December 2016

Book

30 Sep 2015

Aging populations are a major consideration for socio-economic development in the early 21st century. This demographic change is mainly seen as a threat rather than as an opportunity to improve the quality of human life. Aging population is taking place in every continent of the...

Book

29 Dec 2016

This book shows that global population ageing is an opportunity to improve the quality of human life rather than a threat to economic competitiveness and stability. It describes the concept of the creative ageing policy as a mix of the silver economy, the creative economy,...

Technical report

29 Dec 2016

The F.B.I. and Department of Homeland Security have released this report which details the ways that Russia acted to influence the American election through cyberespionage.

Guide

15 Dec 2016

In light of an increasing number of cybersecurity events, organizations can improve resilience by ensuring that their risk management processes include comprehensive recovery planning. Identifying and prioritizing organization resources helps to guide effective plans and realistic test scenarios. This preparation enables rapid recovery from incidents...

Research report

23 Dec 2016

The relationship between the consumption of alcohol and a range of violent crimes, including homicide, is overwhelmingly acknowledged by criminologists. Less is known about the specifics of this relationship—in particular, whether the worst alcohol related violence occurs in private, or in public settings such as...

Commentary

Article

29 Dec 2016

Australia is world-famous as a swimming nation. We have a celebrated beach culture, not to mention more privately owned pools per person than any other country. Yet few urban Australians would consider swimming in their city’s river.

Almost every major Australian city...

Commentary

Article

27 Dec 2016

You might think it’s cute to snap a photo of your toddler running around in a playground or having a temper tantrum, and then posting it on social media. But did you ever think it might be a mistake, or even illegal?

As adults,...

Commentary

Article

28 Dec 2016

South Australian Senator, Cory Bernardi, is said to be preparing to quit the Liberals and launch a new party. Perhaps. It is rumoured. The signs are there. And he would, apparently, be bankrolled by mining magnate, Gina Rinehart.

Bernardi appears to have drawn great...

Audio program

23 Dec 2016

Australia will have to prevent close to two years' worth of emissions from reaching the atmosphere if it's to meet the government's climate targets for 2030.

That's the view of environmental groups, based on the most recent emissions data just released by the federal...

Briefing paper

22 Dec 2016

Adequate information and support from caseworkers can assist in meeting the needs of a child or young person in OOHC and maintaining stability in a placement. This Evidence to Action Note outlines some key findings and issues related to the provision of casework support to...

Briefing paper

22 Dec 2016

Relationships between children and caregivers play an essential role in the development of a child’s health and wellbeing. This Evidence to Action Note outlines key findings related to carer parenting practices and the relationships between children, carers and their carer families, for children and young...

Briefing paper

22 Dec 2016

The childcare and early learning experiences of young children are important factors that influence their wellbeing outcomes. This Evidence to Action Note outlines key findings related to the childcare and early learning experiences of a group of children in OOHC in New South Wales aged...

Journal article

2 Jan 2013

Public policy based on a pro-work philosophy has encouraged the employment of people with disabilities. Using a national sample of 170 care recipient–caregiver cohabiting dyads, we investigated a model linking the care recipient's weekly work hours (0–45) to the psychological outcomes experienced by the care...

Journal article

15 Jul 2012

Employment relationships are increasingly personalized, with more employment conditions open to negotiation. Unfortunately, personalization may disadvantage members of some demographic groups. Women, in particular, routinely negotiate less desirable employment terms than men do. The gender gap in employment outcomes is frequently attributed to differences in...

Journal article

15 Jun 2016

Work–life practices are frequently suggested as a strategy for improving women's representation in management. We predicted that work–life practices would increase the proportion of women in management, but their impact would be most evident when the workforce gender composition makes gender stereotypes less salient. Hierarchical...

Journal article

15 Nov 2015

Organizations might benefit from maintaining relationships with former employees, who could be rehired later or encouraged to refer job applicants and customers. We integrate the management literature on voluntary resignations and the communication literature on relationship dissolution to explore how conversations between an exiting employee...

Research report

19 Oct 2016

The energy and carbon requirements of Building Regulations do not explicitly give credit for housing designs with lower heat loss areas or more efficient shapes. Yet through a better understanding of these issues, designers and developers can significantly reduce the energy consumption of new homes,...

Research report

21 Dec 2016

Earlier this year ASPI hosted a roundtable discussion on the strategic, technological and force structure adjustments that must be made so that the Australian Army can successfully adapt to the challenges, and exploit the opportunities, of cyberspace. The roundtable was a closed-door discussion under the...

Research report

15 Dec 2016

This document is a summary of ‘civil society’ engagement undertaken between 15 July and 30 August 2016 for the development of New Zealand’s second National Action Plan (NAP) for the Open Government Partnership (OGP). For the purposes of this project civil society was defined as...

Research report

22 Dec 2016

Recent evidence suggests households exposed to unaffordable housing include children, young people and their families. We know remarkably little, however, about the magnitude of this problem, and are only beginning to understand some of the ways these trends affect the childhoods and teen years of...

Research report

22 Dec 2016

Many households exposed to unaffordable housing include dependent children and young people (Rowley and Ong 2012; Stone et al 2013). We know remarkably little, however, about the magnitude of this problem, and are only beginning to understand some of the ways these trends affect the...

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

In my judgement, the overall conclusion to be reached is that New Zealand does regulatory statutes rather badly. They are insufficiently researched. They are not rigorously tested before being enacted. Nor are sufficient efforts made to find out how they worked in the real world....

Audio interview

21 Dec 2016

Book publishers are among a number of groups that have attacked a Productivity Commission report that recommends the federal government end restrictions on so-called parallel book imports before the end of next year.

The government asked the commission to look at the idea after...

Research report

20 Dec 2016

Data-driven marketing practices: Australian industry participants’ survey results report comprises the results of a survey commissioned by the ACMA to examine current data-driven marketing practices and trends.

Data-driven marketing and advertising includes any marketing communication that uses insights from data, including personal information,...

Research report

20 Dec 2016

This is the third piece of research to track the effectiveness of changes to the Telecommunications Consumer Protections (TCP) Code in 2012 and other outcomes of the ACMA’s Reconnecting the Customer inquiry. This research examines the effectiveness of the changes now that they have been...

Research report

20 Dec 2016

The NBN network (NBN) is an Australia-wide project to upgrade the existing fixed-line phone and internet network. Since 2009, NBN Co Limited (NBN Co)—a wholly Australian Government-owned company—has been tasked to build, design and operate Australia’s first national wholesale-only, open-access network.

Migrating to...

Research report

14 Dec 2016

5G means seamless connectivity. Ultra-fast and ultra-reliable, transmitting massive amounts of data at super low latency. It will support the ever increasing requirements of the existing network and new applications as unknowable today as the 4G services we take for granted would have been a...

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

Designing funding policies to serve all the local and regional councils in New Zealand is challenging. This article looks at some of the issues that arise, and some principles for addressing funding arrangements and for considering whether current local government funding arrangements are suited to...

Audio podcast

21 Dec 2016

This Media and Politics Podcast features insight and expertise from leading voices at the intersection of media, politics and public policy. Prominent journalists, editors and academics address topics such as the media industry, campaigns and politics, foreign policy, race and gender, and technology.

...

Website

19 Dec 2016

NiemanLab asked some of the smartest people in journalism and digital media what they think is coming in the next 12 months. Here’s what they had to say.

Research report

21 Dec 2016

The Australian Road Assessment Program (AusRAP) is an analysis of the major highways and motorways in Australia, as defined in the National Land Transport Network Determination 2014. Eligibility for assessment typically requires that a road have a speed limit of 90km/h or more, though some...

Commentary

Article

20 Dec 2016

The government still won’t acknowledge why the deficit isn’t going away, but it’s not too late to take some simple steps

THERE was a bit of pride and a bit of resignation in the way treasurer Scott Morrison and finance minister Mathias Cormann...

Journal article

1 Jan 2016

Law establishes a framework for making decisions about withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatment from adults who lack capacity. However, to what extent do doctors know and follow this law? This article reports on a three-year empirical study that sought to answer these questions. The research...

Journal article

1 Jan 2016

The law regulates many aspects of decision-making around the withholding and withdrawing of life-sustaining medical treatment from adults who lack decision-making capacity and are approaching the end of their lives. For example, it governs whether an adult’s advance directive is binding and applicable and, if...

Research report

7 Dec 2016

The St Vincent de Paul Society, in conjunction with Alviss Consulting, has been tracking changes to residential energy tariffs and reporting on household impacts since 2010.

Initially the Tariff-Tracking project only covered Victoria but has since expanded to include New South Wales, Queensland, South...

Research report

20 Dec 2016

Introduction

Prison authorities in Indonesia have had a few small successes in managing extremist prisoners, but overall, structural problems of the prison system and inadequate staff continue to defeat efforts at deradicalisation, disengagement and rehabilitation. Despite much donor funding aimed at improving prison...

Journal article

8 Dec 2016

Introduction

This article questions the ability of current market frameworks to instigate large-scale, long-term systemic change to generation and network patterns in Australia. Systemic change will need to take account of the legal frameworks of the National Electricity Market (‘NEM’) – a market...

Guide

1 Oct 2012

This guide is designed to act as a common starting point and as a useful reference during an eHealth project for the implementation team, clinical and business leads and interested parties from acute and primary care. It does not provide detailed technical or step-by-step guidance...

Research report

20 Dec 2016

Australia’s intellectual property (IP) arrangements fall short in many ways and improvement is needed across the spectrum of IP rights.

IP arrangements need to ensure that creators and inventors are rewarded for their efforts, but in doing so they must: − foster creative endeavour...

Research report

13 Dec 2016

Summary

This bulletin examines the numbers and rates of young people aged 10 and over who were in youth detention in Australia due to their involvement, or alleged involvement, in crime. It focuses on trends over the 4-year period from the June quarter...

Commentary

Article

16 Dec 2016

"Abolishing CDEP was a well-intentioned mistake and CDP is our attempt to atone for it.” So said Tony Abbott in a recent exchange with journalist Amos Aikman in the Australian. CDEP was the Community Development Employment Projects scheme, which replaced unemployment benefits in a growing...

Research report

13 Dec 2016

Executive summary

A stable and prosperous Pacific Islands region is essential for Australia’s security and foreign policy. Australia is investing significant amounts of aid in the development of the region with very mixed results. The economic, demographic, governance, and climatic challenges the Pacific...

Research report

19 Dec 2016

Examines the effect that the fall in tax revenue post Global Financial Crisis (GFC) had on the Commonwealth’s budget.

Summary This paper looks at the effect that the fall in tax revenue post Global Financial Crisis (GFC) had on the Commonwealth’s budget ....

Commentary

Article

14 Dec 2016

With around 470 staff, the JBS Meatworks is Bordertown’s biggest employer. Almost two-thirds of its workforce are migrants. But unlike the Filipinos who come as skilled employees on temporary 457 visas, many of the newer members of the company’s labour force are asylum seekers and...

Research report

19 Dec 2016

Executive summary

Australia and New Zealand should be natural military partners. But differences in their strategic outlooks and military priorities have sometimes placed limits on the extent of that partnership. Both countries published Defence White Papers in 2016 which suggest greater convergence in...

Research report

14 Dec 2016

Overview

What should the U.S. and its close allies do about China’s strategic expansion into the South China Sea?

Beijing now has overwhelming military, coast guard and maritime militia forces in this theatre and it has seized numerous reefs and dredged up...

Commentary

Article

16 Dec 2016

When a small group from a minority ethnic community gathers to protect its members from discrimination, who could not feel sympathy? An appeal for just such sympathy was issued on 14 December by Tetsuhide Yamaoka (also known as Tesshu Yamaoka), president of the Sydney-based Australia–Japan...

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

The emergence in the United States of large-scale “megaregions” centered on major metropolitan areas is a phenomenon often taken for granted in both scholarly studies and popular accounts of contemporary economic geography. This paper uses a data set of more than 4,000,000 commuter flows as...

Conference paper

19 Dec 2016

Abstract

This study compares the effect of the introduction and removal of the Australian Government Wholesale Funding Guarantee Scheme (WGS) on the funding costs and risk taking incentives of authorised deposit-taking institutions (ADIs). This government guarantee was introduced in the height of the...

Research report

19 Dec 2016

This report presents findings from Report 33.0 of the Australian Unity Wellbeing Index (AUWI), an annual measure of Australians’ perception and satisfaction with their life in Australia. The Index was developed in 2001 through partnership between Australian Centre on Quality of Life (Deakin University) and...

Journal article

12 Dec 2016

Abstract

Policymakers are interested in early-years interventions to ameliorate childhood risks. They hope for improved adult outcomes in the long run that bring a return on investment. The size of the return that can be expected partly depends on how strongly childhood risks...

Research report

19 Dec 2016

The Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook 2016-17 (MYEFO) has been prepared in accordance with the Charter of Budget Honesty Act 1998 . The Charter requires that the Government provide a mid-year budget report which provides updated information on the Government’s fiscal position.

Consistent with...

Research report

31 Oct 2015

This report proposes a scenario which identifies how to match land supply to expected demand for dwellings. It proposes one approach to preparing for a doubling of the population of Melbourne. It challenges the conventional view that most demand should be met in expanding outer...

Research report

17 Dec 2016

Abstract

Justice reinvestment is based on the premise that imprisonment is an expensive and largely ineffective way of reducing crime. Different versions of the concept have emerged but the original idea in the United States was that funding for prisons should be reduced...

Research report

15 Dec 2016

The Synergy Automotive Repairs Program (Synergy Program) is a diversionary social enterprise aimed at positively impacting the lives of young people involved in motor vehicle offending (e.g. theft, vandalism, hooning).

Research report

31 Jul 2016

This report has been prepared by a team of transport and planning experts at the Rail Futures Institute. It provides a blueprint for the next thirty years of regional rail development in Victoria, to support projected population growth. Our contention is that the challenges of...

Commentary

14 Dec 2016

Many trends on the horizon offer opportunities that could transform our cities. From self-driving vehicles and the sharing economy through to cloud computing and blockchain technologies, each of these trends is quite significant on its own. But the convergence of their disruptive forces is what...

Research report

15 Dec 2016

Frontline child protection work is highly stressful, emotionally taxing and, at times, can result in secondary trauma. Additionally, statutory child protection organisations consistently experience high turnover and staff shortages, creating adverse workplace cultures and extra stress for their workforce. Consequently, there is a growing recognition...

Conference paper

2 Jul 2016

The purpose of this paper and session is fourfold. Firstly, we outline an enduring educational and social problem, poor levels of literacy amongst some adults, including students in higher education, and a potential innovative solution – the gamification of literacy learning. The problem of literacy...

Discussion paper

2 Dec 2016

Does a world with more insecure work need to be a world of greater instability and fear? Are protectionism and nationalism appropriate responses? Are there alternative policy approaches which can bring people and communities together instead of driving them ever further apart?

With global...

Research report

15 Dec 2016

Almost 25% of all jurisdictional approaches to the Victorian Ombudsman are about local government. Members of the public who complain to the office sometimes express concern that decisions are being made ‘behind closed doors’ or ‘in secret’, presenting this as evidence to support their concerns....

Audio interview

16 Dec 2016

Disgraced former New South Wales Labor minister Eddie Obeid has spent his first night in jail.

Yesterday the former powerbroker was sentenced to five years in jail, with a minimum non-parole period of three years. In June, he was found guilty of misconduct in...

Research report

25 Nov 2016

The principles on which the NDIS is founded remain compelling and inspiring. Doubling the funding for disability support to rectify the chronic under-supply of services, choice and control for people with disability and their families, an insurance approach that focuses on early intervention and building...

Research report

12 Dec 2016

This report presents the results of evaluation of two block-funded carer support programs run by Anglicare Sydney – Support Coordination (SCP) and Respite Options (ROP). Evaluation data was collected over a number of years using entry and evaluation surveys, which incorporated several outcomes measures including...

Briefing paper

14 Dec 2016

This publication is the first of Infrastructure Australia’s Reform Series. It provides guidance to governments and the private sector on how value capture can be applied in the Australian context.

This advisory paper argues that value capture can work in Australia and should be...

Technical report

14 Dec 2016

Infrastructure Australia has scheduled the preparation of a value capture policy paper and has commissioned SGS Economics and Planning to provide a technical advice paper to inform the policy work.

IA’s brief requested a technical paper that will:

- Define the value capture...

Blog post

15 Dec 2016

Holidays are important. We dream about them. We plan them. We take them on our own, with family, and with friends. Paid holidays are among the greatest social achievements of workers, reformers and the labour movement. Paid annual leave democratises the holiday and allows millions...

Briefing paper

15 Nov 2016

Australia has, at various times, been viewed as a “workers’ paradise” and the land of the long-weekend, a place where workers enjoy high wages and people live an easygoing or laid back lifestyle. But the social advances that underpin these stereotypes were the result of...

Research report

13 Jun 2016

The digital economy is built on data—massive streams of data being created, collected, combined and shared—for which traditional governance frameworks and risk-mitigation strategies are insufficient. In the digital age, analyzing and acting on insights from data can introduce entirely new classes of risk. These include...

Policy

7 Oct 2016

On 2 December 1766 Sweden enacted what is regarded as the first freedom of information law. The most recent translation into English was made by Ian Giles and Peter Graves, Scandinavian Studies, University of Edinburgh, and released on 7 October 2016.

Evaluation

15 May 2016

Headspace aims to improve the mental health and social and emotional wellbeing of young people in Australia through the provision of evidence-based, integrated, youth-centred and holistic services. In January 2013, the Australian Government Department of Health (DoH) commissioned a consortium of researchers from the Social...

Research report

16 Dec 2016

This inquiry was established to assess issues related to home ownership in Australia, and potential policy responses by government.

A range of views on the challenges facing home buyers today were canvassed throughout this inquiry. The core issues related to the housing market inevitably...

Book review

11 Dec 2016

It has become a truism in national public policy discourse that Indigenous affairs are a classic ‘wicked’ problem. The issues and interests in scope are without question all-encompassing and include every level of the Australian federation, social/economic/environmental policy, debates about rights, responsibilities and welfare conditionality,...

Discussion paper

Submission

9 Sep 2016

Development of successful HEPPP programs takes time and commitment by each university, for this reason HEPPP resources should be reasonably predictable for universities so that they can develop and deliver quality programs and activities. While universities should be held accountable for their use of HEPPP...

Discussion paper

Submission

31 Jul 2015

DASSH supports the Program’s objectives set out on page 3 of the guidelines, especially in regard to the creation of “a wide range of quality arts and cultural experiences” as well as the focus on developing arts and cultural initiatives and on ensuring access to...

Research report

14 Dec 2016

The Australian Government has committed to provide $29.5 billion in equity funding to NBN Co Limited (NBN Co) for the rollout of the National Broadband Network (NBN) by 2020. The Government also recently agreed to provide NBN Co with a loan of $19.5 billion to...

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

This article addresses the evolution of New Zealans's capital city,Wellington over the last three decades, both in terms of its growth into digital and cultural markets but also the way in which it has been driven by New Public Management sensibilities.

The philosophy of...

Research report

14 Dec 2016

It is with great pleasure and pride that I introduce this second TCCI Tasmania Report to you. It is remarkable both in the quality of the data and the themes identified as well as the unique partnership that makes the funding of the report possible....

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

Auckland is a city-region under intense political pressure. Migration and development are transforming streetscapes and communities. Local government has to plan and budget for significant investments in infrastructure as the city grows, and there is no strategy that pleases all sectors of residents at once....

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

Dynamic is perhaps the most understated and least understood of all the terms used to describe New Zealand. Straddling an active plate boundary and surrounded by ocean, New Zealand has a spectacular and dynamic landscape formed by geological and meteorological events, but the management of...

Audio program

15 Dec 2016

Australia's Chief Scientist, Dr Alan Finkel, says he's confident the federal government will accept his advice when he delivers his review into the National Electricity Market next year. His preliminary report released last Friday said an emissions intensity scheme was the best way to address...

Audio program

14 Dec 2016

Australian women are significantly underrepresented in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) careers, with less than one in ten engineering graduates being female.

The Curious Minds program aims to address that, by matching promising high school students with women working in the STEM sector....

Annual Report

20 Oct 2016

Summer Foundation annual report for the 2015-2016 financial year.

Established in 2006, the key aim of the Summer Foundation is to change human service policy and practice related to young people in nursing homes. The Summer Foundation utilises a range of strategies to influence...

Journal

30 Nov 2016

Editorial note: Local government in New Zealand exists within a fairly well-defined narrative. New Zealand is the most centralised nation within the OECD. Central government is by far the dominant partner in the central-local relationship and recent innovations in local government have tended towards further...

Website

15 Dec 2016

Governments across Australia fund a range of services to support people who are homeless or at risk of homelessness. These services are delivered by non-government organisations including agencies specialising in delivering services to specific target groups (such as young people or people experiencing domestic and...

Other text

12 Dec 2016

Family violence needs to be understood within broader contexts as both a cause and effect of social disadvantage and intergenerational trauma, poor parenting, and substance misuse. It remains a critical social policy issue, placing a huge burden on communities, especially women and children.

Levels...

Guide

8 Dec 2016

Project Air Schools complements other initiatives such as NSW School-Link between NSW Health and the NSW Department of Education to recognise the unique opportunity that schools provide for early intervention and prevention of mental illness among young people.

Education staff have established relationships with...

Research report

11 Dec 2016

Cannabis has been consumed in Queensland in large amounts for many decades. However, consuming cannabis for recreational purposes is currently illegal. Queensland has the highest number of cannabis related arrests of any Australian state or territory, including for the past 15 years, with 23,850 arrests...

Research report

8 Dec 2016

Tobacco smoking is one of the largest single preventable causes of death and disease in Australia, and national smoking rates have been steadily declining due to effective public health strategies.

Yet in some local areas, smoking rates remain relatively high. This report presents adult...

Research report

8 Dec 2016

Overweight and obesity are important public health issues in Australia, as health problems related to excess body weight impact our health care system, as well as individuals, families and the community.

National statistics can’t always show the full extent of an issue. This report...

Statistics

15 Dec 2016

The aim of the Australian Infrastructure Statistics Yearbook is to provide a single, comprehensive annual source of infrastructure statistics for use by policymakers, industry leaders, transport analysts and the wider Australian community.

The publication is primarily a source of long-term, aggregate time series infrastructure...

Discussion paper

15 Dec 2016

The purpose of this Future Directions Paper is to provide a comprehensive overview of the regulatory environment in Victoria, how it relates to automated vehicles and our plans to make changes to the regulatory framework that will support the testing and development of highly automated...

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

Amateur photographs must fulfill specific standards if they are to be used in professional news media. These standards include news value, credibility, ethics and taste, as well as the technical and aesthetic quality of images. The research presented in this article explores the value of...

Research report

9 Dec 2016

People with intellectual disability face a range of challenges on their release from prison due both to their own needs and the complexity of the service delivery system, which can make effective service delivery difficult. This difficulty is exacerbated by the sometimes combative nature of...

Report

15 Dec 2016

In this analysis, Emeritus Professor Roger Scott and Adjunct Professor Ann Scott revisit Queensland's political history, arguing that the state has a long-standing tradition of accommodating ultra-conservative views within the political process.

At times this has taken place within the dominant Country/National Party and,...

Research report

14 Dec 2016

The vast majority of listed Australian fossil fuel companies fail to positively address the Oxford Martin School’s ‘Working Principles for Investment in Fossil Fuels’, thereby providing justification for divestment.

The Oxford Martin Principles provide investors with the “terms of engagement” on which they should...

Research report

14 Dec 2016

The AEMC’s annual report on household price trends looks at what is driving changes in the underlying cost components of household electricity bills. It analyses the competitive market sectors of wholesale generation and retail; the regulated networks sector; and price implications from government environmental policies....

Research report

9 Dec 2016

In 2015, the Australian Commonwealth Government committed to reducing Australia’s carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) emissions by 26 to 28 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030. As the electricity sector accounts for around one-third of Australia’s emissions, efforts to reduce economy-wide emissions efficiently will inevitably...

Commentary

Article

14 Dec 2016

To mitigate uncertainty and ensure consistent protection for journalists, Australia needs an all-encompassing, national shield law like New Zealand has.

Australia’s inferiority to leading democracies in ensuring press freedom and free flow of information is nothing new. But we can add failing to acknowledge...

Research report

14 Dec 2016

The research shows that while much has been achieved to improve housing management in remote Indigenous communities under the National Partnership Agreement on Remote Indigenous Housing (NPARIH) reforms, other areas require further development.

Housing standards and tenancy management have generally improved in the case...

Research report

1 Dec 2016

Building on existing Australian social statistics, Australia’s Social Pulse measures changes over time in key social indicators across a range of domains. It also uses statistical analysis to investigate associations between outcomes and community, household, and individual characteristics to provide an in-depth understanding of the...

Research report

13 Dec 2016

Australia’s charities deliver services, make grants, and perform a wide range of other activities to advance health, education, welfare, religious and other charitable causes. This report provides the most comprehensive record to date of charities registered with Australia’s charities regulator, the Australian Charities and Not-for-Profits...

Commentary

Article

12 Dec 2016

The government’s Broadcasting Legislation Amendment (Media Reform) Bill 2016 proposes cutting a rule that stops commercial TV networks from broadcasting to more than 75% of Australians. The House of Representatives passed the bill, which will now go to the Senate.

Labor has said it...

Journal article

14 Dec 2016

Mosquito-borne diseases caused by endemic pathogens such as Ross River, Barmah Forest and Murray Valley encephalitis viruses are an annual concern in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. More than a dozen mosquito species have been implicated in the transmission of these pathogens, with each mosquito...

Commentary

Article

14 Dec 2016

With accelerated decline in print advertising and an increasingly challenging digital advertising environment, we have to ask what news will look like after advertising.

Since the rise of the penny press in the United States in the 1830s, advertising has been a central source...

Commentary

Article

14 Dec 2016

This opinion-piece, from the Professor of Public Policy at Victoria University of Wellington, outlines ways the new Bill English-led Government could assist less well-off families in New Zealand. Considers income and wealth inequality and the need to reform public assistance for families. Refers to the...

Research report

7 Dec 2016

This research from UNESCO examines the importance of encryption as a means of protecting freedom of expression, privacy and other human rights in the fields of media and communications.

It provides detailed case studies of encryption in selected jurisdictions and analyzes interferences.

The...

Commentary

Article

13 Dec 2016

With Facebook coming under significant scrutiny for its perceived role in the US election as a conduit for fake news and hate speech, Leighton Andrews, Professor of Public Service Leadership and Innovation at Cardiff Business School, a former Welsh Government Minister and a former head...

Working paper

13 Dec 2016

UFB alone is not the path to success. Organise, you must.

We estimate whether there are productivity gains from ultrafast broadband (UFB) adoption and whether any gains are higher when firms undertake complementary organisational investments. Using an IV strategy based on proximity to schools...

Research report

13 Dec 2016

Introduction

About ACARA

The Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) is an independent authority focused on improving the learning of all young Australians through a national curriculum, the national assessment program and a national data collection and reporting program....

Research report

15 Oct 2016

Executive summary

The nature of work is changing. While our parents and grandparents could once expect to get a job directly out of high school and keep it for life, today’s workers cannot. Technology is partly to blame for this. Bill Gates has...

Discussion paper

12 Dec 2016

This is the second consultation document for the Elder Abuse Inquiry, in which the ALRC has been asked to consider existing Commonwealth laws and frameworks which seek to safeguard and protect older persons from misuse or abuse by formal and informal carers, supporters, representatives and...

Discussion paper

11 Dec 2016

Australia’s national energy landscape has been transformed since the creation of the National Electricity Market two decades ago. The rapid uptake of renewable technology and leaps forward in energy efficiency and storage have been game changers for generators, distributors, retailers and consumers of electricity. If...

Research report

20 Oct 2016

The Building and Construction Industry Code 2014 (the 2014 Code) will come into effect with the passing of the Building and Construction Industry (Improving Productivity) Bill 2014, which was first proposed under the Abbott Coalition Government and subsequently prosecuted by the Turnbull Coalition Government....

Research report

13 Dec 2016

This report shows that 473 people drowned in Australian waterways whilst participating in boating and watercraft activity over the past 10 years.

This report shows males accounted for 92% of all boating and watercraft related drowning deaths. This is even higher than the annual...

Research report

12 Dec 2016

The Equal Opportunity Commission (EOC) of South Australia was commissioned by South Australia Police (SAPOL) to undertake a review about the nature and the extent of sex discrimination, sexual harassment and predatory behaviour in SAPOL and make recommendations to address it.

All current SAPOL...

Research report

15 Sep 2016

Contemporary Australia is entering a new period of economic transition. The realities of an increasingly globalised international economy bring to Australia both great opportunities and great challenges. In ensuring that the benefits of a more connected global economy in Australia are realised, however, robust regulatory...

Research report

13 Dec 2016

In 2016 the Why Local Government Matters in South Australia research sought to investigate the value of local government to South Australians. The project was undertaken by the Centre for Local Government at the University of Technology Sydney with funding from the Research and Development...

Research report

9 Dec 2016

The Victorian Royal Commission into Family Violence (RCFV) envisaged a family violence system in which all universal services are enabled to engage in early interventions in family violence. Such a significant broad-based reform has major implications for organisations and their staff. This project scoped a...

Research report

7 Dec 2016

Summary

Diabetes (type 1 and type 2) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) can act as risk factors for other diseases such as coronary heart disease, stroke and dementia. The Australian Burden of Disease Study (ABDS) 2011 only reported on the direct burden of...

Research report

8 Dec 2016

Driving while affected by alcohol is a significant cause of road trauma in the community. Significant resources have been devoted to reducing the incidence of drink drinking, including ongoing enforcement efforts by Victoria Police. When Victoria Police officers are themselves detected driving in excess of...

Research report

13 Dec 2016

This report presents the findings of key investigations by the Independent Broad-based Anti-corruption Commission (IBAC) into serious police misconduct involving the use of illicit drugs, and broader consideration of Victoria Police’s systems and practices to detect and prevent illicit drug use by its officers. IBAC’s...

Conference paper

29 Sep 2016

In this paper, I introduce the concept of ‘big G’ and ‘small g’ gender to help conceptualise how actors in Victoria’s domestic and family violence (DFV) policy subsystem talk about and understand gender. Big G gender tends to be categorical, more fixed than fluid, and...

Other text

12 Dec 2016

CEDA welcomed AEMO Chair, Tony Marxsen, to share AEMO’s preliminary recommendations and observations from their analysis and investigations into the ‘Black System’ event in South Australia.

Research report

8 Dec 2016

AEMO has released its preliminary report into the South Australian separation event on 1 December 2016. The report states that at 0016 hrs (AEST) on 1 December 2016, a fault on the Moorabool to Tarrone 500kV transmission line in Victoria resulted in the South Australia...

Survey

7 Dec 2016

The Australian Sports Commission (ASC) has released initial findings of the most comprehensive national population tracking survey into sport and physical activity in Australia.

The report provides the sport sector with vital insights into participation for adults and children, the barriers to physical activity...

Briefing paper

13 Dec 2016

After some years of stasis, superannuation tax reform was back on the agenda in 2016. Not since the Howard-Costello changes in the 2006-07 Budget has there been such a substantial amount of superannuation reform. However, the 2016 changes go in the opposite direction of the...

Research report

9 Dec 2016

This study examined recidivism in an Australian correctional population. Three different groups of offenders were identified from their recidivism profiles: low-risk or slow recidivists, moderate-risk or delayed recidivists, and high-risk or rapid recidivists. Slow recidivists were more likely to be younger Indigenous men, with a...

Research report

9 Dec 2016

Temporary migrants play an important role in Australia’s workforce and student population. Little is known, however, about the migration mechanisms temporary migrants use and the associated risks these may involve.

This paper examines the role of migration brokers in alleged and finalised cases of...

Research report

7 Dec 2016

This report from Harvard Kennedy School’s Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy analyzes news coverage during the 2016 general election, and concludes that both Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump received coverage that was overwhelmingly negative in tone and extremely light on policy. The...

Technical report

13 Dec 2016

The Child Poverty Monitor and this Technical Report provide data on a set of indicators that assess aspects of child poverty in New Zealand and their implications for child wellbeing. In it are data on income and non-income measures of poverty, including measures that reflect...

Commentary

8 Dec 2016

In recent weeks, the amount of online fake news that circulated during the final months of the presidential race is coming to light, a disturbing revelation that threatens to undermine the country’s democratic process. We’re already seeing some real-world consequences. After fake news stories implicated...

Systematic review

30 Apr 2016

Multiple models of surrogacy exist internationally, each contributing different protections to surrogacy arrangements. Commercial surrogacy arrangements can be successfully managed without necessarily resulting in exploitation of, or harm to the involved parties. It is possible for Australians to engage in Cross Border Surrogacy (CBS) in...

Briefing paper

31 Aug 2016

The relationship between transport, economic and spatial development is known to occur in two main directions. Firstly, existing land use and economic developments drive demand for transport in terms of quantity, type, location and mode. Secondly, transport investments and other initiatives guide patterns and locations...

Audio program

10 Dec 2016

A prison on the mid-north coast of NSW (Kempsey) has for the first time brought in external designers to create spaces for intensive learning within its walls.

The project is being run by the Designing Out Crime Research Centre but how much impact can...

Commentary

Article

12 Dec 2016

The average housing costs of older (65-plus) outright homeowners in lone-person households were A$38 a week in 2013-14, the Australian Bureau of Statistics calculated, compared to $103 for older social housing tenants and $232 for older private renters.

Fortunately, over the last several decades...

Research report

5 Dec 2016

Australia’s unexplained wealth laws form part of a range of measures introduced in response to growing concern about the prevalence and impact of organised crime. The confiscation of criminal assets, including through the use of unexplained wealth legislation, seeks to undermine the business model of...

Research report

8 Dec 2016

This draft report examines the effectiveness of the multiple-regulator model in supporting a single national consumer policy framework, and invites feedback from the public.

This draft report was released on 8 December 2016. You are invited to examine the draft report and to make...

Research report

12 Dec 2016

Overview

France’s defence- and security-related activities in the Asia–Pacific are often underestimated, sometimes distorted or simply ignored. This paper surveys France’s growing presence in the Asia–Pacific from the Indochina War and efforts to resolve the Cambodian conflict, through to the country’s 21st century...

Presentation

6 Dec 2016

In her speech to the CSIRO-Monash Superannuation Research Cluster Conference 2016 in Melbourne, the Productivity Commission's deputy chair says evidence based research is a critically endangered beast.

Introduction

Good morning. And welcome to the 2016 CSIRO-Monash Superannuation Conference.

Today, you will...

Research report

6 Dec 2016

This draft report explores the future direction of a universal service obligation in an evolving telecommunications market.

This draft report was released on 6 December 2016. You are invited to examine the draft report and to make written submissions by Friday 20 January 2017...

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

This article looks at constitutional and contractual resolutions to central-local relations, looking to see in what ways each approach could benefit the power and autonomy of local councils.

Sir Geoffrey Palmer and Andrew Butler recently released their draft constitution for New Zealand, which joins...

Research report

7 Dec 2016

Overview

This report describes a range of modifiable vascular risk factors for dementia, and estimates their individual and combined contribution to the burden of dementia in Australia. Vascular risk factors in this study include smoking, physical inactivity, mid-life high blood pressure and mid-life...

Research report

12 Dec 2016

Preliminary results from Australia’s first on-road vehicle emissions test program cast doubt over the relevance of laboratory testing and suggest consumers are commonly being misled.

Commissioned by the Australian Automobile Association (AAA), the test results also suggest forthcoming national emissions reduction regulations may be...

Research report

12 Dec 2016

Overview

Collecting tax is one of the key means by which governments are able to address poverty. But big business is dodging tax on an industrial scale, depriving governments across the globe of the money they need to address poverty and invest in...

Book

8 Dec 2016

Overview

Since 1940, when an Australian legation was established in Washington DC, Australian governments have expected much from their representatives in the American capital. This book brings together expert analyses of those who have served as heads of mission and of the challenges...

Briefing paper

12 Dec 2016

The Research to Practice Series links the findings of research undertaken by the Institute of Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University, to the development of policy and practice in the area of child, youth and family welfare.

This release, Issue 13, presents the key...

Briefing paper

12 Dec 2016

The Research to Practice Series links the findings of research undertaken by the Institute of Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University, to the development of policy and practice in the area of child, youth and family welfare. This issue presents the key findings from the...

Research report

9 Dec 2016

This Independent Review into the Future Security of the National Electricity Market Preliminary Report identifies the complex forces driving a rapid transition across the electricity sector.

It seeks input on key questions to navigate the transition in line with consumer expectations for a secure...

Research report

18 Nov 2016

A universal basic income (UBI) is a payment made to all adult individuals that allows people to meet their basic needs. Debates over basic income proposals have moved from the fringe to mainstream newspapers.

Executive summary

A universal basic income (UBI) is...

Briefing paper

9 Dec 2016

ECCV is the peak policy advocacy organisation for ethnic and multicultural groups in Victoria and consults with communities when their voices are not heard in the policy process.

In October 2016 ECCV consulted with culturally diverse actors, writers, directors and stage professionals in partnership...

Research report

8 Dec 2016

This report provides an update to the previous Climate Council report on bushfire risk and NSW and the ACT.

We begin this report by describing the background context of fire and its history in NSW and the ACT. We then outline the link between...

Research report

9 Nov 2016

The children’s education and care sector in Australia continues to show growth and quality improvement under the National Quality Framework (NQF), according to new data released by the Australian Children’s Education and Care Quality Authority (ACECQA).

Over 80 per cent of education and care...

Research report

9 Dec 2016

This report reveals that individuals who experience multiple, cross-sector services in the specialist homelessness, protection or youth justice service areas are a particularly vulnerable group. Clients experiencing 2 or more of these services were more likely than specialist homelessness services-only clients: to report having substance...

Research report

9 Dec 2016

CIFR’s mission has been to promote the vibrancy, resilience and integrity of the Australian financial system through research, education and engagement.

Between 2012 and 2016 CIFR funded and facilitated the completion of 73 research projects addressing important issues impacting the Australian financial system across...

Commentary

Article

9 Dec 2016

Until recently, it was generally accepted that urban transport and land development needed to be planned in an integrated way, having regard to what city future was desired. Transport infrastructure investment would then help to achieve that city future.

While city planning was once...

Research report

22 Nov 2016

The Victorian Law Reform Commission’s report on the role of victims of crime in the criminal trial process was tabled in the Victorian Parliament on 22 November 2016.

The victim’s role has evolved over the past three decades and the report takes an evolutionary...

Research report

30 Jul 2014

“How can industry establish and maintain a strong culture of research and development and higher education training in HVAC&R?” There is a significant need for leadership, a strategic agenda and good communications between industry and researchers. These are the core findings of a “HVAC&R R&D”...

Research report

7 Dec 2016

Despite the ever-escalating cost of health posing severe fiscal sustainability challenges, health reform has been dumped even more firmly in the politically too-hard basket since the ‘Mediscare’ federal election. A politically-feasible reform strategy is required to catalyse much-needed innovation in the health sector and deliver...

Research report

13 Sep 2016

I was appointed on 11 February 2016 by the Hon Tony Grant MP, Minister for Police and Emergency Services, to review aspects of the amendments (the Amendments) made to the Liquor Regulation 2008 (NSW) by the Liquor Amendment Act 2014 (the Amendment Act).

The...

Report

30 Sep 2013

AIRAH conducted a short and informal survey on activity within the HVAC&R research space in Australia and received 57 responses.

This report provides the survey results and a snapshot of the HVAC&R research activity as at 2013.

Research report

7 Dec 2016

This report is the first output from Phase 3 of Transforming Housing. Its purpose is to establish the framework for action over the ensuing three years.

The purpose of this report is to propose a series of clear and measurable responses to the burgeoning...

Report

5 Dec 2016

A position paper from Australian Institute of Refrigeration Air Conditioning and Heating (AIRAH) detailing their positions on resilience, sustainability, compliance, refrigerant transition and innovation & research in the HVAC&R industry.

Research report

4 Dec 2016

A 15 per cent loan fee on all new tertiary education lending could save the Commonwealth $700 million a year and make the Higher Education Loan Program more affordable for government. The fee would help to offset the government’s interest costs, while being fair to...

Discussion paper

6 Dec 2016

The P2L Summit brought together 23 teams of university library and press directors with an administrative relationship (typically the press reporting to the library—“P2L”) on May 9–10, 2016, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Convened by the Association of Research Libraries (ARL), the Association of American University Presses...

Working paper

2 Dec 2016

This study uses fixed effects panel regression techniques to estimate the impact of foreign demand for Australian residential real estate on property prices. All model specifications find a positive relationship between foreign investment approvals and price growth at the postcode level, but the majority of...

Literature review

1 Dec 2016

This report aims to review the literature available on what works to help people to make the complicated choice to become a home-based carer, and on the evidence regarding retention of these carers for children in out-of-home care.

Databases and sources of grey literature...

Audio program

7 Dec 2016

After years of 'open government' reforms being closed down - or shelved - the Turnbull Government is due to release a National Action Plan to coincide with an international summit on open government this week.

The plan is required for membership of the global...

Research report

8 Dec 2016

The 2016 NGFR provides insights into the increasingly complex interdependencies between the gas and electricity sectors and the relationship between Australia’s energy demand and growing links to the international gas sector.

The gas forecasts continue to be dominated by gas demand to supply liquefied...

Research report

5 Dec 2016

The rapid growth of the internet is transforming how we engage and communicate. It also creates new opportunities for fraud and data theft. One way cybercriminals exploit the vulnerabilities of new technologies and potential victims is the use of deceptive emails on a massive scale....

Research report

5 Dec 2016

How best to respond to and manage intoxicated offenders is a concern shared by policing agencies across Australia. Intoxicated offenders present additional behavioural and health risks during their interaction with police. These risks may result in harm to the officers, the offender or the community....

Research report

5 Dec 2016

The number of prisoner-on prisoner homicides has dropped considerably since 1998 and remained consistently low over the last decade. Although not common, prisoner-on prisoner homicides generally receive considerable public attention.

This paper builds on previous AIC research, analysing the circumstances and nature of homicides...

Research report

7 Dec 2016

This report seeks to provide a 10-year update of what it could mean for New Zealand’s criminal justice system to look Beyond the Prison Gate . It is released on the cusp of 2017, a year of particular significance because it marks the deadline for...

Research report

5 Dec 2016

The growing use of online and cloud services in the community means electronic evidence is moving beyond the physical jurisdiction of Australian law enforcement agencies. This paper looks at the legal and technical issues inherent in collecting electronic evidence from online and cloud services. The...

Research report

8 Dec 2016

This report examines the response to, and lessons learnt from, recent fires in remote Tasmanian wilderness affecting the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area.The introductory chapter outlines the history and effect of the bushfires that occurred in the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area (TWWHA) in early...

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

This article considers public consultation in the context of New Zealand local government. Although by international standards New Zealand possesses a rich culture of citizen engagement and public consultation (OECD, 2015), the quality of consultation presents itself as a problem to local government, as their...

Research report

16 Nov 2016

Identity crime provides a foundation for many other forms of serious crime. Fraudulent identities may be used for money laundering, tax evasion, dealing in stolen motor vehicles, or to protect the true identities of organised crime members.

In addition to facilitating the commission of...

Audio program

8 Dec 2016

There's been a long and chequered history of decentralisation in Australia—indeed it goes back at least as far as 50 years, with Gough Whitlam campaigning on the issue back in 1966.

The push to move our workforces out of the cities and to the...

Commentary

Article

7 Dec 2016

There are some policy issues that are complex and difficult to resolve. Some problems aren’t easily understood, and even if policy makers and leaders understand them, there are no easy answers. Politicians will always have a difficult job balancing the needs of different groups in...

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

The local government system in Western Australia has two unique characteristics. It is the only state in Australia where there has not been significant reform of the sector. In addition, it is the only state where legislation contains binding provisions for a poll of electors...

Journal article

30 Nov 2016

The theme of this article is current developments in community governance (see, for example, Rolfe, 2016), but it comes with a warning: this is an area where definitions are extremely difficult and it is easy to become distracted by semantics, rather than focused on the...

Video

17 Nov 2016

Henry Halloran Trust director Prof. Peter Phibbs recently visited New York city where he compared how the issues of housing affordability we face in Sydney are dealt with in America's most populous city. The trust has released a video documenting Prof. Phibb's account of the...

Audio presentation

30 Nov 2016

This public lecture discussed the draft Central Sydney Planning Strategy 2012-2036. The strategy revises previous planning controls and attempts to deliver on the City of Sydney’s Sustainable Sydney 2030 program. The Strategy is the product of the most detailed review of city centre planning controls...

Research report

6 Dec 2016

Australian cities are orphans. Responsibilities for management of their economy (in terms of taxation, planning, infrastructure provision, regulation and economic development) fall between all tiers of government. Official statistics tend not to recognise the importance of cities, with economic data often not published at that...

Research report

6 Dec 2016

The Review Panel’s Terms of Reference require it to examine whether changes to the current external dispute resolution (EDR) framework in the financial sector are needed to deliver effective outcomes for users in a rapidly changing and dynamic financial system. As the impact of financial...

Article

7 Dec 2016

Nanotechnology is a broad term used in science to describe anything that is less than 100 nanometers in size. A nanometer is one-billionth of a meter. Nanotechnology is being used in all areas of science, including medicine. Some of the ways in which tiny, molecular...

Journal article

1 Dec 2016

Environmental building is a term used to describe the building of structures using local materials and with an eye towards integrating natural systems, landscapes, weather patterns, and color tones. A popular construction material in such projects is mud, which has been used in a variety...

Commentary

Article

7 Dec 2016

Declared donations and payments to Australian political parties are about to top $1 billion, a new analysis of data shows. But the true figure could be triple that because donations under $13,200 do not have to be declared.

The current funding and disclosure scheme...

Audio program

6 Dec 2016

The Royal Commission into the Protection and Detention of Children in the Northern Territory has been told Aboriginal people need to be given control of corrections system reforms.

The author of a scathing report about the Territory's corrections system has finished his second day...

Research report

7 Dec 2016

As Acting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner and Deputy Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice Commissioner, we are pleased to present the Social Justice and Native Title Report 2016.

This is the seventh and final report during the term of...

Research report

14 Jun 2013

The 2013 Digital News Report provides compelling evidence about the growing number of ways of consuming news and, in particular, the speeding up of the mobile and tablet revolution.

It also documents the ways in which people are paying for news, the growing number...

Research report

12 Jun 2014

The Reuters Institute Annual Digital News Report reveals new insights about digital news consumption based on a representative survey of online news consumers conducted by YouGov. The 2014 report includes 10 countries; the UK, US, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Finland, Urban Brazil, Japan and Denmark....

Strategy

6 Dec 2016

The Draft Transport Operations Plan for the Gold Coast 2018 Commonwealth Games (GC2018) has been released for public comment until 28 February 2017.

In the Draft Transport Operations Plan, you will find Games-time travel options for spectators, Games workforce, visitors, residents, businesses and freight...

Other text

16 Nov 2016

In the increasingly challenging and dynamic operational and strategic environments in which organisations are required to function, there may be a quite natural temptation to fit the needs of organisational resilience (OR) to the organisation by incoherently using a blend of existing functions and based...

Research report

16 Jun 2015

The Digital News Report 2015 reveals new insights about digital news consumption based on a representative survey of online news consumers conducted by YouGov. The 2015 report includes 12 countries; the UK, US, Germany, France, Ireland, Italy, Spain, Denmark, Finland, Urban Brazil, Japan and Australia....

Commentary

Article

6 Dec 2016

In this article, Will Oremus considers the challenges that the media face combatting misinformation since the 2016 US Presidential race, amid the "thornier" issues such as bias, sensationalism, and the problem of objectivity. He argues that lumping these issues together under the banner of fake...

Research report

23 Oct 2015

Each year, the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism tracks user trends in online news across multiple countries. This supplementary report focuses on six new European countries, and is an addition to the 2015 Digital News Report. Our findings are unparalleled in breadth and...

Commentary

Article

7 Dec 2016

Internet and broadband connectivity are the foundation of the networked economy. But to ensure the benefits of the networked economy are evenly distributed, the Australian government needs to ensure access to the internet to encourage and support innovation.

A recent report from SGS Economics...

Research report

7 Apr 2016

Traditional television viewing is falling, and the rapid rise of online video viewing continues. If television news providers fail to respond to these profound shifts in how people use media, they risk eventually becoming irrelevant, a new report from the Reuters Institute for the Study...

Research report

3 Nov 2016

Back to the Future is the eighth report in the Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre’s Focus on Western Australia series. Using the latest data available, this report examines recent changes in the state’s economic trends following the tailing off of the resources boom. It identifies the...

Research report

7 Dec 2016

Youth unemployment is a growing concern in Australia, with the unemployment rate for those aged 15 to 24 more than twice the national figure (BSL, 2016). Additionally, economic changes are radically changing job opportunities through globalisation, automation and more flexible work (FYA, 2016), highlighting the...

Blog post

2 Dec 2016

This blog post discusses some of the key challenges facing public broadcasting in the UK and across Europe including the pace of technological change; the emergence of powerful new producers and platforms; shifts in consumption habits and a far more competitive advertising market; Brexit; the...

Briefing paper

7 Dec 2013

Systematic reviews provide a vital tool for policy makers and practitioners to find what works, how it works – and what might do harm. Whether it is policing, teaching, social care or any other area of social policy, reviews can inform us about what is...

Research report

11 Oct 2016

Are digital and social media fuelling a more partisan, less rational political discourse? With more people relying on social media for news, both the Brexit result in the UK and the rise of Donald Trump in the US have raised concerns around the growth of...

Research report

6 Dec 2016

The purpose of this research is to examine the complex interplay on the Internet between the right to freedom of expression (and information), transparency, and the right to privacy, which is further complicated by the competing interests of stateholders including the State, Internet users, ICT...

Strategy

7 Dec 2016

This National Action Plan sets out the initial steps the federal government will take in pursuit of the aim to improve and build confidence in Australian institutions and strengthen our democracy, by upholding the principles in the Open Government Declaration to:

• promote transparency,...

Research report

1 Jun 2013

Utilising an internationally validated framework, the Regional Universities Network (RUN) undertook a study to assess and report on the member universities’ social, cultural, environmental and economic contributions to their regions and the nation.

The study found substantive evidence of the positive performance of the...

Research report

5 Dec 2016

Summary

This report provides an update on the health services provided by Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHS), using data from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare's Online Services Report (OSR) data collection and the national Key Performance Indicators (nKPIs) for Aboriginal...

Research report

5 Dec 2016

Summary

This report details the outcomes of a project undertaken by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare on behalf of the New South Wales Department of Education, Aboriginal Affairs to provide an overview of frameworks that describe Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander...

Fact sheet

6 Dec 2016

Overview

Monitoring progress in reducing the impact of diabetes and its complications is relevant to 2 goals of the Australian National Diabetes Strategy 2016–2020.

This fact sheet provides the most recent available data on hospitalisations for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in Australia, based...

Briefing paper

2 Dec 2016

Introduction

On the 10th of November the Australian Government ratified the Paris Agreement to significant media coverage. At the same time the Government also ratified the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol, which states Australia’s intention to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions between...

Journal article

15 Apr 2016

The Secretariat of National Aboriginal and Islander Child Care has reported that, unless new approaches are adopted in child protection, "we risk another stolen generation".

Research report

30 Nov 2016

What is this paper about?

This is the first in a series of papers from Infrastructure Victoria’s research program on improving the way government undertakes project appraisal. The focus of this research is to improve the government’s ability to more consistently assess the...

Survey

6 Dec 2016

Between June and September 2016, over 17,000 people in 16 countries were asked to share their views on a range of issues relating to war.

Key findings

People living in countries affected by war believe the law matters. Over two thirds of...

Research report

6 Dec 2016

Each year we encourage Australians aged 15-19 to ‘speak up’ about the issues that really concern them through Australia’s largest online youth survey. In 2016 we had nearly 22,000 respondents and the survey revealed that more than half of young people believe there are barriers...

Research report

6 Dec 2016

Indigenous employment has grown by 30% among Business Council member companies since 2014, this report shows.

Key findings

At least 20,000 Indigenous Australians are working at Business Council companies $355,776,619 spent with Indigenous enterprises $40,064,000 contributed towards Indigenous education initiatives 77,920 pro...

Journal article

5 Dec 2016

Abstract

This paper reviews evaluations of post-disaster recovery efforts. The focus is on operational material and other ‘grey literature’ from disasters that have occurred in Australia, New Zealand and internationally. We develop a typology that categorises disaster events and includes whether evaluations were...

Research report

6 Dec 2016

This report has been publicly released following a two year work program involving hundreds of stakeholders, an evidence base of 19 expert reports and unprecedented analysis of energy system outcomes to 2050.

The report identifies integrated measures which can achieve a positive energy future...

Research report

12 Feb 2016

The quality of people’s lives - their incomes, their work-life balance, their health, the environment in which they live, and their access to opportunities, can be broadly categorised into economic, social and environmental dimensions. Of course these aspects are intertwined and are not separate silos....

Research report

6 Dec 2016

Overview

Established in 1993, the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) is the premier Track Two organization in the Asia Pacific region and counterpart to the Track One processes dealing with security issues, namely, the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), the...

Research report

23 Nov 2016

The Measuring the Information Society Report, which has been published annually since 2009, features key ICT data and benchmarking tools to measure the information society, including the ICT Development Index (IDI). The IDI 2016 captures the level of ICT developments in 175 economies worldwide and...

Research report

2 Dec 2016

The report documents how the move to an increasingly digital, mobile, and social media environment mean that internet users have access to more and more information from more and more sources, increasing the opportunities most people have to use diverse sources and encounter different perspectives....

Strategy

5 Dec 2016

The roadmap sets out Australia’s national research infrastructure priority areas for the coming decade. These priorities will support areas of research, science and innovation in areas where Australia excels, can deliver the greatest long-term national benefit and foster strategic international partnerships.

The recommendations and...

Research report

1 Dec 2016

As we move from a world of information scarcity to one of abundance, a key question is how publishers and brands can attract attention and build habit. This is a pressing issue on the smartphone, where consumers spend the majority of time with a handful...

Presentation

5 Dec 2016

Abstract

Religious liberty is central to the Australian way of life. It is enshrined in the Australian Constitution. But it is not the only freedom that matters. There is a rising tension between accommodating differing freedoms in 21st century Australia. The changing face...

Research report

6 Dec 2016

In this report, we examine twelve digital-born news media organisations across four different European markets: France, Germany, Spain, and the UK. The organisations covered include a mixture of domestic for-profit, domestic non-profit, and international players. We find that ...

First, that European digital-born news...

Research report

29 Mar 2016

How are public service media services delivering news in an increasingly digital environment? And what action do they need to take to remain competitive in a fast-evolving global digital landscape?

A new Reuters Institute report looks at how public service news organisations in six...

Research report

3 Nov 2016

In local communities, the civically engaged – the people who vote, volunteer and connect with those around them – play a key role in community life. Thus, how and to what degree they stay informed about their communities carries added weight.

A new study...

Commentary

Article

4 Dec 2016

Of all Australia’s public health initiatives, our gun control laws are perhaps the most widely recognised and cited with pride. Yet they also contain the seed of their own destruction.

John Howard's post-Port Arthur National Firearms Agreement brought with it an unintended public safety...

Research report

1 Dec 2016

Overview

The Afghanistan: Lessons from Australia’s Whole-of-Government Mission Report , commissioned by the Department of Defence, in coordination with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the Australian Federal Police, outlines the strengths, good practices and challenges of Australia’s mission in Afghanistan...

Research report

1 Dec 2016

Summary

How much elective surgery was provided?

In 2015–16, Australia's public hospitals admitted almost 712,000 patients from elective surgery waiting lists (as either elective or emergency admissions). Data for 2015–16 for the Australian Capital Territory were not available at the time...

Research report

2 Dec 2016

Summary

The aim of this report is to describe cases of burn injury requiring hospitalisation in Australia from 1 July 2013 to 30 June 2014. While burn injuries make up a small fraction (1%) of all hospitalisations for injury, they are often the...

Research report

2 Dec 2016

While Indonesia under Jokowi can be expected to continue to take unilateral action to reinforce the Indonesian position around the Natuna Islands, Jokowi has not played an active diplomatic role on the broader South China Sea issue. In the longer term, Indonesia is better off...

Research report

5 Dec 2016

Foreword

The Australian Government asked the Commission to investigate whether the efficiency and effectiveness of human services could be improved by introducing greater competition, contestability and informed user choice. The inquiry is to be undertaken in two parts. The first part is the...

Research report

28 Nov 2016

Abstract

The Australian Bureau of Statistics estimates consumer fraud costs Australians $1.4b per year. Advances in technology allow fraudsters to reach an increasing number of potential victims. Age has long been considered a potential factor in the risk of victimisation; however, it remains...

Research report

2 Dec 2016

Abstract

Drinking among young adult users of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) during episodes of ecstasy and methamphetamine use is reported to have a number of possible functions, such as mitigating the unwanted effects of the drugs, enhancing intoxication and pleasure, and increasing drinking capacity....

Research report

30 Jun 2015

The Confidential Listening and Assistance Service (the Service) was established in 2008 to provide a confidential and supportive forum for people who experienced abuse or neglect during their time in New Zealand State care in residential special education, health and welfare sectors before 1992....

Research report

30 Nov 2016

Overview

This special report examines how government, business and the community in four nations share information about organised crime. Its key finding is that the Australian Government, businesses and community as a whole must be open to new kinds of information sharing partnerships....

Research report

8 Sep 2016

This New Zealand Cabinet paper is the Government’s response to the recommendations made in the final report of the Confidential Listening and Assistance Service. It provides a consolodated list of the actions taken by agencies to address each of the seven recommendations:

Note this...

Research report

28 Nov 2016

On 13 October 2016, the Senate referred the following matter to the Environment and Communications References Committee for inquiry and interim report by 28 November 2016 and final report by 1 February 2017 :

the experience of closures of electricity generators and other large...

Audio podcast

1 Dec 2016

Overview

An interview with Vidhya Ramalingam and Ross Frenett about countering violent extremism (CVE), which refers to non-coercive efforts to help prevent involvement in terrorism.

Ross and Vidhya previously worked for organisations such as the Institute for Strategic Dialogue and Google Ideas....

Article

5 Dec 2016

Introduction

New Zealand Prime Minister John Key’s surprise resignation announcement has brought the curtain down on a political career that can only described as astonishingly successful. Still hugely popular in the second half of his third term, Key has displayed a remarkable ability...

Book

4 Dec 2016

How Change Happens also sheds light on why the relationships between such activists are often fraught. People bring their own worldviews to the question of change. Do we prefer conflict (‘speaking truth to power’) or cooperation (‘winning friends and influencing people’)? Do we see progress...

Research report

30 Nov 2016

The report identifies that the strongest performance results are achieved by businesses that innovate repeatedly. They outperform other businesses in terms of sales, value added, employment and profit growth.

Compared with non-innovative businesses, innovative businesses have reported:

3 times more jobs/positions 1.4 times...

Research report

25 Nov 2016

The Productivity Commission has finalised its comprehensive framework to assess the efficiency and competitiveness of Australia's $2 trillion superannuation system.

The superannuation system is large, complex and has broad reach. This means even small system improvements can offer significant financial benefits to Australian workers,...

Submission

31 Aug 2015

The current research training system (RTS) seems to be working reasonably well, producing high quality and innovative researchers in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities (ASSH). One challenge that the sector faces is ensuring the appropriateness of Higher Degree by Research (HDR) scholarship, for those...

Discussion paper

2 Dec 2016

The Community Development Programme (CDP) is a remote-area Work for the Dole scheme that principally affects Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The program is billed by the government as 'helping people find work, and allowing them to contribute to their communities and gain skills...

Research report

1 Dec 2016

The American Association of University Professors (AAUP), the College Media Association (CMA), the National Coalition Against Censorship (NCAC), and the Student Press Law Center (SPLC) have released a report, Threats to the Independence of Student Media , shining a light on threats to student media...

Strategy

18 Aug 2016

Transport technology (both internationally and in Australia) is changing rapidly, bringing with it many potential benefits for our transport networks. These benefits include improved transport productivity, more efficient use of existing infrastructure, reduced congestion and avoided deaths and injuries.

Governments, industry and research institutions...

Research report

1 Dec 2016

I am pleased to present my fourth annual Children’s Rights Report as the National Children’s Commissioner. This report details how I have fulfilled my statutory functions, outlined in Section 46MB of the Australia Human Rights Commission Act 1986 (Cth) (the Act) during the 2015-16 period....

Conference paper

4 Dec 2015

This paper assesses the need for education services in the mining communities through a case study of the Moura Township in central Queensland, Australia. The study involves a case study approach with a survey method to assess the current performance and the need for education...

Conference paper

4 Dec 2015

During the 1990s, the devastating outcomes of the economic restructuring on several regions and key sectors such as the agriculture and livestock prompted countries such as Colombia to undertake an aggressive program of value chain-based development policies and partnerships including its decentralization to the regions....

Conference paper

4 Dec 2015

With a dominant focus of economic rationality in development and management operations, interpretations of sustainable development have limited capacity to account for the contribution of social sustainability. This paper examines commitment to and accountability for social sustainability in Australian local government from the perspective of...

Research report

22 Nov 2016

This report sets out the results of the audit of the State of Victoria’s Annual Financial Report for 2015–16 and provides commentary on the financial outcomes and position achieved by the state and the general government sector.

Conference paper

4 Dec 2015

Local government plays a vital role in providing infrastructure, services and employment to rural and regional communities. Indeed, threats to the fiscal viability of regional councils may well jeopardise the sustainability of an entire community. In December 2013 the New South Wales (NSW) Minister for...

Conference paper

4 Dec 2015

The paper addresses the influence of regional factors on value chain-based development strategies. First, it elaborates on the development trajectory of the regions included in the study. Second, the main elements of the territorial embedding of value chains are discussed to put in context the...

Research report

30 Nov 2016

This monograph provides a detailed summary of how Australian firms report their financial performance. While applicable standards within Generally Accepted Accounting principles (GAAP) have increasingly restricted the ability to exclude certain components from the calculation of periodic income, we observe a consistent growth in the...

Conference paper

4 Dec 2015

The realities of subgroups of regional small businesses (regional-SBs) are essential for proper policy process but are under-researched. This study explores and seeks to reduce the aforementioned gap. Firm-and-manager-specific attributes of regional-SBs (drawn from a sample of 500 Australian regional-SBs) are evaluated to determine if...

Conference paper

4 Dec 2015

This paper reports on research which follows the difficult process of farm families preparing for and subsequently leaving farming. The period of exit covers the millennium drought of 2000-2010 in four case study areas in Victoria, Australia. It is concerned with families still of working...

Conference paper

4 Dec 2015

This paper extends previous studies (O’Malley, (2011, 2012a, 2012b) of the effects of local transaction services on regional incomes by using linear regression and correlation analysis to investigate relationships between income, the transaction services industries, the remaining transformation industries, and remoteness in the 140 functional...

Discussion paper

31 Mar 2016

Five years after introducing a generic national consumer law, the federal, state and territory governments are seeking the views of the Australian community on how the Australian Consumer Law is operating in practice.

Your feedback on this Issues Paper will be a key component...

Research report

13 Oct 2016

The review of the Australian Consumer Law (ACL) formally commenced on 31 March 2016 with the release of an Issues Paper. A call for submissions to the Issues Paper closed on 27 May 2016 and non-confidential submissions are available on this website.

An Interim...

Audio podcast

Article

2 Dec 2016

Networking and collaboration are becoming increasingly important for addressing the complex challenges in many social sectors – to help build capacity and create momentum for change.

Since 2014, SVA has convened a network of schools in disadvantaged communities to share and collaborate to improve...