Since 2003-04 the majority of people resettled under the Australian Humanitarian Programme have come from Africa. Humanitarian entrants from Africa have experienced higher levels of disadvantage than entrants from previous source regions. This discussion paper presents a range of recommendations across a variety of policy areas in order to improve the settlement outcomes of recently arrived humanitarian entrants. The paper has been developed in line with recommendations of the Australian Government’s Interdepartmental Committee (IDC) on Humanitarian Settlement, which was convened in April 2006 to develop a whole-of-government strategy to improve settlement outcomes for humanitarian entrants. The focus of the IDC’s recommendations is on promoting successful settlement through learning English, getting a job, committing to Australian values and participating in mainstream activities.