Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population has reached 517,000 or 2.5% of the total Australian population. The figures in this report are final estimates of the Indigenous population as at 30 June 2006.Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population has reached 517,000 or 2.5% of the total Australian population. These figures are final estimates of the Indigenous population as at 30 June 2006.
Of Australia's Indigenous peoples, 90% (463,700 people) identify as being of Aboriginal origin, 6% (33,300) of Torres Strait Islander origin and 4% (20,100) as being of both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander origin.
New South Wales (152,700) and Queensland (144,900) had the largest Indigenous populations while the Australian Capital Territory had the smallest (4,300). Indigenous people comprised 30% of the population of the Northern Territory.
At 30 June 2006, around one-third of all Indigenous Australians lived in Major Cities of Australia (32% or 165,800 people). A further 21% (110,600 people) lived in Inner Regional Australia and 22% (113,300 people) in Outer Regional Australia. The remainder lived in Remote Australia (9% or 47,900 people) or Very Remote Australia (15% or 79,500 people).
The Indigenous population has a younger age structure than the non-Indigenous population, with larger proportions of young people and smaller proportions of older people. The median age of the Indigenous population at 30 June 2006 was 21 years, compared to 37 years for the non-Indigenous population.