On 14 June 2017 the Senate referred the following to the Senate Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade References Committee for inquiry and report by 4 December 2017: The implications of climate change for Australia's national security, with particular reference to:
a. the threats and long-term risks posed by climate change to national security and international security, including those canvassed in the National security implications of climate-related risks and a changing climate report by the United States Department of Defense;
b. the role of both humanitarian and military response in addressing climate change, and the means by which these responses are implemented;
c. the capacity and preparedness of Australia's relevant national security agencies to respond to climate change risks in our region;
d. the role of Australia's overseas development assistance in climate change mitigation and adaptation more broadly;
e. the role of climate mitigation policies in reducing national security risks; and
f. any other related matters
Chapter 1 provides information on terminology and introduces the United States Department of Defense (US DoD) report mentioned in the terms of reference. It also summarises Australia's climate security governance arrangements.
Chapter 2 provides an overview of the key ways in which climate change threatens national security.
Chapter 3 discusses national measures to improve Australia's climate security, and
Chapter 4 includes particular suggestions for the Department of Defence (Defence) from the evidence.
Chapter 5 outlines suggested initiatives to enhance climate resilience in Australia's region.Chapter 6 includes the committee's conclusions and recommendations.