step in working towards a shared view of the capabilities that require national research infrastructure to support current, new and emerging areas of research and innovation....

Research report

18 May 2016

This report forms part of the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse’s research program in relation to criminal justice system’s response to child sexual abuse in institutional contexts.

This study investigated the extent to which joint trials with cross-admissible tendency evidence...

Research report

25 Jul 2016

This report details the findings of the Enabling programmes for disadvantaged student groups project, which was funded as part of the Australian Government Department of Education and Training National Priorities Pool funding 2014 round with the research undertaken in 2015.

Commentary

Article

26 Jul 2016

The ABC’s recent documentary Revolution School has given an insight into the fantastic work of teachers and school leaders at Melbourne’s Kambrya College. The show has chronicled the remarkable turnaround at Kambrya, which from 2008-15 rose from being in the bottom 10% of schools in...

Discussion paper

11 Jul 2016

We are faced with a new kind of fundamentalism – call it ‘minority fundamentalism.’ It has all the features of religious fundamentalism, such as ideological fanaticism, intolerance of dissent, and a Manichaean certainty about truth and falsehood. The goal of the minority fundamentalists is to...

Research report

17 Mar 2016

The role, importance, and overall performance of cooperative, mutual and member-owned firms in the Australian economy.

On 2 March 2015, the Senate referred the following matters to the Economics Reference Committee for inquiry and report by 14 May 2015.

the role, importance, and...

Discussion paper

19 Jul 2016

In Australia, governments have realised the potential of extending commercial telematics services into the regulatory context. The Intelligent Access Program (IAP) provided the first national regulatory telematics applications in Australia. Administered by TCA, it enables the provision of accurate compliance monitoring for heavy vehicles. Heavy...

Research report

15 Jul 2016

Since the end of the Second World War, Australia has formally resettled over 800,000 refugees. Their settlement has been the subject of a significant amount of research. This bibliography lists a total of 1451 postgraduate theses, books, book chapters, journal articles and reports, including 644...

Report

Strategy

20 Jul 2016

The cancer plan sets ambitious goals, and provides a framework to improve cancer outcomes for all Victorians.

The plan has a medium-term goal to save 10,000 lives by 2025. Through preventing cancers, detecting cancers earlier, improving treatment and reducing unwarranted variations we can avert...

Journal article

15 Jul 2016

The Nurses’ Health Study, a cohort of 121,701 female registered nurses, was established in 1976 to prospectively address the relationship between the use of oral contraceptives and the risk of breast cancer.

Through follow-up questionnaires every 2 years, exposures have been updated and new...

Literature review

30 Nov 2015

This Evidence Check review examines available standards or guidelines for the management of children or adults with amputation, and summarises the peer-reviewed literature on post-operative dressings.

While the guidelines differ in many ways including their intended audience, jurisdiction of coverage, amputation type and extent...

Discussion paper

20 Jul 2016

The High Court in 2013 overturned the understanding of marriage in the Marriage Act 1961 as an exclusive, voluntary, heterosexual union for life, and that the Constitution therefore allowed the introduction of same sex marriage if the Parliament so decided. It is argued that the...

Article

25 Jul 2016

This article considers the changing expectations of communities towards local government, and looks at the inherent opportunities local governments possess to appreciate the unique needs of their own regions, and if able to access the right support from other levels of government, to deliver solutions...

Research report

24 Jul 2016

Hospitalisation rates for diabetes, tooth decay and other conditions that should be treatable or manageable out of hospital show how Australia’s health system is consistently failing some communities. Places such as Frankston and Broadmeadows in Victoria and Mount Isa and Palm Island in Queensland have...

Report

25 Jul 2016

This report provides up-to-date and comprehensive data on the quality of maternal health care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women from ninety-one primary care health centres across Australia. The health centres include community-controlled and government managed health services in different Australian jurisdictions.

Teams...

Audio interview

Audio program

21 Jul 2016

In a draft report, the Productivity Commission recommends slashing red tape in agriculture to make it easier for farmers to do business. It argues that foreign ownership rules should be relaxed, and that the Coalition's 'effects test', designed to prevent the misuse of market power,...

Research report

23 Jun 2014

For many years now, wild dogs have been a major problem for all grazing industries in Australia. The issue is not just a matter of direct stock and financial losses, although these losses run into many millions of dollars each year; wild dogs are also...

Audio interview

Audio program

22 Jul 2016

Australia's agricultural industry estimates the economic impact of wild dogs nationally to be between $50 million and $60 million per year. One sheep producer fears the problem is intensifying, as wild dogs look for new areas to inhabit. A draft plan to tackle the problem...

Audio interview

Audio program

22 Jul 2016

The idea for a high-speed rail network between Sydney and Melbourne has been talked about for decades. This time around, the plan has a bit of weight behind it, receiving backing from some pretty serious names. The privately funded project would build eight new regional...

Commentary

Article

22 Jul 2016

The lessons evident in the Chilcot report, and summarised by Sir John Chilcot in his public statement, should also be heeded by Australia. This week, Australia welcomed US Vice-President Joe Biden with open arms, celebrating and emphasizing our commitment to a strong military alliance that...

Research report

22 Jul 2016

This research found that supporting formerly homeless people and those at risk of homelessness into public housing in Western Australia reduced their use of health services as well as the frequency with which they did so. The reduction in health service use, which was particularly...

Research report

5 Jul 2016

The aim of the research program is to increase our understanding of the difference community programs make to the lives of Western Australians and what factors enhance the resilience and long-term financial viability of Western Australia’s emerging social enterprise sector. Improving the evidence base on...

Commentary

Article

22 Jul 2016

The health-care system exists primarily for the benefit of patients, but their voices are so rarely heard. Every policy, budget measure and proposal must be considered through the patient lens.

That does not mean the impacts on providers (hospitals, clinicians and health insurers) should...

Commentary

Article

22 Jul 2016

Just a day after the federal election, it had already been pointed out that innovation politics had paid out some harsh lessons for the Coalition. The issue was not only the loss of Wyatt Roy, the assistant minister for innovation, but the electorate appearing unreceptive...

Research report

18 Jul 2016

To date, relatively little attention has been given to the experience of people seeking asylum being 'warehoused' in our region. While the policies of the country in which they are residing also impact on their experiences, it is clear from researchers, non-government organisations (NGOs) that...

Research report

18 Jul 2016

In 2012 successful application was made to the Anne Harrison Award to undertake a census of Australian health library and information services (LIS) and self-described health librarians working outside the traditional library setting. The primary aims of this project were to: conduct the census, report...

Research report

21 Jul 2016

Higher rates of population growth in our big cities are not driven by Australians moving from the regions to the city. Regional Australia has lower population growth than the cities because it does not attract its share of international migrants.

Overall, the migration of...

Discussion paper

Report

21 Jul 2016
Farm businesses are subject to a vast and complex array of regulations. Regulations are in place at every stage of the supply chain — from land acquisition to marketing — and are applied by all levels of government. The number and complexity of regulations affecting...

Research report

20 Jul 2016

This report updates select data from the Sentencing Advisory Council’s 2012 report Sentencing Children and Young People in Victoria.

Specifically, it focuses on offenders aged under 18 at the time of offending (and under 19 at the time of commencement of proceedings) who were...

Research report

26 Mar 2016

New Zealand has one of the largest exclusive economic zones in the world. This report discusses the role of oceans in New Zealand’s culture, economy and natural environment as well as the need for change in oceans governance. It contains 30 unique perspectives and proposes...

Research report

18 May 2016

In mid-2015, the Large-scale Renewable Energy Target (LRET) was reduced from 41,000 gigawatt-hours (GWh) to 33,000 GWh by 2020. The positive for the industry was that the amended legislation ended almost two years of uncertainty and frozen investment. The amendment also removed the provision for...

Discussion paper

25 Feb 2016

The Clean Energy Council believes energy market reform should prioritise the following initiatives:

• Accelerate the transition to a cleaner energy sector by overcoming conflict between institutions and ensuring that the National Energy Objectives recognise the importance of climate change policy and renewable energy...

Research report

11 Dec 2015

This report presents the findings of a select committee inquiry into the funding of specialist sexual violence social services in New Zealand. The terms of reference were to review:

the state of specialist services and determine whether they reflect an integrated approach to service...

Discussion paper

20 May 2016

It is challenging for governments to determine the appropriate regulation for these new models of service delivery, to protect customers, provide a level playing field for all industry participants and encourage innovation.

In determining its response to these changes, the Queensland Government established the...

Journal article

14 Apr 2016

Educating for sustainability has been a key principle underpinning the primary/middle undergraduate teacher education programme at an Australian University for the past decade. Educating for sustainability seeks to provide knowledge and understanding of the physical, biological, and human world, and involves students making decisions about...

Discussion paper

12 May 2016

There is no shortage of challenges in school education. Some of the biggest challenges we face can appear frustratingly intractable. Despite reform efforts, regular government reviews and ongoing calls for change, progress in addressing our most significant challenges is often slow and solutions continue to...

Research report

23 Jun 2016

As media ecosystems in West Africa diversify and open after decades of state control, innovative and independent journalism is advancing government transparency and accountability. New opportunities for funders are opening in tandem, with potential for both social and economic impact.

Supported by the Omidyar...

Research report

28 Jun 2016

Growth around online video news seems to have been largely driven by technology, publishers and platforms, rather than strong consumer demand, a new report from the Reuters Institute finds – but breaking news events may hold clues to success.

The report explores the explosion...

Commentary

Article

13 Jul 2016

Between 1882 and 1968, there were an estimated 3.446 lynchings of African-Americans across the United States. In the 1890s, the New York Times adopted a neutral stance on reporting this mob violence, which included immolation, mutilation, and hanging. Keen to uphold the journalistic convention of...

Research report

29 Jun 2016

IBAC has identified significant corruption risks associated with public sector procurement. More than a quarter of our investigations have examined allegations around suspected corrupt conduct in procurement processes, and three of the four public hearings we have conducted to date have examined allegations around corrupt...

Research report

1 Jul 2016

In December 2015, the Committee for Gippsland initiated a project to inform and drive a recommended approach to industry transitioning in the Latrobe Valley. The project established a number of methods of data gathering to inform this report’s findings and recommendations. These included a business...

Report

Strategy

20 Jul 2016

On 1 January 2016, the world officially began implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development—the transformative plan of action based on 17 Sustainable Development Goals—to address urgent global challenges over the next 15 years.

This agenda is a road map for people and...

Commentary

Article

20 Jul 2016

Australia, like every nation, must define its interests in a realistic way, in line with its core values, domestic priorities and financial resources. Australia’s national interest lies first and foremost in the Asia-Pacific region, as well as in key relationships with bilateral allies.

However,...

Research report

20 Jul 2016

Commenced in 2001, the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey is a nationally representative longitudinal study of Australian households. The study is funded by the Australian Government Department of Social Services (DSS; previously Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs) and is...

Policy

19 Jul 2016

SNAICC and many of its members have been watching with concern as, around the country, a range of processes are undertaken to progress longer-term care arrangements for children. They vary in detail but have been broadly described as permanency planning measures. Some of these proposals...

Working paper

24 Dec 2013

This paper compares and contrasts mainstream agency theory with financial planning practice in Australia. It appears to be the first attempt to do so. It extends an influential mainstream contribution to the literature on agency theory and then uses this extension, in conjunction with other...

Working paper

31 May 2015

This working paper is the first published output of an eighteen month (December 2014 – June 2016) research project conducted by staff at the Melbourne Law School that examines enforcement and penalties regimes under legislation administered by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC). During...

Working paper

31 May 2016

This paper develops, analyses and implements an early warning tool for systemic risk in banks and financial entities. The tool is based on a refined approach to stress testing. Calculations performed on Australian bank data are shown to predict past distres. Risk is measured as...

Working paper

4 Mar 2016

The preliminary findings presented in this paper indicate that criminal enforcement was more prevalent than civil enforcement and there was a significant emphasis on incapacitative sanctions such as prison sentences and management disqualification orders. Monetary sanctions were less frequently imposed and tended to be of...

Working paper

30 Apr 2016

This working paper reports the findings of a detailed empirical study of 414 enforceable undertakings accepted by the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), the corporate, market, finance and credit services regulator from July 1998 to 31 December 2015, a period of 17.5 years....

Working paper

31 Jan 2016

In the aftermath of the 2008 global financial crisis (GFC), and the catastrophic scale of regulatory failure, much attention has been paid to the various systems of financial system regulation currently in force. Of the total of four financial regulatory systems currently in use, ‘Twin...

Research report

15 Jun 2016

This report examines the extent to which Queensland’s guardianship system upholds the right of people to make their own decisions. The report found that aspects of Queensland's guardianship legislation uphold and support a person's decision-making autonomy, but it also imposes limits to supported decision-making. It...

Working paper

30 Sep 2015

Our contribution to funds management research is in matching qualitative information sourced from the fund manager with their own quantitative data concerning what assets they own, how they trade, and how their portfolios are managed. We find that survey responses are informative of characteristic values...

Working paper

31 Oct 2014

The soverign debt crisis in Europe and the withdrawal of funds from the Asian markets (similar to capital outflows from Asia after the collapse of the Lehman Brothers) have highlighted the importance of more resilient regional and national financial systems in Asia.

Regional architectures...

Research report

20 Jul 2016

This report presents statistics on the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP). This monitoring report is the first to measure the NBCSP using NBCSP key performance indicators. Of those who were invited to participate in the NBCSP between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2014,...

Working paper

30 Jun 2016

This paper reviews the nature of Australian bank prudential regulation before and after the Global Financial Crisis (GFC). It begins by providing a detailed conceptual framework for understanding the functions of banks and deposit-takers, the theory of what can go wrong with the operation of...

Report

Strategy

8 Jun 2016

The annual plan is a key accountability mechanism for the office of the Auditor-General. It gives Parliament, the public sector and the community an opportunity to assess our goals, understand our audit priorities and scrutinise our program. It sets out, for the coming financial year,...

Research report

24 Jun 2016

Under the provisions of the Commissions of Inquiry Act 1950 the Governor in Council hereby appoints the Honourable Margaret Wilson QC from 14 September 2015 to make full and careful inquiry in an open and independent manner with respect to the following matters:

the...

Book

7 Jun 2016

Internet on the Outstation provides a new take on the digital divide. Why do whole communities choose to go without the internet when the infrastructure for access is in place? Through an in-depth exploration of the digital practices occurring in Aboriginal households in remote central...

Journal article

15 Jul 2016

Data on patient access to, and use of, primary and secondary care services are a potential tool for population health and health service planning, and for researchers.

The Sax Institute’s 45 and Up Study was established to support research about healthy ageing. This paper...

Audio interview

Audio program

19 Jul 2016

For decades, the energy and environment portfolios have been run by different federal ministers, and they've often been at loggerheads over key elements of national policy. In a surprise move, the Prime Minister's reshuffle yesterday sees the two ministries combined, eliciting mixed reactions, and the...

Research report

28 Feb 2016

This research examined the costs, benefits and impacts for participants, carers, communities and government of the transition to consumer directed care (CDC) markets for respite outputs and outcomes. Drawing on a policy and literature review, stakeholder consultations, and cost/benefit and impact modelling, the project mapped...

Research report

30 Sep 2013

At the request of the Prime Minister, this report has been designed to explore in greater detail the issues that were brought to light in an earlier discussion paper, Towards better use of evidence in policy formation (2011). This paper extends that discussion and makes...

Essay

7 Mar 2016

This paper explores the New Zealand Government’s thinking around its Social Investment approach form the perspective of an experienced political journalist and commentator. It updates the author’s June 2015 Institute for Governance and Policy Studies working paper [James 2015] in the light of subsequent policy...

Book

15 Jul 2016

This collection of essays had its origins in a one-day workshop held in August 2015 at The Australian National University. Jointly convened by Dr John Butcher (ANZSOG) and Professor David Gilchrist (Curtin Not-for-profit Initiative) the purpose of the workshop was to bring together academic researchers,...

Research report

18 Jul 2016

Summary

The paper tracks the development of the Australian vocational education and training (VET) provider market over the last two decades in the context of significant policy changes and generally increased competition. It provides an insight into how the sector has arrived at...

Audio interview

Audio program

16 Jul 2016

A new study conducted by University of South Australia economist, John Wilson, contradicts a political reasoning behind publicly funding sports stadiums. The research finds that the benefits go to wealthier people who are more likely to attend live sport. It's the first Australian study of...

Commentary

Article

18 Jul 2016

Every time a terrorist attack occurs in the Western world, news outlets are very quick to scapegoat a demographic. The only reason white people are so powerful is because our fuel is the blood of the poor.

We invade, terrorise and destroy their countries...

Briefing paper

14 Jul 2016

Summary

Musculoskeletal conditions are a range of conditions that affect the bones, muscles and connective tissues. In this bulletin, the musculoskeletal conditions reported include osteoarthritis; rheumatoid arthritis; osteoporosis; back problems; gout and other inflammatory arthropathies (in ammation of one or more joints); and...

Policy

25 Feb 2016

Overview

In developing the 2016 Defence White Paper, Defence adopted an integrated approach to bring together for the first time the key elements of investment needed to deliver and sustain Australia’s defence capabilities. The key elements include equipment, infrastructure, information and communications technology,...

Research report

19 Apr 2016

The humanitarian system has a proven ability to produce innovations, but it does so sporadically and often struggles to take good ideas to scale quickly. The system does not consistently invest in innovation, and humanitarian actors have not always been successful at actively managing innovation...

Research report

7 Jul 2016

Since initiating market reforms in 1978, China has shifted from a centrally-planned to a market-based economy and has experienced rapid economic and social development. GDP growth has averaged nearly 10% a year, the fastest sustained expansion by a major economy in history. States as diverse...

Commentary

Article

18 Jul 2016

Dealing with refugee flows requires sophisticated policies that reflect both domestic and international realities. These realities include Australia’s status as a sovereign nation that wishes to protect its borders, but also as a country operating in a highly globalised world.

That world is experiencing...

Journal article

9 Oct 2015

In the past year there has been an upsurge in contributions to the popular press from social commentators insisting that guns make our nation safer. This essay questions these assertions. The paper provides evidence to support a contrary affirmation: that is, in order to have...

Journal article

15 Jul 2016

The full potential for research to improve Aboriginal health has not yet been realised. This paper describes an established long-term action partnership between Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHSs), the Aboriginal Health and Medical Research Council of New South Wales (AH&MRC), researchers and the Sax...

Book

10 Jul 2016

From modest beginnings in 1967, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has become the premier regional institution in Southeast Asia. The 10 members are pursuing cooperation to develop the ‘ASEAN Community’ and also sponsor wider dialogues that involve the major powers. Australia has been...

Research report

1 May 2016

A strong and sustainable schooling system that ensures all children receive an excellent education matters for Australia’s future.

Strong education outcomes result in better work and life opportunities for us all as individuals and benefit Australia more broadly through improvements to national productivity, workforce...

Commentary

Article

15 Jul 2016

Australia’s schools are not keeping up with the best in the world. There is a real problem, and governments must act. But the newly elected Coalition government must tread a fine line: good Commonwealth policy will not save Australia’s schools, but poor policy will damage...

Strategy

15 Jul 2016

Victoria in Future 2016 (VIF2016) is the official state government projection of population and households. Projections are used by decision makers across government and in other areas. The results are driven by assumptions concerning demographic and land use trends.

Projections are based on the...

Journal article

11 Jul 2016

Importance: The Affordable Care Act is the most important health care legislation enacted in the United States since the creation of Medicare and Medicaid in 1965. The law implemented comprehensive reforms designed to improve the accessibility, affordability, and quality of health care.

...

Annual Report

13 Jul 2016
The Annual Statistical Report on United Nations Procurement examines the combined spending on goods and services of 36 UN organizations. More than $17 billion was spent in 2015, a growth of $400 million over last year.

Repeated resolutions have called for the UN to increase...

Research report

13 Jul 2016

Summary

This independent study assesses how EU standards on privacy and data protection are safeguarded from liberalisation by existing free trade agreements (the General Agreement of Trade in Services (GATS) and the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)) and those that are currently...

Audio interview

Audio program

14 Jul 2016

Andrew Davies, director of the defence and strategy program with the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, says that China has 'overplayed its hand badly' in its escalation of the South China Sea dispute. He argues that China will find it difficult to back down, given the...

Research report

14 Jul 2016

Summary

This special report provides early information on changes to the tax rules affecting the collection of tax on benefits an employee receives from an employee share scheme. Benefits provided to an employee under a share purchase agreement are “employment income” for income...

Research report

14 Jul 2015

Introduction

This report provides you with a detailed stock-take of the current system for funding school-age education in New Zealand.

At a high level, the stock-take is organised around the key policy questions that underpin a schooling funding system. We could consider...

Article

15 Jun 2016

This practice paper provides an overview of what we know from research about cognitive development in children who have experienced trauma, and provides principles to support effective practice responses to those children’s trauma.

Key messages: Children in care experience symptoms and difficulties associated with...

Research report

10 Nov 2015

Introduction: Money for nothing?

For some years the heavy reliance of both major Australian political parties on developer donations has been known 1. One developer (Jeff McCloy) memorably told the NSW Independent Commission against Corruption (ICAC, 2014b. p.5328T) he felt like a “walking...

Working paper

28 Feb 2016

So-called variable annuity products which provide certain guaranteed minimum benefits are popular in the United States and Europe but are only in their infancy in Australia. We consider hybrid products with minimum withdrawal rates guaranteed for a fixed term or for life and the financial...

Website

10 Jul 2016

An interactive map overlays ABS labour force regional data with NSW electoral boundaries to provide visual insight into what may be happening in electorates. Typically, the regions for which ABS labour force statistics are published do not correlate to electoral boundaries.

Interactive charts present...

Article

Evaluation

24 Jun 2016

Aim: To examine the effect of the Police and Citizen Youth Clubs (PCYC) Young Offender program on re-offending.

Method: Young people who were referred to a PCYC Young Offender program in New South Wales (NSW) between 2010 and 2013 were matched (68% of 2,055,...

Book

10 Jul 2016

Public service cutbacks have increased reliance on consultants. However, new legislation and rules governing the procurement of services from consultants are scattered over different legislative instruments.

The first edition of this book attracted a record number of online hits. Busy public sector managers now...

Research report

22 Jun 2016

Forging an effective U.S strategy in Southeast Asia starts with understanding the region from the inside out. Only with deep knowledge of the goals, perceptions, hopes, and intentions of Southeast Asian countries themselves can Washington craft policies that further U.S national interests, help stabilise the...

Briefing paper

Policy

31 Mar 2013

According to the National Education Policy Act (No. 27 of 1996) and the South African Schools Act (No. 84 of 1996), the underlying principle of current Language-in-Education Policy (LiEP) is 'to maintain home language(s) while providing access to and the effective acquisition of additional language(s)'....

Audio interview

Audio program

13 Jul 2016

A man's bid to have his murder conviction overturned in South Australia, which could have repercussions for hundreds of other cases, has split the state's Court of Criminal Appeal and will now go to the High Court of Australia. Frits Van Beelen's appeal comes twenty-five...

Evaluation

Report

23 Oct 2015

The Panel concludes that the division of functions established by the current governance arrangements for Australian energy markets is fundamentally sound and that Australian energy market governance is amongst best practice internationally. Australia’s energy market governance relies on clearly specified and stable policy and appropriate...

Research report

9 Mar 2016

The Australia’s Future Health Workforce – Doctors (AFHW-Doctors) report published in December 2014 indicated that Australia’s health workforce is under pressure and must undergo significant transformation to meet future demands for healthcare. Despite the projected overall position of oversupply, imbalances within the medical specialty workforces...

Report

24 May 2016

This report—based on extensive research including interviews with more than 130 children who work on tobacco farms in Indonesia—shows that child workers are being exposed to serious health and safety risks. The dangers include acute nicotine poisoning from contact with tobacco plants and leaves, and...

Research report

18 Jun 2013

Grade R formal provision began after 1994 in South Africa. The significant role of Grade R in improving learners' experience of success in their schooling influences the policy reforms and urgency for Grade R provision. Regretfully, the skewing of the resources to the White population...

Research report

13 Jul 2016

This report explores education outcomes for Māori and African American children, especially in regard to underachievement by these groups. While the histories and cultures of the two groups are very different, almost every economic and social statistic indicates that they occupy similar social spaces in...

Commentary

14 Jul 2016

If you have recently signed an online petition - and then observed a result from it - you are far from alone. Once niche, websites such as Change.org, ipetitions.com and Avaaz.org have moved into the mainstream, shifting influence from organisations into the hands of individuals...

Research report

13 Jul 2016

Protecting the sovereignty of our maritime borders has never been more difficult than it is today. Australia must identify strategies for pre-positioning our finite maritime response capabilities in order to be able to respond promptly, effectively and efficiently to risks across our EEZ.

...

Discussion paper

7 Jul 2016

More effective action is urgently required in order to reduce the unacceptable health inequalities experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Food insecurity and nutrition-related chronic conditions are responsible for a large proportion of the ill-health experienced by Australia’s First Peoples who, before colonisation,...

Discussion paper

14 Jul 2016

Since 1998, data about general practice activity in Australia has been collected, analysed and disseminated through the Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health (BEACH) program. BEACH has provided valuable information about how general practice has changed over time, the impact of policy on practice...

Article

31 May 2016

Burnie Works is a community-wide collaborative initiative in North West Tasmania that is applying the collective impact framework to address the complex problem of low school retention and high youth unemployment. Their generous learning spirit allows us to critically review how Burnie Works has interpreted...

Book

14 Jul 2016

The book deals with two of the principles that underpin the wielding of executive power in our democratic system – firstly, the accountability of government to the people and, secondly, the obligation of governments to act according to law and in the public interest. It...

Research report

1 Mar 2016

A new report by the Office of the Chief Scientist provides the first detailed analysis of Australia’s Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) trained workforce.

By investigating the demographics, industries, occupations and salaries of STEM workers, the report is a valuable resource for students,...

Research report

13 Jul 2016

Skin cancer in Australia provides comprehensive national information and statistics on skin cancer. It includes the latest available data and estimates to 2016, as well as trends over time. The report also describes risk factors, and presents a section on the limitations of non- melanoma...

Research report

13 Jul 2016

The Office of the Australian Information Commissioner (OAIC) undertook a privacy assessment of the Woolworths loyalty program (Woolworths Rewards) to assess whether the program:

managed personal information in an open and transparent way as required by Australian Privacy Principle (APP) 1 notified individuals of...

Research report

13 Jul 2016

The Office of the Australian Information Commissioner (OAIC) undertook a privacy assessment of the Coles flybuys loyalty program (flybuys) to assess whether the program:

managed personal information in an open and transparent way as required by Australian Privacy Principle (APP) 1 notified individuals of...

Research report

13 Jul 2016

The research finds that Austria demonstrates a model of a successful federally legislated housing system. It has a national level legislative framework outlining the business model for not-for-profit housing provision, establishing cost rent setting rules and delineating conditions for the use of direct and indirect...

Audio program

12 Jul 2016

The New South Wales Government has committed to a 5% cut in reoffending rates by 2019, and is turning to one of the big four banks to help it do that. It's using what's known as a 'social impact investment.' The National Australia Bank will...

Audio interview

Audio program

13 Jul 2016

The Permanent Court of Arbitration rules that China had no right to build artificial islands in the South China Sea, a ruling that has resounding significance in international law. Though China refuses to abide by the ruling, Australian Foreign Minister, Julie Bishop, suggests that China's...

Research report

12 Jul 2016

INSPIRE is an evidence-based resource for everyone committed to preventing and responding to violence against children and adolescents, from government to grassroots, and from civil society to the private sector. It represents a select group of strategies based on the best available evidence to help...

Commentary

Article

7 Jul 2016

It is hard to understand why the media are surprised at another undecided election result given the polls predicted this knife-edge outcome for the last eight weeks. Either way, the media’s prevailing election campaign narrative, which congratulated Turnbull’s clever, safe, detail-light strategy has come crashing...

Research report

29 Jun 2016

The Inquiry, launched in November 2015, has focused on the purposes of television in an era characterised by technological transformations, shifts in audience consumption habits, and changes in cultural and political attitudes. The report reflects on the extent to which the UK’s most popular television...

Journal article

12 Jul 2016

In 2014, Nick Davies, the investigative journalist responsible for uncovering the News of the World phone-hacking affair, argued that Rupert Murdoch’s global media conglomerate News Corp actively seeks to intimidate its critics into silence. This article provides an Australian case study on News Corp’s representation...

Discussion paper

23 May 2016

Whether our tertiary education system can sustain, let alone improve participation levels, should be an important consideration for public policy.

This presentation supporting paper showcases different scenarios of future participation in vocational and higher education in Australia. The forecasts show that governments must take...

Research report

7 Jul 2016

Wave after wave of digital innovation has introduced a new set of influences on the public’s news habits. Social media, messaging apps, texts and email provide a constant stream of news from people we’re close to as well as total strangers. News stories can now...

Research report

15 Jun 2016

The Reuters Institute’s Digital News Report is the world’s largest comparative international survey of news consumption habits.

This year's report reveals new insights about digital news consumption based on a YouGov survey of over 50,000 online news consumers in 26 countries including the US...

Research report

30 Nov 2000

The nation’s investment in public rental housing in the post-war period has created major social and economic benefits however much of the stock is now at the end of its economic life and/or it does not meet current needs. Concentrations of entrenched social disadvantage have...

Research report

6 Jul 2016

In the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, independent operational evaluations focus on individual aid investments. These evaluations are generally managed by DFAT's country and regional programs.

This Review of Operational Evaluations examined 35 such evaluations completed in 2014. It is the second Review...

Commentary

Article

12 Jul 2016

There is ample evidence of systematic cruelty and regulatory failure with which to justify the New South Wales government’s decision to ban greyhound racing. But this is a single industry in a single state – if we step back and look at the wider picture...

Research report

30 Jun 2012

This report sets out the findings of a research project investigating Early Intervention Strategies to Reduce the Need for Women and Children to Make Repeated Use of Refuge and Other Crisis Accommodation. The project is intended to bring forward knowledge of the reasons for the...

Research report

5 Jul 2016

The Aurukun campus (the school) of the Cape York Aboriginal Australian Academy (CYAAA) is the hub of the Aurukun community. The teachers and staff of the school are dedicated and motivated by a collective desire to ensure the children of Aurukun become successful learners. Collectively,...

Commentary

Article

8 Jul 2016

Aurukun School in Cape York, far north Queensland, closed in May this year after a series of violent episodes directed at teaching staff. The school is one of the Cape York Academy schools operating under the stewardship of prominent Indigenous leader, Noel Pearson.

Pearson...

Discussion paper

5 Jul 2016

Australia is positioned next to south-east Asia, where one billion people lack access to adequate sanitation facilities. Only half the population in the Pacific Island countries have access to such facilities, while poor hygiene and unsanitary living conditions have contributed to children in remote Australian...

Research report

1 Jun 2016

Increasing economies of scale, more competitive supply chains and further technological improvements will continue reducing the costs of solar and wind power. The same factors will also boost the availability of these key renewable power sources at night and in varying weather conditions.

With...

Report

Strategy

12 Jul 2016

Victoria’s Health and Medical Research Strategy 2016–2020 (the strategy) is designed to embed health and medical research into the Victorian health system and accelerate the translation of research into clinical practice. The vision of this strategy is to position Victoria as a global leader in...

Discussion paper

1 Jul 2016

The Yarra River is one of Victoria’s most iconic waterways, integral to Melbourne’s identity and the liveability of the city. The river traverses more than 200 kilometres of urban and rural landscapes and across many thousands of hectares of private and public land.

In...

Working paper

30 Apr 2016

We introduce an endogenous network model of the interbank overnight lending market. Banks are motivated to meet the minimum reserve requirements set by the Central Bank, but their reserves are subject to random shocks. To adjust their expected end-of-the-day reserves, banks enter the interbank market,...

Blog post

15 Apr 2016

Despite great changes in Indigenous policy in the last twenty-five years, the number of Indigenous deaths in custody has not declined. Between 1987 and 1991, while the Royal Commission was underway, there were 23 Indigenous deaths in prison custody and 28 in police custody. From...

Website

4 May 2016

The Parliamentary Library provides a series of Budget Review briefings to assist parliamentarians to consider key issues posed by the 2016–17 Budget, selected on the basis of significance, complexity or degree of controversy.

Research report

11 Jun 2016

Executive summary

Computer education, with a focus on Computer Science, has become a core subject in the Australian Curriculum and the focus of national innovation initiatives. Equal participation by girls, however, remains unlikely based on their engagement with computing in recent decades....

Audio podcast

7 Jul 2016

Noor Huda Ismail discusses the evolution of terrorism in Indonesia and his involvement in rehabilitation efforts.

Overview

For this episode of Sub Rosa podcast, Andrew spoke to Noor Huda Ismail, an Indonesian author, film-maker, activist, and PhD candidate.

Huda set up...

Research report

5 Jul 2016

Summary

The aim of this report is to provide information about children and young people aged 0-24 who were hospitalised as a result of poisoning by pharmaceuticals or other substances in Australia. Over 30% of all hospitalised cases of poisoning during 2012-13 involved...

Research report

11 Jul 2016

Summary

This report examines the pharmacological management of type 2 diabetes in older Australians, using linked data from the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme and the National Diabetes Services Scheme. It explores, by age and time since diabetes diagnosis, supply patterns of blood glucose lowering...

Working paper

31 Mar 2014

Abstract

Using proprietary data, this study examines auditor industry specialisation, professional brand effects and non-audit services (NAS) in the self-managed superannuation fund (SMSF) sector, the fastest growing and largest segment of the Australian $1.75 trillion retirement savings industry. We consider the impact of...

Research report

7 Jul 2016

Criminal intelligence (CrimInt) is so useful in serious criminal investigations that it’s difficult to envisage a situation where it shouldn’t be sought and used if it’s available.

This special report argues that Australia’s current arrangements for gathering and disseminating CrimInt overseas are suboptimal....

Journal article

4 Jul 2016

It is well known that the health of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is considerably poorer than that of their non-Indigenous counterparts. Strategies, policies, programs and funding over many years have been targeted toward improving the health of Indigenous Australians and closing the...

Journal article

10 Jul 2016

Abstract

The ability of health researchers to unearth previously unsuspected health risks, trends and commonalities at a population level through matching information across different datasets is well attested. However, as more of this type of research is conducted, the spotlight is being shone...

Literature review

30 Aug 2015

This Evidence Check review examined adolescents and young adults’ (AYAs) presentations to Emergency Departments. AYAs present primarily for musculoskeletal disorders, mental and behavioural disorders, and genitourinary, respiratory and infectious diseases and these differ proportionally among males and females. A number of ED presentations are avoidable....

Literature review

30 Dec 2015

This Evidence Check review examined factors relating to positive and negative experiences of patients in Australian hospitals. It drew on qualitative studies of patient reported experiences and found that small changes to health system operations and resourcing, and the way professionals engage with patients, could...

Research report

4 Jul 2016

The project commenced with a literature review of national and international guides, publications and research papers, which also enabled the identification of knowledge gaps and areas where further detail was required. A crash analysis was undertaken to demonstrate the relationship between motorcycle crashes, travel period,...

Research report

4 Jul 2016

This publication provides a summary of 2015 and time-series data relating to students, programs, subjects, training providers and funding in Australia’s government-funded vocational education and training (VET) system (broadly defined as all activity delivered by government providers and government-funded activity delivered by community education and...

Audio interview

Audio program

7 Jul 2016

The CSIRO Staff Association says the company's northern Australian footprint will be significantly reduced after its redundancy process is complete. The publicly-funded scientific institution has been gradually whittled away losing 1,300 positions over the past two years and a further 300 job cuts being processed....

Strategy

27 Apr 2016

The Australian Antarctic Strategy sets out Australia’s national Antarctic interests and our vision for Australia’s future engagement in Antarctica.

The accompanying Action Plan details the steps the Government will take to fulfil the Strategy.

The Action Plan is staged over a 20 year...

Commentary

Article

8 Jul 2016

The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) allows Australians with a disability to choose which agencies or people they wish to collaborate with to help achieve their goals.

For Indigenous people, there are many positives to this scheme. It provides the opportunity to address the...

Audio interview

Audio program

7 Jul 2016

One thing Election 2016 seems to have demonstrated, is that volatility is the new normal. Pendulum like election results, significant swings, minor parties and protest votes are the new political reality.

Does this demonstrate that voters are less addicted to political 'entertainment', less in...

Journal article

5 Jul 2016

Introduction

The hardening hypothesis proposes that as smoking prevalence declines the proportion of ‘hardcore’ or ‘hardened’ smokers will increase. The possible constructs of hardening include reduced motivation to quit, increased levels of addiction, increased levels of disadvantage and reduced quit rates among continuing...

Commentary

Article

8 Jul 2016

The number of Aboriginal children in Victoria's child protection system has gone up by 70% in just three years. Now Aboriginal leaders in Victoria are saying enough is enough, and are calling for a new approach to stop so many children being removed.

Victoria's...

Research report

8 Jul 2016

Ecosystem reconfigurations arising from climate-driven changes in species distributions are expected to have profound ecological, social, and economic implications. Here we reveal a rapid climate-driven regime shift of Australian temperate reef communities, which lost their defining kelp forests and became dominated by persistent seaweed turfs....

Commentary

Article

8 Jul 2016

Now that Pauline Hanson is back in the Senate, we can expect ridicule of her in the mainstream media for the dumb and hateful things she says. Which is fair enough: a lot of it does deserve ridicule.

Yet this is hardly the only...

Commentary

Article

8 Jul 2016

Kelp forests along some 100km of Western Australia’s coast have been wiped out, and many more areas damaged, by a marine heatwave that struck the area in 2011.

The heatwave, which featured ocean temperatures more than two degrees above normal and persisted for more...

Audio interview

Audio program

8 Jul 2016

Former Prime Minister, John Howard, oversaw Australia's entry into the Iraq war in 2003, as part of US President George W. Bush's 'coalition of the willing.' In the wake of the Chilcot report, which is critical of the UK's role in the Iraq invasion, he...

Article

15 Jul 2016

The $3.8 billion expansion of the New South Wales prison estate by 7000 beds represents a manifest and very expensive failure of public policy.

There are three reasons why this is so. First, the lack of evidence to support the expansion; second, because prisons...

Research report

8 Jun 2016

The Committee for Economic Development of Australia (CEDA)’s State of the Regions series (the ‘series’) provided a platform for robust discussion on economic diversification and growth opportunities within Western Australia’s regional economies.

Delivered over a two-year period, concluding in March 2016, the series involved...

Journal article

29 Jun 2016

Abstract

Financial incentives are used by natural resource management organisations to encourage landholders to adopt sustainable practices where the outcomes on a farm scale may be negative or marginal. There is a growing body of research aimed at understanding why landholders do or...

Research report

6 Jul 2016

In this Executive Summary, the Inquiry sets out its conclusions on a number of issues that have been central to the controversies surrounding Iraq. In addition to the factors that shaped the decision to take military action in March 2003 without support for an authorising...

Audio interview

Audio program

7 Jul 2016

A recent legislative amendment in Bulgaria means that it's now law that software developed for the government must be open source.

From now on, Bulgarian government contracts which include computer software, programming interfaces and databases must be freely available for others to read, modify...

Commentary

Article

6 Jul 2016

Brexit has highlighted the political ground-swell against globalization, immigration and the neoliberal economic agenda. These controversies were low-profile issues in Australia's so-far inconclusive July 2 general election, but they may be a factor in the success already of a surprising number of independent candidates, especially...

Discussion paper

4 Jul 2016

On 4 July 2016, the ACCC issued a discussion paper for the wholesale ADSL service declaration inquiry seeking industry views on whether the wholesale ADSL service should continue to be declared.

A number of changes have occurred since the wholesale ADSL service was first...

Research report

14 Apr 2016

It has been a year of growth for IP rights in Australia and demand grew across all four IP rights last year, in line with global trends. In 2015, patent applications grew by 10 per cent, trade marks by 14 per cent (the best growth...

Research report

6 Oct 2014

This report serves as an overview of the Intellectual Property Government Open Data (IPGOD) produced by IP Australia. The IPGOD provides a comprehensive, flexible and reliable dataset that is both of value to IP researchers and professionals, and will be used to support the development...

Evaluation

21 Jun 2016

This investigation was triggered by a complaint about an inquiry by the State Services Commission (SSC), which culminated in the publication of the Report to the State Services Commissioner on the Investigation into the Possible Unauthorised Disclosure of Information Relating to the Ministry of Foreign...

Research report

27 Apr 2015

The Australian Intellectual Property Report is now in its third edition. The purpose of the report is to promote awareness and deliver the latest IP statistics. This report provides a collation of data and information about IP in Australia, and internationally, and how Australia compares...

Research report

1 May 2014

This report provides a collation of data and information about IP in Australia, where Australia sits in the global IP system, and how Australia measures up against other countries. The report focuses on the latest developments and evidence on IP, but includes a short introduction...

Research report

16 Oct 2013

This report provides a collation of data and information about the IP system in Australia, where Australia sits in the global IP system, and how it measures up against other countries. It is the first in a regular series of publications about the IP system....

Research report

29 Jun 2016

This is a commentary by the Commissioner on Environment Aotearoa 2015 – the state of the environment report published last year by the Ministry for the Environment and Statistics New Zealand. The Commissioner’s commentary begins with a review of that report. It then presents the...

Report

30 Jun 2016

This report looks at how the skills of New Zealand adults compare to other countries and how they have changed over time. Also explored is how skills in New Zealand vary by age, ethnicity, gender and migration status.

The Survey of Adult Skills measures...

Video

8 Jun 2016

The Victorian Parliament's Legal and Social Issues Committee to inquire into, consider and report, no later than 31 May 2016, on the need for laws in Victoria to allow citizens to make informed decisions regarding their own end of life choices and, in particular, the...

Commentary

Article

6 Jul 2016

Online is no longer enough for residential and community aged care workers. They need access to information and applications where they are; whether that is at the point of care or on the road.

As a result, developing or enhancing a mobility strategy is...

Fact sheet

30 Sep 2014

This two page research paper provides a factual summary of migration trends and policy in New Zealand.

Guide

24 Jun 2016

The Austroads 'Learning to Drive' handbook covers the road rules, including road signs, and is written in plain English. It is specifically targeted to the learning needs Indigenous people. It can be applied in urban, rural and remote communities. It is also a sought-after resource...

Commentary

7 Jul 2016

With the slogan of "all the way with LBJ", Australia's 17th prime minister Harold Holt (1966-67) of the Liberal Party controversially expanded Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War in support of the United States.

The country's 25th prime minister from the same side of...

Research report

30 Apr 2016

The purpose of this review is to support all New Zealanders to make a difference in the lives of our vulnerable children. This report sets out recommendations for a future operating model for Child, Youth and Family (CYF), including the systems, structures and future investments...

Research report

7 Jul 2016

This report is the result of an extensive inquiry into the greyhound racing industry in New South Wales held under the Special Commissions of Inquiry Act 1983 (NSW). The Inquiry was set up by the New South Wales government in February 2015. It followed the...

Audio interview

Audio program

7 Jul 2016

Peter Leahy, director of the National Security Institute, was chief of the Australian Army when it went to war in Iraq in 2003. He speaks with Kim Landers about the findings of the Chilcot report into the UK's presence in Iraq and about Australia's role...

Commentary

Article

7 Jul 2016

People don’t trust politicians much, so simply asking citizens if they trust government in general elicits some pretty negative reactions.

Look a little deeper, beyond this simplified view that lumps everything from all tiers of government together, and the situation isn’t nearly as bad....

Research report

29 Jun 2016

Cultural heritage around the world suffers from intentional attacks, collateral damage, looting and the effects of natural disasters. Reaching affected sites and areas quickly to monitor the situation, plan for restoration and prevent further loss often proves very difficult.

Thanks to a partnership between...

Research report

29 Jun 2016

Immigration almost ceased during the war, but parliamentarians debated about how to increase population without changing the White Australia policy or compromising working pay and conditions.

The group of immigrants deemed ‘undesirable’ expanded to include people of enemy origin, southern and eastern Europeans, and...

Briefing paper

30 Jun 2016

New England is an electorate that has faced a rapidly rising unemployment rate over the last 3 years. It has seen unemployment rise 2.7% since the last election. Over the same period the national unemployment rate has risen 0.1%. The number of unemployed has increased...

Research report

26 Apr 2016

This report describes the outcomes of the Registry Week event which took place over a two week period, commencing 9 February 2016. The process of surveying homeless people was coordinated by Ruah Community Services as the Lead Agency, in partnership with government and community services...

Audio interview

Audio program

5 Jul 2016

Consumer groups are aghast at a Federal Court ruling they say will entrench disadvantage among Aboriginal people. The Government had planned to restrict welfare recipients from buying funeral insurance, but the court has stopped it from going ahead.

Audio interview

Audio program

6 Jul 2016

The Australian Medical Association says unfreezing Medicare rebates for health practitioners should be on the Coalition's list if it wants to rebuild public trust. The Prime Minister has acknowledged the Coalition must work harder to convince voters when it comes to health policy. The AMA...

Commentary

Article

6 Jul 2016

The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) is the only national scheme of its kind in the world. Its introduction has been likened to a generational shift with some saying the scheme’s impact will be similar to that of Medicare.

Choice and control are the...

Commentary

Article

6 Jul 2016

Most scientists and medical researchers behave ethically. However, in recent years, the number of high-profile scandals in which researchers have been exposed as having falsified their data raises the issue of how we should deal with research fraud.

There is little scholarship on this...

Discussion paper

5 Jul 2016

As part of the A$405 million Accelerating Advance Queensland initiative, the Queensland Government is creating an environment to foster emerging and priority sectors with global growth potential. The biomedical and life sciences sector is one of the priority sectors that will play an important role...

Research report

5 Jul 2016

Australia’s Health Tracker, Australia’s Adult Health Tracker and Australia’s Children and Young People Health Tracker are report cards that provide a comprehensive assessment of the health of Australians in relation to chronic diseases and their risk factors. The report cards will be issued regularly and...

Research report

3 Jun 2016

Telecommunications giant Telefónica, in conjunction with academics from London’s Imperial College Business School, George Mason University, and the University of Pécs compiled the Index on Digital Life to measure the global digital economy.

Rather then measuring each country's infrastructure, the Index focuses on three...

Discussion paper

30 Jun 2016

The surveillance discourse in British broadcast news since the Snowden revelations covers justifications and challenges. Justification focuses on authorisation and rationalisation strategies stating terror threats explicitly, which are often expressed by governmental actors. Delegitimation strategies predominantly use moralising and mythopoetic arguments of civil liberties and...

Commentary

Article

27 Jun 2016

Over the past few months, Alexander Hanff, CEO of the London-based privacy advocacy and consulting firm Think Privacy, has made the rounds both on Twitter and in regulators’ offices across Europe to take a stand against something that few would assume is worthy of involvement...

Journal article

3 Jul 2016

Abstract

Objective: Evidence of identity, particularly a birth certificate, is essential to access many rights. However, the births of many Aboriginal Australians are not registered when they are infants. We examined factors related to birth registration among Western Australian children born to Aboriginal...

Research report

27 Jun 2016

Carbon capture and storage, or CCS, is a process used to capture carbon dioxide gas (CO2) that is produced by power stations or other types of industrial facilities. To keep CO2 out of the atmosphere, it is captured from the power plant or industry, transported,...

Briefing paper

5 Jul 2016

The Council of Europe works with governments, the private sector, civil society and other actors to shape the Internet as a safe and open environment where freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and association, diversity, culture and education can flourish. In line with its overall...

Research report

18 May 2016

An analysis of democracy, human rights and the rule of law in Europe, based on the findings of the Council of Europe monitoring mechanisms and bodies.

This is the third annual report of the Secretary General on the state of democracy, human rights and...

Research report

5 Jul 2016

This report provides information about children and young people aged 0–24 who were hospitalised as a result of poisoning in Australia. Almost half (49%) of all cases occurred among 18–24 year olds and a quarter among 15–17 year olds (26%). The highest rate of poisoning...

Audio interview

Audio program

5 Jul 2016

As the major political parties keep a close eye on the election count, there's a bit of contingency planning going on, with the Coalition and Labor reaching out to the crossbenchers. This is potentially only the second minority government at a federal level since 1940....

Audio interview

Audio program

4 Jul 2016

The Prime Minister says he remains 'quietly confident' the Coalition will be able to form a majority government in the Lower House. But even if it does, it will be wafer thin, with a minority government still the more likely option—and with no control of...

Journal article

4 Jul 2016

The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive synthesis of key information on diabetes among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia to: (1) inform those involved or interested in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health; and (2) provide the evidence for...

Research report

2 May 2016

The 2016 Australian Jobs has been released. This report provides a great starting point for users to gain an appreciation of trends in the labour market and factors that should be considered when looking for work or making career and training choices.

The publication...

Briefing paper

29 Jun 2016

This research explores Australian private rental brokerage programs which provide assistance in securing and sustaining private rental tenancies for disadvantaged tenants. The research identifies a diverse range of activities tailored to individuals and local circumstances, but lacking common terminology, measures and reporting making it difficult...

Commentary

Article

3 Jul 2016

What do we know so far about the likely post-election scene? Tim Colebatch has been crunching the latest numbers

MOST of us now know who our new MPs will be. What we don’t know is who will be our prime minister. And we...

Working paper

4 Jul 2016

This working paper analyses 11 years of national hospitalisation data to derive the estimated rate of peripartum hysterectomy in Australia in recent years and examine the rates of diagnoses for particular conditions contributing to peripartum hysterectomy. This is part of the National Maternity Data Development...

Research report

13 May 2016

Overview

This report outlines a project aimed at developing evidence-based strategies to support wider adoption of mobile tablet devices in healthcare, initially focusing on type 2 diabetes. A multi-disciplinary team of researchers from the University of Canberra, NICTA, ANU Medical School and Canberra...

Commentary

Article

4 Jul 2016

Introduction

It is entirely apt given the government used the budget as its de facto election campaign launch that we now find after the election result that the budget is completely trashed.

Launching the campaign so closely after the budget meant none...

Website

9 May 2016

Since 2008, Japanese banks have loaned AU$40 billion to fossil fuel projects in Australia, second only to the major Australian banks.

Historically, most Japanese lending has been to coal. More recently, Japanese banks have been integral in facilitating Australia’s liquefied natural gas (LNG) boom,...

Journal article

1 Jan 2011

This paper describes a partnership between researchers and policy actors that was developed within a short timeframe to produce a rapid appraisal case study of a government policy initiative – South Australia's Social Inclusion Initiative – for the Social Exclusion Knowledge Network of the international...

Blog post

Essay

17 May 2016

This essay was a finalist in the 3rd Annual Gavin Mooney Memorial Essay Competition [2016] which asked “In the digital era, whose voices are being heard?” This competition honours the work and writings of Professor Mooney and draws public attention to the topic he was...

Journal article

6 Sep 2012

Job loss has negative consequences for health and evidence shows that the agency of workers experiencing job loss is affected by labour market and welfare policy. The policy environment into which workers emerge after losing their jobs strongly influences the way job loss and its...

Journal article

6 Feb 2013

Background: Job loss is a discrete life event, with multiple adverse consequences for physical and mental health and implications for agency. Our research explores the consequences of job loss for retrenched workers’ mental health by examining the interplay between their agency and the structures shaping...

Chapter

1 Jan 2011

This chapter tells the story of the Maternity Coalition (MC), an Australian advocacy organization which represents an often ‘forgotten’ strand of the women’s movement — the maternalist feminist emphasis on reclaiming women’s rights in birth and breastfeeding. Having originated in the late 1980s to lobby...

Audio program

1 Jul 2016

Queensland's hospitality industry says it will maintain pressure on the government to reverse the new liquor laws which came into effect overnight. Pubs, clubs and bars will now have to call last drinks at 2-3am in designated entertainment areas.

Audio interview

Audio program

1 Jul 2016

There are calls for whichever party wins the weekend's election to take a good look at the work for the dole scheme operating in remote Australia. Service providers continue to raise concerns about the scheme. They're now worried Indigenous people are leaving remote communities to...

Commentary

Article

1 Jul 2016

The economic evidence is that not only does higher education build the economy’s skills and knowledge, but that it pays for itself many times over.

On average, university training in Australia has paid a rate of return of around 14-15%, according to analysis of...

Research report

28 Apr 2016

Every day, decisions are made in hospitals, or by governments, that influence how efficiently hospitals run. In 2013–14, the running costs of public hospitals ($44 billion) continued to represent the largest proportion of the $154.6 billion that was spent on health by all governments, insurers...

Research report

30 Jun 2016

The Western Australian (WA) coastline spans over 12,500 kilometres and has some of the most unique and biodiverse marine environments in the world. This includes the renowned Kimberley coast in the north, the world heritage areas of Ningaloo Reef and Shark Bay on the Gascoyne...

Research report

22 Jun 2016

Applications are software programs that facilitate an organisation’s key business processes. Typical administrative processes dependent on software applications include finance, human resources, licensing and billing. Applications also facilitate specialist functions that are peculiar and essential to individual entities.

Each year we review a selection...

Research report

2 May 2016

This report reflects key insights provided by participants at the roundtable as a platform for action by governments, business, communities and individuals. It also provides input to the Council of Australian Government’s agenda to reduce violence against women and their children.

The roundtable was...

Commentary

Article

29 Jun 2016

What's your vote worth?

According to the Australian Electoral Commission, it's worth 262.784 cents. That's what it will pay parties and candidates for each vote when vote shares in a House of Representatives seat, or a state in respect of the Senate, exceeds a...

Research report

29 Jun 2016

This paper analyses Russia’s geopolitical ambitions, its military modernisation, the threat it poses to the international order, and how the West should respond.

Overview

Almost a quarter of a century after the demise of the USSR, Russia is back on the world...

Guide

22 Jun 2016

Under Australia’s Working Holiday Maker (WHM) program, young people (aged 18 to 30 years) from certain countries may apply for one of two visas—Working Holiday (subclass 417) or Work and Holiday (subclass 462). The visa available to applicants depends on their country of citizenship, but...

Research report

21 Jun 2016

Uses Israel's recent wars to identify issues relevant to the Australian Army’s preparation for future conflict.

Overview

Israel is in a state of continuous conflict, frequently of the armed variety, and not uncommonly achieving levels of violence that qualify as war. Significant...

Briefing paper

Statistics

24 Jun 2016

Reviews OECD data on the relationship between living standards and cuts in company tax rates compared with the provision of better education services.

The graphs show the relationship between living standards and other variables that are at the centre of the disputes about the...

Book

30 Jun 2016

This book argues that we should adopt an instrumentalist approach to intellectual property and reject a proprietarian approach – an approach which emphasises the connection between labour and property rights.

Overview

Are intellectual property rights like other property rights? More and more...

Research report

1 Feb 2016

The Social Policy Research Centre (SPRC) was commissioned by Family Day Care Australia to conduct research into quality in family day care. Six high quality services agreed to participate in the study. At each service, the SPRC research team conducted interviews with families, educators, coordination...