Emergency management services aim to reduce the risks of and the adverse effects from emergency events on individuals, communities and the environment1. An emergency event is one that endangers or threatens to endanger life, property and/or the environment, and requires a significant and coordinated response, for example, fires, rescues, medical emergencies and natural disasters.
Services included in the sector
- Fire services Prepare for, prevent, respond to and assist recovery from fire and other events.
- State and Territory emergency services Largely volunteer organisations that respond to and provide assistance during and after emergency events.
- Ambulance services organisations Provide emergency patient response, care and transport (chapter 11 in this Report).
Other services with some emergency management responsibilities but not included in reporting for this sector in this Report:
Hospital emergency departments — services include preparing for and responding to emergency events (chapter 12 in this Report)
Police services — services related to preserving public order and responding to, managing and coordinating major incidents and emergencies (chapter 6 in this Report)
Marine and lifesaving rescue and coast guard organisations (not included as service-specific chapters in this Report).
Detailed information on the equity, effectiveness and efficiency of service provision and the achievement of outcomes for fire services and State and Territory Emergency Services (STES), ambulance services, public hospitals (including emergency departments), ambulance services and police services is contained in the service-specific chapters in this Report.
Government expenditure in the sector
Total government expenditure in 2016-17 for fire and STES services was $4.3 billion, around 1.9 per cent of total government expenditure on services covered in this Report. Fire services was the largest contributor (94.8 per cent), followed by STES (5.2 per cent) (table D.1).