February 2017

Guide

15 Feb 2017

This tool has been designed to help policy practitioners articulate their policy skills profile. It can be used:

When applying for jobs To support conversations with your manager (or others) about your development and training needs and your policy career progression

Templates are provided...

Strategy

20 Feb 2017

The Mental Health and Addiction Workforce Action Plan is part of an outcomes approach. It contributes to achieving the vision of the New Zealand Health Strategy. For mental health and addiction, this means enabling people to thrive and experience wellbeing wherever they live and whatever...

Research report

21 Feb 2017

Summary

Approximately 6 percent of people who were allocated Ministry-funded disability support and services in 2016 identified as Pacific peoples. Yet, overall, Pacific disabled people remain under-represented in disability support services. Factors that contribute to this under-representation include: a limited choice of culturally...

Audio podcast

14 Feb 2017

Facebook dominates any conversation about media in 2017. Whether it's an examination of its role in disseminating journalism, its status as a vector for 'fake news' or its position as one of the digital advertising duopoly, it's an unmissable feature of the media landscape. In...

Research report

20 Feb 2017

The 2017 edition of A4AI’s annual Affordability Report, released 20 February 2017, examines the state of policy progress toward affordable internet across 58 low and middle-income countries. The report finds that, despite having pledged to achieve affordable, universal internet access, governments are failing to back...

Research report

28 Feb 2017

This report looks at how news organisations are creating innovative editorial formats and seeking commercial opportunities ‘beyond the article’. The report and analysis are based primarily on case studies discussed in interviews conducted between December 2016 and January 2017 with startup founders, senior editorial leaders,...

Research report

28 Feb 2017

Based on a survey conducted in 2016, the data in this study reveals that the small-to-medium (S2M) visual arts sector employs over 2,000 people, puts $100 million into the economy and produces 26,000 new art works each year - with a budget worth just 0.03%...

Other text

7 Oct 2016

This legal opinion on fiduciary duties and climate change was commissioned for a business roundtable attended by senior business leaders, fund managers, legal experts and regulators in Melbourne in October 2016.

It discusses the duty of care and diligence, climate change risk and how...

Research report

1 Mar 2017

Provides detailed information about the experiences of care for women during various stages of the maternity journey, highlighting where NSW performs well, and potential areas for improvement.

Key Findings:

1) A statewide survey of 4,739 women who gave birth in a NSW...

Submission

12 Aug 2016

South Australia’s business community is paying the price for a grid that is no longer fit for purpose.

The meeting of COAG’s Energy Council on 19 August must take action to start the transition from the current ‘Dumb Grid’ based on an increasingly outdated...

Research report

14 Mar 2017

In the words of one former participant, the Kimberley Girl program has become a “rite of passage” for young Aboriginal women in the region. Produced by Goolarri Media Enterprises, and now entering its fourteenth year, Kimberley Girl continues to change lives for the better. Like...

Evaluation

27 Aug 2015

In August 2014, the Australian government commissioned KPMG to undertake an independent review of the 27 research infrastructure projects funded under the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) 2013. The NCRIS projects were assessed and rated across their governance, effectiveness, efficiency, integration, financial management and...

Journal article

27 Feb 2017

To examine demographic and behavioural correlates of high consumption of soft drinks (non-alcoholic sugar-sweetened carbonated drinks excluding energy drinks) among Australian adolescents and to explore the associations between high consumption and soft drink perceptions and accessibility.

Cross-sectional self-completion survey and height and weight measurements....

Briefing paper

1 Mar 2017

The ICPS Research to Practice Series links the findings of research undertaken by the Institute of Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University, to the development of policy and practice in the area of child, youth and family welfare.

This issue explores what works to...

Blog post

20 Jan 2017

Why did quality media lose peoples trust? Why is a big part of the audience listening more to lies and accusations than to well curated and fact based journalism?

At a lecture given to a visiting group of leading Danish reporters and editors at...

Research report

16 Dec 2016

This is the eleventh year that Ofcom has published the International Communications Market Report. The report benchmarks the UK communications sector against seventeem comparator countries.

UK communications sector revenues were the second highest in Europe, with people in the UK among the heaviest users...

Presentation

21 Feb 2017

Who is the ‘mobile only’ audience? Most of the UK adult online population is not in a rush to abandon the desktop. However, in December 2016, UKOM approved comScore data showcased that 10% of online adults accessed the Internet via mobile only.

Key areas...

Commentary

Article

15 Feb 2017

It is 34 years since the dollar was floated, arguably the single most important reform of the post-war period. And 34 years of argument between then Prime Minister, Bob Hawke and Treasurer Paul Keating (and their offices) about who actually led the push to liberalise...

Research report

1 Sep 2014

Sustainability and its attainment is one of the most important challenges of our time. Ever since the Brundtland Report popularised the concept of sustainable development, communities around the globe have been confronting how to balance the needs of humanity for consumption of resources with the...

Research report

28 Feb 2017

This report was based on survey responses from the CEOs of 285 private-sector businesses across Australia in October and November 2016.

It draws on multiple lines of evidence that confirm that energy prices are rising fast across the National Electricity Market and Eastern Australian...

Commentary

Article

23 Feb 2017

Journalists literally 'make' news. They do not find it. They do not publish transcripts of reality. Even in their best efforts, they would not provide a copy of reality, but reality in a frame, reality enhanced, reality reconfigured by being heightened on a page or...

Blog post

24 Feb 2017

In this second post in our blog series on 'fake news', Damian Tambini illustrates the underlying structures of the online advertising industry that make fake news lucrative.

One of the questions in the UK Parliament’s inquiry into 'fake news' asks: “Have changes in the...

Fact sheet

14 Sep 2016

Digital news continues to evolve, pushed by a variety of innovations in recent years, from groundbreaking new technologies like virtual reality and automated reporting to experiments on social platforms that have altered campaign coverage. As journalists and media practitioners gather for the annual Online News...

Blog post

16 Feb 2017

To our community,

On our journey to connect the world, we often discuss products we're building and updates on our business. Today I want to focus on the most important question of all: are we building the world we all want?

History is...

Audio interview

22 Feb 2017

The fake news world isn't new, according to Robert Darnton, Professor of History and University Librarian Emeritus at Harvard.

The tradition can be traced back to the Byzantine empire, but its real origins can be found in early newspaper journalism in 18th century London...

Research report

17 Jan 2017

This report finds that social media is one of the biggest opportunities that companies across industries have to connect directly to consumers.

Research report

28 Feb 2017

On 8 November 2016, pursuant to the section 7(c) of the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011 , the Attorney-General referred to the Parliamentary Joint Committee on Human Rights the following matters for inquiry and report:

whether the operation of Part IIA of the...

Fact sheet

23 Feb 2017

The International Energy Agency’s annual energy projections, the World Energy Outlook (WEO), are a leading source for medium to long-term energy market modelling, which are widely used as an authoritative source by politicians, industry and the media. However, the scenarios within these projections are regularly...

Research report

23 Feb 2017

Summary

Timor-Leste is the fourth-youngest country in the world, having achieved formal independence on 20 May 2002. The transition to independence was not smooth, as Indonesia claimed the territory for itself while suppressing the independence movement after colonial power Portugal withdrew in 1975....

Research report

25 Feb 2017

Introduction

With coal import demand from China and India falling, Indonesia’s domestic coal miners are banking their future on government policies that would see the number of coal-fired power plants across the archipelago nearly triple. Under one plan, initiated by the Jokowi government...

Book

27 Feb 2017

The chapters in this volume offer provocative ideas for transforming Australian tertiary education. Each is grounded in current issues or trends but goes beyond present thinking to propose ways in which policy and practice might make major advances.

The Melbourne Centre for the Study...

Research report

24 Feb 2017

The aim of this report is to minimise the significant damage that is being done to the Australian economy by harmful phoenix activity without unduly inhibiting legitimate business rescues and beneficial entrepreneurialism.

Commentary

Article

27 Feb 2017

UEXPECTED bills can be a challenge for any household. But for people who rely on social security payments, unexpected news of a significant debt – sometimes dating back years – can be bewildering, to say the least. This is exactly what tens of thousands of...

Commentary

Article

24 Feb 2017

NOTHING is more central to Labor’s view of what makes Australia such a great place to live in than our long tradition of having an independent umpire to stop employers exploiting workers. Former Liberal prime minister Sir Robert Menzies shared that view; like others in...

Journal article

14 Feb 2017

The essence of global studies is to present the challenges facing humanity in the modern age, and the implications these hold for political and legal thought. This article explores these implications from a new perspective, a new world view which assumes the existence of a...

Journal article

14 Feb 2017

Life came from the ocean. Without the ocean, life on Earth is not possible. The ocean produces and regulates much of the planet’s oxygen and water, provides substantial amounts of its nutrient and carbon cycling and supports most of its biological diversity. Fish feed over...

Research report

5 Apr 2016

The Institute for Governance and Policy Studies (IGPS) has commissioned this survey to generate a snapshot of the current state of play and, more importantly, to kickstart a much needed conversation.

Our ndings suggest that there are serious concerns with levels of public trust...

Submission

4 Jul 2014

The Australasian Council of Deans of Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities (DASSH) has some concerns at some of the proposed changes to the ARC Discovery Program funding rules. These concerns relate to the proposals for cross-scheme limits in the Discovery Program schemes and to the...

Journal article

10 Feb 2016

This article explores some of the implications that arise from New Zealand’s Organised Crime and Anti-Corruption Legislation Bill (OCACL), which was passed into law on 5 November 2015 and came into effect on 1 January 2016. As an Omnibus Bill, the OCACL makes amendments to...

Research report

28 Feb 2012

This research project was funded by the Australian Government under the 2009-13 National Homelessness Research Agenda. The Homelessness White Paper, The Road Home , identified workforce development as a key national priority in policy responses to homelessness. Despite the strong policy interest in the specialist...

Research report

27 Feb 2017

This report presents findings from an analysis of the scale and scope of the sharing economy in Melbourne. The central aim of this report is to outline the breadth of the sharing economy in Melbourne, and to identify future directions for further investigation. The new...

Audio program

23 Feb 2017

The influential former head of treasury Ken Henry has again hit out at the political process today in some of his strongest language yet about the dangers of economic inaction.

Speaking to a group of economic policy makers and business leaders in Canberra, he...

Conference paper

16 Feb 2017

Effective road transport networks are essential for sustainability of mining activities as well as the liveability of the mining communities. This paper examines the mining impacts of road travel conditions in the Bowen Basin region, which produces about 83% of Queensland’s total coal product. A...

Research report

21 Feb 2017

The Great Barrier Reef Independent Review Group (the Reef Review Group) prepared this report to provide an independent analysis of the Australian and Queensland governments’ progress in implementing the Reef 2050 Long-Term Sustainability Plan (Reef 2050 Plan).

We have reviewed the 2016 Reef 2050...

Conference paper

16 Feb 2017

Housing unaffordability creates pressures on economic and social life of an individual to a community. Periodic housing unaffordability in Queensland resource and regional communities are common over the last two decades. This paper examined the perceived household risks to periodic housing unaffordability in Queensland resource...

Conference paper

16 Feb 2017

Functionally, regional towns cannot be the city states of history. By necessity, whilst regional towns exist as a centre for the catchment area that sustains it, they are nonetheless subject to and rely upon the patronage of the ‘centre’ that the town ‘relates’ to. In...

Conference paper

16 Feb 2017

Accessibility of transport services can be influenced by a range of factors, and it is important to understand the role and influence of each of these factors in order to plan effective transport systems in urban, peri-urban and regional settings. Addis Ababa City is one...

Conference paper

16 Feb 2017

In the field of labor economics, human capital refers to the stock of knowledge or characteristics of a worker that contributes to their productivity. Investment in education and training of individuals can enhance their level of human capital and this will be valued in the...

Conference paper

16 Feb 2017

Regional economic development, in its various guises, is deployed throughout much of Australia. Whilst it remains a contested activity, conventional wisdom extols the need to embrace complexity, whilst simultaneously imbuing order and control. Insights from the literature reveal that regional economic development organisations are often...

Commentary

Article

24 Feb 2017

A global trust survey released this week revealed the unsurprising result that our trust in politicians, business leaders, NGOs and the media is still falling. The one bright spot is that online journals like 'Independent Australia' are gaining readers' trust, whilst the MSM continues to...

Conference paper

16 Feb 2017

Economic development is a priority of all levels of government; irrespective of country, constitution or system of governance. This is particularly the case in Australia, where federal, state and local tiers of government are undertaking activities intended to support economic growth. However, roles and responsibilities...

Conference paper

16 Feb 2017

Affordable housing locations in metropolitan cities are usually assessed by rental cost or mortgage payment relative to income. Affordable housing locations are also influenced by locational characteristics such as distance from public transportation, service centres, city centre and employment centres. Once the costs of locational...

Conference paper

16 Feb 2017

Innovation is considered to be a sine qua non to improve efficiency and effectiveness in government and respond to citizens’ increasing demand for better services. This paper draws together literature related to innovation in the public sector. A qualitative analysis was conducted to establish the...

Journal article

10 Feb 2017

Background

Quality practice of consumer engagement is still in its infancy in many sectors of medical research. The South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI) identified, early in its development, the opportunity to integrate evidence-driven consumer and community engagement into its operations....

Conference paper

16 Feb 2017

Following the Australian state of Tasmania’s adoption of its international education policy, Tasmania’s Place in the Asian Century White Paper (Tasmanian Government, 2013), an increasing number of Chinese international students have enrolled at the state’s sole university, the University of Tasmania (UTAS), which is a...

Conference paper

16 Feb 2017

The 40th Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Regional Science Association International (ANZRSAI) was held at the RMIT University Melbourne from 5th to 7th December, 2016, co-hosted with the European Union Centre at RMIT and the RMIT Centre for People, Work and Organisation...

Commentary

Article

13 Feb 2017

Despite the enormous number of charities in the world, more are established every year – and many also disappear. Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission data shows that, since 2012, 8,500 charities have been registered and more than 13,500 have been revoked.

Read the full...

Journal article

15 Aug 2016

While there is no shortage of worthy recipients for prosocial behaviour, there is a constant battle to attract and keep donors. This research examines money and blood donor behaviour for two key desirable groups, new donors, to grow the donor base, and frequent donors to...

Commentary

Article

24 Feb 2017

Australia’s global cities are a very large part of the nation’s economic success, but they are also generating significantly unequal incomes. Our recent research found that as Australian cities have grown, their income inequality has increased.

Cities provide many social and cultural opportunities and...

Conference paper

7 Sep 2013

“Offshoring” has become increasing attractive for European engineering consulting firms, either through the use of external resources (outsourcing) or by relocating internal activities (the captive arrangement of foreign direct investment). Consulting companies may experience lack of skilled personnel and or an increasing pressure on costs....

Conference paper

7 Sep 2013

This paper considers two case studies of acquisition of Western manufacturing businesses by Chinese firms. It concludes that the underlying technology transfers are significantly different from contractual forms of technology transfers with an exploitation focus. The limited knowledge that was gained through prior technology transfers...

Conference paper

14 Apr 2013

Impressions about the quality and reliability of products can depend as much on perceptions concerning brand and country of origin (quality cues) as on the evidence of hard data regarding performance and failure (quality attributes). Although the distinction between quality cues and quality attributes is...

Conference paper

14 Apr 2013

This paper addresses an important gap in sustainability and technology management studies: the strategies for sustainable operations. Based on analysis of cases from automotive, textile, chemical, and food processing industries, the authors discuss the responses companies take to environmental and social pressures when aiming at...

Article

27 Apr 2016

This article is an opinion piece published by The Interpereter - Lowy Institute for International Policy. It was written shortly after the Australia's new cyber security policy was released in April 2016. The piece discusses the disadvantage of having the strategy's deliverables portioned into six...

Research report

23 Feb 2017

KEY FINDINGS

1. Globally, solar photovoltaic (PV) power is surging on the back of scaled-up production and continually falling costs.

70GW (projected) of new solar power capacity was added globally in 2016, breaking last years’ (2015) record of 50GW capacity added...

Commentary

Article

23 Feb 2017

Many parts of Australia have been experiencing a long-running heatwave, with temperatures soaring above 40 degrees in some areas. So what impact is this having on schools? And is it time for the government to roll out a national policy on heat protection?

Research...

Audio program

22 Feb 2017

The life expectancy for people living in the developed world continues to rise, with South Korean women soon expected to live, on average, beyond 90 years. Odds are also good for Australians, with a life expectancy of 84 years by 2030.

In Australia, the...

Audio interview

23 Feb 2017

After much speculation, Fairfax Media has finally confirmed it's bidding farewell its digital rivers of gold.

The publisher of The Sydney Morning Herald, The Age and the Australian Financial Review is planning to list its lucrative real estate website Domain on the stock exchange...

Research report

20 Feb 2017

The Royal Commission has conducted a comprehensive survey of Catholic Church authorities in Australia to gather data about the extent of claims of child sexual abuse made against Catholic Church personnel.

A significant proportion of the people who contacted the Royal Commission made allegations...

Commentary

23 Feb 2017

Peer support in the mental health sector is the help and support that ‘peers’ – people with a lived experience of mental health issues – are able to give one another.

A peer worker is employed on the basis that they bring their lived...

Research report

31 May 2016

The Youth Engaged Policy (YEP) project found that positive views of the role young people should play in policy making are not always evidence in practice. While there are some stand-out mechanisms for consultation and collaboration there is no comprehensive understanding or approach to youth...

Research report

20 Feb 2012

This twelve-month study was commissioned by the National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF) to examine the potential for Learning from Regional Climate Analogues through selected target communities in Australia. The underlying assumption is that communities reflect their prevailing climate in the way that they...

Literature review

30 Jul 2015

The review identified eight key domains of social media’s impact on children and young people: physical and mental health; identity and belonging; formal and informal learning; play and recreation; consumer practices; civic and political engagement; risk and safety; and, family and intergenerational relationships. Among other...

Journal article

9 Jan 2017

Planning policy in most Australian capital cities aims to divert development from the fringe into established inner urban areas. A fundamental logic underlying this policy of land recycling is that State and Local governments are challenged financially to provide appropriate standards of infrastructure and services...

Briefing paper

23 Feb 2017

Section 156 of the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) (FW Act) provides that the Commission must conduct a four yearly review of modern awards (the Review). The Commission’s task in the Review is to decide whether a particular modern award achieves the modern awards objective....

Research report

23 Feb 2017

With Sustainability Victoria’s (SV’s) refocus on supporting the community to act on climate change, the need for reliable intelligence on current community attitudes, beliefs, behaviours and expectations of government in the area of climate change was needed to inform policy and program development.

The...

Strategy

15 Apr 2016

In April 2015, the Aged Care Sector Committee was tasked by the former Assistant Minister for Social Services, Mitch Fifield, to develop a roadmap to advise on future directions for aged care.

This roadmap presents the Aged Care Sector Committee’s views on the short,...

Book

15 Jun 2013

I have worked full-time for a decade to foster open access (OA) to science and scholarship. During that time I have often boiled down the big message into short talks and written long articles exploring small subtopics in detail. This book is an attempt at...

Guide

15 Feb 2017

This tool has been designed for policy managers in the New Zealand public service.

It can be used for:

Planning: periodically diagnosing the skills make-up of your team and assessing any gaps and overlaps. Recruitment: as a reference menu to construct policy roles...

Audio program

21 Feb 2017

Victoria's first legal crop of cannabis has just been harvested for medicinal use.

The state has been manufacturing the drug at a secret location and is still putting it through the testing phase.

While patients in Victoria wait for access, NSW parliamentarians have...

Strategy

21 Sep 2016

The NSW Literacy and Numeracy Strategy 2017-2020 is a plan to ensure NSW students have the essential literacy and numeracy skills they need for success in learning and in life. Literacy and numeracy skills will be described clearly, taught explicitly, assessed meaningfully and reported regularly...

Audio interview

21 Feb 2017

New South Wales has announced an overhaul of its Higher School Certificate syllabus with a renewed focus on writing and advanced maths.

It's the first major reform in sixteen years and will come into effect from 2018.

The state government says the changes...

Research report

16 Feb 2017

Under the Human Rights (Parliamentary Scrutiny) Act 2011, the committee is required to examine bills, Acts and legislative instruments for compatibility with human rights, and report its findings to both Houses of the Parliament. The committee may also inquire into and report on any human...

Research report

22 Feb 2017

This report provides information on the operation of the National Electricity Market (NEM) and national power grid in New South Wales on Friday 10 February 2017, during a heatwave in eastern Australia.

On Friday 10 February 2017, the eastern Australian states of South Australia,...

Research report

15 Feb 2017

This year’s CEDA Economic and Political Overview (EPO) is such an important document for political decision-makers and the business community. It again delivers reasoned analysis of the possible economic and political headwinds on the horizon and trends and projections.

It goes without saying that...

Journal article

23 Jan 2017

Risk exposures and predictions of child development outcomes typically estimate the independent effects of individual exposures. As a rule though, children are not exposed piecemeal to individual or single risks but, rather, they are exposed to clusters of risk. Many of these clusters of risks...

Research report

20 Feb 2017

Biotechnology firm managers are no strangers to uncertainty. Uncertainty surrounding the potential payoff of an investment is common for most businesses; but biotech firms are also faced with uncertainty regarding the development of an investment. The time a new biotechnology takes to progress through the...

Discussion paper

22 Feb 2017

The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) is a new scheme designed to change the way that support and care is provided to people with profound or severe permanent disability. The scheme is currently being rolled out across Australia.

The NDIS is based on the...

Evaluation

1 Sep 2015

The Tasmanian Government has made a significant commitment in recent years to ensure children have the best possible start in life. However, the cycle of disadvantage within families and across generations remains a barrier to this and continues to prevent many children from realizing their...

Research report

11 May 2016

This report looks at the reasons for creating the unitary Auckland Council, and asks whether it has solved the problems of the old local government structure. The report notes mixed results, with one key goal being met while the other has not. Five years on,...

Discussion paper

Submission

22 Sep 2014

The Australasian Council of Deans of Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities (DASSH) represents humanities, arts and social science (HASS) disciplines across 36 Australian universities. While these universities differ in their responses to the proposed deregulation of higher education, there is agreement among DASSH members that...

Research report

20 Feb 2017

In response to the censuses, more than a third of Commonwealth entities reported experiencing fraud over the four financial years 2010–11 to 2013–14. Over 90 percent of reported frauds were allegedly perpetrated by members of the public, and the remainder by Commonwealth employees or contractors....

Research report

21 Feb 2017

Overview

For thirteen years, the Jakarta Centre for Law Enforcement Cooperation (JCLEC) has served as a regional rallying point for much-needed counterterrorism capacity development and cooperation.

Since its inception in 2004, with strong bilateral support from the Australian Government, JCLEC’s operating and...

Commentary

Article

13 Feb 2017

Introduction

On 9 February, Attorney-General George Brandis announced the terms of reference for a new Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC) inquiry into Indigenous incarceration in Australia. The inquiry was announced in October 2016, and the final terms of reference have now been released...

Research report

7 Feb 2017

Background

The objective of the audit was to assess the extent to which the Department of the Environment and Energy has implemented the recommendations from ANAO Report No. 43 2013–14 and strengthened its framework for the delivery of its regulatory activities. To form...

Research report

30 Jun 2016

Overview

The Western world is weary of conflict. Fifteen years of war since 2001 have drained the resources of many First World nations and have left an indelible stamp on their armed forces. Many militaries are now struggling to change and adapt in...

Journal article

15 Feb 2017

This paper discusses the use of secondments as a tool to increase knowledge translation between academics and policy makers by developing individual capacity.

A case study is presented of a reciprocal secondment between a government department and a university.

Enablers of knowledge translation...

Guide

20 Feb 2017

This quick guide contains the most recent tables showing the composition of Australian parliaments by party and gender. It takes into account changes to the Commonwealth Parliament and the parliaments of New South Wales, Queensland and Western Australia since the last update was published on...

Interview

20 Feb 2017

Interview with Tony Keenan, Launch Housing CEO, to discuss the outline of his presentation to the AHURI One-day conference, 'Homelessness and housing solutions.' To be held on 31 March 2017 in Brisbane. The importance of the conference to those working in the homelessness sector is...

Fact sheet

20 Feb 2017

This SIPRI fact sheet describes the trends in international arms transfers that are revealed by the new data. It lists the main suppliers and recipients for the period 2012–16 and describes the changes in regional trends.

The volume of international transfers of major weapons...

Research report

15 Feb 2017

Overview

The Ebola outbreak of 2014–2016 was a fast-moving, multidimensional emergency that presented unprecedented challenges for the multilateral system. In response to the outbreak in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, the UN established the first-ever emergency health mission, the UN Mission for Ebola...

Research report

14 Dec 2016

Brings together data across all areas of education to prompt governments to consider a more planned and consistent approach to distributing resources.

This report shows that some stages of education have been clearly prioritised over others.

Vocational Education and Training

The...

Working paper

17 Feb 2017

This report analyses the components of economic growth in 21 APEC economies in the past 25 years and the next 35. Written to contribute to discussions at APEC Senior Officials’ meetings in the run up to APEC ministerial and leaders meetings, it highlights the critical...

Audio program

2 Feb 2015

South Australia's University of Adelaide is researching the social structure of Eyre Peninsula communities to determine potential impacts from oil and gas exploration in the Great Australian Bight.

It is part of a four-year, $20 million collaborative science program between oil giant BP, the...

Audio interview

13 Feb 2017

Some towns and areas in regional Australia are facing price rises and property shortages that are making them unaffordable for the people what want to live there. Joining us to discuss this matter is Professor Andrew Beer is Dean of Research and Innovation at the...

Research report

20 Feb 2017

Since the end of World War II, successive governments have helped more than 800,000 refugees and displaced people of different nationalities and faiths to build new lives in Australia. Our humanitarian migration program – one of the world’s largest – enjoys the backing of all...

Research report

19 Feb 2017

Overview

The Commonwealth government’s perilous financial position is well known, but the finances of state government also warrant our attention. In aggregate, since plunging heavily into deficit after 2007, the states’ fiscal position has improved markedly in recent years, marked by a return...

Fact sheet

20 Feb 2017

Overview

This fact sheet provides the latest available national data on new cases of insulin-treated diabetes in Australia. It shows that in 2015 there were 28,775 people who began using insulin to treat their diabetes in Australia—63% had type 2 diabetes, 26% had...

Research report

14 Feb 2017

The pace of change in Asia and new and more flexible sources of finance mean that the Asian Development Bank needs to continue to demonstrate its relevance to donors and borrowers.

Key findings

The ADB faces three challenges in the 21st century:...

Book

17 Feb 2017

Overview

Clinical legal education (CLE) is potentially the major disruptor of traditional law schools’ core functions. Good CLE challenges many central clichés of conventional learning in law—everything from case book method to the 50-minute lecture. And it can challenge a contemporary overemphasis on...

Research report

19 Jan 2017

Abstract

On Easter Day 1916, the radical Irish Republican Brotherhood launched a rebellion against British rule with support from the Irish Volunteers. In the hope of inspiring a mass movement across they country, the rebels occupied a number of key buildings across Dublin...

Submission

28 Nov 2014

The Australasian Council of Deans of Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities (DASSH) note the four ambitions of the Competitiveness Agenda (p. 2). In addition, we also acknowledge the four elements used to illustrate the claim that Australia has a poor knowledge transfer base (p. 4)....

Briefing paper

7 Feb 2017

Prime Minister Bill English was roundly criticised last week for mumbling into his sleeve when asked if President Trump’s new Muslim ban was racist. But his response wasn’t far off from the hands-off, it’s-not-our-problem approach he inherited.

Indeed, what was the most notable thing...

Research report

16 Feb 2017

Summary

Globally, governments are under increasing pressure to allocate ever scarcer land resources while taking account of economic outcomes, environmental sustainability and social benefits. Food production, mineral resource extraction, tourism, industrial infrastructure and urban development are just some of the essential activities that...

Research report

1 Dec 2016

This JMAD New Zealand media ownership report observes that New Zealand media institutions are facing major changes in ownership and management, but it is not clear what combinations will eventually emerge.

For the first time in six years, New Zealand media companies are exclusively...

Research report

17 Feb 2017

This report is based on a systematic review of open source information about the finances of Islamic State in its core territory in Syria and Iraq.

Key findings

Estimates vary widely. It remains impossible to say exactly how much money Islamic State...

Book

30 Nov 2016

Governments around the world invest considerable resources in enhancing the capabilities of their civil service administrations with the intention of improving the quality and e ectiveness of public administration. While most developed and many developing nations have established professional bureaucracies that are, in Weberian terms,...

Commentary

Article

14 Feb 2017

Heatwaves across much of the country this summer have revealed a serious problem with our national housing stock.

Wendy Miller looks at smarter design and construction, better rating systems and the role of government and industry to overcoming barriers to better housing design....

Infographic

1 Apr 2016

The 2016-17 financial year sees the ABCB embarking on a significant suite of work relating to the advancement of the Energy Efficiency Provisions in the NCC. These changes will be considered as part of NCC 2019.

This infographic gives an overview of the project...

Commentary

Article

22 Nov 2013

Energy efficient houses are often thought to be a promising way to reduce our environmental footprint by using less energy and producing fewer greenhouse gas emissions. Yet, surprisingly, if you consider the whole life cycle of a house, it turns out that sometimes a new...

Discussion paper

Submission

4 Feb 2015

DASSH welcomes the Australian Government’s acceptance of the recommendation to create a single higher education research data collection system contained in the PhillipsKPA “Review of the Reporting Requirements for Universities”.

DASSH is strongly supportive of Option 1, as it would significantly lessen the administrative...

Commentary

Article

16 Feb 2017

Australian rooftop solar is now at a crossroads – but it’s all positive. New technologies mean big data can be gathered from systems so that performance can be monitored and alerts raised if problems occur.

Dr Deo Prasad writes about the benefits of solar...

Audio program

16 Feb 2017

The latest official figures show the unemployment rate fell slightly in January to 5.7 per cent. A surge in Australians landing part time work, more than made up a big slump in full-time work.

Social researchers say the trend to part-time work is placing...

Journal article

17 Jan 2017

Experimental evidence on the role of the built environment for promoting physical activity is important for informing how to create cities that promote active living. Parks provide opportunities for physical activity; however, there is little robust evidence on the impact of park refurbishment. Government agencies...

Research report

17 Feb 2017

The AMA public hospital report card presents key data on public hospitals published by the Commonwealth, year on year. It uses this published data to assess the performance and capacity of our public hospitals to meet the community’s need for hospital services.

The AMA...

Conference paper

13 Feb 2017

Resilience is about addressing vulnerability, not only by surviving a shock to the system, but also thriving in an economic environment of change and uncertainty. A robust conceptual framework is required to navigate through underlining elements of vulnerability. An evolutionary model of regional adaptive cycles...

Blog post

13 Feb 2017

Melissa Bell spoke at the annual Reuters Memorial Lecture, entitled 'We Broke the News. How do we Fix it?' She called for the media to admit its problems, and went on to list nine key areas she thinks the industry has failed on. Hannah Marsh...

Research report

14 Feb 2017

Background

The WestConnex project in Sydney is one of Australia’s largest land transport infrastructure projects. As of December 2016, it was being delivered progressively through three main stages, which have a current estimated total cost of $16.8 billion. It is also the first...

Technical report

8 Feb 2017

The attached Institute of Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS) Technical Report, Environmental Research in Macquarie Harbour- Interim Synopsis of Benthic and Water Column Conditions January 2017, was prepared by Dr Ross and Associate Professor MacLeod at the EPA Director’s request in November 2016.

The...

Blog post

10 Feb 2017

“This is for everyone.”

This simple message is what Sir Tim Berners-Lee — the inventor of the web, and founding director of the Web Foundation — shared with 900 million people during the opening ceremony of the London 2012 Olympics. It reflects the...

Article

16 Feb 2017

Europe’s press barons thought they’d scored a major victory last fall when the European Commission threw its weight behind their idea to create a special protection for digital journalism, the linchpin of their strategy for long-term survival. But now the plan threatens to come undone....

Research report

16 Dec 2016

This is the eleventh year that Ofcom has published the International Communications Market Report. The report benchmarks the UK communications sector against 17 comparator countries.

UK communications sector revenues were the second highest in Europe, with people in the UK among the heaviest users...

Research report

13 Feb 2017

This research note summarises the methods and results of an analysis of household energy costs for Australia. Energy costs have increased sharply in recent years placing an increasing burden on household living costs. This paper does not attempt to explain the industry drivers of cost...

Research report

9 Feb 2017

When following links, online news consumers could recall the name of the news outlet 56% of the time.

nyone who wants to understand today’s news environment faces a challenge: How to discern the nuances of digital news habits when Americans’ attention spans are fractured,...

Research report

9 Feb 2017

The operations and performance of the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) are subject to external scrutiny from parliamentary committees and the Australian National Audit Office (ANAO). Recommendations made by parliamentary committees and performance audits identify risks to the successful delivery of outcomes. The implementation of recommendations...

Research report

8 Feb 2017

A community correction order (CCO) is a sentence imposed by a court that allows offenders to complete their sentences in a community setting. Offenders on CCOs may have to comply with specific conditions imposed by the courts, such as mandatory drug or alcohol treatment, and...

Guide

20 Oct 2016

The LawAccess NSW Communications Toolkit is intended to provide individuals and organisations with materials to help spread the word about LawAccess NSW across a range of channels, including websites, intranets social media ​​platforms and electronic and printed newsletters.

Legal problems, like most problems, do...

Research report

15 Feb 2017

This report provides information on the operation of the National Electricity Market (NEM) and national power grid on Wednesday 8 February during a heatwave in eastern Australia.

AEMO will release a second report on 22 February, focused on the events of 10 February. (see...

Commentary

Article

15 Feb 2017

The rental market in Australia appears to have become something like a war zone.

According to a new national study, co-authored by CHOICE, thousands of tenants are being discriminated against and live in a climate of fear.

The research, undertaken by CHOICE, the...

Audio interview

15 Feb 2017

A new term has entered the lexicon—'alternative facts'.

It was used by Donald Trump's adviser Kellyanne Conway to defend those claims by the administration that the crowds at Trump's inauguration last month were bigger than Barack Obama's in 2008.

Media organisations have loudly...

Research report

15 Feb 2017

The committee embarked on this task cognisant of the deeply held beliefs and aspirations of people engaged in this national debate, regardless of how they view the institution of marriage. Debate surrounding previous bills introduced, and associated inquiries undertaken, into the issue of same-sex marriage...

Commentary

Article

16 Feb 2017

The Monday media section in The Australian newspaper, which is mainly just a platform for News Corp to promote its interests and attack its enemies, excelled itself on February 6 with this suggestive but essentially meaningless statement:

After a strong showing in the...

Research report

16 Feb 2017

As the mining boom winds down and the mining clean up boom begins, mine site rehabilitation and mine abandonment are emerging as major issues for Australian communities, governments and taxpayers. All stakeholders will need information on the status of mines and their rehabilitation efforts to...

Research report

3 Feb 2017

Domestic cats are one of the most popular pets worldwide and they play an important and much-cherished role in the lives of many South Australians.

The Cat Tracker project was designed to help cat owners make informed decisions about the care and management of...

Journal article

26 Mar 2014

This article reports the relationship that specific elements of search engine advertisements (SEAs) have with click-through rates (CTRs) within Google AdWord Campaigns. In total, 1,880 separate advertisements with more than 57 million impressions and 185,000 click-throughs were analyzed. The main finding is that some elements...

Journal article

16 Feb 2017

This article discusses the concept of 'global studies', its place in universities worldwide and introduces New Zealand Centre for Global Studies. It contrasts the academic disciplines of international relations with the more recent field of global studies and includes a survey of gloabl think-tanks....

Research report

7 Feb 2017

The New Zealand Ministry of Health funded Waitemata District Health Board (WDHB) to run a Bowel Screening Pilot (BSP) from 2012 to 2015, to inform whether a national bowel screening programme should be introduced.

This report is the final evaluation report of the BSP,...

Evaluation

16 Feb 2017

An independent Impact Evaluation of the Growing and Developing Healthy Relationships (GDHR) website ( www.gdhr.wa.gov.au ) was undertaken by John Scougall Consulting Services in 2016 with the support of an expert cross-agency reference group.

The impact evaluation had two objectives: to assess how well...

Research report

15 Feb 2017

The rental market in Australia appears to have become something like a war zone.

According to this report thousands of tenants are being discriminated against and live in a climate of fear.

The research, undertaken by CHOICE, the National Association of Tenants' Organisations...

Case study

15 Feb 2017

This case study explores HomeGround Real Estate, an innovative model of delivering affordable housing pioneered by HomeGround Services (now Launch Housing) in Victoria.

While most affordable housing initiatives focus on increasing stock of new social housing, HomeGround Real Estate represents an intervention in a...

Book

8 Feb 2017

Native title involves an interface between the Australian legal system and Indigenous legal, cultural and political systems. The assertion and management of native title rights involves collective action by sometimes large and disparate groups of Indigenous people. Contentious politics makes such collective action difficult and...

Guide

14 Dec 2016

Working with government, industry associations and industry partners, the Institute of Public Works Engineering Australasia's (IPWEA) two year-initiative, the Street Lighting and Smart Controls (SLSC) Programme is designed to help accelerate the deployment of LED street lights and smart controls in Australia and New Zealand....

Discussion paper

Submission

20 Feb 2015

While DASSH welcomes the government’s willingness to negotiate on some of the proposed amendments to the Higher Education and Research Reform Amendment Bill 2014 put forward by members of the Senate, including the decision to retain the current the HECS-HELP repayments at the Consumer Price...

Research report

14 Feb 2017

This ninth Closing the Gap report showcases real successes being achieved at a local level across the country—by individuals, communities, organisations and government.

However, at a national level, progress needs to accelerate. Over the long term there are improvements across a number of the...

Research report

15 Feb 2017

Alzheimer’s Australia commissioned NATSEM at the Institute for Governance and Policy Analysis at the University of Canberra to estimate the cost of dementia in Australia. The economic impact of dementia is a major concern nationally and internationally as the number of individuals with dementia continues...

Audio interview

14 Feb 2017

Later today, the Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull will deliver the ninth Closing the Gap address to Parliament in which he'll argue his government is turning the tide on Indigenous disadvantage.

He'll draw on the latest Closing the Gap report which is expected to show...

Journal article

19 Oct 2016

Abstract Most people strongly believe they are just, virtuous, and moral; yet regard the average person as distinctly less so. This invites accusations of irrationality in moral judgment and perception—but direct evidence of irrationality is absent. Here, we quantify this irrationality and compare it...

Website

1 Feb 2017

The recently released Wellbeing Practice Guide , developed by the Victorian Department of Education (DET) and the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority (VCAA) is designed to inform a greater understanding of wellbeing and its place as both a prerequisite for, and an outcome of learning....

Audio program

13 Feb 2017

There are concerns that a campaign to scrap state-based renewable energy targets will seriously hinder investment opportunities in South Australia.

Liberal opposition parties in three states have proposed dumping the target and leaving it to the federal government to set renewable energy goals....

Video

12 Feb 2017

‘If Jan Gehl did not already exist it would be necessary to invent him to rescue our cities.’ wrote Janette Sadik-Khan, former Commissioner NYC Department of Transportation.

Influential urbanist, architect and humanist Jan Gehl returns to Melbourne with more stories about observing public life...

Journal article

15 Feb 2017

Public health researchers and practitioners want to see their research inform government decision making.

It is not always clear to researchers how evidence is used in policy decisions in a highly politicised environment with many competing demands.

Public Health Research & Practice spoke...

Briefing paper

10 Feb 2017

Recidivism is not a topic that has traditionally been associated with the world of high finance. Yet, in recent times, recidivism and other intractable social challenges have become the subject of Social Impact Bonds (SIBs); a novel form of investment that makes use of private...

Research report

10 Feb 2017

There is a spectre haunting Europe: a culture and politics of fear, which asserts its growing influence in myriad ways. Most visibly, in the rise of far-right populist movements, the collapse of the social contract between citizens and political institutions, and in the proliferation of...

Journal article

13 Apr 2016

This paper aims to estimate the consequences of an additional 20% tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on health and health care expenditure. Participants were adult (aged > = 20) Australians alive in 2010, who were modelled over their remaining lifetime. We used lifetable-based epidemiological modelling...

Journal

14 Feb 2017

Editorial:

Whereas the November 2016 issue of Policy Quarterly focused on local government, this issue takes a global perspective. In particular, it explores the major challenges facing humanity in the 21st century, and it does so through the lens of ‘global studies’. The articles...

Survey

15 Feb 2017

The survey has run nationally every year since 2011 in response to growing concern about principals’ occupational health, safety and wellbeing. Since the project began, approximately 50% of Australia’s 10,000 principals have taken part. Many have completed multiple surveys.

The aim of this research...

Transcript

14 Feb 2017

The highlight of the TJ Ryan Foundation’s 3rd anniversary event was a keynote address from Dr Ken Boston, former Director-General of Education in South Australia and New South Wales, and member of the Gonski Review panel. Dr Boston spoke on the topic of 'Gonski Report:...

Commentary

Article

6 Feb 2017

In the recent past phishing was an attempt to reveal personal information; passwords; bank and credit card numbers, usually within spam email that purports to be from a well-known legitimate enterprise. Phishing is rapidly evolving from attempting to just steal information to also be the...

Working paper

11 Feb 2015

The Cooperative Research Centre for Remote Economic Participation (CRC-REP) is conducting research to explore the impacts of climate change on the enterprises that are integral to the economy of central and northern Australia. This report outlines strategies to lessen these multiple impacts. The CRC-REP acknowledges...

Working paper

31 Dec 2014

Remote Australia – an area that covers 85% of the continent but houses just 2.3% of its adult population (ABS 2014) – is considered distant from many markets and centres of power. Remote Australia’s social distance puts a premium on local knowledge and technical and...

Working paper

27 Nov 2014

This discussion paper reports on the outcomes of a colloquium held in Canberra on 21 June 2014 at the Humanities Research Centre, Australian National University. The colloquium was held to discuss the challenges associated with seed banking and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander knowledge and...

Working paper

30 Jun 2014

This report assesses transport costs in remote Australia at a community level and is aimed at community stakeholders and people involved in planning and operational community development activities. Travellers themselves do not have always clear knowledge of transport costs and may find useful information to...

Working paper

16 Jun 2014

This working paper aims to build knowledge about how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander tourism enterprises operating in remote regions of Australia can build their competitiveness in the global marketplace and ensure their long-term viability and resilience, despite the multiple challenges that operating in remote...

Working paper

8 May 2014

From first engagement between European settlers and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, the mobility patterns of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have been viewed as problematic, as random and unproductive. Subsequent policies to ‘civilise’ and ‘assimilate’ Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples into...

Working paper

4 Jun 2013

This report explores the relationship between climate change and liveability in remote Australia. The term ‘liveability’ here describes the state of wellbeing realised by the sum of interactions between the physical and social environment, with health and infrastructure as the primary focus. Globally, climate change...

Research report

14 Feb 2017

This report forms part of an AHURI Inquiry into the funding and delivery of programs to reduce homelessness. It provides evidence from case studies of homelessness services into how services supporting those experiencing homelessness are funded, and how different forms and levels of funding impact...

Essay

1 Feb 2017

Schools in Australia and New Zealand set off in opposite directions in the 1970s. Tom Greenwell looks at where they have ended up.

The story is familiar enough. An opposition leader seeks to modernise his party by transcending the old ideological opposition between state...

Research report

8 Feb 2017

Abstract

This report uses data from national health and social surveys of the Indigenous population, conducted between 2002 and 2012-13, to examine whether associations of some key social determinants with selected health and wellbeing outcomes changed over that time.

Consistently during the...

Research report

8 Feb 2017

Introduction

This report is to review the operation, effectiveness, and implications, of the relevant legislation, including consideration as to whether it: contains appropriate safeguards for protecting the rights of individuals; remains proportionate to the threat of terrorism, or threat to national security, or...

Research report

13 Feb 2017

Overview

This paper examines the appeal of Islamic State (IS) to Western women and explores how women can be employed in countering violent extremism (CVE) structures to prevent further involvement. It aims to deliver a comprehensive analysis for academics, policymakers and practitioners working...

Commentary

Article

8 Feb 2017

It seems that you can ask the Coalition government pretty much any question – about plunging polls, Donald Trump, Cory Bernardi or even the weather – and the answer will always be the same: “We’re focused on electricity prices.”

Great. But what exactly is...

Statistics

7 Feb 2017

Overview

The Summer 2017 edition of the NSW Economic Update presents a current snapshot of the NSW economy and provides relevant points of comparison with other Australian States and Territories.

For the fourth consecutive quarter, New South Wales has been the best...

Book

8 Feb 2017

Overview

Despite the plethora of research on gender and the many projects designed to improve their status in the Pacific region, women continue to be disadvantaged and marginalised in social, economic and political spheres. How are we to understand this and what does...

Research report

8 Feb 2017

The Victorian Commission for Gambling and Liquor Regulation (VCGLR) was established in 2012 by bringing together the functions and resources of two predecessor regulators. The aim was to create a modern world-class regulator—one that would apply an integrated and risk-based approach to regulation in order...

Journal article

6 Dec 2016

Global population ageing has significant implications for public policy in areas such as health, housing and economic security. The notion of housing as a public health issue is not new, yet very little research has examined the links between housing specifically built for older people,...

Research report

31 Jan 2017

This report provides Parliament and the New Zealand public an independent account of how effectively and efficiently the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority (CERA) has performed.

The report is in five sections:

Introduction Establishing and managing the Canterbury Earthquake Recovery Authority Leading and co-ordinating...

Commentary

6 Feb 2017

Long-distance commuting between place of residence and place of work has been on the rise in Australia. It occurs when workers are unable to return home after their working day (usually due to distance), so a worker resides at the place of work for a...

Research report

12 Jan 2017

Automation is happening, and it will bring substantial benefits to businesses and economies worldwide, but it won’t arrive overnight. A new McKinsey Global Institute report finds realizing automation’s full potential requires people and technology to work hand in hand.

Recent developments in robotics, artificial...

Research report

31 Dec 2016

This paper tells the story of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage’s efforts to improve policy quality and capability. The purpose of the paper is to outline the key elements that have underscored MCH’s success as a top performing policy shop. There is...

Journal article

13 Feb 2017

Abstract

The Traditional Owner Settlement Act 2010 (Vic) was enacted in response to the deficiencies of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth) in recognising the native title rights and interests of Victoria’s Traditional Owners. It is widely recognised that the NTA is particularly...

Research report

14 Dec 2016

Reports on a range of economic and social indicators for Pacific people in New Zealand. This report updates the 2013 Snapshot and provides new insights that can be used to inform policies, programmes and further research. This 2016 update includes new statistics on housing and...

Website

8 Feb 2017

Aims

A poll conducted by the Australian National University in 2016 on Attitudes to National Security revealed that 56 percent of Australians believe that the government ‘could do more’ to prevent a terrorist attack. Ten years earlier, that figure was only 39 percent....

Literature review

30 Nov 2016

This Sax Institute Evidence Check review examined evidence of the effectiveness of using public libraries as settings for health promotion and health education programs.

Although very few such programs have been evaluated and reported in the literature, there is evidence that it is feasible...

Research report

15 Dec 2016

The past decade has been one of the most dramatic in Perth's history. Against the background of a dynamic global economy and expansion of the State's minerals and energy sectors, the city has experienced an economic, social and cultural transformation. This transformation has posed numerous...

Commentary

Article

10 Feb 2017

The National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) is expected to help more people with disability access the support services they need to live independently in the community. But the majority of NDIS participants have low incomes. So, without substantial financial assistance, they struggle to find affordable...

Research report

15 Jan 2017

The land near transit stations is a valuable commodity. Hundreds or thousands of people travel to and through these places each day, and decisions about what to do with this land have implications for local economies, transit ridership, residents’ access to opportunity, and overall quality...

Research report

9 Feb 2017

As at 31 December 2016, more than 70 per cent of children’s education and care services have been rated at Meeting National Quality Standard (NQS) or above, according to new data released by the Australian Children’s Education and Care Quality Authority (ACECQA).

ACECQA Chief...

Journal article

15 Jan 2017

There is little extant empirical literature examining the associations between life history strategies and symptoms of psychopathology. The current study ( N = 138) investigated the associations between life history strategies, symptoms of psychopathology, aggression, incidence of self-harm behaviour, and attachment (perceived parental support) in...

Journal article

10 Feb 2014

This small scale study examined gender differences in self-efficacy. 24 girls and 28 boys aged between 10 and 12 years completed self-efficacy questionnaires and attainment tests. The study was conducted in two primary school classrooms in England and the results indicated that gender differences in...

Guide

30 Jan 2017

AHURI research into a bond aggregator model for affordable housing was central to the Affordable Housing Working Group (AHWG) report to Australian Federal, State and Territory Treasurers meeting during the Council on Federal Financial Relations.

As a result, the Council recommended establishing an expert...

Commentary

10 Feb 2017

The South Australian government will introduce from July a “point-of-consumption tax” to claw back some of the gambling tax revenue it is seeing disappear over the border.

The new tax is a reasonable response to a growing problem, and probably won’t send bookmakers to...

Annual Report

5 Dec 2016

This annual report details campaigns undertaken by departments and agencies (non-corporate Commonwealth entities) under the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013 (PGPA Act) for which expenditure was greater than $250,000.

This report covers the period from 1 July 2015 to 30 June 2016...

Conference paper

15 Jul 2016

Understanding the flows of people moving through the built environment is a vital source of information for the planners and policy makers who shape our cities. Smart phone applications enable people to trace themselves through the city and these data can potentially be then aggregated...

Journal article

6 Oct 2014

This study, situated in the United States, is set in a context where large and growing numbers of children from non-dominant backgrounds populate American public schools while the vast majority of teachers teaching in US schools are white, monolingual women who may not have the...

Journal article

1 Nov 2013

Borrowing insights from the Ancient Greek ideal conceptions of a democratic civic space (demos), this article examines the applicability of this framework to four teacher educators’ journey to implement social justice in their programs. It is proposed that the three constitutive dimensions of demos (freedom...

Website

10 Feb 2017

These maps draw on data from the Riderlog application. They are organised to show cycling activity in Melbourne organised by time, gender, age, duration, purpose and origin.

Discussion paper

Submission

27 Feb 2015

The Australasian Council of Deans of Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities (DASSH) acknowledges that higher education policies need to be adjusted and be relevant in an ever-­changing environment. We welcome the opportunity to reform and simplify the current system enabling both universities and the Australian...

Journal article

18 Sep 2012

Working in conjunction with a local school district in the United States, we developed a professional development project – called the Multiliteracies Teacher Institute Project (M-TIP). It composed of a series of three interrelated university courses that were designed to provide university graduate credit and...

Research report

1 Jun 2011

The South Australian Department of the Premier and Cabinet (DPC) commissioned this report from the Australian Centre for Child Protection in 2008 in response to recommendations made by the Honourable E.P. Mullighan QC in his Commission of Inquiry into child sexual abuse on the Anangu...

Working paper

6 Jul 2015

This is a preliminary report designed for use by and feedback to our stakeholders. Qualitative data were collected during the period from mid-2012 through to the end of 2014 to seek responses to the following four research questions:

• What is education for in...

Working paper

17 Sep 2015

Quality of life (e.g. wellbeing) can be severely affected for cultural or social minority groups when available mainstream services are incongruent to their needs. Governments can struggle to engage these populations in empowering ways towards the delivery of appropriate services and consequent wellbeing gains....

Working paper

2 Jun 2015

The mobility of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples has long been seen as posing challenges for policymakers, by being a factor that contributes to inferior educational, employment and housing outcomes and that generally frustrates mainstream models of service delivery. However, in empirical terms, very...

Working paper

15 Apr 2015

This research developed a collaborative understanding of how alternative energy-related practices may impact on the future liveability of selected communities in remote Australia, focusing on housing and transport. By collaborative understanding, we mean understanding that emerges from a participatory research process. We developed a methodology...

Working paper

15 Apr 2015

The ‘Energy futures in remote Australian communities’ project conducted two workshops in May 2014 with the purpose of developing a collaborative understanding of how alternative energy-related practices may impact on the future liveability of selected communities in remote Australia, focusing on housing and transport. The...

Discussion paper

16 Jan 2017

Commuters in Brisbane's CBD will have noticed the signs of disruption, following the handover on January 1 of the Queens Wharf resort and casino site to the Destination Brisbane Consortium. Basking in a New Year glow, State Development Minister Anthony Lynham happily declared the jobs-generating...

Briefing paper

2 Aug 2016

Many countries are pursuing innovation-led industry policies engaging in long-run strategic investments to create and shape industry trajectories rather than just responding to problems of industry decline. This has required public agencies to lead and direct the creation of new technological opportunities and innovations. The...

Research report

7 Feb 2017

At Saydnaya Military Prison, the Syrian authorities have quietly and methodically organized the killing of thousands of people in their custody. Amnesty International’s research shows that the murder, torture, enforced disappearance and extermination, carried out at Saydnaya since 2011, has been perpetrated as part of...

Research report

28 Jun 2016

Young people possess capabilities, knowledge and creativity to live healthy and happy lives. However, in Australia, similar to elsewhere in the world, young people report high levels of psychological distress brought about through such everyday events as: managing uncertain life transitions; peer pressures and influences;...

Research report

17 Feb 2017

This resource is a summary of the outcome of the ACT election, held in October 2016.

It was an unusual election in that it saw little movement in party support from the previous election in 2012 and no fringe parties or candidates were elected....

Research report

12 Jun 2016

Whilst most young people are doing well, a concerning number are vulnerable to or directly affected by ill mental health (Lawrence et al., 2015). The experience of mental illness can have long lasting impacts including social disconnection and poorer life outcomes (AIHW, 2015). Alongside strategies...

Research report

18 Jun 2015

Social marketing seeks to develop and integrate marketing concepts with other approaches to influence behaviours that benefit individuals and communities for the greater social good (International Social Marketing Association, 2013). Online social marketing campaigns are an increasingly popular strategy for engaging, informing, and influencing young...

Working paper

8 Feb 2017

The limited empirical evidence available in Australia points to beneficial effects of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ identification with their culture across a range of outcome domains. Living in remote communities, with limited mainstream economic opportunity, services and infrastructure – notably inadequate housing –...

Journal article

31 Jul 2015

A key aim for teacher education must be to bridge the divide between the backgrounds of pre-service teachers and the increasingly diverse racial, ethnic, cultural, gender and socio-economic backgrounds of the students they will one day teach. This paper discusses an anti-racism framework for teacher...

Working paper

26 Jul 2016

The Pathways Project was one of 12 research projects of the Cooperative Research Centre for Remote Economic Participation (CRC-REP), which is managed by Ninti One Limited. The project began in 2012 and was completed in June 2016.

The research project was guided by the...

Working paper

23 Nov 2015

In remote Australia overall, transport systems are less safe, less efficient and less reliable than in non-remote Australia. Shortages of transport infrastructures and services are likely to be increasing in the context of demographic, economic and climate changes.

Annual transport costs range from $8,000...

Journal article

28 Jun 2016

This article aims to identify issues leading up to and following on from the Regional Medical Library Service (1976–1987) and acknowledge our colleagues who volunteered their time and resources to enhance the professionalism of health libraries across Victoria.

Audio program

9 Feb 2017

The latest South Australian blackout is playing into the political debate in Canberra about national energy policy.

The Prime Minister, Malcolm Turnbull, is again calling on state Labor governments to abandon aggressive renewable energy targets and get behind his government's more modest goals....

Journal article

8 Feb 2017

Objectives To investigate mortality and its causes in adults over the age of 20 years with intellectual disability (ID).

Design, setting and participants Retrospective population-based standardised mortality of the ID and Comparison cohorts. The ID cohort comprised 42 204 individuals who registered for disability...

Audio interview

8 Feb 2017

Cory Bernardi's decision to quit the Liberals to start a new conservative party has dominated the start of parliament.

'I fought within the Liberal Party tent to uphold the principles and visions and values that attracted me to the Liberal Party in the first...

Research report

6 Dec 2016

Improving transport connectivity, and finding innovative ways to pay for transport infrastructure, is essential to the future development of Australia’s cities and regions.

The issues of concern that lead to this inquiry were the imbalance of settlement and its consequences; the deficit of infrastructure...

Research report

7 Feb 2017

The TPP was an ambitious attempt to create a regional trade agreement for the Asia-Pacific. If it had been successfully completed, it would have linked 12 countries, 819 million people and almost 26 per cent of global trade. The TPP would have included significant trade...

Research report

1 Feb 2017

- Unless radical action is taken now, the Government will not achieve its target to build one million new homes by 2020.

- This could have severe electoral consequences. Housing is an increasingly salient political issue. According to Ipsos Mori, voters now consider housing...

Research report

8 Feb 2017

KEY FINDINGS

1. Climate change is influencing all extreme weather events in Australia.

All extreme weather events are now occurring in an atmosphere that is warmer and wetter than it was in the 1950s. Heatwaves are becoming hotter, lasting longer and occurring more...

Research report

8 Feb 2017

The Future Fund was established in May 2006 to strengthen the Commonwealth’s long‑term financial position by making provision for unfunded superannuation liabilities of Commonwealth employees that will become payable during a period when an ageing population is likely to place significant pressure on the Commonwealth’s...

Blog post

6 Feb 2017

Digital media played a prominent role in the recent US presidential election, with social media platforms channelling previously fringe universes of political culture, rooted in populism and post-truth politics, right into the mainstream of US political discourse. Meanwhile, traditional mechanisms, from polling to mainstream media,...

Commentary

Article

6 Feb 2017

Freelance journalist Abigail Edge was at an Online News Association conference in Los Angeles in 2015 and found herself chatting with the head of a prominent national trade publishing association. The woman asked where she lived. “When I told her Denver she laughed and said...

Research report

26 Jan 2017

Podcasting and on-demand audio are attracting new audiences, giving rise to new voices and creating new revenue sources, with public broadcasters playing a central role, according to a study by the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation released today.

Yet the fast-growing podcast...

Research report

14 Dec 2016

This report concludes a community law reform project considering whether Victorians should be permitted to leave funeral and burial instructions that are binding on the person with the right to control the deceased’s funeral and burial arrangements.

The Victorian Law Reform Commission recommends that...

Guide

8 Dec 2016

The Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (EP&A Act) establishes the framework for assessing all types of development in New South Wales, including State significant mining, petroleum production and extractive industry projects (‘SSD resource projects’).

The framework provides for each development application to be...

Strategy

14 Dec 2016

The Draft New England North West Regional Plan applies to 12 local government areas – Tenterfield, Glen Innes Severn, Inverell, Armidale Regional, Uralla, Walcha, Gwydir, Tamworth Regional, Liverpool Plains, Gunnedah, Narrabri and Moree Plains.

The region encompasses the traditional lands of the Anaiwan, Banbai,...

Research report

21 Dec 2016

The Australian Women Against Violence Alliance (AWAVA) and Our Watch, supported by the Women’s Service Network (WESNET), held a three day conference on violence against women at the Adelaide Convention Centre, in September 2016. The conference aimed to:

• Explore the challenges for responding...

Strategy

15 Dec 2015

Towards future industries: Victoria’s automotive transition plan is a $46.5 million package that will create jobs and help businesses, workers and communities in the automotive industry meet the challenges ahead and take advantage of emerging opportunities. The plan will provide additional assistance for retrenched...

Fact sheet

4 Feb 2017

Overview

The Prime Minister made reference to the potential role of ultra-supercritical coal and carbon capture and storage in his address at the National Press Club on Tuesday.

This analysis, and others by energy experts and business groups, shows there is no...

Submission

22 May 2015

Australia has long been seen as a favoured destination for international students. The high quality of our education, and the appeal of the Australian lifestyle has attracted more than 2.5 million international students to our shores over the past half century. As our largest services...

Commentary

Article

6 Feb 2017

For cheerleaders of the ANZUS alliance, the statements released after ministerial meetings and leadership phone calls are manna from heaven. The soothing and predictable words are almost like religious recitations: the alliance continues to grow stronger, deeper, wider and more intimate, the interests of Australia...

Research report

7 Feb 2017

Introduction

It has been four decades since the first boats carrying Indochinese asylum seekers arrived on Australia’s shores. Since then public perceptions or concerns over unauthorised maritime arrivals continue to strongly influence government policy and to be an emotive and divisive political issue....

Research report

7 Nov 2016

In 2012 it was estimated that there were more than 300 million Indigenous peoples living across the globe. A 2009 UN report found that Indigenous peoples came from approximately 90 different countries. There is enormous diversity amongst Indigenous and tribal groups who speak more than...

Research report

6 Feb 2017

Foreword

The riots at the Parkville Youth Justice Centre in November 2016 and the Government’s subsequent establishment of a youth justice centre within Barwon Prison have prompted reviews, inquiries, and legal proceedings, by numerous agencies. These include the responsible department, the Commission for...

Research report

25 Oct 2016

Overview

The illicit movement, trafficking and use of firearms is a serious national threat and a significant safety concern for the Australian community.

The demand for and supply of illicit firearms in Australia is driven by a range of entities, from organised...

Research report

24 Jan 2017

The nomination of General James N. Mattis to the position of Secretary of Defense in the Trump Administration is a reassuring sign for many allies of the United States, as well as those who are supportive of a continuing US commitment to a rules-based liberal...

Research report

3 Feb 2017

Australia is set to be the world’s most connected continent following the completion of the NBN rollout in 2020, according to new research released today.

Developed by Western Sydney University, this report provides an in-depth analysis into how advancements in technology and nationwide access...

Blog post

2 Feb 2017

Within a few hours of Donald Trump being declared president-elect, the first wave of reflections about the future of news media began to emerge.

The existential crisis comes at a time when the economics for much of our industry — especially newspapers — remains...

Research report

11 Jan 2017

As the pace of technological change becomes exponentially faster, it is increasingly difficult to identify the major trends that could have profound effects on enterprises and consumers. To help address this challenge, we’re pleased to offer the 2017 version of Predictions from Deloitte Global, designed...

Research report

24 Jan 2017

Today marks a momentous milestone for all things digital, with the new Digital in 2017 Global Overview report from We Are Social and Hootsuite revealing that more than half of the world’s population now uses the internet.

Our findings have exciting implications for businesses,...

Research report

4 Nov 2016

Coverage of any breaking news event today often includes footage captured by eyewitnesses and uploaded to the social web. This has changed how journalists and news organizations not only report and produce news, but also how they engage with sources and audiences. In addition to...

Video

31 Jan 2017

Media soul-searching continues as editors and reporters from outlets from CNN to The Weekly Standard to The New York Times gathered at Harvard University for an event centered on the question of the role of journalism in a “post-truth era.”

Streamed live on...

Blog post

7 Feb 2017

Last week, the UK House of Commons Culture, Media and Sport Committee launched an inquiry into ‘fake news’ which the Committee chair describes as a “threat to democracy” that “undermines confidence in the media in general.” Since November’s US presidential election, the issue of...

Research report

20 Dec 2016

Undertaking experiments in public policy is like any other innovation – it requires a mix of disruption, a committed and talented team, and, most importantly, the courage of leaders to let go of bad rules and explore new ways of doing things. This approach can...

Journal article

22 Dec 2016

This study uses smartcard data to quantify and visualize the most popular destinations (‘central places’) and corridors of transit riders in Brisbane, an emerging global city in Queensland, Australia. It shows that the number and distribution of central places vary significantly across different periods of...

Submission

12 Feb 2014

Many car-dependent cities have major transit projects stuck in financial and economic assessment due to inadequate links between land use, transport, and funding. This has left most urban transport networks underfunded and requiring significant government support. During this widening transit funding gap, there has been...

Research report

5 Feb 2017

Overview

When students are engaged in class, they learn more. It is vital that teachers create the right classroom climate for learning: raising student expectations; developing a rapport with students; establishing routines; challenging students to participate and take risks. These all affect how...

Research report

31 Jan 2017

Introduction

The arrest of two female would-be suicide bombers in Jakarta in December 2016 shows the desire of Indonesian women for a more active role in violent extremism. It may be a reflection of the pro-ISIS movement’s weakness that male leaders are more...

Research report

3 Feb 2017

Summary

Cancer in Australia 2017 is the eighteenth in a series that provides a comprehensive national overview on cancer, including the latest available data and projections, and trends over time.

Cancer is a major cause of illness in Australia...

Research report

5 Feb 2017

Provides in-depth insights into the financial psychology of Australians based on a survey of 1,500 households.

Key findings:

Low comfort with income : Australian households’ ‘comfort with income’ remains at its lowest level since the Household Financial Comfort Report began in 2011...

Research report

2 Feb 2017

Overview

The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) is mobilising sympathisers in the US at rates much higher than seen for previous terrorist groups, including al-Qaeda.

To understand this new American face of ISIS, the Chicago Project on Security and Threats...

Research report

23 Jan 2017

Summary Four international studies have found that the youngest children in a school class are more likely than their class- mates to receive pharmacological treatment for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We investigated whether this late birth date effect applies to children in Western Australia....

Article

30 Nov 2016

Drawing on the Spatial Network Analysis of Multimodal Urban Transport Systems (SNAMUTS) accessibility tool, this paper introduces comparative results of public transport network performance measures in 19 metropolitan regions in developed countries. These results are assessed typologically and functionally to highlight the contribution of each...

Commentary

Article

6 Feb 2017

Introduction

When the Australian Signals Directorate (ASD) released its Top Four Strategies to Mitigate Targeted Cyber Intrusions in 2011, it was revolutionary, because it cut to the chase. Do these four things first, before anything else, and you'll repel 85 percent of targeted...

Commentary

Article

2 Feb 2017

Treasurer Scott Morrison’s visit to cold old London last week in the middle of the Australia summer was time well spent. Morrison made time in his hectic schedule for a lengthy meeting with the UK’s Housing Finance Corporation (THFC) to discuss an affordable housing financial...

Journal article

21 Nov 2016

In this article we apply the method of quantitative textual analysis known as ‘topic modelling’ to a significant Australian legal text corpus: that of judgments of the High Court of Australia from 1903 to 2015. The High Court of Australia has been a perennial topic...

Research report

3 Feb 2017

Cancer is a major cause of illness in Australia and has a substantial social and economic impact on individuals, families and the community. In 2017, it is estimated that 134,174 people will be diagnosed with cancer and 47,753 people will die from cancer. Findings from...

Guide

3 Feb 2017

This guide has been developed to assist with navigating the Report on Government Services web pages published by the Productivity Commission.

Audio interview

3 Feb 2017

The NBN company's chief executive, Bill Morrow, says the $49 billion project is rolling out on time and on budget, despite having to secure a special loan from the Federal Government late last year.

The $19.5 billion top-up is in addition to the Government's...

Discussion paper

31 Jan 2017

In August 2016, the traditional owners of Timber Creek in the Northern Territory, the Ngaliwurru and Nungali peoples, were awarded over $3.3 million for the loss of their native title rights. $1.3 million of this award was a solatium payment, that is, compensation for hurt...

Research report

10 Jan 2017

New technologies have changed the types of data that are routinely collected about citizens on a daily basis. For example, smart devices collect location and communication data, and fitness trackers and medical devices capture physiological and other data. As technology changes, new portable and connected...

Research report

1 Feb 2017

At the request of the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) Industry Skills Council (ISC) and the Skills Senior Officials Network (SSON), a National Training Product Reform Group, comprising representatives from all of the jurisdictions, considered the longer-term reform of training products. This exercise, conducted during...

Discussion paper

25 Jan 2017

Internationally, Australia’s tertiary education system, comprising the higher education and vocational education and training (VET) sectors, is highly regarded, with both sectors subject to ongoing national review and reforms. This paper explores in detail the multiple issues that lie at what might be termed the...

Journal article

5 Jan 2017

Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is an established methodology that can provide decision-makers with comprehensive data on the environmental impacts of products and processes during the entire life cycle. However, the literature on building LCAs consists of highly varying results between the studies, even when the assessed...

Journal article

1 Feb 2017

This paper presents an alternative view on the patterning of housing problems – across populations and within people. The conceptualization of housing problems through a ‘housing niche’ lens allows the cumulative influence of multiple housing vulnerabilities to be better visualized and understood. Using a large,...

Research report

3 Feb 2017

On 6 September 2016, the Minister for Small Business, the Hon. Michael McCormack MP, tasked the Australian Small Business and Family Enterprise Ombudsman with undertaking an inquiry into the adequacy of the law and practices governing financial lending to small businesses.

Consistent with other...

Strategy

2 Feb 2017

This white paper confirms the Prime Minister’s vision of an independent, truly global UK and an ambitious future relationship with the EU.

On 17 January 2017 the Prime Minister set out the twelve principles which will guide the government in fulfilling the democratic will...

Report

5 May 2016

There is no place for the death penalty in the modern world. State execution is a barbaric act that demeans the State that carries it out. The death penalty is cruel and inhumane, and is inevitably associated with miscarriages of justice, the inadvertent execution of...

Evaluation

Report

3 Feb 2017

In September 2013, responsibility for the majority of Indigenous-specific policy and programs, as well as some mainstream programs that predominantly service Indigenous Australians, was transferred into the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (the department). These substantial changes saw 27 programs consisting of 150...

Research report

31 Jan 2017

Mobile messaging apps are the fastest-growing digital communications phenomenon ever. Today, more than 2.5 billion people around the world use messaging apps, a figure that is expected to rise to 3.6 billion by 2018 – that’s almost half of the world’s population.

Messaging apps...

Commentary

1 Feb 2017

Many countries around the world have ageing populations and a growing prevalence of dementia. Japan, in particular, is a “super-ageing” society, with a population getting older faster than anywhere else in the world due to long life expectancy and low birth rates.

In...

Submission

13 Jul 2015

While DASSH recognises that there are a number of strengths and weaknesses with the current grants, fellowships and awards and other programmes delivered by the OLT, we question the need for a new learning and teaching institute especially as there was no indication that the...

Journal article

15 Dec 2016

Purpose

Does client embeddedness lead to improved employee quality of life, such as job satisfaction, affective commitment and employee engagement? If so, is this relationship affected by gender, age, tenure and psychological contract breach (PCB)? The paper aims to discuss these issues....

Journal article

17 Dec 2014

Australian employers are increasingly reliant on migrants, but turnover among migrants is significantly higher than turnover among Australian-born workers. Job embeddedness theory emphasises the role of employee attachment in understanding retention. We interviewed migrants to learn the different kinds of attachments they created on- and...

Journal article

17 Dec 2013

Recent research into volunteer motivation offers the possibility of improved recruitment and retention techniques for volunteer organizations by designing organizational recruitment messages to match volunteer motivations. Using a sample of event volunteers ( N  = 488) drawn from five event organizations, this paper tests for the...

Journal article

1 Feb 2014

This article examines the impact of employee understanding of components of their pay system on pay satisfaction and leaving intentions for a poorly paid occupational group. Employee understanding of pay arrangements is found to have an indirect impact (through pay satisfaction) on employee intention to...

Research report

25 Jan 2017

The 2017 Global NGO Online Technology Report is a research project that seeks to gain a better understanding of how non-governmental organizations (NGOs) worldwide use online technology to engage their supporters and donors. Sponsored by the Public Interest Registry and researched by Nonprofit Tech for...

Research report

1 Feb 2017

Debates over what it means to be a “true” American, Australian, German or other nationality have often highlighted the importance of a person being born in a particular country. But contrary to such rhetoric, this Pew Research Center survey finds that people generally place a...

Research report

30 Jan 2017

When it comes to immigration, a natural but complicated question to ask is: “Is immigration good for New Zealand?” There are a number of ways immigration affects New Zealand and New Zealanders, and a number of concerns and fears New Zealanders have about immigration. This...

Research report

2 Feb 2017

This working paper sets out the case for a world-pioneering Permanent Forest Bond which belongs to the wider classes of green and climate-aligned bonds. The innovation is not only to fill a funding gap for budget-constrained government entities, it is to shift the environmental spending...

Research report

7 Dec 2016

Public transport is an essential service for many Victorians, and an effective transport system is critical to the state’s economic prosperity and liveability. Public Transport Victoria (PTV) is responsible for managing the contracts with the operators that run the metropolitan passenger train and tram networks,...

Research report

31 Jan 2017

The Policy Project collaborated with the Government Economics Network (GEN) committee to facilitate workshops following the 2016 GEN conference on ‘People and Policy – how to make better and smarter policies through behavioural insights, design thinking and better use of data’.

This document records:...

Discussion paper

31 Jan 2017

The government’s 10-year company tax cut plan was announced in the May 2016 budget, but was always going to be difficult to sell as an urgently needed reform. Since then, the debate has effectively shown that there is nothing in it that would increase the...

Discussion paper

14 Dec 2016

Frontline child protection work is highly stressful, emotionally taxing and, at times, can result in secondary trauma. Additionally, statutory child protection organisations consistently experience high turnover and staff shortages, creating adverse workplace cultures and extra stress for their workforce. Consequently, there is a growing recognition...