Non-market sector reform is much overlooked. The sector is the fastest growing part of the Australian economy, the most controlled by governments, and critical to everybody’s quality of life. Reforms to healthcare – principally a shift to an integrated care model – would promote patient well-being and could offer benefits of around $145 billion in constant dollars over the next 20 years. Universities play an increasing role in skills acquisition, but need incentives and new structures to give primacy to teaching quality. Australian cities need competition reform in planning and zoning, and entirely new approaches to funding roads.