Since the mid-1990s, the government has made important changes to excises, and has proposed major changes to the excise on fuels. Richard Webb examines and analyses these changes.
Australia’s international aviation industry is heavily regulated. Whether or to what extent passenger airline services should be further liberalised is again being debated, a particular focus being whether more airlines should be allowed to carry passengers between Australia and the United States. Richard Webb provides...
From June to September 2004, government officials ‘cleansed’ computers which held copies of an original manuscript by former Office of National Assessments analyst Andrew Wilkie. Wilkie had agreed with the government’s instruction to remove some passages from the manuscript of the book Axis of Deceit...
In this bill digest, Mary Anne Neilsen and Jennifer Norberry outline the main fetures of the Family Law Amendment (Shared Parental Responsibility) Bill 2005, which makes a wide range of amendments to the Family Law Act 1975, implementing a number of recommendations of the 2003...
Sarah Miskin and Martin Lumb examine the biographical details of the 226 senators and members of the 41st Australian parliament. They show that, generally, they are middle-aged, well-educated men, many of whom have worked in politics-related occupations immediately before being elected. The note concludes with...
The Parliamentary Library has decided to republish the paper on electoral systems written in 1989 by Gerard Newman. The paper is concerned with the mechanics of translating votes into seats as well as the consequences of using particular systems. It does not...
The 46-year-old Stephen Harper is Canada’s 22nd Prime Minister. The new government is the tenth minority government elected since 1925, the average duration of which has been one year, five months and 22 days. It seems unlikely that the new government will run full term....
China’s economic dynamism and rising international influence constitute one of the most important elements of international relations in the early 21st century. Frank Frost provides a survey of major issues in China’s foreign relations, with a special emphasis on China’s relations with and role in...
Luke Buckmaster provides a brief overview of RU486 and its use in medical abortion, an explanation of its current legislative status in Australia, and a brief analysis of the current debate about overturning legislative restrictions on RU486 and similar abortion drugs in Australia introduced at...
Peter Prince and Thomas John examine the extent of the Commonwealth’s power under the Australian Constitution to establish a single national industrial relations system.
This Bill seeks to ensure that Australian entities will be able to comply with new international margin requirements for non-centrally cleared over-the-counter (OTC) derivative transactions, which are due to come into force from September 2016.
The purpose of the Financial System Legislation Amendment (Resilience...
The Parliamentary Library provides a series of Budget Review briefings to assist parliamentarians to consider key issues posed by the 2016–17 Budget, selected on the basis of significance, complexity or degree of controversy.
The Commonwealth Budget is typically the most important annual policy statement by the Government.
This guide identifies information and key concepts that are used in the Budget Papers and other resources that are available to analyse the Budget.
Despite great changes in Indigenous policy in the last twenty-five years, the number of Indigenous deaths in custody has not declined. Between 1987 and 1991, while the Royal Commission was underway, there were 23 Indigenous deaths in prison custody and 28 in police custody. From...
This ‘ANZAC Day Kit’ has been compiled over a number of years by various staff members of the Parliamentary Library, and is updated annually.
In particular the Library would like to acknowledge the work of John Moremon and Laura Rayner, both of whom contributed...
This guide provides a brief overview of employment by industry and lists some relevant data sources. This is one in a series of statistical quick guides, designed to provide a basic understanding of Australian labour market data. Other guides include employment and labour force, which...
Provides details of House of Representatives by-elections, from that held for Darling Downs on 14 September 1901 to the most recent held on 5 December 2015 for North Sydney.
Executive summary This paper provides details of House of Representatives by-elections, from that held...
This Quick Guide provides direct links to key websites, information and documents relating to women in the Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia, as well as women in the State and Territory Parliaments.
This chronology traces the story of media ownership concentration and control since 1901 and the government policies and regulations that have responded to, or attempted to pre-empt, the trend towards concentration that has occurred since the 1920s.
The first newspaper was...