November 2016

Research report

30 Nov 2016

There is strong and increasing public interest in, and concern about, the incidence of suicide among serving and ex-serving Australian Defence Force (ADF) personnel. A study undertaken by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare calculates, for the first time, accurate rates of suicide deaths...

Book

30 Oct 2016

This book has been published on behalf of the Council for the Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences.

CHASS promotes and supports the humanities, arts and social sciences (HASS) in Australia, and represents an important networking forum for teachers, researchers, pro- fessionals, practitioners and policy...

Briefing paper

1 Dec 2016

Alcohol is involved in a substantial number of family violence incidents recorded by police. However, there is a paucity of Australian research on the relative contribution of alcohol use by perpetrators and/or victims to whether or not the incident results in the perpetrator being arrested...

Research report

1 Dec 2016

This report analyses the role that organisational culture plays in child sexual abuse in institutional contexts. It specifically considers how organisational culture can affect the perpetration and detection of child sexual abuse and the responses to child sexual abuse in institutional contexts. The report also...

Journal article

23 Sep 2016

This special edition of the 'Policy Studies' journal examines performance measurement in social and public policy and public services. Taking a policy instrument perspective the papers in the edition, the articles examine the postitive and negative effects of performance measurement, and what works.

Research report

28 Nov 2016

In 2015 more young people aged 15–24 years died by suicide than any other means (including transport accidents and accidental poisonings). Over the past 10 years, rather than making in-roads into reducing the number of young lives lost to suicide in Australia, there have instead...

Journal article

23 Sep 2016

This opening paper outlines the rise of public sector performance measurement and performance governance from New Public Management, its trajectory from an administrative tool for organisational monitoring and management, to its insertion into service performance and accountability, to a policy tool defining policy itself. Four...

Journal article

23 Sep 2016

Performance measurement has an implicit performance theory embedded within its practice; performance measurement perforce performs. Performance measurement has a performative effect on performance. Drawing together and building on the various empirical observations from the preceding papers in this collection, this concluding paper firstly examines the...

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

While the recent New Zealand local authority elections attracted their fair share of media headlines, the dominant narrative, as in previous elections, was one of declining turnout and whether or not local government has a future. Little was heard about the nature of the role...

Commentary

Article

18 Nov 2016

If you’re in a gloomy mood, the Bureau of Statistics won’t be helping to pull you out of it. First it told us that wages across Australia grew at their lowest level on record, just 1.9 per cent, in the year to September. Now it...

Audio program

30 Nov 2016

The West Australian Treasurer, Mike Nahan, will head to Friday's treasurers' meeting with a newly minted plan to privatise the operator of WA's power network.

The plan would see 51% of Western Power sold off in a float on the Australian Stock Exchange....

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

In April 2016 New Zealand’s long-awaited online voting trial for local elections was again cancelled, or postponed indefinitely. Despite its advocacy of e-government, central government in New Zealand has continued to stall over trialling online voting. The trial of online voting was strongly supported by...

Audio program

1 Dec 2016

The Weather Bureau's new $77 million supercomputer is set to deliver more accurate forecasts to assist farmers grappling with climate change.

It's estimated improved seasonal forecasts will boost the agricultural sector by $1 billion annually.

Commentary

Article

30 Nov 2016

How wonderful, you might think, that the Australian government is in furious agreement with its independent infrastructure advisory body on how to tackle the country’s present and looming infrastructure challenges.

Of Infrastructure Australia’s 78 recommendations in its Infrastructure Plan, the federal government opposes only...

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

The decision to put the Local Government Act 2002 Amendment Bill (No 2) on hold in September 2016 demonstrates clearly the strength that local government has as a unified political voice within New Zealand's democracy. In a smilar way to what occured uin 1989...

Research report

21 Nov 2016

Since the 1980s, Enabling Pathways have been one of the main ways that prospective students from low-SES backgrounds have been able to enter into universities. These programs, often known as Foundation Studies or Preparatory Programs, provide both access to generalist degrees and enabling experiences to...

Discussion paper

1 Nov 2016

This occasional paper is the third in a series on the National Quality Framework (NQF). The paper reports on activities to promote consistency and efficiency in the implementation and administration of the NQF, which are key functions of the Australian Children's Education and Care Quality...

Research report

30 Sep 2016

This report includes the preliminary results of in-water reef health and impact surveys conducted by GBRMPA and the Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service. The surveys provided a rapid assessment of the spatial extent and severity of the 2016 mass coral bleaching event in the Great...

Research report

29 Nov 2016

This supplement by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) to the interim report provides an update on current Reef-wide surveys being conducted by GBRMPA and the Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service. This second round of in-water reef health and impact surveys commenced in...

Briefing paper

28 Nov 2016

The research examined the impact of programs providing social housing with support for people experiencing homelessness under the National Partnership Agreement on Homelessness (NPAH).

Guide

23 Sep 2016

Brisbane needs exemplary buildings that respond to and embrace our subtropical climate and showcase our city’s urban character and outdoor lifestyle. Openness, permeability and a strong connection with the natural environment are the main characteristics of well-designed subtropical cities. This design guide illustrates how residential...

Interview

28 Nov 2016

With the recent tabling of the Senate Economics report on the eCensus shutdown, the Prime Minister's Cyber Security adviser, Alastair MacGibbon discusses the key lessons learnt, reinforcing the government's continuing pursuit of digitalisation, but warned that relying on formal compliance systems could in fact be...

Research report

29 Nov 2016

This report, released by the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER), on the latest international study of mathematics and science achievement, reveals no improvement in the performance of Australian students.

Releasing the report, ACER Director of Educational Monitoring and Research, Dr Sue Thomson, said...

Research report

9 Nov 2016

Doctors are the most trusted profession in Australia, along with nurses and pharmacists, according to social research published today into community and doctors’ views about trust, confidence and fitness to practise in the medical profession.

The Medical Board of Australia commissioned the independent social...

Commentary

30 Nov 2016

Some have questioned Senator David Leyonhjelm’s demand that in return for his support on the government’s bill to restore the Australian Building and Construction Commission, the public service media organisations ABC and SBS be required to hold regular community forums. Greens senator Sarah Hanson-Young described...

Conference paper

4 Dec 2014

Under recent budget cuts for public investment, most public facilities including irrigation and drainage facilities become aging and deteriorating, and will negatively affect productivity in Japan. To evaluate macroeconomic effect of changes in public facilities, the current study uses the recursive dynamic computable general equilibrium...

Conference paper

4 Dec 2014

After East Japan earth quake and flood in Thailand in 2011, firms try to diversify location of their material suppliers, and this probably increases spatial flexibility, i.e. spatial dependence, in economic structure. Considering such economic structural change, to evaluate impacts of future climate change, which...

Conference paper

4 Dec 2014

Several attempts have been proposed in the literature to relax the restrictive assumptions of a standalone input-output model. Particularly, endogenisation of the household sector, which exhibits the highest constant returns to scale, has been continuously recognised as a key objective of such attempts. This objective...

Conference paper

4 Dec 2014

The average Australian expenditure on fresh fruits and vegetables is only about 0.1% per week of total food and non-alcoholic beverage expenditure. This has a current challenge towards a long-term sustainability of the organic farms and organisation. The aim of this paper is to segment...

Conference paper

4 Dec 2015

Analysing spatial variations in regional economic performance is a common focus for research by regional scientists. Typically such investigations suffer from using de jure regions (such as Local Government Aras) as the spatial base as data tend to be readily available for such administrative areas...

Annual Report

30 Nov 2016

With almost nine out of ten Australian adults now online, the ACMA Communications report 2015–16 shows that our growing appetite for digital content is driving change across the communications sector.

The continuing increase in the amount of data consumed over fixed and mobile networks...

Research report

30 Nov 2016

The purpose of this project has been to engage key stakeholders in the use of aggregate continuous quality improvement data to identify and address system-wide evidence-practice gaps in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Acute Rheumatic Heart Disease/ and Rheumatic Heart Disease care. We sought to...

Commentary

23 Nov 2016

You might not have noticed thanks to world events, but the UK parliament recently approved the government’s so-called Snooper’s Charter and it will soon become law. This nickname for the Investigatory Powers Bill is well earned. It represents a new level and nature of surveillance...

Book

28 Apr 2016

Overview

All is not well with the evaluation of government programs and projects.

Resources available to any society are limited. If governments are to increase the well-being of their citizens, they must be able to select and implement the socially most beneficial...

Book

14 Nov 2016

Overview

As the global ‘data revolution’ accelerates, how can the data rights and interests of Indigenous peoples be secured? Premised on the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, this book argues that Indigenous peoples have inherent and inalienable rights relating...

Journal article

30 Sep 2015

Abstract

The literature on twice exceptionality suggests one of the main problems facing twice-exceptional children is that there is no consensus on the definition of the terms disability or giftedness and, consequently, the term twice-exceptional. Endeavoring to define these specific terms loops back...

Journal article

16 Nov 2016

Abstract

‘The Pivot’, as formulated by then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in 2011, is likely to become the keystone of the Clinton administration’s strategic policy in the Asia-Pacific region. This commentary essay argues that ‘the Pivot’ was already out of date when it...

Research report

25 Jul 2016

AER 61 discusses the contemporary influences on initial teacher education, with particular attention to the notion of quality teaching, and the role of teacher education and teacher educators in the development of quality teachers. Section 1 introduces the key concept of ‘quality’ and explores the...

Research report

28 Nov 2016

Overview

This report uses a new measure developed by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare—the Geographically-adjusted Index of Relative Supply (GIRS)—to examine the geographic supply of the clinical health workforce in seven key professions with particular relevance to Indigenous Australians. These professions...

Research report

29 Nov 2016

Overview

The call to improve ‘joined-up’ government articulates a principle that is the foundation of effective and efficient public administration. Increasingly, the ability of government to achieve effects that are more than the sum of their parts will determine whether Australia influences its...

Research report

15 Nov 2016

A number of incidents involving escapes and incidents within youth detention, and public criticisms regarding prisoners with open ratings having access to the community, resulted in the appointment of a new Commissioner for Correctional Services and the subsequent establishment of this review to assess the...

Research report

23 Nov 2016

Bullying was measured using both a widely accepted international definition and the Australian definition used by Safe Work Australia. The prevalence rates using the international and the Australian definitions were similar: 9.7 per cent and 9.4 per cent of Australian workers respectively reported they had...

Research report

23 Nov 2016

Previous research has indicated that addressing psychosocial hazards by improving Psychosocial Safety Climate (PSC) and also improving three psychological health outcomes: depression, psychological distress, and engagement may be effective in reducing sickness absence and presenteeism.

Addressing psychosocial hazards that contribute to human capital costs...

Research report

29 Nov 2016

Introduction

The Beyond Bushfires: Community Resilience and Recovery study was conducted to examine the impacts of the Black Saturday and related bushfires of February 2009 on community members’ physical and mental health and wellbeing. The research also aimed to build understanding of the...

Research report

27 Nov 2016

Overview

This discussion paper results from a speech prepared for the keynote address at the 2016 State of the Pacific Conference, held at the Australian National University (ANU) in Canberra, Australia, 13–15 September. In it Dr Aqorau discusses the state of regional cooperative...

Audio program

29 Nov 2016

For the first time since it was established in 1903, a woman will lead the High Court of Australia. Justice Susan Kiefel has served on the High Court since 2007 and will be sworn in as Chief Justice in January next year. The federal government...

Research report

29 Nov 2016

Children and young people have a fundamental right to grow up happy and cared for, to be kept safe from harm and to be supported to fulfil their potential.

The government's response, 'A Fresh Start,' aims to improve outcomes for vulnerable children, their families...

Research report

24 Nov 2016

Audit objective and criteria

The objective of the audit was to assess the effectiveness of the Department of the Environment and Energy’s design and implementation of the Reef Trust. To form a conclusion against this objective, the ANAO adopted the following high level...

Journal article

21 Nov 2016

Introduction

Cases involving families where there are allegations of domestic violence constitute a significant part of family court caseloads in Australia. Research undertaken by the Australian Institute of Family Studies showed that allegations of spousal violence occurred in over 51 per cent of...

Research report

23 Nov 2016

The new millennium has seen the rise and rapid global spread of what can fairly be called a new democratic institution, the independent political fact-checker. The first organisations dedicated to publicly evaluating the truth of political claims appeared in the United States in the early...

Working paper

29 Nov 2016

We update the analysis of Allan et al. (2015) and re-examine whether New Zealand households have become greener consumers using newly available data. We combine input-output data from 2006 and 2012 with detailed data on household consumption from the 2006 and 2012 Household Economic Surveys...

Research report

14 Nov 2016

Internet freedom has declined for the sixth consecutive year, with more governments than ever before targeting social media and communication apps as a means of halting the rapid dissemination of information, particularly during antigovernment protests.

Key findings include:

Internet freedom around the world...

Working paper

22 Nov 2016

Over the last year and a half, the Stanford History Education Group has prototyped, field tested, and validated a bank of assessments that tap civic online reasoning—the ability to judge the credibility of information that floods young people’s smartphones, tablets, and computers.

Between January...

Working paper

30 Jun 2016

Translational research attempts to bridge the gap between basic research and the world of practice. For a range of reasons much valuable research is often not known to practitioners or is little used by them. The Australian Council for Education Research (ACER) Centre for Education...

Conference paper

2 Jun 2014

This paper reports on an empirical case study based in a UK manufacturing company which was striving for more effective employee engagement. Social Network Analysis (SNA) was used to investigate the situation through a consultative approach involving the workforce in a structured debate about employee...

Conference paper

22 May 2014

Global sourcing of engineering is becoming a more common way to increase a company’s competitiveness and includes the nearshoring and offshoring strategies of relocating engineering services and activities across national borders. The driving force of why nearshoring and offshoring can often lead to competitive advantage...

Conference paper

22 May 2014

Abstract

Collaborative development between the user and the equipment supplier of production technology has an increasingly important effect in terms of generating innovative, sustainable, and unique production process ideas that can be easily ramped-up to high volume production. However, joint development of production...

Research report

22 Sep 2016

E fofo e le alamea le alamea [Translation: “The starfish heals itself”; This traditional Samoan proverb alludes to self-help or finding solutions within your own community.]

This report presents the Pacific-specific findings from Youth’12, the third national health and wellbeing survey of secondary...

Conference paper

22 May 2014

This paper discusses how system dynamics and computer modelling contribute to the debate of management of technologies in response to sustainability crises. The basic components and properties of socio-ecological systems were modelled in order to understand possible responses to resource scarcity or exceeding levels of...

Discussion paper

28 Nov 2016

NZIER was engaged by the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade to provide technical assistance to feed into New Zealand’s contribution to the APEC ‘Collective Strategic Study on Issues related to the Realisation of the Free Trade Area of the Asia Pacific’. The...

Research report

19 Jul 2016

New understandings in developmental and neuroscience research have challenged popular ideas about trauma exposure and brain development during childhood. There is a general misconception that children are more resilient than adults to the effects of trauma and will ‘outgrow’ traumatic experiences (Lieberman & Knorr, 2007)....

Fact sheet

Infographic

14 Nov 2016

This is a summary document outlining resource sharing success stories in Tasmania. The councils of Kentish, Latrobe, Waratah-Wynyard, and Circular Head in Tasmania engaged the Australian Centre of Excellence for Local Government and the University of Technology Sydney Centre for Local Government (UTS:CLG) to review...

Research report

27 Nov 2016

Overview

A new deal among governments and school systems can end Australia’s toxic school funding debate and transform teaching and learning in schools, without costing the Commonwealth more money.

Historically low inflation rates create an unprecedented opportunity to reduce excessive school indexation...

Research report

23 Nov 2016

Overview

Across the world, there are conflicting ideas about how to manage the dynamic environment of cyberspace. States have the liberty of implementing legislation for the domestic regulation of cyberspace, but disagreements arise over national visions for the management of cyberspace internationally. Many...

Working paper

15 Nov 2016

This working paper reviews recent trends in human trafficking in Southeast Asia and the status of the anti-trafficking regime in ASEAN member states. It examines the role of Australian governments in helping establish and develop anti‑trafficking legislation and national referral mechanisms in ASEAN states and...

Research report

24 Nov 2016

Introduction

In 2013 Australia returned to majority government when the Abbott Coalition Government was elected with 90 out of the 150 seats in the House of Representatives. In the Senate, minor and micro parties and Independents held the balance of power. The 44th...

Discussion paper

25 Nov 2016

This is the first in a series of papers on transport network pricing from Infrastructure Victoria’s research program. The overall aim of this series is to examine the options, challenges and opportunities for transport network pricing in Victoria.

This paper outlines the problems with...

Commentary

Article

28 Nov 2016

Short commentary article summarizing findings and policy implications of a research paper on threats to access to, and utilisation of, paid holiday leave in Australian employment. Written by Troy Henderson and Jim Stanford, and published by the Centre for Future Work at the Australia Institute....

Audio interview

26 Nov 2016

The agricultural sector is booming but are the benefits flowing to regional Australia?

Saul Eslake and Fiona Simson discuss the regional economy and what is needed to drive growth.

Saul Eslake is an economist, company director and Vice Chancellor's Fellow at the University...

Research report

24 Nov 2016

Abstract

Aim: To determine whether there has been any change in the rate of reporting of assaults at The Star casino by staff before and after the lockout reforms were introduced in February 2014. This paper also briefly examines the characteristics of...

Research report

10 Nov 2016

The Creation and Catastrophe Symposium was held on 7 April 2016 in London. The event brought together over 60 participants and was organised in collaboration with RMIT University, Oxford Brookes University and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. It was hosted...

Research report

23 Nov 2016

This report draws on the experiences of comparable cities in Europe and the United States of America to guide the transformation of the Geelong economy. While focusing on Geelong, the project underscores the need for greater policy and planning attention to be given to second...

Research report

1 Nov 2016

This paper is a synthesis of findings from a three year research programme on “engaging with the ‘hard to reach’ to improve uptake of social and health service”. The researchers recognised that ‘hard to reach’ is a problematic way of thinking about potential clients of...

Research report

13 Oct 2016

This is the sixth annual report from the Independent National Security Legislation Monitor, who has been tasked with assessing the appropriateness and effectiveness of Australia's national security legislation.

This annual report relates to the period between 1 July 2015 and 30 June 2016.

Research report

24 Nov 2016

Sustainability Victoria’s Energy Efficient Office Buildings program demonstrates that energy savings of up to 29% can be achieved across the mid-tier office buildings sector, via building tuning and cost-effective energy efficiency measures.

The building sector in Australia accounts for approximately 19% of total energy...

Research report

23 Nov 2016

Summary

The survey tool was based on the Schalock Quality of Life Framework adapted for the New Zealand environment. Seventeen people with disabilities conducted face to face interviews with 332 people living in residential services in the Auckland, Manawatu and Wellington areas....

Research report

28 Nov 2016

Summary

Our analysis shows that:

in Level 1 and 2 certificates, there was an increase in the proportion of graduates in the Mixed field programme field. Both the introduction of increased literacy and numeracy requirements and the changes in provision via the...

Research report

23 Nov 2016

Melbourne is surrounded by a highly productive foodbowl that currently grows a wide variety of fresh foods, but it faces challenges:

Melbourne’s foodbowl grows 47% of the vegetables produced in Victoria and has the capacity to meet around 41% of Melbourne’s total food needs...

Website

24 Nov 2016

A digital platform from Victoria University, Australia’s Health Tracker by Area reveals that West Australians have low rates of high blood pressure (9.3%) while Tasmania’s blood pressure is soaring (12.1% have high blood pressure).

Australia’s Health Tracker by Area is developed by the Australian...

Journal article

15 Aug 2016

The first Australian policy to promote collective responsibility for children’s wellbeing, the National Framework for Protecting Australia’s Children 2009–2020: Protecting Children is Everyone’s Business , endorses the need for local, state and national agencies, the community service sector and citizens to think and act differently....

Research report

30 Apr 2016

Introduction

Education ministries throughout the world are integrating educational assessment into their education reform processes. Education reform is not a straight-line activity, and assessment can both inform the discussion on policy reform and give an indication of the effectiveness of policies that have...

Research report

31 Jul 2016

The value of Melbourne’s foodbowl to the regional economy is significant:

Melbourne’s foodbowl accounts for more than 1.7 million hectares of agricultural land, consisting of a mix of enterprises, most notably vegetables, poultry, dairy and livestock production. It contributes $2.45 billion per annum to...

Research report

24 Jul 2016

Effective communication and advocacy activities are essential components in initiating change in education practices and policies. ACER, through the Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Centre provided support to OMAES (Oeuvre Malienne d’Aide à l’Enfance du Sahel), a non-governmental organisation in Mali, for the development of an...

Working paper

28 Nov 2016

The ability of a tax authority to successfully collect taxes depends critically on both its relationship with the taxpayers and how strongly these taxpayers are committed to contributing to the common good. We present evidence on a new non-intrusive approach aimed at fostering the commitment...

Research report

24 Nov 2016

This inquiry considered the future role and contribution of regional capitals to Australia. The report consists of five chapters: (a) Chapter 1 sets out administrative matters; (b) Chapter 2 asks 'what is a 'regional capital?'; (c) Chapter 3 provides an overview of regional capitals across...

Briefing paper

24 Nov 2016

Remember when Prime Minister Turnbull and Immigration Minister Dutton blamed unionized construction workers for the high cost of housing in Australia? The idea that workers (not property speculators or bankers) are to blame for the property bubble is pretty far-fetched - in fact, it sparked...

Report

27 May 2016

Mobile technologies have the potential to revolutionize how populations interact with national health services.

1. Mobile technologies are becoming an important resource for health services delivery and public health due to their ease of use, broad reach and wide acceptance. According to a report...

Research report

31 Dec 2013

This report has provided the results of a survey of teachers in South Australian primary and middle/secondary schools on the types of behaviours demonstrated by students in the previous week of their teaching.

We have reported data on school characteristics such as school size,...

Research report

2 Mar 2016

The ALRC was asked to identify and critically examine Commonwealth laws that encroach upon traditional rights, freedoms and privileges recognised by the common law. In this Report, the ALRC discusses the source and rationale of many important rights and freedoms and provides an extensive survey...

Conference paper

15 May 2016

The principal aim of this paper is to examine the criteria assisting in the selection of biomass for energy generation in Brazil. To reach the aim, this paper adopts case study and survey research methods to collect information from four biomass energy case companies and...

Conference paper

8 Jun 2015

The automotive industry is mostly known for its large concentration on a few global players. However the industry also encompasses a series of small and medium-sized enterprises, either as suppliers or as value adders, focused on smaller submarkets. This paper focuses on the specific situation...

Research report

23 Nov 2016

People often think of careers as a climb up the ranks of job seniority, starting in the trainee cubicle and aiming for the executive offices. Today careers are often not so linear. While virtually every child is asked, ‘What do you want to be when...

Research report

23 Nov 2016

Australia is gliding into its 26th year of uninterrupted economic expansion at the same time that the United States and the United Kingdom are wrestling with political rebellions against the very forces that have stoked Australia’s long boom. Open trade, high migration, and unimpeded economic...

Research report

24 Nov 2016

On 31 August 2016, the Senate referred the 2016 Census to the Senate Economics References Committee for inquiry and report by 24 November 2016. The terms of reference include the following matters:

The 2016 Census, with particular reference to:

a) the preparation, administration...

Research report

24 Nov 2016

The Australian Government’s new paradigm of online engagement and services for Australians is not coming. It’s already here.

Government’s response to the eCensus events of 9 August 2016 provides an opportunity to change the conversation about cyber security: to one of trust and confidence...

Commentary

Article

25 Nov 2016

New laws that are designed to protect small businesses from falling victim to unfair contract terms may help tip the balance of power back in favour of smaller farmers, especially when it comes to innovations involving data.

In November 2016, Australia’s current regime of...

Commentary

Article

24 Nov 2016

I am in shock finding that I am writing this, but the world is spinning very fast at the moment.

A few weeks ago, I argued that Murdoch’s approach to reporting news had created Trump. That still rings true, but what Murdoch unleashed has...

Conference paper

4 Dec 2014

Regional communities in Queensland, Australia are the life-blood of the state; contributing more than 80% of exports goods and services, as well as about 16 billion dollars each year to the state’s economy. Weather-related disasters such as floods have become more frequent over the last...

Research report

24 Nov 2016

Between 2008 and 2015 over 305,000 people were reported missing in Australia, an average of 38,159 reports each year. Youths aged 13–17 years were most likely to go missing; half of all people reported missing between 2008 and 2015 were in this age group and...

Conference paper

4 Dec 2014

This paper examined the performance and need of health services in the mining communities through a case study of the Moura Township in Queensland, Australia. The study involved a case study approach with a survey method to assess the current performance and the need of...

Research report

25 Nov 2016

Presents key statistics and trends on pregnancy and childbirth of mothers, and the characteristics and outcomes of their babies.

Research report

24 Nov 2016

This is the second national report on the 21 Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, with updated data available to report on eleven measures. For some of the measures, a better or similar rate for Indigenous Australians compared with non-Indigenous...

Conference paper

4 Dec 2014

Local Government Councils are reliant on a number of funding sources including State and Federal governments as well as their community constituents to enable them to provide a range of public services. Given these funding sources councils need to have in place a range of...

Research report

26 Nov 2015

The need for action is critical when considering almost four million people in Australia will experience a mental illness in any one year. Mental illness is the third largest cause of disease burden in Australia after cancer and cardiovascular disease and the largest single cause...

Research report

24 Nov 2016

Banking regulation should have two key goals: promoting financial stability and achieving strong outcomes for consumers. Financial stability is critical – but so is ensuring that consumers get a fair deal from the banking sector.

Due to Australia’s strong regulatory framework and the banking...

Audio program

25 Nov 2016

The Federal government has rejected a call by the New South Wales Planning Minister, Rob Stokes, for the Commonwealth to review tax breaks like negative gearing. Mr Stokes says just increasing housing supply won't address Sydney's affordability problem. The Opposition says his remarks should prompt...

Discussion paper

28 Nov 2016

This is the third SDG discussion paper from UQ in Water for Equity and Wellbeing Series, and was undertaken as a transdisciplinary review by 12 researchers across UQ with backgrounds in community development, social science, public health, integrated water resources management, policy and systems thinking....

Literature review

19 Jul 2016

Children think mathematically long before they start school. Before children start learning mathematics at school, they show informal understanding of many numeracy concepts. This is informal numeracy knowledge, that is, skills that children develop before starting school that do not depend on written mathematical notation...

Strategy

9 Nov 2016

The Leadership Forum on Energy Transition is calling on the federal government to lead a national energy transition plan to shift Australia to clean energy, through engaging across parliament and with all levels of government, communities, workers and businesses. The plan should drive a transition...

Research report

24 Nov 2016

This report by the New Zealand Human Rights Commission reviews the state's response to historic claims of abuse and mistreatment suffered while under the care of the State. The terms of reference for the review required the Commission to examine:

New Zealand’s responsibility to...

Commentary

12 Oct 2015

This exhibition celebrated the radical, but failed dreams of the 1900s to transform Adelaide into a leading world metropolis.

On Paper, at the UniSA Architecture Museum, was part of the city's first Festival of Architecture and Design.

Curator, Dr Julie Collins, shared some...

Discussion paper

17 Nov 2016

There are many conversations about cities being undertaken at present, reflecting the recognition that cities are important for our social, environmental and economic future. However, the topics largely remain fragmented, often failing to address inter-related issues. This Issues Paper argues that the achievement of a...

Commentary

23 Nov 2016

President-elect Donald Trump is right: The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a damaging deal and deserves to be killed off.

But he tells a half truth about why the trade accord among a dozen Pacific Rim nations is a bad deal. In Trump’s view, trade...

Commentary

Article

24 Nov 2016

Social procurement – using business and government purchasing power to create social value – has tremendous potential for social impact. Procuring goods or services from social enterprises committed to employing and supporting marginalised groups, can create almost immediate change.

However, social procurement is only...

Research report

31 Jul 2016

This report examines insecure work in NZ from four perspectives. It is a collaborative effort to increase our understanding of the insecure work landscape in NZ by utilising two waves of the Survey of Working Life (2008 and 2012). While we acknowledge that the perception...

Research report

25 Jul 2013

The purpose of the project was to examine teaching and learning practice in ways that are sensitive to the needs and nature of the school and program context.

Research report

13 Apr 2010

Australia’s past, present and future is inextricably tied with that of Indonesia. As two culturally different societies sharing borders, history, interconnected peoples and common current challenges that demand close collaboration to resolve, Australia’s relationship with Indonesia is both unique and complex.

Among most Australians,...

Research report

26 Sep 2014

The purpose of the project was to explore how students (both local and international) and the school community

perceive the value of international education. For local students, it has examined how they engage with students

from other cultures, both local and international. For...

Research report

10 Oct 2011

This project is an evaluation of Queensland’s immersion education programs for languages in Queensland schools. This evaluation is being undertaken to ensure that maximum benefit and optimum learning outcomes are achieved from the available funding. The aim of the evaluation is to allow justified decisions...

Strategy

8 Oct 2012

Violence against women and children is unacceptable in any form and under any circumstances and in any community in Victoria. The Coalition Government is committed to preventing violence happening, holding perpetrators to account for their actions and making sure we are supporting those women and...

Strategy

24 Nov 2016

Family violence took the lives of 45 people in 2015-16. Make no mistake: this is our number one law and order challenge, and we cannot go on like this.

Ending Family Violence: Victoria’s Plan for Change outlines how we will build a future...

Website

23 Nov 2016

Smart Blocks is a national program helping apartment owners and their managers to improve the energy efficiency of common property in apartment buildings.

These days, many of us city dwellers live up near the clouds, scraping the sky in high-rise apartments.

Yet apartment...

Research report

22 Nov 2016

Australia should introduce a tax on sugary drinks to recoup some of the costs of obesity to the community.

The best option is an excise tax of 40 cents per 100 grams of sugar, on all non-alcoholic, water-based drinks that contain added sugar....

Journal article

20 Oct 2016

Background

There are persistent concerns about litigation in the dental and medical professions. These concerns arise in a setting where general dentists are more frequently undertaking a wider range of oral surgery procedures, potentially increasing legal risk.

Methods

Judicial cases dealing...

Journal article

16 Aug 2016

Objectives: To determine the role played by law in medical specialists’ decision-making about withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatment (WWLST) from adults who lack capacity, and the extent to which legal knowledge affects whether law is followed.

Design: Cross-sectional postal survey of medical specialists....

Journal article

31 Jul 2016

This article considers the implications that recent euthanasia developments in Belgium might have for the Australian debate on assisted dying. Through media database and internet searches, four significant developments in Belgium were identified: three cases involving individuals who requested access to euthanasia, and recent changes...

Policy

23 Nov 2016

The Queensland Government is reviewing how the state government expresses its interests in plan making and development assessment.

The State Planning Policy is the primary state planning instrument in Queensland's planning system. It provides a clear and comprehensive expression of the policies needed to...

Journal article

31 Aug 2016

Objective: Decisions about life-sustaining treatment from adults who lack capacity are an integral part of intensive care (IC) practice. This paper compares Intensivists with six other specialties most often involved in end-of-life care as to their knowledge, attitudes and practice in relation to the law...

Research report

22 Nov 2016

Under the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011 (the Act), the committee is required to examine bills, Acts and legislative instruments for compatibility with human rights, and report its findings to both Houses of the Parliament. The committee may also inquire into and report on...

Research report

22 Nov 2016

This report presents the findings of the ninth Scanlon Foundation Mapping Social Cohesion Survey conducted in 2016. It builds on the knowledge gained through the eight earlier Scanlon Foundation surveys conducted in 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015, providing for the first...

Journal article

14 Nov 2016

Canada was one of the first countries worldwide to legalize the use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes. The federally regulated cannabis access program has not had the support of medical regulatory authorities. Recent changes to federal rules are controversial in imposing responsibility on physicians to...

Research report

8 Nov 2016

A 2015 study by the International Centre for Muslim and non-Muslim Understanding (MnM) (Hassan, 2015) indicated that Australian Muslims represent 2.2% of the total population. With this figure, Islam is the third largest religion in the country after Christianity and Buddhism and the second fastest...

Blog post

21 Nov 2016

David Souter discusses some of the key topics explored at the Internet Governance Forum that was held on 17 November in London, including:

the role that social media plays in young people’s relationships with one another, parents, schools and life experience; and political engagement...

Research report

31 May 2016

The goal of the three-year project entitled Maximising Intensivity and Continuity in Language Learning: Developing, Implementing and Evaluating Models of Provision was to pilot three models of provision of languages education in South Australian schools in order to better understand and offer sustainable and innovative...

Research report

26 Apr 2015

The Asia Pacific Centre for Work Health and Safety and the Research Centre for Languages and Cultures at the University of South Australia in conjunction with Helping Hand are pleased to announce the launch of the report: Communicating work health and safety in the context...

Evaluation

30 May 2014

This document reports on the ‘Review of Languages Retention from the Middle Years to the Senior Years of Schooling’ undertaken for the South Australian Department for Education and Child Development by a team of researchers at the Research Centre for Languages and Cultures at the...

Evaluation

30 Nov 2013

The First Language Maintenance and Development (FLMD) program has been in place in the Department for Education and Child Development (DECD) since 1985 as an initiative which was part of the implementation of two language policy reports: Voices for the future (Languages Policy Working Party,...

Audio presentation

10 Nov 2016

Professor Rosalind Croucher addresses the NSW Bar Association on her work on the ALRC’s Report on Traditional Rights and Freedoms, which was completed late last year and coincided with the 800th anniversary of the sealing of the first iteration of what became known as the...

Journal article

30 Jun 2016

In a world of rapidly expanding data, the collection of educational data serves three vital purposes in schools: identifying starting points; monitoring improvement; and evaluating effectiveness. To establish where students are in their learning, to monitor progress over time and to evaluate the impact of...

Research report

24 Nov 2016

In order to read proficiently, students need accurate and fluent word identification skills and adequate language comprehension. Put simply, they must be able to work out what the words on the page or screen are, and know what they mean.

The most effective way...

Research report

31 Jan 2014

This paper is an analysis of selected major reports into Senior assessment and tertiary entrance procedures in Queensland; in particular:

Public Examinations for Queensland Secondary School Students (1970, ‘the Radford Report’) A Review of School-based Assessment in Queensland Secondary Schools (1978, ‘the ROSBA Report’)...

Research report

1 Jun 2014

This paper was commissioned to inform the Review of Queensland Senior Assessment and School Reporting and Tertiary Entrance Processes undertaken by Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER). Specifically, the lead Investigator was tasked to address the hypothesis that the Queensland Studies Authority’s (QSA, also referred...

Commentary

Article

22 Nov 2016

Drawing on his experience as the former editor in chief of South Africa’s Mail & Guardian and Chief Content Officer at India’s Hindustan Times , and now head of media at Human Rights Watch in New York, ​Nic Dawes writes an eloquent open letter to...

Fact sheet

1 Nov 2016

This brochure from the International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) explains the significance of IPDC’s monitoring and reporting on safety of journalists media workers and social media producers in many parts of the world, including in countries which are not considered conflict areas...

Journal article

22 Oct 2010

Cost efficiency has been a dominant perspective in the traditional IT literature. However, in complex technology and business environment, the widely recognized cost efficient assumption of information technology has been increasingly challenged. Drawing from a case study of wireless network implementation situated in a politically...

Journal article

23 Nov 2010

The existing body of knowledge has generally supported that organizational culture plays a significant role in shaping group identity, work pattern, communication schemes, and interpersonal relations; all of these cultural elements are important organizational factors that shape workplaces and operational routines. In the context of...

Journal article

1 Jun 2010

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to focus on investigating and benchmarking green operations initiatives in the automotive industry documented in the environmental reports of selected companies. The investigation roadmaps the main environmental initiatives taken by the world's three major car manufacturers...

Journal article

1 Apr 2010

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to help managers to successfully plan, implement, and operate enterprise resource planning (ERP) projects using a risk management framework.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper adopted a combined literature review and case study method. Using literature...

Journal article

16 Feb 2010

This note presents a contingent-claims approach to strategic capacity planning. We develop models for capacity choice and expansion decisions in a single firm environment where investment is irreversible and demand is uncertain. These models illustrate specifically the relevance of path-dependent options analysis to planning capacity...

Research report

21 Nov 2016

The Child Disability Allowance (CDA) is a non-income tested payment, paid to the carer of a child under 18 years with a serious disability or health condition in recognition of the extra care and attention required for that child. Research has shown that there is...

Journal article

20 Nov 2016

There are numerous factors putting health-care professionals (HCP) at a higher risk of substance abuse and premature death, including high-stress jobs, access to controlled substances, long hours of practice and constant contact with the critically ill. This study aimed to examine fatal drug toxicity in...

Research report

20 Nov 2016

The Commonwealth Government could save about $1 billion a year by winding back three tax breaks for older Australians that are unduly generous and have no sensible policy rationale.

Seniors pay less tax and get a higher rebate on private health insurance than do...

Research report

16 Nov 2016

This report examines children’s media literacy. It provides detailed evidence on media use, attitudes and understanding among children and young people aged 5-15, as well as detailed information about the media access and use of young children aged 3-4.

The report also includes findings...

Research report

11 Nov 2016

Over the past decade, Pew Research Center has documented the wide variety of ways in which Americans use social media to seek out information and interact with others. A majority of Americans now say they get news via social media, and half of the public...

Research report

18 Nov 2016

A fall in the proportion of Australian internet users accessing unlawful content online and a rise in the uptake of streaming services are the key findings of the 2016 online copyright infringement survey.

The results of Australia’s second survey of online copyright infringement, showed...

Working paper

31 Oct 2012

In recent decades, much comparative testing has been conducted to determine which forecasting methods are more effective under given conditions. This evidence-based approach leads to conclusions that differ substantially from current practice, . This paper summarizes the primary findings on what to do – and...

Research report

21 Nov 2016

In September 2015, the Swinburne Institute for Social Research commenced a two-year research project on safety and wellbeing as it relates to communication technologies, in remote Aboriginal communities and towns in the Northern Territory (NT). This report provides an overview of findings from the first...

Conference proceedings

22 Nov 2016

This conference series was initiated in Sendai, Japan in 2000 and has played a significant role in the development of Energy and Environment of Residential Buildings. It is well attended by researchers and academics from Asia, Europe and North America. The conference series offers an...

Research report

18 Nov 2016

New Zealand has just had a ‘near miss’ with tsunami risk – for the second time in the last three months. An earlier NZIER Insight (no. 63) covered how a tsunami warning was issued 1 hour 20 minutes after the earthquake centred offshore from Te...

Strategy

21 Nov 2016

Two of the Commission’s first tasks are to prepare draft District Plans for exhibition before the end of 2016 and review the initial regional plan - A Plan for Growing Sydney before the end of 2017. So that all of these plans work together, we...

Strategy

15 Dec 2014

The Government’s vision for Sydney is: a strong global city, a great place to live. To achieve this vision, the Government has set down goals that Sydney will be:

a competitive economy with worldclass services and transport; n a city of housing choice with...

Research report

21 Nov 2016

The youth unemployment rate of 12.8% (trend rate) for October remains much higher than the rates before the global financial crisis – which were below 9% – according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). The rate has climbed steadily from the year’s low of...

Strategy

21 Nov 2016

This draft District Plan sets out priorities and actions for Greater Sydney’s Central District, which includes the local government areas of Bayside, Burwood, Canada Bay, Inner West, Randwick, Strathfield, the City of Sydney, Waverley and Woollahra. It has been developed by the Greater Sydney Commission....

Strategy

21 Nov 2016

This draft District Plan sets out aspirations and proposals for Greater Sydney’s North District, which includes the local government areas of Hornsby, Hunters Hill, Ku-ring-gai, Lane Cove, Northern Beaches, Mosman, North Sydney, Ryde and Willoughby. It has been developed by the Greater Sydney Commission.

Strategy

21 Nov 2016

This draft Plan sets out aspirations and proposals for Greater Sydney’s West Central District, which includes the local government areas of Blacktown, Cumberland (parts of the former Auburn, Parramatta and Holroyd), Parramatta (parts of the former Parramatta, The Hills, Auburn, Holroyd and Hornsby) and The...

Research report

16 Nov 2016

Summary: It is commonly stated that there is a need for flexible child care to be available to parents especially for those who work variable or non-standard hours, given the 24/7 nature of today's labour market. But Australian and international research shows that parents'...

Strategy

21 Nov 2016

This draft District Plan sets out aspirations and proposals for Greater Sydney’s West District, which includes the Blue Mountains, Penrith and Hawkesbury local government areas. It has been developed by the Greater Sydney Commission.

Strategy

21 Nov 2016

This draft District Plan sets out aspirations and proposals for Greater Sydney’s South West District, which includes the local government areas of Camden, Campbelltown, Fairfield, Liverpool and Wollondilly. It has been developed by the Greater Sydney Commission.

Strategy

21 Nov 2016

This draft District Plan sets out aspirations and proposals for Greater Sydney’s South District, which includes the local government areas of Canterbury-Bankstown, Georges River and Sutherland. It has been developed by the Greater Sydney Commission.

Discussion paper

12 Sep 2016

The past decade has seen the energy industry, and particularly electricity generation, transformed. As households install solar panels and communities develop renewable energy projects, electricity generation is rapidly becoming localised.

Community renewable energy projects are an important and increasing part of this transformation....

Research report

16 Sep 2016

Local government regulatory activities have an important effect on local and regional economic growth and, ultimately, national economic growth and community wellbeing. This places a premium on local government organisations having high quality policy advice and decision-making processes in place. High quality policy advice, which...

Research report

21 Nov 2016

The shortage of housing in remote communities, and their deteriorated condition, has long been associated with high levels of crowding, homelessness and serious health and social problems affecting the wellbeing of Indigenous Australians. A contributing factor to poor housing standards was the diversity of housing...

Journal article

1 Oct 2013

The existing literature has given little consideration to social values of information technology in general or of wireless technology in particular. The purpose of this paper is thus to shed new light on this issue. Based on an interpretive case study, we examine two healthcare...

Journal article

1 Jun 2013

There are approximately 1 billion automobiles in the world. In 2012, world production went above 84 million vehicles. With the increasing global demand for cars, it is estimated that there will be 2 billion of them by 2020. In fact, with 10 billion people living...

Journal article

8 Feb 2013

This paper explores the practical developments in manufacturing technology management over the last 22 years and links these to some of the subject trends of previous articles in the Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management. Themes and relevant articles have been identified from the Emerald advanced...

Journal article

1 Sep 2012

The primary aim of this paper is to demonstrate how technology transfer between universities and rural industries in developing countries can be achieved effectively, using independent research and advisory centres as intermediaries. It draws on a longitudinal action research study, which experiments with the process...

Journal article

1 Mar 2012

This paper contributes to the debate on the role of real options theory in business strategy and organizational decision-making. It analyses and critiques the decision-making and performance implications of real options within the management theories of the (multinational) firm, reviews and categorizes the organizational, strategic...

Journal article

1 Apr 2011

This paper addresses the theme of real options decision-making in multinational corporations (MNCs) and stresses the role of real options attention and managerial learning in company performance. Using a sample of 278 large MNCs with categorised degrees of managerial real options awareness, we examine the...

Fact sheet

1 Mar 1998

Contrary to their popular image as low-powered "bunny guns," .22-calibre rifles are commonly used in multiple shootings. In seven mass killings involving .22 rifles in Australia and New Zealand alone, 54 people died by gunfire.

The .22 rifle is also the most commonly used...

Chapter

25 Jan 2013

Australia's massive experiment in gun control saw a million firearms, or one third of the nation's private arsenal destroyed, then a million new, but different guns imported. Sixteen years after firearm laws were tightened, gun homicide remains 50-60% lower, and the nation has not seen...

Other text

30 Jun 2005

Background paper for: Gun-running in Papua New Guinea: From Arrows to Assault Weapons in the Southern Highlands. Small Arms Survey, Geneva.

Research report

31 Jul 1997

Among a small, but vocal minority of shooters the universal registration of firearms is both the most ridiculed and the most feared of all measures to control guns. It is a fundamental belief of some gun owners that any register of firearms is merely the...

Research report

14 Aug 1996

The headline-grabbing effect of the illegal “crime gun” guarantees it more attention than the lawful, homely firearms which kill nine-tenths of shooting victims. Accordingly, public opinion seems willing to tackle the problem of guns in crime while little attention is paid to the much more...

Other text

30 Jun 1997

One proposal to reduce gun-related death and injury is the establishment of a register of prohibited persons – a “black list” of citizens suspected of mental instability or anti-social behaviour. These people could then be denied a firearms licence. Despite years of promotion by pro-gun...

Research report

31 Jul 1999

Combat shooting is a rehearsal for urban warfare, and a violent distortion of traditional target shooting. Competitions are built around fantasy scenarios, with humanoid "bad guy" targets to be shot and similar "hostage" targets to be avoided. The Olympic movement is dedicated to non-violence, yet...

Conference paper

28 Jun 1995

Aim: To determine the firearms licensing status and mental and criminal history of perpetrators in firearm homicide, plus the legal status of the firearms used. The location of the shooting, its motivation and the relationship between perpetrator and victim were determined, as well as...

Research report

31 Oct 1996

The history of New Zealand’s gun control law is dominated by failure. Failure of gun owners to comply with the laws, failure of police and courts to enforce and uphold them, and most importantly the failure of successive Governments to provide the will and the...

Submission

14 Nov 1995

By opposing mandatory seizure of firearms following a protection order, police and some legislators seem inclined to deny the reality of gun-related violence as revealed by their own files.

Journal article

20 Sep 2016

As the world's natural resources dwindle and critical levels of environmental pollution are approached, sustainability becomes a key issue for governments, organisations and individuals. With the consequences of such an issue in mind, this paper introduces a unifying approach to measure the sustainability performance of...

Journal article

1 Feb 2016

This paper reports an investigation of local sustainable production in Australia and Sweden aimed at exploring the factors contributing to survival and competitiveness of manufacturing companies. In Australia, six companies were studied in 2010, with comparisons being made with three of them from earlier projects....

Journal article

27 Jul 2015

This paper investigates the strategic environmental decisions of a luxury car manufacturer. Through case study research, the investigation sheds light on why and how the company is adopting green technologies. Being pressured by different stakeholders to become greener, luxury car manufacturers carry significant opportunities for...

Journal article

23 Oct 2014

Technology intermediaries are seen as potent vehicles for addressing perennial problems in transferring technology from university to industry in developed and developing countries. This paper examines what constitutes effective user-end intermediation in a low-technology, developing economy context, which is an under-researched topic. The social learning...

Journal article

2 Jun 2014

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate analytically how entrepreneurial action as learning relating to diversifying into technical clothing – i.e. a high value manufacturing sector – can take place. This is particularly relevant to recent discussion and debate in academic and policy-making circles...

Journal article

1 Feb 2014

This paper investigates the environmental sustainability and competitiveness perceptions of small farmers in a region in northern Brazil. The main data collection instruments included a survey questionnaire and an analysis of the region’s strategic plan. In total, ninety-nine goat and sheep breeding farmers were surveyed....

Discussion paper

20 Oct 2016

The Commission has commenced an inquiry into the implementation of amendments arising from the Children, Youth and Families Amendment (Permanent Care and Other Matters) Act 2014. The inquiry commenced on 1 September 2016 and is expected to be finalised in March 2017.

The legislative...

Video

9 Nov 2016

Video of Australia’s first Open Government National Action Plan - public information session, held in Canberra on 7 November 2016.

Research report

15 Oct 2016

Access to justice is essential for the protection of the rights of children. It is especially important for protection from discrimination, violence, abuse and exploitation, and for ensuring their best interests in all actions involving or having an impact on them. Due to their dependent...

Research report

15 Oct 2014

The International Bar Association (IBA) is an organisation of legal practitioners, bar associations and law societies whose mission is to provide assistance to the global legal community with the aim of influencing the development of law reform and promoting the highest professional standards and the...

Research report

12 Nov 2016

Whenever disaster strikes, it leaves more than just a trail of devastation - it also leaves communities further in the grip of poverty.

And yet, when we hear of natural disasters today, their financial cost - that is, the damage inflicted on buildings, infrastructure,...

Research report

18 Nov 2016

Training packages and accredited courses are the core training products of the nationally accredited vocational education and training (VET) system in Australia. This report considers the use of these training packages and the qualifications contained within them. It also examines the pattern of enrolments in...

Journal article

18 Dec 2015

While it is undisputed that corporate social responsibility (CSR) is good for society, the question remains as to the most effective way of increasing the quality of CSR reporting. It is becoming evident that relying on market forces is not delivering the hoped for results,...

Research report

10 Sep 2015

This article examines the collective bargaining provisions for SMEs in competition law in Australia. It concludes that SMEs’ use of the collective bargaining notification process has been relatively small and does not have any impact over the competition regulation in the market. While this provision...

Commentary

Article

18 Nov 2016

The extraordinary growth of the mobile internet carries the promise of a more inclusive digital economy, accessible to everyone with a cheap smartphone. A low-cost, mobile internet could reconfigure the provision of health and education, open new economic opportunities, and expand cultural, civic and political...

Journal article

15 Jun 2014

The convergence of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate governance (CG) has changed the corporate accountability mechanism. This has developed a socially responsible ‘corporate self-regulation’, a synthesis of governance and responsibility in the companies of strong economies. However, unlike in the strong economies, this convergence...

Journal article

30 Mar 2016

Developing countries need to reform legislation to ensure the global supply firms in ready-made garment (RMG) industry is adequately addressing obligations of social responsibility. Literature typically focuses on strategies for raising responsible standards in global buying firms within the RMG industry, but fails to focus...

Journal article

22 Apr 2016

Up until the recent oil and commodity price crash in 2015, there has been exponential growth in global shipping and trade, and this increase means that prompt action is required to reduce vessel-sourced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Future projections suggest that maritime CO2 emissions will...

Journal article

17 Jul 2016

Australia has recently introduced what is known as country-by-country (CbC) reporting. CbC reporting will require certain multinationals to provide reports to the Australian Tax Office outlining their global financial activities. The introduction of CbC reporting is a result of the OECD’s recommendations on Action 13...

Literature review

18 Oct 2016

The transition from adolescence to adulthood—emerging adulthood—is now recognised as a significant stage in the life cycle in developmental, emotional and social terms. Young people leaving out-of-home care (OOHC) face this transition to adulthood without family support and with significant extra barriers such as poor...

Video

11 Nov 2016

Muslim contact with Australia can be traced to before European settlement. In the seventeenth century Macassarese people from Indonesia formed trade links with Indigenous Australians. British-European settlement on the Australian continent occurred when British and Irish convicts were transported there between 1788 and 1868. A...

Research report

18 Nov 2015

The aim of this project was to explore equitable and viable solutions to what has emerged as a fundamental issue facing Australian cities in coming decades: how to effectively, efficiently and inclusively redevelop older areas of privately owned multi‐unit strata titled housing to achieve the...

Research report

30 Jun 2016

This report provides forecasts of the supply and demand for teachers in Victoria from 2014 to 2020. The teaching workforce includes all teachers from K to 12. This is the tenth in the series of such reports, the first of which was released in 2001....

Research report

3 Dec 2014

Creating walkable compact cities is a global priority, and also a priority in Melbourne. There is a growing body of evidence showing that city design has a profound impact on the willingness and ability of residents to walk for transport. Higher density, mixed use developments...

Journal article

12 Aug 2013

In most developing countries, the overall quality of the livelihood of labourers, work place environment and implementation of labour rights do not progress at the same rate as their industrial development. To address this situation, the ILO has initiated the concept of ‘decent work’ to...

Journal article

15 Mar 2012

Discussing the normative arguments for the development of corporate social responsibility is difficult but important. It is difficult, as any argument for the development could be detrimental if it seems that it could narrow the scope of innovation in business and becomes a barrier to...

Research report

17 Nov 2016

The Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage report measures the wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians.

This comprehensive report card measures where things have improved (or not) against fifty-two indicators across a range of areas including governance, leadership and culture, early childhood, education, health, home...

Research report

17 Nov 2016

Emergency departments are a critical component of Australia's health-care system, providing care for patients who require urgent attention. This report presents information on the Australian public hospitals that have purpose-built emergency departments staffed 24 hours a day, which reported to the National Non-Admitted Patient Emergency...

Working paper

16 Nov 2016

Firms in big cities hire well and price to compete Are they better firms?

This study estimates differences in productivity (mfp) across New Zealand urban areas, with a focus on the size of Auckland’s productivity premium. The estimates are based on analysis of firm-level...

Commentary

Article

16 Nov 2016

South Australian Premier Jay Weatherill’s announcement of a non-binding public vote, no earlier than 2018, on his proposed high-level nuclear waste storage facility looks like an act of political desperation.

It’s understandable that Weatherill wants to explore every possible option to replace some of...

Discussion paper

16 Nov 2016

The purpose of this paper is to outline a range of value capture approaches, and seek feedback on how the Australian Government could use its various policy and funding levers to stimulate the use of value capture in the development and delivery of transport infrastructure....

Audio program

16 Nov 2016

It's been a tough few weeks for the New South Wales Premier, with Mike Baird now being accused of watering down the powers of the state's crime and corruption watchdog. New South Wales' Parliament is debating laws which, if passed, will radically overhaul powers of...

Annual Report

17 Nov 2016

The Telecommunications Industry Ombudsman (TIO) finds itself in a telecommunications landscape that is going through significant change, with new converging technologies and the roll out of major infrastructure. Investments in mobile infrastructure have greatly reduced the number of complaints about mobile services. At the same...

Research report

13 Oct 2016

This document presents the outcomes of an architectural design studio that set out to explore the potential of elevated rail as a method for level-crossing removal in several Melbourne rail corridors.

The studio used design-research to explore options for elevated rail along the Upfield...

Annual Report

31 Oct 2013

This year, 35,000 fewer consumers made new complaints to the TIO. This is a reduction of 18 per cent from the previous year, and you need to go back five years to find a period when fewer new complaints were made to the TIO. In...

Annual Report

23 Oct 2014

Complaints about mobile faults including coverage, slow data speeds and call dropouts almost halved. Customer service and complaint handling concerns also reduced significantly.

These results suggest that an industry focus on infrastructure investment and customer experience, and recent co-regulatory initiatives to protect consumers, are...

Annual Report

14 Oct 2015

This year, the TIO handled 124,417new complaints and 44,365 enquiries from Australian telco consumers, positioning our service once again as the busiest Ombudsman in the country.

Research report

13 Oct 2016

This document presents the outcomes of an architectural design studio that set out to explore the potential of elevated rail as a method for level-crossing removal in Melbourne rail corridors.

The studio used a design-research approach to explore options for elevated rail along the...

Research report

17 Nov 2016

This report describes and analyses the prevalence of food insecurity in Australia and the consequent adverse implications for the health and productivity of individuals and communities. It proposes options aimed at improving the health and wellbeing of Australians who experience food insecurity. It notes the...

Commentary

Article

17 Nov 2016

Late last year the Federal Health minister, Sussan Ley, acknowledged that the private health insurance system was in need of reform and consulted widely with consumers and other interested groups. More than 40,000 people also responded to an online survey.

A spokesman for Ley...

Discussion paper

7 Nov 2016

Children and young people with disability are often absent in discussions about child sexual abuse as people with disability are left out of discussions about violence, abuse and neglect. This is due in part to individuals with disability being excluded from society, hidden away in...

Other text

17 Nov 2016

The one-off deal brokered by Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and his Minister for Immigration and Border Protection Peter Dutton, for the resettlement of refugees on Manus Island and Nauru to the United States has the potential to go a long way to finally giving these...

Commentary

Article

14 Nov 2016

Last week, the government released the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Suicide Prevention Evaluation Project report, which gave recommendations to reduce the high rate of suicide among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Minister for Indigenous Affairs, Nigel Scullion, said the government welcomed the...

Policy

1 Oct 2016

The aim of this policy framework is to maximise the economic, social and environmental wellbeing of NSW in the context of a changing climate and current and emerging international and national policy settings and actions to address climate change. The framework:

defines the NSW...

Commentary

Article

15 Nov 2016

President elect Trump has promoted a big infrastructure program to revitalise the American economy. So, Australia and the US have a lot in common for now.

Unlike Australia, the US has been a miserly spender when it comes to public infrastructure. As a result...

Research report

15 Nov 2016

Australia is transitioning from the mining boom with strong growth and relatively low unemployment, but has not been immune to symptoms of the “new mediocre”. Wage and price pressures are weak, underemployment has risen, and non-mining investment is yet to fully recover. Ensuring the return...

Video

27 Oct 2016

Presented by Australia ICOMOS in association with the Sydney Opera House and the Heritage Council of NSW, the Jim Kerr Address held on the International Day for Monuments and Sites pays respect to Jim's legacy by perpetuating open inquiry into the understanding of place and...

Commentary

Article

9 Nov 2016

The editor in chief and publisher of the Columbia Journalism Review , Kyle Pope, argues the media's inability to understand the victory of Donald Trump in the 2016 US Presidential election "clearly stand among journalism’s great failures, certainly in a generation and probably in modern...

Audio interview

12 Nov 2016

Where we might see a lovely ornamental detail on a building a burglar might see a handhold. Burglars see buildings very differently so we explore the intimate relationship between design and crime.

Commentary

11 Nov 2016

In this article, Emily Bell, the director at the Tow Center for Digital Journalism at Columbia Journalism School discusses the need for Facebook to take greater responsibility for its media publishing policies.

Critics have accused Facebook of creating echo chambers and disseminating false and...

Article

15 Nov 2016

In this series of articles by academics, journalists and university students, Harvard University's NiemanReports examines some of the key reasons journalists and polling failed to accurately reflect the electorate in the wake of the 2016 US Presidential election.

Video

9 Nov 2016

Three senior researchers from the Pew Research Centre suggest three possible reasons why US polls failed to predict the outcome of the 2016 Presidential election, including:

nonresponse bias: which occurs when certain kinds of people systematically do not respond to surveys despite equal opportunity...

Guide

16 Aug 2016

In December 2013 the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) agreed to a more streamlined council system that focused on its immediate priorities and reduced bureaucracy and unnecessary red tape.

The council system aligns with the Commonwealth’s commitment to respect state sovereignty and allow them...

Commentary

Article

15 Nov 2016

George Brandis’s backdown is only the first step in clarifying and protecting the role of this key legal officer

LATE last week, six months after George Brandis quietly issued his Legal Services Direction tightening control over the work of the Commonwealth solicitor-general, the...

Survey

15 Sep 2016

This was an online survey. The survey was in the field from Monday 15th August to Friday 19th August 2016. The survey fieldwork was conducted by the Online Research Unit (ORU). Data tables were prepared by Essential Research. The target population for this research was...

Commentary

Article

21 Sep 2016

Would you buy a house, not knowing what suburb it’s in? Or how many bedrooms it has? Or if it’s new or old? That’s what many of Australia’s largest super funds are asking you to do with your money – trust them.

For many...

Research report

7 Oct 2016

As part of its ongoing Blogs and Bullets project, PeaceTech Lab analyzed the role of social media in Egypt's failed attempt to transform an effective uprising into a successful democratic transition. The study drew from unique Twitter and Facebook datasets to determine how social media...

Research report

15 Nov 2016

Summary: The Annual Surveillance Report has been published each year since 1997. The report provides a comprehensive analysis of HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia and includes estimates of incidence and prevalence of HIV and viral hepatitis, by demographic and risk...

Research report

10 Nov 2016

Summary

Melanesia, the biggest sub-region in the South Pacific, includes Papua New Guinea (PNG), Fiji, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Nauru and New Caledonia. Due to its geographical proximity, Melanesia is Australia’s immediate neighbour and is fundamental to regional stability, a major strategic interest...

Research report

8 Nov 2016

Summary

After Indonesia experienced a surge in economic growth between 2010 and 2014, its Gross Domestic Product growth rate has slowed, sinking from 6.2 per cent in 2010 to 4.8 per cent in 2015. While the Indonesian Government can do little to combat...

Commentary

Article

28 Apr 2016

The proud claim that Australia may have “solved the gun problem” might only be a temporary illusion. In recent years, arms dealers have imported more guns than ever before. And last year we crossed a symbolic threshold: for the first time in 20 years, Australia’s...

Submission

10 Nov 2016

Introduction

The Climate Institute welcomed the opportunity to contribute to the Senate inquiry into the retirement of coal fired power stations.

The transition from ageing, high-carbon coal generation to clean energy is a central concern not just for the Australian electricity system....

Research report

7 Nov 2016

Summary

In 2016, the Ombudsman completed a review of amendments made to the Restricted Premises Act to help target gun crime and premises used by serious criminals. The amendments introduced offences that can be committed by owners and occupiers of declared premises and...

Research report

15 Nov 2016

Summary

This publication and accompanying tables presents data about suicide deaths and intentional self-harm hospitalisations for the year 2013 and highlights notable trends over time. The publication includes numbers and rates by common demographic breakdowns, such as age, sex, ethnicity, district health board...

Journal article

7 Nov 2016

Objectives Many reports exist of the cardiovascular toxicity of smoked cannabis but none of arterial stiffness measures or vascular age (VA). In view of its diverse toxicology, the possibility that cannabis-exposed patients may be ageing more quickly requires investigation.

Design Cross-sectional and...

Commentary

Article

7 Oct 2015

In the frustrating struggle to identify gun killers in advance, we could have been looking in the wrong place. By accepting the common mantra that law-abiding, licensed firearm owners are not the problem, many have chased popular fears such as mental illness and violent video...

Statistics

3 May 2016

From 1988 to 2015, Australia ran forty-one state, territory and federal firearm amnesties for a combined total of 3,274 weeks. From the reports in which numbers were published, a minimum of 1,121,577 firearms were surrendered to police for destruction.

Statistics

28 Apr 2016

In the 27 years from 1988 to 2015, Australians imported more than a million guns. Many of these replaced firearm types prohibited and destroyed during federal firearm buybacks, or surrendered in dozens of state gun amnesties.

This table lists national firearm import totals provided...

Commentary

Article

27 Feb 2015

Recent headlines are clear: our world is a fearful place, spattered with blood, angry men and loose guns. But not everywhere.

One sprawling region has largely avoided, and at times even reversed, the steady proliferation of illegal firearms and death by gunshot. Twelve out...

Research report

15 Nov 2016

Employment is widely recognised as the most vital step for successful settlement in a new country. However, recently arrived migrant and refugee workers face many barriers. Finding employment is difficult. For those who do find work, exploitation is widespread. Exploited workers are not aware of...

Research report

8 Nov 2016

Executive Summary

The five-year period from 2011 to 2015 has been the warmest five-year period on record globally, with 2015 being the warmest year on record to date.(1) The period 2011–2015 was also the warmest on record for every continent except Africa. During this...

Book

10 Nov 2016

Overview

‘How can you make decisions about Aboriginal people when you can’t even talk to the people you’ve got here that are blackfellas?’ So ‘Sarah’, a senior Aboriginal public servant, imagines a conversation with the Northern Territory Public Service. Her question suggests tensions...

Fact sheet

15 Nov 2016

For more than a decade, people whose job it is to seize and to trace crime guns in Australia have steadily contradicted the unsourced, evidence-free opinion that most illicit firearms are smuggled into the country.

Statistics

3 Oct 2015

Of 130 victims shot dead, 56% were killed by a licensed gun owner. Most were shot by a killer with no previous history of violent crime or mental illness. All the perpetrators were men.

Research report

9 Nov 2016

Summary

This report is the latest release in the Cancer: New registrations and deaths series, which presents information about new cases of primary cancer diagnosed and reported to the New Zealand Cancer Registry. It also presents information on deaths registered in New Zealand...

Website

17 Jun 2010

With more than 190,000 pages of news, data and comparative charts, and visited by 1.5 million uniquely identifiable users per year, GunPolicy.org is the world's most comprehensive and accessible web source for published evidence on armed violence, firearm law and gun control.

GunPolicy.org is...

Research report

8 Nov 2016

A quarter of online users say social media is their main source of news in some parts of the Asia-Pacific region, according to a new report from the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism.

The pilot study sees the RISJ extend its Digital...

Research report

3 Nov 2016

In this study over 500 Centrelink recipients were surveyed to identify the importance of telecommunications and assess the issues associated with cost. A series of focus groups were also conducted. The research assessed the extent of the communications poverty premium for low-income consumers, including the...

Guide

14 Nov 2016

Practitioners supporting children in out-of-home care are often faced with making difficult decisions about children’s needs. These decisions include where the child will live and how often a child has contact with their family of origin. Children’s attachment needs are one of the factors that...

Blog post

15 Nov 2016

While those on the centre-left are wringing their hands and tensely running their fingers through their hair, beards or whatever, it's possible that the election of Donald Trump will open up a progressive path for policy reformers focused on the real problem of distribution rather...

Research report

9 Nov 2016

Overview

Passenger train services for the Victorian public are an essential service, much like electricity, water, gas and port services. Train services rely on a range of systems and equipment, including control systems that monitor and control service delivery.

We reviewed the...

Research report

9 Nov 2016

Overview

Public sector entities rely on information technology (IT) systems (computer hardware and programs) to support business operations and processes.

This report is in its third year and builds on last year’s Financial Systems Controls Report: Information Technology 2014–15.

In this...

Other interactive resource

14 Nov 2016

Summary : Wyndham Vale recorded the most murders in Victoria over the past year, more bikes than cars were stolen in Fitzroy and Lorne saw a sixfold increase in rape.

Kew recorded an eightfold increase in fraud during the year from April 2015...

Research report

9 Nov 2016

Audit objective and criteria

Recognising that a well-functioning and responsive disability services market is fundamental to the successful implementation of the NDIS, the audit focused on the management of the transition of the disability services market by the Australian Government entities with responsibility...

Research report

14 Nov 2016

Introduction

A legislative requirement of the National Disability Insurance Agency (NDIA) in the National Disability Insurance (NDIS) Act 2013 ( Section 174 ) is:

The Board members must prepare a report on operations of the Agency for each period of 3...

Research report

7 Nov 2016

Audit objective and criteria

This is the second of two Australian National Audit Office (ANAO) audits of the Scheme. The first audit report, ANAO Report No.8 2015–16, Administration of the National Rental Affordability Scheme , was presented to the Parliament in November 2015...

Briefing paper

14 Nov 2016

Abstract

The notion of ‘organised crime’ typically conjures up images of criminal gangs. Some mafia and bikie gangs do operate in parts of the Pacific and have featured in local and international media. However, we argue that understanding the threat of organised crime...

Research report

11 Dec 2013

This OECD report bridges the gap between theory and implementation through case studies that illustrate the conditions in which the concept of smart specialisation can be used to design better public policies for boosting innovation driven growth in OECD regions. It emphasises the need for...

Research report

28 Apr 2015

Introduction

The assumption that academic research will organically find its way to those with the power to act on it is false. Some may conceive of academia as the creator of the country’s best knowledge, knowledge which automatically permeates – and is respected...

Research report

15 Sep 2016

Introduction

Every year, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) publishes Education at a Glance (EAG), a set of indicators that compares the education systems of 35 member countries, and other participating partner countries. The indicators in Education at a Glance are...

Research report

14 Nov 2016

Cyberbullying has been a hot topic in the media for the past few years. Currently there exists a multitude of social media platforms and other varying forms of media that allow people to stay connected and share information. Alongside this there is also the potential...

Statistics

8 Nov 2016

Summary

New Zealand’s annual inflation rate, at 0.4 percent for the year ended in the September 2016 quarter, remains below the Reserve Bank’s medium term target band of 1 – 3 percent on average. In the September quarter, vegetable prices rose by 16...

Research report

3 Nov 2016

Summary : It looks more likely that Donald Trump could be elected as President of the United States. Predictions now give Trump a 20-30% chance of victory, though these numbers are changing daily and who knows what scandals might surface between now and polling...

Briefing paper

3 Nov 2016

Following Duncan Storrar’s appearance on the ABC’s 'Q&A' program on 9 May 2016, one of the milder reactions to his questions about tax cuts was an article in The Australian - “ABC’s ‘budget fairness’ victim pays no net tax”.

The article pointed out that...

Journal article

1 Jan 2016

Proponents of low-carbon transformation face an uphill battle to reconfigure incumbent energy systems against powerful interests protecting the status quo. Australia's electricity sector is an example of such a system, wedded to fossil fuels and backed by much of the country's political establishment. This paper...

Briefing paper

14 Mar 2016

This paper outlines and critically ‘maps’ existing roadmaps relevant to transitions to a low or zero carbon built environment in Australia. A roadmap describes the measures required to achieve goals and/or map future innovation opportunities. The three questions addressed by a comprehensive roadmap are: Where...

Journal article

1 Jan 2015

A novel material open to warm air stays below ambient temperature under maximum solar intensities of mid-summer. It is found to be 11 °C cooler than a commercial white cool roof nearby. A combination of specially chosen polymers and a silver thin film yields values...

Annual Report

The CRC for Low Carbon Living has released its Annual Report Highlights for 2012-13. A pdf copy can be downloaded below. If you would like a print version of the publication for your office please email: info@lowcarbonlivingcrc.com.au

Annual Report

The CRC for Low Carbon Living has released its Annual Report Highlights for 2013-14. A pdf copy can be downloaded below. If you would like a print version of the publication for your office please email: info@lowcarbonlivingcrc.com.au

Annual Report

The CRC for Low Carbon Living has released its Annual Report Highlights for 2014-15. A pdf copy can be downloaded below. If you would like a print version of the publication for your office please email: info@lowcarbonlivingcrc.com.au

Conference paper

1 Jan 2015

Although heatwave-related excess mortality and morbidity have been widely studied, results are not comparable spatially and often longitudinally because of different heatwave definitions applied. The excess heat factor (EHF) quantifies heatwave intensity relative to the local climate, enabling cross-regional comparisons. Previous studies have shown a...

Other text

13 Mar 2016

This report is an output from a scoping study of living laboratories (RP3005: CRC Living Laboratory Framework), which examined what living labs are, their benefits and what they need to be successful. It is primarily intended to inform partners in current and prospective CRCLCL projects,...

Other text

The CRC for Low Carbon Living produced a series of snapshots at the end of 2015 highlighting its achievements in enabling a carbon built environment sector, specifically in the areas of:Once in a generation capacity buildingTransforming industry Products and systems for future buildings and citiesEvidence...

Presentation

12 Dec 2012

The CRC Low Carbon Living Launch included a Workshop for CRC LCL Participants with the aim to update participants on the CRC, its plans to date and to obtain their input into what they want to be included in the CRC LCL Research projects....

Presentation

12 Dec 2012

The CRC Low Carbon Living Launch included a Workshop for CRC LCL Participants with the aim to update participants on the CRC, its plans to date and to obtain their input into what they want to be included in the CRC LCL Research projects....

Presentation

12 Dec 2012

The CRC Low Carbon Living Launch included a Workshop for CRC LCL Participants with the aim to update participants on the CRC, its plans to date and to obtain their input into what they want to be included in the CRC LCL Research projects....

Conference paper

1 Jan 2015

An urban ecosystem is a dynamic system. Therefore, regular monitoring through the use of measurable indicators will enable an assessment of performance and effectiveness. This paper presents a conceptual framework to facilitate the development of an inclusive model for the sustainability assessment of green infrastructure....

Briefing paper

14 Mar 2016

This paper reviews various innovations in the sociocultural sphere – innovations that have the potential to ‘disrupt’ the current trajectory and rapidly reorient the world toward a low-carbon future.

Highlighting areas such as:

The Fossil Fuel ‘Divestment’ Campaign Transition Initiatives Collaborative...

Conference paper

31 Dec 2015

Heatwaves have a mounted interest in the last decade due to their negative impacts on infrastructure, the ecosystem and public health. Population exposure to heat stress is substantially influenced by the resilience of the built environment as people spend the majority of their time indoors....

Research report

1 Jan 2013

The following report presents the outcomes of the second workshop held for this project held on Tuesday the 24th September 2013 at Room BJ3-03 at the University of South Australia‟s City East Campus, Corner North Tce & Frome Rd, Adelaide from 10:00am until 4:30pm. The...

Research report

1 Jan 2014

The following report presents the outcomes of the third workshop associated with this project, held at the University of South Australia’s Mawson Lakes Campus, University Boulevard, Mawson Lakes, South Australia on Thursday the 15th of May 2014 at Room X1-03 at from 10:00am until 4:00pm....

Other text

25 Sep 2015

Forecasting for integrated demands and carbon impacts of a precinct in the ETWW (energy, transport, waste and water) domains will allow for the assessment of policy scenarios for low carbon futures. This CRC for Low Carbon living project has investigated gaps, synergies, alternative approaches and...

Working paper

1 Jan 2015

This report is a milestone deliverable from CSIRO for the EnergyFit Homes Initiative. The project partners to this Initiative are the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage, CSR, AGL Energy, Australian Windows Association, Clean Energy Council, Energy Efficiency Council, Stockland, Fletcher Insulation, Knauf Insulation, the...

Working paper

1 Jan 2015

Executive Summary This report is a milestone deliverable from CSIRO for Project RP3016: ‘Enhancing the market for energy efficient homes at point of sale and lease’, funded by the Cooperative Research Centre for Low Carbon Living and other project parties, including the NSW Office of...

Research report

16 Jul 2016

This report and eight associated working papers are a deliverable for the Project RP3016: ‘Enhancing the market for low-carbon homes at point of sale and lease’ funded by the CRC for Low Carbon Living. This project is publicly known as the EnergyFit Homes Project: empowering...

Other text

WGV has been selected by the CRC LCL to participate in a four year ‘Living Laboratory’ type research program that will follow the development process from construction through to occupancy. The Living Laboratory concept is a ‘learn-by-doing’ approach to research where innovations are tested in...

Research report

15 Aug 2016

This report presents a summary of all the findings and activities performed in the LCL-CRC research project RP1011 “Sustainable and affordable living through modular homes and communities” and represents the culmination of the project. The main objective of the project was to develop innovative designs,...

Journal article

3 Jul 2015

Visioning exercises were convened in Melbourne and Sydney, Australia, to explore how these cities could become low-carbon and maintain resilience over the next 25 years. Drawing on the concept of frames—in particular Schon and Rein’s conceptualisation of a frame as a “diagnostic-prescriptive story” that is...

Journal article

1 Jun 2016

Transdisciplinary research is increasingly used in projects dealing with transitions to sustainable, resilient and low-carbon societies. Transdisciplinary research projects require collaboration and coordination between researchers from different disciplinary backgrounds. Academic literature provides valuable insights on designing, facilitating, leading and evaluating transdisciplinary projects. While a substantial...

Other text

Impact Pathways represent specific areas of impact that CRCLCL expects to have in transforming the low carbon built environment. Our projects and activities translate across eight impact pathways, which are linked to our three integrated research programs; Integrated Building Systems, Low Carbon Precincts and Engaged...

Other text

1 Jan 2015

In order to ensure that the Integrated Carbon Metrics (ICM) project meets industry and user needs, a scoping study was conducted within Australia with construction industry professionals.The aim of the study included the following:Gain an understanding of the construction industry’s current approach to embodied carbon...

Conference paper

1 Jan 2015

One third of global greenhouse gas emissions are emitted from the building sector contributing significantly to the problem of climate change. While more work has been done on decreasing direct emissions from the operation of buildings, embodied emissions of construction materials receive little consideration even...

Research report

1 Jan 2013

This is a summary of the workshop presentations, discussions and of the workgroup sessions for the CRCLCL’s project on ETWW conducted Friday 1st February 2013, 10:00 – 16:30 at Room C4-16 at the University of South Australia’s City East Campus, chaired by Liz Ampt. The...

Journal article

1 Jan 2014

Cities experience the effect of extra heat compared to their rural surroundings. This phenomenon is known as the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect. Urban geometry, land cover, landscape and metabolism have been cited as the main contributors to the UHI effect. This paper compares the...

Research report

15 May 2016

This report forms part of the deliverables for the CRC for Low Carbon Living project RP2010 'Informing and Trialling Low Carbon Inclusions in State Government Built Environment Sector Tenders'. The project is being undertaken in collaboration with UrbanGrowth NSW by Curtin University. The project is...

Presentation

1 Jan 2014

Participants Annual Forum 2014 - Day 1KEYNOTE 1: Research Opportunities for 21st Century CitiesProfessor Dennis Else, Chair of the Research Advisory Committee, CRC for Low Carbon Living and Group GM, Sustainability, Safety and Health, Brookfield Multiplex

Presentation

1 Jan 2014

Participant Annual Forum 2014 - Day 2Participant Annual Forum 2014 - KEYNOTE 2: The Big Integration: Simulation Platforms for Low Carbon Decision MakingDr Matthias Berger, Future Cities Laboratory, Singapore

Presentation

1 Jan 2014

Participant Annual Forum 2014 - Day 1Participant Annual Forum 2014 - KEYNOTE 4: Making Research RealKevin Cullen, CEO, NewSouth Innovations, a company of the University of New South Wales

Presentation

1 Jan 2014

Participant Annual Forum 2014 - Day 2Participant Annual Forum 2014 - Living Laboratories Deep Dive and Panel DiscussionChair: Megan Antcliff, Director, Strategic Projects and Innovation, Department of State Development, Government of South AustraliaBrad Pettitt, Mayor, City of Freemantle Roger Swinbourne, Associate Director, Design and Planning,...

Presentation

1 Jan 2014

Participant Annual Forum 2014 - Day 2Participant Annual Forum 2014 - Living Laboratories Deep Dive and Panel DiscussionChair: Megan Antcliff, Director, Strategic Projects and Innovation, Department of State Development, Government of South AustraliaBrad Pettitt, Mayor, City of Freemantle Roger Swinbourne, Associate Director, Design and Planning,...

Presentation

13 Nov 2014

Participant Annual Forum 2014 - Day 1Participant Annual Forum 2014 - Products and Technologies - Innovations for Low Carbon CitiesRay Thompson

Presentation

19 Nov 2014

Participant Annual Forum 2014 - Day 2Participant Annual Forum 2014 - Showcase Sydney: Shaping a Low Carbon Future - Metro Strategy, Green Infrastructure, Urban RenewalChair: Professor Ken Maher, HASSELL FellowNorma Shankie-Williams, Technical Director, Planning and Design, AECOMPeter Poulet, NSW Government Architect & General Manager Government...

Other text

14 Nov 2014

Keynote 1: Direct Action and the Built Environment - Reducing Carbon While Developing Industry CapacityThe Hon Greg Hunt MP, Minister for the Environment

Presentation

1 Jan 2014

Participants Annual Forum 2014 - Day 2SME and Peak Body Network MeetingProfessor Ken MaherAgendaWelcome and introductionsFeedback from engagementThe BulletinInteraction with CRCLCL teamExpansion of NetworkWeb based engagement proposalDiscussion

Presentation

1 Jan 2015

Participants Annual Forum 2015 - Day 1CRCLCL progress updateScientia Professor Deo Prasad AO, CRC for Low Carbon Living Chief Executive Officer

Presentation

1 Jan 2015

Participants Annual Forum 2015 - Day 2Energy Efficiency Centre, University of California DavisProfessor Nicole Woolsey Biggart, Research Professor and Dean Emerita of Management, University of California Davis

Presentation

1 Jan 2015

Participants Annual Forum 2015 - Day 1South Australian Government initiativesThe Hon Ian Hunter MLC, South Australian Minister for Sustainability, the Environment and Conservation, Minister for Water and the River Murray, Minister for Climate Change

Presentation

1 Jan 2015

Participants Annual Forum 2015 - Day 1Project snapshot - RP3002 Evaluating the impact of policies for promoting building energy efficiency retrofits James McGregor, CSIRO Energy Technology Project Director (Major Projects)

Presentation

1 Jan 2015

Participants Annual Forum 2015 - Day 1Project snapshot - RP3009 High performance housing - monitoring, evaluating and communicating the journeyJosh Byrne, Josh Byrne & Associates Director and Curtin University Research Fellow

Presentation

1 Jan 2015

Participants Annual Forum 2015 - Day 1RP3016 The EnergyFit Homes Initiative: Empowering consumersStephen White, CSIRO Energy for Buildings Manager

Presentation

1 Jan 2015

Participants Annual Forum 2015 - Day 1RP3029 Driving a national social media conversation on energy efficient housingTrudy-Ann King, Green Building Council of Australia Market Development Director

Briefing paper

14 Mar 2016

Executive Summary This paper provides an overview of key features of the most promising and innovative large scale low-carbon economy transition plans and strategies. The paper draws on and updates findings from the Post Carbon Pathways project which has reviewed a diverse range of ambitious...

Audio presentation

Video

UNSW Built Environment in partnership with the CRC for Low Carbon Living presents the audio recording from the seminar: "Low Carbon Research in the Wild West" by Professor Peter Newman AO, Curtin University. Professor Peter Newman AO – former NSW Sustainability Commissioner in Sydney and...

Conference paper

1 Jan 2015

In developed economies a significant proportion of greenhouse gas emissions result from energy demand in the building sector. Many countries have recognized the need to mandate building energy performance standards as a key element of a national energy or climate change policy. The Commonwealth of...

Journal article

1 Jan 2016

During summer heatwaves, heat load exacerbates in urban heat islands (especially in hot climates) and threatens public life in cities. This paper examines the links between urban microclimates, outdoor thermal discomfort and public life through an exploratory case study. Heat resilience is highlighted as the...

Journal article

1 Jan 2015

As the frequency and intensity of heatwaves are growing in Australia, strategies to combat heat are becoming more vital. Cities are exposed to urban heat islands (UHIs) due to excess urbanisation. In this study, a definition of urban heatwave (UHW) is conceptualised to investigate the...

Briefing paper

14 Mar 2016

This report reviews the literature on innovation and transition theory with a view to gaining a greater understanding of the nature of innovation processes, particularly those involving disruptive change and systems transformation. The report has been commissioned by the Visions and Pathways 2040 project for...

Other text

1 Jan 2014

The discussion handbook will be used to help participants gain an understanding of the project and begin a dialogue with participants leading up to the CRCLCL Participant Forum in November 2014.

Aim of the session: To engage industry practitioners, government policy makers, education...

Research report

24 Aug 2015

This publication provides a status report on the project underway to identify opportunities and barriers, establish functional specifications, and propose a roadmap for the uptake of building integrated PV.Conventional photovoltaic (PV) module costs are reducing as manufacturers scale up PV production. Crystalline silicon (single or...

Research report

11 Jun 2015

As part of the CRCLCL Program 1: Integrated Building Systems, pathways for adoption of low CO2 concrete are being identified. The objectives of the research described in this report were to examine the current state of the art in the design and specification of concrete...

Research report

11 Jun 2015

Australia is heavily reliant upon the use of coal for electric power generation with approximately 74.9% or 170,822 GWh of electricity in year 2010 to 2011 being generated through coal-fired power plants. Australia’s coal powered generators produce about 14 million tonnes of fly ash per...

Case study

17 Aug 2015

This report delivers a part of the first year outputs of RP1006: Viable Integrated Systems for Zero Carbon Housing, including a review of national and international house energy rating schemes and a review of Australian and some international residential energy monitoring program case studies. It...

Research report

17 Aug 2015

RP1006 was established to support the path to zero carbon housing (ZCH) by focusing on the development and validation of evidence-based building energy modelling tools to support the regulatory pathway to zero emission housing in Australia. The 2013 Progress Report provides an update on progress...

Research report

18 Aug 2015

Rapid growth of distributed small scale Photovolatic (PV) systems has increased the need for tools that can undertake reliable real time monitoring of system performance with the capability to detect and diagnose underperformance at the earliest possible stage. This project refined the system performance algorithms...

Presentation

13 Nov 2014

Participant Annual Forum 2014 - Day 1

CRCLCL Exemplar 2: Closing the Loop, Brett Pollard, Principal and Architect, HASSELL and Lauren Haas, Australasia Sustainability Manager, Brookfield Multiplex

Research report

17 Aug 2015

Distributed electrical energy storage can help reduce the CO2 emissions associated with the use of electrical energy, better enabling distributed generation of energy from sources such as rooftop photovoltaic (PV) systems. However, electricity distribution systems were not designed to allow power to flow from consumers...

Research report

This project interim report presents the initial outcomes of the research that consist of:

PART 1: Recruitment of participants from single dwellings and multi-unit dwellings, and initial data analysis of the stage 1 survey;

PART 2: Analysis of the BASIX assessment...

Poster

1 Jan 2014

Research Snapshot A3 size poster from Participants Annual Forum 2014

Other text

Utilisation of Coal Combustion Product (CCP) from coal-fired power stations is of great interest in Australia. According to ADAA (Ash Development Association of Australia), in 2012, 12.8 Mt (million tonnes) of coal ash was produced from coal fired utilities in Australia [1]. Due to the...

Other text

16 Jun 2016

Forecasting for integrated demands and carbon impacts of a precinct in the ETWW (energy, transport, waste and water) domains will allow for the assessment of policy scenarios for low carbon futures. This CRC for Low Carbon living project has investigated gaps, synergies, alternative approaches and...

Other text

As part of the CRC for Low Carbon Living this scoping paper focuses on the Low Carbon Precincts (Program 2) however, it also examines aspects of how the Engaged Communities (Program 3) can help with the implementation of low carbon precincts e.g. through leadership, governance,...

Research report

1 Mar 2016

The report was undertaken as part of a PhD research, funded by the CRC for Low Carbon Living Ltd. supported by the Cooperative Research Centres program, an Australian Government initiative and a research student scholarship granted from the Australian Building Codes Board.

Other text

Overview of the $1.2 million research initiative to identify cost-effective strategies for mitigation of urban heat islands in Australian cities. ‘Urban Micro Climates: Comparative Study of Major Contributors to the Urban Heat Island (UHI) in three Australian cities (Sydney, Melbourne and Adelaide)’ is a three-based...

Presentation

13 Nov 2014

Participant Annual Forum 2014 - Day 1Participant Annual Forum 2014 - CRCLCL Exemplar 4: Urban Microclimates - Evidence for Policy and Product Development Dr Conrad Philipp, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, School of Art, Architecture and Design, University of South AustraliaMark Eckermann, Product Innovation Manager, Sales, Marketing,...

Presentation

26 Sep 2014

Presentation: Land surface temperature investigation of Australian CBD and Suburbs: Case Study Adelaide3rd CRC RP2005 Workshop26 September 2014, MelbourneDr Conrad H. Philipp

Presentation

25 Aug 2014

Presentation: Retrofitting Australian Precincts for Heatwave ResilienceWork in progress report26 September 2014PhD Candiate: Gertrud Hatvani-Kovacs

Presentation

26 Sep 2014

Presentation: The Effect of Facades on Outdoor MicroclimateWork in progress report26 September 2014PhD Candiate: Johnathon Fox

Presentation

26 Sep 2014

Presentation: Thermal Resilience: A New Logic for Urban Greenery Work in progress report 26 September 2014 PhD Candiate: Eshan Sharifi Thesis title: An Exploration of the Impacts of Heat Stress on Vitality of Public Space and Outdoor Activity Patterns: A Case Study of Sydney, Melbourne...

Presentation

14 Sep 2016

Presentation: Urban greenery and mitigation of the urban heat island effect in Australian cities: Policy mechanisms and implementationWork in progress report26 September 2014PhD Candiate: Judy Bush

Poster

1 Jan 2015

Monique Fouché, IELab conference poster: ICM Scoping Study Results (11-12 June 2015, Sydney)

Research report

Low carbon transport (LCT) or low carbon mobility (LCM) have featured in many CRC for Low Carbon Living coversations, particularly for Research Programs 2 (Low Carbon Precincts) and 3 (Engaged Communities). The CRCLCL has specific milestones related to travel demand and transport activity.What has been...

Research report

1 Jun 2015

Project RP2015 was a scoping study designed to inform the CRCLCL on the research and development needs to maximise potential health and productivity co-benefits of low carbon planning and design for precincts. This report provides a review of international research on co-benefits, examining and discussing...

Research report

This report, the second output of the scoping study RP2015, describes baseline levels of active transport usage in Australian cities, and thus provides a platform from which future interventions in low carbon precinct planning and design can be assessed in terms of their capability to...

Other text

Using data from ABS Household Expenditure Surveys (HES) for 1993-94 and 2003-04 and the Housing Energy Consumption Survey of 2012, this report examines the changing nature of household energy use (electricity, gas, and motor fuel) over the last two decades, and assesses the impact of...

Report

Energy use is integral to our lives. Without it, the standard of living Australians currently enjoy would be impossible. However this standard of living comes at a cost. Per capita levels of energy consumption in Australia are now some of the highest in the world...

Discussion paper

1 Jun 2015

The CRC for Low Carbon Living aims to facilitate the transition of the Australian built environment to a low-greenhouse gas emissions future while maintaining industry competitiveness and improving quality of life. The transition to low carbon living will involve complex and unpredictable interactions and inter-dependencies,...

Research report

1 Aug 2013

The demand for low carbon living (LCL) is steadily growing across the world. Many industry sectors are looking for new opportunities to innovate, enhance productivity, reduce operational costs and contribute to sustainability. Householders are looking for solutions to reduce household bills, contribute to the community...

Research report

Results from the second year of Visions and Pathways 2040: Scenarios of Low Carbon Living
1 Mar 2016

Read the the Visions & Pathways 2040's second year project report on the potential contributions of the digital economy to low-carbon futures for Australian cities

Working paper

Businesses are critical to achieving greater sustainability and the transition to a low carbon built environment. Business and businesses-related activities within the production and consumption system are among the primary causes of sustainability problems. But businesses are also a core source of innovative ideas, not...

Other text

1 Sep 2015

The Visions and Pathways 2040 Expert Consultation for Future Business and Finance was part of a series of research and workshop activities aimed at identifing key disruptive forces relevant for contributing to the 2040 targets set by the project. Undertaken during June-July 2015, it involved...

Research report

Results from the first year of Visions and Pathways 2040
18 Mar 2015

The Visions & Pathways 2040 team are delighted to announce that their first report – the results of the project’s first year – is now available online and in hard-cover. The report, with results from the first year of the Visions and Pathways 2040 project,...

Presentation

19 Nov 2014

Participant Annual Forum 2014 - CRCLCL Exemplar 1: Showcasing Low Carbon Living

Josh Byrne, CRCLCL Research Fellow, Curtin University

Presentation

14 Nov 2014

Participant Annual Forum 2014 - Day 1Participant Annual Forum 2014 - CRCLCL Exemplar 3: Influencing Low Carbon Choices at Point of SaleDr Nina Hall, Social Scientist in the Adaptive Social and Economic Systems Program, CSIRO Cecille Weldon, Head of Sustainable Real Estate, LJ Hooker

Other text

This report explores and quantifies the value proposition from the perspective of the owner occupier of a low carbon impact residential building. The experience of low carbon living applied in this report draws heavily on the experiences of households at Lochiel Park in South Australia,...

Other text

Low carbon living provides a value proposition to various stakeholder investors according to the scale and scope of the value equation. From a development scale perspective, investigations will be undertaken at single building/household level up to suburb scale development, with each level introducing new economic...

Research report

This research project - RP 3019 Pathways to Achieve Low Carbon Living Outcomes through Collaborative Urban Development Planning in Australia - is part of Program 3 of the CRC for Low Carbon Living (CRCLCL): Engaged Communities. The CRCLCL identifies collaborative urban planning as a core...

Research report

1 Oct 2014

The following report presents the results of research conducted on how to best deliver low carbon, high performance schools in the Australian context.The term ‘high performance’ was used to reflect the increased performance in both the buildings and physical infrastructure of schools that pursue sustainability,...

Research report

15 Oct 2016

This is the first report of a project examining ways of making energy efficient home renovations mainstream rather than a niche activity as is currently the case. Homes are a major contributor to carbon dioxide emissions in Australia; most emanating from the 98 per cent...

Research report

1 May 2016

This report presents the research findings and advice framework from the Cooperative Research Centre for Low Carbon Living (CRC LCL) Research Project (RP) 3022, Policy impediments and incentives to effective education and training.The aim of this report is to create awareness about the incentives and...

Research report

1 Jan 2016

The research reported in this summary of findings identifies the financial and non-financial barriers that prevent lower income households from reducing their carbon consumption.This research is designed as a follow-up to the data mining exercise (CRC-LCL RP3001) conducted by Burke and Ralston. In their report,...

Discussion paper

A joint report by the CRC for Low Carbon Living and the CRC for Water Sensitive Cities applies ideas from emerging CRC research and international best practice to the proposed urban renewal site of Fishermans Bend in inner Melbourne, focusing on water services and urban...

Journal article

15 Oct 2015

The residential sector represents some 30% of global electricity consumption but the underlying composition and drivers are still only poorly understood. The drivers are many, varied, and complex, including local climate, household demographics, household behaviour, building stock and the type and number of appliances. There...

Research report

1 Jan 2015

Student Forum 2015 Accounting for and reporting of greenhouse gas emissionsDr Maria Balatbat, UNSW School of Accounting and the Centre for Energy and Enironmental Markets

Presentation

25 Nov 2015

Student Forum 2015 - Effective collaboration, Ms Tammy Templyj, Grange HR Consulting Director and Principal Consultant

Presentation

10 Dec 2015

Student Forum 2015 - Experiential learning and the Solar Decathlon, Professor Nicole Woolsey Biggart, Research Professor and Dean Emerita of Management, University of California Davis

Presentation

7 Dec 2015

Student Forum 2015 - Innovation sandpit, Dr Steve Brodie, UNSW Innovations Open Innovation Manager

Presentation

7 Dec 2015

Student Forum 2015 - The art of innovation, Dr Steve Brodie, UNSW Innovations Open Innovation Manager