September 2017

Report

29 Sep 2017

The objective of this audit was to assess the effectiveness of the Department of Communications and the Arts’ contract management of selected telephone universal service obligations.

Report

29 Sep 2017

This report provides an independent evaluation of the biological and economic status of fish stocks managed solely or jointly by the Australian government.

Report

29 Sep 2017

This report reviews the Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal's approach to assessing compliance with the reliability standard for electricity transmission in NSW.

Report

29 Sep 2017

The committee notes that it is conducting a 'live' inquiry about the rollout of the NBN. As this report is being tabled, NBN infrastructure is being constructed and NBN customers are choosing plans from their Retail Service Providers (RSPs).

Working paper

26 Sep 2017

This study explores the extent to which young people’s belief in their own academic ability influences their educational trajectories.

Report

29 Sep 2017

The Register of Foreign Ownership of Agricultural Land (the Agricultural Land Register) was established to provide greater transparency about the level of foreign ownership of Australia’s agricultural land.

The Commissioner of Taxation reports annually to the Treasurer on the operation of the Register of...

Report

Providing a comprehensive, up-to-date indication of key greenhouse gas and energy trends in Australia
28 Sep 2017

Australia’s energy emissions continue to increase, breaking all-time records. Petroleum, in particular diesel consumption, is the main driver of emission increases.

Research report

3 Aug 2017

Market Forces’ latest research has found that 82 of Australia’s 100 largest superannuation funds disclose inadequate or no tangible evidence that they have considered the impact of climate risk on their investment portfolios.

Working paper

26 Sep 2017

Evidence from the U.S. that couples with daughters are more likely to divorce than couples with sons has not been found for other Western countries.

Guide

26 Sep 2017

This resource is intended to provide information on a set of principles that capture the essential core components of a high-quality playgroup.

Report

Efficiency standards to cut energy bills, reduce pollution and create jobs
28 Sep 2017

This report maps out how minimum efficiency standards for rental homes could tackle a long-standing problem, and create thousands of jobs in trades, services and manufacturing across Victoria.

Survey

28 Sep 2017

This report expands on the key findings from the 2016 National Drug Strategy Household Survey (NDSHS) that were released on 1 June 2017. It presents more detailed analysis including comparisons between states and territories and for population groups.

Report

27 Sep 2017

The origins of this report lie in widespread concern in the Australian community in general, and among defence experts, economists and public policy specialists in particular, following the government’s announcement that Australia’s future submarine would be the French designed Shortfin Barracuda. Since this may well...

Audio interview

28 Sep 2017

Lisa Paul AO PSM, previously secretary of federal government departments responsible for education and employment, shares her approach to the challenges of leadership, its loneliness and rewards.

Research report

Report prepared for the Ministry of Health
25 Sep 2017

This report estimates the costs of the waterborne disease outbreak in Havelock North, the largest outbreak of its kind in New Zealand.

Commentary

20 Sep 2017

This article presents an overview and assessment of the New Zealand health system.

Evaluation

15 Apr 2016

This evaluation describes and assesses how volunteer assignments are implemented and the benefits (intended and unintended) realised.

Discussion paper

26 Sep 2017

This paper provides a platform for discussions on future improvement and policy options for South Australia and provides the data to help contextualise the historic performance of the state's economy in a relative sense against interstate comparators.

Video

Spotlight Lecture Series, Victoria University of Wellington
20 Sep 2017

This public lecture explores what a capital gains tax might look like in New Zealand, and who would win and who would lose from such a reform.

Evaluation

15 May 2016

The evaluation focused on support provided by MFAT over 2006 to 2015, and also considered support provided by other donors and development partners, as well as visual impairment activities led by Pacific governments.

Report

27 Sep 2017

The objective of this audit was to examine whether value for money is being delivered by the Australian Rail Track Corporation’s (ARTC’s) management of the Inland Rail pre-construction program.

Policy report

26 Sep 2017

The objective of this paper is to outline how the operation of the built environment can best contribute to the supply of diverse housing that supports affordable living outcomes.

Journal article

27 Jul 2017

Investigators of this study found that changing the educational model may lead to improvements in future library data services.

Research report

6 Mar 2013

Sustainable development that reduces poverty and inequalities in the Pacific is realistic and achievable, but a continuing challenge is ensuring that development strategies are inclusive of those most in need.

Thesis

15 Apr 2013

Developing a theory of factors that contributes to the more sustainable development of the Morinda citrifolia (Nonu) Industry in Samoa, I argue that the Samoan Nonu product cannot compete in the Pacific region due to the large-scale production of its main competitor, Tahitian Noni.

Commentary

27 Sep 2017

Despite differences over how many voters have already returned their surveys, the latest polls tell a near-identical story.

Guide

20 Sep 2017

The principles and practices described in this guide are intended to educate, inform and facilitate respectful, collaborative and beneficial research relationships between the Victorian Muslim community and the wider university research community.

Research report

13 Oct 2013

An introduction to Sector-Wide Approach (SWAps) & their evolution as a global aid modality

Due to its perceived links to economic growth through the provision of human capital, education has always been awarded a central role as an agent of development. The belief...

Research report

7 Aug 2013

This report is based on independent research conducted for an NZ Aid Programme-funded project Sharing the Riches of Tourism: Exploring How Tourism Can Contribute More Effectively to Poverty Alleviation in the Pacific. Research in a variety of developing country contexts has found that the conventional...

Research report

15 Aug 2009

This report examines tourism and its contribution to poverty alleviation in the Pacific, focusing mainly on what existing literature can tell us about the nature and scope of tourism in the region and its contribution to development, constraints to tourism, and the roles of key...

Report

19 Sep 2017

The NSW energy rebates budget is substantial and the distribution arrangements are complex. The objective of the audit was to assess whether the current design and distribution of energy rebates schemes is effective.

Discussion paper

12 Sep 2017

This discussion paper looks at the expansion of the 'ParentsNext' pre-employment program, aimed at reducing welfare dependency and child poverty, and to increase female employment participation.

Research report

1 Aug 2016

The increase in cases of domestic violence in Samoa and the diaspora is slowly raising the public’s awareness of its impacts on the victims, who are overwhelmingly women and children. Because it is such a serious and growing social problem, it is a priority for...

Discussion paper

3 Sep 2017

The NT Department of the Attorney-General and Justice has released this discussion paper, as part of the review into the Anti-Discrimination Act.

Journal article

15 Jul 2017

The year 1994 was a particularly interesting one in Samoan politics.

Discussion paper

26 Sep 2017

Community pressure in Tasmania is growing for poker machines to be banned from hotels and clubs.

Blog post

26 Sep 2017

The Australian Parliamentary Library has compiled some statistics on the voting records of the minor parties and Independent MPs in both Houses during the first year of the 45th Parliament.

Journal article

15 Jun 2009

This paper demonstrates how Census data can be used to examine changes in wellbeing for population sub-groups.

Journal article

15 Jan 2016

The neoliberal agenda has been in place in Aotearoa / New Zealand, under governments of different political persuasion, since the mid-1980s. An important aspect of this agenda has been to construct an environment in which individuals are expected to take more responsibility for their own...

Essay

7 Jun 2016

This essay series is intended to explore measures that have been taken, and could be taken, in order to improve responses to the threat or occurrence of natural disasters in the MENA and Indo-Pacific regions.

Audio program

27 Sep 2017

An expert conducting a review of regional education for the federal government thinks Australia has become too obsessed with sending country students to university.

Journal article

27 Apr 2017

This study investigated contributions to the peer-reviewed library and information science (LIS) journal literature by U.S. academic librarian (USAL) authors over a ten-year period (2003–2012).

Thesis

1 Jan 2016

Floods are the most common form of natural disasters globally, disproportionately impacting lower income countries and in many cases the poorest citizens therein. The increasing frequency and intensity of floods present civil society, policymakers, and development practitioners the challenge of reducing disaster risk, and populations’...

Thesis

1 Jan 2016

Field data were collected on Fatato Island, Funafuti Atoll, Tuvalu, to understand contemporary wave transformation processes on a previously unstudied atoll. Subsequently, a fully nonlinear Boussinesq model was used to simulate wave processes on Fatato and other reefs with variable morphology to evaluate the impact...

Thesis

1 Jan 2016

As the primary site for development of all herbicide-tolerant corn seed and with more experimental field trials of genetically engineered crops than anywhere else in the world, Hawai‘i is placed at the epicenter of the agrochemical-seed-biotechnology industry’s global chains of production. It is also a...

Thesis

1 Jan 2015

Urbanisation in Papua New Guinea (PNG) is increasingly characterised by the sale of customary land to migrants from other provinces. As the borders of towns transform through this process, I ask: what does selling customary land in PNG mean, and what implications do sales have...

Thesis

1 Jan 2017

This is a study of individuals of German-Tongan descent living around the world. Taking as its starting point the period where Germans in Tonga (2014) left off, it examines the family histories, self-conceptions of identity, and connectedness to Germany of twenty-seven individuals living in New...

Thesis

1 Jan 2016

This thesis uses a complexity thinking approach to investigate the implementation of development strategies to improve maternal health taking the province of East New Britain, in Papua New Guinea, as a case study. A key global strategy for improving maternal and neonatal health is that...

Thesis

1 Jan 2014

This thesis presents a description of evidentiality in the Urama language, which is a dialect of Northeast Kiwai, spoken on Urama Island in the Gulf Province of Papua New Guinea. The data in this study has come from both narratives and elicitation sessions with a...

Thesis

1 Jan 2014

The purpose of this research is to better characterise the specific behaviour of Tropical Cyclones (TCs) in the Southwest Pacific ocean basin in response to a number of key global and regional teleconnection patterns. While there have been many TC studies in other basins, there...

Thesis

1 Jan 2013

Social marketing is increasingly being used in the health sector to achieve positive behaviour change. Pacific peoples are a key target audience for most social marketing efforts in New Zealand because of their poor health outcomes and differing conceptualisations of health. Despite this, there is...

Thesis

1 Jan 2016

Introduction: The importance of health research in addressing equity, health outcomes and development is recognised by world leaders and yet there is a lack of research outputs from low to middle income countries, such as those in the Pacific Islands, where the burden of disease...

Thesis

1 Jan 2016

Pasifika students’ home knowledges and practices have low value in New Zealand schooling. Despite studies that have argued for culturally responsive teaching that meets the diverse needs of Pasifika students (Alton-Lee, 2008; Coxon, Mara, Wendt Samu, & Finau, 2002; Ferguson, Gorinski, Samu, & Mara, 2008),...

Thesis

1 Jan 2013

This thesis explores the development of mental health systems in the Pacific Island Countries (PICs) of Samoa and Tonga through an examination of several policy transfer events from the colonial to the contemporary. Beginning in the 1990s, mental health became an area of global policy...

Thesis

1 Jan 2013

This thesis adopts an analytical approach to Moana research from a “Pacific Studies” perspective, focusing as it does on Moana languages and Moana indigenous knowledge. From this perspective it analyses and discusses the imposition of Western paradigms in Moana research and in Moana language, both...

Thesis

1 Jan 2013

Background There are major gaps in contemporary knowledge regarding the burden and risk factors for road traffic injuries (RTI) in Pacific Island countries. Aim To investigate the epidemiology of RTI and the contribution of driver sleepiness to fourwheel motor vehicle crash injuries in Viti Levu,...

Thesis

1 Jan 2013

Although most young people engage in positive life activities and become healthy adults, some become involved in risky behaviours. This has long been a concern for families, health professionals, policy makers and academics. Despite considerable research and the construction of a range of theories and...

Thesis

1 Jan 2016

The architecture of the Cook Islands’ coral churches has entangled indigenous and foreign beliefs, social practice and place-making since their instigation by the London Missionary Society in the 1840s. As well as examining the historical significance of their formation, this thesis explores Rarotonga’s churches, now...

Thesis

1 Jan 2015

The Pacific rat, Rattus exulans, or Kiore as it is called by Maori, is a small human commensal associated with the human settlement of the Pacific. Archaeological evidence from Island Melanesia connects the distribution of the species with the presumed ancestors of all Polynesians, the...

Thesis

1 Jan 2013

Diabetes mellitus is having a considerable impact on the health and well-being of Māori and Pacific people in New Zealand (NZ). The prevalence of diabetic nephropathy is high in these groups, who also have a heightened risk of progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Good...

Thesis

1 Jan 2014

Polynesian settlers transformed the native forests of the central Pacific islands into productive economic landscapes. Root crops came to dominate agronomic systems in many areas but arboriculture was the dominant mode of food production in some, and it is not well understood how these different...

Thesis

1 Jan 2013

This thesis explores the potential decreolisation of Bislama, the creole of Vanuatu. It focuses on the evolution of the written language and consists in the study of a corpus of documents in Bislama in various genres and over a period of 40 years. The first...

Thesis

1 Jan 2017

This research engages with the work of afakasi American-American Samoan playwright John Kneubuhl. As a polycultural, pan-Pacific dramatist, Kneubuhl’s work explores post-colonial discourses, power structures and social and cultural hierarchies. An afakasi playwright also concerned with authenticity, Kneubuhl wrote from both inside and outside these...

Thesis

1 Jan 2014

The purpose of this thesis was to find ways in which the current practices of Tongan culture and of the church could be modified so that any economic adverse impact they have on Tongans could be alleviated. This research is particularly significant when contextualised in...

Thesis

1 Jan 2015

Over the last few decades, the number of disasters in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) has been constantly increasing. While usually portrayed as weak and passive victims in the face of disasters, the inhabitants of these countries have always demonstrated abilities to deal with such...

Thesis

1 Jan 2016

Sound Travels constructs a biographical narrative of musician, musical director, showman and entrepreneur Ernest Kaleihoku Kaai (b. Honolulu 1881 – d. Florida 1962). It takes into account the extent of his musical practice and the scale of his touring in the Asia Pacific region at...

Thesis

1 Jan 2014

The development of parent training programmes has become one of the most widely utilised and cost effective means of prevention and treatment for problematic child behaviours and parenting practices. To date there has been limited research regarding the effectiveness of these programmes for Pasifika people....

Thesis

1 Jan 2016

The Pacific Identity and Wellbeing Scale (PIWBS: Manuela & Sibley, 2013) is a culturally appropriate, self-report measure for Pacific peoples in New Zealand. It is an integration of Western psychological theory and indigenous, Pacific concepts of the self, ethnic identity and wellbeing. In this thesis,...

Thesis

1 Jan 2013

This thesis focuses on the influence transnationalism has upon the health of Cook Islanders. Central to this enquiry is the relationship between Cook Islanders’ population mobility and the unequal burden of diseases such as TB and type 2 diabetes. The research explores the contextual and...

Thesis

1 Jan 2013

Oral tradition is a significant aspect of the lives of most indigenous communities. Myths, legends, dances and songs have been passed down orally throughout the generations. Such indigenous knowledge needs to be documented if any indigenous community chooses to maintain it for future generations. This...

Thesis

1 Jan 2016

Cook Islands Māori is an endangered East Polynesian language closely related to but distinct from Tahitian and New Zealand Māori. This project focusses specifically on the varieties of Cook Islands Māori originating from, and spoken in, the Southern Group of the Cook Islands, that is,...

Thesis

1 Jan 2014

The characteristics of traditional discipleship taught and practiced in Samoan society reflect the consideration of the church’s needs and demands which are more important than family. For example, one characteristic of becoming a disciple is that he or she is expected to abandon his or...

Thesis

1 Jan 2013

This study focused on a group of 101 Tongan students within the middle and upper levels of primary schools in New Zealand. It examined the hypothesis that explicit vocabulary instruction, using an educational intervention, can positively impact on Tongan students’ reading comprehension and contribute to...

Thesis

1 Jan 2014

My research examines the relationships between the formal health and education sectors, schools, external donors, non-government organisations (NGOs) and communities with regard to health in Tuvalu. A significant contribution of my research is the development of a Tuvaluan conceptual framework for health and wellbeing, which...

Thesis

1 Jan 2013

This thesis produces a survey of Anglophone Cook Islands literature and from it, recognises some key Cook Islands literary aesthetics. The rationale for this thesis rests on the considerable contributions Cook Islands writers have made to the wider Pacific literary field during the formative years...

Thesis

1 Jan 2015

Agricultural development is intimately tied to the environment and cultural practices, specifically socio-political change. Nowhere are these relationships more clear than on Polynesian islands. Many sequences of agricultural change have now been documented in the region, and their relationships with the environment and cultural change...

Thesis

1 Jan 2014

Set against the background of a Kanaky/Nouvelle-Calédonie moving towards a future of increasing autonomy with the possibility of independence under the 1998 Noumea Agreement, this thesis maps the pathways of the story of Le Chef et le lézard, found in a number of Kanak oral...

Thesis

1 Jan 2015

Background: Following the mass migration in the 1970’s a young urbanised Pacific population has emerged in New Zealand (NZ), with Pacific people now an integral part of the cultural fabric. Teenage pregnancy (births, terminations and miscarriages of women <20 years) is a topic widely publicised...

Thesis

1 Jan 2014

The thesis gives a postcolonial and queer analysis of queer lives in Fiji. It asks how queer Fijians negotiate the requirements of racialised and sexualised subjectivity in a context of ongoing social marginalisation. Drawing on Ahmed’s (2006) Queer Phenomenology, I undertake a phenomenological close reading...

Thesis

1 Jan 2014

Tonga reputably has the highest per capita number of PhDs in the world; this indicates the high value placed on formal education by Tongans. At the same time, many Tongans, especially those living in New Zealand, are amongst those seen as ‘failures’ of the education...

Thesis

1 Jan 2014

This thesis looks at chiefly Polynesian leadership in the 21st century. Since 2006, Samoa, Tonga, Fiji, Cook Islands and Aotearoa have each experienced the loss of prominent chiefly leaders. In each of the cases, new leaders have risen to take the places of the recently...

Thesis

1 Jan 2015

Pacific islands artifacts and imageries have had a strong appeal to the popular imagination of the West over the years. However, in recent years the question of ownership of intellectual property rights has emerged as many indigenous groups around the world call for the repatriation...

Thesis

1 Jan 2014

Mariculture interest in the Tridacnidae family of giant clams has increased in response to economic and nutritional opportunities, but also in response to increasing reports of local extinctions as a result of over-harvesting, pollution, and habitat degradation. Key impediments to culturing giant clams for stock...

Thesis

1 Jan 2016

This thesis offers a reappraisal of Earth as presented in Gen. 1:1-2:4a from a Samoan gafataulima (accomplish/fulfil/capable) hermeneutical perspective. The inspiration for the study arose out of a personal dilemma concerning my religious beliefs and the reality that I am experiencing in the world today,...

Thesis

1 Jan 2016

Panulirus ornatus is a highly-valued tropical spiny lobster species with an extensive Indo- West Pacific distribution, ranging from the east coast of Africa through to the central Pacific Islands. The species is intensively fished throughout its range to supply a rapidly growing Asian seafood market,...

Thesis

9 Aug 2011

This thesis centres on methods and studies designed to increase knowledge surrounding the at sea distribution of seabirds during various periods in their annual cycle (i.e., breeding, migration, over-wintering). Following a brief introduction in Chapter 1, in Chapter 2, "Effects of archival tags on Sooty...

Thesis

23 Nov 2011

Intro: Fracture of the human facial skeleton is a common injury that places serious burden on society. Severe morbidity, mortality, facial disfigurement, loss of function and financial cost are all associated with facial fractures (Kieser et al., 2002). In New Zealand (NZ), only two previous...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

The purpose of this research is to formulate a theologically coherent perspective on the complex social and moral questions facing contemporary Samoan society. It does so by constructing a contextual Samoan public theology, based on the core Samoan-Christian values of alofa (love), fa'aaloalo (respect), soalaupule...

Thesis

14 Dec 2012

This is a study of a particular religious group, 'conservative Christians';, and their reaction to cultural and legal change in recent decades. Their religious liberty is a key focus. Part I provides the background. Chapter 1 describes the conservative Christian "narrative" of New Zealand-a story...

Discussion paper

7 Apr 2011

This paper is a preliminary report on research that is ongoing. Using unit record data from Statistics New Zealand's Income Survey for the June quarters of 1997 to 1999, we estimate wage regressions taking into account the sample selection bias problem which arises from the...

Thesis

6 Mar 2014

Gout is associated with various co-morbidities including insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Gout and type 2 diabetes are strongly linked to the individual components of metabolic syndrome. There may be shared pathogenic pathways between gout and type 2 diabetes in which insulin resistance, obesity,...

Thesis

7 Apr 2011

The philosophy of the 'Melanesian Way' was strongly reflected in the report of the Constitution Planning Committee (CPC), which provides the basis for PNG's independence constitution.A section in the final report (1974) titled: Papua New Guinea Ways, endorses:"those practices of participation, of consultation, and consensus...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

The gradual decrease in the saturation state of calcium carbonate in the ocean due to the absorption of anthropogenic CO2 is expected to enhance the dissolution of skeletons and shells of calcifying organisms. Experimental tools are required to investigate and determine the extent of changing...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

Research conducted in small isolated island states in the South Pacific has been very limited in scope and frequency. This was particularly true in the Cook Islands, an archipelago of 15 tiny islands scattered across an area of the Pacific that was equivalent in size...

Thesis

3 Nov 2009

This thesis reports on an ethnographic research project that explored the experiences and perspectives of a group of women in New Zealand higher education, including international and New Zealand students and partners of international students. The study had two aims. The first was to disrupt...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

It is a little known fact that New Zealand was both a British colony and imperial power in the Pacific during the twentieth century. From 1901 to 1965, under the pretext of a civilising mission, New Zealand exercised moral responsibility for the Cook Islands. Beneficent...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

In this practice-based research the use of attachment assessments to assist with decision-making about the placement of children in State care is explored. In Aotearoa New Zealand care and protection legislation emphasises the importance of working with families. The central decision-making forum is the Family...

Thesis

29 Oct 2012

Background: Older people often take a relatively high number of prescription medicines and experience a range of issues linked with these medicines. Older people admitted to hospital for an acute condition often experience changes to their medicines and as a result they may experience problems...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

This research contributes to anthropological knowledge of Melanesian international labour mobility, specifically ni-Vanuatu, in the 21st century. A new era of international labour mobility opportunities began for the region in April 2007. This thesis examines the multiple social and economic consequences of ni-Vanuatu participation in...

Thesis

8 Nov 2011

New Zealand national identity has dominated the art of Nigel Brown, emerging in various guises throughout his career. This thesis examines his work from his school drawings through to his development into a mature, established and significant artist. The introduction reflects the role of New...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

Background: Supporting the increasing number of patients with chronic disease, particularly Māori, Pacific peoples and those from deprived neighbourhoods, is a growing burden for New Zealand primary health care. Food and nutrition play an integral role in the prevention and management of many chronic diseases....

Thesis

22 Apr 2013

New Zealand's Official Development Assistance (NZODA) programme claims to support the construction of peaceful societies in aid recipient countries. This thesis evaluates this proposition by assessing the NZODA programme in relation to peacebuilding criteria. One theoretical framework that analyses the nature of peace implemented by...

Other text

14 Dec 2012

The island of Tanna lies in the Southern New Hebrides, north-west of Aneityum and south-east of Erromanga, and is about thirty miles long by ten or twelve miles broad. The most significant feature of the social organisation of the island in the period in question,...

Thesis

24 Sep 2012

Objectives: To date, no nationally-representative epidemiological survey of xerostomia has been undertaken. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence, associations and impacts of xerostomia in a nationally representative sample of dentate adult community dwelling New Zealanders aged 18 years and above. Methods:...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

Background: Evidence linking fructose intakes to gout, type 2 diabetes and obesity is growing. This is of particular interest in Pacific people who have higher rates of these diseases compared to other ethnic groups in New Zealand. Research to examine the links between sugar and...

Thesis

14 Dec 2012

The early childhood centre is a meeting place of many different musical threads. Teachers bring with them their own conceptions of music and also have to contend with musical influences from both within and beyond the centre, for example, the children, parents, the community, the...

Thesis

27 Mar 2014

Background: Chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, gout and cardiovascular disease have higher prevalence among Pacific Islanders than any other ethnicity in New Zealand. Increasing evidence has shown a link between increased fructose consumption and these diseases. However measuring dietary sugar intakes in...

Thesis

18 Nov 2013

Many schools define their educational vision in terms of excellence in achievement for all. This research presents a picture of how one school engages with the discourse of 'excellence for all' to produce localised interpretations and discursive constructs of successful learners and successful learning. Embedded...

Thesis

30 Jul 2013

Access to electricity is one of the tangible approaches to improving the social and economic level of citizens the world over. Elevating living standards through electricity access for rural areas in developing countries encounters, however, a severe fiscal barrier as developing countries, do not often...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

For many decades school groups have actively engaged in experiences outside the classroom. More recently, school-led tourism has expanded to include international school trips especially undertaken by schools in developed, (Western), neoliberal nations. Whilst these trips traditionally focused on foreign language and cultural learning they...

Thesis

14 Dec 2012

This thesis examines the socio-economy of smallholder sugar cane farms in Fiji with particular attention to the participation and experiences of women. There is also consideration of the involvement of other household members, especially children in the farm economy. Questions concerning the study are; how...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

Background: Prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has risen dramatically over the last few decades, suggesting a causative role for environmental factors, including activity, diet and eating behaviours.Objectives: To determine the prevalence, change in prevalence and degree of tracking of overweight and obesity in a...

Thesis

14 Dec 2012

This thesis explores the routes of roots reggae by looking at how New Zealand musicians and consumers have used this globally disseminated and commodified cultural product to locate themselves in various geographical places and cultural spaces. Chapter two examines how New Zealand roots reggae consumers...

Thesis

7 Apr 2010

This study focuses on student listening needs in the context of the English for Academic Purposes program taught by distance education at the University of the South Pacific. It explores the relationship between learners' awareness of the learning strategy they use for developing their listening...

Thesis

14 Dec 2012

Previous osteological studies of East Polynesian populations have primarily focused on the identification of ancestral homelands and have ignored issues relating to regional and local populations. This thesis examines East Polynesian population history and addresses questions concerning East Polynesian prehistory from a bioanthropological perspective. The...

Thesis

2 May 2013

The aim of this research is to investigate the nature of the social and economic transition occurring between the Lapita to post-Lapita periods on the island of Watom, East New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea. Archaeological obsidian from the localities of SAC, SAB, SDI and...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

Gout is a debilitating arthritis caused by elevated levels of serum urate in the blood (hyperuricemia). The prevalence of gout is on the rise worldwide with particularly high rates of the disease present in Māori and Pacific populations in New Zealand (9.3-13.9% of Māori men...

Thesis

1 Jul 2010

Throughout the nineteenth century probably the majority of Pakeha held the view that the East Polynesian ancestors of the Maori were the first people to settle in New Zealand. Over the same period there were always considerable numbers of Pakeha who held the alternative view...

Thesis

18 Feb 2013

This thesis seeks to address the relative absence of literature about grounded and localised approaches to peacebuilding in contemporary Fiji. It documents how and why Fiji artists, activists and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) are increasingly using participatory, storying and arts-based approaches to engage communities in...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

In ancient Hawai'i, elites employed ideology as a way of acquiring and stabilising political and economic power. Material evidence of this is found in the numerous temples throughout the islands and in the formalised rules for constructing elite households. Ethnohistoric literature describes Hawaiian households as...

Thesis

7 Apr 2014

The Religious Society of Friends (Quakers), have a long history of involvement as unofficial third party conciliators in world conflicts. Speaking truth to power, they walk the delicate line between advocating for the disempowered whilst building relationships with the adversary. Considerable scholarly ambivalence exists regarding...

Thesis

14 Dec 2012

The incidence and mortality of cervical cancer has been increasing among young women in New Zealand. This increase has occurred despite the availability of cervical screening services. Organized cervical screening programmes can reduced the mortality of cervical cancer and an assessment of the epidemiology of...

Thesis

14 Dec 2012

The advance of Neolithic culture was a defining process in human history. Chronicled by the distribution of Austronesian languages, one such expansion of Neolithic peoples swept through the Indo-Pacific region just 4,000 years ago. A record of this dispersal is carried in the genes of...

Thesis

20 Aug 2013

The purpose of this thesis is to study the intersection between the forms of Christianity introduced into Samoa, and traditional Samoan social patterns and values, in the period up to 1880. A long introduction lays the groundwork for the rest of the work, by setting...

Thesis

25 Nov 2011

Dental caries has been shown to be the most prevalent chronic disease in early childhood. Early childhood caries (ECC) has been linked to higher caries experience in adolescence. Common risk factors associated with dental caries – oral hygiene, diet, SES, and ethnicity – have also...

Thesis

10 Mar 2014

Background: Low vitamin D status is common amongst the athletic population internationally. Sufficient vitamin D is important for bone health and recent research also suggests an importance for physical performance, with associations found between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations and muscle strength and physical performance in...

Thesis

3 Nov 2009

Most adult smokers begin smoking during adolescence; nicotine dependence can develop relatively quickly and, once established, most smokers smoke for approximately 40 years. For adolescents dependent upon nicotine, cessation interventions are not well established. It is, therefore, essential that public health interventions focus on preventing...

Conference paper

27 Aug 2013

The objective of this study is to analyse the travel patterns of New Zealand women regarding the location of the facility selected for birth. Previous studies have been conducted in New Zealand which investigated access to maternity facilities and maternity provider availability in rural areas...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

Introduction: Despite increasing immunisation coverage in recent years, pertussis remains a leading cause of immunisation preventable disease in New Zealand. The current pertussis epidemic in New Zealand began in August 2011 and did not show signs of abating until May 2013. The current New Zealand...

Other text

12 Feb 2013

1.1 Research OrientationDuring the course of archaeological fieldwork conducted late in 1978, 425 artifacts relating to fishhook manufacture were recovered from site 38 on Moloka'i Island in the Hawaiian chain. Fishhook manufacturing artifacts include Porities sp coral and echinoid urchin spine abraders, basalt flakes, bone...

Other text

4 Apr 2013

Introduction:This dissertation is concerned with investigating how development in the South(*) is being represented by New Zealand Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs). The term 'development' is a complex word with a long history. Development first came into the English language in the eighteenth century with a...

Discussion paper

7 Apr 2011

Dynamic panel unit root tests are used to investigate the convergence hypothesis for a sample of developing countries. The data are real per capita GDP for the period 1960-95, covering 80 countries grouped into three broadly defined regions. The traditional cross-section unconditional convergence model produces...

Thesis

19 Jun 2013

This interdisciplinary ethnography seeks to make a contribution to the practice of a centuries-old social custom, 'tamariki 'āngai' or 'informal island adoption,' as practised by the Mangaian Cook Islanders. Tamariki 'āngai refers to both the tradition of nurturing or 'feeding' children and the fostered children...

Thesis

23 Nov 2011

This thesis presents the results of an ethnographic inquiry into haku mele (Hawaiian language composition) and modern Hawaiian vocal performance practice. It hypothesises that there are elements and characteristics in Hawaiian language compositions and vocal performance that are valued above others by composers, performers and...

Conference paper

7 Apr 2011

We have used the DNA sequences of Pacific topshells, belonging to the genera Diloma, Melagraphia and Austrocochlea, to ascertain how this group became established over a large area of the Pacific. Phylogenetic analyses of three genes revealed that Pacific topshell species belong to three major...

Thesis

14 Dec 2012

The aim of this thesis was to examine the way in which migrant Samoan women did birth in Wellington in the mid 1980's. The thesis draws on interviews conducted with fifty Samoan women and interweaves the findings of these interviews with analyses of material drawn...

Thesis

21 Nov 2010

Background: In 2003 the New Zealand Guidelines on the screening and management of patients for cardiovascular risk were published, with a revised handbook for primary healthcare staff updated in 2009. Several studies however have identified a significant gap between the guideline recommendations and current practice....

Thesis

14 Dec 2012

Background: The Free Child Health Care Scheme was introduced on July 1, 1997. It provided increased government subsidies for general practice consultations and fully subsidised doctor-prescribed medicines for children aged less than six years old.Thesis: The central thesis of this work is that health policy...

Thesis

15 Feb 2012

Issues surrounding environmental legislation and policy lead to unsustainable outcomes in waste management and practice in Rarotonga, Cook Islands. As a result local people's lives are affected in a range of different ways. Despite the adoption of a draft National Waste Management Strategy by the...

Thesis

14 Dec 2012

Throughout the Pacific, many species of echinoderms and molluscs have cultural value and are harvested extensively in subsistence fisheries. Many of these species are sedentary and often associated with distinct reef-top habitats. Despite the significance of reef habitats and their fauna for fisheries and biodiversity...

Thesis

11 Feb 2013

People carrying the Lapita culture, which first appeared in the Bismarck archipelago c. 3300 BP, were the first colonists of Remote Oceania. While over 200 Lapita sites have been identified throughout the Pacific, very few contain any skeletal remains. The scarcity of burials has limited...

Thesis

14 Dec 2012

This dissertation seeks to understand the religious experience of Samoans in New Zealand. The research uses the framework and themes of phenomenology of religion to observe, describe and interpret the expressions of Samoan religious experience in the thoughts of Samoans, their actions and their communities.The...

Thesis

20 Mar 2014

Background: Primary care practice nurses are frequently required to provide dietary advice to patients at risk of heart disease. However, they are usually not trained in nutrition and have limited time available to provide dietary counselling. The purpose of this project was to develop a...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

Background: Iodine requirements increase in pregnancy as both the mother and foetus need iodine for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. In response to a re-emergence of iodine deficiency in New Zealand in the 1990s, bread was fortified with iodised salt in 2009 and a recommendation...

Thesis

31 Aug 2012

Low-lying atoll countries are currently amongst the first nations to experience the effects of climate change, such as drought, loss of fresh water, rising sea-levels, coral bleaching and stronger storms. The environmental condition in low-lying Pacific countries such as the Republic of Kiribati is affecting...

Discussion paper

7 Apr 2011

Despite anecdotal evidence that the quality of governance in recipient countries affects the allocation of international health aid, there is no quantitative evidence on the magnitude of this effect, or on which dimensions of governance influence donor decisions. We measure healthaid flows over 2001-2005 for...

Discussion paper

7 Apr 2011

Using panel data for the period 1995-2008, we model the aid allocation decisions of the three largest official donors of humanitarian aid: the United States government, the United Kingdom government and the European Commission. We find evidence that donor decisions depend on both the recipient's...

Discussion paper

7 Apr 2011

The impact of aid inflows on relative prices and output is ambiguous. Aid inflows that increase domestic expenditure are likely to cause real exchange rate appreciation, ceteris paribus. However, if this expenditure raises the capital stock in the traded goods sector, then output in this...

Discussion paper

1 Apr 2011

Several existing papers explore the extent to which the cross-country variation in measures of democracy and political rights can be explained by the cross-country variation in foreign aid inflows. Using panel data, we explore the extent to which the variation over time in such measures...

Other text

6 Jul 2005

The following investigations were carried out when the writer was research assistant to the Research Expeditions sent to Western Samoa in 1953 and 1954 by the Medical Research Council of New Zealand. The members of these expeditions were Dr. D.D. McCarthy, Mr. M.J. Marples, Mr....

Thesis

21 Nov 2012

Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a plasma lipoprotein, characterised by an apo(a) molecule bound via a disulphide bond to apoB of a low density lipoprotein- (LDL-) like particle. Elevated Lp(a) levels are a well established risk factor for development of atherosclerosis. Intriguingly, there is enormous inter-individual variation...

Thesis

19 Jan 2011

Hakararama i Te A'amu o Rapa Nui means to show Rapa Nui stories. Easter Island has a unique way of presenting their stories; they use different types of performances throughout the show, such as kai kai (string figures), takona (body painting), riu and ute (songs),...

Thesis

16 Mar 2012

Within the theoretical framework of gender archaeology, this thesis aimed to provide new information about social organisation in Southeast Asian and Pacific Island prehistory. Archaeological skeletal material from five prehistoric sites in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands was analysed in order to investigate the...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

Maisin: a grammatical description of an Oceanic language in PNG is a descriptive study of the Maisin language, spoken in Collingwood Bay, on the north coast of Oro Province, Papua New Guinea, with particular treatment of those features that distinguish the language from other Austronesian...

Thesis

29 Apr 2013

Aims The primary aim of this study was to describe OHRQoL and its associations with sociodemographic characteristics, self-reported experiences and clinical oral disease status among dentate New Zealand adults. The second aim was to identify the nature and extent of oral health inequalities among dentate...

Thesis

4 Nov 2013

Introduction: Oral and oropharyngeal cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the world. The most common type of cancer occurring in the oral and oropharyngeal area is oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). For the purposes of this thesis oral squamous cell carcinoma has been...

Thesis

2 Jul 2012

This thesis intends to investigate the asymmetric effects of monetary policy on regional prices within Fiji. The monetary policy shocks are generated by removing any systemic response to future economic conditions from the actual policy rate that is set by the Reserve Bank of Fiji...

Thesis

11 Apr 2013

Firms often statistically discriminate in order to lower the cost of recruiting. This behaviour creates different economic opportunities among equally able individuals. We use the New Zealand component of the 2006 Adult Literacy and Life Skills (ALL) survey to test whether statistical discrimination is a...

Thesis

10 Jan 2013

In bioenergy developments in the South Pacific cultural factors are known to influence the long-term sustainability of these projects. However, little is known about how cultural parameters influence the amount of biomass resource made available for power generation. The aim of this research is to...

Thesis

2 Aug 2012

Many indigenous Pacific populations have been observed to have a high prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes and Gout. While lifestyle factors are likely to contribute, there is evidence to suggest that there is a hereditary contribution to these diseases. A number of genetic loci which...

Thesis

23 Jan 2012

Since 2000, ophthalmologists providing clinical services in Madang, Papua New Guinea, have become aware of local adult prisoners presenting with gradual vision loss. An informal assessment conducted in Beon Jail in 2007 indicated that at least 40 local inmates had a significant level of visual...

Other text

20 Feb 2015

Cultural Competence is one of the competencies required of all Health Practitioners in New Zealand since the enacting of the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act in 2003. This dissertation examines what relationship there is between this concept and Bioethics and Health Law. The dissertation argues...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

This longitudinal study assessed the relation between maternal mental state talk over time and the development of social understanding in young Pacific Island children growing up in New Zealand. At all three time points (15, 20, and 26 months), mother and child pairs (N =...

Thesis

4 Feb 2014

Why is it that truth-telling in post-conflict settings has been found to be both helpful and harmful to victims of mass violence? Existing studies have identified a range of positive benefits and negative consequences of truth-telling for victims; however, the reasons why some victims experience...

Discussion paper

9 Sep 2013

A discrete choice experiment was conducted to discover the relative importance of five characteristics of developing countries, as suggested by the literature, considered by people when choosing countries to donate money to. The experiment was administered via an online survey involving almost 700 student participants...

Thesis

10 Mar 2014

Statement of the problem: Phytate is primarily found in cereals and legumes and is the major inhibitor of zinc absorption. The United States of America, Australia and New Zealand currently have no information regarding the phytate content of food items in their food composition databases...

Thesis

25 Feb 2013

Background: Although various parental feeding practices have been associated with dietary intake and body weight in children, many studies are limited by sample size or lack of diversity, perhaps explaining conflicting results. Related areas of interest with limited exploration to date include how parental feeding...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

Research on source use and plagiarism in second language writing in recent years has suggested that rather than being the result of intent to deceive or moral failure on the part of the student, unacknowledged textual borrowing can have a number of causes, including cultural,...

Thesis

16 May 2011

The aim of this study is to understand how New Zealand SSCOs successfully advocate for decreasing the negative effects of the determinants of health, as they affect marginalised communities. Community organisations influence the social and political environment, and advocate for the most marginalised communities. However,...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is common world-wide and associated with obesity, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, hyperuricaemia and dyslipidaemia. These conditions are common in New Zealand, but the prevalence of NAFLD in New Zealand is unknown. New Zealand has a high prevalence of overweight...

Thesis

14 Mar 2012

Cook Island Maori traditional knowledge is a highly intellectual body of knowledge that has contributed to the ability of Cook Island Maori to forecast impending weather and natural hazard events. Cook Island Maori traditional knowledge can be conceptualised as a body of knowledge that has,...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

Aim: Diabetes is a chronic condition that requires ongoing healthcare management and is increasing in prevalence. Exercise is known to be effective in diabetes management as well as ongoing patient education and support. The aim of this study was to investigate the qualitative and quantitative...

Thesis

26 Apr 2012

This thesis presents the results of a skill analysis augmented by a decorative analysis and temper analysis, conducted upon Lapita pottery from the Early period site of Tamuarawai (EQS), Emirau Island, Papua New Guinea. Lapita pottery is an essential component of the Lapita Cultural Complex...

Journal article

22 Apr 2009

This paper provides the socio-historical background to a research project which includes the investigation of the relationship between school rugby culture, ethnicity and attitudes towards the reporting of a concussion. It examines rugby culture in relation to the reporting of concussion by senior secondary school...

Thesis

15 Nov 2013

Aims: The primary aim of this study was to describe pregnant women's perception of increased risk due to excess weight in pregnancy. The secondary aims were: To describe pregnant women's knowledge of weight gain recommendations. To assess the weight of pregnant women and to examine...

Thesis

3 Dec 2010

The primary objective of this thesis is to place the pedagogies and practices of Halau Hula O Maiki, as expressed by a number of halau students, in the context of Hawaiian Education. The thesis begins by reviewing the pre-contact, colonial and indigenous education movements in...

Thesis

2 Apr 2012

Gout and cardiovascular disease are both complex and multi-factorial with genetic predisposition and environmental triggers. Not only do both have high co-morbidity with other metabolic conditions, gout patients have high risk for cardiovascular events. Māori and Pacific populations have high risk for both gout and...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

Rakiura Māori (New Zealand's southern-most group of indigenous peoples) have harvested the chicks of burrow-nesting sooty shearwaters (Tītī; Puffinus griseus) for generations. As part of the harvest process some families have maintained annual harvest diaries, some of which date back to the 1950s. Throughout this...

Thesis

13 Oct 2010

Background This thesis investigates the relationship between income and health in New Zealand adults, using longitudinal data from the household panel Survey of Family, Income and Employment, 2002 to 2005. Evidence for a cross-sectional relationship between income and health is strong, but may be affected...

Thesis

25 Jul 2012

The poxviruses are an extensive family of large DNA viruses, including the causative agent for smallpox, variola virus. The success of poxviruses as pathogens is in part due to their expression of an array of gene products that redirect host responses to infection and contribute...

Thesis

30 Sep 2013

This study describes the processes of cultural adaptation to environmental conditions through an examination of ceramic technology. The case study involved eight months fieldwork in the Yap Islands, Western Caroline Islands, Micronesia, to obtain archaeological, ethnographic and environmental information.Analyses of the mineral and chemical composition...

Thesis

14 Dec 2012

It is well established that among immigrants, language shift away from the native language, towards that of the host language occurs over two to four generations. This has been found in numerous places including New Zealand, Australia, North America and Europe. Language has been linked...

Thesis

3 Nov 2009

This study of the governance of theological education examines significant policy and management decisions within Presbyterian ministry training in New Zealand between 1961 and 1997 in the light of Edward Farley's integrated goal for theological education, theologia. Edward Farley's argument that theologia, integration of theology...

Thesis

12 Feb 2014

This thesis is a work in practical theology that examines the tension between two realities. On the one hand, there are the stated policies of the Presbyterian Church of Aotearoa New Zealand (PCANZ) that encourage its members to live out a diverse life together. On...

Thesis

9 Aug 2013

In this thesis, I explore how academics with and without formal leadership positions experience and understand themselves as leaders in their everyday working contexts. The thesis both responds to and advances recent criticisms that the majority of leadership studies in higher education tend to exclusively...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

Two of the key challenges for the New Zealand health system are improving quality and reducing inequities in health. My plan was to develop and test a quality improvement intervention for primary care to help close the ethnic health gap for child asthma. To understand...

Thesis

14 Dec 2012

This thesis seeks to not only identify and describe the factors that influence identity in people of mixed parentage, but also to analyse why and how these influences operate. In order to do this, an ecological approach is taken which attempts to illuminate issues at...

Thesis

2 Apr 2014

Background: The New Zealand National Heart Foundation developed the Healthy Heart visual food guide to aid New Zealanders in selecting a healthy diet. The visual food guide conveys a balance and proportion of foods, based on the recommended volume of each food group. The main...

Thesis

15 Apr 2013

The process of coming to judgement in child protection social work is like deciding whether or not to jump from the Titanic as it lists: both types of decisions operate under limited time, conditions of uncertainty, lack of complete knowledge of all relevant factors, unknown...

Working paper

31 Jan 2014

This is an attempt to corral all known copies of Alexander Shaw's Tapa Cloth book (1787) held in institutions around the world. My main objective was to track down institutional copies of Shaw's work so that scholars in the field could pin-point actual copies at...

Thesis

31 Jul 2013

Violence against women is widespread in Papua New Guinea (PNG), particularly in the Highlands region, and has been demonstrated to be reinforced by customs such as polygyny. While resource extraction projects provide an important opportunity to achieve national and regional development, new wealth flows introduced...

Thesis

12 Nov 2013

Background: Little is known of the periodontal status of the New Zealand (NZ) adult population, despite the availability of data from three national oral health surveys undertaken in 1976, 1988 and 2009. Although the first two surveys provided an epidemiological overview of the NZ population's...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

This thesis compares the self-reported physical and mental health status, utilisation and satisfaction with Student Health Services, of domestic and international students in Health Sciences First Year and the Health Sciences stream of Foundation Year at the University of Otago.This was a cross-sectional survey sent...

Thesis

24 Nov 2011

Gout is a common disease caused by immune response to monosodium urate (MSU) crystal deposition in articular or periarticular tissues and in the renal tract after chronic hyperuricemia (uric acid levels exceeding 7mg/dL). Gout generally progresses in three clinical stages: asymptomatic hyperuricemia (elevated serum urate...

Discussion paper

6 Dec 2011

This paper investigates an appropriate choice of anchor currency for a proposed Melanesian currency union under various hypothetical currency union arrangements. Drawing from the optimal currency area (OCA) theory and related extensions, the analysis focuses on the effects of a currency union on exchange rate...

Discussion paper

7 Apr 2011

Time series analyses generally rely on having a relatively high frequency of consistent and reliable data to work with. However for many of the South Pacific Island Nations (SPINS), data on major macroeconomic series, like GDP, are typically available only annually from the early 1980s....

Discussion paper

7 Apr 2011

This paper re-kindles the debate on the feasibility of a Pacific Islands currency union in view of the recent expansion and consolidation of regional strategies and agreements such as the 'Pacific Plan' and the Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations Plus. These initiatives, including past...

Thesis

18 Mar 2011

This thesis evaluates the feasibility of a Pacific Islands currency union involving six Pacific Island countries (PICs) comprising Fiji, Papua New Guinea (PNG), Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu, and their industrialised neighbours, Australia and New Zealand. PICs are vulnerable to internal and external shocks...

Discussion paper

6 Dec 2011

On-going debate of a Pacific Islands currency union has rekindled the argument on whether Pacific Island Countries (PICs) demonstrate symmetric behavior in their business cycles as a precondition for a union according to the OCA theory. Unfortunately for the PICs, there are no empirical studies...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

What does it mean to be a Samoan woman? The following thesis addresses this question by exploring the lived experiences of Samoan women with particular reference to religion and gender relations. Adopting an inter-disciplinary approach, it sheds light on the tenacity of socio-cultural and political...

Thesis

2 Nov 2012

Volunteer tourism is an increasingly popular and commercialised holiday experience that blends the activities of tourism and volunteering. While on holiday either domestically or abroad some individuals choose to volunteer their time, money and effort to a cause or project. Volunteer tourism projects vary widely...

Thesis

1 Sep 2010

Reducing the incidence of blood-borne infections (BBVs) continues to present a considerable public health challenge. Both internationally and in New Zealand, the high risk of transmission of HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) among injecting drug users (IDUs) has led to the introduction of harm reduction...

Thesis

20 Nov 2013

In the Pacific Island country of Vanuatu, the majority of the population is involved in subsistence agriculture. However, through the processes of globalisation and urbanisation, people are increasingly moving to the capital city, and economic hub, of the country, Port Vila, to participate in education...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

In 2007, the New Zealand government announced a change in the legislation on tobacco on-pack warning labels, requiring text-based warning labels to be replaced by graphic health warnings (GHWs). According to this new regulation, GHWs must cover 30% of the front and 90% of the...

Thesis

12 Aug 2013

This study explores the textual differences in the Samoan and English version of the 1962 Treaty of Friendship between New Zealand and Samoa. Although both nations view the translation of the two treaties as 'equally authentic', the study explores the cultural significance of the Samoan...

Thesis

30 Jul 2012

Evaluation is defined as "the process by which we judge the worth or value of something" (Suchman, 1967). Improving nutrition, reducing obesity and increasing the level of exercise were three priority population health objectives identified by the Ministry of Health in the early 2000's. The...

Thesis

1 Nov 2013

This thesis discusses the sustainability of contemporary and traditional music from 'Are'are, an area in the Solomon Islands. It examines the environmental influences and the acoustemology of music through local, national and global contexts. This entails analysis of how music, and the material used to...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

Background and Aims: The Tokelauan language lacks a word that corresponds to the western term 'depression'. Furthermore, there is no research on the experience of depression in Tokelauans, and yet doctors continue to apply a western biomedical model of depression to Tokelauan patients and those...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

Seamounts are spatially isolated, underwater topographical features that extend more than 1 km above the seafloor. They are products of geological processes, and exhibit diverse forms of venting as a result of volcanism due to plate tectonics. Variable environmental factors on seamounts support communities of...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

A wealth of research shows a greater incidence and prevalence of schizophrenia and psychotic illness in immigrant and ethnic minority groups. These findings extend to sub-clinical measures of schizophrenia-related personality characteristics, such as schizotypy. Examinations of the role of stress and resilience factors in this...

Thesis

26 Mar 2012

In the second half of the twentieth century, New Zealand witnessed a period of significant change, a period that resulted in dramatic demographic shifts. As a result of economic diversification, the New Zealand government looked to the Pacific (and to the at the time predominantly...

Thesis

12 Sep 2011

Previous studies of political campaigning have focused on developed and industrialised nations. This research analysed the three phases of campaigning in a case study of a developing nation, the Cook Islands. The specific features of campaigning examined were the permanent nature of campaigns, the role...

Thesis

27 Apr 2012

Obesity is not only known to contribute to health risks such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type II diabetes mellitus, but can also be associated with post operative complications (Amin, Sales & Brenkel, 2006; Best, 2005; Flier & Maratos-Flier, 2005; Ministry of Health [MOH], 2009a;...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

Aims The overall aim of the thesis is to gain an understanding of Pacific peoples' outcomes and experiences after injury, using data from a Prospective Outcomes of Injury Study (POIS) currently underway in New Zealand. There are two research components; the Quantitative Component aimed at...

Thesis

4 Oct 2013

Obesity in childhood has physical, psychological and social consequences that impact on health and quality of life. While there is a need for obesity prevention and treatment programmes amongst all New Zealanders, the need is greatest for Pacific children and their families. Over one in...

Thesis

6 May 2013

Obesity discourses are shaping us. Amidst an avowed obesity 'epidemic', we are all considered at-risk, hailed to understand ourselves as such, and persuaded that we have the capability to author our bodies in a desired/required slender form. Attention has shifted from 'fat' adult bodies that...

Thesis

19 Jun 2005

The world's indigenous peoples have been subjected to exploitation, discrimination, dispossession, relocation, assimilation and in some cases genocide since contact with the Western world. They have been the victims of an invasion which has since secured their position among the lowest social qualifiers. For centuries,...

Thesis

21 Jan 2013

This dissertation is a comparative analysis of the experience of several western Polynesian states during the 1918-1920 influenza pandemic, and in particular an inquiry into how the response to the second wave of this pandemic determined the mortality for each island group. Historically, Pacific island...

Thesis

19 Aug 2013

Background: Leading sports nutrition experts recommend customised fluid and electrolyte replacement strategies for optimal rehydration. Inadequate replacement of sodium can impair performance and health, but replacement needs are unique to an individuals' sweat sodium loss (SSL) - a product of sweat sodium concentration ([Na+]sweat) and...

Thesis

19 Nov 2013

This study investigated the effects of nutrient enrichment and thermal stress on the cellular and photosynthetic response of a dominant, reef-building coral in Fiji. Porites cylindrica corals were collected from Votua, Fiji, placed in individual mesocosms, and enriched with one of three concentrations of labelled...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

Inflammatory arthritis (IA) is term that encompasses a range of auto-immune joint diseases that can cause severe pain, joint erosion and disability. Although there is no cure for these IAs, early treatment beginning within three months of symptom onset with disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs can significantly...

Thesis

2 Jul 2010

This thesis is an attempt to understand the evolution of national identity in New Zealand through an examination of New Zealanders' evolving attitudes to immigrants and immigration. It begins with the premise that through selecting whom to admit to New Zealand as immigrants and become...

Thesis

17 Jun 2010

Long essay presented for the degree of Master of Arts in history. The post of Western Pacific High Commissioner established by the Order in Council of 17th. August 1877 continued to exist until 1952, and, except for one short period (1880-82) it was held by...

Thesis

2 Dec 2013

This research explores the multifaceted issues affecting youth who come from dysfunctional families and live in rural villages in the Central Province of PNG. The discourse of such rural youth accentuates the focus on institutional power relationships between the young and the older people of...

Other text

14 Dec 2012

This dissertation examines the arguments presented in favour of the introduction of compulsory military training (CMT) in New Zealand in 1949. It deals primarily with the perceptions of the advocates of CMT and the assumptions that underpinned their arguments. Central to this thesis is the...

Thesis

8 Nov 2011

Stroke is a major cause of death and the highest cause of morbidity worldwide. In NZ, the elderly and Maori and Pacific Island ethnicities are most affected. With failure of many neuroprotectant agents, current clinical therapy is limited to the use of thrombolytics to treat...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

One of the most significant phenomenon in Western industrialised societies today is a demographic shift towards an ageing population. Improved access to better nutrition, medical care, and a growing awareness of the importance of healthy eating and exercise, have all contributed to increased life expectancies...

Thesis

27 Jun 2013

Small Island Developing States have narrow resource bases and are extremely reliant on fossil fuel based energy for electricity generation. These island economies are also particularly vulnerable to the impacts of peak oil and climate change. The objective of this research was to ascertain the...

Thesis

15 Feb 2012

Skin infections are a common and widespread ailment among children. While these infections have generally been considered benign, the number requiring overnight hospitalisation for treatment, termed 'serious skin infections', has risen markedly in recent years with the incidence in NZ children thought to be significantly...

Thesis

19 Nov 2013

Fuel poverty, (the inability to afford adequate household energy services, including healthy indoor temperatures) is a significant public health problem currently estimated to affect 25% of households in New Zealand and the cost of electricity is a key driver. Despite widespread international recognition, fuel poverty...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

Congenital anomalies are amongst the leading causes of fetal and infant mortality and morbidity, yet are not consistently monitored within existing indicators used to assess the health and wellbeing of the New Zealand population. Routine monitoring of public health indicators assists with designing and evaluation...

Thesis

2 Jul 2013

Background: Rheumatic fever (RF) and its sequela rheumatic heart disease (RHD) occur at unusually high levels in New Zealand. A disease of social deprivation, RF now almost exclusively affects Māori and Pacific peoples. In 2011, the Government announced a goal to reduce the incidence of...

Thesis

3 Aug 2012

This study investigated whether teachers at a New Zealand full primary school considered it important for culture generally, and the cultures of their English Second Language (ESL) learners' specifically, to feature in their teaching of ESL pupils. It also examined how the ESL learners' cultures...

Journal article

4 May 2006

The word poi refers to a Maori dance or game performed with a ball-like object, to which a cord of varying length is attached. Poi refers to both the ball and the dance, which normally includes hitting and swinging the ball on its string, usually...

Conference paper

28 Nov 2006

Poi is recognised around the world as a performance item unique to Māori. The word poi refers to a Māori dance or game performed with a ball-like object, to which a cord of varying length is attached. Poi refers to both the ball and the...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

This thesis is a case study of local community involvement in the liquor licencing process. Alcohol is a widely available commodity with the potential for harm to communities through short and long term health impacts, violence and crime. There is often tension between meeting community...

Video

4 Jun 2010

The attached video presents a seminar given by Dr Lachy Paterson on 23/3/2010 to the Centre for Australian Indigenous Studies, Monash University as part of the Brown Paper Seminar Series. Te Tumu thanks Monash University for allowing this seminar to be further disseminated.The research, still...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

As digital media pervades the institutions and infrastructures of contemporary society with new inventions, new applications and new devices, so too does it pervade daily lived experiences. The social networking site Facebook.com is one such application which is highly integrated into the daily habits of...

Report

21 May 2014

This document represents the process and reflections on the creation and curation of an open source 'texthack' for a media studies textbook for students in Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific. This document is provided as a resource for anyone contemplating a similar texthack project....

Thesis

21 Nov 2013

Background: Some social protection interventions are promoted as policy tools for addressing the social determinants of health to improve individual and population health and health equity. However, there is considerable controversy over whether publicly funded financial credits have a positive, a negative or no effect...

Thesis

28 Jun 2005

This thesis is a qualitative study into aspects of primary education in Samoa. Using student, parent and teacher interview material, I investigate local perspectives on why education is important, what children should learn, how children learn, and what constitutes 'good' teaching. I also look at...

Thesis

24 Nov 2011

Objectives: This cross-sectional, retrospective study investigates dental development and skeletal maturation in a sample of New Zealand children and adolescents of Polynesian descent. The aim was to determine the dental age and skeletal maturation in New Zealand Polynesian children and adolescents (NZPCA), and determine if...

Thesis

11 Aug 2011

Introduction Reducing the prevalence of smoking in New Zealand is a priority, whereby greater reductions are required amongst Māori relative to non-Māori in order to reduce widening health-related disparities associated with smoking. To date, there has been no comprehensive New Zealand specific research conducted on...

Thesis

3 Jan 2013

This qualitative study explores the nexus of labour and immigration policies and employment practices in New Zealand. This thesis focuses on multiple experiences of the foreign workers employed under the main labour immigration policies. The ethnography, using both observation and semi-structured interviews of these different...

Thesis

14 Apr 2014

The study of human demographic history in the Pacific is currently entering a new era. New sequencing technologies, improved techniques to retrieve DNA from subfossil remains and new data analysis approaches will most likely revolutionize our understanding of this complex human achievement. Enabled by these...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

How one should carry out state-building humanitarian interventions responsibly and with positive outcomes has been called one of the primary problems of international relations today (Fry and Kabutaulaka 2008, 2-3). In the Pacific region, this is further complicated by recent colonial history, extreme power differences...

Thesis

12 Jun 2005

The importance of marine versus terrestrial foods in prehistoric Pacific and New Zealand diets, and the adaptation of the Polynesian diet to new enviroments, is examined through the analysis of the ratios in human bone of the stable isotopes of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur. In...

Thesis

23 Aug 2010

This study examines the role regional public health units could play in contributing to reducing the inequitable effects inadequate income has on health and wellbeing. It also recommends appropriate steps for Wellington's Regional Public Health. It uses qualitative methods involving six group interviews with key...

Presentation

4 Mar 2009

This seminar is about a place in the Cook Islands. To be more precise, it concerns a research project that explores the cultural meanings of the land comprising the district of Kei`ā, one of six wedge-shaped puna (districts) constituting the largest land units in the...

Conference paper

11 Mar 2009

Imagine the following scene: Rarotonga International Airport, the date 26 April 1988. A young Pacific historian is standing in front of a weighing machine at the domestic check in. About to place his bags on the tray, he is told that the counter staff must...

Transcript

26 Jun 2009

This lecture presents the views of someone anthropologists call a participant-observer, and Māori characterise as a Pākehā, a manuhiri (guest, visitor), or a tangata kē (stranger); the latter two terms contrast with the permanence of the indigenous people, the tangata whenua (people of the land)....

Thesis

20 Apr 2012

Biodiversity conservation in Fiji is largely carried out by international Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) who provide valuable resources, yet have been unable to affect enough changes to halt Fiji's biodiversity crisis. Their interests tend be in short term projects and thus cannot be squarely in...

Thesis

14 Sep 2011

This research investigates experiences of music teaching and learning within culturally diverse school communities and examines the ways cultural diversity informs pedagogical practices in music education. The following key questions were investigated: In what ways is music education, as experienced by the participants, informed by...

Thesis

10 Feb 2014

This study investigated the influences of teacher educators and university coursework on the primary science pedagogy of first year pre-service teachers at two New Zealand universities. The mixed methods study employed a constructivist and an interprevist lens and evaluated data collected from the Preferred and...

Thesis

29 Jun 2010

It is only in the last decade that much archaeological research has been carried out in Micronesia and that studies of prehistoric human remains have emerged in any quantity. In this study human skeletal material from eight sites in the Marianas Islands is analysed with...

Thesis

19 Jul 2013

Following feminist critiques and challenges to the distinctive and discourse within the genre of public theology, this research further explores possibilities in feminist public theologies. By engaging with the work of Luce Irigaray and acknowledging the relational paradigm shift that her philosophy effects, this research...

Thesis

14 Nov 2011

This thesis explores the netball experiences of a selection of people residing in Aotearoa/Niu Sila who have participated or continued to participate in netball. Adopting an inter-disciplinary approach, it sheds a light on the broader socio-cultural and political factors that have influenced and shaped Pacific...

Conference paper

22 May 2006

This article analyses the representation of Pacific women from an Orientalist theoretical framework. The analysis traces prominent representations of Pacific women within early colonial and Christian discourses, and dominant representations since colonisation. Included in this analysis is a discussion of the fantasy of Western men,...

Thesis

7 May 2006

The primary purpose of the present research was to investigate the participation motivation of elite Pacific rugby players. Since the introduction of professionalism into rugby in 1995, increasingly Pacific Island players have viewed rugby as a site where they can achieve success and monetary reward...

Thesis

10 Oct 2011

This thesis examines three distinctive phases of immigration policy in New Zealand. This includes the early European settlement of New Zealand characterised by the emergence of a local citizenship existing within a larger supranational pan British identity. The second phase is the post World War...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

This thesis is an investigation of the way engagement with visual art promotes spiritual well-being, with a particular focus on teenagers. The power of art to move the human spirit and transform human lives is well-known both in Christian practice and in youth work circles....

Thesis

12 Mar 2014

Objective: The aim of the study was to expand the New Zealand Food Composition Database (NZFCD) to include flavonoid data, in order to determine the relationship between the intake of (a) total flavonoids and (b) flavan-3-ols, and 5-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk score in New...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

This mixed methods study investigated the relationship between young people's vocational aspirations and their adult occupations using three datasets collected at different times across a twenty year time span. Data from two studies of the same cohort of 858 longitudinal study participants (as teens, in...

Thesis

22 Nov 2011

Food insecurity is defined as: "limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or limited ability to acquire acceptable foods in a socially acceptable way" (Anderson, 1990). Food insecurity is associated with poorer nutritional outcomes and in the 2002 New Zealand Children's Nutrition...

Thesis

5 Apr 2011

This is the first detailed study of New Zealand theatrical performance that has investigated the concepts of a Pākehā worldview. It thus contributes to the growing body of critical analysis of the theatre Aotearoa/New Zealand, and to an overall picture of Pākehā New Zealander cultural...

Thesis

11 May 2012

Globalization is a unifying force spreading a predominantly neoliberal culture that is eradicating the world's cultural diversity. It is directed by transnational powers, notably states and corporations, largely networking their influence through mass media. Television and associated visual media represent the most influential form of...

Thesis

18 Apr 2013

Aim: The aim of the research was to identify modifiable factors which affect learning experiences and outcomes for international medical students. Based on the results of the study, recommendations for improving the learning environment and student support services are made.Background: Previous studies have considered the...

Thesis

13 Mar 2013

BACKGROUND:The 1918-19 influenza pandemic represents one of the worst human pandemics in recorded history. Given the severity of this pandemic, it could be described as a worstcase scenario for guiding future population-based pandemic planning. As this pandemic occurred during the turbulent final stages of World...

Thesis

15 Jun 2011

On September 29th 2009, the 8.3 magnitude earthquake off of the southern coast of Samoa in the Pacific Ocean generated massive tsunami waves resulting in severe devastation for many villages and contamination of their coastal areas. The disaster greatly impacted the tourism infrastructure, economy, environment,...

Thesis

7 Jul 2005

How do Christians today understand and express honour to one another?Honour is a term with many meanings and expressions in and outside the church and across cultures. Honouring one another is a biblical command (Philippians 2:1-11; Romans 12:1-21; Ephesians 4:1-14) and is vital to healthy...

Conference paper

27 Aug 2013

There is an increasing concern over solid waste disposal on the islands of Kiribati in the Pacific Ocean. This is especially true on South Tarawa, which is the urban centre of Kiribati (Carden, 2003). The trend over the last few decades (see Figure 1) has...

Thesis

3 Aug 2012

This study focused on prehistoric pottery production patterns in the Lapita and plainware periods from the islands of 'Upolu and Manono, Samoa. Incorporating a holistic approach to excavated pottery assemblages, stylistic, temper and clay analysis was undertaken to identify whether initial production technology matched a...

Thesis

18 Feb 2011

Background: The ratio of winter to non-winter mortality rates, or excess winter mortality (EWM), is higher in temperate countries, including New Zealand. Many studies suggest housing differences as a possible explanation. Home heating and insulation levels have been found to be associated with health outcomes...

Thesis

19 Mar 2014

Background: Sugar intakes have increased worldwide in parallel with the obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease epidemics indicating that sugar may be partly responsible. In New Zealand (NZ) the prevalence of these conditions are higher in the Pacific Island population than in the general population. Thus...

Thesis

26 Nov 2010

In 2008 and 2009, the author spent a month on the island of Atafu as part of the Tokelau Science, Education, and Research program co-directed by David Addison and John Kalolo. During this time he assisted in archaeological excavation, collected land snails and soil samples,...

Thesis

19 Dec 2012

Advance directives (ADs) are written or oral instructions concerning future health care interventions such as life sustaining treatments. The aim of the research was to explore perspectives of older people from faith communities regarding ADs. The research questions included: 1) how older people described their...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

Home dialysis and home detention are home-based public services increasingly used in Samoan households living in Aotearoa/New Zealand. They are cheaper than institutionally-provided hospital and correctional services and save the government millions of dollars; savings which do not seem to be transferred to the households...

Thesis

10 Jan 2013

This study investigates how students renegotiate their membership of the school community following being stood-down from school. In New Zealand stand-down is the least serious of the school exclusion provisions available to schools under the Education Act (1989). By sending the student home at stand-down...

Thesis

8 Jul 2013

This study examines issues relating to community participation limitations in tourism planning. It focuses on the communities associated with the Boluminski Cycling and Tigak Sea Kayaking Product Plans in New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea. Specifically, this research was to examine the perspectives of relevant...

Thesis

3 Nov 2009

This thesis investigates first-year students' challenges in making sense of the learning and teaching environment during their first semester at university. The aims for the research are threefold. Firstly, mapping the range of challenges students at one university faced in their learning and teaching environments...

Thesis

20 May 2013

This thesis examines methodological issues in the analysis of fishbone assemblages from the Pacific. A review of the literature on Pacific fishing raises questions about methodology in Pacific fishbone analysis. Recent work in Pacific fishbone analysis at the Otago Archaeology Laboratory and other international laboratories...

Thesis

5 Mar 2014

Background: Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent amongst athletes which could affect health, training and performance. Sun safety messages often dominate over vitamin D education and this is evident when investigating attitudes towards and knowledge of vitamin D and sun exposure in the general population. Knowledge...

Thesis

10 Jun 2013

Background: Genital Chlamydia trachomatis infections are the most common bacterial sexually transmitted diseases in the world and place a huge burden on healthcare resources. Knowledge on the epidemiology of Chlamydia trachomatis infections and reproductive health of women in Samoa and the Pacific in general is...

Thesis

15 Oct 2010

The negative social, educational and health consequences of obesity for children have been well documented, with downstream impacts on chronic disease for adults. A diet high in energy-dense nutrient-poor foods, and low in nutritious foods, is an important contributor to obesity. Such diets tend to...

Thesis

6 Jul 2005

How do cultural stereotypes change? The following thesis addresses this question by examining how repetition and reiteration of cultural stereotypes in Selina Tusitala Marsh's and Tusiata Avia's poetry enables cultural stereotypes of the Pacific woman's body to be reframed. Recognising developments in technology and art,...

Thesis

18 Feb 2014

The upper ocean is supersaturated with methane with respect to the atmosphere but its source remains unclear. The biogenic production of methane in the ocean occurs primarily by anaerobic methanogens and, to a lesser extent, by aerobic bacteria. The presence of supersaturated methane in the...

Thesis

3 May 2011

Temporary international migration for the purpose of work has become increasingly prominent the world over. As these movements proliferate, so too does the regulation of such movement through the implementation of temporary migration programmes. However, regulation and policy flaws have been criticised as being inherent...

Thesis

18 Nov 2011

The purpose of this thesis is to explore the lived experiences of contemporary Kanaka Maoli (Native Hawaiian) women voyagers and navigators from the double hulled sailing canoe Hōkūle'a. The research is unique because it addresses the historical and contemporary gaps in scholarly texts and publications...

Thesis

8 Apr 2013

Objective: To investigate if a higher socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with a greater availability of fruit, vegetables and lower fat dairy foods, and a lesser availability of obesogenic foods and sweetened beverages in the homes of 50 year old Cantabrians. Design: Cross-sectional pilot study...

Thesis

21 May 2012

This thesis examines how indigenous Papua New Guinean notions of identity and belonging are embodied in popular music production. I hypothesise that popular music production provides a space in which notions of identity and belonging are mediated, negotiated and reconfigured. To explore this hypothesis, this...

Thesis

2 Apr 2014

This thesis examines news coverage of conflict in Fiji, Papua New Guinea (PNG), and West Papua by two prominent media sources in New Zealand - Radio New Zealand's Morning Report (MR) and the New Zealand Herald (NZH). The news coverage will be analysed through a...

Thesis

31 Jul 2012

Sympatric speciation, the idea that species can arise without a period of geographical isolation, is at the centre of one of the longest running and most contentious debates in evolutionary biology. In The Origin, Darwin presented a verbal model of speciation that did not require...

Thesis

18 Mar 2014

Background: Life expectancy is improving and birth rates slowing, causing an increase in the population over 65 years of age. As a result of different lifetime exposures to risk factors causing disease manifestations, and medication use, this age group is a very heterozygous age group....

Thesis

17 Mar 2014

Introduction: The detrimental effects of alcohol abuse on human health and injury are well known. Less well documented is the relationship between alcohol consumption and the diet. As alcohol is an energy dense macronutrient, it can significantly increase total energy intakes while also influencing food...

Thesis

19 Mar 2014

Background: The National Heart Foundation of New Zealand perceived a need to support non-nutritionally trained primary care practitioners providing nutrition counselling to patients with or at risk of cardiovascular disease. A brief dietary assessment tool was commissioned. Objective: This study aimed to determine how a...

Report

1 Jun 2015

Evaluates the Fiji Women’s Crisis Centre, which provides crisis counselling, advocacy, training and community education in Fiji.

Report

1 Jun 2015

The Myanmar Young Leaders’ Programme (MYLP) is an integrated twenty-five week English language and democracy in action programme.

Report

Evaluation

22 Sep 2017

This evaluation report argues that there is a need to refresh the National Arts and Disability Strategy, to reflect the impact of and opportunities presented by the NDIS.

Report

1 Sep 2015

Evaluates an aid programme intended to improve equitable access to education in Tonga, improve early grade student learning outcomes and strengthen the capacity of the Ministry of Education and Training.

Report

14 Sep 2017

Now that journalists are using AI in the newsroom, what must they know about these technologies, and what must technologists know about journalistic standards when building them?

Guide

30 Jan 2016

This guide summarises recent research on the use of algorithms to automatically generate news from structured data, and thereby provides an overview of the current state of automated journalism, discusses key questions and potential implications of its adoption, and suggests avenues for future research.

Report

1 Dec 2015

Evaluates a project designed to improve education for children in Vietnam's Gia Lai province.

Report

15 Sep 2017

This paper provides an overview of national statistics pertaining to the high level of incarceration of Indigenous Australians and the socioeconomic background to that phenomenon. It also considers how to address this issues by applying the traditional criminal justice principles of equal justice, personal responsibility...

Presentation

25 Sep 2017

This keynote speech to the Australian Political Studies Association conference addresses the rise of populism and the challenges faced by liberal democracies.

Video

26 Aug 2016

Peter Newman from the CUSP institute discusses six principles of resilient cities: renewable and distributed energy, sustainable mobility systems, inclusive and health cities, disaster recovery, biophilic urbanism and a more cyclical and regenerative metabolism.

Journal article

1 Sep 2017

This article argues that the current Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse provides ample evidence of why organisations can and should be criminalised for systemic failures.

Commentary

21 Sep 2017

Innovation is the highest in regional centres that have research and development institutions and there are only 26 of these in regional Australia. But more than 150 regional areas have potential to match this innovation, a new index finds.

Research report

5 Sep 2017

This article describes how the unique partnership between the Army and the Australian Human Rights Commission was forged, and outlines the emerging themes across the combat brigades.

Research report

18 Sep 2017

This report reveals themes, challenges and opportunities for children living in rural and remote Australia.

Research report

23 Sep 2017

This report explores various aspects of service delivery to migrant women who have been living in Australia for at least five years. It documents the nature and types of service available, and identifies best practice principles and key service gaps in service delivery for migrant...

Research report

19 Sep 2017

This project aimed to foster best-practice in urban green space planning by combining the scientific state of the art with the needs expressed by potential Australian end users. It sketches a ‘blueprint’ for a nationally consistent urban green space (UGS) decision-support framework.

Book

21 Sep 2017

German ethnographers in Australia, many of them missionaries who first wrote on Australian Aboriginal cultures in the 1840s, produced a valuable body of work that will greatly enrich regional ethnographies.

Report

A Pathways in Aged Care (PiAC) analysis of people's aged care program use before first entry to permanent residential aged care in 2013–14
26 Sep 2017

In 2013–14, 61,300 people across Australia entered permanent residential aged care for the first time. This report presents analysis of their pathways through a range of aged care services, with a particular focus on the program last used before this transition.

Book

22 Sep 2017

This book collects over 50 discrete law reform recommendations, encapsulated in short, digestible essays written by leading Australian scholars.

Report

25 Sep 2017

This report details the findings from a complex investigation into allegations of sexual assault against a resident of a group home for persons with a disability run by Autism Plus.

Thesis

23 Nov 2015

Creating and regulating high performing cultures has emerged as a critical function of high performance sport management, however there is limited theoretical or practical clarity surrounding these organisational phenomena and processes (Cruickshank & Collins, 2013; Cruickshank et al., 2014; Fletcher & Arnold, 2011; Frontiera, 2010;...

Other text

30 Mar 2015

We rely very heavily on things, environments, or people external from ourselves to preserve our own memories. Mnemonic reminders, whether they are visual, aural, olfactory, or tactile, reinforce our memories, strengthening neural pathways. The removal of reminders through the destruction or disintegration of an environment...

Other text

The purpose of this research is to investigate why Pacific allied staff at a tertiary educational institution do not progress into senior roles in New Zealand.
12 May 2017

The purpose of this research is to investigate why Pacific allied staff at a tertiary educational institution do not progress into senior roles in New Zealand.

Thesis

19 Nov 2013

My project explores perceptions of the Pacific body through identification, specifically that of ‘being other’ within the social climate of New Zealand and the Pacific. I create a series of emblematic artworks that attempt to respond to and critique the relevance of the Understanding pamphlets...

Thesis

9 Nov 2015

Well-being is a global term associated with development and public policy making. In Tuvalu, the term well-being is widely used in policies and reports and it is often said that well-being is at the heart of national planning. However, there has been no research to...

Thesis

8 Jun 2014

The aim of this research is to examine experiences in the management of youth work from the perspective of both youth workers and their managers.

Thesis

1 Jul 2014

“Everywhere is home, if you know enough about how things work there” (Bennett, 2011, p. 5). This thesis critically assesses the relationships formed by East and South-East-Asian international students as they sojourn in New Zealand and attend university during that period. As the students gradually...

Other text

27 Nov 2016

Using contemporary and traditional forms of technology and textiles, this project aims to give the South Auckland community a voice, and to share the community’s unique nature. Within a participatory design approach and an action research framework, South Auckland residents contributed stories, thoughts and perspectives...

Thesis

1 Jul 2014

The media landscape in Papua New Guinea (PNG) has recently been undergoing a dramatic change. Greater access to mobile media technologies and expanding communications infrastructure are fundamentally altering the ways Papua New Guineans participate in personal and mass communications. A new social media culture is...

Other text

2 Mar 2015

This work pursues an interest in the protocols of my own cultural traditions of the Torres Strait Islands specifically Pacific adornment and customary ritualistic practices. The scope of this work is limited to an exploration of the ilan dress and its performativity as an object....

Thesis

17 Nov 2015

As is well documented, health and wellbeing is positively associated with participating in physical activity. However, the little research available suggested that Pacific adolescents generally, are participating in less physical activity than adolescents of other ethnic groups. Furthermore, there was even less evidence pertinent to...

Thesis

7 Jul 2014

This study measured media coverage relating to electricity public policy using an original content analysis technique, simultaneously responding to calls for more research on the media-policy nexus, and for more precise content analysis methods.

Thesis

29 Oct 2015

Malanga is a creative practice thesis that proposes the notion of positive cultural dissonance. This construct questions the nature of identity loss experienced by young urbanised Pacific people in Auckland, New Zealand. Because Pacific Island youth in New Zealand are often perceived as holding more...

Thesis

14 Oct 2014

This thesis is an exploratory study of the experiences and perceptions of a group of New Zealand-born Tongan males living in Auckland on what participation in the Tongan cultural practice of the faikava meant to them, how they valued this experience and whether they believed...

Thesis

11 Jul 2017

The New Zealand construction industry is comprised of a diverse workforce with a substantial number of Pacific Island workers whose employment is more often than not precarious in nature (Lamm et al., 2010). Government statistics also indicate that Pacific Island construction workers are over-represented in...

Other text

14 Feb 2017

This project is a moving image art project using the concept of Veitalatala (poetic documentary) (as defined by Talita Toluta’u (2014) that will explore faito’o (traditional medicine) and kau faito’o (native doctors), the practice of medicine making and healing practices from the Pacific to Aotearoa...

Thesis

27 Apr 2017

This Samoan study explores people’s experiences and understandings of climate change, including whether and how climate-related factors have influenced internal and international mobility patterns in the last 30 years. This interdisciplinary village and family-based study combined a Samoan worldview which acknowledges the place of traditional...

Thesis

19 Nov 2015

There is a growing amount of literatures and researches examining key factors that contribute to the vulnerability of Pacific youth, especially suicide. In 2011, there was a spike in the number of young Tongans in New Zealand who lost their lives to this epidemic and...

Thesis

6 Jul 2017

In 2010, I was seconded from my classroom teaching position to work as a facilitator in the implementation of the newly-established National Standards. In this role, I ran in-depth Literacy and Assessment workshops in schools. I found that despite the national effort to close the...

Thesis

9 Jul 2013

The Internet enables communities in developing countries to directly communicate with potential visitors at a relatively low cost. The Internet also plays a significant role in the development of a sustainable tourism industry and can enhance the consumption of local food in destinations. The rise...

Thesis

24 Nov 2016

This research aligns with the bicultural orientation and vision of the early childhood curriculum of Aotearoa New Zealand: Te Whāriki He Whāriki Mātauranga mo ngā Mokopuna o Aotearoa: Early Childhood Curriculum (Ministry of Education, 1996) and the founding document of Aotearoa New Zealand Te Tiriti...

Other text

26 Feb 2015

Extensive research has been done on the early establishments of the most influential accounting bodies in the United Kingdom (UK). It was a struggle for professional bodies to achieve and maintain professionalization with state and society during a time of rapid market growth. This created...

Thesis

27 Mar 2013

The results of this study showed that, compared to all other respondents, Pacific respondents had lower levels of internal and external political efficacy, comparable rates of voting and campaign activism, less engagement in political discussion or persuasion, higher attention to the election campaign in the...

Thesis

5 May 2017

This research explores the views of eight mainstream early childhood teachers and their understandings of Pacific education. Pacific children in education continue to fall within the underachievement statistics in Aotearoa, New Zealand. This has remained of consistent concern over several decades. The Government has put...

Thesis

10 Nov 2016

This research study investigates how Pacific Peoples of New Zealand perceive and interpret their cultural identity through targeted television health messages and advertising. These health messages which portray Pacific Peoples are sponsored by the New Zealand Government and Non-Government Organisations (NGOs). A brief review of...

Thesis

9 Oct 2013

In childhood environmental and dietary exposure to toxic and non-toxic elements may affect development and growth. The elemental concentrations of scalp hair and toenails may reflect chemical uptake via the diet, or environment. Very little is known about the relationship between elemental concentrations in scalp...

Thesis

22 Oct 2015

This thesis is an exploratory study of the experiences of policy makers and expert policy advisors of Pacific ethnicity on the attitudes and environmental conditions that contribute to the framing of Pacific peoples’ economic wellbeing in government policies. Statistics and government reports indicate that low...

Thesis

16 Jul 2015

The rapid growth of information communication technology (ICT) is evident in our society today. Few studies in early childhood education (ECE) have been accumulated to explore the relevancy in the integration of ICT in ECE. The notion of ICT in Aoga Amata (Samoan early childhood...

Thesis

18 Jul 2013

Visiting Friends and Relatives (VFR) tourism is a segment of tourism that suffers from neglect, an absence of true recognition and a lack of appreciation.

In order to find out the validity of these concepts in regards to the situation of Niue, a case...

Other text

26 Oct 2016

How might the cultures of psychotherapy and Samoa intersect and clash? In order to further understand my own New Zealand-born Samoan identity, I have attempted to ground myself in psychodynamic theory, eliciting questions about my professional identity. As ways of understanding the self and patterns...

Thesis

25 Nov 2013

This project is a personal exploration of cultural values in relation to traditional and westernised influences, as they are received by young Pacific people. This project employs practice – based approaches, using video performance and audio. <br><br>This is to negotiate positions from which to engage...

Thesis

10 Jun 2015

This thesis has been undertaken in order to identify causes and consequences of the phenomenon of language shift and attempt to provide means to minimise its impacts. The Mangarevan language has been exposed to other language influences since the mid-19th century - as a result...

Thesis

7 Jul 2016

The questioning of accountability for Samoa came to the forefront as a result of a publicised scandal involving funds donated in aid of the devastating effects of a tsunami in 2009. This scandal prompted an interest in examining the practice of accountability in Samoa and,...

Thesis

11 Jun 2017

This study critically examines classroom teachers' perceptions of the use of non-verbal communication (NVC) by their Pasifika students during the teaching and learning of mathematics. Seven Year 5/6 classroom teachers from the primary school sector participated in this study. They were asked to discuss and...

Thesis

4 May 2017

Leadership theory and practice are well developed in the business sector, corporate organisations and in the compulsory schooling sector. However, leadership in the early childhood sector lacks direction and effective support from Government (Cooper, 2014; Thornton, 2005). Furthermore, these mainly Western notions of educational leadership,...

Thesis

19 Jun 2017

The aim of this research was to critically examine the perceptions and understandings of culturally responsive practices carried out by secondary school middle leaders in low decile, multi-ethnic school settings in New Zealand. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven middle leaders from six different secondary...

Other text

21 Jan 2015

This dissertation identifies and explores the challenges facing the training of the tourism and hospitality workforce in Papua New Guinea (PNG). A review of the literature reveals that Human Resource Development (HRD) is a key challenge facing the development of the tourism and hospitality industry...

Thesis

6 Jun 2014

For Pacific peoples, Aotearoa-New Zealand has always been a land of opportunity as it is for everyone who arrives (or had arrived) on these shores. All have come with their hopes, their dreams and their visions of a better life for themselves and their children....

Thesis

27 Nov 2014

The purpose of this thesis is to analyse the main contributors to the decline in tourist numbers in French Polynesia as seen by tourism and hospitality professionals. Tourism being the main source of revenue for the French territory, a serious analysis of the current situation...

Thesis

15 Oct 2015

The term “development journalism” has been used for four decades in Asia, but in the Pacific and even more so in Western countries such as New Zealand and Australia, the term is met with scepticism, particularly from working journalists. There is extensive debate in the...

Thesis

9 Nov 2014

After completing a Bachelor’s degree, I had little success in finding a job which matched my field of study. I thought this situation was unique to me until I found that quite a few of my Tongan and other Pacific graduate friends were in the...

Other text

26 Jun 2017

There are many factors as to why Pasifika learners are not achieving alongside the rest of their social groups. Some factors may relate to socioeconomics, poverty, barriers to learning, and a school environment not conducive to Pasifika ways of being. School boards govern schools and...

Thesis

11 Jun 2017

Vanilla was first introduced to French Polynesia in 1848 and from 1899-1966 was a major export for French Polynesia who then produced an average of 158 tonnes of cured Vanilla tahitensis beans annually. In 1967, vanilla production declined rapidly to a low of 0.6 tonnes...

Thesis

20 Nov 2015

How is space constituted and made manifest in the cultural and philosophical context of Samoan society? And how can a primordial concept of space be constituted in the architecture of the fale (house) and then reconstituted as a cultural phenomenon, stretching from pre-contact times in...

Thesis

18 Jun 2017

The physical and social factors related to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), including obesity, noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or type 2 diabetes, ischemic heart disease, stroke, metabolic syndrome and some cancers, are multifaceted and complex (Ministry of Health [MoH], 2012a, 2012b, 2012c). One factor that may contribute to...

Thesis

2 Dec 2013

Traditional and community-based marine resource management practices can enhance the effectiveness of contemporary environmental management models. These traditional management practices, which are based on knowledge of natural and cultural systems in specific areas, provide useful lessons from which contemporary resource managers can learn about the...

Thesis

7 Nov 2016

How does the next generation of Pacific diaspora from ‘blended backgrounds’ construct and maintain their identities through the spaces they inhabit?<br><br>The aim of this research is to highlight the importance of space in relation to identity for Pacific diasporic communities in Auckland, specifically looking at...

Thesis

31 May 2017

The alarming incidence of obesity rates has reached epidemic proportions, turning into a major health challenge worldwide, and New Zealand is no exception. Despite healthcare providers’ best efforts, obesity still affects all people of all ages and ethnicities. Pasefika peoples, including Samoans, reportedly have the...

Other text

7 Jul 2017

The focus of this research was the lived experience of self-identified Pasifika students; exploring their ethnic identity and experience of psychotherapy training. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was used to analyse data derived from semi-structured in- depth interviews with three participants; each engaged in psychotherapy training...

Thesis

19 May 2017

The thesis addresses significant gaps in the existing knowledge on land rights in the Pacific, which are the voices of urban women, fa’afafine, and fakaleitī1. The lands concerned are customary land in Samoa, and Crown owned land in Tonga. The knowledge in the thesis relates...

Thesis

20 Nov 2014

International migration for people in the Pacific has become a cultural and economic voyage in which identities are challenged and questioned. With the evolution of transport technology, the modern era has provided a more efficient form of transport. This study contributes to the theorising of...

Thesis

6 Dec 2016

Second Ave is an Adult fiction novel set during a decade in the surly 1970s in a grunty little neighbourhood in Auckland. Dad reckons he’s living in paradise cause he’s moved the family to Second Ave where the Tip Top Bread Factory and the Kiwi...

Thesis

25 Oct 2016

This practice-led research project offers a notion of the Mangaian cybernetic continuum as a way to discuss the intersection of digital and physical environments in my media arts practice. I take a position drawn from the Mangaian understanding that the 'material body' has an 'immaterial...

Thesis

24 Nov 2015

Type II diabetes is one of the major public health issues among low income countries affecting the adult population. In Kiribati there are an increasing number of diabetic cases; most of these cases have undergone surgery, predominantly amputations, reducing people’s quality of life. Workers in...

Thesis

12 Apr 2017

This research analyses the manifestation of fāgogo – an indigenous form of Samoan storytelling – in the digital media of Aotearoa. It argues that digital media and their associated frameworks have the potential to supplement historical fāgogo practices, nurturing cultural identity through connection in the...

Thesis

12 Oct 2014

The concept of youth participation is explored in the EFKS church context where the perspectives of young Samoan people of South Auckland are explored. In the Samoan culture, children and young people are usually the unheard and quiet voices at formal settings (Simanu, 2002; Tamasese,...

Thesis

26 Nov 2015

At self-government in free association with New Zealand on 4 August 1965, the Cook Islands adopted the Westminster Parliamentary Democratic system of government. Alongside these modern systems were the traditional family-based Ariki (chiefly) system that was recognised in the Constitution, and by an act of...

Thesis

12 May 2015

This study is concerned with representation. It considers the nature of a culturally located, discursive form called veitalatala and its creative translation into designed artifacts that consider the lyrical and graceful nature of Tongan women’s talanoa.

The designed outcomes of the project consider the...

Thesis

16 Apr 2014

The purpose of this study is to examine the uses and perceptions of digital media held by Pasifika students and how these relationships affect their transition from secondary school to further study or employment. This study utilised the views and experiences of forty one Year...

Thesis

2 Dec 2013

The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes of Samoans to the New Zealand criminal justice system. This also involved exploring Samoan people’s process of knowledge production and how this shapes their reactions to crime. The researcher’s interest in this topic emanated from...

Thesis

8 Nov 2016

This thesis presents an analysis of Herbs’ record album What’s Be Happen? The album has been recognised in Aotearoa New Zealand for being at the forefront of Pacific reggae, for its ground-breaking social commentary on important issues and conflicts in New Zealand in the 1970s...

Thesis

13 Feb 2017

This research project is a personal exploration of how time can be enacted through various approaches in order to develop a performance process that questions cultural perception of time. New works are devised and collected using four core elements of performance including time, space, the...

Thesis

25 Nov 2013

Pasefika rates of access to Counties Manukau District Health Board’s (CMDHB) Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) are below the 3% per annum expectation set by the Ministry of Health. CMDHB established a Pasefika specific CAMHS in 2008, Vaka Toa (VT). Our clinical experience...

Thesis

10 Feb 2016

To Talanoa, you have a personal encounter with another person in conversation. To begin this project, the process of Talanoa is used in a respectful journalistic mode and sensibility for collecting stories of the everyday. This project enacts narratives that have been collected through everyday...

Thesis

14 Jul 2016

Te Whāriki positions itself as New Zealand’s first ever Early Childhood Curriculum with an unique bicultural feature honouring the Treaty of Waitangi (signed in 1840), and the partnership between tangata whenua (Māori) and the Crown (Government). The Te Whāriki curriculum found its origins in a...

Thesis

30 Jun 2016

At the heart of leadership in Aotearoa New Zealand schools is a focus on how everyone can work together to improve educational and social outcomes for all young people (Ministry of Education, 2008). To actualise this intention, educators face a number of challenges including an...

Thesis

18 Aug 2017

New Zealand census data indicates Samoan language use has declined rapidly in the last 20 years, particularly among the New Zealand-born Samoan population. The aims of this qualitative and family-based study were to identify factors which might impact these declines with five South Auckland families...

Thesis

22 May 2014

The government has an aspirational goal for a smokefree New Zealand by 2025. Low smoking rates among New Zealand Asian youth must be maintained to protect the future health of this growing subpopulation and to contribute to achieving the goal. Family risk and protective factors...

Thesis

13 Nov 2013

Broadband telecommunication services are growing rapidly and spreading at a remarkable pace. Globally, mobile phones are one of the most universally available technologies today that have most affected people’s lives, both in developed and developing countries. This mode of communication has spread at such an...

Report

21 Sep 2017

This update to the Gas Statement of Opportunities (GSOO) assesses the forecast adequacy of the east coast gas market and Western Australia gas market to meet forecast annual gas requirements for calendar years 2018 and 2019.

Report

1 Sep 2016

The purpose of the evaluation is to deliver an evidence base that can guide New Zealand government decisions regarding improvements to be made to the Tonga Programme, identify lessons to apply to ongoing and future work in Tonga, contribute to informing the future strategic direction,...

Report

1 Aug 2015

Examines the economic and social impacts of the Private Sector Support Facility, intended to assist small business growth in Samoa.

Research report

8 Jun 2016

The Pacific is home to some of the countries most at risk from the effects of climate change. It is now also home to countries that are leading the world in reducing their fossil fuel consumption and shifting to renewable sources of electricity generation.

Submission

25 Sep 2017

This AEU inquiry submission argues that a significant shortfall of federal funding for public schools will magnify the stark disadvantages and under-resourcing that already disproportionately threaten regional, rural and remote public schools around Australia.

Working paper

22 Sep 2017

This working paper reviews the effect of a specific migration policy change in Australia and examines whether migration policy can be used to influence immigrants’ labour market outcomes.

Research report

Synthesis report
15 Nov 2015

In response to the need to increase the level of engagement of the private sector in the New Zealand Aid Programme, this report identifies ways in which it may be able to encourage greater levels of engagement through innovative methods.

Research report

25 Sep 2017

This research paper highlights the astonishing rates of child development from conception to the end of age two and the benefits of a holistic approach to children’s health.

Report

25 Sep 2017

The ACCC has released its first interim report of its inquiry into gas supply arrangements in Australia, which focuses on likely supply and demand conditions in the east coast gas market for 2018.

Report

22 Jan 2016

This evaluation assessed the extent to which the Samoa School Fee Grant Scheme had reduced financial barriers to primary school enrolment and had increased retention, whether improved learning outcomes had been achieved through an enhanced quality of education, and if school performance had improved against...

Research report

25 Sep 2017

This report provides the first suggestive evidence that there could be significant preventive effects on liver, head and neck cancer deaths from reducing population drinking levels, particularly among men and older age groups.

Briefing paper

25 Sep 2017

This study examines the characteristics that impact on a young person receiving a caution as opposed to a charge from police and the impact this has on reoffending within a twelve month follow up period.

Research report

28 Mar 2014

Policy coherence for development (PCD) is a widening of the analysis of the performance of Official Development Assistance (ODA) policy to also include other government policies that could affect development outcomes.

Draft report

14 Sep 2017

Optimising care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with cancer is the aim of this national public consultation program.

Discussion paper

27 Jul 2017

This issues paper focuses on how to measure efficiency in core areas of the New Zealand state sector, and how these measures can form part of effective performance management systems.

Report

1 Apr 2016

This evaluation identifies what is working and what is not in order to improve the Tonga Police Development Programme management and implementation, and achievement of results, for the remaining duration of its current phase.

Report

1 Jan 2016

Evaluates the effectiveness of New Zealand’s investment in Customs capacity building in the Pacific.

Policy report

29 Jun 2017

The Mayor’s Housing Taskforce is an independent, cross sectoral group, set up to ensure critical experience and expertise was utilised to address one of the key strategic issues facing the city of Wellington, New Zealand.