In 1980 ANU security expert Des Ball published, A Suitable Piece of Real Estate, about American installations in Australia. These military and intelligence bases are the cornerstone of the Australian/US defence relationship.
Over 30 years later, there are calls for a renewed debate on the role of these 'joint installations' and their contribution to Australia's security and sovereignty.
Whatever the sign on the gate may say, if a joint facility is built by the US, paid for by the US, and can only function as part of an American technological system, then in real world terms, it is an American facility to which Australia has greater or lesser degrees of access.
Phillip Adams interviews Senior Research Associate at the Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainability, Richard Tanter, to discuss.