Report

100 years of by-elections in New Zealand: 1913-2013

28 May 2014
Description

Overview: New Zealand’s Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) electoral system incorporates 71 electorate seats whose members (electorate MPs) are elected by the first-past-the-post election method, and 49 list seats whose members (list MPs) are elected in proportion to the share of the party vote parties obtain at each general election. If, between general elections, an electorate seat becomes vacant, a by-election is generally held. This paper describes the circumstances under which by-elections are held in New Zealand, sets out the timetable for key events once a by-election has been triggered, and provides some historical analysis of by-elections held from 1913.

Publication Details
Published year only: 
2014
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