This paper brings together research findings on poverty, social exclusion, childhood development, and health and wellbeing to create a picture of child disadvantage in New South Wales over the last five to ten years.
Children born into disadvantage are more likely to have health problems and develop behavioural issues; they are also likely to experience housing and food insecurity, lower levels of educational attainment and less supportive parental relationships. Research also shows that experiences during child development affect lifelong health and wellbeing.
This e-brief brings together recent findings on child disadvantage in NSW. It begins by defining disadvantage and the related concepts of poverty, deprivation and social exclusion. This is followed by research findings on poverty, social exclusion, childhood development, and health and wellbeing to create a picture of child disadvantage in NSW over the last five to ten years. Information on indigenous child disadvantage is included where available.
Methodological notes are generally detailed in the endnotes. The causes of disadvantage, impacts of disadvantage, inter-generational aspects of disadvantage and different policy responses are beyond the scope of this e-brief.