The final report of a project to develop a method for mapping regional capacity to adopt more sustainable natural resource management presents a framework for the characterisation of regional community capacity for sustainable resource management. The framework identifies ten elements of capacity that span human capital, produced economic capital and social capital. It also identifies 52 indicators that can be used to guide characterisation of regional capacity. Because capacity is vested in different parts of regional communities the framework distinguishes between the community with specific interests and responsibilities for natural resource management and the broader community providing support, skills and services to national resource management participants. The framework is targeted towards a range of users and will provide useful information for Commonwealth and State agencies responsible for natural resource management strategies.