About the CCPI
The Climate Change Performance Index is an instrument designed to enhance transparency in international climate politics. Its aim is to put political and social pressure on those countries which have, up until now, failed to take ambitious action on climate protection. It also aims to highlight those countries with best-practice climate policies.
On the basis of standardised criteria, the index evaluates and compares the climate protection performance of 58 countries that are, together, responsible for more than 90% of global energy-related CO2 emissions. There are other countries with good or even higher climate protection performance, but due to methodological reasons, their inclusion is not possible.
As the CCPI is mainly emissions based, countries with extremely low emissions simply cannot be taken into account. However it would be interesting to have a closer look on their climate protection efforts, since some of them are very proactive. After 7 years of publication, the CCPI has been thoroughly evaluated. This evaluation has had two major outcomes.
Now, it has been possible to include emissions from deforestation, albeit not with the same quality of data as energyrelated emissions. The second achievement is a new structure and weighting of the individual indicators with a much stronger focus on renewable energy and efficiency as the most prominent mitigation strategies.
Similar to last year, the average scores for national and international policies are weak. Most experts are not satisfied by far with the efforts of their governments with regard to the 2°C limit. The CCPI ranking is qualified in relative terms (better– worse) rather than absolute terms. Therefore, even those countries with high rankings have no reason to sit back and relax.
On the contrary, the results illustrate that even if all countries were as involved as the current front runners, efforts would not yet be sufficient to prevent dangerous climate change. Hence, again this year, no country was awarded the rank of 1st, 2nd or 3rd. Since not only the CCPI methodology is in a continuous revision process, but also the underlying data that is provided by the International Energy Agency, it is important to notice there are retrospective changes that influence the comparability of the results between the different Index years.
This year the data changes mostly affected Australia, China and Thailand.